Science.gov

Sample records for turkey laws regulations

  1. Law and regulation of benzene.

    PubMed Central

    Feitshans, I L

    1989-01-01

    OSHA has created final benzene regulations after extensive rulemakings on two occasions, 1978 and 1987. These standards have been the subject of extensive litigation for nearly 20 years. This article examines in detail the conceptual underpinnings of the Benzene Case, (which was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1980) in light of U.S. administrative law precedents that have set limits upon administrative discretion under the test for "substantial evidence" and the "hard look doctrine." This article also addresses recent developments in the wake of the Benzene Case and their implications for benzene regulations following the "significant risk" doctrine in that case. This article briefly describes other national, regional, and international laws governing the use of benzene. This article concludes that the revisions of the benzene regulation and subsequent rulemaking provide substantial evidence of scientific underpinnings for regulatory action and that laws from other nations reflect an international consensus that occupational exposure to benzene is a proper subject of regulation. Such regulations and policies are therefore likely to withstand scrutiny and remain enforceable as widely accepted norms. PMID:2792048

  2. Regulating chemicals: law, science, and the unbearable burdens of regulation.

    PubMed

    Silbergeld, Ellen K; Mandrioli, Daniele; Cranor, Carl F

    2015-03-18

    The challenges of regulating industrial chemicals remain unresolved in the United States. The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976 was the first legislation to extend coverage to the regulation of industrial chemicals, both existing and newly registered. However, decisions related to both law and science that were made in passing this law inevitably rendered it ineffectual. Attempts to fix these shortcomings have not been successful. In light of the European Union's passage of innovative principles and requirements for chemical regulation, it is no longer possible to deny the opportunity and need for reform in US law and practice. PMID:25785889

  3. Regulating chemicals: law, science, and the unbearable burdens of regulation.

    PubMed

    Silbergeld, Ellen K; Mandrioli, Daniele; Cranor, Carl F

    2015-03-18

    The challenges of regulating industrial chemicals remain unresolved in the United States. The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976 was the first legislation to extend coverage to the regulation of industrial chemicals, both existing and newly registered. However, decisions related to both law and science that were made in passing this law inevitably rendered it ineffectual. Attempts to fix these shortcomings have not been successful. In light of the European Union's passage of innovative principles and requirements for chemical regulation, it is no longer possible to deny the opportunity and need for reform in US law and practice.

  4. Turkey.

    PubMed

    1988-03-01

    Focus in this discussion of Turkey is on the following: geography; the people; history; government and political conditions; the economy; defense; and relations between the US and Turkey. In 1986, Turkey's population was estimated to be 51.8 million with an annual growth rate of 2.5%. The infant mortality rate is 12.3/1000 with a life expectancy of 62.7 years. Turkey is located partly in Europe and partly in Asia. Since 1950, urban areas have experienced tremendous growth, and squatter dwellings are evident around the cities' edges. About half of Turkey's population live in urban areas. Turkish culture is made up of both the modern and traditional, Ottoman and folkloric, elements. The Republic of Turkey was founded by Mustafa Kemal, subsequently named Ataturk, in 1982 after the collapse of the 600-year-old Ottoman empire. The new republic focused on modernizing and Westernizing the empire's Turkish core -- Anatolia and a small part of Thrace. The 1982 constitution preserves a democratic, secular, parliamentary form of government with a strengthened presidence. It provides for an independent judiciary along with the safeguarding of internationally recognized human rights. The legislative functions are carried out by the unicameral, 450-member GNA. The economy is developing structurally, yet the agricultural sector remains significant and produces cotton, tobacco, grains, fruits, and vegetables. Over half of the labor force are farmers, contributing over 1/5 of the gross domestic product. A significant portion of industry also is involved in processing agricultural products. The period from the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s was the longest sustained period of economic growth and development in modern Turkish history, with annual growth rates of nearly 7%. Oil price increases after 1973 and the concomitant European recession slowed Turkish growth and also revealed major structural deficiencies. The economic crisis worsened in 1979 as oil prices doubled again. The Demirel

  5. 46 CFR 5.33 - Violation of law or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Violation of law or regulation. 5.33 Section 5.33... INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Definitions § 5.33 Violation of law or regulation. Where the... prescribed under that subtitle, or any other law or regulation intended to promote marine safety or...

  6. 25 CFR 248.4 - Applicability of laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applicability of laws and regulations. 248.4 Section 248... RIVER INDIAN IN-LIEU FISHING SITES § 248.4 Applicability of laws and regulations. No Indian shall use... regulation of his tribe or contrary to any applicable State or Federal law or regulation. The Area...

  7. 7 CFR 4284.906 - State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false State laws, local laws, regulatory commission...-Added Producer Grant Program General § 4284.906 State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations. If there are conflicts between this subpart and State or local laws or regulatory...

  8. 7 CFR 4284.906 - State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false State laws, local laws, regulatory commission...-Added Producer Grant Program General § 4284.906 State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations. If there are conflicts between this subpart and State or local laws or regulatory...

  9. 7 CFR 4284.906 - State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false State laws, local laws, regulatory commission...-Added Producer Grant Program General § 4284.906 State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations. If there are conflicts between this subpart and State or local laws or regulatory...

  10. Handbook of environmental laws and regulations

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, C.C.

    1992-01-01

    At last - an index to the regulations. That may not be the way Dr. Lee planned it, but that may be the most valuable purpose served by this new publication from HMCRI. And what a valuable thing it is. The book is a tireless compilation of virtually all of the terms in the regulations of Title 40 (environment) of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), from Part 1 through Part 1517. In addition, some definitions are extracted from other CFR Titles (such as 10 and 29) that contain environment-related material. The terms appear in alphabetical order, and complete descriptive definitions are provided for each. Each entry also contains the exact CFR reference number; thus a complete source for the term is available. By using the CFR citations during a search for information, the reader is hand-held through the formidabile multi-volume Title 40. More important, by using the definitional citations the reader is indirectly led to the regulatory requirements for virtually any subject. The book is therefore a guidebook through the regulations: a true index. The major subjects covered in Dr. Lee's book include: (1) statutory definitions from all major environmental laws, including the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, RCRA, and CERCLA; (2) regulatory definitions from the entire Title 40 CFR, Parts 1 through 1517; (3) radiation-related environmental definitions from 10 CFR; (4) health-related environmental definitions from 29 CFR; (5) common environmental engineering definitions from EPA publications; (6) chemicals regulated by various environmental laws and regulations; (7) environmental acronyms; and (8) references to sources for the information presented.

  11. 15 CFR 758.9 - Other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Other applicable laws and regulations... CLEARANCE REQUIREMENTS § 758.9 Other applicable laws and regulations. The provisions of this part 758 apply... complying with any other law of the United States or rules and regulations issued thereunder,...

  12. The impact of anti-smoking laws on high school students in Ankara, Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Demir, Melike; Karadeniz, Gulistan; Demir, Fikri; Karadeniz, Cem; Kaya, Halide; Yenibertiz, Derya; Taylan, Mahsuk; Yilmaz, Sureyya; Sen, Velat

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors affecting the smoking habits of high school students, their thoughts about changes resulting from anti-smoking laws, and how they are affected by those laws. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 11th-grade students at eight high schools in Ankara, Turkey, were invited to complete a questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 1,199 students completed the questionnaire satisfactorily. The mean age of the respondents was 17.0 ± 0.6 years; 56.1% were female, of whom 15.3% were smokers; and 43.9% were male, of whom 43.7% were smokers (p < 0.001). The independent risk factors for smoking were male gender, attending a vocational school, having a sibling who smokes, having a friend who smokes, and poor academic performance. Of the respondents, 74.7% were aware of the content of anti-smoking laws; 81.8% approved of the restrictions and fines; and 8.1% had quit smoking because of those laws. According to the respondents, the interventions that were most effective were the (television) broadcast of films about the hazards of smoking and the ban on cigarette sales to minors. The prevalence of smoking was highest (31.5%) among students attending vocational high schools but lowest (7.5%) among those attending medical vocational high schools. Although 57.1% of the smokers were aware of the existence of a smoking cessation helpline, only 3.7% had called, none of whom had made any attempt to quit smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Although most of the students evaluated were aware of the harmful effects of smoking and approved of the anti-smoking laws, only a minority of those who smoked sought professional help to quit. PMID:26785961

  13. Southern states radiological emergency response laws and regulations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-02-01

    The radiological emergency response laws and regulations of the Southern States Energy Compact member states are in some cases disparate. Several states have very specific laws on radiological emergency response while in others, the statutory law mentions only emergency response to ``natural disasters.`` Some states have adopted extensive regulations on the topic; others have none. For this reason, any general overview must necessarily discuss laws and regulations in general terms.

  14. 50 CFR 216.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other laws and regulations. 216.4 Section... MAMMALS Introduction § 216.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) Federal. Nothing in this part, nor any permit... relating to wildlife and fisheries, health, quarantine, agriculture, or customs. (b) State laws...

  15. 50 CFR 216.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 10 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Other laws and regulations. 216.4 Section... MAMMALS Introduction § 216.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) Federal. Nothing in this part, nor any permit... relating to wildlife and fisheries, health, quarantine, agriculture, or customs. (b) State laws...

  16. 7 CFR 11.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....C. 504) and its implementing regulations at 7 CFR part 1, subpart J, shall apply to proceedings... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Other laws and regulations. 11.4 Section 11.4... Procedures § 11.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure...

  17. 4 CFR 8.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 8.1 Section 8.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES § 8.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provisions of subpart G, title 5, United States Code and implementing regulations for...

  18. 19 CFR 122.2 - Other Customs laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other Customs laws and regulations. 122.2 Section 122.2 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS General Definitions and Provisions § 122.2 Other Customs laws and regulations. Except as otherwise...

  19. 7 CFR 11.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....C. 504) and its implementing regulations at 7 CFR part 1, subpart J, shall apply to proceedings... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Other laws and regulations. 11.4 Section 11.4... Procedures § 11.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure...

  20. 4 CFR 8.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 8.1 Section 8.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES § 8.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provisions of subpart G, title 5, United States Code and implementing regulations for...

  1. 4 CFR 8.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 8.1 Section 8.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES § 8.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provisions of subpart G, title 5, United States Code and implementing regulations for...

  2. 43 CFR 3586.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 3586.1 Section 3586.1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND... Nevada § 3586.1 Applicable law and regulations. The Act of June 8, 1926 (44 Stat. 708), authorizes...

  3. 29 CFR 1450.4 - Conformance to law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Conformance to law and regulations. 1450.4 Section 1450.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE COLLECTIONS OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES General Provisions § 1450.4 Conformance to law and regulations....

  4. 22 CFR 512.4 - Conformance to law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Conformance to law and regulations. 512.4... COLLECTION ACT OF 1982 General Provisions § 512.4 Conformance to law and regulations. (a) The requirements of... Government-wide standards: (1) The regulations of the Office of Personnel Management (5 CFR part 550)....

  5. 47 CFR 1.1904 - Conformance to law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conformance to law and regulations. 1.1904... Collection of Claims Owed the United States General Provisions § 1.1904 Conformance to law and regulations... which include the Regulations of the Office of Personnel Management (5 CFR part 550) and the...

  6. 50 CFR 216.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Introduction § 216.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) Federal. Nothing in this part, nor any...

  7. 50 CFR 216.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Introduction § 216.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) Federal. Nothing in this part, nor any...

  8. 4 CFR 6.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 6.1 Section 6.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE § 6.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provision of subpart E, title 5, United States Code and the Office of Personnel...

  9. 4 CFR 6.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 6.1 Section 6.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE § 6.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provision of subpart E, title 5, United States Code and the Office of Personnel...

  10. 4 CFR 6.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 6.1 Section 6.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE § 6.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provision of subpart E, title 5, United States Code and the Office of Personnel...

  11. Southern states radiological emergency response laws and regulations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-06-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the emergency response laws and regulations in place in the various states within the southern region for use by legislators, emergency response planners, the general public and all persons concerned about the existing legal framework for emergency response. SSEB expects to periodically update the report as necessary. Radiation protection regulations without emergency response provisions are not included in the summary. The radiological emergency response laws and regulations of the Southern States Energy Compact member states are in some cases disparate. Several states have very specific laws on radiological emergency response while in others, the statutory law mentions only emergency response to ``natural disasters.`` Some states have adopted extensive regulations on the topic, others have none. For this reason, any general overview must necessarily discuss laws and regulations in general terms. State-by-state breakdowns are given for specific states.

  12. 31 CFR 586.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA & MONTENEGRO) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 586.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. (a) This part is separate from, and... applicable laws or regulations....

  13. 19 CFR 122.30 - Other Customs laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other Customs laws and regulations. 122.30 Section 122.30 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Private Aircraft § 122.30 Other Customs laws and regulations. Sections 122.2 and 122.161 apply to...

  14. Social health insurance without corporate actors: changes in self-regulation in Germany, Poland and Turkey.

    PubMed

    Wendt, Claus; Agartan, Tuba I; Kaminska, Monika Ewa

    2013-06-01

    Social health insurance in Western Europe has for many years been characterized by self-regulation in which specific conditions of healthcare financing and provision have been regulated by social-insurance institutions through mutual self-governance. However, the principle of self-regulation has recently been weakened by increased state regulation and market competition, which were introduced in response to economic and social changes. Even in Germany, which has been regarded as an "ideal-type" health insurance system and in which self-regulation remains at the core of healthcare governance, more direct state intervention has gained in importance. On the other hand, in countries such as Poland and Turkey, where this tradition of self-regulation is missing, social health insurance is deemed a financing instrument but not an instrument of governance and corporate actors are not accorded a significant role in regulation. This article investigates how social health insurance systems are regulated in contexts in which corporate actors' role is either diminishing or absent by focusing on three crucial areas of regulation: financing, the remuneration of medical doctors, and the definition of the healthcare benefit package. In Germany, state regulation has increased in healthcare financing and remuneration while the role of corporate actors has grown in the definition of the benefits package. In Poland and Turkey, on the other hand, reforms have maintained the status quo in terms of the strong regulatory, budgetary, and managerial powers of the state and very limited involvement of corporate actors. PMID:23608097

  15. Social health insurance without corporate actors: changes in self-regulation in Germany, Poland and Turkey.

    PubMed

    Wendt, Claus; Agartan, Tuba I; Kaminska, Monika Ewa

    2013-06-01

    Social health insurance in Western Europe has for many years been characterized by self-regulation in which specific conditions of healthcare financing and provision have been regulated by social-insurance institutions through mutual self-governance. However, the principle of self-regulation has recently been weakened by increased state regulation and market competition, which were introduced in response to economic and social changes. Even in Germany, which has been regarded as an "ideal-type" health insurance system and in which self-regulation remains at the core of healthcare governance, more direct state intervention has gained in importance. On the other hand, in countries such as Poland and Turkey, where this tradition of self-regulation is missing, social health insurance is deemed a financing instrument but not an instrument of governance and corporate actors are not accorded a significant role in regulation. This article investigates how social health insurance systems are regulated in contexts in which corporate actors' role is either diminishing or absent by focusing on three crucial areas of regulation: financing, the remuneration of medical doctors, and the definition of the healthcare benefit package. In Germany, state regulation has increased in healthcare financing and remuneration while the role of corporate actors has grown in the definition of the benefits package. In Poland and Turkey, on the other hand, reforms have maintained the status quo in terms of the strong regulatory, budgetary, and managerial powers of the state and very limited involvement of corporate actors.

  16. Early Childhood Inclusion in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diken, Ibrahim H.; Rakap, Salih; Diken, Ozlem; Tomris, Gozde; Celik, Secil

    2016-01-01

    Inclusion of young children with disabilities into regular preschool classrooms is a common practice that has been implemented for several decades in industrialized nations around the world, and many developing countries including Turkey have been developing and implementing laws, regulation, and services to support inclusion and teaching in…

  17. 27 CFR 13.51 - Revocation by operation of law or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... law or regulation. 13.51 Section 13.51 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX... Law or Regulation § 13.51 Revocation by operation of law or regulation. TTB will not individually... operation of either TTB-administered law or regulation or applicable law or regulation of other agencies....

  18. The Regulation of Public Social Life: Communication Law Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drucker, Susan J.; Gumpert, Gary

    1996-01-01

    Develops a taxonomy of the indirect, intentional, or unintended regulations which influence social interaction in public spaces. Suggests an expansion of the scope of communication law. Describes how the taxonomy developed through a case study of a suburban municipality, encompassing zoning laws, penal codes, minimum drinking and driving ages, and…

  19. 20 CFR 416.1032 - Other Federal laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 416.1032 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements... Federal laws and regulations that directly affect its responsibilities in carrying out the...

  20. 20 CFR 404.1632 - Other Federal laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 404.1632 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements... Federal laws and regulations that directly affect its responsibilities in carrying out the...

  1. Pharmaceutical laws and regulations in Iran: An overview

    PubMed Central

    Zaboli, Pardis; Hashemi-Meshkini, Amir; Varmaghani, Mehdi; Gholami, Hadi; Vazirian, Iman; Zekri, Hedieh-Sadat; Eslamitabar, Shahriar; Kebriaeezadeh, Abbas

    2016-01-01

    The pharmaceutical legal framework is a very important infrastructure in achieving predefined goals in pharmaceutical sector: Accessibility, quality, and rational use of medicine. This study aims to review the current pharmaceutical sector-related legal provisions in Iran where the Food and Drug Organization (FDO) is in charge of regulating all issues related to the pharmaceutical sector. The main laws and regulations enacted by parliament and cabinet and even internal regulations enacted by the Ministry of Health or Iran FDO are reviewed. Different laws and regulations are categorized according to the main goals of Iran national drug policy. PMID:27512704

  2. Pharmaceutical laws and regulations in Iran: An overview.

    PubMed

    Zaboli, Pardis; Hashemi-Meshkini, Amir; Varmaghani, Mehdi; Gholami, Hadi; Vazirian, Iman; Zekri, Hedieh-Sadat; Eslamitabar, Shahriar; Kebriaeezadeh, Abbas

    2016-01-01

    The pharmaceutical legal framework is a very important infrastructure in achieving predefined goals in pharmaceutical sector: Accessibility, quality, and rational use of medicine. This study aims to review the current pharmaceutical sector-related legal provisions in Iran where the Food and Drug Organization (FDO) is in charge of regulating all issues related to the pharmaceutical sector. The main laws and regulations enacted by parliament and cabinet and even internal regulations enacted by the Ministry of Health or Iran FDO are reviewed. Different laws and regulations are categorized according to the main goals of Iran national drug policy. PMID:27512704

  3. Regulating professional behavior: codes of ethics or law? Suggested criteria.

    PubMed

    Libman, Liron A

    2013-09-01

    This paper suggests considering a few parameters when making policy decisions as to the proper "tool" to regulate professional behavior: law or professional ethics. This is done on the background of understanding the place of codes of professional ethics between "pure" ethics and law. Suggested criteria are then illustrated using a few examples. Further discourse may reveal additional factors to support a more rational process of decision-making in this field.

  4. Violence and mass media: are laws and regulations effective?

    PubMed

    Wulff, Christian

    2007-10-01

    In Germany, there are several laws and legal and administrative regulations restricting presentation and propagation of violence in mass media. They have proven to be partly effective. Whilst control and supervision of public media is feasible, the containment of what is distributed over the internet proves to be very difficult. It is well recognized that laws and regulations can be only one part of protection for children and youngsters; school, kindergarten and above all the parents must be educated and held responsible for creating media competence in children and adolescents. PMID:17890154

  5. 31 CFR 537.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 537.101 Relation of this part to other laws... authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any... relieves the involved parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations....

  6. 31 CFR 595.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 595.101 Relation of this part to other laws... pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. (b... parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations....

  7. 14 CFR 1274.939 - Application of Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... laws and regulations. 1274.939 Section 1274.939 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Application of Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations. Application of Federal, State, and Local Laws and Regulations July 2002 (a) Federal Laws and Regulations. This Cooperative Agreement shall...

  8. 31 CFR 538.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 538.101 Relation of this part to other laws... pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. (b... parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations....

  9. 31 CFR 542.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 542.101 Relation of this part to other laws... authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any... relieves the involved parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations....

  10. 31 CFR 543.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 543.101 Relation of this part to other laws... authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any... relieves the involved parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations....

  11. 31 CFR 546.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 546.101 Relation of this part to other laws... authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any... relieves the involved parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations....

  12. 29 CFR 500.2 - Compliance with State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance with State laws and regulations. 500.2 Section... State laws and regulations. The Act and these regulations are intended to supplement State law... State law or regulation....

  13. 31 CFR 541.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 541.101 Relation of this part to other laws... authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any... relieves the involved parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations....

  14. 31 CFR 560.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 560.101 Relation of this part to other laws... or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulations authorizes any transaction prohibited... the involved parties from complying with any other applicable laws or regulations....

  15. Southern states radiological emergency response laws and regulations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-07-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the emergency response laws and regulations in place in the various states within the southern region for use by legislators, emergency response planners, the general public and all persons concerned about the existing legal framework for emergency response. SSEB expects to periodically update the report as necessary. Radiation protection regulations without emergency response provisions are not included in the summary.

  16. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Law authorizing these regulations. 146.2 Section 146.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM: CRITERIA AND STANDARDS General Provisions § 146.2...

  17. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Law authorizing these regulations. 146.2 Section 146.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM: CRITERIA AND STANDARDS General Provisions § 146.2...

  18. Obstacles to Special Education for Students with Intellectual Disabilities in Turkey: A Brief Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meral, Bekir Fatih

    2015-01-01

    Turkey regulates the special education of students with disabilities and, particularly, those who have intellectual disabilities (ID) based on international and national legal texts. However, the gap between law and practice cannot be denied. The existence of obstacles to special education for students with disabilities or ID continues in Turkey.…

  19. 49 CFR 355.25 - Adopting and enforcing compatible laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATIONS COMPATIBILITY OF STATE LAWS AND REGULATIONS AFFECTING INTERSTATE MOTOR CARRIER OPERATIONS Requirements § 355.25 Adopting and enforcing compatible laws and regulations. (a) General. No State shall have in effect or enforce any State law or regulation pertaining to commercial motor vehicle safety...

  20. 31 CFR 588.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... STABILIZATION REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 588.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the other parts of this... authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes...

  1. 31 CFR 585.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... HERZEGOVINA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 585.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. (a) This part is separate from, and independent of, the other... pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part....

  2. 31 CFR 535.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 535.101 Relation of this part to other laws... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 535.101 Section 535.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money...

  3. 48 CFR 970.5204-2 - Laws, regulations, and DOE directives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Laws, regulations, and DOE... for Management and Operating Contracts 970.5204-2 Laws, regulations, and DOE directives. As prescribed in 970.0470-2, insert the following clause: Laws, Regulations, and DOE Directives (DEC 2000) (a)...

  4. 31 CFR 515.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 515.101 Relation of this part to other laws... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 515.101 Section 515.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money...

  5. 7 CFR 400.352 - State and local laws and regulations preempted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State and local laws and regulations preempted. 400... INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Preemption of State Laws and Regulations § 400.352 State and local laws and regulations preempted. (a) No State or...

  6. 15 CFR 734.12 - Effect on foreign laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Effect on foreign laws and regulations... OF THE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS § 734.12 Effect on foreign laws and regulations. Any person... responsibility of complying with applicable foreign laws and regulations. Conversely, any person who...

  7. 31 CFR 540.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (HEU) AGREEMENT ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 540.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. (a) This part is separate from, and... provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. (b) Nothing contained...

  8. 31 CFR 587.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO) MILOSEVIC SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 587.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and... provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. No license contained...

  9. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 594.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the other parts of this... authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes...

  10. 31 CFR 500.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 500.101 Relation of this part to other laws... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 500.101 Section 500.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money...

  11. Kohlrausch regulating function and other conservation laws in electrophoresis.

    PubMed

    Hruska, Vlastimil; Gas, Bohuslav

    2007-01-01

    The Kohlrausch regulating function (KRF) is a conservation law (conservation function), which is held in electrophoresis and which enables calculation of the so-called adjusted concentrations of constituents. The KRF is not the only conservation function and, depending on the complexity of the electrophoretic system, other conservation laws may be obeyed having a broader range of applicability. The conservation laws are tightly related to system eigenmobilities and system zones (system peaks). In principle, no system eigenmobility is exactly zero, but in most practical cases at least one system's eigenmobility is close to zero. The existence of the close-to-zero eigenmobility inherently points to the existence of a conservation function and a system zone which is stationary. The stationary system zone is called injection zone, stagnant zone, water peak, or solvent dip. Electrophoretic (electromigration) systems can be divided into two types: (i) conservation systems, in which the absolute value of at least one system eigenmobility is close to zero and where at least one conservation law is obeyed and (ii) nonconservation systems, where no system eigenmobility is close to zero and no conservation law is obeyed. The paper reviews work dealing with conservation functions in electromigration, derives some "historical" conservation functions in a new way, derives several conservation functions for systems of multivalent electrolytes, and discusses electrophoretic systems that have nonconservation behavior. In some typical instances, the conservation functions are simulated by means of a dynamic simulation tool and depicted graphically.

  12. [Evolution of pharmaceutical regulations from the origins to Germinal law].

    PubMed

    Lafont, Olivier

    2003-01-01

    The rising of pharmaceutical regulations took place in the civilisations located around the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greco-Roman world, Byzantine Empire, were followed by Bagdad, where sayadila, inspections and grabadins appeared. The creation of Universities, during the XIIth and XIIIth centuries, plaid a role in the rising of apothecaries communities in Occident. Melfi Constitutions (Constititiones Melfiae, 1231) and new constitutions (1241) inspired most of the regulations of apothecaries communities in Europe. Declaration of the King of France in April 1777 announced the famous "Loi de Germinal", Germinal law, which organized the modern Pharmacy, in 1803. PMID:14763458

  13. 31 CFR 535.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 535.101 Relation of this part to other laws... it is prohibited by reason of the provisions of any law or any statute other than the...

  14. 21 CFR 1003.5 - Effect of regulations on other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... liability at common law or under statutory law. ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Effect of regulations on other laws. 1003.5... Effect of regulations on other laws. The remedies provided for in this subchapter shall be in addition...

  15. 21 CFR 1003.5 - Effect of regulations on other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... liability at common law or under statutory law. ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Effect of regulations on other laws. 1003.5... Effect of regulations on other laws. The remedies provided for in this subchapter shall be in addition...

  16. 21 CFR 1003.5 - Effect of regulations on other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... liability at common law or under statutory law. ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Effect of regulations on other laws. 1003.5... Effect of regulations on other laws. The remedies provided for in this subchapter shall be in addition...

  17. 21 CFR 1003.5 - Effect of regulations on other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... liability at common law or under statutory law. ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Effect of regulations on other laws. 1003.5... Effect of regulations on other laws. The remedies provided for in this subchapter shall be in addition...

  18. Regulations of the Forest Law, 29 June 1988.

    PubMed

    1988-01-01

    These Regulations set forth the administration and duties of various government departments under the Mexican Forest Law. They provide that the National Forest Administration is, among other things, to promote operations designed for the conservation, protection, and restoration of forest resources, especially with respect to disasters of any kind that affect forests, such as pestilence, fires, disease, floods, and acid rain, as well as other destructive and contaminating elements. Further provisions of the Regulations describe efforts to aid reforestation and silviculture to be undertaken by the Secretariat and activities with respect to use permits and forest management. In its efforts to aid reforestation, the Secretariat is to establish nurseries, give assistance to local bodies to establish nurseries, and support reforestation programs financially. Regulations of the General Law on Ecological Equilibrium and Environmental Protection with Respect to Environmental Impact of 6 June 1988 contain provisions requiring the Secretariat of Urban Development and Ecology to formulate general rules on the environmental impact involved in the use of forests. These rules are to set forth measures on prevention, improvement, preservation, restoration, and control. The Secretariat is also to issue ecological protection restrictions on the use of forest resources, which are to be relied on in the evaluation of proposed forest use projects. The Regulations also set forth procedures to be followed in examining use permit applications and information that must be included in such applications. See Diario Oficial, Vol. 417, No. 5, 7 June 1988, p. 28.

  19. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations... § 931.13 Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations. Under the authority of sections 505(b) of SMCRA... following provisions of New Mexico law and regulation are hereby preempted and superseded as they may...

  20. 31 CFR 575.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 575.101 Relation of this part to other laws... license or authorization contained in or issued pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other...

  1. 47 CFR 64.2502 - Effect of state law or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of state law or regulation. 64.2502... Contracts § 64.2502 Effect of state law or regulation. This subpart shall not preempt any state law or state regulation that requires a governmental entity to enter into a contract or understanding with a...

  2. 16 CFR 304.4 - Application of other law or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application of other law or regulation. 304... CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE HOBBY PROTECTION ACT § 304.4 Application of other law or... of, the provisions of any other law or regulation of the United States (including the...

  3. 77 FR 5714 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ... published on December 1, 2011 (76 FR 74722), entitled ``Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law... Regulation, Labor Law Violations; Withdrawal AGENCY: Office of Procurement and Property Management... new clause to the Agriculture Acquisition Regulation at subpart 422.70 entitled ``Labor Law...

  4. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations... § 931.13 Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations. Under the authority of sections 505(b) of SMCRA... following provisions of New Mexico law and regulation are hereby preempted and superseded as they may...

  5. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations... § 931.13 Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations. Under the authority of sections 505(b) of SMCRA... following provisions of New Mexico law and regulation are hereby preempted and superseded as they may...

  6. Obesity prevention: the role of policies, laws and regulations

    PubMed Central

    Swinburn, Boyd A

    2008-01-01

    The commercial drivers of the obesity epidemic are so influential that obesity can be considered a robust sign of commercial success – consumers are buying more food, more cars and more energy-saving machines. It is unlikely that these powerful economic forces will change sufficiently in response to consumer desires to eat less and move more or corporate desires to be more socially responsible. When the free market creates substantial population detriments and health inequalities, government policies are needed to change the ground rules in favour of population benefits. Concerted action is needed from governments in four broad areas: provide leadership to set the agenda and show the way; advocate for a multi-sector response and establish the mechanisms for all sectors to engage and enhance action; develop and implement policies (including laws and regulations) to create healthier food and activity environments, and; secure increased and continued funding to reduce obesogenic environments and promote healthy eating and physical activity. Policies, laws and regulations are often needed to drive the environmental and social changes that, eventually, will have a sustainable impact on reducing obesity. An 'obesity impact assessment' on legislation such as public liability, urban planning, transport, food safety, agriculture, and trade may identify 'rules' which contribute to obesogenic environments. In other areas, such as marketing to children, school food, and taxes/levies, there may be opportunities for regulations to actively support obesity prevention. Legislation in other areas such as to reduce climate change may also contribute to obesity prevention ('stealth interventions'). A political willingness to use policy instruments to drive change will probably be an early hallmark of successful obesity prevention. PMID:18534000

  7. Obesity prevention: the role of policies, laws and regulations.

    PubMed

    Swinburn, Boyd A

    2008-01-01

    The commercial drivers of the obesity epidemic are so influential that obesity can be considered a robust sign of commercial success - consumers are buying more food, more cars and more energy-saving machines. It is unlikely that these powerful economic forces will change sufficiently in response to consumer desires to eat less and move more or corporate desires to be more socially responsible. When the free market creates substantial population detriments and health inequalities, government policies are needed to change the ground rules in favour of population benefits.Concerted action is needed from governments in four broad areas: provide leadership to set the agenda and show the way; advocate for a multi-sector response and establish the mechanisms for all sectors to engage and enhance action; develop and implement policies (including laws and regulations) to create healthier food and activity environments, and; secure increased and continued funding to reduce obesogenic environments and promote healthy eating and physical activity.Policies, laws and regulations are often needed to drive the environmental and social changes that, eventually, will have a sustainable impact on reducing obesity. An 'obesity impact assessment' on legislation such as public liability, urban planning, transport, food safety, agriculture, and trade may identify 'rules' which contribute to obesogenic environments. In other areas, such as marketing to children, school food, and taxes/levies, there may be opportunities for regulations to actively support obesity prevention. Legislation in other areas such as to reduce climate change may also contribute to obesity prevention ('stealth interventions'). A political willingness to use policy instruments to drive change will probably be an early hallmark of successful obesity prevention. PMID:18534000

  8. 42 CFR 405.1063 - Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings... Medicare Coverage Policies § 405.1063 Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings. (a) All laws and... the MAC. (b) CMS Rulings are published under the authority of the Administrator, CMS. Consistent...

  9. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Directive 65/65/EEC of 26 January 1965 on the approximation of provisions laid down by law, regulation, or... Directive 75/319/EEC of 20 May 1975 on the approximation of provisions laid down by law, regulation...

  10. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Directive 65/65/EEC of 26 January 1965 on the approximation of provisions laid down by law, regulation, or... Directive 75/319/EEC of 20 May 1975 on the approximation of provisions laid down by law, regulation...

  11. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... social security laws and regulations. 252.222-7004 Section 252.222-7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  12. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... social security laws and regulations. 252.222-7004 Section 252.222-7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  13. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... social security laws and regulations. 252.222-7004 Section 252.222-7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  14. 31 CFR 547.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE CONGO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 547.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the other... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other...

  15. 21 CFR 10.40 - Promulgation of regulations for the efficient enforcement of the law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... § 10.40 Promulgation of regulations for the efficient enforcement of the law. (a) The Commissioner may propose and promulgate regulations for the efficient enforcement of the laws administered by FDA whenever... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Promulgation of regulations for the...

  16. 43 CFR 22.2 - Provisions of law and regulations thereunder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Provisions of law and regulations... Administrative Tort Claims § 22.2 Provisions of law and regulations thereunder. (a) Section 2672 of title 28 U.S... Attorney General has issued regulations (herein referred to as “the Regulations”; 28 CFR part...

  17. 50 CFR 85.48 - Compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance with Federal laws, regulations... compliance with all applicable Federal laws, regulations, and policies. This is done by submitting an... CFR part 12, 31 CFR part 205, and any other regulations referenced in these parts....

  18. 23 CFR 633.203 - Applicability of existing laws, regulations, and directives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applicability of existing laws, regulations, and...) § 633.203 Applicability of existing laws, regulations, and directives. The provisions of title 23 U.S.C..., respectively, to the development highway system and the local access roads. In addition, the Regulations...

  19. 31 CFR 593.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CHARLES TAYLOR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 593.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other...

  20. 31 CFR 593.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CHARLES TAYLOR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 593.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other...

  1. 31 CFR 593.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CHARLES TAYLOR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 593.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other...

  2. 31 CFR 593.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CHARLES TAYLOR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 593.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other...

  3. 31 CFR 593.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CHARLES TAYLOR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 593.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. This part is separate from, and independent of, the... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other...

  4. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... social security laws and regulations. 252.222-7004 Section 252.222-7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  5. Controversy over genetically modified organisms: the governing laws and regulations.

    PubMed

    Keatley, K L

    2000-01-01

    Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) are increasingly becoming a topic of controversy in the U.S. and abroad. The public is questioning their safety and wanting the products labeled as genetically modified. There are other concerns from some of the scientific world and some government officials and organizations such as the Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO) that question whether adequate research has been done to qualify GMOs as safe for long-term use. Of particular concern are the allergenic properties, a GMO may impart, possible transfer effects of antibiotic resistance (given that antibiotic resistant marker genes are used for many GMOs), the expression of previously unexpressed traits, and the drift of pollen from genetically modified crops. It has also been noted that the laws and regulations governing the biotechnology world are outdated, are not comprehensive, and span too many agencies. The primary agencies currently regulating biotechnology are the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

  6. [The post of transplant coordinator in Polish law regulations].

    PubMed

    Woderska, Aleksandra; Milecka, Anna; Czerwiński, Jarosław

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this report is to present the review of Polish legislative acts concerning the post of Transplant Coordinator. The coordination of organs retrieval and transplantation is specified in the Ministry of Health Regulation 2007 as an postgraduate accomplishment in the field of medicine. Furthermore, the requirements regarding basic education, adequate length of work and experience in the field of organs, tissues and cells retrieval and transplantation for transplant coordinator and senior transplant coordinator as well as continuous education and salary are specified by law. Transplant centres are present in 11/16 Polish regions. Official duties of the regional transplant coordinators are performed in Poland by 15 professionals. They are employed mostly in kidney transplantation centres (60%) and additionally as a part-time workers (86%) in Polish Transplant Coordinating Centre "Poltransplant'. Nevertheless, the key role is played by local transplant coordinators employed in donor hospitals. They are responsible for donors detection and organs procurement coordination in cooperation with regional transplant coordinator.

  7. 31 CFR 539.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION TRADE CONTROL REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 539.101...

  8. Understanding Urban Regeneration in Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Candas, E.; Flacke, J.; Yomralioglu, T.

    2016-06-01

    In Turkey, rapid population growth, informal settlements, and buildings and infrastructures vulnerable to natural hazards are seen as the most important problems of cities. Particularly disaster risk cannot be disregarded, as large parts of various cities are facing risks from earthquakes, floods and landslides and have experienced loss of lives in the recent past. Urban regeneration is an important planning tool implemented by local and central governments in order to reduce to disaster risk and to design livable environments for the citizens. The Law on the Regeneration of Areas under Disaster Risk, commonly known as the Urban Regeneration Law, was enacted in 2012 (Law No.6306, May 2012). The regulation on Implementation of Law No. 6306 explains the fundamental steps of the urban regeneration process. The relevant institutions furnished with various authorities such as expropriation, confiscation and changing the type and place of your property which makes urban regeneration projects very important in terms of property rights. Therefore, urban regeneration projects have to be transparent, comprehensible and acceptable for all actors in the projects. In order to understand the urban regeneration process, the legislation and projects of different municipalities in Istanbul have been analyzed. While some steps of it are spatial data demanding, others relate to land values. In this paper an overview of the urban regeneration history and activities in Turkey is given. Fundamental steps of the urban regeneration process are defined, and particularly spatial-data demanding steps are identified.

  9. 42 CFR 405.1063 - Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage Policies § 405.1063 Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings. (a) All laws and..., and XIX of the Social Security Act and applicable implementing regulations, are binding on ALJs and... adjudicate matters under the jurisdiction of CMS, and on the Social Security Administration to the...

  10. 23 CFR 1.36 - Compliance with Federal laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. 1.36 Section 1.36 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.36 Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. If the Administrator determines...

  11. 23 CFR 1.36 - Compliance with Federal laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. 1.36 Section 1.36 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.36 Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. If the Administrator determines...

  12. 23 CFR 1.36 - Compliance with Federal laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. 1.36 Section 1.36 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.36 Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. If the Administrator determines...

  13. 23 CFR 1.36 - Compliance with Federal laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. 1.36 Section 1.36 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.36 Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. If the Administrator determines...

  14. 23 CFR 1.36 - Compliance with Federal laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. 1.36 Section 1.36 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.36 Compliance with Federal laws and regulations. If the Administrator determines...

  15. 20 CFR 668.920 - What provisions of law or regulations may not be waived?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What provisions of law or regulations may not be waived? 668.920 Section 668.920 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... Miscellaneous Program Provisions § 668.920 What provisions of law or regulations may not be waived?...

  16. 42 CFR 417.478 - Requirements of other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements of other laws and regulations. 417.478... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Contract Requirements § 417.478 Requirements of other laws and regulations. The contract must provide that the HMO or CMP agrees to comply with— (a) The requirements for...

  17. 49 CFR 397.3 - State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... laws, ordinances, and regulations. Every motor vehicle containing hazardous materials must be driven and parked in compliance with the laws, ordinances, and regulations of the jurisdiction in which it is... Transportation which are applicable to the operation of that vehicle and which impose a more stringent...

  18. 49 CFR 397.3 - State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... laws, ordinances, and regulations. Every motor vehicle containing hazardous materials must be driven and parked in compliance with the laws, ordinances, and regulations of the jurisdiction in which it is... Transportation which are applicable to the operation of that vehicle and which impose a more stringent...

  19. 5 CFR 2636.302 - Relationship to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Relationship to other laws and... Employees § 2636.302 Relationship to other laws and regulations. The limitations and restrictions contained... applicable standards of conduct or by reason of any statute or regulation relating to conflicts of...

  20. State Board of Education Rules for Handicapped Students (Including Federal Regulations and State Law).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Special Education.

    The handbook outlines Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) rules regarding the education of handicapped students. A chart format is used to present applicable Federal regulations, state law, and SBOE rules. The following topics are among those considered under clarifications of definitions in federal regulations and state law: handicapped…

  1. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NEW MEXICO § 931.13 Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations. Under the authority of sections 505(b) of...

  2. 42 CFR 423.2063 - Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings..., ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2063 Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS... on ALJs and the MAC. (b) CMS Rulings are published under the authority of the CMS...

  3. 42 CFR 423.2063 - Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS Rulings..., ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2063 Applicability of laws, regulations and CMS... on ALJs and the MAC. (b) CMS Rulings are published under the authority of the CMS...

  4. Legal workplace policies for drugs and alcohol in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Akgür, Serap Annette; Erdem, Aslı; Coşkunol, Hakan

    2012-02-01

    The widespread of individual and social problems related to substance use/abuse provoked the new approaches for workplace drug testing systems in the world. Workplace drug testing laws are constructed to protect the community from the consequences of drug use by workers. In Turkey, the legal arrangements on workplace drug testing exist in Turkish Penal Code, Turkish Labour Law, Workplace Physicians Regulations, Maritime Labour Law and Medical Examination Instructions in Highway Transportation Although Turkey has made the initial attempts to develop homogeneous and reliable regulations for workplace drug testing, a detailed workplace policy for drug testing at workplace has still not been provided.. An amendment has been done in the Regulations on Seafarers and a drug test (marijuana, cocaine, amphetamine like drugs and opiate) has been added into the routine tests to take a "Seafarer Health Report".

  5. Citizens' guides to ocean and coastal law: Guide to laws regulating coastal water pollution

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The pamphlet is intended to help citizens, like those participating in water quality monitoring programs, who want to understand the complex nature of state, federal, and local laws that apply to the chief sources of coastal water pollution: point source pollution--pollution discharged from pipes which require state and federal permits; and nonpoint source pollution--generally unregulated runoff from agricultural operations and urban land uses, timber harvesting (silviculture), and construction activities. The pamphlet explains the legal standards and penalties established by coastal water quality laws so that citizens can better participate in the implementation and enforcement of these laws.

  6. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... authorizing these regulations. The Safe Drinking Water Act, 42 U.S.C. 300f et seq. authorizes these regulations and all other UIC program regulations referenced in 40 CFR part 144. Certain regulations relating....2 Section 146.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER...

  7. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... authorizing these regulations. The Safe Drinking Water Act, 42 U.S.C. 300f et seq. authorizes these regulations and all other UIC program regulations referenced in 40 CFR part 144. Certain regulations relating....2 Section 146.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER...

  8. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... authorizing these regulations. The Safe Drinking Water Act, 42 U.S.C. 300f et seq. authorizes these regulations and all other UIC program regulations referenced in 40 CFR part 144. Certain regulations relating....2 Section 146.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER...

  9. 27 CFR 447.2 - Relation to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... IMPLEMENTS OF WAR Scope § 447.2 Relation to other laws and regulations. (a) All of those items on the U.S... of those regulations if imported into the United States (within the meaning of 27 CFR Parts 478 and... defense article or defense service, see Department of State regulations in 22 CFR part 129....

  10. State Laws and Regulations Governing Teachers Certificates. Bulletin, 1921, No. 22

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Katherine M.

    1921-01-01

    This study is intended to present information as complete as possible concerning the laws and regulations which govern the issue of teachers' certificates in the United States in so far as they are regulated by State legislation or State administrative departments. Licenses to teach issued by city boards in accordance with regulations prescribed…

  11. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations. 990.24 Section 990.24 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL...

  12. 30 CFR 730.11 - Inconsistent and more stringent State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... regulations. 730.11 Section 730.11 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... Register setting forth the text or a summary of any State law or regulation initially determined by him to... stringent land use and environmental controls and regulations of coal exploration and surface coal...

  13. 30 CFR 730.11 - Inconsistent and more stringent State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... regulations. 730.11 Section 730.11 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... Register setting forth the text or a summary of any State law or regulation initially determined by him to... stringent land use and environmental controls and regulations of coal exploration and surface coal...

  14. 28 CFR 97.22 - No pre-emption of federal, State, or local laws or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., State, or local laws or regulations. The regulations in this part implement the Act and do not pre-empt any applicable federal, State, or local law that may impose additional obligations on private prisoner... local laws or regulations. 97.22 Section 97.22 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE...

  15. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  16. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  17. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  18. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  19. Legalizing Education: The Role of Law in the Regulation and Deregulation of China's Private Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pan, Su-Yan; Law, Wing-Wah

    2006-01-01

    This article explores the role of law in shaping the growth of private education, as a part of educational reforms in response to social change in the People's Republic of China (PRC) after the 1980s. This paper argues that law acts as a new social game rule, one used by the state to govern, regulate and promote new relations and interactions…

  20. An Analysis of New Foreign Student Related Provisions in Federal and State Laws and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut State Board of Governors for Higher Education, Hartford.

    In May 2002, President Bush signed in to law the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Reform Act (Public Law No. 107-173), which contains provisions that will affect foreign students and colleges and universities. In addition, the U. S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) has implemented proposed and interim regulations that affect visa…

  1. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  2. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  3. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  4. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  5. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  6. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  7. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... following provisions of New Mexico law and regulation are hereby preempted and superseded as they may apply... Conservation Act (17-2-37 to 17-2-46 NMSA 1978) to the extent it is inconsistent with provisions of...

  8. 77 FR 5750 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ... CFR Part 422 RIN 0599-AA19 Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law Violations; Withdrawal AGENCY: Office of Procurement and Property Management, Departmental Management, Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Proposed rule; withdrawal. SUMMARY: The Office...

  9. Analysis of environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Coşkun, Aynur Aydın; Turker, Ozhan

    2011-04-01

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System, which embodies the "prevention principle" of the environmental law, is an important tool for environmental protection. This tool has a private importance for Turkey since it is a developing country, and it entered the Turkish law in 1983 with the Environmental Law. Besides, the EIA Regulation, which shows the application principles, became effective in 1993. Because Turkey is a candidate for European Union (EU), the EIA Regulation has been changed due to the EU compliance procedure, and its latest version became valid in 2008. This study aims to emphasize The EIA system in Turkey to supervise the efficiency of this procedure and point the success level. In the introduction part, general EIA concept, its importance, and some notations are mentioned. Following that, the legislation, which builds the EIA system, has been analyzed starting from the 1982 Turkish Constitution. Then, the legislation rules are explained due to the basic steps of the EIA procedure. In order to shed light upon the application, the EIA final decisions given until today, the results, and their distributions to the industries are assessed. In the final part of the study, a SWOT analysis is made to mention the weaknesses, strengths, opportunities, and threats of the EIA system in Turkey.

  10. Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, W. R.; Cox, W. E.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a literature review of the legal issues relative to water quality covering publications of 1977. Consideration is given to federal laws, Supreme Court cases, and the impact of federal environmental laws on local government. A list of 47 references is also presented. (HM)

  11. Technology, Free Expression, and the Law: Should the Internet be Regulated in the Same Manner as the Broadcast Media?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinberg, Jonathan

    1998-01-01

    Examines questions of Internet regulation by comparison with other forms of media and regulations applying to them. Discusses legal issues of free speech, content regulation, intellectual property rights, and commercial law. Concludes that in law-enforcement terms, the Internet is different from mass media and cannot be regulated easily. (DSK)

  12. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  13. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  14. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  15. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  16. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  17. 31 CFR 589.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 589.101 Section 589.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY UKRAINE RELATED...

  18. 76 FR 74722 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-01

    ... the Department of Agriculture (USDA) is amending the Agriculture Acquisition Regulation (the ``AGAR... subpart and clause entitled Labor Law Violations to the Agriculture Acquisition Regulation (AGAR). The AGAR may be accessed at: http://www.dm.usda.gov/procurement/policy/agar.html . This clause is to...

  19. 31 CFR 596.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 596.101 Section 596.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM...

  20. 31 CFR 596.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 596.101 Section 596.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM...

  1. 31 CFR 596.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 596.101 Section 596.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM...

  2. 31 CFR 596.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 596.101 Section 596.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM...

  3. 31 CFR 596.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 596.101 Section 596.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM...

  4. Executive Regulations and Agency Interpretations: Binding Law or Mere Guidance? Developments in Federal Judicial Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langhauser, Derek P.

    2002-01-01

    Explains constitutional and statutory underpinnings of the Supreme Court's shift from broadly deferring to executive regulation to imposing a more critical inquiry. Discusses why some executive regulations are merely advisory and not "rules of law" that require either judicial deference or university compliance. Analyzes key Supreme Court cases…

  5. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  6. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  7. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  8. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  9. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  10. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 597.101 Section 597.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN...

  11. 31 CFR 551.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 551.101 Section 551.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SOMALIA...

  12. 43 CFR 22.2 - Provisions of law and regulations thereunder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... authority is delegated to settle tort claims shall follow and be guided by such Regulations (28 CFR part 14). ... CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL TORT CLAIMS ACT AND INDEMNIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EMPLOYEES Administrative Tort Claims § 22.2 Provisions of law and regulations thereunder. (a) Section 2672 of title 28...

  13. 43 CFR 22.2 - Provisions of law and regulations thereunder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... authority is delegated to settle tort claims shall follow and be guided by such Regulations (28 CFR part 14). ... CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL TORT CLAIMS ACT AND INDEMNIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EMPLOYEES Administrative Tort Claims § 22.2 Provisions of law and regulations thereunder. (a) Section 2672 of title 28...

  14. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 597.101 Section 597.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN...

  15. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 597.101 Section 597.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN...

  16. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 597.101 Section 597.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN...

  17. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 597.101 Section 597.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN...

  18. 31 CFR 551.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 551.101 Section 551.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SOMALIA...

  19. 31 CFR 551.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 551.101 Section 551.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SOMALIA...

  20. 31 CFR 551.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 551.101 Section 551.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SOMALIA...

  1. 31 CFR 551.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 551.101 Section 551.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SOMALIA...

  2. 31 CFR 548.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 548.101 Section 548.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS...

  3. 31 CFR 548.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 548.101 Section 548.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS...

  4. 31 CFR 548.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 548.101 Section 548.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS...

  5. 31 CFR 548.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 548.101 Section 548.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS...

  6. 31 CFR 548.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 548.101 Section 548.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS...

  7. 31 CFR 510.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 510.101 Section 510.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NORTH KOREA...

  8. 31 CFR 510.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 510.101 Section 510.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NORTH KOREA...

  9. 31 CFR 510.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 510.101 Section 510.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NORTH KOREA...

  10. 31 CFR 510.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 510.101 Section 510.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NORTH KOREA...

  11. 31 CFR 545.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 545.101 Section 545.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TALIBAN...

  12. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 594.101 Section 594.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL...

  13. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 594.101 Section 594.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL...

  14. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 594.101 Section 594.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL...

  15. 31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... applicable laws or regulations. Note to § 544.101: The sanctions implemented pursuant to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Trade Control Regulations set forth in part 539 of this chapter are separate and distinct from...

  16. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Condition of the Enterprise) from the Ministerio de Trabajo y S.S., Tesoreria General de la Seguridad Social... social security laws and regulations. 252.222-7004 Section 252.222-7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish...

  17. 27 CFR 20.31 - Applicable laws and regulations; persons liable for tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... regulations; persons liable for tax. 20.31 Section 20.31 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS DISTRIBUTION AND USE OF DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM Administrative Provisions Liability for Tax § 20.31 Applicable laws and regulations;...

  18. 31 CFR 562.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 562.101 Section 562.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN...

  19. 31 CFR 562.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 562.101 Section 562.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN...

  20. 31 CFR 562.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 562.101 Section 562.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN...

  1. 31 CFR 562.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 562.101 Section 562.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN...

  2. The Effect of Hydroelectric Power Plants (hpp) on Agro-Life at Rural Land Regulation in Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onursal Denli, G.; Denli, H. H.; Seker, D. Z.; Bitik, E.; Cetin, S.

    2014-12-01

    Turkey is one of the self-sufficient in foodstuffs and globally ranks as 7th significant agricultural exporter in the world. Main trading partners are the European Union, the United States and the Middle East. As known, agricultural production is dependent on factors including efficient and effective use of all inputs ranging from those natural resources as in land and water to well-trained human resources as labour at the production. The socio-economic aspects of this sector take several forms ranging from the incomes of the primary producers. Rural land regulation is a necessity for rural areas and is regarded as a useful instrument for improving farmer's incomes and life standards. The irrigation system, established during the rural regulation/land consolidation period of large-scale farming, is insufficiently adjusted to the new land tenure structures. The government is especially in the process of water management with hydroelectric power plants. This process produces energy that is required but effects negatively the rivers and agricultural, environmental, climatic conditions. Rivers are vessels of the nature. Free flowing rivers give life to all nature. Most of the studies indicate that Hydroelectric Power Plants (HPP) affects the surface and ground-water management, natural life, agricultural productivity, socio-economic situation at agricultural regions and agro-life related with immigration. This study emphasizes the effect of Hydroelectric Power Plants which are used in transformation of water as a renewable natural resource into electricity power from the perspective of environmental policies and rural regulation.

  3. An Analysis Of State Telehealth Laws And Regulations For Occupational Therapy And Physical Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Calouro, Christine; Kwong, Mei Wa; Gutierrez, Mario

    2014-01-01

    This study conducted a scan of telehealth occupational therapy and physical therapy state laws and regulations. The laws and regulations were analyzed to determine the potential effect they could have on occupational therapists’ and physical therapists’ utilization of telehealth. The results indicate that the majority of occupational therapy and physical therapy boards are silent on telehealth. A handful of physical therapy laws and regulations address “consultation by means of telecommunication,” but do not provide any guidance for practitioners seeking to provide direct telehealth-delivered services to patients. Of the few states that do provide guidance, policy had the potential to provide clarity or inhibit adoption. The findings suggest that as state boards consider crafting telehealth regulations, they should do so in a manner that facilitates, rather than hampers adoption, while upholding their providers to a high standard of care. PMID:25945218

  4. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to agricultural leases granted or approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases § 162.109 What... federal law. These regulations may be superseded or modified by tribal laws, however, so long as: (1) The... responsibility under federal law; and (4) The superseding or modifying of the regulation applies only to...

  5. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to agricultural leases granted or approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases § 162.109 What... federal law. These regulations may be superseded or modified by tribal laws, however, so long as: (1) The... responsibility under federal law; and (4) The superseding or modifying of the regulation applies only to...

  6. Special Education Law: Case Summaries and Federal Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Stephen B.; Denzinger, Carol A.

    This document presents summaries of state and federal special education court cases from approximately 1980 through 1992 and the federal regulations for Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as amended through March 1993. Cases are grouped by issue addressed and include a citation and a one-paragraph summary of the…

  7. Philippine laws, regulations back policy to contain population growth.

    PubMed

    1974-01-01

    A recent compilation of population related decrees promulgated since martial law was declared in the Philippines in 1972 indicates that the government may be designing a legal framework encouraging voluntary limitation of family size. The list which was published in an appendix to the 1974-1977 Population Program, reveals that population influencing policies dealing with taxation, maternity benefits, incentive schemes and provision of family planning services by employers are already in effect. Since 1972 tax relief has been restricted to 4 dependents. Paid maternity leave is limited to the first 4 deliveries. Firms with over 300 employees are required to set up family planning clinics, and smaller firms must have infirmary personnel who are trained and certified in the provision of family planning services. Also, the Department of Labor is encouraging employers to develop incentive programs that will encourage workers to use effective family planning methods. The latest population plan also gives top priority to research, calls for targeting information to labor leaders, engaged couples, and out of school youth, and proposes disseminating population and family planning information through residential cooperatives and grass roots organizations. The aim of the current plan is to reduce the birthrate to 35.9 per 100 and the population growth rate to 2.47% by the end of the 4 year period. It is projected that by 1977 58% of the eligible population will be practicing contraception. PMID:12276795

  8. Philippine laws, regulations back policy to contain population growth.

    PubMed

    1974-01-01

    A recent compilation of population related decrees promulgated since martial law was declared in the Philippines in 1972 indicates that the government may be designing a legal framework encouraging voluntary limitation of family size. The list which was published in an appendix to the 1974-1977 Population Program, reveals that population influencing policies dealing with taxation, maternity benefits, incentive schemes and provision of family planning services by employers are already in effect. Since 1972 tax relief has been restricted to 4 dependents. Paid maternity leave is limited to the first 4 deliveries. Firms with over 300 employees are required to set up family planning clinics, and smaller firms must have infirmary personnel who are trained and certified in the provision of family planning services. Also, the Department of Labor is encouraging employers to develop incentive programs that will encourage workers to use effective family planning methods. The latest population plan also gives top priority to research, calls for targeting information to labor leaders, engaged couples, and out of school youth, and proposes disseminating population and family planning information through residential cooperatives and grass roots organizations. The aim of the current plan is to reduce the birthrate to 35.9 per 100 and the population growth rate to 2.47% by the end of the 4 year period. It is projected that by 1977 58% of the eligible population will be practicing contraception.

  9. 76 FR 58137 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Positive Law Codification of Title 41 U.S.C...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... Appendix I to Chapter 2 RIN 0750-AG38 Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Positive Law.... Background On January 4, 2011, Public Law 111-350 enacted a new codified version of Title 41, United...

  10. [Core principles for the regulation of placement subject to public law in psychiatric hospitals - with explanations].

    PubMed

    2016-03-01

    While the provisions of the highest courts concerning the involuntary commitment and treatment in psychiatric hospitals of people unable to give their consent are being implemented, in many federal states corresponding adjustments to the rules governing involuntary commitment in accordance with the mental health laws and laws on involuntary commitment are still pending. In states where new regulations do exist, legal experts express doubts that they conform to the Constitution and the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The DGPPN has formulated key parameters for involuntary commitment from a clinical perspective, which should be taken into account in the new regulations of the individual federal states. PMID:26868108

  11. 21 CFR 1003.5 - Effect of regulations on other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Effect of regulations on other laws. 1003.5 Section 1003.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) RADIOLOGICAL HEALTH NOTIFICATION OF DEFECTS OR FAILURE TO COMPLY General Provisions §...

  12. Exploring Faraday's Law of Electrolysis Using Zinc-Air Batteries with Current Regulative Diodes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamata, Masahiro; Paku, Miei

    2007-01-01

    Current regulative diodes (CRDs) are applied to develop new educational experiments on Faraday's law by using a zinc-air battery (PR2330) and a resistor to discharge it. The results concluded that the combination of zinc-air batteries and the CRD array is simpler, less expensive, and quantitative and gives accurate data.

  13. 15 CFR 2.2 - Provisions of law and regulations thereunder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations”; 28 CFR Part 14) prescribing standards and procedures for settlement of tort claims (31 FR 16616... HANDLING AND SETTLEMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL TORT CLAIMS ACT § 2.2 Provisions of law and regulations... consider, ascertain, adjust, determine, compromise, and settle any claim for money damages against...

  14. 25 CFR 900.50 - What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive Orders apply to subcontractors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERIOR, AND INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTS UNDER THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT Standards for Tribal or Tribal Organization Management Systems Procurement Management System Standards § 900.50 What Federal laws, regulations, and...

  15. A Guide to State Laws and Regulations on Professional School Counseling, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lum, Christie

    Professional school counselors are required by law and/or regulation in every state to obtain a state-issued credential in order to be employed in public schools. In some states, this credential is called "certification"; others term it "licensure" or "endorsement." This guide provides a chart summarizing the requirements and qualifications needed…

  16. A Guide to State Laws and Regulations on Professional School Counseling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lum, Christie

    Professional school counselors are required by law and/or regulation in every state to obtain a state-issued credential in order to be employed in public schools. In some states, this credential is called "certification"; others term it "licensure" or "endorsement." This guide provides a chart summarizing the requirements and qualifications needed…

  17. 36 CFR 228.46 - Application of other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AGRICULTURE MINERALS Disposal of Mineral Materials § 228.46 Application of other laws and regulations. All... applicable Federal standards for the protection of public safety, health, and the environment, and must also... environment, to the extent that such standards are not in conflict with Federal purposes and...

  18. 36 CFR 228.46 - Application of other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AGRICULTURE MINERALS Disposal of Mineral Materials § 228.46 Application of other laws and regulations. All... applicable Federal standards for the protection of public safety, health, and the environment, and must also... environment, to the extent that such standards are not in conflict with Federal purposes and...

  19. 77 FR 60343 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Positive Law Codification of Title 41

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Part 53 RIN 9000-AM30 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Positive Law Codification of Title 41 Correction In proposed rule...

  20. "Law v. National Collegiate Athletic Association": A Guide To How Courts Will Treat Future Antitrust Challenges to NCAA Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leduc, Marc R.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the application of antitrust law to National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) rules and regulations through an analysis of the Tenth Circuit's decision in "Law v. National Collegiate Athletic Association." Suggests that the "Law" decision provides a useful framework for the analysis of future antitrust challenges to NCAA rules and…

  1. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418... health and safety of patients. The hospice and its staff must operate and furnish services in compliance with all applicable Federal, State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety...

  2. 12 CFR 335.901 - Delegation of authority to act on matters with respect to disclosure laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... respect to disclosure laws and regulations. 335.901 Section 335.901 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT... § 335.901 Delegation of authority to act on matters with respect to disclosure laws and regulations. (a... Supervision and Consumer Protection (DSC), and where confirmed in writing by the director, to a...

  3. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  4. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  5. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  6. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  7. 50 CFR 84.50 - How does a State certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Federal laws, regulations, and policies? 84.50 Section 84.50 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND... RESTORATION PROGRAM NATIONAL COASTAL WETLANDS CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAM Conditions on Acceptance/Use of Federal Money § 84.50 How does a State certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies?...

  8. Emergence of robust growth laws from optimal regulation of ribosome synthesis

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Matthew; Klumpp, Stefan; Mateescu, Eduard M; Hwa, Terence

    2014-01-01

    Bacteria must constantly adapt their growth to changes in nutrient availability; yet despite large-scale changes in protein expression associated with sensing, adaptation, and processing different environmental nutrients, simple growth laws connect the ribosome abundance and the growth rate. Here, we investigate the origin of these growth laws by analyzing the features of ribosomal regulation that coordinate proteome-wide expression changes with cell growth in a variety of nutrient conditions in the model organism Escherichia coli. We identify supply-driven feedforward activation of ribosomal protein synthesis as the key regulatory motif maximizing amino acid flux, and autonomously guiding a cell to achieve optimal growth in different environments. The growth laws emerge naturally from the robust regulatory strategy underlying growth rate control, irrespective of the details of the molecular implementation. The study highlights the interplay between phenomenological modeling and molecular mechanisms in uncovering fundamental operating constraints, with implications for endogenous and synthetic design of microorganisms. PMID:25149558

  9. Emergence of robust growth laws from optimal regulation of ribosome synthesis.

    PubMed

    Scott, Matthew; Klumpp, Stefan; Mateescu, Eduard M; Hwa, Terence

    2014-08-22

    Bacteria must constantly adapt their growth to changes in nutrient availability; yet despite large-scale changes in protein expression associated with sensing, adaptation, and processing different environmental nutrients, simple growth laws connect the ribosome abundance and the growth rate. Here, we investigate the origin of these growth laws by analyzing the features of ribosomal regulation that coordinate proteome-wide expression changes with cell growth in a variety of nutrient conditions in the model organism Escherichia coli. We identify supply-driven feedforward activation of ribosomal protein synthesis as the key regulatory motif maximizing amino acid flux, and autonomously guiding a cell to achieve optimal growth in different environments. The growth laws emerge naturally from the robust regulatory strategy underlying growth rate control, irrespective of the details of the molecular implementation. The study highlights the interplay between phenomenological modeling and molecular mechanisms in uncovering fundamental operating constraints, with implications for endogenous and synthetic design of microorganisms.

  10. Regulating human enhancement technologies: the role of the law and human dignity.

    PubMed

    Cameron, Charlotte

    2010-05-01

    This article offers a critique on the potential role of the law in human enhancement technologies and its interaction with our perceived understandings of human dignity. The author outlines the initial hurdles of defining human enhancement and human dignity while maintaining that there is the necessity for a distinction to be established between enhancement and therapy. The author then discusses the role of regulation and outlines possible different approaches: self-regulation, "legislative pre-emption" or a balance. The author concludes by examining these issues in relation to parents and their rights to "design" their children through preimplantation genetic diagnosis.

  11. [Problems in cardiology specialty training in Turkey].

    PubMed

    Altun, Armağan

    2012-04-01

    Cardiology Specialty Training in our country should be made in accordance with the law numbered 1219 on the Practice of Medicine and Related Arts, and according to the Medical and Dental Specialist Training Regulation which is published according to the 9th article of this law. The duration of Cardiology Specialist Training has been defined as 4 years in our country. The European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS), and the European Cardiology Section Foundation (ECSF) define the duration of Cardiology Specialist Training as 6 years. Therefore, insufficient Cardiology residency training occurs in our country due to the shortened length of time. In this report, the problems of the Cardiology Specialist Training in Turkey will be addressed under different headings.

  12. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to leases granted or approved under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS General Provisions § 162.109 What laws, other... laws are inconsistent with these regulations or other applicable federal law. These regulations may be... statute or judicial decision, or conflict with our general trust responsibility under federal law; and...

  13. [Standard legal regulation and creation of a law code as the most important stage of public health reformation].

    PubMed

    Gerasimenko, N F; Grigor'ev, Iu I

    2002-01-01

    The significance of a law-making process is substantially increasing under the conditions of intensified expansion of the scope of standard legal regulation in the field of human health care in the Russian Federation. The authors state that any law-making process should begin with the definition of the subject-matter of a future law, its role and value in medical law creation and also indicate that the choice of the subject-matter of a future law is of priority and the most important stage of its preparation from the points of both contents-rich and standard legal views. Moreover, the paper presents main groups of issues that can determine the subjects of sociomedical laws and states the basic rules how reflect systemic relations in legislation. The paper shows it important to create a code of laws in the field of health protection for legal assurance of health public reforms.

  14. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418... related to the health and safety of patients. The hospice and its staff must operate and furnish services... health and safety of patients. If State or local law provides for licensing of hospices, the hospice...

  15. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418... related to the health and safety of patients. The hospice and its staff must operate and furnish services... health and safety of patients. If State or local law provides for licensing of hospices, the hospice...

  16. Abstracts of State Authorizing and Oversight Laws and Regulations. A Study of State Oversight in Postsecondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helliwell, Carolyn B.; And Others

    Herein are contained abstracts of state laws and regulations governing postsecondary education in three sectors: public, private degree-granting, and private nondegree-granting. With some exceptions, all obtainable statutes having the force of law are included. The statutes are arranged by state. Each abstract includes basic identifying data,…

  17. Wind energy and Turkey.

    PubMed

    Coskun, Aynur Aydin; Türker, Yavuz Özhan

    2012-03-01

    The global energy requirement for sustaining economic activities, meeting social needs and social development is increasing daily. Environmentally friendly, renewable energy resources are an alternative to the primary non-renewable energy resources, which devastate ecosystems in order to meet increasing demand. Among renewable energy sources such as hydropower, biopower, geothermal power and solar power, wind power offers distinct advantages to Turkey. There is an increasing tendency toward wind globally and the European Union adjusted its legal regulations in this regard. As a potential EU Member state, Turkey is going through a similar process. The number of institutional and legal regulations concerning wind power has increased in recent years; technical infrastructure studies were completed, and some important steps were taken in this regard. This study examines the way in which Turkey has developed support for wind power, presents a SWOT analysis of the wind power sector in Turkey and a projection was made for the concrete success expected to be accomplished in the future. PMID:21479556

  18. Wind energy and Turkey.

    PubMed

    Coskun, Aynur Aydin; Türker, Yavuz Özhan

    2012-03-01

    The global energy requirement for sustaining economic activities, meeting social needs and social development is increasing daily. Environmentally friendly, renewable energy resources are an alternative to the primary non-renewable energy resources, which devastate ecosystems in order to meet increasing demand. Among renewable energy sources such as hydropower, biopower, geothermal power and solar power, wind power offers distinct advantages to Turkey. There is an increasing tendency toward wind globally and the European Union adjusted its legal regulations in this regard. As a potential EU Member state, Turkey is going through a similar process. The number of institutional and legal regulations concerning wind power has increased in recent years; technical infrastructure studies were completed, and some important steps were taken in this regard. This study examines the way in which Turkey has developed support for wind power, presents a SWOT analysis of the wind power sector in Turkey and a projection was made for the concrete success expected to be accomplished in the future.

  19. [Forensic psychologist's considerations about the new law regulation in cases of sexual crimes].

    PubMed

    Gierowski, Józef Krzysztof

    2012-01-01

    The article comments, from the perspective of a forensic psychologist, the changes which have been recently provided to the law regulations on sexual crime and the treatment of the sexual crime perpetrators. It appears that the new law regulations follow the right path, because they create the conditions for holistic and complex solutions in the sexual crime treatment matter. Unfortunately they are still rather incomplete and inconsistent. Their practical implementation is difficult because of the very demanding qualification criteria to the psychotherapy of sexual crime perpetrators, the existence of law criteria to the therapy, the narrow frame of the therapy goals and unclear rules of therapy constraint. Moreover, in Poland there is a lack of complex therapy models of sexual perpetrators, we have little experience in this kind of therapy and there is a deficiency of qualified specialists. Finally the relationship between the treatment of this kind of criminals in prison conditions and ambulatory therapy conditions isn't very clearly precise. On the other hand, a lot of improvements have been provided, such as: continuing the treatment after leaving prison, not only pharmacological treatment but also psychotherapy, the system of prevention. Despite of the strong attempts to promote the special role of pharmacological treatment of sexual crime perpetrators (,,chemical castration"), the new solutions promote a complex and interdisciplinary approach to this problem. In this article, the author described the current Polish experience in the therapy of sexual crime perpetrators and listed several rules of preparing the forensic-psychological expertise according to the described problem in context of new legal regulations.

  20. Brief introduction of the construction of the military medical institution management laws and regulations of the CPLA.

    PubMed

    Xuejun, Tian

    2012-03-01

    The paper introduces the developing history of the military medical institution management laws and regulations of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, which consists of 9 categories, including general principles, medical division and transfer system, medical quality, personnel resources, department construction, medical equipment, Medicines and preparation, Medical Malpractice handling and hospital infection control. And in this paper, we summarizes the legislation organization into 3 levels, discuss the relationship between the Military Medical Institution Management Law and related laws as well as the national regulations. PMID:22908735

  1. [Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007 on advanced therapy medicinal products : Incorporation into national law].

    PubMed

    Dwenger, A; Strassburger, J; Schwerdtfeger, W

    2010-01-01

    Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007 has created a new legal framework for advanced therapy medicinal products (gene therapy medicinal products, somatic cell therapy medicinal products and tissue engineered products). The Regulation is directly applicable in the Member States of the European Union and, in principle, requires no incorporation into national law. However, the amendment of Directive 2001/83/EC, which results from Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007, has created a need for incorporation into and amendment of the German Medicinal Products Act. This is one of the objectives of the 15th amendment of the German Medicinal Products Act. In particular, the definition "advanced therapy medicinal products" and the special provisions for advanced therapy medicinal products prepared on a non-routine basis, which are based on the special provisions contained in Art. 28 No. 2 of Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007, are to be incorporated into the German Medicinal Products Act. These special provisions will be explained in detail.

  2. 45 CFR 309.90 - What governing Tribal law or regulations must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... or common law with the force and effect of law which enables the Tribe or Tribal organization to... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What governing Tribal law or regulations must a... ENFORCEMENT (IV-D) PROGRAM Tribal IV-D Plan Requirements § 309.90 What governing Tribal law or...

  3. 45 CFR 309.90 - What governing Tribal law or regulations must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... or common law with the force and effect of law which enables the Tribe or Tribal organization to... 45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true What governing Tribal law or regulations must a... ENFORCEMENT (IV-D) PROGRAM Tribal IV-D Plan Requirements § 309.90 What governing Tribal law or...

  4. 45 CFR 309.90 - What governing Tribal law or regulations must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... or common law with the force and effect of law which enables the Tribe or Tribal organization to... 45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true What governing Tribal law or regulations must a... ENFORCEMENT (IV-D) PROGRAM Tribal IV-D Plan Requirements § 309.90 What governing Tribal law or...

  5. 45 CFR 309.90 - What governing Tribal law or regulations must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... or common law with the force and effect of law which enables the Tribe or Tribal organization to... 45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What governing Tribal law or regulations must a... ENFORCEMENT (IV-D) PROGRAM Tribal IV-D Plan Requirements § 309.90 What governing Tribal law or...

  6. 45 CFR 309.90 - What governing Tribal law or regulations must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... or common law with the force and effect of law which enables the Tribe or Tribal organization to... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What governing Tribal law or regulations must a... ENFORCEMENT (IV-D) PROGRAM Tribal IV-D Plan Requirements § 309.90 What governing Tribal law or...

  7. Municipal solid waste management strategies in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Turan, N Gamze; Coruh, Semra; Akdemir, Andaç; Ergun, Osman Nuri

    2009-01-01

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) is a major environmental problem in Turkey, as in many developing countries. Problems associated with municipal solid waste are difficult to address, but efforts towards more efficient collection and transportation and environmentally acceptable waste disposal continue in Turkey. Although strict regulations on the management of solid waste are in place, primitive disposal methods such as open dumping and discharge into surface water have been used in various parts of Turkey. This study presents a brief history of the legislative trends in Turkey for MSW management. The study also presents the MSW responsibility and management structure together with the present situation of generation, composition, recycling, and treatment. The results show that approximately 25 million ton of MSW are generated annually in Turkey. About 77% of the population receives MSW services. In spite of efforts to change open dumping areas into sanitary landfills and to build modern recycling and composting facilities, Turkey still has over 2000 open dumps.

  8. Restraint and seclusion in psychiatric treatment settings: regulation, case law, and risk management.

    PubMed

    Recupero, Patricia R; Price, Marilyn; Garvey, Keelin A; Daly, Brian; Xavier, Sarah L

    2011-01-01

    Changing federal regulations, civil rights and malpractice cases, and new treatment methods have influenced the use of restraint and seclusion (R&S) in inpatient psychiatric treatment settings, such that restraint and seclusion today are among the most highly regulated practices in psychiatry. Despite increased pressure from regulatory bodies and litigation, the use of R&S remains controversial and risky. These procedures can compromise safety if performed incorrectly or monitored inadequately, but intervention by restraint or seclusion may be necessary to maintain safety on the treatment unit, especially during emergencies. Case law and medical research have demonstrated the importance of a patient-focused, treatment-oriented approach toward risk management. Analysis of specific clinical scenarios can help to develop risk mitigation strategies that are therapeutically conceptualized rather than driven by regulation. Insights drawn from clinical cases that have resulted in litigation can offer an opportunity to develop an approach oriented to patient care from a clinical or risk management perspective. In this article, we seek to provide a foundation for evaluation of current protocols, an analysis of adverse R&S events, and strategies to minimize risk. PMID:22159974

  9. Feedback-regulated Star Formation: Implications for the Kennicutt-Schmidt Law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dib, Sami

    2011-08-01

    We derive a metallicity-dependent relation between the surface density of the star formation rate (ΣSFR) and the gas surface density (Σ g ) in a feedback-regulated model of star formation in galactic disks. In this model, star formation occurs in gravitationally bound protocluster clumps embedded in larger giant molecular clouds with the protocluster clump mass function following a power-law function with a slope of -2. Metallicity-dependent feedback is generated by the winds of OB stars (M >~ 5 M sun) that form in the clumps. The quenching of star formation in clumps of decreasing metallicity occurs at later epochs due to weaker wind luminosities, thus resulting in higher final star formation efficiencies (SFEexp). By combining SFEexp with the timescales on which gas expulsion occurs, we derive the metallicity-dependent SFR per unit time in this model as a function of Σ g . This is combined with the molecular gas fraction in order to derive the global dependence of ΣSFR on Σ g . The model reproduces very well the observed star formation laws extending from low gas surface densities up to the starburst regime. Furthermore, our results show a dependence of ΣSFR on metallicity over the entire range of gas surface densities in contrast to other models and can also explain part of the scatter in the observations. We provide a tabulated form of the star formation laws that can easily be incorporated into numerical simulations or semi-analytical models of galaxy formation and evolution.

  10. FEEDBACK-REGULATED STAR FORMATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE KENNICUTT-SCHMIDT LAW

    SciTech Connect

    Dib, Sami

    2011-08-10

    We derive a metallicity-dependent relation between the surface density of the star formation rate ({Sigma}{sub SFR}) and the gas surface density ({Sigma}{sub g}) in a feedback-regulated model of star formation in galactic disks. In this model, star formation occurs in gravitationally bound protocluster clumps embedded in larger giant molecular clouds with the protocluster clump mass function following a power-law function with a slope of -2. Metallicity-dependent feedback is generated by the winds of OB stars (M {approx}> 5 M{sub sun}) that form in the clumps. The quenching of star formation in clumps of decreasing metallicity occurs at later epochs due to weaker wind luminosities, thus resulting in higher final star formation efficiencies (SFE{sub exp}). By combining SFE{sub exp} with the timescales on which gas expulsion occurs, we derive the metallicity-dependent SFR per unit time in this model as a function of {Sigma}{sub g}. This is combined with the molecular gas fraction in order to derive the global dependence of {Sigma}{sub SFR} on {Sigma}{sub g}. The model reproduces very well the observed star formation laws extending from low gas surface densities up to the starburst regime. Furthermore, our results show a dependence of {Sigma}{sub SFR} on metallicity over the entire range of gas surface densities in contrast to other models and can also explain part of the scatter in the observations. We provide a tabulated form of the star formation laws that can easily be incorporated into numerical simulations or semi-analytical models of galaxy formation and evolution.

  11. [Law No. 74-1026 of 4 December 1974, containing various provisions pertaining to fertility regulation].

    PubMed

    1974-12-01

    This is the text of law No. 74-1026 of Dec 4 1975 regulating the sale and distribution of contraceptives in France, and the operations of family planning centers. Any contraceptive products or device cannot be put on the market without the approval of the Ministry of Health. Sale of contraceptives is to be done through pharmacies only, after presentation of a medical prescription. IUD insertion can be done by doctors only in a private or public hospital. Family planning centers can distribute contraceptives to minors with a medical prescription. Antinatal propaganda is forbidden, as is commercial advertising of contraceptives, unless in medical journals. Maternal-child health centers offer prenuptial, prenatal and postnatal services, child health services, sterility counseling, genetic counseling, and family planning counseling. PMID:12222395

  12. Regulation of sexuality in Indonesian discourse: normative gender, criminal law and shifting strategies of control.

    PubMed

    Blackwood, Evelyn

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines changes in the regulation of sexuality in Indonesia in the period since 1980 as seen through state, religious and lesbian and gay activist discourses on sexuality. Three different eras during that period of Indonesian history are compared. Under the New Order regime of Suharto, the Indonesian state sought to control sexuality through a deployment of gender. During the 1990s, state Islamic discourses of sexuality shifted in response to international pressures to support same-sex marriage and sexual rights. During the third period following the end of the Suharto regime in 1998, a conservative Islamic minority pushed for more restrictive laws in the State Penal Code, initiating intense public debate on the role of the state in questions of sexuality and morality. Over this time period, the dominant discourse on sexuality moved from strategically linking normative gender with heterosexuality and marriage to direct attempts to legislate heterosexual marriage by criminalizing a wide range of sexual practices.

  13. Pharmacy in Turkey: past, present, and future.

    PubMed

    Tekiner, H

    2014-06-01

    Pharmacy in Turkey underwent a radical change within the last decade. Introduction of the Health Transformation Program in 2003 has had a significant impact on Turkey's pharmacy system in accordance with objectives of the program to establish new pricing regulations for pharmaceuticals based on reference prices, and to develop better computer based health information/record systems. In this context, Pharmaceutical Tracking (Track-and-Trace) System using two dimensional matrix barcodes was initiated to prevent not only drug counterfeiting, but also fraud against the medical insurance system and off-record transactions within the pharmaceutical sector; and the process of recording prescriptions in an electronic format was launched. Some other improvements have also been made with respect to pharmacy education, law and practice. In contrast with all these positive outcomes, Turkish pharmacy sector is currently in a deep financial struggle. This paper aims to provide a brief overview of the recent developments in Turkish pharmacy system and to discuss future roles and challenges of the profession.

  14. 25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? 247.5 Section 247.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND... people who use these sites? You may use access sites only if you obey the following rules: (a) You...

  15. 25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? 247.5 Section 247.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND... people who use these sites? You may use access sites only if you obey the following rules: (a) You...

  16. 50 CFR 84.50 - How does a State certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How does a State certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies? 84.50 Section 84.50 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM NATIONAL COASTAL...

  17. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418.116 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM...

  18. Fifty Educational Markets: A Playbook of State Laws and Regulations Governing Private Schools. School Choice Issues in Depth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammons, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    There is a widespread misperception that private schools avoid government oversight or are "unregulated." In fact, private schools are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations that run the gamut from reasonable rules to ensure health and safety to unreasonable rules that interfere with school curricula, preventing schools from pursuing…

  19. 7 CFR 352.2 - Purpose; relation to other regulations; applicability; preemption of State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... States to which admission is sought in accordance with the Customs regulations in 19 CFR chapter I... local laws. (a) Importations of plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, soil, and other products and articles that may be infested or infected by or contain plant pests or noxious weeds...

  20. 7 CFR 352.2 - Purpose; relation to other regulations; applicability; preemption of State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... States to which admission is sought in accordance with the Customs regulations in 19 CFR chapter I... local laws. (a) Importations of plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, soil, and other products and articles that may be infested or infected by or contain plant pests or noxious weeds...

  1. 7 CFR 352.2 - Purpose; relation to other regulations; applicability; preemption of State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... States to which admission is sought in accordance with the Customs regulations in 19 CFR chapter I... local laws. (a) Importations of plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, soil, and other products and articles that may be infested or infected by or contain plant pests or noxious weeds...

  2. 7 CFR 352.2 - Purpose; relation to other regulations; applicability; preemption of State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... States to which admission is sought in accordance with the Customs regulations in 19 CFR chapter I... local laws. (a) Importations of plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, soil, and other products and articles that may be infested or infected by or contain plant pests or noxious weeds...

  3. Transparency and Accountability: What if the Federal Gainful Employment-Debt Measures Regulations Applied to Law Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattox, Kari Ann

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this analysis is to compare current guidelines of the American Bar Association (ABA) for law schools to those of the U.S. Department of Education's Gainful Employment-Debt Measures regulations in order to assess their transparency and accountability. This analysis is relevant in a time of increasing tuition costs and record…

  4. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray services... engaged in operating portable X-ray equipment are currently licensed or registered in accordance with...

  5. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray services... engaged in operating portable X-ray equipment are currently licensed or registered in accordance with...

  6. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray services... engaged in operating portable X-ray equipment are currently licensed or registered in accordance with...

  7. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray services... engaged in operating portable X-ray equipment are currently licensed or registered in accordance with...

  8. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray services... engaged in operating portable X-ray equipment are currently licensed or registered in accordance with...

  9. 42 CFR 137.377 - Do Federal procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the Act ? 137.377 Section 137.377... procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the... pertaining to Federal procurement (including Executive Orders) shall apply to any construction...

  10. 42 CFR 137.377 - Do Federal procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the Act ? 137.377 Section 137.377... procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the... pertaining to Federal procurement (including Executive Orders) shall apply to any construction...

  11. 42 CFR 137.377 - Do Federal procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the Act ? 137.377 Section 137.377... procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the... pertaining to Federal procurement (including Executive Orders) shall apply to any construction...

  12. 42 CFR 137.377 - Do Federal procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the Act ? 137.377 Section 137.377... procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the... pertaining to Federal procurement (including Executive Orders) shall apply to any construction...

  13. 42 CFR 137.377 - Do Federal procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the Act ? 137.377 Section 137.377... procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed under section 509 of the... pertaining to Federal procurement (including Executive Orders) shall apply to any construction...

  14. Variability and Limits of US State Laws Regulating Workplace Wellness Programs.

    PubMed

    Pomeranz, Jennifer L; Garcia, Andrea M; Vesprey, Randy; Davey, Adam

    2016-06-01

    We examined variability in state laws related to workplace wellness programs for public and private employers. We conducted legal research using LexisNexis and Westlaw to create a master list of US state laws that existed in 2014 dedicated to workplace wellness programs. The master list was then divided into laws focusing on public employers and private employers. We created 2 codebooks to describe the variables used to examine the laws. Coders used LawAtlas(SM) Workbench to code the laws related to workplace wellness programs. Thirty-two states and the District of Columbia had laws related to workplace wellness programs in 2014. Sixteen states and the District of Columbia had laws dedicated to public employers, and 16 states had laws dedicated to private employers. Nine states and the District of Columbia had laws that did not specify employer type. State laws varied greatly in their methods of encouraging or shaping wellness program requirements. Few states have comprehensive requirements or incentives to support evidence-based workplace wellness programs.

  15. Turkey`s nuclear power effort

    SciTech Connect

    Aybers, N.

    1995-12-01

    This paper discusses the expected role of nuclear energy in the production of electric power to serve the growing needs of Turkey, examining past activities and recent developments. The paper also reviews Turkey`s plans with respect to nuclear energy and the challenges that the country faces along the way.

  16. The history of liver transplantation in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Moray, Gökhan; Arslan, Gülnaz; Haberal, Mehmet

    2014-03-01

    Liver transplantation is the definitive treatment for end-stage liver diseases. The first successful liver transplant was performed in the United States by Thomas Starzl in 1967. The first successful solid organ transplant in Turkey was a living-related kidney transplant performed by Dr. Haberal in 1975. After much effort by Dr. Haberal, the Turkish parliament enacted a law about organ transplantation in 1979. After clinical and experimental studies, the first liver transplant in Turkey was performed by Dr. Haberal in 1988. The first successful partial living-donor liver transplant in children in Turkey was performed by the same team on March 15, 1990. On April 24, 1990, the first living-donor liver transplant was performed on a child in Turkey using a left lateral segment by Dr. Haberal and coworkers. On May 16, 1992, Dr. Haberal performed a simultaneous living-donor liver and kidney transplantation to an adult from the same donor. There currently are 30 liver transplantation centers in Turkey. According to data from the Ministry of Health, there presently are 2065 patients in Turkey who are waiting for a liver transplantation. From January 2002 to June 2013, there were 6091 liver transplants performed in Turkey (4020 living-donor [66% ] and 2071 deceased donor liver transplants [34% ]). From January 2011 to June 2013, there were 2514 patients who had liver transplants in Turkey, and 437 patients (17%) died. The number of liver transplants per year in Turkey reached 1000 transplants in 2012 and more than 1150 transplants in 2013 (15.1/million/y). Therefore, Turkey has one of the highest volumes of liver transplantation per population worldwide, with 90% survival within 1 year after transplantation.

  17. Law and psychiatry: regulating psychotherapy or restricting freedom of speech? California's ban on sexual orientation change efforts.

    PubMed

    Appelbaum, Paul S

    2014-01-01

    California's new law banning sexual orientation change efforts by licensed therapists for patients under 18 immediately provoked court challenges. Therapists, parents, and patients argued that the statute infringed constitutional rights to freedom of speech and parental rights to select treatments for their children. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit rejected all of these claims in a unanimous decision upholding the law. However, the decision evokes concerns that other forms of psychotherapy could be subject to similar regulation. Tort remedies may provide less intrusive means for discouraging use of ineffective and potentially harmful therapies.

  18. Law and psychiatry: regulating psychotherapy or restricting freedom of speech? California's ban on sexual orientation change efforts.

    PubMed

    Appelbaum, Paul S

    2014-01-01

    California's new law banning sexual orientation change efforts by licensed therapists for patients under 18 immediately provoked court challenges. Therapists, parents, and patients argued that the statute infringed constitutional rights to freedom of speech and parental rights to select treatments for their children. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit rejected all of these claims in a unanimous decision upholding the law. However, the decision evokes concerns that other forms of psychotherapy could be subject to similar regulation. Tort remedies may provide less intrusive means for discouraging use of ineffective and potentially harmful therapies. PMID:24382762

  19. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to leases granted or approved under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to leases granted or approved under this part? 162.109 Section 162.109 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS General Provisions § 162.109 What laws, other than these regulations, will apply...

  20. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to leases granted or approved under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to leases granted or approved under this part? 162.109 Section 162.109 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS General Provisions § 162.109 What laws, other than these regulations, will apply...

  1. Usage of Underground Space for 3D Cadastre Purposes and Related Problems in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Aydin, Cevdet C.

    2008-01-01

    Modern cities have been trying to meet their needs for space by using not only surface structures but also by considering subsurface space use. It is also anticipated that without planning of underground spaces for supporting surface city life in the years and generations to come, there will be serious and unavoidable problems with growing populations. The current Turkish cadastral system, including land right registrations, has been trying to meet users' needs in all aspects since 1924. Today Turkey's national cadastre services are carried out by the General Directorate of Land Titles and Cadastre (TKGM). The Cadastre Law, Number 3402, was approved in 1985 to eliminate problems by gathering all existing cadastral regulations under one law and also to produce 3D cadastral bases to include underground spaces and determine their legal status in Turkey. Although the mandate for 3D cadastre works is described and explained by the laws, until now the bases have been created in 2D and the reality is that legal gaps and deficiencies presently exist in them. In this study, the usage of underground spaces for the current cadastral system in Turkey was briefly evaluated, the concept of 3D cadastral data is examined and the need for using subsurface and 3D cadastre in addition to the traditional 2D register system, related problems and registration are mentioned with specific examples, but without focusing on a specific model.

  2. Civil commitment in Turkey: reflections on a bill drafted by psychiatrists.

    PubMed

    Arikan, Rasim; Appelbaum, Paul S; Sercan, Mustafa; Turkcan, Solmaz; Satmis, Nevzat; Polat, Aslihan

    2007-01-01

    Involuntary hospitalization of the mentally ill has been an issue that still remains outside the judicial system in Turkey. Despite the new Turkish Civil Code, which includes several articles relevant to involuntary psychiatric hospital admissions, there still appears to be a need for a comprehensive mental health law to address specific issues concerning civil commitment of the mentally ill. As a result of the lack of specific statutory regulation, an insufficient number of psychiatric hospital beds and limited appreciation of the safety risks involved in untreated mental illness, involuntary hospitalization remains an underutilized option by psychiatrists and the courts alike. In response to its concerned members, the Psychiatric Association of Turkey has appointed a task force to draft a proposed mental health law, entitled the "Psychiatric Patients' Bill of Rights." Although the draft suggests a model with emphasis on the right to psychiatric treatment, it also recommends close judicial oversight to prevent potential abuses of discretion by the system. However, this might present logistic problems in a country with already overburdened courts. Authors discuss the highlights of the draft within the context of Turkey's current cultural, social and judicial structure, and compare it to similar laws of other countries.

  3. Occupational accidents and forensic medicine in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Ince, Haluk; Ince, Nurhan; Ozyildirim, Bedia Ayhan

    2006-01-01

    In Turkey, evaluation of the ratio of loss of working capacity is made according to various laws and regulations. These laws and regulations use different standards in computing the above-mentioned ratio depending on the professional status of the worker, whether he or she is a member of SSK (Social Security Institution) or ES (The Retirement Pension Institution) system. The aim of this study is to point out at the differences and deficiencies in computing the degree of disability and at the need to bring common standards to these computations. This prospective descriptive research is based on the cases of occupational accidents and occupational diseases brought to the 3rd specialized branch of the Institution of Forensic Medicine (which is the highest ruling instance concerning the decision on this field). Of the 164 accident cases included in this research, 95.1% are males, and 4.9% females. According to distribution by age of the cases, the modal group is respectively (30-39) years for men and (12-19) years for women. 43.8% of the injuries were localized at the hand or wrist. No meaningful statistical relationship could be found between the level of qualification of the workers (skilled-unskilled) and the proportion of those suffering from total disability. For the cases included in the categories 3, 4 and 5 is the ES system; the ratio of disability was similar to those computed according to the SSK system. In conclusion, we would like to insist on the need for our country to amend our laws and regulations according to changing and prevailing conditions and sex differentials and to bring homogeneous standards for all workers.

  4. The principles of gift law and the regulation of organ donation.

    PubMed

    Glazier, Alexandra K

    2011-04-01

    The principles of gift law establish a consistent international legal understanding of consent to donation under a range of regulatory systems. Gift law as the primary legal principle is important to both the foundation of systems that prevent organ sales and the consideration of strategies to increase organ donation for transplantation. PMID:21276090

  5. Rehabilitating the regulative use of reason: Kant on empirical and chemical laws.

    PubMed

    McNulty, Michael Bennett

    2015-12-01

    In his Kritik der reinen Vernunft, Kant asserts that laws of nature "carry with them an expression of necessity" (A159/B198). There is, however, widespread interpretive disagreement regarding the nature and source of the necessity of empirical laws of natural sciences in Kant's system. It is especially unclear how chemistry-a science without a clear, straightforward connection to the a priori principles of the understanding-could contain such genuine, empirical laws. Existing accounts of the necessity of causal laws unfortunately fail to illuminate the possibility of non-physical laws. In this paper, I develop an alternative, 'ideational' account of natural laws, according to which ideas of reason necessitate the laws of some non-physical sciences. Chemical laws, for instance, are grounded on ideas of the elements, and the chemist aims to reduce her phenomena to these elements via experimentation. Although such ideas are beyond the possibility of experience, their postulation is necessary for the achievement of reason's theoretical ends: the unification and explanation of the cognitions of science. PMID:26568081

  6. 5 CFR 1208.16 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... accordance with law (5 CFR 1201.56(b)(3)). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule, or... RIGHTS ACT AND THE VETERANS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ACT USERRA Appeals § 1208.16 Appeals under...

  7. 5 CFR 1208.16 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... accordance with law (5 CFR 1201.56(b)(3)). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule, or... RIGHTS ACT AND THE VETERANS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ACT USERRA Appeals § 1208.16 Appeals under...

  8. 5 CFR 1208.16 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... accordance with law (5 CFR 1201.56(b)(3)). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule, or... RIGHTS ACT AND THE VETERANS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ACT USERRA Appeals § 1208.16 Appeals under...

  9. 5 CFR 1208.16 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... accordance with law (5 CFR 1201.56(b)(3)). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule, or... RIGHTS ACT AND THE VETERANS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ACT USERRA Appeals § 1208.16 Appeals under...

  10. 5 CFR 1208.16 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... accordance with law (5 CFR 1201.56(b)(3)). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule, or... RIGHTS ACT AND THE VETERANS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ACT USERRA Appeals § 1208.16 Appeals under...

  11. 76 FR 9968 - Regulation for the Enforcement of Federal Health Care Provider Conscience Protection Laws

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-23

    ... accrediting standard that, regardless of whether such standard provides exceptions or exemptions, requires an... of Federal Law'' (73 FR 50274). In the preamble to the 2008 Final Rule, the Department concluded that... Federal Law,'' 73 FR 78072, 78074, 45 CFR part 88 (Dec. 19, 2008)). The 2008 Final Rule was published...

  12. Open consent, biobanking and data protection law: can open consent be 'informed' under the forthcoming data protection regulation?

    PubMed

    Hallinan, Dara; Friedewald, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on whether a certain form of consent used by biobanks--open consent--is compatible with the Proposed Data Protection Regulation. In an open consent procedure, the biobank requests consent once from the data subject for all future research uses of genetic material and data. However, as biobanks process personal data, they must comply with data protection law. Data protection law is currently undergoing reform. The Proposed Data Protection Regulation is the culmination of this reform and, if voted into law, will constitute a new legal framework for biobanking. The Regulation puts strict conditions on consent--in particular relating to information which must be given to the data subject. It seems clear that open consent cannot meet these requirements. 4 categories of information cannot be provided with adequate specificity: purpose, recipient, possible third country transfers, data collected. However, whilst open consent cannot meet the formal requirements laid out by the Regulation, this is not to say that these requirements are substantially undebateable. Two arguments could be put forward suggesting the applicable consent requirements should be rethought. First, from policy documents regarding the drafting process, it seems that the informational requirements in the Regulation are so strict in order to protect the data subject from risks inherent in the use of the consent mechanism in a certain context--exemplified by the online context. There are substantial differences between this context and the biobanking context. Arguably, a consent transaction in the biobanking does not present the same type of risk to the data subject. If the risks are different, then perhaps there are also grounds for a reconsideration of consent requirements? Second, an argument can be made that the legislator drafted the Regulation based on certain assumptions as to the nature of 'data'. The authors argue that these assumptions are difficult to apply to genetic data

  13. Open consent, biobanking and data protection law: can open consent be 'informed' under the forthcoming data protection regulation?

    PubMed

    Hallinan, Dara; Friedewald, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on whether a certain form of consent used by biobanks--open consent--is compatible with the Proposed Data Protection Regulation. In an open consent procedure, the biobank requests consent once from the data subject for all future research uses of genetic material and data. However, as biobanks process personal data, they must comply with data protection law. Data protection law is currently undergoing reform. The Proposed Data Protection Regulation is the culmination of this reform and, if voted into law, will constitute a new legal framework for biobanking. The Regulation puts strict conditions on consent--in particular relating to information which must be given to the data subject. It seems clear that open consent cannot meet these requirements. 4 categories of information cannot be provided with adequate specificity: purpose, recipient, possible third country transfers, data collected. However, whilst open consent cannot meet the formal requirements laid out by the Regulation, this is not to say that these requirements are substantially undebateable. Two arguments could be put forward suggesting the applicable consent requirements should be rethought. First, from policy documents regarding the drafting process, it seems that the informational requirements in the Regulation are so strict in order to protect the data subject from risks inherent in the use of the consent mechanism in a certain context--exemplified by the online context. There are substantial differences between this context and the biobanking context. Arguably, a consent transaction in the biobanking does not present the same type of risk to the data subject. If the risks are different, then perhaps there are also grounds for a reconsideration of consent requirements? Second, an argument can be made that the legislator drafted the Regulation based on certain assumptions as to the nature of 'data'. The authors argue that these assumptions are difficult to apply to genetic data

  14. 49 CFR 24.8 - Compliance with other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...—Leadership and Coordination of Non-Discrimination Laws. (m) Executive Order 12630—Governmental Actions and... Emergency Assistance Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.). (o) Executive Order 12892—Leadership...

  15. Exploring the Relationship between High School Students' Physics-Related Personal Epistemologies and Self-Regulated Learning in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alpaslan, Muhammet Mustafa; Yalvac, Bugrahan; Loving, Cathleen C.; Willson, Victor

    2016-01-01

    This article reports on an empirical exploration of the relations and strengths among Turkish grades 9-11 students' (n = 209) personal epistemologies (justification of knowledge, certainty of knowledge, source of knowledge, development of knowledge), self-regulated learning (extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, rehearsal, elaboration,…

  16. The institutionalization of pharmaceutical administration after the korean liberation: focusing on regulating the pharmaceutical affairs law(yaksabeop) in 1953.

    PubMed

    Sihn, Kyu-Hwan

    2013-12-01

    The pharmaceutical administration under U.S Military Government in Korea and government of the Republic of Korea aimed at cleaning up the vestiges of Japanese imperialism which the pharmaceutical administration attached police administration and preparing with legal and systemic basis after the Korean liberation. The pharmaceutical bureau under U.S Military Government in Korea was reorganized as the independent division. The pharmaceutical bureau focused on preserving order, narcotics control and the distribution of relief drug. U.S Military Government proceeded supply side pharmaceutical policy for the distribution of relief drug without constructing human and material infrastructure. After the Korean War, Korean society asked the construction of system for nation building. Korean national assembly regulated National Medical Law(Gukmin uiryobeop) for promotion of public health in 1951. The Pharmaceutical Affairs Law(Yaksabeop) was regulated in 1953, and it prescribed the job requirement of pharmacist, apothecary, and drug maker and seller, and presented the frame of managing medical supplies. The Pharmaceutical Law originally planned the ideal pharmaceutical administration, but it rather secured the status of traditional apothecary, and drug maker and seller. On the contrary, though the Pharmaceutical Law guaranteed the traditional druggists, it did not materialize reproduction system such as educational and license system. It means that the traditional druggists would be degenerated in the near future. After the armistice agreement in 1953, Korean was in medical difficulties. Korean government was suffered from the deficiency of medical resources. Because of destruction of pharmaceutical facilities, Korean had to depend on United States and international aid. The Pharmaceutical Affairs Law did not cleaned up the vestiges of Japanese imperialism, and compromised with reality lacked human and material infrastructure. As a result, the law became the origin of

  17. 31 CFR 576.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... or regulations. Note to § 576.101: The Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 575, have been removed from 31 CFR chapter V. ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION...

  18. 31 CFR 576.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... or regulations. Note to § 576.101: The Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 575, have been removed from 31 CFR chapter V. ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION...

  19. 31 CFR 576.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... or regulations. Note to § 576.101: The Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 575, have been removed from 31 CFR chapter V. ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION...

  20. 31 CFR 576.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... or regulations. Note to § 576.101: The Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 575, have been removed from 31 CFR chapter V. ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION...

  1. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... modified by tribal laws and leasing policies? 162.203 Section 162.203 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS... When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing policies... resolution establishing a general policy for the leasing of tribal and individually-owned agricultural...

  2. [Organic Law 10/2007, of October 8, regulating the police database on identifiers obtained from DNA: historic background and genetic view].

    PubMed

    García, Oscar

    2007-01-01

    Recently, Basic Law 10/2007 of 8 October has entered into effect, which regulates the police database on identifiers that are obtained from DNA. In the following lines, the author reveals the process of approval of this law as well as approaching certain of its aspects from a genetic perspective.

  3. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Do other boating laws and... Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BOATING AND WATER USE ACTIVITIES § 3.2 Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? (a) In addition to...

  4. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Do other boating laws and... Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BOATING AND WATER USE ACTIVITIES § 3.2 Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? (a) In addition to...

  5. 49 CFR 24.8 - Compliance with other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...—Equal Employment Opportunity, as amended. (j) Executive Order 11625—Minority Business Enterprise. (k...—Leadership and Coordination of Non-Discrimination Laws. (m) Executive Order 12630—Governmental Actions and... Emergency Assistance Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.). (o) Executive Order 12892—Leadership...

  6. Labor Law Reform: The Regulation of Free Speech and Equal Access in NLRB Representational Elections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 1979

    1979-01-01

    After examining the existing legal standards governing free speech and equal access in representation elections, the author analyzes various reform possibilities and suggests a unified approach for legislative action. Available from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, 3400 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; $3.00 sc.…

  7. Guidance on New York State's Annual Professional Performance Review Law and Regulations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Department, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Education Law Section 3012-c requires a new performance evaluation system for classroom teachers ("teachers") and building principals ("principals"). New York State will implement a statewide comprehensive evaluation system for school districts and boards of cooperative educational services (BOCES). The evaluation system is designed to measure…

  8. 5 CFR 1208.26 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... comply with the provisions of subparts B and C of 5 CFR part 1201, including the time of filing requirement of 5 CFR 1201.22(b)(1). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule,...

  9. 5 CFR 1208.26 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... comply with the provisions of subparts B and C of 5 CFR part 1201, including the time of filing requirement of 5 CFR 1201.22(b)(1). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule,...

  10. 5 CFR 1208.26 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... comply with the provisions of subparts B and C of 5 CFR part 1201, including the time of filing requirement of 5 CFR 1201.22(b)(1). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule,...

  11. 5 CFR 1208.26 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... comply with the provisions of subparts B and C of 5 CFR part 1201, including the time of filing requirement of 5 CFR 1201.22(b)(1). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule,...

  12. 5 CFR 1208.26 - Appeals under another law, rule, or regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... comply with the provisions of subparts B and C of 5 CFR part 1201, including the time of filing requirement of 5 CFR 1201.22(b)(1). ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals under another law, rule,...

  13. Thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Canatan, Duran

    2014-01-01

    Thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies are a serious health problem in Turkey. There is a 70-year history of thalassemia in Turkey. The first patient with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) was reported in 1941. The first clinical and hematological studies were published by Aksoy in 1958. The overall incidence of β-thalassemia (β-thal) was reported by Çavdar and Arcasoy to be 2.1% in 1971. Important steps such as written regulations, education and prevention campaigns, have been taken to prevent thalassemia in Turkey by the Ministry of Health (MOH), the Turkish National Hemoglobinopathy Council (TNHC) and the Thalassemia Federation of Turkey (TFT) since 2000. A national hemoglobinopathy prevention program was started in provinces with a high prevalence by the MOH in 2003. While the percentage of premarital screening test was 30.0% of all couples in 2003, it reached 86.0% in 2013. While the number of newborn with thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies was 272 in 2002, it had dropped to 25 in 2010. There has been a 90.0% reduction of affected births in the last 10 years.

  14. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with other... actions. (b) Natural Resources protection. When acting under this part, trustees must ensure...

  15. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with other... actions. (b) Natural Resources protection. When acting under this part, trustees must ensure...

  16. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with other... actions. (b) Natural Resources protection. When acting under this part, trustees must ensure...

  17. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with other... actions. (b) Natural Resources protection. When acting under this part, trustees must ensure...

  18. Istanbul, Turkey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    This June 16, 2000 image of Istanbul, Turkey show a full 60 by 60 km ASTER scene in the visible and infrared channels. Vegetation appears red, and urban areas blue-green. Bustling Istanbul, with its magnificent historical heritage, has spanned the divide between Europe and Asia for more than 2,500 years. Originally called Byzantium, the city was founded in the 7th century BC on the Golden Horn, an arm of the narrow Bosporus (also spelled Bosphorus) Strait, which connects the Sea of Marmara to the south, with the Black Sea to the north. Constantine I made it his capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in AD 330. As Constantinople, the strategically located city arose as the preeminent cultural, religious, and political center of the Western world. It reached the height of its wealth and glory in the early 5th century. After centuries of decline, the city entered another period of tremendous growth and prosperity when, as Istanbul, it became the capital of the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1457. Although Turkey moved its capital to Ankara in 1923, Istanbul remains the nation's largest city with a population of over 8 million, its commercial center, and a major port. Two bridges spanning the Bosporus, and ships in the busy channel can be seen on the enlargement. On the image, the water areas have been replaced with a thermal image: colder waters are displayed in dark blue, warmer areas in light blue. Note the dark lines showing boat wakes, and the cold water entering the Sea of Marmara from deeper waters of the Bosporus.

    Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., is the U

  19. 76 FR 74755 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-01

    ... Department of Agriculture (USDA) proposes to amend the Agriculture Acquisition Regulation (the ``AGAR'') to... Violations to the Agriculture Acquisition Regulation (AGAR). The AGAR may be accessed at: http://www.dm.usda.gov/procurement/policy/agar.html . This clause is to be included in all USDA contracts that exceed...

  20. 50 CFR 622.3 - Relation to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (15 CFR part 922, subpart P). (2) Gray's Reef National Marine... section. (b) Except for regulations on allowable octocoral, Gulf and South Atlantic prohibited coral, and... application. Regulations on allowable octocoral, Gulf and South Atlantic prohibited coral, and live rock...

  1. 50 CFR 622.3 - Relation to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (15 CFR part 922, subpart P). (2) Gray's Reef National Marine... section. (b) Except for regulations on allowable octocoral, Gulf and South Atlantic prohibited coral, and... application. Regulations on allowable octocoral, Gulf and South Atlantic prohibited coral, and live rock...

  2. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  3. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  4. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  5. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  6. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  7. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  8. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  9. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  10. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  11. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  12. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  13. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  14. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  15. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  16. 23 CFR 633.203 - Applicability of existing laws, regulations, and directives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...., that are applicable to the construction and maintenance of Federal-aid primary and secondary highways..., respectively, to the development highway system and the local access roads. In addition, the Regulations...

  17. Ancient rites and new laws: how should we regulate religious circumcision of minors?

    PubMed

    Davis, Dena S

    2013-07-01

    The ancient practice of metzitzah b'peh, direct oral suction, is still practiced by ultra-Orthodox Jews as part of the religious rite of male newborn circumcision. Between 2000 and 2011, 11 children have died in New York and New Jersey, following infection by herpes simplex virus, presumably from infected practitioners. The City responded by requiring signed parental consent before oral suction, with parents being warned of the dangers of the practice. This essay argues that informed consent is not an appropriate response to this problem. An outright ban would a better response to a practice that is dangerous to children, but might prove unconstitutional under New York State law.

  18. A time to regulate? Possible implications of European human rights law on abortion in Northern Ireland.

    PubMed

    Irvine, W N

    2001-01-01

    Since the introduction of the Abortion Act 1967 the legality and status of abortion in Northern Ireland, being excluded from the provisions of the 1967 Act, has remained shrouded in uncertainty. In light of the introduction of the Human Rights Act 1998, this article will explore whether this inconsistency in the UK is in breach of the provisions laid down in Articles 8 and 14. It will be shown that while compelling arguments can be built under these provisions, perhaps the most persuasive arguments in favour of law reform are the inequities that the current legal regime has perpetuated.

  19. 49 CFR 350.343 - How may a State obtain a new exemption for State laws and regulations for a specific industry...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... laws and regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? 350.343 Section 350.343... regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? The FMCSA strongly discourages exemptions... performance of that specific industry (e.g., accident frequency, rates and comparative figures)....

  20. 49 CFR 350.343 - How may a State obtain a new exemption for State laws and regulations for a specific industry...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... laws and regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? 350.343 Section 350.343... regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? The FMCSA strongly discourages exemptions for specific industries, but will consider such requests if the State submits documentation...

  1. 49 CFR 350.343 - How may a State obtain a new exemption for State laws and regulations for a specific industry...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... information supporting evaluation of the following 10 factors: (a) Type and scope of the industry exemption... laws and regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? 350.343 Section 350.343... regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? The FMCSA strongly discourages...

  2. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing policies? 162.203 Section 162.203 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203 When can the regulations in...

  3. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Administrative Provisions A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Good Manufacturing Practices Pt. 26, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26—List...

  4. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Administrative Provisions A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Good Manufacturing Practices Pt. 26, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26—List...

  5. New Hampshire State Laws and Regulations, Chapters I and II, and Pest Fact Sheets l-48.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, James S.; Turmel, Jon P.

    This guide provides basic information needed to meet standards for pesticide applicator certification. Chapter one outlines the legislative history of pesticide regulation in New Hampshire especially requirements for certification and pesticide classification. The second chapter provides clarification of terms as they are used in this series of…

  6. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Relationship to other treaties... RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS Antarctic Marine Living Resources §...

  7. Regulating Water Quality: Policy, Standards, and Laws. January 1993 - January 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Makuch, Joe

    The 127 citations in this annotated bibliography provide a substantial resource describing recent investigations on the regulation of water quality. The listing, prepared by NAL's Water Quality Information Center, is part of the Quick Bibliography Series of the National Agricultural Library (NAL), intended primarily for communicating current…

  8. 27 CFR 447.2 - Relation to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Import List not subject to controls under 27 CFR Part 478 or 479. U.S. Munitions Import List articles... political subdivision thereof are exempt from the import controls of 27 CFR Part 478 but are not exempt from... defense article or defense service, see Department of State regulations in 22 CFR part 129....

  9. 27 CFR 447.2 - Relation to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Import List not subject to controls under 27 CFR Part 478 or 479. U.S. Munitions Import List articles... political subdivision thereof are exempt from the import controls of 27 CFR Part 478 but are not exempt from... defense article or defense service, see Department of State regulations in 22 CFR part 129....

  10. 27 CFR 447.2 - Relation to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Import List not subject to controls under 27 CFR Part 478 or 479. U.S. Munitions Import List articles... political subdivision thereof are exempt from the import controls of 27 CFR Part 478 but are not exempt from... defense article or defense service, see Department of State regulations in 22 CFR part 129....

  11. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... U.S.C. 4151 et seq.). Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq... et seq.). (b) Regulations. 9 CFR part 3—Standards (Animal Welfare). 29 CFR 1910.1450—Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. 36 CFR part 1190—Minimum guidelines and requirements...

  12. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... U.S.C. 4151 et seq.). Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq... et seq.). (b) Regulations. 9 CFR part 3—Standards (Animal Welfare). 29 CFR 1910.1450—Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. 36 CFR part 1190—Minimum guidelines and requirements...

  13. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... U.S.C. 4151 et seq.). Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq... et seq.). (b) Regulations. 9 CFR part 3—Standards (Animal Welfare). 29 CFR 1910.1450—Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. 36 CFR part 1190—Minimum guidelines and requirements...

  14. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... U.S.C. 4151 et seq.). Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq... et seq.). (b) Regulations. 9 CFR part 3—Standards (Animal Welfare). 29 CFR 1910.1450—Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. 36 CFR part 1190—Minimum guidelines and requirements...

  15. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... U.S.C. 4151 et seq.). Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq... et seq.). (b) Regulations. 9 CFR part 3—Standards (Animal Welfare). 29 CFR 1910.1450—Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. 36 CFR part 1190—Minimum guidelines and requirements...

  16. Compendium of federal and state radioactive materials transportation laws and regulations: Transportation Legislative Database (TLDB)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-10-01

    The Transportation Legislative Database (TLDB) is an on-line information service containing detailed information on legislation and regulations regarding the transportation of radioactive materials in the United States. The system is dedicated to serving the legislative and regulatory information needs of the US Department of Energy and other federal agencies; state, tribal, and local governments; the hazardous materials transportation industry; and interested members of the general public. In addition to the on-line information service, quarterly and annual Legal Developments Reports are produced using information from the TLDB. These reports summarize important changes in federal and state legislation, regulations, administrative agency rulings, and judicial decisions over the reporting period. Information on significant legal developments at the tribal and local levels is also included on an as-available basis. Battelle's Office of Transportation Systems and Planning (OTSP) will also perform customized searches of the TLDB and produce formatted printouts in response to specific information requests.

  17. Engineering human tissue and regulation: confronting biology and law to bridge the gaps.

    PubMed

    Longley, D; Lawford, P

    2001-01-01

    There are a number of difficulties confronting the regulation of human tissue engineered products, from the scientific, ethical and legal perspectives. Many of these issues are international in scope and any responses must consider the global implications of marketing and monitoring these products. The article argues that as tissue engineered products become more available regulatory authorities should not be pressured into adopting possibly inappropriate measures, but must consider all the factors relevant to human health, including the need for innovative regulatory mechanisms as well as innovative tissue products themselves.

  18. Modern Turkey Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Bernard

    1990-01-01

    Traces the history of Turkey from the Cold War to the present and focuses on Turkey's adoption of a capitalist democratic pro-Western state. Delineates the tensions between pro-Western factions and more traditionally minded Turks. Examines Turkish relations with other Islamic countries, the Arab world, and the Third World. (RW)

  19. Adult Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miser, Rifat; Ural, Ozana; Ünlühisarýklý, Özlem

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the situation and practices of adult education in Turkey in terms of (a) participants, (b) providers, and (c) program areas. The data were derived from published statistical data and one-to-one interaction with adult education providers when such data are unavailable. Turkey has a long tradition of adult education with…

  20. International infectious disease law: revision of the World Health Organization's International Health Regulations.

    PubMed

    Gostin, Lawrence O

    2004-06-01

    The International Health Regulations (IHR), the only global regulations for infectious disease control, have not been significantly changed since they were first issued in 1951. The World Health Organization (WHO) is currently engaged in a process to modernize the IHR. This article reviews WHO's draft revised IHR and recommends new reforms to improve global health, which include (1) a robust mission, emphasizing the WHO's core public health purposes, functions, and essential services; (2) broad scope, flexibly covering diverse health threats; (3) global surveillance, developing informational networks of official and unofficial data sources; (4) national public health systems, setting performance criteria, measuring outcomes, and holding states accountable; (5) human rights protection, setting science-based standards and fair procedures; and (6) good governance, adopting the principles of fairness, objectivity, and transparency. The WHO should ensure state compliance with health norms and generous economic and technical assistance to poorer countries. An important issue for the international community is how sovereign countries can join together to make global health work for everyone, the poor and the wealthy alike. PMID:15173154

  1. Decree No. 2.405, Regulations for the Law on the Protection of Minors, 11 January 1984.

    PubMed

    1988-01-01

    In 1984, Venezuela issued regulations for the Law on the Protection of Minors which emphasize two major points: 1) the paternity of a minor may be recognized voluntarily or compulsorily and 2) public and private organizations are to prevent any abuse, exploitation, manipulation, or negligent care of a minor. With respect to the first point, either parent can initiate a recognition proceeding voluntarily and any interested person can initiate a compulsory recognition proceeding when the mother or father refuses to recognize the concerned minor. With respect to the second point, the Regulations define abuse, exploitation of a minor, manipulation of a minor, and negligent care. The Regulations also create a legal mechanism known as a support solvency document to ensure the fulfillment of support obligations toward minors. The document states whether a parent has paid support owed to a minor and must be presented when the parent wishes to make a property transaction, leave the country, or obtain social benefits from the State. The Regulations call for the National Institute of Minors to design and present to the Ministry of Youth general and specific objectives to contribute to the development of minors and the family and to form model rules for orienting national action. Priority is to be given to families with the least resources. The Regulations also create a Youth Assistance Service to monitor and protect minors who have been abandoned or are in danger (because they consume drugs, live or socialize with persons of dubious reputation, are employed in occupations not suitable to their moral or physical health, or are engaged in begging). To protect such minors, the Service is authorized to inspect places of entertainment and gambling; to examine any visual or printed material directed at minors; to support the Ministry of Labor in monitoring the working conditions of minors; to intervene to provide food and shelter for minors; to help locate missing minors; and to

  2. Regulations and Ethical Considerations in Animal Experiments: International Laws and Islamic Perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Naderi, Mohammad Mehdi; Sarvari, Ali; Milanifar, Alireza; Boroujeni, Sara Borjian; Akhondi, Mohammad Mehdi

    2012-01-01

    Growing usage of animals in the research projects has drawn more attention to their welfare and ethics surrounding this practice. Dissemination of information about the existing ethical consideration and alternatives in animal experiments has two important functions; first, it increases the researcher's awareness of the possible methods of using animals in the experiment, and second, to ensure that potential users are aware of the established alternatives. For example, legislations enacted in many countries during the 1980s state that laboratory animal applications should be reduced, refined and replaced wherever possible according to principles of the 3Rs. Thus, scientists around the world tried to apply the 3Rs in their biomedical researches regarding welfare of the laboratory animals. However, the Qur'an, the holy book of Muslims, and also Hadiths contain the obligatory ways to keep and treat animals since their revelations. According to Islamic viewpoint, animals represent Allah's ability and wisdom, and humans must pay attention to their health and living conditions. Several Islamic manuscripts state that animals have their own position in the creation hierarchy and humans are responsible for supplying minimal facilities and their welfare. This paper has tried to review ethical consideration in animal experiments and regarding Islamic resources in this case to encourage providing comprehensive ethical regulations in animal experiments which its establishment could be beneficial for animal ethics committees or research institutes. PMID:23407588

  3. Turkey opens electricity markets as demand grows

    SciTech Connect

    McKeigue, J.; Da Cunha, A.; Severino, D.

    2009-06-15

    Turkey's growing power market has attracted investors and project developers for over a decade, yet their plans have been dashed by unexpected political or financial crises or, worse, obstructed by a lengthy bureaucratic approval process. Now, with a more transparent retail electricity market, government regulators and investors are bullish on Turkey. Is Turkey ready to turn the power on? This report closely examine Turkey's plans to create a power infrastructure capable of providing the reliable electricity supplies necessary for sustained economic growth. It was compiled with on-the-ground research and extensive interview with key industrial and political figures. Today, hard coal and lignite account for 21% of Turkey's electricity generation and gas-fired plants account for 50%. The Alfin Elbistan-B lignite-fired plant has attracted criticism for its lack of desulfurization units and ash dam facilities that have tarnished the industry's image. A 1,100 MW hard-coal fired plant using supercritical technology is under construction. 9 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Informatics in Turkey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cakir, Serhat

    1994-01-01

    In the last twenty years the rapid change in the informatics sector has had economic and social impact on private and government activities. The Supreme Council for Science and Technology of Turkey assigned highest priority to the informatics in its meeting in February 1993. With this advice TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey) intends to give a strong impulse to development of a research policy in this field.

  5. Pediatric oncology in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Kebudi, Rejin

    2012-03-01

    The survival of children with cancer has increased dramatically in the last decades, as a result of advances in diagnosis, treatment and supportive care. Each year in Turkey, 2500-3000 new childhood cancer cases are expected. According to the Turkish Pediatric Oncology Group and Turkish Pediatric Hematology Societies Registry, about 2000 new pediatric cancer cases are reported each year. The population in Turkey is relatively young. One fourth of the population is younger than 15 years of age. According to childhood mortality, cancer is the fourth cause of death (7.2%) after infections, cardiac deaths and accidents. The major cancers in children in Turkey are leukemia (31%), lymphoma (19%), central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms (13%), neuroblastomas (7%), bone tumors (6.1%), soft tissue sarcomas (6%), followed by renal tumors, germ cell tumors, retinoblastoma, carcinomas-epithelial neoplasms, hepatic tumors and others. Lymphomas rank second in frequency as in many developing countries in contrast to West Europe or USA, where CNS neoplasms rank second in frequency. The seven-year survival rate in children with malignancies in Turkey is 65.8%. The history of modern Pediatric Oncology in Turkey dates back to the 1970's. Pediatric Oncology has been accepted as a subspecialty in Turkey since 1983. Pediatric Oncologists are all well trained and dedicated. All costs for the diagnosis and treatment of children with cancer is covered by the government. Education and infrastructure for palliative care needs improvement.

  6. The hydrometeorological implications of zoning laws: Can land use regulations of urban density and sprawl improve a city's resilience?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bou-Zeid, E.; Ryu, Y. H.; Smith, J. A.; Newburn, D. A.

    2015-12-01

    The intensification of heat waves and of the hydrological cycle due to global climate change pose particularly high risks to urban residents. Cities are already hotter than their surroundings due to the urban heat island effect and are known to result in local intensification of rainfall and flooding due to their coupled impacts on the surface and the lower atmosphere. These interacting local and global changes can adversely affect the health and well being of urban residents, and city administrators are increasing efforts to mitigate and adapt to the potential disruptions though various infrastructure and preparedness programs. However, as cities worldwide continue to expand, a key decision is how to manage that urban sprawl and regulate its spatial features to aid in the mitigation and adaptation effort. This study assesses whether alternative zoning regulations that modify the density and extent of a metropolitan region, but have a minimal impact on total population and demographic growth, have an appreciable impact on its response to extreme weather events, and as such, whether they can be used to increase urban resilience. We consider Baltimore (the city and its surrounding suburbs), which in 1967 adopted one of the first urban growth boundaries (UGBs) in the United States, as our test case. Departing from the urban extent circa 1900, we create alternative land use patterns that, compared to the actual current land use baseline, would have resulted from drastically different policy scenarios and approaches to zoning that the city would have undertaken. We consider various alternatives where the city is smaller and denser, due to stricter regulation, versus larger and less dense than the actual baseline, while maintaining the same total population. Our findings indicate that lower densities have significant benefits: compared to the current landscape and to denser patterns, they reduce both extreme temperatures during heat waves and spatio-temporal rainfall

  7. Photogrammetry status in the act geodetic and cartographic law and connected regulations. (Polish Title: Status fotogrametrii w ustawie prawo geodezyjne i kartograficzne i przepisach powiazanych)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pyka, K.; Myszka, P.

    2015-12-01

    The topic of the article is the analysis of regulations referring to photogrammetry, which have been in effect since the latest amendments in the Act Geodetic and Cartographic Law were introduced. Among many new rules, the four most important for regulations for photogrammetry were selected for the analysis. The largest part of analyses deals with so-called technical standards. This regulation introduces the term: geodetic photogrammetric measurement and places identical accuracy requirements as for field measurement. However, photogrammetric measurement, in this law is treated less thoroughly than other techniques. Often in this interpretation of the regulations there are different opinions between the ones who order the measurements and those who carry them out. The article shows which regulations are not satisfactorily clear and can be interpreted in different ways. Moreover, the article refers to unsatisfactory consistency between the analysed enactments. Finally, it was stated that the regulations, despite the indicated drawbacks, allow the application of photogrammetry in surveying and there is a prospect of granting photogrammetry the rank of the operation method, especially in large projects, e.g. the update of cadastral maps and land survey maps.

  8. Development of Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy Sources in Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kentel, E.

    2011-12-01

    Electricity is mainly produced from coal, natural gas and hydropower in Turkey. However, almost all the natural gas and high quality coal are imported. Thus, increasing the shares of both hydro and other renewables in energy supply is necessary to decrease dependency of the country on foreign sources. In 2008, the total installed capacity of Turkey was around 42000 MW and 66 % of this was from thermal sources. The remaining 33 % was from hydro, which leaves only one percent for the other renewable energy sources. The share of renewable energy in the energy budget of Turkey has increased in the last two decades; however, in 2008, only 17 % of the total electricity generation was realized from renewable sources most of which was hydro. According to State Hydraulic Works (SHW) which is the primary executive state agency responsible for the planning, operating and managing of Turkey's water resources, Turkey utilizes only around 35% of its economically viable hydro potential. The current situation clearly demonstrates the need for increasing the share of renewables in the energy budget. New laws, such as the Electricity Market Law, have been enacted and the following items were identified by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkey among primary energy policies and priorities: (i) decreasing dependency on foreign resources by prioritizing utilization of natural resources, (ii) increasing the share of renewable energy resources in the energy budget of Turkey; (iii) minimization of adverse environmental impacts of production and utilization of natural resources. The government's energy policy increased investments in renewable energy resources; however lack of a needed legal framework brought various environmental and social problems with this fast development. The development of the share of renewable resources in the energy budget, current government policy, and environmental concerns related with renewables, and ideas to improve the overall benefits of

  9. A stochastic regulator for integrated communication and control systems. I - Formulation of control law. II - Numerical analysis and simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liou, Luen-Woei; Ray, Asok

    1991-01-01

    A state feedback control law for integrated communication and control systems (ICCS) is formulated by using the dynamic programming and optimality principle on a finite-time horizon. The control law is derived on the basis of a stochastic model of the plant which is augmented in state space to allow for the effects of randomly varying delays in the feedback loop. A numerical procedure for synthesizing the control parameters is then presented, and the performance of the control law is evaluated by simulating the flight dynamics model of an advanced aircraft. Finally, recommendations for future work are made.

  10. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Code, Title 46 United States Code, and 33 CFR chapter I, 46 CFR chapter I and III and 49 CFR chapter IV... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and...

  11. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Code, Title 46 United States Code, and 33 CFR chapter I, 46 CFR chapter I and III and 49 CFR chapter IV... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and...

  12. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Code, Title 46 United States Code, and 33 CFR chapter I, 46 CFR chapter I and III and 49 CFR chapter IV... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and...

  13. [International malpractice law].

    PubMed

    Stellpflug, M H

    2001-10-01

    According to German Civil Law the liability of a physician in telemedicine can be based on the breach of contractual duties or tort. In telemedicine doctor and patient are separated by distance. In the case of cross border telemedicine Medical Malpractice Law becomes an international issue with many new questions arising. The rules and regulations of "private international law" determine which law has to be applied. The German private international law allows the patient to choose either the law of the state in which the doctor acts or that state in which the therapeutical damage is being suffered. Another important question arises in determining the jurisdiction (of a court). The European agreements give the patient the right to choose. A "choice of jurisdiction clause" or a "choice of law clause" can help to decide with binding force which law and what jurisdiction has to be applied. However, various regulations concerned with consumer protection restrict the permission of such agreements.

  14. [International malpractice law].

    PubMed

    Stellpflug, M H

    2001-10-01

    According to German Civil Law the liability of a physician in telemedicine can be based on the breach of contractual duties or tort. In telemedicine doctor and patient are separated by distance. In the case of cross border telemedicine Medical Malpractice Law becomes an international issue with many new questions arising. The rules and regulations of "private international law" determine which law has to be applied. The German private international law allows the patient to choose either the law of the state in which the doctor acts or that state in which the therapeutical damage is being suffered. Another important question arises in determining the jurisdiction (of a court). The European agreements give the patient the right to choose. A "choice of jurisdiction clause" or a "choice of law clause" can help to decide with binding force which law and what jurisdiction has to be applied. However, various regulations concerned with consumer protection restrict the permission of such agreements. PMID:11688223

  15. History of forensic medicine in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Oguz, Polat; Cem, Uysal

    2009-05-01

    Turkey has a short history of forensic medicine compared to the developed countries. Sultan Mahmud II established the first medical school of the Ottoman Empire named as Mekteb-i Tibbiye-i Sahane to provide health services to the army in 1839 [Gok S. Tomorrow, today and yesterday of the forensic medicine. 1st ed. Istanbul: Temel printing office; 1995]. It is also accepted as an important milestone of both medical education and forensic medicine in Turkey [Gok S and Ozen C. History and organization of forensic. 1st ed. Istanbul: Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical School Publications; 1982]. The first lecturer of forensic medicine at Mekteb-i Tibbiye-i Sahane was Dr. Charles Ambroise Bernard (C.A.). and he was also the first to perform autopsy in the history of Ottoman Empire [Gok, 1995]. Approximately 40 years after the first forensic medicine lecture in 1879, the Department of Medical Jurisprudence was established as a division of Zabita Tababet-i Adliye (Law Enforcement Office) in Istanbul [Sehsuvaroğlu and Ozen. History and development of forensic medicine in the world and in our country. Mag Istanbul Univ Med Fac 1974;36(60)]. This paper documents the first two cases of autopsies performed in Turkey with the original papers from the National Library.

  16. Cloning Creationism in Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edis, Taner

    1999-01-01

    Defines how political balances and changes in Turkey effect creation-evolution relation. Describes the influences of Bilim Arastirma Vakfi (BAV) on these changes, which are directly targeted to public education, and discusses the content of creationism. Questions why Islamic creationism is a copy of that of the Institute for Creation Research…

  17. Special Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eres, Figen

    2010-01-01

    The quality and the prevalence of education are the major indicators of the development of a society. It is a kind of human right to every person living in the society to be educated in a sufficient way. The education of the disabled people, a social reality in Turkey, is not sufficiently carried out. This paper aims at the education of the…

  18. Feather the Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Library Media Activities Monthly, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Presents a cut-and-paste turkey puzzle for students to use that combines the use of card or automated catalog records with the Thanksgiving theme. Students are given Thanksgiving topics and asked to find subjects, titles, authors, or keywords in order to assemble the puzzle. (LRW)

  19. Axiom turkey genotyping array

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Axiom®Turkey Genotyping Array interrogates 643,845 probesets on the array, covering 643,845 SNPs. The array development was led by Dr. Julie Long of the USDA-ARS Beltsville Agricultural Research Center under a public-private partnership with Hendrix Genetics, Aviagen, and Affymetrix. The Turk...

  20. Osteomyelitis in turkeys

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Turkey osteomyelitis complex (TOC) is a condition in which apparently healthy, usually male birds have infections that are hidden in their bones, joints, and muscles. Some of these birds have a green liver, which provides a method for detecting these carcasses in the processing plant. Our research h...

  1. Country Profiles, Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Lewis S.

    A profile of Turkey is sketched in this paper. Emphasis is placed on the nature, scope, and accomplishments of population activities in the country. Topics and sub-topics include: location and description of the country; population (size, growth patterns, age structure, urban/rural distribution, ethnic and religious composition, migration,…

  2. English Teaching Profile: Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    A profile of the state of English and English instruction in Turkey covers the following topics: a description of the role and status of English language use in industry and commerce, government, and education; the role of English at all levels of the educational system; the availability, characteristics, and training of teachers of English; the…

  3. Country tobacco laws and article 11 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: a review of tobacco packaging and labeling regulations of 25 countries

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Urgent, evidence-based tobacco control efforts have been advocated by the WHO through the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) articles and guidelines. The level of implementation of these guidelines varies by country and region. This paper identifies areas of alignment and non-alignment of country tobacco laws with respect to the FCTC’s article 11 requirements, which lists guidelines for regulating tobacco packaging and labeling. Methods Countries from each of the six WHO regions were ranked by number of smokers and 25 countries were selected, representing countries from all WHO regions with the highest number of smokers. A scoring guide based on the FCTC article 11 requirements was created and used to rank country tobacco laws and assess levels of alignment as well as identify common areas of weakness and strength. Results Across the countries examined, laws were generally strong in mandating the display of health warning messages on the front and back of cigarette packs and cartons. However, they were deficient in prohibiting the display of emission yields, and placing warnings at the top of the principal display area, as well as requiring health messages on tobacco’s negative social and economic outcomes. Conclusion Country tobacco packaging and labeling laws can be strengthened by greater compliance with the FCTC article 11 guidelines. PMID:24195752

  4. The interplay of public health law and industry self-regulation: the case of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools.

    PubMed

    Mello, Michelle M; Pomeranz, Jennifer; Moran, Patricia

    2008-04-01

    It is increasingly recognized that sugar-sweetened beverage consumption contributes to childhood obesity. Most states have adopted laws that regulate the availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in school settings. However, such policies have encountered resistance from consumer and parent groups, as well as the beverage industry. The beverage industry's recent adoption of voluntary guidelines, which call for the curtailment of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, raises the question, Is further policy intervention in this area needed, and if so, what form should it take? We examine the interplay of public and private regulation of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, by drawing on a 50-state legal and regulatory analysis and a review of industry self-regulation initiatives.

  5. Application of laws, policies, and guidance from the United States and Canada to the regulation of food and feed derived from genetically modified crops: interpretation of composition data.

    PubMed

    Price, William D; Underhill, Lynne

    2013-09-01

    With the development of recombinant DNA techniques for genetically modifying plants to exhibit beneficial traits, laws and regulations were adopted to ensure the safety of food and feed derived from such plants. This paper focuses on the regulation of genetically modified (GM) plants in Canada and the United States, with emphasis on the results of the compositional analysis routinely utilized as an indicator of possible unintended effects resulting from genetic modification. This work discusses the mandate of Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency as well as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's approach to regulating food and feed derived from GM plants. This work also addresses how publications by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and Codex Alimentarius fit, particularly with defining the importance and purpose of compositional analysis. The importance of study design, selection of comparators, use of literature, and commercial variety reference values is also discussed.

  6. Turkey's population at the beginning of the 21st century.

    PubMed

    Unalan, T

    1997-01-01

    This article describes the population structure in Turkey over the past 70 years and presents population projections for the period 1990-2025. Demographic patterns and economic development vary widely within Turkey. Population increased from 13 million to about 60 million during 1923-95. The annual population growth rate was 2.2%. Turkey is one of the 20 most populous countries of the world. The government of Turkey maintained a pronatalist policy until the mid-1960s. The Population Planning Law of 1965 allowed limited imports of contraceptives. In 1983 the law was revised and liberalized to allow abortion up to the 10th gestation week and voluntary surgical sterilization. Past high fertility and growth rates are evident in the young population age structure. In the early 1990s the crude birth rate was about 25/1000. Contraceptive prevalence in 1993 was 63% of total married women in reproductive ages, but only 34.5% relied on effective methods. Withdrawal was the most popular method. Over 66% of women in 1993 reported a desire to stop childbearing, and 14% desired a delay in childbearing. Ideal family size was 2.4 children. The total fertility rate in 1993 was 2.7 children compared to 3.4 in 1988. Infant mortality declined to 53/1000 in the early 1990s. Maternal mortality was 132/1000 live births. Life expectancy was 63 years for males and 68 years for females. 51.4% of the population was urban in 1993. Net in-migration is expected until 2010. Population, under the medium variant, is expected to reach 66 million in 2000 and 87 million in 2025. Under the low variant and a fertility rate decline to 1.58 by 2025, population would reach about 84 million by 2025. Although Turkey remains different from European Union (EU) countries in socioeconomic and demographic profiles, Turkey is a middle-income country and offers the EU an important human resource.

  7. The Application of Non-Discrimination Law and Regulations To Collective Bargaining in Higher Education. Special Report No. 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Collective Bargaining Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This document explores some of the interrelationships between the collective bargaining process and equal employment issues. The National Labor Relations Act, the federal collective bargaining statute, is the focal point of the labor law discussion because it has had significant impact on the drafting and interpretation of state labor legislation…

  8. A universal, turbulence-regulated star formation law: from Milky Way clouds to high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Federrath, Christoph; Salim, Diane; Kewley, Lisa

    2015-08-01

    Whilst the star formation rate (SFR) of molecular clouds and galaxies is key in understanding galaxy evolution, the physical processes which determine the SFR remain unclear. This uncertainty about the underlying physics has resulted in various different star formation laws, all having substantial intrinsic scatter. Extending upon previous works that define the column density of star formation (ΣSFR) by the gas column density (Σgas), we develop a new universal star formation (SF) law based on the multi-freefall prescription of gas. This new SF law relies predominantly on the probability density function (PDF) and on the sonic Mach number of the turbulence in the star-forming clouds. By doing so we derive a relation where the star formation rate (SFR) correlates with the molecular gas mass per multi-freefall time, whereas previous models had used the average, single-freefall time. We define a new quantity called maximum (multi-freefall) gas consumption rate (MGCR) and show that the actual SFR is only about 0.4% of this maximum possible SFR, confirming the observed low efficiency of star formation. We show that placing observations in this new framework (ΣSFR vs. MGCR) yields a significantly improved correlation with 3-4 times reduced scatter compared to previous SF laws and a goodness-of-fit parameter R2 = 0.97. By inverting our new relationship, we provide sonic Mach number predictions for kpc-scale observations of Local Group galaxies as well as unresolved observations of local and high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies that do not have independent, reliable estimates for the turbulent cloud Mach number.

  9. A Universal, Turbulence-regulated Star Formation Law: From Milky Way Clouds to High-redshift Disk and Starburst Galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salim, Diane M.; Federrath, Christoph; Kewley, Lisa J.

    2015-06-01

    While the star formation rate (SFR) of molecular clouds and galaxies is key in understanding galaxy evolution, the physical processes that determine the SFR remain unclear. This uncertainty about the underlying physics has resulted in various different star formation (SF) laws, all having substantial intrinsic scatter. Extending upon previous works that define the column density of star formation ({{{Σ }}}{SFR}) by the gas column density ({{{Σ }}}{gas}), we develop a new universal SF law based on the multi-freefall prescription of gas. This new SF law relies predominantly on the probability density function and on the sonic Mach number of the turbulence in the star-forming clouds. By doing so we derive a relation where the SFR correlates with the molecular gas mass per multi-freefall time, whereas previous models had used the average, single-freefall time. We define a new quantity called maximum (multi-freefall) gas consumption rate (MGCR) and show that the actual SFR is only about 0.4% of this maximum possible SFR, confirming the observed low efficiency of SF. We show that placing observations in this new framework ({{{Σ }}}{SFR} versus MGCR) yields a significantly improved correlation with 3-4 times reduced scatter compared to previous SF laws and a goodness-of-fit parameter {R}2=0.97. By inverting our new relationship, we provide sonic Mach number predictions for kiloparsec-scale observations of Local Group galaxies as well as unresolved observations of local and high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies that do not have independent, reliable estimates for the turbulent cloud Mach number.

  10. Nursing in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Baumann, Steven L

    2006-10-01

    The current discussion on the nursing shortage needs to focus as much on nursing job satisfaction and retention as on nursing recruitment and education. Selected aspects of the motivational psychology of Abraham Maslow, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, and Frederick Hertzberg are here discussed in light of the challenges-opportunities of nursing in Turkey and elsewhere. Also discussed is an innovative program to support the application of nursing theory and professional development in Toronto, Canada. PMID:16982724

  11. IDEA 1997: Implications for Secondary Education and Transition Services. Policy Update: Summarizing Recent Laws and Federal Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center on Secondary Education and Transition, Minneapolis, MN.

    In 1997, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was reauthorized and new regulations took effect May 11, 1999. Several sections of the regulations pertain to the transition of students with disabilities from school to adult life. This policy update presents the regulatory language and describes potential implications in 11 areas…

  12. Characterizing, Classifying, and Understanding Information Security Laws and Regulations: Considerations for Policymakers and Organizations Protecting Sensitive Information Assets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thaw, David Bernard

    2011-01-01

    Current scholarly understanding of information security regulation in the United States is limited. Several competing mechanisms exist, many of which are untested in the courts and before state regulators, and new mechanisms are being proposed on a regular basis. Perhaps of even greater concern, the pace at which technology and threats change far…

  13. [Stranger in Turkey].

    PubMed

    Dorhout Mees, E J

    1997-12-20

    The author, a professor of nephrology, reports some impressions of his 7-year stay in Turkey. He worked at the Ege University in Izmir, traditionally one of the most 'western' cities. He and his wife, who gave unpaid assistance to dialysis patients, attempted to integrate into Turkish society as fully as possible. They traversed the country in weekends and holidays and introduced as many Dutch guests as they could to the unique archeological treasures, the magnificent nature and the extremely friendly population. Work at the university focused increasingly on cultivating a critical attitude with regard to the self, society and the trends and commercialization of medicine in Turkey and in the rest of the world. Self-reliance, also, had to be strengthened. Although this contravened the authority-based Turkish educational system, the efforts were clearly appreciated and even stirred enthusiasm in many of the younger people. There is no doubt that a foreign worker is regarded much more favourable in Turkey than in the Netherlands.

  14. Hepatic Transcriptome Responses of Domesticated and Wild Turkey Embryos to Aflatoxin B1

    PubMed Central

    Monson, Melissa S.; Cardona, Carol J.; Coulombe, Roger A.; Reed, Kent M.

    2016-01-01

    The mycotoxin, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a hepatotoxic, immunotoxic, and mutagenic contaminant of food and animal feeds. In poultry, AFB1 can be maternally transferred to embryonated eggs, affecting development, viability and performance after hatch. Domesticated turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) are especially sensitive to aflatoxicosis, while Eastern wild turkeys (M. g. silvestris) are likely more resistant. In ovo exposure provided a controlled AFB1 challenge and comparison of domesticated and wild turkeys. Gene expression responses to AFB1 in the embryonic hepatic transcriptome were examined using RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq). Eggs were injected with AFB1 (1 μg) or sham control and dissected for liver tissue after 1 day or 5 days of exposure. Libraries from domesticated turkey (n = 24) and wild turkey (n = 15) produced 89.2 Gb of sequence. Approximately 670 M reads were mapped to a turkey gene set. Differential expression analysis identified 1535 significant genes with |log2 fold change| ≥ 1.0 in at least one pair-wise comparison. AFB1 effects were dependent on exposure time and turkey type, occurred more rapidly in domesticated turkeys, and led to notable up-regulation in cell cycle regulators, NRF2-mediated response genes and coagulation factors. Further investigation of NRF2-response genes may identify targets to improve poultry resistance. PMID:26751476

  15. Hepatic Transcriptome Responses of Domesticated and Wild Turkey Embryos to Aflatoxin B₁.

    PubMed

    Monson, Melissa S; Cardona, Carol J; Coulombe, Roger A; Reed, Kent M

    2016-01-06

    The mycotoxin, aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁) is a hepatotoxic, immunotoxic, and mutagenic contaminant of food and animal feeds. In poultry, AFB₁ can be maternally transferred to embryonated eggs, affecting development, viability and performance after hatch. Domesticated turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) are especially sensitive to aflatoxicosis, while Eastern wild turkeys (M. g. silvestris) are likely more resistant. In ovo exposure provided a controlled AFB₁ challenge and comparison of domesticated and wild turkeys. Gene expression responses to AFB₁ in the embryonic hepatic transcriptome were examined using RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq). Eggs were injected with AFB₁ (1 μg) or sham control and dissected for liver tissue after 1 day or 5 days of exposure. Libraries from domesticated turkey (n = 24) and wild turkey (n = 15) produced 89.2 Gb of sequence. Approximately 670 M reads were mapped to a turkey gene set. Differential expression analysis identified 1535 significant genes with |log₂ fold change| ≥ 1.0 in at least one pair-wise comparison. AFB₁ effects were dependent on exposure time and turkey type, occurred more rapidly in domesticated turkeys, and led to notable up-regulation in cell cycle regulators, NRF2-mediated response genes and coagulation factors. Further investigation of NRF2-response genes may identify targets to improve poultry resistance.

  16. Assisted suicide: Models of legal regulation in selected European countries and the case law of the European Court of Human Rights.

    PubMed

    Grosse, Claudia; Grosse, Alexandra

    2015-10-01

    This paper presents three different models of the legal regulation of assisted suicide in European countries. First, the current legal regime governing assisted suicide in the Netherlands is described where both euthanasia and assisted suicide have been legalised. This section also includes some empirical data on euthanasia and assisted-suicide practices in the Netherlands, as well as a comparison with the current legal legislation in Belgium and Luxembourg. Next, Switzerland is presented as a country where euthanasia is punishable by law but assisted suicide is legally allowed, provided it is not carried out with selfish motives. This section also focuses on the assisted-suicide-related case law of the Swiss Federal Supreme Court and the European Court of Human Rights. Last, the current legal situation regarding assisted suicide in Austria and Germany is described. While the Austrian Penal Code explicitly prohibits assisted suicide, assistance with suicide is not specifically regulated by the German Penal Code. However, medical doctors are not allowed to assist suicides according to the professional codes of conduct drawn up by the German medical associations under the supervision of the health authorities.

  17. English Language Teaching Profile: Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    The role of English in Turkey is discussed, with attention directed to: (1) education within the educational system, (2) English teachers, (3) teaching materials, (4) English outside the educational system, and (5) British and American support for the teaching of English. Although English is not used as a means of social communication in Turkey,…

  18. Academic Procrastination and Motivation of Adolescents in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klassen, Robert M.; Kuzucu, Elcin

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a study of academic procrastination and associated motivation variables in 508 adolescents from a general secondary school in central Turkey. Girls reported higher levels of self-efficacy for self-regulation and predicted higher Turkish grades than boys, but there was no difference in levels of procrastination. Academic…

  19. [Sources of law].

    PubMed

    Gutierrez Luna, M

    2004-12-01

    In it first article, the Civil Code establishes that the sources of Spanish law are law, custom, and the general principles of law as well as the circumstances in which each one of them is applied. The Spanish Constitution (SC) is the Law of Laws. It gathers the fundamental rights of the person who should respect the guidelines of the lower ranking. The Law is the guideline having the maximum category below the SC, its elaboration corresponds to the General Courts although the executive power may legislate in certain circumstances (by delegation of the legislative power or by emergency). Executive power elaborates Regulations that are technical developments of the laws. The regulations of the Regional Communities have the rank of law in their geographic setting and for the material in which it has competence. The validly agreed upon international treaties form a part of the Spanish set of rules after being published in the Official State Bulletin. The Spanish legal system is hierarchical, the rules coming from community law are within the peak of the pyramidal structure, with preference on the constitution, followed by laws and rules.

  20. Scaling laws for magnetic reconnection, set by regulation of the electron pressure anisotropy to the firehose threshold

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohia, O.; Egedal, J.; Lukin, V. S.; Daughton, W.; Le, A.

    2015-12-01

    Magnetic reconnection in a weakly collisional plasma, such as in the Earth's magnetosphere, is known to be accompanied by electron pressure anisotropy. For reconnection scenarios including moderate guide magnetic field, electrons are magnetized throughout the reconnection region, and the anisotropy drives extended electron current layers. Along these layers, the anisotropy nears the firehose threshold. We describe how the anisotropy stagnates at this threshold by a mechanism that does not involve pitch-angle mixing. Using previously established anisotropic equations of state and by imposing the marginal firehose condition, scaling laws are obtained for quantities along the current layers as functions of plasma parameters upstream of the reconnection region. The predicted reconnection region quantities include the magnetic field strength, plasma density, and the parallel and perpendicular electron pressures, allowing for a characterization of electron energization solely as a function of the upstream plasma conditions. This characterization is in agreement with simulations and spacecraft observations.

  1. A universal, turbulence-regulated star formation law: from Milky Way clouds to high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malinda Salim, Diane; Federrath, Christoph; Kewley, Lisa

    2015-08-01

    Whilst the star formation rate (SFR) of molecular clouds and galaxies is key in understanding galaxy evolution, the physical processes that determine the SFR remain unclear, with significant intrinsic scatter arising from previous approaches at describing its functional dependencies. In lieu of this, we extend upon preceding parameterisations which had defined the column density of star formation, ΣSFR by either the gas column density Σgas or the ratio between Σgas and the average, single-freefall time. We develop a new universal star formation (SF) law that relies predominantly on the probability density function (PDF) and the sonic Mach number of the turbulence in star-forming clouds. By doing so we derive a relation where the SFR correlates with the molecular gas mass per multi-freefall time. We define a new quantity called maximum (multi-freefall) gas consumption rate (MGCR) and show that the actual SFR is only about 0.4% of the MGCR, confirming the observed low efficiency of star formation. We show that placing observations in this new framework (ΣSFR vs. MGCR) yields a significantly improved correlation with 3-4 times reduced scatter compared to previous SF laws and a goodness-of-fit parameter R2=0.97, close to a perfect fit of R2=1. By inverting our new relationship, we provide sonic Mach number predictions for kpc-scale observations of Local Group galaxies as well as unresolved observations of local and high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies that do not have independent, reliable estimates for the turbulent cloud Mach number.

  2. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts...

  3. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  4. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State and... at public highway-rail grade crossings, in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 20106. (b) This part does not... devices at any highway-rail grade crossing described in § 222.3(c) of this part. (c) Except as provided...

  5. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State and... at public highway-rail grade crossings, in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 20106. (b) This part does not... devices at any highway-rail grade crossing described in § 222.3(c) of this part. (c) Except as provided...

  6. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State and... at public highway-rail grade crossings, in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 20106. (b) This part does not... devices at any highway-rail grade crossing described in § 222.3(c) of this part. (c) Except as provided...

  7. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State and... at public highway-rail grade crossings, in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 20106. (b) This part does not... devices at any highway-rail grade crossing described in § 222.3(c) of this part. (c) Except as provided...

  8. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State and... at public highway-rail grade crossings, in accordance with 49 U.S.C. 20106. (b) This part does not... devices at any highway-rail grade crossing described in § 222.3(c) of this part. (c) Except as provided...

  9. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts...

  10. 49 CFR 350.335 - What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... to interstate commerce (i.e., rules identical to the FMCSRs and HMRs) and intrastate commerce (i.e... regulations pertaining to intrastate commerce and receiving 50 percent of their basic formula allocation on... enforcement practice pertaining to CMV safety, in either interstate or intrastate commerce, is...

  11. Cloning, Sequencing, and Expression of Selenoprotein Transcripts in the Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).

    PubMed

    Sunde, Roger A; Sunde, Gavin R; Sunde, Colin M; Sunde, Milton L; Evenson, Jacqueline K

    2015-01-01

    The minimum Se requirement for male turkey poults is 0.3 μg Se/g--three times higher than requirements found in rodents--based on liver and gizzard glutathione peroxidase-4 (GPX4) and GPX1 activities. In addition, turkey liver GPX4 activity is 10-fold higher and GPX1 activity is 10-fold lower than in rats, and both GPX1 and GPX4 mRNA levels are dramatically down-regulated by Se deficiency. Currently, the sequences of all annotated turkey selenoprotein transcripts and proteins in the NCBI database are only "predicted." Thus we initiated cloning and sequencing of the full turkey selenoprotein transcriptome to demonstrate expression of selenoprotein transcripts in the turkey, and to develop tools to investigate Se regulation of the full selenoproteome. Total RNA was isolated from six tissues of Se-adequate adult tom turkeys, and used to prepare reverse-transcription cDNA libraries. PCR primers were designed, based initially on chicken, rodent, porcine, bovine and human sequences and later on turkey shotgun cloning sequences. We report here the cloning of full transcript sequences for 9 selenoproteins, and 3'UTR portions for 15 additional selenoproteins, which include SECIS elements in 22 3'UTRs, and in-frame Sec (UGA) codons within coding regions of 19 selenoproteins, including 12 Sec codons in SEPP1. In addition, we sequenced the gap between two contigs from the shotgun cloning of the turkey genome, and found the missing sequence for the turkey Sec-tRNA. RTPCR was used to determine the relative transcript expression in 6 tissues. GPX3 expression was high in all tissues except kidney, GPX1 expression was high in kidney, SEPW1 expression was high in heart, gizzard and muscle, and SELU expression was high in liver. SEPP2, a selenoprotein not found in mammals, was highly expressed in liver but not in other tissues. In summary, transcripts for 24 selenoproteins are expressed in the turkey, not just predicted.

  12. Regulation of firearm dealers in the United States: an analysis of state law and opportunities for improvement.

    PubMed

    Vernick, Jon S; Webster, Daniel W; Bulzacchelli, Maria T; Mair, Julie Samia

    2006-01-01

    Firearms were associated with 30, 136 deaths in the United States in 2003. Most guns are initially sold to the public through a network of retail dealers. Licensed firearm dealers are an important source of guns for criminals and gun traffickers. Just one percent of licensed dealers were responsible for more than half of all guns traced to crime. Federal law makes it difficult for ATF to inspect and revoke the licenses of problem gun dealers. State licensing systems, however, are a greatly under-explored opportunity for firearm dealer oversight. We identify and categorize these state systems to identify opportunities for interventions to prevent problem dealers from supplying guns to criminals, juveniles, or gun traffickers. Just seventeen states license gun dealers. Twenty-three states permit routine inspections of dealers but only two mandate that those inspections occur on a regular basis. Twenty-six states impose record-keeping requirements for gun sales. Only thirteen states require some form of store security measures to minimize firearm theft. We conclude with recommendations for a comprehensive system of state licensing and oversight of gun dealers. Our findings can be useful for the coalition of more than fifty U.S. mayors that recently announced it would work together to combat illegal gun trafficking. PMID:17199819

  13. Operational EEW Networks in Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zulfikar, Can; Pinar, Ali

    2016-04-01

    There are several EEW networks and algorithms under operation in Turkey. The first EEW system was deployed in Istanbul in 2002 after the 1999 Mw7.4 Kocaeli and Mw7.1 Duzce earthquake events. The system consisted of 10 strong motion stations located as close as possible to the main Marmara Fault line. The system was upgraded by 5 OBS (Ocean Bottom Seismometer) in 2012 located in Marmara Sea. The system works in threshold based algorithm. The alert is given according to exceedance of certain threshold levels of amplitude of ground motion acceleration in certain time interval at least in 3 stations. Currently, there are two end-users of EEW system in Istanbul. The critical facilities of Istanbul Gas Distribution Company (IGDAS) and Marmaray Tube tunnel receives the EEW information in order to activate their automatic shut-off mechanisms. The IGDAS has their own strong motion network located at their district regulators. After receiving the EEW signal if the threshold values of ground motion parameters are exceeded the gas-flow is cut automatically at the district regulators. The IGDAS has 750 district regulators distributed in Istanbul. At the moment, the 110 of them are instrumented with strong motion accelerometers. As a 2nd stage of the on-going project, the IGDAS company proposes to install strong motion accelerometers to all remaining district regulators. The Marmaray railway tube tunnel is the world's deepest immersed tube tunnel with 60m undersea depth. The tunnel has 1.4km length with 13 segments. The tunnel is monitored with 2 strong motion accelerometers in each segment, 26 in total. Once the EEW signal is received, the monitoring system is activated and the recording ground motion parameters are calculated in real-time. Depending on the exceedance of threshold levels, further actions are taken such as reducing the train speed, stopping the train before entering the tunnel etc. In Istanbul, there are also on-site EEW system applied in several high

  14. Organophosphate toxicity in wild turkeys.

    PubMed

    Nettles, V F

    1976-10-01

    An accidental poisoning of wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) by O,O-Diethyl O-[p-(methylsulfinyl) phenyl] phosphorothioate is reported. Diagnosis was achieved by history, clinical observations, postmortem lesions, diagnostic therapy and pesticide analysis.

  15. Higher Education and the Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Harry T.; Nordin, Virginia Davis

    The proliferation of laws, regulations, and judicial opinions affecting higher education and the nature of the impact of these laws on the academic community are examined. Designed for use by both students and practitioners, the book employs the "case method" design based on the belief that law cases furnish the best sources for study and review…

  16. Mapping the Tobacco Retailers in Edirne, Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Karlıkaya, Celal; İnce, Hüseyin; Özkan, Nurcan

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The youth smoking rate is on the rise in Turkey. Although many marketing bans have been effectively implemented, regulations related to retail tobacco outlets have gone unnoticed and have not been effectively supervised. In this study, we aimed to show the lack of legal regulation related to the high retail tobacco outlet density with displays. Material and Methods: In the center of Edirne, the marketing environment, numbers and geographical distribution of retail tobacco outlets were documented and mapped with geographical positions. Results: There were 569 retail tobacco points of sale in 520 stores. We calculated one tobacco retail outlet per 270 people. This retail outlet density rate is above the national average and about four times higher than the density in Istanbul. Products especially attracting children, such as chocolate, sweet candy and chewing gum, were set up near the tobacco stands and were easy for children to recognize and reach. It can be seen on the city map that 47% of retail tobacco outlets are within 100 m of education, health or sport facilities. Conclusion: We concluded that one of the reasons for the increasing prevalence of cigarette use, especially among adolescents in Turkey, is deregulation of the retail tobacco marketing industry as a result of the privatization process of the national tobacco monopoly. Using mapping techniques can be useful in terms of controlling the retail marketing environment. PMID:25207039

  17. Equine glanders in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Arun, S; Neubauer, H; Gürel, A; Ayyildiz, G; Kusçu, B; Yesildere, T; Meyer, H; Hermanns, W

    1999-03-01

    In the course of an epidemiological study of glanders on a number of Turkish islands in the Sea of Marmara, 1128 horses were examined by using the intracutaneous mallein test. Thirty-five (3-1 per cent) developed an increase in rectal temperature and a swelling at the point of injection. Ten of these horses were killed and glanders was confirmed in five cases by the presence of lesions and by the immunohistological demonstration of the causative agent, Burkholderia mallei. Clinical and pathological findings indicated that in all cases the infection was restricted to the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity with its parasinus, the nostrils and the upper lips. It was confirmed that equine glanders is endemic in Turkey.

  18. Network security vulnerabilities and personal privacy issues in Healthcare Information Systems: a case study in a private hospital in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Namoğlu, Nihan; Ulgen, Yekta

    2013-01-01

    Healthcare industry has become widely dependent on information technology and internet as it moves from paper to electronic records. Healthcare Information System has to provide a high quality service to patients and a productive knowledge share between healthcare staff by means of patient data. With the internet being commonly used across hospitals, healthcare industry got its own share from cyber threats like other industries in the world. The challenge is allowing knowledge transfer to hospital staff while still ensuring compliance with security mandates. Working in collaboration with a private hospital in Turkey; this study aims to reveal the essential elements of a 21st century business continuity plan for hospitals while presenting the security vulnerabilities in the current hospital information systems and personal privacy auditing standards proposed by regulations and laws. We will survey the accreditation criteria in Turkey and counterparts in US and EU. We will also interview with medical staff in the hospital to understand the needs for personal privacy and the technical staff to perceive the technical requirements in terms of network security configuration and deployment. As hospitals are adopting electronic transactions, it should be considered a must to protect these electronic health records in terms of personal privacy aspects. PMID:23823398

  19. Network security vulnerabilities and personal privacy issues in Healthcare Information Systems: a case study in a private hospital in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Namoğlu, Nihan; Ulgen, Yekta

    2013-01-01

    Healthcare industry has become widely dependent on information technology and internet as it moves from paper to electronic records. Healthcare Information System has to provide a high quality service to patients and a productive knowledge share between healthcare staff by means of patient data. With the internet being commonly used across hospitals, healthcare industry got its own share from cyber threats like other industries in the world. The challenge is allowing knowledge transfer to hospital staff while still ensuring compliance with security mandates. Working in collaboration with a private hospital in Turkey; this study aims to reveal the essential elements of a 21st century business continuity plan for hospitals while presenting the security vulnerabilities in the current hospital information systems and personal privacy auditing standards proposed by regulations and laws. We will survey the accreditation criteria in Turkey and counterparts in US and EU. We will also interview with medical staff in the hospital to understand the needs for personal privacy and the technical staff to perceive the technical requirements in terms of network security configuration and deployment. As hospitals are adopting electronic transactions, it should be considered a must to protect these electronic health records in terms of personal privacy aspects.

  20. Pediatric allergy and immunology in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Celik, Gülfem; Bakirtas, Arzu; Sackesen, Cansin; Reisli, Ismail; Tuncer, Ayfer

    2011-06-01

    Allergic diseases constitute a significant health problem in Turkey. According to a recent multicenter study, which used the ISAAC questionnaire, the mean prevalence of wheezing, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema in 10-yr-old school children during the past year was 15.8%, 23.5%, and 8.1%, respectively. A healthcare level system, regulated by Ministry of Health, is available in Turkey. Pediatric allergists and pediatric immunologists provide patient care at the tertiary level. Currently, 48 centers deliver care for allergic and immunologic diseases in children. There are 136 pediatric and 61 adult allergists/immunologists. Although the number of allergy/clinical immunology specialists is limited, these centers are capable of delivering many of the procedures required for the proper management and diagnosis of allergy/immunology. Pediatric allergy and/or immunology is a subspecialty lasting 3 yr and follows a 4-yr pediatric specialist training. Fellow training involves gaining knowledge in basic and clinical allergy and immunology as well as the performance and interpretation of laboratory procedures in the field of allergy and clinical immunology. The Turkish National Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (TNSACI) was officially established in 1989 and currently has 356 members. The society organizes a national congress annually and winter schools for fellowship training as well as training courses for patients and their relatives. TNSACI also has a strong representation in European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) and European Society for Immunodeficiencies (ESID) through its participation in the executive committee, consensus reports, and initiatives in the diagnosis of allergic and immunologic diseases of children. The 30th Congress of the EAACI is also due to be held in Istanbul, Turkey, between June 11 and 15, 2011.

  1. UN adopts Law of Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    After more than 8 years of diplomatic wrangling, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was adopted on April 30 by a vote of 130 to 4. The United States, Israel, Turkey, and Venezuela voted against the treaty; 17 nations—including the Soviet Union, West Germany, and Britain—abstained.The treaty, which would give nations the exclusive rights to natural resources in the continental shelf up to approximately 650 km offshore, will be signed in December. The treaty becomes effective 1 year after at least 60 nations ratify it.

  2. Histomoniasis in wild turkeys in Mississippi.

    PubMed

    Hurst, G A

    1980-07-01

    Blackhead (histomoniasis, enterohepatitis) was diagnosed as the cause of death for three wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) found in widely separated areas in Mississippi. The turkeys came from areas with high turkey population densities and supplemental feeding programs. Finding three sick and/or dead wild turkeys in a year's period suggests that the disease is more prevalent than generally believed. Recommendations for management programs are presented.

  3. Limit laws for Zipf's law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eliazar, Iddo

    2011-01-01

    In this communication we establish stochastic limit laws leading from Zipf's law to Pareto's and Heaps' laws. We consider finite ensembles governed by Zipf's law and study their asymptotic statistics as the ensemble size tends to infinity. A Lorenz-curve analysis establishes three types of limit laws for the ensembles' statistical structure: 'communist', 'monarchic', and Paretian. Further considering a dynamic setting in which the ensembles grow stochastically in time, a functional central limit theorem analysis establishes a Gaussian approximation for the ensembles' stochastic growth. The Gaussian approximation provides a generalized and corrected formulation of Heaps' law.

  4. Excerpts from New York State Education Law, Rules of the Board of Regents and Regulations of the Commissioner of Education Pertaining to Public and Free Association Libraries, Library Systems, Trustees and Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of Library Development.

    This document includes all pertinent changes in New York Education Law enacted through the December 1984 legislative session, and changes of rules of the Board of Regents and regulations of the Commissioner through the Regents Meeting in December 1984, that pertain to public libraries, library systems, trustees, and librarians. Education Law…

  5. EPA's Implementation of Laws Regulating Asbestos Hazards in Schools and in the Air. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    A hearing was held by the Subcommittee on Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of laws regulating asbestos hazards in schools and in the air. Presented are testimony as well as letters and statements submitted for the record by leading authorities in the area including: (1) James…

  6. Turkey. Health system review.

    PubMed

    Tatar, Mehtap; Mollahaliloğlu, Salih; Sahin, Bayram; Aydin, Sabahattin; Maresso, Anna; Hernández-Quevedo, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    Turkey has accomplished remarkable improvements in terms of health status in the last three decades, particularly after the implementation of the Health Transformation Program (HTP (Saglikta Donus, um Programi)). Average life expectancy reached 71.8 for men and 76.8 for women in 2010. The infant mortality rate (IMR) decreased to 10.1 per 1000 live births in 2010, down from 117.5 in 1980. Despite these achievements, there are still discrepancies in terms of infant mortality between rural and urban areas and different parts of the country, although these have been diminishing over the years. The higher infant mortality rates in rural areas can be attributed to low socioeconomic conditions, low female education levels and the prevalence of infectious diseases. The main causes of death are diseases of the circulatory system followed by malignant neoplasms. Turkeys health care system has been undergoing a far-reaching reform process (HTP) since 2003 and radical changes have occurred both in the provision and the financing of health care services. Health services are now financed through a social security scheme covering the majority of the population, the General Health Insurance Scheme (GHIS (Genel Saglik Sigortasi)), and services are provided both by public and private sector facilities. The Social Security Institution (SSI (Sosyal Guvenlik Kurumu)), financed through payments by employers and employees and government contributions in cases of budget deficit, has become a monopsonic (single buyer) power on the purchasing side of health care services. On the provision side, the Ministry of Health (Saglik Bakenligi) is the main actor and provides primary, secondary and tertiary care through its facilities across the country. Universities are also major providers of tertiary care. The private sector has increased its range over recent years, particularly after arrangements paved the way for private sector provision of services to the SSI. The most important reforms since

  7. Turkey: Reviews of National Policies for Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    The first of three parts of this review of Turkey's educational system and national educational policies, the examiner's report, begins by singling out essential features of modern Turkey that affect the provision of education and to which the system is having to respond. These include Turkey's unique geographic situation, its continuing devotion…

  8. Time's Up, Turkey--Pop-Up Thermometers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer, Richard; Everett, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Meat thermometers can be awkward to use in terms of placement and avoidance of bones. Because of these problems, each year 30 million Thanksgiving turkeys have a built-in thermometer that pops up when the turkey is properly cooked. Turkey timers are an example of how engineering solved a common, everyday problem. The following 5E learning cycle…

  9. Life Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selim, Sibel

    2008-01-01

    This research aims to investigate life satisfaction and happiness in Turkey. It extends the previous researches on subjective well-being (SWB) for Turkey by considering both happiness and life satisfaction. The previous researches for Turkey are local studies, and their findings cannot be generalized to the population of Turkish society. Given…

  10. A clash of civilizations? Examining liberal-democratic values in Turkey and the European Union.

    PubMed

    Dixon, Jeffrey C

    2008-12-01

    Turkey's proposed entry into the European Union (EU) has been undermined by Europeans' perceptions of Turkish-European cultural differences, particularly regarding the liberal-democratic values that the EU promotes (democracy, rule of law, and respect for and appreciation of minority/human rights). Yet, cross-national research on values has not focused on Turkey, the EU, and these liberal-democratic values, leaving assumptions of cultural differences and their explanations untested. Through analyses of World and European Values Survey data (1999-2002), this article asks whether people in Turkey have the same values regarding democracy, rule of law (versus religious and authoritarian rule), and minority/human rights as people in EU member and candidate states (as of 2000)? What factors explain these values? I find that people in Turkey support democracy to the same extent as people in EU member and candidate states, but people in Turkey are more supportive of religious and authoritarian rule and are less tolerant of minorities. Although the 'clash of civilizations' thesis expects liberal values to be ordered according to countries' religious traditions, with western Christian the most supportive and Islamic the least, only for tolerance of minorities values is this pattern found. Instead, economic development most consistently explains differences between Turkey and EU member and candidate states in support for these values. I conclude with calls for theoretical refinement, particularly of the clash of civilizations thesis, along with suggestions for future research to examine more Muslim and Orthodox countries; I discuss the debate over Turkey's EU entry. PMID:19035918

  11. A clash of civilizations? Examining liberal-democratic values in Turkey and the European Union.

    PubMed

    Dixon, Jeffrey C

    2008-12-01

    Turkey's proposed entry into the European Union (EU) has been undermined by Europeans' perceptions of Turkish-European cultural differences, particularly regarding the liberal-democratic values that the EU promotes (democracy, rule of law, and respect for and appreciation of minority/human rights). Yet, cross-national research on values has not focused on Turkey, the EU, and these liberal-democratic values, leaving assumptions of cultural differences and their explanations untested. Through analyses of World and European Values Survey data (1999-2002), this article asks whether people in Turkey have the same values regarding democracy, rule of law (versus religious and authoritarian rule), and minority/human rights as people in EU member and candidate states (as of 2000)? What factors explain these values? I find that people in Turkey support democracy to the same extent as people in EU member and candidate states, but people in Turkey are more supportive of religious and authoritarian rule and are less tolerant of minorities. Although the 'clash of civilizations' thesis expects liberal values to be ordered according to countries' religious traditions, with western Christian the most supportive and Islamic the least, only for tolerance of minorities values is this pattern found. Instead, economic development most consistently explains differences between Turkey and EU member and candidate states in support for these values. I conclude with calls for theoretical refinement, particularly of the clash of civilizations thesis, along with suggestions for future research to examine more Muslim and Orthodox countries; I discuss the debate over Turkey's EU entry.

  12. Modelling (18)O2 and (16)O2 unidirectional fluxes in plants. IV: role of conductance and laws of its regulation in C3 plants.

    PubMed

    André, Marcel J

    2013-08-01

    Numerous studies focus on the measurement of conductances for CO2 transfer in plants and especially on their regulatory effects on photosynthesis. Measurement accuracy is strongly dependent on the model used and on the knowledge of the flow of photochemical energy generated by light in chloroplasts. The only accurate and precise method to quantify the linear electron flux (responsible for the production of reductive energy) is the direct measurement of O2 evolution, by (18)O2 labelling and mass spectrometry. The sharing of this energy between the carboxylation (P) and the oxygenation of photorespiration (PR) depends on the plant specificity factor (Sp) and on the corresponding atmospheric concentrations of CO2 and O2 (André, 2013). The concept of plant specificity factor simplifies the equations of the model. It gives a new expression of the effect of the conductance (g) between atmosphere and chloroplasts. Its quantitative effect on photosynthesis is easy to understand because it intervenes in the ratio of the plant specificity factor (Sp) to the specificity of Rubisco (Sr). Using this 'simple' model with the data of (18)O2 experiments, the calculation of conductance variations in response to CO2 and light was carried out. The good fitting of experimental data of O2 and CO2 exchanges confirms the validity of the simple model. The calculation of conductance variation during the increase of external CO2 concentration reveals a linear law of regulation between external and internal CO2 concentrations. During CO2 variations, the effects of g regulation tend to maintain a higher level of oxygenation (PR) in expense of a better carboxylation (P). Contrary to CO2, the variation of O2 creates a negative feedback effect compatible with a stabilization of atmospheric O2. The regulation of g amplifies this result. The effect of light in combination with CO2 is more complex. Below 800μmolquantam(-2)s(-1) the ratio PR/P is maintained unchangeable in expense of carboxylation

  13. Maternal filicide in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Eke, Salih Murat; Basoglu, Saba; Bakar, Bulent; Oral, Gokhan

    2015-01-01

    Filicide occurs in every socioeconomic stratum around the world. This study was conducted to evaluate motives, psychopathological aspects, and socio-demographic factors of 74 filicide cases of women in Turkey. Mean age of mothers, most of whom committed infanticide, was 26 years, and breakdown of criminal offenses are as follows: "to get rid of unwanted babies" (24.3%), "acute psychotic-type filicide" (21.6%), "fatal child abuse and neglect" (17.6%), "to get revenge" (12.2%), "protect the lonely child from the harm and badness after suicide" (10.8%), and "pity" (9.5%) motives. Results showed that maternal filicide cannot be reduced to only mental instability or environmental factors and indicates deficiencies in the capacity of the mothers' role in connecting with their child and with parenting skills. Finally, with regard to defendants' motives, similar factors that contribute to committing maternal filicide should be considered while making an assessment of the data and determining employee risk groups. PMID:25066272

  14. Maternal filicide in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Eke, Salih Murat; Basoglu, Saba; Bakar, Bulent; Oral, Gokhan

    2015-01-01

    Filicide occurs in every socioeconomic stratum around the world. This study was conducted to evaluate motives, psychopathological aspects, and socio-demographic factors of 74 filicide cases of women in Turkey. Mean age of mothers, most of whom committed infanticide, was 26 years, and breakdown of criminal offenses are as follows: "to get rid of unwanted babies" (24.3%), "acute psychotic-type filicide" (21.6%), "fatal child abuse and neglect" (17.6%), "to get revenge" (12.2%), "protect the lonely child from the harm and badness after suicide" (10.8%), and "pity" (9.5%) motives. Results showed that maternal filicide cannot be reduced to only mental instability or environmental factors and indicates deficiencies in the capacity of the mothers' role in connecting with their child and with parenting skills. Finally, with regard to defendants' motives, similar factors that contribute to committing maternal filicide should be considered while making an assessment of the data and determining employee risk groups.

  15. Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG): a collaboration of scientists, law enforcement officials, and regulators working to combat nuclear terrorism and proliferation

    SciTech Connect

    Schwantes, Jon M.

    2013-10-25

    Founded in 1996 upon the initiative of the “Group of 8” governments (G8), the Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG) is an ad hoc organization of official Nuclear Forensics practitioners (scientists, law enforcement, and regulators) that can be called upon to provide technical assistance to the global community in the event of a seizure of nuclear or radiological materials. The ITWG is supported by and is affiliated with nearly 40 countries and international partner organizations including the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), EURATOM, INTERPOL, EUROPOL, and the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) (Figure 1). Besides providing a network of nuclear forensics laboratories that are able to assist the global community during a nuclear smuggling event, the ITWG is also committed to the advancement of the science of nuclear forensic analysis, largely through participation in periodic table top and Collaborative Materials Exercises (CMXs). Exercise scenarios use “real world” samples with realistic forensics investigation time constraints and reporting requirements. These exercises are designed to promote best practices in the field and test, evaluate, and improve new technical capabilities, methods and techniques in order to advance the science of nuclear forensics. Past efforts to advance nuclear forensic science have also included scenarios that asked laboratories to adapt conventional forensics methods (e.g. DNA, fingerprints, tool marks, and document comparisons) for collecting and preserving evidence comingled with radioactive materials.

  16. Autopsy evaluation of coal mining deaths in the city of Zonguldak, Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Ozer, Erdal; Yilmaz, Riza; Evcuman, Durmus; Yildirim, Ali; Cetin, Ilhan; Kocak, Ugur; Ergen, Kivanc

    2014-01-01

    Background In this study, our aim was to evaluate the fatal occupational accidents that occurred in Zonguldak coal mines between the years 2005–2008. Material/Methods We retrospectively evaluated 42 fatal coal mine occupational accidents in Zonguldak (Turkey) between the years 2005–2008. The forensic records of autopsies referred to the chief prosecutors’ office during 2005–2008 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 42 cases. The cases were evaluated with respect to age, mechanism of injury, body region of wound, cause of death, and legality of the mine. Results Ages of the deceased ranged between 17 and 52 (median: 32.9 yrs). Deaths were mostly in the 21–30 (35.8%), and 31–40 (30.9%) age groups. Only 1 case was younger than 18 years of age. Review of occupational fatalities has revealed that fatal accidents occurred mostly (76.2%) in the private, and fewer (23.8%) in the public mining enterprises. Crime scene investigation findings have demonstrated that of all occupational deaths (total n=42), 27 (64.3%) were due to subsidence, followed by methane gas poisoning (n=6, 14.2%), tram crash (n=3, 7.1%), log falls (n=2, 4.8%), electrocution (n=2, 4.8%), and methane explosion (n=2, 4.8%). Conclusions Despite laws and regulations concerning mining and because of problems in their implementation, Turkey leads the world in work-related accidents, occupational injuries, and deaths. Evaluation of autopsy findings of deaths in fatal occupational accidents occurring in coal mines is quite important in planning to decrease rates of occupational fatalities. PMID:24643126

  17. Turkey between two worlds: a demographic view.

    PubMed

    Gallagher, C F

    1982-01-01

    A demographic view of Turkey is presented in this discussion. Turkey provides another example of a country, ravaged by war losses between 1914-1922, which took 4 decades, from the mid1920s to the mid1960s, to move from a pronatalist policy to an understanding of the social, economic, and most recently the political dangers of rampant population growth. The 1st census, taken in Turkey in 1927, showed a population of 13,648,270 living in an area of 299,294 square miles, substantially equal to its present dimensions. In mid1977 the population surpassed 42 million, and it reached 45.6 million in mid1980 estimates. The population grew by only 5.4% in the 1940-1945 intercensal period. With the return to normalcy following the war, Turkey's high wartime death rate (almost 40/1000 between 1940 and 1945) declined rapidly and population growth began to accelerate. It was toward the end of the 1950s that concern began to be expressed about the rapid population growth the country was experiencing. The Ministry of Health and Social Affairs and the State Planning Organization began to study the implications of the increase for future social and economic development. This reconsideration of the previous pronatalist policy, which had forbidden the dissemination of birth control supplies or information, received a stimulus following the coup of 1960 that brought the military to power. Under military rule from May 1960 to November 1961 an antinatalist position emerged and was incorporated in the 1963-1967 5 year plan and later in the Population Planning Law, No. 557, enacted in 1965. Law 557 was permissive yet essentially neutral. It did not interfere with the private decisions of couples to plan family size but it offered them contraceptive supplies and information free or at low cost as well as education in population matters. Abortion was legalized if the mother's health were endangered, but it was not allowed otherwise. Sterilization was prohibited. The implementation of these

  18. Turkey between two worlds: a demographic view.

    PubMed

    Gallagher, C F

    1982-01-01

    A demographic view of Turkey is presented in this discussion. Turkey provides another example of a country, ravaged by war losses between 1914-1922, which took 4 decades, from the mid1920s to the mid1960s, to move from a pronatalist policy to an understanding of the social, economic, and most recently the political dangers of rampant population growth. The 1st census, taken in Turkey in 1927, showed a population of 13,648,270 living in an area of 299,294 square miles, substantially equal to its present dimensions. In mid1977 the population surpassed 42 million, and it reached 45.6 million in mid1980 estimates. The population grew by only 5.4% in the 1940-1945 intercensal period. With the return to normalcy following the war, Turkey's high wartime death rate (almost 40/1000 between 1940 and 1945) declined rapidly and population growth began to accelerate. It was toward the end of the 1950s that concern began to be expressed about the rapid population growth the country was experiencing. The Ministry of Health and Social Affairs and the State Planning Organization began to study the implications of the increase for future social and economic development. This reconsideration of the previous pronatalist policy, which had forbidden the dissemination of birth control supplies or information, received a stimulus following the coup of 1960 that brought the military to power. Under military rule from May 1960 to November 1961 an antinatalist position emerged and was incorporated in the 1963-1967 5 year plan and later in the Population Planning Law, No. 557, enacted in 1965. Law 557 was permissive yet essentially neutral. It did not interfere with the private decisions of couples to plan family size but it offered them contraceptive supplies and information free or at low cost as well as education in population matters. Abortion was legalized if the mother's health were endangered, but it was not allowed otherwise. Sterilization was prohibited. The implementation of these

  19. Turkey vulture surveys in Cuba

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wotzkow, C.; Wiley, J.W.

    1988-01-01

    Turkey Vultures (Cathartes aura), were surveyed monthly in Cuba from March 1982-January 1983. A total of 25371 vultures were tallied in 7186 km (3.5 vultures/transect km) of roadside counting along main highways leading from the city of La Habana (northwestern Cuba) to the city of Las Tunas (southeast). Numbers of vultures counted declined substantially beyond 200 m from the transect road. Density of vultures observed within 200 m of the road along the transect route was 0.06/ha. Highest counts were obtained in March, April and June. Turkey Vulture flying activity was greatest during the periods 0900-1200 H and 1400-1700 H.

  20. Coal preparation practice in turkey

    SciTech Connect

    Ozbayoglu, G.

    1980-02-01

    Currently, there are six preparation plants operating in Turkey; four treat all the country's run-of-mine (ROM) bituminous coal, and the two remaining plants treat about 15% of the country's total production of lignite. In order to improve the quality of Turkey's ROM coals, various preparation techniques are used. The preparation plant flowsheets include jigs or dense-media separators for cleaning coarse coals; feldspar jigs, concentrating tables, or dense-media cyclones for treating fine coal; and froth flotation for slimes.

  1. 12 CFR 213.9 - Relation to state laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Relation to state laws. 213.9 Section 213.9... LEASING (REGULATION M) § 213.9 Relation to state laws. (a) Inconsistent state law. A state law that is... a lessor cannot comply with a state law without violating a provision of this part, the state law...

  2. Suicide in Batman, Southeastern Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altindag, Abdurrahman; Ozkan, Mustafa; Oto, Remzi

    2005-01-01

    The southeastern part of Turkey has comparatively high female suicide rates. We aimed to research social, economic, cultural, and psychiatric reasons of suicides in Batman in a case-controlled psychological autopsy study comparing suicides with matched community controls. The female suicide rate was 9.3 per 100.000 and the female/male ratio was…

  3. Human Metapneumovirus in Turkey Poults

    PubMed Central

    Velayudhan, Binu T.; Nagaraja, Kakambi V.; Thachil, Anil J.; Shaw, Daniel P.; Gray, Gregory C.

    2006-01-01

    This study was conducted to reexamine the hypothesis that human metapneumovirus (hMPV) will not infect turkeys. Six groups of 2-week-old turkeys (20 per group) were inoculated oculonasally with 1 of the following: noninfected cell suspension; hMPV genotype A1, A2, B1, or B2; or avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) subtype C. Poults inoculated with hMPV showed nasal discharge days 4–9 postexposure. Specific viral RNA and antigen were detected by reverse-transcription PCR and immunohistochemical evaluation, respectively, in nasal turbinates of birds exposed to hMPV. Nasal turbinates of hMPV-infected turkeys showed inflammatory changes and mucus accumulation. Each of the 4 hMPV genotypes caused a transient infection in turkeys as evidenced by clinical signs, detection of hMPV in turbinates, and histopathologic examination. Detailed investigation of cross-species pathogenicity of hMPV and aMPV and its importance for human and animal health is needed. PMID:17235379

  4. Capillariasis in penned wild turkeys.

    PubMed

    Hurst, G A; Turner, L W; Tucker, F S

    1979-07-01

    Capillariasis caused by Capillaria annulata was associated with dilated crops, emaciation and mortality of 23 juvenile wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) in a captive flock. Gross lesions in the crops ranged from slithtly-thickened lining folds to a thick necrotic diphtheritic membrane covering the entire inside surface. The parasites were in the squamous epithelium. Hygromycin controlled the outbreak.

  5. Enteric viruses in turkey enteritis.

    PubMed

    Jindal, Naresh; Mor, Sunil K; Goyal, Sagar M

    2014-01-01

    Gut health is very important to get maximum returns in terms of weight gain and egg production. Enteric diseases such as poult enteritis complex (PEC) in turkeys do not allow their production potential to be achieved to its maximum. A number of viruses, bacteria, and protozoa have been implicated but the primary etiology has not been definitively established. Previously, electron microscopy was used to detect the presence of enteric viruses, which were identified solely on the basis of their morphology. With the advent of rapid molecular diagnostic methods and next generation nucleic acid sequencing, researchers have made long strides in identification and characterization of viruses associated with PEC. The molecular techniques have also helped us in identification of pathogens which were previously not known. Regional and national surveys have revealed the presence of several different enteric viruses in PEC including rotavirus, astrovirus, reovirus and coronavirus either alone or in combination. There may still be unknown pathogens that may directly or indirectly play a role in enteritis in turkeys. This review will focus on the role of turkey coronavirus, rotavirus, reovirus, and astrovirus in turkey enteritis. PMID:25674583

  6. Comparison of Ukrainian and Turkish Law Students' Attitudes towards Democratic Values: Cross-Cultural Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayalar, Fethi

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine Ukrainian and Turkish law students' attitudes towards democratic values and the factors that may affect these values and to compare them in terms of different variables. This study is a descriptive survey model. The research consists of total 226 students from three Schools of Law, two in Turkey and one in…

  7. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  8. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  9. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  10. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  11. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  12. Law 302.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This publication outlines a law course intended as part of a business education program in the secondary schools of Manitoba, Canada. The one credit course of study should be taught over a period of 110-120 hours of instruction. It provides students with an introduction to the principles, practices, and consequences of law with regard to torts,…

  13. Space Law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hermida, Julian

    2006-01-01

    This chapter examines the salient characteristics of Space Law. It analyzes the origins and evolution of Space Law, its main international principles, and some current topics of interest to the scientific community: the delimitation of airspace and outer space, intellectual property, and criminal responsibility.

  14. Public Relations & the Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Frank

    This monograph synthesizes the laws and regulations that form the basis of the right to representation in the court of public opinion by all who would seek to influence public and private decisions. It expresses the framework of human and social values that underlie this constitutional freedom and that give public relations and other management…

  15. School Law: Background Checks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1988-01-01

    In an Oklahoma case, the district court ruled that the school district had failed to investigate the background of a teacher convicted of a second sexual abuse charge. School districts should examine personnel polices and practices, and the school lawyer should review state laws, regulations, and court cases. (MLF)

  16. Intestinal adaptation to diet in the young domestic and wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).

    PubMed

    Foye, O T; Black, B L

    2006-02-01

    The short-term effects of diet on jejunal growth, alanine transport rate, and leucine aminopeptidase activity (LAP) were compared in the domestic and wild turkey poult. One-day-old poults of each strain were fed diets of high vs., low protein, with carbohydrate varied to maintain isocaloric conditions. Prior to feeding, relative jejunal mass and alanine transport rates were not significantly different in the two turkey strains, whereas LAP activity was 270% higher in wild poults. After feeding for 72 h, relative jejunal mass doubled in both turkey strains. In domestic turkeys, alanine transport rate and LAP activity were reduced by approximately 42% and 25%, respectively, in poults fed a 24% protein-69% carbohydrate diet vs. a 49% protein-35% carbohydrate diet. Analysis of the combined data from feeding experiments revealed that alanine transport rate was not correlated with total food, protein or lipid intake, but was negatively correlated with carbohydrate consumption (P<0.05). In wild turkeys, neither alanine transport rate nor LAP activity were altered by diet. These results reveal that domestic turkey hatchlings can modulate protein digestive and absorptive functions as protein/carbohydrate composition of the diet changes and suggest that high dietary carbohydrate down-regulates the intestinal alanine transporter.

  17. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203..., so long as: (1) The tribal law or leasing policy adopts an alternative plan for providing notice...

  18. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203..., so long as: (1) The tribal law or leasing policy adopts an alternative plan for providing notice...

  19. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203..., so long as: (1) The tribal law or leasing policy adopts an alternative plan for providing notice...

  20. The Golden Arches Meet the Hallowed Halls: Franchise Law and the Law School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Danaya

    1995-01-01

    A law school course in franchise law focuses on how various legal issues and categories interact within the context of the narrowly defined business relationship of a franchise. Four major topics included federal and state disclosure regulations, trademarks and service marks, common law contract issues, and antitrust law. Class exercises included…

  1. State-Level Legal Preparedness for Nuclear and Radiological Emergencies in the U.S.: A Network Analysis of State Laws and Regulations

    PubMed Central

    Ferrell Bjerke, Elizabeth; Galvan, Jared; Sweeney, Patricia; Potter, Margaret A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study explored if and to what extent the laws of U.S. states mirrored the U.S. federal laws for responding to nuclear-radiological emergencies (NREs). Methods Emergency laws from a 12-state sample and the federal government were retrieved and translated into numeric codes representing acting agents, their partner agents, and the purposes of activity in terms of preparedness, response, and recovery. We used network analysis to explore the relationships among agents in terms of legally directed NRE activities. Results States' legal networks for NREs appear as not highly inclusive, involving an average of 28% of agents among those specified in the federal laws. Certain agents are highly central in NRE networks, so that their capacity and effectiveness might strongly influence an NRE response. Conclusions State-level lawmakers and planners might consider whether or not greater inclusion of agents, modeled on the federal government laws, would enhance their NRE laws and if more agents should be engaged in planning and policy-making for NRE incidents. Further research should explore if and to what extent legislated NRE directives impose constraints on practical response activities including emergency planning. PMID:25355987

  2. University Freedom in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolasir, Semiyha

    2006-01-01

    Freedom means the right of the universities to do their scientific activities and to regulate and do the higher education through their organs. The three feet that make up the university freedom are scientific freedom, administrative freedom and financial freedom. Scientific freedom is realized by the freedom of the faculty and teaching staff and…

  3. Susceptibility of convalescent turkeys to pulmonary aspergillosis.

    PubMed

    Kunkle, R A; Sacco, R E

    1998-01-01

    Pulmonary lesions resulting from Aspergillus fumigatus inoculation were assessed in convalescent turkeys and compared with those in previously noninoculated (control) turkeys. In addition, lesions observed in small Beltsville white (SBW) turkeys were compared with those in broad-breasted white (BBW) turkeys challenged with the same inoculum. Turkeys were challenged by unilateral posterior thoracic air sac (PTAS) inoculation, rechallenged via the contralateral air sac after 5 wk, and then necropsied 1 wk later. Pulmonary lesions induced by the initial challenge had resolved in 6 of 10 SBW and 9 of 10 BBW turkeys. However, convalescence did not protect against pulmonary aspergillosis subsequent to rechallenge; 10 of 10 SBW and 9 of 10 BBW developed granulomatous pulmonary lesions on the side of reexposure. A greater proportion of control SBW turkeys developed pneumonia and airsacculitis following challenge as compared with the BBW breed. Lesions were limited to the lower respiratory tract in all turkeys and were confined to the ipsilateral lung and PTAS in the singly inoculated control turkeys. This study demonstrates that convalescence from pulmonary aspergillosis does not confer protection against rechallenge but may, instead, decrease resistance to subsequent infection. PMID:9876849

  4. Susceptibility of convalescent turkeys to pulmonary aspergillosis.

    PubMed

    Kunkle, R A; Sacco, R E

    1998-01-01

    Pulmonary lesions resulting from Aspergillus fumigatus inoculation were assessed in convalescent turkeys and compared with those in previously noninoculated (control) turkeys. In addition, lesions observed in small Beltsville white (SBW) turkeys were compared with those in broad-breasted white (BBW) turkeys challenged with the same inoculum. Turkeys were challenged by unilateral posterior thoracic air sac (PTAS) inoculation, rechallenged via the contralateral air sac after 5 wk, and then necropsied 1 wk later. Pulmonary lesions induced by the initial challenge had resolved in 6 of 10 SBW and 9 of 10 BBW turkeys. However, convalescence did not protect against pulmonary aspergillosis subsequent to rechallenge; 10 of 10 SBW and 9 of 10 BBW developed granulomatous pulmonary lesions on the side of reexposure. A greater proportion of control SBW turkeys developed pneumonia and airsacculitis following challenge as compared with the BBW breed. Lesions were limited to the lower respiratory tract in all turkeys and were confined to the ipsilateral lung and PTAS in the singly inoculated control turkeys. This study demonstrates that convalescence from pulmonary aspergillosis does not confer protection against rechallenge but may, instead, decrease resistance to subsequent infection.

  5. Analysis of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive and the EIA decision in Turkey

    SciTech Connect

    Bilgin, Ayla

    2015-07-15

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive first entered into force in the United States in 1969, and began to be implemented in many other countries by 1990. The first Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive in Turkey was published on February 7, 1993, under the Environmental Law No. 2872. The EIA Directive was revised seven times on June 23, 1997, June 6, 2002, December 16, 2003, July 17, 2008, October 3, 2013, and November 25, 2014. Several amendments were made during this process. The first EIA Directive dated 1993 was narrow in scope and its procedure was long, while the amendments in 2003, 2008, 2013, and 2014 widened the scope of the EIA, and shortened the EIA assessment procedures. In this study, the amendments to the Turkish EIA Directive were analysed, and their effect on the number of EIA decisions made was addressed. It was concluded that the uncertainties in EIA procedures were removed, procedures were shortened, and as a result, the number of EIA decisions increased thanks to the revisions made in line with harmonisation with European Union (EU) acquis. - Highlights: • Demonstrates the Environmental Impact Assessment practices in Turkey. • Demonstrates the application of the EIA in Turkey by sector. • Demonstrates the amendments of the EIA by-laws in Turkey. • Demonstrates the changes in EIA practices and EIA decisions.

  6. Parasites of the Christmas turkey.

    PubMed

    Long, P L; Current, W L; Noblet, G P

    1987-12-01

    In the temperate West, the turkey remains popular fare for festive feasts. It is a large bird, amenable to intensive rearing, and now represents one of the cheapest forms of poultry meat available (Box 1). In the USA alone, nearly 100 million birds are raised annually - mainly in Minnesota and North Carolina. But intensive rearing can incur risks of epizootic parasitic diseases, often responsible for severe economic losses. Improved management and medication have reduced the impact of some, such as 'gapezvorm disease', histomoniasis and intestinal coccidiosis; leucocytozoonosis now presents less of a threat than in the past, but some 'newer' diseases such as cryptosporidiosis may yet present severe problems. In this article, Peter Long, William Current and Gayle Noblet review the main parasite challenges faced by the commercial turkey industry.

  7. 12 CFR 202.11 - Relation to state law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Relation to state law. 202.11 Section 202.11... OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.11 Relation to state law. (a) Inconsistent state laws. Except as otherwise provided in this section, this regulation alters, affects, or preempts only those state laws...

  8. Mechanistic modeling of turkey growth response to genotype and nutrition.

    PubMed

    Rivera-Torres, V; Ferket, P R; Sauvant, D

    2011-10-01

    Along with the fast genetic improvement, nutritional and environmental effects on poultry growth performance have made it necessary to develop growth models that have the flexibility to adapt to different genotypes and growing conditions. A mechanistic simulation model of energy and nutrient utilization in growing turkeys is presented herein. The model consists of simulating the average homeorhetic and homeostatic regulations associated with the utilization of circulating glucose, fatty acid, AA, and acetyl-CoA for protein and lipid retention in carcass, viscera, and feathers in a turkey population. Homeorhesis plays a major role in the control of protein and lipid turnover for the definition of genetic potential and feed intake, whereas homeostasis adjusts growth rate through protein and lipid turnover rates and, therefore, BW gain and feed intake to the growing conditions. Also, homeostasis enables the maintenance of a dynamic balance state during all the growing period through the control of circulating nutrient concentration. The model was developed and calibrated with experimental data that described energy utilization in male and female growing turkeys. Then, the ability of the model to adapt to genotypes and to predict the average response of a turkey population to dietary energy was evaluated. Model calibration showed simulations of energy and nutrient utilization that fitted well with the experimental data because ME was satisfyingly partitioned into heat production and energy retention as protein and lipid, and nutrient intake accurately partitioned BW gain into carcass, viscera, and feathers. The evaluation of the model was also satisfactory because BW gain and feed-to-gain ratio were globally in accordance with the observations in different male and female genotypes, in spite of an overestimation of the feed-to-gain ratio during the first weeks of age. Model evaluation showed that the BW gain and feed intake response of growing turkeys to dietary energy

  9. Underage mothers in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Ozer, Erdal; Nacar, Mehmet Can; Yildirim, Ali; Enginyurt, Ozgur; Din, Hasan; Evcuman, Durmus

    2014-01-01

    Background All individuals under the age of 18 are considered as children by the Convention on the Rights of Children. Underage mothers are a pediatric-age group of children that become pregnant and give birth. It may be unfamiliar in Western countries, but in Middle-Eastern countries ruled by religious laws and old-fashioned traditions, it is common for an older man to marry a girl. The aim of this study was to describe the status of underage mothers within the framework of children’s rights and to draw attention to this issue. We presented this study to increase awareness and sensitivity, and to scrutinize and discuss these topics. Material/Methods We retrospectively investigated cases of underaged pregnant girls who applied to Forensic Science Department outpatient clinics and Obstetrics and Gynecology Department outpatient clinics of Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Medicine between 2003 and 2013. Results We accessed records of 163 underage mothers (≤18 age). Mean age was 16.9±0.83 (14–18 years). Gravida and parity rates increased proportionately with increasing age. Most of our cases were 16 and 17 years of age (n: 117, 71.8%). Conclusions Underage motherhood is not only a medical issue; it is a multi-dimensional problem with social, economic, traditional, religious, and legal aspects. PMID:24714663

  10. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...=en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  11. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...= en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  12. 31 CFR 212.9 - Preemption of State law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Preemption of State law. 212.9 Section... PAYMENTS § 212.9 Preemption of State law. (a) Inconsistent law preempted. Any State or local government law... inconsistency. A State law or regulation is inconsistent with this part if it requires a financial...

  13. 43 CFR 8365.1-7 - State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false State and local laws. 8365.1-7 Section... and local laws. Except as otherwise provided by Federal law or regulation, State and local laws and... not limited to, State and local laws and ordinances governing: (a) Operation and use of motor...

  14. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...=en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  15. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...= en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  16. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...= en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  17. Isolation and characterization of an ovoinhibitor, a multidomain Kazal-like inhibitor from Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) seminal plasma.

    PubMed

    Słowińska, Mariola; Liszewska, Ewa; Nynca, Joanna; Bukowska, Joanna; Hejmej, Anna; Bilińska, Barbara; Szubstarski, Jarosław; Kozłowski, Krzysztof; Jankowski, Jan; Ciereszko, Andrzej

    2014-11-01

    Turkey seminal plasma contains three serine proteinase inhibitors. Two of them, with low molecular masses (6 kDa), were identified as single-domain Kazal-type inhibitors responsible for regulating acrosin activity. Our experimental objective was to isolate and characterize the inhibitor with the high molecular weight from turkey seminal plasma. The inhibitor was purified using hydrophobic interaction and affinity chromatography. Pure preparations of the inhibitor were used for identification by mass spectrometry, for determination of physicochemical properties (molecular weight, pI, and content and composition of the carbohydrate component), for kinetic studies, and for antibacterial tests. Gene expression and immunohistochemical detection of the inhibitor were analyzed in the testis, epididymis, and ductus deferens. The inhibitor with a high molecular weight from turkey seminal plasma was identified as an ovoinhibitor, which was found in avian semen for the first time. The turkey seminal plasma ovoinhibitor was a six-tandem homologous Kazal-type domain serine proteinase inhibitor that targeted multiple proteases, including subtilisin, trypsin, and elastase, but not acrosin. Our results suggested that hepatocyte growth factor activator was a potential target proteinase for the ovoinhibitor in turkey seminal plasma. The presence of the ovoinhibitor within the turkey reproductive tract suggested that its role was to maintain a microenvironment for sperm in the epididymis and ductus deferens. The turkey seminal plasma ovoinhibitor appeared to play a significant role in an antibacterial semen defense against Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus.

  18. Isolation and characterization of an ovoinhibitor, a multidomain Kazal-like inhibitor from Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) seminal plasma.

    PubMed

    Słowińska, Mariola; Liszewska, Ewa; Nynca, Joanna; Bukowska, Joanna; Hejmej, Anna; Bilińska, Barbara; Szubstarski, Jarosław; Kozłowski, Krzysztof; Jankowski, Jan; Ciereszko, Andrzej

    2014-11-01

    Turkey seminal plasma contains three serine proteinase inhibitors. Two of them, with low molecular masses (6 kDa), were identified as single-domain Kazal-type inhibitors responsible for regulating acrosin activity. Our experimental objective was to isolate and characterize the inhibitor with the high molecular weight from turkey seminal plasma. The inhibitor was purified using hydrophobic interaction and affinity chromatography. Pure preparations of the inhibitor were used for identification by mass spectrometry, for determination of physicochemical properties (molecular weight, pI, and content and composition of the carbohydrate component), for kinetic studies, and for antibacterial tests. Gene expression and immunohistochemical detection of the inhibitor were analyzed in the testis, epididymis, and ductus deferens. The inhibitor with a high molecular weight from turkey seminal plasma was identified as an ovoinhibitor, which was found in avian semen for the first time. The turkey seminal plasma ovoinhibitor was a six-tandem homologous Kazal-type domain serine proteinase inhibitor that targeted multiple proteases, including subtilisin, trypsin, and elastase, but not acrosin. Our results suggested that hepatocyte growth factor activator was a potential target proteinase for the ovoinhibitor in turkey seminal plasma. The presence of the ovoinhibitor within the turkey reproductive tract suggested that its role was to maintain a microenvironment for sperm in the epididymis and ductus deferens. The turkey seminal plasma ovoinhibitor appeared to play a significant role in an antibacterial semen defense against Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. PMID:25253733

  19. 43 CFR 2650.3 - Lawful entries, lawful settlements, and mining claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Lawful entries, lawful settlements, and mining claims. 2650.3 Section 2650.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands... mining claims....

  20. Salmonella Levels in Turkey Neck Skins, Drumstick Bones, and Spleens in Relation to Ground Turkey.

    PubMed

    Cui, Yue; Guran, Husnu S; Harrison, Mark A; Hofacre, Charles L; Alali, Walid Q

    2015-11-01

    The objective of this study was to determine Salmonella levels (presence and numbers) in turkey drumstick bone, spleen, and neck skin samples in relation to Salmonella contamination levels in ground turkey at the flock level. Over a 10-month period, a total of 300 samples of each turkey part (i.e., neck skin, spleen, and drumstick) from 20 flocks were collected at a commercial turkey processing plant after the evisceration step. Turkey flocks included in this study were classified as "targeted" and "nontargeted" based on the company's historical ground turkey contamination data. A flock that originated from a turkey farm that had previously produced one or more flocks with ≥20% Salmonella prevalence in ground turkey was labeled as a targeted flock (n = 13). The remaining seven flocks with <20% prevalence were labeled as nontargeted. All samples collected were tested for Salmonella presence and numbers by using most-probable-number and selective enrichment methods. Further genotypic analysis (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) of the isolates was performed. Ground turkey samples were collected and analyzed for Salmonella levels by the cooperating turkey company. The outside surface of bone and spleen were sterilized prior to Salmonella analysis. The overall Salmonella prevalence in neck skin, drumstick bone, spleen, and ground turkey samples was 42.0, 9.3, 6.7, and 14.5%, respectively. Salmonella prevalence in neck skin, spleen, drumstick bone, and ground turkey from the targeted flocks was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those from nontargeted flocks. There was a significant relationship between Salmonella presence in neck skin (when most probable numbers were ≥2 log) and Salmonella-positive ground turkey lot. Based on our findings, Salmonella was detected internally in drumstick bones and spleens at low levels, whereas Salmonella presence at higher levels in neck skin may indicate a flock with greater potential for Salmonella contamination of ground turkey.

  1. Salmonella Levels in Turkey Neck Skins, Drumstick Bones, and Spleens in Relation to Ground Turkey.

    PubMed

    Cui, Yue; Guran, Husnu S; Harrison, Mark A; Hofacre, Charles L; Alali, Walid Q

    2015-11-01

    The objective of this study was to determine Salmonella levels (presence and numbers) in turkey drumstick bone, spleen, and neck skin samples in relation to Salmonella contamination levels in ground turkey at the flock level. Over a 10-month period, a total of 300 samples of each turkey part (i.e., neck skin, spleen, and drumstick) from 20 flocks were collected at a commercial turkey processing plant after the evisceration step. Turkey flocks included in this study were classified as "targeted" and "nontargeted" based on the company's historical ground turkey contamination data. A flock that originated from a turkey farm that had previously produced one or more flocks with ≥20% Salmonella prevalence in ground turkey was labeled as a targeted flock (n = 13). The remaining seven flocks with <20% prevalence were labeled as nontargeted. All samples collected were tested for Salmonella presence and numbers by using most-probable-number and selective enrichment methods. Further genotypic analysis (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) of the isolates was performed. Ground turkey samples were collected and analyzed for Salmonella levels by the cooperating turkey company. The outside surface of bone and spleen were sterilized prior to Salmonella analysis. The overall Salmonella prevalence in neck skin, drumstick bone, spleen, and ground turkey samples was 42.0, 9.3, 6.7, and 14.5%, respectively. Salmonella prevalence in neck skin, spleen, drumstick bone, and ground turkey from the targeted flocks was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those from nontargeted flocks. There was a significant relationship between Salmonella presence in neck skin (when most probable numbers were ≥2 log) and Salmonella-positive ground turkey lot. Based on our findings, Salmonella was detected internally in drumstick bones and spleens at low levels, whereas Salmonella presence at higher levels in neck skin may indicate a flock with greater potential for Salmonella contamination of ground turkey

  2. Government Publications and Gray Literature in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anameric, Hakan

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates bibliographic control of government publications and gray literature in Turkey, in order to determine what further measures are needed to support researchers in both Turkey and abroad. It reports the circumstances surrounding the creation of "The Bibliography of Government Publications" prepared in 1971, and outlines how…

  3. Enteric parvovirus infections of chickens and turkeys

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Chicken and turkey parvoviruses are members of the Parvovirus family. Comparative sequence analysis of their genome structure revealed that they should form a new genus within the vertebrate Parvovirinae subfamily. The first chicken and turkey parvoviruses were identified by electron microscopy duri...

  4. FHF-2 in the turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).

    PubMed

    Reed, K M

    2002-11-01

    A cDNA clone homologous to the fibroblast growth factor homologous factor (FHF-2) was isolated and sequenced from the turkey (Meleagris gallopavo). The DNA sequence of the turkey was almost identical to that of the chicken (99% similarity) differing at only 8 of 770 nucleotides in the coding region resulting in a single amino acid difference between these poultry species. The 3'UTR of the turkey FHF-2 gene was 445 nucleotides in length and included an imperfect CT microsatellite (ms) repeat. The sequence of the 3'UTR was amplified from genomic DNA of the chicken and found to be highly conserved differing at only three nucleotides when compared to the turkey. Length of the CT repeat was indifferent in a sample of 52 turkeys (monomorphic) however, the number of CT repeats was greater in the turkey than in the chicken. No inter-individual polymorphism was detected in multiple sequences of the 3'UTR of the FHF-2 gene in the turkey. Based on comparison of the turkey and chicken sequences, the mutation rate for coding and associated non-coding (3'UTR) regions of FHF-2 are approximately equal.

  5. Characteristics of Inclusive Classrooms in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melekoglu, Macid Ayhan

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, inclusive classrooms in Turkey are described in terms of the characteristics of both classroom teachers and students with special needs. Participants of this study consisted of 54 teachers working in inclusive classrooms and 54 students with mild intellectual disabilities in those classrooms in Turkey. Data for this study were…

  6. Rights of the Child in Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naqvi, Yasmin

    This report to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child contains observations of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) concerning the application of the Convention by Turkey and observations regarding violence against girls in Turkey. The report is presented in three major parts. Part 1 asserts that despite the considerable…

  7. Extreme Forms of Child Labour in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Degirmencioglu, Serdar M.; Acar, Hakan; Acar, Yuksel Baykara

    2008-01-01

    Two little known forms of child labour in Turkey are examined. The process through which these children are made to work has parallels with the experiences of slaves. First, a long-standing practice from Northwestern Turkey of parents hiring children to better-off farmers is examined. Further, a more recent problem is examined where children are…

  8. Citizenship Education in Turkey: Inclusive or Exclusive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ince, Basak

    2012-01-01

    This paper scrutinises citizenship education in Turkey from the foundation of the Turkish Republic (1923) to the present and explores the extent to which it encourages inclusive or exclusive concepts of national identity and citizenship. In Turkey, where there are citizens belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, civic education plays a…

  9. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not...

  10. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not...

  11. 50 CFR 665.936 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false International law. 665.936 Section 665... National Monument § 665.936 International law. The regulations in this subpart shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is...

  12. 50 CFR 665.906 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false International law. 665.906 Section 665... National Monument § 665.906 International law. The regulations in this subpart shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is...

  13. 50 CFR 665.906 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false International law. 665.906 Section 665... National Monument § 665.906 International law. The regulations in this subpart shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is...

  14. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not...

  15. 50 CFR 665.936 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false International law. 665.936 Section 665... National Monument § 665.936 International law. The regulations in this subpart shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is...

  16. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not a citizen, national,...

  17. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not...

  18. Selection, Placement and Instatement of School Managers in Turkey: Evaluation of the Current Situation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memisoglu, Salih Pasa

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the new regulations and current practices in terms of how they apply--to the selection, training and instatement of school administrators in Turkey. The successful implementation of Turkish National Development Plans is closely related to the knowledge and skills of managers working at various levels in every…

  19. 50 CFR 10.3 - Other applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other applicable laws. 10.3 Section 10.3... GENERAL PROVISIONS Introduction § 10.3 Other applicable laws. No statute or regulation of any State shall..., or customs laws or regulations, or other Service enforced statutes or regulations....

  20. 50 CFR 10.3 - Other applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Other applicable laws. 10.3 Section 10.3... GENERAL PROVISIONS Introduction § 10.3 Other applicable laws. No statute or regulation of any State shall..., or customs laws or regulations, or other Service enforced statutes or regulations....