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Sample records for ytterbium 175

  1. Ytterbium: Transition at High Pressure from Face-Centered Cubic to Body-Centered Cubic Structure.

    PubMed

    Hall, H T; Barnett, J D; Merrill, L

    1963-01-11

    Pressure of 40,000 atmospheres at 25 degrees C induces a phase transformation in ytterbium metal; the face-centered cubic structure changes to body-centered cubic. The radius of the atom changes from 1.82 to 1.75 A. At the same time the atom's volume decreases by 11 percent and the volume, observed macroscopically, decreases 3.2 percent.

  2. Parity nonconservation in ytterbium ion

    SciTech Connect

    Sahoo, B. K.; Das, B. P.

    2011-07-15

    We consider parity nonconservation (PNC) in singly ionized ytterbium (Yb{sup +}) arising from the neutral current weak interaction. We calculate the PNC electric dipole transition amplitude (E1{sub PNC}) and the properties associated with it using relativistic coupled-cluster theory. E1{sub PNC} for the [4f{sup 14}] {sup 2}6s{yields}[4f{sup 14}] {sup 2}5d{sub 3/2} transition in Yb{sup +} has been evaluated to within an accuracy of 5%. The improvement of this result is possible. It therefore appears that this ion is a promising candidate for testing the standard model of particle physics.

  3. Hydrothermal synthesis of ytterbium silicate nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Chen, Hongfei; Gao, Yanfeng; Liu, Yun; Luo, Hongjie

    2010-02-15

    A simple, low-cost hydrothermal method was developed to synthesize 20-nm-diameter single-crystalline ytterbium silicate (Yb(2)Si(2)O(7) and Yb(2)SiO(5)) nanoparticles at 200 degrees C. This is nearly 1000 degrees C lower than that for the typical sol-gel route to ytterbium silicate powders. Obtained powders showed very low thermal conductivity, a suitable thermal expansion coefficient, and excellent thermal/structural stability, suggesting a potential application to environmental and thermal barrier coatings. Special focus was placed on assessing the hydrothermal reaction mechanism for particle formation.

  4. Photoassociative production of ultracold heteronuclear ytterbium molecules

    SciTech Connect

    Borkowski, Mateusz; Ciurylo, Roman; Yamazaki, Rekishu; Takahashi, Yoshiro; Hara, Hideaki; Taie, Shintaro; Sugawa, Seiji; Takasu, Yosuke; Enomoto, Katsunari

    2011-09-15

    We report observations of photoassociation (PA) spectra near the intercombination line in isotopic mixtures of ultracold ytterbium gases. Several heteronuclear bound states have been found for the excited {sup 170}Yb{sup 174}Yb and {sup 174}Yb{sup 176}Yb molecules. We develop a single-channel mass-scaled interaction model for the excited state molecule which well reproduces the measured bound state energies. This is an important step toward optical control of interactions in mixtures of ultracold ytterbium gases using heteronuclear optical Feshbach resonances. The model developed is applicable in collisions of other similar systems, such as cadmium and mercury.

  5. Preparation, Biological Evaluation and Dosimetry Studies of 175Yb-Bis-Phosphonates for Palliative Treatment of Bone Pain

    PubMed Central

    Fakhari, Ashraf; Jalilian, Amir R.; Yousefnia, Hassan; Shanehsazzadeh, Saeed; Samani, Ali Bahrami; Daha, Fariba Johari; Ardestani, Mehdi Shafiee; Khalaj, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Optimized production and quality control of ytterbium-175 (Yb-175) labeled pamidronate and alendronate complexes as efficient agents for bone pain palliation has been presented. Methods: Yb-175 labeled pamidronate and alendronate (175Yb-PMD and 175Yb-ALN) complexes were prepared successfully at optimized conditions with acceptable radiochemical purity, stability and significant hydroxyapatite absorption. The biodistribution of complexes were evaluated up to 48 h, which demonstrated significant bone uptake ratios for 175Yb-PAM at all-time intervals. It was also detected that 175Yb-PAM mostly washed out and excreted through the kidneys. Results: The performance of 175Yb-PAM in an animal model was better or comparable to other 175Yb-bone seeking complexes previously reported. Conclusion: Based on calculations, the total body dose for 175Yb-ALN is 40% higher as compared to 175Yb-PAM (especially kidneys) indicating that 175Yb-PAM is probably a safer agent than 175Yb-ALN. PMID:27529886

  6. Atomic parity violation in ytterbium and dysprosium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antypas, Dionysios; Bougas, Lykourgos; Fabricant, Anne; Leefer, Nathan; Tsigutkin, Kostantin; Budker, Dmitry; D. Budker's research Group Team

    2016-09-01

    Atomic parity violation (APV) experiments offer the opportunity to study the weak interaction at low-energy scales, providing valuable information about the Standard Model and nuclear physics. Owing to their large atomic mass, rich energy-level structure (which results in enhanced weak-interaction-induced mixing of opposite-parity states) as well as the availability of many stable isotopes, ytterbium and dysprosium are particularly good candidates for investigating APV interactions. This brings within reach the possibility to detect nuclear anapole moments in these systems, as well as to probe the variation of neutron skin among the different isotopes of the ytterbium and dysprosium nuclei. We provide an overview of the field of APV and report on our group's experimental efforts in Mainz and in Berkeley on making precision measurements of parity violation in these two elements, having as our ultimate goal to probe neutron skin variation and anapole moments.

  7. Compact, highly efficient ytterbium doped bismuthate glass waveguide laser.

    PubMed

    Mary, R; Beecher, S J; Brown, G; Thomson, R R; Jaque, D; Ohara, S; Kar, A K

    2012-05-15

    Laser slope efficiencies close to the quantum defect limit and in excess of 78% have been obtained from an ultrafast laser inscribed buried channel waveguide fabricated in a ytterbium-doped bismuthate glass. The simultaneous achievement of low propagation losses and preservation of the fluorescence properties of ytterbium ions is the basis of the outstanding laser performance.

  8. Polarized Ytterbium with orbital Feshbach resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Su; Zhou, Zhengwei; Zhengwei Zhou Team

    2016-05-01

    Orbital Feshbash resonance make progress for Feshbach resonance on alkaline earth atoms. It urge us to control the interaction of alkaline earth atoms using magnetic field without optical heating. In this work, we research the polarized Ytterbium gases with orbital Feshbach resonance. The gases have normal, superfuild, breach pair double, breach pair open phases in BEC region. It only have normal, and superfuild phases in BCS region. We also plot the particle number fixed phase diagrams. The gases have the phase separation region and normal phase region.

  9. Experiments with Single Trapped Ytterbium Ions at JPL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yu, Nan; Maleki, Lute

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents viewgraphs of experiments performed with single trapped Ytterbium ions. The topics include: 1) Ytterbium ion level scheme; 2) Paul-Straubel rf trap and single ion image; 3) D5/2 state lifetime measurement; 4) D3/2 state lifetime measurement; 5) Trapped individual ions in an optical cavity; 6) Initial exploratory system: experimental goals; and 7) Future systems: trap-cavity integration II.

  10. Dielectric and magnetic anisotropy of a nematic ytterbium complex

    SciTech Connect

    Dobrun, L. A. Sakhatskii, A. S.; Kovshik, A. P.; Ryumtsev, E. I.; Kolomiets, I. P.; Knyazev, A. A.; Galyametdinov, Yu. G.

    2015-05-15

    The sign and the magnitude of the dielectric anisotropy of an ytterbium-based paramagnetic nematic liquid crystal complex, namely, tris[1-(4-(4-propylcyclohexyl)phenyl)octane-1,3-dione]-[5,5'-di (heptadecile)-2,2'-bipyridine]ytterbium, are determined. The temperature dependence of the permittivity components of the complex is obtained in the temperature range of a nematic phase. The sign of the anisotropy of the magnetic susceptibility of this compound is experimentally determined.

  11. Highly ytterbium-doped bismuth-oxide-based fiber.

    PubMed

    Ohara, Seiki; Kuroiwa, Yutaka

    2009-08-03

    Thermally stable highly ytterbium-doped bismuth-oxide-based glasses have been investigated. The absorbance increased linearly with Yb(2)O(3) concentration, reaching 7800 dB/m with 3 mol-% of Yb(2)O(3). An ytterbium-doped bismuth-oxide-based fiber has also been fabricated with a fiber loss of 0.24 dB/m. A fiber laser is also demonstrated, and it shows a slope efficiency of 36%.

  12. Binding affinity and capacities for ytterbium(3+) and hafinum(4+) by chemical entities of plant tissue fragments.

    PubMed

    Worley, R; Clearfield, A; Ellis, W C

    2002-12-01

    The binding affinity of ytterbium (Yb3+) and hafinum (Hf4+) to ligands of chemical entities of fragments of bermudagrass tissues and their resistance to exchanging Yb with other ligands and to displacement by protons were investigated. Chemical entities of acid resistant NDF (ARNDF), 0.1 N acid detergent fiber (0.1 N ADF), and permanganate cellulose (CELL) were prepared from fragments of bermudagrass hay (Cynodon dactylon [L.] Pers.) obtained by grinding to pass a 2-mm sieve. 175Ytterbium and Yb, as YbCl3, were initially bound to each preparation by soaking for 12 h in pH 5.5 borate buffer to obtain Yb bound onto ligands having affinity constants for Yb equal to or greater than that for the weakly stable borate ligand, Yb > or = borate. The fraction of Yb > or = borate was measured and fragments then sequentially exposed to acetate, citrate, nitrotriacetate (NTA), and EDTA ions to allow exchange of Yb from Yb > or = borate with ligands having affinity constants for Yb equal to or greater than acetate (Yb > or = acetate), citrate (Yb > or = citrate), NTA (Yb > or = NTA), and EDTA (Yb > or = EDTA) ions. Binding of Yb > or = borate indicated the existence of two species of ligands: strong ligands binding essentially 100% of added Yb at levels of 1 to 1,300 ppm (0.1 N ADF) and at 1 to 7,000 ppm (ARNDF); and weaker ligands binding 4 and 8% of the Yb, respectively, at levels of added Yb greater than 1,300 ppm and 7,000 ppm. Ytterbium > or = acetate of ARNDF, but not 0.1 N ADF, was as resistant to exchange as Yb > or = citrate. Ytterbium > or = borate was exchanged extensively (85% or greater) with soluble ligands having affinity constants > or = NTA. Ytterbium resistance to proton displacement at pH of 1.5 increased with Yb > or = EDTA > Yb > or = NTA > Yb > or = citrate > Yb > or = acetate. Very efficient binding of Yb to CELL suggested that such chemical preparations are not representative of native cellulose. Hafnium (4+) was strongly bound to plant tissues rendering

  13. Investigations Into Ytterbium, Ytterbium-Erbium and Thulium-Doped Silica-Based Fibre Lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perry, Ian Richard

    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. Continuous-wave monomode laser oscillation has been demonstrated in ytterbium-doped fiber at 974nm and around 1040nm for pump wavelengths in the 0.8mu m region. High slope efficiencies (up to 78%) and low threshold powers (10mW absorbed) were measured for this device. Tunable operation from 1000nm to 1162nm, the generation of Q-switched pulses, and efficient amplified spontaneous emission have also been demonstrated, and some of these features have been modelled. A fibre doped with erbium and sensitised with ytterbium has been investigated to study the effect of energy transfer from the ytterbium co-dopant to the erbium ions after excitation at wavelengths in the 0.8 μm region. The effects of pump excited state absorption on the threshold and slope efficiency have been characterised. Continuous-wave monomode laser oscillation was observed at 1.564mum with a 5mW absorbed threshold power. The laser wavelength was tunable from 1.521mum to 1.562mu m. Continuous-wave monomode laser action in a thulium -doped fibre, also pumped in the 0.8mum region, was observed at around 2mum with an absorbed threshold power of about 30mW. The laser wavelength was tunable from 1810nm to 2014nm. A change of pump source to a high power Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.064mum yielded fibre laser output powers of up to 1.35W with a threshold power of 600mW. Pump excited state absorption at 1.064mum and the resulting upconverted visible fluorescence has been investigated and modelled.

  14. Ytterbium (III) Luminescence in m-Methylbenzoic Acid-Containing Compounds.

    PubMed

    Kalinovskaya, I V; Zadorozhnaya, A N

    2015-05-01

    Complex compounds of ytterbium(III) with m-methylbenzoic acid and nitrogen-containing ligands luminescent in near infrared range have been synthesized. Spectral luminescence characteristics of heteroligand compounds of ytterbium(III) have been investigated. It has been established that ytterbium (III) m-methylbenzoate with 1,10-phenanthroline is characterized by the highest luminescence intensity.

  15. Ceramic bracket debonding with ytterbium fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Sarp, Ayşe Sena Kabaş; Gülsoy, Murat

    2011-09-01

    Since the early 1990 s, lasers have been used experimentally for debonding ceramic brackets. Lasers reduce the required debonding force and risk of enamel damage. However, the thermal effect during the laser radiation on dental tissues can cause undesirable results. The aim of this study is to develop a laser debonding technique for ceramic brackets that is better than mechanical debonding and also to minimize the side-effects of laser applications. A new fiber laser (1,070-nm ytterbium fiber laser) was tested, debonding procedure was quantified with a universal testing machine, and intrapulpal temperature was monitored for limiting the injury or pain. Experiments were performed in two sections according to the type of lasing mode: continuous wave (CW) and modulated mode. In continuous wave (CW) mode, a laser was applied on samples with different constant power levels continuously. In the second set of experiments, brackets were irradiated in modulated mode, in which the laser energy was delivered with on-and-off cycles. Laser power and duty cycles were adjusted by controlling the current, which was set to 4.99 A of current for 18 W of emission. Debonding force, debonding time, and work done by a universal testing machine were all significantly decreased for both modalities of laser irradiation compared to the control group. When laser parameters were set to proper doses, a 50% of reduction in required load for debonding and a three-fold decrease in debonding time were observed. Intrapulpal temperature changes were below the accepted threshold value (5.5°C) until the level of 3.5 W of laser power in continuous wave mode. During debonding, the work done by the universal testing machine is decreased up to five times by irradiation. Parameters were compared for both modes of operations and it was concluded that modulated mode laser application (Group 300/900) provided faster and easier debonding with less temperature change.

  16. Gain measurements at 5 nm in nickel-like ytterbium

    SciTech Connect

    MacGowan, B.J.; Bourgade, J.L.; Combis, P.; Keane, C.J.; Louis-Jacquet, M.; Matthews, D.L.; Naccache, D.; Stone, G.; Thiell, G.; Whelan, D.A.

    1988-03-01

    Soft x-ray gain has been demonstrated at 5.03 nm within a laser produced plasma of Ni-like ytterbium. Experiments will also be described with higher Z Ni-like ions which can produce even shorter wavelength x-ray laser transition. 3 refs.

  17. Discovery of dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, and ytterbium isotopes

    SciTech Connect

    Fry, C.; Thoennessen, M.

    2013-09-15

    Currently, thirty-one dysprosium, thirty-two holmium, thirty-two erbium, thirty-three thulium, and thirty-one ytterbium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  18. 167 W, power scalable ytterbium-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1178 nm.

    PubMed

    Olausson, C B; Shirakawa, A; Chen, M; Lyngsø, J K; Broeng, J; Hansen, K P; Bjarklev, A; Ueda, K

    2010-08-02

    An ytterbium-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier operating at the long wavelength edge of the ytterbium gain band is investigated for high power amplification. The spectral filtering effect of the photonic bandgap efficiently suppresses amplified spontaneous emission at the conventional ytterbium gain wavelengths and thus enables high power amplification at 1178 nm. A record output power of 167 W, a slope efficiency of 61% and 15 dB saturated gain at 1178 nm have been demonstrated using the ytterbium-doped photonic bandgap fiber.

  19. New ytterbium-phosphate glass for diode-pumped lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Galagan, B I; Glushchenko, I N; Denker, B I; Sverchkov, S E; Kisel', V E; Kuril'chik, S V; Kuleshov, N V

    2009-10-31

    A new ytterbium laser glass based on an alumoborophosphate composition is developed. It is shown that the chemical and thermal stabilities of this glass are record-high for phosphate glasses and that its spectral and luminescent characteristics compare well with popular laser glasses. A mould of laser-quality glass doped with ytterbium with a concentration of 5x10{sup 20} cm{sup -3} is synthesised. Active laser elements 5x5x2 mm in size are prepared from this glass for longitudinal diode pumping. These elements were used to fabricate a laser, whose output power in the cw regime reached 783 mW and maximum slope efficiency was 28.9%. Pulses with a duration of {approx}150 fs and a peak power of about 5 kW are obtained in the passive mode-locking regime. (active media)

  20. Charge transfer emission of ytterbium-doped oxyborates.

    PubMed

    Sablayrolles, J; Jubera, V; Guillen, F; Garcia, A

    2008-03-01

    The ultraviolet spectroscopic properties of trivalent ytterbium have been studied at low temperature in one borate and two oxyborates in the ternary diagram Li(2)O-Y(2)O(3)-B(2)O(3). The UV luminescence was detected in the two ytterbium-doped oxyborates. The evolution of these emissions was studied as a function of the temperature. A determination of the configurational coordinate diagrams based on the Struck and Fonger model is proposed to calculate the position in energy of the charge transfer band afforded by the simulation of spectral distribution of these excitation and emission bands. The strong correlation between the luminescent properties and the environments of the rare earth is pointed out.

  1. Low frequency noise distributed-feedback ytterbium fibre laser

    SciTech Connect

    Nikulin, M A; Babin, S A; Kablukov, S I; Dmitriev, Aleksandr K; Dychkov, Aleksandr S; Lugovoy, Aleksei A; Pecherskii, Yu Ya

    2009-10-31

    We report a single-frequency 1-W fibre laser source emitting at 1093 nm, composed of a distributed-feedback ytterbium fibre laser and fibre-optic amplifier. The laser frequency was stabilised by side-locking to a transmission peak of a Fabry - Perot interferometer, and the residual frequency noise spectrum of the laser was measured. Our results indicate that the laser linewidth can be narrowed down below 1 kHz. (lasers)

  2. Pulsing dynamics in Ytterbium based chirped-pulse oscillators.

    PubMed

    Siegel, Martin; Palmer, Guido; Emons, Moritz; Schultze, Marcel; Ruehl, Axel; Morgner, Uwe

    2008-09-15

    The properties of passively mode-locked laser oscillators based on Ytterbium doped gain media are studied theoretically along with experimental data. Based on the chirped-pulse approach limitations due to excessive non-linearities are avoided, opening up new routes for energy scaling of mode-locked solid-state oscillators. Predictions about potential future pulse energies are made and possible experimental problems are discussed.

  3. [Synthesis of asymmetric tetraarylporphyrins and its ytterbium complexes].

    PubMed

    Rumiantseva, V D; Roshchina, N V; Fedorova, L D; Mironov, A F; Markushev, V M; Shilov, I P

    2011-01-01

    The synthesis of asymmetric meso-aryl-substituted porphyrins containing three 4-methoxycarbonylphenyl groups, and as a forth substituent 4-hydroxyphenyl or 4-hydroxy-3- methoxyphenyl radicals, or the isomeric 3- and 4-pyridyl substituents is described. O-alkyl derivatives of 4-hydroxyl residue are obtained. The ytterbium complexes ofthese porphyrins were synthesized and studied their luminescence spectral properties were studied. A significant difference in the lifetimes of the excited state ofytterbium complexes of esters and acids of asymmetric porphyrins is demonstrated.

  4. NIR fluorescent ytterbium compound for in vivo fluorescence molecular imaging.

    PubMed

    Aita, Kazuki; Temma, Takashi; Kuge, Yuji; Seki, Koh-ichi; Saji, Hideo

    2010-01-01

    We have developed a new NIR fluorescent probe based on an ytterbium(III) (E)-1-(pyridin-2-yl-diazenyl)naphthalen-2-ol (PAN) complex. This probe emits near-infrared luminescence derived from the Yb ion through excitation of the PAN moiety with visible light (lambda(ex)= 530 nm, lambda(em)= 975 nm). The results support the possible utility of the probe for in vivo fluorescence molecular imaging.

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Award term. 175.15 Section 175.15 Grants and... cooperative agreement to a private entity, as defined in § 175.25(d); and (2) A grant or cooperative agreement... subawards under the award. 2. We as the Federal awarding agency may unilaterally terminate this...

  7. 2 CFR 175.10 - Statutory requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Statutory requirement. 175.10 Section 175.10 Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved AWARD TERM FOR TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS § 175.10 Statutory requirement. In each agency award...

  8. 33 CFR 175.101 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applicability. 175.101 Section 175.101 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.101 Applicability. This...

  9. 33 CFR 175.113 - Launchers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Launchers. 175.113 Section 175.113 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.113 Launchers. (a) When a visual...

  10. 33 CFR 175.120 - Stowage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Stowage. 175.120 Section 175.120 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.120 Stowage. No person may use a boat unless the...

  11. 33 CFR 175.128 - Marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marking. 175.128 Section 175.128 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.128 Marking. No person may use a boat unless...

  12. 33 CFR 175.135 - Existing equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Existing equipment. 175.135 Section 175.135 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.135 Existing equipment....

  13. 33 CFR 175.105 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 175.105 Section 175.105 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.105 Definitions. (a) Visual distress...

  14. 33 CFR 175.125 - Serviceability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Serviceability. 175.125 Section 175.125 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.125 Serviceability. No person may...

  15. 21 CFR 169.175 - Vanilla extract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vanilla extract. 169.175 Section 169.175 Food and... § 169.175 Vanilla extract. (a) Vanilla extract is the solution in aqueous ethyl alcohol of the sapid and odorous principles extractable from vanilla beans. In vanilla extract the content of ethyl alcohol is...

  16. 33 CFR 175.11 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Applicability. 175.11 Section 175.11 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.11 Applicability. This subpart applies...

  17. 33 CFR 175.19 - Stowage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Stowage. 175.19 Section 175.19 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.19 Stowage. (a) No person may use a...

  18. 33 CFR 175.23 - Serviceable condition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Serviceable condition. 175.23 Section 175.23 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.23 Serviceable condition. A PFD...

  19. 33 CFR 175.23 - Serviceable condition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Serviceable condition. 175.23 Section 175.23 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.23 Serviceable condition. A PFD...

  20. 33 CFR 175.19 - Stowage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Stowage. 175.19 Section 175.19 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.19 Stowage. (a) No person may use a...

  1. 33 CFR 175.11 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Applicability. 175.11 Section 175.11 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.11 Applicability. This subpart applies...

  2. 21 CFR 172.175 - Sodium nitrite.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sodium nitrite. 172.175 Section 172.175 Food and... PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Food Preservatives § 172.175 Sodium nitrite. The food additive sodium nitrite may be safely used in or on specified foods in accordance with...

  3. 21 CFR 172.175 - Sodium nitrite.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sodium nitrite. 172.175 Section 172.175 Food and... Preservatives § 172.175 Sodium nitrite. The food additive sodium nitrite may be safely used in or on specified... follows: (1) As a color fixative in smoked cured tunafish products so that the level of sodium...

  4. 21 CFR 172.175 - Sodium nitrite.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sodium nitrite. 172.175 Section 172.175 Food and... Preservatives § 172.175 Sodium nitrite. The food additive sodium nitrite may be safely used in or on specified... follows: (1) As a color fixative in smoked cured tunafish products so that the level of sodium...

  5. 21 CFR 172.175 - Sodium nitrite.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sodium nitrite. 172.175 Section 172.175 Food and... Preservatives § 172.175 Sodium nitrite. The food additive sodium nitrite may be safely used in or on specified... follows: (1) As a color fixative in smoked cured tunafish products so that the level of sodium...

  6. 21 CFR 172.175 - Sodium nitrite.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Sodium nitrite. 172.175 Section 172.175 Food and... Preservatives § 172.175 Sodium nitrite. The food additive sodium nitrite may be safely used in or on specified... follows: (1) As a color fixative in smoked cured tunafish products so that the level of sodium...

  7. 24 CFR 17.5 - Investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Investigations. 17.5 Section 17.5 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Claims Against Government Under Federal Tort Claims Act Procedures § 17.5...

  8. 24 CFR 17.5 - Investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Investigations. 17.5 Section 17.5 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Claims Against Government Under Federal Tort Claims Act Procedures § 17.5...

  9. 24 CFR 17.5 - Investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Investigations. 17.5 Section 17.5 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Claims Against Government Under Federal Tort Claims Act Procedures § 17.5...

  10. 24 CFR 17.5 - Investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Investigations. 17.5 Section 17.5 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Claims Against Government Under Federal Tort Claims Act Procedures § 17.5...

  11. 24 CFR 17.5 - Investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Investigations. 17.5 Section 17.5 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Claims Against Government Under Federal Tort Claims Act Procedures § 17.5...

  12. 28 CFR 35.175 - Attorney's fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Attorney's fees. 35.175 Section 35.175 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES Compliance Procedures § 35.175 Attorney's fees. In any action...

  13. 28 CFR 35.175 - Attorney's fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Attorney's fees. 35.175 Section 35.175 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES Compliance Procedures § 35.175 Attorney's fees. In any action...

  14. 49 CFR 175.705 - Radioactive contamination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Radioactive contamination. 175.705 Section 175.705... Regulations Applicable According to Classification of Material § 175.705 Radioactive contamination. (a) A... (radioactive) materials that may have been released from their packagings. (b) When contamination is present...

  15. 49 CFR 175.705 - Radioactive contamination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Radioactive contamination. 175.705 Section 175.705... Regulations Applicable According to Classification of Material § 175.705 Radioactive contamination. (a) A... (radioactive) materials that may have been released from their packagings. (b) When contamination is present...

  16. 33 CFR 175.1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applicability. 175.1 Section 175.1 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS General § 175.1 Applicability. This part prescribes rules governing the...

  17. 33 CFR 175.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 175.3 Section 175.3 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS General § 175.3 Definitions. As used in this part: Boat means any vessel—...

  18. 33 CFR 175.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Definitions. 175.3 Section 175.3 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS General § 175.3 Definitions. As used in this part: Boat means any vessel—...

  19. 33 CFR 175.1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Applicability. 175.1 Section 175.1 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS General § 175.1 Applicability. This part prescribes rules governing the...

  20. 33 CFR 175.201 - Ventilation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Ventilation. 175.201 Section 175.201 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Ventilation § 175.201 Ventilation. No person may operate a boat built...

  1. 25 CFR 175.32 - Collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Collections. 175.32 Section 175.32 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.32 Collections. The utility shall attempt collection on checks returned...

  2. 25 CFR 175.32 - Collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Collections. 175.32 Section 175.32 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.32 Collections. The utility shall attempt collection on checks returned...

  3. 40 CFR 80.175 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 80.175 Section 80.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.175...

  4. 25 CFR 175.2 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose. 175.2 Section 175.2 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.2 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to regulate the electric power utilities administered...

  5. 25 CFR 175.32 - Collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Collections. 175.32 Section 175.32 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.32 Collections. The utility shall attempt collection on checks returned...

  6. 25 CFR 175.24 - Utility responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Utility responsibilities. 175.24 Section 175.24 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.24 Utility responsibilities. A utility subject to this part shall:...

  7. 25 CFR 175.51 - Ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Ownership. 175.51 Section 175.51 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.51 Ownership. All rights-of-way, material, or equipment furnished and/or installed by a customer pursuant...

  8. 25 CFR 175.20 - Gratuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Gratuities. 175.20 Section 175.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.20 Gratuities. All employees of the utility are forbidden to accept from a customer...

  9. 25 CFR 175.24 - Utility responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Utility responsibilities. 175.24 Section 175.24 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.24 Utility responsibilities. A utility subject to this part shall:...

  10. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  11. 25 CFR 175.2 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Purpose. 175.2 Section 175.2 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.2 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to regulate the electric power utilities administered...

  12. 25 CFR 175.5 - Operations manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Operations manual. 175.5 Section 175.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.5 Operations manual. (a) The Area Director shall establish an operations manual for...

  13. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  14. 25 CFR 175.20 - Gratuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Gratuities. 175.20 Section 175.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.20 Gratuities. All employees of the utility are forbidden to accept from a customer...

  15. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  16. 25 CFR 175.5 - Operations manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Operations manual. 175.5 Section 175.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.5 Operations manual. (a) The Area Director shall establish an operations manual for...

  17. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  18. 25 CFR 175.51 - Ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Ownership. 175.51 Section 175.51 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.51 Ownership. All rights-of-way, material, or equipment furnished and/or installed by a customer pursuant...

  19. 25 CFR 175.51 - Ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Ownership. 175.51 Section 175.51 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.51 Ownership. All rights-of-way, material, or equipment furnished and/or installed by a customer pursuant...

  20. 25 CFR 175.20 - Gratuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Gratuities. 175.20 Section 175.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.20 Gratuities. All employees of the utility are forbidden to accept from a customer...

  1. 25 CFR 175.20 - Gratuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Gratuities. 175.20 Section 175.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.20 Gratuities. All employees of the utility are forbidden to accept from a customer...

  2. 25 CFR 175.2 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Purpose. 175.2 Section 175.2 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.2 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to regulate the electric power utilities administered...

  3. 25 CFR 175.24 - Utility responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Utility responsibilities. 175.24 Section 175.24 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.24 Utility responsibilities. A utility subject to this part shall:...

  4. 25 CFR 175.5 - Operations manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Operations manual. 175.5 Section 175.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.5 Operations manual. (a) The Area Director shall establish an operations manual for...

  5. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  6. 25 CFR 175.5 - Operations manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Operations manual. 175.5 Section 175.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.5 Operations manual. (a) The Area Director shall establish an operations manual for...

  7. 25 CFR 175.24 - Utility responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Utility responsibilities. 175.24 Section 175.24 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.24 Utility responsibilities. A utility subject to this part shall:...

  8. 25 CFR 175.32 - Collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Collections. 175.32 Section 175.32 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.32 Collections. The utility shall attempt collection on checks returned...

  9. 25 CFR 175.2 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Purpose. 175.2 Section 175.2 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.2 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to regulate the electric power utilities administered...

  10. 25 CFR 175.2 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Purpose. 175.2 Section 175.2 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.2 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to regulate the electric power utilities administered...

  11. 25 CFR 175.51 - Ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Ownership. 175.51 Section 175.51 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.51 Ownership. All rights-of-way, material, or equipment furnished and/or installed by a customer pursuant...

  12. 25 CFR 175.51 - Ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Ownership. 175.51 Section 175.51 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.51 Ownership. All rights-of-way, material, or equipment furnished and/or installed by a customer pursuant...

  13. 25 CFR 175.20 - Gratuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Gratuities. 175.20 Section 175.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.20 Gratuities. All employees of the utility are forbidden to accept from a customer...

  14. 25 CFR 175.5 - Operations manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Operations manual. 175.5 Section 175.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.5 Operations manual. (a) The Area Director shall establish an operations manual for...

  15. 25 CFR 175.32 - Collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Collections. 175.32 Section 175.32 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.32 Collections. The utility shall attempt collection on checks returned...

  16. 46 CFR 175.122 - Load lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Load lines. 175.122 Section 175.122 Shipping COAST GUARD... § 175.122 Load lines. A vessel of 24 meters (79 feet) in length or more, the keel of which was laid or... than a domestic voyage is subject to load line assignment, certification, and marking under suchapter...

  17. 46 CFR 175.122 - Load lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Load lines. 175.122 Section 175.122 Shipping COAST GUARD... § 175.122 Load lines. A vessel of 24 meters (79 feet) in length or more, the keel of which was laid or... than a domestic voyage is subject to load line assignment, certification, and marking under suchapter...

  18. 46 CFR 175.122 - Load lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Load lines. 175.122 Section 175.122 Shipping COAST GUARD... § 175.122 Load lines. A vessel of 24 meters (79 feet) in length or more, the keel of which was laid or... than a domestic voyage is subject to load line assignment, certification, and marking under suchapter...

  19. 46 CFR 175.122 - Load lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Load lines. 175.122 Section 175.122 Shipping COAST GUARD... § 175.122 Load lines. A vessel of 24 meters (79 feet) in length or more, the keel of which was laid or... than a domestic voyage is subject to load line assignment, certification, and marking under suchapter...

  20. 46 CFR 175.122 - Load lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Load lines. 175.122 Section 175.122 Shipping COAST GUARD... § 175.122 Load lines. A vessel of 24 meters (79 feet) in length or more, the keel of which was laid or... than a domestic voyage is subject to load line assignment, certification, and marking under...

  1. 21 CFR 137.175 - Phosphated flour.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Phosphated flour. 137.175 Section 137.175 Food and... CONSUMPTION CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products § 137.175 Phosphated flour. Phosphated flour, phosphated white flour, and...

  2. 21 CFR 137.175 - Phosphated flour.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Phosphated flour. 137.175 Section 137.175 Food and... CONSUMPTION CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products § 137.175 Phosphated flour. Phosphated flour, phosphated white flour, and...

  3. 21 CFR 137.175 - Phosphated flour.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Phosphated flour. 137.175 Section 137.175 Food and... CONSUMPTION CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products § 137.175 Phosphated flour. Phosphated flour, phosphated white flour, and...

  4. 46 CFR 108.175 - Contiguous locations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contiguous locations. 108.175 Section 108.175 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Construction and Arrangement Classified Locations § 108.175 Contiguous locations. An...

  5. 46 CFR 108.175 - Contiguous locations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contiguous locations. 108.175 Section 108.175 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Construction and Arrangement Classified Locations § 108.175 Contiguous locations. An...

  6. 22 CFR 17.5 - Financial hardship.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Financial hardship. 17.5 Section 17.5 Foreign... SYSTEM (FSPS) § 17.5 Financial hardship. (a) Waiver of overpayment will not be allowed in any case prior to receipt and evaluation of a completed Statement of Financial Status, duly sworn by the...

  7. 22 CFR 17.5 - Financial hardship.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Financial hardship. 17.5 Section 17.5 Foreign... SYSTEM (FSPS) § 17.5 Financial hardship. (a) Waiver of overpayment will not be allowed in any case prior to receipt and evaluation of a completed Statement of Financial Status, duly sworn by the...

  8. Probe measurements of the electron distribution function in an electron-beam-produced ytterbium plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Bobrova, A. A.; Dubinov, A. E.; Esin, M. I.; Zolotov, S. V.; Maksimov, A. N.; Selemir, V. D.; Sidorov, I. I.; Shubin, A. Yu.

    2011-01-15

    A nonequilibrium anisotropic plasma produced by an electron beam in the residual air with a low content of ytterbium vapor was investigated by the probe method. It is found that a minor (at a level of a few ppm) admixture of ytterbium to low-pressure air substantially modifies the electron energy distribution function (EEDF): the main peak corresponding to thermal electrons broadens, and new peaks appear. It is shown that the observed change in the EEDF is caused by the low ionization energy of ytterbium, due to which one beam electron can ionize several ytterbium atoms. The new peaks in the EEDF correspond to the final energies of a beam electron after each subsequent ionizing collision with ytterbium atoms.

  9. Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres

    SciTech Connect

    Rybaltovsky, A A; Aleshkina, S S; Likhachev, M E; Bubnov, M M; Umnikov, A A; Yashkov, M V; Gur'yanov, Aleksei N; Dianov, Evgenii M

    2011-12-31

    Photochemical reactions induced in the glass network of an ytterbium-doped fibre core by IR laser pumping and UV irradiation have been investigated by analysing absorption and luminescence spectra. We have performed comparative studies of the photoinduced absorption and luminescence spectra of fibre preforms differing in core glass composition: Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} : SiO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} : Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} : SiO{sub 2}, and P{sub 2}O{sub 5} : Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} : SiO{sub 2}. The UV absorption spectra of unirradiated preform core samples show strong bands peaking at 5.1 and 6.5 eV, whose excitation plays a key role in photoinduced colour centre generation in the glass network. 'Direct' UV excitation of the 5.1- and 6.5-eV absorption bands at 244 and 193 nm leads to the reduction of some of the Yb{sup 3+} ions to Yb{sup 2+}. The photodarkening of ytterbium-doped fibres by IR pumping is shown to result from oxygen hole centre generation. A phenomenological model is proposed for the IR-pumping-induced photodarkening of ytterbium-doped fibres. The model predicts that colour centre generation in the core glass network and the associated absorption in the visible range result from a cooperative effect involving simultaneous excitation of a cluster composed of several closely spaced Yb{sup 3+} ions.

  10. Determining and Modeling the Response of Ytterbium Piezoresistance Transducers.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    15. -* A 11 B. Presentations The following invited talks, based in part on the AFOSR work, were presented by the principal investigator 1. "Can...supported in part by AFOSR, were presented at scientific meetings as indicated: 1. S. C. Gupta and Y. L Gupta, "Response of Ytterbium Foils Oriented...Postdoctoral Research Associates have been supported in part during the course of this grant. "I.’ I. Dr. S. C. Gupta (Ph.D. in Physics from the University of

  11. Ytterbium Clusters in Fluorite CaF{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect

    Nikiforov, Anatoliy E.; Chernyshev, Vladimir A.; Volodin, Vasiliy P.; Avram, Nicolae M.; Avram, Calin N.

    2009-05-22

    The crystal structure of the ytterbium hexameric cluster in CaF{sub 2} has been calculated in the framework of the embedded--cluster method within the shell model, in pair potential approximation. The crystal field parameters and scheme of the energy levels for Yb{sub 6}F{sub 36} hexameric cluster were calculated in the exchange charges model. Also, the optical spectra of Yb{sup 3+} single center in CaF{sub 2}(cubic and tetragonal symmetry) was calculated and discussed.

  12. Excited state lifetime measurements of ytterbium in indium phosphide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desrocher, David

    1989-12-01

    The AFIT Time Resolved Photoluminescence (TRPL) lab was disassembled, relocated and rebuilt with improvements to layout and performance. Excited state lifetime measurements of ytterbium implanted in indium phosphide were conducted using the new lab. Effects of sample temperature, rapid thermal annealing (RTA) time and RTA temperature on the lifetimes of the 1.002 microns Yb3+ line were examined. Lifetime measurements of Er, Pr and Tm in GaAs were also attempted. Ytterbium concentrations were 3 x 10(exp 13) ions/sq cm, implanted at an ion energy of 1 MeV in semi-insulating InP substrate. Sample temperatures ranged from 4.2 to 90K. Annealing times ranged from 1 to 25 seconds on samples annealed at 850 C. Annealing temperatures ranged from 400 to 850 C, with RTA times of 15 seconds. The excitation source was a nitrogen-pumped dye laser with primary wavelength at 580 nm. A germanium photodiode detector was selected to eliminate the long time constant associated with available S1 power supplies and to enable detection at the near infrared wavelengths of the other rare earths. Data acquisition was accomplished with a boxcar averager and a microcomputer equipped with acquisition hardware and software. Thermal quenching was clearly observed in lifetimes at increasing sample temperatures, most dramatically at above 50 C. The results would be very helpful in device fabrication/operation considerations, and some of the sample preparation parameters may be equally applicable for other RE doped III-V semiconductors.

  13. Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulation of Oxygen Diffusion in Ytterbium Disilicate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Good, Brian S.

    2015-01-01

    Ytterbium disilicate is of interest as a potential environmental barrier coating for aerospace applications, notably for use in next generation jet turbine engines. In such applications, the transport of oxygen and water vapor through these coatings to the ceramic substrate is undesirable if high temperature oxidation is to be avoided. In an effort to understand the diffusion process in these materials, we have performed kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of vacancy-mediated and interstitial oxygen diffusion in Ytterbium disilicate. Oxygen vacancy and interstitial site energies, vacancy and interstitial formation energies, and migration barrier energies were computed using Density Functional Theory. We have found that, in the case of vacancy-mediated diffusion, many potential diffusion paths involve large barrier energies, but some paths have barrier energies smaller than one electron volt. However, computed vacancy formation energies suggest that the intrinsic vacancy concentration is small. In the case of interstitial diffusion, migration barrier energies are typically around one electron volt, but the interstitial defect formation energies are positive, with the result that the disilicate is unlikely to exhibit experience significant oxygen permeability except at very high temperature.

  14. Quantum degenerate mixture of ytterbium and lithium atoms

    SciTech Connect

    Hansen, Anders H.; Khramov, Alexander; Dowd, William H.; Jamison, Alan O.; Ivanov, Vladyslav V.; Gupta, Subhadeep

    2011-07-15

    We have produced a quantum degenerate mixture of fermionic alkali-metal {sup 6}Li and bosonic spin-singlet {sup 174}Yb gases. This was achieved using sympathetic cooling of lithium atoms by evaporatively cooled ytterbium atoms in a far-off-resonant optical dipole trap. We observe the coexistence of Bose-condensed (T/T{sub c}{approx_equal}0.8) {sup 174}Yb with 2.3x10{sup 4} atoms and Fermi degenerate (T/T{sub F}{approx_equal}0.3) {sup 6}Li with 1.2x10{sup 4} atoms. Quasipure Bose-Einstein condensates of up to 3x10{sup 4} {sup 174}Yb atoms can be produced in single-species experiments. Our results mark a significant step toward studies of few- and many-body physics with mixtures of alkali-metal and alkaline-earth-metal-like atoms, and for the production of paramagnetic polar molecules in the quantum regime. Our methods also establish a convenient scheme for producing quantum degenerate ytterbium atoms in a 1064 nm optical dipole trap.

  15. Single frequency 1083nm ytterbium doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier laser.

    PubMed

    Huang, Shenghong; Qin, Guanshi; Shirakawa, Akira; Musha, Mitsuru; Ueda, Ken-Ichi

    2005-09-05

    Single frequency 1083nm ytterbium fiber master oscillator power amplifier system was demonstrated. The oscillator was a linear fiber cavity with loop mirror filter and polarization controller. The loop mirror with unpumped ytterbium fiber as a narrow bandwidth filter discriminated and selected laser longitudinal modes efficiently. Spatial hole burning effect was restrained by adjusting polarization controller appropriately in the linear cavity. The amplifier was 5 m ytterbium doped fiber pumped by 976nm pigtail coupled laser diode. The linewidth of the single frequency laser was about 2 KHz. Output power up to 177 mW was produced under the launched pump power of 332 mW.

  16. [CT contrast administration of iodine, gadolinium and ytterbium. In-vitro studies and animal experiments].

    PubMed

    Zwicker, C; Langer, M; Urich, V; Felix, R

    1993-03-01

    The absorption of the elements iodine, gadolinium and ytterbium in various dilutions was studied in relation to CT. Regression analysis and specific CT density measurements showed that absorption decreases from gadolinium to ytterbium and iodine. These results were confirmed by experiments using ten dogs. Boli of 0.5 molar gadolinium used for angio-CT without table movement showed the largest increase in density in the aorta and liver with an average of 190HU and 21HU respectively compared with iodine which gave 157HU and 12HU respectively. The animal experimental studies suggest that gadolinium and ytterbium are suitable contrast media for dynamic CT investigations.

  17. 2 CFR 175.15 - Award term.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Award term. 175.15 Section 175.15 Grants and... section in— (1) A grant or cooperative agreement to a private entity, as defined in § 175.25(d); and (2) A... performance of the award or subawards under the award. 2. We as the Federal awarding agency may...

  18. 2 CFR 175.15 - Award term.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Award term. 175.15 Section 175.15 Grants and... section in— (1) A grant or cooperative agreement to a private entity, as defined in § 175.25(d); and (2) A... performance of the award or subawards under the award. 2. We as the Federal awarding agency may...

  19. 21 CFR 189.175 - P-4000.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true P-4000. 189.175 Section 189.175 Food and Drugs FOOD... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n... for use as an artificial sweetener. (b) Food containing any added or detectable level of P-4000...

  20. Samarium- and ytterbium-promoted oxidation of silicon and gallium arsenide surfaces

    SciTech Connect

    Franciosi, A.

    1989-02-21

    A method is described for promoting oxidation of a silicon or gallium arsenide surface comprising: depositing a ytterbium overlayer on the silicon or gallium arsenide surface prior to the oxidation of the surface.

  1. Near-infrared emitting ytterbium metal-organic frameworks with tunable excitation properties.

    PubMed

    White, Kiley A; Chengelis, Demetra A; Zeller, Matthias; Geib, Steven J; Szakos, Jessica; Petoud, Stéphane; Rosi, Nathaniel L

    2009-08-14

    The design of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) incorporating near-infrared emitting ytterbium cations and organic sensitizers allows for the preparation of new materials with tunable and enhanced photophysical properties.

  2. 2 CFR 175.20 - Referral.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Referral. 175.20 Section 175.20 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved AWARD TERM FOR TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS §...

  3. 2 CFR 175.10 - Statutory requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Statutory requirement. 175.10 Section 175.10 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS...

  4. 2 CFR 175.20 - Referral.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Referral. 175.20 Section 175.20 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS AWARD TERM FOR TRAFFICKING...

  5. 2 CFR 175.20 - Referral.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Referral. 175.20 Section 175.20 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS AWARD TERM FOR TRAFFICKING...

  6. 2 CFR 175.10 - Statutory requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Statutory requirement. 175.10 Section 175.10 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved AWARD TERM FOR...

  7. 2 CFR 175.10 - Statutory requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Statutory requirement. 175.10 Section 175.10 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS...

  8. 2 CFR 175.25 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Definitions. 175.25 Section 175.25 Grants...) Foreign public entity means: (1) A foreign government or foreign governmental entity; (2) A public... of their status as Indians. (c) Local government means a: (1) County; (2) Borough; (3)...

  9. 2 CFR 175.25 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Definitions. 175.25 Section 175.25 Grants... means: (1) A foreign government or foreign governmental entity; (2) A public international organization...) Local government means a: (1) County; (2) Borough; (3) Municipality; (4) City; (5) Town; (6)...

  10. 2 CFR 175.25 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Definitions. 175.25 Section 175.25 Grants...) Foreign public entity means: (1) A foreign government or foreign governmental entity; (2) A public... of their status as Indians. (c) Local government means a: (1) County; (2) Borough; (3)...

  11. 7 CFR 1.75 - General stipulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false General stipulations. 1.75 Section 1.75 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Cooperative Production of Television... direct or implied, by the U.S. Department of Agriculture or its agencies, of the sponsor's product....

  12. Nuclear Data Sheets for A=175

    SciTech Connect

    Basunia, M. Shamsuzzoha

    2004-07-15

    Evaluated spectroscopic data and level schemes from radioactive decay and nuclear reaction studies are presented for all nuclei with mass number A = 175. This evaluation for A = 175 supersedes the earlier one by A.O. Macchiavelli and E. Browne (1993Ma79), published in Nuclear Data Sheets 69, 903 (1993). Highlights of this publication are the following: 1) This evaluation includes the first study (1996Zh03) of 175Er β− decay, which has been used to interpret a predicted ground state doublet in 175Tm; 2) The deep-inelastic reaction studies (1999As05, 1997Le11, and 1997Le10) extended the yrast band of 175Yb to the image level at 4426 keV; 3) New studies (1994Mi04) of 175Yb β− decay have provided significantly more precise γ-ray intensities; 4) New data (2002Ro17 and 1998To14) from the alpha decay of 179Tl have been used for tentatively assigning spin and parity to 175Au ground and first-excited states. Tentative assignment of 175Hg g.s. is adopted from 176Tl proton decay (2004Ke06).

  13. 2 CFR 175.25 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 175.25 Section 175.25 Grants... follows: (a) Foreign public entity means: (1) A foreign government or foreign governmental entity; (2) A... Indians because of their status as Indians. (c) Local government means a: (1) County; (2) Borough;...

  14. 2 CFR 175.25 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Definitions. 175.25 Section 175.25 Grants...: (1) A foreign government or foreign governmental entity; (2) A public international organization...) Local government means a: (1) County; (2) Borough; (3) Municipality; (4) City; (5) Town; (6)...

  15. 2 CFR 175.10 - Statutory requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Statutory requirement. 175.10 Section 175.10 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS AWARD TERM FOR TRAFFICKING IN...

  16. 40 CFR 161.175 - Certified limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR REGISTRATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL PESTICIDES Product Chemistry Data Requirements § 161.175... ingredients of a pesticide product: (1) An upper and lower limit for each active ingredient. (2) An upper...

  17. 40 CFR 161.175 - Certified limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR REGISTRATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL PESTICIDES Product Chemistry Data Requirements § 161.175... ingredients of a pesticide product: (1) An upper and lower limit for each active ingredient. (2) An upper...

  18. 40 CFR 161.175 - Certified limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR REGISTRATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL PESTICIDES Product Chemistry Data Requirements § 161.175... ingredients of a pesticide product: (1) An upper and lower limit for each active ingredient. (2) An upper...

  19. 40 CFR 161.175 - Certified limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR REGISTRATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL PESTICIDES Product Chemistry Data Requirements § 161.175... ingredients of a pesticide product: (1) An upper and lower limit for each active ingredient. (2) An upper...

  20. 40 CFR 61.175 - Monitoring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Monitoring requirements. 61.175 Section 61.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic...

  1. 40 CFR 61.175 - Monitoring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Monitoring requirements. 61.175 Section 61.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic...

  2. 40 CFR 61.175 - Monitoring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Monitoring requirements. 61.175 Section 61.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic...

  3. 40 CFR 61.175 - Monitoring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Monitoring requirements. 61.175 Section 61.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic...

  4. 40 CFR 61.175 - Monitoring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Monitoring requirements. 61.175 Section 61.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic...

  5. 33 CFR 117.175 - Mokelumne River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Mokelumne River. 117.175 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements California § 117.175 Mokelumne River. (a) The draw of the California Department of Transportation highway bridge, the Mokelumne River Bridge, mile 3.0,...

  6. 33 CFR 117.175 - Mokelumne River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Mokelumne River. 117.175 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements California § 117.175 Mokelumne River. (a) The draw of the California Department of Transportation highway bridge, the Mokelumne River Bridge, mile 3.0,...

  7. 33 CFR 117.175 - Mokelumne River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Mokelumne River. 117.175 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements California § 117.175 Mokelumne River. (a) The draw of the California Department of Transportation highway bridge, the Mokelumne River Bridge, mile 3.0,...

  8. 33 CFR 117.175 - Mokelumne River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mokelumne River. 117.175 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements California § 117.175 Mokelumne River. (a) The draw of the California Department of Transportation highway bridge, the Mokelumne River Bridge, mile 3.0,...

  9. 33 CFR 117.175 - Mokelumne River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Mokelumne River. 117.175 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements California § 117.175 Mokelumne River. (a) The draw of the California Department of Transportation highway bridge, the Mokelumne River Bridge, mile 3.0,...

  10. 25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Information collection. 175.6 Section 175.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... assigned clearance number 1076-0021. This information is being collected to provide electric power...

  11. 25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Information collection. 175.6 Section 175.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General... clearance number 1076-0021. This information is being collected to provide electric power service...

  12. 25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Information collection. 175.6 Section 175.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... assigned clearance number 1076-0021. This information is being collected to provide electric power...

  13. 25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Information collection. 175.6 Section 175.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... assigned clearance number 1076-0021. This information is being collected to provide electric power...

  14. 25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Information collection. 175.6 Section 175.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... assigned clearance number 1076-0021. This information is being collected to provide electric power...

  15. 21 CFR 137.175 - Phosphated flour.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Phosphated flour. 137.175 Section 137.175 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours...

  16. 21 CFR 137.175 - Phosphated flour.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Phosphated flour. 137.175 Section 137.175 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours...

  17. Reactivity of ytterbium(II) silylamide supported by a pyrrolyl-cyclopentadienyl ligand.

    PubMed

    Li, Jianfeng; Hao, Jingjun; Cui, Chunming

    2015-01-14

    Reactivity of a divalent ytterbium amide LYbN(SiMe3)2 (1, L = Me4C5-SiMe2-NC4H4) supported by a pyrrolyl functionalized cyclopentadienyl ligand has been investigated. Reactions of 1 with the element sulfur led to the oxidation of the ytterbium to yield the disulfide-bridged ytterbium complex [LYbN(SiMe3)2]2(μ-η(2):η(2)-S2) (2) while that with AgBPh4 resulted in the oxidation of the amide ligand to yield the divalent ytterbium complex LYb(BPh4) (3) along with the formation of silver and the N-N coupling product [N(SiMe3)2]2. Reactions of 1 with phenol, phenylacetylene and aniline led to the formation of the corresponding ytterbium aryloxide [LYb(μ-OAr(1))]2 (4, Ar(1) = 2,6-tBu2-4-MeC6H2), ytterbium alkynyl complex [LYb(μ-C≡CAr(2))]2 (5, Ar(2) = 4-tBuC6H4) and ytterbium amide [(Me4C5-SiMe2-NHAr(3))Yb(μ-NHAr(3))]2 (6, Ar(3) = 2,6-iPr2C6H3), respectively. The structural analysis of the reaction products revealed that the silyl bridged pyrrolyl arm is not coordinated to the ytterbium center in compounds 2, 4 and 5. The formation of 6 involved the cleavage of the Si-Npyrrole bond, the same bond cleavage was also observed in the reaction of 1 with red phosphorus, leading to the pyrrolide bridged complex [LYb(μ-η(1):η(5)-NC4H4)]2 (7).

  18. Photonic bandgap single-mode optical fibre with ytterbium-doped silica glass core

    SciTech Connect

    Egorova, O N; Semenov, S L; Vel'miskin, V V; Dianov, Evgenii M; Salganskii, M Yu; Yashkov, M V; Gur'yanov, Aleksei N

    2011-01-24

    A photonic bandgap fibre with an ytterbium-doped silica glass core is fabricated and investigated. The possibility of implementing single-mode operation of such fibres in a wide spectral range at a large (above 20 {mu}m) mode field diameter makes them promising for fibre lasers and amplifiers. To ensure a high quality of the beam emerging from the fibre, particular attention is paid to increasing the optical homogeneity of the ytterbium-doped core glass. (optical fibres)

  19. Inelastic Collisions in Optically Trapped Ultracold Metastable Ytterbium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamaguchi, A.; Uetake, S.; Hashimoto, D.; Doyle, J. M.; Takahashi, Y.

    2008-12-01

    We report measurement of inelastic loss in dense and cold metastable ytterbium (Yb[P23]). Use of an optical far-off-resonance trap enables us to trap atoms in all magnetic sublevels, removing m-changing collisional trap loss from the system. Trapped samples of Yb[P23] are produced at a density of 2×1013cm-3 and temperature of 2μK. We observe rapid two-body trap loss of Yb[P23] and measure the inelastic collision rate constant 1.0(3)×10-11cm3s-1. The existence of the fine-structure changing collisions between atoms in the P23 state is strongly suggested.

  20. Double nanosecond pulses generation in ytterbium fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Veiko, V. P.; Lednev, V. N.; Pershin, S. M.; Samokhvalov, A. A.; Yakovlev, E. B.; Zhitenev, I. Yu.; Kliushin, A. N.

    2016-06-01

    Double pulse generation mode for nanosecond ytterbium fiber laser was developed. Two sequential 60-200 ns laser pulses with variable delay between them were generated by acousto-optic modulator opening with continuous diode pumping. A custom radio frequency generator was developed to produce two sequential "opening" radio pulses with a delay of 0.2-1 μs. It was demonstrated that double pulse generation did not decrease the average laser power while providing the control over the laser pulse power profile. Surprisingly, a greater peak power in the double pulse mode was observed for the second laser pulse. Laser crater studies and plasma emission measurements revealed an improved efficiency of laser ablation in the double pulse mode.

  1. Reverse spontaneous laser line sweeping in ytterbium fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Navratil, P.; Peterka, P.; Honzatko, P.; Kubecek, V.

    2017-03-01

    Self-induced laser line sweeping of various regimes of sweep direction is reported for an experimental ytterbium fiber laser. The regimes involve sweeping from shorter to longer wavelengths (1076~\\text{nm}\\to 1083 nm)—so-called normal self-sweeping; from longer to shorter wavelengths (1079~\\text{nm}\\to 1073 nm)—so-called reverse self-sweeping; and a mixed regime in which a precarious balance of the normal and reverse sweeping exists and the sweep direction can change between consecutive sweeps. The regimes of sweeping were selected by changing the pump wavelength only. A detailed explanation of this sweep direction dynamics is presented based on a semi-empirical model. This model also provides a way to predict the sweep direction of fiber lasers based on other rare-earth-doped laser media.

  2. Calculation of electron scattering from the ground state of ytterbium

    SciTech Connect

    Bostock, Christopher J.; Fursa, Dmitry V.; Bray, Igor

    2011-05-15

    We report on the application of the convergent close-coupling method, in both relativistic and nonrelativistic formulations, to electron scattering from ytterbium. Angle-differential and integrated cross sections are presented for elastic scattering and excitation of the states (6s6p){sup 3}P{sub 0,1,2}, (6s6p){sup 1}P{sub 1}{sup o}, (6s7p){sup 1}P{sub 1}{sup o}, and (6s5d){sup 1}D{sub 2}{sup e} for a range of incident electron energies. We also present calculations of the total cross section, and angle-differential Stokes parameters for excitation of the (6s6p){sup 3}P{sub 1}{sup o} state from the ground state. A comparison is made with the relativistic distorted-wave method and experiments.

  3. Characteristics of the Brillouin spectra in Erbium-Ytterbium fibers.

    PubMed

    Canat, G; Durécu, A; Lesueur, G; Lombard, L; Bourdon, P; Jolivet, V; Jaouën, Y

    2008-03-03

    This paper reports the main characteristics of the Stokes spectra for typical pumped and unpumped Erbium-Ytterbium doped fibers. Doped fibers show shorter Brillouin shifts and their spectra are up to 1.6 times broader than undoped fibers. Those spectra are composed of several peaks originating from several longitudinal acoustic modes. The effective Brillouin gain of the secondary modes can be as large as 20% of the main peak gain. They can merge into a more complex structure for the largest cores. Simulations allow to relate these characteristics to the influence of codoping and index profile inhomogeneity. An additional broadening of the Stokes spectrum in pumped fibers is reported and attributed to thermal effects.

  4. 33 CFR 175.140 - Prohibited use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.140 Prohibited use. No person in a boat shall display a visual distress signal on waters to which this subpart applies under...

  5. 33 CFR 175.17 - Exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... manual, if the approval label makes reference to such a manual. (b) Canoes and kayaks 16 feet in length... § 175.15(b). (c) Racing shells, rowing sculls, racing canoes and racing kayaks are exempted from...

  6. Ytterbium optical lattice clock with 10-18 level characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phillips, Nathaniel; Sherman, Jeff; Beloy, Kyle; Hinkley, Nathan; Schioppo, Marco; Oates, Chris; Ludlow, Andrew

    2014-05-01

    A recent comparison of two ytterbium-based optical lattice clocks at NIST demonstrated record stability of 1 . 6 parts in 1018 after 25,000s averaging. We report on measurements of the two primary systematic effects that shift the ultra-narrow clock transition, towards a reduction of the clock uncertainty to the 10-18 level. Uncertainty stemming from the blackbody radiation (BBR) shift is largely due to imprecise knowledge of the thermal environment surrounding the atoms. We detail the construction and operation of an in-vacuum, thermally-regulated radiation shield, which permits laser cooling and trapping while enabling an absolute temperature measurement with < 20 mK precision. Additionally, while operation of the optical lattice at the magic wavelength (λm) cancels the scalar Stark shift (since both clock states shift equally), higher-order vector and two-photon hyperpolarizability shifts remain. To evaluate these effects, as well as the polarizability away from λm, we implement a lattice buildup cavity around the atoms. The resulting twenty-fold enhancement of the lattice intensity provides a significant lever arm for precise measurement of these effects.

  7. Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulation of Oxygen Diffusion in Ytterbium Disilicate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Good, Brian S.

    2015-01-01

    Silicon-based ceramic components for next-generation jet turbine engines offer potential weight savings, as well as higher operating temperatures, both of which lead to increased efficiency and lower fuel costs. Silicon carbide (SiC), in particular, offers low density, good strength at high temperatures, and good oxidation resistance in dry air. However, reaction of SiC with high-temperature water vapor, as found in the hot section of jet turbine engines in operation, can cause rapid surface recession, which limits the lifetime of such components. Environmental Barrier Coatings (EBCs) are therefore needed if long component lifetime is to be achieved. Rare earth silicates such as Yb2Si2O7 and Yb2SiO5 have been proposed for such applications; in an effort to better understand diffusion in such materials, we have performed kinetic Monte Carlo (kMC) simulations of oxygen diffusion in Ytterbium disilicate, Yb2- Si2O7. The diffusive process is assumed to take place via the thermally activated hopping of oxygen atoms among oxygen vacancy sites or among interstitial sites. Migration barrier energies are computed using density functional theory (DFT).

  8. Multidimensional Purcell effect in an ytterbium-doped ring resonator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ding, Dapeng; Pereira, Lino M. C.; Bauters, Jared F.; Heck, Martijn J. R.; Welker, Gesa; Vantomme, André; Bowers, John E.; de Dood, Michiel J. A.; Bouwmeester, Dirk

    2016-06-01

    Rare-earth ions in solids are of particular interest for quantum information storage and processing because of the long coherence times of the 4f states. In the past few years, substantial progress has been made by using ensembles of ions and single ions. However, the weak optical transitions within the 4f manifold pose a great challenge to the optical interaction with a single rare-earth ion on a single-photon level. Here, we demonstrate a ninefold enhanced ion-light interaction (Purcell effect) in an integrated-optics-based, fibre-coupled silicon nitride (Si3N4) ring resonator with implanted ytterbium ions (Yb3+). We unveil the one-, two- and three-dimensional contributions to the Purcell factor as well as the temperature-dependent decoherence and depolarization of the ions. The results indicate that this cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) system has the potential of interfacing single rare-earth ions with single photons on a chip.

  9. A cost-effective high-flux source of cold ytterbium atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Bo; Zou, Yueyang; Zhang, Shanchao; Cho, Chang-woo; Jo, Gyu-Boong

    2016-10-01

    We report a cost-effective way to prepare high-flux slow ytterbium atoms with extremely low-power 399-nm light suitable for the production of quantum degenerate ytterbium gases. By collimating an atomic beam through an array of micro-capillary tubes, we obtain a bright atomic beam through the Zeeman slower operating at low light power of only 15 mW for the source. We achieve the loading rate of 2 × 107 s-1 into the intercombination magneto-optical trap (MOT) and a sufficient steady-state MOT atom number of 2 × 108 for 174Yb atoms. Our apparatus highlights an efficient method to obtain slow ytterbium atoms using a simple low-power 399-nm laser system.

  10. Hybrid Ytterbium-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber amplifier for long wavelengths.

    PubMed

    Petersen, Sidsel R; Alkeskjold, Thomas T; Poli, Federica; Coscelli, Enrico; Jørgensen, Mette M; Laurila, Marko; Lægsgaard, Jesper; Broeng, Jes

    2012-03-12

    A large-mode-area Ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier with build-in gain shaping is presented. The fiber cladding consists of a hexagonal lattice of air holes, where three rows are replaced with circular high-index inclusions. Seven missing air holes define the large-mode-area core. Light confinement is achieved by combined index and bandgap guiding, which allows for single-mode operation and gain shaping through distributed spectral filtering of amplified spontaneous emission. The fiber properties are ideal for amplification in the long wavelength regime of the Ytterbium gain spectrum above 1100 nm, and red shifting of the maximum gain to 1130 nm is demonstrated.

  11. 21 CFR 189.175 - P-4000.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline, C9H12N2O3. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 4000 times that of sucrose,...

  12. 21 CFR 189.175 - P-4000.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline, C9H12N2O3. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 4000 times that of sucrose,...

  13. 21 CFR 189.175 - P-4000.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline, C9H12N2O3. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 4000 times that of sucrose,...

  14. 21 CFR 558.175 - Clopidol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS Specific New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds § 558.175 Clopidol. (a) Specifications. Type A medicated article containing 25...

  15. 33 CFR 175.13 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.13 Definitions. As used in this subpart: (a) “Personal flotation device” means a device that is approved by the Commandant under 46 CFR Part 160. (b) “PFD” means “personal flotation device”....

  16. 33 CFR 175.13 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.13 Definitions. As used in this subpart: (a) “Personal flotation device” means a device that is approved by the Commandant under 46 CFR Part 160. (b) “PFD” means “personal flotation device”....

  17. 40 CFR 763.175 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the manufacture, import, processing, or distribution in commerce of asbestos-containing products in... Prohibition of the Manufacture, Importation, Processing, and Distribution in Commerce of Certain Asbestos-Containing Products; Labeling Requirements § 763.175 Enforcement. (a) Failure to comply with any provision...

  18. 49 CFR 175.90 - Damaged shipments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... unit load device was stowed must be inspected for evidence of leakage or contamination immediately upon... for contamination and decontaminated, if applicable. (b) Except as provided in § 175.700, the operator... that a hazardous material may be the cause of the contamination, the operator must take...

  19. 50 CFR 17.5 - Alaska natives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS Introduction and General Provisions § 17.5 Alaska... endangered wildlife, and any provision of subpart D of this part relating to the importation or the taking...

  20. 21 CFR 189.175 - P-4000.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ....175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline, C9H12N2O3. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 4000 times that of sucrose, is not found in natural products at levels... upon an order published in the Federal Register of January 19, 1950 (15 FR 321). (c) The...

  1. 31 CFR 103.175 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) does not apply, notwithstanding paragraph (m) of this section. (k) Offshore banking license means a... Correspondent Accounts and Private Banking Accounts § 103.175 Definitions. Except as otherwise provided, the...) Means any formal banking or business relationship established by a bank to provide regular...

  2. 21 CFR 558.175 - Clopidol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS Specific New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds § 558.175 Clopidol. (a) Specifications. Type A medicated article containing 25...

  3. 21 CFR 558.175 - Clopidol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS Specific New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds § 558.175 Clopidol. (a) Specifications. Type A medicated article containing 25...

  4. 21 CFR 558.175 - Clopidol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS Specific New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds § 558.175 Clopidol. (a) Specifications. Type A medicated article containing 25...

  5. 49 CFR 173.175 - Permeation devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1 and Class 7 § 173.175... without significant reduction in effectiveness: (1) The following free drops onto a rigid, non resilient... top surface for a duration of 24 hours, equivalent to the total weight of identical packages...

  6. Second harmonic generation of spectrally broadened femtosecond ytterbium laser radiation in a gas-filled capillary

    SciTech Connect

    Didenko, N V; Konyashchenko, Aleksandr V; Kostryukov, P V; Losev, Leonid L; Tenyakov, S Yu

    2011-09-30

    A 300-fs radiation pulse of an ytterbium laser with a wavelength of 1030 nm and energy of 150 {mu}J were converted to a 15-fs pulse with a wavelength of 515 nm by broadening the emission spectrum in a capillary filled with xenon and by generating the second harmonic in a KDP crystal. The energy efficiency of the conversion was 30 %.

  7. Novel PEG-organized biocompatible fluorescent nanoparticles doped with an ytterbium cyanoporphyrazine complex for biophotonic applications.

    PubMed

    Klapshina, Larisa G; Douglas, William E; Grigoryev, Ilya S; Ladilina, Elena Yu; Shirmanova, Marina V; Mysyagin, Sergey A; Balalaeva, Irina V; Zagaynova, Elena V

    2010-11-28

    The preparation and properties are described of two types of novel PEG-organized nanoparticles including silica-modified uniform disk-shaped nanoparticles doped with a fluorescent ytterbium cyanoporphyrazine complex; a large enhancement of red emission for both types of nanoparticles is observed in physiological liquids owing to their binding to biomolecules.

  8. Ytterbium and trace element distribution in brain and organic tissues of offspring rats after prenatal and postnatal exposure to ytterbium.

    PubMed

    Feng, Liuxing; He, Xiao; Xiao, Haiqing; Li, Zijie; Li, Fuliang; Liu, Nianqing; Chai, Zhifang; Zhao, Yuliang; Zhang, Zhiyong

    2007-01-01

    Lanthanides, because of their diversified physical and chemical effects, have been widely used in a number of fields. As a result, more and more lanthanides are entering the environment and eventually accumulating in the human body. Previous studies indicate that the impact of lanthanides on brain function cannot be neglected. Although neurological studies of trace elements are of paramount importance, up to now, little data are provided regarding the status of micronutritional elements in rats after prenatal and long-term exposure to lanthanide. The aim of this study is to determine the ytterbium (Yb) and trace elements distribution in brain and organic tissues of offspring rats after prenatal and long-term exposure to Yb. Wistar rats were exposed to Yb through oral administration at 0,0.1, 2, and 40 mg Yb/kg concentrations from gestation day 0 through 5 mo of age. Concentrations of Yb and other elements (Mg, Ca, Fe, Cu, Mn, and Zn) in the serum, liver, femur, and brain regions (cerebral cortex, hippocampus, cerebellum, and the rest) of offspring rats at the age of 0 d, 25 d, and 5 mo were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The accumulation of Yb in the brain, liver, and femur is observed; moreover, the levels of Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, Ca, and Mg in the brain and organic tissues of offspring rats are also altered after Yb exposure. This disturbance of the homeostasis of trace elements might induce adverse effects on normal physiological functions of the brain and other organs.

  9. Cooperative luminescence and absorption in Ytterbium-doped silica fiber and the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient at λ = 980 nm with a regard to the Ytterbium ion-pairs' effect: Reply

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kir'yanov, Alexander V.; Barmenkov, Yuri O.

    2006-07-01

    We reply to the comment [R. Paschotta and A.C. Tropper, Opt. Express, to be published (2006)] on our recent work reporting a study of the cooperative absorption and emission in heavily-doped Ytterbium silica fibers and mechanisms of the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient reduction due to the Ytterbium ion-pairs’ effect [A.V. Kir’yanov et al., Opt. Express, 14 (9), 3981 (2006)]. We provide some additional evidences for that our work hypotheses and conclusions.

  10. Preventing photodarkening in ytterbium-doped high power fiber lasers; correlation to the UV-transparency of the core glass.

    PubMed

    Engholm, M; Norin, L

    2008-01-21

    Photodarkening experiments are performed on ytterbium-doped silicate glass samples. A strong charge-transfer (CT) absorption band near 230nm in aluminosilicate glass is found to be correlated to the mechanism of induced color center formation. Excitation into the CT-absorption band generates similar color centers as observed in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers under 915nm high power diode pumping. The position of the CT-absorption band is compositional dependent and is shifted to shorter wavelengths in ytterbium doped phosphosilicate glass. Very low levels of photodarkening is observed for the ytterbium doped phosphosilicate glass composition under 915nm high power diode pumping. Possible excitation routes to reach the CT-absorption band under 915nm pumping are discussed.

  11. Enantioselective synthesis of 3-hydroxy oxindoles by ytterbium-catalysed decarboxylative addition of β-ketoacids to isatins.

    PubMed

    Duan, Zhiqiang; Han, Jianlin; Qian, Ping; Zhang, Zirui; Wang, Yi; Pan, Yi

    2013-10-14

    A ytterbium(III)-indapybox catalysed enantioselective decarboxylative addition reaction of β-ketoacids to isatins is described. The biologically important 3-hydroxy oxindoles were obtained in high yields and excellent enantioselectivities.

  12. Preparation of a Ytterbium-tagged Gunshot Residue Standard for Quality Control in the Forensic Analysis of GSR.

    PubMed

    Hearns, Nigel G R; Laflèche, Denis N; Sandercock, Mark L

    2015-05-01

    Preparation of a ytterbium-tagged gunshot residue (GSR) reference standard for scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopic (SEM-EDS) microanalysis is reported. Two different chemical markers, ytterbium and neodymium, were evaluated by spiking the primers of 38 Special ammunition cartridges (no propellant, no projectile) and discharging them onto 12.7 mm diameter aluminum SEM pin stubs. Following SEM-EDS microanalysis, the majority of tri-component particles containing lead, barium, and antimony (PbBaSb) were successfully tagged with the chemical marker. Results demonstrate a primer spiked with 0.75% weight percent of ytterbium nitrate affords PbBaSb particles characteristic of GSR with a ytterbium inclusion efficiency of between 77% and 100%. Reproducibility of the method was verified, and durability of the ytterbium-tagged tri-component particles under repeated SEM-EDS analysis was also tested. The ytterbium-tagged PbBaSb particles impart synthetic traceability to a GSR reference standard and are suitable for analysis alongside case work samples, as a positive control for quality assurance purposes.

  13. 14 CFR 23.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. 23.175 Section 23.175 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Flight Stability § 23.175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. Static longitudinal...

  14. 14 CFR 23.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. 23.175 Section 23.175 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Flight Stability § 23.175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. Static longitudinal...

  15. 14 CFR 23.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. 23.175 Section 23.175 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Flight Stability § 23.175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. Static longitudinal...

  16. 14 CFR 23.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. 23.175 Section 23.175 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Flight Stability § 23.175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. Static longitudinal...

  17. 14 CFR 23.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. 23.175 Section 23.175 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Flight Stability § 23.175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. Static longitudinal...

  18. 7 CFR 1726.175 - General plant materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false General plant materials. 1726.175 Section 1726.175... AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES General Plant § 1726.175 General plant... determine the procurement method that best meets its needs for purchase of general plant material...

  19. 7 CFR 1726.175 - General plant materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General plant materials. 1726.175 Section 1726.175... AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES General Plant § 1726.175 General plant... determine the procurement method that best meets its needs for purchase of general plant material...

  20. 46 CFR 175.900 - OMB control numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false OMB control numbers. 175.900 Section 175.900 Shipping...) GENERAL PROVISIONS § 175.900 OMB control numbers. (a) Purpose. This section lists the control numbers... that agencies display a current control number assigned by the Director of OMB for each approved...

  1. 2 CFR 175.5 - Purpose of this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose of this part. 175.5 Section 175.5 Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved AWARD TERM FOR TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS § 175.5 Purpose of this part. This part establishes...

  2. 33 CFR 175.130 - Visual distress signals accepted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Visual distress signals accepted. 175.130 Section 175.130 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.130 Visual distress...

  3. 19 CFR 122.175 - Exemption from penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Exemption from penalties. 122.175 Section 122.175 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Air Carrier Smuggling Prevention Program § 122.175 Exemption...

  4. 40 CFR 98.175 - Procedures for estimating missing data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Procedures for estimating missing data. 98.175 Section 98.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Iron and Steel Production § 98.175 Procedures...

  5. 13 CFR 120.175 - Coastal barrier islands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coastal barrier islands. 120.175 Section 120.175 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Policies Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.175 Coastal...

  6. 21 CFR 175.300 - Resinous and polymeric coatings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Resinous and polymeric coatings. 175.300 Section 175.300 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of Coatings § 175.300 Resinous and...

  7. 33 CFR 175.15 - Personal flotation devices required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Personal flotation devices... SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.15 Personal flotation devices required. Except as provided in § 175.17 and 175.25: (a) No person may use a...

  8. 33 CFR 175.15 - Personal flotation devices required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Personal flotation devices... SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.15 Personal flotation devices required. Except as provided in § 175.17 and 175.25: (a) No person may use a...

  9. 33 CFR 175.15 - Personal flotation devices required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Personal flotation devices... SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.15 Personal flotation devices required. Except as provided in § 175.17 and 175.25: (a) No person may use a...

  10. 33 CFR 175.15 - Personal flotation devices required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Personal flotation devices... SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.15 Personal flotation devices required. Except as provided in § 175.17 and 175.25: (a) No person may use a...

  11. 25 CFR 700.175 - Temporary emergency moves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Temporary emergency moves. 700.175 Section 700.175... Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.175 Temporary emergency moves. (a) General..., provided: (1) That the move is for a limited time period not to exceed 12 months unless extended by...

  12. 25 CFR 700.175 - Temporary emergency moves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Temporary emergency moves. 700.175 Section 700.175... Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.175 Temporary emergency moves. (a) General..., provided: (1) That the move is for a limited time period not to exceed 12 months unless extended by...

  13. 25 CFR 700.175 - Temporary emergency moves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Temporary emergency moves. 700.175 Section 700.175... Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.175 Temporary emergency moves. (a) General..., provided: (1) That the move is for a limited time period not to exceed 12 months unless extended by...

  14. 25 CFR 700.175 - Temporary emergency moves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Temporary emergency moves. 700.175 Section 700.175... Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.175 Temporary emergency moves. (a) General..., provided: (1) That the move is for a limited time period not to exceed 12 months unless extended by...

  15. 25 CFR 700.175 - Temporary emergency moves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Temporary emergency moves. 700.175 Section 700.175... Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.175 Temporary emergency moves. (a) General..., provided: (1) That the move is for a limited time period not to exceed 12 months unless extended by...

  16. 27 CFR 25.175 - Prepayment of tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Prepayment of tax. 25.175 Section 25.175 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Tax on Beer Prepayment of Tax § 25.175 Prepayment of tax. (a)...

  17. 33 CFR 175.5 - Exemption from preemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Exemption from preemption. 175.5 Section 175.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS General § 175.5 Exemption from preemption. The States are...

  18. 33 CFR 175.5 - Exemption from preemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption from preemption. 175.5 Section 175.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS General § 175.5 Exemption from preemption. The States are...

  19. 21 CFR 175.125 - Pressure-sensitive adhesives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Pressure-sensitive adhesives. 175.125 Section 175... Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives § 175.125 Pressure-sensitive adhesives. Pressure-sensitive... accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) Pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared from one or...

  20. 21 CFR 175.125 - Pressure-sensitive adhesives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Pressure-sensitive adhesives. 175.125 Section 175... Adhesives § 175.125 Pressure-sensitive adhesives. Pressure-sensitive adhesives may be safely used as the... prescribed conditions: (a) Pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared from one or a mixture of two or more of...

  1. 21 CFR 175.125 - Pressure-sensitive adhesives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Pressure-sensitive adhesives. 175.125 Section 175... Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives § 175.125 Pressure-sensitive adhesives. Pressure-sensitive... accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) Pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared from one or...

  2. 7 CFR 400.175 - Revocation and non-acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Revocation and non-acceptance. 400.175 Section 400.175...; Regulations for the 1997 and Subsequent Reinsurance Years § 400.175 Revocation and non-acceptance. (a) FCIC... subsequent to revocation of a reinsurance agreement will be reinsured by FCIC. Policies in effect at the...

  3. 37 CFR 1.75 - Claim(s).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Claim(s). 1.75 Section 1.75... GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES National Processing Provisions Specification § 1.75 Claim(s). (a.... (35 U.S.C. 6; 15 U.S.C. 1113, 1126)...

  4. 25 CFR 175.31 - Methods and terms of payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Methods and terms of payment. 175.31 Section 175.31 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.31 Methods and terms of payment. Payments shall be...

  5. 25 CFR 175.31 - Methods and terms of payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Methods and terms of payment. 175.31 Section 175.31 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.31 Methods and terms of payment. Payments shall be...

  6. 45 CFR 17.5 - Context to be reflected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Context to be reflected. 17.5 Section 17.5 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.5 Context to be reflected. The authority for and the character of the information...

  7. 45 CFR 17.5 - Context to be reflected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Context to be reflected. 17.5 Section 17.5 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.5 Context to be reflected. The authority for and the character of the information...

  8. 40 CFR 98.175 - Procedures for estimating missing data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Procedures for estimating missing data. 98.175 Section 98.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Iron and Steel Production § 98.175 Procedures...

  9. 25 CFR 175.31 - Methods and terms of payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Methods and terms of payment. 175.31 Section 175.31 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.31 Methods and terms of payment. Payments shall be...

  10. 25 CFR 175.21 - Discontinuance of service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Discontinuance of service. 175.21 Section 175.21 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.21 Discontinuance of service. Failure of customer(s) to comply...

  11. 25 CFR 175.60 - Appeals to the area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Appeals to the area director. 175.60 Section 175.60 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Appeals § 175.60 Appeals to the area director. (a) Any person adversely affected by a...

  12. 25 CFR 175.50 - Obtaining rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Obtaining rights-of-way. 175.50 Section 175.50 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.50 Obtaining rights-of-way. Where there is no existing right(s)-of-way for...

  13. 25 CFR 175.60 - Appeals to the area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appeals to the area director. 175.60 Section 175.60 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Appeals § 175.60 Appeals to the area director. (a) Any person adversely affected by a...

  14. 25 CFR 175.4 - Authority of area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Authority of area director. 175.4 Section 175.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.4 Authority of area director. The Area Director may delegate authority under...

  15. 25 CFR 175.60 - Appeals to the area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Appeals to the area director. 175.60 Section 175.60 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Appeals § 175.60 Appeals to the area director. (a) Any person adversely affected by a...

  16. 25 CFR 175.50 - Obtaining rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Obtaining rights-of-way. 175.50 Section 175.50 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.50 Obtaining rights-of-way. Where there is no existing right(s)-of-way for...

  17. 25 CFR 175.21 - Discontinuance of service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Discontinuance of service. 175.21 Section 175.21 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.21 Discontinuance of service. Failure of customer(s) to comply...

  18. 25 CFR 175.60 - Appeals to the area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Appeals to the area director. 175.60 Section 175.60 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Appeals § 175.60 Appeals to the area director. (a) Any person adversely affected by a...

  19. 25 CFR 175.11 - Procedures for setting service fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Procedures for setting service fees. 175.11 Section 175.11 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.11 Procedures for setting service fees....

  20. 25 CFR 175.4 - Authority of area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Authority of area director. 175.4 Section 175.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.4 Authority of area director. The Area Director may delegate authority under...

  1. 25 CFR 175.4 - Authority of area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Authority of area director. 175.4 Section 175.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.4 Authority of area director. The Area Director may delegate authority under...

  2. 25 CFR 175.31 - Methods and terms of payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Methods and terms of payment. 175.31 Section 175.31 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.31 Methods and terms of payment. Payments shall be...

  3. 25 CFR 175.4 - Authority of area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Authority of area director. 175.4 Section 175.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.4 Authority of area director. The Area Director may delegate authority under...

  4. 25 CFR 175.11 - Procedures for setting service fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for setting service fees. 175.11 Section 175.11 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.11 Procedures for setting service fees....

  5. 25 CFR 175.50 - Obtaining rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Obtaining rights-of-way. 175.50 Section 175.50 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.50 Obtaining rights-of-way. Where there is no existing right(s)-of-way for...

  6. 25 CFR 175.50 - Obtaining rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Obtaining rights-of-way. 175.50 Section 175.50 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.50 Obtaining rights-of-way. Where there is no existing right(s)-of-way for...

  7. 25 CFR 175.31 - Methods and terms of payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Methods and terms of payment. 175.31 Section 175.31 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Billing, Payments, and Collections § 175.31 Methods and terms of payment. Payments shall be...

  8. 25 CFR 175.11 - Procedures for setting service fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Procedures for setting service fees. 175.11 Section 175.11 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.11 Procedures for setting service fees....

  9. 25 CFR 175.21 - Discontinuance of service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Discontinuance of service. 175.21 Section 175.21 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.21 Discontinuance of service. Failure of customer(s) to comply...

  10. 25 CFR 175.4 - Authority of area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Authority of area director. 175.4 Section 175.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.4 Authority of area director. The Area Director may delegate authority under...

  11. 25 CFR 175.11 - Procedures for setting service fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Procedures for setting service fees. 175.11 Section 175.11 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.11 Procedures for setting service fees....

  12. 25 CFR 175.11 - Procedures for setting service fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Procedures for setting service fees. 175.11 Section 175.11 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.11 Procedures for setting service fees....

  13. 25 CFR 175.60 - Appeals to the area director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Appeals to the area director. 175.60 Section 175.60 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Appeals § 175.60 Appeals to the area director. (a) Any person adversely affected by a...

  14. 25 CFR 175.21 - Discontinuance of service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Discontinuance of service. 175.21 Section 175.21 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.21 Discontinuance of service. Failure of customer(s) to comply...

  15. 25 CFR 175.50 - Obtaining rights-of-way.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Obtaining rights-of-way. 175.50 Section 175.50 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Rights-of-Way § 175.50 Obtaining rights-of-way. Where there is no existing right(s)-of-way for...

  16. 25 CFR 175.21 - Discontinuance of service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Discontinuance of service. 175.21 Section 175.21 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.21 Discontinuance of service. Failure of customer(s) to comply...

  17. 10 CFR 52.175 - Transfer of manufacturing license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfer of manufacturing license. 52.175 Section 52.175 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.175 Transfer of manufacturing license. A manufacturing...

  18. 10 CFR 52.175 - Transfer of manufacturing license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Transfer of manufacturing license. 52.175 Section 52.175 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.175 Transfer of manufacturing license. A manufacturing...

  19. 10 CFR 52.175 - Transfer of manufacturing license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Transfer of manufacturing license. 52.175 Section 52.175 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.175 Transfer of manufacturing license. A manufacturing...

  20. 10 CFR 52.175 - Transfer of manufacturing license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transfer of manufacturing license. 52.175 Section 52.175 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.175 Transfer of manufacturing license. A manufacturing...

  1. 10 CFR 52.175 - Transfer of manufacturing license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Transfer of manufacturing license. 52.175 Section 52.175 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Manufacturing Licenses § 52.175 Transfer of manufacturing license. A manufacturing...

  2. 37 CFR 1.75 - Claim(s).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Claim(s). 1.75 Section 1.75... GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES National Processing Provisions Specification § 1.75 Claim(s). (a.... (35 U.S.C. 6; 15 U.S.C. 1113, 1126)...

  3. 45 CFR 17.5 - Context to be reflected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Context to be reflected. 17.5 Section 17.5 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.5 Context to be reflected. The authority for and the character of the information...

  4. 45 CFR 17.5 - Context to be reflected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Context to be reflected. 17.5 Section 17.5 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.5 Context to be reflected. The authority for and the character of the information...

  5. 45 CFR 17.5 - Context to be reflected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Context to be reflected. 17.5 Section 17.5 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.5 Context to be reflected. The authority for and the character of the information...

  6. 7 CFR 1726.175 - General plant materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false General plant materials. 1726.175 Section 1726.175... AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES General Plant § 1726.175 General plant... determine the procurement method that best meets its needs for purchase of general plant material...

  7. 7 CFR 1726.175 - General plant materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false General plant materials. 1726.175 Section 1726.175... AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES General Plant § 1726.175 General plant... determine the procurement method that best meets its needs for purchase of general plant material...

  8. 14 CFR 406.175 - Appeal from initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Appeal from initial decision. 406.175 Section 406.175 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.175 Appeal from initial decision. (a) Notice...

  9. 14 CFR 406.175 - Appeal from initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeal from initial decision. 406.175 Section 406.175 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.175 Appeal from initial decision. (a) Notice...

  10. 14 CFR 406.175 - Appeal from initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Appeal from initial decision. 406.175 Section 406.175 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.175 Appeal from initial decision. (a) Notice...

  11. 14 CFR 406.175 - Appeal from initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Appeal from initial decision. 406.175 Section 406.175 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.175 Appeal from initial decision. (a) Notice...

  12. 14 CFR 406.175 - Appeal from initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Appeal from initial decision. 406.175 Section 406.175 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.175 Appeal from initial decision. (a) Notice...

  13. 33 CFR 175.15 - Personal flotation devices required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Personal flotation devices... SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Personal Flotation Devices § 175.15 Personal flotation devices required. Except as provided in § 175.17 and 175.25: (a) No person may use a...

  14. 21 CFR 133.175 - Pasteurized cheese spread.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Pasteurized cheese spread. 133.175 Section 133.175 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD... Cheese and Related Products § 133.175 Pasteurized cheese spread. Pasteurized cheese spread is the...

  15. 21 CFR 133.175 - Pasteurized cheese spread.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Pasteurized cheese spread. 133.175 Section 133.175 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD... Cheese and Related Products § 133.175 Pasteurized cheese spread. Pasteurized cheese spread is the...

  16. 21 CFR 133.175 - Pasteurized cheese spread.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Pasteurized cheese spread. 133.175 Section 133.175 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD... Cheese and Related Products § 133.175 Pasteurized cheese spread. Pasteurized cheese spread is the...

  17. Stress Measurements in Shock-Loaded PBX 9501 with Embedded Longitudinal and Lateral Piezoresistive Ytterbium Gauges

    SciTech Connect

    D.E. Hooks

    2004-12-15

    A series of light gas gun impact experiments were performed with piezoresistive ytterbium (Yb) gauges in longitudinal and lateral orientations embedded in the plastic bonded explosive PBX 9501. These experiments were performed to evaluate the feasibility of using this method to measure lateral stresses and shear strength dynamically in PBX 9501. Ytterbium was chosen as a gauge material based on its high piezoresistance changes at low stress levels. Experiments were performed at longitudinal impact stresses of approximately 0.6 GPa, which is above the yield point of Yb, near the dynamic yield point of PBX 9501, at a level that is comparable with other impact data, and relevant to several multidimensional safety tests. Results show that PBX 9501 does maintain strength throughout compression. Because of poor reproducibility observed in the experiments presented, it appears unlikely that stress extraction from these gauge results would yield an estimate of shear strength at this impact stress with acceptable error.

  18. Role of oxygen hole centres in the photodarkening of ytterbium-doped phosphosilicate fibre

    SciTech Connect

    Rybaltovsky, A A; Bobkov, K K; Likhachev, M E; Bubnov, M M; Dianov, E M; Umnikov, A A; Lipatov, D S; Gur'yanov, A N; Romanov, A N; Sulimov, V B

    2013-11-30

    We have studied the photodarkening in active fibres with an ytterbium-doped phosphosilicate glass core under IR irradiation with a pump source (920 nm) and UV irradiation (193 nm). Analysis of absorption and luminescence spectra suggests that such irradiations produce phosphorus – oxygen – hole centres (P-OHCs) in the core glass network and lead to the reduction of the ytterbium ions to a divalent state (Yb{sup 2+}). The photoinduced optical loss in the fibres in the visible range (400 – 700 nm) is mainly due to absorption by the P-OHCs. A quantum-mechanical model is proposed for P-OHC and Yb{sup 2+} formation. (nonlinear optical phenomena)

  19. Experimental Performance of a Single-Mode Ytterbium-doped Fiber Ring Laser with Intracavity Modulator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Numata, Kenji; Camp, Jordan

    2012-01-01

    We have developed a linearly polarized Ytterbium-doped fiber ring laser with a single longitudinal mode output at 1064 run. A fiber-coupled intracavity phase modulator ensured mode-hop free operation and allowed fast frequency tuning. The fiber laser was locked with high stability to an iodine-stabilized laser, showing a frequency noise suppression of a factor approx 10 (exp 5) at 1 mHz

  20. Highly ytterbium-doped silica fibers with low photo-darkening.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Shigeru; McKay, Hugh A; Peng, Xiang; Fu, Libin; Dong, Liang

    2009-06-08

    Phosphorus co-doping is known to reduce clustering levels of rare earth ions in silica hosts. In this paper, ytterbium-doped silica fibers with approximately 8.9 wt% Yb(2)O(3), up to approximately 4700 dB/m peak core absorption at 976 nm, and low photo-darkening are demonstrated using high phosphorus co-doping. Measured gain as high as approximately 7 dB/cm is demonstrated in the fiber.

  1. Efficient compression of the femtosecond pulses of an ytterbium laser in a gas-filled capillary

    SciTech Connect

    Konyashchenko, Aleksandr V; Losev, Leonid L; Tenyakov, S Yu

    2011-07-31

    A 290-fs radiation pulse of an ytterbium laser system with a central wavelength of 1028 nm and an energy of 145 {mu}J was compressed to a 27-fs pulse with an energy of 75 {mu}J. The compression was realised on the basis of the effect of pulse spectrum broadening in a xenon-filled glass capillary for a pulse repetition rate of 3kHz. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  2. Efficient ytterbium triflate catalyzed microwave-assisted synthesis of 3-acylacrylic acid building blocks.

    PubMed

    Tolstoluzhsky, Nikita V; Gorobets, Nikolay Yu; Kolos, Nadezhda N; Desenko, Sergey M

    2008-01-01

    The derivatives of 4-(hetero)aryl-4-oxobut-2-enoic acid are useful as building blocks in the synthesis of biologically active compounds. An efficient general protocol for the synthesis of these building blocks was developed. This method combines microwave assistance and ytterbium triflate catalyst and allows the fast preparation of the target acids starting from different (hetero)aromatic ketones and glyoxylic acid monohydrate giving pure products in 52-75% isolated yields.

  3. A new approach to controlling the ytterbium fibre laser output power

    SciTech Connect

    Voronin, V G; Nanii, Oleg E; Sus'yan, A A; Khlystov, V I

    2010-02-28

    A new approach has been proposed for controlling the linearly polarised output of an ytterbium-doped double-clad fibre laser: inverted-population modulation via loss modulation in a competing channel. The steady-state output power of the working channel has been determined as a function of loss in the competing channel. The results are qualitatively interpreted in terms of standard models of a dual-channel laser.

  4. Studies on output characteristics of stable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tian, Hongchun; Zhang, Sa; Hou, Zhiyun; Xia, Changming; Zhou, Guiyao; Zhang, Wei; Liu, Jiantao; Wu, Jiale; Fu, Jian

    2016-06-01

    A stable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber laser pumped by a 976 nm laser diode has been demonstrated at room temperature. Single-wavelength, dual-wavelength laser oscillations are observed when the fiber laser operates under different pump power by using different length of fibers. Stable dual-wavelength radiation around 1045 nm and 1075 nm has been generated simultaneously at a high pump power directly from an ytterbium-doped fiber laser without using any spectral control mechanism. A small core ytterbium-doped PCF fabricated by the powder sinter direction drawn rod technology is used as gain medium. The pump power and fiber length which can affect the output characteristics of dual-wavelength fiber laser are analyzed in the experiment. Experiments confirm that higher pump power and longer fiber length favors 1075 nm output; lower pump power and shorter fiber length favors 1045 nm output. Those results have a good reference in multi-wavelength fiber laser.

  5. Crystal structures of two ytterbium(III) complexes comprising alkynylamidinate ligands

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Sida; Sroor, Farid M.; Liebing, Phil; Lorenz, Volker; Hilfert, Liane; Edelmann, Frank T.

    2016-01-01

    Two ytterbium(III) complexes comprising alkynylamidinate ligands, namely bis­(η5-cyclo­penta­dien­yl)(3-cyclo­propyl-N,N′-diiso­propyl­propynamidinato-κ2 N,N′)ytterbium(III), [Yb(C5H5)2(C12H19N2)] or Cp2Yb[(iPr2N)2C—C≡C—c-C3H5] (1) and tris­(3-phenyl-N,N′-di­cyclo­hexyl­propynamidinato-κ2 N,N′)ytterbium(III), [Yb(C21H27N2)3] or Yb[(CyN)2C—C≡C—Ph]3 (Cy = cyclo­hex­yl) (2) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Both complexes are monomers; for complex 2, the contribution to the scattering from highly disordered toluene solvent molecules in these voids was removed with the SQUEEZE routine [Spek (2015). Acta Cryst. C71, 9–18] in PLATON. The stated crystal data for Mr, μ etc. do not take these into account. PMID:27920904

  6. Crystal structures of two ytterbium(III) complexes comprising alkynylamidinate ligands.

    PubMed

    Wang, Sida; Sroor, Farid M; Liebing, Phil; Lorenz, Volker; Hilfert, Liane; Edelmann, Frank T

    2016-09-01

    Two ytterbium(III) complexes comprising alkynylamidinate ligands, namely bis-(η(5)-cyclo-penta-dien-yl)(3-cyclo-propyl-N,N'-diiso-propyl-propynamidinato-κ(2)N,N')ytterbium(III), [Yb(C5H5)2(C12H19N2)] or Cp2Yb[( (i) Pr2N)2C-C≡C-c-C3H5] (1) and tris-(3-phenyl-N,N'-di-cyclo-hexyl-propynamidinato-κ(2)N,N')ytterbium(III), [Yb(C21H27N2)3] or Yb[(CyN)2C-C≡C-Ph]3 (Cy = cyclo-hex-yl) (2) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Both complexes are monomers; for complex 2, the contribution to the scattering from highly disordered toluene solvent molecules in these voids was removed with the SQUEEZE routine [Spek (2015). Acta Cryst. C71, 9-18] in PLATON. The stated crystal data for Mr, μ etc. do not take these into account.

  7. Degenerate mixtures of rubidium and ytterbium for engineering open quantum systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaidya, Varun Dilip

    In the last two decades, experimental progress in controlling cold atoms and ions now allows us to manipulate fragile quantum systems with an unprecedented degree of precision. This has been made possible by the ability to isolate small ensembles of atoms and ions from noisy environments, creating truly closed quantum systems which decouple from dissipative channels. However in recent years, several proposals have considered the possibility of harnessing dissipation in open systems, not only to cool degenerate gases to currently unattainable temperatures, but also to engineer a variety of interesting many-body states. This thesis will describe progress made towards building a degenerate gas apparatus that will soon be capable of realizing these proposals. An ultracold gas of ytterbium atoms, trapped by a species-selective lattice will be immersed into a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of rubidium atoms which will act as a bath. Here we describe the challenges encountered in making a degenerate mixture of rubidium and ytterbium atoms and present two experiments performed on the path to creating a controllable open quantum system. The first experiment will describe the measurement of a tune-out wavelength where the light shift of 87Rb vanishes. This wavelength was used to create a species-selective trap for ytterbium atoms. Furthermore, the measurement of this wavelength allowed us to extract the dipole matrix element of the 5s → 6p transition in 87Rb with an extraordinary degree of precision. Our method to extract matrix elements has found use in atomic clocks where precise knowledge of transition strengths is necessary to account for minute blackbody radiation shifts. The second experiment will present the first realization of a degenerate Bose-Fermi mixture of rubidium and ytterbium atoms. Using a three-color optical dipole trap (ODT), we were able to create a highly-tunable, species-selective potential for rubidium and ytterbium atoms which allowed us to use 87

  8. Sensitized near-infrared emission from ytterbium(III) via direct energy transfer from iridium(III) in a heterometallic neutral complex.

    PubMed

    Mehlstäubl, Marita; Kottas, Gregg S; Colella, Silvia; De Cola, Luisa

    2008-05-14

    A tetrametallic iridium-ytterbium complex has been synthesised that shows sensitized near-infrared emission (lambda(max) = 976 nm) upon excitation of the iridium unit in the visible region (400 nm) due to efficient energy transfer from the iridium units to the Yb(III) ion. The iridium phosphorescence is quenched nearly quantitatively while the ytterbium ion emits brightly in the NIR.

  9. Solid state reactions of nanocrystalline Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75} mixed oxide with high surface area silica in oxidizing and reducing atmosphere

    SciTech Connect

    Malecka, Malgorzata A.; Kepinski, Leszek

    2012-08-15

    The interaction of nanocrystalline Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75} mixed oxide with a high surface amorphous silica support in an oxidizing and reducing atmosphere was studied by XRD, HRTEM, SAED, SEM and BET techniques. The Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75}-SiO{sub 2} system shows very high structural and size stability in the oxidizing atmosphere up to 1000 Degree-Sign C, but in hydrogen spreading of the oxide onto silica occurs at temperatures above 800 Degree-Sign C. In the oxidizing atmosphere stability of the mixed oxide is limited by extraction of ytterbium from the oxide driven by a tendency to form ytterbium silicates. A new polymorph of Yb silicate, isomorphic with y-Y{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} (yttrialite), has been identified in the samples containing the mixed Ce-Yb oxide. The absence of y-Yb{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} silicate in the Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2} samples treated in similar conditions indicates that Ce{sup 4+} ions are needed to stabilize the structure. - Graphical abstract: Structure evolution of nano-Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75}-SiO{sub 2} in air and in H{sub 2}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nano-Ce{sub 0.50}Yb{sub 0.50}O{sub 1.75} on SiO{sub 2} is stable in air up to 1000 Degree-Sign C but spreads in hydrogen at 800 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Formation of Yb silicates determines the stability of Ce{sub 0.50}Yb{sub 0.50}O{sub 1.75} at high temperatures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New, y-Yb{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} silicate (yttrialite type) forms in Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75}-SiO{sub 2} in H{sub 2} at 1100 Degree-Sign C.

  10. 19 CFR 191.175 - Drawback claimant; maintenance of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) DRAWBACK Substitution of Finished Petroleum Derivatives § 191.175... origin (imported, manufactured, substituted, or any combination thereof), so designated on a...

  11. Atomic structures beyond the spherical approximation along with PNC as conjectured explanations to Urbach tailing in neutral isolated ytterbium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boubaker, K.

    2011-11-01

    In this paper, we try to give an explanation to the spectacular Urbach tailing associated to ytterbium. This rare earth element performs odd spectra due to its 5 f-electron shell configuration and complexity of its transition dynamics within band structure. Ytterbium particular forbidden band alteration has been associated to two major inconsistencies: calculating atomic single-particle wave functions and spectra without taking into account the non-spherical effects and neglecting the high parity non conserving (PNC) amplitudes in ytterbium absorption-emission spectra. The actual band structure calculation has been achieved within the Hartree-Fock-Slater approximation. It led to a noticeable blue shift resulting in narrowing the forbidden band from upper edge. Parity non conserving (PNC) amplitudes were also proposed as an explanation to width reduction from both upper and lower band edges. The relative extent of these reductions seems to coincide with Urbach tailing dimensions recorded in recent studies.

  12. Determination of cadmium in spring water by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after coprecipitation with ytterbium hydroxide.

    PubMed

    Atsumi, Kousuke; Minami, Tomoharu; Ueda, Joichi

    2005-06-01

    A coprecipitation method with ytterbium hydroxide was studied for the determination of cadmium in water samples by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Up to 40 ng of cadmium in water samples was quantitatively coprecipitated with ytterbium hydroxide at pH 8.0-11.2. The concentration factor was 100 fold. The coprecipitated cadmium was sensitively determined without any influence of ytterbium and the calibration curve was linear from 0.1 to 4 ng/mL of cadmium. The detection limit (signal/noise = 2) was 2.9 pg/mL in 100 mL of the initial sample solution. Twenty-nine diverse ions tested did not interfere with the determination in at least a 10000-fold mass ratio to cadmium. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of cadmium in spring water.

  13. DIVALENT LANTHANIDE CHEMISTRY; BIS (PENTAMETHYLCYCLOPENTADIENYL) EUROPIUM(II) AND YTTERBIUM(II) DERIVATIVES: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BIS(PENTAMETHYLCYCLOPENTADIENYL) YTTERBIUM (II)TETRAHYDROFURAN HEMI (TOLUENE) AT 176K

    SciTech Connect

    Tilley, T.Don; Andersen, Richard A.; Spencer, Brock; Ruben, Helena; Zalkin, Allan; Templeton, David H.

    1980-04-01

    Red, paramagnetic ({mu}{sub B} = 7.99 B.M., 5-50K) bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) europium (II)(tetrahydrofuran)(diethylether), (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}Eu(THF)(Et{sub 2}O) is isolated from reaction of three molar equivalents of sodium pentamethylcyclopentadienide and europium trichloride in refluxing tetrahydrofuran, after crystallization from diethyl ether. The monotetrahydrofuran complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}Eu(THF), may be isolated by use of toluene rather than diethyl ether as the crystallization solvent. Red, diamagnetic bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)ytterbium(II)(tetrahydrofuran) is isolated from the reaction of ytterbium dichloride and sodium pentamethylcyclopentadienide in refluxing tetrahydrofuran. The diethyl ether complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}Yb(OEt{sub 2}), may be isolated by crystallization of the tetrahydrofuran complex from diethylether, The hemi-toluene complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2} Yb(THF) {center_dot} 1/2 toluene, can be isolated by recrystallization of the tetrahydrofuran complex from toluene. As these divalent metallocenes are the first hydrocarbon-soluble lanthanide derivatives to be isolated we have examined the latter complex by X-ray crystallography. Crystals of (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}Yb(OC{sub 4}H{sub 8}) {center_dot} 1/2(C{sub 6}H{sub 5}cH{sub 3}) crystalline in the monoclinic system, P2{sub 1}/n, with a = 11.358(8) {angstrom}, b = 21.756(19) {angstrom}, c = 10.691(7) {angstrom}, and {beta} = 101.84(5){sup o} at 176K. For Z = 4 the calculated density is 1.37 g cm{sup -3}. The ytterbium atom is coordinated to the oxygen atom of a tetrahydrofuran molecule and to two pentamethyl cyclopentadienyl rings. The molecule has approximate c{sub 2} symmetry about the Yb-0 bond. The Yb-0 distance is 2.41 {angstrom}, the Yb-C distances average 2.66 {angstrom}, and the Yb-Cp (centroid) distances average 2.37 {angstrom}. The Me{sub 5}C{sub 5} rings are in a staggered configuration with respect to each other. The methyl groups of

  14. Amplification and ASE suppression in a polarization-maintaining ytterbium-doped all-solid photonic bandgap fibre.

    PubMed

    Olausson, C B; Falk, C I; Lyngsø, J K; Jensen, B B; Therkildsen, K T; Thomsen, J W; Hansen, K P; Bjarklev, A; Broeng, J

    2008-09-01

    We demonstrate suppression of amplified spontaneous emission at the conventional ytterbium gain wavelengths around 1030 nm in a cladding-pumped polarization-maintaining ytterbium-doped all-solid photonic crystal fibre. The fibre works through combined index and bandgap guiding. Furthermore, we show that the peak of the amplified spontaneous emission can be shifted towards longer wavelengths by rescaling the fibre dimensions. Thereby one can obtain lasing or amplification at longer wavelengths (1100 nm - 1200 nm) as the amount of amplification in the fibre is shown to scale with the power of the amplified spontaneous emission.

  15. 24 CFR 700.175 - Other Federal requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Other Federal requirements. 700.175 Section 700.175 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE...

  16. 27 CFR 25.175 - Prepayment of tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prepayment of tax. 25.175 Section 25.175 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT..., is insufficient for deferral of payment of tax on beer to be removed for consumption or sale, or if...

  17. 2 CFR 175.5 - Purpose of this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Purpose of this part. 175.5 Section 175.5 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS...

  18. 2 CFR 175.5 - Purpose of this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Purpose of this part. 175.5 Section 175.5 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved AWARD TERM FOR...

  19. 2 CFR 175.5 - Purpose of this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Purpose of this part. 175.5 Section 175.5 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS...

  20. 21 CFR 175.210 - Acrylate ester copolymer coating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Acrylate ester copolymer coating. 175.210 Section... COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of Coatings § 175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating. Acrylate ester copolymer coating may safely be used as a food-contact surface of articles intended for...

  1. 21 CFR 175.210 - Acrylate ester copolymer coating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Acrylate ester copolymer coating. 175.210 Section... COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of Coatings § 175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating. Acrylate ester copolymer coating may safely be used as a food-contact surface of articles intended for...

  2. 21 CFR 175.210 - Acrylate ester copolymer coating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Acrylate ester copolymer coating. 175.210 Section... COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of Coatings § 175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating. Acrylate ester copolymer coating may safely be used as a food-contact surface of articles intended for...

  3. 21 CFR 175.210 - Acrylate ester copolymer coating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Acrylate ester copolymer coating. 175.210 Section... Coatings § 175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating. Acrylate ester copolymer coating may safely be used as... prepared food, subject to the provisions of this section: (a) The acrylate ester copolymer is a...

  4. 21 CFR 175.210 - Acrylate ester copolymer coating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Acrylate ester copolymer coating. 175.210 Section... COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of Coatings § 175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating. Acrylate ester copolymer coating may safely be used as a food-contact surface of articles intended for...

  5. 2 CFR 175.5 - Purpose of this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Purpose of this part. 175.5 Section 175.5 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS AWARD TERM FOR TRAFFICKING IN...

  6. 50 CFR 622.173-622.175 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 12 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false 622.173-622.175 Section 622.173-622.175 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISHERIES OF THE CARIBBEAN, GULF OF MEXICO, AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Snapper-Grouper...

  7. 50 CFR 622.173-622.175 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 12 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false 622.173-622.175 Section 622.173-622.175 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISHERIES OF THE CARIBBEAN, GULF OF MEXICO, AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Snapper-Grouper...

  8. 31 CFR 363.172-363.175 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false 363.172-363.175 Section 363.172-363.175 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING SECURITIES HELD IN...

  9. 9 CFR 381.175 - Records required to be kept.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Records required to be kept. 381.175 Section 381.175 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... carcasses, of any poultry, for commerce, for use as human food or animal food; (2) Any person that...

  10. 9 CFR 381.175 - Records required to be kept.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Records required to be kept. 381.175 Section 381.175 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... carcasses, of any poultry, for commerce, for use as human food or animal food; (2) Any person that...

  11. 7 CFR 400.175 - Revocation and non-acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Revocation and non-acceptance. 400.175 Section 400.175 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Reinsurance Agreement-Standards for...

  12. 7 CFR 400.175 - Revocation and non-acceptance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Revocation and non-acceptance. 400.175 Section 400.175 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Reinsurance Agreement-Standards for...

  13. 21 CFR 175.300 - Resinous and polymeric coatings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Resinous and polymeric coatings. 175.300 Section 175.300 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of...

  14. 21 CFR 175.300 - Resinous and polymeric coatings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Resinous and polymeric coatings. 175.300 Section 175.300 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of...

  15. 21 CFR 175.300 - Resinous and polymeric coatings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Resinous and polymeric coatings. 175.300 Section 175.300 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of Coatings...

  16. 21 CFR 175.300 - Resinous and polymeric coatings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Resinous and polymeric coatings. 175.300 Section 175.300 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS Substances for Use as Components of...

  17. 27 CFR 53.175 - Readjustment for local advertising charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... television station, or appears in a newspaper or magazine, or is displayed by means of an outdoor advertising... advertising charges. 53.175 Section 53.175 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... Readjustment for local advertising charges. (a) In general. If a manufacturer has paid the tax imposed...

  18. 27 CFR 53.175 - Readjustment for local advertising charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... television station, or appears in a newspaper or magazine, or is displayed by means of an outdoor advertising... advertising charges. 53.175 Section 53.175 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... Readjustment for local advertising charges. (a) In general. If a manufacturer has paid the tax imposed...

  19. 27 CFR 53.175 - Readjustment for local advertising charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... television station, or appears in a newspaper or magazine, or is displayed by means of an outdoor advertising... advertising charges. 53.175 Section 53.175 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... Readjustment for local advertising charges. (a) In general. If a manufacturer has paid the tax imposed...

  20. 20 CFR 401.175 - Government Accountability Office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Government Accountability Office. 401.175... RECORDS AND INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records and Information § 401.175 Government Accountability Office. We disclose information to the Government Accountability Office when that agency needs...

  1. 20 CFR 401.175 - Government Accountability Office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Government Accountability Office. 401.175... RECORDS AND INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records and Information § 401.175 Government Accountability Office. We disclose information to the Government Accountability Office when that agency needs...

  2. 20 CFR 401.175 - Government Accountability Office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Government Accountability Office. 401.175... RECORDS AND INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records and Information § 401.175 Government Accountability Office. We disclose information to the Government Accountability Office when that agency needs...

  3. 18 CFR 367.1750 - Account 175, Derivative instrument assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Account 175, Derivative... GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Assets § 367.1750 Account 175, Derivative instrument assets. This account must include the amounts paid for derivative instruments, and the change...

  4. 18 CFR 367.1750 - Account 175, Derivative instrument assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Account 175, Derivative... GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Assets § 367.1750 Account 175, Derivative instrument assets. This account must include the amounts paid for derivative instruments, and the change...

  5. 18 CFR 367.1750 - Account 175, Derivative instrument assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Account 175, Derivative... GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Assets § 367.1750 Account 175, Derivative instrument assets. This account must include the amounts paid for derivative instruments, and the change...

  6. 49 CFR 175.3 - Unacceptable hazardous materials shipments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Unacceptable hazardous materials shipments. 175.3 Section 175.3 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS CARRIAGE BY AIRCRAFT General Information and Regulations...

  7. 25 CFR 175.40 - Financing of extensions and upgrades.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Financing of extensions and upgrades. 175.40 Section 175.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER... extend or upgrade its electric system to serve additional loads (new or increased loads). (b) If...

  8. 25 CFR 175.10 - Revenues collected from power operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.10 Revenues collected from power operations. The Area Director shall set service fees and electric power rates in accordance with the... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Revenues collected from power operations. 175.10...

  9. 25 CFR 175.40 - Financing of extensions and upgrades.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Financing of extensions and upgrades. 175.40 Section 175.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER... extend or upgrade its electric system to serve additional loads (new or increased loads). (b) If...

  10. 25 CFR 175.10 - Revenues collected from power operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.10 Revenues collected from power operations. The Area Director shall set service fees and electric power rates in accordance with the... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Revenues collected from power operations. 175.10...

  11. 25 CFR 175.40 - Financing of extensions and upgrades.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Financing of extensions and upgrades. 175.40 Section 175.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER... extend or upgrade its electric system to serve additional loads (new or increased loads). (b) If...

  12. 25 CFR 175.10 - Revenues collected from power operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.10 Revenues collected from power operations. The Area Director shall set service fees and electric power rates in accordance with the... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Revenues collected from power operations. 175.10...

  13. 25 CFR 175.10 - Revenues collected from power operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.10 Revenues collected from power operations. The Area Director shall set service fees and electric power rates in accordance with the... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Revenues collected from power operations. 175.10...

  14. 25 CFR 175.40 - Financing of extensions and upgrades.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Financing of extensions and upgrades. 175.40 Section 175.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER... extend or upgrade its electric system to serve additional loads (new or increased loads). (b) If...

  15. 25 CFR 175.10 - Revenues collected from power operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Service Fees, Electric Power Rates and Revenues § 175.10 Revenues collected from power operations. The Area Director shall set service fees and electric power rates in accordance with the... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Revenues collected from power operations. 175.10...

  16. 25 CFR 175.40 - Financing of extensions and upgrades.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Financing of extensions and upgrades. 175.40 Section 175.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER... extend or upgrade its electric system to serve additional loads (new or increased loads). (b) If...

  17. 20 CFR 401.175 - Government Accountability Office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Government Accountability Office. 401.175 Section 401.175 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY AND DISCLOSURE OF OFFICIAL... Office. We disclose information to the Government Accountability Office when that agency needs...

  18. 40 CFR 7.175 - Exhaustion of administrative remedy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....175 Section 7.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... the complaint and EPA has made no finding with regard to the complaint; or (2) EPA issues any...

  19. 40 CFR 7.175 - Exhaustion of administrative remedy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....175 Section 7.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... the complaint and EPA has made no finding with regard to the complaint; or (2) EPA issues any...

  20. 40 CFR 7.175 - Exhaustion of administrative remedy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....175 Section 7.175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... the complaint and EPA has made no finding with regard to the complaint; or (2) EPA issues any...

  1. 27 CFR 53.175 - Readjustment for local advertising charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... television station, or appears in a newspaper or magazine, or is displayed by means of an outdoor advertising... advertising charges. 53.175 Section 53.175 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... Readjustment for local advertising charges. (a) In general. If a manufacturer has paid the tax imposed...

  2. 40 CFR 68.175 - Prevention program/Program 3.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Prevention program/Program 3. 68.175... (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.175 Prevention program/Program...; (3) Process controls in use; (4) Mitigation systems in use; (5) Monitoring and detection systems...

  3. 40 CFR 68.175 - Prevention program/Program 3.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Prevention program/Program 3. 68.175... (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.175 Prevention program/Program...; (3) Process controls in use; (4) Mitigation systems in use; (5) Monitoring and detection systems...

  4. 13 CFR 120.175 - Coastal barrier islands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Coastal barrier islands. 120.175... Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.175 Coastal barrier islands. SBA and Intermediaries may not make or guarantee any loan within the Coastal Barrier...

  5. 13 CFR 120.175 - Coastal barrier islands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Coastal barrier islands. 120.175... Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.175 Coastal barrier islands. SBA and Intermediaries may not make or guarantee any loan within the Coastal Barrier...

  6. 13 CFR 120.175 - Coastal barrier islands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Coastal barrier islands. 120.175... Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.175 Coastal barrier islands. SBA and Intermediaries may not make or guarantee any loan within the Coastal Barrier...

  7. 13 CFR 120.175 - Coastal barrier islands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Coastal barrier islands. 120.175... Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.175 Coastal barrier islands. SBA and Intermediaries may not make or guarantee any loan within the Coastal Barrier...

  8. Sensitized electrophosphorescence of infrared emission diode based on copper phthalocyanine by an ytterbium complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Fei; Li, Wen Lian; Chu, Bei; Li, Tian Le; Su, Wen Ming; Su, Zi Sheng; Zhu, Jian Zhuo; Yang, Dong Fang; Zhang, Guang; Bi, De Feng; Han, Liang Liang; Cheng, Chuan Hui; Fan, Zhao Qi; Yu, Shu Kun; Du, Guo Tong; Tsuboi, Taiju

    2007-11-01

    By inserting a layer of (dibenzoylmethanato)3-(bathophenanthroline)-ytterbium (Yb-C) between copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) emitting layer and electron transport layer, intense and broadband electroluminescence (EL) were achieved at 930-1300nm spectral region in a phosphorescent EL device. The intensity and bandwidth are increased by about 50 and 4 times, respectively, compared with the EL device without Yb-C layer. The improvement in the EL intensity and band broadening were attributed to the energy transfer from Yb-C to CuPc and the overlapping of the Yb3+ near-infrared emission band with the CuPc emission band.

  9. Cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber laser with radially polarized output.

    PubMed

    Lin, Di; Daniel, J M O; Gecevičius, M; Beresna, M; Kazansky, P G; Clarkson, W A

    2014-09-15

    A simple technique for directly generating a radially polarized output beam from a cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber laser is reported. Our approach is based on the use of a nanograting spatially variant waveplate as an intracavity polarization-controlling element. The laser yielded ~32 W of output power (limited by available pump power) with a radially polarized TM (01)-mode output beam at 1040 nm with a corresponding slope efficiency of 66% and a polarization purity of 95%. The beam-propagation factor (M(2)) was measured to be ~1.9-2.1.

  10. High power ytterbium-doped fiber lasers — fundamentals and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zervas, Michalis N.

    2014-03-01

    In this paper, we summarize the fundamental properties and review the latest developments in high power ytterbium-doped fiber (YDF) lasers. The review is focused primarily on the main fiber laser configurations and the related cladding pumping issues. Special attention is placed on pump combination techniques and the parameters that affect the brightness enhancements observed in high power fiber lasers. The review also includes the major limitations imposed by fiber nonlinearities and other parasitic effects, such as optical damage, modal instabilities and photodarkening. The paper summarizes the power evolution in continuous-wave (CW) and pulsed YDF lasers and their impact on material processing and other industrial applications.

  11. Theoretical and experimental analysis of double-pass ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Pengfei; Su, Rongtao; Huang, Long; Du, Daiyan; Yang, Lijia

    2016-11-01

    We theoretically and experimentally demonstrate a double-pass ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier. First, we numerically analyze the impact of fiber length on the amplifier. In our experiment, a laser seed with output power of 100 μW and wavelength of 1064 nm is amplified to 51.2 mW with a signal gain of 27.1 dB. With this double-pass configuration, amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is effectively suppressed to more than 30 dB. Compared with single pass configuration, it is found that double-pass amplification configuration enhances the gain coefficient and improves the signal-to-noise ratio.

  12. Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier.

    PubMed

    Limpert, J; Liem, A; Reich, M; Schreiber, T; Nolte, S; Zellmer, H; Tünnermann, A; Broeng, J; Petersson, A; Jakobsen, C

    2004-04-05

    We report on an air-clad large-core single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber with a mode-field-diameter of 35 microm, corresponding to a mode-field-area of ~1000 microm(2). In a first experiment this fiber is used to amplify 10-ps pulses to a peak power of 60 kW without significant spectral broadening due to self-phase modulation allowing for the frequency up-conversion of these pulses using narrow-bandwidth phase matched nonlinear crystals.

  13. Optical excitation and decay dynamics of ytterbium atoms embedded in a solid neon matrix.

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, C.-Y.; Hu, S.-M.; Singh, J.; Bailey, K.; Lu, Z.-T.; Mueller, P.; O'Connor, T. P.; Welp, U.

    2011-09-01

    Neutral ytterbium atoms embedded in solid neon qualitatively retain the structure of free atoms. Despite the atom-solid interaction, the 6s6p {sup 3}P{sub 0} level is found to remain metastable with its lifetimes determined to be in the range of ten to hundreds of seconds. The atomic population can be almost completely transferred between the ground level and the metastable level via optical excitation and spontaneous decay. The dynamics of this process is examined and is used to explicitly demonstrate that the transition broadening mechanism is homogeneous.

  14. Generation of 28-fs pulses from a mode-locked ytterbium fiber oscillator.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Xiangyu; Yoshitomi, Dai; Kobayashi, Yohei; Torizuka, Kenji

    2008-05-12

    An ultrashort-pulse, mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser has been developed. The group-delay dispersion was compensated with a grating pair inside the cavity. A broad spectrum from 1000-nm to 1120-nm was obtained without intracavity compensation of third-order dispersion. A 0.7-nJ pulse as short as 28.3 fs was obtained with a repetition rate of 80 MHz. To our knowledge, this is the shortest pulse reported from an Yb fiber laser oscillator.

  15. Temporal evolution and correlation between cooperative luminescence and photodarkening in ytterbium doped silica fibers.

    PubMed

    Gebavi, Hrvoje; Taccheo, Stefano; Milanese, Daniel; Monteville, Achille; Le Goffic, Olivier; Landais, David; Mechin, David; Tregoat, Denis; Cadier, Benoit; Robin, Thierry

    2011-12-05

    The present work describes photodarkening from the viewpoint of cooperative luminescence. The temporal evolution of both effects was measured simultaneously by means of ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers for concentrations up to 1.8 wt% Yb3+. The quadratic dependence of photodarkening and cooperative luminescence versus dopant concentration was observed. The change in the photodarkening and cooperative luminescence mutual dynamics for highly and low doped fibers is ascribed to a different ion number which forms the cluster. Cooperative luminescence is proved to be a natural probe for photodarkening since it provides new pieces of information and contributes to the photodarkening mechanism description.

  16. Optical Excitation and Decay Dynamics of Ytterbium Atoms Embedded in a Solid Neon Matrix

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, C.-Y.; Lu, Z.-T.; Hu, S.-M.; Singh, J.; Bailey, K.; Mueller, P.; O'Connor, T. P.; Welp, U.

    2011-08-26

    Neutral ytterbium atoms embedded in solid neon qualitatively retain the structure of free atoms. Despite the atom-solid interaction, the 6s6p {sup 3}P{sub 0} level is found to remain metastable with its lifetimes determined to be in the range of ten to hundreds of seconds. The atomic population can be almost completely transferred between the ground level and the metastable level via optical excitation and spontaneous decay. The dynamics of this process is examined and is used to explicitly demonstrate that the transition broadening mechanism is homogeneous.

  17. Internal temperature measurement of an ytterbium doped material under laser operation.

    PubMed

    Petit, J; Viana, B; Goldner, Ph

    2011-01-17

    Temperature of the pumped volume of an ytterbium doped material has been measured while laser action is taking place. This is achieved by recording green emissions at 530 and 550 nm from Er3+ impurities. These emissions result from energy transfer upconversion processes between Yb3+ and Er3+. Experiments performed on a Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal show the effect of pump power and laser wavelength on the sample internal temperature. Temperature variation along the sample length has also been measured. This method can complement data obtained by thermal cameras which can only access surface temperatures in most laser materials.

  18. Water-soluble mitochondria-specific ytterbium complex with impressive NIR emission.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Tao; Zhu, Xunjin; Cheng, Chopen C W; Kwok, Wai-Ming; Tam, Hoi-Lam; Hao, Jianhua; Kwong, Daniel W J; Wong, Wai-Kwok; Wong, Ka-Leung

    2011-12-21

    A water-soluble porphyrinato ytterbium complex linked with rhodamine B (Yb-2) showed mitochondria-specific subcellular localization and strong two-photon-induced NIR emissions (λ(em) = 650 nm, porphyrinate ligand π → π* transition; λ(em) = 1060 nm, Yb(III) (5)F(5/2) → (5)F(7/2) transitions; σ(2) = 375 GM in DMSO) with an impressive Yb(III) NIR emission quantum yield (1% at λ(ex) = 340 nm; 2.5% at λ(ex) = 430 nm) in aqueous solution.

  19. Dual Wavelength High Power Double-Clad Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moghaddam, M. R. A.; Harun, S. W.; Shahi, S.; Ahmad, H.

    A dual wavelength high power double-clad erbium/ytterbium-doped fiber laser with a narrowest spacing of 0.4 nm and a M2 value of close to unity is presented in the region of 1565 nm. This result can be realized with a significant improvement of the mode competition problem using a loop mirror as a comb filter. The wavelength region can also be varied using polarization controllers in the loop mirror. This dual-wavelength fiber laser with side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of 40 dB is quite stable, and the output power variance is as low as 0.46 dB.

  20. Silicon-erbium ytterbium silicate nanowire waveguides with optimized optical gain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiao-Xia; Zheng, Wei-Hao; Zhang, Qing-Lin; Zhu, Xiao-Li; Zhou, Hong; Zhuang, Xiu-Juan; Pan, An-Lian; Duan, Xiang-Feng

    2017-02-01

    Single-crystal erbium silicate nanowires have attracted considerable attention because of their high optical gain. In this work, we report the controlled synthesis of silicon-erbium ytterbium silicate core-shell nanowires and fine-tuning the erbium mole fraction in the shell from x = 0:3 to x = 1:0, which corresponds to changing the erbium concentration from 4:8 × 1021 to 1:6 × 1022 cm-3. By controlling and properly optimizing the composition of erbium and ytterbium in the nanowires, we can effectively suppress upconversion photoluminescence while simultaneously enhancing near-infrared emission. The composition-optimized nanowires have very long photoluminescence lifetimes and large emission cross-sections, which contribute to the high optical gain that we observed. We suspended these concentration-optimized nanowires in the air to measure and analyze their propagation loss and optical gain in the near-infrared communication band. Through systematic measurements using wires with different core sizes, we obtained a maximum net gain of 20±8 dB·mm-1, which occurs at a wavelength of 1534 nm, for a nanowire with a diameter of 600 nm and a silicon core diameter of 300 nm.

  1. Research on ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier for the femtosecond fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tian, Hongchun; Hou, Zhiyun; Zhang, Sa; Zhou, Guiyao; Xia, Changming; Zhang, Wei; Wu, Jiale; liu, Hongzhan; Zheng, Yan

    2016-01-01

    We report on a single-stage, high-repetition photonic crystal fiber amplifier working at 1030 nm seeded by a femtosecond fiber laser, which generates an output with average power of 2.23 W at a repetition rate of 49.5 MHz and a 3 dB spectral width of 5 nm, corresponding to a pulse energy of 45.2 nJ. After amplification, the spectrum of the femtosecond laser is broadened. A home-made, ytterbium-doped, double-clad photonic crystal fiber fabricated by laser sintering technology combined with a solution doping method with a core diameter of only 24 μm is used as the power amplifier medium. The spectral characteristics as well as the suppression of amplified spontaneous emission are discussed in detail. Experiment confirms that the amplified spontaneous emission becomes negligible with increasing incident seed power and no obvious nonlinear effects arise in this experiment. These results can provide motivation for the application of ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber and can provide a potential application for the high-power, all-fiber laser in the future.

  2. Iron nano-clusters in ytterbium films: a 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopic study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rojas-Ayala, C.; Herrera, W. T.; Dinóla, I. S.; Kraken, M.; Passamani, E. C.; Baggio-Saitovitch, E.; Litterst, F. J.

    2014-01-01

    We have performed a Mössbauer study on iron clusters that are formed in ytterbium films prepared by vapor co-deposition onto kapton substrates kept at room temperature. The film thicknesses were chosen in a range between 2.5 and 2.8 m. XRD of the films reveals a mixture of fcc- and hcp-like ytterbium. Iron concentrations were between 0.3 and 5 at %. All samples reveal hyperfine spectra attributed to only two types of iron clusters with well defined hyperfine parameters. The clusters are supposed to be formed at boundaries of hcp- and fcc-like grains. In addition there is found a small contribution from monomeric iron. Spectra taken at 4.2 K reveal a complex distribution of magnetic hyperfine fields. The dynamic origin of the spectral shape is supported by susceptibility data revealing spin-freezing at temperatures below ca. 10 K. This proves that the iron clusters have sizes on the order of nm.

  3. Production of No-Carrier Added Lutetium-177 by Irradiation of Enriched Ytterbium-176.

    PubMed

    Tarasov, Valery A; Andreev, Oleg I; Romanov, Evgeny G; Kuznetsov, Rostislav A; Kupriyanov, Vladimir V; Tselishchev, Ivan V

    2015-01-01

    Two methods of Lu-177 production are reviewed: irradiation of isotopically enriched Lu- 176 (direct way) and irradiation of ytterbium enriched with Yb-176 (indirect way). Based on neutronphysical calculations Lu-177 yield and specific activity were estimated for both methods. Lu-177 specific activity strongly depends on neutron flux density in the direct way, that is 75,000 Ci/g for 10- days irradiation in a neutron flux of 2.10(15) cm(-2) s(-1), and only 13,000 Ci/g after 30 days irradiation at neutron flux 1.10(14) cm(-2) s(-1). Irradiation of Yb-176 provides Lu-177 specific activity close to theoretical value (110,000 Ci/g). Neutron flux density effect Lu-177 yield, that is 530 Ci/g for 2.1015 cm(-2) s(-1) neutron flux density after 30 days irradiation. A procedure of isolation and purification of Lu-177 from irradiated targets is described based on combination of galvanostatic extraction of ytterbium followed by cation-exchange chromatography from alfa-hydroxyisobutirate solutions on BioRad AG(®)50W-X8 resin.

  4. Ytterbium-doped all glass leakage channel fibers with highly fluorine-doped silica pump cladding.

    PubMed

    Dong, Liang; McKay, Hugh A; Fu, Libin; Ohta, Michiharu; Marcinkevicius, Andrius; Suzuki, Shigeru; Fermann, Martin E

    2009-05-25

    All glass leakage channel fibers have been demonstrated to be a potential practical solution for power scaling in fiber lasers beyond the nonlinear limits in conventional large mode area fibers. The all glass nature with absence of any air holes is especially useful for allowing the fibers to be used and fabricated much like conventional fibers. Previously, double clad active all glass leakage channel fibers used low index polymer as a pump guide with the drawbacks of being less reliable at high pump powers and not being able to change fiber outer diameter independent of pump guide dimension. In this work, we demonstrate, for the first time, ytterbium-doped double clad all glass leakage channel fibers with highly fluorine-doped silica as pump cladding. The new all glass leakage channel fibers have no polymer in the pump path and have independent control of fiber outer diameters and pump cladding dimension, and, therefore, enable designs with smaller pump guide for high pump absorption and, at the same time, with large fiber diameters to minimize micro and macro bending effects, a much desired features for large core fibers where intermodal coupling can be an issue due to a much increased mode density. An ytterbium-doped double clad PM fiber with core diameter of 80 microm is also reported, which can be coiled in 76 cm diameter coils.

  5. High-quality laser cutting of stainless steel in inert gas atmosphere by ytterbium fibre and CO{sub 2} lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Golyshev, A A; Malikov, A G; Orishich, A M; Shulyat'ev, V B

    2014-03-28

    Processes of cutting stainless steel by ytterbium fibre and CO{sub 2} lasers have been experimentally compared. The cut surface roughnesses for 3- and 5-mm-thick stainless steel sheets are determined. The absorption coefficient of laser radiation during cutting is measured. It is established that the power absorbed by metal during cutting by the CO{sub 2} laser exceeds that for the ytterbium laser (provided that the cutting speed remains the same). The fact that the maximum cutting speed of the CO{sub 2} laser is lower than that of the ytterbium fibre laser is explained. (laser technologies)

  6. Expanding the scope of Lewis acid catalysis in water: remarkable ligand acceleration of aqueous ytterbium triflate catalyzed Michael addition reactions.

    PubMed

    Ding, Rui; Katebzadeh, Kambiz; Roman, Lisa; Bergquist, Karl-Erik; Lindström, Ulf M

    2006-01-06

    [reaction: see text] Significant rate acceleration of metal-catalyzed Michael addition reactions in water was observed upon addition of small, dibasic ligands. Ytterbium triflate and TMEDA was the most effective combination leading to a nearly 20-fold faster reaction than in the absence of ligand.

  7. Highly selective and responsive visible to near-IR ytterbium emissive probe for monitoring mercury(II).

    PubMed

    Zhang, Tao; Chan, Chi-Fai; Lan, Rongfeng; Wong, Wai-Kwok; Wong, Ka-Leung

    2014-01-20

    A new lanthanide probe based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) process with the combination of ytterbium porphyrinate complex and a rhodamine B derivative unit was synthesized to detect the Hg(2+) ion with responsive emission in the visible and near-IR region with a detection limit of 10 μM.

  8. Highly heteroselective ring-opening polymerization of racemic lactide initiated by divalent ytterbium complexes bearing amino bis(phenolate) ligands.

    PubMed

    Yang, Sheng; Du, Zhu; Zhang, Yong; Shen, Qi

    2012-10-09

    Polymerization of racemic lactide initiated by divalent ytterbium complexes supported by either dimethylamino-amino bis(phenolate) or methoxy-amino bis(phenolate) ligands proceeds rapidly at room temperature in a living fashion to give heterotactic polylactide with the racemic enchainment of monomer units P(r) ranging from 0.97-0.99.

  9. Interior view of 175 ton hoist house looking at the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior view of 175 ton hoist house looking at the exterior casing for the wire rope spools. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility, East Test Area, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

  10. View of 175 ton hoisthouse from northeast. Hoist operator's cab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of 175 ton hoist-house from northeast. Hoist operator's cab is in foreground center. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility, East Test Area, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

  11. Facility No. 175, interior detail showing rolling doors, trusses, and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Facility No. 175, interior detail showing rolling doors, trusses, and angled monitor roof - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Landplane Hangar Type, Wasp Boulevard and Gambier Bay Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  12. Facility No. 175, exterior oblique view of northeast and northwest ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Facility No. 175, exterior oblique view of northeast and northwest sides, corner of Facility No. 176 is in background - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Landplane Hangar Type, Wasp Boulevard and Gambier Bay Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  13. Facility No. 175, interior overview from secondfloor corridor on northwest ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Facility No. 175, interior overview from second-floor corridor on northwest side - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Landplane Hangar Type, Wasp Boulevard and Gambier Bay Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  14. Facility No. 175, elevation of southeast side from the airfield, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Facility No. 175, elevation of southeast side from the airfield, corner of Facility No. 176 is to the left - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Landplane Hangar Type, Wasp Boulevard and Gambier Bay Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  15. Facility No. 175, interior of office space on second floor ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Facility No. 175, interior of office space on second floor of northwest side - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Landplane Hangar Type, Wasp Boulevard and Gambier Bay Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  16. 40 CFR 60.175 - Monitoring of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Primary Zinc Smelters § 60.175 Monitoring of operations. (a) The owner or operator of any primary zinc smelter...

  17. 40 CFR 60.175 - Monitoring of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Primary Zinc Smelters § 60.175 Monitoring of operations. (a) The owner or operator of any primary zinc smelter...

  18. 40 CFR 60.175 - Monitoring of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Primary Zinc Smelters § 60.175 Monitoring of operations. (a) The owner or operator of any primary zinc smelter...

  19. 40 CFR 60.175 - Monitoring of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Primary Zinc Smelters § 60.175 Monitoring of operations. (a) The owner or operator of any primary zinc smelter...

  20. 40 CFR 98.175 - Procedures for estimating missing data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Iron and Steel Production § 98.175 Procedures for... the site-specific emission factor if data on the CO2 emission rate, process production rate or...

  1. 40 CFR 98.175 - Procedures for estimating missing data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Iron and Steel Production § 98.175 Procedures for... factor if data on the CO2 emission rate, process production rate or process feed rate are missing....

  2. 20. 175 TON CAPACITY TEEMING LADLES ON THE NEAR WESTERN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. 175 TON CAPACITY TEEMING LADLES ON THE NEAR WESTERN TEEMING AISLE OF THE BOP SHOP LOOKING SOUTHEAST. HISTORIAN FOR SCALE. - U.S. Steel Duquesne Works, Basic Oxygen Steelmaking Plant, Along Monongahela River, Duquesne, Allegheny County, PA

  3. 23. 175 TON CAPACITY CHARGING LADLE ON THE CHARGING AISLE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. 175 TON CAPACITY CHARGING LADLE ON THE CHARGING AISLE OF THE BOP SHOP LOOKING SOUTH. HISTORIAN FOR SCALE. - U.S. Steel Duquesne Works, Basic Oxygen Steelmaking Plant, Along Monongahela River, Duquesne, Allegheny County, PA

  4. 21. 175 TON CAPACITY TEEMING LADLES ON THE NEAR WESTERN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. 175 TON CAPACITY TEEMING LADLES ON THE NEAR WESTERN TEEMING AISLE OF THE BOP SHOP LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - U.S. Steel Duquesne Works, Basic Oxygen Steelmaking Plant, Along Monongahela River, Duquesne, Allegheny County, PA

  5. Bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) ytterbium: Electron-transfer reactions with organotransition metal complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Matsunaga, P.T.

    1991-11-01

    The divalent lanthanide complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}Yb, reacts with methylcopper to produce the base-free, ytterbium-methyl complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbMe. This product forms a asymmetric, methyl-bridged dimer in the solid state. The bulky alkyl complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbCH(SiMe{sub 3}){sub 2}, displays similar chemistry to (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbMe, but at a reduced reaction rate due to the limited accessibility of the metal in (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbCH(SiMe{sub 3}){sub 2}. Copper and silver halide salts react with (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}V to produce the trivalent halide derivatives, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}VX (X + F, Cl, Br, I). The chloride complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}VCl, reacts with lithium reagents to form the phenyl and borohydride species. Nitrous oxide transfers an oxygen atom to (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}V producing the vanadium-oxo complex, (Me{sub 5}Ce{sub 5}){sub 2}VO. The trivalent titanium species, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}TiX (X = Cl, Br, Me, BH{sub 4}), form bimetallic coordination complexes with (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}Yb. The magnetic behavior of the products indicates that electron transfer has not occurred. The solid state structures of the chloride and bromide complexes show unusual bend angles for the halide bridges between ytterbium and titanium. A model based on frontier orbital theory has been proposed to account for the bending behavior in these species. The bimetallic methyl complex contains a linear methyl bridge between ytterbium and titanium.

  6. Injection locking of a high power ultraviolet laser diode for laser cooling of ytterbium atoms

    SciTech Connect

    Hosoya, Toshiyuki; Miranda, Martin; Inoue, Ryotaro; Kozuma, Mikio

    2015-07-15

    We developed a high-power laser system at a wavelength of 399 nm for laser cooling of ytterbium atoms with ultraviolet laser diodes. The system is composed of an external cavity laser diode providing frequency stabilized output at a power of 40 mW and another laser diode for amplifying the laser power up to 220 mW by injection locking. The systematic method for optimization of our injection locking can also be applied to high power light sources at any other wavelengths. Our system does not depend on complex nonlinear frequency-doubling and can be made compact, which will be useful for providing light sources for laser cooling experiments including transportable optical lattice clocks.

  7. Mode-Locked Thulium Ytterbium Co-Doped Fiber Laser with Graphene Oxide Paper Saturable Absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    M. Azooz, S.; W. Harun, S.; H., Ahmad; Halder, A.; C. Paul, M.; Pal, M.; K. Bhadra, S.

    2015-01-01

    A mode-locked thulium ytterbium co-doped fiber laser (TYDFL) is proposed and demonstrated by using a commercial graphene oxide (GO) paper as saturable absorber (SA). The GO paper is sandwiched between two fiber ferrules and incorporates a ring laser cavity to generate soliton pulse train operating at 1942.0nm at a threshold multimode pump power as low as 1.8 W. The mode-locked TYDFL has a repetition rate of 22.32 MHz and the calculated pulse width of 1.1 ns. Even though the SA has a low damage threshold, the easy fabrication of GO paper should promote its potential application in ultrafast photonics.

  8. A compact ultranarrow high-power laser system for experiments with 578 nm ytterbium clock transition

    SciTech Connect

    Cappellini, G.; Lombardi, P.; Mancini, M.; Pagano, G.; Pizzocaro, M.; Fallani, L.; Catani, J.

    2015-07-15

    In this paper, we present the realization of a compact, high-power laser system able to excite the ytterbium clock transition at 578 nm. Starting from an external-cavity laser based on a quantum dot chip at 1156 nm with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator, we were able to obtain up to 60 mW of visible light at 578 nm via frequency doubling. The laser is locked with a 500 kHz bandwidth to an ultra-low-expansion glass cavity stabilized at its zero coefficient of thermal expansion temperature through an original thermal insulation and correction system. This laser allowed the observation of the clock transition in fermionic {sup 173}Y b with a <50 Hz linewidth over 5 min, limited only by a residual frequency drift of some 0.1 Hz/s.

  9. Design and fabrication of ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber with low non-linearity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Jiale; Zhang, Wei; Zhou, Guiyao; Xia, Changming; Liu, Jiantao; Zheng, Yan; Tian, Hongchun; Hou, Zhiyun

    2015-05-01

    We report on an ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber fabricated by laser sintering technology combined with a solution doping method. This novel fabrication process has never been reported to the best of our knowledge. Together with low non-linearity, this PCF combines the advantages of high pump absorption efficiency and bend-insensitive, which makes this fiber predestinated for the high power fiber laser applications. The fiber laser experiment was conducted with a simple Fabry-Perot cavity to verify the performance of the PCF. A high slope efficiency of ~70.6% was obtained from a 1.5 m-long fiber. During the experiment, no roll over was observed up to the highest power level, which was only limited by the available pump power. The experimental results reveal the enormous output power scaling potential of the PCF.

  10. Heat-induced darkening and spectral broadening in photodarkened ytterbium-doped fiber under thermal cycling.

    PubMed

    Söderlund, Mikko J; Montiel i Ponsoda, Joan J; Koplow, Jeffrey P; Honkanen, Seppo

    2009-06-08

    We study thermal bleaching of photodarkening-induced loss in a 20-microm core diameter, large-mode-area ytterbium-doped silica fiber. Pristine and photodarkened samples are subjected to thermal cycling pulses. Recovery of the photodarkened fiber absorption coefficient initiates at approximately 350 degrees C and complete recovery is reached at approximately 625 degrees C. However, prior to recovery, the photodarkened fiber exhibits further heat-induced increase of absorption loss. This increase of loss is attributed to both a permanent increase of loss-inducing color centers and a temperature-dependent broadening of the absorption spectrum. Post-irradiation heat-induced formation of color centers suggests the presence of an intermediate energy state in the near-infrared photochemical mechanism for photodarkening.

  11. Simultaneous effects of photo- and radio- darkening in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate fibers

    SciTech Connect

    Duchez, Jean-Bernard Mady, Franck Mebrouk, Yasmine Benabdesselam, Mourad

    2014-10-21

    We present original characterizations of photo-radio-darkening in ytterbium-doped silica optical fibers submitted to the simultaneous action of the pump and of an ionizing radiation. We present the interplay between both radiations, showing e.g. that the pump is able to darken or bleach the fiber depending on the ionizing dose. The photo-resistance of the fiber is shown to play a crucial role on its radio-resistance, and that photo-resistant fibers should be also radio-resistant in low dose rate conditions. All the results are thoroughly explained by a physical model presented in a separate article by Mady et al. (this conference proceeding)

  12. Arc fusion splicing effects in large-mode-area single-mode ytterbium-doped fibers.

    PubMed

    Feng, Ting; Jenkins, Micah H; Yan, Fengping; Gaylord, Thomas K

    2013-11-10

    For the first time the effects of arc fusion splicing on the residual stress and refractive index of large-mode-area single-mode ytterbium-doped fibers (YDFs) are investigated using a state-of-the-art three-dimensional concurrent stress-index measurement method. The results, based on a commercially available fiber, describe a host of perturbations that decrease the core/cladding refractive index difference by as much as 1.74 × 10(-3) over an axial length of many hundreds of wavelengths. Simulations indicate that these perturbations result in an expansion of the mode-field-diameter by 39.6% and, based on the measured sample, result in an extra splice loss of 20.8%. The results of this investigation will be useful in the design and optimization of high-power all-fiber YDF lasers and amplifiers.

  13. [Development of a new photosensitizer on the basis of ytterbium porphyrazine complex].

    PubMed

    Shirmanova, M V; Balalaeva, I V; Lekanova, N Iu; Mysiagin, S A; Brilkina, A A; Klapshina, L G; Zagaĭnova, E V

    2011-01-01

    The tetraphenyltetracyanoporphyrazine complex of ytterbium has been studied as a potential photosensitizer for fluorescence diagnostics and photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. It has been shown that the new compound has an intensive absorption and fluorescence in the "tissue optical window". In particular, the absorption maximum of the complex is at the wavelength of 590 nm, and the fluorescence emission maximum is at 640 nm. A strong fluorescence enhancement with a 50-fold increase in the quantum yield has been revealed in blood serum. The experiments on human cancer cells line have demonstrated that the complex penetrates the cells in vitro and is located around the nuclei. The biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of the complex in animals have been investigated in vivo by a new method of transillumination fluorescence imaging using a peculiar setup. It has been found that the period of maximum uptake of the complex in mouse cervical carcinoma is from 3 to 6 h after i.v. injection, with the half-life in the tumor being 24 h. However, the selectivity of the complex in the tumor is not high enough. The time of clearance from the body is about 48 h. The area of the strongest fluorescence in the abdominal cavity in in vivo images is anatomically recognized as the intestine. This indicates that the new compounds undergo mainly the hepatic clearance mainly. The conventional methods ex vivo (confocal microscopy and point spectroscopic measurements) have detected the largest content of the complex in the intestine, liver, skin and tumor tissue. In general, the optical characteristics of the ytterbium porphyrazine complex as well as the features of its interaction with biological objects make it promising drug candidate for the photodynamic therapy and/or fluorescence diagnostics of cancer. However, a search for other novel formulations possessing a higher tumor selectivity remains an urgent problem.

  14. The dawn of computer-assisted robotic osteotomy with ytterbium-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Sotsuka, Yohei; Nishimoto, Soh; Tsumano, Tomoko; Kawai, Kenichiro; Ishise, Hisako; Kakibuchi, Masao; Shimokita, Ryo; Yamauchi, Taisuke; Okihara, Shin-ichiro

    2014-05-01

    Currently, laser radiation is used routinely in medical applications. For infrared lasers, bone ablation and the healing process have been reported, but no laser systems are established and applied in clinical bone surgery. Furthermore, industrial laser applications utilize computer and robot assistance; medical laser radiations are still mostly conducted manually nowadays. The purpose of this study was to compare the histological appearance of bone ablation and healing response in rabbit radial bone osteotomy created by surgical saw and ytterbium-doped fiber laser controlled by a computer with use of nitrogen surface cooling spray. An Ytterbium (Yb)-doped fiber laser at a wavelength of 1,070 nm was guided by a computer-aided robotic system, with a spot size of 100 μm at a distance of approximately 80 mm from the surface. The output power of the laser was 60 W at the scanning speed of 20 mm/s scan using continuous wave system with nitrogen spray level 0.5 MPa (energy density, 3.8 × 10(4) W/cm(2)). Rabbits radial bone osteotomy was performed by an Yb-doped fiber laser and a surgical saw. Additionally, histological analyses of the osteotomy site were performed on day 0 and day 21. Yb-doped fiber laser osteotomy revealed a remarkable cutting efficiency. There were little signs of tissue damage to the muscle. Lased specimens have shown no delayed healing compared with the saw osteotomies. Computer-assisted robotic osteotomy with Yb-doped fiber laser was able to perform. In rabbit model, laser-induced osteotomy defects, compared to those by surgical saw, exhibited no delayed healing response.

  15. Creation of quantum-degenerate gases of ytterbium in a compact 2D-/3D-magneto-optical trap setup

    SciTech Connect

    Doerscher, Soeren; Thobe, Alexander; Hundt, Bastian; Kochanke, Andre; Le Targat, Rodolphe; Windpassinger, Patrick; Becker, Christoph; Sengstock, Klaus

    2013-04-15

    We report on the first experimental setup based on a 2D-/3D-magneto-optical trap (MOT) scheme to create both Bose-Einstein condensates and degenerate Fermi gases of several ytterbium isotopes. Our setup does not require a Zeeman slower and offers the flexibility to simultaneously produce ultracold samples of other atomic species. Furthermore, the extraordinary optical access favors future experiments in optical lattices. A 2D-MOT on the strong {sup 1}S{sub 0}{yields}{sup 1}P{sub 1} transition captures ytterbium directly from a dispenser of atoms and loads a 3D-MOT on the narrow {sup 1}S{sub 0}{yields}{sup 3}P{sub 1} intercombination transition. Subsequently, atoms are transferred to a crossed optical dipole trap and cooled evaporatively to quantum degeneracy.

  16. Charge-transfer state excitation as the main mechanism of the photodarkening process in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate fibres

    SciTech Connect

    Bobkov, K K; Rybaltovsky, A A; Vel'miskin, V V; Likhachev, M E; Bubnov, M M; Dianov, E M; Umnikov, A A; Gur'yanov, A N; Vechkanov, N N; Shestakova, I A

    2014-12-31

    We have studied photodarkening in ytterbium-doped fibre preforms with an aluminosilicate glass core. Analysis of their absorption and luminescence spectra indicates the formation of stable Yb{sup 2+} ions in the glass network under IR laser pumping at a wavelength λ = 915 nm and under UV irradiation with an excimer laser (λ = 193 nm). We have performed comparative studies of the luminescence spectra of the preforms and crystals under excitation at a wavelength of 193 nm. The mechanism behind the formation of Yb{sup 2+} ions and aluminium – oxygen hole centres (Al-OHCs), common to ytterbium-doped YAG crystals and aluminosilicate glass, has been identified: photoinduced Yb{sup 3+} charge-transfer state excitation. (optical fibres)

  17. Investigation of the vapour-plasma plume in the welding of titanium by high-power ytterbium fibre laser radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bykovskiy, D. P.; Petrovskii, V. N.; Uspenskiy, S. A.

    2015-03-01

    The vapour-plasma plume produced in the welding of 6-mm thick VT-23 titanium alloy plates by ytterbium fibre laser radiation of up to 10 kW power is studied in the protective Ar gas medium. High-speed video filming of the vapour-plasma plume is used to visualise the processes occurring during laser welding. The coefficient of inverse bremsstrahlung by the welding plasma plume is calculated from the data of the spectrometric study.

  18. Collision-induced stimulated photon echo at the transition 0-1 in ytterbium: application to depolarizing collisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rubtsova, N. N.; Gol'dort, V. G.; Khvorostov, E. B.; Kochubei, S. A.; Reshetov, V. A.

    2017-02-01

    A new idea based on the collision-induced stimulated photon echo in the presence of weak longitudinal magnetic field is applied to the depolarizing collisions research in a gaseous mixture of ytterbium vapour with xenon. Comparison of experimental data with theoretical prediction for the collision-induced stimulated photon echo in the weak magnetic field shows that the alignment decay rate of state 3P1 in 174Yb is higher than the orientation decay rate.

  19. Ytterbium-doped fibre laser tunable in the range 1017 - 1040 nm with second-harmonic generation

    SciTech Connect

    Dontsova, E I; Kablukov, S I; Babin, Sergei A

    2013-05-31

    A cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fibre laser has been tuned to shorter emission wavelengths (from 1040 to 1017 nm). The laser output power obtained has been compared to calculation results. We have studied frequency doubling of the laser in a KTiOPO{sub 4} (KTP) crystal with type II phase matching in the XY plane and demonstrated wavelength tuning in the range 510 - 520 nm. (lasers)

  20. A new approach to prepare nanoscopic rare earth metal fluorides: the fluorolytic sol-gel synthesis of ytterbium fluoride.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, L; Dimitrov, A; Kemnitz, E

    2014-06-25

    A new approach for the preparation of approx. 5 nm sized ytterbium fluoride nanoparticles based on the fluorolytic sol-gel route is reported. DLS, TEM, IR and XRD were used to characterize the particles as well as the aging behavior of the sols. Furthermore, a new Yb(III) complex was isolated from the precursor solution and characterized by X-ray single crystal structure determination.

  1. Triethylenetetramine penta- and hexa-acetamide ligands and their ytterbium complexes as paraCEST contrast agents for MRI.

    PubMed

    Burdinski, Dirk; Lub, Johan; Pikkemaat, Jeroen A; Moreno Jalón, Diana; Martial, Sophie; Del Pozo Ochoa, Carolina

    2008-08-21

    The ligand triethylenetetramine-N,N,N',N'',N''',N'''-hexaacetamide (ttham) was synthesized with the aim of forming lanthanide complexes suitable as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging applications utilizing the chemical exchange-dependent saturation transfer (CEST) effect. It was designed to exclude water molecules from the first coordination sphere and provide a high number of CEST active amide protons per lanthanide ion. The ligand was characterized by its protonation behavior and its complexation properties with ytterbium ions in aqueous solution. The basicity of the ttham backbone amine protons decreases in the order N(central(1)) > N(terminal(1)) > N(terminal(2)) > N(central(2)), as deduced from NMR titration experiments and from a comparison of its protonation constants with those of two ttham derivatives, in which either a terminal (N-benzyl-triethylenetetramine-N,N',N'',N''',N'''-pentaacetamide, 1bttpam) or a central acetamide group (N'-benzyl-triethylenetetramine-N,N,N'',N''',N'''-pentaacetamide, 4bttpam) is substituted with a benzyl group. This protonation sequence results from the combined influence of inductive effects, the intramolecular hydrogen bonding network, and the Coulomb repulsion between protonated ammonium groups. The ytterbium complex of ttham, [Yb(ttham)]Cl(3), is coordinatively frustrated. Due to steric constraints, in addition to the four backbone nitrogen atoms, only three of the four symmetry-equivalent terminal acetamide donors can coordinate simultaneously to the ytterbium ion, and the dangling fourth one exchanges quickly with the other three. The ytterbium complexes of a total of five ligands (ttham, 1bttpam, 4bttpam, 2,2',2''-triaminotriethylaminehexaacetamide (ttaham), and diethylenetriamine-N,N,N',N'',N''-pentaacetamide (dtpam)) were studied with respect to their CEST properties. In solution, all of these complexes have a low symmetry. The presence of multiple magnetically different amide groups in each complex

  2. Polarizing Ytterbium-Doped all-Solid Photonic Bandgap Fiber with 1150 micrometers2 Effective Mode Area

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-11

    0704-0188 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) - UU UU UU UU Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Polarizing ytterbium- doped all-solid...photonic bandgap fiber with ~1150µm2 effective mode area We demonstrate an Yb- doped polarizing all-solid photonic bandgap fiber for single-polarization... doped all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with ~1150µm2 effective mode area Report Title We demonstrate an Yb- doped polarizing all-solid photonic bandgap

  3. Microstructure, toughness and flexural strength of self-reinforced silicon nitride ceramics doped with yttrium oxide and ytterbium oxide.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Y. S.; Knowles, K. M.; Vieira, J. M.; Lopes, A. B.; Oliveira, F. J.

    2001-02-01

    Self-reinforced silicon nitride ceramics with additions of either yttrium oxide or ytterbium oxide have been investigated at room temperature after various processing heat treatments. Devitrification of the intergranular phase in these materials is very sensitive to the heat treatment used during processing and does not necessarily improve their strength and toughness. Hot-pressed ceramics without a subsequent devitrification heat treatment were the strongest. The ytterbium oxide-doped silicon nitride ceramics were consistently tougher, but less strong, than the yttrium oxide-doped silicon nitride ceramics. In all the ceramics examined, the fracture toughness showed evidence for R-curve behaviour. This was most significant in pressureless sintered ytterbium oxide-doped silicon nitride ceramics. A number of toughening mechanisms, including crack deflection, bridging, and fibre-like grain pull-out, were observed during microstructural analysis of the ceramics. In common with other silicon nitride-based ceramics, thin amorphous films were found at the grain boundaries in each of the ceramics examined. Arrays of dislocations left in the elongated silicon nitride grains after processing were found to belong to the {101;0}<0001> primary slip system.

  4. Structure and photophysics of near-infrared emissive ytterbium(III) monoporphyrinate acetate complexes having neutral bidentate ligands.

    PubMed

    He, Hongshan; Sykes, Andrew G; May, P Stanley; He, Guishan

    2009-09-28

    Substitution reactions between [Yb(TPP)(OOCCH3)(CH3OH)2] (1) and neutral bidentate ligands NN led to the formation of monoporphyrinate ytterbium(III) complexes [Yb(TPP)(OOCCH3)(NN)] (TPP = 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrinate anion; NN = 4-methyl-1,10-phenanthroline (2), 1,10-phenanthroline (3), 4,7-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (4), 5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydroxy-1,10-phenanthroline (5) and 2,2'-dipyridylamine (6)). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that ytterbium(III) ions in 1 and 6 were seven-coordinate with OOCCH3- in monodentate coordination, whereas those in 2, 3, 4 and 5 were eight-coordinate with OOCCH3- in bidentate coordination. The visible emission (650 and 720 nm) from the porphyrin and near-infrared (NIR) emission (980 and 1003 nm) from ytterbium(III) ion were observed for all complexes. The eight-coordinate complexes exhibited stronger NIR emission and longer lifetimes in toluene solution than the seven-coordinate complexes. The NIR emission of complexes with decreased lifetimes was also observed when they were blended into organic polymer PMMA.

  5. 14 CFR 29.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at Vy. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  6. 14 CFR 27.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at V Y. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  7. 14 CFR 27.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at V Y. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  8. 14 CFR 27.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at V Y. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  9. 14 CFR 27.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at V Y. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  10. 14 CFR 29.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at Vy. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  11. 14 CFR 29.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at Vy. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  12. 14 CFR 27.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at V Y. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  13. 14 CFR 29.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at Vy. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  14. 14 CFR 29.175 - Demonstration of static longitudinal stability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Demonstration of static longitudinal....175 Demonstration of static longitudinal stability. (a) Climb. Static longitudinal stability must be... rotorcraft trimmed at Vy. (b) Cruise. Static longitudinal stability must be shown in the cruise condition...

  15. 18 CFR 367.1750 - Account 175, Derivative instrument assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Account 175, Derivative instrument assets. 367.1750 Section 367.1750 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY..., FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES...

  16. 18 CFR 367.1750 - Account 175, Derivative instrument assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Account 175, Derivative instrument assets. 367.1750 Section 367.1750 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY..., FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES...

  17. 19 CFR 122.175 - Exemption from penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Air Carrier Smuggling Prevention Program § 122.175 Exemption from..., the participating air carrier shall be considered to have met the test of highest degree of care and diligence required under law, and shall not be subject to the penalty or seizure provisions of the...

  18. 26 CFR 1.175-5 - Percentage limitation and carryover.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... soil and water conservation expenditures which the taxpayer may deduct under section 175 in any one... other than that upon which expenditures are made for soil or water conservation or for the prevention of... deduction for soil or water conservation expenditures has been taken into account in computing a...

  19. 26 CFR 1.175-5 - Percentage limitation and carryover.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... soil and water conservation expenditures which the taxpayer may deduct under section 175 in any one... other than that upon which expenditures are made for soil or water conservation or for the prevention of... deduction for soil or water conservation expenditures has been taken into account in computing a...

  20. 33 CFR 175.110 - Visual distress signals required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Visual distress signals required... (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS Visual Distress Signals § 175.110 Visual distress signals... passenger vessel subject to the requirements of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter C, unless visual...

  1. Facility No. 175, oblique view of southwest doors and northwest ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Facility No. 175, oblique view of southwest doors and northwest side, corner of Facility No. 176 is on the right - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Landplane Hangar Type, Wasp Boulevard and Gambier Bay Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  2. Airfield setting of Facility Nos. 175 and 176, taken from ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Airfield setting of Facility Nos. 175 and 176, taken from north end of Ford Island Runway, with landplane hangars on the right - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Landplane Hangar Type, Wasp Boulevard and Gambier Bay Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  3. Facility No. 175, oblique view of southeast side and southwest ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Facility No. 175, oblique view of southeast side and southwest doors, corner of Facility No. 176 is on the left - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Landplane Hangar Type, Wasp Boulevard and Gambier Bay Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  4. 37 CFR 2.175 - Correction of mistake by owner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Correction of mistake by..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Correction, Disclaimer, Surrender, Etc. § 2.175 Correction of mistake by owner. (a) Whenever a mistake has been made in a registration and a showing has...

  5. 37 CFR 2.175 - Correction of mistake by owner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Correction of mistake by..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Correction, Disclaimer, Surrender, Etc. § 2.175 Correction of mistake by owner. (a) Whenever a mistake has been made in a registration and a showing has...

  6. 27 CFR 25.175 - Prepayment of tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL BEER Tax on Beer Prepayment of Tax § 25.175 Prepayment of tax. (a) General..., is insufficient for deferral of payment of tax on beer to be removed for consumption or sale, or if a... tax before any beer is removed for consumption or sale, or taken out of the brewery for removal...

  7. 27 CFR 25.175 - Prepayment of tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Tax on Beer Prepayment of Tax § 25.175 Prepayment of tax. (a) General..., is insufficient for deferral of payment of tax on beer to be removed for consumption or sale, or if a... tax before any beer is removed for consumption or sale, or taken out of the brewery for removal...

  8. 27 CFR 25.175 - Prepayment of tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL BEER Tax on Beer Prepayment of Tax § 25.175 Prepayment of tax. (a) General..., is insufficient for deferral of payment of tax on beer to be removed for consumption or sale, or if a... tax before any beer is removed for consumption or sale, or taken out of the brewery for removal...

  9. 40 CFR 68.175 - Prevention program/Program 3.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.175 Prevention program/Program... of training provided—classroom, classroom plus on the job, on the job; and (2) The type of competency... the most recent change that triggered management of change procedures and the date of the most...

  10. 33 CFR 175.130 - Visual distress signals accepted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Table 175.130. (b) Any combination of signal devices selected from the types noted in paragraphs (a) (1....130—Pyrotechnic Signal Devices Approval number under 46 CFR Device description Meets requirement for Number required 160.021 Hand Held Red Flare Distress Signals 3 Day and Night 3 160.022 Floating...

  11. 14 CFR 135.175 - Airborne weather radar equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Airborne weather radar equipment... Aircraft and Equipment § 135.175 Airborne weather radar equipment requirements. (a) No person may operate a large, transport category aircraft in passenger-carrying operations unless approved airborne...

  12. 14 CFR 135.175 - Airborne weather radar equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Airborne weather radar equipment... Aircraft and Equipment § 135.175 Airborne weather radar equipment requirements. (a) No person may operate a large, transport category aircraft in passenger-carrying operations unless approved airborne...

  13. 14 CFR 135.175 - Airborne weather radar equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Airborne weather radar equipment... Aircraft and Equipment § 135.175 Airborne weather radar equipment requirements. (a) No person may operate a large, transport category aircraft in passenger-carrying operations unless approved airborne...

  14. 14 CFR 135.175 - Airborne weather radar equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Airborne weather radar equipment... Aircraft and Equipment § 135.175 Airborne weather radar equipment requirements. (a) No person may operate a large, transport category aircraft in passenger-carrying operations unless approved airborne...

  15. 14 CFR 135.175 - Airborne weather radar equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Airborne weather radar equipment... Aircraft and Equipment § 135.175 Airborne weather radar equipment requirements. (a) No person may operate a large, transport category aircraft in passenger-carrying operations unless approved airborne...

  16. 7 CFR 800.175 - Termination of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... schedule: Last names beginning with Termination date A January. B February. C, D March. E, F, G April. H, I, J May. K, L June. M July. N, O, P, Q August. S September. R, T, U, V October. W November. X, Y, Z... Authorizations (for Individuals Only) § 800.175 Termination of licenses. (a) Term of license. Each license...

  17. 7 CFR 800.175 - Termination of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... schedule: Last names beginning with Termination date A January. B February. C, D March. E, F, G April. H, I, J May. K, L June. M July. N, O, P, Q August. S September. R, T, U, V October. W November. X, Y, Z... Authorizations (for Individuals Only) § 800.175 Termination of licenses. (a) Term of license. Each license...

  18. 25 CFR 175.22 - Requirements for receiving electrical service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.22 Requirements for receiving electrical service... service, shall enter into a written service agreement or special contract for electrical power services. ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Requirements for receiving electrical service....

  19. 25 CFR 175.22 - Requirements for receiving electrical service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.22 Requirements for receiving electrical service... service, shall enter into a written service agreement or special contract for electrical power services. ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Requirements for receiving electrical service....

  20. 25 CFR 175.22 - Requirements for receiving electrical service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.22 Requirements for receiving electrical service... service, shall enter into a written service agreement or special contract for electrical power services. ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Requirements for receiving electrical service....

  1. 25 CFR 175.22 - Requirements for receiving electrical service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.22 Requirements for receiving electrical service... service, shall enter into a written service agreement or special contract for electrical power services. ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requirements for receiving electrical service....

  2. 25 CFR 175.22 - Requirements for receiving electrical service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... POWER UTILITIES Utility Service Administration § 175.22 Requirements for receiving electrical service... service, shall enter into a written service agreement or special contract for electrical power services. ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Requirements for receiving electrical service....

  3. 46 CFR 172.175 - Character of damage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Under Subchapter O of This Chapter § 172.175 Character of damage. (a) If a type IG hull is required... can survive damage at any location, except as prescribed in paragraph (e) of this section. (d) If a... the main machinery space. (e) The calculations in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section need...

  4. 46 CFR 172.175 - Character of damage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Under Subchapter O of This Chapter § 172.175 Character of damage. (a) If a type IG hull is required... can survive damage at any location, except as prescribed in paragraph (e) of this section. (d) If a... the main machinery space. (e) The calculations in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section need...

  5. 7 CFR 800.175 - Termination of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... schedule: Last names beginning with Termination date A January. B February. C, D March. E, F, G April. H, I, J May. K, L June. M July. N, O, P, Q August. S September. R, T, U, V October. W November. X, Y, Z... Authorizations (for Individuals Only) § 800.175 Termination of licenses. (a) Term of license. Each license......

  6. 7 CFR 800.175 - Termination of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... schedule: Last names beginning with Termination date A January. B February. C, D March. E, F, G April. H, I, J May. K, L June. M July. N, O, P, Q August. S September. R, T, U, V October. W November. X, Y, Z... Authorizations (for Individuals Only) § 800.175 Termination of licenses. (a) Term of license. Each license......

  7. 26 CFR 1.175-5 - Percentage limitation and carryover.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... soil and water conservation expenditures which the taxpayer may deduct under section 175 in any one... other than that upon which expenditures are made for soil or water conservation or for the prevention of erosion of land. It does not include gains from sales of assets such as farm machinery or gains from...

  8. 26 CFR 1.175-5 - Percentage limitation and carryover.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... soil and water conservation expenditures which the taxpayer may deduct under section 175 in any one... other than that upon which expenditures are made for soil or water conservation or for the prevention of erosion of land. It does not include gains from sales of assets such as farm machinery or gains from...

  9. 47 CFR 90.175 - Frequency coordinator requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 90.175 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO... be used for developmental purposes. (5) Applications in the Industrial/Business Pool requesting a... authorization to interconnect with the public switched telephone network). (20) Applications for a reduction...

  10. 47 CFR 90.175 - Frequency coordinator requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Section 90.175 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO... Industrial/Business Pool requesting a frequency designated for itinerant operations. (6) Applications in the... authorization to interconnect with the public switched telephone network). (20) Applications for a reduction...

  11. 47 CFR 90.175 - Frequency coordinator requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Section 90.175 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO... be used for developmental purposes. (5) Applications in the Industrial/Business Pool requesting a... authorization to interconnect with the public switched telephone network). (20) Applications for a reduction...

  12. 47 CFR 90.175 - Frequency coordinator requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Section 90.175 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO... Industrial/Business Pool requesting a frequency designated for itinerant operations. (6) Applications in the... authorization to interconnect with the public switched telephone network). (20) Applications for a reduction...

  13. 47 CFR 90.175 - Frequency coordinator requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Section 90.175 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO... be used for developmental purposes. (5) Applications in the Industrial/Business Pool requesting a... authorization to interconnect with the public switched telephone network). (20) Applications for a reduction...

  14. Theoretical and experimental research of supercontinuum generation in an ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier.

    PubMed

    Lei, Chengmin; Jin, Aijun; Song, Rui; Chen, Zilun; Hou, Jing

    2016-05-02

    The theoretical research of supercontinuum (SC) generation in a fiber amplifier system has been seldom reported. For the purpose of further understanding the mechanism of SC generation in fiber amplifiers, we propose a combined numerical model of the laser rate equations and the generalized non-linear Schrödinger equation to simulate the amplification of 1060 nm picosecond pulses and their spectral broadening in an ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier. The calculation results of this model are compared with the experimental results under the same conditions and a good agreement is achieved. We find that the pulse is gain amplified initially, and then dominated by stimulated Raman scattering in the normal dispersion region. In anomalous dispersion region, modulation instability, higher-order soliton fission and soliton self-frequency shift dominates the spectral broadening. It is found numerically and experimentally that the length of the gain fiber and the 976 nm pump power are the most imperative parameters to control the output power, spectral range and flatness of the SC. The pulse width of signal pulse also plays a part in influencing SC generation. The results verify that our model is promising for analyzing the physical processes of pulse evolution and SC generation in a fiber amplifier system.

  15. Hydration of gas-phase ytterbium ion complexes studied by experiment and theory

    SciTech Connect

    Rutkowski, Philip X; Michelini, Maria C.; Bray, Travis H.; Russo, Nino; Marcalo, Joaquim; Gibson, John K.

    2011-02-11

    Hydration of ytterbium (III) halide/hydroxide ions produced by electrospray ionization was studied in a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer and by density functional theory (DFT). Gas-phase YbX{sub 2}{sup +} and YbX(OH){sup +} (X = OH, Cl, Br, or I) were found to coordinate from one to four water molecules, depending on the ion residence time in the trap. From the time dependence of the hydration steps, relative reaction rates were obtained. It was determined that the second hydration was faster than both the first and third hydrations, and the fourth hydration was the slowest; this ordering reflects a combination of insufficient degrees of freedom for cooling the hot monohydrate ion and decreasing binding energies with increasing hydration number. Hydration energetics and hydrate structures were computed using two approaches of DFT. The relativistic scalar ZORA approach was used with the PBE functional and all-electron TZ2P basis sets; the B3LYP functional was used with the Stuttgart relativistic small-core ANO/ECP basis sets. The parallel experimental and computational results illuminate fundamental aspects of hydration of f-element ion complexes. The experimental observations - kinetics and extent of hydration - are discussed in relationship to the computed structures and energetics of the hydrates. The absence of pentahydrates is in accord with the DFT results, which indicate that the lowest energy structures have the fifth water molecule in the second shell.

  16. Gamma-radiation-induced degradation of actively pumped single-mode ytterbium-doped optical fibers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singleton, B.; Petrosky, J.; Pochet, M.; Usechak, N. G.; Francis, S. A.

    2014-03-01

    The integration of optical components into the digital processing units of satellite subsystems has the potential to remove interconnect bottlenecks inherent to the volume, mass, complexity, reliability and crosstalk issues of copper-based interconnects. Assuming on-board high-bandwidth communications will utilize passive optical fibers as a communication channel, this work investigates the impact of gamma irradiation from a Co-60 source on both passive optical fibers and ytterbium-doped single-mode fibers operated as amplifiers for a 1060-nm light source. Standard optical patch cables were evaluated along with active Yb-doped double-clad fibers. Varied exposure times and signal transmission wavelengths were used to investigate the degradation of the fibers exposed to total doses above 100 krad (Si). The effect on the amplified signal gain was studied for the Yb-doped fibers. The increased attenuation in the fibers across a broad wavelength range in response to multiple levels of gamma radiation exposure along with the effect that the increased attenuation has on the actively pumped Yb-doped fiber amplifier performance, is discussed.

  17. Development of ytterbium-doped oxyfluoride glasses for laser cooling applications.

    PubMed

    Krishnaiah, Kummara Venkata; de Lima Filho, Elton Soares; Ledemi, Yannick; Nemova, Galina; Messaddeq, Younes; Kashyap, Raman

    2016-02-26

    Oxyfluoride glasses doped with 2, 5, 8, 12, 16 and 20 mol% of ytterbium (Yb(3+)) ions have been prepared by the conventional melt-quenching technique. Their optical, thermal and thermo-mechanical properties were characterized. Luminescence intensity at 1020 nm under laser excitation at 920 nm decreases with increasing Yb(3+) concentration, suggesting a decrease in the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY). The PLQY of the samples was measured with an integrating sphere using an absolute method. The highest PLQY was found to be 0.99(11) for the 2 mol% Yb(3+): glass and decreases with increasing Yb(3+) concentration. The mean fluorescence wavelength and background absorption of the samples were also evaluated. Upconversion luminescence under 975 nm laser excitation was observed and attributed to the presence of Tm(3+) and Er(3+) ions which exist as impurity traces with YbF3 starting powder. Decay curves for the Yb(3+): (2)F5/2 → (2)F7/2 transition exhibit single exponential behavior for all the samples, although lifetime decrease was observed for the excited level of Yb(3+) with increasing Yb(3+) concentration. Also observed are an increase in the PLQY and a slight decrease in lifetime with increasing the pump power. Finally, the potential of these oxyfluoride glasses with high PLQY and low background absorption for laser cooling applications is discussed.

  18. Bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)ytterbium: An investigation of weak interactions in solution using multinuclear NMR spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Schwartz, David Joel

    1995-07-01

    NMR spectroscopy is ideal for studying weak interactions (formation enthalpy ≤20 kcal/mol) in solution. The metallocene bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)ytterbium, Cp*2Yb, is ideal for this purpose. cis-P2PtH2complexes (P = phosphine) were used to produce slow-exchange Cp*2YbL adducts for NMR study. Reversible formation of (P2PtH)2 complexes from cis-P2PtH2 complexes were also studied, followed by interactions of Cp*2Yb with phosphines, R3PX complexes. A NMR study was done on the interactions of Cp*2Yb with H2, CH4, Xe, CO, silanes, stannanes, C6H6, and toluene.

  19. Development of ytterbium-doped oxyfluoride glasses for laser cooling applications

    PubMed Central

    Krishnaiah, Kummara Venkata; Soares de Lima Filho, Elton; Ledemi, Yannick; Nemova, Galina; Messaddeq, Younes; Kashyap, Raman

    2016-01-01

    Oxyfluoride glasses doped with 2, 5, 8, 12, 16 and 20 mol% of ytterbium (Yb3+) ions have been prepared by the conventional melt-quenching technique. Their optical, thermal and thermo-mechanical properties were characterized. Luminescence intensity at 1020 nm under laser excitation at 920 nm decreases with increasing Yb3+ concentration, suggesting a decrease in the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY). The PLQY of the samples was measured with an integrating sphere using an absolute method. The highest PLQY was found to be 0.99(11) for the 2 mol% Yb3+: glass and decreases with increasing Yb3+ concentration. The mean fluorescence wavelength and background absorption of the samples were also evaluated. Upconversion luminescence under 975 nm laser excitation was observed and attributed to the presence of Tm3+ and Er3+ ions which exist as impurity traces with YbF3 starting powder. Decay curves for the Yb3+: 2F5/2 → 2F7/2 transition exhibit single exponential behavior for all the samples, although lifetime decrease was observed for the excited level of Yb3+ with increasing Yb3+ concentration. Also observed are an increase in the PLQY and a slight decrease in lifetime with increasing the pump power. Finally, the potential of these oxyfluoride glasses with high PLQY and low background absorption for laser cooling applications is discussed. PMID:26915817

  20. PENTAMETHYLCYCLOPENTADIENYL DERIVATIVES OF THE TRIVALENT LANTHANIDE ELEMENTS (NEODYMIUM, SAMARIUM, AND YTTERBIUM)

    SciTech Connect

    Tilley, T. Don; Andersen, R.A.

    1980-07-01

    The anionic complexes of the type (ML{sub x})(Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}M'Cl{sub 2}, where M is lithium or sodium, L is diethyl ether or N,N,-N{prime},N{prime}-tetramethylethylenediamine, and M{prime} is neodymium, samarium, or ytterbium, have been prepared from the metal trichlorides and the pentamethylcyclopentadienide anion. The neutral species (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}NdCl(THF), (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}NdN(SiMe{sub 3}){sub 2}, and (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbCl(THF) have also been prepared. The mono-ring derivatives (Na(OEt{sub 2}){sub 2})((C{sub 5}Me{sub 5})NdCl{sub 3}) and (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5})Nd(N(SiMe{sub 3}){sub 2}){sub 2} are also described.

  1. Synthesis and photocatalytic activity of ytterbium-doped titania/diatomite composite photocatalysts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Wenjian; Qiu, Kehui; Zhang, Peicong; Yuan, Xiqiang

    2016-01-01

    Ytterbium-doped titanium dioxide (Yb-TiO2)/diatomite composite materials with different Yb concentrations were prepared by sol-gel method. The phase structure, morphology, and chemical composition of the as-prepared composites were well characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) diffuse reflection spectroscopy. The XRD and Raman spectroscopy analysis indicated that the TiO2 existed in the form of pure anatase in the composites. The SEM images exhibited the well deposition and dispersion of TiO2 nanoparticles with little agglomeration on the surfaces of diatoms. The UV-vis diffuse reflection spectra showed that the band gap of TiO2 could be narrowed by the introduction of Yb species, which was further affected by doping concentration of Yb. The photocatalytic activity of synthesized samples was investigated by the degradation of methylene blue (MB) under UV light irradiation. It was observed that the photocatalytic degradation followed a pseudo-first-order kinetics according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. Compared to TiO2 and TiO2/diatomite, the Yb-TiO2/diatomite composites exhibited higher photocatalytic activity toward degradation of MB using UV light irradiation.

  2. Monitoring proton dissociation and solution conformation of chiral ytterbium complexes with near-IR CD.

    PubMed

    Lelli, Moreno; Pintacuda, Guido; Cuzzola, Angela; Di Bari, Lorenzo

    2005-05-05

    The ytterbium complex [Yb((S)-THP)](3+) ((S)-THP = (1S,4S,7S,10S-tetrakis(2-hydroxypropyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane) is investigated in solution through NMR, near-IR absorption, and CD spectroscopy. Quantitative analysis of the paramagnetic pseudocontact NMR shift shows Lambda helicity of the ligand cage around the metal. The NIR CD spectrum recorded at acidic pH is found to be very similar to that of [Yb((R)-DOTMA)](-) ((R)-DOTMA = (1R,4R,7R,10R)-alpha,alpha',alpha'',alpha'''-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid), which in solution assumes a twisted square antiprism (TSA) conformation. The similarity of the NIR CD spectra is discussed, and it is the first proof of the Lambda(lambda,lambda,lambda,lambda) conformation of [Yb((S)-THP)](3+). NIR CD spectra recorded in the pH range of 2-9 allow one to easily follow proton dissociation and to calculate the pK of this equilibrium in water (pK(A) = 6.4 +/- 0.1). This value agrees well with that determined for [Lu((S)-THP)](3+) using potentiometric methods. This demonstrates once again that NIR CD spectroscopy is a powerful technique for investigating the solution structure and dynamics of these complexes.

  3. CsPbBr3 nanocrystal saturable absorber for mode-locking ytterbium fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Yan; Hu, Zhiping; Li, Yue; Xu, Jianqiu; Tang, Xiaosheng; Tang, Yulong

    2016-06-01

    Cesium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, I) have been reported as efficient light-harvesting and light-emitting semiconductor materials, but their nonlinear optical properties have been seldom touched upon. In this paper, we prepare layered CsPbBr3 nanocrystal films and characterize their physical properties. Broadband linear absorption from ˜0.8 to over 2.2 μm and nonlinear optical absorption at the 1-μm wavelength region are measured. The CsPbBr3 saturable absorber (SA), manufactured by drop-casting of colloidal CsPbBr3 liquid solution on a gold mirror, shows modulation depth and saturation intensity of 13.1% and 10.7 MW/cm2, respectively. With this SA, mode-locking operation of a polarization-maintained ytterbium fiber laser produces single pulses with duration of ˜216 ps, maximum average output power of 10.5 mW, and the laser spectrum is centered at ˜1076 nm. This work shows that CsPbBr3 films can be efficient SA candidates for fiber lasers and also have great potential to become broadband linear and nonlinear optical materials for photonics and optoelectronics.

  4. Spin-orbit-coupled two-electron Fermi gases of ytterbium atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Bo; He, Chengdong; Zhang, Shanchao; Hajiyev, Elnur; Huang, Wei; Liu, Xiong-Jun; Jo, Gyu-Boong

    2016-12-01

    We demonstrate all-optical implementation of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in a two-electron Fermi gas of 173Yb atoms by coupling two hyperfine ground states with a narrow optical transition. Due to the SU (N ) symmetry of the S10 ground-state manifold which is insensitive to external magnetic fields, an optical ac Stark effect is applied to split the ground spin states, which exhibits a high stability compared with experiments on alkali-metal and lanthanide atoms, and separate out an effective spin-1/2 subspace from other hyperfine levels for the realization of SOC. The dephasing spin dynamics when a momentum-dependent spin-orbit gap is suddenly opened and the asymmetric momentum distribution of the spin-orbit-coupled Fermi gas are observed as a hallmark of SOC. The realization of all-optical SOC for ytterbium fermions should offer a route to a long-lived spin-orbit-coupled Fermi gas and greatly expand our capability of studying spin-orbit physics with alkaline-earth-metal-like atoms.

  5. Un nouveau cristal laser largement accordable le BOYS dopé à l'ytterbium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chénais, S.; Druon, F.; Balembois, F.; Georges, P.; Gaumé, R.; Aka, G.; Viana, B.; Vivien, D.

    2002-06-01

    Nous avons étudié les performances laser en pompage par diode de puissance d'un nouveau cristal : le Sr3Y(BO3)3 (acronyme : BOYS), dopé à l'ytterbium. Son spectre d'émission particulièrement large en fait un matériau particulièrement prometteur pour la réalisation de lasers femtosecondes directement pompés par diode. Ses performances ont été comparées à celles d'un verre phosphate ainsi qu'à celles du cristal d' Yb:GdCOB dans les mêmes conditions. Nous démontrons que, tant du point de vue de l'efficacité laser que de la tenue aux fortes puissances, GdCOB et BOYS sont supérieurs au verre ; le BOYS est de surcroît plus accordable (sur 50 nm), mais son comportement thermique limite a priori son usage à des puissances de pompe modérées.

  6. Spectroscopy of a laser plume arising under radiation of a ytterbium fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osipov, V. V.; Solomonov, V. I.; Spirina, A. V.; Lisenkov, V. V.; Platonov, V. V.; Podkin, A. V.

    2017-01-01

    The spectra of luminescence of plumes that occur near targets of Nd: Y2O3, YSZ, and Al2O3 when they are irradiated by pulses of a ytterbium fiber laser with a wavelength of 1.07 μm, duration of 1450 μs, and intensity of 0.4 MW/cm2 are studied. Craters with a diameter of 400 μm and a depth of 600 μm appeared under such exposure in the targets. It is shown that the bands of the cation's radicals of the targets, the intensities of which are distributed according to a law close to Planck's law, predominate in the spectra of the plumes. On this basis, the temperature of the plumes was determined. It was about 2200-2280 K at the surface of the target, which is below the boiling temperature of the target due to cooling of the vapor during the passage of the deep laser crater.

  7. Laser system for Doppler cooling of ytterbium ion in an optical frequency standard

    SciTech Connect

    Chepurov, S V; Lugovoy, A A; Kuznetsov, S N

    2014-06-30

    A laser system for Doppler cooling of ytterbium ion on the {sup 2}S{sub 1/2} → {sup 2}P{sub 1/2} transition in a single-ion optical frequency standard is developed. The second harmonic of a semiconductor laser with a wavelength of 739 nm is used for cooling. The laser frequency is doubled in a nonlinear BiBO crystal embedded in a ring resonator, which also serves as a reference for laser frequency stabilisation. Second-harmonic power of ∼100 μW is generated at a wavelength of 369.5 nm. Diode laser radiation is modulated by an electro-optic modulator at 14.75 GHz to generate a sideband exciting the {sup 2}S{sub 1/2} (F = 0) → {sup 2}P{sub 1/2} (F = 1) hyperfine component of the cooling transition that is not excited by resonant cooling light. The sideband relative intensity of a few percent proved to be sufficient to reduce the ion dwelling time in the {sup 2}S{sub 1/2} (F = 0) state to less than 10{sup -4} s and increase the cooling efficiency. (extreme light fields and their applications)

  8. An early investigation of ytterbium nanocolloids for selective and quantitative "multicolor" spectral CT imaging.

    PubMed

    Pan, Dipanjan; Schirra, Carsten O; Senpan, Angana; Schmieder, Anne H; Stacy, Allen J; Roessl, Ewald; Thran, Axel; Wickline, Samuel A; Proska, Roland; Lanza, Gregory M

    2012-04-24

    We report a novel molecular imaging agent based on ytterbium designed for use with spectral "multicolor" computed tomography (CT). Spectral CT or multicolored CT provides all of the benefits of traditional CT, such as rapid tomographic X-ray imaging, but in addition, it simultaneously discriminates metal-rich contrast agents based on the element's unique X-ray K-edge energy signature. Our synthetic approach involved the use of organically soluble Yb(III) complex to produce nanocolloids of Yb of noncrystalline nature incorporating a high density of Yb (>500K/nanoparticle) into a stable metal particle. The resultant particles are constrained to vasculature (∼200 nm) and are highly selective for binding fibrin in the ruptured atherosclerotic plaque. Nanoparticles exhibited excellent signal sensitivity, and the spectral CT technique uniquely discriminates the K-edge signal (60 keV) of Yb from calcium (bones). Bioelimination and preliminary biodistribution reflected the overall safety and defined clearance of these particles in a rodent model.

  9. Lifetime measurements probing triple shape coexistence in 175Au

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watkins, H.; Joss, D. T.; Grahn, T.; Page, R. D.; Carroll, R. J.; Dewald, A.; Greenlees, P. T.; Hackstein, M.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P. M.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Kröll, T.; Krücken, R.; Labiche, M.; Leino, M.; Lumley, N.; Maierbeck, P.; Nyman, M.; Nieminen, P.; O'Donnell, D.; Ollier, J.; Pakarinen, J.; Peura, P.; Pissulla, T.; Rahkila, P.; Revill, J. P.; Rother, W.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Rigby, S. V.; Sarén, J.; Sapple, P. J.; Scheck, M.; Scholey, C.; Simpson, J.; Sorri, J.; Uusitalo, J.; Venhart, M.

    2011-11-01

    Lifetimes of the low-lying excited states in the very neutron-deficient nucleus 175Au have been measured by the recoil-distance Doppler-shift method using γ-ray spectra obtained with the recoil-decay tagging technique. Transition quadrupole moments and reduced transition probabilities extracted for this odd-Z nucleus indicate the existence of three different shapes and the competition between collective and noncollective structures.

  10. Investigation of the vapour-plasma plume in the welding of titanium by high-power ytterbium fibre laser radiation

    SciTech Connect

    Bykovskiy, D P; Petrovskii, V N; Uspenskiy, S A

    2015-03-31

    The vapour-plasma plume produced in the welding of 6-mm thick VT-23 titanium alloy plates by ytterbium fibre laser radiation of up to 10 kW power is studied in the protective Ar gas medium. High-speed video filming of the vapour-plasma plume is used to visualise the processes occurring during laser welding. The coefficient of inverse bremsstrahlung by the welding plasma plume is calculated from the data of the spectrometric study. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)

  11. Different pulse pattern generation by frequency detuning in pulse modulated actively mode-locked ytterbium doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, He; Chen, Sheng-Ping; Si, Lei; Zhang, Bin; Jiang, Zong-Fu

    2015-10-01

    We report the results of our recent experimental investigation of the modulation frequency detuning effect on the output pulse dynamics in a pulse modulated actively mode-locked ytterbium doped fiber laser. The experimental study shows the existence of five different mode-locking states that mainly depend on the modulation frequency detuning, which are: (a) amplitude-even harmonic/fundamental mode-locking, (b) Q-switched harmonic/fundamental mode-locking, (c) sinusoidal wave modulation mode, (d) pulses bundle state, and (e) noise-like state. A detailed experimental characterization of the output pulses dynamics in each operating mode is presented.

  12. Ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser based upon manganese dioxide (MnO2) saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Hattori, Haroldo T; Khaleque, Abdul; Liu, Liming; Greck, Michael R

    2016-11-10

    Manganese dioxide (MnO2) is an abundant material that is widely used in many devices, such as alkaline batteries. At infrared frequencies, MnO2 is lossy and strongly absorbs light. These characteristics make MnO2 a potential candidate as a low-cost saturable absorber in Q-switched lasers. In this paper, we examine the performance of MnO2 as a saturable absorber in an ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser: we show that it can produce pulses with durations ranging from 300 to 1800 ns.

  13. Parameters for the RM1 Quantum Chemical Calculation of Complexes of the Trications of Thulium, Ytterbium and Lutetium.

    PubMed

    Filho, Manoel A M; Dutra, José Diogo L; Rocha, Gerd B; Simas, Alfredo M; Freire, Ricardo O

    2016-01-01

    The RM1 quantum chemical model for the calculation of complexes of Tm(III), Yb(III) and Lu(III) is advanced. Subsequently, we tested the models by fully optimizing the geometries of 126 complexes. We then compared the optimized structures with known crystallographic ones from the Cambridge Structural Database. Results indicate that, for thulium complexes, the accuracy in terms of the distances between the lanthanide ion and its directly coordinated atoms is about 2%. Corresponding results for ytterbium and lutetium are both 3%, levels of accuracy useful for the design of lanthanide complexes, targeting their countless applications.

  14. Pulsed ytterbium-doped fibre laser with a combined modulator based on single-wall carbon nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khudyakov, D. V.; Borodkin, A. A.; Lobach, A. S.; Vartapetov, S. K.

    2015-09-01

    This paper describes an all-normal-dispersion pulsed ytterbium-doped fibre ring laser mode-locked by a nonlinear combined modulator based on single-wall carbon nanotubes. We have demonstrated 1.7-ps pulse generation at 1.04 μm with a repetition rate of 35.6 MHz. At the laser output, the pulses were compressed to 180 fs. We have examined an intracavity nonlinear modulator which utilises nonlinear polarisation ellipse rotation in conjunction with a saturable absorber in the form of a polymer-matrix composite film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes.

  15. Spectral diagnostics of a vapor-plasma plume produced during welding titanium with a high-power ytterbium fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uspenskiy, S. A.; Petrovskiy, V. N.; Bykovskiy, D. P.; Mironov, V. D.; Prokopova, N. M.; Tret'yakov, E. V.

    2015-03-01

    This work is devoted to the research of welding plume during high power ytterbium fiber laser welding of a titanium alloy in the Ar shielding gas environment. High speed video observation of a vapor-plasma plume for visualization of processes occurring at laser welding was carried out. The coefficient of the inverse Bremsstrahlung absorption of laser radiation is calculated for a plasma welding plume by results of spectrometer researches. The conclusion deals with the impact of plasma on a high-power fiber laser radiation.

  16. Parameters for the RM1 Quantum Chemical Calculation of Complexes of the Trications of Thulium, Ytterbium and Lutetium

    PubMed Central

    Filho, Manoel A. M.; Dutra, José Diogo L.; Rocha, Gerd B.; Simas, Alfredo M.

    2016-01-01

    The RM1 quantum chemical model for the calculation of complexes of Tm(III), Yb(III) and Lu(III) is advanced. Subsequently, we tested the models by fully optimizing the geometries of 126 complexes. We then compared the optimized structures with known crystallographic ones from the Cambridge Structural Database. Results indicate that, for thulium complexes, the accuracy in terms of the distances between the lanthanide ion and its directly coordinated atoms is about 2%. Corresponding results for ytterbium and lutetium are both 3%, levels of accuracy useful for the design of lanthanide complexes, targeting their countless applications. PMID:27223475

  17. Note: Broadly tunable all-fiber ytterbium laser with 0.05 nm spectral width based on multimode interference filter

    SciTech Connect

    Mukhopadhyay, Pranab K. Gupta, Pradeep K.; Singh, Amarjeet; Sharma, Sunil K.; Bindra, Kushvinder S.; Oak, Shrikant M.

    2014-05-15

    A multimode interference filter with narrow transmission bandwidth and large self-imaging wavelength interval is constructed and implemented in an ytterbium doped fiber laser in all-fiber format for broad wavelength tunability as well as narrow spectral width of the output beam. The peak transmission wavelength of the multimode interference filter was tuned with the help of a standard in-fiber polarization controller. With this simple mechanism more than 30 nm (1038 nm–1070 nm) tuning range is demonstrated. The spectral width of the output beam from the laser was measured to be 0.05 nm.

  18. Pulsed ytterbium-doped fibre laser with a combined modulator based on single-wall carbon nanotubes

    SciTech Connect

    Khudyakov, D V; Borodkin, A A; Vartapetov, S K; Lobach, A S

    2015-09-30

    This paper describes an all-normal-dispersion pulsed ytterbium-doped fibre ring laser mode-locked by a nonlinear combined modulator based on single-wall carbon nanotubes. We have demonstrated 1.7-ps pulse generation at 1.04 μm with a repetition rate of 35.6 MHz. At the laser output, the pulses were compressed to 180 fs. We have examined an intracavity nonlinear modulator which utilises nonlinear polarisation ellipse rotation in conjunction with a saturable absorber in the form of a polymer-matrix composite film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes. (lasers)

  19. Experimental evidence for the formation of divalent ytterbium in the photodarkening process of Yb-doped fiber lasers.

    PubMed

    Rydberg, S; Engholm, M

    2013-03-25

    In this work we present experimental evidence that the valence instability of the ytterbium ion play a key role for the observed photodarkening mechanism in Yb-doped fiber lasers. Luminescence and excitation spectroscopy performed on UV irradiated Yb/Al doped silica glass preforms and near-infrared diode pumped photodarkened fibers show a concentration increase of Yb(2+) ions. A concentration decrease in Yb(3+) could also be observed for the UV irradiated preform. The findings contribute to an increased understanding of the kinetic processes related to photodarkening in Yb-doped high power fiber lasers.

  20. Ultracold Mixtures of Rubidium and Ytterbium for Open Quantum System Engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herold, Creston David

    Exquisite experimental control of quantum systems has led to sharp growth of basic quantum research in recent years. Controlling dissipation has been crucial in producing ultracold, trapped atomic samples. Recent theoretical work has suggested dissipation can be a useful tool for quantum state preparation. Controlling not only how a system interacts with a reservoir, but the ability to engineer the reservoir itself would be a powerful platform for open quantum system research. Toward this end, we have constructed an apparatus to study ultracold mixtures of rubidium (Rb) and ytterbium (Yb). We have developed a Rb-blind optical lattice at 423.018(7) nm, which will enable us to immerse a lattice of Yb atoms (the system) into a Rb BEC (superfluid reservoir). We have produced Bose-Einstein condensates of 170Yb and 174Yb, two of the five bosonic isotopes of Yb, which also has two fermionic isotopes. Flexible optical trapping of Rb and Yb was achieved with a two-color dipole trap of 532 and 1064 nm, and we observed thermalization in ultracold mixtures of Rb and Yb. Using the Rb-blind optical lattice, we measured very small light shifts of 87Rb BECs near the light shift zero-wavelengths adjacent the 6p electronic states, through a coherent series of lattice pulses. The positions of the zero-wavelengths are sensitive to the electric dipole matrix elements between the 5s and 6p states, and we made the first experimental measurement of their strength. By measuring a light shift, we were not sensitive to excited state branching ratios, and we achieved a precision better than 0.3%.