Teaching Strategies for Effective Fifth Grade Math Intervention
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zank, Alicia A.
2015-01-01
The purpose of the study is to determine what effects explicit and systematic math intervention instruction will have on student's performance on math assessments. The study will focus on a small group of fifth grade students that have been identified as needing targeted intervention (tier 2) and intensive interventions (tier 1) through the…
Teaching the Common Core Math Standards with Hands-On Activities, Grades 6-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Muschla, Judith A.; Muschla, Gary Robert; Muschla, Erin
2012-01-01
The new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics have been formulated to provide students with instruction that will help them acquire a thorough knowledge of math at their grade level, which will in turn enable them to move on to higher mathematics with competence and confidence. "Hands-on Activities for Teaching the Common Core Math…
How to Assess while You Teach Math: Formative Assessment Practices and Lessons, Grades K-2
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Islas, Dana
2011-01-01
"How to Assess While You Teach Math" is the ideal resource for further understanding the process of formative assessment in addition to improving your teaching of mathematics. All lessons are correlated to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and Standards for Mathematical Practice. In this multimedia resource, award-winning teacher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Roettinger, Theresa Marie
2014-01-01
Kindergarten, first and second grade teachers play an important role in the development of a student's understanding of mathematics. Consequently, in order to improve student achievement in mathematics, it is important to investigate the relationships that may exist among primary teachers' math profile, math teaching efficacy, and math pedagogy…
Five Keys for Teaching Mental Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Olsen, James R.
2015-01-01
After studying the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) and brain-based learning research, James Olsen believes mental math instruction in secondary school mathematics (grades 7-12) and in teacher education programs needs increased attention. The purpose of this article is to share some keys for teaching mental math. Olsen also…
Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…
Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 6-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Melanese, Kathy; Chung, Luz; Forbes, Cheryl
2011-01-01
This new addition to Math Solutions "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class series" offers a wealth of lessons and strategies for modifying grades 6-8 instruction. Section I presents an overview of teaching math to English learners: the research, the challenges, the linguistic demands of a math lesson, and specific strategies and…
¡Enséname! Teaching Each Other to Reason through Math in the Second Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schmitz, Lindsey
2016-01-01
This action research sought to evaluate the effect of peer teaching structures across subgroups of students differentiated by language and mathematical skill ability. These structures were implemented in an effort to maintain mathematical rigor while building my students' academic language capacity. More specifically, the study investigated peer…
Tips for Teaching Math to Elementary Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scarpello, Gary
2010-01-01
Since most elementary school teachers do not hold a degree in mathematics, teaching math may be a daunting task for some. Following are a few techniques to help make teaching and learning math easier and less stressful. First, know that math is a difficult subject to teach--even for math teachers. The subject matter itself is challenging. Second,…
Math Process Standards Series, Grades 3-5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Connell, Susan, Ed.
2008-01-01
NCTM's Process Standards support teaching that helps upper elementary level children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every intermediate-grades teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require prior math…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McIntosh, Ronald D.
2008-01-01
Professional learning communities (PLCs) are designed to increase and improve the time teachers spend working with one another planning curriculum for mathematics, reading, writing, history, English, and other disciplines offered by their school. These meetings help to improve test scores in math and English. Teachers have coupled their subject…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.
2008-01-01
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…
The Power of Probability: Poster/Teaching Guide for Grades 6-8. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Actuarial Foundation, 2013
2013-01-01
"The Power of Probability" is a new math program aligned with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) and Common Core State Standards, which gives students opportunities to practice their skills and knowledge of the mathematics of probability. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, the program's lessons and worksheets motivate…
Math Wars 2: It's the Teaching, Stupid!
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marshall, John
2006-01-01
In math classes, teachers often focus instruction on the formulas and processes needed to solve different types of problems, but neglect to teach the concepts on which these tools are based. In this article, the author argues that before they can do this, teachers themselves need to understand "understanding math." Teaching mathematics with…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Salah, Raed Omar
2016-01-01
The study aims to identify the effect of using computerized based education on Eighth grade achievement in Math. In addition the study aims to identify the effect of gender on students' achievement who received computerized education. The study was based on the selection of students from two schools in Ma'an City one for females and the other for…
Teaching Decimal Math with Calculators.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kenner, Martin
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the use of hand-held calculators on the teaching of decimal arithmetic in seventh and eighth grade pre-science units. In particular, the effects of calculators on pencil and paper computational skills and on conceptual understanding were studied. The study consisted of a pre-unit…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Liu, Yuliang
2013-01-01
This quasi-experimental study was to design, develop, and implement one multimedia math lesson in third grade to improve students' math learning. The non-equivalent control group design was used. The experimental group had 11 third grade students and the control group had 15 third grade students in an African American predominated elementary…
Math and the Real World: Fun and Games. Teaching Math.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
May, Lola
1993-01-01
Describes three simple games that do not involve numbers and that can be used to teach children problem-solving strategies and math skills. The games are Tick-Tack-Toe; Jest, a game that uses a blocking strategy; and Nim, a game that uses a capturing strategy. All three games force students to plan ahead and calculate possible outcomes using…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Caldwell, Janet E.
The expectations for no child to be left behind are leading to increased emphasis on teaching math, science, and social science effectively to students with disabilities. This study utilized information collected from online surveys to examine how current LBS I teachers and individuals graduating from the Illinois State University teacher certification program in LBS I perceive their preparedness to teach these subjects. Participants provided information about coursework and life experiences, and they made suggestions about teacher preparation and professional development programs. Six key items forming the composite variable focused on level of preparation in (a) best practices, (b) selecting materials, (c) selecting objectives, (d) adapting instructional strategies, (e) planning lessons, and (f) and evaluating outcomes. Only 30 LBS I teachers of the 282 contacted by e-mail completed surveys. Of 115 graduates contacted, 71 participated in the original survey and 23 participated in a follow-up survey. Data were analyzed to learn more about the teachers' self-perceptions regarding preparedness to teach math, science, or social science. There was a correlation between perceived level of knowledge and the composite preparation variable for all subjects, but no correlation with length of teaching. Both groups indicated high school content courses were important in preparation to teach. Teachers also indicated collaboration and graduates indicated grade school learning. The most frequent recommendation for both teacher preparation and professional development was additional methods courses. A survey distributed to math, science, and social science teachers of Grades 7--12 asked about their perceptions of the preparedness of LBS I teachers to teach their area of content. Few surveys were completed for each subject so they were examined qualitatively. There was variability among participants, but generally the content area teachers rated themselves as more prepared than
Classroom Discussions: Seeing Math Discourse in Action, Grades K-6
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Anderson, Nancy; Chapin, Suzanne; O'Connor, Cathy
2011-01-01
"Classroom Discussions: Seeing Math Discourse in Action, Grades K-6" provides preservice and inservice instructors, coaches and facilitators with real, classroom-based video examples that illustrate the principles and practices covered in the authors' best-selling book, "Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, Grade K-6,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schackow, Joy Bronston; O'Connell, Susan
2008-01-01
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…
Math and Economics: Implementing Authentic Instruction in Grades K-5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Althauser, Krista; Harter, Cynthia
2016-01-01
The purpose of this study is to outline a partnership program that involved a local elementary school district, an institution of higher education, the local business community, and a state economic education advocacy group to integrate economics into math in grades K-5. The "Economics: Math in Real Life" program was provided in…
Doubts Cast on Math, Science Teaching Lures
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cavanagh, Sean
2007-01-01
Few strategies for luring more students and working adults into math and science teaching have proved as popular among elected officials as financial incentives, which try to make one of the least appealing aspects of the job--low pay--a little less daunting. Lawmakers on Capitol Hill are considering a number of bills that would expand existing…
Teaching Middle Grades Science.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.
Background information and exemplary units for teaching science in Georgia's middle school grades are provided. Discussed in the first section are: (1) the rationale for including science in middle school grades, focusing on science/society/technology, science/social issues, scientific reasoning, and scientific literacy; (2) role of science…
The Relationship of Grade Span in 9th Grade to Math Achievement in High School
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
West, John; Miller, Mary Lou; Myers, Jim; Norton, Timothy
2015-01-01
Purpose, Scope, and Method of Study: The purpose of this study was to determine if a correlation exists between grade span for ninth grade and gains in math achievement test scores in 10th grade and 12th grade. A quantitative, longitudinal, correlational research design was employed to investigate the research questions. The population was high…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fede, Jessica L.
2010-01-01
This research investigation examined the effects of "GO Solve Word Problems" math intervention on problem-solving skills of struggling 5th grade students. In a randomized controlled study, 16 5th grade students were given a 12-week intervention of "GO Solve", a computer-based program designed to teach schema-based instruction…
Performing Big Math Ideas across the Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gadanidis, George; Hughes, Janette M.
2011-01-01
A storied math context helps students engage both emotionally and cognitively with mathematics and helps show that mathematics develops out of human experience. Children's literature also models mathematical storytelling for students, and creates opportunities for them to retell and extend stories. This article describes mathematics investigations…
More than Numbers: Teaching ELLs Mathematical Language in Primary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sistla, Michelle; Feng, Jay
2014-01-01
Teaching English Language Learners (ELL) academics while they are acquiring English language skills is a challenge for teachers. This action research examines the use of Response To Intervention (RTI) in teaching ELLs mathematical language and its effect on students' math achievement in primary grades. It shows that when mathematical language…
Math Manipulatives to Increase 4th Grade Student Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Couture, Katie
2012-01-01
This research project was completed with twenty-nine fourth grade students from Shawnee Elementary, a school in the Chippewa Valley School District. It began in April 2012 and the data collection was completed by June 2012. The purpose of this project was to see if utilizing math manipulatives in an elementary classroom will increase student…
Seasoning Math and Science: Fall & Winter. Second Grade Book A.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wiebe, Arthur, Ed.; And Others
The activities in this booklet were designed to provide second grade children with opportunities to explore areas of natural interest to them while gaining knowledge and practice in math skills and with science processes. Seasonal activities which are appropriate for the first half of the school year are offered on the topics of: holidays, seeds…
Differentiating Instruction with Menus Grades 3-5: Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Westphal, Laurie E.
2007-01-01
"Differentiating Instruction With Menus Grades 3-5" offers teachers everything they need to create a student-centered learning environment based on choice. Addressing the four main subject areas (language arts, math, science, and social studies) and the major concepts taught within these areas, these books provide a number of different types of…
The Ethnic Context and Attitudes toward 9th Grade Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Graham, Sandra; Morales-Chicas, Jessica
2015-01-01
The present study examined the relations between ethnic context and attitudes about 9th grade math in youth from different ethnic groups who had recently transitioned to high school. The large sample comprised African American, Latino, White, and Asian youth (n = 2,265, 55% girls, M[subscript age] = 14.6 yrs.) A new questionnaire was developed…
From Reading to Math: How Best Practices in Literacy Can Make You a Better Math Teacher, Grades K-5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Siena, Maggie
2009-01-01
Are your students engaged and motivated to read and write but hesitant during math instruction? Do you want your students to be as excited about math as they are about literacy? This unique resource explores how best practices for teaching reading and writing can help you become a better math teacher. Drawing on the work of such educators as…
The relation between 1st grade grey matter volume and 2nd grade math competence.
Price, Gavin R; Wilkey, Eric D; Yeo, Darren J; Cutting, Laurie E
2016-01-01
Mathematical and numerical competence is a critical foundation for individual success in modern society yet the neurobiological sources of individual differences in math competence are poorly understood. Neuroimaging research over the last decade suggests that neural mechanisms in the parietal lobe, particularly the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) are structurally aberrant in individuals with mathematical learning disabilities. However, whether those same brain regions underlie individual differences in math performance across the full range of math abilities is unknown. Furthermore, previous studies have been exclusively cross-sectional, making it unclear whether variations in the structure of the IPS are caused by or consequences of the development of math skills. The present study investigates the relation between grey matter volume across the whole brain and math competence longitudinally in a representative sample of 50 elementary school children. Results show that grey matter volume in the left IPS at the end of 1st grade relates to math competence a year later at the end of 2nd grade. Grey matter volume in this region did not change over that year, and was still correlated with math competence at the end of 2nd grade. These findings support the hypothesis that the IPS and its associated functions represent a critical foundation for the acquisition of mathematical competence.
Cargnelutti, Elisa; Tomasetto, Carlo; Passolunghi, Maria Chiara
2017-06-01
Both general and math-specific anxiety are related to proficiency in mathematics. However, it is not clear when math anxiety arises in young children, nor how it relates to early math performance. This study therefore investigated the early association between math anxiety and math performance in Grades 2 and 3, by accounting for general anxiety and by further inspecting the prevalent directionality of the anxiety-performance link. Results revealed that this link was significant in Grade 3, with a prevalent direction from math anxiety to performance, rather than the reverse. Longitudinal analyses also showed an indirect effect of math anxiety in Grade 2 on subsequent math performance in Grade 3. Overall, these findings highlight the importance of monitoring anxiety from the early stages of schooling in order to promote proficient academic performance.
Project TIMS (Teaching Integrated Math/Science)
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Edwards, Leo, Jr.
1993-01-01
The goal of this project is to increase the scientific knowledge and appreciation bases and skills of pre-service and in-service middle school teachers, so as to impact positively on teaching, learning, and student retention. This report lists the objectives and summarizes the progress thus far. Included is the working draft of the TIMS (Teaching Integrated Math/Science) curriculum outline. Seven of the eight instructional subject-oriented modules are also included. The modules include informative materials and corresponding questions and educational activities in a textbook format. The subjects included here are the universe and stars; the sun and its place in the universe; our solar system; astronomical instruments and scientific measurements; the moon and eclipses; the earth's atmosphere: its nature and composition; and the earth: directions, time, and seasons. The module not included regards winds and circulation.
Connecting Math Website Evaluation to an Authentic Learning Activity for Teaching Candidates
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ziegenfus, Robert G.; Smith, Michael
2015-01-01
This article will discuss two teacher training functions: One function is to give the teacher candidates practice in evaluating currently available mathematics websites used in grades K-8 for mathematics instruction. The second function is the evaluation of data by teaching candidates of 13 commonly used math sites by middle and elementary…
Teaching Basic Math Skills to Preschoolers Using "Connecting Math Concepts Level K"
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McKenzie, Michelle A.; Marchand-Martella, Nancy E.; Moore, Marion E.; Martella, Ronald C.
2004-01-01
This study investigated the effects of teaching basic math skills to 16 children (11 typically developing, 5 with developmental delays) in an integrated university preschool. "Connecting Math Concepts Level K (CMC--K"; Engelmann & Becker, 1995) was delivered by the classroom teacher to small groups of 4 to 6 children over 6.5 weeks.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Caldwell, Janet E.
2011-01-01
The expectations for no child to be left behind are leading to increased emphasis on teaching math, science, and social science effectively to students with disabilities. This study utilized information collected from online surveys to examine how current LBS I teachers and individuals graduating from the Illinois State University teacher…
Pet Care Teaching Unit: 1st-3rd Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Peninsula Humane Society, San Mateo, CA.
Activities in this unit are designed to familiarize primary grade students with the responsibilities involved in pet ownership. Teaching plans are provided for a total of 12 lessons involving social studies, language arts, math, and health sciences. Activities adaptable for readers and non-readers focus on pet overpopulation, care of pets when…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rimbey, Kimberly
2008-01-01
Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to the students. This booklet contains the "Math Academy--Play Ball! Explorations in Data Analysis & Statistics," which teachers can use to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rimbey, Kimberly
2007-01-01
Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to the students. This booklet contains the "Math Academy--Dining Out! Explorations in Fractions, Decimals, and Percents," which teachers can use…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Teague, P. Terrett; Austin-Martin, George G.
This study focused on anxiety, both math and situational, and its relationship to teaching performance. Preservice elementary teachers were given a methods course on teaching mathematics and, after five weeks, were assigned a group of children to instruct twice a week. A positive correlation was found between performance in teaching math and…
The Impact of Success Maker Software on Grade 4 Math Proficiency on State Tests
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Geer, Brandon Terrell
2014-01-01
Success Maker is an educational software that differentiates and personalizes K-8 reading and math. Limited research has been conducted on the impact of Success Maker on Grade 4 math state tests. At the research site, located in southeastern United States, 33.7% of fourth grade students did not pass the Palmetto Assessment of State Standards…
iPad Use in Seventh Grade Math: Parent and Student Perceptions
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Corbett, Robin
2015-01-01
The purpose of this qualitative research study was to compare student and parental perceptions of mobile technology use, specifically iPads, in seventh grade math classrooms and at home. How students and parents perceive the use of iPads within the seventh grade math classroom and how students and parents perceive the influence of iPad use at home…
An Analysis of Math Congress in an Eighth Grade Classroom
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kotsopoulos, Donna; Lee, Joanne
2012-01-01
A "math congress" is a pedagogical approach in which students present their solutions from their mathematical work completed individually, in pairs, or in small groups, and share and defend their mathematical thinking. Mathematical artifacts presented during math congress remain on display as community records of practice. Math congress…
"Lettuce" Learn Math: Teaching Mathematics with Seeds and Centimeters
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rickard, Laura N.; Wilson, Colette
2006-01-01
"Lettuce Learn Math" is an interdisciplinary program that has effectively linked a small-scale agricultural production system to a sixth-grade mathematics and science curriculum. The mathematical concepts and skills, including measurement and geometry, taught in this project met and often exceeded the standards set by New York state for…
A Math Intervention for Third Grade Latino English Language Learners at Risk for Math Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Orosco, Michael J.
2014-01-01
Word problems for English language learners (ELLs) at risk for math disabilities are challenging in terms of the constant need to develop precise math language and comprehension knowledge. As a result of this, ELLs may not only need math support but also reading and linguistic support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a…
Toast, Anyone? Project Teaches Electricity Basics and Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Quagliana, David F.
2010-01-01
This article describes an electrical technology experiment that shows students how to determine the cost of using an electrical appliance. The experiment also provides good math practice and teaches basic electricity terms and concepts, such as volt, ampere, watt, kilowatt, and kilowatt-hour. This experiment could be expanded to calculate the cost…
UNCF, Thurgood Marshall Collaboration Encourages Teaching Careers in Math, Science
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Black Issues in Higher Education, 2005
2005-01-01
The Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund, the United Negro College Fund, and the Siemens Foundation have collaborated to establish the Siemens Teacher Scholarships, aimed at encouraging minority students to pursue teaching careers in math and science. This brief article discusses the details of the new program.
It Does Matter How We Teach Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rodrigues, Kathleen J.
2012-01-01
This paper describes application of innovative practice and procedures in relationship to recognized principles and theory of adult education used in college math instruction. Adult learning principles provide the theoretical constructs and foundation of the practice supporting a learner-centered approach to learning. The purpose was to explore…
Using Food as a Tool to Teach Science to 3rd Grade Students in Appalachian Ohio
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene
2010-01-01
The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007 to 2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these…
Examining the Influence of a Mobile Learning Intervention on Third Grade Math Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kiger, Derick; Herro, Dani; Prunty, Deb
2012-01-01
Third grade students at a Midwestern elementary school participated in a 9-week mobile learning intervention (MLI). Two classrooms used Everyday Math and daily practice using flashcards, etc., to learn multiplication. Two other classrooms used Everyday Math and web applications for the iPod touch for daily practice. MLI students outperformed…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gomez, Angela Nicole
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of "MathFacts in a Flash" software in helping students learn math standards. In each of their classes, the third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade students in a small private Roman Catholic school from the Pacific Northwest were randomly assigned either to a control group that used…
Reactivity to Stress and the Cognitive Components of Math Disability in Grade 1 Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
MacKinnon McQuarrie, Maureen A.; Siegel, Linda S.; Perry, Nancy E.; Weinberg, Joanne
2014-01-01
This study investigated the relationship among working memory, processing speed, math performance, and reactivity to stress in 83 Grade 1 children. Specifically, 39 children with math disability (MD) were compared to 44 children who are typically achieving (TA) in mathematics. It is the first study to use a physiological index of stress (salivary…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hemphill, David C.
2011-01-01
The first pretest-posttest hypothesis was tested using the dependent t test. Null hypotheses for test score improvement over time were rejected for the end of fifth-grade pretest compared to ending sixth-grade posttest math Essential Learner Outcome scores converted to standard scores for randomly selected sixth-grade girls meeting measured test…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Oguntoyinbo, Lekan
2012-01-01
Many experts give the nation's schools a poor grade for their approach to teaching mathematics and for their preparation of mathematics teachers. While many policymakers make much of data that suggest children in the United States lag behind many other advanced countries in math, many experts call for a change in mathematics education,…
Cleary, Timothy J; Chen, Peggy P
2009-10-01
The current study examined grade level, achievement group, and math-course-type differences in student self-regulation and motivation in a sample of 880 suburban middle-school students. Analysis of variance was utilized to assess group differences in student self-regulation and motivation, and linear regression analysis was used to identify variables that best predicted students' use of regulatory strategies. A key finding was that although seventh graders exhibited a more maladaptive self-regulation and motivation profile than sixth graders, achievement groups in seventh grade (high, moderate, low) were more clearly differentiated across both self-regulation and motivation than achievement groups in sixth grade. The pattern of achievement group differences also varied across math course type, as self-regulation and motivation processes more consistently differentiated achievement groups in advanced classes than regular math courses. Finally, task interest was shown to be the primary motivational predictor of students' use of regulatory strategies during math learning. The study highlights the importance of identifying shifting student motivation and self-regulation during the early middle school years and the potential role that context may have on these processes.
Cognitive Correlates of Math Skills in Third-Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mannamaa, Mairi; Kikas, Eve; Peets, Katlin; Palu, Anu
2012-01-01
Math achievement is not a unidimensional construct but includes different skills that require different cognitive abilities. The focus of this study was to examine associations between a number of cognitive abilities and three domains of math skills (knowing, applying and problem solving) simultaneously in a multivariate framework. Participants…
Examining Teacher-Assigned Math Grades as Predictors for High-Stakes Testing
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Denson, Bettina Coley
2013-01-01
This study sought to determine whether a relationship existed between teacher-assigned classroom grades and high-stakes test scores. The study examined teacher-assigned math grades in correlation to the student scores on the Florida Comprehensive Assessment test (FCAT) in a selected Florida high school. It also sought to determine the relationship…
Reactivity to Stress and the Cognitive Components of Math Disability in Grade 1 Children
MacKinnon McQuarrie, Maureen A.; Siegel, Linda S.; Perry, Nancy E.; Weinberg, Joanne
2016-01-01
This study investigated the relationship among working memory, processing speed, math performance, and reactivity to stress in 83 Grade 1 children. Specifically, 39 children with math disability (MD) were compared to 44 children who are typically achieving (TA) in mathematics. It is the first study to use a physiological index of stress (salivary cortisol levels) to measure children’s reactivity while completing tasks that assess the core components of MD: working memory for numbers, working memory for words, digits backward, letter number sequence, digit span forward, processing speed for numbers and words, block rotation, and math tasks. Grade 1 children with MD obtained significantly lower scores on the letter number sequence and quantitative concepts tasks. Higher levels of reactivity significantly predicted poorer performance on the working memory for numbers, working memory for words, and quantitative concepts tasks for Grade 1 children, regardless of math ability. Grade 1 children with MD and higher reactivity had significantly lower scores on the letter number sequence task than the children with MD and low reactivity. The findings suggest that high reactivity impairs performance in working memory and math tasks in Grade 1 children, and young children with high reactivity may benefit from interventions aimed at lowering anxiety in stressful situations, which may improve learning. PMID:23124381
Study Gives Edge to 2 Math Programs
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Viadero, Debra
2009-01-01
This article reports that two programs for teaching mathematics in the early grades--Math Expressions and Saxon Math--emerged as winners in early findings released last week from a large-scale federal experiment that pits four popular, and philosophically distinct, math curricula against one another. But the results don't promise to end the…
Effectiveness of the Touch Math Technique in Teaching Basic Addition to Children with Autism
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yikmis, Ahmet
2016-01-01
This study aims to reveal whether the touch math technique is effective in teaching basic addition to children with autism. The dependent variable of this study is the children's skills to solve addition problems correctly, whereas teaching with the touch math technique is the independent variable. Among the single-subject research models, a…
Teaching Math to Young Children. Educator's Practice Guide. What Works Clearinghouse. NCEE 2014-4005
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Frye, Douglas; Baroody, Arthur J.; Burchinal, Margaret; Carver, Sharon M.; Jordan, Nancy C.; McDowell, Judy
2013-01-01
The goal of this practice guide is to offer educators specific, evidence-based recommendations that address the challenge of teaching early math to children ages 3 to 6. The guide provides practical, clear information on critical topics related to teaching early math and is based on the best available evidence as judged by the authors. The guide…
Johns, Michael; Schmader, Toni; Martens, Andy
2005-03-01
We tested whether informing women about stereotype threat is a useful intervention to improve their performance in a threatening testing situation. Men and women completed difficult math problems described either as a problem-solving task or as a math test. In a third (teaching-intervention) condition, the test was also described as a math test, but participants were additionally informed that stereotype threat could interfere with women's math performance. Results showed that women performed worse than men when the problems were described as a math test (and stereotype threat was not discussed), but did not differ from men in the problem-solving condition or in the condition in which they learned about stereotype threat. For women, attributing anxiety to gender stereotypes was associated with lower performance in the math-test condition but improved performance in the teaching-intervention condition. The results suggest that teaching about stereotype threat might offer a practical means of reducing its detrimental effects.
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math, Unit 10, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
A supplement and ditto packet for use with unit 10 of the bilingual science/math strand developed for grade three contains both visuals for classroom use and worksheets for students which may be reproduced for individual seatwork. The timetable for when these materials are to be used is given in the teacher's guide for this unit. Instructional…
Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stanley, Ashley M.
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mottet, Timothy P.; Garza, Ruben; Beebe, Steven A.; Houser, Marian L.; Jurrells, Summer; Furler, Lisa
2008-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine how students' perceptions of their teachers' instructional communication behaviors were related to their affective learning in math and science. A survey was used to collect perceptions from 497 ninth-grade students. The following conclusions were yielded from the data: (1) students' perceptions of their…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math, Unit 10, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Unit 10 of a Spanish science/math curriculum for grade three, composed of kits 37-40, has as its theme "communities around the world". The unit's teacher's guide contains both learning and assessment activities, with the focus, objective, and materials needed for each activity listed. Specific attention is placed on four spiraling questions…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 7, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional aids for classroom use and worksheets which may be reproduced for individual seatwork are included in these support materials for unit seven of the science/math strand developed for Spanish-speaking students in grade three. They are designed to be used with the teacher's guide to the unit, which contains a timetable for their use.…
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Milwaukee Public Schools, WI.
This workbook contains "skill sharpening" math problems presented in Spanish. These problems have been designed as supplementary work for students at the eighth grade level. Functions and topics such as addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, decimals, scientific notation (exponents), fractions, symmetry, angles, the metric…
Effects of Ability Grouping on Math Achievement of Third Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Thomas, Emily; Feng, Jay
2014-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of heterogeneous and homogeneous grouping on the mathematical achievement of students in third grade. Participants were 16 third graders in a self-contained classroom, assigned to either small homogeneous or heterogeneous group for math instruction for 7 weeks. Pretest-posttest scores and growth…
Math Process Standards Series, Grades PreK-2 [with CD-ROMs
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Connell, Susan, Ed.
2007-01-01
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)'s Process Standards support teaching that helps children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every primary teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 4, Grade Two, Teacher's Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
The teacher's guide for unit four of a Spanish science/math strand for second graders contains instructional and assessment activities for kits 13-16. Each designed for a two- to three-week teaching period, the kits' activities are geared toward guiding the child to discover correct answers through methods provided and, by putting materials in his…
Learning to Love Math: Teaching Strategies that Change Student Attitudes and Get Results
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Willis, Judy
2010-01-01
Has it ever seemed to you that some students are hardwired to dislike math? If so, then here's a book that explains how negative attitudes toward math get established in the brain and what you can do to turn those attitudes around. Math teacher and neurologist Judy Willis gives you over 50 strategies you can use right away in any grade level to:…
The Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Grade 7 Math and Science Scores
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shaffer, Donna
There has been a decline of math and science assessment scores consecutively over the past 2 years at a local middle school. This mixed method study incorporated a sequential qualitative-quantitative explanatory strategy with the intent of enhancing and altering the instructional process to increase student achievement. The qualitative portion of the study explored the process of differentiated instruction and perceptions of those who were involved within the development of a nontraditional approach to instruction in the 7th grade content areas of math and science. For the quantitative portion of the study, assessment data were collected for 2010 and 2011 for the 7th grade math and science content areas. Constructivism served as the theoretical foundation for the study. The results of the qualitative analysis suggested that the majority of the participants believed that differentiated instruction positively impacts student scores for the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP). The result of an independent t test indicated that students receiving differentiated instruction had higher math and science TCAP test scores for Grade 7 One recommendation is for future research to be conducted regarding differentiated instruction's impact on student achievement so that the gap in scientific research in this area may be bridged. Implications for social change include the potential for enhancing the instructional process that could result in improved student achievement.
The Impact of the 2012 TNCore Math Training on Teaching Practices and Effectiveness. Policy Brief
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Booker, Laura Neergaard
2013-01-01
During the spring and summer of 2012, the Tennessee Department of Education trained about 200 Common Core Coaches who then went on to facilitate summer trainings for thousands of the state's third through eighth grade math teachers. The following summer, the training sessions reached nearly 30,000 teachers across the state, covering math, English…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chiang, Hanley S.; Clark, Melissa A.; McConnell, Sheena
2017-01-01
Teach For America (TFA) is an important but controversial source of teachers for hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty U.S. schools. We present findings from the first large-scale experimental study of secondary math teachers from TFA. We find that TFA teachers are more effective than other math teachers in the same schools, increasing student…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Whittaker, Jessica Vick; Kinzie, Mable B.; Williford, Amanda; DeCoster, Jamie
2016-01-01
Research Findings: This study examined the impact of MyTeachingPartner-Math/Science, a system of math and science curricula and professional development, on the quality of teachers' interactions with children in their classrooms. Schools were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 intervention conditions (Basic: curricula providing within-activity, embedded…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Solomon, Pearl Gold
2007-01-01
In a new edition of her standards-based math workbook, author Pearl Gold Solomon covers essential concepts and skills as defined by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics for learners in middle schools. Designed as a comprehensive resource for planning curriculum, instruction, and assessment, The Math We Need to Know and Do in Grades 6-9,…
Teaching About Vowels in Second Grade.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hillerich, Robert L.
The usefulness of teaching vowel generalizations was studied using three treatment groups, with two second-grade classes in each treatment. The study was considered a pilot investigation to provide direction rather than a definitive research study. In Treatment 1, the McKee Reading for Meaning program was followed, including the teaching of all…
Justifications and Explanations in Israeli 7th Grade Math Textbooks
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dolev, Sarit; Even, Ruhama
2015-01-01
This study analyzes six seventh grade Israeli mathematics textbooks, examining (1) the extent to which students are required to justify and explain their mathematical work, and (2) whether students are asked to justify a mathematical claim that is stated by the textbook or a mathematical claim that they themselves generated when solving a problem.…
12 Math Rules That Expire in the Middle Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Karp, Karen S.; Bush, Sarah B.; Dougherty, Barbara J.
2015-01-01
Many rules taught in mathematics classrooms "expire" when students develop knowledge that is more sophisticated, such as using new number systems. For example, in elementary grades, students are sometimes taught that "addition makes bigger" or "subtraction makes smaller" when learning to compute with whole numbers,…
Viterbori, Paola; Usai, M Carmen; Traverso, Laura; De Franchis, Valentina
2015-12-01
This longitudinal study analyzes whether selected components of executive function (EF) measured during the preschool period predict several indices of math achievement in primary school. Six EF measures were assessed in a sample of 5-year-old children (N = 175). The math achievement of the same children was then tested in Grades 1 and 3 using both a composite math score and three single indices of written calculation, arithmetical facts, and problem solving. Using previous results obtained from the same sample of children, a confirmatory factor analysis examining the latent EF structure in kindergarten indicated that a two-factor model provided the best fit for the data. In this model, inhibition and working memory (WM)-flexibility were separate dimensions. A full structural equation model was then used to test the hypothesis that math achievement (the composite math score and single math scores) in Grades 1 and 3 could be explained by the two EF components comprising the kindergarten model. The results indicate that the WM-flexibility component measured during the preschool period substantially predicts mathematical achievement, especially in Grade 3. The math composite scores were predicted by the WM-flexibility factor at both grade levels. In Grade 3, both problem solving and arithmetical facts were predicted by the WM-flexibility component. The results empirically support interventions that target EF as an important component of early childhood mathematics education.
Teaching Literacy in Fourth Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnson, Denise
2008-01-01
Fourth grade is an important year for literacy learning. Having left the primary grades behind, students must grapple with more demanding texts and content material. Effective, motivating instruction can help them succeed. This book helps teachers create an energized and organized learning environment in which all students can improve their…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Raymond, Allen
2004-01-01
Since 1990, the January issue of "Teaching Pre K-8" has highlighted a school visit by the president of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. This article discusses Cathy Seeley's visit to a 6th grade classroom at the J. E. Pearce Middle School in Austin, Texas, where she participated in a math activity from the Connected…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This curriculum guide has been prepared for use by both the music specialist and the classroom teacher in New York City. It outlines areas of musical subject matter appropriate for students in grades five and six. The materials are presented in six sections. "Rhythmic Experiences" introduces students to a variety of meters and rhythms…
Teaching Literacy in Fifth Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McMahon, Susan I.; Wells, Jacqueline
2007-01-01
For students, fifth grade is a time of increasing independence and responsibility. Yet fifth-graders vary widely in their reading and writing abilities--and they are still young enough to require considerable teacher support. Depicting an exemplary teacher in action, this indispensable book presents innovative, practical strategies for creating an…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Adamson, Karen
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a hands-on science curriculum, which integrates mathematics and supports the development of English language skills, on third grade students' mathematics achievement---specifically the measurement subscale of the statewide assessment. The data draws from a larger 5-year research project consisting of reform-based science curriculum units and teacher workshops designed to promote effective instruction of science while integrating mathematics and supporting English language development. The third grade curriculum places a strong emphasis on developing measurement skills in the context of scientific investigations. Third grade students' performance on the measurement subscale of the statewide mathematics assessment at experimental and comparison schools were examined using a hierarchical linear model (HLM). Students participating in the treatment performed significantly higher than students at comparison schools. The results of this study provide evidence that an integrated approach to math and science instruction can benefit diverse populations of students.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dougherty, Shaun M.; Goodman, Joshua S.; Hill, Darryl V.; Litke, Erica G.; Page, Lindsay C.
2015-01-01
Taking algebra by eighth grade is considered an important milestone on the pathway to college readiness. We highlight a collaboration to investigate one district's effort to increase middle school algebra course-taking. In 2010, the Wake County Public Schools began assigning middle school students to accelerated math and eighth-grade algebra based…
A Guide for Teaching Ninth Grade English.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tokars, Lester E.
Various usages for newspapers in the ninth-grade English classroom are suggested in detail in this teacher's guide. Two large sections--one designed for classes with average learners and one for classes with slow learners--are subdivided into units on the short story, drama, nonfiction, and the novel. Newspapers are used for teaching reading,…
Student Math Achievement and Out-of-Field Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hill, Jason G.; Dalton, Ben
2013-01-01
This study investigates the distribution of math teachers with a major or certification in math using data from the National Center for Education Statistics' High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09). The authors discuss the limitations of existing data sources for measuring teacher qualifications, such as the Schools and Staffing Survey…
Teaching Language Arts, Math, and Science to Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Browder, Diane M., Ed.; Spooner, Fred, Ed.
2006-01-01
Under NCLB, students with severe disabilities are expected to make progress on state academic content standards in language arts, math, and science. But what material should educators teach from these three content areas, and how should they teach it? With this groundbreaking textbook, future educators will finally have the answers they need. The…
Teacher Candidates' and Master Math Teachers' Personal Concepts about Teaching Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Patton, Barba A.; Fry, Jane; Klages, Carol
2008-01-01
"I really don't like mathematics, but I can teach it to elementary students without any problem." These words are frequently voiced by elementary teacher candidates. "It's just elementary school math it's not like I'm teaching anything really difficult. Otherwise, no way would I do it." These words are powerful in terms of…
Does Learning-Centered Teaching Promote Grade Improvement?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mostrom, Alison M.; Blumberg, Phyllis
2012-01-01
When the grade distribution within a course shifts towards higher grades, it may be due to grade inflation or grade improvement. If the positive shift is accompanied by an increase in achievement or learning, it should be considered grade improvement, "not" grade inflation. Effective learning-centered teaching is designed to promote student…
Flick, L.B.
1995-12-31
This report describes the progress of a project to encourage students and professionals to participate in math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades. The topics of the report include documenting activities and procedures for the purposes of evaluation and dissemination of descriptive information, generating case studies of the students going through this program to provide research and evaluation data on the process of attracting technically qualified people into elementary and middle school teaching, establishing a program of mentoring between scientists, engineers, and mathematicians and prospective teachers in the program, and establishing a program of mentoring between master teachers in area schools and prospective teachers.
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Clark, Melissa A.; Chiang, Hanley S.; Silva, Tim; McConnell, Sheena; Sonnenfeld, Kathy; Erbe, Anastasia; Puma, Michael
2013-01-01
Teach For America (TFA) and the Teaching Fellows programs are an important and growing source of teachers of hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty schools, but comprehensive evidence of their effectiveness has been limited. This report presents findings from the first large-scale random assignment study of secondary math teachers from these…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spann, Mary Beth
This book contains 18 reproducible Math Storymats which can be a refreshing addition to any early elementary math program. Each storymat is accompanied by two separate read-aloud story selections that guide children in using plastic disk-shaped markers to interact with the mats in specific and open-ended ways. Together the mats and the…
Effective pedagogies for teaching math to nursing students: a literature review.
Hunter Revell, Susan M; McCurry, Mary K
2013-11-01
Improving mathematical competency and problem-solving skills in undergraduate nursing students has been an enduring challenge for nurse educators. A number of teaching strategies have been used to address this problem with varying degrees of success. This paper discusses a literature review which examined undergraduate nursing student challenges to learning math, methods used to teach math and problem-solving skills, and the use of innovative pedagogies for teaching. The literature was searched using the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature and Education Resource Information Center databases. Key search terms included: math*, nurs*, nursing student, calculation, technology, medication administration, challenges, problem-solving, personal response system, clickers, computer and multi-media. Studies included in the review were published in English from 1990 to 2011. Results support four major themes which include: student challenges to learning, traditional pedagogies, curriculum strategies, and technology and integrative methods as pedagogy. The review concludes that there is a need for more innovative pedagogical strategies for teaching math to student nurses. Nurse educators in particular play a central role in helping students learn the conceptual basis, as well as practical hands-on methods, to problem solving and math competency. It is recommended that an integrated approach inclusive of technology will benefit students through better performance, increased understanding, and improved student satisfaction.
Tan, Tony Xing; Kim, Eun Sook; Baggerly, Jennifer; Mahoney, E Emily; Rice, Jessica
2016-09-12
In this study, we went beyond adoption status to examine the associations between postadoption parental involvement and children's reading and math performance from kindergarten to first grade. Secondary data on a sample of adopted children and nonadopted children were drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998 to 1999 (ECLS-K). Weighted data on the children's reading performance were available for 13,900 children (181 were adopted); weighted data on the children's math performance were available for 14,128 children (184 were adopted). Descriptive data showed no group difference in reading scores at all 3 Waves but adopted children scored lower than nonadopted children in math at Wave 2 (Spring of kindergarten) and Wave 3 (Spring of first grade). However, controlling for 6 covariates, latent growth modeling showed that adoption status was unrelated to Wave 1 reading and math scores or subsequent growth rate. Rather, parents' beliefs on skills needed to succeed in kindergarten were a significant predictor of reading and math performance at Wave 1 and subsequent growth rates, and parents' educational expectation was a significant predictor of growth rate in reading and math. Our findings highlight the importance of parental involvement in adopted children's learning. (PsycINFO Database Record
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Hammond, Ormond W.; Wilson, Melly; Barros, Corrin
2011-01-01
Native Hawaiian students represent the largest single ethnic group in Hawai'i, at 27 percent of the student population in 2008/09. This REL Pacific report, "Comparing the Achievement Patterns of Native Hawaiian and Non-Native Hawaiian Grade 8 Students in Reading and Math," reports the reading and math proficiency rates of grade 8 Native…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Makahleh, Ahmad Abdulhameed Aufan
2011-01-01
This study seeks to verify the effect of direct instruction strategy on Math achievment of students with learning difficulties in the fourth and fifth grade levels and measure the improvement in their attitudes to Mathematics. Sample consisted of sixty (60) students with Math learning difficulties attending 4th and 5th grade level resource rooms…
Contextual Factors Related to Math Anxiety in Second-Grade Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jameson, Molly M.
2014-01-01
As the United States falls farther behind other countries in standardized math assessments, the author seeks to understand why U.S. students perform so poorly. One of the possible explanations to U.S. students' poor math performance may be math anxiety. However, math anxiety in elementary school children is a neglected area in the research. The…
Effect of Computer-Aided Instruction on Attitude and Achievement of Fifth Grade Math Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shoemaker, Traci L.
2013-01-01
The purpose of this quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study was to test theories of constructivism and motivation, along with research-based teaching practices of differentiating instruction and instructing within a child's Zone of Proximal Development, in measuring the effect of computer-aided instruction on fifth grade students'…
NAEP Scores Put Spotlight on Standards: Flat Math Results Also Spur Calls for Teaching Reforms
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cavanagh, Sean
2009-01-01
Fourth grade math scores stagnated for the first time in two decades on a prominent nationwide test, prompting calls for new efforts to improve teacher content knowledge and stirring discussion of the potential benefits of setting more-uniform academic standards across states. The results on the National Assessment of Educational Progress,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burns, Marilyn
2004-01-01
Teaching teachers to become observers and inquirers into mathematics will help change how they teach math to students. Essential to all professional development in mathematics is the idea that making sense of mathematics is key to learning. Just as learning to read calls for bringing meaning to the printed page, learning math calls for bringing…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2014
2014-01-01
The 2013 study, "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Programs," examined whether students taught by teachers in the "Teach for America" ("TFA") and "The New Teacher Project Teaching Fellows" ("Teaching Fellows") programs had greater…
Focus in Grade 1: Teaching with Curriculum Focal Points
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fuson, Karen; Clements, Douglas; Beckmann, Sybilla
2010-01-01
"Focus in Grade 1: Teaching with Curriculum Focal Points" describes and illustrates learning paths for the mathematical concepts and skills of each grade 1 Focal Point as presented in Curriculum Focal Points for Prekindergarten through Grade 8 Mathematics. It includes representational supports for teaching and learning that can facilitate…
College Students' Evaluations of Teaching and Grade Inflation.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Eiszler, Charles F.
2002-01-01
Examined whether the use of student evaluations of teaching effectiveness has been a contributing factor to a trend of grade inflation in a mid-sized, public university in the Midwest. Found a predictive relationship between student ratings of teaching and expected grades and an encouragement over time of grade inflation. (EV)
A Survey Study of Early Childhood Teachers' Beliefs and Confidence about Teaching Early Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chen, Jie-Qi; McCray, Jennifer; Adams, Margaret; Leow, Christine
2014-01-01
This study reports on results from the Early Mathematics Beliefs and Confidence Survey, administered to 346 preschool teachers in a large public school system in the Midwest. Survey results depict a much more positive view of teachers' beliefs and confidence in early math teaching than previously reported. Results also suggest that teacher…
dMath: A European Project for the Restatement of Mathematics Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bringslid, Odd; Rodriguez, Gerardo; de la Villa, Agustin
2007-01-01
In this article the main characteristics of the dMath project are introduced. With the mathematical modules developed within this project a new tool is made available to the different users as a support of the teaching and learning of mathematics in the context of EHEA and of the Bologna declaration. (Contains 7 figures.)
Magic SEED? A New Approach to Teaching Math Produces Some Eye-Popping Results.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shore, Debra
1991-01-01
Project SEED is a successful program that teaches elementary school students advanced math. Specialists conduct 45-minute lessons, asking questions designed to help students discover mathematical logic. Students respond with a system of SEED hand signals which allow everyone to participate and be monitored at once. (SM)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Built around a theme of communities in the nation, this teacher's guide for unit eight of a science/math strand for Spanish-speaking children in grade three contains both learning and assessment activities. This unit addresses what the elements are, how needs and wants are satisfied, how change occurs, and what the results of change are. The guide…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Martin, Merissa R.; Pickett, Matt T.
2013-01-01
The purpose of this action research project report was to increase student motivation and engagement. There seemed to be an increasing disconnect between student potential and performance, especially among gifted math and beginning music students. Two teacher researchers carried out this research with 25 fifth-grade students at two different sites…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional and assessment activities for unit seven of a science/math strand for Spanish-speaking students in grade three focus on the extended community. Activities support four spiraling questions on the elements, wants and needs, change occurrence, and results of change. For each activity, the focus, objective, and materials needed are…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gable, Sara; Krull, Jennifer L.; Chang, Yiting
2012-01-01
This study tests a mediated model of boys' and girls' weight status and math performance with 6,250 children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. Five data points spanning kindergarten entry (mean age = 68.46 months) through fifth grade (mean age = 134.60 months) were analyzed. Three weight status groups were identified: persistent…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional and assessment activities in unit three of a Spanish science/math curriculum for first graders are built around the central theme of the school. Kits 9-12, each designed for a two to three week teaching period, contain activities which also support who the child is, what his needs and wants are, what his resources are, and how he…
Potential of Using iPad as a Supplement to Teach Math to Students with Learning Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaur, Daljit; Koval, Ashely; Chaney, Hannah
2017-01-01
This qualitative study was conducted to identify the potential of using iPad as a supplement to teach math to students with learning disabilities. Ten teacher candidates from a university in the south provided one-on-one math tutoring services to ten students in a self-contained classroom at a local high poverty elementary school. The students…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Taylor-Cox, Jennifer
2011-01-01
Reduce the number of discipline issues that arise in your math classroom with ideas from math education expert Jennifer Taylor-Cox. In this book, you'll learn a variety of ways to handle disruptive, disinterested, avoidant, and/or disrespectful students in K-12 math classrooms. Using realistic, case-by-case examples, the author reveals practical…
How Do Teachers' Beliefs Predict Children's Interest in Math from Kindergarten to Sixth Grade?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.
2014-01-01
The present study investigated to what extent teachers' beliefs about children's achievement contribute to the development of children's math interest. In addition, the extent to which other possible predictors, such as performance in math, gender, and race/ethnicity would contribute to the development of children's math interest was examined.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yates, Tracy Hardwell
2014-01-01
The purpose of this correlational study was to examine the relationship among the mathematical self-efficacies, mathematical teaching self-efficacies, and instructional practices of elementary teachers. This study was also designed to determine how these variables influence an individual teacher's QDI in relation to MCT2 math scores in grades 3-5.…
The long-term impact of a math, science and technology program on grade school girls
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sullivan, Sandra Judd
The purpose of this study was to determine if a math, science, and technology intervention program improved grade school girls' attitudes and stereotypes toward science and scientists, as well as participation levels in science-related activities, two years after their participating in the program. The intervention program evaluated was Operation SMART, developed by Girls Incorporated. Participants were recruited from the 6th and 7th grades from two public middle schools in Northern California. One hundred twenty-seven girls signed up for the survey and were assigned to either the SMART group (previous SMART participants) or Non-SMART group (no previous experience with SMART). The survey consisted of five parts: (1) a background information sheet, (2) the Modified Attitudes Toward Science Inventory, (3) the What Do You Do? survey, (4) the Draw-A-Scientist Test-Revised, and (5) a career interests and role models/influencer survey. Results indicated that there were no significant differences between the SMART and Non-SMART groups on any of the test measures. However, middle school attended did have a significant effect on the outcome variables. Girls from Middle School A reported more positive attitudes toward science, while girls from Middle School B reported higher participation levels in extracurricular science activities. Possible explanations for these findings suggest too much time had passed between treatment effect and time of measurement as well as the strong influence of teacher and school environment on girls' attitudes and stereotypes. Recommendations for future research are discussed.
Expedition Zenith: Experiences of eighth grade girls in a non-traditional math/science program
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ulm, Barbara Jean
2004-11-01
This qualitative study describes the experiences of a group of sixteen, eighth grade girls participating in a single-sex, math/science program based on gender equity research and constructivist theory. This phenomenological case study highlights the individual changes each girl perceives in herself as a result of her involvement in this program which was based at a suburban middle school just north of New York City. Described in narrative form is what took place during this single-sex program. At the start of the program the girls worked cooperatively in groups to build canoes. The canoes were then used to study a wetland during the final days of the program. To further immerse the participants into nature, the girls also camped during these final days. Data were collected from a number of sources to uncover, as fully as possible, the true essence of the program and the girls' experiences in it. The data collection methods included direct observation; in-depth, open-ended interviews; and written documentation. As a result of data collection, the girls' perceived outcomes and assessment of the program, as well as their recommendations for future math/science programs are revealed. The researcher in this study also acted as teacher, directing the program, and as participant to better understand the experiences of the girls involved in the program. Thus, unique insights could be made. The findings in this study provide insight into the learning of the participants, as well as into the relationships they formed both inside and outside of the program. Their perceived experiences and assessment of the program were then used to develop a greater understanding as to the effectiveness of this non-traditional program. Although this study echoed much of what research says about the needs of girls in learning situations, and therefore, reinforces previously accepted beliefs, it also reveals significant findings in areas previously unaddressed by gender studies. For example
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ruff, Sarah E.; Boes, Susan R.
2014-01-01
Low math achievement is a recurring weakness in many students. Math anxiety is a persistent and significant theme to math avoidance and low achievement. Causes for math anxiety include social, cognitive, and academic factors. Interventions to reduce math anxiety are limited as they exclude the expert skills of professional school counselors to…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Evans, Robert H.
In light of the perceived national need for more science and math teachers, this study was conceived to:1.Identify teaching oriented students among freshmen at a mid-western engineering school, who have chosen NOT to become teachers;2.Find out what reasons these potential science and math teachers have for deciding not to pursue teaching careers;3.Determine what amelioration of these problems would be necessary for them to no longer be factors which would inhibit students from becoming teachers.Of a random sample of 110 students drawn from a freshman class, 98 participated fully in the study. Each participant took Holland's Self-Directed Search to determine teaching orientation and author-constructed instruments to assess their concerns about teaching.Results showed teaching oriented students avoided teaching due to low starting salaries, lack of job security, low maximum salaries, not wanting to do the work teacher's do, poor job availability and discouragement by family and friends. Starting salaries of 21,693 and salaries of 32,600 for a teacher with a B.A. and 10 years experience were among the changes deemed necessary to make teaching attractive.
Teaching Math: Extending the Meaning of Addition and Subtraction.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
May, Lola J.
1994-01-01
Describes three approaches teachers can use to help students understand the computation of numbers: calculator explorations, problem solving, and discussion topics. Specific examples are provided for primary and upper grades. (MDM)
Teaching Math: Extending the Meaning of Multiplication and Division.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
May, Lola J.
1994-01-01
Describes three approaches teachers can use to help students understand multiplication and division: calculator explorations, problem solving, and discussion topics. Specific examples are provided for primary and upper grades. (MDM)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clark, David M.; Slate, John R.; Combs, Julie P.; Moore, George W.
2013-01-01
We analyzed the effect of grade span configurations (i.e., 6-8 versus K-8) on reading and math performance in Texas public schools for the last 5 school years. Participants in this study were 628 Texas schools (i.e., 314 middle schools and 314 K-8 schools) distributed across the 5 school years examined. Schools configured as K-8 schools were…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ramsey, Whitney J.
The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in standardized test scores, expressed as percentage passing, in math, reading-language arts, science, and social studies by comparing 6th grade students in K--8 schools with those in 6--8 schools. The data were gathered from an analysis of 6th grade students' scores on the 2006--2007 TCAP standardized assessment test in the state of Tennessee. The relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient, proficient, or advanced level in each subject area was examined. The analysis was based on 5 research questions. A t-test for independent samples was used to identify the relationships between the independent variables, configuration of the school (K--8 or 6--8), and the dependent variables, the percent of students scoring below proficient, proficient, or advanced. A chi square analysis was used to identify the relationship between the proportion of K--8 schools meeting AYP versus the proportion of 6--8 schools meeting AYP. The study showed no relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient level in math, reading-language arts, and social studies. Similarly, there was not a significant difference between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the proficient level in math and reading-language arts and the advanced level in math, reading-language arts, and science. However, there was a significant relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient level and the proficient level in science and the percent of 6th grade students scoring at the proficient level and advanced level in social studies. In science, a lower percentage of 6th grade students in K--8 schools scored below proficient than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. In science, a higher
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wiscasset Middle School, ME.
This career-based mathematics text book was written for eighth grade students by eighth grade students at Wiscasset Middle School, Wiscasset, Maine. The text has an innovative format and features interviews with various townspeople of Wiscasset concerning their occupations; from the interviews, information is presented about training needed,…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wagner, Judson
Today's technology driven global economy has put pressure on the American education system to produce more students who are prepared for careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). Adding to this pressure is the demand for a more diverse workforce that can stimulate the development of new ideas and innovation. This in turn requires more female and under represented minority groups to pursue future careers in STEM. Though STEM careers include many of the highest paid professionals, school systems are dealing with exceptionally high numbers of students, especially female and under represented minorities, who begin but do not persist to STEM degree completion. Using the Expectancy-Value Theory (EVT) framework that attributes student motivation to a combination of intrinsic, utility, and attainment values, this study analyzed readily available survey data to gauge students' career related values. These values were indirectly investigated through a longitudinal approach, spanning five years, on the predictive nature of 8 th grade survey-derived recommendations for students to pursue a future in a particular career cluster. Using logistic regression analysis, it was determined that this 8 th grade data, particularly in STEM, provides significantly high probabilities of a 12th grader's average grade, SAT-Math score, the math and science elective courses they take, and most importantly, interest in the same career cluster.
Learn about Seabirds. Teaching Packet, Grades 4-6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fish and Wildlife Service (Dept. of Interior), Anchorage, AK.
This teaching packet is designed to teach Alaskan students in grades 4-6 about Alaska's seabird populations, the worldwide significance of seabirds, and the environmental conditions to which seabirds are sensitive. The packet includes a curriculum guide (containing a teacher's background story and 12 teaching activities), a separately published…
Martin, Daniel P; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E
2015-10-01
This study examined (a) the contribution of math self-efficacy to students' perception of their emotional and social engagement in fifth grade math classes, and (b) the extent to which high quality teacher-student interactions compensated for students' low math self-efficacy in contributing to engagement. Teachers (n = 73) were observed three times during the year during math to measure the quality of teacher-student interactions (emotional, organizational, and instructional support). Fifth graders (n = 387) reported on their math self-efficacy at the beginning of the school year and then were surveyed about their feelings of engagement in math class three times during the year immediately after the lessons during which teachers were observed. Results of multi-level models indicated that students initially lower in math self-efficacy reported lower emotional and social engagement during math class than students with higher self-efficacy. However, in classrooms with high levels of teacher emotional support, students reported similar levels of both emotional and social engagement, regardless of their self-efficacy. No comparable findings emerged for organizational and instructional support. The discussion considers the significance of students' own feelings about math in relation to their engagement, as well as the ways in which teacher and classroom supports can compensate for students lack of agency. The work has implications for school psychologists and teachers eager to boost students' engagement in math class.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bers, Marina U.; Portsmore, Merredith
2005-01-01
This paper presents an innovative approach to introducing pre-service early childhood teachers to math, science and technology education. The approach involves the creation of partnerships between pre-service early childhood and engineering students to conceive, develop, implement and evaluate curriculum in the area of math, science and technology…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zhang, Meilan; Trussell, Robert P.; Gallegos, Benjamin; Asam, Rasmiyeh R.
2015-01-01
Recent years have seen a quick expansion of tablet computers in households and schools. One of the educational affordances of tablet computers is using math apps to engage students in mathematics learning. However, given the short history of the mobile devices, little research exists on the effectiveness of math apps, particularly for struggling…
Griggs, Marissa Swaim; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E; Merritt, Eileen G; Patton, Christine L
2013-12-01
Self-efficacy forecasts student persistence and achievement in challenging subjects. Thus, it is important to understand factors that contribute to students' self-efficacy, a key factor in their success in math and science. The current cross-sectional study examined the contribution of students' gender and math and science anxiety as well as schools' use of Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) practices to students' math and science self-efficacy. Fifth graders (n = 1,561) completed questionnaires regarding their feelings about math and science. Approximately half of the students attended schools implementing the Responsive Classroom® (RC) approach, an SEL intervention, as part of a randomized controlled trial. Results suggested no difference in math and science self-efficacy between boys and girls. Students who self-reported higher math and science anxiety also reported less self-efficacy toward these subjects. However, the negative association between students' anxiety and self-efficacy was attenuated in schools using more RC practices compared with those using fewer RC practices. RC practices were associated with higher science self-efficacy. Results highlight anxiety as contributing to poor self-efficacy in math and science and suggest that RC practices create classroom conditions in which students' anxiety is less strongly associated with negative beliefs about their ability to be successful in math and science.
The Relationship between Absenteeism and Math Achievement among Fifth Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tucker, Stephanie
2014-01-01
Although critical to functioning in the workforce, mathematics proficiency is low in the United States compared to other economically-developed countries. Researchers have shown that students begin to demonstrate weaknesses in math skills at the onset of pre-algebraic courses, usually during middle school years. In Alabama, low math scores are…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Griggs, Marissa Swaim; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Merritt, Eileen G.; Patton, Christine L.
2013-01-01
Self-efficacy forecasts student persistence and achievement in challenging subjects. Thus, it is important to understand factors that contribute to students' self-efficacy, a key factor in their success in math and science. The current cross-sectional study examined the contribution of students' gender and math and science anxiety as well as…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ramsey, Laura R.; Sekaquaptewa, Denise
2011-01-01
Previous research has illuminated an important connection between stereotypes and the performance of those targeted by a stereotype. This body of work suggests that even implicit (i.e., nonconscious and unintended) math-gender stereotyping is related to poor math performance among women. Our longitudinal study sought to measure students'…
The Hispanic-White Achievement Gap in Math and Reading in the Elementary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reardon, Sean F.; Galindo, Claudia
2009-01-01
This article describes the developmental patterns of Hispanic-White math and reading achievement gaps in elementary school, paying attention to variation in these patterns among Hispanic subgroups. Compared to non-Hispanic White students, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with much lower average math and reading skills. The gaps narrow by…
Examining the Effects of Blended Learning for Ninth Grade Students Who Struggle with Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bolley, Staci
2013-01-01
Many students in the United States are graduating from high school without the math skills they need to be considered college ready. For many of these graduates, who find themselves starting their higher education at a community college, remedial math can become an insurmountable barrier that ends their aspirations for a degree or certificate.…
''Math in a Can'': Teaching Mathematics and Engineering Design
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Narode, Ronald B.
2011-01-01
Using an apparently simple problem, ''Design a cylindrical can that will hold a liter of milk,'' this paper demonstrates how engineering design may facilitate the teaching of the following ideas to secondary students: linear and non-linear relationships; basic geometry of circles, rectangles, and cylinders; unit measures of area and volume;…
Reinforcing Math Knowledge by Immersing Students in a Simulated Learning-By-Teaching Experience
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lenat, Douglas B.; Durlach, Paula J.
2014-01-01
We often understand something only after we've had to teach or explain it to someone else. Learning-by-teaching (LBT) systems exploit this phenomenon by playing the role of "tutee." BELLA, our sixth-grade mathematics LBT systems, departs from other LTB systems in several ways: (1) It was built not from scratch but by very slightly…
Teaching multi-step math skills to adults with disabilities via video prompting.
Kellems, Ryan O; Frandsen, Kaitlyn; Hansen, Blake; Gabrielsen, Terisa; Clarke, Brynn; Simons, Kalee; Clements, Kyle
2016-11-01
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching multi-step math skills to nine adults with disabilities in an 18-21 post-high school transition program using a video prompting intervention package. The dependent variable was the percentage of steps completed correctly. The independent variable was the video prompting intervention, which involved several multi-step math calculation skills: (a) calculating a tip (15%), (b) calculating item unit prices, and (c) adjusting a recipe for more or fewer people. Results indicated a functional relationship between the video prompting interventions and prompting package and the percentage of steps completed correctly. 8 out of the 9 adults showed significant gains immediately after receiving the video prompting intervention.
Math Around the World: Grades 5-8. Teachers' Guide. Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Braxton, Beverly; And Others
This document is a collection of eight games from four continents. Students use mathematics that is directly relevant to them as they take part in the games. The first five games (NIM, Kalah, Tower of Hanoi, Shongo Networks, and Magic Squares) feature presentation instructions that describe multiple-session classroom activities for grades 5-8.…
The Unintended Consequences of Grading Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Smith, Holly
2012-01-01
This article examines the possibility of a "Teaching Assessment Exercise" and attempts to quantify teaching quality as part of performance management schemes for academics. The primary sources of data are identified as student evaluation of teaching (SET) and peer observation of teaching (POT). The conceptual and empirical issues in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
The study examined the impact of Teach for America (TFA) and The New Teacher Project's Teaching Fellows (TF) programs on the mathematics achievement of students in grades 6-12. TFA and TF provide alternative routes to teacher certification and aim to provide high-quality teachers to schools in low-income areas. TFA and TF were studied separately,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allison, Tracy Michelle Hunter
2012-01-01
The researcher employed two designs to address the research question for this particular study. This quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study compared the math achievement of 92 eighth grade students who received Classroom Performance System (CPS)-based instruction using Peer Instruction (PI) to 76 eighth grade students who received…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Warnimont, Chad S.
2010-01-01
The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between students' performance on the Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT) and the fourth and fifth grade Reading and Math Achievement Tests in Ohio. The sample utilized students from a suburban school district in Northwest Ohio. Third grade CogAT scores (2006-2007 school year), 4th…
Focus in Grade 8: Teaching with Curriculum Focal Points
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schielack, Jane
2010-01-01
This book describes and illustrates learning paths for the mathematical concepts and skills of each grade 8 Focal Point as presented in Curriculum Focal Points for Prekindergarten through Grade 8 Mathematics. It includes representational supports for teaching and learning that can facilitate understanding, stimulate productive discussions about…
Accountability: Teaching through Assessment and Feedback, Not Grading
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wormeli, Rick
2006-01-01
Grading policies such as refusing to accept late work, giving grades of zero, and refusing to allow students to redo their work may be intended as punishment for poor performance, but such policies will not really teach students to be accountable, and they provide very little useful information about students' mastery of the material. This article…
Teacher Candidates' Perceptions about Grading and Constructivist Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bonner, Sarah M.; Chen, Peggy P.
2009-01-01
The Survey of Assessment Beliefs (SAB) was developed to measure teacher candidates' perceptions about grading practices. After piloting, the SAB was administered to 222 teacher candidates at a large northeastern urban university, along with a measure of their beliefs about teaching. Candidates were found to support many grading practices not…
Science Teaching Methods Preferred by Grade 9 Students in Finland
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Uitto, Anna; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo
2010-01-01
Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish grade 9 students' actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys)…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clark, Melissa A.; Chiang, Hanley S.; Silva, Tim; McConnell, Sheena; Sonnenfeld, Kathy; Erbe, Anastasia; Puma, Michael
2013-01-01
Teach For America (TFA) and the Teaching Fellows programs are an important and growing source of teachers of hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty schools, but comprehensive evidence of their effectiveness has been limited. This report presents findings from the first large-scale random assignment study of secondary math teachers from these…
Teaching the Classics in the Middle Grades: Connecting with the Roots of Western Civilization.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wood, Robin H.
1998-01-01
At a New Jersey school, students spend one year studying each of three time periods: ancient Egypt in fourth grade; Greece in fifth grade; and Rome and the Middle Ages in sixth grade. The history curriculum becomes the focal point for other areas (art, music, drama, language arts, science, geography, and math). Teachers use primary sources and…
China: A Teaching Unit for Primary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McClain, Janet; And Others
Understanding the culture of other nations contributes to the development of responsible citizens in a democratic society. A classroom teaching team proved these activities to be successful. Five initial lessons introduce students to the study of China by teaching Chinese geography. To enhance cultural understanding, 10 additional lessons focus on…
Social Studies Grade 3: Teaching Systems I.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Elementary Curriculum Development.
This publication has been prepared by the Curriculum Development Center (The University of the State of New York) in response to many requests from teachers for help in implementing the new social studies. Suggestions are given for the teaching materials which are available for use in such teaching. The nature of the relationship between man and…
On the Money: Math Activities to Build Financial Literacy, Grades 6-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bay-Williams, Jennifer M.; Bush, Sarah B.; Peters, Susan A.; McGatha, Maggie B.
2015-01-01
To succeed in college, career, and life, students need to become financially literate. But understanding the basics of a long-term investment or a short-term loan is not enough without the math skills to make financially sound choices. In the already full curriculum of middle schools today, how can teachers find room to include financial literacy?…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 3, Grade One, Supplement & Ditto Packet.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional aids and ditto masters for unit three of a science/math curriculum in Spanish for first graders are included in this supplement and ditto packet. Encompassing kits 9-12, these materials are designed for use with learning activities referred to in the teacher's guide corresponding to this unit. Illustrations and materials for both…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 9, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Instructional and assessment activities in science and math for third graders are presented in this teacher's guide to unit nine. Focus, objectives and materials for each activity are in English and Spanish, while teacher instructions are only in Spanish. The unit's theme is "the nation as a community"; related to the theme are the four spiraling…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 9, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Designed to help the teacher in presenting the material of unit nine's science-math strand for third graders, this supplement and ditto packet contains both group visual aids and seatwork activities for individual students. Notations in the teacher's guide indicate when the supplementary materials should be used. Concepts explored in the four kits…
Number Sense: Strategies for Helping Preschool through Grade 3 Children Develop Math Skills
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Witzel, Bradley S.; Ferguson, Christine J.; Mink, Deborah V.
2012-01-01
Number sense development in young children has been linked to future math achievement in a manner similar to the way phonological awareness (i.e., children's awareness and use of sounds within a language to make meaning) has been linked to reading achievement (e.g., Kosanovich, Weinstein, & Goldman 2009). That is, they may be indicators of future…
Gobble Up Math: Fun Activities To Complete and Eat for Kids in Grades K-3.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mogard, Sue; McDonnell, Ginny
This book uses foods as catalysts for learning mathematical concepts. Each hands-on activity in this math center suggests accessible, healthful, and easy-to-prepare foods to be used in school or at home. An introduction to parents and teachers includes supplies list, gobble-up germs poster, and food guide pyramid and serving information. The…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Davis-Wiley, Patricia; Miller, Roy V.
2013-01-01
Among the reported proven positive results of early world Language (WL) study are improved cognitive abilities and "higher achievement test scores in reading and math" (Stewart: 11), which are expected student performance outcomes for the Common Core Standards. The future viability of Foreign Language in Elementary Schools (FLES)…
SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 4, Grade 2, Supplements & Ditto Packet.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
Designed for use with unit four of the science/math strand for second graders, the supplement and ditto packet contain visuals, worksheets, and instructional aids referred to in the teacher's guide corresponding to this unit. The brief introductions to kits 13-16 are written in both English and Spanish; all classroom materials for students are in…
Math on the Menu: Real-Life Problem Solving For Grades 3-5. Teacher's Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Barber, Jacqueline; Beals, Kevin; Bergman, Lincoln
There is plenty of "math on the menu" in the series of activities featured in this book. Students help the Rosada family start a Mexican restaurant featuring a variety of tostadas. Over the course of the unit, students apply different problem-solving strategies as they plan and expand the menu, determine different combinations of ingredients,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Carter, Merilyn; Cooper, Tom; Anderson, Robyn
2016-01-01
This paper describes the pedagogical framework used by YuMi Deadly Maths, a school change process used to improve mathematics teaching and thus enhance employment and life chances for socially disadvantaged students. The framework, called the RAMR cycle, is capable of being used by mathematics teachers for planning and delivering lessons and units…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bers, Marina U.; Portsmore, Merredith
2005-03-01
This paper presents an innovative approach to introducing pre-service early childhood teachers to math, science and technology education. The approach involves the creation of partnerships between pre-service early childhood and engineering students to conceive, develop, implement and evaluate curriculum in the area of math, science and technology by using robotics and the engineering design process. In this paper we first present the theoretical framework for the creation of these partnerships. We then introduce an experience done at Tufts University in which three different forms of partnership models evolved: the collaborator's model, the external consultant's model and the developer's model. We also present different case studies from this experience and finally we conclude with some remarks and observations for making this work scalable and sustainable in other settings and universities.
Co-Teaching Math Content and Math Pedagogy for Elementary Pre-Service Teachers: A Pilot Study
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ford, Pari; Strawhecker, Jane
2011-01-01
With a national need to improve Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education (STEM), elementary pre-service teachers must be provided with ample opportunities to increase their own knowledge and confidence in STEM disciplines. This article describes a Math Block experience developed for a special population of non-traditional…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mayes, Donald Roy
2010-01-01
This research has been conducted in response to struggling math students and parents who become frustrated while trying to help their student at home. A need remains for a treatment that can increase math success and lower the anxiety level associated with math. The rationale for this research is an attempt to increase students' math success by…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Actuarial Foundation, 2013
2013-01-01
"Welcome to Conversions Rock" is a new math program designed to build and reinforce the important skills of converting fractions, decimals, and percents for students in grades 6-8. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, this program seeks to provide skill-building, real-world math to help students become successful in the classroom and beyond. [A…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chang, Wenwu
This paper reports an experience of the author teaching high school 3D geometry with origami. In this case, students were originally expected to construct a 3D-hexaflexagon by imitating video tape so that they can understand some related math concepts better. However students demonstrated strong willing of exploring the concerned enchanting paper craft. They did not want to just memorize the folding procedures or be limited within verifying some math concepts. The teacher had then to extend the class time to 2 class periods, so that a series of creative activities are invited in. After the primary goals have been reached, two extra activities were launched. First, by exploring a torus forming animation, they explored a different algorithm of forming a hexaflexagon. Secondly, when another animation of Hexaflexagon made by the teacher was presented, the students can then explore the function of the slope of the creases. Some smart students found hexaflexagons with different shape or even different type. So the thinking level of the students reached the highest creating level by curriculum re-design. This case study comes to the conclusions that origami as well as good questions motivate students' higher level thinking. As students' scaffolds, video and animation technology are essential in helping the learners understanding origami in right perspectives.
Minimum Teaching Essentials, Grades K-9.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
The purpose of this bulletin is to provide administrators, teachers, parents, and other members of the New York City educational community with a resource that identifies, within all disciplines, the basic body of knowledge and skills to be taught at each grade or level (K-9). The bulletin begins with a broad perspective of each subject area,…
Social Studies, Grade 3. Teaching Systems II.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Elementary Curriculum Development.
The overall social studies recommended program is described in SO 000 675; the nature of this guide, and the emphasis and organization of the units are described in SO 000 679. The three units in this part of the third grade course are: Tropical Rainforest, Mountain Communities, and Grassland Communities involving the typical climatic conditions,…
Teaching Vocabulary and Morphology in Intermediate Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Palumbo, Anthony; Kramer-Vida, Louisa; Hunt, Carolyn V.
2015-01-01
Direct vocabulary instruction of Tier 2 and Tier 3 words in intermediate-grade curricula is an important tool of literacy instruction because English is a language grafted from many roots and has not developed a one-to-one phoneme-grapheme correspondence. In addition to knowing graphemes and phonemes, students must formally learn words that cross…
Teaching Literacy in Sixth Grade. Tools for Teaching Literacy Series
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wood, Karen; Mraz, Maryann
2005-01-01
Sixth grade marks the transition to middle school and, for many students, the transition to early adolescence. The sixth-grade classroom is a place where problem-solving and abstract thinking skills can flourish as teachers devise creative ways to integrate language arts with effective content-area instruction. This book walks the reader through…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DeChenne, Sue Ellen; Enochs, Larry
2010-01-01
An instrument to measure the teaching self-efficacy of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) GTAs is adapted from a general college teaching instrument (Prieto Navarro, 2005) for the specific teaching environment of the STEM GTAs. The construct and content validity and reliability of the final instrument are indicated. The final…
Teaching math skills to at-risk students using home-based peer tutoring.
Mayfield, Kristin H; Vollmer, Timothy R
2007-01-01
Home-based peer tutoring was used to teach math skills to 4 girls with deficits in mathematics and histories of abuse or neglect. Girls living in the same home formed tutoring dyads, and each participant served as both the peer tutor and the tutee during the course of the study. At the initiation of the tutoring intervention, an expert tutor provided multiple 3-min tutoring sessions to the designated peer tutor on three or four mathematics skills. The peer tutor concurrently provided 3-min tutoring sessions on the same skills to the tutee using a multiple baseline design. Results showed that participants improved their performance on all target skills. Additional interventions were implemented for some skills to improve accuracy further. Maintenance tests were also administered after 3 to 5 months of no practice on the skills. Results showed that tutors and tutees maintained their accuracy on 7 of the 12 skills assessed.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
The purpose of this technical report is to document the piloting and scaling of new easyCBM mathematics test items aligned with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and to describe the process used to revise and supplement the 2012 research version easyCBM CCSS math tests in Grades 6-8. For all operational 2012 research version test forms (10…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Peklaj, Cirila; Podlesek, Anja; Pecjak, Sonja
2015-01-01
The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between gender, previous knowledge, different personality traits, subject-specific motivational dimensions and students' math grade in secondary school. A total of 386 first-year students (142 boys and 244 girls) from secondary schools in Slovenia (mean age was 15.7 years) participated in the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mathis, Anita Cannon
2010-01-01
The research literature on computer based (assisted) instruction is mixed. Some researchers say it improves and motivates student achievement. Some researchers say it has no effect on learning. Alarmingly, the data on eighth grade performance in math is low across the United States. In the state of Georgia there are gaps in the performance of…
The Association between Students' Evaluation of Teaching and Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hoefer, Peter; Yurkiewicz, Jack; Byrne, John C.
2012-01-01
The results of a student evaluation of teaching instrument are analyzed for a semester of classes at a large collegiate business school, at both the graduate and undergraduate academic level. In particular, we concentrate on the relationship between responses to the instrument and student grades. The results show interesting differences,…
Teaching Gifted Students Literature in Grades Seven through Nine.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Covey, Barbara L.
Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…
Cur Wild Neighbors: Teaching Unit (Grades 1-3).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sammut-Tovar, Dorothy
Designed to sensitize primary grade students to the responsibilities of protecting wild animals, this teaching unit contains a variety of interdisciplinary worksheets and activities. Although focusing on wild animals indigenous to San Mateo County (California), materials are easily adaptable for use in other areas. Examples of activities are…
Teaching of Administrative Law in the New Grade of Law
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Domínguez Alonso, Patricia
2012-01-01
The teaching of Administrative Law in the new grade of law poses numerous challenges and opportunities in the new model of Bologna. It's really important work of research and students in class presentations. It is also important to motivate students to study the issues and cases brought before classes and to use virtual platforms to interact with…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Betz, Nancy E.
While much progress has been made in treating math anxiety, little is yet known about its causes, correlates or effects. The present study examined factors related to the prevalence and intensity of math anxiety in college students and the extent to which math anxiety is predictive of math course grades. The 655 subjects were obtained from two…
The Effects of Grading and Teaching Practices on Students' Perceptions of Grading Fairness
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gordon, Michael E.; Fay, Charles H.
2010-01-01
To examine the antecedents of perceptions of grading fairness, approximately 600 college students were surveyed about the prevalence and desirability of 1) teaching practices that assisted students to prepare for examinations, and 2) common test scoring manipulations used to transform poor scores into acceptable ones (e.g., curving low scores…
The Use of Fuzzy Theory in Grading of Students in Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bjelica, Momcilo; Rankovic, Dragica
2010-01-01
The development of computer science, statistics and other technological fields, give us more opportunities to improve the process of evaluation of degree of knowledge and achievements in a learning process of our students. More and more we are relying on the computer software to guide us in the grading process. An improved way of grading can help…
Do I Have to Teach Math? Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers' Fears of Teaching Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bates, Alan B.; Latham, Nancy I.; Kim, Jin-ah
2013-01-01
Eighty-nine early childhood pre-service teachers were asked to identify their specific fears towards mathematics and explain why they had those specific fears. The results showed that they possess a wide variety of fears towards mathematics including having a lack of confidence in their teaching ability, a lack of teaching methods, an inability to…
The Effect of an Educator's Teaching Style on the Math Anxiety of Adult Learners
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hosch, Mary L.
2014-01-01
Many adults are obstructed from specialized professions based on their anxiety of math. Math anxiety has been extensively researched for over 3 decades. Scholars have attempted to define its origins as well as the means to eliminate its often-debilitating effect on learners. Research indicates that learners with math anxiety often give up career…
Shake, Rattle, & Roll: Teaching Guide & Poster. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Actuarial Foundation, 2013
2013-01-01
"Shake, Rattle, & Roll" is a new program developed by The Actuarial Foundation with Scholastic, provides dynamic real-world math content designed to build student skills while showing students the relevance of math to understanding their world and planning for their future. Math skills are increasingly important for students. According to the U.S.…
Female teachers' math anxiety affects girls' math achievement.
Beilock, Sian L; Gunderson, Elizabeth A; Ramirez, Gerardo; Levine, Susan C
2010-02-02
People's fear and anxiety about doing math--over and above actual math ability--can be an impediment to their math achievement. We show that when the math-anxious individuals are female elementary school teachers, their math anxiety carries negative consequences for the math achievement of their female students. Early elementary school teachers in the United States are almost exclusively female (>90%), and we provide evidence that these female teachers' anxieties relate to girls' math achievement via girls' beliefs about who is good at math. First- and second-grade female teachers completed measures of math anxiety. The math achievement of the students in these teachers' classrooms was also assessed. There was no relation between a teacher's math anxiety and her students' math achievement at the beginning of the school year. By the school year's end, however, the more anxious teachers were about math, the more likely girls (but not boys) were to endorse the commonly held stereotype that "boys are good at math, and girls are good at reading" and the lower these girls' math achievement. Indeed, by the end of the school year, girls who endorsed this stereotype had significantly worse math achievement than girls who did not and than boys overall. In early elementary school, where the teachers are almost all female, teachers' math anxiety carries consequences for girls' math achievement by influencing girls' beliefs about who is good at math.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Quitadamo, Ian Joseph
Many higher education faculty perceive a deficiency in students' ability to reason, evaluate, and make informed judgments, skills that are deemed necessary for academic and job success in science and math. These skills, often collected within a domain called critical thinking (CT), have been studied and are thought to be influenced by teaching styles (the combination of beliefs, behavior, and attitudes used when teaching) and small group collaborative learning (SGCL). However, no existing studies show teaching styles and SGCL cause changes in student CT performance. This study determined how combinations of teaching styles called clusters and peer-facilitated SGCL (a specific form of SGCL) affect changes in undergraduate student CT performance using a quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test research design and valid and reliable CT performance indicators. Quantitative analyses of three teaching style cluster models (Grasha's cluster model, a weighted cluster model, and a student-centered/teacher-centered cluster model) and peer-facilitated SGCL were performed to evaluate their ability to cause measurable changes in student CT skills. Based on results that indicated weighted teaching style clusters and peer-facilitated SGCL are associated with significant changes in student CT, we conclude that teaching styles and peer-facilitated SGCL influence the development of undergraduate CT in higher education science and math.
Cognitive Processes and Math Performance: A Study with Children at Third Grade of Basic Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Campos, Isabel S.; Almeida, Leandro S.; Ferreira, Aristides I.; Martinez, Luis F.; Ramalho, Gloria
2013-01-01
The present study aims to examine the relationship between cognitive factors and mathematical achievement in primary education. Participants were 103 Portuguese third grade students, aged 8 and 9. All participants completed a battery for working memory (WMTB-C), a test of general intelligence (Raven's Progressive Color Matrices), a selective…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Instructional Objectives Exchange, Los Angeles, CA.
To help classroom teachers in grades K-9 construct mathematics tests, fifteen general objectives, corresponding sub-objectives, sample test items, and answers are presented. In general, sub-objectives are arranged in increasing order of difficulty. The objectives were written to comprehensively cover three categories. The first, graphs, covers the…
The Impact of Professional Learning Communities on Third-Grade Math Scores
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allen, Tosha Y.
2012-01-01
This study examined whether or not teacher collaboration in professional learning communities, which is a form of professional development, affected student learning in third-grade mathematics. The sample for the study consisted of 120 students (i.e., 60 students for the experimental group and 60 students for the control group). Both schools were…
Introduction to Communication, Grades PreK-2. The Math Process Standards Series
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Connell, Susan; O'Connor, Kelly
2007-01-01
In this book, the authors offer suggestions for teachers to help students explore, express, and better understand mathematical content through talking and writing. They offer an array of entry points for understanding, planning, and teaching, including strategies that help students put their ideas into words, clarify them, elaborate on them, and…
The Effects of Clickers on Math Achievement in 11th Grade Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lynch, Lucinda Ann
2013-01-01
Due to the increased access of Pods, Internet, games and communication devices, teachers are finding that students are less receptive to traditional teaching methods. One rural Northeast Georgia high school purchased a wireless student response system, "clickers," for teachers to use to engage students. The purpose of this study was to…
Early Math Experiences and the Facilitative Adult.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allen, K. Eileen; And Others
These three colloqium papers focus on math readiness and the young child, the use of games in teaching basic math skills, and the teaching of math concepts through informal day care activities. The first paper discusses notions about math readiness. It points out that mental age has little to do with readiness to learn basic concept skills and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Meyer, Jo Ann; Wurster, Stanley R.
For this study, a 5th and 6th grade team taught classroom of 66 children was chosen. Three equivalent groups of 22 children each were matched on the basis of a pretest in math. Each group was given a different noise level treatment: quiet (45-55 decibels), average (55-70 decibels), and noisy (75-90 decibels). A tape recording of actual classroom…
Flick, L.B.
1995-12-31
This report describes the progress of a project to encourage students and professionals to participate in math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades. The topics of the report include developing a model laboratory/classroom for teacher education, providing financial incentives for students with technical majors to complete the program, and emphasizing issues of equity and minority participation in mathematics, science and technology education through recruitment procedures and in course content.
Discourse Time! Developing Argumentative Literacy in the Math Classroom
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Singer, David
2007-01-01
The purpose of this article is to describe Discourse Time (D.T.), a teaching practice that aims to integrate argumentative literacy, the third piece of the literacy puzzle, into math learning environments. Snapshots from a tenth grade classroom at Skyview Academy High School in Thornton, Colorado is used to paint a vivid picture of what D.T. looks…
Measuring Math Growth: Implications for Progress Monitoring. Research Brief 5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alonzo, Julie; Irvin, P. Shawn
2013-01-01
Achievement growth in math is often framed in the context of monitoring student progress within a Response to Intervention (RTI) approach to teaching and learning. In this research brief we report on a study that examined initial status and within-year growth for fourth grade students who received short progress-monitoring assessments in math…
As Easy as Pi: Picture Books Are Perfect for Teaching Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burns, Marilyn
2010-01-01
Over the years, the author has learned that illustrated books can help dispel the myth that math is dull, unimaginative, and inaccessible. They can spark children's mathematical imaginations in ways that textbooks and workbooks often don't. Picture books can also help students who love to read--but think math isn't their thing--experience the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Acre, Andrea M.
2014-01-01
This qualitative study investigated the experiences of four elementary teachers who have elected to use science to teach math and reading/language arts in an attempt to identify what motivates them to do so. Identifying what experiences have motivated these teachers to go against the gain and teach elementary science in this current era of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Snipes, Jason; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jaquet, Karina; Finkelstein, Neal
2015-01-01
The Effects of the Elevate Math summer program on math achievement and algebra readiness: This randomized trial examined the effects of the Elevate Math summer program on math achievement and algebra readiness, as well as math interest and self-efficacy, among rising 8th grade students in California's Silicon Valley. The Elevate Math summer math…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ng, Florrie Fei-Yin; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Sze, Irene Nga-Lam
2015-01-01
Preschoolers' inhibitory control and early math skills were concurrently and longitudinally examined in 255 Chinese, African American, Dominican, and Mexican 4-year-olds in the United States. Inhibitory control at age 4, assessed with a peg-tapping task, was associated with early math skills at age 4 and predicted growth in such skills from age 4…
Criterion Validity Evidence for the easyCBM© CCSS Math Measures: Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1402
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Anderson, Daniel; Rowley, Brock; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
The easyCBM© CCSS Math tests were developed to help inform teachers' instructional decisions by providing relevant information on students' mathematical skills, relative to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This technical report describes a study to explore the validity of the easyCBM© CCSS Math tests by evaluating the relation between…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
The second unit of instructional and evaluation activities for a science/math curriculum in Spanish developed for first graders make up this teacher's guide. Kits five-eight, each covering a period of two to three weeks, present science and math instruction around the family. The guide lists focus, objective, and materials in English and Spanish…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Powell, Sarah R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Cirino, Paul T.; Fletcher, Jack M.
2009-01-01
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of fact retrieval tutoring as a function of math difficulty (MD) subtype, that is, whether students have MD alone (MD-only) or have concurrent difficulty with math and reading (MDRD). Third graders (n = 139) at two sites were randomly assigned, blocking by site and MD subtype, to four tutoring…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fries, Karen M.
2013-01-01
Students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) in mathematics can typically experience long-lasting problems when developing fluency with basic math facts despite the use of evidence-based practices. One recently developed intervention to promote memorization and fact-fluency is Mastering Math Facts (MMF). MMF is a commercially-available…
3D printing technology as innovative tool for math and geometry teaching applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huleihil, M.
2017-01-01
The industrial revolution and automation of production processes have changed the face of the world. Three dimensional (3D) printing has the potential to revolutionize manufacturing and further change methods of production toward allowing in increasing number of people to produce products at home. According to a recent OECD (see Backer [1]) publication, “…tapping into the next industrial revolution requires actions on many levels and in many different areas. In particular, unlocking the potential of emerging and enabling technologies requires policy development along a number of fronts, from commercialization to regulation and the supply of skills through education.” In this paper we discuss the role of schools and their responsibility to act as quickly as possible to design a plan of action that will prepare the future citizens to deal with this new reality. This requires planning of action in different directions and on different planes, such as labs, teachers, and curricula. 3D printing requires higher levels of thinking, innovation and creativity. It has the power to develop human imagination and give students the opportunity to visualize numbers, two- dimensional shapes, and three-dimensional objects. The combination of thinking, design, and production has immense power to increase motivation and satisfaction, with a highly probable increase in a student’s math and geometry achievements. The CAD system includes a measure tool which enables and alternative way for calculating properties of the objects under consideration and allows development of reflection and critical thinking. The research method was based on comparison between a reference group and a test group; it was found that intervention significantly improved the reflection abilities of 6th grade students in mathematics.
Preparing Elementary Mathematics-Science Teaching Specialists.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Miller, L. Diane
1992-01-01
Describes a professional development program to train math/science specialists for the upper elementary school grades. Using results from an interest survey, 30 teachers were chosen to participate in a 3-year program to become math/science specialists. Presents the teaching model used and the advantages for teachers and students in having subject…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jansen, Brenda R. J.; Louwerse, Jolien; Straatemeier, Marthe; Van der Ven, Sanne H. G.; Klinkenberg, Sharon; Van der Maas, Han L. J.
2013-01-01
It was investigated whether children would experience less math anxiety and feel more competent when they, independent of ability level, experienced high success rates in math. Comparable success rates were achieved by adapting problem difficulty to individuals' ability levels with a computer-adaptive program. A total of 207 children (grades 3-6)…
Stroebe, Wolfgang
2016-11-01
In this article, I address the paradox that university grade point averages have increased for decades, whereas the time students invest in their studies has decreased. I argue that one major contributor to this paradox is grading leniency, encouraged by the practice of university administrators to base important personnel decisions on student evaluations of teaching. Grading leniency creates strong incentives for instructors to teach in ways that would result in good student evaluations. Because many instructors believe that the average student prefers courses that are entertaining, require little work, and result in high grades, they feel under pressure to conform to those expectations. Evidence is presented that the positive association between student grades and their evaluation of teaching reflects a bias rather than teaching effectiveness. If good teaching evaluations reflected improved student learning due to effective teaching, they should be positively related to the grades received in subsequent courses that build on knowledge gained in the previous course. Findings that teaching evaluations of concurrent courses, though positively correlated with concurrent grades, are negatively related to student performance in subsequent courses are more consistent with the assumption that concurrent evaluations are the result of lenient grading rather than effective teaching. Policy implications are discussed.
An Interdisciplinary Inservice Model for Teaching Reading in the Content Areas: Grades 7-9.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Granite School District, Salt Lake City, UT.
The model outlined in this document describes the development of an integrated approach to teaching content reading skills to teachers. Methods and materials applicable to texts and media currently used in classrooms were produced by inservice teachers of science, math, and social studies at a Salt Lake City junior high school. This document…
Teacher Quality and Teaching Quality of 7th-Grade Algebra I Honors Teachers
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Perez, Barbara
2013-01-01
With more and more focus on accountability, algebra achievement has become a major focus of math curriculum developers. In many states, students are expected to pass standardized Algebra achievement tests in order to satisfy graduation requirements. The purpose of this study was to identify teacher qualities and teaching qualities linked to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stotsky, Sandra
2007-01-01
This article recounts the battle in the "math wars" that took place in Massachusetts, United States in 1999-2000 over the scope, content and teaching of the state's K-12 mathematics curriculum. Harsh controversies arose between the partisans of a "reform-math" movement stressing an undefined "conceptual understanding"…
Experiences Teaching Stoichiometry to Students in Grades 10 and 11
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bridges, Cynthia Denise
Many students have problems learning stoichiometry, a complex mathematical chemistry concept used to determine how much product will be produced or formed from a given quantity of reactants. The problem addressed in this study was teachers' lack of understanding of how to teach stoichiometry in a Midwestern urban school district. The conceptual framework of the study was based upon constructivist theory. A qualitative narrative approach was used to obtain the perceptions of 5 high school chemistry instructors related to their experiences, successful or unsuccessful, in teaching stoichiometry to students in Grades 10 and 11. Data were gathered through face-to-face interviews, which were analyzed via an inductive approach to reveal 6 themes: a difficult subject to teach, presentation of stoichiometry, relevancy, students' reactions, barriers, and gender differences. Findings suggested the need for teachers to be knowledgeable, creative, and resourceful in their subject areas to help their students to learn stoichiometry. Findings also revealed the need for teachers to adapt their instructional strategies and modes of delivery to reflect their students' individual learning styles. Understanding how the participating teachers explained stoichiometry to their students might help other chemistry teachers to examine and adapt their own instructional styles and delivery methods of the concept. This understanding might, in term, help to improve student achievement in stoichiometry in particular and chemistry in general.
Enhanced learning of proportional math through music training and spatial-temporal training.
Graziano, A B; Peterson, M; Shaw, G L
1999-03-01
It was predicted, based on a mathematical model of the cortex, that early music training would enhance spatial-temporal reasoning. We have demonstrated that preschool children given six months of piano keyboard lessons improved dramatically on spatial-temporal reasoning while children in appropriate control groups did not improve. It was then predicted that the enhanced spatial-temporal reasoning from piano keyboard training could lead to enhanced learning of specific math concepts, in particular proportional math, which is notoriously difficult to teach using the usual language-analytic methods. We report here the development of Spatial-Temporal Math Video Game software designed to teach fractions and proportional math, and its strikingly successful use in a study involving 237 second-grade children (age range six years eight months-eight years five months). Furthermore, as predicted, children given piano keyboard training along with the Math Video Game training scored significantly higher on proportional math and fractions than children given a control training along with the Math Video Game. These results were readily measured using the companion Math Video Game Evaluation Program. The training time necessary for children on the Math Video Game is very short, and they rapidly reach a high level of performance. This suggests that, as predicted, we are tapping into fundamental cortical processes of spatial-temporal reasoning. This spatial-temporal approach is easily generalized to teach other math and science concepts in a complementary manner to traditional language-analytic methods, and at a younger age. The neural mechanisms involved in thinking through fractions and proportional math during training with the Math Video Game might be investigated in EEG coherence studies along with priming by specific music.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Brover, Charles; Deagan, Denise; Farina, Solange
This paper explains the investigative attempts of The New York City Math Exchange Group (MEG) on elementary mathematics teachers' content knowledge in Adult Basic Education (ABE). The study is comparative in nature and took place in a workshop at the Adults Learning Maths Conference in Boston. The new members of the MEG professional development…
Math and science illiteracy: Social and economic impacts
Williams, J.L.
1994-05-01
Today`s highly competitive global economy is being driven by increasingly rapid technological development. This paper explores the problems of math and science illiteracy in the United States and the potential impact on our economic survival in this environment during the next century. Established educational methods that reward task performance, emphasize passive lecture, and fail to demonstrate relevance to real life are partly to blame. Social norms, stereotypes, and race and gender bias also have an impact. To address this crisis, we need to question the philosophy of an educational system that values task over concept. Many schools have already initiated programs at all grade levels to make math and science learning more relevant, stimulating, and fun. Teaching methods that integrate math and science learning with teamwork, social context, and other academic subjects promote the development of higher-order thinking skills and help students see math and science as necessary skills.
Teachers' Beliefs about Grading Practices and a Constructivist Approach to Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chen, Peggy P.; Bonner, Sarah M.
2017-01-01
We examined novice teachers' beliefs about grading and constructivist teaching approaches. Adapting an existing instrument designed to assess preservice teachers' grading beliefs that deviate from recommended practices, we administered the Survey of Grading Beliefs to 203 inservice teachers. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 3-factor model…
Teaching 5th grade science for aesthetic understanding
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Girod, Mark A.
Many scientists speak with great zeal about the role of aesthetics and beauty in their science and inquiry. Few systematic efforts have been made to teach science in ways that appeal directly to aesthetics and this research is designed to do just that. Drawing from the aesthetic theory of Dewey, I describe an analytic lens called learning for aesthetic understanding that finds power in the degree to which our perceptions of the world are transformed, our interests and enthusiasm piqued, and our actions changed as we seek further experiences in the world. This learning theory is contrasted against two other current and popular theories of science learning, that of learning for conceptual understanding via conceptual change theory and learning for a language-oriented or discourse-based understanding. After a lengthy articulation of the pedagogical strategies used to teach for aesthetic understanding the research is described in which comparisons are drawn between students in two 5th grade classrooms---one taught for the goal of conceptual understanding and the other taught for the goal of aesthetic understanding. Results of this comparison show that more students in the treatment classroom had aesthetic experiences with science ideas and came to an aesthetic understanding when studying weather, erosion, and structure of matter than students in the control group. Also statistically significant effects are shown on measures of interest, affect, and efficacy for students in the treatment class. On measures of conceptual understanding it appears that treatment class students learned more and forgot less over time than control class students. The effect of the treatment does not generally depend on gender, ethnicity, or prior achievement except in students' identity beliefs about themselves as science learners. In this case, a significant interaction for treatment class females on science identity beliefs did occur. A discussion of these results as well as elaboration and
A Follow-up Study of Two Methods of Teaching Mathematics: Traditional versus New Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Walton, Gene A.; And Others
1977-01-01
When high school mathematics grades and test scores were analyzed, findings showed that high- and middle-ability students who had a modern mathematics course in the seventh grade received significantly higher grades in Algebra I, II, III, and Geometry than did students who had a traditional seventh grade mathematics course. (DT)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dobbins, Angela; Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Ulrich, Tracy
2014-01-01
Geometry is a course that is increasingly required for students to graduate from high school. However, geometric concepts can pose a great challenge to high school youth with math difficulties. Although research on teaching geometry to students with mathematics difficulties is limited, teachers are challenged daily with providing support for youth…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Waters, Hugh E.; Boon, Richard T.
2011-01-01
This study investigated the effects of the TouchMath[C] program (Bullock, Pierce,&McClellan, 1989) to teach students with mild intellectual disabilities to subtract 3-digit money computational problems with regrouping. Three students with mild intellectual disabilities in high school received instruction in a special education mathematics…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marsicano, Richard T.; Morrison, Julie Q.; Moomaw, Sally C.; Fite, Nathan M.; Kluesener, Courtney M.
2015-01-01
The current study used a single-case design to examine two performance feedback conditions varying in intensity on the frequency of naturalistic math instruction in preschool classrooms during non-instructional times (transition, lunch, free play). Three Head Start teachers received professional development that combined information on four…
Sled Dogs, Musher Math, and More: Theme Teaching and the Alaskan Iditarod.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Park-Seldomridge, Anne
1995-01-01
A teacher of upper elementary deaf students describes a multidisciplinary study unit focused on the Alaskan dogsled race, the Iditarod. Activities included studying Alaskan geography and history, following specific racers (mushers) through daily updates faxed from Alaska, writing letters to mushers, calculating math facts related to the race,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marsh, Lynn G.; Cooke, Nancy L.
1996-01-01
Three third graders with a history of low achievement in math were first given verbal (abstract) instruction in solving word problems. Students were then introduced to manipulatives instruction using Cuisenaire rods to set up word problems. Students exhibited immediate and sustained improvement on subsequent probes administered without…
How Common Is the Common Core? A Global Analysis of Math Teaching and Learning
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Khaliqi, David
2016-01-01
The U.S. educational system is undergoing rapid and substantial changes with many states grappling with the adoption of the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics (CCSSM). Important research questions remain unanswered regarding the potential efficacy of the CCSSM to improve student math performance compared with students around the globe.…
Moser, Stephanie E.; West, Stephen G.; Hughes, Jan N.
2012-01-01
This study investigated the effects of retention or promotion in first grade on growth trajectories in mathematics and reading achievement over the elementary school years (grades 1–5). From a large multiethnic sample (n = 784) of children who were below the median in literacy at school entrance, 363 children who were either promoted (n = 251) or retained (n = 112) in first grade could be successfully matched on 72 background variables. Achievement was measured annually using Woodcock-Johnson W scores; scores of retained children were shifted back one year to permit same-grade comparisons. Using longitudinal growth curve analysis, trajectories of math and reading scores for promoted and retained children were compared. Retained children received a one year boost in achievement; this boost fully dissipated by the end of elementary school. The pattern of subsequent retention in grades 2, 3 and 4 and placement in special education of the sample during the elementary school years is also described and their effects are explored. Policy implications for interventions for low achieving children are considered. PMID:23335818
Math Anxiety, Working Memory, and Math Achievement in Early Elementary School
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Levine, Susan C.; Beilock, Sian L.
2013-01-01
Although math anxiety is associated with poor mathematical knowledge and low course grades (Ashcraft & Krause, 2007), research establishing a connection between math anxiety and math achievement has generally been conducted with young adults, ignoring the emergence of math anxiety in young children. In the current study, we explored whether…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.
The science-math strand of unit six for second graders deals primarily with the concepts of conservation, relativity, adaptation and ecology. This teacher's guide to Kits 21-24 presents instructional and assessment activities revolving around the basic theme of the neighborhood as a community. Focus, objective, and materials for each activity are…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allen, Vikki Renee
2012-01-01
Critical issues are confronting educators regarding increasing student achievement levels in reading, math and science in United States' public schools. Educators and legislators are attempting to make radical changes in instructional methodology and to find viable and sustainable solutions to problems associated with poor student achievement.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Korpershoek, Hanke; Kuyper, Hans; van der Werf, Greetje
2015-01-01
Word problems are math- or science-related problems presented in the context of a story or real-life scenario. Literature suggests that, to solve these problems, advanced reading skills are required, in addition to content-related skills in, for example, mathematics. In the present study, we investigated the relation between students' reading…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Operations Research Society of America, Arlington, VA.
Continuing the theme of the school as a community, the teacher's guide to the science/math strand of unit five presents both instructional and assessment activities for kits 17-20. Focus, materials and objective for each activity are in Spanish and English; teacher instructions are in Spanish only. In kit 17 the science activities deal with the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Berrong, Darren Andrew
2012-01-01
This study examined the relationship between principal turnover rate, percentage of minority students, percentage of students with disabilities, and percentage of students who are economically disadvantaged and student achievement in reading/English language arts and math measured by Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) on the Georgia Criterion…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Eubanks-Turner, Christina; Hajj, Najat
2015-01-01
In this article, Christina Eubanks-Turner and Najat Hajj describe a planning process that they used to create a fun-filled eighth-grade math activity that focused on parade planning. The activity was designed to enhance and supplement the eighth-grade algebra curriculum on linear equations and functions, help students use mathematical habits of…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Quigley, Cassie F.; Herro, Dani
2016-06-01
In response to a desire to strengthen the economy, educational settings are emphasizing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) curriculum and programs. Yet, because of the narrow approach to STEM, educational leaders continue to call for a more balanced approach to teaching and learning, which includes the arts, design, and humanities. This desire created space for science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics (STEAM) education, a transdisciplinary approach that focuses on problem-solving. STEAM-based curricula and STEAM-themed schools are appearing all over the globe. This growing national and global attention to STEAM provides an opportunity for teacher education to explore the ways in which teachers implement STEAM practices, examining the successes and challenges, and how teachers are beginning to make sense of this innovative teaching practice. The purpose of this paper is to examine the implementation of STEAM teaching practices in science and math middle school classrooms, in hopes to provide research-based evidence on this emerging topic to guide teacher educators.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Richardson, Rita C.
The Connecting with Others program, initially developed to teach prosocial skills to special-needs students within regular classroom settings, offers an alternative strategy to classroom management and discipline through instruction in self-regulation skills and conflict resolution. The program for elementary grades consists of a K-2 volume and…
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2004
2004-01-01
"Saxon Math" focuses on fundamental mathematics skills, targeting children from kindergarten through grade 12. This report focuses on middle school math, defined as grades 6 through 9. The 6th grade curriculum covers simplifying expressions containing parentheses, graphing functions, and understanding ratios and proportions. The 7th grade…
Strategic Teaching and Strategic Learning in First-Grade Classrooms.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kinnucan-Welsch, Kathryn; Magill, Dodie; Dean, Marie
1999-01-01
Describes Reading Express, a collaborative program bringing together first-grade teachers and Reading Recovery teachers to support all first-grade children in literacy development. Indicates that the program is having a positive impact on students' literacy development. Concludes that first-grade teachers are more strategic in their reading…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jacobson, Linda
2004-01-01
As science gets squeezed in the elementary curriculum, at least two Florida districts are trying a new approach to keeping hands-on lessons a part of pupils' experiences. This article reports how Broward and Palm Beach county districts have increased the number of science specialists working in their elementary schools--teachers who, like physical…
How Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics Teachers Teach--A First Investigation
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Maniraho, Jean Francois; Christiansen, Iben Maj
2015-01-01
This paper offers a tentative snapshot of Grade 6 mathematics classroom practices in Rwanda based on twenty video recorded lessons. It has an objective of investigating through evaluation, the teaching strategies used by Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics teachers in their classrooms. In the absence of sufficient instruments to measure Pedagogical…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Michigan Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
This monograph concerns the geometry curriculum as it should be in an effective and complete mathematics program in grades K-9. The first section makes an impelling argument for teaching substantial amounts of geometry in grades K-9: for practical life skills, for developing number and measurement concepts, for problem-solving experiences, for…
Evaluating Science Education Reform via Fourth-Grade Students' Image of Science Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yilmaz, Hulya; Turkmen, Hakan; Pedersen, Jon E.
2008-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate fourth-grade students image of current science teaching by using a Draw-A-Science-Teacher-Test Checklist (DASTT-C), and give a glance whether the new restructured science education reform in Turkey is implemented successfully or not. Fifty-five (34 girls and 21 boys) fourth-grade students from three…
Teaching the Middle School Grade-Level Outcomes with Standards-Based Instruction
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Avery, Marybell; Rettig, Brad
2015-01-01
This article focuses on the grade-level outcomes to be assessed on middle school (grades 6-8) physical education. Specifically, the article describes how to teach basic tactics and strategies while applying fundamental movement patterns to the various game and movement categories (invasion, net/wall, target, fielding/striking, dance/rhythms, &…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DAGHLIAN, PHILIP B.; JENKINSON, EDWARD B.
A CONTINUATION OF "TEACHING LITERATURE IN GRADES 7 THROUGH 9" (SEE ED 013 804.), THIS BOOK OFFERS A TEACHING APPROACH WHICH EMPHASIZES THE CLOSE READING OF LITERARY WORKS IN A SEQUENTIAL ORDER OF INCREASING COMPLEXITY. EACH OF THE FIRST THREE SECTIONS ("POETRY,""SHORT STORY," AND "DRAMA", PRESENTS A PROGRAM…
Studying Gender Bias in Physics Grading: The Role of Teaching Experience and Country
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hofer, Sarah I.
2015-01-01
The existence of gender-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) stereotypes has been repeatedly documented. This article examines physics teachers' gender bias in grading and the influence of teaching experience in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany. In a 2?×?2 between-subjects design, with years of teaching experience included as…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Briede, Liene
2016-01-01
The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between the teaching approach adopted by mathematics teachers and their 9th grade students' mathematical self. The study searched for the answers on three research questions, namely, about 1) the approaches prevailing in mathematics teachers' beliefs about effective teaching and self-reports…
Teaching for Creativity by Science Teachers in Grades 5-10
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Abdali, Nasser S.; Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.
2016-01-01
This classroom observation study explored how science teachers (N = 22) teach for creativity in grades 5-10 in Oman. We designed an observation form with 4 main categories that targeted the instructional practices related to teaching for creativity: questioning strategy, teacher's responses to students' ideas, classroom activities to support…
"Wheatfields and Wildflowers": Ideas for Teaching Canadian Literature Grades 8-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bailey, Steve
Intended for use with tenth grade students in Canadian schools, this paper provides a teaching unit designed to familiarize the students with the literature of their country. The paper contains (1) a teaching unit that uses poetry, stories, and films to illustrate the theme "Growing up Canadian"; (2) a curriculum planning model for…
Science: Curriculum Guide for Teaching Gifted Children Science in Grades One Through Three.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Morrison, Charlotte
The curriculum guide for teaching science to gifted primary grade children in California focuses on natural science, with an emphasis on ecology. Provided are a general overview of the unit, a set of behavioral objectives, a list of generalizations and concepts, a sample teaching-learning plan for the complete unit, and eight sample lesson plans.…
Encouraging Sixth-Grade Students' Problem-Solving Performance by Teaching through Problem Solving
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bostic, Jonathan D.; Pape, Stephen J.; Jacobbe, Tim
2016-01-01
This teaching experiment provided students with continuous engagement in a problem-solving based instructional approach during one mathematics unit. Three sections of sixth-grade mathematics were sampled from a school in Florida, U.S.A. and one section was randomly assigned to experience teaching through problem solving. Students' problem-solving…
Literature: Curriculum Guide for Teaching Gifted Children Literature in Grades One through Three.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Deming, Bonnie J.; Klein, Jack L.
One of a series, the guide is concerned with the teaching of literature to gifted students in grades 1 through 3. An introduction discusses cognitive and affective domains, educational objectives, general statements about the gifted, and selected teaching approaches. Literary and interpretive skills are considered in terms of an introductory…
Teaching Poetry in Elementary Grades: A Review of Related Literature.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Amann, Theresa N.
In order to assess current ideas, reveal their shortcomings, and suggest steps for future investigation, this review of the literature on teaching poetry discusses definitions of poetry, references on teaching poetry, teaching methods, poetic forms, experimental research, and the benefits of poetry. The paper concludes that the lack of empirical…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cohrssen, Caroline; Tayler, Collette; Cloney, Dan
2015-01-01
The Early Years Learning Framework for Australia governs early childhood education in the years before school in Australia. Since this framework is not a curriculum, early childhood educators report uncertainty regarding what mathematical concepts to teach and how to teach them. This implementation study, positioned within the broader E4Kids…
Math as a Way of Knowing. Strategies for Teaching and Learning Professional Library.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ohanian, Susan
This publication is part of a series of monographs on the art of teaching. Each volume, focusing on a specific discipline, explores theory in the context of teaching strategies connected to evaluation of both teachers' and students' learning. Three techniques are offered for use of the guide: dialogues (as self-evaluation and in study groups),…
Intergenerational Effects of Parents' Math Anxiety on Children's Math Achievement and Anxiety.
Maloney, Erin A; Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A; Levine, Susan C; Beilock, Sian L
2015-09-01
A large field study of children in first and second grade explored how parents' anxiety about math relates to their children's math achievement. The goal of the study was to better understand why some students perform worse in math than others. We tested whether parents' math anxiety predicts their children's math achievement across the school year. We found that when parents are more math anxious, their children learn significantly less math over the school year and have more math anxiety by the school year's end-but only if math-anxious parents report providing frequent help with math homework. Notably, when parents reported helping with math homework less often, children's math achievement and attitudes were not related to parents' math anxiety. Parents' math anxiety did not predict children's reading achievement, which suggests that the effects of parents' math anxiety are specific to children's math achievement. These findings provide evidence of a mechanism for intergenerational transmission of low math achievement and high math anxiety.
Smith college secondary math and science outreach program
Powell, J.A.; Clark, C.
1994-12-31
The Smith College Secondary Math and Science Outreach Program works collaboratively with front-line educators to encourage young women students of all abilities, especially underrepresented and underserved minorities, to continue studying math and science throughout high school. The program includes three main components: (1) Twenty-five to thirty teams of math/science teachers and guidance counselors participate in a year-long program which begins with a three-day Current Students/Future Scientists and Engineering Workshop. This event includes a keynote address, presentations and workshops by successful women in science and engineering, and hands-on laboratory sessions. Each participant receives a stipend and free room and board. Returning to their schools, the teacher-counselor teams implement ongoing plans designed to counteract gender bias in the sciences and to alert female students to the broad range of math, science, and engineering career choices open to them. A follow-up session in the spring allows the teams to present and discuss their year-long activities. (2) TRI-ON, a day of science for 120 ninth- and tenth- grade girls from schools with a large underserved and underrepresented population, is held in early spring. Girls discover the excitement of laboratory investigation and interact with female college science and math majors. (3) Teaching Internships, initiated in 1991, involve ten to fifteen Smith College math and science majors in teaching in public schools. The teaching interns experience the rewards and challenges of classroom teaching, and they also serve as role models for younger students.
The Role of Parental Math Anxiety and Math Attitude in Their Children's Math Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Soni, Akanksha; Kumari, Santha
2017-01-01
The present study investigated the antecedents and consequences of children's math anxiety and math attitude. A total of 595 students aged 10 to 15 years (5th to 10th grades) and 1 parent of each (mother or father) participated in the study. The study was conducted in India, with the study sample drawn from schools in South-West Punjab. Math…
Math Fact Strategies Research Project
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Boso, Annie
2011-01-01
An action research project was conducted in order to determine effective math fact strategies for first graders. The traditional way of teaching math facts included using timed tests and flashcards, with most students counting on their fingers or a number line. Six new research-based strategies were taught and analyzed to decide which methods…
The Case for Creativity in Math Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lonergan, Mark
2007-01-01
After 11 years of teaching, the question the author worries about now is "How do we do this well? How do we engage students in math classes? How do we convince them that math is beautiful, fun and powerful?" For the math department at the author's school, Boston Arts Academy (BAA), the answer has been to infuse creativity into math…
Measurement of math beliefs and their associations with math behaviors in college students.
Hendy, Helen M; Schorschinsky, Nancy; Wade, Barbara
2014-12-01
Our purpose in the present study was to expand understanding of math beliefs in college students by developing 3 new psychometrically tested scales as guided by expectancy-value theory, self-efficacy theory, and health belief model. Additionally, we identified which math beliefs (and which theory) best explained variance in math behaviors and performance by college students and which students were most likely to have problematic math beliefs. Study participants included 368 college math students who completed questionnaires to report math behaviors (attending class, doing homework, reading textbooks, asking for help) and used a 5-point rating scale to indicate a variety of math beliefs. For a subset of 84 students, math professors provided final math grades. Factor analyses produced a 10-item Math Value Scale with 2 subscales (Class Devaluation, No Future Value), a 7-item single-dimension Math Confidence Scale, and an 11-item Math Barriers Scale with 2 subscales (Math Anxiety, Discouraging Words). Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that high levels of the newly discovered class devaluation belief (guided by expectancy-value theory) were most consistently associated with poor math behaviors in college students, with high math anxiety (guided by health belief model) and low math confidence (guided by self-efficacy theory) also found to be significant. Analyses of covariance revealed that younger and male students were at increased risk for class devaluation and older students were at increased risk for poor math confidence.
Representative Guidelines for Teaching Composition: Grades 7-13.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gatschet, Paul A.
This study focused on a current problem in secondary English: an unwarranted emphasis on teaching literature. In order to formulate guidelines for teaching composition, the experimenter constructed hypotheses and submitted them to secondary school teachers and their students. Conclusions were drawn on the basis of preferences identified by…
Something That Works for Me. 100 Teaching Practices Used in Our Schools. Grades K-12. No. 1.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
The teaching practices presented in this manual address the following curriculum areas: language arts, art, music, guidance, physical education, special education, human relations, library skills, social studies, science, class management, math, reading, spelling, English as a second language, typing, foreign languages, humanities, English,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Akyeampong, Kwame; Lussier, Kattie; Pryor, John; Westbrook, Jo
2013-01-01
Teacher education has an important role in ensuring quality of learning especially for the poorest children. The article draws on a study of teacher preparation for the early primary grades in six African countries--Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania and Uganda--in reading and mathematics. Initial teacher education had the strongest impact on…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bailey, Anne Lowrey
1984-01-01
Charles Pine, CASE's Professor of the Year, is a professor who gets students to know and love math and physics and who has emerged as a leading teacher of math teachers. It started when Pine found that his students couldn't do the math involved in his physics classes. (MLW)
Teaching Middle-Grades Mathematics through Financial Literacy
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Crawford-Ferre, Heather Glynn; Wiest, Lynda R.; Vega, Stephanie
2016-01-01
Because financial literacy is an important skill for middle-grades students, this article suggests numerous personal financial literacy tasks for use in the mathematics classroom. Also provided are specifics for implementing one of these tasks to address mathematical content.
Creating a Down-to-Earth Approach to Teaching Science, Math and Technology.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Williamson, Robert; Smoak, Ellen
1999-01-01
Down-to-Earth is a program designed to increase 9- to 12-year olds' critical thinking and problem solving by teaching gardening through the scientific method. The combination of multi- and interdisciplinary topics has increased achievement and resulted in attitudinal and behavioral changes. (SK)
Investigating the Effects of a Math-Enhanced Agricultural Teaching Methods Course
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stripling, Christopher T.; Roberts, T. Grady
2013-01-01
Numerous calls have been made for agricultural education to support core academic subject matter including mathematics. Previous research has shown that the incorporation of mathematics content into a teaching methods course had a positive effect on preservice teachers' mathematics content knowledge. The purpose of this study was to investigate…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wright, Robert J.; Ellemor-Collins, David; Tabor, Pamela D.
2011-01-01
This fourth book in the Mathematics Recovery series equips teachers with detailed pedagogical knowledge and resources for teaching number to 7 to 11-year olds. Drawing on extensive programs of research, curriculum development, and teacher development, the book offers a coherent, up-to-date approach emphasizing computational fluency and the…
Handling Math Expressions in Economics: Recoding Spreadsheet Teaching Tool of Growth Models
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moro-Egido, Ana I.; Pedauga, Luis E.
2017-01-01
In the present paper, we develop a teaching methodology for economic theory. The main contribution of this paper relies on combining the interactive characteristics of spreadsheet programs such as Excel and Unicode plain-text linear format for mathematical expressions. The advantage of Unicode standard rests on its ease for writing and reading…
Activities for Teaching K-6 Math/Science Concepts. Classroom Activities Series - Number 2.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Farmer, Walter A.; Farrell, Margaret A.
This book is a revised edition of one of the products of a project, "Teaching Mathematics and Science Concepts, K-6, funded by the New York State Education Department. The project was a collaborative effort by mathematics and science education faculty at the State University of New York at Albany and representatives of eight school districts in…
Who's Teaching Math to Our Most Needy Students? A Descriptive Study
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rosas, Clarissa; Campbell, Lisa
2010-01-01
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) mandates that every classroom be staffed with a "highly qualified teacher." Research supports that teachers' content knowledge affects student achievement. However, the special education population continues to be taught by teachers who do not have the content area background they teach. In addition,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Maida, Paula J.
2006-01-01
Integrating mathematics across the curriculum offers students the opportunity to link ideas in a natural, impactive way. In this article, the author shares some interactive math activities that she used in a fourth-grade class on "Cinco de Mayo," a holiday honoring Mexican independence. These fun activities not only allowed connections to be made…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Erturan, Selin; Jansen, Brenda
2015-01-01
Gender differences in children's emotional experience of math, their math performance, and the relation between these variables were investigated in two studies. In Study 1, test anxiety, math anxiety, and math performance (whole-number computation) were measured in 134 children in grades 3-8 (ages 7-15 years). In Study 2, perceived math…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Raymond, Roger A.
Ninth and tenth grade students from two schools were placed in experimental and conventional instruction classes to compare the two methods in teaching algebra by means of achievement test and time needed to complete the course. Pre- and posttests measured aptitude; teachers and students in the experimental groups recorded personal reactions to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pehkonen, Erkki
This study was conducted to examine the views of seventh-grade students in Finland with regard to the teaching and learning of mathematics. Data were gathered by a questionnaire survey, with follow-up interviews to validate response reliability. Fifty junior high school mathematics teachers in southern Finland were asked to present the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Xu, Tuo; Zhang, Beili
2015-01-01
This article discusses the importance of functional grammar and demonstrates its application to the teaching of reading among graded college students. Functional grammar holds that a discourse is composed of two levels: the interior level and the exterior level. Therefore, reading activities involve both linguistic elements and contexts.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hocking, Colin; And Others
This series of educational activities is intended to help teachers communicate basic scientific concepts related to global warming and the greenhouse effect to students grades 7-10. Seven sessions provide laboratory activities, simulations, and discussions that can be used to improve student understanding of a number of important scientific…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Thompson, Quentin
2011-01-01
The March issue of "Mathematics Teaching" included an article by Alice Onion about Bowland Maths, focussing on the nature and use of the Professional Development modules that the Bowland Trust has developed--there are now seven such CPD modules on the Bowland website. The article also mentioned that the Bowland Trust had recently…
Understanding Math - Teachers Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wyks, Hollis W.; Austin, Robert J.
The teacher's guide for the remedial text-workbook "Understanding Math" discusses instruction of the deaf student. An answer key for workbooks 1 and 2, a section with masters for transparencies to be used for games and activities and for teaching fractions, and two patterns for making geometric solids are included in the guide. For workbooks 1 and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schoenfeld, Alan H.
2004-01-01
During the 1990s, the teaching of mathematics became the subject of heated controversies known as the math wars. The immediate origins of the conflicts can be traced to the "reform" stimulated by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' "Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics." Traditionalists fear that reform-oriented,…
Ramirez, Gerardo; Chang, Hyesang; Maloney, Erin A; Levine, Susan C; Beilock, Sian L
2016-01-01
Even at young ages, children self-report experiencing math anxiety, which negatively relates to their math achievement. Leveraging a large dataset of first and second grade students' math achievement scores, math problem solving strategies, and math attitudes, we explored the possibility that children's math anxiety (i.e., a fear or apprehension about math) negatively relates to their use of more advanced problem solving strategies, which in turn relates to their math achievement. Our results confirm our hypothesis and, moreover, demonstrate that the relation between math anxiety and math problem solving strategies is strongest in children with the highest working memory capacity. Ironically, children who have the highest cognitive capacity avoid using advanced problem solving strategies when they are high in math anxiety and, as a result, underperform in math compared with their lower working memory peers.
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
"Saxon Math", published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, is a core curriculum for students in grades K-12. This report includes studies that investigate the potential impact of "Saxon Math" for students in grades 6-8. A distinguishing feature of the curriculum is its use of an incremental approach for instruction and assessment.…
Cardboard Boat Building in Math Class
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Omundsen, John
2014-01-01
If you want to get the attention of a group of eighth grade math students, tell them they are going to build a life-size cardboard boat. To increase interest, follow up this statement by telling them that two to four of them will actually be rowing this boat across a small pond. Eighth grade math students at Oasis Charter Middle School in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Irvin, P. Shawn; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…
Elementary Acid Rain Kit, Interdisciplinary, Grades 4-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stubbs, Harriett S.; And Others
An interdisciplinary approach for teaching about acid rain is offered in this curriculum guide for teachers of grades 4-8. Skill and concept areas of science, math, social studies, art, and the language arts are developed in 12 activities which focus on the acid rain problems. A matrix of the activities and subject areas indicates the coverage…
Aviation. Fifth Grade. Anchorage School District Elementary Science Program.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Defendorf, Jean, Ed.
This unit of study is designed to teach the science of flight to students in the intermediate grades. Included are a list of materials for the unit, a discussion of the use of process skills, a list of unit objectives, vocabulary, teacher background information, 12 lessons, 5 quizzes, math problems, and a unit test. Lessons are oriented toward…
Accelerated Math[R]: Pilot Schools Report. Monograph.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
School Renaissance Inst., Inc., Madison, WI.
Accelerated Math (AM) math management software is a task level learning information system placed in 4th-11th grade classrooms around the country. AM provides teachers with an information system that assures that students can master all math objectives and state standards from grade 3 through calculus. It eliminates teacher paperwork, improves…
Saxon Middle School Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2007
2007-01-01
"Saxon Math" curricula and materials are available for grades K through 12, with the content and skills designed to meet National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards and various state standards. This WWC report focuses on middle school math curricula, defined as all Saxon Math curricula for grades 6 through 9. The…
Teaching Units on Smoking, Grades 4, 5, 6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murphy, Helen M.
Smoking, tobacco, and health are presented in this resource unit for grades four, five, and six. One of three units on smoking, drugs, and alcohol, this guide for teachers outlines information about the physiological and socio-economic effects of smoking, effects of smoking on physical performance, man's use of tobacco and tobacco production,…
Teaching Primary Grade Students Perfectionism through Cartoons Compared to Bibliotherapy
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zousel, Miranda L.; Rule, Audrey C.; Logan, Stephanie R.
2013-01-01
This experimental study compared concept acquisition and enjoyment of learning about perfectionism under two conditions: bibliotherapy (control) and analysis and construction of cartoons (experimental) in first, second and third grade students (N = 46). Posttest results showed students learned significantly more content in the experimental…
ART TEACHING GUIDE--HAWAII, KINDERGARTEN THROUGH GRADE 12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
VAN PIERA, LURENE H.; AND OTHERS
ART IS AN IMPORTANT PART OF A BALANCED PROGRAM FOR THE TOTAL CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF EVERY STUDENT. THIS MANUAL SUGGESTS RESOURCES FOR DEVELOPING AN EFFECTIVE ART PROGRAM. AN ART PROGRAM SHOULD BE BASED ON THE NEEDS, INTERESTS, AND EXPERIENCES OF THE PUPIL, THEREFORE, THIS GUIDE IS ORGANIZED BY ART AREAS RATHER THAN BY GRADE LEVEL. THIS MANUAL CAN…
Teaching Gifted Children Music in Grades One Through Six.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.
The booklet provides research information and criteria from which administrators and music educators may draw guidelines for developing music programs for mentally gifted children in grades 1 through 6. Seven chapters focus on the following topics: introduction to music education for gifted children (including the nature of music, literacy in…
Teaching Gifted Students Social Sciences in Grades Seven Through Nine.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Curriculum Services.
Intended for use by teachers, consultants and administrators, the booklet discusses social science instruction for gifted students in grades 7-9. An introductory section provides an overview of goals and parameters of the social sciences (psychology, sociology, and anthropology). The scientific research process is described in terms of five steps,…
Teaching the Writing Process in Primary Grades: One Teacher's Approach
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Martin, Linda E.; Thacker, Shirley
2009-01-01
This article describes how one such teacher, Shirley Thacker, developed and implemented a successful writing program in her first grade classroom, which is known as Thackerville. Shirley describes how she motivated a classroom of first-graders to use the writing process in a workshop format and how this approach affected the children's perceptions…
Teaching Grade 5 Life Science with a Case Study Approach
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Olgun, Ozlem Sila; Adali, Belgin
2008-01-01
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a case study approach on students' achievement and attitudes towards viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protista. Fifth-grade students (N = 88) from two different classes were involved in the study. One intact class was assigned as the experimental group, whereas the other intact class…
Teaching Writing in Canadian Middle Grades Classrooms: A National Study
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Peterson, Shelly Stagg; McClay, Jill Kedersha; Main, Kristin
2010-01-01
This article reports the results of interview research examining writing instruction and assessment practices in 216 Grades 4-8 classrooms across the 10 Canadian provinces and 2 (of 3) territories. Researchers found that participating teachers scheduled daily time for writing, either in language arts classes or through integrating writing…
Teaching Humility in First-Grade Christian School Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yonker, Julie E.; Wielard, Cassie J.; Vos, Carolyn L.; Tudder, Ashley M.
2017-01-01
Four classes of first-grade children at a Christian school took pre- and post-tests measuring humility. Two intervention classes had devotional lessons on humility and two comparison classes did not. For one week, devotional lessons featured humility-related children's literature, cognitively appropriate discussions, writing about humility, and…
A Career Education Sampler: Teaching Ideas for Grades K-3.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Douma, Elaine, Comp.
This sampler is the product of the Career/Vocational Development Student Profile Project conducted in New Jersey in 1979-80. The purpose of the project was to field test the Career/Vocational Development K-14 Goal Matrix (see note) to see whether the goals, objectives, and indicators are realistic and appropriate for the age/grade levels they…
Teaching Mathematical Relations at the Grade Six Level.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gravel, Hector
This study was designed to answer two questions: (1) Is it possible for children at the sixth grade level to learn certain types of mathematical relations? If so, how well can they apply their learning to new situations, and (2) is there a possibility of predicting success in learning mathematical relations by analyzing the pupils' achievement on…
Teaching Literature Grade 9: Integrating the Communication Arts. Poetry. Experimental.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Edelman, Michael
Designed to demonstrate a variety of ways in which listening, speaking, reading, and writing activities can be built around the study of poetry, this collection of materials, lessons, and activities covers some of the most frequently taught poems in New York City ninth-grade classrooms. The document begins with a general introduction to teaching…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marsh, Herbert W.; Roche, Lawrence A.
2000-01-01
Discusses two studies that debunk the popular myths that student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are substantially biased by low workload and grading leniency. Results imply teaching effects were related to SETs. Contrary to predictions workload, expected grades, and their relations to SETs were stable over 12 years. (Author/MKA)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn
2013-01-01
The purposes of this study were to identify learning styles of ninth-grade students, to identify teaching styles of four subject teachers, and to compare four academic achievements between different matching conditions of students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles. The research participants comprised of 3,382 ninth-grade students and,…
A longitudinal analysis of science teaching and learning in kindergarten and first-grade
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Olgan, Refika
This study attempted to determine how often science is taught in the early grades as well as the science topics taught in these grades. A related purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between science teaching and students' science achievement. In doing so, the analyses took into consideration the influence of gender, socioeconomic status (SES), and race/ethnicity on children's academic performance in science. By using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) kindergarten and first-grade data files, children's science Item Response Theory Scores (IRT) and Academic Rating Scores (ARS) were examined to measure the relationship between children's early science experiences in schools and their achievement on the "General Knowledge Assessment Battery". According to this study's findings science teaching and learning in kindergarten level is somewhat limited. Additionally, the science content taught in kindergarten is narrow. The results of cross-sectional and longitudinal multilevel analyses revealed that several student and school level factors can influence young children's science achievement in kindergarten and first-grade. Although there were inconsistent conclusions about male and female students' science achievement as assessed by direct and indirect assessment batteries, there was no association between children's science scores and their gender and the amount or degree of science practices in school. While results of the analyses clearly showed that socioeconomic status (SES) had the most influence on both kindergarten and first-grade children's science achievement, the findings related to the effects of different science practices on science achievement were inconsistent. The results showed that science instruction effects some children's science achievement more than others. The findings have important implications for policies governing the teaching of science in the early grades. A clear demand exist for
Teaching ESL Content through Kite Making for Grades K-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alexander, N.
Ideas for teaching elementary and secondary students of English as a Second Language (ESL) through a unit on kites and kite-making are offered. First, unit objectives are outlined. These include objectives for cognitive skill development (classification, comparison), psychomotor skills (constructing a kite), mathematical operations (measuring,…
Teaching Language and Literacy: Preschool through the Elementary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Christie, James; Enz, Billie; Vukelich, Carol
Created under the assumption that children develop essential language skills through meaningful interaction with other individuals, this book takes into account many of the current trends in teaching elementary language. Among the primary trends addressed are the social constructivist theory, embedded assessment, the interdisciplinary approach to…
Animating Inquiry-Based Teaching in Grade-School Classrooms
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kinash, Shelley
2007-01-01
This paper describes interpretive empirical research with five teachers who: a) articulate their pedagogy as defined by an inquiry-based stance, b) use digital technologies within their teaching, and c) engaged in online and/or face-to-face professional development with the Galileo Educational Network (GENA). Four questions guided the inquiry:…
Teaching Science with Toys: Physics Activities for Grades K-9.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Taylor, Beverley A. P.; And Others
This document is a collection of some of the physics activities used in the Teaching Science with TOYS professional development program for teachers. The TOYS activities have been compiled into this document as a resource for teachers who want to use toy-based physical science activities in the classroom. The activities do not assume any…
Teaching Chemistry with TOYS. Activities for Grades K-9.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sarquis, Jerry L.; And Others
This document is a collection of some of the chemistry activities used in the Teaching Science with TOYS professional development program for teachers. The TOYS activities have been compiled into this document as a resource for teachers who want to use toy-based physical science activities in the classroom. The activities do not assume any…
Collaborative Teaching in the Middle Grades: Inquiry Science
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Becker, Helaine
2005-01-01
This book allows the reader to team teach with a science specialist to drive home key library and media curriculum goals. Eight detailed chapters provide background and complete lesson plans that cover both library and general science skills and benchmarks. Included are reproducible student worksheets, tools for assessment, and a suggested…
The Joys of Teaching the Upper Elementary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reifman, Steve
2009-01-01
Teaching upper elementary school students is a joy because they are still enthusiastic about learning and will contribute energy and invest themselves completely in worthwhile projects; will engage in higher-level challenges; work with a greater sense of future purpose; and can develop enduring habits of mind and habits of character. In this…
Teaching Latitude and Longitude in the Upper Elementary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnson, Peter C.; Gondesen, Mark E.
1991-01-01
Discusses the desirability of teaching latitude and longitude concepts to upper elementary students. Includes a four-lesson unit on the topics. Employs hurricane tracking information available from the National Hurricane Center. Provides a foundation for future lessons on Middle and North American geography. (SG)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Steiner, Naomi J.; Sheldrick, R. Chris; Frenette, Elizabeth C.; Rene, Kirsten M.; Perrin, Ellen C.
2014-01-01
Few studies examine the classroom behavior of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison with classroom peers and which teaching formats best support classroom engagement. Observations (N = 312) of second- and fourth-grade students with ADHD and their randomly selected classroom peers were conducted using a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Otto, Albert; Caldwell, Janet; Hancock, Sarah Wallus; Zbiek, Rose Mary
2011-01-01
This book identifies and examines two big ideas and related essential understandings for teaching multiplication and division in grades 3-5. Big Idea 1 captures the notion that multiplication is usefully defined as a scalar operation. Problem situations modeled by multiplication have an element that represents the scalar and an element that…
Statistics Aren't Static: A 1992 Statistical Abstract Teaching Supplement for Grades 5-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bureau of the Census (DOC), Washington, DC. Economics and Statistics Administration.
This teaching supplement from the U.S. Census Bureau is designed for educators in grades 5 through 12. The Bureau offers it as a way of addressing the needs and concerns of teachers as they attempt to include statistical information about the everyday world in an effort to meet new educational standards. The supplement is presented in order to…
Teaching Global Awareness with Simulations and Games. Grades 6-12. Global Awareness Series.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lamy, Steven L.; And Others
This teaching guide contains 15 simulation/games for students in grades 6-12 on the topic of global awareness. The overall objective is to help students understand various global concepts and social studies content. Specifically, it gives students the chance to experience and understand international/intercultural situations which involve people…
Using the Outdoors to Teach Social Studies: Grades 3-10.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Knapp, Clifford C.; And Others
Third in a series on utilizing outdoor education methodologies to enhance the academic curriculum, the guide contains lesson plans and case studies for teaching grades 3-10 social studies. The lessons are designed to further student awareness of personal and social responsibility toward the environment through the use of outdoor experiences which…
The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades K-1.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.
This teaching guide for grades K-1 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…
The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades 2-3.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.
This teaching guide for grades 2-3 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…
The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades 4-6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.
This teaching guide for grades 4-6 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…
Teachers Think Aloud about Picture Books for Teaching Social Studies in the Primary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harrington, Judith Marie
2012-01-01
Social studies has long been relegated to the sidelines in the elementary grades. Teachers have often used children's literature to teach social studies (e.g., Hicks, 1996; Hinde, 2005, 2009; Kent & Simpson, 2008) but there are concerns that this integration shortchanges social studies learning (e.g., Alleman & Brophy, 1993, 1994; Brophy,…
After Early Intervention, Then What? Teaching Struggling Readers in Grades 3 and Beyond.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McCormack, Rachel L., Ed.; Paratore, Jeanne R., Ed.
Noting that early intervention is insufficient for many children because they struggle in learning to read for an array of reasons, this book highlights the need for expert, intensive, and focused instruction in reading beyond the primary years in addition to identifying and describing effective practices for teaching those students in grades 3 to…
Using Simulations to Teach Middle Grades U.S. History in an Age of Accountability
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DiCamillo, Lorrei; Gradwell, Jill M.
2012-01-01
In this year-long qualitative study we explore the case of two eighth grade U.S. History teachers who use simulations on a regular basis to teach heterogeneously-grouped students in a high-stakes testing environment. We describe the purposes the teachers espoused for implementing simulations and provide detailed portraits of three types of…
A National Study of Teaching and Assessing Writing in Canadian Middle Grades Classrooms
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Peterson, Shelley Stagg; McClay, Jill
2014-01-01
This article reports comprehensive findings from a national study of the teaching and assessment of writing in classrooms across ten Canadian provinces and two of three territories. Through interviews with 216 grade 4-8 teachers and observations and interviews in 22 classrooms (1 to 3 classrooms in each province), we gathered information about…
A Study of Teaching and Learning Number Sense for Sixth Grade Students in Taiwan
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yang, Der-Ching; Hsu, Chun-Jen; Huang, Ming-Chiang
2004-01-01
Two public schools (A and B) from two cities in southern Taiwan were selected to participate in this study. In each school, two sixth grade classes (an experimental and a control class) were studied. Number sense activities were conducted in the experimental classes through process-oriented teaching model to help children develop number sense,…
Teaching Practices and the Promotion of Achievement and Adjustment in First Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Perry, Kathryn E.; Donohue, Kathleen M.; Weinstein, Rhona S.
2007-01-01
The effects of teacher practices in promoting student academic achievement, behavioral adjustment, and feelings of competence were investigated in a prospective study of 257 children in 14 first grade classrooms. Using hierarchical linear modeling and regression techniques, observed teaching practices in the fall were explored as predictors of…
Teaching Skills to Second and Third Grade Children to Prevent Gun Play: A Comparison of Procedures
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kelso, Pamela D.; Miltenberger, Raymond G.; Waters, Marit A.; Egemo-Helm, Kristin; Bagne, Angela G.
2007-01-01
A posttest only control group design was used to investigate the effects of two programs to teach firearm injury prevention skills to second and third grade children. Children were taught the safety skills "Stop. Don't touch. Leave the area. Tell an adult." should they ever find a firearm. The effectiveness of the National Rifle Association's…
Teaching English and Reading Simultaneously for Eleventh Grade Non-Regent English.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Folkemer, Paul
The need for simultaneous teaching of reading skills and course content prompted the formation of a study guide which coordinates these two areas in an eleventh-grade nonregent English program used by Ramapo Central School District No. 2 in Spring Valley, New York. The guide provides exercises with a range of ability and achievement levels which…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lovell, Meridith; Phillips, Linda
2009-01-01
This article reports the results of a systematic and comprehensive evaluation of the suitability of 13 commercially available, authorized software programs for teaching reading and writing in the primary grades. These programs were assessed on interface design, content, instructional design, whether manufacturers' educational claims were supported…
More Novels and Plays: Thirty Creative Teaching Guides for Grades 6-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Worthington, Janet E.; Somers, Albert B.
This companion volume to "Novels and Plays" contains 30 detailed teaching guides for some of the best literature commonly taught in grades 6-12. Twenty of the guides are new to this edition and the others have been updated with fresh related readings, extension resources, and revised questions and activities. Guides are organized according to the…
Oliver P. Morton: Indiana's Civil War Governor. A Teaching Unit for Fourth Grade Indiana History.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reed, Sheila A.
A teaching unit is presented for fourth-grade students to learn about Indiana history during the period of 1850-1865. Designed for three to five class periods, the materials include an Oliver P. Morton biography packet, a timeline activity, crossword puzzles, sentence completion worksheet, and an essay test. (DB)
Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duschl, Richard A., Ed.; Schweingruber, Heidi A., Ed.; Shouse, Andrew W., Ed.
2007-01-01
What is science for a child? How do children learn about science and how to do science? Drawing on a vast array of work from neuroscience to classroom observation, "Taking Science to School" provides a comprehensive picture of what we know about teaching and learning science from kindergarten through eighth grade. By looking at a broad range of…
Astronomy: Minds-on the Universe. Supplemental Teaching Activities for Grades K-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marble, Stephen; Fowler, Marilyn, Ed.
This teachers guide contains activities and materials created to teach astronomy concepts to children from grades K-8. It is organized into four units: (1) Earth and Stars; (2) Spheres and Orbits; (3) Stars and Gravity; and (4) Scales and Measurement. Activities are arranged within each unit around six content topics: (1) Earth; (2) Solar System;…
Preservice and Inservice Teachers' Perceptions of Skills in Science Teaching for Primary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dharmadasa, Indranie
This study examined the differences between preservice and inservice teachers' perceptions of knowledge in instructional planning skills for teaching science in primary grades and identified the skills perceived as most knowledgeable and least knowledgeable by the two groups. Forty-one inservice and preservice African-American teachers from an…
Effect of Simple Electric Circuits Teaching on Conceptual Change in Grade 9 Physics Course
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Küçüközer, Hüseyin; Kocakülah, Sabri
2008-01-01
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of teaching designed to consider grade 9 students' misconceptions about simple electric circuits on conceptual change. Students' misconceptions were determined by using a conceptual understanding test consisting of eight open-ended questions and semi-structured interview technique. Conceptual…
Teaching an Algonkian Language as a Second Language: A Core Program for Grade One.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Toronto (Ontario). Education Div.
Ten units of first grade language instruction are presented in English, as a course guide for teachers who are expected to use only an Algonkian language in the classroom. The units, which are thematically titled (e.g. "The Little House"), cover two to four weeks' teaching time each. Classroom activities involve a variety of realia.…
Teaching Methodology in a First-Grade French-Immersion Class
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Akcan, Sumru
2004-01-01
This micro-ethnographic classroom-based case study explores the teaching methodology in a first-grade French-immersion class. This study was carried out in a public elementary immersion school in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where English-speaking children throughout the school learn the school curriculum through a second language (French), starting in…
Successful Strategies for Teaching Reading to Middle Grades English Language Learners
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bolos, Nicole
2012-01-01
The author reviews exemplary strategies for teaching reading to middle grades English language learners (ELLs) derived from 21 peer-reviewed journal articles and professional books. The author presents an in-depth look at three successful categories of reading strategies: interactive read-alouds to model fluent reading and engage learners, the…
Teaching Global Awareness Using the Media. Grades 6-12, Global Awareness Series.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lamy, Steven L.; And Others
This teaching guide on global awareness contains 15 media-related activities for students in grades 6-12. The objective is to help students see how the media affect their opinions and the roles the media plays in world affairs. The activities are divided into five sections. The first section contains a general survey of the students' knowledge of…
A Multi-Sensory Approach to Teaching Poetry to Sixth Grade Students.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Huettenmueller, Elizabeth Renee
This study investigated the influence of two approaches to teaching poetry, an aural-visual discussion program and an aural discussion program, on the understanding of and attitudes toward poetry among sixth grade students. The schools, teachers, and 10 classrooms (divided into 20 experimental treatment groups and 5 control groups) were selected…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Doe, Sue R.; Gingerich, Karla J.; Richards, Tracy L.
2013-01-01
This study explored graduate teaching assistant (GTA) grading on 480 papers across two writing assignments as integrated into large Introductory Psychology courses. We measured GTA accuracy, consistency, and commenting (feedback) quality. Results indicate that GTA graders improved, although unevenly, in accuracy and consistency from Time 1 to 2…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Dhafir, Mohammad
2015-01-01
The purpose of the study was to examine the Kuwaiti first grade teachers' perceptions of developmentally appropriate practices in teaching reading and writing. To achieve the research purpose, a questionnaire was developed and administrated to 167 first grade teachers. Results revealed that first grade teachers hold moderate agreement towards…
Al-Thobity, Ahmad M.; Farooq, Imran; Khan, Soban Q.
2017-01-01
Objectives: To evaluate differences in students’ performance in a dental morphology course after the introduction of a 3D software-teaching program. Methods: This retrospective study took place at the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from Augst 2013 to January 2016. The study included 3 groups of students taking the course during 3 different academic years: group 1, 2013-14 control; group 2, 2014-2015; and group 3, 2015-2016. The total sample size was 294 (n = 294; group 1 = 94; group 2 = 100; and group 3 = 100). Group 1 =students did not receive teaching facilitated by a software program, but groups 2 and 3 students were provided with the program’s CDs. The final examination grades of the students were statistically analyzed, retrospectively Results: The results demonstrated that the students who received software-facilitated teaching (groups 2 and 3) performed better than the students who did not receive it (group 1). Within the same year for groups 2 and 3, the number of students achieving good grades (>80%) was significantly higher than the students who achieved average grades (<79%), with p-values of 0.012 for group 2 and 0.009 for group 3. Conclusion: There is a positive correlation between the use of a teaching software program for students and their performance in final examinations. The addition of computer-based learning, as one of the teaching methods, could demonstrably boost students’ learning. PMID:28133693
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Buldu, Mehmet; Shaban, Mohamed S.
2010-01-01
This study portrayed a picture of kindergarten through 3rd-grade teachers who teach visual arts, their perceptions of the value of visual arts, their visual arts teaching practices, visual arts experiences provided to young learners in school, and major factors and/or influences that affect their teaching of visual arts. The sample for this study…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Whitby, Sarah Elizabeth
2012-01-01
To help teachers improve their efficiency and effectiveness, this dissertation study uses regression analysis to assess two middle Georgia counties' CRCT and Math 1 EOCT data in order to determine the usability of the CRCT to enhance instruction in Math 1. Data were collected from the 2009 and 2010 CRCT administrations and the 2010 and 2011 EOCT…
Mathematics anxiety: separating the math from the anxiety.
Lyons, Ian M; Beilock, Sian L
2012-09-01
Anxiety about math is tied to low math grades and standardized test scores, yet not all math-anxious individuals perform equally poorly in math. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to separate neural activity during the anticipation of doing math from activity during math performance itself. For higher (but not lower) math-anxious individuals, increased activity in frontoparietal regions when simply anticipating doing math mitigated math-specific performance deficits. This network included bilateral inferior frontal junction, a region involved in cognitive control and reappraisal of negative emotional responses. Furthermore, the relation between frontoparietal anticipatory activity and highly math-anxious individuals' math deficits was fully mediated (or accounted for) by activity in caudate, nucleus accumbens, and hippocampus during math performance. These subcortical regions are important for coordinating task demands and motivational factors during skill execution. Individual differences in how math-anxious individuals recruit cognitive control resources prior to doing math and motivational resources during math performance predict the extent of their math deficits. This work suggests that educational interventions emphasizing control of negative emotional responses to math stimuli (rather than merely additional math training) will be most effective in revealing a population of mathematically competent individuals, who might otherwise go undiscovered.
Math's Double Standard. Math Works
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Achieve, Inc., 2013
2013-01-01
Far too many students in the U.S. give up on math early because it does not come easy and they believe only students with innate ability can really be "good" at mathematics, a notion that is all too often reinforced by adults who believe the same thing. There is a serious gap between how Americans value math generally and how they value math for…
Elementary School Math Instruction: Can Reading Specialists Assist?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Heinrichs, Audrey S.
1987-01-01
Discusses the contradictions found in recommendations for direction instruction or informal math language development, and some suggestions for practical resolution of disagreements, to enable school reading specialists to provide both background and practical help to classroom instructors teaching math. (HTH)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Abreu, Julio
2000-01-01
Four decades ago following Russia's Sputnik satellite launching, the nation embraced "new" math as part of its commitment not to fall behind its global neighbors. Issues addressed in "new-new" math include equal access to challenging learning, problem solving, reasoning and proof, communications, multiple ways to solve…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lorenzi, Natalie
2012-01-01
Math games bring out kids' natural love of numbers. Yet in the waning days of school, students can't wait for that final bell to ring. Each summer, most students lose about two months of mathematical computation skills. So how do teachers keep their students focused on math up till the end? Before sending them off for the summer, get them hooked…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Brien, Thomas C.
1999-01-01
Parrot math (memorization) seeks to control children through external rewards and punishments, rather than harness their intelligence and curiosity. Recent standardized test results document parrot math's failure. Activities-based approaches, supported by a constructivist philosophy (involving classifying, inferring, generalizing, and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Appelgate, Mollie Helen
2012-01-01
There have been many calls for greater research into the connection between what is taught to pre-service teachers and how those teachings emerge in teacher practice (Cochran-Smith & Zeichner, 2005; Grossman, 2008). Understanding this connection and strengthening it is vital to the increased effectiveness of not just teacher education programs…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
"Great Explorations in Math and Science"[R] ("GEMS"[R]) "The Real Reasons for Seasons" is a curriculum unit for grades 6-8 that focuses on the connections between the Sun and the Earth to teach students the scientific concepts behind the seasons. The unit utilizes models, hands-on investigations, peer-to-peer…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Acre, Andrea M.
This qualitative study investigated the experiences of four elementary teachers who have elected to use science to teach math and reading/language arts in an attempt to identify what motivates them to do so. Identifying what experiences have motivated these teachers to go against the gain and teach elementary science in this current era of high-stakes tests is of the upmost importance given that science is being eliminated from the elementary curriculum and it is during the elementary years that students' nurture and develop their interest in science. Additionally, the United States is failing to produce enough college graduates in STEM areas to fill the thousands of STEM jobs each year. Through a review of the literature, the past trends and current trends of elementary science education were explored as well as teacher training. Furthermore, the literature reviewed inquiry teaching which is considered to be the most effective teaching method when teaching science at any level. Using John Dewey's Interest and Effort Relationship Theory and the Self-Determination Motivation Theory to guide this study, there were five prominent themes which emerged from the reconstructed stories of the four teachers: positive experiences with science, neutral/negative experiences with science, seeks meaningful professional development, influence and support from others, and regret/wants to do more.
Implementing Interactive Teaching Methods for 9th Grade Organic Chemistry Classes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Traykov, Ivaylo; Galcheva, Petinka
2017-03-01
One of the main challenges facing the current educational system is creating conditions suitable for academic skill development that allow students to navigate and adapt to today's modern society, such as locating relevant information quickly as well as effectively utilizing innovations. We can achieve this objective by using interactive teaching methods. These methods take into account the contemporary issues and changing priorities - from the general content building for the courses to independent, student-centered cognitive activities. The propose of this paper is to present tested and proven interactive methods for Grade 9Organic Chemistry classes. These methods significantly improve the quality of teaching and the students' interest in the subject.
Exploring caves: teaching packet for grades K-3
,
1998-01-01
"Exploring Caves" is an interdisciplinary set of materials on caves for grades K-3. Caves entail at least five scientific disciplines: earth science, hydrology, mapping, biology, and anthropology. Each of these disciplines involves a unique content area as well as the development of particular intellectual skills. This unit aims at helping teachers to sort and organize the most important ideas in this rich scientific area. Detailed lesson plans serve as ways to pass these ideas on to very young students. Most American caves are big holes that form in limestone rock. The holes begin as cracks in limestone. The cracks get bigger and bigger. They grow into underground streams, rivers, and even lakes. When water drains away, the waterways turn into open cave tunnels, passages, and caverns. It takes 10,000 to 100,000 years to form a cave big enough for people to move around inside. Water drips constantly in caves. The drips dissolve limestone minerals in one part of the cave. As water dries out, the minerals build up in other places. In this way, beautiful cave rock formations and crystals grow over thousands of years. These rock formations change dark limestone caves into hidden fantasy lands.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Actuarial Foundation, 2013
2013-01-01
"Setting the Stage with Geometry" is a new math program aligned with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards that is designed to help students in grades 6-8 build and reinforce basic geometry skills for measuring 2D and 3D shapes. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, this program seeks to provide skill-building math…
Cross-Discipline Teaching for English Learners
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Upczak-Garcia, Anne
2012-01-01
The author works as a biliteracy teacher in a bilingual school that serves students from K-5th grade. She and her coteacher provide instruction in both English and Spanish to 4th and 5th graders. They have two language arts blocks so that students receive literacy instruction in both their native and second languages, and they teach math, social…
Teaching a Megacourse: Adventures in Environmental Policy, Team Teaching, and Group Grading.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Corcos, Christine A.; Durchslag, Melvyn R.; Morriss, Andrew P.; Wagner, Wendy E.
1997-01-01
Describes the evolution, organization, content, and teaching of a six-credit, two-semester, team-taught course on selected problems in environmental law that would expose students to more practical aspects of environmental law than most courses, break out of conventional conceptual boxes, improve teaching, and be fun for students. The course…
Studying Gender Bias in Physics Grading: The role of teaching experience and country
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hofer, Sarah I.
2015-11-01
The existence of gender-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) stereotypes has been repeatedly documented. This article examines physics teachers' gender bias in grading and the influence of teaching experience in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany. In a 2 × 2 between-subjects design, with years of teaching experience included as moderating variable, physics teachers (N = 780) from Switzerland, Austria, and Germany graded a fictive student's answer to a physics test question. While the answer was exactly the same for each teacher, only the student's gender and specialization in languages vs. science were manipulated. Specialization was included to gauge the relative strength of potential gender bias effects. Multiple group regression analyses, with the grade that was awarded as the dependent variable, revealed only partial cross-border generalizability of the effect pattern. While the overall results in fact indicated the existence of a consistent and clear gender bias against girls in the first part of physics teachers' careers that disappeared with increasing teaching experience for Swiss teachers, Austrian teachers, and German female teachers, German male teachers showed no gender bias effects at all. The results are discussed regarding their relevance for educational practice and research.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Erbey, Rachel; McLaughlin, T. F.; Derby, K. Mark; Everson, Mary
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of reading racetrack and flashcards when teaching phonics, sight words, and addition facts. The participants for the sight word and phonics portion of this study were two seven-year-old boys in the second grade. Both participants were diagnosed with a learning disability. The third participant…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ray, Darrell L.
2013-01-01
Students often enter biology programs deficient in the math and computational skills that would enhance their attainment of a deeper understanding of the discipline. To address some of these concerns, I developed a series of spreadsheet simulation exercises that focus on some of the mathematical foundations of scientific inquiry and the benefits…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shelton, Brett E.; Parlin, Mary Ann
2016-01-01
Leveraging the use of mobile devices for education, such as instructional games, is an area of increasing interest for targeted subpopulations of students including those who are deaf/hard-of-hearing (DHH). This paper outlines the perspectives of Deaf Education teachers and DHH children who participated in the GeePerS*Math project. Interviews and…
Math 110 Sticker Caper: A Retention Intervention.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Boyd, Vivian; And Others
Students enrolled in two sections of college algebra (Math 110) at the University of Maryland in spring 1984 were informed about assistance available from the Math Lab. They were also informed that a sticker would be attached to any one of the four semester exams when grades indicated that the student should pursue one or more of the Lab services.…
Why the Common Core Changes Math Instruction
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Faulkner, Valerie N.
2013-01-01
The Common Core math standards promote several important differences in how math concepts are taught and should be talked about. These changes will make it easier for younger students to comprehend and adapt to more complex concepts in the later grades. This guide should help elementary teachers make changes and adaptations that are in line the…
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2016
2016-01-01
"Saxon Math" is a core curriculum for students in grades K-12 that uses an incremental approach to instruction and assessment. This approach limits the amount of new math content delivered to students each day and allows time for daily practice. New concepts are introduced gradually and integrated with previously introduced content so…
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
"Saxon Math," published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, is a core curriculum for students in grades K-5. A distinguishing feature of the curriculum is its use of an incremental approach for instruction and assessment. This approach limits the amount of new math content delivered to students each day and allows time for daily practice. New…
Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2011
2011-01-01
"Saxon Math" is a textbook series covering grades K-12 based on incremental development and continual review of mathematical concepts to give students time to learn and practice concepts throughout the year. A distinguishing feature of "Saxon Math" is its use of a distributed approach--spreading practice and instruction for any…
Using Concurrent Verbalization to Measure Math Comprehension
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lambeth, Cathryn Colley
2012-01-01
The current study investigated variability in student performance on a concurrent verbalization measure based on a grade-level sample math word problem and sought to determine to what extent the variability in verbalization scores is related to scores on a reliable measure of reading (DIBELS Next) and math (easyCBM) and to student factors (e.g.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.
In September 1998, the Math Science Education National Board held a convocation on middle grades mathematics that was co-sponsored by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), the National Middle School Association (NMSA), and the American Educational Research Association (AERA). The convocation was structured to present the teaching…
Studying the User Experience of a Tablet Based Math Game
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kiili, Kristian; Ketamo, Harri; Koivisto, Antti; Finn, Enda
2014-01-01
This paper presents the first findings from Math Elements user experience (UX) studies. Math Elements is a game that makes the whole Finnish maths K-2 curriculum (kindergarten and primary school grades 1 and 2) available for players all over the world. The game is based on teachable agent approach, which means that in the game players can teach…
Accelerated Math[TM]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2011
2011-01-01
"Accelerated Math"[TM], published by Renaissance Learning, is a software tool used to customize assignments and monitor progress in math for students in grades 1-12. The "Accelerated Math"[TM] software creates individualized assignments aligned with state standards and national guidelines, scores student work, and generates…
Impact of Math Snacks Games on Students' Conceptual Understanding
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Winburg, Karin; Chamberlain, Barbara; Valdez, Alfred; Trujillo, Karen; Stanford, Theodore B.
2016-01-01
This "Math Snacks" intervention measured 741 fifth grade students' gains in conceptual understanding of core math concepts after game-based learning activities. Teachers integrated four "Math Snacks" games and related activities into instruction on ratios, coordinate plane, number systems, fractions and decimals. Using a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nejem, Khamis Mousa; Muhanna, Wafa
2013-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using computer games in teaching mathematics on developing the number sense of fourth grade students. To achieve this purpose a study sample of (81) students was selected from the fourth grade. This sample was divided into two groups. One group was randomly chosen to be the experimental…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Mashaqbeh, Ibtesam; Al Shurman, Muneera
2015-01-01
This study aimed to investigate the effect of using e-textbooks, activities, games, and worksheets that loaded onto students tablets on first grade students' achievement on their core curriculum (science, math, English, Arabic) compared to the use of the traditional teaching method. It also, investigated the school administration reflection toward…
A Study of First Grade Children and Their Recall Memory When Using Active Learning in Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fife, Britiney Michelle
One of the most important concepts in the first grade math curriculum is learning addition facts. In schools today, teachers use many different methods to teach addition and subtraction concepts and the memorization of basic facts. A new movement in education advocates using movement to aid in rote memory of facts. In this project the researcher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Dogan, Alev; Gokcek, Nur; Kilic, Ziya; Kilic, Esma
2007-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of multiple intelligences (MI) teaching approach on 8th Grade students' achievement in and attitudes toward science. This study used a pretest-posttest control group experimental design. While the experimental group (n=30) was taught a unit on acids and bases using MI teaching approach, the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn
2014-01-01
The purposes of this study were to explore students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles and study the effects and interaction effects of learning styles and teaching styles on mathematics achievements. The subjects were 3,382 ninth-grade students and 110 mathematic teachers. The main results revealed that most students were categorized…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jang, Syh-Jong
2006-01-01
Due to the implementation of a 9-year integrated curriculum scheme in Taiwan, research on team teaching and web-based technology appears to be urgent. The purpose of this study was incorporated web-assisted learning with team teaching in seventh-grade science classes. The specific research question concerned student performance and attitudes about…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.; And Others
This study explored teachers' behavior as related to effective teaching practices in 8th, 9th, and 10th grade English classrooms in Jordan. The study also examined some variables that could predict teachers' implementation of effective teaching practices and aimed at finding an estimate of the percentage of students in 8th, 9th, and 10th grades…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Salvador, Josephine
2012-01-01
What happens when teachers start to observe each other's classes? How do teachers make meaning of observing and being observed? What effects, if any, does requiring peer observation have on the teaching community? This research explores these questions in a qualitative study of peer observation of teaching (POT) in the 2nd-12th grades of an…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bachman, Heather J.; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; El Nokali, Nermeen E.; Castle Heatly, Melissa
2015-01-01
The present study examined whether multiple opportunities to learn math were associated with smaller socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in fifth-grade math achievement using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD; N = 1,364). High amounts of procedural math instruction were associated with higher…
Making the Math/Science Connection.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sherman, Laurel Galbraith
1989-01-01
Suggestions are made for activities that combine the teaching of math and science. Math concepts include: graphing, estimating, measurement, statistics, geometry, and logic. Science topics include: plant reproduction, solar system, forces, longitude and latitude, Earth's magnetic field, nutrition, and heat. (IAH)
Soundoff: My Anxieties about Math Anxiety.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Greenwood, Jay
1984-01-01
Math anxiety affects both sexes, and is not the cause of imbalance in mathematical professions. Attempts to broaden perceptions of mathematics deal only with the symptoms of math anxiety. The principal cause is the methodology used to teach mathematics. Problem-solving processes must be employed. (MNS)
A Teaching Model for Scaffolding 4th Grade Students' Scientific Explanation Writing
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yang, Hsiu-Ting; Wang, Kuo-Hua
2014-08-01
Improving students scientific explanations is one major goal of science education. Both writing activities and concept mapping are reported as effective strategies for enhancing student learning of science. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a teaching model, named the DCI model, which integrates a Descriptive explanation writing activity, Concept mapping, and an Interpretive explanation writing activity, is introduced in a 4th grade science class to see if it would improve students' scientific explanations and understanding. A quasi-experimental design, including a non-randomized comparison group and a pre- and post-test design, was adopted for this study. An experimental group of 25 students were taught using the DCI teaching model, while a comparison group received a traditional lecture teaching. A rubric and content analysis was used to assess students' scientific explanations. The independent sample t test was used to measure difference in conceptual understanding between the two groups, before and after instruction. Then, the paired t test analysis was used to understand the promotion of the DCI teaching model. The results showed that students in the experimental group performed better than students in the comparison group, both in scientific concept understanding and explanation. Suggestions for using concept mapping and writing activities (the DCI teaching model) in science classes are provided in this study.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Thompson, Mary P.; And Others
This teacher's guide for use in a fourth-grade French course concentrates on the development of basic audiolingual skills. Twelve lessons, each containing an exposition, dialogue, teaching procedures, and dialogue adaptation, emphasize the use of French during classroom instruction. Lessons include: (1) a review unit, (2) "La chemise neuve," (3)…
Math-gender stereotypes in elementary school children.
Cvencek, Dario; Meltzoff, Andrew N; Greenwald, Anthony G
2011-01-01
A total of 247 American children between 6 and 10 years of age (126 girls and 121 boys) completed Implicit Association Tests and explicit self-report measures assessing the association of (a) me with male (gender identity), (b) male with math (math-gender stereotype), and (c) me with math (math self-concept). Two findings emerged. First, as early as second grade, the children demonstrated the American cultural stereotype that math is for boys on both implicit and explicit measures. Second, elementary school boys identified with math more strongly than did girls on both implicit and self-report measures. The findings suggest that the math-gender stereotype is acquired early and influences emerging math self-concepts prior to ages at which there are actual differences in math achievement.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stevens, T.; Harris, G.; Aguirre-Munoz, Z.; Cobbs, L.
2009-01-01
Teachers of middle school mathematics should have a deep conceptual understanding of the elementary mathematics taught in middle school, should possess the mathematics knowledge for teaching that is required to effectively teach mathematics in middle school and should have the ability to effectively teach mathematics to, and enhance the maths…
Errors in Multi-Digit Arithmetic and Behavioral Inattention in Children with Math Difficulties
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Raghubar, Kimberly; Cirino, Paul; Barnes, Marcia; Ewing-Cobbs, Linda; Fletcher, Jack; Fuchs, Lynn
2009-01-01
Errors in written multi-digit computation were investigated in children with math difficulties. Third- and fourth-grade children (n = 291) with coexisting math and reading difficulties, math difficulties, reading difficulties, or no learning difficulties were compared. A second analysis compared those with severe math learning difficulties, low…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gillian-Daniel, Donald L.; Walz, Kenneth A.
2016-01-01
Over the past decade, the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) and Madison Area Technical College (Madison College) partnered to create an internship pathway for graduate students pursuing careers as future science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) faculty members. Since 2003, 10 doctoral students from the university completed…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Neu, Jessica Adele
2013-01-01
I conducted two studies on the comparative effects of the observation of learn units during (a) reinforcement or (b) correction conditions on the acquisition of math objectives. The dependent variables were the within-session cumulative numbers of correct responses emitted during observational sessions. The independent variables were the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Smith, Barriett Jackson
2011-01-01
The participating school system's minority population, notably African Americans, ranked in the top five school systems in academic performance in reading and math when compared to other states and other African American populations across the United States. These measurements were taken from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zeman, Anne; Kelly, Kate
This book is written to answer commonly asked homework questions of fourth, fifth, and sixth graders. Included are facts, charts, definitions, explanations, examples, and illustrations. Topics include ancient number systems; decimal system; math symbols; addition; subtraction; multiplication; division; fractions; estimation; averages; properties;…
Mobile Math: Math Educators and Students Engage in Mobile Learning
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Franklin, Teresa; Peng, Li-Wei
2008-01-01
The public and educational communities are aware of the continuing crisis in math education in our middle schools and the convergence of technologies for teaching and learning. This paper presents a case study in which iPod Touch[R] was used to help middle school students learn about algebraic equations and, in particular, the concept of slope,…
The Effects of a Math Racetrack with Two Elementary Students with Learning Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Beveridge, Breann R.; Weber, Kimberly P.; Derby, K. Mark; McLaughlin, T. F.
2005-01-01
A classroom intervention employing math racetracks was carried out to teach math facts to two elementary students with learning disabilities. A math racetrack is a drill and practice procedure where known and unknown facts are placed on a sheet of paper like an oval racetrack. The effectiveness of using math racetracks was evaluated with a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Goldberger, Susan
2008-01-01
One of the most persistent inequities in U.S. education is the gap in math achievement along income and race lines. Yet some secondary schools beat the odds, producing consistently strong math performance with students who likely would fail in traditional settings. This report advocates that the math achievement gap is not the result of poor and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fleming, Dan
2004-01-01
Based on his personal experience as vice principal of Fuller Middle School and a former school librarian, and participating in a school-wide initiative that focuses on strengthening students' math skills, the author of this article provides suggestions of various ways librarians can integrate math skills into their library lessons. Math is…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Green, Daniel; Kearney, Thomas
2015-01-01
Emperor penguins, the largest of all the penguin species, attain heights of nearly four feet and weigh up to 99 pounds. Many students are not motivated to learn mathematics when textbook examples contain largely nonexistent contexts or when the math is not used to solve significant problems found in real life. This article's project explores how…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murray, Jenny
2006-01-01
Discussion in maths lessons has always been something encouraged by ATM but can be difficult to initiate for non-specialist and inexperienced teachers who may feel they need material in books to get them going. In this article, the author describes resources aimed at encouraging discussion among primary mathematicians. These resources include: (1)…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Radencic, S.; McNeal, K. S.; Pierce, D.
2012-12-01
The Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) program at Mississippi State University (MSU), funded by the NSF Graduate STEM Fellows in K-12 Education (GK12) program, focuses on the advancement of Earth and Space science education in K-12 classrooms. INSPIRE currently in its third year of partnering ten graduate students each year from the STEM fields of Geosciences, Engineering, Physics and Chemistry at MSU with five teachers from local, rural school districts. The five year project serves to enhance graduate student's communication skills as they create interactive lessons linking their STEM research focus to the state and national standards covered in science and math classrooms for grades 7-12 through inquiry experiences. Each graduate student is responsible for the development of two lessons each month of the school year that include an aspect of their STEM research, including the technologies that they may utilize to conduct their STEM research. The plans are then published on the INSPIRE project webpage, www.gk12.msstate.edu, where they are a free resource for any K-12 classroom teacher seeking innovative activities for their classrooms and total over 300 lesson activities to date. Many of the participating teachers and graduate students share activities developed with non-participating teachers, expanding INSPIRE's outreach of incorporating STEM research into activities for K-12 students throughout the local community. Examples of STEM research connections to classroom topics related to earth and ocean science include activities using GPS with GIS for triangulation and measurement of area in geometry; biogeochemical response to oil spills compared to organism digestive system; hydrogeology water quality monitoring and GIS images used as a determinant for habitat suitability in area water; interactions of acids and bases in the Earth's environments and surfaces; and the importance of electrical circuitry in an electrode used in
The Effects of the Elevate Math Summer Program on Math Achievement and Algebra Readiness
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Snipes, Jason; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jaquet, Karina; Finkelstein, Neal
2016-01-01
To raise math success rates in middle school, many schools and districts have implemented summer math programs designed to improve student preparation for algebra content in grade 8. However, little is known about the effectiveness of these programs. While students who participate typically experience learning gains, there is little rigorous…
Evaluation of the MIND Research Institute's Spatial-Temporal Math (ST Math) Program in California
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wendt, Staci; Rice, John; Nakamoto, Jonathan
2014-01-01
The MIND Research Institute contracted with the Evaluation Research Program at WestEd to conduct an independent assessment of mathematics outcomes in elementary school grades across California that were provided with the ST Math program. Spatial-Temporal (ST) Math is a game-based instructional software designed to boost K-5 and secondary-level…
Literacy Specialists in Math Class! Closing the Achievement Gap on State Math Assessments
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DiGisi, Lori L.; Fleming, Dianne
2005-01-01
Sixth and eighth grade students who are English language learners must be able to read and interpret 39 math word problems in order to successfully calculate the answers on the Massachusetts state math assessment (MCAS). The first year that MCAS was administered, many ELL students read the questions, found them confusing, and left them blank,…
Brief Report: Gum Chewing Affects Standardized Math Scores in Adolescents
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnston, Craig A.; Tyler, Chermaine; Stansberry, Sandra A.; Moreno, Jennette P.; Foreyt, John P.
2012-01-01
Gum chewing has been shown to improve cognitive performance in adults; however, gum chewing has not been evaluated in children. This study examined the effects of gum chewing on standardized test scores and class grades of eighth grade math students. Math classes were randomized to a gum chewing (GC) condition that provided students with gum…
Developmental Changes in Working Memory, Updating, and Math Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lee, Kerry; Bull, Rebecca
2016-01-01
Children with higher working memory or updating (WMU) capacity perform better in math. What is less clear is whether and how this relation varies with grade. Children (N = 673, kindergarten to Grade 9) participated in a 4-year cross-sequential study. Data from 3 WMU (Listening Recall, Mr. X, and an updating task) and a standardized math task…
Web-based virtual microscopy in teaching and standardizing Gleason grading.
Helin, Henrik; Lundin, Mikael; Lundin, Johan; Martikainen, Paula; Tammela, Teuvo; Helin, Heikki; van der Kwast, Theo; Isola, Jorma
2005-04-01
Gleason grading forms the basis of prognostic and therapeutic assessment in prostatic carcinoma despite its subjective nature and substantial interobserver variation. The accuracy of Gleason grading can be improved by the use of educational tools such as reference images. However, conventional microscopy images are of limited educational value because it is neither possible to view the sample at different magnifications nor to navigate into different areas of the specimen. This limitation can be overcome by the use of virtual microscopy, which allows viewing entire digitized microscope slides. We created an interactive Web site ( www.webmicroscope.net/gleason ) featuring a comprehensive set of prostatic needle biopsies as virtual slides, which can be viewed with a standard Web browser (Internet Explorer or Netscape). To evaluate the validity of Web-based virtual microscopy for Gleason grading, an experienced uropathologist (TK) scored a series of 62 biopsies from the original glass slides and 6 weeks later from virtual slides on the Web site using an ordinary desktop computer. The intraobserver agreement was excellent, with identical Gleason scores found in 48 of the 62 cases ( kappa = 0.73). The 14 remaining scores differed only by 1 point on the Gleason scale (2-10). The virtual slides were viewed by 2 other uropathologists (PM and HH), with interobserver kappa coefficients ranging from 0.55 to 0.62, which is within the range of previously reported studies using glass slides. The 3 uropathologists' Gleason scores were included as reference scores on the Web site, which now serves as a publicly open platform for self-testing and learning of Gleason grading. We conclude that Web-based virtual microscopy is a promising new tool for teaching and standardizing Gleason grading.
Math in Motion: Origami in the Classroom. A Hands-On Creative Approach to Teaching Mathematics. K-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pearl, Barbara
This perfect bound teacher's guide presents techniques and activities to teach mathematics using origami paper folding. Part 1 includes a history of origami, mathematics and origami, and careers using mathematics. Parts 2 and 3 introduce paper-folding concepts and teaching techniques and include suggestions for low-budget paper resources. Part 4…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chiel, Hillel J.; McManus, Jeffrey M.; Shaw, Kendrick M.
2010-01-01
We describe the development of a course to teach modeling and mathematical analysis skills to students of biology and to teach biology to students with strong backgrounds in mathematics, physics, or engineering. The two groups of students have different ways of learning material and often have strong negative feelings toward the area of knowledge…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Geist, Eugene
2015-01-01
This study was conducted to examine the attitudes of Head Start teachers toward mathematics and how it may influence how and what they teach in the classroom. In general, the findings of this study can be summarized as this: 1) Math anxiety affects how teachers assess their ability at mathematics. The more math anxiety they report, the lower they…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tobias, Sheila; Donady, Bonnie
1977-01-01
Describes the rationale and mode of operations for a Math Clinic at Wellesley University and Wesleyan College where counselors and math specialists work together to combat "math anxiety," particularly in female students. (HMV)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Felder, Nathaniel L.
The grading system at the University of North Carolina at Asheville before fall 1978 provided four designations: H (honors); G (good or well above average); P (pass or satisfactory); and F (failure). This range does not provide a grade for unsatisfactory but passing work. It was suspected that this led teachers to give "average" grades…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Koba, Susan B.
2011-01-01
Authors Susan Koba and Carol Mitchell introduce teachers of grades 3-5 to their conceptual framework for successful instruction of hard-to-teach science concepts. Their methodology comprises four steps: (1) engage students about their preconceptions and address their thinking; (2) target lessons to be learned; (3) determine appropriate strategies;…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
CRAWFORD, ROBERT C.; KEISLAR, EVAN R.
THE MAJOR PROBLEM OF THIS INVESTIGATION WAS TO DETERMINE TO WHAT EXTENT FIRST-GRADE PUPILS ARE CAPABLE OF LEARNING ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURES THROUGH PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION. IN THE EXPERIMENT APPROXIMATELY 130 FIRST-GRADERS WERE INSTRUCTED THROUGH AUDIOVISUAL TEACHING MACHINES FOR APPROXIMATELY 15 WEEKS. AT THE END OF THE PROGRAM, THE CHILDREN WERE…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
PURDY, ROBERT J.; CHAFFEE, EVERETT
THIS RESOURCE GUIDE TO THE TEACHING OF MUSICAL CONCEPTS IN KINDERGARTEN AND GRADES ONE AND TWO IS PREFACED BY A GENERAL ENUMERATION OF OBJECTIVES AND OF THE TECHNIQUES TO BE EMPLOYED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A BACKGROUND OF AUDITORY PERCEPTION THROUGH (1) SINGING, (2) KINESTHETIC RHYTHMIC EXPERIENCES, (3) PLAYING INSTRUMENTS, AND (4) LISTENING. THE…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pape, Stephen J.; Prosser, Sherri K.; Griffin, Cynthia C.; Dana, Nancy Fichtman; Algina, James; Bae, Jungah
2015-01-01
This study sought to identify components of an asynchronous online teacher professional development program, "Prime Online," that potentially affected participants' mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT). Twenty-three third- through fifth-grade general education and special education teachers completed a yearlong online teacher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ford, Nelson S.
This booklet, one of a series developed by the Frederick County Board of Education, Frederick, Maryland, provides an instruction module for an individualized or flexible approach to 7th, 8th, and 9th grade science teaching. Subjects and activities in this series of booklets are designed to supplement a basic curriculum or to form a total…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harrell-Williams, Leigh M.; Sorto, M. Alejandra; Pierce, Rebecca L.; Lesser, Lawrence M.; Murphy, Teri J.
2014-01-01
The influential "Common Core State Standards for Mathematics" (CCSSM) expect students to start statistics learning during middle grades. Thus teacher education and professional development programs are advised to help preservice and in-service teachers increase their knowledge and confidence to teach statistics. Although existing…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Best, Terrence
This booklet, one of a series developed by the Frederick County Board of Education, Frederick, Maryland, provides an instruction module for an individualized or flexible approach to 7th, 8th, and 9th grade science teaching. Subjects and activities in this series of booklets are designed to supplement a basic curriculum or to form a total…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fradiska, John
This booklet, one of a series developed by the Frederick County Board of Education, Frederick, Maryland, provides an instruction module for an individualized or flexible approach to 7th, 8th, and 9th grade science teaching. Subjects and activities in this series of booklets are designed to supplement a basic curriculum or to form a total…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yüzen, Abdulkadir; Karamete, Aysen
2016-01-01
In this study, using ADDIE instructional design model, it is aimed to prepare English language educational material for 4th grade primary students to teach them numbers. At the same time, ARCS model of motivation's attention, relevance and satisfaction phases are also taken into consideration. This study also comprises of Design Based Research…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kucita, Pawan; Kivunja, Charles; Maxwell, T. W.; Kuyini, Bawa
2013-01-01
This study employed document analysis and qualitative interviews to explore the perceptions of different Bhutanese stakeholders about multi-grade teaching, which the Bhutanese Government identified as a strategy for achieving quality Universal Primary Education. The data from Ministry officials, teachers and student teachers were analyzed using…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Barilla, Rosemary; Brown, Tina Boyer
2015-01-01
Rosemary Barilla, a middle-grade language arts teacher, inspired by her own dedication to the arts, describes the ways she integrates the fine arts into her classroom program that is designed to teach reading and writing. Tina Boyer Brown, a founding teacher at The Chicago High School for the Arts (ChiArts®), describes the school as a place where…
The Effect of Internet-Based Education on Student Success in Teaching of 8th Grade Triangles Subject
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaya, Deniz; Kesan, Cenk; Izgiol, Dilek
2013-01-01
In the study, it was researched the effect of internet-based application on student success. Internet-based application was used at the teaching of triangles subject which is included in 8th grade units of triangles and algebra. The study was carried out over the internet with a computer software program: Vitamin Program. The study was carried out…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cohen, S. Alan; Rodriquez, Samuel
1980-01-01
Results of a study conducted with first-grade Mexican American children indicate that direct reading instruction to precise behavioral objectives is more effective than teaching to Mexican American children's supposed "cultural learning styles" as recommended by Manuel Ramirez and Alfredo Castaneda in 1974. (GT)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mandel, Eliana; Osana, Helena P.; Venkatesh, Vivek
2013-01-01
This study evaluated the effects of Adapted Reciprocal Teaching (ART) on the receptive and expressive flight-word vocabulary of 1st-grade students. During ART, classroom interactions produced narrative contexts within which students assumed responsibility for applying new flight words in personally meaningful ways. Students in the control group…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Muir, Raquel
The curriculum guide for teaching science to gifted intermediate grade students presents material to be used for a unit on microbiology, as well as suggestions for a second unit on the subject. Examined in the unit are the structures, functions, growth, development, uses, and environments of different kinds of microorganisms, with an emphasis on…
Something That Works for Me: 100 More Teaching Practices Used in Our Schools. Grades K-12. No. 2.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This guide, published by the New York City Board of Education, presents teaching practices that have been used in New York City schools in grades K-12. Subject areas covered include: (1) communication arts; (2) mathematics; (3) social studies; (4) art; (5) music; (6) English as a second language; (7) bilingual education; (8) reading; (9) writing;…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lieb, Cynthia; Stout, Robert L.
This teacher resource manual for 3rd-and 4th-grade student's uses a wide variety of instructional activities for teaching economics education. The activities include role playing in small groups, producing bookmarks, and making decisions. Students are given the opportunity to interview adults, perform services for their families, do independent…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marschall, Gosia; Andrews, Paul
2015-01-01
In this article we present an exploratory case study of six Polish teachers' perspectives on the teaching of linear equations to grade six students. Data, which derived from semi-structured interviews, were analysed against an extant framework and yielded a number of commonly held beliefs about what teachers aimed to achieve and how they would…
Math Science Partnerships: Addressing the Recommendations of the Glenn Commission
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rosen, L. P.
2002-05-01
In September, 2000 the National Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21st Century released "Before It?s Too Late," a report on the quality of science and mathematics teaching in the nations K-12 classrooms. The report draws three major conclusions: 1) our future well-being depends on how well we educate our children in mathematics and science; 2) we are not doing the job that we should or can do in teaching our children to understand and use ideas from these fields; 3) the most powerful instrument for improving science and mathematics education is to improve teaching in these fields. Based on this analysis, three specific goals were recommended: 1) establish an ongoing system to improve the quality of mathematics and science teaching in grades K-12; 2) increase significantly the number of mathematics and science teachers and improve the quality of their preparation; and 3) improve the working environment and make the teaching profession more attractive for K-12 mathematics and science teachers. This talk will provide an overview of the report and discuss the role of the Math Science Partnership program in meeting its goals.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ferrare, Joseph J.; Hora, Matthew T.
2014-01-01
While researchers have examined how disciplinary and departmental cultures influence instructional practices in higher education, there has yet to be an examination of this relationship at the embodied level of culture. In this article we utilize cultural models theory to examine the theories of student learning and teaching practice espoused and…
131 Ways to Use Film Containers: To Teach Literacy, Math, and Science--and Just to Have Fun!
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Whyte, Donna
2004-01-01
Experienced educator Donna Whyte has compiled her ideas for using film containers in the classroom into "131 Ways to Use Film Containers" so that they can be shared with other teachers. She includes engaging ways to use them in teaching children about word families, sight words, and punctuation marks; skip counting, estimating, and predicting; and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fahy, Cynthia; And Others
This manual presents a design for teaching science principles and mathematics concepts through a sequence of activities concentrating on weather, solar food dryers, and nutrition. Part I focuses on the effect of solar energy on air and water, examining the concepts of evaporation, condensation, radiation, conduction, and convection. These concepts…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Quigley, Cassie F.; Herro, Dani
2016-01-01
In response to a desire to strengthen the economy, educational settings are emphasizing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) curriculum and programs. Yet, because of the narrow approach to STEM, educational leaders continue to call for a more balanced approach to teaching and learning, which includes the arts, design, and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gamoran, Adam; Anderson, Charles W.; Quiroz, Pamela Anne; Secada, Walter G.; Williams, Tona; Ashmann, Scott
Teachers often want new ideas and approaches to improve their teaching but their efforts are often blocked by structural constraints in their districts and schools. This book answers the question of how schools can overcome these barriers to provide more supportive environments for change through the study of six cases of schools and districts in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Albrecht, Cathlene
2006-01-01
"When am I ever going to use this?" This question is heard or thought in every middle-level math class across the land. Teachers struggle to apply math lessons to everyday life and make math meaningful and useful for their students. This author, too, struggled with this problem, until she read the book "Math Curse" by Jon Scieszka (Viking Books,…
Math Sense: Comprehensive Review.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hoyt, Cathy Fillmore
This book features a comprehensive review of the Math Sense series and is designed to help students gain the range of math skills they need to succeed in life, work, and on standardized tests; overcome math anxiety; discover math as interesting and purposeful; and develop good number sense. Topics covered in this book include whole numbers;…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Froiland, John Mark; Davison, Mark L.; Worrell, Frank C.
2016-01-01
Among 110 Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders, teacher autonomy support in 9th grade significantly predicted intrinsic motivation for math in 9th grade as well as math course-taking over the next 2 years, both of which in turn significantly predicted math achievement by 11th grade. In a second model, teacher autonomy support was positively…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burns, Matthew K.; Walick, Christopher; Simonson, Gregory R.; Dominguez, Lauren; Harelstad, Laura; Kincaid, Aleksis; Nelson, Gena S.
2015-01-01
The study examined the use of a conceptual and procedural framework for identifying math deficits and delivering appropriate interventions. Participants were two first-grade students and one third-grade student, who were identified as struggling with the grade-appropriate content in math. The first-grade students focused on addition and the…
Wang, Ming-Te
2012-11-01
Drawing on the expectancy-value model, stage-environment fit theory, and self-determination theory, this study examined the longitudinal associations between classroom characteristics, expectancies-values, high school course enrollment, and career aspirations in the domain of math. Data were collected on 3,048 youth who reported on their classroom experiences in 7th grade, expectancies-values in 6th, 7th, and 10th grades, and career aspirations in 12th grade. Student grades for math courses were collected from school records at 6th, 7th, and 10th grades, and their math course enrollment was collected from 9th through 12th grades. Results indicated that students' math classroom experiences predicted their expectancies and values, which, in turn, predicted the number of high school math courses taken and career aspirations in math. Gender and math ability differences are also discussed.
McManus, Jeffrey M.; Shaw, Kendrick M.
2010-01-01
We describe the development of a course to teach modeling and mathematical analysis skills to students of biology and to teach biology to students with strong backgrounds in mathematics, physics, or engineering. The two groups of students have different ways of learning material and often have strong negative feelings toward the area of knowledge that they find difficult. To give students a sense of mastery in each area, several complementary approaches are used in the course: 1) a “live” textbook that allows students to explore models and mathematical processes interactively; 2) benchmark problems providing key skills on which students make continuous progress; 3) assignment of students to teams of two throughout the semester; 4) regular one-on-one interactions with instructors throughout the semester; and 5) a term project in which students reconstruct, analyze, extend, and then write in detail about a recently published biological model. Based on student evaluations and comments, an attitude survey, and the quality of the students' term papers, the course has significantly increased the ability and willingness of biology students to use mathematical concepts and modeling tools to understand biological systems, and it has significantly enhanced engineering students' appreciation of biology. PMID:20810957
Chiel, Hillel J; McManus, Jeffrey M; Shaw, Kendrick M
2010-01-01
We describe the development of a course to teach modeling and mathematical analysis skills to students of biology and to teach biology to students with strong backgrounds in mathematics, physics, or engineering. The two groups of students have different ways of learning material and often have strong negative feelings toward the area of knowledge that they find difficult. To give students a sense of mastery in each area, several complementary approaches are used in the course: 1) a "live" textbook that allows students to explore models and mathematical processes interactively; 2) benchmark problems providing key skills on which students make continuous progress; 3) assignment of students to teams of two throughout the semester; 4) regular one-on-one interactions with instructors throughout the semester; and 5) a term project in which students reconstruct, analyze, extend, and then write in detail about a recently published biological model. Based on student evaluations and comments, an attitude survey, and the quality of the students' term papers, the course has significantly increased the ability and willingness of biology students to use mathematical concepts and modeling tools to understand biological systems, and it has significantly enhanced engineering students' appreciation of biology.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dias, Michael; Eick, Charles J.; Brantley-Dias, Laurie
2011-02-01
A science teacher educator returned to teaching adolescents after more than 10 years in the professoriate. We studied his beliefs, practice and daily use of inquiry pedagogy while implementing a reform-based curriculum. Reflection on practice was evidenced by a weekly journal, classroom observations and debriefings, and extensive interviews. Newly developed practical knowledge from this experience shifted the science teacher educator's beliefs away from the Piagetian structuralism espoused in prescribed curricula towards a more culturally responsive, student-driven approach to teaching science to middle grades students. The merits and limitations of curricula attempting to follow traditional scientific practices are discussed.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Witty, Emily Amie
2012-01-01
Gender differences in mathematics have been of particular interest over the past decades. Research has shown a disparity in mathematical proficiency between boys and girls depending on the area of mathematics tested, the age and grade of the student, and the structure of the test question (i.e., how the question is posed). Although, much of the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clark, Lisa A.
2011-01-01
The purposes of this study were to identify the attitudes and beliefs content teachers have concerning teaching reading in the content area to below level readers and to identify specific instructional strategies that are used to teach students who are below grade level the content area material. Twelve participants were selected, using maximum…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Petovello, Laura R.; Quenk, Rachel
This two-volume resource guide includes lesson plans and bibliographical references for teaching about the Holocaust. The first volume, revised in 1999, covers grades K-4, and the second volume, published in 1997, covers grades 5-8. Each guide offers age-appropriate strategies and lesson plans for teaching students about the fundamental causes of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Goldman, Juliette D. G.
2011-01-01
Many primary school teachers avoid teaching sexuality education. In light of the earlier maturing of both boys and girls, and the educationally and personally significant effects of their experience of puberty, this is unfair to children. In response to this avoidance, however, some schools employ external providers of sexuality education, who…
Saxon Elementary School Math. Revised. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2007
2007-01-01
"Saxon Elementary School Math," published by Harcourt Achieve, is a core curriculum for students in kindergarten through grade 5. A distinguishing feature of "Saxon Elementary School Math" is its use of a distributed approach, as opposed to a chapter-based approach, for instruction and assessment. The program is built on the…
Downtown Math and Language: Levels 1-6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kizer, Pat; And Others
Developed by the Small Schools Career Education Development Project, the guide, divided into 6 units, provides 279 activities for math and language instruction in grades 1-6. Units are titled: Bank, Grocery Store, Hardware Store, Pandora's Box, Restaurant, and Streets, Bikes, and Highways. Both math and language activities are provided for each…
The Effect of Cooperative Groups on Math Anxiety
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Batton, Melissa
2010-01-01
Research indicates that many students have difficulty with mathematics, which can be attributed to many factors including math anxiety. Students who experience math anxiety have poor attitudes towards mathematics and perform below grade level based on class and statewide assessments. The purpose of this quasi-experimental quantitative study was to…
Opening the World of Mathematics: The Daily Math Discussion
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Donoahue, Zoe
2016-01-01
During the author's everyday math discussions with her class, young children talk about mathematical ideas, theories, and concepts within a predictable structure. These discussions include many concepts from--and beyond--the first-grade math curriculum, and their depth and complexity build throughout the school year. Concepts and skills include…
Number Wonders: 171 Activities to Meet Math Standards & Inspire Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kuhns, Catherine Jones
2006-01-01
In this book, author Catherine Jones Kuhns introduces student- and teacher-friendly math activities designed to get students thinking like mathematicians and loving mathematics, while addressing content standards through grade 2. She also shows how to make math fun for students, get children actively engaged in learning, create a student-centered…
Classroom Environment, Achievement Goals and Maths Performance: Gender Differences
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gherasim, Loredana Ruxandra; Butnaru, Simona; Mairean, Cornelia
2013-01-01
This study investigated how gender shapes the relationships between classroom environment, achievement goals and maths performance. Seventh-grade students ("N"?=?498) from five urban secondary schools filled in achievement goal orientations and classroom environment scales at the beginning of the second semester. Maths performance was…
enVisionMATH. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
2013-01-01
"enVisionMATH," published by Pearson Education, Inc., is a core curriculum for students in kindergarten through grade 6. The program seeks to help students develop an understanding of math concepts through problem-based instruction, small-group interaction, and visual learning with a focus on reasoning and modeling. Differentiated…
How Can You Teach Middle Grades Students about HIV/AIDS in a Conservative Community?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ferrand, Shirley; Wattenbarger, Barbara
1998-01-01
Describes a program for educating middle school students about the AIDS epidemic and disease prevention while keeping with the values expressed by a conservative community. Considers the use of science, social studies, math, and language arts in the education process, and the cooperation of parents and the community. (JPB)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rowan-Kenyon, Heather T.; Swan, Amy K.; Creager, Marie F.
2012-01-01
The authors examined the central hypothesis that students' early perceptions of support and sense of engagement in math classes and math activities strongly influence the broadening or narrowing of their math interest. The focus was on the first wave of qualitative data collected from 5th-, 7th-, and 9th-grade students during the 2007-2008…
A Call for Collaborative Research To Investigate the "Indian Math" Problem.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hankes, Judith Elaine
Two studies appear to reach unsatisfactory conclusions regarding causes of low math achievement among American Indians. Leap (1988) studied math problem-solving strategies among low-math-achieving fourth- and fifth-grade Ute reservation students. He concluded that faulty or cumbersome problem-solving strategies were directly linked to Ute language…
Beginning School Math Competence: Minority and Majority Comparisons. Report No. 34.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Entwisle, Doris R.; Alexander, Karl L.
This paper uses a structural model with a large random sample of urban children to explain children's competence in math concepts and computation at the time they begin first grade. These two aspects of math ability respond differently to environmental resources, with math concepts much more responsive to family factors before formal schooling…
The Use and Effectiveness of a Targeted Math Intervention for Third Graders
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pool, Juli L.; Carter, Gabriel M.; Johnson, Evelyn S.; Carter, Deborah R.
2013-01-01
Students who fail to develop proficiency in math skills in the primary grades are more likely to experience difficulties in the math curriculum later on. These students may be in need of a more targeted intervention, or Tier 2 supports, in mathematic instruction. Although the instructional principles of an effective math intervention are becoming…
Assessing the Effect of Language Demand in Bundles of Math Word Problems
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Banks, Kathleen; Jeddeeni, Ahmad; Walker, Cindy M.
2016-01-01
Differential bundle functioning (DBF) analyses were conducted to determine whether seventh and eighth grade second language learners (SLLs) had lower probabilities of answering bundles of math word problems correctly that had heavy language demands, when compared to non-SLLs of equal math proficiency. Math word problems on each of four test forms…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Irvin, P. Shawn; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Irvin, P. Shawn; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2012-01-01
Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…
Teaching Again: A Professor's Tale of Returning to a Ninth Grade Classroom
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Poetter, Thomas S.
2012-01-01
Teaching Again exposes the very human core of the teaching experience. This book is not just about teaching English/language arts; it is about the heart and soul of the vocation that is teaching. It is also not just about Tom Poetter, the English teacher; it is about every individual who has ever tried to educate, whether that act has taken place…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hamadneh, Iyad M.; Al-Masaeed, Aslan
2015-01-01
This study aimed at finding out mathematics teachers' attitudes towards photo math application in solving mathematical problems using mobile camera; it also aim to identify significant differences in their attitudes according to their stage of teaching, educational qualifications, and teaching experience. The study used judgmental/purposive…
Math Wars: A Guide for Parents and Teachers
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Latterell, Carmen M.
2008-01-01
Parents are concerned about their children's math learning. Teachers are concerned about math teaching. When parents see what children are bringing home under the new curriculum, it is clear that their children are not working on the same mathematics that parents remember from the time when they were in school. But, the problem goes beyond grades…
Math Sense: The Look, Sound, and Feel of Effective Instruction
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moynihan, Christine
2012-01-01
How is that you can walk into a classroom and gain an overall sense of the quality of math instruction taking place there? What contributes to getting that sense? In "Math Sense," Chris Moynihan explores some of the components that comprise the look, sound, and feel of effective teaching and learning. Does the landscape of the classroom feature…
An Integration of Math with Auto Technician Courses
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Valenzuela, Hector
2012-01-01
This article describes the development of the contextualized math, the course design, student teaching and daily interaction with the students, and the implementation aspects of the research project designed to develop contextualized mathematics and integrate it into the Auto Technician courses. The applied math curriculum was integrated into…
Using Food to Boost Math and Science Skills
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duffrin, Melanie W.; Cuson, Diane; Phillips, Sharon K.
2005-01-01
There is a clear need for improved math and science education, according to the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, and National Science Board. The Food, Math and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative was developed in response to this need. The FoodMASTER Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Orabuchi, Nkechi
2013-01-01
This study reported the results of a 3-month quasi-experimental study that determined the effectiveness of an online visual and interactive technological tool on sixth grade students' mathematics performance, math anxiety and attitudes towards math. There were 155 sixth grade students from a middle school in the North Texas area who participated…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kllogjeri, Pellumb
In present age we are witnesses and practioners of computer-based education which is highly speed progressing. The computer-based education allows educators and students to use educational programming language and e-tutors to teach and learn, to interact with one another and share together the results of their work. The computer-based education is done possible by special electronic tools among which the most important are the mathematical programmes. There are many mathematical programmes, but one which is being embraced and used by a daily increasing number of users throughout the world is GeoGebra. The recently published software GeoGebra by Markus Hohenwater (2004) explicitly links geometry and algebra. GeoGebra affords a bidirectional combination of geometry and algebra that differs from earlier software forms. The bidirectional combination means that, for instance, by typing in an equation in the algebra window, the graph of the equation will be shown in the dynamic and graphic window. This programme is so much preferred because of its three main features: the double representation of the mathematical object(geometric and algebraic), there are not strong requirements as to the age and the knowledge in using it(the students of the elementary school can use it as well) and, it is offered free of charge(simply by downloading it). In this paper we are concentrating in the double representation of the mathematical object and its advantages in explaining and forming mathematical concepts and performing operations, in the global opportunities for using GeoGebra and the benefits of using it by cooperating and sharing experiences.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gerton, Jordan
Evidence-based best practices for improving undergraduate STEM education abound. Unfortunately, these practices have not been widely adopted, in part because typical dissemination efforts are mediated in a top-down fashion and fail to obtain critical buy-in from key local stakeholders. Here, we present a novel framework to increase nationwide uptake of STEM-education best practices through grassroots propagation of Professional Development programs for Graduate Teaching Assistants (GTA-PD). Our model pays special attention to overcoming resistance to change by soliciting, from the very start, critical buy-in from departmental chairs, faculty, and GTAs who have direct control over and responsibility for instruction. A key component of our approach involves an annual National GTA Workshop where faculty-GTA leadership teams from many different Physics and Chemistry departments come together to develop best-practices-based GTA-PD improvement plans for their own departments while guided by a core group of nationally recognized expert practitioners in GTA-PD and STEM education. As a pre-condition for participation, each department chair must pledge to facilitate implementation of their leadership team's plan; additional and ongoing support is provided by the core group of experts, together with other teams from the workshop cohort. Our initial pilot efforts point to success via enthusiastic buy-in within each STEM department due to the potential for immediate positive impacts on both undergraduate instruction and the long term research productivity of GTAs. In the future, longitudinal data on the progress of the GTA-PD programs will be gathered and analyzed to provide guidance for improving the success of future GTA-PD programs. Financial support provided by the Research Corporation for Science Advancement and the American Chemical Society.
Promotive and Corrosive Factors in African American Students' Math Beliefs and Achievement.
Diemer, Matthew A; Marchand, Aixa D; McKellar, Sarah E; Malanchuk, Oksana
2016-06-01
Framed by expectancy-value theory (which posits that beliefs about and the subjective valuation of a domain predict achievement and decision-making in that domain), this study examined the relationships among teacher differential treatment and relevant math instruction on African American students' self-concept of math ability, math task value, and math achievement. These questions were examined by applying structural equation modeling to 618 African American youth (45.6 % female) followed from 7th to 11th grade in the Maryland Adolescent Development in Context Study. While controlling for gender and prior math achievement, relevant math instruction promoted and teacher differential treatment corroded students' math beliefs and achievement over time. Further, teacher discrimination undermined students' perceptions of their teachers, a mediating process under-examined in previous inquiry. These findings suggest policy and practice levers to narrow opportunity gaps, as well as foster math achievement and science, technology, engineering and math success.
Teaching with the End in Mind: The Role of Standards-Based Grading
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shippy, Nicole; Washer, Barton A.; Perrin, Billie
2013-01-01
Grading according to standards, competencies, or concepts is nothing new.With the current grading system gaining more scrutiny, parts of the basic framework of how we grade students are being questioned. Stephens (2010) and Marzano and Heflebower (2011) reinforced the notion that homework, behavior, attendance, notebooks, and group work should not…
Multi-Grade Teaching: A Review of Research and Practice. Education Research Paper.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Little, Angela
The single-grade model of education, based on the division of labor in industry, has come to dominate the school, class, and curriculum organization used by central authorities. Although the multi-grade model is common in developing countries and in rural areas of industrialized countries, the knowledge required for effective multi-grade teaching…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Raymond, Roger A.
In the second year of a study to compare and evaluate programed and conventional instruction in algebra for the ninth and tenth grades, comparisons of the control and experimental groups in each grade were again based on scores from the Lankton First-Year Algebra Test and the California Study Methods Survey (CSMS). Although there was a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Colasanti, Angela M.; Follo, Eric
This paper investigates the thematic study approach in theory and practice as it applies to the elementary grades, specifically to third grade. Part 1 defines the theme study approach and explains the theories and assumptions that support it as a viable approach to teaching and learning. Part 2 examines research supporting the thematic approach.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Weidenaar, Dennis J.; And Others
The report is an evaluation of the economic content and teaching strategies in social studies textbooks that are used in grades 10, 11, and 12. The study, conducted by the Center for Economic Education, Purdue University, was part of a kindergarten through grade twelve assessment of the treatment of economics in social studies textual materials…
Advanced Math Equals Career Readiness. Math Works
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Achieve, Inc., 2013
2013-01-01
The equation is simple: No matter their background, students who take challenging math courses in high school get better jobs and earn more money throughout their entire lives. This paper stresses that: (1) Higher-level math opens doors for any and all postsecondary programs and keeps it open for advancement beyond entry-level jobs; and (2)…
Solving America's Math Problem
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Vigdor, Jacob
2013-01-01
Concern about students' math achievement is nothing new, and debates about the mathematical training of the nation's youth date back a century or more. In the early 20th century, American high-school students were starkly divided, with rigorous math courses restricted to a college-bound elite. At midcentury, the "new math" movement sought,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burns, Marilyn
2016-01-01
Math education consultant Marilyn Burns finds that teachers ask her the same three questions so often she's named them "The Big Three": What can I do with students who finish their math work more quickly?, How can I free up time to work with kids who need extra help?, and How can I differentiate math learning experiences? Burns, who…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hartel, R. W.; Adem, M.
2004-01-01
A math review exam, written and administered in conjunction with the Quantitative Assessment Program at the Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, is used at the beginning of the 1st food engineering course to evaluate math skills needed for successful completion of the course. Students who do not score well on the math exam are targeted for individual…
Math anxiety in second and third graders and its relation to mathematics achievement.
Wu, Sarah S; Barth, Maria; Amin, Hitha; Malcarne, Vanessa; Menon, Vinod
2012-01-01
Although the detrimental effects of math anxiety in adults are well understood, few studies have examined how it affects younger children who are beginning to learn math in a formal academic setting. Here, we examine the relationship between math anxiety and math achievement in second and third graders. In response to the need for a grade-appropriate measure of assessing math anxiety in this group we first describe the development of Scale for Early Mathematics Anxiety (SEMA), a new measure for assessing math anxiety in second and third graders that is based on the Math Anxiety Rating Scale. We demonstrate the construct validity and reliability of the SEMA and use it to characterize the effect of math anxiety on standardized measures of math abilities, as assessed using the Mathematical Reasoning and Numerical Operations subtests of the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT-II). Math achievement, as measured by the WIAT-II Math Composite score, was significantly and negatively correlated with SEMA but not with trait anxiety scores. Additional analyses showed that SEMA scores were strongly correlated with Mathematical Reasoning scores, which involves more complex verbal problem solving. SEMA scores were weakly correlated with Numerical Operations which assesses basic computation skills, suggesting that math anxiety has a pronounced effect on more demanding calculations. We also found that math anxiety has an equally detrimental impact on math achievement regardless of whether children have an anxiety related to numbers or to the situational and social experience of doing math. Critically, these effects were unrelated to trait anxiety, providing the first evidence that the specific effects of math anxiety can be detected in the earliest stages of formal math learning in school. Our findings provide new insights into the developmental origins of math anxiety, and further underscore the need to remediate math anxiety and its deleterious effects on math achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
West, Andrew
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to explore and identify the experiences that informed the development of three veteran (15+ years of teaching experience) 9th grade physics teachers' specialized knowledge, or PCK, for using representations to teach the topics of energy transformation and transfer. Through the lens of phenomenography, the study…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yapici, Hakki
2016-01-01
The aim of this study is to apply the jigsaw technique in Social Sciences teaching and to unroll the effects of this technique on learning. The unit "Science within Time" in the secondary 7th grade Social Sciences text book was chosen for the research. It is aimed to compare the jigsaw technique with the traditional teaching method in…
Online Options for Math-Advanced Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wessling, Suki
2012-01-01
Once upon a time, a student well advanced past grade level in math would have had few choices. Advanced students would invariably outpace the skills of their elementary teachers, and due to age wouldn't have options such as going to the middle school or community college for classes. Soon thereafter, students would enter middle school only to find…
Increasing Math Achievement through Use of Music.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bryant-Jones, Marian; Shimmins, Kymberley J.; Vega, Jill D.
This report describes a program for increasing math achievement through the use of musical interventions including repeated exposure to Mozart classical music and School House Rock, and introduction to teacher-made songs that introduce mathematical concepts in the music classroom. The students of the targeted second and fourth grade classes…
The Value-Able Child: Teaching Values at Home and School. Grades K-3.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bostrom, Kathleen Long
Noting that parents and educators need to place greater emphasis on teaching children values, this book shows parents, teachers, and group leaders how to work as a team to teach the values young children need to lead happy, "value-able" lives. The book's introduction defines values and presents a rationale for teaching values to young…
Stepping Up to Science and Math
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Goldston, Dee
2004-01-01
"Stepping Up to Science and Math" invites teachers to step back and rethink the way they teach both of these essential subjects. Then it illustrates how teachers can step up the pace with Standards-based activities that make learning more effective and efficient. (New lessons featuring gummy worms, school buses, or the planet Mars help teachers…
Tic Tac Toe Math. Train the Trainer.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Center for Alternative Learning, Bryn Mawr, PA.
This report describes a project that developed a "Train the Trainer" program that would enable individuals to learn and teach the alternative instructional technique, Tic Tac Toe Math, developed by Richard Cooper for adult basic education students. The pilot workshop conducted as part of the project identified problems that traditional…
Integrating Programming into Mathematics: Math 20.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hunka, Dan; And Others
An elective unit was developed for a course (Math 20) which would teach students to program solutions to typical exercises. Development of the unit took place in a large senior high school in Alberta. The elective is 15 hours long, with the first five hours devoted to learning programming fundamentals and the final ten hours to programming…
Math: The Not-So-Universal Language
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cavanagh, Sean
2005-01-01
While math has long been regarded as a universal language because of its foundation in numbers, the subject poses nearly as many hurdles for students with limited English as lessons that rely more heavily on reading, many educators say. Malinda Evans spends about an hour and a half each day teaching mathematics to her 5th graders at Navajo…
The Use of Clickers in Secondary Education Math with Students with High-Incidence Disabilities
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mills, Jeremy Ryan
2012-01-01
A single-subject withdrawal design paired with content quizzes was used to examine the effect of clickers on three dependent variables (student engagement, math quiz scores, and inappropriate behavior) with students diagnosed with high-incidence disabilities in a secondary grade level resource math class and a secondary grade level inclusive math…
Reliability and Validity of the Math Essential Skill Screener Elementary Version (MESS-E).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Erford, Bradley T.; Bagley, Donna L.; Hopper, James A.; Lee, Ramona M.; Panagopulos, Kathleen A.; Preller, Denise B.
1998-01-01
The Math Essential Skill Screener Elementary Version (MESS-E) is a screener devised to identify primary grade students at risk for math difficulties. Item analysis, interitem consistency, test-retest reliability, decision efficiency, and construct validity of the MESS-E were studied using four independent samples of boys and girls grades 1-3. The…
First Grade Math Skills Set Foundation for Later Math Ability
... This skill is the basis for all other mathematics abilities, including those necessary for functioning as an ... Kathy Mann Koepke, Ph.D., director of the Mathematics and Science Cognition and Learning: Development and Disorders ...
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
2010-05-01
Teaching: The epiSTEMe project: KS3 maths and science improvement Field trip: Pupils learn physics in a stately home Conference: ShowPhysics welcomes fun in Europe Student numbers: Physics numbers increase in UK Tournament: Physics tournament travels to Singapore Particle physics: Hadron Collider sets new record Astronomy: Take your classroom into space Forthcoming Events
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
2011-09-01
Competition: Physics Olympiad hits Thailand Report: Institute carries out survey into maths in physics at university Event: A day for everyone teaching physics Conference: Welsh conference celebrates birthday Schools: Researchers in Residence scheme set to close Teachers: A day for new physics teachers Social: Network combines fun and physics Forthcoming events