Teaching Math in the Primary Grades: The Learning Trajectories Approach
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas
2009-01-01
Children's thinking follows natural developmental paths in learning math. When teachers understand those paths and offer activities based on children's progress along them, they build developmentally appropriate math environments. The authors explain math learning trajectories and why teaching math using the trajectories approach is effective. A…
Teaching Strategies for Effective Fifth Grade Math Intervention
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zank, Alicia A.
2015-01-01
The purpose of the study is to determine what effects explicit and systematic math intervention instruction will have on student's performance on math assessments. The study will focus on a small group of fifth grade students that have been identified as needing targeted intervention (tier 2) and intensive interventions (tier 1) through the…
Teaching the Common Core Math Standards with Hands-On Activities, Grades 6-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Muschla, Judith A.; Muschla, Gary Robert; Muschla, Erin
2012-01-01
The new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics have been formulated to provide students with instruction that will help them acquire a thorough knowledge of math at their grade level, which will in turn enable them to move on to higher mathematics with competence and confidence. "Hands-on Activities for Teaching the Common Core Math…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Roettinger, Theresa Marie
2014-01-01
Kindergarten, first and second grade teachers play an important role in the development of a student's understanding of mathematics. Consequently, in order to improve student achievement in mathematics, it is important to investigate the relationships that may exist among primary teachers' math profile, math teaching efficacy, and math pedagogy…
Five Keys for Teaching Mental Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Olsen, James R.
2015-01-01
After studying the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) and brain-based learning research, James Olsen believes mental math instruction in secondary school mathematics (grades 7-12) and in teacher education programs needs increased attention. The purpose of this article is to share some keys for teaching mental math. Olsen also…
Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Adams, Gerald J.; Dial, Micah
1998-01-01
The cyclical nature of mathematics grades was studied for a cohort of elementary school students from a large metropolitan school district in Texas over six years (average cohort size of 8495). The study used an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model. Results indicate that grades do exhibit a significant cyclical pattern. (SLD)
Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 6-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Melanese, Kathy; Chung, Luz; Forbes, Cheryl
2011-01-01
This new addition to Math Solutions "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class series" offers a wealth of lessons and strategies for modifying grades 6-8 instruction. Section I presents an overview of teaching math to English learners: the research, the challenges, the linguistic demands of a math lesson, and specific strategies and…
Tips for Teaching Math to Elementary Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scarpello, Gary
2010-01-01
Since most elementary school teachers do not hold a degree in mathematics, teaching math may be a daunting task for some. Following are a few techniques to help make teaching and learning math easier and less stressful. First, know that math is a difficult subject to teach--even for math teachers. The subject matter itself is challenging. Second,…
Mental Mathematics. Teaching Math.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
May, Lola
1995-01-01
Features five activities to nurture "number sense," promote practice in mental calculations, and promote student self-confidence in mathmatical operations. These are "hands-off" exercises that are preparatory to calculator and computer use for math. (ET)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McIntosh, Ronald D.
2008-01-01
Professional learning communities (PLCs) are designed to increase and improve the time teachers spend working with one another planning curriculum for mathematics, reading, writing, history, English, and other disciplines offered by their school. These meetings help to improve test scores in math and English. Teachers have coupled their subject…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.
2008-01-01
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…
The Power of Probability: Poster/Teaching Guide for Grades 6-8. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Actuarial Foundation, 2013
2013-01-01
"The Power of Probability" is a new math program aligned with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) and Common Core State Standards, which gives students opportunities to practice their skills and knowledge of the mathematics of probability. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, the program's lessons and worksheets motivate…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Salah, Raed Omar
2016-01-01
The study aims to identify the effect of using computerized based education on Eighth grade achievement in Math. In addition the study aims to identify the effect of gender on students' achievement who received computerized education. The study was based on the selection of students from two schools in Ma'an City one for females and the other for…
Remedial Math: Its Effect on the Final Grade in Algebra.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Head, L. Quinn; Lindsey, Jimmy D.
1984-01-01
The effectiveness of one remedial mathematics technique is examined. Results indicated that students who passed remedial math and then took college algebra had significantly higher final algebra grades than did undergraduates who failed remedial math. (MLW)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Liu, Yuliang
2013-01-01
This quasi-experimental study was to design, develop, and implement one multimedia math lesson in third grade to improve students' math learning. The non-equivalent control group design was used. The experimental group had 11 third grade students and the control group had 15 third grade students in an African American predominated elementary…
Math and the Real World: Fun and Games. Teaching Math.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
May, Lola
1993-01-01
Describes three simple games that do not involve numbers and that can be used to teach children problem-solving strategies and math skills. The games are Tick-Tack-Toe; Jest, a game that uses a blocking strategy; and Nim, a game that uses a capturing strategy. All three games force students to plan ahead and calculate possible outcomes using…
Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades K-2
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bresser, Rusty; Melanese, Kathy; Sphar, Christine
2009-01-01
More than 10 percent of the students in our nation's public schools are English language learners, and this number grows each year. Many of these students are falling behind in math. "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades K-2" outlines the challenges ELL students face when learning math and provides a wealth of specific…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Caldwell, Janet E.
The expectations for no child to be left behind are leading to increased emphasis on teaching math, science, and social science effectively to students with disabilities. This study utilized information collected from online surveys to examine how current LBS I teachers and individuals graduating from the Illinois State University teacher certification program in LBS I perceive their preparedness to teach these subjects. Participants provided information about coursework and life experiences, and they made suggestions about teacher preparation and professional development programs. Six key items forming the composite variable focused on level of preparation in (a) best practices, (b) selecting materials, (c) selecting objectives, (d) adapting instructional strategies, (e) planning lessons, and (f) and evaluating outcomes. Only 30 LBS I teachers of the 282 contacted by e-mail completed surveys. Of 115 graduates contacted, 71 participated in the original survey and 23 participated in a follow-up survey. Data were analyzed to learn more about the teachers' self-perceptions regarding preparedness to teach math, science, or social science. There was a correlation between perceived level of knowledge and the composite preparation variable for all subjects, but no correlation with length of teaching. Both groups indicated high school content courses were important in preparation to teach. Teachers also indicated collaboration and graduates indicated grade school learning. The most frequent recommendation for both teacher preparation and professional development was additional methods courses. A survey distributed to math, science, and social science teachers of Grades 7--12 asked about their perceptions of the preparedness of LBS I teachers to teach their area of content. Few surveys were completed for each subject so they were examined qualitatively. There was variability among participants, but generally the content area teachers rated themselves as more prepared than
Classroom Discussions: Seeing Math Discourse in Action, Grades K-6
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Anderson, Nancy; Chapin, Suzanne; O'Connor, Cathy
2011-01-01
"Classroom Discussions: Seeing Math Discourse in Action, Grades K-6" provides preservice and inservice instructors, coaches and facilitators with real, classroom-based video examples that illustrate the principles and practices covered in the authors' best-selling book, "Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, Grade K-6,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schackow, Joy Bronston; O'Connell, Susan
2008-01-01
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…
Math and Economics: Implementing Authentic Instruction in Grades K-5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Althauser, Krista; Harter, Cynthia
2016-01-01
The purpose of this study is to outline a partnership program that involved a local elementary school district, an institution of higher education, the local business community, and a state economic education advocacy group to integrate economics into math in grades K-5. The "Economics: Math in Real Life" program was provided in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lewis, Lawanna M.
2010-01-01
The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…
New Math Curriculum Formula for Success: Grades K-4
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Curriculum Review, 2007
2007-01-01
This article describes Everyday Mathematics, a new math education curriculum targeted to kindergarten, first grade, and second grade students in Holland. It will be introduced to third and fourth grades in 2008. The curriculum helps prepare pupils for standardized tests; allows for students to work at their own rate; involves parents in helping…
Doubts Cast on Math, Science Teaching Lures
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cavanagh, Sean
2007-01-01
Few strategies for luring more students and working adults into math and science teaching have proved as popular among elected officials as financial incentives, which try to make one of the least appealing aspects of the job--low pay--a little less daunting. Lawmakers on Capitol Hill are considering a number of bills that would expand existing…
Teaching Middle Grades Science.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.
Background information and exemplary units for teaching science in Georgia's middle school grades are provided. Discussed in the first section are: (1) the rationale for including science in middle school grades, focusing on science/society/technology, science/social issues, scientific reasoning, and scientific literacy; (2) role of science…
More than Numbers: Teaching ELLs Mathematical Language in Primary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sistla, Michelle; Feng, Jay
2014-01-01
Teaching English Language Learners (ELL) academics while they are acquiring English language skills is a challenge for teachers. This action research examines the use of Response To Intervention (RTI) in teaching ELLs mathematical language and its effect on students' math achievement in primary grades. It shows that when mathematical language…
Performing Big Math Ideas across the Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gadanidis, George; Hughes, Janette M.
2011-01-01
A storied math context helps students engage both emotionally and cognitively with mathematics and helps show that mathematics develops out of human experience. Children's literature also models mathematical storytelling for students, and creates opportunities for them to retell and extend stories. This article describes mathematics investigations…
From Reading to Math: How Best Practices in Literacy Can Make You a Better Math Teacher, Grades K-5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Siena, Maggie
2009-01-01
Are your students engaged and motivated to read and write but hesitant during math instruction? Do you want your students to be as excited about math as they are about literacy? This unique resource explores how best practices for teaching reading and writing can help you become a better math teacher. Drawing on the work of such educators as…
Seasoning Math and Science: Fall & Winter. Second Grade Book A.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wiebe, Arthur, Ed.; And Others
The activities in this booklet were designed to provide second grade children with opportunities to explore areas of natural interest to them while gaining knowledge and practice in math skills and with science processes. Seasonal activities which are appropriate for the first half of the school year are offered on the topics of: holidays, seeds…
Differentiating Instruction with Menus Grades 3-5: Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Westphal, Laurie E.
2007-01-01
"Differentiating Instruction With Menus Grades 3-5" offers teachers everything they need to create a student-centered learning environment based on choice. Addressing the four main subject areas (language arts, math, science, and social studies) and the major concepts taught within these areas, these books provide a number of different types of…
Determinants of Grades in Maths for Students in Economics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cappellari, Lorenzo; Lucifora, Claudio; Pozzoli, Dario
2012-01-01
This paper investigates the determinants of grades achieved in maths by first-year students in economics. We use individual administrative data from 1993 to 2005 to fit an educational production function. Our main findings suggest that good secondary school achievements and the type of school attended are significantly associated with maths…
Project TIMS (Teaching Integrated Math/Science)
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Edwards, Leo, Jr.
1993-01-01
The goal of this project is to increase the scientific knowledge and appreciation bases and skills of pre-service and in-service middle school teachers, so as to impact positively on teaching, learning, and student retention. This report lists the objectives and summarizes the progress thus far. Included is the working draft of the TIMS (Teaching Integrated Math/Science) curriculum outline. Seven of the eight instructional subject-oriented modules are also included. The modules include informative materials and corresponding questions and educational activities in a textbook format. The subjects included here are the universe and stars; the sun and its place in the universe; our solar system; astronomical instruments and scientific measurements; the moon and eclipses; the earth's atmosphere: its nature and composition; and the earth: directions, time, and seasons. The module not included regards winds and circulation.
Connecting Math Website Evaluation to an Authentic Learning Activity for Teaching Candidates
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ziegenfus, Robert G.; Smith, Michael
2015-01-01
This article will discuss two teacher training functions: One function is to give the teacher candidates practice in evaluating currently available mathematics websites used in grades K-8 for mathematics instruction. The second function is the evaluation of data by teaching candidates of 13 commonly used math sites by middle and elementary…
The relation between 1st grade grey matter volume and 2nd grade math competence.
Price, Gavin R; Wilkey, Eric D; Yeo, Darren J; Cutting, Laurie E
2016-01-01
Mathematical and numerical competence is a critical foundation for individual success in modern society yet the neurobiological sources of individual differences in math competence are poorly understood. Neuroimaging research over the last decade suggests that neural mechanisms in the parietal lobe, particularly the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) are structurally aberrant in individuals with mathematical learning disabilities. However, whether those same brain regions underlie individual differences in math performance across the full range of math abilities is unknown. Furthermore, previous studies have been exclusively cross-sectional, making it unclear whether variations in the structure of the IPS are caused by or consequences of the development of math skills. The present study investigates the relation between grey matter volume across the whole brain and math competence longitudinally in a representative sample of 50 elementary school children. Results show that grey matter volume in the left IPS at the end of 1st grade relates to math competence a year later at the end of 2nd grade. Grey matter volume in this region did not change over that year, and was still correlated with math competence at the end of 2nd grade. These findings support the hypothesis that the IPS and its associated functions represent a critical foundation for the acquisition of mathematical competence. PMID:26334946
The relation between 1st grade grey matter volume and 2nd grade math competence.
Price, Gavin R; Wilkey, Eric D; Yeo, Darren J; Cutting, Laurie E
2016-01-01
Mathematical and numerical competence is a critical foundation for individual success in modern society yet the neurobiological sources of individual differences in math competence are poorly understood. Neuroimaging research over the last decade suggests that neural mechanisms in the parietal lobe, particularly the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) are structurally aberrant in individuals with mathematical learning disabilities. However, whether those same brain regions underlie individual differences in math performance across the full range of math abilities is unknown. Furthermore, previous studies have been exclusively cross-sectional, making it unclear whether variations in the structure of the IPS are caused by or consequences of the development of math skills. The present study investigates the relation between grey matter volume across the whole brain and math competence longitudinally in a representative sample of 50 elementary school children. Results show that grey matter volume in the left IPS at the end of 1st grade relates to math competence a year later at the end of 2nd grade. Grey matter volume in this region did not change over that year, and was still correlated with math competence at the end of 2nd grade. These findings support the hypothesis that the IPS and its associated functions represent a critical foundation for the acquisition of mathematical competence.
Remedial Math and College Algebra Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Head, L. Quinn
This investigation tried to determine if a statistically significant relationship exists between different sequences of enrollment in remedial mathematics and grades obtained in college algebra classes at Jacksonville State University. Groups consisting of five different enrollment sequences in mathematics were studied. The data collected supports…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Caldwell, Janet E.
2011-01-01
The expectations for no child to be left behind are leading to increased emphasis on teaching math, science, and social science effectively to students with disabilities. This study utilized information collected from online surveys to examine how current LBS I teachers and individuals graduating from the Illinois State University teacher…
Pet Care Teaching Unit: 1st-3rd Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Peninsula Humane Society, San Mateo, CA.
Activities in this unit are designed to familiarize primary grade students with the responsibilities involved in pet ownership. Teaching plans are provided for a total of 12 lessons involving social studies, language arts, math, and health sciences. Activities adaptable for readers and non-readers focus on pet overpopulation, care of pets when…
Effective Teaching Circles: Support for Math Anxious Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Powell, Mary Ann; Harrington, Judy
2011-01-01
Teaching circles are an innovative mechanism to support faculty and improve student learning. This article describes the use of instructor teaching circles to support math-anxious students at a mid-sized urban university, including the purposes, formation, and sometimes surprising outcomes associated with using this method. Teaching circles for…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rimbey, Kimberly
2008-01-01
Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to the students. This booklet contains the "Math Academy--Let's Go to the Mall! Explorations in Combinatorics," which teachers can use to enhance…
Patterns of Hispanic Students' Math Skill Proficiency in the Early Elementary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reardon, Sean F.; Galindo, Claudia
2007-01-01
In this article, we describe patterns of Hispanic students' math skill development during elementary school using data from a nationally representative sample of Hispanic students assessed in math skills from kindergarten through 5th grade. Several robust patterns are evident. First, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with average math skills…
Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 3-5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bresser, Rusty; Melanese, Kathy; Sphar, Christine
2009-01-01
More than 10 percent of the students in our nation's public schools are English language learners, and this number grows each year. Many of these students are falling behind in math. "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 3-5" outlines the challenges ELL students face when learning math and provides a wealth of specific…
Teaching Quantitative Methodology to the Math Averse
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Buchler, Justin
2009-01-01
Many political science students struggle in quantitative methods courses because they have never been taught how to learn math. Learning math is different from learning in other fields, so the techniques students have used successfully in other classes are inappropriate in mathematically oriented classes. However, most students have never been…
TEAM TEACHING IN ELEMENTARY GRADES.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.
INFORMATION ON THE PRACTICE OF TEAM TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY GRADES DRAWN FROM A SURVEY OF SCHOOL SYSTEMS HAVING SUCH PROBLEMS IS PRESENTED IN THIS CIRCULAR. OVER 400 SCHOOL SYSTEMS WITH ENROLLMENTS OF 12,000 AND ABOVE WERE INITIALLY SURVEYED, AND THE 169 WHICH INDICATED THEY USED SOME TEAM TEACHING WERE SENT QUESTIONNAIRES. THE PROGRAMS OF 76…
"Lettuce" Learn Math: Teaching Mathematics with Seeds and Centimeters
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rickard, Laura N.; Wilson, Colette
2006-01-01
"Lettuce Learn Math" is an interdisciplinary program that has effectively linked a small-scale agricultural production system to a sixth-grade mathematics and science curriculum. The mathematical concepts and skills, including measurement and geometry, taught in this project met and often exceeded the standards set by New York state for…
Toast, Anyone? Project Teaches Electricity Basics and Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Quagliana, David F.
2010-01-01
This article describes an electrical technology experiment that shows students how to determine the cost of using an electrical appliance. The experiment also provides good math practice and teaches basic electricity terms and concepts, such as volt, ampere, watt, kilowatt, and kilowatt-hour. This experiment could be expanded to calculate the cost…
UNCF, Thurgood Marshall Collaboration Encourages Teaching Careers in Math, Science
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Black Issues in Higher Education, 2005
2005-01-01
The Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund, the United Negro College Fund, and the Siemens Foundation have collaborated to establish the Siemens Teacher Scholarships, aimed at encouraging minority students to pursue teaching careers in math and science. This brief article discusses the details of the new program.
It Does Matter How We Teach Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rodrigues, Kathleen J.
2012-01-01
This paper describes application of innovative practice and procedures in relationship to recognized principles and theory of adult education used in college math instruction. Adult learning principles provide the theoretical constructs and foundation of the practice supporting a learner-centered approach to learning. The purpose was to explore…
A Math Intervention for Third Grade Latino English Language Learners at Risk for Math Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Orosco, Michael J.
2014-01-01
Word problems for English language learners (ELLs) at risk for math disabilities are challenging in terms of the constant need to develop precise math language and comprehension knowledge. As a result of this, ELLs may not only need math support but also reading and linguistic support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a…
Using Food as a Tool to Teach Science to 3rd Grade Students in Appalachian Ohio
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene
2010-01-01
The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007 to 2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gomez, Angela Nicole
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of "MathFacts in a Flash" software in helping students learn math standards. In each of their classes, the third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade students in a small private Roman Catholic school from the Pacific Northwest were randomly assigned either to a control group that used…
Reactivity to Stress and the Cognitive Components of Math Disability in Grade 1 Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
MacKinnon McQuarrie, Maureen A.; Siegel, Linda S.; Perry, Nancy E.; Weinberg, Joanne
2014-01-01
This study investigated the relationship among working memory, processing speed, math performance, and reactivity to stress in 83 Grade 1 children. Specifically, 39 children with math disability (MD) were compared to 44 children who are typically achieving (TA) in mathematics. It is the first study to use a physiological index of stress (salivary…
The Effects of the Interactive Student Notebook on Fifth Grade Math and Science Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Green, Timothy
2010-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of using the interactive student notebook versus the use of traditional note-taking methods on math and science achievement for fifth grade students. The researcher hypothesized that the ISN would have a significant positive impact on math and science student achievement. Multiple regression…
Trying To Understand Teaching Math for Understanding.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bracey, Gerald W.
2000-01-01
Reviews evidence that refutes unfavorable portraits of American mathematics teachers in two books, "The Teaching Gap" (James Stigler and James Hiebert) and "Knowing and Teaching Elementary Mathematics" (Liping Ma). Young students' difficulty with the "equals" concept can be addressed by teaching algebraic concepts throughout the elementary years.…
Supermath: An Alternative Approach to Improving Math Performance in Grades 4 through 9
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pogrow, Stanley
2004-01-01
In this article, the author shares a decade's worth of experience in developing an approach to teaching math to upper-elementary and middle school students that simultaneously increases basic skills, improves problem solving, raises test scores, and sparks student interest in math. Sections include: (1) Background Of Supermath; (2) Description Of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hemphill, David C.
2011-01-01
The first pretest-posttest hypothesis was tested using the dependent t test. Null hypotheses for test score improvement over time were rejected for the end of fifth-grade pretest compared to ending sixth-grade posttest math Essential Learner Outcome scores converted to standard scores for randomly selected sixth-grade girls meeting measured test…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Oguntoyinbo, Lekan
2012-01-01
Many experts give the nation's schools a poor grade for their approach to teaching mathematics and for their preparation of mathematics teachers. While many policymakers make much of data that suggest children in the United States lag behind many other advanced countries in math, many experts call for a change in mathematics education,…
Cleary, Timothy J; Chen, Peggy P
2009-10-01
The current study examined grade level, achievement group, and math-course-type differences in student self-regulation and motivation in a sample of 880 suburban middle-school students. Analysis of variance was utilized to assess group differences in student self-regulation and motivation, and linear regression analysis was used to identify variables that best predicted students' use of regulatory strategies. A key finding was that although seventh graders exhibited a more maladaptive self-regulation and motivation profile than sixth graders, achievement groups in seventh grade (high, moderate, low) were more clearly differentiated across both self-regulation and motivation than achievement groups in sixth grade. The pattern of achievement group differences also varied across math course type, as self-regulation and motivation processes more consistently differentiated achievement groups in advanced classes than regular math courses. Finally, task interest was shown to be the primary motivational predictor of students' use of regulatory strategies during math learning. The study highlights the importance of identifying shifting student motivation and self-regulation during the early middle school years and the potential role that context may have on these processes.
Cognitive Correlates of Math Skills in Third-Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mannamaa, Mairi; Kikas, Eve; Peets, Katlin; Palu, Anu
2012-01-01
Math achievement is not a unidimensional construct but includes different skills that require different cognitive abilities. The focus of this study was to examine associations between a number of cognitive abilities and three domains of math skills (knowing, applying and problem solving) simultaneously in a multivariate framework. Participants…
Examining Teacher-Assigned Math Grades as Predictors for High-Stakes Testing
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Denson, Bettina Coley
2013-01-01
This study sought to determine whether a relationship existed between teacher-assigned classroom grades and high-stakes test scores. The study examined teacher-assigned math grades in correlation to the student scores on the Florida Comprehensive Assessment test (FCAT) in a selected Florida high school. It also sought to determine the relationship…
Teaching Inuktitut to Grade 2. Interim Edition.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rose, Liz Apak; McDairmid, Jim
This teacher's guide for a second grade Inuktitut language arts program has 30 units based on concepts in social studies, science, math, and health; and emphasizes development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. The vocabulary and unit concepts are based on themes familiar to the children, including ships, plants, rocks, animal…
Teaching More by Grading Less (or Differently)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schinske, Jeffrey; Tanner, Kimberly
2014-01-01
This article explores a brief history of grading in higher education in the United States. Authors, Schinske and Tanner then follow up with considerations of the potential purposes of grading and insights from research literature that has explored the influence of grading on teaching and learning. Schinske and Tanner then ask: Does grading provide…
Reactivity to stress and the cognitive components of math disability in grade 1 children.
MacKinnon McQuarrie, Maureen A; Siegel, Linda S; Perry, Nancy E; Weinberg, Joanne
2014-01-01
This study investigated the relationship among working memory, processing speed, math performance, and reactivity to stress in 83 Grade 1 children. Specifically, 39 children with math disability (MD) were compared to 44 children who are typically achieving (TA) in mathematics. It is the first study to use a physiological index of stress (salivary cortisol levels) to measure children's reactivity while completing tasks that assess the core components of MD: working memory for numbers, working memory for words, digits backward, letter number sequence, digit span forward, processing speed for numbers and words, block rotation, and math tasks. Grade 1 children with MD obtained significantly lower scores on the letter number sequence and quantitative concepts tasks. Higher levels of reactivity significantly predicted poorer performance on the working memory for numbers, working memory for words, and quantitative concepts tasks for Grade 1 children, regardless of math ability. Grade 1 children with MD and higher reactivity had significantly lower scores on the letter number sequence task than the children with MD and low reactivity. The findings suggest that high reactivity impairs performance in working memory and math tasks in Grade 1 children, and young children with high reactivity may benefit from interventions aimed at lowering anxiety in stressful situations, which may improve learning.
Effectiveness of the Touch Math Technique in Teaching Basic Addition to Children with Autism
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yikmis, Ahmet
2016-01-01
This study aims to reveal whether the touch math technique is effective in teaching basic addition to children with autism. The dependent variable of this study is the children's skills to solve addition problems correctly, whereas teaching with the touch math technique is the independent variable. Among the single-subject research models, a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rimbey, Kimberly
2007-01-01
Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to students. This booklet contains the "Math Academy--Can You See It in Nature? Explorations in Patterns & Functions," which a teacher can use to…
Guidelines for Teaching Grade 8 Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.
This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the eighth grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 8 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics, and uses…
Guidelines for Teaching Grade 6 Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.
This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the sixth grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 6 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics, and uses…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math, Unit 10, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Unit 10 of a Spanish science/math curriculum for grade three, composed of kits 37-40, has as its theme "communities around the world". The unit's teacher's guide contains both learning and assessment activities, with the focus, objective, and materials needed for each activity listed. Specific attention is placed on four spiraling questions…
Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stanley, Ashley M.
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mottet, Timothy P.; Garza, Ruben; Beebe, Steven A.; Houser, Marian L.; Jurrells, Summer; Furler, Lisa
2008-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine how students' perceptions of their teachers' instructional communication behaviors were related to their affective learning in math and science. A survey was used to collect perceptions from 497 ninth-grade students. The following conclusions were yielded from the data: (1) students' perceptions of their…
Influences of Math Tracking on Seventh-Grade Students' Self-Beliefs and Social Comparisons
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chiu, Donna; Beru, Yodit; Watley, Erin; Wubu, Selam; Simson, Emma; Kessinger, Robin; Rivera, Anahi; Schmidlein, Patrick; Wigfield, Allan
2008-01-01
The authors examined how math track placement and gender affected 7th-grade students' self-esteem, self-concepts, and social comparisons. Participants were 170 students who completed surveys that assessed their self-esteem, academic self-concepts of ability, and the kinds of social comparisons they make. Results showed that higher track students…
Effects of Ability Grouping on Math Achievement of Third Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Thomas, Emily; Feng, Jay
2014-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of heterogeneous and homogeneous grouping on the mathematical achievement of students in third grade. Participants were 16 third graders in a self-contained classroom, assigned to either small homogeneous or heterogeneous group for math instruction for 7 weeks. Pretest-posttest scores and growth…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Milwaukee Public Schools, WI.
This workbook contains "skill sharpening" math problems presented in Spanish. These problems have been designed as supplementary work for students at the eighth grade level. Functions and topics such as addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, decimals, scientific notation (exponents), fractions, symmetry, angles, the metric weight system,…
Math Process Standards Series, Grades PreK-2 [with CD-ROMs
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Connell, Susan, Ed.
2007-01-01
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)'s Process Standards support teaching that helps children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every primary teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 4, Grade Two, Teacher's Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
The teacher's guide for unit four of a Spanish science/math strand for second graders contains instructional and assessment activities for kits 13-16. Each designed for a two- to three-week teaching period, the kits' activities are geared toward guiding the child to discover correct answers through methods provided and, by putting materials in his…
Learning to Love Math: Teaching Strategies that Change Student Attitudes and Get Results
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Willis, Judy
2010-01-01
Has it ever seemed to you that some students are hardwired to dislike math? If so, then here's a book that explains how negative attitudes toward math get established in the brain and what you can do to turn those attitudes around. Math teacher and neurologist Judy Willis gives you over 50 strategies you can use right away in any grade level to:…
The Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Grade 7 Math and Science Scores
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shaffer, Donna
There has been a decline of math and science assessment scores consecutively over the past 2 years at a local middle school. This mixed method study incorporated a sequential qualitative-quantitative explanatory strategy with the intent of enhancing and altering the instructional process to increase student achievement. The qualitative portion of the study explored the process of differentiated instruction and perceptions of those who were involved within the development of a nontraditional approach to instruction in the 7th grade content areas of math and science. For the quantitative portion of the study, assessment data were collected for 2010 and 2011 for the 7th grade math and science content areas. Constructivism served as the theoretical foundation for the study. The results of the qualitative analysis suggested that the majority of the participants believed that differentiated instruction positively impacts student scores for the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP). The result of an independent t test indicated that students receiving differentiated instruction had higher math and science TCAP test scores for Grade 7 One recommendation is for future research to be conducted regarding differentiated instruction's impact on student achievement so that the gap in scientific research in this area may be bridged. Implications for social change include the potential for enhancing the instructional process that could result in improved student achievement.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gallagher, William F., Ed.
Reported are the proceedings of an institute on the employment opportunities for blind teachers. Included are the keynote address by Ewald B. Nyquist on the importance of employing blind teachers, two responses to it, and papers on teaching the following subjects as a blind person: grade 5, grade 6, general science in grades 7-9, math, Spanish,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Whittaker, Jessica Vick; Kinzie, Mable B.; Williford, Amanda; DeCoster, Jamie
2016-01-01
Research Findings: This study examined the impact of MyTeachingPartner-Math/Science, a system of math and science curricula and professional development, on the quality of teachers' interactions with children in their classrooms. Schools were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 intervention conditions (Basic: curricula providing within-activity, embedded…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gresens, Ay-Shin
2011-01-01
Teaching math problem solving has been a challenge for many educators, especially in Title I schools. Textbooks provided by the district under study were the primary source of math instructional material. Moreover, the instruction of computation was the method used for preparing students for success with later problem solving lessons. The lack of…
5 Evidence-Based Recommendations for Teaching Math to Young Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2014
2014-01-01
Children have a natural interest in math, and the "Teaching Math to Young Children" practice guide (ED544376) aims to help teachers capitalize on that interest to make children's preschool and school experience more engaging and beneficial. In this practice guide summary, readers will find: (1) An overview of the guide's five…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dorn, Ronald I.; Douglass, John; Ekiss, Gale Olp; Trapido-Lurie, Barbara; Comeauz, Malcolm; Mings, Robert; Eden, Rebecca; Davis, Cathy; Hinde, Elizabeth; Ramakrishna, B.
2005-01-01
The "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) legislation has resulted in declining classroom time dedicated to geography instruction, especially in grades K-8. To combat this problem, a National Geographic Society Grosvenor grant provided resources allowing 28 teacher-authors to generate a package of more than 80 lessons that combine the teaching of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Solomon, Pearl Gold
2007-01-01
In a new edition of her standards-based math workbook, author Pearl Gold Solomon covers essential concepts and skills as defined by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics for learners in middle schools. Designed as a comprehensive resource for planning curriculum, instruction, and assessment, The Math We Need to Know and Do in Grades 6-9,…
12 Math Rules That Expire in the Middle Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Karp, Karen S.; Bush, Sarah B.; Dougherty, Barbara J.
2015-01-01
Many rules taught in mathematics classrooms "expire" when students develop knowledge that is more sophisticated, such as using new number systems. For example, in elementary grades, students are sometimes taught that "addition makes bigger" or "subtraction makes smaller" when learning to compute with whole numbers,…
Grade Three: Math Concepts/Applications. Case Study #2
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Powell, Sarah R.; Seethaler, Pamela M.
2008-01-01
The purpose of this case study is to highlight the integral role that progress monitoring (PM) plays throughout any response to intervention (RTI) process. This example uses a three-level, responsiveness-to-intervention (RTI) method for identifying students with learning difficulties. Using a fictional third-grade classroom as the setting for…
Viterbori, Paola; Usai, M Carmen; Traverso, Laura; De Franchis, Valentina
2015-12-01
This longitudinal study analyzes whether selected components of executive function (EF) measured during the preschool period predict several indices of math achievement in primary school. Six EF measures were assessed in a sample of 5-year-old children (N = 175). The math achievement of the same children was then tested in Grades 1 and 3 using both a composite math score and three single indices of written calculation, arithmetical facts, and problem solving. Using previous results obtained from the same sample of children, a confirmatory factor analysis examining the latent EF structure in kindergarten indicated that a two-factor model provided the best fit for the data. In this model, inhibition and working memory (WM)-flexibility were separate dimensions. A full structural equation model was then used to test the hypothesis that math achievement (the composite math score and single math scores) in Grades 1 and 3 could be explained by the two EF components comprising the kindergarten model. The results indicate that the WM-flexibility component measured during the preschool period substantially predicts mathematical achievement, especially in Grade 3. The math composite scores were predicted by the WM-flexibility factor at both grade levels. In Grade 3, both problem solving and arithmetical facts were predicted by the WM-flexibility component. The results empirically support interventions that target EF as an important component of early childhood mathematics education.
Viterbori, Paola; Usai, M Carmen; Traverso, Laura; De Franchis, Valentina
2015-12-01
This longitudinal study analyzes whether selected components of executive function (EF) measured during the preschool period predict several indices of math achievement in primary school. Six EF measures were assessed in a sample of 5-year-old children (N = 175). The math achievement of the same children was then tested in Grades 1 and 3 using both a composite math score and three single indices of written calculation, arithmetical facts, and problem solving. Using previous results obtained from the same sample of children, a confirmatory factor analysis examining the latent EF structure in kindergarten indicated that a two-factor model provided the best fit for the data. In this model, inhibition and working memory (WM)-flexibility were separate dimensions. A full structural equation model was then used to test the hypothesis that math achievement (the composite math score and single math scores) in Grades 1 and 3 could be explained by the two EF components comprising the kindergarten model. The results indicate that the WM-flexibility component measured during the preschool period substantially predicts mathematical achievement, especially in Grade 3. The math composite scores were predicted by the WM-flexibility factor at both grade levels. In Grade 3, both problem solving and arithmetical facts were predicted by the WM-flexibility component. The results empirically support interventions that target EF as an important component of early childhood mathematics education. PMID:26218333
Teaching Literacy in Second Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Paratore, Jeanne R.; McCormack, Rachel L.
2005-01-01
Second-grade classrooms are exciting places to visit. Children are consolidating their growing reading and writing expertise, exploring new genres, and becoming more effective communicators. This book takes the reader into several exemplary second-grade classrooms to demonstrate what teachers can do to optimize literacy learning for their…
Teaching Literacy in Fourth Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnson, Denise
2008-01-01
Fourth grade is an important year for literacy learning. Having left the primary grades behind, students must grapple with more demanding texts and content material. Effective, motivating instruction can help them succeed. This book helps teachers create an energized and organized learning environment in which all students can improve their…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wilburne, Jane M.; Keat, Jane B.; Napoli, Mary P.
2011-01-01
Nervous about teaching math to young children? Too pressed for time to teach all of the math concepts children need to know? Now there's a practical, stress-free guide to one of the most effective ways to enhance children's mathematical thinking in pre-K-Grade 3--by weaving math concepts into storytime. Ready for any educator to pick up and start…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This curriculum guide has been prepared for use by both the music specialist and the classroom teacher in New York City. It outlines areas of musical subject matter appropriate for students in grades five and six. The materials are presented in six sections. "Rhythmic Experiences" introduces students to a variety of meters and rhythms through…
Student Math Achievement and Out-of-Field Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hill, Jason G.; Dalton, Ben
2013-01-01
This study investigates the distribution of math teachers with a major or certification in math using data from the National Center for Education Statistics' High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09). The authors discuss the limitations of existing data sources for measuring teacher qualifications, such as the Schools and Staffing…
Teaching Language Arts, Math, and Science to Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Browder, Diane M., Ed.; Spooner, Fred, Ed.
2006-01-01
Under NCLB, students with severe disabilities are expected to make progress on state academic content standards in language arts, math, and science. But what material should educators teach from these three content areas, and how should they teach it? With this groundbreaking textbook, future educators will finally have the answers they need. The…
A Guide for Teaching Ninth Grade English.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tokars, Lester E.
Various usages for newspapers in the ninth-grade English classroom are suggested in detail in this teacher's guide. Two large sections--one designed for classes with average learners and one for classes with slow learners--are subdivided into units on the short story, drama, nonfiction, and the novel. Newspapers are used for teaching reading,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clark, Melissa A.; Chiang, Hanley S.; Silva, Tim; McConnell, Sheena; Sonnenfeld, Kathy; Erbe, Anastasia; Puma, Michael
2013-01-01
Teach For America (TFA) and the Teaching Fellows programs are an important and growing source of teachers of hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty schools, but comprehensive evidence of their effectiveness has been limited. This report presents findings from the first large-scale random assignment study of secondary math teachers from these…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Adamson, Karen
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a hands-on science curriculum, which integrates mathematics and supports the development of English language skills, on third grade students' mathematics achievement---specifically the measurement subscale of the statewide assessment. The data draws from a larger 5-year research project consisting of reform-based science curriculum units and teacher workshops designed to promote effective instruction of science while integrating mathematics and supporting English language development. The third grade curriculum places a strong emphasis on developing measurement skills in the context of scientific investigations. Third grade students' performance on the measurement subscale of the statewide mathematics assessment at experimental and comparison schools were examined using a hierarchical linear model (HLM). Students participating in the treatment performed significantly higher than students at comparison schools. The results of this study provide evidence that an integrated approach to math and science instruction can benefit diverse populations of students.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dougherty, Shaun M.; Goodman, Joshua S.; Hill, Darryl V.; Litke, Erica G.; Page, Lindsay C.
2015-01-01
Taking algebra by eighth grade is considered an important milestone on the pathway to college readiness. We highlight a collaboration to investigate one district's effort to increase middle school algebra course-taking. In 2010, the Wake County Public Schools began assigning middle school students to accelerated math and eighth-grade algebra based…
Does Learning-Centered Teaching Promote Grade Improvement?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mostrom, Alison M.; Blumberg, Phyllis
2012-01-01
When the grade distribution within a course shifts towards higher grades, it may be due to grade inflation or grade improvement. If the positive shift is accompanied by an increase in achievement or learning, it should be considered grade improvement, "not" grade inflation. Effective learning-centered teaching is designed to promote student…
Flick, L.B.
1995-12-31
This report describes the progress of a project to encourage students and professionals to participate in math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades. The topics of the report include documenting activities and procedures for the purposes of evaluation and dissemination of descriptive information, generating case studies of the students going through this program to provide research and evaluation data on the process of attracting technically qualified people into elementary and middle school teaching, establishing a program of mentoring between scientists, engineers, and mathematicians and prospective teachers in the program, and establishing a program of mentoring between master teachers in area schools and prospective teachers.
Effective pedagogies for teaching math to nursing students: a literature review.
Hunter Revell, Susan M; McCurry, Mary K
2013-11-01
Improving mathematical competency and problem-solving skills in undergraduate nursing students has been an enduring challenge for nurse educators. A number of teaching strategies have been used to address this problem with varying degrees of success. This paper discusses a literature review which examined undergraduate nursing student challenges to learning math, methods used to teach math and problem-solving skills, and the use of innovative pedagogies for teaching. The literature was searched using the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature and Education Resource Information Center databases. Key search terms included: math*, nurs*, nursing student, calculation, technology, medication administration, challenges, problem-solving, personal response system, clickers, computer and multi-media. Studies included in the review were published in English from 1990 to 2011. Results support four major themes which include: student challenges to learning, traditional pedagogies, curriculum strategies, and technology and integrative methods as pedagogy. The review concludes that there is a need for more innovative pedagogical strategies for teaching math to student nurses. Nurse educators in particular play a central role in helping students learn the conceptual basis, as well as practical hands-on methods, to problem solving and math competency. It is recommended that an integrated approach inclusive of technology will benefit students through better performance, increased understanding, and improved student satisfaction.
Stability of computational deficits in math learning disability from second through fifth grades.
Chong, Suet Ling; Siegel, Linda S
2008-01-01
This study utilized growth modeling to investigate the stability of two computational deficits that are strongly associated with math learning disability (MLD)-procedural deficits and fact fluency deficits. Math "deficit" was defined in two ways-having scores in the lower 10th percentile (MLD) and between the 11th and 25th percentiles (LA, low achieving). The longitudinal sample was composed of 214 children. Between the second and fifth grades, children who started at grade 2 with procedural deficits showed more rapid growth in procedural skills than typically achieving (TA) children. The procedural deficits group was able to narrow the initial gap in procedural skills and catch up with their normal peers. In contrast, children who started at grade 2 with fact fluency deficits showed the same growth in fact fluency skills as TA children. The fact fluency deficits group maintained their initial gap and was not able to catch up. This pattern of results held for both the MLD and LA criteria. Fact fluency deficits are more stable in the elementary years. Further results showed that fact fluency deficits may be associated with more pervasive and persistent cognitive deficits than procedural deficits. The fact fluency group showed persistent cognitive deficits in working memory, processing speed, and phonological processing, from grades 2-5. The group with procedural deficits at grade 2 showed persistent deficits in working memory and processing speed, but closed the gap in phonological skills. In addition, only the MLD procedural deficits group showed these cognitive deficits; the LA group was no different than the typical achievers. The present results support the hypothesis that fact fluency deficits and procedural deficits are dissociable and may represent distinct subgroups of MLD. PMID:18473201
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spann, Mary Beth
This book contains 18 reproducible Math Storymats which can be a refreshing addition to any early elementary math program. Each storymat is accompanied by two separate read-aloud story selections that guide children in using plastic disk-shaped markers to interact with the mats in specific and open-ended ways. Together the mats and the…
Anonymous grading: an ethical teaching strategy.
McDaniel, C
1994-01-01
Increasing emphasis on student rights, as well as attention to ethics, has focused awareness on strategies that faculty can implement to ensure that the subject of ethics is illustrated in classroom teaching. The author discusses anonymous grading as one strategy to operationalize ethics in the classroom. As an ethical concept, justice is a primary concern in the implementation of impartial and fair evaluation of students' work.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Flaherty, John, Jr.; Sobolew-Shubin, Alexandria; Heredia, Alberto; Chen-Gaddini, Min; Klarin, Becca; Finkelstein, Neal D.
2014-01-01
Math in Common® (MiC) is a five-year initiative that supports a formal network of 10 California school districts as they implement the Common Core State Standards in mathematics (CCSS-M) across grades K-8. As the MiC initiative moves into its second year, one of the central activities that each of the districts is undergoing to support CCSS…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hammond, Ormond W.; Wilson, Melly; Barros, Corrin
2011-01-01
Native Hawaiian students represent the largest single ethnic group in Hawai'i, at 27 percent of the student population in 2008/09. This REL Pacific report, "Comparing the Achievement Patterns of Native Hawaiian and Non-Native Hawaiian Grade 8 Students in Reading and Math," reports the reading and math proficiency rates of grade 8 Native Hawaiian…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2014
2014-01-01
The 2013 study, "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Programs," examined whether students taught by teachers in the "Teach for America" ("TFA") and "The New Teacher Project Teaching Fellows" ("Teaching Fellows") programs had greater…
NAEP Scores Put Spotlight on Standards: Flat Math Results Also Spur Calls for Teaching Reforms
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cavanagh, Sean
2009-01-01
Fourth grade math scores stagnated for the first time in two decades on a prominent nationwide test, prompting calls for new efforts to improve teacher content knowledge and stirring discussion of the potential benefits of setting more-uniform academic standards across states. The results on the National Assessment of Educational Progress,…
dMath: A European Project for the Restatement of Mathematics Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bringslid, Odd; Rodriguez, Gerardo; de la Villa, Agustin
2007-01-01
In this article the main characteristics of the dMath project are introduced. With the mathematical modules developed within this project a new tool is made available to the different users as a support of the teaching and learning of mathematics in the context of EHEA and of the Bologna declaration. (Contains 7 figures.)
A Survey Study of Early Childhood Teachers' Beliefs and Confidence about Teaching Early Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chen, Jie-Qi; McCray, Jennifer; Adams, Margaret; Leow, Christine
2014-01-01
This study reports on results from the Early Mathematics Beliefs and Confidence Survey, administered to 346 preschool teachers in a large public school system in the Midwest. Survey results depict a much more positive view of teachers' beliefs and confidence in early math teaching than previously reported. Results also suggest that teacher…
The Challenge for Math/Science Departments: Balancing Teaching and Grant Writing.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Srivastava, Ravindra M., Ph. D
1998-01-01
States that lack of resources in math and science education is forcing faculty to seek external grants. Asserts that such fundraising efforts consume time and energy, and often detract from the teaching, community-service, and other nurturing missions of the college. Suggests that administrators acknowledge the changing role of teachers and offer…
Constructive Activity for Teaching Elementary-School Math and Communications.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wright, Michael D.; Foster, Patrick N.
1996-01-01
An elementary education technology unit that involved converting decimal numbers into binary ones used an experiential method based on mass production. The children thus learned about place value, symbolic logic, practical math, and mass production, and at the same time such skills as following directions and listening attentively were reinforced.…
Contextual Factors Related to Math Anxiety in Second-Grade Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jameson, Molly M.
2014-01-01
As the United States falls farther behind other countries in standardized math assessments, the author seeks to understand why U.S. students perform so poorly. One of the possible explanations to U.S. students' poor math performance may be math anxiety. However, math anxiety in elementary school children is a neglected area in the research.…
College Students' Evaluations of Teaching and Grade Inflation.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Eiszler, Charles F.
2002-01-01
Examined whether the use of student evaluations of teaching effectiveness has been a contributing factor to a trend of grade inflation in a mid-sized, public university in the Midwest. Found a predictive relationship between student ratings of teaching and expected grades and an encouragement over time of grade inflation. (EV)
An Alternative Path to Becoming a Successful Middle Grades Math and Science Teacher
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jeanpierre, Bobby; Lewis, Nancy
2007-01-01
In 2003, the University of Central Florida began a Transition to Mathematics and Science Teaching (T-MAST) program, a one-year, fast-track program that prepares and certifies bachelor's degree holders who will work as teachers in a job-sharing paid internship, while completing a Master of Arts degree in middle grades (5-9) mathematics education or…
Effect of Computer-Aided Instruction on Attitude and Achievement of Fifth Grade Math Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shoemaker, Traci L.
2013-01-01
The purpose of this quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study was to test theories of constructivism and motivation, along with research-based teaching practices of differentiating instruction and instructing within a child's Zone of Proximal Development, in measuring the effect of computer-aided instruction on fifth grade students'…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burns, Marilyn
2004-01-01
Teaching teachers to become observers and inquirers into mathematics will help change how they teach math to students. Essential to all professional development in mathematics is the idea that making sense of mathematics is key to learning. Just as learning to read calls for bringing meaning to the printed page, learning math calls for bringing…
Math and science technology access and use in South Dakota public schools grades three through five
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schwietert, Debra L.
The development of K-12 technology standards, soon to be added to state testing of technology proficiency, and the increasing presence of computers in homes and classrooms reflects the growing importance of technology in current society. This study examined math and science teachers' responses on a survey of technology use in grades three through five in South Dakota. A researcher-developed survey instrument was used to collect data from a random sample of 100 public schools throughout the South Dakota. Forced choice and open-ended responses were recorded. Most teachers have access to computers, but they lack resources to purchase software for their content areas, especially in science areas. Three-fourths of teachers in this study reported multiple computers in their classrooms and 67% reported access to labs in other areas of the school building. These numbers are lower than the national average of 84% of teachers with computers in their classrooms and 95% with access to computers elsewhere in the building (USDOE, 2000). Almost eight out of 10 teachers noted time as a barrier to learning more about educational software. Additional barriers included lack of school funds (38%), access to relevant training (32%), personal funds (30%), and poor quality of training (7%). Teachers most often use math and science software as supplemental, with practice tutorials cited as another common use. The most common interest for software was math for both boys and girls. The second most common choice for boys was science and for girls, language arts. Teachers reported that there was no preference for either individual or group work on computers for girls or boys. Most teachers do not systematically evaluate software for gender preferences, but review software over subjectively.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Martin, Merissa R.; Pickett, Matt T.
2013-01-01
The purpose of this action research project report was to increase student motivation and engagement. There seemed to be an increasing disconnect between student potential and performance, especially among gifted math and beginning music students. Two teacher researchers carried out this research with 25 fifth-grade students at two different sites…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gable, Sara; Krull, Jennifer L.; Chang, Yiting
2012-01-01
This study tests a mediated model of boys' and girls' weight status and math performance with 6,250 children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. Five data points spanning kindergarten entry (mean age = 68.46 months) through fifth grade (mean age = 134.60 months) were analyzed. Three weight status groups were identified: persistent…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Built around a theme of communities in the nation, this teacher's guide for unit eight of a science/math strand for Spanish-speaking children in grade three contains both learning and assessment activities. This unit addresses what the elements are, how needs and wants are satisfied, how change occurs, and what the results of change are. The guide…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional and assessment activities for unit seven of a science/math strand for Spanish-speaking students in grade three focus on the extended community. Activities support four spiraling questions on the elements, wants and needs, change occurrence, and results of change. For each activity, the focus, objective, and materials needed are…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional and assessment activities in unit three of a Spanish science/math curriculum for first graders are built around the central theme of the school. Kits 9-12, each designed for a two to three week teaching period, contain activities which also support who the child is, what his needs and wants are, what his resources are, and how he…
Using Your Daily Newspaper to Teach Math to Slow Learners.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Loo, Mee Quai P.
One of a series prepared by the Hawaii Newspaper Agency, this teaching guide offers ideas on using the daily newspaper to teach mathematics to slow learners. Classroom activities include teaching students how to shop for bargains through newspaper advertisements, how to compute batting averages in baseball, how to write a check after adding up the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yates, Tracy Hardwell
2014-01-01
The purpose of this correlational study was to examine the relationship among the mathematical self-efficacies, mathematical teaching self-efficacies, and instructional practices of elementary teachers. This study was also designed to determine how these variables influence an individual teacher's QDI in relation to MCT2 math scores in grades 3-5.…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Evans, Robert H.
In light of the perceived national need for more science and math teachers, this study was conceived to:1.Identify teaching oriented students among freshmen at a mid-western engineering school, who have chosen NOT to become teachers;2.Find out what reasons these potential science and math teachers have for deciding not to pursue teaching careers;3.Determine what amelioration of these problems would be necessary for them to no longer be factors which would inhibit students from becoming teachers.Of a random sample of 110 students drawn from a freshman class, 98 participated fully in the study. Each participant took Holland's Self-Directed Search to determine teaching orientation and author-constructed instruments to assess their concerns about teaching.Results showed teaching oriented students avoided teaching due to low starting salaries, lack of job security, low maximum salaries, not wanting to do the work teacher's do, poor job availability and discouragement by family and friends. Starting salaries of 21,693 and salaries of 32,600 for a teacher with a B.A. and 10 years experience were among the changes deemed necessary to make teaching attractive.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Taylor-Cox, Jennifer
2011-01-01
Reduce the number of discipline issues that arise in your math classroom with ideas from math education expert Jennifer Taylor-Cox. In this book, you'll learn a variety of ways to handle disruptive, disinterested, avoidant, and/or disrespectful students in K-12 math classrooms. Using realistic, case-by-case examples, the author reveals practical…
Upper Elementary Math Lessons: Case Studies of Real Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Graeber, Anna O.; Valli, Linda; Newton, Kristie Jones
2011-01-01
Engaging students in worthwhile learning requires more than a knowledge of underlying principles of good teaching. It demands considerable practice as well as images of what good teaching in particular situations and for particular purposes might look like. This volume provides these images. These cases were written from authentic, unrehearsed…
Supekar, Kaustubh; Swigart, Anna G; Tenison, Caitlin; Jolles, Dietsje D; Rosenberg-Lee, Miriam; Fuchs, Lynn; Menon, Vinod
2013-05-14
Now, more than ever, the ability to acquire mathematical skills efficiently is critical for academic and professional success, yet little is known about the behavioral and neural mechanisms that drive some children to acquire these skills faster than others. Here we investigate the behavioral and neural predictors of individual differences in arithmetic skill acquisition in response to 8-wk of one-to-one math tutoring. Twenty-four children in grade 3 (ages 8-9 y), a critical period for acquisition of basic mathematical skills, underwent structural and resting-state functional MRI scans pretutoring. A significant shift in arithmetic problem-solving strategies from counting to fact retrieval was observed with tutoring. Notably, the speed and accuracy of arithmetic problem solving increased with tutoring, with some children improving significantly more than others. Next, we examined whether pretutoring behavioral and brain measures could predict individual differences in arithmetic performance improvements with tutoring. No behavioral measures, including intelligence quotient, working memory, or mathematical abilities, predicted performance improvements. In contrast, pretutoring hippocampal volume predicted performance improvements. Furthermore, pretutoring intrinsic functional connectivity of the hippocampus with dorsolateral and ventrolateral prefrontal cortices and the basal ganglia also predicted performance improvements. Our findings provide evidence that individual differences in morphometry and connectivity of brain regions associated with learning and memory, and not regions typically involved in arithmetic processing, are strong predictors of responsiveness to math tutoring in children. More generally, our study suggests that quantitative measures of brain structure and intrinsic brain organization can provide a more sensitive marker of skill acquisition than behavioral measures. PMID:23630286
Expedition Zenith: Experiences of eighth grade girls in a non-traditional math/science program
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ulm, Barbara Jean
2004-11-01
This qualitative study describes the experiences of a group of sixteen, eighth grade girls participating in a single-sex, math/science program based on gender equity research and constructivist theory. This phenomenological case study highlights the individual changes each girl perceives in herself as a result of her involvement in this program which was based at a suburban middle school just north of New York City. Described in narrative form is what took place during this single-sex program. At the start of the program the girls worked cooperatively in groups to build canoes. The canoes were then used to study a wetland during the final days of the program. To further immerse the participants into nature, the girls also camped during these final days. Data were collected from a number of sources to uncover, as fully as possible, the true essence of the program and the girls' experiences in it. The data collection methods included direct observation; in-depth, open-ended interviews; and written documentation. As a result of data collection, the girls' perceived outcomes and assessment of the program, as well as their recommendations for future math/science programs are revealed. The researcher in this study also acted as teacher, directing the program, and as participant to better understand the experiences of the girls involved in the program. Thus, unique insights could be made. The findings in this study provide insight into the learning of the participants, as well as into the relationships they formed both inside and outside of the program. Their perceived experiences and assessment of the program were then used to develop a greater understanding as to the effectiveness of this non-traditional program. Although this study echoed much of what research says about the needs of girls in learning situations, and therefore, reinforces previously accepted beliefs, it also reveals significant findings in areas previously unaddressed by gender studies. For example
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ruff, Sarah E.; Boes, Susan R.
2014-01-01
Low math achievement is a recurring weakness in many students. Math anxiety is a persistent and significant theme to math avoidance and low achievement. Causes for math anxiety include social, cognitive, and academic factors. Interventions to reduce math anxiety are limited as they exclude the expert skills of professional school counselors to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Medrano, Juan
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study is to impact the teaching and learning of math of 2nd through 4th grade math students at Porfirio H. Gonzales Elementary School. The Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) model serves as the independent variable for this study. Its intent is to promote math instruction that emphasizes problem-solving to a greater degree…
Learn about Seabirds. Teaching Packet, Grades 4-6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fish and Wildlife Service (Dept. of Interior), Anchorage, AK.
This teaching packet is designed to teach Alaskan students in grades 4-6 about Alaska's seabird populations, the worldwide significance of seabirds, and the environmental conditions to which seabirds are sensitive. The packet includes a curriculum guide (containing a teacher's background story and 12 teaching activities), a separately published…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clark, David M.; Slate, John R.; Combs, Julie P.; Moore, George W.
2013-01-01
We analyzed the effect of grade span configurations (i.e., 6-8 versus K-8) on reading and math performance in Texas public schools for the last 5 school years. Participants in this study were 628 Texas schools (i.e., 314 middle schools and 314 K-8 schools) distributed across the 5 school years examined. Schools configured as K-8 schools were…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wiscasset Middle School, ME.
This career-based mathematics text book was written for eighth grade students by eighth grade students at Wiscasset Middle School, Wiscasset, Maine. The text has an innovative format and features interviews with various townspeople of Wiscasset concerning their occupations; from the interviews, information is presented about training needed,…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ramsey, Whitney J.
The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in standardized test scores, expressed as percentage passing, in math, reading-language arts, science, and social studies by comparing 6th grade students in K--8 schools with those in 6--8 schools. The data were gathered from an analysis of 6th grade students' scores on the 2006--2007 TCAP standardized assessment test in the state of Tennessee. The relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient, proficient, or advanced level in each subject area was examined. The analysis was based on 5 research questions. A t-test for independent samples was used to identify the relationships between the independent variables, configuration of the school (K--8 or 6--8), and the dependent variables, the percent of students scoring below proficient, proficient, or advanced. A chi square analysis was used to identify the relationship between the proportion of K--8 schools meeting AYP versus the proportion of 6--8 schools meeting AYP. The study showed no relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient level in math, reading-language arts, and social studies. Similarly, there was not a significant difference between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the proficient level in math and reading-language arts and the advanced level in math, reading-language arts, and science. However, there was a significant relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient level and the proficient level in science and the percent of 6th grade students scoring at the proficient level and advanced level in social studies. In science, a lower percentage of 6th grade students in K--8 schools scored below proficient than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. In science, a higher
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kuhlmann, Jim
1986-01-01
This activity for grades 6-12 is designed to promote an increased interest in mathematics and its study. Directions for the game "Math Trivia" are given, with questions ready for cards and additional questions listed. (MNS)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bers, Marina U.; Portsmore, Merredith
2005-01-01
This paper presents an innovative approach to introducing pre-service early childhood teachers to math, science and technology education. The approach involves the creation of partnerships between pre-service early childhood and engineering students to conceive, develop, implement and evaluate curriculum in the area of math, science and technology…
Teaching Mathematics Vocabulary with an Interactive Signing Math Dictionary
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Vesel, Judy; Robillard, Tara
2013-01-01
State frameworks and national standards are explicit about the mathematics content that students must master at each grade level. Although the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act mandate that students who are deaf or hard of hearing and communicate in sign language have access to this content, evidence…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wagner, Judson
Today's technology driven global economy has put pressure on the American education system to produce more students who are prepared for careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). Adding to this pressure is the demand for a more diverse workforce that can stimulate the development of new ideas and innovation. This in turn requires more female and under represented minority groups to pursue future careers in STEM. Though STEM careers include many of the highest paid professionals, school systems are dealing with exceptionally high numbers of students, especially female and under represented minorities, who begin but do not persist to STEM degree completion. Using the Expectancy-Value Theory (EVT) framework that attributes student motivation to a combination of intrinsic, utility, and attainment values, this study analyzed readily available survey data to gauge students' career related values. These values were indirectly investigated through a longitudinal approach, spanning five years, on the predictive nature of 8 th grade survey-derived recommendations for students to pursue a future in a particular career cluster. Using logistic regression analysis, it was determined that this 8 th grade data, particularly in STEM, provides significantly high probabilities of a 12th grader's average grade, SAT-Math score, the math and science elective courses they take, and most importantly, interest in the same career cluster.
''Math in a Can'': Teaching Mathematics and Engineering Design
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Narode, Ronald B.
2011-01-01
Using an apparently simple problem, ''Design a cylindrical can that will hold a liter of milk,'' this paper demonstrates how engineering design may facilitate the teaching of the following ideas to secondary students: linear and non-linear relationships; basic geometry of circles, rectangles, and cylinders; unit measures of area and volume;…
Martin, Daniel P; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E
2015-10-01
This study examined (a) the contribution of math self-efficacy to students' perception of their emotional and social engagement in fifth grade math classes, and (b) the extent to which high quality teacher-student interactions compensated for students' low math self-efficacy in contributing to engagement. Teachers (n = 73) were observed three times during the year during math to measure the quality of teacher-student interactions (emotional, organizational, and instructional support). Fifth graders (n = 387) reported on their math self-efficacy at the beginning of the school year and then were surveyed about their feelings of engagement in math class three times during the year immediately after the lessons during which teachers were observed. Results of multi-level models indicated that students initially lower in math self-efficacy reported lower emotional and social engagement during math class than students with higher self-efficacy. However, in classrooms with high levels of teacher emotional support, students reported similar levels of both emotional and social engagement, regardless of their self-efficacy. No comparable findings emerged for organizational and instructional support. The discussion considers the significance of students' own feelings about math in relation to their engagement, as well as the ways in which teacher and classroom supports can compensate for students lack of agency. The work has implications for school psychologists and teachers eager to boost students' engagement in math class.
Curbing "Math Anxiety" with Galileo While Teaching Physicists, too
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schwartz, Brian P.
2006-12-01
Carthage College's introductory physics course caters to both freshmen in our program and students in general education. While "Understandings of Physics" is a conceptual overview of our discipline, physical science is necessarily quantitative. Galileo's "Dialogue Concerning the Two New Sciences" provides us with a novel way to teach the fundamentals of motion both to students who "fear" mathematics, as well as those who are adept at solving algebraic equations.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Griggs, Marissa Swaim; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Merritt, Eileen G.; Patton, Christine L.
2013-01-01
Self-efficacy forecasts student persistence and achievement in challenging subjects. Thus, it is important to understand factors that contribute to students' self-efficacy, a key factor in their success in math and science. The current cross-sectional study examined the contribution of students' gender and math and science anxiety as well as…
Griggs, Marissa Swaim; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E; Merritt, Eileen G; Patton, Christine L
2013-12-01
Self-efficacy forecasts student persistence and achievement in challenging subjects. Thus, it is important to understand factors that contribute to students' self-efficacy, a key factor in their success in math and science. The current cross-sectional study examined the contribution of students' gender and math and science anxiety as well as schools' use of Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) practices to students' math and science self-efficacy. Fifth graders (n = 1,561) completed questionnaires regarding their feelings about math and science. Approximately half of the students attended schools implementing the Responsive Classroom® (RC) approach, an SEL intervention, as part of a randomized controlled trial. Results suggested no difference in math and science self-efficacy between boys and girls. Students who self-reported higher math and science anxiety also reported less self-efficacy toward these subjects. However, the negative association between students' anxiety and self-efficacy was attenuated in schools using more RC practices compared with those using fewer RC practices. RC practices were associated with higher science self-efficacy. Results highlight anxiety as contributing to poor self-efficacy in math and science and suggest that RC practices create classroom conditions in which students' anxiety is less strongly associated with negative beliefs about their ability to be successful in math and science.
The Relationship between Absenteeism and Math Achievement among Fifth Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tucker, Stephanie
2014-01-01
Although critical to functioning in the workforce, mathematics proficiency is low in the United States compared to other economically-developed countries. Researchers have shown that students begin to demonstrate weaknesses in math skills at the onset of pre-algebraic courses, usually during middle school years. In Alabama, low math scores are…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ramsey, Laura R.; Sekaquaptewa, Denise
2011-01-01
Previous research has illuminated an important connection between stereotypes and the performance of those targeted by a stereotype. This body of work suggests that even implicit (i.e., nonconscious and unintended) math-gender stereotyping is related to poor math performance among women. Our longitudinal study sought to measure students'…
The Hispanic-White Achievement Gap in Math and Reading in the Elementary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reardon, Sean F.; Galindo, Claudia
2009-01-01
This article describes the developmental patterns of Hispanic-White math and reading achievement gaps in elementary school, paying attention to variation in these patterns among Hispanic subgroups. Compared to non-Hispanic White students, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with much lower average math and reading skills. The gaps narrow by…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zhang, Meilan; Trussell, Robert P.; Gallegos, Benjamin; Asam, Rasmiyeh R.
2015-01-01
Recent years have seen a quick expansion of tablet computers in households and schools. One of the educational affordances of tablet computers is using math apps to engage students in mathematics learning. However, given the short history of the mobile devices, little research exists on the effectiveness of math apps, particularly for struggling…
Teaching multi-step math skills to adults with disabilities via video prompting.
Kellems, Ryan O; Frandsen, Kaitlyn; Hansen, Blake; Gabrielsen, Terisa; Clarke, Brynn; Simons, Kalee; Clements, Kyle
2016-11-01
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching multi-step math skills to nine adults with disabilities in an 18-21 post-high school transition program using a video prompting intervention package. The dependent variable was the percentage of steps completed correctly. The independent variable was the video prompting intervention, which involved several multi-step math calculation skills: (a) calculating a tip (15%), (b) calculating item unit prices, and (c) adjusting a recipe for more or fewer people. Results indicated a functional relationship between the video prompting interventions and prompting package and the percentage of steps completed correctly. 8 out of the 9 adults showed significant gains immediately after receiving the video prompting intervention. PMID:27589151
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
The study examined the impact of Teach for America (TFA) and The New Teacher Project's Teaching Fellows (TF) programs on the mathematics achievement of students in grades 6-12. TFA and TF provide alternative routes to teacher certification and aim to provide high-quality teachers to schools in low-income areas. TFA and TF were studied separately,…
Building a Math-Positive Culture: How to Support Great Math Teaching in Your School (ASCD Arias)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Seeley, Cathy L.
2016-01-01
Cathy L. Seeley, former president of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, turns the spotlight on administrative leaders who are seeking to improve their math programs, offering an overview of what an effective program looks like and examples of actions to take to achieve that goal. "Building a Math-Positive Culture" addresses…
The Unintended Consequences of Grading Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Smith, Holly
2012-01-01
This article examines the possibility of a "Teaching Assessment Exercise" and attempts to quantify teaching quality as part of performance management schemes for academics. The primary sources of data are identified as student evaluation of teaching (SET) and peer observation of teaching (POT). The conceptual and empirical issues in developing…
Math Around the World: Grades 5-8. Teachers' Guide. Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Braxton, Beverly; And Others
This document is a collection of eight games from four continents. Students use mathematics that is directly relevant to them as they take part in the games. The first five games (NIM, Kalah, Tower of Hanoi, Shongo Networks, and Magic Squares) feature presentation instructions that describe multiple-session classroom activities for grades 5-8.…
Effective Teaching and Student Independence at Grade 12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ayres, Paul; Sawyer, Wayne; Dinham, Steve
This study investigated how five Australian teachers, who were considered to be exemplary in helping students develop independence, influenced and guided their students to extremely high grades in 12th grade. Teachers were observed teaching a lesson and then interviewed. The interviews asked them to identify successful outcomes of the lesson and…
Science Teaching Methods Preferred by Grade 9 Students in Finland
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Uitto, Anna; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo
2010-01-01
Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish grade 9 students' actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys)…
Focus in Grade 8: Teaching with Curriculum Focal Points
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schielack, Jane
2010-01-01
This book describes and illustrates learning paths for the mathematical concepts and skills of each grade 8 Focal Point as presented in Curriculum Focal Points for Prekindergarten through Grade 8 Mathematics. It includes representational supports for teaching and learning that can facilitate understanding, stimulate productive discussions about…
Accountability: Teaching through Assessment and Feedback, Not Grading
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wormeli, Rick
2006-01-01
Grading policies such as refusing to accept late work, giving grades of zero, and refusing to allow students to redo their work may be intended as punishment for poor performance, but such policies will not really teach students to be accountable, and they provide very little useful information about students' mastery of the material. This article…
Teaching Gifted Children Art in Grades One Through Three.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Luca, Mark C.; Allen, Bonnie
The handbook for teaching gifted children art in grades 1-3 provides guidelines for curriculum development and teaching suggestions. Among topics considered in an overview of the art program are past and present art, the use of environmental design, pupil involvement in art, and identification and selection of gifted children. The art curriculum…
Prospective Middle Grade Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge of Algebra for Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Huang, Rongjin; Kulm, Gerald
2012-01-01
This study examined prospective middle grade mathematics teachers' knowledge of algebra for teaching with a focus on knowledge for teaching the concept of function. 115 prospective teachers from an interdisciplinary program for mathematics and science middle teacher preparation at a large public university in the USA participated in a survey. It…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clark, Melissa A.; Chiang, Hanley S.; Silva, Tim; McConnell, Sheena; Sonnenfeld, Kathy; Erbe, Anastasia; Puma, Michael
2013-01-01
Teach For America (TFA) and the Teaching Fellows programs are an important and growing source of teachers of hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty schools, but comprehensive evidence of their effectiveness has been limited. This report presents findings from the first large-scale random assignment study of secondary math teachers from these…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Warnimont, Chad S.
2010-01-01
The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between students' performance on the Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT) and the fourth and fifth grade Reading and Math Achievement Tests in Ohio. The sample utilized students from a suburban school district in Northwest Ohio. Third grade CogAT scores (2006-2007 school year), 4th…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nelson, Steven; Greenough, Richard; Sage, Nicole
2009-01-01
This document presents a summary of a larger report that focuses on student proficiency reading and math from 2003-04 to 2006-07. The report compares gaps in performance on state achievement tests between grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native students and all other grade 8 students in 26 states serving large populations of American Indian and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nelson, Steven; Greenough, Richard; Sage, Nicole
2009-01-01
Focusing on student proficiency in reading and math from 2003-04 to 2006-07, this report compares gaps in performance on state achievement tests between grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native students and all other grade 8 students in 26 states serving large populations of American Indian and Alaska Native students. In response to a request by…
Pursuing science and math proficiency
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Showstack, Randy
The U.S. House of Representatives on July 30 passed two bills to help increase science and math proficiency among students. The first bill, House Resolution 1858, would provide $200 million per year for fiscal years 2002-2006 to establish Mathematics and Science Partnerships among universities, school districts, and possibly businesses, to help improve math and science education from kindergarten through 12th grade. Other funds would expand the scope of the National Science Foundation's digital library program, and set up four university research centers on teaching and learning.
China: A Teaching Unit for Primary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McClain, Janet; And Others
Understanding the culture of other nations contributes to the development of responsible citizens in a democratic society. A classroom teaching team proved these activities to be successful. Five initial lessons introduce students to the study of China by teaching Chinese geography. To enhance cultural understanding, 10 additional lessons focus on…
Social Studies Grade 3: Teaching Systems I.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Elementary Curriculum Development.
This publication has been prepared by the Curriculum Development Center (The University of the State of New York) in response to many requests from teachers for help in implementing the new social studies. Suggestions are given for the teaching materials which are available for use in such teaching. The nature of the relationship between man and…
Teaching the Classics in the Middle Grades: Connecting with the Roots of Western Civilization.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wood, Robin H.
1998-01-01
At a New Jersey school, students spend one year studying each of three time periods: ancient Egypt in fourth grade; Greece in fifth grade; and Rome and the Middle Ages in sixth grade. The history curriculum becomes the focal point for other areas (art, music, drama, language arts, science, geography, and math). Teachers use primary sources and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
White, Diana; Donaldson, Brianna; Hodge, Angie; Ruff, Adam
2013-01-01
Math Teachers' Circles have been spreading since their emergence in 2006. These professional development programs, aimed primarily at middle-level mathematics teachers (grades 5-9), focus on developing teachers' mathematical problem solving skills, in line with the Common Core State Standards-Standards of Mathematical Practice. Yet, to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hayden, Melissa; And Others
1992-01-01
Three middle school teachers of mainstreamed students with mild disabilities used a computer networking system to check student understanding of math concepts. Results indicated that, with coaching on how to use the data generated by the system, teachers increased the amount of time spent on active teaching and providing feedback. (Author/JDD)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Davis-Wiley, Patricia; Miller, Roy V.
2013-01-01
Among the reported proven positive results of early world Language (WL) study are improved cognitive abilities and "higher achievement test scores in reading and math" (Stewart: 11), which are expected student performance outcomes for the Common Core Standards. The future viability of Foreign Language in Elementary Schools (FLES)…
The Predictive Validity of Critical Thinking Disposition on Middle-Grades Math Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
LaVenia, Mark; Pineau, Kristina N.; Lang, Laura B.
2010-01-01
This study investigates the predictive validity of students' levels of critical thinking disposition, as measured by the California Measure of Mental Motivation (CM3; Giancarlo, Blohm, & Urdan, 2004) for students' math achievement, as measured by the Mathematics assessment included in the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT). The CM3 is a…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 3, Grade One, Supplement & Ditto Packet.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional aids and ditto masters for unit three of a science/math curriculum in Spanish for first graders are included in this supplement and ditto packet. Encompassing kits 9-12, these materials are designed for use with learning activities referred to in the teacher's guide corresponding to this unit. Illustrations and materials for both…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 9, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Designed to help the teacher in presenting the material of unit nine's science-math strand for third graders, this supplement and ditto packet contains both group visual aids and seatwork activities for individual students. Notations in the teacher's guide indicate when the supplementary materials should be used. Concepts explored in the four kits…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 9, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional and assessment activities in science and math for third graders are presented in this teacher's guide to unit nine. Focus, objectives and materials for each activity are in English and Spanish, while teacher instructions are only in Spanish. The unit's theme is "the nation as a community"; related to the theme are the four spiraling…
Number Sense: Strategies for Helping Preschool through Grade 3 Children Develop Math Skills
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Witzel, Bradley S.; Ferguson, Christine J.; Mink, Deborah V.
2012-01-01
Number sense development in young children has been linked to future math achievement in a manner similar to the way phonological awareness (i.e., children's awareness and use of sounds within a language to make meaning) has been linked to reading achievement (e.g., Kosanovich, Weinstein, & Goldman 2009). That is, they may be indicators of future…
Gobble Up Math: Fun Activities To Complete and Eat for Kids in Grades K-3.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mogard, Sue; McDonnell, Ginny
This book uses foods as catalysts for learning mathematical concepts. Each hands-on activity in this math center suggests accessible, healthful, and easy-to-prepare foods to be used in school or at home. An introduction to parents and teachers includes supplies list, gobble-up germs poster, and food guide pyramid and serving information. The…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 1, Grade One, Teacher's Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Each of the four kits in this teacher's guide to a Spanish science/math strand for first graders provides for the development of mathematical competencies needed to function in science. Instructional and assessment activities in the bilingual curriculum are pupil centered, and contents are designed to enable the child to develop skills in the…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 4, Grade 2, Supplements & Ditto Packet.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Designed for use with unit four of the science/math strand for second graders, the supplement and ditto packet contain visuals, worksheets, and instructional aids referred to in the teacher's guide corresponding to this unit. The brief introductions to kits 13-16 are written in both English and Spanish; all classroom materials for students are in…
On the Money: Math Activities to Build Financial Literacy, Grades 6-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bay-Williams, Jennifer M.; Bush, Sarah B.; Peters, Susan A.; McGatha, Maggie B.
2015-01-01
To succeed in college, career, and life, students need to become financially literate. But understanding the basics of a long-term investment or a short-term loan is not enough without the math skills to make financially sound choices. In the already full curriculum of middle schools today, how can teachers find room to include financial literacy?…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bers, Marina U.; Portsmore, Merredith
2005-03-01
This paper presents an innovative approach to introducing pre-service early childhood teachers to math, science and technology education. The approach involves the creation of partnerships between pre-service early childhood and engineering students to conceive, develop, implement and evaluate curriculum in the area of math, science and technology by using robotics and the engineering design process. In this paper we first present the theoretical framework for the creation of these partnerships. We then introduce an experience done at Tufts University in which three different forms of partnership models evolved: the collaborator's model, the external consultant's model and the developer's model. We also present different case studies from this experience and finally we conclude with some remarks and observations for making this work scalable and sustainable in other settings and universities.
Co-Teaching Math Content and Math Pedagogy for Elementary Pre-Service Teachers: A Pilot Study
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ford, Pari; Strawhecker, Jane
2011-01-01
With a national need to improve Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education (STEM), elementary pre-service teachers must be provided with ample opportunities to increase their own knowledge and confidence in STEM disciplines. This article describes a Math Block experience developed for a special population of non-traditional…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DeChenne, Sue Ellen; Enochs, Larry
2010-01-01
An instrument to measure the teaching self-efficacy of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) GTAs is adapted from a general college teaching instrument (Prieto Navarro, 2005) for the specific teaching environment of the STEM GTAs. The construct and content validity and reliability of the final instrument are indicated. The final…
Teaching Literacy in Sixth Grade. Tools for Teaching Literacy Series
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wood, Karen; Mraz, Maryann
2005-01-01
Sixth grade marks the transition to middle school and, for many students, the transition to early adolescence. The sixth-grade classroom is a place where problem-solving and abstract thinking skills can flourish as teachers devise creative ways to integrate language arts with effective content-area instruction. This book walks the reader through…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Actuarial Foundation, 2013
2013-01-01
"Welcome to Conversions Rock" is a new math program designed to build and reinforce the important skills of converting fractions, decimals, and percents for students in grades 6-8. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, this program seeks to provide skill-building, real-world math to help students become successful in the classroom and beyond. [A…
Teaching Vocabulary and Morphology in Intermediate Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Palumbo, Anthony; Kramer-Vida, Louisa; Hunt, Carolyn V.
2015-01-01
Direct vocabulary instruction of Tier 2 and Tier 3 words in intermediate-grade curricula is an important tool of literacy instruction because English is a language grafted from many roots and has not developed a one-to-one phoneme-grapheme correspondence. In addition to knowing graphemes and phonemes, students must formally learn words that cross…
Social Studies, Grade 3. Teaching Systems II.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Elementary Curriculum Development.
The overall social studies recommended program is described in SO 000 675; the nature of this guide, and the emphasis and organization of the units are described in SO 000 679. The three units in this part of the third grade course are: Tropical Rainforest, Mountain Communities, and Grassland Communities involving the typical climatic conditions,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mayes, Donald Roy
2010-01-01
This research has been conducted in response to struggling math students and parents who become frustrated while trying to help their student at home. A need remains for a treatment that can increase math success and lower the anxiety level associated with math. The rationale for this research is an attempt to increase students' math success by…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Williams, Trish; Haertel, Edward; Kirst, Michael W.; Rosin, Matthew; Perry, Mary
2011-01-01
Early in 2010, EdSource released a landmark study on middle grades education in California. "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades" looked at the critical 6th- to 8th-grade years in the context of standards-based education. The analysis identified a comprehensive set of practices that differentiated higher from lower schoolwide academic achievement…
Teaching Human Rights: Grades 7 through Adult.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shiman, David A.
This curriculum resource on human rights is rooted in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and seeks to help students understand the issues involved. Using the rights categories suggested by the Universal Declaration, this book offers new ways of teaching about familiar themes. The book contains activities to encourage students…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harris, Paulette Proctor; Pollingue, Alice B.; Hearrington, Doug; Holmes, Arthur
2014-01-01
New special education teachers often struggle to teach children the mathematics vocabulary necessary to understand and effectively solve math word problems. The authors designed and implemented a pilot program to prepare pre-service teachers majoring in special education to implement the Camelot Learning Math Intervention Program (CLMIP). We met…
Teaching of Administrative Law in the New Grade of Law
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Domínguez Alonso, Patricia
2012-01-01
The teaching of Administrative Law in the new grade of law poses numerous challenges and opportunities in the new model of Bologna. It's really important work of research and students in class presentations. It is also important to motivate students to study the issues and cases brought before classes and to use virtual platforms to interact with…
The Association between Students' Evaluation of Teaching and Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hoefer, Peter; Yurkiewicz, Jack; Byrne, John C.
2012-01-01
The results of a student evaluation of teaching instrument are analyzed for a semester of classes at a large collegiate business school, at both the graduate and undergraduate academic level. In particular, we concentrate on the relationship between responses to the instrument and student grades. The results show interesting differences,…
Teaching About India. A Guide for Ninth Grade Social Studies.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.
The teaching and resource guide on India for ninth grade students is intended to supplement and enrich "Social Studies 9: Asian and African Culture." It is designed as a flexible set of suggestions for incorporating concepts, understandings, objectives, strategies, and available materials. Emphasis is upon inductive methods which encourage…
Teaching Gifted Students Literature in Grades Seven through Nine.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Covey, Barbara L.
Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…
Teaching Gifted Children Mathematics in Grades Four Through Six.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gensley, Juliana T.
Intended for teachers of gifted students in grades 4-6, the guide emphasizes the need for specialized instruction in mathematics, suggests methods for teaching mathematical facts and concepts, describes approaches and materials to develop students' understanding of mathematical principles, and explores ways to build skills and creativity. Stressed…
Cur Wild Neighbors: Teaching Unit (Grades 1-3).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sammut-Tovar, Dorothy
Designed to sensitize primary grade students to the responsibilities of protecting wild animals, this teaching unit contains a variety of interdisciplinary worksheets and activities. Although focusing on wild animals indigenous to San Mateo County (California), materials are easily adaptable for use in other areas. Examples of activities are…
TEACHING LITERATURE AND READING SIMULTANEOUSLY, NINTH GRADE ENGLISH.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
KINKEAD, THOMAS; LEVINE, MILTON
SPECIFIC STUDY MATERIALS AND A GUIDE FOR TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION AND LITERATURE ARE PRESENTED. THE STUDY MATERIALS PROVIDE FOR A WIDE RANGE OF ABILITY AND ACHIEVEMENT AND ARE APPLIED TO THE TITLES REGULARLY USED IN THE NINTH-GRADE LITERATURE PROGRAM OF THE RAMAPO CENTRAL SCHOOL DISTRICT IN SPRING VALLEY, NEW YORK. EXCERPTS FROM "THE THREAD…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
The purpose of this technical report is to document the piloting and scaling of new easyCBM mathematics test items aligned with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and to describe the process used to revise and supplement the 2012 research version easyCBM CCSS math tests in Grades 6-8. For all operational 2012 research version test forms (10…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Peklaj, Cirila; Podlesek, Anja; Pecjak, Sonja
2015-01-01
The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between gender, previous knowledge, different personality traits, subject-specific motivational dimensions and students' math grade in secondary school. A total of 386 first-year students (142 boys and 244 girls) from secondary schools in Slovenia (mean age was 15.7 years) participated in the…
Do I Have to Teach Math? Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers' Fears of Teaching Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bates, Alan B.; Latham, Nancy I.; Kim, Jin-ah
2013-01-01
Eighty-nine early childhood pre-service teachers were asked to identify their specific fears towards mathematics and explain why they had those specific fears. The results showed that they possess a wide variety of fears towards mathematics including having a lack of confidence in their teaching ability, a lack of teaching methods, an inability to…
The Effects of Grading and Teaching Practices on Students' Perceptions of Grading Fairness
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gordon, Michael E.; Fay, Charles H.
2010-01-01
To examine the antecedents of perceptions of grading fairness, approximately 600 college students were surveyed about the prevalence and desirability of 1) teaching practices that assisted students to prepare for examinations, and 2) common test scoring manipulations used to transform poor scores into acceptable ones (e.g., curving low scores…
Shake, Rattle, & Roll: Teaching Guide & Poster. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Actuarial Foundation, 2013
2013-01-01
"Shake, Rattle, & Roll" is a new program developed by The Actuarial Foundation with Scholastic, provides dynamic real-world math content designed to build student skills while showing students the relevance of math to understanding their world and planning for their future. Math skills are increasingly important for students. According to the U.S.…
The Effect of an Educator's Teaching Style on the Math Anxiety of Adult Learners
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hosch, Mary L.
2014-01-01
Many adults are obstructed from specialized professions based on their anxiety of math. Math anxiety has been extensively researched for over 3 decades. Scholars have attempted to define its origins as well as the means to eliminate its often-debilitating effect on learners. Research indicates that learners with math anxiety often give up career…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Quitadamo, Ian Joseph
Many higher education faculty perceive a deficiency in students' ability to reason, evaluate, and make informed judgments, skills that are deemed necessary for academic and job success in science and math. These skills, often collected within a domain called critical thinking (CT), have been studied and are thought to be influenced by teaching styles (the combination of beliefs, behavior, and attitudes used when teaching) and small group collaborative learning (SGCL). However, no existing studies show teaching styles and SGCL cause changes in student CT performance. This study determined how combinations of teaching styles called clusters and peer-facilitated SGCL (a specific form of SGCL) affect changes in undergraduate student CT performance using a quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test research design and valid and reliable CT performance indicators. Quantitative analyses of three teaching style cluster models (Grasha's cluster model, a weighted cluster model, and a student-centered/teacher-centered cluster model) and peer-facilitated SGCL were performed to evaluate their ability to cause measurable changes in student CT skills. Based on results that indicated weighted teaching style clusters and peer-facilitated SGCL are associated with significant changes in student CT, we conclude that teaching styles and peer-facilitated SGCL influence the development of undergraduate CT in higher education science and math.
Math Play Therapy. Volume II. CSMP Mathematics for the Intermediate Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Papy, Frederique
This material is the result of 1 year of experimental work during the 1976-77 school year with pupils at the fifth-grade level. Once a week students participated in half-hour, small-group sessions in addition to their regular classroom mathematics period. It is felt that the activities described might be appropriate for additional grade levels. It…
The Use of Fuzzy Theory in Grading of Students in Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bjelica, Momcilo; Rankovic, Dragica
2010-01-01
The development of computer science, statistics and other technological fields, give us more opportunities to improve the process of evaluation of degree of knowledge and achievements in a learning process of our students. More and more we are relying on the computer software to guide us in the grading process. An improved way of grading can help…
Early-Grade Retention and Children's Reading and Math Learning in Elementary Years
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hong, Guanglei; Yu, Bing
2007-01-01
Many schools have adopted early-grade retention as an intervention strategy for children displaying academic or behavioral problems. Previous analyses of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort data have found evidence of negative effects of kindergarten retention on academic learning during the repeated year. Will kindergarten…
The Impact of Single-Gender Classrooms on Student Achievement in Seventh Grade Math Classes
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sutton, Antwon M.
2009-01-01
A mathematics achievement gap exists between males and females. The measurement of achievement was compared between single-gender and traditional classroom students in the 7th grade to assess whether or not a single-gender environment affected their scores. The Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) state assessment served as the data collection…
Changes in Math Proficiency between 8th and 10th Grades. Statistics in Brief.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rock, Don; And Others
Between 8th and 10th grades, many students are asked to make curriculum-related decisions that may ultimately influence their achievement in core academic subjects such as mathematics. While past achievement often limits the level of courses available to a student, aspirations for postsecondary education ultimately determine the level of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Instructional Objectives Exchange, Los Angeles, CA.
To help classroom teachers in grades K-9 construct mathematics tests, fifteen general objectives, corresponding sub-objectives, sample test items, and answers are presented. In general, sub-objectives are arranged in increasing order of difficulty. The objectives were written to comprehensively cover three categories. The first, graphs, covers the…
The Impact of Professional Learning Communities on Third-Grade Math Scores
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allen, Tosha Y.
2012-01-01
This study examined whether or not teacher collaboration in professional learning communities, which is a form of professional development, affected student learning in third-grade mathematics. The sample for the study consisted of 120 students (i.e., 60 students for the experimental group and 60 students for the control group). Both schools were…
Bubbleology: Teacher's Guide, Grades 5-9. Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Barber, Jacqueline; And Others
This guide describes six bubble activities for developing a variety of process skills in grades 5-9. Activities included are: (1) "Bubble Technology"; (2) "Comparing Bubble Solutions"; (3) "The Chemistry of Bigger Bubbles"; (4) "Bernoulli's Bubbles"; (5) "Predict-a-Pop" for studying interference; and (6) "Longer-lasting Bubbles." In each activity,…
Cognitive Processes and Math Performance: A Study with Children at Third Grade of Basic Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Campos, Isabel S.; Almeida, Leandro S.; Ferreira, Aristides I.; Martinez, Luis F.; Ramalho, Gloria
2013-01-01
The present study aims to examine the relationship between cognitive factors and mathematical achievement in primary education. Participants were 103 Portuguese third grade students, aged 8 and 9. All participants completed a battery for working memory (WMTB-C), a test of general intelligence (Raven's Progressive Color Matrices), a selective…
The Effects of Clickers on Math Achievement in 11th Grade Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lynch, Lucinda Ann
2013-01-01
Due to the increased access of Pods, Internet, games and communication devices, teachers are finding that students are less receptive to traditional teaching methods. One rural Northeast Georgia high school purchased a wireless student response system, "clickers," for teachers to use to engage students. The purpose of this study was to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Acre, Andrea M.
2014-01-01
This qualitative study investigated the experiences of four elementary teachers who have elected to use science to teach math and reading/language arts in an attempt to identify what motivates them to do so. Identifying what experiences have motivated these teachers to go against the gain and teach elementary science in this current era of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Meyer, Jo Ann; Wurster, Stanley R.
For this study, a 5th and 6th grade team taught classroom of 66 children was chosen. Three equivalent groups of 22 children each were matched on the basis of a pretest in math. Each group was given a different noise level treatment: quiet (45-55 decibels), average (55-70 decibels), and noisy (75-90 decibels). A tape recording of actual classroom…
Flick, L.B.
1995-12-31
This report describes the progress of a project to encourage students and professionals to participate in math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades. The topics of the report include developing a model laboratory/classroom for teacher education, providing financial incentives for students with technical majors to complete the program, and emphasizing issues of equity and minority participation in mathematics, science and technology education through recruitment procedures and in course content.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Snipes, Jason; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jaquet, Karina; Finkelstein, Neal
2015-01-01
The Effects of the Elevate Math summer program on math achievement and algebra readiness: This randomized trial examined the effects of the Elevate Math summer program on math achievement and algebra readiness, as well as math interest and self-efficacy, among rising 8th grade students in California's Silicon Valley. The Elevate Math summer math…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fries, Karen M.
2013-01-01
Students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) in mathematics can typically experience long-lasting problems when developing fluency with basic math facts despite the use of evidence-based practices. One recently developed intervention to promote memorization and fact-fluency is Mastering Math Facts (MMF). MMF is a commercially-available…
Criterion Validity Evidence for the easyCBM© CCSS Math Measures: Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1402
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Anderson, Daniel; Rowley, Brock; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
The easyCBM© CCSS Math tests were developed to help inform teachers' instructional decisions by providing relevant information on students' mathematical skills, relative to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This technical report describes a study to explore the validity of the easyCBM© CCSS Math tests by evaluating the relation…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
The second unit of instructional and evaluation activities for a science/math curriculum in Spanish developed for first graders make up this teacher's guide. Kits five-eight, each covering a period of two to three weeks, present science and math instruction around the family. The guide lists focus, objective, and materials in English and Spanish…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ng, Florrie Fei-Yin; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Sze, Irene Nga-Lam
2015-01-01
Preschoolers' inhibitory control and early math skills were concurrently and longitudinally examined in 255 Chinese, African American, Dominican, and Mexican 4-year-olds in the United States. Inhibitory control at age 4, assessed with a peg-tapping task, was associated with early math skills at age 4 and predicted growth in such skills from…
How Do Teachers' Beliefs Predict Children's Interest in Math from Kindergarten to Sixth Grade?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.
2014-01-01
The present study investigated to what extent teachers' beliefs about children's achievement contribute to the development of children's math interest. In addition, the extent to which other possible predictors, such as performance in math, gender, and race/ethnicity would contribute to the development of children's math…
An Interdisciplinary Inservice Model for Teaching Reading in the Content Areas: Grades 7-9.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Granite School District, Salt Lake City, UT.
The model outlined in this document describes the development of an integrated approach to teaching content reading skills to teachers. Methods and materials applicable to texts and media currently used in classrooms were produced by inservice teachers of science, math, and social studies at a Salt Lake City junior high school. This document…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jansen, Brenda R. J.; Louwerse, Jolien; Straatemeier, Marthe; Van der Ven, Sanne H. G.; Klinkenberg, Sharon; Van der Maas, Han L. J.
2013-01-01
It was investigated whether children would experience less math anxiety and feel more competent when they, independent of ability level, experienced high success rates in math. Comparable success rates were achieved by adapting problem difficulty to individuals' ability levels with a computer-adaptive program. A total of 207 children (grades 3-6)…
Experiences Teaching Stoichiometry to Students in Grades 10 and 11
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bridges, Cynthia Denise
Many students have problems learning stoichiometry, a complex mathematical chemistry concept used to determine how much product will be produced or formed from a given quantity of reactants. The problem addressed in this study was teachers' lack of understanding of how to teach stoichiometry in a Midwestern urban school district. The conceptual framework of the study was based upon constructivist theory. A qualitative narrative approach was used to obtain the perceptions of 5 high school chemistry instructors related to their experiences, successful or unsuccessful, in teaching stoichiometry to students in Grades 10 and 11. Data were gathered through face-to-face interviews, which were analyzed via an inductive approach to reveal 6 themes: a difficult subject to teach, presentation of stoichiometry, relevancy, students' reactions, barriers, and gender differences. Findings suggested the need for teachers to be knowledgeable, creative, and resourceful in their subject areas to help their students to learn stoichiometry. Findings also revealed the need for teachers to adapt their instructional strategies and modes of delivery to reflect their students' individual learning styles. Understanding how the participating teachers explained stoichiometry to their students might help other chemistry teachers to examine and adapt their own instructional styles and delivery methods of the concept. This understanding might, in term, help to improve student achievement in stoichiometry in particular and chemistry in general.
Helping Students Get Past Math Anxiety
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scarpello, Gary
2007-01-01
Math anxiety can begin as early as the fourth grade and peaks in middle school and high school. It can be caused by past classroom experiences, parental influences, and remembering poor past math performance. Math anxiety can cause students to avoid challenging math courses and may limit their career choices. It is important for teachers, parents…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Brover, Charles; Deagan, Denise; Farina, Solange
This paper explains the investigative attempts of The New York City Math Exchange Group (MEG) on elementary mathematics teachers' content knowledge in Adult Basic Education (ABE). The study is comparative in nature and took place in a workshop at the Adults Learning Maths Conference in Boston. The new members of the MEG professional development…
Enhanced learning of proportional math through music training and spatial-temporal training.
Graziano, A B; Peterson, M; Shaw, G L
1999-03-01
It was predicted, based on a mathematical model of the cortex, that early music training would enhance spatial-temporal reasoning. We have demonstrated that preschool children given six months of piano keyboard lessons improved dramatically on spatial-temporal reasoning while children in appropriate control groups did not improve. It was then predicted that the enhanced spatial-temporal reasoning from piano keyboard training could lead to enhanced learning of specific math concepts, in particular proportional math, which is notoriously difficult to teach using the usual language-analytic methods. We report here the development of Spatial-Temporal Math Video Game software designed to teach fractions and proportional math, and its strikingly successful use in a study involving 237 second-grade children (age range six years eight months-eight years five months). Furthermore, as predicted, children given piano keyboard training along with the Math Video Game training scored significantly higher on proportional math and fractions than children given a control training along with the Math Video Game. These results were readily measured using the companion Math Video Game Evaluation Program. The training time necessary for children on the Math Video Game is very short, and they rapidly reach a high level of performance. This suggests that, as predicted, we are tapping into fundamental cortical processes of spatial-temporal reasoning. This spatial-temporal approach is easily generalized to teach other math and science concepts in a complementary manner to traditional language-analytic methods, and at a younger age. The neural mechanisms involved in thinking through fractions and proportional math during training with the Math Video Game might be investigated in EEG coherence studies along with priming by specific music. PMID:10100200
Enhanced learning of proportional math through music training and spatial-temporal training.
Graziano, A B; Peterson, M; Shaw, G L
1999-03-01
It was predicted, based on a mathematical model of the cortex, that early music training would enhance spatial-temporal reasoning. We have demonstrated that preschool children given six months of piano keyboard lessons improved dramatically on spatial-temporal reasoning while children in appropriate control groups did not improve. It was then predicted that the enhanced spatial-temporal reasoning from piano keyboard training could lead to enhanced learning of specific math concepts, in particular proportional math, which is notoriously difficult to teach using the usual language-analytic methods. We report here the development of Spatial-Temporal Math Video Game software designed to teach fractions and proportional math, and its strikingly successful use in a study involving 237 second-grade children (age range six years eight months-eight years five months). Furthermore, as predicted, children given piano keyboard training along with the Math Video Game training scored significantly higher on proportional math and fractions than children given a control training along with the Math Video Game. These results were readily measured using the companion Math Video Game Evaluation Program. The training time necessary for children on the Math Video Game is very short, and they rapidly reach a high level of performance. This suggests that, as predicted, we are tapping into fundamental cortical processes of spatial-temporal reasoning. This spatial-temporal approach is easily generalized to teach other math and science concepts in a complementary manner to traditional language-analytic methods, and at a younger age. The neural mechanisms involved in thinking through fractions and proportional math during training with the Math Video Game might be investigated in EEG coherence studies along with priming by specific music.
Math and science illiteracy: Social and economic impacts
Williams, J.L.
1994-05-01
Today`s highly competitive global economy is being driven by increasingly rapid technological development. This paper explores the problems of math and science illiteracy in the United States and the potential impact on our economic survival in this environment during the next century. Established educational methods that reward task performance, emphasize passive lecture, and fail to demonstrate relevance to real life are partly to blame. Social norms, stereotypes, and race and gender bias also have an impact. To address this crisis, we need to question the philosophy of an educational system that values task over concept. Many schools have already initiated programs at all grade levels to make math and science learning more relevant, stimulating, and fun. Teaching methods that integrate math and science learning with teamwork, social context, and other academic subjects promote the development of higher-order thinking skills and help students see math and science as necessary skills.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stemhagen, Kurt
2011-01-01
This article describes an empirical project that studied fourth- through- eighth- grade math teachers' beliefs about teaching and learning and about the role of teaching and learning in broader society. Specifically, it examined relationships between teachers' reported beliefs and their use of transmittal, constructivist, and democratic classroom…
Class Meeting Schedules in Relation to Students' Grades and Evaluations of Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reardon, Robert C.; Leierer, Stephen J.; Lee, Donghyuck
2014-01-01
A six-year retrospective study of a university career course evaluated the effect of four different class schedule formats on students' earned grades, expected grades and evaluations of teaching. Some formats exhibited significant differences in earned and expected grades, but significant differences were not observed in student evaluations of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Waters, Hugh E.; Boon, Richard T.
2011-01-01
This study investigated the effects of the TouchMath[C] program (Bullock, Pierce,&McClellan, 1989) to teach students with mild intellectual disabilities to subtract 3-digit money computational problems with regrouping. Three students with mild intellectual disabilities in high school received instruction in a special education mathematics…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marsicano, Richard T.; Morrison, Julie Q.; Moomaw, Sally C.; Fite, Nathan M.; Kluesener, Courtney M.
2015-01-01
The current study used a single-case design to examine two performance feedback conditions varying in intensity on the frequency of naturalistic math instruction in preschool classrooms during non-instructional times (transition, lunch, free play). Three Head Start teachers received professional development that combined information on four…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Covington, Helen C.; Tiballi, Terry
The process of applying Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives to developmental math classes is described in this paper. The first section provides background and identifies the six steps in the cognitive domain, arranged from the lowest to the most complex level of learning, as knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and…
How Common Is the Common Core? A Global Analysis of Math Teaching and Learning
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Khaliqi, David
2016-01-01
The U.S. educational system is undergoing rapid and substantial changes with many states grappling with the adoption of the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics (CCSSM). Important research questions remain unanswered regarding the potential efficacy of the CCSSM to improve student math performance compared with students around the globe.…
Dealing with Maths Anxiety: How "Do" You Teach Mathematics in a Geography Department?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chapman, Lee
2010-01-01
Mathematics is often taught covertly as a "service" subject in geography departments, but can often be a cause of fear for students who may not have studied the subject post-GCSE. Negative attitudes are common and many students show signs of maths anxiety. This paper details how students' attitudes were changed by a new foundation mathematics…
Teaching Ethnic Studies in the Elementary Grades with Special Emphasis on Afro-American Studies.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ubamadu, H. Oziri
This paper discusses how to teach ethnic studies in the elementary grades, specifically focusing on what to teach and when to teach specific subject matter. The paper attempts to show how and where in the elementary school curriculum topics on nonwhite minorities can be profitably included to give the students a balanced education. It's scope is…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnston, Scott
2012-01-01
The author has recently been experimenting with having students work at a set of six blackboards mounted on the walls of a maths teaching space. In this article, he describes this project which he started because he had become impatient with, and aggravated by the usual setup of a maths teaching space. He had started to question why there are…
Math Anxiety, Working Memory, and Math Achievement in Early Elementary School
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Levine, Susan C.; Beilock, Sian L.
2013-01-01
Although math anxiety is associated with poor mathematical knowledge and low course grades (Ashcraft & Krause, 2007), research establishing a connection between math anxiety and math achievement has generally been conducted with young adults, ignoring the emergence of math anxiety in young children. In the current study, we explored whether…
An Analysis of the Impact of Single-Sex Schools on Seventh Grade Math and Reading Tasks Scores
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Groves-Redwood, Tarawa F.
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a statistically significant mean difference in math and reading student performance by types of schools. The types of schools were identified as all-male and all-female public middle schools. Specifically, this study examined the impact of public single-sex schools on the mathematics and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Operations Research Society of America, Arlington, VA.
Continuing the theme of the school as a community, the teacher's guide to the science/math strand of unit five presents both instructional and assessment activities for kits 17-20. Focus, materials and objective for each activity are in Spanish and English; teacher instructions are in Spanish only. In kit 17 the science activities deal with the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Korpershoek, Hanke; Kuyper, Hans; van der Werf, Greetje
2015-01-01
Word problems are math- or science-related problems presented in the context of a story or real-life scenario. Literature suggests that, to solve these problems, advanced reading skills are required, in addition to content-related skills in, for example, mathematics. In the present study, we investigated the relation between students' reading…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allen, Vikki Renee
2012-01-01
Critical issues are confronting educators regarding increasing student achievement levels in reading, math and science in United States' public schools. Educators and legislators are attempting to make radical changes in instructional methodology and to find viable and sustainable solutions to problems associated with poor student…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Berrong, Darren Andrew
2012-01-01
This study examined the relationship between principal turnover rate, percentage of minority students, percentage of students with disabilities, and percentage of students who are economically disadvantaged and student achievement in reading/English language arts and math measured by Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) on the Georgia Criterion…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Quigley, Cassie F.; Herro, Dani
2016-06-01
In response to a desire to strengthen the economy, educational settings are emphasizing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) curriculum and programs. Yet, because of the narrow approach to STEM, educational leaders continue to call for a more balanced approach to teaching and learning, which includes the arts, design, and humanities. This desire created space for science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics (STEAM) education, a transdisciplinary approach that focuses on problem-solving. STEAM-based curricula and STEAM-themed schools are appearing all over the globe. This growing national and global attention to STEAM provides an opportunity for teacher education to explore the ways in which teachers implement STEAM practices, examining the successes and challenges, and how teachers are beginning to make sense of this innovative teaching practice. The purpose of this paper is to examine the implementation of STEAM teaching practices in science and math middle school classrooms, in hopes to provide research-based evidence on this emerging topic to guide teacher educators.
Making Early Math Education Work for All Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fuson, Karen C.; Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie
2015-01-01
Preparing children to be successful in mathematics begins with what they learn before they reach 1st grade. Math knowledge in prekindergarten and kindergarten predicts school achievement in math and in other topics, such as reading. Indeed, early math knowledge is one of the strongest predictors of math grades in high school, high school…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Eubanks-Turner, Christina; Hajj, Najat
2015-01-01
In this article, Christina Eubanks-Turner and Najat Hajj describe a planning process that they used to create a fun-filled eighth-grade math activity that focused on parade planning. The activity was designed to enhance and supplement the eighth-grade algebra curriculum on linear equations and functions, help students use mathematical habits of…
Implementing the Standards. Teaching Discrete Mathematics in Grades 7-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hart, Eric W.; And Others
1990-01-01
Discrete mathematics are defined briefly. A course in discrete mathematics for high school students and teaching discrete mathematics in grades 7 and 8 including finite differences, recursion, and graph theory are discussed. (CW)
Powell, Sarah R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Cirino, Paul T.; Fletcher, Jack M.
2009-01-01
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of fact retrieval tutoring as a function of math difficulty (MD) subtype, that is, whether students have MD alone (MD-only) or have concurrent difficulty with math and reading (MDRD). Third graders (n = 139) at two sites were randomly assigned, blocking by site and MD subtype, to four tutoring conditions: fact retrieval practice, conceptual fact retrieval instruction with practice, procedural computation/estimation instruction, and control (no tutoring). Tutoring occurred for 45 sessions over 15weeks for 15–25 minutes per session. Results provided evidence of an interaction between tutoring condition and MD subtype status for assessment of fact retrieval. For MD-only students, students in both fact retrieval conditions achieved comparably and outperformed MD-only students in the control group as well as those in the procedural computation/estimation instruction group. By contrast, for MDRD students, there were no significant differences among intervention conditions. PMID:19448840
Middle Grades: Quality Teaching Equals Higher Student Achievement. Research Brief
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bottoms, Gene; Hertl, Jordan; Mollette, Melinda; Patterson, Lenora
2014-01-01
The middles grades are critical to public school systems and our nation's economy. It's the make-or-break point in students' futures. Studies repeatedly show when students are not engaged and lose interest in the middle grades, they are likely to fall behind in ninth grade and later drop out of school. When this happens, the workforce suffers, and…
Evaluation of Eleventh Grade Students' Writing Supports Teaching Italic Handwriting.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duvall, Betty
The handwriting of 756 eleventh grade students was evaluated to determine whether their handwriting styles would be characteristic of the manuscript or cursive styles they had been taught. Subjects had been taught Zaner-Bloser manuscript in primary grades with a transition to cursive in third grade. Analysis of handwriting samples revealed a wide…
A Unilateral Grading Contract to Improve Learning and Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Danielewicz, Jane; Elbow, Peter
2009-01-01
Contract grading has achieved some prominence in our field as a practice associated with critical pedagogy. In this context we describe a hybrid grading contract where students earn a course grade of B based not on our evaluation of their writing quality but solely on their completion of the specified activities. The contract lists activities…
Comparing Two Approaches for Teaching Rhythm Reading Skills to First-Grade Children: A Pilot Study
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gauthier, Delores; Dunn, Robert E.
2004-01-01
This pilot study compared two approaches for teaching rhythm reading skills to first-grade children. Two intact first-grade classes participated in six lessons focusing on simple rhythms (4 beats using eighth and quarter notes). The lessons were based on the same musical materials; only the approach was varied. After random assignment, Class 1…
Do Student Evaluations of Teaching Depend on the Distribution of Expected Grade?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Matos-Diaz, Horacio; Ragan, James F., Jr.
2010-01-01
Prior research suggests that student evaluations of teaching may depend on the average grade expected in a class. We hypothesize that, because of risk aversion, student ratings also depend on the distribution of expected grades. As predicted, student ratings at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamon are significantly and negatively related to…
How Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics Teachers Teach--A First Investigation
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Maniraho, Jean Francois; Christiansen, Iben Maj
2015-01-01
This paper offers a tentative snapshot of Grade 6 mathematics classroom practices in Rwanda based on twenty video recorded lessons. It has an objective of investigating through evaluation, the teaching strategies used by Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics teachers in their classrooms. In the absence of sufficient instruments to measure Pedagogical…
An Investigation of Elementary School Grade Levels Appropriate for Teaching the Metric System.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bargmann, Theodore John
This study was concerned with identification of elementary school grade levels appropriate for teaching various phases of the metric system. The same unit was taught to 201 elementary school children in grades three through six. Pretests and posttests were used to assess progress made by students in developing skills and understandings related to…
A Guide to Concept Teaching, United States History, Grade 9. (From Reconstruction to the Present).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Madison Public Schools, WI.
GRADES OR AGES: Grade 9. SUBJECT MATTER: United States history. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The conceptual approach forms the basis for each of four sections: Defining and Implementing a Conceptual Approach to Teaching Social Studies; Social Studies Skills To Be Developed and Reinforced by the Learner; Classroom Curriculum Planning; and…
AN EVALUATION OF THREE APPROACHES TO TEACHING READING IN FIRST GRADE.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
BORDEAUX, ELIZABETH A.
THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO COMPARE THE FOLLOWING APPROACHES TO TEACHING FIRST GRADE READING (1) A TRADITIONAL BASAL READER, (2) BASAL READER PLUS INTENSIVE PHONICS INSTRUCTION, AND (3) THE LATTER TWO METHODS PLUS SENSORY EXPERIENCES. THESE THREE APPROACHES WERE TRIED FOR 140 SCHOOL DAYS (1 YEAR), USING 28 FIRST-GRADE CLASSES. THEY WERE…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cohrssen, Caroline; Tayler, Collette; Cloney, Dan
2015-01-01
The Early Years Learning Framework for Australia governs early childhood education in the years before school in Australia. Since this framework is not a curriculum, early childhood educators report uncertainty regarding what mathematical concepts to teach and how to teach them. This implementation study, positioned within the broader E4Kids…
Evaluating Pre-Service Teachers Math Teaching Experience from Different Perspectives
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harding, Jenni L.; Hbaci, Ilham
2015-01-01
Are pre-service teachers able to notice their strengths and challenges in teaching? This article reports on a study of pre-service teachers' teaching performance being simultaneously evaluated by themselves and their professor. Thirty-two pre-service teachers created and planned mathematics lessons approved by their professor to be taught in…
Studying Gender Bias in Physics Grading: The Role of Teaching Experience and Country
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hofer, Sarah I.
2015-01-01
The existence of gender-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) stereotypes has been repeatedly documented. This article examines physics teachers' gender bias in grading and the influence of teaching experience in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany. In a 2?×?2 between-subjects design, with years of teaching experience included as…
Science: Curriculum Guide for Teaching Gifted Children Science in Grades One Through Three.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Morrison, Charlotte
The curriculum guide for teaching science to gifted primary grade children in California focuses on natural science, with an emphasis on ecology. Provided are a general overview of the unit, a set of behavioral objectives, a list of generalizations and concepts, a sample teaching-learning plan for the complete unit, and eight sample lesson plans.…
Collaborative Action Research: Teaching of Multiplication and Division in the Second Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Vula, Eda; Berdynaj, Lirika
2011-01-01
This paper discusses the impact of action research methodology used in the teaching and learning process and professional teacher development. In this study are including 58 students of three second grade classes, 3 teachers of those classes and a university professor. Aiming at using a different approach in their teaching of multiplication and…
Teaching for Creativity by Science Teachers in Grades 5-10
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Abdali, Nasser S.; Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.
2016-01-01
This classroom observation study explored how science teachers (N = 22) teach for creativity in grades 5-10 in Oman. We designed an observation form with 4 main categories that targeted the instructional practices related to teaching for creativity: questioning strategy, teacher's responses to students' ideas, classroom activities to support…
Encouraging Sixth-Grade Students' Problem-Solving Performance by Teaching through Problem Solving
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bostic, Jonathan D.; Pape, Stephen J.; Jacobbe, Tim
2016-01-01
This teaching experiment provided students with continuous engagement in a problem-solving based instructional approach during one mathematics unit. Three sections of sixth-grade mathematics were sampled from a school in Florida, U.S.A. and one section was randomly assigned to experience teaching through problem solving. Students' problem-solving…
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2004
2004-01-01
"Saxon Math" focuses on fundamental mathematics skills, targeting children from kindergarten through grade 12. This report focuses on middle school math, defined as grades 6 through 9. The 6th grade curriculum covers simplifying expressions containing parentheses, graphing functions, and understanding ratios and proportions. The 7th grade…
Teaching Poetry in Elementary Grades: A Review of Related Literature.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Amann, Theresa N.
In order to assess current ideas, reveal their shortcomings, and suggest steps for future investigation, this review of the literature on teaching poetry discusses definitions of poetry, references on teaching poetry, teaching methods, poetic forms, experimental research, and the benefits of poetry. The paper concludes that the lack of empirical…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hofmeister, Alan M.; And Others
1989-01-01
Presented is an introduction to laser videodisc technology, covering both hardware and courseware considerations and technological applications to special education. Described is the application of videodisc courseware to the teaching of fractions, and results of a successful program to teach fractions to eight mainstreamed students with learning…
Intergenerational Effects of Parents' Math Anxiety on Children's Math Achievement and Anxiety.
Maloney, Erin A; Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A; Levine, Susan C; Beilock, Sian L
2015-09-01
A large field study of children in first and second grade explored how parents' anxiety about math relates to their children's math achievement. The goal of the study was to better understand why some students perform worse in math than others. We tested whether parents' math anxiety predicts their children's math achievement across the school year. We found that when parents are more math anxious, their children learn significantly less math over the school year and have more math anxiety by the school year's end-but only if math-anxious parents report providing frequent help with math homework. Notably, when parents reported helping with math homework less often, children's math achievement and attitudes were not related to parents' math anxiety. Parents' math anxiety did not predict children's reading achievement, which suggests that the effects of parents' math anxiety are specific to children's math achievement. These findings provide evidence of a mechanism for intergenerational transmission of low math achievement and high math anxiety. PMID:26253552
Intergenerational Effects of Parents' Math Anxiety on Children's Math Achievement and Anxiety.
Maloney, Erin A; Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A; Levine, Susan C; Beilock, Sian L
2015-09-01
A large field study of children in first and second grade explored how parents' anxiety about math relates to their children's math achievement. The goal of the study was to better understand why some students perform worse in math than others. We tested whether parents' math anxiety predicts their children's math achievement across the school year. We found that when parents are more math anxious, their children learn significantly less math over the school year and have more math anxiety by the school year's end-but only if math-anxious parents report providing frequent help with math homework. Notably, when parents reported helping with math homework less often, children's math achievement and attitudes were not related to parents' math anxiety. Parents' math anxiety did not predict children's reading achievement, which suggests that the effects of parents' math anxiety are specific to children's math achievement. These findings provide evidence of a mechanism for intergenerational transmission of low math achievement and high math anxiety.
Math Club Starting in Kindergarten
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Perry, Ann M.
2011-01-01
Starting a math club as early as kindergarten and having a range of grade levels in attendance can be successful. With the help of the older students, the varied age groups are entertained and excited about attending math club. The purpose of the club is to enrich the classroom mathematics curriculum with hands-on activities and to have members…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
In this technical report, we describe the results of a study of mathematics items written to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in grades 6-8. In each grade, CCSS items were organized into forms, and the reliability of these forms was evaluated along with an experimental form including items aligned with the National Council of…
Smith college secondary math and science outreach program
Powell, J.A.; Clark, C.
1994-12-31
The Smith College Secondary Math and Science Outreach Program works collaboratively with front-line educators to encourage young women students of all abilities, especially underrepresented and underserved minorities, to continue studying math and science throughout high school. The program includes three main components: (1) Twenty-five to thirty teams of math/science teachers and guidance counselors participate in a year-long program which begins with a three-day Current Students/Future Scientists and Engineering Workshop. This event includes a keynote address, presentations and workshops by successful women in science and engineering, and hands-on laboratory sessions. Each participant receives a stipend and free room and board. Returning to their schools, the teacher-counselor teams implement ongoing plans designed to counteract gender bias in the sciences and to alert female students to the broad range of math, science, and engineering career choices open to them. A follow-up session in the spring allows the teams to present and discuss their year-long activities. (2) TRI-ON, a day of science for 120 ninth- and tenth- grade girls from schools with a large underserved and underrepresented population, is held in early spring. Girls discover the excitement of laboratory investigation and interact with female college science and math majors. (3) Teaching Internships, initiated in 1991, involve ten to fifteen Smith College math and science majors in teaching in public schools. The teaching interns experience the rewards and challenges of classroom teaching, and they also serve as role models for younger students.
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2011
2011-01-01
"Saxon Math" is a textbook series covering grades K-12 based on incremental development and continual review of mathematical concepts to give students time to learn and practice concepts throughout the year. A distinguishing feature of "Saxon Math" is its use of a distributed approach--spreading practice and instruction for any single math content…
Math Fact Strategies Research Project
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Boso, Annie
2011-01-01
An action research project was conducted in order to determine effective math fact strategies for first graders. The traditional way of teaching math facts included using timed tests and flashcards, with most students counting on their fingers or a number line. Six new research-based strategies were taught and analyzed to decide which methods…
Science and Math Applications. Final Report.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lauver, Lori A.
This document includes a final report and curriculum guide from a project to develop a Science and Math Applications curriculum that related science and math to everyday life and promoted confidence in adult basic education students in their science and math skills. The report describes how the curriculum used traditional teaching methods to teach…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Akyeampong, Kwame; Lussier, Kattie; Pryor, John; Westbrook, Jo
2013-01-01
Teacher education has an important role in ensuring quality of learning especially for the poorest children. The article draws on a study of teacher preparation for the early primary grades in six African countries--Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania and Uganda--in reading and mathematics. Initial teacher education had the strongest impact on…
Activities for Teaching K-6 Math/Science Concepts. Classroom Activities Series - Number 2.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Farmer, Walter A.; Farrell, Margaret A.
This book is a revised edition of one of the products of a project, "Teaching Mathematics and Science Concepts, K-6, funded by the New York State Education Department. The project was a collaborative effort by mathematics and science education faculty at the State University of New York at Albany and representatives of eight school districts in…
Measurement of math beliefs and their associations with math behaviors in college students.
Hendy, Helen M; Schorschinsky, Nancy; Wade, Barbara
2014-12-01
Our purpose in the present study was to expand understanding of math beliefs in college students by developing 3 new psychometrically tested scales as guided by expectancy-value theory, self-efficacy theory, and health belief model. Additionally, we identified which math beliefs (and which theory) best explained variance in math behaviors and performance by college students and which students were most likely to have problematic math beliefs. Study participants included 368 college math students who completed questionnaires to report math behaviors (attending class, doing homework, reading textbooks, asking for help) and used a 5-point rating scale to indicate a variety of math beliefs. For a subset of 84 students, math professors provided final math grades. Factor analyses produced a 10-item Math Value Scale with 2 subscales (Class Devaluation, No Future Value), a 7-item single-dimension Math Confidence Scale, and an 11-item Math Barriers Scale with 2 subscales (Math Anxiety, Discouraging Words). Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that high levels of the newly discovered class devaluation belief (guided by expectancy-value theory) were most consistently associated with poor math behaviors in college students, with high math anxiety (guided by health belief model) and low math confidence (guided by self-efficacy theory) also found to be significant. Analyses of covariance revealed that younger and male students were at increased risk for class devaluation and older students were at increased risk for poor math confidence. PMID:25133460
Measurement of math beliefs and their associations with math behaviors in college students.
Hendy, Helen M; Schorschinsky, Nancy; Wade, Barbara
2014-12-01
Our purpose in the present study was to expand understanding of math beliefs in college students by developing 3 new psychometrically tested scales as guided by expectancy-value theory, self-efficacy theory, and health belief model. Additionally, we identified which math beliefs (and which theory) best explained variance in math behaviors and performance by college students and which students were most likely to have problematic math beliefs. Study participants included 368 college math students who completed questionnaires to report math behaviors (attending class, doing homework, reading textbooks, asking for help) and used a 5-point rating scale to indicate a variety of math beliefs. For a subset of 84 students, math professors provided final math grades. Factor analyses produced a 10-item Math Value Scale with 2 subscales (Class Devaluation, No Future Value), a 7-item single-dimension Math Confidence Scale, and an 11-item Math Barriers Scale with 2 subscales (Math Anxiety, Discouraging Words). Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that high levels of the newly discovered class devaluation belief (guided by expectancy-value theory) were most consistently associated with poor math behaviors in college students, with high math anxiety (guided by health belief model) and low math confidence (guided by self-efficacy theory) also found to be significant. Analyses of covariance revealed that younger and male students were at increased risk for class devaluation and older students were at increased risk for poor math confidence.
Research and Teaching: Midterm and First-Exam Grades Predict Final Grades in Biology Courses
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jensen, Philip A.; Barron, James N.
2014-01-01
Students routinely ignore negative feedback regarding their performances early in college science courses. In this study we analyzed the extent to which two standard forms of feedback, midterm and first-exam grades, correlated with final grades in several biology courses. The courses ranged from an introductory course for nonmajors to upper…
Teaching Middle-Grades Mathematics through Financial Literacy
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Crawford-Ferre, Heather Glynn; Wiest, Lynda R.; Vega, Stephanie
2016-01-01
Because financial literacy is an important skill for middle-grades students, this article suggests numerous personal financial literacy tasks for use in the mathematics classroom. Also provided are specifics for implementing one of these tasks to address mathematical content.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2009
2009-01-01
"Singapore Math" is a collection of math curricula originally developed by Singapore's Ministry of Education and private textbook publishers for use in Singapore schools. "Singapore Math" curricula were developed under a national framework centered on problem solving that emphasizes computational skills as well as conceptual and strategic thinking…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Xu, Tuo; Zhang, Beili
2015-01-01
This article discusses the importance of functional grammar and demonstrates its application to the teaching of reading among graded college students. Functional grammar holds that a discourse is composed of two levels: the interior level and the exterior level. Therefore, reading activities involve both linguistic elements and contexts.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pehkonen, Erkki
This study was conducted to examine the views of seventh-grade students in Finland with regard to the teaching and learning of mathematics. Data were gathered by a questionnaire survey, with follow-up interviews to validate response reliability. Fifty junior high school mathematics teachers in southern Finland were asked to present the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Erturan, Selin; Jansen, Brenda
2015-01-01
Gender differences in children's emotional experience of math, their math performance, and the relation between these variables were investigated in two studies. In Study 1, test anxiety, math anxiety, and math performance (whole-number computation) were measured in 134 children in grades 3-8 (ages 7-15 years). In Study 2, perceived math…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Thompson, Quentin
2011-01-01
The March issue of "Mathematics Teaching" included an article by Alice Onion about Bowland Maths, focussing on the nature and use of the Professional Development modules that the Bowland Trust has developed--there are now seven such CPD modules on the Bowland website. The article also mentioned that the Bowland Trust had recently conducted a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schoenfeld, Alan H.
2004-01-01
During the 1990s, the teaching of mathematics became the subject of heated controversies known as the math wars. The immediate origins of the conflicts can be traced to the "reform" stimulated by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' "Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics." Traditionalists fear that reform-oriented,…
Understanding Math - Teachers Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wyks, Hollis W.; Austin, Robert J.
The teacher's guide for the remedial text-workbook "Understanding Math" discusses instruction of the deaf student. An answer key for workbooks 1 and 2, a section with masters for transparencies to be used for games and activities and for teaching fractions, and two patterns for making geometric solids are included in the guide. For workbooks 1 and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burns, Marilyn
2007-01-01
Everyday, people face situations that call for adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing, and at least half of the time, these calculations are accomplished without the use of pen, paper, or calculators. Because figuring "in your head" is such an important life skill, it should have a regular role in classroom math teaching. This article…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Brien, Peter; Richardson, Arthur
This study focused on the way mathematics was taught in selected primary school classrooms. The study involved the observation of 21 fourth-grade classes in eight schools over a two-week period. Results indicated a hiatus between what was taught and what should be taught and between how mathematics is taught and how it should be taught.…
Growth in Rapid Automatized Naming from Grades K to 8 in Children with Math or Reading Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mazzocco, Michèle M. M.; Grimm, Kevin J.
2013-01-01
Rapid automatized naming (RAN) is widely used to identify reading disabilities (RD) and has recently been considered a potential predictor of risk for mathematics learning disabilities (MLD). Here we longitudinally examine RAN performance from Grades K to 8, to view how growth on RAN response time differs for children with RD versus MLD. Across…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hocking, Colin; And Others
This series of educational activities is intended to help teachers communicate basic scientific concepts related to global warming and the greenhouse effect to students grades 7-10. Seven sessions provide laboratory activities, simulations, and discussions that can be used to improve student understanding of a number of important scientific…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wickett, Maryann; Hendrix-Martin, Eunice
2011-01-01
Multiple-choice testing is an educational reality. Rather than complain about the negative impact these tests may have on teaching and learning, why not use them to better understand your students' true mathematical knowledge and comprehension? Maryann Wickett and Eunice Hendrix-Martin show teachers how to move beyond the student's answer--right…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Irvin, P. Shawn; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hayes, Donald G.; Dockery, Linda B., Ed.
Twelve resource units are presented for the teaching of science and mathematics to gifted students in secondary school. The units present an introduction, tips for teachers, objectives, activities, and materials lists. The units include: "Functions, Relations, and Graphs" (Priscilla Watts); "More Wham to the Gram (A Study of the Metric System)"…
Beyond the Bubble: How to Use Multiple-Choice Tests to Improve Math Instruction, Grades 4-5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wickett, Maryann; Hendrix-Martin, Eunice
2011-01-01
Multiple-choice testing is an educational reality. Rather than complain about the negative impact these tests may have on teaching and learning, why not use them to better understand your students' true mathematical knowledge and comprehension? Maryann Wickett and Eunice Hendrix-Martin show teachers how to move beyond the student's answer--right…
Ramirez, Gerardo; Chang, Hyesang; Maloney, Erin A; Levine, Susan C; Beilock, Sian L
2016-01-01
Even at young ages, children self-report experiencing math anxiety, which negatively relates to their math achievement. Leveraging a large dataset of first and second grade students' math achievement scores, math problem solving strategies, and math attitudes, we explored the possibility that children's math anxiety (i.e., a fear or apprehension about math) negatively relates to their use of more advanced problem solving strategies, which in turn relates to their math achievement. Our results confirm our hypothesis and, moreover, demonstrate that the relation between math anxiety and math problem solving strategies is strongest in children with the highest working memory capacity. Ironically, children who have the highest cognitive capacity avoid using advanced problem solving strategies when they are high in math anxiety and, as a result, underperform in math compared with their lower working memory peers.
Cardboard Boat Building in Math Class
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Omundsen, John
2014-01-01
If you want to get the attention of a group of eighth grade math students, tell them they are going to build a life-size cardboard boat. To increase interest, follow up this statement by telling them that two to four of them will actually be rowing this boat across a small pond. Eighth grade math students at Oasis Charter Middle School in…
Elementary Acid Rain Kit, Interdisciplinary, Grades 4-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stubbs, Harriett S.; And Others
An interdisciplinary approach for teaching about acid rain is offered in this curriculum guide for teachers of grades 4-8. Skill and concept areas of science, math, social studies, art, and the language arts are developed in 12 activities which focus on the acid rain problems. A matrix of the activities and subject areas indicates the coverage…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marsh, Herbert W.; Roche, Lawrence A.
2000-01-01
Discusses two studies that debunk the popular myths that student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are substantially biased by low workload and grading leniency. Results imply teaching effects were related to SETs. Contrary to predictions workload, expected grades, and their relations to SETs were stable over 12 years. (Author/MKA)
Teaching Gifted Children Art in Grades Four Through Six.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Luca, Mark C.; Allen, Bonnie
The guide for teachers of gifted children in grades 4 through 6 gives concepts and suggestions for development of an art program. Art instruction is said to benefit all gifted children by developing awareness of art contributions to the cultural heritage. An introduction to art education centers on aspects such as identification of gifted…
Everything You Need To Know To Teach First Grade.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dragan, Pat Barrett
This book presents a step-by-step guide to creating a smoothly functioning, literacy-rich first-grade classroom. It helps teachers do such things as bond with their new classes, create happy and cohesive environments, develop students' organizational skills and self-control, keep students motivated, integrate children's literature and the arts…
Teaching Unit on Alcohol, Grades 4, 5, 6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murphy, Helen M.
Alcohol--its use and abuse--is presented in this resource unit for grades four, five, and six. One of three units on alcohol, smoking, and drugs, this guide for teachers outlines information about the history of alcohol; types of alcohol and alcoholic beverages; physiological, psychological, and socio-economic effects of alcohol on people; and…
Beyond Book Buddies: Interdisciplinary Teaching across the Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Guthrie, Jeanne; Perea, Karen M.
Introducing teachers to the possibilities of cross-grade-level learning, this book explains the rationale and goals for cross-age grouping and presents 12 interdisciplinary instructional units of study. Each unit in the book contains a rationale, specific directions for the teacher, reproducible handouts for students, rubrics for evaluating…
Teaching Grade 5 Life Science with a Case Study Approach
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Olgun, Ozlem Sila; Adali, Belgin
2008-01-01
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a case study approach on students' achievement and attitudes towards viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protista. Fifth-grade students (N = 88) from two different classes were involved in the study. One intact class was assigned as the experimental group, whereas the other intact class…
A Guide to Teaching Mathematics in the Primary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Baroody, Arthur J.
This book was written as a tool to help teachers of prekindergarten to grade 3 make use of recent developments in the cognitive psychology of mathematical learning. Chapters included are: (1) "The Nature of Children's Mathematical Thinking"; (2) "Designing Effective Mathematics Instruction"; (3) "Oral Counting"; (4) "Numbering"; (5) "Numerical…
Practice What You Teach: Writers' Lunch Club in First Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McCarry, Beth; Greenwood, Scott
2009-01-01
McCarry, a first grade teacher, formed a voluntary writing group, Writers' Lunch Club, that met the developmental and individual needs of children and inspired enthusiasm and writing success. In the article, she explains the guidelines, compares the club's writing strategies with those in the classroom, and lists tips and benefits.
Teaching Narrative: Write On, Grades 3-5.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.
Providing information to help develop students' sense of narrative and to show them specific test-taking strategies, this publication is helpful to teachers as they ready their students for the North Carolina Fourth Grade Writing Assessment. The publication provides materials on generating ideas for writing, selecting topics, revising, developing…
Teaching Gifted Students Social Sciences in Grades Seven Through Nine.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Curriculum Services.
Intended for use by teachers, consultants and administrators, the booklet discusses social science instruction for gifted students in grades 7-9. An introductory section provides an overview of goals and parameters of the social sciences (psychology, sociology, and anthropology). The scientific research process is described in terms of five steps,…
Teaching Units on Smoking, Grades 4, 5, 6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murphy, Helen M.
Smoking, tobacco, and health are presented in this resource unit for grades four, five, and six. One of three units on smoking, drugs, and alcohol, this guide for teachers outlines information about the physiological and socio-economic effects of smoking, effects of smoking on physical performance, man's use of tobacco and tobacco production,…
Teaching the Writing Process in Primary Grades: One Teacher's Approach
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Martin, Linda E.; Thacker, Shirley
2009-01-01
This article describes how one such teacher, Shirley Thacker, developed and implemented a successful writing program in her first grade classroom, which is known as Thackerville. Shirley describes how she motivated a classroom of first-graders to use the writing process in a workshop format and how this approach affected the children's perceptions…
Teaching Primary Grade Students Perfectionism through Cartoons Compared to Bibliotherapy
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zousel, Miranda L.; Rule, Audrey C.; Logan, Stephanie R.
2013-01-01
This experimental study compared concept acquisition and enjoyment of learning about perfectionism under two conditions: bibliotherapy (control) and analysis and construction of cartoons (experimental) in first, second and third grade students (N = 46). Posttest results showed students learned significantly more content in the experimental…
Accelerated Math[R]: Pilot Schools Report. Monograph.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
School Renaissance Inst., Inc., Madison, WI.
Accelerated Math (AM) math management software is a task level learning information system placed in 4th-11th grade classrooms around the country. AM provides teachers with an information system that assures that students can master all math objectives and state standards from grade 3 through calculus. It eliminates teacher paperwork, improves…
Saxon Middle School Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2007
2007-01-01
"Saxon Math" curricula and materials are available for grades K through 12, with the content and skills designed to meet National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards and various state standards. This WWC report focuses on middle school math curricula, defined as all Saxon Math curricula for grades 6 through 9. The sixth-grade…
A longitudinal analysis of science teaching and learning in kindergarten and first-grade
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Olgan, Refika
This study attempted to determine how often science is taught in the early grades as well as the science topics taught in these grades. A related purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between science teaching and students' science achievement. In doing so, the analyses took into consideration the influence of gender, socioeconomic status (SES), and race/ethnicity on children's academic performance in science. By using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) kindergarten and first-grade data files, children's science Item Response Theory Scores (IRT) and Academic Rating Scores (ARS) were examined to measure the relationship between children's early science experiences in schools and their achievement on the "General Knowledge Assessment Battery". According to this study's findings science teaching and learning in kindergarten level is somewhat limited. Additionally, the science content taught in kindergarten is narrow. The results of cross-sectional and longitudinal multilevel analyses revealed that several student and school level factors can influence young children's science achievement in kindergarten and first-grade. Although there were inconsistent conclusions about male and female students' science achievement as assessed by direct and indirect assessment batteries, there was no association between children's science scores and their gender and the amount or degree of science practices in school. While results of the analyses clearly showed that socioeconomic status (SES) had the most influence on both kindergarten and first-grade children's science achievement, the findings related to the effects of different science practices on science achievement were inconsistent. The results showed that science instruction effects some children's science achievement more than others. The findings have important implications for policies governing the teaching of science in the early grades. A clear demand exist for
Teaching ESL Content through Kite Making for Grades K-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alexander, N.
Ideas for teaching elementary and secondary students of English as a Second Language (ESL) through a unit on kites and kite-making are offered. First, unit objectives are outlined. These include objectives for cognitive skill development (classification, comparison), psychomotor skills (constructing a kite), mathematical operations (measuring,…
Inservice Guide to Teaching Measurement: Kindergarten Through Grade Eight
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Webster, William E.; Tardif, Robert F.
1975-01-01
The California State Department of Education has developed a guide on teaching the metric system. The guide will be distributed to every elementary school in the state. Department staff will conduct regional conferences to train local people who in turn will conduct workshops on the use of the guide. (SD)
Teaching for Real Learning: Classroom Applications, Grades 4-12
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Devlin-Scherer, Roberta
2005-01-01
Here is a roadmap to success affecting the growth and achievement of all students. This book integrates research about teaching and learning using a variety of sources, both popular and academic, to create a readable text. The author offers: (1) A description of current practices in schools that successfully promote positive relationships; (2)…
Health Education Community Health Teaching Supports. Grade 9.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.
This handbook contains suggested teaching activities, student worksheets, background information, and a list of basic resources for teachers of health education. Topics covered are mortality rate, health promotion, sexually transmitted diseases, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and major dimensions of health. Included in the handbook is…
Teaching Latitude and Longitude in the Upper Elementary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnson, Peter C.; Gondesen, Mark E.
1991-01-01
Discusses the desirability of teaching latitude and longitude concepts to upper elementary students. Includes a four-lesson unit on the topics. Employs hurricane tracking information available from the National Hurricane Center. Provides a foundation for future lessons on Middle and North American geography. (SG)
Teaching with Computers: Strategies That Work in Grades K-6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jay, M. Ellen; Jay, Hilda L.
This book focuses on designing instruction that integrates the use of computer assisted resources. There are 19 chapters in four parts. Part 1, "Strategies for Teaching with Standard Utility Software Programs," includes (1) "Paint Programs"; (2) "Graphic Organizers"; (3) "Graphing Programs"; (4) "Timelines"; (5) "Word Processing"; (6) "Databases";…
Health Education Community Health Teaching Supports. Grade 8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.
This handbook contains suggested teaching activities, student worksheets, background information, and a list of basic resources for teachers of health education. Topics covered are mortality rate, health promotion, the circulatory system, heart disease, majors dimensions of health, and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Included in the…
Animating Inquiry-Based Teaching in Grade-School Classrooms
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kinash, Shelley
2007-01-01
This paper describes interpretive empirical research with five teachers who: a) articulate their pedagogy as defined by an inquiry-based stance, b) use digital technologies within their teaching, and c) engaged in online and/or face-to-face professional development with the Galileo Educational Network (GENA). Four questions guided the inquiry:…
The Joys of Teaching the Upper Elementary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reifman, Steve
2009-01-01
Teaching upper elementary school students is a joy because they are still enthusiastic about learning and will contribute energy and invest themselves completely in worthwhile projects; will engage in higher-level challenges; work with a greater sense of future purpose; and can develop enduring habits of mind and habits of character. In this…
Collaborative Teaching in the Middle Grades: Inquiry Science
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Becker, Helaine
2005-01-01
This book allows the reader to team teach with a science specialist to drive home key library and media curriculum goals. Eight detailed chapters provide background and complete lesson plans that cover both library and general science skills and benchmarks. Included are reproducible student worksheets, tools for assessment, and a suggested…
Growth in rapid automatized naming from grades K to 8 in children with math or reading disabilities.
Mazzocco, Michèle M M; Grimm, Kevin J
2013-01-01
Rapid automatized naming (RAN) is widely used to identify reading disabilities (RD) and has recently been considered a potential predictor of risk for mathematics learning disabilities (MLD). Here we longitudinally examine RAN performance from Grades K to 8, to view how growth on RAN response time differs for children with RD versus MLD. Across all participants, there was significant stability of RAN performance for all three subtests. For all three subtests, there was significant between-child variability in response times (RTs) at kindergarten and Grade 8; for select combinations of subtests, there was also between-child variability in difference scores over time. Relative to typically achieving peers, children with MLD or RD were slower on all three subtests at kindergarten, but these deficits were most pronounced for children with MLD versus RD at kindergarten and more persistent through Grade 8 for children with RD. RAN numbers and letters performance was closely related in the RD group, more so than in the MLD group, despite deficits on both subtests across groups. Our findings indicate that empirically guided modifications of RAN are needed for extending its use for evaluating risk for MLD. PMID:23449728
The Impact of MOVE IT Math(TM) and Traditional Textbook Instruction on Math Achievement Scores
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bennett, Angela Stephens
2010-01-01
One recommendation of government, education, and business leaders is an increased emphasis on math and science instruction in public schools. The purpose of this quantitative study using a posttest, quasi-experimental design was to determine if the Math Opportunities, Valuable Experiences, and Innovative Teaching (MOVE IT Math(TM)) program…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Steiner, Naomi J.; Sheldrick, R. Chris; Frenette, Elizabeth C.; Rene, Kirsten M.; Perrin, Ellen C.
2014-01-01
Few studies examine the classroom behavior of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison with classroom peers and which teaching formats best support classroom engagement. Observations (N = 312) of second- and fourth-grade students with ADHD and their randomly selected classroom peers were conducted using a…
Teaching Test-Taking Skills to Elementary-Grade Students: A Meta-Analysis.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scruggs, Thomas E.; And Others
1986-01-01
Analyzes the results of previous studies that examined the effects of teaching test-taking skills to elementary school children. Concludes that training in test-taking skills is differentially effective for various subgroups of children, longer training programs are more effective, and training is more effective in the upper elementary grades than…
Successful Strategies for Teaching Reading to Middle Grades English Language Learners
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bolos, Nicole
2012-01-01
The author reviews exemplary strategies for teaching reading to middle grades English language learners (ELLs) derived from 21 peer-reviewed journal articles and professional books. The author presents an in-depth look at three successful categories of reading strategies: interactive read-alouds to model fluent reading and engage learners, the…
Teachers' Views of the Challenges of Teaching Grade 9 Applied Mathematics in Toronto Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stoilescu, Dorian; McDougall, Douglas; Egodawatte, Gunawardena
2016-01-01
Mathematics teachers, mathematics department heads, curriculum leaders, and administrators from 11 schools in four school boards from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, participated in a project to improve the teaching and learning in grade 9 mathematics classrooms. In each of these schools, an implementation team was created, so that at least three…
Teaching about the Consumer and the Global Marketplace. Grades 4-12, Global Awareness Series.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Koranski, Bruce, Ed.
This teaching guide contains 31 activities for students in grades 4-12 on the topic of the global marketplace. The purpose is to provide students with skills and knowledge to deal with the economic world. The guide is arranged into six parts. The activities address consumer issues from four perspectives. Part one focuses on "Me as a Consumer"…
Using the Outdoors to Teach Social Studies: Grades 3-10.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Knapp, Clifford C.; And Others
Third in a series on utilizing outdoor education methodologies to enhance the academic curriculum, the guide contains lesson plans and case studies for teaching grades 3-10 social studies. The lessons are designed to further student awareness of personal and social responsibility toward the environment through the use of outdoor experiences which…
Team Teaching. A Descriptive and Evaluative Study of a Program for the Primary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wall, Harvey R.; Reasoner, Robert W.
Team teaching was introduced in a summer academic program for grades one through three in Concord, California. Each team was composed of three or four teachers and a teacher aide. A total of 410 children were assigned to four teams, and curriculum was basically enrichment oriented with assistance for those with remedial problems. The curriculum…
The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades 2-3.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.
This teaching guide for grades 2-3 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…
The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades K-1.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.
This teaching guide for grades K-1 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…
The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades 4-6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.
This teaching guide for grades 4-6 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…
Teaching Skills to Second and Third Grade Children to Prevent Gun Play: A Comparison of Procedures
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kelso, Pamela D.; Miltenberger, Raymond G.; Waters, Marit A.; Egemo-Helm, Kristin; Bagne, Angela G.
2007-01-01
A posttest only control group design was used to investigate the effects of two programs to teach firearm injury prevention skills to second and third grade children. Children were taught the safety skills "Stop. Don't touch. Leave the area. Tell an adult." should they ever find a firearm. The effectiveness of the National Rifle Association's…
Teaching and Learning about Matter in Grade 6 Classrooms: A Conceptual Change Approach
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pimthong, Pattamaporn; Yutakom, Naruemon; Roadrangka, Vantipa; Sanguanruang, Sudjid; Cowie, Bronwen; Cooper, Beverley
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to enhance the teaching and learning of matter and its properties for grade 6 students. The development of a conceptual change approach instructional unit was undertaken for this purpose. Pre- and post-concept surveys, classroom observations, and student and teacher interviews were used to collect data. The teaching…
The Effect of Geometry Teaching with Cabri to Learning Levels of Fourth Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tutak, Tayfun; Turkdogan, Ali; Birgin, Osman
2009-01-01
In the study Cabri was used for teaching geometry at 4th grade. To investigate students' geometry level, a semi-experimental method was used. In the test group, geometry subjects are taught using Cabri. A multiple choice test was used to collect data as pre and post test. Answers were assigned as 1 to correct, 0 to wrong answers. Data were…
Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duschl, Richard A., Ed.; Schweingruber, Heidi A., Ed.; Shouse, Andrew W., Ed.
2007-01-01
What is science for a child? How do children learn about science and how to do science? Drawing on a vast array of work from neuroscience to classroom observation, "Taking Science to School" provides a comprehensive picture of what we know about teaching and learning science from kindergarten through eighth grade. By looking at a broad range of…
Astronomy: Minds-on the Universe. Supplemental Teaching Activities for Grades K-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marble, Stephen; Fowler, Marilyn, Ed.
This teachers guide contains activities and materials created to teach astronomy concepts to children from grades K-8. It is organized into four units: (1) Earth and Stars; (2) Spheres and Orbits; (3) Stars and Gravity; and (4) Scales and Measurement. Activities are arranged within each unit around six content topics: (1) Earth; (2) Solar System;…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allegheny Intermediate Unit, Pittsburgh, PA.
Designed for grades K-4, this manual contains suggested teaching strategies for infusing consumer education into the academic areas of art, language arts, mathematics, science/health, and social studies. Each of the twenty to thirty learning activities provided for each of the academic areas is based on competencies related to one of four…
Using the Text Structures of Information Books to Teach Writing in the Primary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clark, Sarah K.; Jones, Cindy D.; Reutzel, D. Ray
2013-01-01
Teaching children in the primary grades the text structures and features used by authors of information text has been shown to improve comprehension of information texts and provide the scaffolding and support these children need in order to write their own information texts. As teachers implement the "English Language Arts Common Core State…
A Module for Teaching Scientific Inquiry Techniques to First Grade Economically-Deprived Children.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nummedal, Susan; And Others
A project was undertaken to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a unit of instruction which would teach economically deprived first grade children some interesting scientific concepts and increase their curiosity behavior and willingness to offer hypotheses, carry out experiments, and evaluate outcomes. The instructional unit was based on…
After Early Intervention, Then What? Teaching Struggling Readers in Grades 3 and Beyond.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McCormack, Rachel L., Ed.; Paratore, Jeanne R., Ed.
Noting that early intervention is insufficient for many children because they struggle in learning to read for an array of reasons, this book highlights the need for expert, intensive, and focused instruction in reading beyond the primary years in addition to identifying and describing effective practices for teaching those students in grades 3 to…
Effect of Simple Electric Circuits Teaching on Conceptual Change in Grade 9 Physics Course
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Küçüközer, Hüseyin; Kocakülah, Sabri
2008-01-01
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of teaching designed to consider grade 9 students' misconceptions about simple electric circuits on conceptual change. Students' misconceptions were determined by using a conceptual understanding test consisting of eight open-ended questions and semi-structured interview technique. Conceptual…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Doe, Sue R.; Gingerich, Karla J.; Richards, Tracy L.
2013-01-01
This study explored graduate teaching assistant (GTA) grading on 480 papers across two writing assignments as integrated into large Introductory Psychology courses. We measured GTA accuracy, consistency, and commenting (feedback) quality. Results indicate that GTA graders improved, although unevenly, in accuracy and consistency from Time 1 to 2…
Highlights from the TIMSS 1999 Video Study of Eighth-Grade Mathematics Teaching.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
This document summarizes the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1999 Video Study that is the follow-up and expansion of the TIMSS 1995 Video Study of mathematics teaching. The 1999 study investigated 8th grade mathematics as well as science. This report focuses on the mathematics lessons major findings and comparison of…
Teaching an Algonkian Language as a Second Language: A Core Program for Grade One.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Toronto (Ontario). Education Div.
Ten units of first grade language instruction are presented in English, as a course guide for teachers who are expected to use only an Algonkian language in the classroom. The units, which are thematically titled (e.g. "The Little House"), cover two to four weeks' teaching time each. Classroom activities involve a variety of realia. Parallel to…
Teaching Practices and the Promotion of Achievement and Adjustment in First Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Perry, Kathryn E.; Donohue, Kathleen M.; Weinstein, Rhona S.
2007-01-01
The effects of teacher practices in promoting student academic achievement, behavioral adjustment, and feelings of competence were investigated in a prospective study of 257 children in 14 first grade classrooms. Using hierarchical linear modeling and regression techniques, observed teaching practices in the fall were explored as predictors of…
A National Study of Teaching and Assessing Writing in Canadian Middle Grades Classrooms
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Peterson, Shelley Stagg; McClay, Jill
2014-01-01
This article reports comprehensive findings from a national study of the teaching and assessment of writing in classrooms across ten Canadian provinces and two of three territories. Through interviews with 216 grade 4-8 teachers and observations and interviews in 22 classrooms (1 to 3 classrooms in each province), we gathered information about…
Teachers Think Aloud about Picture Books for Teaching Social Studies in the Primary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harrington, Judith Marie
2012-01-01
Social studies has long been relegated to the sidelines in the elementary grades. Teachers have often used children's literature to teach social studies (e.g., Hicks, 1996; Hinde, 2005, 2009; Kent & Simpson, 2008) but there are concerns that this integration shortchanges social studies learning (e.g., Alleman & Brophy, 1993, 1994;…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Dhafir, Mohammad
2015-01-01
The purpose of the study was to examine the Kuwaiti first grade teachers' perceptions of developmentally appropriate practices in teaching reading and writing. To achieve the research purpose, a questionnaire was developed and administrated to 167 first grade teachers. Results revealed that first grade teachers hold moderate agreement towards…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.
This guide offers teaching suggestions for introducing young children to the pleasure of handling clay, for guiding third and fourth grade children in shaping clay into many forms, and for instructing fifth and sixth grade children in the molding, glazing and firing of clay. Sections for each grade (K-6) include discussions of (1) materials and…
Motion sensors in mathematics teaching: learning tools for understanding general math concepts?
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Urban-Woldron, Hildegard
2015-05-01
Incorporating technology tools into the mathematics classroom adds a new dimension to the teaching of mathematics concepts and establishes a whole new approach to mathematics learning. In particular, gathering data in a hands-on and real-time method helps classrooms coming alive. The focus of this paper is on bringing forward important mathematics concepts such as functions and rate of change with the motion detector. Findings from the author's studies suggest that the motion detector can be introduced from a very early age and used to enliven classes at any level. Using real-world data to present the main functions invites an experimental approach to mathematics and encourages students to engage actively in their learning. By emphasizing learning experiences with computer-based motion detectors and aiming to involve students in mathematical representations of real-world phenomena, six learning activities, which were developed in previous research studies, will be presented. Students use motion sensors to collect physical data that are graphed in real time and then manipulate and analyse them. Because data are presented in an immediately understandable graphical form, students are allowed to take an active role in their learning by constructing mathematical knowledge from observation of the physical world. By utilizing a predict-observe-explain format, students learn about slope, determining slope and distance vs. time graphs through motion-filled activities. Furthermore, exploring the meaning of slope, viewed as the rate of change, students acquire competencies for reading, understanding and interpreting kinematics graphs involving a multitude of mathematical representations. Consequently, the students are empowered to efficiently move among tabular, graphical and symbolic representation to analyse patterns and discover the relationships between different representations of motion. In fact, there is a need for further research to explore how mathematics teachers
Math's Double Standard. Math Works
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Achieve, Inc., 2013
2013-01-01
Far too many students in the U.S. give up on math early because it does not come easy and they believe only students with innate ability can really be "good" at mathematics, a notion that is all too often reinforced by adults who believe the same thing. There is a serious gap between how Americans value math generally and how they value math for…
Mathematics anxiety: separating the math from the anxiety.
Lyons, Ian M; Beilock, Sian L
2012-09-01
Anxiety about math is tied to low math grades and standardized test scores, yet not all math-anxious individuals perform equally poorly in math. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to separate neural activity during the anticipation of doing math from activity during math performance itself. For higher (but not lower) math-anxious individuals, increased activity in frontoparietal regions when simply anticipating doing math mitigated math-specific performance deficits. This network included bilateral inferior frontal junction, a region involved in cognitive control and reappraisal of negative emotional responses. Furthermore, the relation between frontoparietal anticipatory activity and highly math-anxious individuals' math deficits was fully mediated (or accounted for) by activity in caudate, nucleus accumbens, and hippocampus during math performance. These subcortical regions are important for coordinating task demands and motivational factors during skill execution. Individual differences in how math-anxious individuals recruit cognitive control resources prior to doing math and motivational resources during math performance predict the extent of their math deficits. This work suggests that educational interventions emphasizing control of negative emotional responses to math stimuli (rather than merely additional math training) will be most effective in revealing a population of mathematically competent individuals, who might otherwise go undiscovered.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lorenzi, Natalie
2012-01-01
Math games bring out kids' natural love of numbers. Yet in the waning days of school, students can't wait for that final bell to ring. Each summer, most students lose about two months of mathematical computation skills. So how do teachers keep their students focused on math up till the end? Before sending them off for the summer, get them hooked…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Brien, Thomas C.
1999-01-01
Parrot math (memorization) seeks to control children through external rewards and punishments, rather than harness their intelligence and curiosity. Recent standardized test results document parrot math's failure. Activities-based approaches, supported by a constructivist philosophy (involving classifying, inferring, generalizing, and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Abreu, Julio
2000-01-01
Four decades ago following Russia's Sputnik satellite launching, the nation embraced "new" math as part of its commitment not to fall behind its global neighbors. Issues addressed in "new-new" math include equal access to challenging learning, problem solving, reasoning and proof, communications, multiple ways to solve problems, and the influence…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Acre, Andrea M.
This qualitative study investigated the experiences of four elementary teachers who have elected to use science to teach math and reading/language arts in an attempt to identify what motivates them to do so. Identifying what experiences have motivated these teachers to go against the gain and teach elementary science in this current era of high-stakes tests is of the upmost importance given that science is being eliminated from the elementary curriculum and it is during the elementary years that students' nurture and develop their interest in science. Additionally, the United States is failing to produce enough college graduates in STEM areas to fill the thousands of STEM jobs each year. Through a review of the literature, the past trends and current trends of elementary science education were explored as well as teacher training. Furthermore, the literature reviewed inquiry teaching which is considered to be the most effective teaching method when teaching science at any level. Using John Dewey's Interest and Effort Relationship Theory and the Self-Determination Motivation Theory to guide this study, there were five prominent themes which emerged from the reconstructed stories of the four teachers: positive experiences with science, neutral/negative experiences with science, seeks meaningful professional development, influence and support from others, and regret/wants to do more.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
"Great Explorations in Math and Science"[R] ("GEMS"[R]) "The Real Reasons for Seasons" is a curriculum unit for grades 6-8 that focuses on the connections between the Sun and the Earth to teach students the scientific concepts behind the seasons. The unit utilizes models, hands-on investigations, peer-to-peer discussions, reflection, and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Delacruz, Girlie C.
2011-01-01
Due to their motivational nature, there has been growing interest in the potential of games to help teach academic content and skills. This report examines how different levels of detail about a game's scoring rules affect math learning and performance. Data were collected from 164 students in the fourth to sixth grades at five after-school…
Exploring caves: teaching packet for grades K-3
,
1998-01-01
"Exploring Caves" is an interdisciplinary set of materials on caves for grades K-3. Caves entail at least five scientific disciplines: earth science, hydrology, mapping, biology, and anthropology. Each of these disciplines involves a unique content area as well as the development of particular intellectual skills. This unit aims at helping teachers to sort and organize the most important ideas in this rich scientific area. Detailed lesson plans serve as ways to pass these ideas on to very young students. Most American caves are big holes that form in limestone rock. The holes begin as cracks in limestone. The cracks get bigger and bigger. They grow into underground streams, rivers, and even lakes. When water drains away, the waterways turn into open cave tunnels, passages, and caverns. It takes 10,000 to 100,000 years to form a cave big enough for people to move around inside. Water drips constantly in caves. The drips dissolve limestone minerals in one part of the cave. As water dries out, the minerals build up in other places. In this way, beautiful cave rock formations and crystals grow over thousands of years. These rock formations change dark limestone caves into hidden fantasy lands.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Actuarial Foundation, 2013
2013-01-01
"Setting the Stage with Geometry" is a new math program aligned with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards that is designed to help students in grades 6-8 build and reinforce basic geometry skills for measuring 2D and 3D shapes. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, this program seeks to provide skill-building math…
Cross-Discipline Teaching for English Learners
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Upczak-Garcia, Anne
2012-01-01
The author works as a biliteracy teacher in a bilingual school that serves students from K-5th grade. She and her coteacher provide instruction in both English and Spanish to 4th and 5th graders. They have two language arts blocks so that students receive literacy instruction in both their native and second languages, and they teach math, social…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Erbey, Rachel; McLaughlin, T. F.; Derby, K. Mark; Everson, Mary
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of reading racetrack and flashcards when teaching phonics, sight words, and addition facts. The participants for the sight word and phonics portion of this study were two seven-year-old boys in the second grade. Both participants were diagnosed with a learning disability. The third participant…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Diviaio, Linda G.; Hefferan, Marilyn P.
This document contains a training manual and reading and math basic skills curricula for use in specific learning disability programs and/or with educably mentally handicapped and emotionally handicapped students. The training manual is intended to help special education teachers understand and use precision teaching. A brief history of the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mellas, Laurie
1998-01-01
Funded by Lockheed Martin, the University of New Mexico College of Education conducts three-week summer science academies for elementary school teachers of populations underrepresented in science and math. Native American teachers and Hispanic teachers whose families have lived in New Mexico for generations learn to use their own local knowledge…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ray, Darrell L.
2013-01-01
Students often enter biology programs deficient in the math and computational skills that would enhance their attainment of a deeper understanding of the discipline. To address some of these concerns, I developed a series of spreadsheet simulation exercises that focus on some of the mathematical foundations of scientific inquiry and the benefits…
Studying Gender Bias in Physics Grading: The role of teaching experience and country
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hofer, Sarah I.
2015-11-01
The existence of gender-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) stereotypes has been repeatedly documented. This article examines physics teachers' gender bias in grading and the influence of teaching experience in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany. In a 2 × 2 between-subjects design, with years of teaching experience included as moderating variable, physics teachers (N = 780) from Switzerland, Austria, and Germany graded a fictive student's answer to a physics test question. While the answer was exactly the same for each teacher, only the student's gender and specialization in languages vs. science were manipulated. Specialization was included to gauge the relative strength of potential gender bias effects. Multiple group regression analyses, with the grade that was awarded as the dependent variable, revealed only partial cross-border generalizability of the effect pattern. While the overall results in fact indicated the existence of a consistent and clear gender bias against girls in the first part of physics teachers' careers that disappeared with increasing teaching experience for Swiss teachers, Austrian teachers, and German female teachers, German male teachers showed no gender bias effects at all. The results are discussed regarding their relevance for educational practice and research.
Attitudes of eighth-grade honors students toward the conceptual change methods of teaching science
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Heide, Clifford Lee
1998-12-01
The study researched the attitude of eighth grade honors science students toward the steps of the conceptual change teaching method. The attitudes of 25 students in an honors 8th grade science class in the Greater Phoenix metropolitan area were assessed using a multi-method approach. A quantitative method (student survey) and a qualitative method (focus group) were triangulated for convergence. Since conceptual change is a relatively new reform teaching modality, the study assessed students' attitudes utilizing this method. Conceptual change teaching is characterized by connections between concepts and facts which are organized around key ideas. Knowledge connected through concepts is constantly revised and edited by students as they continue to learn and add new concepts. The results of this study produced evidence that the conceptual change method of teaching science and its six process steps have qualities that foster positive student attitude. The study demonstrated that students' attitudes toward science is positively influenced through the conceptual change teaching method by enabling students to: (1) choose problems and find solutions to those problems (student directed); (2) work together in large and small groups; (3) learn through student oral presentations; (4) perform hands-on laboratory experiences; (5) learn through conceptual understanding not memorization; (6) implement higher order learning skills to make connections from the lab to the real world. Teachers can use the information in the study to become aware of the positive and negative attitudes of students taught with the conceptual change method. Even if the conceptual change teaching strategy is not the modality utilized by an educator, the factors identified by this study that affect student attitude could be used to help a teacher design lesson plans that help foster positive student attitudes.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rock, JoAnn L.; Courtney, Rosalea; Handwerk, Philip G.
2009-01-01
This study examined math achievement of elementary school students when Math Out of the Box (MTB), an inquiry-based math program, was used to supplement curriculum. The sample consisted of 767 New Jersey students in the third, fourth, and fifth grades, with approximately one third using MTB. Math achievement was measured by an assessment…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nejem, Khamis Mousa; Muhanna, Wafa
2013-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using computer games in teaching mathematics on developing the number sense of fourth grade students. To achieve this purpose a study sample of (81) students was selected from the fourth grade. This sample was divided into two groups. One group was randomly chosen to be the experimental…
Why the Common Core Changes Math Instruction
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Faulkner, Valerie N.
2013-01-01
The Common Core math standards promote several important differences in how math concepts are taught and should be talked about. These changes will make it easier for younger students to comprehend and adapt to more complex concepts in the later grades. This guide should help elementary teachers make changes and adaptations that are in line the…
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2016
2016-01-01
"Saxon Math" is a core curriculum for students in grades K-12 that uses an incremental approach to instruction and assessment. This approach limits the amount of new math content delivered to students each day and allows time for daily practice. New concepts are introduced gradually and integrated with previously introduced content so…
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
"Saxon Math," published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, is a core curriculum for students in grades K-5. A distinguishing feature of the curriculum is its use of an incremental approach for instruction and assessment. This approach limits the amount of new math content delivered to students each day and allows time for daily practice. New concepts…
Using Concurrent Verbalization to Measure Math Comprehension
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lambeth, Cathryn Colley
2012-01-01
The current study investigated variability in student performance on a concurrent verbalization measure based on a grade-level sample math word problem and sought to determine to what extent the variability in verbalization scores is related to scores on a reliable measure of reading (DIBELS Next) and math (easyCBM) and to student factors (e.g.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jang, Syh-Jong
2006-01-01
Due to the implementation of a 9-year integrated curriculum scheme in Taiwan, research on team teaching and web-based technology appears to be urgent. The purpose of this study was incorporated web-assisted learning with team teaching in seventh-grade science classes. The specific research question concerned student performance and attitudes about…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harrell-Williams, Leigh M.; Sorto, M. Alejandra; Pierce, Rebecca L.; Lesser, Lawrence M.; Murphy, Teri J.
2015-01-01
Previous mathematics and science education research indicates that knowledge and beliefs, including teaching efficacy, affect teachers' actions and effectiveness in a classroom. Our middle grades and high school Self-Efficacy to Teach Statistics (SETS) instruments, aligned with the statistical concepts in national and state guidelines such as the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn
2014-01-01
The purposes of this study were to explore students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles and study the effects and interaction effects of learning styles and teaching styles on mathematics achievements. The subjects were 3,382 ninth-grade students and 110 mathematic teachers. The main results revealed that most students were…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn
2013-01-01
The purposes of this study were to identify learning styles of ninth-grade students, to identify teaching styles of four subject teachers, and to compare four academic achievements between different matching conditions of students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles. The research participants comprised of 3,382 ninth-grade…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jones, Kent
Materials presented here include a variety of resources for teachers of Esperanto: a brief guide to Esperanto teaching, including suggested teacher qualifications, a listing of instructional materials and resources, including serials, with details of publication, activities in preparation for teaching, grade-level class activities, notes on…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Salvador, Josephine
2012-01-01
What happens when teachers start to observe each other's classes? How do teachers make meaning of observing and being observed? What effects, if any, does requiring peer observation have on the teaching community? This research explores these questions in a qualitative study of peer observation of teaching (POT) in the 2nd-12th grades of an…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.
In September 1998, the Math Science Education National Board held a convocation on middle grades mathematics that was co-sponsored by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), the National Middle School Association (NMSA), and the American Educational Research Association (AERA). The convocation was structured to present the teaching…
Accelerated Math[TM]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2011
2011-01-01
"Accelerated Math"[TM], published by Renaissance Learning, is a software tool used to customize assignments and monitor progress in math for students in grades 1-12. The "Accelerated Math"[TM] software creates individualized assignments aligned with state standards and national guidelines, scores student work, and generates reports on student…
Elementary Math Achievement in Texas: What Is Working?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moore, Linda H.
2011-01-01
Elementary math teachers (76) from selected Texas schools that included Grade 5 responded to an online self-report survey with respect to school-level factors that may be associated with student math achievement. Questions on the survey focused on school-level factors related to math, campus leadership, integration of technology in the math…
A Study of First Grade Children and Their Recall Memory When Using Active Learning in Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fife, Britiney Michelle
One of the most important concepts in the first grade math curriculum is learning addition facts. In schools today, teachers use many different methods to teach addition and subtraction concepts and the memorization of basic facts. A new movement in education advocates using movement to aid in rote memory of facts. In this project the researcher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Mashaqbeh, Ibtesam; Al Shurman, Muneera
2015-01-01
This study aimed to investigate the effect of using e-textbooks, activities, games, and worksheets that loaded onto students tablets on first grade students' achievement on their core curriculum (science, math, English, Arabic) compared to the use of the traditional teaching method. It also, investigated the school administration reflection toward…
Making the Math/Science Connection.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sherman, Laurel Galbraith
1989-01-01
Suggestions are made for activities that combine the teaching of math and science. Math concepts include: graphing, estimating, measurement, statistics, geometry, and logic. Science topics include: plant reproduction, solar system, forces, longitude and latitude, Earth's magnetic field, nutrition, and heat. (IAH)
A Teaching Model for Scaffolding 4th Grade Students' Scientific Explanation Writing
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yang, Hsiu-Ting; Wang, Kuo-Hua
2014-08-01
Improving students scientific explanations is one major goal of science education. Both writing activities and concept mapping are reported as effective strategies for enhancing student learning of science. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a teaching model, named the DCI model, which integrates a Descriptive explanation writing activity, Concept mapping, and an Interpretive explanation writing activity, is introduced in a 4th grade science class to see if it would improve students' scientific explanations and understanding. A quasi-experimental design, including a non-randomized comparison group and a pre- and post-test design, was adopted for this study. An experimental group of 25 students were taught using the DCI teaching model, while a comparison group received a traditional lecture teaching. A rubric and content analysis was used to assess students' scientific explanations. The independent sample t test was used to measure difference in conceptual understanding between the two groups, before and after instruction. Then, the paired t test analysis was used to understand the promotion of the DCI teaching model. The results showed that students in the experimental group performed better than students in the comparison group, both in scientific concept understanding and explanation. Suggestions for using concept mapping and writing activities (the DCI teaching model) in science classes are provided in this study.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bachman, Heather J.; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; El Nokali, Nermeen E.; Castle Heatly, Melissa
2015-01-01
The present study examined whether multiple opportunities to learn math were associated with smaller socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in fifth-grade math achievement using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD; N = 1,364). High amounts of procedural math instruction were associated with higher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stevens, T.; Harris, G.; Aguirre-Munoz, Z.; Cobbs, L.
2009-01-01
Teachers of middle school mathematics should have a deep conceptual understanding of the elementary mathematics taught in middle school, should possess the mathematics knowledge for teaching that is required to effectively teach mathematics in middle school and should have the ability to effectively teach mathematics to, and enhance the maths…
The Effect of Co-Teaching on Student Achievement in Ninth Grade Physical Science Classrooms
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
LaFever, Karen M.
Co-teaching is a method that is increasing within schools across the US as educators strive to leave no child behind. It is a costly method, having two paid instructors in one classroom, with an average of 24 students shared between them. If it significantly increases the achievement of all students, it is well worth the costs involved. However, few studies have analyzed the effectiveness of this method on student achievement. This research follows the academic accomplishments of students in a ninth grade physical science course. Nine sections of the course "Force and Motion" were taught with a single teacher, and two additional sections were co-taught, one led by a science-certified and special educator, and another co-taught by two science certified teachers. Subgroup achievement performance was analyzed to determine whether significant differences exist between students with or without IEPs, as well as other factors such as free and reduced lunch status or gender. The results show significance with the presence of a co-teacher, while there is minimal effect size of co-teaching in this study for students with IEPs. The benefactors in these ninth grade co-taught classes were the students without IEPs, an unintended result of co-teaching.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Thompson, Mary P.; And Others
This teacher's guide for use in a fourth-grade French course concentrates on the development of basic audiolingual skills. Twelve lessons, each containing an exposition, dialogue, teaching procedures, and dialogue adaptation, emphasize the use of French during classroom instruction. Lessons include: (1) a review unit, (2) "La chemise neuve," (3)…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gillian-Daniel, Donald L.; Walz, Kenneth A.
2016-01-01
Over the past decade, the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) and Madison Area Technical College (Madison College) partnered to create an internship pathway for graduate students pursuing careers as future science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) faculty members. Since 2003, 10 doctoral students from the university completed…
Assessing Impacts of "Math in Focus," a "Singapore Math" Program
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jaciw, Andrew P.; Hegseth, Whitney Michelle; Lin, Li; Toby, Megan; Newman, Denis; Ma, Boya; Zacamy, Jenna
2016-01-01
This study investigates, through a cluster randomized trial, the impact of "Math in Focus," a core mathematics program modeled after instructional approaches used in Singapore, on third- through fifth-grade students' achievement in mathematics. The program is currently being used in more than 400 school districts in the United States.…
Using Math Journals to Enhance Second Graders' Communication of Mathematical Thinking
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kostos, Kathleen; Shin, Eui-kyung
2010-01-01
As an action research project, using mixed methodology, this study investigated how the use of math journals affected second grade students' communication of mathematical thinking. For this study, math journal instruction was provided. The data gathering included pre- and post- math assessment, students' math journals, interviews with the…
Errors in Multi-Digit Arithmetic and Behavioral Inattention in Children with Math Difficulties
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Raghubar, Kimberly; Cirino, Paul; Barnes, Marcia; Ewing-Cobbs, Linda; Fletcher, Jack; Fuchs, Lynn
2009-01-01
Errors in written multi-digit computation were investigated in children with math difficulties. Third- and fourth-grade children (n = 291) with coexisting math and reading difficulties, math difficulties, reading difficulties, or no learning difficulties were compared. A second analysis compared those with severe math learning difficulties, low…
Mobile Math: Math Educators and Students Engage in Mobile Learning
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Franklin, Teresa; Peng, Li-Wei
2008-01-01
The public and educational communities are aware of the continuing crisis in math education in our middle schools and the convergence of technologies for teaching and learning. This paper presents a case study in which iPod Touch[R] was used to help middle school students learn about algebraic equations and, in particular, the concept of slope,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Smith, Barriett Jackson
2011-01-01
The participating school system's minority population, notably African Americans, ranked in the top five school systems in academic performance in reading and math when compared to other states and other African American populations across the United States. These measurements were taken from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Neu, Jessica Adele
2013-01-01
I conducted two studies on the comparative effects of the observation of learn units during (a) reinforcement or (b) correction conditions on the acquisition of math objectives. The dependent variables were the within-session cumulative numbers of correct responses emitted during observational sessions. The independent variables were the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zeman, Anne; Kelly, Kate
This book is written to answer commonly asked homework questions of fourth, fifth, and sixth graders. Included are facts, charts, definitions, explanations, examples, and illustrations. Topics include ancient number systems; decimal system; math symbols; addition; subtraction; multiplication; division; fractions; estimation; averages; properties;…
The Effects of a Math Racetrack with Two Elementary Students with Learning Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Beveridge, Breann R.; Weber, Kimberly P.; Derby, K. Mark; McLaughlin, T. F.
2005-01-01
A classroom intervention employing math racetracks was carried out to teach math facts to two elementary students with learning disabilities. A math racetrack is a drill and practice procedure where known and unknown facts are placed on a sheet of paper like an oval racetrack. The effectiveness of using math racetracks was evaluated with a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murray, Jenny
2006-01-01
Discussion in maths lessons has always been something encouraged by ATM but can be difficult to initiate for non-specialist and inexperienced teachers who may feel they need material in books to get them going. In this article, the author describes resources aimed at encouraging discussion among primary mathematicians. These resources include: (1)…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Green, Daniel; Kearney, Thomas
2015-01-01
Emperor penguins, the largest of all the penguin species, attain heights of nearly four feet and weigh up to 99 pounds. Many students are not motivated to learn mathematics when textbook examples contain largely nonexistent contexts or when the math is not used to solve significant problems found in real life. This article's project explores how…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chiel, Hillel J.; McManus, Jeffrey M.; Shaw, Kendrick M.
2010-01-01
We describe the development of a course to teach modeling and mathematical analysis skills to students of biology and to teach biology to students with strong backgrounds in mathematics, physics, or engineering. The two groups of students have different ways of learning material and often have strong negative feelings toward the area of knowledge…
Math in Motion: Origami in the Classroom. A Hands-On Creative Approach to Teaching Mathematics. K-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pearl, Barbara
This perfect bound teacher's guide presents techniques and activities to teach mathematics using origami paper folding. Part 1 includes a history of origami, mathematics and origami, and careers using mathematics. Parts 2 and 3 introduce paper-folding concepts and teaching techniques and include suggestions for low-budget paper resources. Part 4…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Radencic, S.; McNeal, K. S.; Pierce, D.
2012-12-01
The Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) program at Mississippi State University (MSU), funded by the NSF Graduate STEM Fellows in K-12 Education (GK12) program, focuses on the advancement of Earth and Space science education in K-12 classrooms. INSPIRE currently in its third year of partnering ten graduate students each year from the STEM fields of Geosciences, Engineering, Physics and Chemistry at MSU with five teachers from local, rural school districts. The five year project serves to enhance graduate student's communication skills as they create interactive lessons linking their STEM research focus to the state and national standards covered in science and math classrooms for grades 7-12 through inquiry experiences. Each graduate student is responsible for the development of two lessons each month of the school year that include an aspect of their STEM research, including the technologies that they may utilize to conduct their STEM research. The plans are then published on the INSPIRE project webpage, www.gk12.msstate.edu, where they are a free resource for any K-12 classroom teacher seeking innovative activities for their classrooms and total over 300 lesson activities to date. Many of the participating teachers and graduate students share activities developed with non-participating teachers, expanding INSPIRE's outreach of incorporating STEM research into activities for K-12 students throughout the local community. Examples of STEM research connections to classroom topics related to earth and ocean science include activities using GPS with GIS for triangulation and measurement of area in geometry; biogeochemical response to oil spills compared to organism digestive system; hydrogeology water quality monitoring and GIS images used as a determinant for habitat suitability in area water; interactions of acids and bases in the Earth's environments and surfaces; and the importance of electrical circuitry in an electrode used in
Evaluation of the MIND Research Institute's Spatial-Temporal Math (ST Math) Program in California
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wendt, Staci; Rice, John; Nakamoto, Jonathan
2014-01-01
The MIND Research Institute contracted with the Evaluation Research Program at WestEd to conduct an independent assessment of mathematics outcomes in elementary school grades across California that were provided with the ST Math program. Spatial-Temporal (ST) Math is a game-based instructional software designed to boost K-5 and secondary-level…
The Effects of the Elevate Math Summer Program on Math Achievement and Algebra Readiness
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Snipes, Jason; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jaquet, Karina; Finkelstein, Neal
2016-01-01
To raise math success rates in middle school, many schools and districts have implemented summer math programs designed to improve student preparation for algebra content in grade 8. However, little is known about the effectiveness of these programs. While students who participate typically experience learning gains, there is little rigorous…
Brief Report: Gum Chewing Affects Standardized Math Scores in Adolescents
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnston, Craig A.; Tyler, Chermaine; Stansberry, Sandra A.; Moreno, Jennette P.; Foreyt, John P.
2012-01-01
Gum chewing has been shown to improve cognitive performance in adults; however, gum chewing has not been evaluated in children. This study examined the effects of gum chewing on standardized test scores and class grades of eighth grade math students. Math classes were randomized to a gum chewing (GC) condition that provided students with gum…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
LaRusso, Maria; Jones, Stephanie M.; Kim, Ha Yeon; Kim, James; Donovan, Suzanne; Snow, Catherine
2016-01-01
This paper presents an exploratory analysis of treatment-control differences in the quality of classroom interactions in 4th through 7th grade urban classrooms. Word Generation (WG) is a research-based academic language program for middle school students designed to teach novel vocabulary and literacy through language arts, math, science, and…
Relations among Peer Acceptance, Inhibitory Control, and Math Achievement in Early Adolescence
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Oberle, Eva; Schonert-Reichl, Kimberly A.
2013-01-01
This study examined relations among peer acceptance, inhibitory control, and math achievement in ninety-nine 4th and 5th grade early adolescents. Teachers rated students on peer acceptance and students completed a computerized executive function task assessing inhibitory control. Math achievement was assessed via end of year math grades. Results…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Geist, Eugene
2015-01-01
This study was conducted to examine the attitudes of Head Start teachers toward mathematics and how it may influence how and what they teach in the classroom. In general, the findings of this study can be summarized as this: 1) Math anxiety affects how teachers assess their ability at mathematics. The more math anxiety they report, the lower they…
The Impact of TESOL on Maths and Science Teachers
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Feryok, Anne
2008-01-01
This article looks at a teacher trainer development programme designed in response to the shift from Malay-medium to English-medium instruction in Malaysian secondary maths and science teaching. The programme presented a group of 25 Malaysian maths and science teachers with principles and methods from teaching English to speakers of other…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Koba, Susan B.
2011-01-01
Authors Susan Koba and Carol Mitchell introduce teachers of grades 3-5 to their conceptual framework for successful instruction of hard-to-teach science concepts. Their methodology comprises four steps: (1) engage students about their preconceptions and address their thinking; (2) target lessons to be learned; (3) determine appropriate strategies;…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wijekumar, Kay; Hitchcock, John; Turner, Herb; Lei, PuiWa; Peck, Kyle
2009-01-01
In an effort to identify instructional methods that might improve mathematics learning at the grade 4 level when used in a variety of educational settings under typical conditions, the REL Mid-Atlantic research team looked for promising, replicable practices that were being used broadly by teachers in U.S. schools, for which research showed…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marschall, Gosia; Andrews, Paul
2015-01-01
In this article we present an exploratory case study of six Polish teachers' perspectives on the teaching of linear equations to grade six students. Data, which derived from semi-structured interviews, were analysed against an extant framework and yielded a number of commonly held beliefs about what teachers aimed to achieve and how they would…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yüzen, Abdulkadir; Karamete, Aysen
2016-01-01
In this study, using ADDIE instructional design model, it is aimed to prepare English language educational material for 4th grade primary students to teach them numbers. At the same time, ARCS model of motivation's attention, relevance and satisfaction phases are also taken into consideration. This study also comprises of Design Based Research…
Something That Works for Me: 100 More Teaching Practices Used in Our Schools. Grades K-12. No. 2.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This guide, published by the New York City Board of Education, presents teaching practices that have been used in New York City schools in grades K-12. Subject areas covered include: (1) communication arts; (2) mathematics; (3) social studies; (4) art; (5) music; (6) English as a second language; (7) bilingual education; (8) reading; (9) writing;…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
PURDY, ROBERT J.; CHAFFEE, EVERETT
THIS RESOURCE GUIDE TO THE TEACHING OF MUSICAL CONCEPTS IN KINDERGARTEN AND GRADES ONE AND TWO IS PREFACED BY A GENERAL ENUMERATION OF OBJECTIVES AND OF THE TECHNIQUES TO BE EMPLOYED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A BACKGROUND OF AUDITORY PERCEPTION THROUGH (1) SINGING, (2) KINESTHETIC RHYTHMIC EXPERIENCES, (3) PLAYING INSTRUMENTS, AND (4) LISTENING. THE…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fradiska, John
This booklet, one of a series developed by the Frederick County Board of Education, Frederick, Maryland, provides an instruction module for an individualized or flexible approach to 7th, 8th, and 9th grade science teaching. Subjects and activities in this series of booklets are designed to supplement a basic curriculum or to form a total…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ford, Nelson S.
This booklet, one of a series developed by the Frederick County Board of Education, Frederick, Maryland, provides an instruction module for an individualized or flexible approach to 7th, 8th, and 9th grade science teaching. Subjects and activities in this series of booklets are designed to supplement a basic curriculum or to form a total…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Slinger, Lucille A.; And Others
This study documents text-based science instruction as it actually occurred in the classroom of a fifth-grade teacher teaching the unit on light found in "Exploring Science" by M.K. Blecha, P.C. Gega, and M. Green (1979, Laidlaw Brothers). The study, focusing on the nature of and reasons for the teacher's successes and failures, examined the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Barilla, Rosemary; Brown, Tina Boyer
2015-01-01
Rosemary Barilla, a middle-grade language arts teacher, inspired by her own dedication to the arts, describes the ways she integrates the fine arts into her classroom program that is designed to teach reading and writing. Tina Boyer Brown, a founding teacher at The Chicago High School for the Arts (ChiArts®), describes the school as a place where…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ferrand, Shirley; Wattenbarger, Barbara
This paper describes an interdisciplinary approach to conveying knowledge and promoting understanding of the disease of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) at the middle school level in a conservative community. Discussion of AIDS was included in a sixth grade unit on communicable diseases designed to teach how diseases are transmitted, how…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Green, Richard Arthur
Reported is a study to determine the feasibility of teaching selected concepts related to the particle nature of matter to students in grades 2-6. The lessons developed for this study did not require a high student reading ability, did not require more than one-half hour of time, included the use of analogous mechanical models whenever possible,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kucita, Pawan; Kivunja, Charles; Maxwell, T. W.; Kuyini, Bawa
2013-01-01
This study employed document analysis and qualitative interviews to explore the perceptions of different Bhutanese stakeholders about multi-grade teaching, which the Bhutanese Government identified as a strategy for achieving quality Universal Primary Education. The data from Ministry officials, teachers and student teachers were analyzed using…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cohen, S. Alan; Rodriquez, Samuel
1980-01-01
Results of a study conducted with first-grade Mexican American children indicate that direct reading instruction to precise behavioral objectives is more effective than teaching to Mexican American children's supposed "cultural learning styles" as recommended by Manuel Ramirez and Alfredo Castaneda in 1974. (GT)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pape, Stephen J.; Prosser, Sherri K.; Griffin, Cynthia C.; Dana, Nancy Fichtman; Algina, James; Bae, Jungah
2015-01-01
This study sought to identify components of an asynchronous online teacher professional development program, "Prime Online," that potentially affected participants' mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT). Twenty-three third- through fifth-grade general education and special education teachers completed a yearlong online teacher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Best, Terrence
This booklet, one of a series developed by the Frederick County Board of Education, Frederick, Maryland, provides an instruction module for an individualized or flexible approach to 7th, 8th, and 9th grade science teaching. Subjects and activities in this series of booklets are designed to supplement a basic curriculum or to form a total…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Selman, Christine Cherry
2011-01-01
Research has documented the scarcity of informational text and the overabundance of narrative text in the primary grades (Duke, 2000; Yopp & Yopp, 2006). The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine primary teachers' beliefs, or efficacy, in teaching narrative and informational text as well as assess their use of both text types in…
The Effect of Internet-Based Education on Student Success in Teaching of 8th Grade Triangles Subject
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaya, Deniz; Kesan, Cenk; Izgiol, Dilek
2013-01-01
In the study, it was researched the effect of internet-based application on student success. Internet-based application was used at the teaching of triangles subject which is included in 8th grade units of triangles and algebra. The study was carried out over the internet with a computer software program: Vitamin Program. The study was carried out…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Foltz, Ross
This booklet, one of a series developed by the Frederick County Board of Education, Frederick, Maryland, provides an instruction module for an individualized or flexible approach to 7th, 8th, and 9th grade science teaching. Subjects and activities in this series of booklets are designed to supplement a basic curriculum or to form a total…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mandel, Eliana; Osana, Helena P.; Venkatesh, Vivek
2013-01-01
This study evaluated the effects of Adapted Reciprocal Teaching (ART) on the receptive and expressive flight-word vocabulary of 1st-grade students. During ART, classroom interactions produced narrative contexts within which students assumed responsibility for applying new flight words in personally meaningful ways. Students in the control group…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
JENKINSON, EDWARD B.
THIS COLLECTION OF LANGUAGE UNITS FOR GRADES 7-12 WAS PREPARED TO MAKE AVAILABLE, TO BOTH TEACHERS AND STUDENTS, MATERIALS DEMONSTRATING SOME OF THE INTERESTING SUBJECT MATTERS OF LANGUAGE. UNITS CONTAIN DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSE CONTENT AND SUCCESSFUL TEACHING METHODS, SUGGESTED DISCUSSION QUESTIONS, AND EXERCISES FOR THE TEACHER'S USE IN PRESENTING…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Muir, Raquel
The curriculum guide for teaching science to gifted intermediate grade students presents material to be used for a unit on microbiology, as well as suggestions for a second unit on the subject. Examined in the unit are the structures, functions, growth, development, uses, and environments of different kinds of microorganisms, with an emphasis on…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Muha, Joseph G.
To assess the effects of traditional and experimental approaches to a remedial mathematics course at Pasadena City College, data was collected on a control and experimental class of the course. The control class was taught by a teacher who was assigned the class in order to complete his teaching load; this class was taught in the traditional…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ferrare, Joseph J.; Hora, Matthew T.
2014-01-01
While researchers have examined how disciplinary and departmental cultures influence instructional practices in higher education, there has yet to be an examination of this relationship at the embodied level of culture. In this article we utilize cultural models theory to examine the theories of student learning and teaching practice espoused and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gamoran, Adam; Anderson, Charles W.; Quiroz, Pamela Anne; Secada, Walter G.; Williams, Tona; Ashmann, Scott
Teachers often want new ideas and approaches to improve their teaching but their efforts are often blocked by structural constraints in their districts and schools. This book answers the question of how schools can overcome these barriers to provide more supportive environments for change through the study of six cases of schools and districts in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Quigley, Cassie F.; Herro, Dani
2016-01-01
In response to a desire to strengthen the economy, educational settings are emphasizing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) curriculum and programs. Yet, because of the narrow approach to STEM, educational leaders continue to call for a more balanced approach to teaching and learning, which includes the arts, design, and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fahy, Cynthia; And Others
This manual presents a design for teaching science principles and mathematics concepts through a sequence of activities concentrating on weather, solar food dryers, and nutrition. Part I focuses on the effect of solar energy on air and water, examining the concepts of evaporation, condensation, radiation, conduction, and convection. These concepts…
131 Ways to Use Film Containers: To Teach Literacy, Math, and Science--and Just to Have Fun!
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Whyte, Donna
2004-01-01
Experienced educator Donna Whyte has compiled her ideas for using film containers in the classroom into "131 Ways to Use Film Containers" so that they can be shared with other teachers. She includes engaging ways to use them in teaching children about word families, sight words, and punctuation marks; skip counting, estimating, and predicting; and…
Project first and eye on the sky: strategies for teaching space science in the early grades
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Paglierani, R.; Hawkins, I.
Elementary educators typically have only limited opportunity to teach substantive science units. This is due, in great part, to the current primary focus on literacy and mathematics instruction in the early grades. It is not surprising then, that the time and resources allocated to science teaching are significantly less than those allocated to language arts and mathematics. The integration of elementary science curricula with language arts provides one means of addressing the challenge of maintaining a robust science presence in the elementary classroom. Project FIRST's Eye on the Sky suggests a model for the successful integration of science instruction with language arts through inquiry-based learning. The model has been adopted by other Education/Public Outreach efforts, most recently, the Cassini- Huygens Mission and the Space Telescope Institute. We will present Eye on the Sky: Our Star the Sun, a suite of integrated, inquiry-based lessons designed specifically for K-4 students and discuss data showing the program's impact on the user audience. These materials offer an exciting opportunity to explore the dynamic Sun and share research discoveries of NASA's Sun-Earth Connection with the elementary education community. The lessons were developed and tested by UC Berkeley educators and NASA scientists in partnership with classroom teachers. We will review the program components and examine the benefits and challenges inherent in implementing such a program in the elementary school setting.
Science teaching efficacy beliefs of 5th and 8th grade science teachers
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hanson, Susan Melony
The purpose of this study was to determine which, if any, variables had a significant relationship to personal science teaching efficacy beliefs and outcome expectancies. The independent variables tested were number of undergraduate science methods courses taken, level of teacher education, number of years as a classroom teacher, number of years as a science teacher, teacher beliefs regarding instructional strategies in science, and teacher beliefs regarding student engagement in the science classroom. Through surveys completed by 5th and 8th grade science teachers, the researcher analyzed data via multiple regressions to determine significance. Results of the data analysis showed the greatest significance was between personal science teaching efficacy beliefs and number of years as a classroom teacher, and teacher beliefs regarding instructional strategies in science and outcome expectancy and student engagement in the science classroom. Implications for current practice include a need for improved teacher education programs for pre-service science teachers, collaboration between universities and public school districts, improved methods for teacher retention in the science classroom, and the use of hands-on and minds-on instruction in the science classroom.
Taking Math Anxiety out of Math Instruction
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shields, Darla J.
2007-01-01
To take math anxiety out of math instruction, teachers need to first know how to easily diagnose it in their students and second, how to analyze causes. Results of a recent study revealed that while students believed that their math anxiety was largely related to a lack of mathematical understanding, they often blamed their teachers for causing…
Family Math Night: Math Standards in Action
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Taylor-Cox, Jennifer
2005-01-01
Why should your school have a Family Math Night?: (1) Help students learn essential math concepts; (2) Give parents a chance to serve as models of motivation, persistence and competence; and (3) Promote math success in a supportive setting. With its step-by-step directions and suggestions for both teachers and parents, this book takes the worry…
Redesigning Grading--Districtwide
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Townsley, Matt
2014-01-01
In the first years of his career as a high school math teacher, Matt Townsley was bothered by the fact that his grades penalized students for not learning content quickly. A student could master every standard, but low quiz grades and homework assignments they didn't complete because they didn't understand would lower their final grade,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Albrecht, Cathlene
2006-01-01
"When am I ever going to use this?" This question is heard or thought in every middle-level math class across the land. Teachers struggle to apply math lessons to everyday life and make math meaningful and useful for their students. This author, too, struggled with this problem, until she read the book "Math Curse" by Jon Scieszka (Viking Books,…
Math Sense: Comprehensive Review.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hoyt, Cathy Fillmore
This book features a comprehensive review of the Math Sense series and is designed to help students gain the range of math skills they need to succeed in life, work, and on standardized tests; overcome math anxiety; discover math as interesting and purposeful; and develop good number sense. Topics covered in this book include whole numbers;…
Chiel, Hillel J; McManus, Jeffrey M; Shaw, Kendrick M
2010-01-01
We describe the development of a course to teach modeling and mathematical analysis skills to students of biology and to teach biology to students with strong backgrounds in mathematics, physics, or engineering. The two groups of students have different ways of learning material and often have strong negative feelings toward the area of knowledge that they find difficult. To give students a sense of mastery in each area, several complementary approaches are used in the course: 1) a "live" textbook that allows students to explore models and mathematical processes interactively; 2) benchmark problems providing key skills on which students make continuous progress; 3) assignment of students to teams of two throughout the semester; 4) regular one-on-one interactions with instructors throughout the semester; and 5) a term project in which students reconstruct, analyze, extend, and then write in detail about a recently published biological model. Based on student evaluations and comments, an attitude survey, and the quality of the students' term papers, the course has significantly increased the ability and willingness of biology students to use mathematical concepts and modeling tools to understand biological systems, and it has significantly enhanced engineering students' appreciation of biology.
McManus, Jeffrey M.; Shaw, Kendrick M.
2010-01-01
We describe the development of a course to teach modeling and mathematical analysis skills to students of biology and to teach biology to students with strong backgrounds in mathematics, physics, or engineering. The two groups of students have different ways of learning material and often have strong negative feelings toward the area of knowledge that they find difficult. To give students a sense of mastery in each area, several complementary approaches are used in the course: 1) a “live” textbook that allows students to explore models and mathematical processes interactively; 2) benchmark problems providing key skills on which students make continuous progress; 3) assignment of students to teams of two throughout the semester; 4) regular one-on-one interactions with instructors throughout the semester; and 5) a term project in which students reconstruct, analyze, extend, and then write in detail about a recently published biological model. Based on student evaluations and comments, an attitude survey, and the quality of the students' term papers, the course has significantly increased the ability and willingness of biology students to use mathematical concepts and modeling tools to understand biological systems, and it has significantly enhanced engineering students' appreciation of biology. PMID:20810957
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jang, Syh-Jong
2006-05-01
Due to the implementation of a 9-year integrated curriculum scheme in Taiwan, research on team teaching and web-based technology appears to be urgent. The purpose of this study was incorporated web-assisted learning with team teaching in seventh-grade science classes. The specific research question concerned student performance and attitudes about the teaching method. Two certified science teachers and four classes of the seventh graders participated in this study. It used a mixed methods design, incorporating both quantitative and qualitative techniques. The main data included students’ scores, questionnaires, teachers’ self-reflections, and the researcher’s interviews with teachers. The results showed that the average final examination scores of students experiencing the experimental teaching method were higher than that of those receiving traditional teaching. The two teaching methods showed significant difference in respect of students’ achievement. The research had limitations because of students’ abilities of data collection, computer use, and discussion, but more than one-half of the students preferred the experimental method to traditional teaching. However, team teachers would encounter the problems of technology ability, time constraints, and entrance examination pressure.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dias, Michael; Eick, Charles J.; Brantley-Dias, Laurie
2011-02-01
A science teacher educator returned to teaching adolescents after more than 10 years in the professoriate. We studied his beliefs, practice and daily use of inquiry pedagogy while implementing a reform-based curriculum. Reflection on practice was evidenced by a weekly journal, classroom observations and debriefings, and extensive interviews. Newly developed practical knowledge from this experience shifted the science teacher educator's beliefs away from the Piagetian structuralism espoused in prescribed curricula towards a more culturally responsive, student-driven approach to teaching science to middle grades students. The merits and limitations of curricula attempting to follow traditional scientific practices are discussed.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
HAWLEY, JANE STOUDER; JENKINSON, EDWARD B.
THE INDIANA UNIVERSITY ENGLISH CURRICULUM STUDY CENTER CREATED A SEQUENTIAL COURSE OF STUDY IN LITERATURE FOR GRADES SEVEN THROUGH NINE. A BASIC POETRY SEQUENCE, FOCUSING ON STUDENT RESPONSE TO POETRY, EMPHASIZES SOUND AND STORY IN GRADE SEVEN, IMAGE OR PICTURE IN GRADE EIGHT, AND METAPHOR AND TONE IN GRADE NINE. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DRAMA…
Wang, Ming-Te
2012-11-01
Drawing on the expectancy-value model, stage-environment fit theory, and self-determination theory, this study examined the longitudinal associations between classroom characteristics, expectancies-values, high school course enrollment, and career aspirations in the domain of math. Data were collected on 3,048 youth who reported on their classroom experiences in 7th grade, expectancies-values in 6th, 7th, and 10th grades, and career aspirations in 12th grade. Student grades for math courses were collected from school records at 6th, 7th, and 10th grades, and their math course enrollment was collected from 9th through 12th grades. Results indicated that students' math classroom experiences predicted their expectancies and values, which, in turn, predicted the number of high school math courses taken and career aspirations in math. Gender and math ability differences are also discussed. PMID:22390667
Wang, Ming-Te
2012-11-01
Drawing on the expectancy-value model, stage-environment fit theory, and self-determination theory, this study examined the longitudinal associations between classroom characteristics, expectancies-values, high school course enrollment, and career aspirations in the domain of math. Data were collected on 3,048 youth who reported on their classroom experiences in 7th grade, expectancies-values in 6th, 7th, and 10th grades, and career aspirations in 12th grade. Student grades for math courses were collected from school records at 6th, 7th, and 10th grades, and their math course enrollment was collected from 9th through 12th grades. Results indicated that students' math classroom experiences predicted their expectancies and values, which, in turn, predicted the number of high school math courses taken and career aspirations in math. Gender and math ability differences are also discussed.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clark, Lisa A.
2011-01-01
The purposes of this study were to identify the attitudes and beliefs content teachers have concerning teaching reading in the content area to below level readers and to identify specific instructional strategies that are used to teach students who are below grade level the content area material. Twelve participants were selected, using maximum…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Goldman, Juliette D. G.
2011-01-01
Many primary school teachers avoid teaching sexuality education. In light of the earlier maturing of both boys and girls, and the educationally and personally significant effects of their experience of puberty, this is unfair to children. In response to this avoidance, however, some schools employ external providers of sexuality education, who…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Haas, Lory E.
2011-01-01
Three main purposes provided the foundation for this study. The first purpose was to investigate academic achievement through analyses of data obtained through formal and informal assessments among kindergarten through eighth grade students who participated in a Head Start program, center-based care program, or home-based care prior to school…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Witty, Emily Amie
2012-01-01
Gender differences in mathematics have been of particular interest over the past decades. Research has shown a disparity in mathematical proficiency between boys and girls depending on the area of mathematics tested, the age and grade of the student, and the structure of the test question (i.e., how the question is posed). Although, much of the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duffy, Colleen
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a computer-based intervention and a procedural facilitator on the performance of fourth and fifth grade students with deficits in mathematics. Specifically, the study compared the effectiveness of two conditions: (1) a control condition consisting of traditional classroom instruction…
enVisionMATH. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
"enVisionMATH," published by Pearson Education, Inc., is a core curriculum for students in kindergarten through grade 6. The program seeks to help students develop an understanding of math concepts through problem-based instruction, small-group interaction, and visual learning with a focus on reasoning and modeling. Differentiated instruction and…
Accelerated Math[TM]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2010
2010-01-01
"Accelerated Math"[TM], published by Renaissance Learning, is a software tool used to customize assignments and monitor progress in mathematics for students in grades 1-12. "Accelerated Math"[TM] creates individualized assignments that align with state standards and national guidelines, scores student work, and generates formative feedback through…
Opening the World of Mathematics: The Daily Math Discussion
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Donoahue, Zoe
2016-01-01
During the author's everyday math discussions with her class, young children talk about mathematical ideas, theories, and concepts within a predictable structure. These discussions include many concepts from--and beyond--the first-grade math curriculum, and their depth and complexity build throughout the school year. Concepts and skills include…
The Effect of Cooperative Groups on Math Anxiety
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Batton, Melissa
2010-01-01
Research indicates that many students have difficulty with mathematics, which can be attributed to many factors including math anxiety. Students who experience math anxiety have poor attitudes towards mathematics and perform below grade level based on class and statewide assessments. The purpose of this quasi-experimental quantitative study was to…
Number Wonders: 171 Activities to Meet Math Standards & Inspire Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kuhns, Catherine Jones
2006-01-01
In this book, author Catherine Jones Kuhns introduces student- and teacher-friendly math activities designed to get students thinking like mathematicians and loving mathematics, while addressing content standards through grade 2. She also shows how to make math fun for students, get children actively engaged in learning, create a student-centered…
Basic Math Skills and Performance in an Introductory Statistics Course
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnson, Marianne; Kuennen, Eric
2006-01-01
We identify the student characteristics most associated with success in an introductory business statistics class, placing special focus on the relationship between student math skills and course performance, as measured by student grade in the course. To determine which math skills are important for student success, we examine (1) whether the…
Saxon Elementary School Math. Revised. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2007
2007-01-01
"Saxon Elementary School Math," published by Harcourt Achieve, is a core curriculum for students in kindergarten through grade 5. A distinguishing feature of "Saxon Elementary School Math" is its use of a distributed approach, as opposed to a chapter-based approach, for instruction and assessment. The program is built on the premise that students…
Teaching Again: A Professor's Tale of Returning to a Ninth Grade Classroom
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Poetter, Thomas S.
2012-01-01
Teaching Again exposes the very human core of the teaching experience. This book is not just about teaching English/language arts; it is about the heart and soul of the vocation that is teaching. It is also not just about Tom Poetter, the English teacher; it is about every individual who has ever tried to educate, whether that act has taken place…
Royer; Tronsky; Chan; Jackson; Marchant
1999-07-01
Males from select populations receive better scores on standardized math achievement tests than females. The research reported in this article evaluates the hypothesis that the reason for these differences is that males are faster at retrieving basic math facts. Studies 1-3 demonstrate that math-fact retrieval predicts performance on math achievement tests with students in grades 5-8 and in college. Studies 4-6 show that males and females in grades 2-8 and in college have different patterns of math-fact retrieval performance and that males at the high positive end of the retrieval distribution are faster than comparable females. Study 5 also demonstrates that math-fact retrieval varies in three populations (Anglo-American, Chinese-American, Hong Kong Chinese) and that speed of retrieval improves with practice. Studies 7-9 tested the hypothesis that males are faster than females on retrieval tasks in general. Study 7 showed that there were no gender differences on simple retrieval tasks, and Studies 8 and 9 showed that females were slightly faster than males on verbal-processing tasks. The General Discussion indicates that the math-fact retrieval hypothesis is consistent with previous research. It also relates the math-fact retrieval hypothesis to theories of cognitive performance and introduces the practice and engagement hypothesis. This hypothesis explains the origin of gender differences in math and reading and relates those differences to the existing literature on gender differences in academic performance. The article concludes with a description of needed future research and a discussion of the educational implications of the math-fact retrieval hypothesis. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Irvin, P. Shawn; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Irvin, P. Shawn; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rowan-Kenyon, Heather T.; Swan, Amy K.; Creager, Marie F.
2012-01-01
The authors examined the central hypothesis that students' early perceptions of support and sense of engagement in math classes and math activities strongly influence the broadening or narrowing of their math interest. The focus was on the first wave of qualitative data collected from 5th-, 7th-, and 9th-grade students during the 2007-2008…
The Use and Effectiveness of a Targeted Math Intervention for Third Graders
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pool, Juli L.; Carter, Gabriel M.; Johnson, Evelyn S.; Carter, Deborah R.
2013-01-01
Students who fail to develop proficiency in math skills in the primary grades are more likely to experience difficulties in the math curriculum later on. These students may be in need of a more targeted intervention, or Tier 2 supports, in mathematic instruction. Although the instructional principles of an effective math intervention are becoming…
A Call for Collaborative Research To Investigate the "Indian Math" Problem.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hankes, Judith Elaine
Two studies appear to reach unsatisfactory conclusions regarding causes of low math achievement among American Indians. Leap (1988) studied math problem-solving strategies among low-math-achieving fourth- and fifth-grade Ute reservation students. He concluded that faulty or cumbersome problem-solving strategies were directly linked to Ute language…
Assessing the Effect of Language Demand in Bundles of Math Word Problems
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Banks, Kathleen; Jeddeeni, Ahmad; Walker, Cindy M.
2016-01-01
Differential bundle functioning (DBF) analyses were conducted to determine whether seventh and eighth grade second language learners (SLLs) had lower probabilities of answering bundles of math word problems correctly that had heavy language demands, when compared to non-SLLs of equal math proficiency. Math word problems on each of four test forms…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hamadneh, Iyad M.; Al-Masaeed, Aslan
2015-01-01
This study aimed at finding out mathematics teachers' attitudes towards photo math application in solving mathematical problems using mobile camera; it also aim to identify significant differences in their attitudes according to their stage of teaching, educational qualifications, and teaching experience. The study used judgmental/purposive…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kllogjeri, Pellumb
In present age we are witnesses and practioners of computer-based education which is highly speed progressing. The computer-based education allows educators and students to use educational programming language and e-tutors to teach and learn, to interact with one another and share together the results of their work. The computer-based education is done possible by special electronic tools among which the most important are the mathematical programmes. There are many mathematical programmes, but one which is being embraced and used by a daily increasing number of users throughout the world is GeoGebra. The recently published software GeoGebra by Markus Hohenwater (2004) explicitly links geometry and algebra. GeoGebra affords a bidirectional combination of geometry and algebra that differs from earlier software forms. The bidirectional combination means that, for instance, by typing in an equation in the algebra window, the graph of the equation will be shown in the dynamic and graphic window. This programme is so much preferred because of its three main features: the double representation of the mathematical object(geometric and algebraic), there are not strong requirements as to the age and the knowledge in using it(the students of the elementary school can use it as well) and, it is offered free of charge(simply by downloading it). In this paper we are concentrating in the double representation of the mathematical object and its advantages in explaining and forming mathematical concepts and performing operations, in the global opportunities for using GeoGebra and the benefits of using it by cooperating and sharing experiences.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gerton, Jordan
Evidence-based best practices for improving undergraduate STEM education abound. Unfortunately, these practices have not been widely adopted, in part because typical dissemination efforts are mediated in a top-down fashion and fail to obtain critical buy-in from key local stakeholders. Here, we present a novel framework to increase nationwide uptake of STEM-education best practices through grassroots propagation of Professional Development programs for Graduate Teaching Assistants (GTA-PD). Our model pays special attention to overcoming resistance to change by soliciting, from the very start, critical buy-in from departmental chairs, faculty, and GTAs who have direct control over and responsibility for instruction. A key component of our approach involves an annual National GTA Workshop where faculty-GTA leadership teams from many different Physics and Chemistry departments come together to develop best-practices-based GTA-PD improvement plans for their own departments while guided by a core group of nationally recognized expert practitioners in GTA-PD and STEM education. As a pre-condition for participation, each department chair must pledge to facilitate implementation of their leadership team's plan; additional and ongoing support is provided by the core group of experts, together with other teams from the workshop cohort. Our initial pilot efforts point to success via enthusiastic buy-in within each STEM department due to the potential for immediate positive impacts on both undergraduate instruction and the long term research productivity of GTAs. In the future, longitudinal data on the progress of the GTA-PD programs will be gathered and analyzed to provide guidance for improving the success of future GTA-PD programs. Financial support provided by the Research Corporation for Science Advancement and the American Chemical Society.
An Integration of Math with Auto Technician Courses
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Valenzuela, Hector
2012-01-01
This article describes the development of the contextualized math, the course design, student teaching and daily interaction with the students, and the implementation aspects of the research project designed to develop contextualized mathematics and integrate it into the Auto Technician courses. The applied math curriculum was integrated into…
Using Food to Boost Math and Science Skills
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duffrin, Melanie W.; Cuson, Diane; Phillips, Sharon K.
2005-01-01
There is a clear need for improved math and science education, according to the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, and National Science Board. The Food, Math and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative was developed in response to this need. The FoodMASTER Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed…
Math Sense: The Look, Sound, and Feel of Effective Instruction
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moynihan, Christine
2012-01-01
How is that you can walk into a classroom and gain an overall sense of the quality of math instruction taking place there? What contributes to getting that sense? In "Math Sense," Chris Moynihan explores some of the components that comprise the look, sound, and feel of effective teaching and learning. Does the landscape of the classroom feature…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Orabuchi, Nkechi
2013-01-01
This study reported the results of a 3-month quasi-experimental study that determined the effectiveness of an online visual and interactive technological tool on sixth grade students' mathematics performance, math anxiety and attitudes towards math. There were 155 sixth grade students from a middle school in the North Texas area who participated…
A Teaching Guide and Experience Units K-12. Social Studies. Grade Six.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Arapahoe County School District 6, Littleton, CO.
The unit experiences for the K-12 curriculum, including these for grade 6, are outlined in SO 001 139. These units include the study of the culture, history, geography, and economics of regions of Latin American and Canada. Again, the emphasis for both grade 5 and grade 6 is twofold: 1) to know his American heritage, as well as to become aware of…
The Teaching of Test Taking Skills, Fifth Grade Level. Revised Edition.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.
The information and activities in this guide are offered to teachers who want to familiarize their fifth grade students with test taking techniques. The introductory sections of the guide discuss the types of tests administered to fifth grade students, test wisdom in general, characteristics of fifth grade students, the teacher's role in testing…
Teaching with the End in Mind: The Role of Standards-Based Grading
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shippy, Nicole; Washer, Barton A.; Perrin, Billie
2013-01-01
Grading according to standards, competencies, or concepts is nothing new.With the current grading system gaining more scrutiny, parts of the basic framework of how we grade students are being questioned. Stephens (2010) and Marzano and Heflebower (2011) reinforced the notion that homework, behavior, attendance, notebooks, and group work should not…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Colasanti, Angela M.; Follo, Eric
This paper investigates the thematic study approach in theory and practice as it applies to the elementary grades, specifically to third grade. Part 1 defines the theme study approach and explains the theories and assumptions that support it as a viable approach to teaching and learning. Part 2 examines research supporting the thematic approach.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Davison, Donald G.; And Others
The report is an evaluation of the economic content and teaching strategies of social studies textbooks that are used in grades one through six. The study, supported by the Sears-Roebuck Foundation, was part of a kindergarten through grade twelve assessment of the treatment of economics in social studies textual materials made under the direction…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Neill, James B.
The report is an evaluation of the economic content and teaching strategies in United States and world history textbooks that are used in grades 11 and 12. The study, conducted by the Center for Economic Education, University of Delaware, was part of a kindergarten through grade twelve assessment of the treatment of economics in social studies…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wong, Ray E.
This study was conducted to ascertain whether future teachers, particularly students of color. can be identified at the 7th and 8th grade levels, and to determine whether their interest or noninterest in teaching is related to how they feel and think about school. Participants were 7th and 8th grade students (N=646) from eight California schools.…
Promotive and Corrosive Factors in African American Students' Math Beliefs and Achievement.
Diemer, Matthew A; Marchand, Aixa D; McKellar, Sarah E; Malanchuk, Oksana
2016-06-01
Framed by expectancy-value theory (which posits that beliefs about and the subjective valuation of a domain predict achievement and decision-making in that domain), this study examined the relationships among teacher differential treatment and relevant math instruction on African American students' self-concept of math ability, math task value, and math achievement. These questions were examined by applying structural equation modeling to 618 African American youth (45.6 % female) followed from 7th to 11th grade in the Maryland Adolescent Development in Context Study. While controlling for gender and prior math achievement, relevant math instruction promoted and teacher differential treatment corroded students' math beliefs and achievement over time. Further, teacher discrimination undermined students' perceptions of their teachers, a mediating process under-examined in previous inquiry. These findings suggest policy and practice levers to narrow opportunity gaps, as well as foster math achievement and science, technology, engineering and math success.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yapici, Hakki
2016-01-01
The aim of this study is to apply the jigsaw technique in Social Sciences teaching and to unroll the effects of this technique on learning. The unit "Science within Time" in the secondary 7th grade Social Sciences text book was chosen for the research. It is aimed to compare the jigsaw technique with the traditional teaching method in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
West, Andrew
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to explore and identify the experiences that informed the development of three veteran (15+ years of teaching experience) 9th grade physics teachers' specialized knowledge, or PCK, for using representations to teach the topics of energy transformation and transfer. Through the lens of phenomenography, the study…