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Sample records for zhi-ming zhang yu-zhu

  1. Min Zhang | NREL

    Min Zhang Photo of Min Zhang Min Zhang Researcher V-Molecular Biology Min.Zhang@nrel.gov | 303-384 -7753 Research Interests Using a systems biology approach to identify, analyze, and engineer pathways Metabolic engineering Molecular biology Microbial physiology Systems biology Fermentation development Enzyme

  2. Yi min Zhang | NREL

    Volkswagen Automotive Company, Ltd. Shanghai, China (1990-1996) Featured Publications Vimmerstedt, L., A . NREL/JA-5100-61691. doi:10.1002/bbb.1434 Chum, H. L., Y. Zhang, J. Hill, D.G. Tiffany, R.V. Morey, A.G -60059. Warner, E., D. Inman, B. Kunstman, B. Bush, L. Vimmerstedt, S. Peterson, J. Macknick, and Y

  3. Direct Observation of Zhang-Li Torque Expansion of Magnetic Droplet Solitons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chung, Sunjae; Le, Q. Tuan; Ahlberg, Martina; Awad, Ahmad A.; Weigand, Markus; Bykova, Iuliia; Khymyn, Roman; Dvornik, Mykola; Mazraati, Hamid; Houshang, Afshin; Jiang, Sheng; Nguyen, T. N. Anh; Goering, Eberhard; Schütz, Gisela; Gräfe, Joachim; Åkerman, Johan

    2018-05-01

    Magnetic droplets are nontopological dynamical solitons that can be nucleated in nanocontact based spin torque nano-oscillators (STNOs) with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy free layers. While theory predicts that the droplet should be of the same size as the nanocontact, its inherent drift instability has thwarted attempts at observing it directly using microscopy techniques. Here, we demonstrate highly stable magnetic droplets in all-perpendicular STNOs and present the first detailed droplet images using scanning transmission X-ray microscopy. In contrast to theoretical predictions, we find that the droplet diameter is about twice as large as the nanocontact. By extending the original droplet theory to properly account for the lateral current spread underneath the nanocontact, we show that the large discrepancy primarily arises from current-in-plane Zhang-Li torque adding an outward pressure on the droplet perimeter. Electrical measurements on droplets nucleated using a reversed current in the antiparallel state corroborate this picture.

  4. A Probabilistic Approach to Zhang's Sandpile Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boer, Anne Fey-Den; Meester, Ronald; Quant, Corrie; Redig, Frank

    2008-06-01

    The current literature on sandpile models mainly deals with the abelian sandpile model (ASM) and its variants. We treat a less known - but equally interesting - model, namely Zhang’s sandpile. This model differs in two aspects from the ASM. First, additions are not discrete, but random amounts with a uniform distribution on an interval [ a, b]. Second, if a site topples - which happens if the amount at that site is larger than a threshold value E c (which is a model parameter), then it divides its entire content in equal amounts among its neighbors. Zhang conjectured that in the infinite volume limit, this model tends to behave like the ASM in the sense that the stationary measure for the system in large volumes tends to be peaked narrowly around a finite set. This belief is supported by simulations, but so far not by analytical investigations. We study the stationary distribution of this model in one dimension, for several values of a and b. When there is only one site, exact computations are possible. Our main result concerns the limit as the number of sites tends to infinity. We find that the stationary distribution, in the case a ≥ E c /2, indeed tends to that of the ASM (up to a scaling factor), in agreement with Zhang’s conjecture. For the case a = 0, b = 1 we provide strong evidence that the stationary expectation tends to sqrt{1/2}.

  5. De novo characterization of the pine aphid Cinara pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang transcriptome and analysis of genes relevant to pesticides

    PubMed Central

    Rebeca, Carballar-Lejarazú; Zhu, Xiaoli; Guo, Yajie; Lin, Qiannan; Hu, Xia; Wang, Rong; Liang, Guanghong; Guan, Xiong

    2017-01-01

    The pine aphid Cinara pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang is the main pine pest in China, it causes pine needles to produce dense dew (honeydew) which can lead to sooty mold (black filamentous saprophytic ascomycetes). Although common chemical and physical strategies are used to prevent the disease caused by C. pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang, new strategies based on biological and/or genetic approaches are promising to control and eradicate the disease. However, there is no information about genomics, proteomics or transcriptomics to allow the design of new control strategies for this pine aphid. We used next generation sequencing technology to sequence the transcriptome of C. pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang and built a transcriptome database. We identified 80,259 unigenes assigned for Gene Ontology (GO) terms and information for a total of 11,609 classified unigenes was obtained in the Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs). A total of 10,806 annotated unigenes were analyzed to identify the represented biological pathways, among them 8,845 unigenes matched with 228 KEGG pathways. In addition, our data describe propagative viruses, nutrition-related genes, detoxification related molecules, olfactory related receptors, stressed-related protein, putative insecticide resistance genes and possible insecticide targets. Moreover, this study provides valuable information about putative insecticide resistance related genes and for the design of new genetic/biological based strategies to manage and control C. pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang populations. PMID:28570707

  6. Manufacture of probiotic Minas Frescal cheese with Lactobacillus casei Zhang.

    PubMed

    Dantas, Aline B; Jesus, Vitor F; Silva, Ramon; Almada, Carine N; Esmerino, E A; Cappato, Leandro P; Silva, Marcia C; Raices, Renata S L; Cavalcanti, Rodrigo N; Carvalho, Celio C; Sant'Ana, Anderson S; Bolini, Helena M A; Freitas, Monica Q; Cruz, Adriano G

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the addition of Lactobacillus casei Zhang in the manufacture of Minas Frescal cheese was investigated. Minas Frescal cheeses supplemented with probiotic bacteria (Lactobacillus casei Zhang) were produced by enzymatic coagulation and direct acidification and were subjected to physicochemical (pH, proteolysis, lactic acid, and acetic acid), microbiological (probiotic and lactic bacteria counts), and rheological analyses (uniaxial compression and creep test), instrumental color determination (luminosity, yellow intensity, and red intensity) and sensory acceptance test. The addition of L. casei Zhang resulted in low pH values and high proteolysis indexes during storage (from 5.38 to 4.94 and 0.470 to 0.702, respectively). Additionally, the cheese protocol was not a hurdle for growth of L. casei Zhang, as the population reached 8.16 and 9.02 log cfu/g by means of the direct acidification and enzymatic coagulation protocol, respectively, after 21 d of refrigerated storage. The rheology data showed that all samples presented a more viscous-like behavior, which rigidity tended to decrease during storage and lower luminosity values were also observed. Increased consumer acceptance was observed for the control sample produced by direct acidification (7.8), whereas the cheeses containing L. casei Zhang presented lower values for all sensory attributes, especially flavor and overall liking (5.37 and 4.61 for enzymatic coagulation and 5.57 and 4.72 for direct acidification, respectively). Overall, the addition of L. casei Zhang led to changes in all parameters and affected negatively the sensory acceptance. The optimization of L. casei Zhang dosage during the manufacturing of probiotic Minas Frescal cheese should be performed. Copyright © 2016 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. [Learning experience of acupuncture technique from professor ZHANG Jin].

    PubMed

    Xue, Hongsheng; Zhang, Jin

    2017-08-12

    As a famous acupuncturist in the world, professor ZHANG Jin believes the key of acupuncture technique is the use of force, and the understanding of the "concentrating the force into needle body" is essential to understand the essence of acupuncture technique. With deep study of Huangdi Neijing ( The Inner Canon of Huangdi ) and Zhenjiu Dacheng ( Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ), the author further learned professor ZHANG Jin 's theory and operation specification of "concentrating force into needle body, so the force arriving before and together with needle". The whole-body force should be subtly focused on the tip of needle, and gentle force at tip of needle could get significant reinforcing and reducing effect. In addition, proper timing at tip of needle could start reinforcing and reducing effect, lead qi to disease location, and achieve superior clinical efficacy.

  8. Division by zero, pseudo-division by zero, Zhang dynamics method and Zhang-gradient method about control singularity conquering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yunong; Zhang, Yinyan; Chen, Dechao; Xiao, Zhengli; Yan, Xiaogang

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, the division-by-zero (DBO) problem in the field of nonlinear control, which is traditionally termed the control singularity problem (or specifically, controller singularity problem), is investigated by the Zhang dynamics (ZD) method and the Zhang-gradient (ZG) method. According to the impact of the DBO problem on the state variables of the controlled nonlinear system, the concepts of the pseudo-DBO problem and the true-DBO problem are proposed in this paper, which provide a new perspective for the researchers on the DBO problems as well as nonlinear control systems. Besides, the two classes of DBO problems are solved under the framework of the ZG method. Specific examples are shown and investigated in this paper to illustrate the two proposed concepts and the efficacy of the ZG method in conquering pseudo-DBO and true-DBO problems. The application of the ZG method to the tracking control of a two-wheeled mobile robot further substantiates the effectiveness of the ZG method. In addition, the ZG method is successfully applied to the tracking control of a pure-feedback nonlinear system.

  9. Q&A with Y.C. Zhang - Bringing Talent and Passion to Power Systems | News

    Yingchen Zhang Yingchen Zhang (Y.C.) is the group manager of the sensing and predictive analytics group in appointed manager of the Sensing and Predictive Analytics Group in NREL's Power Systems Engineering Center , my past research involved synchrophasors, which are one type of metering system. Nowadays, many more

  10. China marks World Population Day. Address by Zhang Weiqing: (Excerpts).

    PubMed

    Zhang, W

    1998-08-01

    This is a summary of remarks by Minister Zhang Weiqing of China's State Family Planning Commission (SFPC) given on World Population Day in China. The world's population size has increased by 1 billion since 1987, and will reach 6 billion by 1999. As the most populous developing country in the world, China has a greater population pressure and bears a large responsibility regarding stabilization of the world's population and realization of sustainable development. China has a less developed economy and a high percentage of rural and illiterate persons, many of whom are below the poverty line. The interests of both present and future generations must be taken into account with regard to development. In addition, the modernization drive must include strategies for sustainable development and basic national policies of FP and environmental protection in order to achieve a balance among population growth, the economy, resources, and the environment. After 30 years of effort, China has succeeded in solving its population problem by integrating governmental guidance with voluntary public participation in FP. In 1997, the birthrate decreased to 16.57/1000, and the total fertility rate was below replacement level. Changes in attitude toward marriage and childbearing have occurred, as has awareness of voluntary participation in FP. However, some problems have emerged in the implementation of population and FP programs. China will carry out its programs strictly and effectively while developing the national economy. Goals include: 1) stressing the IEC program regarding contraception and regular FP management and services; 2) integrating the FP program with economic development; 3) helping the public to become well off; 4) protecting maternal and child health; 5) improving the status of women; 6) delivering reproductive services; and 7) improving social security measures. Efforts will be made to enable the public to have a more active part in implementing the FP program.

  11. On Complete Control and Synchronization of Zhang Chaotic System with Uncertain Parameters using Adaptive Control Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tirandaz, Hamed

    2018-03-01

    Chaos control and synchronization of chaotic systems is seemingly a challenging problem and has got a lot of attention in recent years due to its numerous applications in science and industry. This paper concentrates on the control and synchronization problem of the three-dimensional (3D) Zhang chaotic system. At first, an adaptive control law and a parameter estimation law are achieved for controlling the behavior of the Zhang chaotic system. Then, non-identical synchronization of Zhang chaotic system is provided with considering the Lü chaotic system as the follower system. The synchronization problem and parameters identification are achieved by introducing an adaptive control law and a parameters estimation law. Stability analysis of the proposed method is proved by the Lyapanov stability theorem. In addition, the convergence of the estimated parameters to their truly unknown values are evaluated. Finally, some numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate and to validate the effectiveness of the suggested method.

  12. Taxonomic position of Hormaphis similibetulae Qiao & Zhang, 2004 (Hemiptera, Aphididae): molecular and biological evidences

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Jing; Jiang, Li-Yun; Qiao, Ge-Xia

    2011-01-01

    Abstract The taxonomic position of Hormaphis similibetulae Qiao & Zhang, 2004 has been reexamined. The phylogenetic position of Hormaphis similibetulae was inferred by maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian analyses on the basis of partial nuclear elongation factor-1α and mitochondrial tRNA leucine/cytochrome oxidase II sequences. The results showed that this species fell into the clade of Hamamelistes species, occupying a basal position, and was clearly distinct from other Hormaphis species. A closer relationship between Hormaphis similibetulae and Hamamelistes species was also revealed by life cycle analysis. Therefore, we conclude that Hormaphis similibetulae should be transferred to the genus Hamamelistes as Hamamelistes similibetulae (Qiao & Zhang), comb. n. PMID:21852935

  13. Calculated momentum dependence of Zhang-Rice states in transition metal oxides.

    PubMed

    Yin, Quan; Gordienko, Alexey; Wan, Xiangang; Savrasov, Sergey Y

    2008-02-15

    Using a combination of local density functional theory and cluster exact diagonalization based dynamical mean field theory, we calculate many-body electronic structures of several Mott insulating oxides including undoped high T(c) materials. The dispersions of the lowest occupied electronic states are associated with the Zhang-Rice singlets in cuprates and with doublets, triplets, quadruplets, and quintets in more general cases. Our results agree with angle resolved photoemission experiments including the decrease of the spectral weight of the Zhang-Rice band as it approaches k=0.

  14. Reader reaction to "a robust method for estimating optimal treatment regimes" by Zhang et al. (2012).

    PubMed

    Taylor, Jeremy M G; Cheng, Wenting; Foster, Jared C

    2015-03-01

    A recent article (Zhang et al., 2012, Biometrics 168, 1010-1018) compares regression based and inverse probability based methods of estimating an optimal treatment regime and shows for a small number of covariates that inverse probability weighted methods are more robust to model misspecification than regression methods. We demonstrate that using models that fit the data better reduces the concern about non-robustness for the regression methods. We extend the simulation study of Zhang et al. (2012, Biometrics 168, 1010-1018), also considering the situation of a larger number of covariates, and show that incorporating random forests into both regression and inverse probability weighted based methods improves their properties. © 2014, The International Biometric Society.

  15. Many particle approximation of the Aw-Rascle-Zhang second order model for vehicular traffic.

    PubMed

    Francesco, Marco Di; Fagioli, Simone; Rosini, Massimiliano D

    2017-02-01

    We consider the follow-the-leader approximation of the Aw-Rascle-Zhang (ARZ) model for traffic flow in a multi population formulation. We prove rigorous convergence to weak solutions of the ARZ system in the many particle limit in presence of vacuum. The result is based on uniform BV estimates on the discrete particle velocity. We complement our result with numerical simulations of the particle method compared with some exact solutions to the Riemann problem of the ARZ system.

  16. Long-range temporal correlations in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang growth: numerical simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Tianshu; Xia, Hui

    2016-11-01

    To analyze long-range temporal correlations in surface growth, we study numerically the (1  +  1)-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation driven by temporally correlated noise, and obtain the scaling exponents based on two different numerical methods. Our simulations show that the numerical results are in good agreement with the dynamic renormalization group (DRG) predictions, and are also consistent with the simulation results of the ballistic deposition (BD) model.

  17. Capturing Parent-Child Interactions With Social Media: Comment on Zhang et al. (2015).

    PubMed

    Leung, Ricky; Dong, Guanghui; Qin, Xiaoxia; Lin, Shao

    2016-06-01

    Zhang et al. conducted a qualitative study of children presented with 19 parental structuring behaviors of parental control and were asked to attribute the parent's intent behind the behaviors. The authors developed several conceptual categories, "parent-centered," "child-centered," or "social" interests. Here, we describe how their 12 propositions could be empirically tested in further studies using social media. © The Author(s) 2016.

  18. Reply to comment by Ma and Zhang on "Rescaling the complementary relationship for land surface evaporation"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crago, Richard; Qualls, Russell; Szilagyi, Jozsef; Huntington, Justin

    2017-07-01

    Ma and Zhang (2017) note a concern they have with our rescaled Complementary Relationship (CR) for land surface evaporation when daily average wind speeds are very low (perhaps less than 1 m/s). We discuss conditions and specific formulations that lead to this concern, but ultimately argue that under these conditions, a key assumption behind the CR itself may not be satisfied at the daily time scale. Thus, careful consideration of the reliability of the CR is needed when wind speeds are very low.

  19. Security analysis of boolean algebra based on Zhang-Wang digital signature scheme

    SciT

    Zheng, Jinbin, E-mail: jbzheng518@163.com

    2014-10-06

    In 2005, Zhang and Wang proposed an improvement signature scheme without using one-way hash function and message redundancy. In this paper, we show that this scheme exits potential safety concerns through the analysis of boolean algebra, such as bitwise exclusive-or, and point out that mapping is not one to one between assembly instructions and machine code actually by means of the analysis of the result of the assembly program segment, and which possibly causes safety problems unknown to the software.

  20. Probing inter- and intrachain Zhang-Rice excitons in Li 2 CuO 2 and determining their binding energy

    DOE PAGES

    Monney, Claude; Bisogni, Valentina; Zhou, Ke-Jin; ...

    2016-10-10

    Cuprate materials, such as those hosting high-temperature superconductivity, represent a famous class of materials where the correlations between the strongly entangled charges and spins produce complex phase diagrams. Several years ago, the Zhang-Rice singlet was proposed as a natural quasiparticle in hole-doped cuprates. The occurrence and binding energy of this quasiparticle, consisting of a pair of bound holes with antiparallel spins on the same CuO 4 plaquette, depends on the local electronic interactions, which are fundamental quantities for understanding the physics of the cuprates. Here, we employ state-of-the-art resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) to probe the correlated physics of themore » CuO 4 plaquettes in the quasi-one-dimensional chain cuprate Li 2CuO 2. By tuning the incoming photon energy to the O K edge, we populate bound states related to the Zhang-Rice quasiparticles in the RIXS process. Both intra- and interchain Zhang-Rice singlets are observed and their occurrence is shown to depend on the nearest-neighbor spin-spin correlations, which are readily probed in this experiment. Finally, we also extract the binding energy of the Zhang-Rice singlet and identify the Zhang-Rice triplet excitation in the RIXS spectra.« less

  1. [ZHANG Tangfa's characteristics of acupuncture academic ideology and clinical treatment of syndrome differentiation].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hongxing

    2015-10-01

    Through collecting and sorting of works, literature and medical cases regarding professor ZHANG Tangfa, it is found that his acupuncture academic ideology and clinical treatment of syndrome differentiation can be summarized as: tracing the source and paying attention to basic theory, especially the meridian theory and conception vessel and governor vessel; focusing on acupuncture manipulation and emphasizing acupuncture basic skills; highly valuing treating spirit, acquiring and maintaining needling sensation; underlining "three differentiations" that is consisted of syndrome differentiation, disease differentiation and meridian differentiation to guide the clinical prescriptions of acupoints; exploring and ingenious use of scalp acupuncture; being concerned on research of difficult and complicated diseases; advocating comparative studies to optimize the clinical treatment plan; proposing the combination of Chinese and western medicine, including diagnosis, treatment and basic theory, to improve the clinical therapeutic effects of acupuncture.

  2. Kardar-Parisi-Zhang universality in the phase distributions of one-dimensional exciton-polaritons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Squizzato, Davide; Canet, Léonie; Minguzzi, Anna

    2018-05-01

    Exciton-polaritons under driven-dissipative conditions exhibit a condensation transition that belongs to a different universality class from that of equilibrium Bose-Einstein condensates. By numerically solving the generalized Gross-Pitaevskii equation with realistic experimental parameters, we show that one-dimensional exciton-polaritons display fine features of Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) dynamics. Beyond the scaling exponents, we show that their phase distribution follows the Tracy-Widom form predicted for KPZ growing interfaces. We moreover evidence a crossover to the stationary Baik-Rains statistics. We finally show that these features are unaffected on a certain timescale by the presence of a smooth disorder often present in experimental setups.

  3. Non-Zhang-Rice Singlet Character of the First Ionization State of T-CuO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adolphs, Clemens P. J.; Moser, Simon; Sawatzky, George A.; Berciu, Mona

    2016-02-01

    We argue that tetragonal CuO (T-CuO) has the potential to finally settle long-standing modeling issues for cuprate physics. We compare the one-hole quasiparticle (qp) dispersion of T-CuO to that of cuprates, in the framework of the strongly correlated (Ud d→∞ ) limit of the three-band Emery model. Unlike in CuO2 , magnetic frustration in T-CuO breaks the C4 rotational symmetry and leads to strong deviations from the Zhang-Rice singlet picture in parts of the reciprocal space. Our results are consistent with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy data but in sharp contradiction to those of a one-band model previously suggested for them. These differences identify T-CuO as an ideal material to test a variety of scenarios proposed for explaining cuprate phenomenology.

  4. Generalized One-Band Model Based on Zhang-Rice Singlets for Tetragonal CuO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamad, I. J.; Manuel, L. O.; Aligia, A. A.

    2018-04-01

    Tetragonal CuO (T-CuO) has attracted attention because of its structure similar to that of the cuprates. It has been recently proposed as a compound whose study can give an end to the long debate about the proper microscopic modeling for cuprates. In this work, we rigorously derive an effective one-band generalized t -J model for T-CuO, based on orthogonalized Zhang-Rice singlets, and make an estimative calculation of its parameters, based on previous ab initio calculations. By means of the self-consistent Born approximation, we then evaluate the spectral function and the quasiparticle dispersion for a single hole doped in antiferromagnetically ordered half filled T-CuO. Our predictions show very good agreement with angle-resolved photoemission spectra and with theoretical multiband results. We conclude that a generalized t -J model remains the minimal Hamiltonian for a correct description of single-hole dynamics in cuprates.

  5. Infrared conductivity of cuprates using Yang-Rice-Zhang ansatz: Review of our recent investigations

    SciT

    Singh, Navinder; Sharma, Raman

    2015-05-15

    A review of our recent investigations related to the ac transport properties in the psedogapped state of cuprate high temperature superconductors is presented. For our theoretical calculations we use a phenomenological Green’s function proposed by Yang, Rice and Zhang (YRZ). This is based upon the renormalized mean-field theory of the Hubbard model and takes into account the strong electron-electron interaction present in Cuprates. The pseudogap is also taken into account through a proposed self energy. We have tested the form of the Green’s function by computing ac conductivity of cuprates and then compared with experimental results. We found agreement betweenmore » theory and experiment in reproducing the doping evolution of ac conductivity but there is a problem with absolute magnitudes and their frequency dependence. This shows a partial success of the YRZ ansatz. The ways to rectify it are suggested and worked out.« less

  6. Lactobacillus casei Zhang and vitamin K2 prevent intestinal tumorigenesis in mice via adiponectin-elevated different signaling pathways.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yong; Ma, Chen; Zhao, Jie; Xu, Haiyan; Hou, Qiangchuan; Zhang, Heping

    2017-04-11

    The incidence of colon cancer has increased considerably and the intestinal microbiota participate in the development of colon cancer. We showed that the L. casei Zhang or vitamin K2 (Menaquinone-7) intervention significantly alleviated intestinal tumor burden in mice. This was associated with increased serum adiponectin levels in both treatments. But osteocalcin level was only increased by L. casei Zhang. Furthermore, the anti-carcinogenic actions of L. casei Zhang were mediated by hepatic Chloride channel-3(CLCN3)/Nuclear Factor Kappa B(NF-κB) and intestinal Claudin15/Chloride intracellular channel 4(CLIC4)/Transforming Growth Factor Beta(TGF-β) signaling, while the vitamin K2 effect involved a hepatic Vitamin D Receptor(VDR)-phosphorylated AMPK signaling pathway. Fecal DNA sequencing by the Pacbio RSII method revealed there was significantly lower Helicobacter apodemus, Helicobacter mesocricetorum, Allobaculum stercoricanis and Adlercreutzia equolifaciens following both interventions compared to the model group. Moreover, different caecum acetic acid and butyric acid levels and enrichment of other specific microbes also determined the activity of the different regulatory pathways. Together these data show that L. casei Zhang and Vitamin K2 can suppress gut risk microbes and promote beneficial microbial metabolites to reduce colonic tumor development in mice.

  7. Review of the genus Neotetricodes Zhang et Chen (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae) with description of two new species.

    PubMed

    Chang, Zhi-Min; Yang, Lin; Zhang, Zheng-Guang; Chen, Xiang-Sheng

    2015-12-11

    Two new species of the issid genus Neotetricodes Zhang et Chen (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae): Neotetricodes longispinus Chang et Chen sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) and Neotetricodes xiphoideus Chang et Chen sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) are described and illustrated. The generic characteristic is redefined. A checklist and key to the species of the genus are provided. The female genitalia of the genus are firstly described.

  8. Nonequilibrium steady state of a weakly-driven Kardar–Parisi–Zhang equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meerson, Baruch; Sasorov, Pavel V.; Vilenkin, Arkady

    2018-05-01

    We consider an infinite interface of d  >  2 dimensions, governed by the Kardar–Parisi–Zhang (KPZ) equation with a weak Gaussian noise which is delta-correlated in time and has short-range spatial correlations. We study the probability distribution of the interface height H at a point of the substrate, when the interface is initially flat. We show that, in stark contrast with the KPZ equation in d  <  2, this distribution approaches a non-equilibrium steady state. The time of relaxation toward this state scales as the diffusion time over the correlation length of the noise. We study the steady-state distribution using the optimal-fluctuation method. The typical, small fluctuations of height are Gaussian. For these fluctuations the activation path of the system coincides with the time-reversed relaxation path, and the variance of can be found from a minimization of the (nonlocal) equilibrium free energy of the interface. In contrast, the tails of are nonequilibrium, non-Gaussian and strongly asymmetric. To determine them we calculate, analytically and numerically, the activation paths of the system, which are different from the time-reversed relaxation paths. We show that the slower-decaying tail of scales as , while the faster-decaying tail scales as . The slower-decaying tail has important implications for the statistics of directed polymers in random potential.

  9. Statistical theory for the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation in (1+1) dimensions.

    PubMed

    Masoudi, A A; Shahbazi, F; Davoudi, J; Tabar, M Reza Rahimi

    2002-02-01

    The Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation in (1+1) dimensions dynamically develops sharply connected valley structures within which the height derivative is not continuous. We develop a statistical theory for the KPZ equation in (1+1) dimensions driven with a random forcing that is white in time and Gaussian-correlated in space. A master equation is derived for the joint probability density function of height difference and height gradient P(h-h*, partial differential(x)h,t) when the forcing correlation length is much smaller than the system size and much larger than the typical sharp valley width. In the time scales before the creation of the sharp valleys, we find the exact generating function of h-h* and partial differential(x)h. The time scale of the sharp valley formation is expressed in terms of the force characteristics. In the stationary state, when the sharp valleys are fully developed, finite-size corrections to the scaling laws of the structure functions left angle bracket(h-h*)(n)(partial differential(x)h)(m)right angle bracket are also obtained.

  10. Recent developments on the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang surface-growth equation.

    PubMed

    Wio, Horacio S; Escudero, Carlos; Revelli, Jorge A; Deza, Roberto R; de la Lama, Marta S

    2011-01-28

    The stochastic nonlinear partial differential equation known as the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation is a highly successful phenomenological mesoscopic model of surface and interface growth processes. Its suitability for analytical work, its explicit symmetries and its prediction of an exact dynamic scaling relation for a one-dimensional substratum led people to adopt it as a 'standard' model in the field during the last quarter of a century. At the same time, several conjectures deserving closer scrutiny were established as dogmas throughout the community. Among these, we find the beliefs that 'genuine' non-equilibrium processes are non-variational in essence, and that the exactness of the dynamic scaling relation owes its existence to a Galilean symmetry. Additionally, the equivalence among planar and radial interface profiles has been generally assumed in the literature throughout the years. Here--among other topics--we introduce a variational formulation of the KPZ equation, remark on the importance of consistency in discretization and challenge the mainstream view on the necessity for scaling of both Galilean symmetry and the one-dimensional fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We also derive the KPZ equation on a growing domain as a first approximation to radial growth, and outline the differences with respect to the classical case that arises in this new situation.

  11. Exact short-time height distribution for the flat Kardar-Parisi-Zhang interface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Naftali R.; Meerson, Baruch

    2018-05-01

    We determine the exact short-time distribution -lnPf(" close=")H ,t )">H ,t =Sf(H )/√{t } of the one-point height H =h (x =0 ,t ) of an evolving 1 +1 Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) interface for flat initial condition. This is achieved by combining (i) the optimal fluctuation method, (ii) a time-reversal symmetry of the KPZ equation in 1 +1 dimension, and (iii) the recently determined exact short-time height distribution -lnPst(H ) of the latter, one encounters two branches: an analytic and a nonanalytic. The analytic branch is nonphysical beyond a critical value of H where a second-order dynamical phase transition occurs. Here we show that, remarkably, it is the analytic branch of Sst(H ) which determines the large-deviation function Sf(H ) of the flat interface via a simple mapping Sf(H )=2-3 /2SstGeneralized One-Band Model Based on Zhang-Rice Singlets for Tetragonal CuO.

    PubMed

    Hamad, I J; Manuel, L O; Aligia, A A

    2018-04-27

    Tetragonal CuO (T-CuO) has attracted attention because of its structure similar to that of the cuprates. It has been recently proposed as a compound whose study can give an end to the long debate about the proper microscopic modeling for cuprates. In this work, we rigorously derive an effective one-band generalized t-J model for T-CuO, based on orthogonalized Zhang-Rice singlets, and make an estimative calculation of its parameters, based on previous ab initio calculations. By means of the self-consistent Born approximation, we then evaluate the spectral function and the quasiparticle dispersion for a single hole doped in antiferromagnetically ordered half filled T-CuO. Our predictions show very good agreement with angle-resolved photoemission spectra and with theoretical multiband results. We conclude that a generalized t-J model remains the minimal Hamiltonian for a correct description of single-hole dynamics in cuprates.

  12. Zhang-Rice physics and anomalous copper states in A-site ordered perovskites

    PubMed Central

    Meyers, D.; Mukherjee, Swarnakamal; Cheng, J.-G.; Middey, S.; Zhou, J.-S.; Goodenough, J. B.; Gray, B. A.; Freeland, J. W.; Saha-Dasgupta, T.; Chakhalian, J.

    2013-01-01

    In low dimensional cuprates several interesting phenomena, including high Tc superconductivity, are deeply connected to electron correlations on Cu and the presence of the Zhang-Rice (ZR) singlet state. Here, we report on direct spectroscopic observation of the ZR state responsible for the low-energy physical properties in two isostructural A-site ordered cuprate perovskites, CaCu3Co4O12 and CaCu3Cr4O12 as revealed by resonant soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy on the Cu L3,2- and O K-edges. These measurements reveal the signature of Cu in the high-energy 3+ (3d8), the typical 2+ (3d9), as well as features of the ZR singlet state (i.e., 3d9L, L denotes an oxygen hole). First principles GGA + U calculations affirm that the B-site cation controls the degree of Cu-O hybridization and, thus, the Cu valency. These findings introduce another avenue for the study and manipulation of cuprates, bypassing the complexities inherent to conventional chemical doping (i.e. disorder) that hinder the relevant physics. PMID:23666066

  13. Growing surfaces with anomalous diffusion: Results for the fractal Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katzav, Eytan

    2003-09-01

    In this paper I study a model for a growing surface in the presence of anomalous diffusion, also known as the fractal Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation (FKPZ). This equation includes a fractional Laplacian that accounts for the possibility that surface transport is caused by a hopping mechanism of a Levy flight. It is shown that for a specific choice of parameters of the FKPZ equation, the equation can be solved exactly in one dimension, so that all the critical exponents, which describe the surface that grows under FKPZ, can be derived for that case. Afterwards, the self-consistent expansion (SCE) is used to predict the critical exponents for the FKPZ model for any choice of the parameters and any spatial dimension. It is then verified that the results obtained using SCE recover the exact result in one dimension. At the end a simple picture for the behavior of the fractal KPZ equation is suggested and the upper critical dimension of this model is discussed.

  14. Maximum of an Airy process plus Brownian motion and memory in Kardar-Parisi-Zhang growth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Doussal, Pierre

    2017-12-01

    We obtain several exact results for universal distributions involving the maximum of the Airy2 process minus a parabola and plus a Brownian motion, with applications to the one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) stochastic growth universality class. This allows one to obtain (i) the universal limit, for large time separation, of the two-time height correlation for droplet initial conditions, e.g., C∞=limt2/t1→+∞h(t1) h (t2)¯c/h(t1)2¯c, with C∞≈0.623 , as well as conditional moments, which quantify ergodicity breaking in the time evolution; (ii) in the same limit, the distribution of the midpoint position x (t1) of a directed polymer of length t2; and (iii) the height distribution in stationary KPZ with a step. These results are derived from the replica Bethe ansatz for the KPZ continuum equation, with a "decoupling assumption" in the large time limit. They agree and confirm, whenever they can be compared, with (i) our recent tail results for two-time KPZ with the work by de Nardis and Le Doussal [J. Stat. Mech. (2017) 053212, 10.1088/1742-5468/aa6bce], checked in experiments with the work by Takeuchi and co-workers [De Nardis et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 125701 (2017), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.125701] and (ii) a recent result of Maes and Thiery [J. Stat. Phys. 168, 937 (2017), 10.1007/s10955-017-1839-2] on midpoint position.

  15. [The academic characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion of professor ZHANG Yongshu:a famous acupuncturist in Southern Fujian].

    PubMed

    Xu, Weiwei; Meng, Xianjun; Zhu, Anning; Wang, Yu; Luo, Wuyougumo; Kuang, Zifang

    2017-01-12

    Professor ZHANG Yongshu , who studied from professor LIU Zhangjie , is a famous acupuncturist in Quanzhou of Southern Fujian. The publications authored by professor ZHANG Yongshu were collected in this study to summarize his academic characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion. The result indicated he highly valued the regulation of yang qi , and established the theory of "developing yang to nourish yin ", which proposes to develop yang qi to achieve the effect of culturing yin ; he summarized eight methods to regulate the governor vessel and conception vessel, which can condition the body's yin and yang ; he paid attention to moxibustion therapy and its dosage, and made the best of direct moxibustion. In addition, he focused on meridian theory with effective application of meridian syndrome differentiation; in clinical treatment, he regulated the hand- yangming meridian to treat diseases by nourishing yang , generating yin and regulating fu .

  16. Resolution-dependent behavior of subgrid-scale vertical transport in the Zhang-McFarlane convection parameterization

    SciT

    Xiao, Heng; Gustafson, Jr., William I.; Hagos, Samson M.

    2015-04-18

    With this study, to better understand the behavior of quasi-equilibrium-based convection parameterizations at higher resolution, we use a diagnostic framework to examine the resolution-dependence of subgrid-scale vertical transport of moist static energy as parameterized by the Zhang-McFarlane convection parameterization (ZM). Grid-scale input to ZM is supplied by coarsening output from cloud-resolving model (CRM) simulations onto subdomains ranging in size from 8 × 8 to 256 × 256 km 2s.

  17. Comparative analysis of the gene expression profile of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Zhang with and without fermented milk as a vehicle during transit in a simulated gastrointestinal tract.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jicheng; Zhong, Zhi; Zhang, Wenyi; Bao, Qiuhua; Wei, Aibin; Meng, He; Zhang, Heping

    2012-06-01

    Studies have found that the survival of probiotics could be strongly enhanced with dairy products as delivery vehicles, but the molecular mechanism by which this might occur has seldom been mentioned. In this study, microarray technology was used to detect the gene expression profile of Lactobacillus casei Zhang with and without fermented milk used as a delivery vehicle during transit in simulated gastrointestinal juice. Numerous genes of L. casei Zhang in strain suspension were upregulated compared to those from L. casei Zhang in fermented milk. These data might indicate that L. casei Zhang is stimulated directly without the protection of fermented milk, and the high-level gene expression observed here may be a stress response at the transcriptional level. A large proportion of genes involved in translation and cell division were downregulated in the bacteria that were in strain suspension during transit in simulated intestinal juice. This may impede protein biosynthesis and cell division and partially explain the lower viability of L. casei Zhang during transit in the gastrointestinal tract without the delivery vehicle. Copyright © 2012 Institut Pasteur. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  18. Optical conductivity of cuprates in the pseudogap state: Yang-Rice-Zhang model and antiferromagnetic spin waves

    SciT

    Singh, Navinder; Sharma, Raman

    In the underdoped regime of the cuprate phase diagram, the modified version of the Resonance Valence Bond (RVB) model by Yang, Rice and Zhang (YRZ) captures the strong electronic correlation effects very well as corroborated by the ARPES and many other experiments. However, under a non-equilibrium transport setting, YRZ says nothing about the scattering mechanisms of the charge carriers. In the present investigation we include, in a very simplified way, the scattering of charge carriers due to antiferromagnetic type spin waves (ASW). The effect of ASW excitations on conductivity has been studied by changing combined life times of the includedmore » process. It has been found that there is a qualitative change in the conductivity in the right direction. The theoretical conductivity reproduces qualitatively the experimental one.« less

  19. Integrating Asian Film into Film Studies and Film Production Courses Using Examples from Yasujiro Ozu (Japan) and Zhang Yimou (China). Asian Studies Module, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carson, Diane

    This curriculum module offers concrete and specific examples for instructors who wish to integrate the films of Yasujiro Ozu of Japan and Zhang Yimou from China into film studies courses. Through this module, students should learn to compare and contrast conventional screen space, color, and editing to alternative forms. By becoming more familiar…

  1. Test research of Surface Electromagnetic Prospecting (SEP) System in Yang-jia-zhang-zi of Liao Ning province

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Di, Q.

    2013-12-01

    In recent years, deep prospecting method such as magnetotelluric and controlled source audio-frequency magnetotelluric develop rapidly, but the instruments almost monopolized by several big geophysical companies from the United States, Canada and Germany. From prospecting practice, foreign equipment adaptation on complicated geological conditions in China is unsatisfactory. As increasing of national strength, electromagnetic exploration system development independently is on the agenda. In the year of 2010, the institute of geology and geophysics, Chinese academy of sciences, took on one subject of the SinoProbe project, the research of surface Electromagnetic Prospecting (SEP) System, and has achieved some achievements. SEP is an independent research instrumentation system, which is available for MT, AMT and CSAMT soundings. After laboratory testing, in order to test SEP's performance in field, the yang-jia-zhang-zi molybdenum deposit area is selected for SEP experiment. All modules and components of SEP system have been tested, and the field ability of the whole system also has been tested. The experimental results show that SEP performance has reached the level of commercial instruments.

  2. Isolation and characterization of agar-digesting Vibrio species from the rotten thallus of Gracilariopsis heteroclada Zhang et Xia.

    PubMed

    Martinez, Joval N; Padilla, Philip Ian P

    2016-08-01

    Gracilariopsis heteroclada Zhang et Xia (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta) is one of the most studied marine seaweeds due to its economic importance. This has been cultivated extensively on commercial scale in the Philippines and other Asian countries. However, sustainable production of G. heteroclada in the Philippines could not be maximized due to the occurrence of rotten thallus disease. Thus, isolation and characterization of agar-digesting bacteria from the rotten thalli of G. heteroclada was conducted. A total of seven representative bacterial isolates were randomly selected based on their ability to digest agar as evidenced by the formation of depressions around the bacterial colonies on nutrient agar plates supplemented with 1.5% NaCl and liquefaction of agar. Gram-staining and biochemical characterization revealed that isolates tested were gram-negative rods and taxonomically identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus (86-99.5%) and Vibrio alginolyticus (94.2-97.7%), respectively. It is yet to be confirmed whether these agar-digesting vibrios are involved in the induction and development of rotten thallus disease in G. heteroclada in concomitance with other opportunistic bacterial pathogens coupled with adverse environmental conditions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Short-time height distribution in the one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation: Starting from a parabola.

    PubMed

    Kamenev, Alex; Meerson, Baruch; Sasorov, Pavel V

    2016-09-01

    We study the probability distribution P(H,t,L) of the surface height h(x=0,t)=H in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation in 1+1 dimension when starting from a parabolic interface, h(x,t=0)=x^{2}/L. The limits of L→∞ and L→0 have been recently solved exactly for any t>0. Here we address the early-time behavior of P(H,t,L) for general L. We employ the weak-noise theory-a variant of WKB approximation-which yields the optimal history of the interface, conditioned on reaching the given height H at the origin at time t. We find that at small HP(H,t,L) is Gaussian, but its tails are non-Gaussian and highly asymmetric. In the leading order and in a proper moving frame, the tails behave as -lnP=f_{+}|H|^{5/2}/t^{1/2} and f_{-}|H|^{3/2}/t^{1/2}. The factor f_{+}(L,t) monotonically increases as a function of L, interpolating between time-independent values at L=0 and L=∞ that were previously known. The factor f_{-} is independent of L and t, signaling universality of this tail for a whole class of deterministic initial conditions.

  4. Discrete-Time Zhang Neural Network for Online Time-Varying Nonlinear Optimization With Application to Manipulator Motion Generation.

    PubMed

    Jin, Long; Zhang, Yunong

    2015-07-01

    In this brief, a discrete-time Zhang neural network (DTZNN) model is first proposed, developed, and investigated for online time-varying nonlinear optimization (OTVNO). Then, Newton iteration is shown to be derived from the proposed DTZNN model. In addition, to eliminate the explicit matrix-inversion operation, the quasi-Newton Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (BFGS) method is introduced, which can effectively approximate the inverse of Hessian matrix. A DTZNN-BFGS model is thus proposed and investigated for OTVNO, which is the combination of the DTZNN model and the quasi-Newton BFGS method. In addition, theoretical analyses show that, with step-size h=1 and/or with zero initial error, the maximal residual error of the DTZNN model has an O(τ(2)) pattern, whereas the maximal residual error of the Newton iteration has an O(τ) pattern, with τ denoting the sampling gap. Besides, when h ≠ 1 and h ∈ (0,2) , the maximal steady-state residual error of the DTZNN model has an O(τ(2)) pattern. Finally, an illustrative numerical experiment and an application example to manipulator motion generation are provided and analyzed to substantiate the efficacy of the proposed DTZNN and DTZNN-BFGS models for OTVNO.

  5. Hanyu Zhang | NREL

    investigate approaches that can make 2D materials with better functionality by studying the energetic ., Engineering Chemically-Exfoliated Large-Area Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanolayers with Porphyrins for Improved

  6. Mg2+ improves the thermotolerance of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, Lactobacillus casei Zhang and Lactobacillus plantarum P-8.

    PubMed

    Yang, Y; Huang, S; Wang, J; Jan, G; Jeantet, R; Chen, X D

    2017-04-01

    Food-related carbohydrates and proteins are often used as thermoprotectants for probiotic lactobacilli during industrial production and processing. However, the effect of inorganic salts is rarely reported. Magnesium is the second-most abundant cation in bacteria, and commonly found in various foods. Mg 2+ homeostasis is important in Salmonella and has been reported to play a critical role in their thermotolerance. However, the role of Mg 2+ in thermotolerance of other bacteria, in particular probiotic bacteria, still remains a hypothesis. In this study, the effect of Mg 2+ on thermotolerance of probiotic lactobacilli was investigated in three well-documented probiotic strains, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, Lactobacillus casei Zhang and Lactobacillus plantarum P-8, in comparison with Zn 2+ and Na + . Concentrations of Mg 2+ between 10 and 50 mmol l -1 were found to increase the bacterial survival upon heat challenge. Remarkably, Mg 2+ addition at 20 mmol l -1 led to a 100-fold higher survival of L. rhamnosus GG upon heat challenge. This preliminary study also showed that Mg 2+ shortened the heat-induced extended lag time of bacteria, which indicated the improvement in bacterial recovery from thermal injury. In order to improve the productivity and stability of live probiotics, extensive investigations have been carried out to improve thermotolerance of probiotics. However, most of these studies focused on the effects of carbohydrates, proteins or amino acids. The roles of inorganic salts in various food materials, which have rarely been reported, should be considered when incorporating probiotics into these foods. In this study, Mg 2+ was found to play a significant role in the thermotolerance of probiotic lactobacilli. A novel strategy may be available in the near future by employing magnesium salts as protective agents of probiotics during manufacturing process. © 2017 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

  7. Finite-size effects in the short-time height distribution of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Naftali R.; Meerson, Baruch; Sasorov, Pavel

    2018-02-01

    We use the optimal fluctuation method to evaluate the short-time probability distribution P(H, L, t) of height at a single point, H=h(x=0, t) , of the evolving Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) interface h(x, t) on a ring of length 2L. The process starts from a flat interface. At short times typical (small) height fluctuations are unaffected by the KPZ nonlinearity and belong to the Edwards-Wilkinson universality class. The nonlinearity, however, strongly affects the (asymmetric) tails of P(H) . At large L/\\sqrt{t} the faster-decaying tail has a double structure: it is L-independent, -\\lnP˜≤ft\\vert H\\right\\vert 5/2/t1/2 , at intermediately large \\vert H\\vert , and L-dependent, -\\lnP˜ ≤ft\\vert H\\right\\vert 2L/t , at very large \\vert H\\vert . The transition between these two regimes is sharp and, in the large L/\\sqrt{t} limit, behaves as a fractional-order phase transition. The transition point H=Hc+ depends on L/\\sqrt{t} . At small L/\\sqrt{t} , the double structure of the faster tail disappears, and only the very large-H tail, -\\lnP˜ ≤ft\\vert H\\right\\vert 2L/t , is observed. The slower-decaying tail does not show any L-dependence at large L/\\sqrt{t} , where it coincides with the slower tail of the GOE Tracy-Widom distribution. At small L/\\sqrt{t} this tail also has a double structure. The transition between the two regimes occurs at a value of height H=Hc- which depends on L/\\sqrt{t} . At L/\\sqrt{t} \\to 0 the transition behaves as a mean-field-like second-order phase transition. At \\vert H\\vert <\\vert H_c-\\vert the slower tail behaves as -\\lnP˜ ≤ft\\vert H\\right\\vert 2L/t , whereas at \\vert H\\vert >\\vert H_c-\\vert it coincides with the slower tail of the GOE Tracy-Widom distribution.

  8. Taxonomic Approach to the Tachinid Flies Dinera carinifrons (Fallén) (Diptera: Tachinidae) and Dinera fuscata Zhang and Shima using Molecular and Morphometric Data

    PubMed Central

    Lutovinovas, Erikas; Malenovský, Igor; Tóthová, Andrea; Ziegler, Joachim; Vaňhara, Jaromír

    2013-01-01

    Molecular phylogenetic and traditional morphometric methods were applied to examine six Palaearctic taxa of the taxonomically difficult tachinid fly genus Dinera Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Tachinidae), with particular reference to D. carinifrons (Fallén) and D. fuscata Zhang and Shima. Results of a phylogenetic analysis based on the mitochondrial markers 12S and 16S rDNA and multivariate statistical analyses of 19 morphometric characters were used to delimit both species. A lectotype was designated for D. carinifrons to stabilize the nomenclature in the group. Dinera carinifrons has a transpalaearctic distribution and is present in Central Europe, especially in high altitudes of the Alps. It differs from the similar and closely related D. fuscata in that it has a slightly larger body size, a dense greyish microtrichosity on the body, and different head proportions. Dinera fuscata, as delimited here, is widespread in the Palaearctic region, including Europe. Slight differences in both molecular and morphometric characters were found between western (Europe and Iran) and eastern (China and Japan) populations of D. fuscata, which are interpreted as an intraspecific variation. Differential diagnosis between D. carinifrons and D. fuscata is provided in the form of a revised portion of the determination key to the Palaearctic Dinera by Zhang and Shima (2006). PMID:24787238

  9. When fast and slow interfaces grow together: Connection to the half-space problem of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang class

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ito, Yasufumi; Takeuchi, Kazumasa A.

    2018-04-01

    We study height fluctuations of interfaces in the (1 +1 ) -dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) class, growing at different speeds in the left half and the right half of space. Carrying out simulations of the discrete polynuclear growth model with two different growth rates, combined with the standard setting for the droplet, flat, and stationary geometries, we find that the fluctuation properties at and near the boundary are described by the KPZ half-space problem developed in the theoretical literature. In particular, in the droplet case, the distribution at the boundary is given by the largest-eigenvalue distribution of random matrices in the Gaussian symplectic ensemble, often called the GSE Tracy-Widom distribution. We also characterize crossover from the full-space statistics to the half-space one, which arises when the difference between the two growth speeds is small.

  10. Thermostaphylospora grisealba gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from mushroom compost and transfer of Thermomonospora chromogena Zhang et al. 1998 to Thermostaphylospora chromogena comb. nov.

    PubMed

    Wu, Hao; Liu, Bin; Shao, Yuanyuan; Ou, Xiaoyun; Huang, Fuchang

    2018-02-01

    A novel thermophilic actinomycete, designated strain 3-12X T , was isolated from mushroom compost in Guangxi University, Nanning, China. The novel isolate contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and the whole-cell sugars were glucose and ribose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H6). The polar phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, hydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, ninhydrin-positive phosphoglycolipids and glycolipids. Major fatty acids were so-C16 : 0 and C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 74.6 %. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the closest phylogenetic neighbour of strain 3-12X T was Thermomonospora chromogena ATCC 43196 T (97.0 %), other closely related strains all belonged to the family Streptosporangiaceae and showed more than 6 % divergence. The chemotaxonomic characteristics of strain 3-12X T were significantly different from Thermomonospora chromogena ATCC 43196 T and DNA-DNA hybridization showed low relatedness (48.6-55.6 %) between them, so they should be different species. Thermomonospora chromogena was removed from the genus Thermomonospora by Zhang et al. 1998 on the basis of phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic evidence, but its taxonomic position remains uncertain. Based on the phenotypic and phylogenetic data, strain 3-12X T represents a novel species in a new genus in the family Streptosporangiaceae. The name Thermostaphylospora griseoalba gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Thermostaphylospora grisealba is 3-12X T (=DSM 46781 T =CGMCC 4.7160 T ). We also propose transferring Thermomonospora chromogenaZhang et al. 1998 to Thermostaphylospora chromogena comb. nov. (type strain ATCC 43196 T =JCM 6244 T ).

  11. Proteomics Analysis of Lactobacillus casei Zhang, a New Probiotic Bacterium Isolated from Traditional Home-made Koumiss in Inner Mongolia of China*

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Rina; Wang, Weiwei; Yu, Dongliang; Zhang, Wenyi; Li, Yan; Sun, Zhihong; Wu, Junrui; Meng, He; Zhang, Heping

    2009-01-01

    Lactobacillus casei Zhang, isolated from traditional home-made koumiss in Inner Mongolia of China, was considered as a new probiotic bacterium by probiotic selection tests. We carried out a proteomics study to identify and characterize proteins expressed by L. casei Zhang in the exponential phase and stationary phase. Cytosolic proteins of the strain cultivated in de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe broth were resolved by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis using pH 4–7 linear gradients. The number of protein spots quantified from the gels was 487 ± 21 (exponential phase) and 494 ± 13 (stationary phase) among which a total of 131 spots were identified by MALDI-TOF/MS and/or MALDI-TOF/TOF according to significant growth phase-related differences or high expression intensity proteins. Accompanied by the cluster of orthologous groups (COG), codon adaptation index (CAI), and GRAVY value analysis, the study provided a very first insight into the profile of protein expression as a reference map of L. casei. Forty-seven spots were also found in the study that showed statistically significant differences between exponential phase and stationary phase. Thirty-three of the spots increased at least 2.5-fold in the stationary phase in comparison with the exponential phase, including 19 protein spots (e.g. Hsp20, DnaK, GroEL, LuxS, pyruvate kinase, and GalU) whose intensity up-shifted above 3.0-fold. Transcriptional profiles were conducted to confirm several important differentially expressed proteins by using real time quantitative PCR. The analysis suggests that the differentially expressed proteins were mainly categorized as stress response proteins and key components of central and intermediary metabolism, indicating that these proteins might play a potential important role for the adaptation to the surroundings, especially the accumulation of lactic acid in the course of growth, and the physiological processes in bacteria cell. PMID:19508964

  12. Retraction RETRACTION of "Tumor necrosis factor alpha gene -308G>A polymorphism association with the risk of esophageal cancer in a Han Chinese population" by H. Zhao, H.W. Zhang, T. Zhang and X.M. Gu - Genet. Mol. Res. 15 (2): gmr.15025866 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15025866.

    PubMed

    Zhao, H; Zhang, H W; Zhang, T; Gu, X M

    2016-10-07

    The retracted article is: Zhao H, Zhang HW, Zhang T and Gu XM (2016). Tumor necrosis factor alpha gene -308G>A polymorphism association with the risk of esophageal cancer in a Han Chinese population. Genet. Mol. Res. 15: gmr.15025866. Two major concerns were found in this article. Firstly, it was found to be substantially equal to the article "Tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene -308G > A polymorphism alters the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in a Han Chinese population" published in the Diagnostic Pathology Diagnostic Pathology (2014) 9: 199, by Feng et al.; licensee BioMed Central. 2014 - DOI: 10.1186/s13000-014-0199-3. Secondly, the authors do not discuss limitations of their approaches in the discussion. The discussion is largely an elaboration of the literature in the introduction part. However, even in that context, the discussion does not appropriately review the literature and there are frequent references to conclusions that are not supported by the cited literature. The GMR editorial staff was alerted and after a thorough investigation, there is strong reason to believe that the peer review process was failure. Also, after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research decided to retract this article in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The authors and their institutions were advised of this serious breach of ethics.

  13. Planetary Wave-Tide Interactions in Atmosphere-Ionosphere Coupling, Xiaoli Zhang, Jeffrey M. Forbes, Astrid Maute, and Maura E. Hagan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X.; Forbes, J. M.; Maute, A. I.

    2017-12-01

    Planetary Wave-Tide Interactions in Atmosphere-Ionosphere Coupling Xiaoli Zhang, Jeffrey M. Forbes, Astrid Maute, and Maura E. Hagan The existence of secondary waves in the mesosphere and thermosphere due to nonlinear interactions between atmospheric tides and longer-period waves have been revealed in both satellite data and in the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIME-GCM). The longer-period waves include the quasi-2-day and 6-day westward-propagating "normal modes" of the atmosphere, and eastward-propagating ultra-fast Kelvin waves with periods between 2 and 4 days. The secondary waves add to both the temporal and longitude variability of the atmosphere beyond that associated with the linear superposition of the interacting waves, thus adding "complexity" to the system. Based on our knowledge of the processes governing atmosphere-ionosphere interactions, similar revelations are expected to occur in electric fields, vertical plasma drifts and F-region electron densities. Towards this end, examples of such ionospheric manifestations of wave-wave interactions in TIE-GCM simulations will be presented.

  14. Assessing the Resolution Adaptability of the Zhang-McFarlane Cumulus Parameterization With Spatial and Temporal Averaging: RESOLUTION ADAPTABILITY OF ZM SCHEME

    SciT

    Yun, Yuxing; Fan, Jiwen; Xiao, Heng

    Realistic modeling of cumulus convection at fine model resolutions (a few to a few tens of km) is problematic since it requires the cumulus scheme to adapt to higher resolution than they were originally designed for (~100 km). To solve this problem, we implement the spatial averaging method proposed in Xiao et al. (2015) and also propose a temporal averaging method for the large-scale convective available potential energy (CAPE) tendency in the Zhang-McFarlane (ZM) cumulus parameterization. The resolution adaptability of the original ZM scheme, the scheme with spatial averaging, and the scheme with both spatial and temporal averaging at 4-32more » km resolution is assessed using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, by comparing with Cloud Resolving Model (CRM) results. We find that the original ZM scheme has very poor resolution adaptability, with sub-grid convective transport and precipitation increasing significantly as the resolution increases. The spatial averaging method improves the resolution adaptability of the ZM scheme and better conserves the total transport of moist static energy and total precipitation. With the temporal averaging method, the resolution adaptability of the scheme is further improved, with sub-grid convective precipitation becoming smaller than resolved precipitation for resolution higher than 8 km, which is consistent with the results from the CRM simulation. Both the spatial distribution and time series of precipitation are improved with the spatial and temporal averaging methods. The results may be helpful for developing resolution adaptability for other cumulus parameterizations that are based on quasi-equilibrium assumption.« less

  15. Reply to comment by X. X. Zhang et al. on "Three-dimensional quantification of soil hydraulic properties using X-ray computed tomography and image-based modeling"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tracy, Saoirse R.; Daly, Keith R.; Sturrock, Craig J.; Crout, Neil M. J.; Mooney, Sacha J.; Roose, Tiina

    2016-07-01

    In response to the comment raised by Zhang et al. (2016, doi: 10.1002/2015WR018432) we explore the differences in average velocity computed using slip and no-slip boundary conditions at the air water interface. We consider a porous medium in which the air phase acts to impede the movement of water rather than to lubricate it, a case closer to the observed distribution of water in our CT images. We find that, whilst the slip boundary condition may be a more accurate approximation, in cases where the air phase is seen to impede water movement the differences between the two approaches are negligible.

  16. Retraction RETRACTION of "Association between polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene and the risk of non-small cell lung cancer", by Han JC, Zhang YJ and Li XD - Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4): 12888-12893 (2015).

    PubMed

    Han, J C; Zhang, Y J; Li, X D

    2016-10-07

    The retracted article is: Han JC, Zhang YJ and Li XD (2015). Association between polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene and the risk of non-small cell lung cancer. Genet. Mol. Res. 14: 12888-12893. The GMR editorial staff was alerted about this article (received on May 3, 2015; accepted on August 18, 2015) published on October 21, 2015 (DOI: 10.4238/2015.October.21.9) that was found to be substantially similar to the publication of "Association of XRCC1 gene polymorphisms with risk of non-small cell lung cancer" (received on January 25, 2015; accepted on March 23, 2015; e-published on April 1, 2015) by Kang et al., published in the International Journal of Clinical Experimental Pathology 8 (4): 4171-4176. The authors were aware of the Kang et al.'s paper, since they cite it several times in the manuscript published in GMR. Some of the language is similar between the two manuscripts, but what is the most concerning is that several of the tables in the papers are nearly identical. Tables 2 and 3 are exactly identical between the two articles, suggesting that the publication in GMR was plagiarized from the publication in the International Journal of Clinical Experimental Pathology. The Publisher and Editor decided to retract these articles in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). After a thorough investigation, we have strong reason to believe that the peer review process was failure and, after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research decided to retract the article. The authors and their institutions were advised of this serious breach of ethics.

  17. Virology Interest Group Seminar | Center for Cancer Research

    Cancer.gov

    Virology Interest Group Seminar.  September 7th, Building 50, Room 2328 from 3:00 until 4:00.   We will have two presenters. Dr. Vladimir Majerciak: The full transcription map of mouse papillomavirus type 1 (MmuPV1), Tumor Virus RNA Biology Section, RNA Biology Laboratory, NCI Dr. Zhi-Ming Zheng: Viral DNA replication regulates HPV18 transcription and gene expression, Tumor

  18. Rein and Zheng Elected to American Academy of Microbiology | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Nancy Parrish, Staff Writer Earlier this year, Alan Rein, Ph.D., and Zhi-Ming (Thomas) Zheng, M.D., Ph.D., were elected to fellowship in the American Academy of Microbiology, the honorific leadership group within the American Society for Microbiology (ASM). They were among 88 microbiologists who were elected to the academy “through a highly selective, peer-review process,

  19. Reply to the comment by Q.Q. Qiao et al. on ;Cenozoic tectonic deformation and uplift of the South Tian Shan: Implications from magnetostratigraphy and balanced cross-section restoration of the Kuqa depression; by Tao Zhang, Xiaomin Fang, Chunhui Song, Erwin Appel, and Yadong Wang [Tectonophysics, 2014, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2014.04.044

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Tao; Fang, Xiaomin; Song, Chunhui; Appel, Erwin; Wang, Yadong

    2017-07-01

    Qiao et al. (2016) commented on our work (Zhang et al., 2014) and rejected our reinterpretation of the magnetostratigraphic results of Huang et al. (2006) and Li et al. (2006), with the results gained using the Dynamic Time Warping Algorithm technique (DTWAT) as their main basis. However, Qiao et al. (2016) did not provide details of their modeling inputs, and, in particular, the parameters they chose for their calculations, where such parameters can have a serious impact upon any results. We therefore performed calculations using the same software (i.e., Qupydon) as Qiao et al. (2016), using reliable parameter settings. The results showed that the ;interesting correlation; of a 6000 minimum cost output completely correlate with the magnetostratigraphic Chrons C18r to C3An.1n ( 40-6 Ma), which is consistent with our reinterpreted magnetostratigraphic results. Furthermore, we summarized previous biostratigraphic studies of nearby areas; the data resulting from this process also supported our reinterpreted magnetostratigraphic correlation. We were therefore able to confirm the revised magnetostratigraphic correlation of Zhang et al. (2014).

  20. My Classroom: China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Rebekah

    2016-01-01

    This article describes the teaching practice of two senior high school English teachers, Yu Huang and Yu Zhu. Their school is in Hezhang County--the No. 2 Middle School in the province of Guizhou. In China, most middle schools consist of six grades of students; the first three years are considered junior middle school and the latter three years…

  1. Coupled Kardar-Parisi-Zhang Equations in One Dimension

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferrari, Patrik L.; Sasamoto, Tomohiro; Spohn, Herbert

    2013-11-01

    Over the past years our understanding of the scaling properties of the solutions to the one-dimensional KPZ equation has advanced considerably, both theoretically and experimentally. In our contribution we export these insights to the case of coupled KPZ equations in one dimension. We establish equivalence with nonlinear fluctuating hydrodynamics for multi-component driven stochastic lattice gases. To check the predictions of the theory, we perform Monte Carlo simulations of the two-component AHR model. Its steady state is computed using the matrix product ansatz. Thereby all coefficients appearing in the coupled KPZ equations are deduced from the microscopic model. Time correlations in the steady state are simulated and we confirm not only the scaling exponent, but also the scaling function and the non-universal coefficients.

  2. Why Tu Youyou Makes Less Money Than Zhang Ziyi?

    PubMed

    Suo, Qinghui; Liu, Yang; Zhang, Daming

    2017-08-01

    Scientists normally earn less money than many other professions which require a similar amount of training and qualification. The economic theory of marginal utility and cost-benefit analysis can be applied to explain this phenomenon. Although scientists make less money than entertainment stars, the scientists do research work out of their interest and they also enjoy a much higher reputation and social status in some countries.

  3. Response to Pienemann's Critique of Zhang and Lantolf (2015)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lantolf, James P.; Zhang, Xian

    2015-01-01

    We respond here to Pienemann's critique of our study that appeared earlier this year in the Language Learning Special Issue entitled "Orders and Sequences in the Acquisition of L2 Morphosyntax, 40 Years On" and guest edited by Jan Hulstijn, Rod Ellis, and Søren Eskildsen. Pienemann objected to our claim that the Teachability Hypothesis…

  4. Rein and Zheng Elected to American Academy of Microbiology | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Nancy Parrish, Staff Writer Earlier this year, Alan Rein, Ph.D., and Zhi-Ming (Thomas) Zheng, M.D., Ph.D., were elected to fellowship in the American Academy of Microbiology, the honorific leadership group within the American Society for Microbiology (ASM). They were among 88 microbiologists who were elected to the academy “through a highly selective, peer-review process, based on their records of scientific achievement and original contributions that have advanced microbiology,” according to the society’s website.

  5. JiaoShi-JiaZhang De HeZuo (Teacher-Parent Partnerships). ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swick, Kevin J.

    Research provides insight into parent attributes that support partnerships with teachers. These attributes include warmth, sensitivity, nurturance, the ability to listen, consistency, positive self-image, personal competence, and effective interpersonal skills. Researchers have cited positive attitudes, continuous teacher training, involvement in…

  6. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Srg tidal tails red giants properties (Zhang+, 2017)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X.; Shi, W. B.; Chen, Y. Q.; Zhao, G.; Carrell, K.; Zhao, J. K.; Ruan, G. P.; Liang, Y. C.; Zhou, L.; Ren, H. B.; Zhang, Y.; Hou, Y. H.; Wang, Y. F.

    2016-10-01

    The list of 1100 RGB stars in Sgr streams is selected from SDSS DR9 with Law & Majewski (2010ApJ...714..229L) model. For each star equatorial coordinates, [Fe/H], distance, Vgsr, Lambda, X, Y and Z are given. Each star is also marked with L1, L2, T1, T2 to show in which stream it locates. (1 data file).

  7. Elements of Style and an Advanced ESL Student: The Case of Jun Shan Zhang.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Patrick

    Despite educators' efforts to understand the process of composition, writing remains a mercurial process difficult to see or describe, even partially. Writing is a process even more difficult to grasp when the writer is possessed of a language--Chinese, for example--and must rely on that language to take possession of and write in a second…

  8. The Kardar-Parisi-Zhang Equation as Scaling Limit of Weakly Asymmetric Interacting Brownian Motions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diehl, Joscha; Gubinelli, Massimiliano; Perkowski, Nicolas

    2017-09-01

    We consider a system of infinitely many interacting Brownian motions that models the height of a one-dimensional interface between two bulk phases. We prove that the large scale fluctuations of the system are well approximated by the solution to the KPZ equation provided the microscopic interaction is weakly asymmetric. The proof is based on the martingale solutions of Gonçalves and Jara (Arch Ration Mech Anal 212(2):597-644, 2014) and the corresponding uniqueness result of Gubinelli and Perkowski (Energy solutions of KPZ are unique, 2015).

  9. Editorial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-06-01

    . Vol 35, No 21 (14 November 2002) L461-L467 A Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical lattice J Hecker Denschlag, J E Simsarian, H Häffner, C McKenzie, A Browaeys, D Cho, K Helmerson, S L Rolston and W D Phillips J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 14 (28 July 2002) 3095-3110 Locality of a class of entangled states I R Senitzky J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 14 (28 July 2002) 3029-3039 Solitons and vortices in ultracold fermionic gases Tomasz Karpiuk, Miroslaw Brewczyk and Kazimierz Rzazewski J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 14 (28 July 2002) L315-L321 Stable islands in chaotic atom-optics billiards, caused by curved trajectories M F Andersen, A Kaplan, N Friedman and N Davidson J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 9 (14 May 2002) 2183-2190 Emission probability and photon statistics of a coherently driven mazer Jin Xiong and Zhi-Ming Zhang J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 9 (14 May 2002) 2159-2172 The Li+-H2 system in a rigid-rotor approximation: potential energy surface and transport coefficients I Røeggen, H R Skullerud, T H Løvaas and D K Dysthe J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 7 (14 April 2002) 1707-1725 The stochastic Gross-Pitaevskii equation C W Gardiner, J R Anglin and T I A Fudge J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 6 (28 March 2002) 1555-1582 Oxygen ion impurity in the TEXTOR tokamak boundary plasma observed and analysed by Zeeman spectroscopy J D Hey, C C Chu, S Brezinsek, Ph Mertens and B Unterberg J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 6 (28 March 2002) 1525-1553 Electron-hexafluoropropene (C3F6) scattering at intermediate energies Czeslaw Szmytkowski, Pawel Mozejko and Stanislaw Kwitnewski J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 5 (14 March 2002) 1267-1274 High-resolution investigations of C2 and CN optical emissions in laser-induced plasmas during graphite ablation S Acquaviva and M L De Giorgi J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. Vol 35, No 4 (28 February 2002) 795-806 New definition of a

  10. [On the "Brain is the House of Yuanshen" in "Bencao Gangmu"; from Li Shizhen to Zhang Xichun].

    PubMed

    Okuno, Shigeo

    2011-03-01

    The phrase the "Brain is the House of Yuanshen" is used in "Bencao Gangmu" in order to explain the reason why magnolia flower is good for sinus problems; however, the ideas on the relationship between the brain and the nose originate from "Huangdi Neijing" and those on the relationship between the brain and Yuanshen come from Taoism. It was "Bencao Beiyao" that combined the theory with the Western idea that "someone's memory is in the brain". The idea of the brain staying on as memory had great impact on "Leizheng Zhicai" and "Yilin Gaicuo", but again in "Yixue Zhongzhong Sanxilu" it claimed that "Yuanshen is in the brain" from Taoism's point of view, and it criticized the theory of the brain derived from the Western world. In this paper, the meaning of "Brain is the House of Yuanshen" in "Bencao Gangmu" is examined, along with the influence this idea had on the subsequent theories of medicine.

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Transition probabilities in TeII + TeIII spectra (Zhang+, 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, W.; Palmeri, P.; Quinet, P.; Biemont, E.

    2013-02-01

    Computed weighted oscillator strengths (loggf) and transition probabilities (gA) for Te II (Table 8) and Te III (Table 9). Transitions with wavelengths <1um, loggf>-1 and CF>0.05 are only quoted. Air wavelengths are given above 200 nm. In Table 8 the levels are taken from Kamida et al (Kamida, A., Ralchenko, Yu., Reader, J., and NIST ASD Team (2012). NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ver. 5.0), [Online]. Available: http://physics.nist.gov/asd [2012, September 20]. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.). In Table 9 the levels are those given in Tauheed & Naz (Tauheed, A., Naz, A. 2011, Journal of the Korean Physical Society 59, 2910) with the exceptions of the 5p6p levels which were taken from Kramida et al. The wavelengths were computed from the experimental levels of Kramida et al and Tauheed & Naz. (2 data files).

  12. Comment on “Band gaps structure and semi-Dirac point of two-dimensional function photonic crystals” by Si-Qi Zhang et al.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Hai-Feng

    2018-01-01

    Not Available Project supported by the Special Grade of the Financial Support from the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016T90455), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015M581790), and the Chinese Jiangsu Planned Projects for Postdoctoral Research Funds, China (Grant No. 1501016A).

  13. JiaZhang Dui ErTong FaZhan TongBan GuanXi De ZuoYong (The Role of Parents in the Development of Peer Group Competence). ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Shirley G.

    Among studies that have examined the relationship between parenting styles and children's development of social skills, the research of Diana Baumrind is noteworthy. In several studies, she has identified authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles, which differ on the dimensions of nurturance and parental control. Authoritarian…

  14. New name, fiaxtion of correct spelling of three leafhopper taxa (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)

    The leafhopper genus Aspidia Yang & Zhang is a junior homonym and replaced here by Sochinsogonoidea, nomen novum. Nilgiriscopus Viraktamath and Roxasellana stellata Zhang & Zhang are fixed as the correct original spellings....

  15. Taxonomic review on the subgenus Tripodura Townes (Diptera: Chironomidae: Polypedilum) from China with eleven new species and a supplementary world checklist.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ruilei; Song, Chao; Qi, Xin; Wang, Xinhua

    2016-07-05

    The subgenus Tripodura Townes of Polypedilum Kieffer from China including 26 species is reviewed. Eleven new species, named P. (T.) absensilobum Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) apiculusetosum Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) arcuatum Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) bilamella Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) conghuaense Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) dengae Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) mengmanense Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) napahaiense Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) parallelum Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) pollicium Zhang & Wang sp. n. and P. (T.) trapezium Zhang & Wang sp. n. are described and illustrated based on male imagines. Three species, P. (T.) quadriguttatum Kieffer, P. (T.) unifascia (Tokunaga) and P. (T.) udominutum Niitsuma are firstly recorded in China. A key to known male imagines of Chinese species and an updated world checklist of subgenus Tripodura are presented.

  16. Variations in radiolarian assemblages in the Japan Sea since the Last Glacial Period: implications for paleoceanography Zhi Dong12, Xuefa Shi2, Xinqing Zou1, Jianjun Zou2, Muhong Chen3, Qiang Zhang3, Chendong Ge1,Yanguang Liu21. Nanjing University,China 2. First Institute of Oceanography, China 3. South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Z.; Shi, X.; Zou, X.; Zou, J. J.; Chen, M.; Zhang, Q.; Ge, C.; Liu, Y.

    2017-12-01

    Japan Sea is a marginal sea located on the rim of the western Pacific, connecting with the open ocean via key straits with sill depths of less than 130 m, whichis close to the maximum drop of sea level during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Tsushima Strait connects modern JS with neighboring seas and Tsushima Warm Current (TWC), the only warm current flowing into the JS, reaches the northern JS where the cold saline deep wate is formed. Previous studies show that only northern Tsugaru Strait was opened during the last deglaciation, indicating different pattern of water mass exchange between JS and adjacent seas. Few paleoceanographic reconstructions in the southern JS are available to reconstruct the history of inflow of the TWC and deep ventilation. Radiolaria comprises shallow to deep water dwellers, sensitive response to changes in sea water physical and chemical states. It is well known for being preserved in the deep-sea sediments of the North Pacific. In order to decipher the changes of paleoceanography in the JS, here we investigate SST, SSS, deep ventilation using radiolarian assemblages recorded in core KCES1 recovered from the Ulleung Basin. We identified total 108 taxa which have been counted and divided into three categories: TWC, low-salinity and deep water taxa. Changes in radiolaria reveal that the paleoceanographic conditions has changed drastically during the last glacial period. The dominance of low-salinitytaxa indicates low SSS in JS during LGM. For older interval (24-46 ka), low-salinity taxa and TWC taxa could be identified, suggesting both East China Sea Coastal Water, whose volume is higher than Holocene, and TWC flow into the JS. The TWC taxa start to increase at 19 ka, also indicated by negative excursion of TOC δ13C due to the re-open of the Tsushima Strait, coincident with the 19 ka-MWP. The increasing abundance of low-salinity taxa during the B/A warm period, indicated an enhanced influence of river discharge forced by EASM. The enhanced deep ventilation occurred abruptly at 17 ka, caused by the sink of cold and saline water into the deep during the HS 1. While between 13 and 12 ka, high abundance of C.davisiana, one of the dominant species of deep water, inferring the strongest ventilation corresponding to the YD-like event. High abundance of TWC taxa shows the TWC re-enters into the JS during 9-7 ka.

  17. In regard to "Tran A, Zhang J, Woods K, Yu V, Nguyen D, Gustafson G, Rosen L, Sheng K. Treatment planning comparison of IMPT, VMAT and 4π radiotherapy for prostate cases. Radiation oncology. 2017 Jan 11; 12(1):10".

    PubMed

    Sarkar, Biplab

    2018-04-12

    This article describe the three dimensional geometrical incompetency of the term "4π radiotherapy"; frequently used in radiation oncology to establish the superiority (or rather complexity) of particular kind of external beam delivery technique. It was claimed by several researchers, to obtain 4π c solid angle at target centre created by the tele-therapy delivery machine in three dimensional Euclidian space. However with the present design of linear accelerator (or any other tele-therapy machine) it is not possible to achieve more than 2π c with the allowed boundary condition of 0 ≤ Gnatry position≤π c and [Formula: see text]≤Couch Position≤[Formula: see text] .This article describes why it is not possible to achieve a 4π c solid angle at any point in three dimensional Euclidian spaces. This article also recommends not to use the terminology "4π radiotherapy" for describing any external beam technique or its complexity as this term is geometrically wrong.

  18. Healthy Pre-Pregnancy Diet and Exercise May Reduce Risk of Gestational Diabetes

    MedlinePlus

    ... 21, 2014 All NICHD Spotlights Zhang, C., Liu, S., Solomon, C. G., & Hu, F. B. (2006). Dietary fiber ... 2241. PMID: 19940226 Zhang, C., Schulze, M. B., Solomon, C. G., & Hu, F. B. (2006). A prospective ...

  19. Genetics Home Reference: familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

    MedlinePlus

    ... Marsh RA, Satake N, Biroschak J, Jacobs T, Johnson J, Jordan MB, Bleesing JJ, Filipovich AH, Zhang ... 14. Citation on PubMed Zhang K, Filipovich AH, Johnson J, Marsh RA, Villanueva J. Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis, Familial. ...

  20. China Report: Political, Sociological and Military Affairs. No. 429

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-10

    according to the number of strokes in the family name. Wang Wei, (Wang Dachuan), (Wang Xinmin), Lu Liang, Lu Yukun, Zhu Danhua (female), (Liu Jiufeng...Li Shanyuan), He Shikun, (Shen Gan), Shen Hanqing, (Du Shijiu), Lu Xiaopeng, (Pu Jiguang), (Zhang Yulong), (Zhang Xiren), (Zhang Xiuxi), (Zhang...the session in accordance with the CPPCC Constitution. Wu Ping was elected chairman and Li Shizhang, Gu Jiguang, He Shikun, Lu Xiaopeng, Shen

  1. An Analysis of Navy Nurse Corps Accession Sources

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    1 I. INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND Since 1998, the United States has experienced a nationwide nursing shortage (Juraschek, Zhang, Ranganathan ...supply of RNs in the civilian workforce (Juraschek, Zhang, Ranganathan , & Lin, 2012). A study by Juraschek, Zhang, Ranganathan , & Lin (2012...Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. Retrieved from www.dtic.mil/cgi- bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA344570 Juraschek, S. P., Zhang, X., Ranganathan , V. K., & Lin, V

  2. Investigating the origin of the Chinese name for alfalfa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Q. Z.; Xu, L. J.; Tang, X. J.; Ma, J. T.; Wang, D.; Li, D.; Liu, Q.; Tao, Y.; Li, F.

    2017-02-01

    It is assured that alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) was introduced in Han dynasty. There are cognitive differences on whether Zhang Qian introduced alfalfa. Based on the previous studies, research inductive method was used. The relationship between Zhang Qian and alfalfa introduction was analyzed from the motivation, experience and influence of Zhang Qian to the Western Regions and the image generation of Zhang Qian brought back alfalfa’s seeds. Till to now, there are four opinions about Zhang Qian introducing Alfalfa seeds, including : (1) Zhang Qian introduced alfalfa seeds;(2) Zhang Qian did not introduce alfalfa seeds;(3) the information of Zhang Qian transferring alfalfa;(4)for commemoration Zhang Qian to the Western Regions. Although there are not direct historical materials to support Zhang Qian brought alfalfa seed to Han dynasty, it believes and confirms that the introducing of alfalfa is inextricably interwoven with Zhang Qian’s western travel. Zhangqian brought relative information from western regions during the introduction, which was the basis of non-native theory, and after that, Chinese began to plant alfalfa in Han dynasty., According to historical literatures, it is clear that the Chinese diplomat brought alfalfa seeds back to China. Alfalfa, as the favorite forage to Ferghana horse, have been already planted in Dawan in Han dynasty. Despite the debate, Zhangqian played an important pioneering role in introducing alfalfa.

  3. Tisaniba, a new genus of marpissoid jumping spiders from Borneo (Araneae: Salticidae).

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jun-Xia; Maddison, Wayne P

    2014-08-14

    Six new species of marpissoid jumping spiders from Sarawak, Borneo, are described in the new genus Tisaniba Zhang & Maddison. They are the type species, T. mulu Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., as well as the species T. bijibijan Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., T. dik Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., T. kubah Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., T. selan Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., and T. selasi Zhang & Maddison sp. nov. The spiders are small and brown to black, living in leaf litter in the tropical forest. Phylogenetic analyses based on 28s and 16sND1 genes indicate that they are a distinctive group within the marpissoids. Diagnostic illustrations and photographs of living spiders are provided for all species.

  4. The Impact of Nanotechnology Energetics on the Department of Defense by 2035

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-17

    Kaili Zhang, Daniel Esteve, Pierre Alphonse , Philippe Tailhades and Constantin Vahlas. “Nano-Energetic Materials for MEMS: A Review.” Journal of...on impact and the energetic compounds react. 16 Rossi, Carole, Kaili Zhang, Daniel Esteve, Pierre Alphonse , Philippe Tailhades and Constantin Vahlas...Rossi, Carole, Kaili Zhang, Daniel Esteve, Pierre Alphonse , Philippe Tailhades and Constantin Vahlas. “Nano-Energetic Materials for

  5. Development of Technologies for Early Detection and Stratification of Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-01

    heterogeneous nature of these cells. Figure 17 shows a yellow emitting Pdot (semiconducting polymer dot), which is a new family of ultra-bright fluorescent...Yu, J., Zhang, X., Sun, W., Ye, F., Wu, I., Zhang, Y., Hayden, S., Zhang, Y., Wu, C., Chiu, D.T. "New yellow fluorescent semiconducting polymer dots...fluorescent fluorinated semiconducting polymer dots for cellular imaging and analysis" Chemical Communication, 2013, 49, 8256-8258. • Zhao, M., Wei, B

  6. BATTLE (Biomarker-based Approach of Targeted Therapy for Lung Cancer Elimination)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    Wistuba,Ignacio Ivan Woods ,Denise M Wu,Huakang Xue,Yuwen Yang,Bijun Yin,Ming Zhang,Guangcheng Zhang,Li Army...Oncol. 2009; 27: 271–8. 127 Ishii Y, Rex M, Scotting PJ et al. Region-specific expression of chicken Sox2 in the developing gut and lung epithelium... Wood ER, Shewchuk L, Hassel A, et al. Discovery of an in- hibitor of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor activation: implications for cellular potency

  7. Development of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Biomarkers for Traumatic Brain Injury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    beta4 improves functional neurological outcome in a rat model of embolic stroke. Neuroscience 169:674–682. Morris DC, Zhang ZG, Zhang J, Xiong Y, Zhang...score of 15 with abrasion and a small laceration on his left eyebrow without closure and left clavicle fracture . His major clinical symptoms were left...Issue 11 | e80296 patient was a victim of an assault and suffered brief loss of consciousness and femur fracture . He presented in the ED with a GCS

  8. Synthesis, Microstructure and Properties of Metallic Materials with Nanoscale Growth Twins

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-01

    2004: Wu et al, 2005) and austenitic stainless steels (Zhang et al, 2004a; Zhang et al, 2005). However, processing routes to produce nanoscale...mechanical properties (hardness, yield strength, tensile strength) of bulk austenitic stainless steel (304, 310, 316 and 330) are quite similar and...model developed for the formation of growth twins in sputter- deposited austenitic stainless steel thin films (Zhang et al, 2004b). The model predicts

  9. Studies on idiocerine leafhoppers with descriptions of Chinaocerus gen. nov. and three new species from China (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadellidae).

    PubMed

    Dang, Li-Hong; Zhang, Bin; Li, Zi-Zhong

    2016-03-08

    A new leafhopper genus of the tribe Idiocerini (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadellidae), Chinaocerus, is described from the southwest China together with three new species, C. kangdingensis Zhang & Li sp. nov. (Sichuan Province), C. bispinatus Zhang & Li sp. nov. (Yunnan Province) and C. shii Zhang & Li sp. nov. (Sichuan Province). Descriptions and illustrations of these three new species are provided, and a key for their separation is also given.

  10. Mechanisms of Residual Stress Generation in Mechanical Surface Treatment: the Role of Cyclic Plasticity and Texture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-24

    modulus, yield strength, strain hardening exponent, and hardness can be estimated by this technique (Pethica 1982, Newey, Wilkins & Pollock 1982, Stone et...properties of metal alloys: a review", International Journal of Fatigue, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 1021-1036. Newey, D., Wilkins , M.A. & Pollock, H.M. 1982...Zhang, Y., Zhang, S., Yu, C., Tang , Y., Zhang, H., Wu, H., Guo, D., Wang, S., Xia, X., Chen, M. & Dai, Y. 1997, "Laser shock-processing for

  11. Clar theory and resonance energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gutman, Ivan; Gojak, Sabina; Furtula, Boris

    2005-09-01

    A mathematical model, referred here as the Zhang-Zhang polynomial ζ( x), that embraces all the main concepts encountered in the Clar aromatic sextet theory of benzenoid hydrocarbons, was recently put forward by Zhang and Zhang. We now show that ζ( x) is related to resonance energy, and that ln ζ( x) and RE are best correlated when x ≈ 1. This indicates that ζ(1) could be viewed as a (novel) structure-descriptor, playing a role analogous to the Kekulé structure count in Kekulé-structure-based theories. Some basic properties of ζ(1) are established.

  12. International Aviation (Selected Articles)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-05

    The Manufacturing Capabilities of the Shanghai Aviation Company Leap to a New Level, by Yang Xinbang Zhang Shiyuan , Zheng Huilin............9 Setting...international cooperation. 8 THE MANUFACTURING CAPABILITIES OF THE SHANGHAI AVIATION COMPANY LEAP TO A NEW LEVEL Yang Xinbang Zhang Shiyuan Zheng

  13. EMC HWRF Weekly Meeting Homepage

    structure using idealized HWRF simulations with GFS and MYJ PBL schemes by Jun Zhang (HRD/AOML) NOAA- MoES Zhan Zhang(EMC) (NOTE: Links open presentations in a new window) Please e-mail comments, questions, or

  14. Electronic Struture and Quantum Effects of Thin Metal Film Systems Based on Silicon Carbide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-01

    324, 924 (2009). [33] K. S. Novoselov et al., Nature (London) 438, 197 (2005). [34] Y. Zhang, Y.-W. Tan, H. L. Stormer , and P. Kim, Nature (London...Zhang, Y.-W. Tan, H. L. Stormer , and P. Kim, Nature (London) 438, 201 (2005). [6] K. S. Novoselov et al., Nature Phys. 2, 177 (2006). [7] E. McCann and V

  15. In situ Raman Spectroscopy Study of the Formation of Graphene from Urea and Graphite Oxide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    pp. 075404, Aug., 2006. [5] K. S. Novoselov, Z. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. Morozov, H. Stormer , U. Zeitler, J. Maan, G. Boebinger, P. Kim, and A. Geim...Room-temperature quantum hall effect in graphene.” Science, vol. 315, no. 5817, pp. 1379, Mar., 2007. [6] Y. Zhang, Y. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer , and

  16. Targeting the I-Kappa-B Kinase Epsilon (IKKe) for Breast Cancer Therapy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    Mol Pharm 2009, 6(3):772-779. 15. Cheng K, Fraga D, Zhang C, Kotb M, Gaber AO, Guntaka RV, Mahato RI: Adenovirus-based vascular endothelial growth...Pharmaceutics 2009, 6, 772– 779. (27) Cheng, K.; Fraga, D.; Zhang, C.; Kotb, M.; Gaber , A. O.; Guntaka, R. V.; Mahato, R. I. Adenovirus-based vascular

  17. Globalism and HRD. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on globalization and human resource development (HRD). "Challenges and Strategies of Developing Human Resources in the Surge of Globalization: A Case of the People's Republic of China" (De Zhang, Baiyin Yang, Yichi Zhang) analyzes the challenges and strategies of HRD in China and…

  18. SCM-Forcing Data

    SciT

    Xie, Shaocheng; Tang, Shuaiqi; Zhang, Yunyan

    2016-07-01

    Single-Column Model (SCM) Forcing Data are derived from the ARM facility observational data using the constrained variational analysis approach (Zhang and Lin 1997 and Zhang et al., 2001). The resulting products include both the large-scale forcing terms and the evaluation fields, which can be used for driving the SCMs and Cloud Resolving Models (CRMs) and validating model simulations.

  19. BUPT_PRIS at TREC 2014 Knowledge Base Acceleration Track

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-01

    BUPT_PRIS at TREC 2014 Knowledge Base Acceleration Track Yuanyuan Qi, Ye Xu, Dongxu Zhang, Weiran Xu qiyuanyuan@bupt.edu.cn,bob.ye.xu@gmail.com...Filtering for Entity Profile Updates for TREC 2013 [2]Yan Li, Zhaozhao Wang , Baojin Yu, Yong Zhang, Ruiyang Luo,Weiran Xu, Guang Chen, Jun Guo. PRIS

  20. Preparation for a Clinical Trial Using Adoptive Transfer of Tumor-Reactive TGF_Beta-Insensitive CD8+ T Cells for Treatment of Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    TumorCells Qiang Zhang,1 Thomas L. Jang,1 Ximing Yang,2 Irwin Park,1 Robert E. Meyer,2 Shilajit Kundu,1 Michael Pins,2 Borko Javonovic,3 Timothy Kuzel,4...reactive CD8+ T cells activates the antitumor immune response cycle Qiang Zhang,1 Ximing Yang,2,5 Shilajit D. Kundu,1 Michael Pins,2,5 Borko Javonovic

  1. Description of two new species of the Neoperla montivaga group (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

    PubMed

    Yang, Juan; Zhang, Sujiong; Li, Weihai

    2017-03-05

    The following two new species from Shiwandashan of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China are described, Neoperla bicolor Yang, Zhang & Li, sp. nov. and N. muranyii Yang, Zhang & Li, sp. nov. The new species are compared with related congeners of their respective species subgroups.

  2. Renewable Bio-Solar Hydrogen Production: The Second Generation (Part B)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-20

    SUBJECT TERMS Biohydrogen, biofuels, cyanobacteria, photosynthesis, fermentation , transcription profiling, metabolic engineering, TCA cycle... fermentation in the cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) maxima CS-328. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 77: 7185-7194. 5. Zhang, S. and Bryant, D. A...glycogen is the preferred substrate during auto- fermentation . J. Biotech. 166: 65-75. 10. Kumaraswamy, G. K., Guerra, T., Qian, X., Zhang, S., Bryant

  3. The Relationship of Goldberg's Big Five Personality Trait Measures of Mid-Level Leaders at Midwest State-Supported Colleges and Universities to the Cameron and Quinn Competing Values Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kempke Eppler, Michelle R.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation expands previous work of Giberson, Resick, Dickson, Mitchelson, Randall, and Clark (2009), Zhang, Tsui, Song, & Jia (2008), and Tsui, Zhang, Wang, Xin, and Wu (2006) by examining higher education organizational culture and leadership. There is a paucity of research in examining the relationships between university mid-level…

  4. Developing Models for Synchronizing the Interaction among Users, Systems and Content in Complex Information Spaces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-02

    October. Jansen, B. J., Zhang, M., and Zhang, Y. (2007) Brand Awareness and the Evaluation of Search Results, 16th International World Wide Web...2007) The Effect of Brand Awareness on the Evaluation of Search Engine Results, Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (SIGCHI), Work-in

  5. Collaborative Learning. Research to Practice Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, K. S.

    2016-01-01

    A Fully Integrated Educational System practices collaborative learning among all peers. The study summarized in this report (Zhang, X., Anderson, R. C., Morris, J., Miller, B., Nguyen-Janiel, K. T., Lin, T., Zhang, J., Jadallah, M., Scott, T., Sun, J., Latawjec, B., Ma, S., Grabow, K., & Hsu, J. Y. (2016). "Improving children's competence…

  6. The performance of three strawberry varieties on phenological period and quality in Hanyuan County

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Che, Meng; Luo, Ya; Ge, Cong; Ling, Yajie; Mo, Qin; Luo, Shu; Tang, Haoru

    2018-04-01

    In this experiment, `Benihoppe' `Zhang Ji' and `Ning Yu' were used as experimental material, to observe the plant morphology, record the phenological period, investigate the disease situation and determine the quality of strawberry fruit and other indicators and related analysis. Hoping to select a good fruit- type strawberry varieties adapted to the characteristics of Han yuan climate. The result showed that the growth of Benihoppe and Zhang Ji were stronger than Ning Yu, the phenological period of Ning Yu is five days longer than the Benihoppe and Zhang Ji. Ning Yu most highly resistant to the two diseases, followed by Zhang Ji, Benihoppe is the last. In the quality of the fruit, the Benihoppe has the highest average weight and soluble solids. There was no significant difference between Zhang Ji and Ning Yu. However, consumers prefer the Benihoppe, so it is recommended to strengthen the promotion and cultivation of Benihoppe in Han yuan area.

  7. High Frequency Magneto Dielectric Effects In Self Assembled Ferrite Ferroelectric Core Shell Nanoparticles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-10

    2008). 2 Y. Yang, S. Priya, J. Li , and D. Viehland, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 1552 (2009). 3 J. Ma, J. Hu, Z. Li , and C. W. Nan, Adv. Mater. 23, 1062...2013) 9 Yongke Yan, Yuan Zhou, and Shashank Priya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 032911 (2014) 10 Gaojian Wu, Tianxiang Nan, Ru Zhang, Ning Zhang, Shandong Li ...Kim, L. T. Schelhas, S. Keller, J. L. Hockel, S. H. Tolbert, and G. P. Carman, Nano Lett. 13, 884 (2013). 13 S. Zhang, Y. G. Zhao, P. S. Li , J. J

  8. SciT

    Lee, Juhui; School of Computatioal Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722; Lee, Soojoon

    Extending the eavesdropping strategy devised by Zhang, Li, and Guo [Zhang, Li, and Guo, Phys. Rev. A 63, 036301 (2001)], we show that the multiparty quantum communication protocol based on entanglement swapping, which was proposed by Cabello (e-print quant-ph/0009025), is not secure. We modify the protocol so that entanglement swapping can secure multiparty quantum communication, such as multiparty quantum key distribution and quantum secret sharing of classical information, and show that the modified protocol is secure against the Zhang-Li-Guo strategy for eavesdropping as well as the basic intercept-resend attack.0.

  9. Characterization of Ignition and Combustion Properties of Nanowire-based Energetics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-23

    Sannia, A. Cincotti, G. Cao, Chem. Eng. Sci. 54 (15–16) (1999) 3053–3061. [4] C. Rossi, K. Zhang, D. Esteve, P. Alphonse , P. Tailhades, C. Vahlas, J...94 (5) (2003) 2923–2929. [30] K. Zhang, C. Rossi, G.A.A. Rodriguez, C. Tenail- leau, P. Alphonse , Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 (11) (2007) 113117/1–113117/3...Pister, Smart Mater. Struct. 10(6), 1145 (2001). 8C. Rossi, K. Zhang, D. Esteve, P. Alphonse , P. Tailhades, and C. Vahlas, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 16

  10. Solar Energy Enhancement Using Down-converting Particles: A Rigorous Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-06

    Solar energy enhancement using down-converting particles: A rigorous approach Ze’ev R. Abrams,1,2 Avi Niv ,2 and Xiang Zhang2,3,a) 1Applied Science...System 1. 114905-2 Abrams, Niv , and Zhang J. Appl. Phys. 109, 114905 (2011) [This article is copyrighted as indicated in the article. Reuse of AIP...This increase per band-gap is displayed in 114905-3 Abrams, Niv , and Zhang J. Appl. Phys. 109, 114905 (2011) [This article is copyrighted as indicated

  11. A new security solution to JPEG using hyper-chaotic system and modified zigzag scan coding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ji, Xiao-yong; Bai, Sen; Guo, Yu; Guo, Hui

    2015-05-01

    Though JPEG is an excellent compression standard of images, it does not provide any security performance. Thus, a security solution to JPEG was proposed in Zhang et al. (2014). But there are some flaws in Zhang's scheme and in this paper we propose a new scheme based on discrete hyper-chaotic system and modified zigzag scan coding. By shuffling the identifiers of zigzag scan encoded sequence with hyper-chaotic sequence and accurately encrypting the certain coefficients which have little relationship with the correlation of the plain image in zigzag scan encoded domain, we achieve high compression performance and robust security simultaneously. Meanwhile we present and analyze the flaws in Zhang's scheme through theoretical analysis and experimental verification, and give the comparisons between our scheme and Zhang's. Simulation results verify that our method has better performance in security and efficiency.

  12. DEPOSITION DISTRICUTION AMONG THE PARALLEL PATHWAYS IN THE HUMAN LUNG CONDUCTING AIRWAY STRUCTURE.

    EPA Science Inventory

    DEPOSITION DISTRIBUTION AMONG THE PARALLEL PATHWAYS IN THE HUMAN LUNG CONDUCTING AIRWAY STRUCTURE. Chong S. Kim*, USEPA National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab. RTP, NC 27711; Z. Zhang and C. Kleinstreuer, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North C...

  13. Genetics Home Reference: Stargardt macular degeneration

    MedlinePlus

    ... called the macula. The macula is responsible for sharp central vision, which is needed for detailed tasks ... STARGARDT DISEASE 3 Sources for This Page Molday RS, Zhang K. Defective lipid transport and biosynthesis in ...

  14. Seasonal abundance of Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies Oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and Tetrastichus planipennisi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in China

    Houping Liu; Leah S. Bauer; Tonghai Zhao; Ruitong Gao; Liwen Song; Qingshu Luan; Ruozhong Jin; Changqi Gao

    2007-01-01

    The seasonal abundance and population dynamics of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and Tetrastichus planipennisi Yang (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) were studied on ash (Fraxinus spp.) in...

  15. 76 FR 11798 - National Center for Research Resources; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-03

    ... Blvd., 1064, Bethesda, MD 20892-4874 (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Guo Zhang, PhD... Health, 6701 Democracy Blvd., Dem. 1, Room 1064, MSC 4874, Bethesda, MD 20892-4874, 301-435-0812, zhanggu...

  16. Dubbing SAGA unveils new epigenetic crosstalk.

    PubMed

    Pijnappel, W W M Pim; Timmers, H Th Marc

    2008-02-01

    In a recent issue of Molecular Cell, two independent studies (Zhang et al., 2008; Zhao et al., 2008) provide compelling evidence that targeted deubiquitylation of histones is intimately linked to transcription activation, epigenetic regulation, and cancer progression.

  17. Ames Lab 101: Real-Time 3D Imaging

    SciT

    Zhang, Song

    2010-08-02

    Ames Laboratory scientist Song Zhang explains his real-time 3-D imaging technology. The technique can be used to create high-resolution, real-time, precise, 3-D images for use in healthcare, security, and entertainment applications.

  18. Genetics Home Reference: hereditary hyperekplexia

    MedlinePlus

    ... Howell OW, Vanbellinghen JF, Rees MI, Chung SK, Lynch JW. New hyperekplexia mutations provide insight into glycine ... Zhang Y, Bode A, Nguyen B, Keramidas A, Lynch JW. Investigating the Mechanism by Which Gain-of- ...

  19. Ames Lab 101: Real-Time 3D Imaging

    Zhang, Song

    2017-12-22

    Ames Laboratory scientist Song Zhang explains his real-time 3-D imaging technology. The technique can be used to create high-resolution, real-time, precise, 3-D images for use in healthcare, security, and entertainment applications.

  20. Building bridges with the West

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banks, Michael

    2017-06-01

    Michael Banks talks to theoretical condensed-matter physicist Fuchun Zhang, director of the new Kavli Institute of Theoretical Sciences in Beijing, about the challenges of attracting top-class talent to China

  1. [The modern TCM education of Tianjin].

    PubMed

    Xie, J

    2016-11-28

    School education had gradually become the mainstream of medical education at the turn of the Qing Dynasty and Republican period. In Tianjin, there were western medical education, including the Peiyang Medical College, Army Medical College, and Lu's Medical School, whereas, there was no traditional medical school at all. To check this defect, two private TCM medical schools, the Learning School of TCM, and the Tianjin TCM Institution were set up by Chen Zedong and Gu Jinren respectively through persistent endeavor. Meanwhile, correspondence school of TCM were established by Zhang Xichun, Wei Jiaqian, and Ma Leshan. Though more TCM schools were planned, including Tianjin Private School of TCM by Lu Zongren and Qian Boquan, North China Professional TCM School by Zhang Yinqi and other colleagues, TCM Professional School by Zhang Dianju and the Tianjin Private Acu-Moxibustion School by Zhang Lihui, etc. All these did make their contributions to the training of TCM talents in modern times.

  2. Genetics Home Reference: atopic dermatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... JK, Weinreich MA, Hauk PJ, Reynolds PR, Lyons JJ, Nelson CG, Ruffo E, Dorjbal B, Glauzy S, Yamakawa ... J, Niemela J, Zhang Y, Rosenzweig SD, McElwee JJ, DiMaggio T, Matthews HF, Jones N, Stone KD, ...

  3. Improving the multiparty quantum secret sharing over two collective-noise channels against insider attack

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Ying; Wen, Qiao-yan; Zhu, Fu-chen

    2010-01-01

    The security of the multiparty quantum secret sharing protocol presented by Zhang [Z.J. Zhang, Physica A, 361 (2006) 233] is analyzed. It is shown that this protocol is vulnerable to the insider attack since eavesdropping detection is performed only when all states arrive at the last agent. We propose an attack strategy and give an improved version of the original protocol. The improved protocol is robust and has the same traits with the original one.

  4. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-02-05

    away long ago. However, their in- domitable spirit and their spirit of heroic struggle are still fresh in my memory. At that time, Cao Rui, the... Cao Rui were compelled to solve the problem through legal means by transferring the representatives in custody to the Hebei Provincial Court of...Zhang Ming, Tang Shudi, Want Zibo, Wang Jingmin, Li Baoqi. Wei Jinshan, and Chen Hui: advisers of the military region Sun Keji, Zhang Yuhua , and Wu

  5. Cation coordination reactions on nanocrystals: surface/interface, doping control and advanced photocatalysis applications (Conference Presentation)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jiatao

    2016-10-01

    Abstract: Including the shape and size effect, the controllable doping, hetero-composite and surface/interface are the prerequisite of colloidal nanocrystals for exploring their optoelectronic properties, such as fluorescence, plasmon-exciton coupling, efficient electron/hole separation, and enhanced photocatalysis applications. By controlling soft acid-base coordination reactions between cation molecular complexes and colloidal nanocrystals, we showed that chemical thermodynamics could drive nanoscale monocrystalline growth of the semiconductor shell on metal nano-substrates and the substitutional heterovalent doping in semiconductor nanocrystals. We have demonstrated evolution of relative position of Au and II-VI semiconductor in Au-Semi from symmetric to asymmetric configuration, different phosphines initiated morphology engineering, oriented attachment of quantum dots into micrometer nanosheets with synergistic control of surface/interface and doing, which can further lead to fine tuning of plasmon-exciton coupling. Therefore, different hydrogen photocatalytic performance, Plasmon enhanced photocatalysis properties have been achieved further which lead to the fine tuning of plasmon-exciton coupling. Substitutional heterovalent doping here enables the tailoring of optical, electronic properties and photocatalysis applications of semiconductor nanocrystals because of electronic impurities (p-, n-type doping) control. References: (1) J. Gui, J. Zhang*, et al. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 3683. (2) Q. Zhao, J. Zhang*, etc., Adv. Mater. 2014, 26, 1387. (3) J. Liu, Q. Zhao, S. G. Wang*, J. Zhang*, etc., Adv. Mater. 2015, 27-2753-2761. (4) H. Qian, J. Zhang*, etc., NPG Asia Mater. (2015) 7, e152. (5) M. Ji, M. Xu, etc., J. Zhang*, Adv. Mater. 2016, in proof. (6) S. Yu, J. T. Zhang, Y. Tang, M. Ouyang*, Nano Lett. 2015, 15, 6282-6288. (7) J. Zhang, Y. Tang, K. Lee and M. Ouyang*, Science 2010, 327, 1634. (8) J. Zhang, Y. Tang, K. Lee, M. Ouyang*, Nature 2010, 466

  6. Organization of the Optical Society of America Photonic Science Topical Meeting Series (1991). Volume 16. Conference Edition: Summaries of papers presented at the Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications Topical Meeting Held in Monterey, California on 26-28 September 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-05-22

    Duoyuan Wang, Lingzhi Hu, Huizhu He, Jie Xie, 532 nm. (p. 122) Junyl Zhang, Academy of Sciences of China. Photon-gated persistent spectral hole...hole-burning, Duoyuan VWang, Lingzhi Hu, Huizhu He, Lizeng Zhao, Xin Mi, Yuxin Ni, Academy of Sciences, China. FE5 Marker mode structure in the primary...Xiulang, Zhang Dongxiang, Mi Xin, Nie Yuxin Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica Beijing 100080, China, Fax:(86-1)2562605 Wang Duoyuan, Hu Lingzhi , He

  7. Drosophila as a Screening Platform for Novel Lung Cancer Therapeutics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    CoA reductase, an activity that has proven useful clinically for lowering cholesterol (Figure 5A). Two additional statins, atorvastatin and simvastatin...prenylation, are inhibited by GGTI and FTI. Inhibitors are listed in red. (B) Two additional statins, atorvastatin (p % 0.05) and simvastatin (p% 0.05...H., Hou, J., Zhang, X., Zhang, C., Yue, L., Wen, X., Liu, D., Shi, H., Yuan, J., et al. (2013). Atorvastatin overcomes gefitinib resistance in KRAS

  8. Combat Veterans with PTSD after Mild TBI Exhibit Greater ERPs from Posterior-medial Cortical Areas While Appraising Facial Features

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    K.Y., Kim, D.W., Im, C.H., Lee, S.H., 2011. Source imaging of P300 auditory evoked potentials and clinical correlations in patients with posttraumatic...Neural correlates of memories of childhood sexual abuse in womenwith and without posttraumatic stress disorder. Am. J. Psychiatry 156, 1787–1795...S., Zhang, Q., 2011. Neural mechanisms of subliminal priming for traumatic episodic memory: an ERP study. Neurosci. Lett. 498, 10–14. Zhang, K

  9. Progress in Understanding the Impacts of 3-D Cloud Structure on MODIS Cloud Property Retrievals for Marine Boundary Layer Clouds

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhang, Zhibo; Werner, Frank; Miller, Daniel; Platnick, Steven; Ackerman, Andrew; DiGirolamo, Larry; Meyer, Kerry; Marshak, Alexander; Wind, Galina; Zhao, Guangyu

    2016-01-01

    Theory: A novel framework based on 2-D Tayler expansion for quantifying the uncertainty in MODIS retrievals caused by sub-pixel reflectance inhomogeneity. (Zhang et al. 2016). How cloud vertical structure influences MODIS LWP retrievals. (Miller et al. 2016). Observation: Analysis of failed MODIS cloud property retrievals. (Cho et al. 2015). Cloud property retrievals from 15m resolution ASTER observations. (Werner et al. 2016). Modeling: LES-Satellite observation simulator (Zhang et al. 2012, Miller et al. 2016).

  10. Ionospheric Characteristics for Archiving at the World Data Centers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    for the application and programs written to generate these database files using as input Digisonde 256 ARTIST [Reinisch and Huang, 1983; Reinisch et al...1983; Tang et al., 19891 data, post processed by the ULCAR ADEP [Zhang, 1989; Zhang et al., 19881 ( ARTIST Data Editing Program) system. The...Digisonde ARTIST [Tang et al. 19891. FORTRAN records i+lI to k give the Dimensions corresponding to the characteristics list (see 3 Table 2), these are in

  11. Materials and Mechanics of Metamaterial Enhanced MEMS for Terahertz Technology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-23

    raveritt@physics.bu.edu Major Ph.D. students who have worked on this project: Hu Tao, Kebin Fan, Huseyin Seren Major postdoctoral researchers who have...please contact Prof. Xin Zhang at the address given above. DISTRIBUTION A: Distribution approved for public release. 2 Huseyin Seren will...Title: Optically Tunable Terahertz Metamaterials on Highly Flexible Substrates * With K. Fan, X. Zhao, J. Zhang, G.R. Keiser, H.R. Seren , G.D. Metcalfe

  12. Current Chinese Leadership Update

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-08-01

    Horst Soelle fontacts East German Minister for the Construction of Heavy Machinery and Equipment Rolf Kersten 6 Contacts East German Deputy Minister for...Minister for Defense for Procurement Adam Butler Ana_1sis Commander of the CPLA Air Force Zhang Tingfa visited 9 France (29 May-9 June 1985) and the...Chief Marshal Sir Keith Williamson, MinisteL of Defense for Procurement Adam Butler, and other unidentified British military officials. Zhang visited

  13. JPRS Report, China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-14

    Wensheng are still single and unmarried . Zhang Hanzhi [4545 0698 0037], the third woman in this group, came from a well-known family. Her father, Zhang...also a "senior translator" originally, who later married Qiao Guanhua [0829 0385 5478]. The Background for Criticizing Lin [Biao], Confucius, and...hopes on reform of the ownership system instead. But can the problem of millions who have jobs but are "unem- ployed" and millions who are still

  14. Development of Conventional and Real-Time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays to Detect Tembusu Virus in Culex tarsalis Mosquitoes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-11

    methods for determining potential human health hazards , especially in field environment set- tings. We described the development of sensitive and specific...Smith, Department of Microbiology , Immunology and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort...2012. Adapted Tembusu-like virus in chickens and geese in China. J Clin Microbiol 50: 2807–2809. 7. Yun T, Ye W, Ni Z, Zhang D, Zhang C, 2012

  15. A LATE BRITTLE COMPONENT OF MOTION WITHIN THE DUCTILE EASTERN SIERRA CREST SHEAR ZONE (ESCSZ) ALONG THE EASTERN BOUNDARY OF THE TOLUMNE BATHOLITH IN THE SADDLEBAG LAKE, CA AREA. WHITESIDES, Andrew1, ENRIQUEZ, Marcus2 , HARDY, Jill1 , EHRET, Philip1, IANNONE, Monika1, CULBERT, Kristan1 GROSS, Ben3, LODEWYK, Jessica3, CAO, Wenrong1 , ZHANG, Tao1, MEMETI, Valbone3, PATERSON, Scott1 SCHMIDT, Keegan4. (1) Department of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0740, awhitesi@usc.edu , (2) Department of Geological Sciences, Cal State L.A., 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, (3) Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Washington University, Campus Box 1169, 1 Brookings Dr, Saint Louis, MO, 63130, (4) Division of Natural Science and Mathematics, Lewis-Clark State College, 500 8th Ave., Lewiston, ID 83501

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitesides, A. S.; Enriquez, M.; Hardy, J.; Ehret, P.; Iannone, M.; Culbert, K. N.; Gross, M. B.; Lodewyk, J.; Cao, W.; Zhang, T.; Memeti, V.; Paterson, S. R.; Schmidt, K. L.

    2009-12-01

    During mapping (by the Undergraduate Team Research program, University of Southern California) in the Saddlebag Lake pendant just along the eastern margin of the Tuolumne batholith we have discovered a brittle slip component in the ESCSZ that juxtaposes largely metasedimentary and metavolcanic rock packages. The metasedimentary package is dominated by bedded sandstones and siltstones and local conglomerates whereas the metavolcanics show a large range of volcanic and volcaniclastic units. All of the units dip steeply and have an average N-NW strike. Dextral oblique ductile shear is distributed in domains in both rock packages with varying width from ~2 km in the South to ~1 km in the North. Shear sense in planes at high angles to a steep to SW plunging mineral lineation include S-C structures, shear bands, asymmetrical folding, sigma and delta clasts, and asymmetrical boudins. Partitioning of shear is common with the metarhyolites and metasediments showing higher non-coaxial strain than in the metaandesite and metadacite units. Map-scale “z-shaped” asymmetrical folds within the shear zone are also consistent with dextral shearing. Folded and sheared dikes of the 88-85 Ma Cathedral Peak phase of the Tuolumne batholith are common in the shear zone. A newly discovered brittle slip surface with breccias, gouge, and local pseudotachylite and large quartz veins was also mapped in the center of the ductile shear zone typically along the contact between the western metasedimentary and eastern metavolcanics (often a metarhyolite at the contact) on the east. Local slickenlines, steps, and offset dikes indicate that the brittle fault also had oblique dextral movement, similar to the ductile shear zone. In the mapped area no dikes originating from the TB cross the brittle fault and some are terminated at the brittle fault surface We interpret these observations to indicate northward displacement of the metasedimentary package by first ductile then brittle faulting during cooling and possibly uplift of this region with the youngest motion post 82 Ma.

  16. Commentary on "Inherited DNA-repair gene mutations in men with metastatic prostate cancer". Pritchard CC, Mateo J, Walsh MF, De Sarkar N, Abida W, Beltran H, Garofalo A, Gulati R, Carreira S, Eeles R, Elemento O, Rubin MA, Robinson D, Lonigro R, Hussain M, Chinnaiyan A, Vinson J, Filipenko J, Garraway L, Taplin ME, AlDubayan S, Han GC, Beightol M, Morrissey C, Nghiem B, Cheng HH, Montgomery B, Walsh T, Casadei S, Berger M, Zhang L, Zehir A, Vijai J, Scher HI, Sawyers C, Schultz N, Kantoff PW, Solit D, Robson M, Van Allen EM, Offit K, de Bono J, Nelson PS. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(5):443-53.

    PubMed

    Freedland, Stephen J; Aronson, William J

    2017-08-01

    Inherited mutations in DNA-repair genes such as BRCA2 are associated with increased risks of lethal prostate cancer. Although the prevalence of germline mutations in DNA-repair genes among men with localized prostate cancer who are unselected for family predisposition is insufficient to warrant routine testing, the frequency of such mutations in patients with metastatic prostate cancer has not been established. We recruited 692 men with documented metastatic prostate cancer who were unselected for family history of cancer or age at diagnosis. We isolated germline DNA and used multiplex sequencing assays to assess mutations in 20 DNA-repair genes associated with autosomal dominant cancer-predisposition syndromes. A total of 84 germline DNA-repair gene mutations that were presumed to be deleterious were identified in 82 men (11.8%); mutations were found in 16 genes, including BRCA2 (37 men [5.3%]), ATM (11 [1.6%]), CHEK2 (10 [1.9% of 534 men with data]), BRCA1 (6 [0.9%]), RAD51D (3 [0.4%]), and PALB2 (3 [0.4%]). Mutation frequencies did not differ according to whether a family history of prostate cancer was present or according to age at diagnosis. Overall, the frequency of germline mutations in DNA-repair genes among men with metastatic prostate cancer significantly exceeded the prevalence of 4.6% among 499 men with localized prostate cancer (P<0.001), including men with high-risk disease, and the prevalence of 2.7% in the Exome Aggregation Consortium, which includes 53,105 persons without a known cancer diagnosis (P<0.001). In our multicenter study, the incidence of germline mutations in genes mediating DNA-repair processes among men with metastatic prostate cancer was 11.8%, which was significantly higher than the incidence among men with localized prostate cancer. The frequencies of germline mutations in DNA-repair genes among men with metastatic disease did not differ significantly according to age at diagnosis or family history of prostate cancer. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Commentary on: "Inherited DNA-repair gene mutations in men with metastatic prostate cancer." Pritchard CC, Mateo J, Walsh MF, De Sarkar N, Abida W, Beltran H, Garofalo A, Gulati R, Carreira S, Eeles R, Elemento O, Rubin MA, Robinson D, Lonigro R, Hussain M, Chinnaiyan A, Vinson J, Filipenko J, Garraway L, Taplin ME, AlDubayan S, Han GC, Beightol M, Morrissey C, Nghiem B, Cheng HH, Montgomery B, Walsh T, Casadei S, Berger M, Zhang L, Zehir A, Vijai J, Scher HI, Sawyers C, Schultz N, Kantoff PW, Solit D, Robson M, Van Allen EM, Offit K, de Bono J, Nelson PS. N Engl J Med. 2016 Aug 4;375(5):443-53.

    PubMed

    Lee, Byron H

    2017-09-01

    Inherited mutations in DNA-repair genes such as BRCA2 are associated with increased risks of lethal prostate cancer. Although the prevalence of germline mutations in DNA-repair genes among men with localized prostate cancer who are unselected for family predisposition is insufficient to warrant routine testing, the frequency of such mutations in patients with metastatic prostate cancer has not been established. We recruited 692 men with documented metastatic prostate cancer who were unselected for family history of cancer or age at diagnosis. We isolated germline DNA and used multiplex sequencing assays to assess mutations in 20 DNA-repair genes associated with autosomal dominant cancer-predisposition syndromes. A total of 84 germline DNA-repair gene mutations that were presumed to be deleterious were identified in 82 men (11.8%); mutations were found in 16 genes, including BRCA2 (37 men [5.3%]), ATM (11 [1.6%]), CHEK2 (10 [1.9% of 534 men with data]), BRCA1 (6 [0.9%]), RAD51D (3 [0.4%]), and PALB2 (3 [0.4%]). Mutation frequencies did not differ according to whether a family history of prostate cancer was present or according to age at diagnosis. Overall, the frequency of germline mutations in DNA-repair genes among men with metastatic prostate cancer significantly exceeded the prevalence of 4.6% among 499 men with localized prostate cancer (P<0.001), including men with high-risk disease, and the prevalence of 2.7% in the Exome Aggregation Consortium, which includes 53,105 persons without a known cancer diagnosis (P<0.001). In our multicenter study, the incidence of germline mutations in genes mediating DNA-repair processes among men with metastatic prostate cancer was 11.8%, which was significantly higher than the incidence among men with localized prostate cancer. The frequencies of germline mutations in DNA-repair genes among men with metastatic disease did not differ significantly according to age at diagnosis or family history of prostate cancer. (Funded by Stand Up To Cancer and others.). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Constitutive Modeling of the High-Temperature Flow Behavior of α-Ti Alloy Tube

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Yanli; Zhang, Kun; He, Zhubin; Fan, Xiaobo; Yan, Yongda; Yuan, Shijian

    2018-04-01

    In the hot metal gas forming process, the deformation conditions, such as temperature, strain rate and deformation degree, are often prominently changed. The understanding of the flow behavior of α-Ti seamless tubes over a relatively wide range of temperatures and strain rates is important. In this study, the stress-strain curves in the temperature range of 973-1123 K and the initial strain rate range of 0.0004-0.4 s-1 were measured by isothermal tensile tests to conduct a constitutive analysis and a deformation behavior analysis. The results show that the flow stress decreases with the decrease in the strain rate and the increase of the deformation temperature. The Fields-Backofen model and Fields-Backofen-Zhang model were used to describe the stress-strain curves. The Fields-Backofen-Zhang model shows better predictability on the flow stress than the Fields-Backofen model, but there exists a large deviation in the deformation condition of 0.4 s-1. A modified Fields-Backofen-Zhang model is proposed, in which a strain rate term is introduced. This modified Fields-Backofen-Zhang model gives a more accurate description of the flow stress variation under hot forming conditions with a higher strain rate up to 0.4 s-1. Accordingly, it is reasonable to adopt the modified Fields-Backofen-Zhang model for the hot forming process which is likely to reach a higher strain rate, such as 0.4 s-1.

  19. SciT

    Monney, Claude; Bisogni, Valentina; Zhou, Ke-Jin

    Cuprate materials, such as those hosting high-temperature superconductivity, represent a famous class of materials where the correlations between the strongly entangled charges and spins produce complex phase diagrams. Several years ago, the Zhang-Rice singlet was proposed as a natural quasiparticle in hole-doped cuprates. The occurrence and binding energy of this quasiparticle, consisting of a pair of bound holes with antiparallel spins on the same CuO 4 plaquette, depends on the local electronic interactions, which are fundamental quantities for understanding the physics of the cuprates. Here, we employ state-of-the-art resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) to probe the correlated physics of themore » CuO 4 plaquettes in the quasi-one-dimensional chain cuprate Li 2CuO 2. By tuning the incoming photon energy to the O K edge, we populate bound states related to the Zhang-Rice quasiparticles in the RIXS process. Both intra- and interchain Zhang-Rice singlets are observed and their occurrence is shown to depend on the nearest-neighbor spin-spin correlations, which are readily probed in this experiment. Finally, we also extract the binding energy of the Zhang-Rice singlet and identify the Zhang-Rice triplet excitation in the RIXS spectra.« less

  20. Constitutive Modeling of the High-Temperature Flow Behavior of α-Ti Alloy Tube

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Yanli; Zhang, Kun; He, Zhubin; Fan, Xiaobo; Yan, Yongda; Yuan, Shijian

    2018-05-01

    In the hot metal gas forming process, the deformation conditions, such as temperature, strain rate and deformation degree, are often prominently changed. The understanding of the flow behavior of α-Ti seamless tubes over a relatively wide range of temperatures and strain rates is important. In this study, the stress-strain curves in the temperature range of 973-1123 K and the initial strain rate range of 0.0004-0.4 s-1 were measured by isothermal tensile tests to conduct a constitutive analysis and a deformation behavior analysis. The results show that the flow stress decreases with the decrease in the strain rate and the increase of the deformation temperature. The Fields-Backofen model and Fields-Backofen-Zhang model were used to describe the stress-strain curves. The Fields-Backofen-Zhang model shows better predictability on the flow stress than the Fields-Backofen model, but there exists a large deviation in the deformation condition of 0.4 s-1. A modified Fields-Backofen-Zhang model is proposed, in which a strain rate term is introduced. This modified Fields-Backofen-Zhang model gives a more accurate description of the flow stress variation under hot forming conditions with a higher strain rate up to 0.4 s-1. Accordingly, it is reasonable to adopt the modified Fields-Backofen-Zhang model for the hot forming process which is likely to reach a higher strain rate, such as 0.4 s-1.

  1. Entanglement criterion for tripartite systems based on local sum uncertainty relations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akbari-Kourbolagh, Y.; Azhdargalam, M.

    2018-04-01

    We propose a sufficient criterion for the entanglement of tripartite systems based on local sum uncertainty relations for arbitrarily chosen observables of subsystems. This criterion generalizes the tighter criterion for bipartite systems introduced by Zhang et al. [C.-J. Zhang, H. Nha, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 012324 (2010), 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.012324] and can be used for both discrete- and continuous-variable systems. It enables us to detect the entanglement of quantum states without having a complete knowledge of them. Its utility is illustrated by some examples of three-qubit, qutrit-qutrit-qubit, and three-mode Gaussian states. It is found that, in comparison with other criteria, this criterion is able to detect some three-qubit bound entangled states more efficiently.

  2. Optical High Harmonic Generation in C60

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Guoping

    2005-03-01

    C60 et al. Physical Review Letters Physical Review B High harmonic generation (HHG) requires a strong laser field, but in a relatively weak laser field is sufficient. Numerical results presented here show while its low order harmonics result from the laser field, its high order ones are mainly from the multiple excitations. Since high order harmonics directly correlate electronic transitions, the HHG spectrum accurately measures transition energies. Therefore, is not only a promising material for HHG, but may also present an opportunity to develop HHG into an electronic structure probing tool. References: G. P. Zhang, 91, 176801 (2003); G. P. Zhang and T. F. George, 68, 165410 (2003); P. B. Corkum, 71, 1994 (1993); G. P. Zhang and Thomas F. George, 93, 147401 (2004); H. Niikura ,ature 417, 917 (2002); ibid. 421, 826 (2003); Y. Mairesse ,cience 302, 1540 (2003); A. Baltuska ,ature 421, 611 (2003).

  3. Alpha-v Integrin Targeted PET Imaging of Breast Cancer Angiogenesis and Low-Dose Metronomic Anti-Angiogenic Chemotherapy Efficacy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    64Cu -Labeled Abegrin™, a Humanized Monoclonal Antibody against Integrin αvβ3 Cancer Res. 2006;66(19):9673-81. 11. Hsu AR, Hou LC, Veeravagu A...FL, March, 2006. 5. Wu Y, Cai W, Zhang X, Chen K, Cao Q, Tice D, Chen X. In Vitro and In Vivo Characterization of 64Cu -Labeled Vitaxin, a...53rd SNM Annual meeting, San Diego, CA, June 2006 9. Cai W, Wu Y, Cao Q, Chen K, Zhang X, Tice D, Chen X 64Cu -Labeled Humanized Anti

  4. Atomic Layer Deposition Enabled Interconnect Technology for Vertical Nanowire Arrays

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    Diodes”, Nano Lett., Vol. 5, No. 11, 2005. [5] Hwa-Mok Kim, Tae Won Kang and Kwan Soo Chung,“Nanoscale Ultraviolet-Light- Emitting Diodes Using Wide...Bandgap Gallium Nitride Nanorods”, Adv. Materi. 2003, 15, No. 7-8. [6] Candace K. Chan, Hailin Peng, Gao Liu, Kevin McIlwrath, Xiao Feng Zhang...Coatings”Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 19, 1801 2007. [13] Candace K. Chan, Hailin Peng, Gao Liu, Kevin McIlwrath, Xiao Feng Zhang, Robert A. Huggins

  5. Imprecise intron losses are less frequent than precise intron losses but are not rare in plants.

    PubMed

    Ma, Ming-Yue; Zhu, Tao; Li, Xue-Nan; Lan, Xin-Ran; Liu, Heng-Yuan; Yang, Yu-Fei; Niu, Deng-Ke

    2015-05-27

    In this study, we identified 19 intron losses, including 11 precise intron losses (PILs), six imprecise intron losses (IILs), one de-exonization, and one exon deletion in tomato and potato, and 17 IILs in Arabidopsis thaliana. Comparative analysis of related genomes confirmed that all of the IILs have been fixed during evolution. Consistent with previous studies, our results indicate that PILs are a major type of intron loss. However, at least in plants, IILs are unlikely to be as rare as previously reported. This article was reviewed by Jun Yu and Zhang Zhang. For complete reviews, see the Reviewers' Reports section.

  6. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Consortium Agreement. Phase II

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-03-01

    Portable VOR Testing Apparatusthe visual target. Head movements are monitored with magneto-hydrodynamic rotational velocity sensors , and eye motions are...Zhang 4. Miniaturization of the Ring Sensor B-H Yang, H. Asada, K-W. Chang , S. Rhee, Y. Zhang 5. SIMSUIT and Biochair Projects L. Jones, J. Tangorra...No change along 0 a•0a = (2) Neglect Vr = Vr = 0 (Wall velocity of r direction is very small compared with v.’.) a ax ax= (3) As r << x, Dr• >> axx

  7. Quasi-Equilibrium Pairs in Pursuit Games on a Cyclic Graph: Some Modified Cases

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    CCS Research Report No. 627 QUASI-EQUILIBRIUM PAIRS IN PURSUIT GAMES ON A CYCLIC GRAPH: SOME MODIFIED CASES by A. Charnes D. Zhang i-0 00 CENTER FOR...CCS Research Report No. 627 QUASI-EQUILIBRIUM PAIRS IN PURSUIT GAMES ON A CYCLIC GRAPH: SOME MODIFIED CASES by A. Charnes D. Zhang May 1989 This...University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas 78712-1177 II (512) 471-1821 APAWNJIZf ] ’ Api, k..s UsW , QUASI-EQUILIBRIUM PAIRS IN PURSUIT GAMES ON A

  8. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Held in Boston, Massachusetts on 4-6 December 1991. Low Temperature (LT) GaAs and Related Materials. Volume 241.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-09-14

    AIGaAs-GaAs QUANTUM WELLS GROWN ON LOW TEMPERATURE GaAs 239 Y. Hwang, D. Zhang, T. Zhang, M. Mytych, and R.M. Kolbas MOLECULAR BEAM EPITAXY OF LOW...GaA/ quantum wells : 24i howvever, in our case. AIks layers were not introduced. Formation (if these rows is most prolf,.+l influenced hb the diffusimon...regions. Preliminary investigations into this method have been performed using GaAs quantum wells between thick AIGaAs barriers as shown in Fig. 7. This

  9. Mechanisms of alpha-Synuclein Aggregation and Toxicity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    Zhang, P. St George- [36] Y . Zhang, J. Gao, K.K. Chung, H. Huang, V.L. Dawson, T.M. Hyslop , Mutation of the conserved N-terminal cysteine (Cys92) of...pathies. The incidence of NFTs in Parkinson’s disease is much greater than in an age-matched population (Boller et al., 1980 ). Tau-immunoreactive Lewy...nervous system. J. Cell Biol. 101, 1371–1378. Boller, F., Mizutani, T., Roessmann, U., Gambetti, P., 1980 . Parkinson disease, dementia, and Alzheimer

  10. Mirror Technology Development for the International X-ray Observatory Mission

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-06

    Solar Panels E xt en si bl e O pt ic al B en ch Focal plane assembly Mirror Assembly ESA JAXA NASA Will Zhang Mirror Tech Days...0.1 m2 0.5 arcsecs 0.4 m2 15 arcsecs 0.2 m2 120 arcsecs St at e of th e A rt IXO Requirement 3 m2 5 arcsecs Will Zhang Mirror...QED Technologies, Rochester, NY Rodriguez Precision Optics, Gonzales, LA Dallas Optical Systems, Inc., Rockwall, TX RAPT Industries, Inc., Freemont

  11. Rational Combination Immunotherapy: Understand the Biology.

    PubMed

    Kaufman, Howard L

    2017-05-01

    Selecting rational treatment combinations remains a major challenge for improving immunotherapy outcomes. In this issue of Cancer Immunology Research , Zhang and colleagues reduced tumors by inhibiting CD47 in a lung carcinoma model, a treatment that inadvertently induced autophagy through inhibition of the Akt/mTOR pathway. By also targeting autophagy, the therapeutic response improved, highlighting the importance of understanding the biology beneath antitumor immunity. Cancer Immunol Res; 5(5); 355-6. ©2017 AACR See article by Zhang et al., p. 363. ©2017 American Association for Cancer Research.

  12. Design Considerations for Monolithic Beam Formers Based on Electro-Optic Polymer Phase Modulators and Strain-Induced Optical Waveguides - Postprint

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    integrated circuit,” AFRL/SNDP Rome, NY (MIPR#F1ATA06317G002) (2007). [2] S-K. Kim, W. Yun, K. Geary, Y.-C. Hung, and H. R. Fetterman , “Electro-optic...Garner, H. Zhang, V. Chuyanov, L. R. Dalton, F. Wang, A. S. Ren, A. Zhang, G. Todorova, A. Harper, H. R. Fetterman , D. Chen, A. Upupa, D. Bhattacharya... Fetterman , “Push-pull electro-optic polymer modulators with half-wave voltage and low loss at both 1310 and 1550 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 78, 3136-3138

  13. Realization of New and Enhanced Materials Properties Through Nanostructural Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-15

    34 Proc. SPIE, 6014, 60140P-1-15 (2005). 57. C. Zhang, S. S. Sun, C. E. Bonner, S. Kim, H. R. Fetterman , and L. R. Dalton, "Polymer Materials for...Wang, J. Zhu, M. He, Y. Ra, S. S. H. Mao, A. W. Harper, L. R. Dalton, and H. R. Fetterman , "Low Vn High Thermal Stability Electro Optic Polymer...H. Zhang, S. M. Garner, S. S. Lee, W. H. Steier, J. Chen, F. Wang, J. Zhu, M. He, Y. Ra, S. S. Mao, A. W. Harper, L. R. Dalton, and H. R. Fetterman

  14. Radiation Resistant Polymer-Based Photonics for Space Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    M. Flusche", P. Repak", G. Brost’, A. Pirichb, D. CraigC D. Lee’, D. Cardimona’, H. R. Fetterman ’, B. Tsape, C. Castaneda, R. , T. zengh, D. Wood", R...Repak, G. Brost, A. Pirich; D. Le, D. Cardimona, D. Craig; H. Fetterman , B. Tsap; C. Castaneda; R. Barto; T. Zeng, D. Wood, R. Claus, AFRL/SNDP 25...124, 3, 2001. [2] M.-C.Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, H. Erlig, Y. Chang, B. Tsap, D. Chang, A. Szep, W. H. Steier, H. R. Fetterman , and L. R. Dalton,, IEEE

  15. New Editors Appointed for Sections of Journal of Geophysical Research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-04-01

    New editors have been appointed for the Atmospheres, Biogeosciences, and Oceans sections of the Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR). Joost de Gouw (NOAA, Boulder, Colo.) and Renyi Zhang (Texas A&M, College Station) are filling the vacancies of retiring Atmospheres section editors John Austin and Jose Fuentes. De Gouw and Zhang join the continuing editors Steven Ghan and Yinon Rudich. Sara Pryor (Indiana University, Bloomington) is joining the Atmospheres section editorial board as an associate editor now; she will transition to editor in January 2010.

  16. Uncooled Cantilever Microbolometer Focal Plane Arrays with mK Temperature Resolution: Engineering Mechanics for the Next Generation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-25

    34Nanoindentation Stress-Strain Curves of Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Oxide Thin Films," Thin Solid Films, 516 (8) (2008) 1941-1951. 9. S...1604. 5. Z. Cao* and X. Zhang, "Measurement of Stress-Strain Curves of PECVD Silicon Oxide Thin Films by Means of Nanoindentation," in Processing...Microsystems (Transducers 󈧋), Lyon, France, June 10-14, 2007. 9. Z. Cao* and X. Zhang, “Measurement of Stress-strain Curves of PECVD Silicon Oxide

  17. Performance-Enhancing Materials for Future Generation Explosives and Propellants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-25

    Benzimidazoles and Oxazolo[4,5-b]pyridines under Solvent-Free Conditions," Cat. Comm., 2007, 8, 1865-1870. Zhang, Z.H., Li, T.S., Li, J.J. "A Highly...Effective Sulfamic Acid/Methanol Catalytic System for the Synthesis of Benzimidazole Derivatives at Room Temperature," Monat, fur Chem., 2007, 138, 89-94

  18. Instructional Insights Gained from Teaching a Research Methods Course to Chinese International Graduate Students Studying in Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beres, Jacqueline L.; Woloshyn, Vera E.

    2017-01-01

    Chinese students represent an increasing proportion of the student body in Canadian postsecondary institutions (Citizenship and Immigration Canada, 2015). While studying abroad, many of these students face linguistic and sociocultural challenges (Zhang, 2016), resulting in calls for Western instructors to provide linguistically and culturally…

  19. Electronic structure of antifluorite Cu2X (X = S, Se, Te) within the modified Becke-Johnson potential plus an on-site Coulomb U.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yubo; Wang, Youwei; Xi, Lili; Qiu, Ruihao; Shi, Xun; Zhang, Peihong; Zhang, Wenqing

    2014-02-21

    The traditional photon absorbers Cu2-xX (X = S, Se, and Te) have regained significant research attention in the search of earth-abundant photovoltaic materials. These moderate- and narrow-gap materials have also been shown to exhibit excellent thermoelectric properties recently. However, semimetallic band structures with inverted band orderings are predicted for antifluorite structure Cu2X using density functional theory with the local density approximation or the generalized gradient approximation. We find that semiconducting band structures and normal band orderings can be obtained using the modified Becke-Johnson potential plus an on-site Coulomb U (the mBJ+U approach), which is consistent with our earlier finding for diamond-like Cu-based multinary semiconductors [Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, W. Gao, T. A. Abtew, Y. Wang, P. Zhang, and W. Zhang, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 184706 (2013)]. The trend of the chemical bonding of Cu2X is analyzed, which shows that the positions of the valence band maximum and conduction band minimum are strongly affected by the inter-site pd and intra-site sp hybridizations, respectively. The calculated gaps of Cu2S and Cu2Se still seem to be underestimated compared with experimental results. We also discuss the effects of different structural phases and Cu disordering and deficiency on the bandgaps of these materials.

  20. Network Monitoring and Diagnosis Based on Available Bandwidth Measurement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-01

    Ganjam for helping me integrating the TAMI system with the ESM system, which becomes an important application of TAMI. I want to thank Ming Zhang, now...network monitoring. In Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, August 2004. [35] Yanghua Chu, Aditya Ganjam , T. S. Eugene Ng, Sanjay G. Rao, Kunwadee Sri- panidkulchai

  1. Reproductive performance assessment of two White Leghorn lines free of endogenous viruses

    Two of the chicken lines that USDA-ARS Avian Disease & Oncology Laboratory (ADOL) have developed and maintained are line 0 and line 0.TVB*S1 (also known as rapid feathering susceptible or RFS). Line 0 was developed in the 1980s (Bacon et al., 2000), and RFS was developed in 2007 (Zhang et al., 2008)...

  2. NITROTYROSINATION OF A TUBULIN INDUCES EPITHELIAL BARRIER DYSFUNCTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Nitrotyrosination of a-Tubulin Induces Epithelial Transport Dysfunction. Yuh-Chin Huang, Lisa Dailey, Wen-Li Zhang and Ilona Jaspers. ORD, Environmental Protection Agency and CEMLB, University of North Carolina

    a-Tubulin undergoes a cyclic removal and readdition of tyrosin...

  3. AP Potential Expectancy Tables Based on PSAT/NMSQT and SAT Scores on the 2015-16 Redesigned Scales Using Final Concordance Tables. Statistical Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewing, Maureen; Wyatt, Jeff

    2017-01-01

    Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP Exam based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara, & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel, & Ewing, 2014a). For most…

  4. Isostaticity in Cosserat Continuum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Geotech . Eng. Div. 106(4), 419–433 (1980) 13. Walker, D.M., Tordesillas, A., Thornton, C., Behringer, R.P., Zhang, J., Peters, J.F.: Percolating contact...thermomicromechanical approach to multiscale continuum modeling of dense granular materials. Acta Geotech . 3, 225–240 (2008) 17. Oda, M., Takemura, T

  5. Use of the Polarized Radiance Distribution Camera System in the RADYO Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-28

    characterization and validation of a high dynamic range radiance camera", Ocean Optics XX, Anchorage, Ak., October 2010. POSTER G. Zibordi and K. J. Voss...on light in the ocean", Submitted to Physics Today, Dec 2010. H. Zhang and K. J. Voss, "On Hapke photometric model predictions on reflectance of

  6. siRNA Screen Identifies Trafficking Host Factors that Modulate Alphavirus Infection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-20

    Wang JL, Zhang JL, Chen W, Xu XF, Gao N, et al. (2010) Roles of small GTPase Rac1 in 893 the regulation of actin cytoskeleton during dengue virus...small GTPase Rac1 in 893 the regulation of actin cytoskeleton during dengue virus infection. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4. 894 44. Schelhaas M, Shah B, Holzer M

  7. Essential Dynamics of Secondary Eyewall Formation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    pronounced subsidence and greatly diminished radar reflectivity (Houze et al. 2007) that is clearly discernable between the two eyewalls. The sub- siding...Part I: Assimilation of T- PARC data based on the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF). Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 506–527. Zhang, D.-L., Y. Liu, andM. K. Yau, 2001

  8. An Investigation of Knowledge-Building Activities in an Online Community of Practice at Subaru of America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Land, Susan M.; Draper, Darryl C.; Ma, Ziyan; Hsieh, Hsiu-Wei; Smith, Brian K.; Jordan, Robert

    2009-01-01

    Current approaches to workplace learning emphasize designing communities of practice that are intended to support both formal and informal knowledge acquisition. This article presents the design and research of a knowledge-based community of practice for Subaru, based on principles outlined by Scardamalia (2002) and Zhang, Scardamalia, Lamon,…

  9. Nicholas Gilroy | NREL

    Nicholas Gilroy desc Nicholas Gilroy Geospatial Data Scientist II Nicholas.Gilroy@nrel.gov | 303 -384-7354 Nicholas Gilroy is a member of the Geospatial Data Science team within the Systems Modeling (AAG) Featured Publications Veda, Santosh, Zhang, Yingchen, Tan, Jin, Chartan, Erol Kevin, Gilroy

  10. "Three Days to Walk": A Personal Story of Life Writing and Disability Consciousness in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dauncey, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    Through a close reading of Three Days to Walk, a memoir of disability by Chinese writer Zhang Yuncheng, this paper develops a new understanding of self-narrated life writing and its intersection with disability consciousness in the contemporary Chinese context. It examines the changing nature of disability life writing since the end of the early…

  11. INDUCTION OF CELL PROLIFERATION AND APOPTOSIS IN HL60 AND HACAT CELLS BY ARSENIC, ARSENATE, AND ARSENIC-CONTAMINATED DRINKING WATER

    EPA Science Inventory

    Induction of cell proliferation and apoptosis in HL-60 and HaCaT cells by arsenite, arsenate and arsenic-contaminated drinking water. T-C. Zhang, M. Schmitt, J. L. Mumford National Research Council, Washington DC and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, NHEERL, Research Triangle...

  12. 78 FR 13626 - Wooden Bedroom Furniture From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Administrative Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... have subsequently made changes, including, but not limited to, changes to corporate structure... Yes. Furniture Co., (PTE) Ltd. Fine Furniture (Shanghai) Ltd......... Yes. Fortune Furniture Ltd....). Transworld (Zhang Zhou) Furniture Co., Yes. Ltd. Tube-Smith Enterprise (Zhangzhou) Co., Yes. Ltd., Tube-Smith...

  13. 75 FR 9869 - Initiation of Administrative Review of the Antidumping Duty Order on Wooden Bedroom Furniture...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-04

    ... proceeding that have subsequently made changes, including, but not limited to, changes to corporate structure...) * Evershine Enterprise Co. Fine Furniture (Shanghai) Ltd.* Fleetwood Fine Furniture LP Fortune Glory... of Yangchun * Yeh Brothers World Trade Inc.* Yuexing Group Co., Ltd. Zhang Zhou Sanlong Wood Product...

  14. Evaluating and Predicting Patient Safety for Medical Devices With Integral Information Technology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    have the potential to become solid tools for manufacturers, purchasers, and consumers to evaluate patient safety issues in various health related...323 Evaluating and Predicting Patient Safety for Medical Devices with Integral Information Technology Jiajie Zhang, Vimla L. Patel, Todd R...errors are due to inappropriate designs for user interactions, rather than mechanical failures. Evaluating and predicting patient safety in medical

  15. AEROSOL DEPOSITION EFFICIENCIES AND UPSTREAM RELEASE POSITIONS FOR DIFFERENT INHALATION MODES IN AN UPPER BRONCHIAL AIRWAY MODELS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Aerosol Deposition Efficiencies and Upstream Release Positions for Different Inhalation Modes in an Upper Bronchial Airway Model

    Zhe Zhang, Clement Kleinstreuer, and Chong S. Kim

    Center for Environmental Medicine and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Ch...

  16. Comprehensive School Reform & Student Achievement in Kentucky Middle Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans-Andris, Melissa; Usui, Wayne M.

    2008-01-01

    This project examines the effects of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) models on the achievement of students in Kentucky middle schools. Previous studies exploring the effects of CSR on schools and student achievement have rendered mixed results (Berends, 2000; May & Supovitz, 2006; May, Supovitz, & Perda, 2004; RAND, 2002; Zhang,…

  17. Intrusion Detection and Forensics for Self-Defending Wireless Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    ICNP), Nov. 2007. 5. Yao Zhao, Yan Chen, Bo Li, and Qian Zhang, Hop ID: A Virtual Coordinate based Routing for Sparse Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, in...Liu, Hongbo Zhao, Kai Chen and Yan Chen, " DISCO : Memory Efficient and Accurate Flow Statistics for Network Measurement", in the Proc. of IEEE ICDCS

  18. Extraordinary magnetoresistance in shunted chemical vapor deposition grown graphene devices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    Lett. 10, 3962 (2010). 9Z. Jiang, Y. Zhang, Y.-W. Tan, H. L. Stormer , and P. Kim, Solid State Commun. 143 14 (2007). 10A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov...L. Stormer , U. Zeitler, J. C. Maan, G. S. Boebinger, P. Kim, and A. K. Geim, Science 9, 1379 (2007). 20F. Meier, L. Zhou, J. Wiebe, and R

  19. The Effects of a Problem Solving Intervention on Problem Solving Skills of Students with Autism during Vocational Tasks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yakubova, Gulnoza

    2013-01-01

    Problem solving is an important employability skill and considered valuable both in educational settings (Agran & Alper, 2000) and the workplace (Ju, Zhang, & Pacha, 2012). However, limited research exists instructing students with autism to engage in problem solving skills (e.g., Bernard-Opitz, Sriram, & Nakhoda-Sapuan, 2001). The…

  20. Self-Assembly of Reconfigurable By-Design Optical Materials with Molecular-Level Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-21

    International Conference on Metamaterials, Photonic Crystals and Plasmonics, Singapore, May 20 - 23, 2014. Zhang, W. “Design, Synthesis, and Applications of...metal  nanoparticles  positioned  in  3D   crystal   lattices...materials such as photonic crystal and metamaterial hold high promise of providing a path to by-design optical materials with engineered optical

  1. A revision of the subgenus Xizicus (Paraxizicus) Liu, 2004 (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Meconematinae).

    PubMed

    Feng, Jiyuan; Chang, Yanlin; Shi, Fuming

    2016-07-18

    The paper reviews the subgenus Xizicus (Paraxizicus) Liu, 2004, and describes one new species, i.e. Xizicus (Paraxizicus) furcistylus sp. nov. A key to the species and the distribution data are provided, as well as illustrations of important morphological characters of Xizicus (Paraxizicus) biprocerus (Shi & Zhang,1996) and Xizicus (Paraxizicus) anisocercus Liu, 2004 are given.

  2. 77 FR 76491 - Findings of Research Misconduct

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Findings of Research Misconduct... Research Integrity (ORI) has taken final action in the following case: Shuang-Qing Zhang, Ph.D., Texas Tech... Sciences, TTUHSC, engaged in research misconduct in research supported by National Institute of General...

  3. Genetics Home Reference: ACAD9 deficiency

    MedlinePlus

    ... Oct 24. Citation on PubMed Schiff M, Haberberger B, Xia C, Mohsen AW, Goetzman ES, Wang Y, Uppala R, Zhang Y, Karunanidhi A, Prabhu D, Alharbi H, Prochownik EV, Haack T, Häberle J, Munnich A, Rötig A, Taylor RW, Nicholls RD, Kim JJ, Prokisch H, Vockley ...

  4. How Is Hypoparathyroidism Treated?

    MedlinePlus

    ... treatment of hypoparathyroidism. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 83 , 3480-3486. Winer, K. K., Zhang, B., Shrader, J. A., Peterson, D., Smith, M., Albert, P. S., et al. (2012). Synthetic human parathyroid hormone 1-34 replacement therapy: A randomized ...

  5. High-Performance Digital Imaging System for Development and Characterization of Novel Materials and Processes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-08

    taking into account the effects of polycrystalline microstructures, elastic anisotropy of the crystals, and material damages due to microplasticity and...anisotropic crystal elasticity, intragranular microplasticity and intergranular microfracture have been developed and implemented into the ABAQUS codes...Zhang, K. S., Wu, M. S., and Feng, R. (2005). Simulation of microplasticity -induced deformation in uniaxially strained ceramics by 3-D Voronoi

  6. Mesoscale Modeling of Nonlinear Elasticity and Fracture in Ceramic Polycrystals Under Dynamic Shear and Compression

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    investigation of heterogeneous microplasticity in ceramics deformed under high confining stresses. Mech. Mater. 37, 95–112. Zhang, K., Wu, M., Feng, R., 2005b...Simulation of microplasticity -induced deformation in uniaxially strained ceramics by 3-D Voronoi polycrystal modeling. Int. J. Plasticity 21, 801–834

  7. Modeling Finite Deformations in Trigonal Ceramic Crystals with Lattice Defects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-08

    International Journal of Plasticity 26 (2010) 1357–1386 1385Farber, Y.A., Yoon, S.Y., Lagerlof, K.P.D., Heuer, A.H., 1993. Microplasticity during high... microplasticity -induced deformation in uniaxially strained ceramics by 3-D Voronoi polycrystal modeling. Int. J. Plast. 21, 801–834. Zhang, C., Kalia, R.K

  8. 15 CFR Supplement No. 7 to Part 748 - Authorization Validated End-User (VEU): List of Validated End-Users, Respective Items Eligible...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...; 2B230; 2B350.d.2 2B350.g.3 2B350.i.4; 3B001.c.2; 3C002; 3C004 Headquarters and Fab. 1 of HHNEC, No. 1188 Chuan Qiao Rd., Pu Dong, Shanghai, China 201206.Fab. 2 of HHNEC, No. 668 Guo Shou Jing Rd., Zhang Jiang...

  9. Proactive and Preventive Coping in Adjustment to College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gan, Yiqun; Hu, Yueqin; Zhang, Yiwen

    2010-01-01

    The current study compared the relative importance of proactive coping and preventive coping in the adjustment to university life among 403 freshmen at a Chinese university and evaluated the function of proactive coping in the stress process. Participants completed the Future-Oriented Coping Inventory (Gan, Yang, Zhou, & Zhang, 2007), the…

  10. TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION OF NANO-SIZE PARTICLES IN THE UPPER HUMAN RESPIRATORY AIRWAYS

    EPA Science Inventory

    TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION OF NANO-SIZE PARTICLES IN THE UPPER HUMAN RESPIRATORY AIRWAYS. Zhe Zhang*, Huawei Shi, Clement Kleinstreuer, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7910; Chong S. Kim, National Health and En...

  11. Envisioning a Career in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics: Some Challenges and Possibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharkawy, Azza

    2015-01-01

    In "How High School Students Envision Their STEM Career Pathways", Lin Zhang and Michael Barnett attempt to shed light on the problem of underrepresented students (e.g., Aboriginals, Hispanics, African Americans, urban, females) in STEM higher education and related careers by exploring, in general terms, five high school students' career…

  12. Effects of Thermal Status on Markers of Blood Coagulation During Simulated Hemorrhage

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    handgrip exercise. J Appl Physiol 66: 1586 –1592, 1989. 50. Wade OL, Bishop JM. Cardiac Output and Regional Blood Flow. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific...CM (1989) Cuta neous vascular responses to isometric handgrip exercise. J Appl Physiol 66: 1586 1592 28. Wilson TE, Cui J, Zhang R, Crandall CG (2006

  13. Detecting Nonadditivity in Single-Facet Generalizability Theory Applications: Tukey's Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Chih-Kai; Zhang, Jinming

    2018-01-01

    Under the generalizability-theory (G-theory) framework, the estimation precision of variance components (VCs) is of significant importance in that they serve as the foundation of estimating reliability. Zhang and Lin advanced the discussion of nonadditivity in data from a theoretical perspective and showed the adverse effects of nonadditivity on…

  14. Assimilation of HF Radar Observations in the Chesapeake-Delaware Bay Region Using the Navy Coastal Ocean Model (NCOM) and the Four-Dimensional Variational (4DVAR) Method

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    6. Zhang WG, Wilkin JL, Arango HG. Towards an integrated observation and modeling system in the New York Bight using variational methods. Part 1...1992;7:262- 72. ---- -- - ---------------------------- References 391 17. Rosmond TE, Teixeria J, Pcng M, Hogan TF, Pauley R. Navy operational global

  15. Secondary School Experiences of Male Recovering Substance Abusers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maher, Rebecca C.

    2012-01-01

    Problem: Adolescents who begin abusing substances, including alcohol, prescription drugs, and illegal drugs often fail in school suffering life-altering consequences (Cox, Zhang, Johnson, & Bender, 2007). While plentiful research exists on substance abuse, there is a dearth of research on the school experiences of recovering substance abusers.…

  16. 77 FR 17386 - Significant New Use Rule for Hexabromocyclododecane and 1,2,5,6,9,10-Hexabromocyclododecane

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-26

    ... metabolism, oxidative stress, reproductive activity) have also been observed in fish (Palace, et al., 2008.... November 2009. 72, pp. 985- 1993. 16. Zhang, et al. 2008. Induction of hepatic enzymes and oxidative stress..., freshwater and marine fish, aquatic invertebrates, birds and bird eggs, and one plant species (Covaci, et al...

  17. Research and Operational Support for the Study of Militarily Relevant Infectious Diseases of Interest to the United States and Royal Thai Government

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    vaccine ( Varicella vaccine for dose 1 and Hemophilius B vaccine for dose 2). Fifty-one healthy male and female, flavivirus naive infants were enrolled...Bangkok, Thailand. 11th International Conference of Infectious Disease. Cancun, Mexico . 4-8 March 2004. 80. Zhang C, Klungthong C, Monkongdee P, Mammen MP

  18. CSISS GMU - Home

    Di, Ziheng Sun, Chen Zhang) Dynamic Source Integration (DSI): 1. NA101: Agriculture Scientist Client Data Layer Project Team won the 63rd Annual Secretary's Honor Awards of U. S. Department of Agriculture Sichuan Agriculture University, China. Dr. Li works as an associated professor at College of Resources

  19. A Preliminary Comparison of the Reforms at Beijing University and Zhongshan University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Gan

    2005-01-01

    By writing this article, I wish first to correct a current consensual misrepresentation, namely the fact that many media outlets are frequently lumping all criticisms of the Beida reform plan under the title "opposition to the reform." This is a grave misrepresentation. The title of the interviews with Zhang Weiying, a person in charge…

  20. Study of Electromagnetic Wave Absorption Properties of Carbon Nanotubes-Based Composites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-29

    Publications: [1]. G. L. Zhao, Z. Ye, Z. Li, J. A. Roberts, "New carbon nanotube-epoxy composite for dampening microwave cavity resonance", IEEE Xplore ...Nanotechnology ( IEEE - NANO), 2012 12th IEEE Conference on 20-23 Aug. 2012. [2]. Z. Li, G. L. Zhao, P. Zhang, S. Guo, J. Tang, " Thermoelectric

  1. Conservation strategies to adapt to projected climate change impacts in Malawi

    There is potential for climate change to have negative effects on agricultural production via extreme events (Pruski and Nearing, 2002b; Zhang et al., 2012; Walthall 2012), and there is a need to implement conservation practices for climate change adaptation (Delgado et al. 2011; 2013). Recent repo...

  2. XIAP as a Molecular Target for Therapeutic Intervention in Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-10-01

    Rumble, Rebecca A. Csomos, Christine M. Komarck‡, Gabriel N. Maine‡, John C. Wilkinson, Marty W. Mayo, and Colin S. Duckett‡** From the...Wiltshire, T., Batalov, S., Lapp, H., Ching, K. A., Block, D., Zhang, J., Soden, R., Hayakawa, M., Kreiman , G., Cooke, M. P., Walker, J. R., and

  3. The Bering Sea: Communication with the Western Subarctic Gyre, Mesoscale Activity, Shelf-Basin Exchange, and the Flow Through Bering Strait

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    teardrop viscous-plastic rheology (Zhang and Rothrock 2005), a mechanical redistribution function for ice ridging ( Thorndike et al. 1975; Hibler 1980...293:85–89. Thorndike A.S., Rothrock D.A., Maykut G.A., Colony R. (1975) The thickness distribution of sea ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 80

  4. Factors Impacting Openness to Christianity among Chinese Graduate Students Who Attended a Christian University in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chamberlain, Michael A.

    2017-01-01

    More than 300,000 Chinese students attend U.S. universities annually (USDHS, 2017), many of whom reportedly "Leave China, Study in America, Find Jesus" (H. Zhang, 2016). However, research on this phenomenon of worldview change is thin, especially experiences of atheist or nonreligious Chinese graduate students attending Christian…

  5. Deciphering the Ubiquitin Code.

    PubMed

    Dittmar, Gunnar; Selbach, Matthias

    2017-03-02

    In this issue of Molecular Cell, Zhang et al. (2017) systematically identify proteins interacting with all possible di-ubiquitin linkages, thus providing a catalog of readers of the ubiquitin code. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Collaborators | Center for Cancer Research

    Cancer.gov

    Collaborators Structural Biophysics Laboratory, CCR Macromolecular NMR Section (R. Andrew Byrd, Ph.D.) Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions Section (Yun-Xing Wang, Ph.D.) Protein Processing Section (Kylie J. Walters, Ph.D.) Kinase Complexes Section (Ping Zhang, Ph.D.) Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, CCR

  7. Electric Vehicle Grid Integration | Transportation Research | NREL

    Potential Grid Impacts from Future In-Motion Roadway Wireless Power Transfer Scenarios. A. Meintz, J. Gonder , J. Jorgenson, and A. Brooker. (2016) Integrating PEVs with Renewables and the Grid. A. Meintz, T . Markel, M. Jun, and J. Zhang. (2016) Opportunistic Wireless Charging System Design for an On-Demand

  8. Orphan Receptor TR3/nur77 and Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-07-01

    chromosomal translocation identified in (Zhang et al. 1992b, Kastner et al. 1995, Mangelsdorf & extra-skeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (Labelle et al...chromosomal 281-319. translocation in human chondrosarcomas is a highly potent Hoffman AD, Engelstein D, Bogenrieder T, Papandreou CN, transcriptional

  9. Analysis of Free-floating Bike Sharing and Insights on System Operations : or Analyzing Mobility Patterns and Imbalance of Free Floating Bike Sharing Systems

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2018-01-31

    Aritra Pal (ORCID ID 0000-0002-2256-2464) Yu Zhang (ORCID ID 0000-0003-1202-626X) Changhyun Kwon (ORCID ID 0000-0001-8455-6396) Bike Sharing is a sustainable mode of urban mobility, not only for regular commuters but also for casual users and tourist...

  10. Electric Vehicle Sharing Planning and Operations

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2018-02-01

    Dongfang Zhao (ORCID ID 0000-0002-5424-9915); Xiaopeng (Shaw) Li (ORCID ID 0000-0002-5264-3775); Yu Zhang (ORCID ID 0000-0003-1202-626X) This project includes literature review and proposing a model for EV planning and operations. We first conducted ...

  11. What Can a Woman Do to Promote a Healthy Pregnancy Before She Gets Pregnant?

    MedlinePlus

    ... report of the CDC/ATSDR Preconception Care Work Group and the Select Panel on Preconception Care. Retrieved May 18, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5506a1.htm Zhang, C., Liu, S., Solomon, C. G., & Hu, F. B. (2006). Dietary fiber ...

  12. Center for the Built Environment: Setpoint Energy Savings Calculator

    . Arens, and H. Zhang, 2014. Extending air temperature setpoints: Simulated energy savings and design Near-ZNE Buildings Setpoint Energy Savings Calculator UFAD Case Studies UFAD Cooling Design Tool UFAD Cost Analysis UFAD Design Guide UFAD East End UFAD Energy Modeling UFAD Plenum Performance UFAD

  13. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-07-30

    CENTRAL-SOUTH REGION More College Students Join CPC in Guangzhou Area (XINHUA, 28 Jun 85) 46 Briefs People’s Congress Session Scheduled ^’ c ...Zhang Xiangming, Doje Cering, Cau Xu, Danzeng, Jiangcun Luobu, Hu Songjie , Sengqen Lozong Guiancain, Jangzhong Zhaxidoje, Peng Zhe, (Luoje Dansu

  14. Severity of Organized Item Theft in Computerized Adaptive Testing: An Empirical Study. Research Report. ETS RR-06-22

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yi, Qing; Zhang, Jinming; Chang, Hua-Hua

    2006-01-01

    Chang and Zhang (2002, 2003) proposed several baseline criteria for assessing the severity of possible test security violations for computerized tests with high-stakes outcomes. However, these criteria were obtained from theoretical derivations that assumed uniformly randomized item selection. The current study investigated potential damage caused…

  15. RESIDENTIAL EXPOSURE TO DRINKING WATER ARSENIC IN INNER MONGOLIA, CHINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Residential exposure to drinking water arsenic in Inner Mongolia, China
    Zhixiong Ning1, Richard K. Kwok2, Zhiyi Liu1, Shiying Zhang1, Chenglong Ma1, Danelle T. Lobdell2, Michael Riediker3 and Judy L. Mumford2
    1) Institute of Endemic Disease for Prevention and Treatment in I...

  16. Two new species of Oobius Trjapitzin (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae) egg parasitoids of Agrilus spp. (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) from the USA, including a key and taxonomic notes on other congeneric Nearctic taxa

    Serguei V. Triapitsyn; Toby R. Petrice; Michael W. Gates; Leah S. Bauer

    2015-01-01

    Oobius Trjapitzin (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae) species are egg parasitoids that are important for the biological control of some Buprestidae and Cerambycidae (Coleoptera). Two species, O. agrili Zhang & Huang and O. longoi (Siscaro), were introduced into North America for classical biocontrol and have...

  17. Establishing Oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), the introduced egg parasitoid of emerald ash borer, in Michigan ash stands

    Toby Petrice; F. William Ravlin; Leah S. Bauer; Therese M. Poland

    2016-01-01

    The egg parasitoid Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) is one of four parasitoid species from northeast Asia being released in regions of North America as part of a biological control program to manage the invasive emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) (Bauer et al...

  18. Development of methods for the field evaluation of Oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) in North America, a newly introduced egg parasitoid of the emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)

    Jian J. Duan; Leah S. Bauer; Michael D. Ulyshen; Juli R. Gould; Roy Van Driesche

    2011-01-01

    A field study was conducted in forested plots near Lansing, Michigan in 2008 and 2009 to evaluate the newly introduced egg parasitoid Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) for control of the invasive emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). To measure parasitism by

  19. Long-term monitoring of the introduced emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) egg parasitoid, Oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), in Michigan, USA and evaluation of a newly developed monitoring technique

    Kristopher J. Abell; Leah S. Bauer; Jian J. Duan; Roy Van Driesche

    2014-01-01

    Emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), is a serious invasive pest of ash trees (Fraxinus spp.) in North America from China. The egg parasitoid Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) was introduced from China as a biological control agent for this pest in...

  20. An improved method for monitoring parasitism and establishment of Oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), an egg parasitoid introduced for biological control of the emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in North America

    Jian J. Duan; Leah S. Bauer; Jason A. Hansen; Kristopher J. Abell; Roy Van Driesche

    2012-01-01

    Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) is a solitary egg parasitoid that has been released in the United States since 2007 for biocontrol of the invasive emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Field and laboratory trials with ash logs infested with EAB eggs were conducted...

  1. Mapping Nanoscale Absorption of Femtosecond Laser Pulses Using Plasma Explosion Imaging

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-06

    Libby, S. B.; et al. Observation and Control of Shock Waves in Indivi- dual Nanoplasmas . Phys. Rev. Lett. 2014, 112, 115004. 17. Zhang, X.; Smith, K. a...Laser Light. Phys. Plasmas 2005, 12, 056703. 24. Lezius, M.; Dobosz, S. Hot Nanoplasmas from Intense Laser Irradiation of Argon Clusters. J. Phys. B

  2. Field Trips as Teaching Tools in the Law Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higgins, Noelle; Dewhurst, Elaine; Watkins, Los

    2012-01-01

    While field trips are often employed in primary and even second level education as a pedagogical tool, aimed at exposing students to real life experiences, such activities are not as popular at third level (Falk and Balling, 1982; Muse, Chiarelott and Davidman, 1982; Anderson and Zhang, 2003). However, such experiential learning techniques can be…

  3. An Integrated Multimedia Learning Model vs. the Traditional Face-to-Face Learning Model: An Examination of College Economics Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Son, Barbara; Simonian, Mark

    2016-01-01

    Multimedia learning tools can assist and help motivate students by supplementing traditional teaching modalities with learner-centered learning through application and practice. The overall effectiveness of multimedia learning has been documented (Son & Simonian, 2013; Son & Goldstone, 2012; Zhang, 2005). How are effective multimedia…

  4. E-Learning in Supplemental Educational Systems in Taiwan: Present Status and Future Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Ke; Hung, Jui-Long

    2009-01-01

    As Taiwan's full-scale e-learning initiatives moved to the seventh year in 2009, the current status and challenges of e-learning development there are yet to be fully understood. Further extending Zhang and Hung's (2006) investigation on e-learning in all universities and colleges in Taiwan, this study investigated the after-school programs (ASPs)…

  5. Genetics Home Reference: familial paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia

    MedlinePlus

    ... gene mutations, which reduce the amount of PRRT2 protein, lead to abnormal neuronal signaling. Altered neuronal activity could underlie the ... YF, Zhang QJ, Li HF, Lin Y, Murong SX, Xu J, Wang N, Wu ZY. Exome sequencing identifies truncating mutations in PRRT2 that cause paroxysmal ...

  6. Photoluminescence Studies on InAs/InSb Nanostructures Grown by MBE

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-06-23

    temperatures [61. One should stress especially that the main problem here is intermixing of group V elements at the interfaces. Since we used conventional solid...Nicolas, N. J. Mason and B. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Let. 74, 2041 (1999). [5] N. Bertru, A. Baranov, Y. Cuminal , G. Almuneau, F. Genty, A. Joullie, 0. Brandt, A

  7. Significantly Improved Minority Carrier Lifetime Observed in a Long-Wavelength Infrared III-V Type-II Superlattice Comprised of InAs/InAsSb

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-22

    G. D. Metcalfe, H. Shen, and M. Wraback, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 251117 (2010). 6S. Bandara, P. Maloney, N. Baril , J. Pellegrino, and M. Tidrow...J. Cryst. Growth 334, 103 (2011). 10S. Bandara, P. Maloney, N. Baril , J. Pellegrino, and M. Tidrow, Opt. Eng. 50, 061015 (2011). 11Y.-H. Zhang, in

  8. Targeting Dysregulated Epigenetic Enzymes for Prostate Cancer Treatment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-01

    decreased protein levels of SIRT2 leads to the inability to down-regulate the hyper -acetylated form of p300. SIRT2-dependent deacetylation of p300...nature06546. 32. Thompson PR, Wang D, Wang L, Fulco M, Pediconi N, Zhang D, et al. Regulation of the p300 HAT domain via a novel activation loop . Nat Struct

  9. CBE Faculty and Staff

    About Us Research Staff Edward Arens Fred Bauman Gail Brager Darryl Dickerhoff Ali Ghahramani Uhl Zhe Wang Tom Webster Hui Zhang Research Affiliates Student Researchers Visiting Scholars Industry interdisciplinary group based in several academic departments, who collaborate regularly on research to improve the

  10. Genetics Home Reference: infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy

    MedlinePlus

    ... with brain iron accumulation (NBIA): an update on clinical presentations, histological and genetic underpinnings, and treatment considerations. Mov Disord. 2012 Jan;27(1):42-53. doi: 10.1002/mds.23971. Epub 2011 Oct 26. Review. ... Zhang Y, Xiao J, Wu X. Clinical study and PLA2G6 mutation screening analysis in Chinese ...

  11. Framework for Processing Videos in the Presence of Spatially Varying Motion Blur

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-10

    Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, vol. 71, no. 11, pp. 1285–1294, 2005. 3 [14] Le Yu, Dengrong Zhang, and Eun- Jung Holden, “A fast and...Xiaoyang Wang, Qiang Ji, Kishore K. Reddy, Mubarak Shah, Carl Vondrick, Hamed Pirsiavash, Deva Ramanan, Jenny Yuen, Antonio Tor- ralba, Bi Song, Anesco

  12. An Empirical Study on Information Prominence Reflected in Sentence Structures of Chinese College EFL Argumentative Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ningling, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Prominence, as an important dimension of cognitive construal, refers to the capacity to evoke a certain substructure as the focus of attention, which can be materialized in a variety of semantic and grammatical expressions (Langacker, 1987). Subject of a sentence (Zhang, 2011) and specific sentence structures (Lin, 2013) can bring a substructure…

  13. A Preliminary Evaluation of Efforts to Diversify Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banks, Brea M.; D'Santiago-Eastman, Verenice

    2018-01-01

    Underrepresentation of individuals from diverse backgrounds in the field of psychology is a well-documented concern, as identified gaps directly impact individuals served (Rogers & Molina, 2006; Zhang & Katsiyannis, 2002). This pilot examination evaluated a task force that sought to address this deficit through targeting the recruitment…

  14. Cylindrical Explosive Dispersal of Metal Particles: Predictive Calculations in SUpport of Experimental Trials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-11

    motivated by an experimental effort at the High Explosives R&D facility at Eglin AFB that aims to simulate dispersal and afterburning effects using dense...3] Ripley, R.C., Donahue, L., Dunbar, T.E., and Zhang, F., Explosion performance of aluminized TNT in a chamber, Proc. 19th Military Aspects of

  15. Optically- and Thermally-Responsive Programmable Materials Based on Carbon Nanotube-Hydrogel Polymer Composites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-07

    Jamshidi, Kuniharu Takei, Hyunhyub Ko, Andrew Gillies, Rizia Bardhan , Xiaobo Zhang, Jeffrey J. Urban, Ming Wu, Ali Javey, Ronald Fearing, Cary L...Hyunhyub Ko,†,‡,§ Andrew Gillies,† Rizia Bardhan ,|| Jeffrey J. Urban,|| Ming Wu,†,‡ Ronald Fearing,† and Ali Javey*,†,‡,§ †Electrical

  16. The Effects of Numerical Magnitude, Size, and Color Saturation on Perceived Interval Duration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alards-Tomalin, Doug; Leboe-McGowan, Jason P.; Shaw, Joshua D. M.; Leboe-McGowan, Launa C.

    2014-01-01

    The relative magnitude (or intensity) of an event can have direct implications on timing estimation. Previous studies have found that greater magnitude stimuli are often reported as longer in duration than lesser magnitudes, including Arabic digits (Xuan, Zhang, He, & Chen, 2007). One explanation for these findings is that different…

  17. Differences in the reproductive biology and diapause of two congeneric species of egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera:Encyrtidae) from northeast Asia: implications for biological control of the invasive emerald ash borer

    Oobius primorskyensis Yao and Duan and Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) constitute a cryptic species complex of egg parasitoids attacking the emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis (Coleotpera: Buprestidae) in their native range of northeast Asia. While O. primorskyensis is c...

  18. Long-term monitoring of the introduced emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) egg parasitoid, oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyridae), in Michigan, USA and evaluation of a newly developed monitoring technique

    Emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), is a serious invasive pest of ash trees (Fraxinus spp.) in North America. The egg parasitoid Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) was introduced as a biological control agent of this pest in Michiga...

  19. Effects of temperature and photoperiod on the reproductive biology and diapause of oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), an egg parasitoid of emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)

    Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang is a solitary egg parasitoid of the invasive emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and has been introduced to the United States for biological control. We characterized the weekly survivorship, fecundity, and diapause patterns of bo...

  20. Monitoring the establishment and flight phenology of egg and larval parasitoids of emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Michigan, USA using sentinel eggs and larvae

    Emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, is an important invasive pest of ash (Fraxinus) trees in North America. Two larval parasitoids, Tetrastichus planipennisi Yang and Spathius agrili Yang, and one egg parasitoid, Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang, were introduced into the United Sta...

  1. Accessibility Limits Recall from Visual Working Memory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajsic, Jason; Swan, Garrett; Wilson, Daryl E.; Pratt, Jay

    2017-01-01

    In this article, we demonstrate limitations of accessibility of information in visual working memory (VWM). Recently, cued-recall has been used to estimate the fidelity of information in VWM, where the feature of a cued object is reproduced from memory (Bays, Catalao, & Husain, 2009; Wilken & Ma, 2004; Zhang & Luck, 2008). Response…

  2. O2(X3 Sigma- sub g) and O2(a1 Delta sub g) Charge Exchange with Simple Ions (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-03

    5218 (2007). 2A. Midey, I. Dotan, and A. A. Viggiano, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 3040 (2008). 3A. Midey, I. Dotan, J. V. Seeley , and A. A. Viggiano, Int. J...2003). 9A. J. Midey, A. Viggiano, P. Zhang, S. Irle, and K. Morokuma, J. Phys. Chem. A 110, 3080 (2006). 10P. M. Hierl, I. Dotan, J. V. Seeley , J. M

  3. Ensemble Data Assimilation and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-30

    Poterjoy and Christopher Melhauser) have been dedicated to the project tasks at the Pennsylvania State University under the guidance of both PI’s...8. Rozoff, C. M., D. S. Nolan , J. P. Kossin, F. Zhang, and J. Fang, 2012: The roles of an expanding wind field and inertial stability in tropical

  4. Formation of Sphere-like Au Nanoparticles on Substrate with Laser Illumination and Their Surface Plasmon Behaviors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-17

    depends on the material type of the substrate and the metal melting temperature. Based on the reaction -free theory, the contact angle of an Au...Luo, Q.; Zhang, X. Nano Lett. 2004, 4, 1085-1088. (13) Maillard , M.; Huang, P.; Brus, L. Nano Lett. 2003, 3, 1611-1615. (14) Jin, R.; Cao, Y. C.; Hao

  5. A Postcard from a Primary Mathematics Classroom in Chongqing, China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Stephen; Zhang, Qinqiong

    2013-01-01

    We often hear about how well other countries are performing in international tests such as PISA. In this article, Stephen Norton and Qinqiong Zhang describe a classroom and a tutor session from a Chinese setting. They describe the amount of time spent in class and out of class working on mathematics. Also they explain how learning is highly valued…

  6. Annual evapotranspiration of a forested wetland watershed, SC

    Devendra M. Amatya; Carl Trettin

    2007-01-01

    In this study, hydro-meteorological data collected from 1 964 to 1 9 76 on an approximately 5, 000 ha predominantly forested coastal watershed (Turkey Creek) at the Francis Marion National Forest near Charleston, SC were analyzed to estimate annual evapotranspiration (E T) using four different empirical methods. The first one, reported by Zhang et a/. (2001), that...

  7. PROFILING GENE EXPRESSION IN HUMAN H295R ADRENOCORTICAL CARCINOMA CELLS AND RAT TESTES TO IDENTIFY PATHWAYS OF TOXICITY FOR CONAZOLE FUNGICIDES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Profiling Gene Expression in Human H295R Adrenocortical Carcinoma Cells and Rat Testes to Identify Pathways of Toxicity for Conazole Fungicides
    Ren1, H., Schmid1, J., Retief2, J., Turpaz2, Y.,Zhang3, X.,Jones3, P., Newsted3, J.,Giesy3, J., Wolf1, D.,Wood1, C., Bao1, W., Dix1, ...

  8. 78 FR 28845 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ...), 18311 Railroad Street, City of Industry, CA 91748, Officer:, Lang Zhang, President (QI), Application..., Oklahoma City, OK 73112, Officers: Thomas W. Young, Vice President (QI), Gregory P. Roush, Manager/Member, Application Type: Add Trade Name Smart Lines Worldwide Feiliks Global Logistics Corporation (NVO), 176-20 S...

  9. Relationship Between Sea Surface Salinity from L-Band Radiometer and Optical Features in the East China Sea

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    7330-14-2132. REFERENCE [1] Guo, Z., Lin, T., Zhang, G., et al., "The sedimentary fluxes of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Yangtze ...Total Light Absorption in Optically Complex Waters, a Case Study in Yangtze Estuary and Adjacent Coast," Advances in Computational Environment

  10. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 66, 3rd Quarter 2012

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-01

    reported that Soldier behavior gradually improved. One unit at Ft. Leonard Wood required 2 hours of training per week and witnessed a marked...Mark A. Stokes, Murray Scot Tanner, Joshua K. Wiseman, Xiaoming Zhang, and You Ji. Transatlantic Perspectives, No. 2 The United States, Russia, Europe

  11. Focusing on Content: Discourse in L2 Peer Review Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vorobel, Oksana; Kim, Deoksoon

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies on peer review groups in second language classes have focused on various topics, including collaboration (Carr, 2008) and the effect of peer review versus teacher feedback on students' writing (Zhang, 1995). One area that has received little attention is the content of students' speech during peer review. This longitudinal case…

  12. Characterization of a new endogenous endo-ß-1,4-glucanase of Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus)

    The present work characterized a second endogenous cellulase (endo-ß-1,4-glucanase) gene, CfEG4, uncovered in the transcriptome of Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus). The full-length gene was cloned and sequenced. It is similar to the CfEG3a described earlier (Zhang et al. 2009) ...

  13. Electronic structure of antifluorite Cu{sub 2}X (X = S, Se, Te) within the modified Becke-Johnson potential plus an on-site Coulomb U

    SciT

    Zhang, Yubo; Wang, Youwei; Xi, Lili

    The traditional photon absorbers Cu{sub 2−x}X (X = S, Se, and Te) have regained significant research attention in the search of earth-abundant photovoltaic materials. These moderate- and narrow-gap materials have also been shown to exhibit excellent thermoelectric properties recently. However, semimetallic band structures with inverted band orderings are predicted for antifluorite structure Cu{sub 2}X using density functional theory with the local density approximation or the generalized gradient approximation. We find that semiconducting band structures and normal band orderings can be obtained using the modified Becke-Johnson potential plus an on-site Coulomb U (the mBJ+U approach), which is consistent with our earliermore » finding for diamond-like Cu-based multinary semiconductors [Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, W. Gao, T. A. Abtew, Y. Wang, P. Zhang, and W. Zhang, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 184706 (2013)]. The trend of the chemical bonding of Cu{sub 2}X is analyzed, which shows that the positions of the valence band maximum and conduction band minimum are strongly affected by the inter-site pd and intra-site sp hybridizations, respectively. The calculated gaps of Cu{sub 2}S and Cu{sub 2}Se still seem to be underestimated compared with experimental results. We also discuss the effects of different structural phases and Cu disordering and deficiency on the bandgaps of these materials.« less

  14. Developing a Four-Year Baccalaureate Degree in Applied Psychology: Experiences in Degree Development at a Former Two-Year Postsecondary Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Kevin; Charlton, Steve; Elmes, Roger

    2008-01-01

    Population growth and demographic trends in North American urban centers combined with job markets demanding higher levels of education have placed considerable pressure in recent years on postsecondary institutions to provide better access to undergraduate and graduate degree programs (Levin 2004; Zhang 2005). Kwantlen University College,…

  15. Elastic "I Think": Stretching over L1 and L2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Grace Q.; Sabet, Peyman G. P.

    2016-01-01

    While there has been insightful research on the commonly used expression "I think" (IT), this study introduces a non-conventional and innovative conception of elasticity (Zhang 2011), bringing together several properties of IT. Drawn on large-scale naturally occurring classroom data with a rare combination of linguistically and…

  16. Developing EZH2-Targeted Therapy for Lung Cancer | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Cancer.gov

    Epigenetic targets are exciting new avenues for cancer drug discovery. Zhang and colleagues have designed the open-source EZH2 inhibitor JQEZ5 and shown antitumor efficacy in vitro and in vivo in preclinical studies in murine and human lung adenocarcinoma models expressing high levels of EZH2.

  17. Preferred Teaching Styles and Modes of Thinking among University Students in Mainland China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Li-fang

    2006-01-01

    The present study had three purposes. The first was to further explore the psychometric properties of the Preferred Thinking Styles in Teaching Inventory [Zhang, L. F. (2003). "The preferred thinking styles in teaching inventory." Unpublished test. The University of Hong Kong: Hong Kong]. The second was to test the hypothesis that the…

  18. eLearning--Theories, Design, Software and Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghislandi, Patrizia, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Chapters in this book include: (1) New e-Learning Environments: e-Merging Networks in the Relational Society (Blanca C. Garcia); (2) Knowledge Building in E-Learning (Xinyu Zhang and Lu Yuhao); (3) E-Learning and Desired Learning Outcomes (Ralph Palliam); (4) Innovative E-Learning Solutions and Environments for Small and Medium Sized Companies…

  19. HEALTH EFFECTS OF CHRONIC EXPOSURE TO ARSENIC VIA DRINKING WATER IN INNER MONGOLIA: IV. DISTRIBUTION OF ARSENIC CONCENTRATIONS IN WELLS

    EPA Science Inventory

    HEALTH EFFECTS OF CHRONIC EXPOSURE TO ARSENIC VIA DRINKING WATER IN INNER MONGOLIA:
    IV. DISTRIBUTION OF ARSENIC CONCENTRATIONS IN WELLS

    Zhixiong Ning, B.S., Zhiyi Liu,B.S., Shiying Zhang, B.S., Chenglong Ma, B.S., Inner Mongolia Ba Men Anti-epidemic Station, Michael Ri...

  20. 50th Annual Technical Meeting of the Society of Engineering Science (SES)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-15

    McDowell (Gerogia Tech), Min Zhou () Virtual Characterization of composites with Lamination Defects for wind turbine spar cap MUKUNDAN SRINIVASAN...Zhang (IHCP Singapore) Damage Mechanisms in Irradiated Metallic Glasses Richard Baumer (MIT), Michael Demkowicz (MIT) Slip Avalanches in Amorphous...Michigan, 48090) Atomistic Simulations of c+a Pyramidal Slip in Magnesium Single Crystal under Compression Xiaozhi Tang (MIT & BJTU), Yafang Guo

  1. Thermal Conductivity Measurement Setup for Low Temperature Characterization of Laser Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    JM, Kowalewski K, Guelzow J, Vitali V. Opt. Express. 2010;18:24770. 3. Sanamyan T, Kanskar M, Xiao Y, Kedlaya D, Dubinskii, M. Opt. Express. 2010;19...J ZHANG L MERKLE M DUBINSKIY N TER-GABRIELYAN V FROMZEL 14 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK.

  2. China Report, Red Flag, Number 13, 1 July 1982

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-08-16

    used this concept in his essay "Karl Marx." He pointed out that ’Marxism "disclosed that all ideas and all the various tendencies, without exception...fields, there are plenty of academic conferences and periodicals, but the quality of some of the essays is very poor, and some studies and some...with lyrics by Zhang Shoushan [1728 1108 1472

  3. Development of an Operational Data Assimilation Package using NAAPS and NAVDAS

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-30

    2008, SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2008-A­ 11193, EGU General Assembly 2008. Reid, J. S., H. J. Hyer, D. L. Westphal, R. Scheffe, J. Zhang, and E. M...gauge model improvement. Included is not only the collection 5 over ocean, but also the NRL provided over land aerosol products generated by Edward Hyer

  4. Development of an Operational Data Assimilation Package Using NAAPS and NAVDAS

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    EGU2008- A-l 1193, EGU General Assembly 2008. Reid, J. S., H. J. Hyer, D. L. Westphal, R. Scheffe, J. Zhang, and E. M. Prins (2008), Developing a...analysis to gauge model improvement. Included is not only the collection 5 over ocean, but also the NRL provided over land aerosol products generated

  5. Development of an Operational Multi-sensor and Multi-channel Aerosol Assimilation Package Using NAAPS and NAVDAS

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-30

    5593-1, 2010, EGU General Assembly 2010. Shi, Y., J. Zhang, J. S. Reid, E. Hyer, Evaluation of MISR Aerosol Optical Depth Product for Aerosol Data...a surrogate for aerosol type, as large η values are generally related to fine mode aerosols, such as sulfate and smoke aerosols, and small η values

  6. Evolution of Enzymes Required for Biodegradation of Pentachlorophenol in Sphingobium Chlorophenolicum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    1883-1888. 3 Schopfer, L. M.; Massey, V. "Kinetic and mechanistic studies on the oxidation of the melilotate hydroxylase-2-OH- cinnamate complex by...del Cardayré. 2002. Genome shuffling of Lactobacillus for improved acid tolerance. Nature Biotechnol. 20: 707-712. 14 Zhang, Y.-X., K. Perry, V

  7. Future questions in insect chitin biology: A microreview.

    PubMed

    Muthukrishnan, Subbaratnam; Arakane, Yasuyuki; Yang, Qing; Zhang, Chuan-Xi; Zhang, Jianzhen; Zhang, Wenqing; Moussian, Bernard

    2018-06-01

    This microreview stems from the Second Symposium on Insect Molecular Toxicology and Chitin Metabolism held at Shanxi University in Taiyuan, China (June 27 to 30, 2017) at the institute for Applied Biology headed by Professor Enbo Ma and Professor Jianzhen Zhang. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. STOTEN2016 Tong data

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    CTAG model inputs and outputsThis dataset is associated with the following publication:Tong, Z., R. Baldauf , V. Isakov , P.J. Deshmukh, and M. Zhang. Roadside vegetation barrier designs to mitigate near-road air pollution impacts. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. Elsevier BV, AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS, 541: 920-927, (2016).

  9. Comparing Different Approaches of Bias Correction for Ability Estimation in IRT Models. Research Report. ETS RR-08-13

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Yi-Hsuan; Zhang, Jinming

    2008-01-01

    The method of maximum-likelihood is typically applied to item response theory (IRT) models when the ability parameter is estimated while conditioning on the true item parameters. In practice, the item parameters are unknown and need to be estimated first from a calibration sample. Lewis (1985) and Zhang and Lu (2007) proposed the expected response…

  10. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (85th, Miami, Florida, August 5-8, 2002). Media Management and Economics Division.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    The Media Management and Economics Division of the proceedings contains the following 8 papers: "Anatomy of a Death Spiral: Newspapers and Their Credibility" (Philip Meyer and Yuan Zhang); "A Case-Study Analysis of Divestiture Determinants & Strategies of Major Media Firms, 1996-2000" (Daphne Eilein Landers); "Managing…

  11. Targeting Energy Metabolic Pathways as Therapeutic Intervention for Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    modulates the efficacy of curcumin and velcade against tumor cells. Autophagy. 2013, 9: 208-219. Cheng Y, Ren XC, Gowda P, Shan Y, Zhang L, Yuan YS...and modulates the efficacy of curcumin and velcade against tumor cells. Autophagy 2013; 9:208-19. 8. Parmer TG, Ward MD, Yurkow EJ, Vyas VH

  12. Hardware Based Function Level Mandatory Access Control for Memory Structures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    tagging 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON Lok Kwong Yan a. REPORT U b . ABSTRACT U c. THIS PAGE U 17. LIMITATION...www.phrack.org/issues.html?issue=58&id=4#article [13] Suh, G. E., Lee, J. W., Zhang, D., and Devadas , S. “Secure program execution via dynamic information

  13. Learners' Metacognitive Strategy Use and Reading Comprehension: Insights from a Vietnamese Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen, Thao M. T.; Trinh, Lap Q.

    2011-01-01

    The effects of meta-cognitive strategy use on learning reading comprehension have gained much interest of researchers and educators (Chumpavan, 2000; Shmais, 2002; Phakiti, 2003; Aegpongpaow 2008; Subasi, 2009; Zhang and Wu, 2009). Available literature indicated a positive correlation between learners' meta-cognitive strategy use and their…

  14. Spatial distribution of water supply in the coterminous United States

    Thomas C. Brown; Michael T. Hobbins; Jorge A. Ramirez

    2008-01-01

    Available water supply across the contiguous 48 states was estimated as precipitation minus evapotranspiration using data for the period 1953-1994. Precipitation estimates were taken from the Parameter- Elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model (PRISM). Evapotranspiration was estimated using two models, the Advection-Aridity model and the Zhang model. The...

  15. Segregation of Clock and Non-Clock Regulatory Functions of REV-ERB.

    PubMed

    Butler, Andrew A; Burris, Thomas P

    2015-08-04

    The molecular clock is a master controller of circadian cellular processes that affect growth, metabolic homeostasis, and behavior. A report in Science by Zhang et al. (2015) redefines our understanding of how Rev-erba acts as an internal feedback inhibitor that modulates activity of the core clock while simultaneously regulating tissue-specific metabolic processes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. A Comparative Study of Administrator and Special Education Teacher Perceptions of Special Education Teacher Attrition and Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheldrake, Danielle Angelina

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study identifies perceived causes of and solutions to the attrition of special education teachers. Researchers have documented that special education teaching positions encounter higher attrition rates than their general education peers (Katsiyannis, Zhang, & Conroy in Olivarez & Arnold, 2006; Mitchell & Arnold,…

  17. Robust Modulo Remaindering and Applications in Radar and Sensor Signal Processing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-27

    Chinese Remainder Theorem in FDD Systems, Science China -- Information Sciences, vol.55, no.7, pp. 1605 -1616, July 2012. 3) Y. Liu, X.-G. Xia, and H. L...Sciences, vol.55, no.7, pp. 1605 -1616, July 2012. 3) Y. Liu, X.-G. Xia, and H. L. Zhang, Distributed Space-Time Coding for Full-DuplexAsynchronous

  18. Taxonomy of the Oriental leafhopper genus Favintiga Webb (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae: Drabescini) with description of a new species from China.

    PubMed

    Lu, Lin; Zhang, Yalin

    2018-01-12

    The Oriental leafhopper genus Favintiga Webb is reviewed. A checklist to the species is provided together with a key for their separation. The genus contains three species: F. camphorae (Matsumura), F. gracilipenis Shang Zhang and F. paragracilipenis sp. nov., the latter described here from the Jianfengling Mountains, Hainan, China.

  19. Harnessing Autopsied DIPG Tumor Tissues for Orthotopic Xenograft Model Development in the Brain Stems of SCID Mice

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    patched-1-deficient mouse medulloblastoma . Cancer Res. 2009;69:4682-4690. 14. Mao XG, Zhang X, Xue XY, et al. Brain Tumor Stem-Like Cells Identified by...propagating cells in a mouse model of medulloblastoma . Cancer Cell. 2009;15:135-147. 16. Yagi H, Yanagisawa M, Suzuki Y, et al. HNK-1 epitope-carrying

  20. General Properties of Surface Modes in Binary Metal-Dielectric Metamaterials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-22

    metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1847–1849 (2010). 10. Y. Liu, G. Bartal, D. A. Genov, and X. Zhang, “Subwavelength discrete solitons in nonlinear...dielectric metamaterials and the corresponding dispersion curves for the unit cell parameters (a) metal (Au, 20nm, dark grey) and dielectric (n = 1.5

  1. The Limits of Visual Working Memory in Children: Exploring Prioritization and Recency Effects with Sequential Presentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Ed D. J.; Waterman, Amanda H.; Baddeley, Alan D.; Hitch, Graham J.; Allen, Richard J.

    2018-01-01

    Recent research has demonstrated that, when instructed to prioritize a serial position in visual working memory (WM), adults are able to boost performance for this selected item, at a cost to nonprioritized items (e.g., Hu, Hitch, Baddeley, Zhang, & Allen, 2014). While executive control appears to play an important role in this ability, the…

  2. Characterization of the MEMS Directional Sound Sensor in the High Frequency (15-20 kHz) Range

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    frequency response that is almost flat from 50 Hz to 20 kHz [9]. The sound source is a Selenium loudspeaker type DH200E attached to the internal...University Science Books, 2005. [12] W. Zhang and K. Turner, “Frequency dependent fluid damping of micro/ nano flexural resonators: Experiment, model and

  3. Integrating Multiple Knowledge Sources for Utterance-Level Confidence Annotation in the CMU Communicator Spoken Dialog System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-11-01

    Wilson, Rong Zhang for their collaboration on the first part of this work. We would also like to thank Tania Liebowitz and Tina Bennett for their help in...Regression”, Wiley Seried in Prob- ability and Statistics, 2000 [32] Walker M.A., Litman D.J., Kamm C.A., Abella A. “PARADISE: A Framework for Evaluating

  4. Validating the use of MODIS time series for salinity assessment over agricultural soils in California, USA

    Testing soil salinity assessment methodologies over different regions is important for future continental and global scale applications. A novel regional-scale soil salinity modeling approach using plant-performance metrics was proposed by Zhang et al. (2015) for farmland in the Yellow River Delta, ...

  5. Validation of Biomarkers for Prostate Cancer Prognosis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    prostate cancer research community for testing candidate biomarkers. Groups using the resource include Dr. Jeremy Squire, Dr. Gustavo Ayala, and Dr...Ferrari, Javier Hernandez , Antonio Hurtado-Coll, Kyle Kuchinsky, Janet Liew, Rosario Mendez-Meza, Elizabeth Smith, Imelda Tenggarra, Xiaotun Zhang

  6. Academic Standards for Developing, Implementing, Evaluating, and Improving Information Science and Technology Baccalaureate Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shields-Bryant, Elayne

    2006-01-01

    The unprecedented growth, development and implementation of information technology (IT) driven by e-commerce and other technological advances have resulted in an increased demand of technology skilled workers (Reichgelt, Zhang, & Price, 2002; United States Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2005). In response to degree-dependent…

  7. TARGETED DELIVERY OF INHALED PROTEINS

    EPA Science Inventory

    ETD-02-047 (Martonen) GPRA # 10108

    TARGETED DELIVERY OF INHALED PROTEINS
    T. B. Martonen1, J. Schroeter2, Z. Zhang3, D. Hwang4, and J. S. Fleming5
    1Experimental Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park...

  8. Pleiotrophin is a driver of vascular abnormalization in glioblastoma.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lei; Dimberg, Anna

    2016-01-01

    In a recent report by Zhang et al. , pleiotrophin (PTN) was demonstrated to enhance glioma growth by promoting vascular abnormalization. PTN stimulates glioma vessels through anaplastic lymphoma kinase (Alk)-mediated perivascular deposition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Targeting of Alk or VEGF signaling normalizes tumor vessels in PTN-expressing tumors.

  9. Testing a Threshold: An Approximate Replication of Johnson, Mercado & Acevedo 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Mark D.; Nicodemus, Christine L.

    2016-01-01

    In order to better understand the role of working memory in second language (L2) written production, this study contributes to recent research attempting to apply Kellogg's model of working memory in first language (L1) writing to L2 writing research (Ellis & Yuan 2004; Ong & Zhang 2010; Johnson, Mercado & Acevedo 2012). This paper…

  10. Scientific and Organizational Awards | NREL

    Rehman, Fan Zhang, Michael Evzelman, Regan Zane, Kandler Smith, and Dragan Maksimovic 2015 Best Paper organizations. American Association of Blacks in Energy (AABE) 2005 Chairman's Cup Syl Morgan-Smith American Metropolitan Denver 2006 Outstanding Community Service Award Syl Morgan-Smith World Renewable Energy Congress

  11. Genetics Home Reference: CATSPER1-related nonsyndromic male infertility

    MedlinePlus

    ... Avenarius MR, Hildebrand MS, Zhang Y, Meyer NC, Smith LL, Kahrizi K, Najmabadi H, Smith RJ. Human male infertility caused by mutations in ... article on PubMed Central Hildebrand MS, Avenarius MR, Smith RJH. CATSPER-Related Male Infertility. 2009 Dec 3 [ ...

  12. Developmental and Environmental Regulation of AaeIAP1 Transcript in Aedes aegypti

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    libitum. Emerged adults were transferred to a new screened cage, and adult samples were col- lected at different times after emergence. Bovine blood...and J. Zhang. 2007. The Aedes albopictus inhibitor of apoptosis 1 gene protects verte- brate cells from bluetongue virus-induced apoptosis. In- sect

  13. RT 164: Design and Development Tools for the Systems Engineering Experience Accelerator - Part 3

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-04-29

    Investigator: Dr. Jon Wade, Stevens Institute of Technology Co-Principal Investigator: Dr. Doug Bodner, Georgia Institute of Technology Research Team...Defense Acquisition University: Yvette Rodriguez Georgia Institute of Technology : Jing Liu Stevens Institute of Technology : Dr. Richard Turner...Stevens Institute of Technology : Peizhu Zhang Sponsor: Office of the DASD (Systems Engineering) Report No. SERC-2017-TR-107

  14. Tian Tian | NREL

    Tian Tian Photo of Tian Tian Tian Tian Researcher III-Market Research Analysis Tian.Tian@nrel.gov Research Interests Renewable energy regulation Renewable energy business and financing models in various Muljadi, Yincheng Zhang, Mackay Miller, Weisheng Wang, and Jing Wang. "Comparative Study of Standards

  15. Validating the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II among Chinese University Students with Hearing Impairment through Test Accommodations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Sanyin; Zhang, Li-Fang

    2014-01-01

    The present study pioneered in adopting test accommodations to validate the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II (TSI-R2; Sternberg, Wagner, & Zhang, 2007) among Chinese university students with hearing impairment. A series of three studies were conducted that drew their samples from the same two universities, in which accommodating test…

  16. [A Chinese Philosophical Foundation for the Sacred Mission of Nurses: The Ways of Heaven and Life are Correlated].

    PubMed

    Lee, Mei-Hsiu

    2016-08-01

    Clinical nursing practice uses professional nursing techniques, empathy, and moral judgment to help relieve the pain of patients who are suffering physically or mentally from trauma or illness. Thus, nursing involves sacred tasks. According to Confucian reasoning, morality is expressed through everyday actions. Providing care to patients arouses concern and sympathy in the caregiver, which induces him or her to fully apply professional knowledge to this task. This conduct demonstrates the moral conscience of nurses. The Chinese adage "Tian-tao hsing-ming hsiang kuan tung" (the way of heaven and life are correlated), attributed to Northern Song dynasty scholar Zhang Tsai, aptly explains the sacred mission of the nursing profession. Zhang held that all humans are born with a conscience that is given by heaven. However, human senses and desires may suppress this conscience. As Zhang Tsai suggested, the conscience must be cultivated in order to be manifested. The increase in recent years of international academic discussion / research related to the value and meaning of nursing and of exploration into how to promote the moral competence of nurses, not only provide support to Zhang's argument that "tian-tao" and "hsing-ming" are correlated but also provide positive momentum toward enhancing the self-worth of nurses and enabling patients to receive better care.

  17. Modernizing China’s Military: Opportunities and Constraints

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    National Defense Economic Development Strategy], Beijing : Guofang daxue chubanshe, 1990; Sun Zhenyuan, Zhongguo guofang jingji jianshi [China’s...scenarios are outlined in Wang Hongqing and Zhang Xingye, eds., Zhanyixue [The Science of Military Campaigns], Beijing , China: Guofang Daxue Chubanshe...National Defense Eco- nomic Development Strategy], Beijing : Guofang daxue chubanshe, 1990. Naughton, Barry, Growing Out of the Plan, Cambridge, United

  18. FGF Signaling and Dietary Factors in the Prostate

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    Signaling 3. Mohammadi, M., Dionne, C. A., Li, W., Li, N., Spivak, T., Honegger, A. M., 25. Spruck, C. H., de Miguel , M. P., Smith, A. P., Ryan, A., Stein...Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98, 8578-8583 91, 2176-2180 14. Melillo, R. M., Santoro , M., Ong, S. H., Billaud, M., Fusco, A., Hadari, Y. R., 34. Zhang, Y

  19. Exploring an Effective Professional Development Model with Special Educators in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Suzanne M.; Bai, Haiyan; Hu, BiYing

    2011-01-01

    When one compares educational systems of western cultures with those of eastern cultures, many distinct differences exist. These differences become more apparent when the education of students with disabilities is part of the discussion. Can East meet West when it comes to serving students with disabilities? Elllsworth and Zhang (2007) found when…

  20. Relative Proximity Theory: Measuring the Gap between Actual and Ideal Online Course Delivery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swart, William; MacLeod, Kenneth; Paul, Ravi; Zhang, Aixiu; Gagulic, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Based on the Theory of Transactional Distance and Needs Assessment, this article reports a procedure for quantitatively measuring how close the actual delivery of a course was to ideal, as perceived by students. It extends Zhang's instrument and prescribes the computational steps to calculate relative proximity at the element and construct…

  1. SNARC-like Congruency Based on Number Magnitude and Response Duration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiesel, Andrea; Vierck, Esther

    2009-01-01

    Recent findings demonstrated that number magnitude affects the perception of display time (B. Xuan, D. Zhang, S. He, & X. Chen, 2007). Participants made fewer errors when display time (e.g., short) and magnitude (e.g., small) matched, suggesting an influence of magnitude on time perception. With the present experiment, the authors aimed to extend…

  2. The Relationship between the Employment of Part-Time Faculty and Student Degree and/or Certificate Completion in Two-Year Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Hongwei; Campbell, Dale; Mendoza, Pilar

    2015-01-01

    Prior research studies associated the employment of part-time faculty with student degree and/or certificate completion (Benjamin, 2002; Ehrenberg & Zhang, 2005; Jacoby, 2006; Leslie & Gappa, 2002; Umbach, 2008; Umbach & Wawrzynski, 2005). To date, institutional-level data have been utilized to investigate whether such employment…

  3. ARSENIC EFFECTS ON TELOMERE AND TELOMERASE ACTIVITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Arsenic effects on telomere and telomerase activity. T-C. Zhang, M. T. Schmitt, J. Mo, J. L. Mumford, National Research Council and U.S Environmental Protection Agency, NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
    Arsenic is a known carcinogen and also an anticancer agent for acut...

  4. THE EFFECT OF AMOUNT OF CRUDE OIL ON EXTENT OF ITS BIODEGRADATION IN OPEN WATER- AND SANDY BEACH- LABORATORY SIMULATIONS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Lepo, J.E., C. R. Cripe, J.L. Kavanaugh, S. Zhang and G.P. Norton. 2003. Effect of Amount of Crude Oil on Extent of Its Biodegradation in Open Water- and Sandy Beach-Laboratory Simulations. Environ. Technol. 24(10):1291-1302. (ERL,GB 1109).

    We examined the biodegradation ...

  5. AP Potential™ Expectancy Tables Based on PSAT/NMSQT® and SAT® Scores on the 2015-16 Redesigned Scales. Statistical Report 2016-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewing, Maureen; Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Smith, Kara

    2016-01-01

    Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP® Exam--based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel & Ewing, 2014a). For most…

  6. Incorporating Ninth-Grade PSAT/NMSQT® Scores into AP Potential™ Predictions for AP® European History and AP World History. Statistical Report 2014-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Xiuyuan; Patel, Priyank; Ewing, Maureen

    2015-01-01

    Historically, AP Potential™ correlations and expectancy tables have been based on 10th-and 11th-grade PSAT/NMSQT® examinees and 11th-and 12th-grade AP® examinees for all subjects (Zhang, Patel, & Ewing,2014; Ewing, Camara, & Millsap, 2006; Camara & Millsap, 1998). However, a large number of students take AP European History and AP…

  7. Optimization of Passive Coherent Receiver System Placement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    spheroid object with a constant radar cross section (RCS). Additionally, the receiver and transmitters are assumed to be notional isotropic antennae...software- defined radio for equatorial plasma instability studies,” Radio Science, vol. 48, pp. 1–11. Aug. 2013. [2] P. C. Zhang and B. Y. Li, “Passive

  8. Improve Thermoelectric Efficiency of Silicon Nanowires

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-12

    2580(2008). [5] A. I. Hochbaum, R. Chen, R. D. Delgado , W. Liang, E. C. Garnett, M. Najarian, A. Majumdar, and P. Yang, Nature 451, 163 (2008). [6] A...Zhang and B Li, J. Chem. Phys 123, 114714 (2005) [12] C.-W Chang, D. Okawa, H. Garcia , A. Majumdar, and A Zettl, Phys. Rev. Lett 101, 075903 (2006

  9. Linking Returning Veterans in Rural Community Colleges to Mental Health Care

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    limitation was mitigated somewhat by the use of non-response weights developed using the characteristics (age category, gender, race/ethnicity minority...Journal of Psychiatry. 1998; 155:1092-1096. 7 Aud S, Wilkinson- Flicker S, Kristapovich P, Rathbun A, Wang X, Zhang J. The Condition of Education 2013

  10. Editorial: Serving the Optics and Photonics Community for 40 Years.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xi-Cheng

    2017-06-01

    Editor-in-Chief Xi-Cheng Zhang celebrates Optics Letters' 40th anniversary by discussing the Journal's success and clarifying an editorial policy that balances the Journal's high standards with the fulfillment of its mission to support the greater optics and photonics community.

  11. "Translated, It Is: …"--An Ethics of Transreading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Huiwen

    2014-01-01

    Inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's idea of philology and William Gass's concept of transreading, Huiwen (Helen) Zhang employs "transreader" to suggest the integration of four roles in one: reader, translator, writer, and scholar. "Transreader" recognizes that close reading, literary translation, creative writing, and…

  12. Model for growth of fractal solid state surface and possibility of its verification by means of atomic force microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kulikov, D. A.; Potapov, A. A.; Rassadin, A. E.; Stepanov, A. V.

    2017-10-01

    In the paper, methods of verification of models for growth of solid state surface by means of atomic force microscopy are suggested. Simulation of growth of fractals with cylindrical generatrix on the solid state surface is presented. Our mathematical model of this process is based on generalization of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation. Corner stones of this generalization are both conjecture of anisotropy of growth of the surface and approximation of small angles. The method of characteristics has been applied to solve the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation. Its solution should be considered up to the gradient catastrophe. The difficulty of nondifferentiability of fractal initial generatrix has been overcome by transition from a mathematical fractal to a physical one.

  13. Temperature- and Bias-Dependence of Magnetoresistance in Doped Manganite Thin Film Trilayer Junctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, J. Z.; Xiao, Gang

    1998-03-01

    Large low-field magnetoresistance, up to a factor of five change in resistance, was observed in trilayer junctions formed by epitaxial thin films of La_0.67Sr_0.33 MnO3 - SrTiO3 - La_0.67Sr_0.33MnO3 at 4.2K and 100 Oe. Such magnetoresistance decreases with increasing sample temperature, and disappears for temperatures above 150K. The magnetoresistance also decreases upon increasing bias voltage across the junction. We present systematic experimental studies of both temperature and bias-dependence. These results in manganite trilayer junctions at low temperatures are similar to what has been observed in metallic trilayer magnetic tunneling valves, and are qualitatively consistent with the interface magnon excitation model proposed by Zhang et al.(S. Zhang, P. M. Levy, A. C. Marley and S. S. P. Parkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79), 3744 (1997).

  14. ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds - Single Column Model Forcing (xie-scm_forcing)

    DOE Data Explorer

    Xie, Shaocheng; McCoy, Renata; Zhang, Yunyan

    2012-10-25

    The constrained variational objective analysis approach described in Zhang and Lin [1997] and Zhang et al. [2001]was used to derive the large-scale single-column/cloud resolving model forcing and evaluation data set from the observational data collected during Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E), which was conducted during April to June 2011 near the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The analysis data cover the period from 00Z 22 April - 21Z 6 June 2011. The forcing data represent an average over the 3 different analysis domains centered at central facility with a diameter of 300 km (standard SGP forcing domain size), 150 km and 75 km, as shown in Figure 1. This is to support modeling studies on various-scale convective systems.

  15. Brain MRI Tumor Detection using Active Contour Model and Local Image Fitting Energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nabizadeh, Nooshin; John, Nigel

    2014-03-01

    Automatic abnormality detection in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is an important issue in many diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Here an automatic brain tumor detection method is introduced that uses T1-weighted images and K. Zhang et. al.'s active contour model driven by local image fitting (LIF) energy. Local image fitting energy obtains the local image information, which enables the algorithm to segment images with intensity inhomogeneities. Advantage of this method is that the LIF energy functional has less computational complexity than the local binary fitting (LBF) energy functional; moreover, it maintains the sub-pixel accuracy and boundary regularization properties. In Zhang's algorithm, a new level set method based on Gaussian filtering is used to implement the variational formulation, which is not only vigorous to prevent the energy functional from being trapped into local minimum, but also effective in keeping the level set function regular. Experiments show that the proposed method achieves high accuracy brain tumor segmentation results.

  16. Diet-derived microRNAs: unicorn or silver bullet?

    PubMed

    Witwer, Kenneth W; Zhang, Chen-Yu

    2017-01-01

    In ancient lore, a bullet cast from silver is the only effective weapon against monsters. The uptake of active diet-derived microRNAs (miRNAs) in consumers may be the silver bullet long sought after in nutrition and oral therapeutics. However, the majority of scientists consider the transfer and regulation of consumer's gene activity by these diet-derived miRNAs to be a fantasy akin to spotting a unicorn. Nevertheless, groups like Dr. Chen-Yu Zhang's lab in Nanjing University have stockpiled breathtaking amounts of data to shoot down these naysayers. Meanwhile, Dr. Ken Witwer at John Hopkins has steadfastly cautioned the field to beware of fallacies caused by contamination, technical artifacts, and confirmation bias. Here, Dr. Witwer and Dr. Zhang share their realities of dietary miRNAs by answering five questions related to this controversial field.

  17. Improved statistical fluctuation analysis for measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution with four-intensity decoy-state method.

    PubMed

    Mao, Chen-Chen; Zhou, Xing-Yu; Zhu, Jian-Rong; Zhang, Chun-Hui; Zhang, Chun-Mei; Wang, Qin

    2018-05-14

    Recently Zhang et al [ Phys. Rev. A95, 012333 (2017)] developed a new approach to estimate the failure probability for the decoy-state BB84 QKD system when taking finite-size key effect into account, which offers security comparable to Chernoff bound, while results in an improved key rate and transmission distance. Based on Zhang et al's work, now we extend this approach to the case of the measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD), and for the first time implement it onto the four-intensity decoy-state MDI-QKD system. Moreover, through utilizing joint constraints and collective error-estimation techniques, we can obviously increase the performance of practical MDI-QKD systems compared with either three- or four-intensity decoy-state MDI-QKD using Chernoff bound analysis, and achieve much higher level security compared with those applying Gaussian approximation analysis.

  18. A bilinear pairing based anonymous authentication scheme in wireless body area networks for mHealth.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Qi; Lian, Xinxin; Yang, Chao; Ma, Jianfeng; Tian, Youliang; Yang, Yuanyuan

    2016-11-01

    Wireless body area networks (WBANs) have become one of the key components of mobile health (mHealth) which provides 24/7 health monitoring service and greatly improves the quality and efficiency of healthcare. However, users' concern about the security and privacy of their health information has become one of the major obstacles that impede the wide adoption of WBANs. Anonymous and unlinkable authentication is critical to protect the security and privacy of sensitive physiological information in transit from the client to the application provider. We first show that the anonymous authentication scheme of Wang and Zhang based on bilinear pairing is prone to client impersonation attack. Then, we propose an enhanced anonymous authentication scheme to remedy the flaw in Wang and Zhang's scheme. We give the security analysis to demonstrate that the enhanced scheme achieves the desired security features and withstands various known attacks.

  19. A Provably Secure RFID Authentication Protocol Based on Elliptic Curve for Healthcare Environments.

    PubMed

    Farash, Mohammad Sabzinejad; Nawaz, Omer; Mahmood, Khalid; Chaudhry, Shehzad Ashraf; Khan, Muhammad Khurram

    2016-07-01

    To enhance the quality of healthcare in the management of chronic disease, telecare medical information systems have increasingly been used. Very recently, Zhang and Qi (J. Med. Syst. 38(5):47, 32), and Zhao (J. Med. Syst. 38(5):46, 33) separately proposed two authentication schemes for telecare medical information systems using radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. They claimed that their protocols achieve all security requirements including forward secrecy. However, this paper demonstrates that both Zhang and Qi's scheme, and Zhao's scheme could not provide forward secrecy. To augment the security, we propose an efficient RFID authentication scheme using elliptic curves for healthcare environments. The proposed RFID scheme is secure under common random oracle model.

  20. Photochemical Control of the Distribution of Venusian Water and Comparison to Venus Express SOIR Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parkinson, Chris; Yung, Yuk; Esposito, Larry; Gao, Peter; Bougher, Steve

    2014-11-01

    We use the JPL/Caltech 1-D KINETICS photochemical model to solve the continuity diffusion equation for the atmospheric constituent abundances and total number density as a function of radial distance from the planet Venus. The photochemistry of the Venus atmosphere from 58 to 112 km is modeled using an updated and expanded chemical scheme (Zhang et al., 2010; 2012), guided by the results of recent observations. We mainly follow Zhang et al. (2010; 2012) to guide our choice of boundary conditions for 40 species. We fit the SOIR Venus Express results of 1 ppm at 70-90 km (Bertaux et al (2007) by modeling water from between 10 - 35 ppm at our 58 km lower boundary and using an SO2 mixing ratio of 25 ppm as our nominal reference value. We then vary the SO2 mixing ratio at the lower boundary between 5 and 75 ppm and find that it can control the water distribution at higher altitudes.

  1. Recovering information of tunneling spectrum from weakly isolated horizon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Ge-Rui; Huang, Yong-Chang

    2015-02-01

    In this paper we investigate the properties of tunneling spectrum from weakly isolated horizon (WIH)—a locally defined black hole. We find that there exist correlations among Hawking radiations from a WIH, information can be carried out by such correlations, and the radiation is an entropy conservation process. Through revisiting the calculation of the tunneling spectrum from a WIH, we find that Zhang et al.'s (Ann Phys 326:350, 2011) requirement that radiated particles have the same angular momenta of a unit mass as that of the black hole is unnecessary, and the energy and angular momenta of the emitted particles are very arbitrary, restricted only by keeping the cosmic censorship hypothesis of black holes. So we resolve the information loss paradox based on the method of Zhang et al. (Phys Lett B 675:98, 2009; Ann Phys 326:350, 2011; Int J Mod Phys D 22:1341014, 2013) in a general case.

  2. A three-dimensional spin-diffusion model for micromagnetics

    PubMed Central

    Abert, Claas; Ruggeri, Michele; Bruckner, Florian; Vogler, Christoph; Hrkac, Gino; Praetorius, Dirk; Suess, Dieter

    2015-01-01

    We solve a time-dependent three-dimensional spin-diffusion model coupled to the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation numerically. The presented model is validated by comparison to two established spin-torque models: The model of Slonzewski that describes spin-torque in multi-layer structures in the presence of a fixed layer and the model of Zhang and Li that describes current driven domain-wall motion. It is shown that both models are incorporated by the spin-diffusion description, i.e., the nonlocal effects of the Slonzewski model are captured as well as the spin-accumulation due to magnetization gradients as described by the model of Zhang and Li. Moreover, the presented method is able to resolve the time dependency of the spin-accumulation. PMID:26442796

  3. Identification of QTLs for 14 Agronomically Important Traits in Setaria italica Based on SNPs Generated from High-Throughput Sequencing.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Kai; Fan, Guangyu; Zhang, Xinxin; Zhao, Fang; Wei, Wei; Du, Guohua; Feng, Xiaolei; Wang, Xiaoming; Wang, Feng; Song, Guoliang; Zou, Hongfeng; Zhang, Xiaolei; Li, Shuangdong; Ni, Xuemei; Zhang, Gengyun; Zhao, Zhihai

    2017-05-05

    Foxtail millet ( Setaria italica ) is an important crop possessing C4 photosynthesis capability. The S. italica genome was de novo sequenced in 2012, but the sequence lacked high-density genetic maps with agronomic and yield trait linkages. In the present study, we resequenced a foxtail millet population of 439 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) and developed high-resolution bin map and high-density SNP markers, which could provide an effective approach for gene identification. A total of 59 QTL for 14 agronomic traits in plants grown under long- and short-day photoperiods were identified. The phenotypic variation explained ranged from 4.9 to 43.94%. In addition, we suggested that there may be segregation distortion on chromosome 6 that is significantly distorted toward Zhang gu. The newly identified QTL will provide a platform for sequence-based research on the S. italica genome, and for molecular marker-assisted breeding. Copyright © 2017 Zhang et al.

  4. The beam diagnostic instruments in Beijing radioactive ion-beam facilities isotope separator on-line

    SciT

    Ma, Y., E-mail: yjma@ciae.ac.cn; Cui, B.; Ma, R.

    The beam diagnostic instruments for Beijing Radioactive Ion-beam Facilities Isotope Separator On-Line are introduced [B. Q. Cui, Z. H. Peng, Y. J. Ma, R. G. Ma, B. Tang, T. Zhang, and W. S. Jiang, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 266, 4113 (2008); T. J. Zhang, X. L. Guan, and B. Q. Cui, in Proceedings of APAC 2004, Gyeongju, Korea, 2004, http://www.jacow.org , p. 267]. For low intensity ion beam [30–300 keV/1 pA–10 μA], the beam profile monitor, the emittance measurement unit, and the analyzing slit will be installed. For the primary proton beam [100 MeV/200 μA], the beam profile scanner will bemore » installed. For identification of the nuclide, a beam identification unit will be installed. The details of prototype of the beam diagnostic units and some experiment results will be described in this article.« less

  5. Upgrade of absolute extreme ultraviolet diagnostic on J-TEXT

    SciT

    Zhang, X. L.; Cheng, Z. F., E-mail: chengfe@hust.edu.cn; Hou, S. Y.

    The absolute extreme ultraviolet (AXUV) diagnostic system is used for radiation observation on J-TEXT tokamak [J. Zhang, G. Zhuang, Z. J. Wang, Y. H. Ding, X. Q. Zhang, and Y. J. Tang, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073509 (2010)]. The upgrade of the AXUV system is aimed to improve the spatial resolution and provide a three-dimensional image on J-TEXT. The new system consists of 12 AXUV arrays (4 AXUV16ELG arrays, 8 AXUV20ELG arrays). The spatial resolution in the cross-section is 21 mm for the AXUV16ELG arrays and 17 mm for the AXUV20ELG arrays. The pre-amplifier is also upgraded for a highermore » signal to noise ratio. By upgrading the AXUV imaging system, a more accurate observation on the radiation information is obtained.« less

  6. An Efficient Remote Authentication Scheme for Wireless Body Area Network.

    PubMed

    Omala, Anyembe Andrew; Kibiwott, Kittur P; Li, Fagen

    2017-02-01

    Wireless body area network (WBAN) provide a mechanism of transmitting a persons physiological data to application providers e.g. hospital. Given the limited range of connectivity associated with WBAN, an intermediate portable device e.g. smartphone, placed within WBAN's connectivity, forwards the data to a remote server. This data, if not protected from an unauthorized access and modification may be lead to poor diagnosis. In order to ensure security and privacy between WBAN and a server at the application provider, several authentication schemes have been proposed. Recently, Wang and Zhang proposed an authentication scheme for WBAN using bilinear pairing. However, in their scheme, an application provider could easily impersonate a client. In order to overcome this weakness, we propose an efficient remote authentication scheme for WBAN. In terms of performance, our scheme can not only provide a malicious insider security, but also reduce running time of WBAN (client) by 51 % as compared to Wang and Zhang scheme.

  7. Screening of Peptide Libraries Against Protective Antigen of Bacillus Anthracis in a Disposable Microfluidic Cartridge

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-28

    New Reprint Screening of Peptide Libraries against Protective Antigen of Bacillus anthracis in a Disposable Microfluidic Cartridge W911NF-09-D-0001...against Protective Antigen of Bacillus anthracis in a Disposable Microfluidic Cartridge Report Title ABSTRACT See attached. Screening of Peptide...Libraries against Protective Antigen of Bacillus anthracis in a Disposable Microfluidic Cartridge Joshua M. Kogot1, Yanting Zhang2, Stephen J. Moore3

  8. Effectiveness of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Gulf War Illness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    8217 heterogeneous presentation GWI neurological presentations ·A new disease for TCM ’Wei-zhang (Flaccidity Syndrome ) treatment of organophosphate...poisoning ·Bi Syndrome ’Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) dysregulation ’ Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School F6 Study Methodology...Screener; Jessica Wolin, MD:Medical Monitor; Elaine Scarmoutzos, Project Coordinator; Christina Noonan , MAc., LicAc.: Research Assistant; Matthew Hitron

  9. Enabling Live Internet Broadcasting Using an Application Endpoint Architecture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-09

    students and staff members in the ESM project: Aditya Ganjam , Eugene Ng, Kunwadee Sripanidkulchai, and Jibin Zhan. Much of the work in Chapter 3 is...dissertation. Chapter 2 is joint work with fellow student Sanjay Rao. Chapter 3 is joint work with Aditya Ganjam , Eugene Ng, Sanjay Rao, Kunwadee...Networked Systems (PINS), August 2004. [16] Y. Chu, A. Ganjam , T. Ng, S. Rao, K. Sripanidkulchai, J. Zhan, and H. Zhang. Early Experi- ence with an

  10. Effect of Boundary Conditions on the Back Face Deformations of Flat UHMWPE Panels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    Zhang [2] carried out a numerical study of the effects of clamping type and clamping pressure on the ballistic performance of woven Kevlar , and found...effects of composite size were also studied. Singletary [5] studied the effects of boundary conditions and panel sizes on V50 for Kevlar KM2 fabric. The...on the BFD in flat UHMWPE panels. UHMWPE possesses high tenacity and high strength compared to Kevlar , as a result of which it is the material of

  11. A Multiscale Nested Modeling Framework to Simulate the Interaction of Surface Gravity Waves with Nonlinear Internal Gravity Waves

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-30

    Meneveau, C., and L. Shen (2014), Large-eddy simulation of offshore wind farm , Physics of Fluids, 26, 025101. Zhang, Z., Fringer, O.B., and S.R...being centimeter scale, surface mixed layer processes arising from the combined actions of tides, winds and mesoscale currents. Issues related to...the internal wave field and how it impacts the surface waves. APPROACH We are focusing on the problem of modification of the wind -wave field

  12. Trauma is Danger

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    self interactions and thereby neglect most traumatic injuries , the Danger model abandons this classical concept [ 2 ]. The Danger model theorizes that...June 2011 References 1. Keel M, Trentz O: Pathophysiology of polytrauma. Injury 2005, 36:691-709. 2 . Matzinger P: Tolerance, danger, and the extended... ischemia - reperfusion . J Exp Med 2005, 201:1135-1143. 27. Huang LF, Yao YM, Zhang LT, Dong N, Yu Y, Sheng ZY: The effect of high- mobility group box 1

  13. A drug from poison: how the therapeutic effect of arsenic trioxide on acute promyelocytic leukemia was discovered.

    PubMed

    Rao, Yi; Li, Runhong; Zhang, Daqing

    2013-06-01

    It is surprising that, while arsenic trioxide (ATO) is now considered as "the single most active agent in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)", the most important discoverer remains obscure and his original papers have not been cited by a single English paper. The discovery was made during the Cultural Revolution when most Chinese scientists and doctors struggled to survive. Beginning with recipes from a countryside practitioner that were vague in applicable diseases, Zhang TingDong and colleagues proposed in the 1970s that a single chemical in the recipe is most effective and that its target is APL. More than 20 years of work by Zhang and colleagues eliminated the confusions about whether and how ATO can be used effectively. Other researchers, first in China and then in the West, followed his lead. Retrospective analysis of data from his own group proved that APL was indeed the most sensitive target. Removal of a trace amount of mercury chloride from the recipe by another group in his hospital proved that only ATO was required. Publication of Western replication in 1998 made the therapy widely accepted, though neither Western, nor Chinese authors of English papers on ATO cited Zhang's papers in the 1970s. This article focuses on the early papers of Zhang, but also suggests it worth further work to validate Chinese reports of ATO treatment of other cancers, and infers that some findings published in Chinese journals are of considerable value to patients and that doctors from other countries can benefit from the clinical experience of Chinese doctors with the largest population of patients.

  14. Development of Antibacterials Targeting the MEP Pathway of Select Agents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    discovery, evaluation of lead inhibitors in microbial growth assays, determining X- ray crystal structures of the MEP pathway enzymes MEP synthase and...recombinant proteins to WRAIR for X- ray crystallography. Reportable Outcomes • A manuscript detailing the characterization of the Y. pestis MEP...characterization and phosphoregulation. PLoS ONE 6: e20884. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020884. 3. Zhang, Chung, Oldenburg (1999) A Simple Statistical

  15. Rational Design of Rho Protein Inhibitors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    X- ray crystallographic techniques for structure determination. This training regimen has consisted of formal training either individually from...facility (Brenda Temple, Ph.D.), members of the LDDN at Harvard University (Ross Stein, Ph.D. and Li-An Yeh, Ph.D.), the director of the X- ray core...initiation but essential for metastasis. Genes Dev, 2005. Electronic publication ahead of print. 23. Zhang J-H, Chung TDY, and Oldenburg KR. A

  16. Development of Antibacterials Targeting the MEP Pathway of Select Agents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    inhibitor discovery, evaluation of lead inhibitors in microbial growth assays, determining X- ray crystal structures of the MEP pathway enzymes MEP...recombinant proteins to WRAIR for X- ray crystallography. Reportable Outcomes Haymond A, Johny C, Dowdy T, Schweibenz B, Villarroel K, Young R, Mantooth...journal.pone.0020884. 9 3. Zhang, Chung, Oldenburg (1999) A Simple Statistical Parameter for Use in Evaluation and Validation of High Throughput Screening

  17. Development of Antibacterials Targeting the MEP Pathway of Select Agents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-01

    based assays for lead inhibitor discovery, evaluation of lead inhibitors in microbial growth assays, determining X- ray crystal structures of MEP pathway...inhibitors. • On-demand production and delivery of recombinant proteins to WRAIR for X- ray crystallography. Reportable Outcomes...characterization and phosphoregulation. PLoS ONE 6: e20884. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020884. 3. Zhang JH, Chung TD, Oldenburg KR (1999) A Simple

  18. Rapid Formation of Acrylated Microstructures by Microwave-Induced Thermal Crosslinking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Kagawa, M. Okubo, Chem. Rev. 2008, 108, 3747. [10] C. O. Kappe, D. Dallinger, Nature Rev. Drug Disc. 2006, 5, 51. [11] R. Hoogenboom , U. S. Schubert...of Electronic Imaging 2004, 13. [24] R. M. Paulus, C. R. Becer, R. Hoogenboom , U. S. Schubert, Aust. J. Chem. 2009, 62, 254. [25] S. S. Cutie, D. E...Kohn, Macromolecules 1992, 25, 4476. [27] H. Zhang, R. Hoogenboom , M. Meier, U. Schubert, Meas. Sci. Technol. 2005, 16, 203. 13

  19. Effects of Mn2+ Levels on the Resistance Properties of Bacillus cereus Spores

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    In contrast, Bacillus subtilis spores with over a 200-fold range of protoplast Mn levels exhibited no significant differences in resistance to... Bacillus subtilis . J. Bacteriol. 189:8458-8466. Coleman WH, Zhang P, Li YQ, Setlow P (2010). Mechanism of killing of spores of Bacillus cereus and...Gaidamakova EK, Matrosova VY, Daly MJ, Setlow P (2011). Effects of levels of Mn and Fe on Bacillus subtilis spore resistance, and effects of Mn 2

  20. Predicting Boat-Generated Wave Heights: A Quantitative Analysis through Video Observations of Vessel Wakes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-18

    by the AWAC. It is a surface- penetrating device that measures continuous changes in the water elevations over time at much higher sampling rates of...background subtraction, a technique based on detecting change from a background scene. Their study highlights the difficulty in object detection and tracking...movements (Zhang et al. 2009) Alternatively, another common object detection method , known as Optical Flow Analysis , may be utilized for vessel

  1. Electrical Control of Silicon Photonic Crystal Cavity by Graphene

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Henriksen, E. A.; Jiang, Z.; Hao, Z.; Martin, M. C.; Kim, P.; Stormer , H. L.; Basov, D. N. Nat. Phys. 2008, 4 (7), 532−535. (4) Liu, M.; Yin, X...Zhang, Y.; Tan, Y.-W.; Stormer , H. L.; Kim, P. Nature 2005, 438 (7065), 201−204. (21) Cho, J. H.; Lee, J.; Xia, Y.; Kim, B.; He, Y.; Renn, M. J

  2. The Military & Political Succession in China: Leadership, Institutions, Beliefs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    Xinjiang MD Political Commissar Tang Guangcai is most likely a veteran of the Fifth FA system who has served in Xinjiang since at least 1979. He was a...28th GA (Shanxi Province) Tang Liehui Commander Guo Weixin Political Commissar 38th GA (Hebei Province) Zhang Meiyuan WuRunzhong 63rd GA...po1itical department director of the same unit in June 1989. Both men served with Martial Law Forces during the Tiananmen crisis. Commander Tang Liehui of

  3. Relativistic distorted-wave collision strengths for the 16 Δn=0 optically allowed transitions with n=2 in the 67 O-like ions with 26≤Z≤92

    SciT

    Fontes, Christopher J., E-mail: cjf@lanl.gov; Zhang, Hong Lin

    2015-01-15

    Relativistic distorted-wave collision strengths have been calculated for the 16 Δn=0 optically allowed transitions with n=2 in the 67 O-like ions with nuclear charge number Z in the range 26≤Z≤92. The calculations were made for the four final, or scattered, electron energies E{sup ′}=0.20,0.42,0.80, and 1.40, where E{sup ′} is in units of Z{sub eff}{sup 2} Ry with Z{sub eff}=Z−5.83. In the present calculations, an improved “top-up” method, which employs relativistic plane waves, was used to obtain the high partial-wave contribution for each transition, in contrast to the partial-relativistic Coulomb–Bethe approximation used in previous work by Zhang and Sampson [H.L.more » Zhang, D.H. Sampson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 82 (2002) 357]. In that earlier work, collision strengths were also provided for O-like ions, but for a more comprehensive data set consisting of all possible 45 Δn=0 transitions, six scattered energies, and the 79 ions with Z in the range 14≤Z≤92. The collision strengths covered in the present work should be more accurate than the corresponding data given by Zhang and Sampson [H.L. Zhang, D.H. Sampson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 82 (2002) 357] and are presented here to replace those earlier results.« less

  4. Relativistic distorted-wave collision strengths for the 49 Δn=0 optically allowed transitions with n=2 in the 67 B-like ions with 26≤Z≤92

    SciT

    Fontes, Christopher J., E-mail: cjf@lanl.gov; Zhang, Hong Lin

    2014-05-15

    Relativistic distorted-wave collision strengths have been calculated for the 49 Δn=0 optically allowed transitions with n=2 in the 67 B-like ions with nuclear charge number Z in the range 26≤Z≤92. The calculations were made for the four final, or scattered, electron energies E{sup ′}=0.20, 0.42, 0.80, and 1.40, where E{sup ′} is in units of Z{sub eff}{sup 2} Ry with Z{sub eff}=Z−3.33. In the present calculations, an improved “top-up” method, which employs relativistic plane waves, was used to obtain the high partial-wave contribution for each transition, in contrast to the partial-relativistic Coulomb–Bethe approximation used in previous work by Zhang andmore » Sampson [H.L. Zhang and D.H. Sampson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 56 (1994) 41]. In that earlier work, collision strengths were also provided for B-like ions, but for a more comprehensive data set consisting of all 105 Δn=0 transitions, six scattered energies and the 85 ions with Z in the range 8≤Z≤92. The collision strengths covered in the present work should be more accurate than the corresponding data given by Zhang and Sampson [H.L. Zhang and D.H. Sampson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 56 (1994) 41] and are presented here to replace those earlier results.« less

  5. Comment on 'Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser'

    SciT

    Coen, Stephane; Sylvestre, Thibaut; Institut FEMTO-ST, Universite de Franche-Comte, CNRS UMR 6174, F-25030 Besancon

    A recent Brief Report [Zhang et al., Phys. Rev. A 80, 045803 (2009)] presents experimental results in which dark pulses are generated in a fiber laser. Contrary to what is presented, the data published in that Brief Report do not support the claim that the duration of the dark dips are in the 8 ps range and that these pulses are related to genuine dark solitons.

  6. New insights into the dual role of TGF-beta | Center for Cancer Research

    Cancer.gov

    The dual role of TGF-beta in cancer continues to challenge investigators in the field. TGF-beta is a well-known factor associated with tumor suppression in normal cells and yet promotes tumor progression in advanced stages of cancer. For years, the mechanisms that underpin this conundrum have not been fully understood. Ying Zhang, Ph.D., senior investigator in the Laboratory

  7. Mechanisms of Oral Tolerance Breakdown in Food Allergy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-01

    sensitization with allergen due to a gain of function mutation in the IL-4 receptor alpha chain (IL-4R) [tyrosine (Y) 709 to Phenylalanine (F)] that results...Chehoud C, Kuczynski J, Desantis T, Warrington J, Hyde ER, Petrosino JF, Gerber GK, Bry L , Oettgen HC, Mazmanian SK, Chatila TA. A microbiota...Zhang YQ, Hobson SA, Garcia Lloret M, Chehoud C, Kuczynski J, Desantis T, Warrington J, Hyde ER, Petrosino JF, Gerber GK, Bry L , Oettgen HC

  8. Identification of the Regions of Cytotoxic Necrotizing Factor Type 1 Responsible for Receptor Binding and Enzymatic Activity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-05

    kidneys (Warren, 1996). There are generally three clinical manifestations of UTI. These are asymptomatic bacteriuria , cystitis, and acute...pyelonephritis (Warren, 1996; Zhang and Foxman, 2003). Asymptomatic bacteriuria is defined as such in an individual who has two consecutive urine cultures...tract (Marrs et al., 2005). UPEC strains that express this virulence factor are associated with pyelonephritis in pregnant women (30%) as well as

  9. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-02

    leading comrades of the municipal CPC committee, the municipal government, and the Shanghai Garrison Command; Zhang Yuhua , adviser to the Nanjing...Approximately 45 years of age, Hu Deping is the assistant chief of the China Museum of History and the president of the China " Cao Xuequin Research Association...34 At the tea party, he indicated to the Hong Kong and Macao reporters surrounding him that he hoped that the recently opened " Cao Xueqin Memorial

  10. Dual-Targeting of AR and Akt Pathways by Berberine in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    Berberine in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Haitao Zhang CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Tulane University...COVERED 19 2012-18 2013 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER W81XWH-12-1-0275 Dual-Targeting of AR and Akt Pathways by Berberine in Castration...NOTES 14. ABSTRACT We have previously shown berberine , a natural compound, downregulates full-length androgen receptor (AR) and AR splice

  11. Civil-Military Change in China: Elites, Institutes, and Ideas After the 16th Party Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-09-01

    Xiliang, Lang Longxi, Zhou Xupeng, Zhang Hong, Fang Junzhong, Fang Lufeng, Guo Weihu, Zhu Guangzheng, Zhao Heng, Quan Zhixue, Yu Hongtao , Hou Xiaoqin...Deng Hongtao , and Lei Ziyuan, "Vast Numbers of Officers and Men of All Armed Forces and Armed Police Corps Resolutely Support New CPC Central Committee...and Central Military Commission," Jiefangjun bao, November 17, 2002, p. 1. 14. Jiefangjun bao, November 20, 2002. 15. Qian Xiaohu, Xia Hongqing, Han

  12. Targeting Neuropilin-1 in Prostate Cancer Bone Metastasis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    USA; Dr. Leland W. K. Chung (Email: Leland.Chung@cshs.org), Uro -Oncology Research Program, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA...Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, 2007. 25 Zhang S, Zhau HE, Iqbal S, Chung LWK, Wu D. Vascular endothelial growth...15. Pedersen LO , Hansen AS, Olsen AC, et al. The interaction between h2-microglobulin (h2m) and puri- fied class-I major histocompatibility (MHC

  13. 2014 NREL Photovoltaic Reliability Workshops | Photovoltaic Research | NREL

    Curves and Visual Inspection of PV Modules Deployed at TEP Solar Test Yard-Peter McNutt, NREL Data Determining PV System's Degradation Rate and the Impact of Data Filters-Wilson Zexu Zhang, REC Solar Pte. Ltd " Test in Qualifying Solar PV Inverters-Dutch Uselton, Lennox IND System Reliability for Utility PV

  14. The Second National Chinese Conference on Permafrost, Lanzhou, China, 12-18 October 1981.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    discuss questions of Quaternary glaciers and periglacial phenomena. It is our understanding that Professor Cui Zhijul of Peking University is...frost heaving (4) Remote sensing (a) snow distribution and water yield over frozen terrain (b) indicators of frozen ground (c) glacier sedimentation ...Li Shude and Zhang TingJun, Basic features of periglacial 41 phenomena, Altai Shan, China (missed presentation) 15 OCTOBER 1981, MORNING Wang Chunhe

  15. JPRS Report, China, Qiushi Seeking Truth, No. 22, 16 November 1990.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-24

    They proceed primarily from philo- PINGLUN [ LITERARY CRITICISM] No. 2, 1989. sophical epistemology and, by censuring and negating the dialectical...else under different con- 14. " Literary and Art Theory in Our Times" in DUSHU ditions. This is, to a great degree, determined by the [READING] No. 12...Governing Historical Development-Commenting on the Historical Idealism of the ’ Theory of Choice’ [Zhang Wei] ........ 41 JPRS-CAR-91-003 24 January

  16. Cellular Basis for Learning Impairment in Fragile X Syndrome

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    oxygen is restored. Induction of the heat shock proteins (HSPs) is one of the first lines of defense against physiological stress , shifting cellular...Haddad, 2001), and aid resistance to glutamate and hypoxic stress in mammals (Zhang et al., 2000). AMPA receptor currents, meanwhile, are also...level in anoxic turtle brain. These include increases in heat shock proteins, anti-apoptotic factors, the MAP kinases, antioxidants and modulation of

  17. Innovative T Cell-Targeted Therapy for Ovarian Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    curative.23 In contrast, long term survivorship of patients following allogeneic TCRαβ-depleted hematopoietic stem -cell transplantation (HSCT) was...receptors and steroid receptors. Stem cells 1996; 14(6): 632-41. 40. Lai D, Wang F, Chen Y, Wang C, Liu S, Lu B et al. Human ovarian cancer stem ...leukemia stem cells and eliminate AML. Manuscript in preparation. 46. Zhang M, Maiti S, Bernatchez C, Huls H, Rabinovich B, Champlin RE, Vence LM, Hwu P

  18. Challenges of Zinc-Specific Transrectal Fluorescence Tomography to Detect Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    wavelength, aem  and sem as those at emission wavelength, afl as the absorption coefficient of the fluorophore at the excitation wavelength,  as the...tentatively accepted” by Medical Physics at the time of this annual report being submitted. The current pre-doctoral trainee PI is Mr. Anqi Zhang. The...year 2 report thus contains progresses contributed by both the former and current trainee PIs. During the year 2 of this study, we have furthered

  19. Microencapsulation of Self-healing Concrete Properties

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    1t does not display a currently valid OMB control number PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ORGANIZATION. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 12...and even by forms of organic matter (Ming Qiu Zhang et al 2011). All of these methods are currently undergoing testing and analysis in order to...dimensions at resolution near 0.1 nm. Using a tunneling current applied to a probe tip that is rastered across the surface, the electrons from the

  20. MIZMAS: Modeling the Evolution of Ice Thickness and Floe Size Distributions in the Marginal Ice Zone of the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-30

    ITD theory of Thorndike et al. (1975) in order to explicitly simulate the evolution of FSD and ITD jointly. The FSD theory includes a FSD function and...et al., 2015). 4 RESULTS Modeling: A FSD theory is developed and coupled to the ITD theory of Thorndike et al. (1975) in order to... Thorndike , A.S., D.A. Rothrock, G.A. Maykut, and R. Colony (1975), The thickness distribution of sea ice. J. Geophys. Res., 80, 4501–4513. Zhang

  1. Combustion Dynamics of Biocidal Metal-Based Energetic Components in Turbulent Reactive Flows

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    imperative for successful design of respective metalized energetic systems. This predictive ability must rely on accurate models describing...powders was reported to vary from 900 to 1200 K, depending on milling conditions (Zhang et al. 2010a). Another reactive material designed to...the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, 845 II; Baltimore, MD), pp. 972-975. Fuchs

  2. Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division

    ; Finance Templates Travel One-Stop Personnel Resources Committees In Case of Emergency Looking for MSD0010 Officer Mary Gross MCGross@lbl.gov Research Group Representatives Group Rep Ager Rachel Woods-Robinson Somorjai (see Salmeron Group) Yaghi Xiaokun Pei xiaokun_pei@berkeley.edu Zhang Sui Yang SuiYang@lbl.gov

  3. Analysis Code - Data Analysis in 'Leveraging Multiple Statistical Methods for Inverse Prediction in Nuclear Forensics Applications' (LMSMIPNFA) v. 1.0

    SciT

    Lewis, John R

    R code that performs the analysis of a data set presented in the paper ‘Leveraging Multiple Statistical Methods for Inverse Prediction in Nuclear Forensics Applications’ by Lewis, J., Zhang, A., Anderson-Cook, C. It provides functions for doing inverse predictions in this setting using several different statistical methods. The data set is a publicly available data set from a historical Plutonium production experiment.

  4. Plasmon-Induced Plasma Spectroscopy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-11-10

    Agut, M.; Nonell, S. Synthesis, Photophysical Character- ization, and Photoinduced Antibacterial Activity of Methylene Blue- Loaded Amino- and Mannose...of 4- Aminothiophenol. Sci Rep 2013, 3, 2997. 26. Huang, Y. F.; Zhang, M.; Zhao, L. B.; Feng, J. M.; Wu, D. Y.; Ren, B.; Tian, Z. Q., Activation of...interfacial structures at much lower temperature than expected according to the activation energy required for atomic diffusion. Although the reason for

  5. 2011 Nanoelectronic Devices for Defense & Security (NANO-DDS) Conference Held in Brooklyn, New York on August 29-September 1, 2011. Technical Program and Abstract Digest

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    challenges in new design methodologies . Particular examples involve an in-circuit functional timing testing of systems with millions of cores. I...TECHNIQUES Chair: Dwight Woolard, U.S. Army Research Office (ARO) 8:40-9:05 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN OF SINGLE-CRYSTAL DNA FOR THZ SPECTROSCOPY...Detection Based Techniques EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN OF SINGLE-CRYSTAL DNA FOR THZ SPECTROSCOPY E. R. Brown, M.L. Norton, M. Rahman, W. Zhang Wright

  6. The Potential Application and Risks Associated With the Use of Predatory Bacteria as a Bio-control Agent Against Wound Infections

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    wotlllds examined. L Haired skin: Dermatitis , uleeratin , neub’ophilic (acute), focal. severe, with edema, serocellular exudate, and underlying...H, Taylor HR, Vajpayee RB (2007) Association between cultures of contact lens and corneal scraping in contact lens related microbial keratitis. Arch...aeruginosa infection and inflammation during contact lens wear: a review. Optom Vis Sci 84: 273–278. 29. Zhang J, Wu XY, Yu FS (2005) Inflammatory

  7. Ionosphere-Thermosphere Coupling - Data Analysis and Numerical Simulation Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-12

    polar cusp [Heikkila and Winningham, 1971; Frank , 1971] and over the polar cap region [Winningham and Heikkila, 1974; Zhang et al., 2007]. The...underestimation of electron density, Pedersen conductivity, Joule heating, and finally result in a poor understanding of the I-T system. Therefore, it is...higher electron densities, higher Pedersen conductivities and more Joule heating in the F-region. As Approved for public release; distribution is

  8. Performance Evaluation and Control of Distributed Computer Communication Networks.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    Zukerman, S. Katz, P. Rodriguez, R. Pazos , S. Resheff, Z. Tsai, Z. Zhang, L. Jong, V. Minh. Other participants are the following visiting... Pazos -Rangel "Bandwidth Allocation and Routing in ISDN’s," IEEE Communications Magazine, February 1984. Abstract The goal of communications network design...location and routing for integrated networks - is formulated, and efficient methods for its solution are presented. (2) R.A. Pazos -Rangel "Evaluation

  9. Targeting Midbodies in Ovarian Cancer Stem Cells as a Therapeutic Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    functional spindle assembly. Nat. Cell Biol. 13, 1406–1414. Ori-McKenney, K.M., Jan, L.Y., and Jan, Y.-N. (2012). Golgi outposts shape dendrite morphology...1899. Yadav, S., and Linstedt, A.D. (2011). Golgi positioning. Cold Spring Harb. Perspect . Biol. 3, 3. Zhang, H., Squirrell, J.M., and White, J.G. (2008...implications for recy- cling endosome function . This new liaison has additional impli- cations for a variety of biological processes including cilia

  10. An Investigation into the Use of 3D Scanning and Printing Technologies in the Navy Collaborative Product Lifecycle Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    starches ) are simple. One example is the use of 3DP to fabricate Ti3SiC2 (titanium silicon carbide)- based ceramics (Nan, Yin, Zhang, & Cheng, 2011...These ceramics are highly valued in high-temperature and electronic applications because of characteristics such as high oxidation resistance , low...electrical resistance , and low density; however, it also has low strength and fracture toughness, making it difficult to manufacture. Nan et al. (2011

  11. Crisis in the Taiwan Strait

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-09-01

    strait conflict. He concludes that China is making steady progress toward rationalizing its arms production and procurement poli- cy. The process is...played in the past for political and oper- ational reasons. The PLA is still in the process of formulating a detailed set of oper- ational doctrines... formulation of strategic doctrines towards Taiwan, while another CMC vice chairman, Gen. Zhang Wannian, has been closely involved in supervising

  12. The Role of the Chinese Military in National Security of Policymaking.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    California Press, 1992, pp. 95-124; Wei Li , The Chinese Staff System: A Mechanism for Bureaucratic Control and Integration, Berkeley: Institute of East...representatives, etc. They reportedly continue to perform these roles today. For details, see Wei Li and Lucian W. Pye, "The Ubiquitous Role of the Mishu in...strategic objectives. These included Ye Jianying , Xu Xiangqian, Nie Rongzhen, Yang Shangkun, Zhang Aiping, Yang Dezhi, Yu Qiuli, and Hong Xuezhi. Ye, Xu

  13. China Report, Red Flag, No. 13, 1 July 1983.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-13

    Jianying , Li Fuchun, Li Xiannian, Xu Xiangqian and Nie Rongzhen strongly criticized the errors of the "Cultural Revolution." But these were smeared as...22) ( Li Qi) 26 The Significance of Life Lies in Making Contributions and Not Making Demands—On Zhang Haidi’s Communist Outlook on Life (pp 23-27...Duxiu^, and Comrades Qu Qiubai^ and Li Lisan^ did not engage in conspiracies. Luo Zhanglong? tried to split the party by setting up another central

  14. SNS Extraction Fast Kicker System Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    SNS EXTRACTION FAST KICKER SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT * W. Zhang ξ, J. Sandberg, R. Lambiase, Y.Y. Lee, R. Lockey, J. Mi, T. Nehring, C. Pai, N. Tsoupas...Oak Ridge, TN 37831 * SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for...the U.S. Department of Energy. SNS is a partnership of six national laboratories: Argonne, Brookhaven, Jefferson, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, and

  15. Metal-enhanced chemiluminescence from chromium, copper, nickel, and zinc nanodeposits: Evidence for a second enhancement mechanism in metal-enhanced fluorescence

    SciT

    Weisenberg, Micah; Zhang Yongxia; Geddes, Chris D.

    Over the past decade metal-fluorophore interactions, metal-enhanced fluorescence, have attracted significant research attention, with the technology now becoming common place in life science applications. In this paper, we address the underlying mechanisms of metal-enhanced fluorescence (MEF) and experimentally show using chemiluminescence solutions that MEF is indeed underpinned by two complimentary mechanisms, consistent with the recent reports by Geddes and co-workers [Zhang et al., J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 12095 (2009)] and their enhanced fluorescence hypothesis.

  16. A 3D Hydrodynamic Model for Cytokinesis of Eukaryotic Cells

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    goes wrong may lead to a catastrophe or failure, which may lead to an unwelcome outcome for instance cancer . Thus, a detailed understanding on... biofilm - drug interaction. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems Series B, 15:417–456, March 2011. 13 [17] Brandon Lindley, Qi Wang, and Tianyu Zhang...Multicomponent hydrodynamic model for heterogeneous biofilms : Two-dimensional numerical simulations of growth and in- teraction with flows. Physical

  17. Structural and Electrical-Optical Characterizations of Semiconductor-Atomic Superlattice

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-01

    and Avalanche diodes certainly fall into this category. Resonant tunneling diodes like Esaki Tunnel diodes are NDC devices belong to a class where...Heterostructures, Eds. M. Dutta and M. Stroscio, (World Sci. 2003, Singapore), p221 177 Cooling by Inverse Nottingham Effect with Resonant Tunneling ...controlled emitter, V. Semet, V.T. Binh, J.Zhang, J.Yang, M.A. Khan, and R. Tsu, APL. 84,1937 (2004) 186 Stability Issues in Tunneling via Quantum

  18. The thrill can kill: murder by methylation.

    PubMed

    Barik, Sailen

    2007-05-01

    Why babies of crack-cocaine mothers develop heart problems has always been a mystery. In this issue of Molecular Pharmacology, Zhang et al. (p. 1319) show that a specific methylation occurs at the protein kinase Cepsilon (PKCepsilon) promoter of the babies born of mother rats exposed to cocaine. This reduces the expression of PKCepsilon, a naturally cardioprotective enzyme, which provides a plausible molecular mechanism for cardiac failure.

  19. The Role of GADD34 (Growth Arrest and DNA Damage-Inducible Protein) in Regulating Apoptosis, Proliferation, and Protein Synthesis in Human Breast Cancer Cells

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-07-01

    23. Connor, J . H., Quan, H. N., Raniaswamy, N. T., Zhang, L., Barik , S., Zbeng, J ., 44. Wu, X., and Tatchell, K, (2001) Biochemistry 40, 7410-7420...McGraw, E. Kevin Heist, J . Luis Guerrero, Anna A. DePaoli-Roach, Roger J . Hajjar and Evangelia G. Kranias. "Enhancement of Cardiac Function and...by this fellowship allowed me to present a poster at the ASCB meeting and successfully defend my thesis in Dec 2004. References: 1. Secombe, J

  20. Antidotes for Ricin Intoxication. Effects of Ricin on the Vascular Neuroeffector System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-10-25

    advent of monoclonal antibodies opened up a whole new world of possibilities for the therapeutic use of ricin. By targeting the toxin to a specific...AD-A261 950 CONTRACT NO: DAMD17-90-C-0109 S TITLE: ANTIDOTES FOR RICIN INTOXICATION SUBTITLE: Effects of Ricin on the Vascular Neuroeffector System...PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Casey Robinson AUTIORS: Victoria J. Christiansen, Chia-Hsuh Hsu, Lin Zhang CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: University of Oklahoma

  1. Dataset of Building and Environment Publication in 2016, A reference method for measuring emissions of SVOCs in small chambers

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The data presented in this data file is a product of a journal publication. The dataset contains DEHP air concentrations in the emission test chamber.This dataset is associated with the following publication:Wu, Y., S. Cox, Y. Xu, Y. Liang, D. Wong, X. Liu, J. Benning, P. Clausen, Y. Zhang, C. Liu, and J. Little. A Reference Method for Measuring Emissions of SVOCs in Small Chambers. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, USA, 95: 126-132, (2016).

  2. On the Existence of the Logarithmic Surface Layer in the Inner Core of Hurricanes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    characteristics of eyewall boundary layer of Hurricane Hugo (1989). Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 1447-1462. Zhang, JA, Montgomery MT. 2012 Observational...the inner core of hurricanes Roger K. Smitha ∗and Michael T. Montgomeryb a Meteorological Institute, University of Munich, Munich, Germany b Dept. of...logarithmic surface layer”, or log layer, in the boundary layer of the rapidly-rotating core of a hurricane . One such study argues that boundary-layer

  3. An Estimation of Turbulent Characteristics in the Low-Level Region of Intense Hurricanes Allen (1980) and Hugo (1989)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    An Estimation of Turbulent Characteristics in the Low-Level Region of Intense Hurricanes Allen (1980) and Hugo (1989) JUN A. ZHANG Rosenstiel School...aircraft that penetrated the eyewalls of category 5 Hurricane Hugo (1989) and category 4 Hurricane Allen (1980) between 1 km and the sea surface...to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE An Estimation of Turbulent Characteristics in the Low-Level Region of Intense Hurricanes Allen (1980) and Hugo

  4. Sensitivity of Tropical-Cyclone Models to the Surface Drag Coefficient in Different Boundary-Layer Schemes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-04-01

    flight-level wind measurements at an altitude of about 500 m in hurricanes Allen (1980) and Hugo (1989) by Zhang et al. (2011). In Hugo these were... Hurricanes Allen (1980) and Hugo (1989). Mon. Weather Rev. 139: 1447–1462. c© 2013 Royal Meteorological Society Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 140: 792–804 (2014) ...in this direction. Key Words: hurricanes ; tropical cyclones; typhoons; surface drag coefficient; frictional drag; boundary layer Received 16 June 2010

  5. Sensitivity of Tropical Cyclone Models to the Surface Drag Coefficient in Different Boundary-Layer Schemes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-20

    altitude of about 500 m in Hurricanes Allen (1980) and Hugo (1989) by Zhang et al. (2010). In Hugo these were about 110 m2 s−1 beneath the eyewall...Marks FD Montgomery MT Lorsolo S. 2010 Estimation of turbulence characteristics of eyewall boundary layer of Hurricane Hugo (1989) Mon. Wea. Rev., in...University of Munich, Munich, Germany b Dept. of Meteorology, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA & NOAA’s Hurricane Research Division ∗Correspondence

  6. Observational Estimates of the Horizontal Eddy Diffusivity and Mixing Length in the Low-Level Region of Intense Hurricanes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    flight-level data collected by research aircraft that penetrated the eyewalls of Category 5 Hurricane Hugo (1989), Category 4 Hurricane Allen (1980) and...data collected by research aircraft that penetrated the eyewalls of Category 5 Hurricane Hugo 42 (1989), Category 4 Hurricane Allen (1980) and Category...understood. 87 Using the data from the periods of eyewall penetrations in the intense Hurricanes Hugo 88 (1989) and Allen (1980), Zhang et al. (2011a

  7. Effect of Strain Rates on the Compressive Response of Neck Rubber From Humanetics HIII 50th Percentile Male Dummy Under Different Loading Sequences

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-01

    diene monomer ( EPDM ) rubber under high-rate uniaxial compression using an SHPB (5). Additionally, Song and Chen used a strain energy-based function to...describe a one-dimensional constitutive relation to describe the high strain rate behavior of the EPDM rubber , which agreed with the experimental...intermediate rate to about 6 MPa at 500 s -1 . This behavior and rate dependence was similar to the EPDM rubber studied by Chen and Zhang (2), which

  8. Identification and Mapping of Mechanically Exfoliated 1H-MoS2 Flakes for Field-Effect Transistors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    structures directly onto 1H- and 2H-MoS2. A methyl methacrylate (MMA) and polymethyl methacrylate ( PMMA ) bilayer resist process will be used for all...the fiscal year. 9 5. References 1. Novoselov KS, Geim AK, Morozov SV, Jiang D, Zhang Y, Dubonos SV, Grigorieva IV, Firsov AA . Electric...photoluminescence PMMA polymethyl methacrylate TMDs transition metal dichalcogenides 12 1 DEFENSE TECH INFO CTR (PDF) ATTN DTIC OCA (PDF) 2

  9. The Modified HZ Conjugate Gradient Algorithm for Large-Scale Nonsmooth Optimization.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Gonglin; Sheng, Zhou; Liu, Wenjie

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, the Hager and Zhang (HZ) conjugate gradient (CG) method and the modified HZ (MHZ) CG method are presented for large-scale nonsmooth convex minimization. Under some mild conditions, convergent results of the proposed methods are established. Numerical results show that the presented methods can be better efficiency for large-scale nonsmooth problems, and several problems are tested (with the maximum dimensions to 100,000 variables).

  10. A special attack on the multiparty quantum secret sharing of secure direct communication using single photons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Su-Juan; Gao, Fei; Wen, Qiao-Yan; Zhu, Fu-Chen

    2008-11-01

    The security of a multiparty quantum secret sharing protocol [L.F. Han, Y.M. Liu, J. Liu, Z.J. Zhang, Opt. Commun. 281 (2008) 2690] is reexamined. It is shown that any one dishonest participant can obtain all the transmitted secret bits by a special attack, where the controlled- (-iσy) gate is employed to invalidate the role of the random phase shift operation. Furthermore, a possible way to resist this attack is discussed.

  11. China Report, Red Flag, Number 22, 16 November 1982.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-29

    Congress Documents (pp 47-48) (XIN CHANGZHENG commentator) 83 The Intellectuals Are a Force on Which the Modernization Program Depends (p 48) (Zhang De ...and methodical manner under leadership from top to bottom. The consolidation of the party will be linked with the administrative structural reform...work of consolidating the party should be linked with administrative structural reform and the reorganization of enterprises and institutions. A

  12. Universality of (2+1)-dimensional restricted solid-on-solid models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelling, Jeffrey; Ódor, Géza; Gemming, Sibylle

    2016-08-01

    Extensive dynamical simulations of restricted solid-on-solid models in D =2 +1 dimensions have been done using parallel multisurface algorithms implemented on graphics cards. Numerical evidence is presented that these models exhibit Kardar-Parisi-Zhang surface growth scaling, irrespective of the step heights N . We show that by increasing N the corrections to scaling increase, thus smaller step-sized models describe better the asymptotic, long-wave-scaling behavior.

  13. Compact Ocean Models Enable Onboard AUV Autonomy and Decentralized Adaptive Sampling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-30

    NCOM) and a biochemical model which includes three nutrients, two phytoplankton groups (diatoms and small phytoplankton ), two groups of zooplankton...properties (chlorophyll-a and absorption due to phytoplankton ), the model was able to reproduce intensity and tendencies in surface and subsurface...following emergence, growth, and decay of phytoplankton bloom patches in Monterey Bay. REFERENCES ● Frolov, S., A. M. Baptista, Y. Zhang, C

  14. SPECT Imaging to Evaluate Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    2006. 1071: p. 242-54. 44. Gulyas, B., C. Halldin, A. Vas, R.B. Banati, E. Shchukin, S. Finnema, J. Tarkainen, K. Tihanyi, G. Szilagyi , and L...Seibyl, J.P., E. Wallace , E.O. Smith, M. Stabin, R.M. Baldwin, S. Zoghbi, Y. Zea-Ponce, Y. Gao, W.Y. Zhang, J.L. Neumeyer, and et al., Whole-body

  15. Rewriting the Histone Code of Breast Cancer Stem Cells

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    possibly as natural mechanism of stem cells to protect the integrity of their long-life genomes (6-7). Because of their ability to initiate a tumor...tumor growth in xenograft mouse models. Furthermore, we fused ZF DNA-binding domains to the DNA- methyltransferase DNMT3a and engeneered catalytic...R, Liang J, Yu W, Sun L, Yang X, Wang Y, Zhang Y, Shang Y. The molecular mechanism governing the oncogenic potential of SOX2 in breast cancer. J

  16. Symposium Supramolecular Assemblies on Surface: Nanopatterning, Functionality and Reactivity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-19

    considerable attention as “bottom-up” nanotechnology . A general substrate-mediated, soft solution methodology for the preparation of polymeric...defined architectures are key challenges in nanotechnology and of interest in various fields from molecular electronics over novel materials to...2006). [3] Y.-S. Fu et al. Nano Lett. 12, 3931-3935 (2012). [4] U.G.E. Perera et al. Nature Nanotechnology 5, 46-51 (2013). [5] Y. Zhang et al

  17. Optical Lattice Simulations of Correlated Fermions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-04

    Zhang, Xiaopeng Li, W. Vincent Liu. Stripe , checkerboard, and liquid-crystal ordering from anisotropic p-orbital Fermi surfaces in optical lattices...Meeting "The Role of Interactions in Disorder Induced Damping of Dipole Oscillations of a Bose-Einstein Condensate", S. Pollack, APS March Meeting...Rev. A 85, 043603 (2012)], and also worked out the diffusive transport behavior of the polarized Fermi gas, including heat transport, spin Seebeck

  18. Catecholamines in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-01

    could lead to memories that are too strong, contributing to the recurrent, intrusive retrieval of the traumatic events that occurs in PTSD. As a...emotionally arousing experiences are typically vivid and persistent. The recurrent, intrusive memories of traumatic events in post-traumatic stress disorder...signaling plays a critical role in the maintenance of waking and in the regulation of REM sleep. J Neurophysiol 92:2071–2082. Ouyang M, Zhang L, Zhu

  19. Non-Contact Optical Ultrasound Concept for Biomedical Imaging

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-11-03

    Non -Contact Optical Ultrasound Concept for Biomedical Imaging Robert Haupt1, Charles Wynn1, Jonathan Fincke2, Shawn Zhang2, Brian Anthony2...results. Lastly, we present imaging capabilities using a non -contact laser ultrasound proof-of-concept system. Two and three dimensional time... non -contact, standoff optical ultrasound has the potential to provide a fixed reference measurement capability that minimizes operator variability as

  20. Time-Reversal Based Range Extension Technique for Ultra-wideband (UWB) Sensors and Applications in Tactical Communications and Networking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-16

    Zhen (Edward) Hu Peng (Peter) Zhang Yu Song Amanpreet Singh Saini Corey Cooke April 16, 2006 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Center...and RF frequency agility is the most challenging issue for spectrum sensing. The radio under development is an ultra-wideband software -defined radio...PC USB programming cable and accom- panying PC software as well as download test vectors to the waveform memory module, as shown in Figure 3.25,3I

  1. North Pacific Tropical Cyclones and Teleconnections

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    variance may be significantly explained by the stratospheric Quasi-biennial Oscillation ( QBO ). 3 Investigators of Atlantic basin TC frequency know that Gray...1984) has linked TC frequency in this region to the QBO . Gray et al. (1992) found that intense hurricane occurrence was almost three times more...likely during the westerly phase of the QBO as that of the easterly phase (Chan 2004). Zhang et al. (1994) examined TC frequency in the WNP from 1884-1988

  2. Improvement of Short-Term Forecasting in the Northwest Pacific through Assimilating Argo Data into Initial Fields

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    Wei1, ZHANG Xuefeng1 1 Key Laboratory of State Oceanic Adminstration for Marine Environmental Information Technology, NationalMarine Data and...ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for...SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S) 12. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

  3. Progesterone Receptor Scaffolding Function in Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    phosphorylation is dependent on the serine- threonine kinase, ck2. Cumulatively, these data suggest that mutation of PR’s CD domain alters the program...liganded and unliganded PR (43, 62, 79). The serine- threonine protein kinase ck2 (formerly casein kinase II) is ubiquitously expressed with over 300...400, 554, 676 (Zhang et al., 1997; Knotts et al., 2001) and threonine 430 (Knotts et al., 2001). Additionally, while Ser294 is phosphorylated by MAPK

  4. In Vitro Cytotoxic Potential of Afghanistan Sand Extract

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-05

    significant reduction in total antioxidant capacity ( TAC ) with an elevation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC...The brain is vulnerable to oxidative stress damage because of its high energy use, low levels of endogenous scavengers (e.g., vitamin C, catalase...Zhang et al., 2009; Prabhakaran et al., 2009). Cells were cultured on poly-l-lysine-pre- coated plates in Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM

  5. A Highly Aromatic and Sulfonated Ionomer for High Elastic Modulus Ionic Polymer Membrane Micro-Actuators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    fluorophenyl)sulfone (DPA-PS:BP) is investigated for ionic polymer actuators. The uniqueness of DPA-PS:BP is that it can have a high ionic liquid (IL... ionic liquid Q M Zhang, Gokhan Hatipoglu, Yang Liu, Ran Zhao, Mitra Yoonessi, Dean M Tigelaar, Srinivas Tadigadapa Virginia Polytechnic Institute...DPA-PS:BP) is investigated for ionic polymer actuators. The uniqueness of DPA-PS:BP is that it can have a high ionic liquid (IL) uptake and

  6. Autophagy as a melanocytic self-defense mechanism.

    PubMed

    Setaluri, Vijayasaradhi

    2015-05-01

    Defects in autophagy have implications for melanocyte survival and manifestations of skin pigmentary disorders. Zhang et al. (2015) show that mouse melanocytes lacking the autophagy protein Atg7 undergo premature senescence in vitro and accumulate products of oxidative damage, despite activation of the redox response. Interestingly, contrary to previous findings, the melanocyte-specific deficiency in autophagy did not cause major defects in melanosome biogenesis, nor did it produce visually striking changes in mouse coat color.

  7. Compound 49b Reduces Inflammatory Markers and Apoptosis after Ocular Blast Injury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    retinal endothelial cells and in a diabetic retinopathy model [7, 10]. Compound 49b was based on the chemical structure of isoproterenol with chemical...Iraq and Afghanistan wars. N Engl J Med, 2011; 364: 2172-3. 7. Zhang Q, Guy K, Pagadala J, et al., Compound 49b Prevents Diabetes -Induced Apoptosis...is effective in reducing TNF and apoptotic 9 proteins in diabetic animals up to 6 months, when applied daily [7]. Isoproterenol was

  8. China Report, Agriculture, No. 278.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-11-10

    Radiation Successfully Used in Agriculture (XINHUA, 18 Oct 83) 2 Recent Agricultural Development Strategies (Zhang Lin; JINGJI YANJIU, No 9, 20...ABSTRACTS SOIL CONSERVATION SHUITU BAOCHI TONGBAO [BULLETIN OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION], No 4, Aug 83 28 URBAN STUDIES JINGJI DILI [ECONOMIC...GEOGRAPHY], No 3, Aug 83 31 LAND USE JINGJI DILI [ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY], No 3, Aug 83 33 CROP ROTATION JINGJI DILI fECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY], No

  9. Bibliography on Cold Regions Science and Technology. Volume 51, Part 1.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-12-01

    Loess, Plant ecology, Vegetation patterns, Revegeta- tion, Forestry, Soil conservation, Land reclamation, Regional planning, Statistical analysis...printing. Antikainen, M., Griffith, M., Zhang, J., Hon, W.C., Yang, D.S.C., Pihakaski-Maunsbach, K., Plant physi- ology. Mar. 1996, 110(1), p.845-857...65 refs. Plant physiology, Grasses, Plant tissues, Antifreezes, Acclimatization, Chemical analysis, Chemical prop- erties, Temperature effects

  10. Powder Metallurgy Processing of High-Strength FeCo Alloys (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    Basu, R.-Hai Yu, J. Q. Xiao, A. Parvizi- Majidi , J. Mat. Sci. 36 (2001) 1451 5. E.P. George, A.N. Gubbi, I. Baker, L. Robertson, Mater. Sci. and Eng...A329–331 (2002) 325 6. R. H. Yu, S. Basu, L. Ren, Y. Zhang, A. Parvizi- Majidi , K. M. Unruh, and J. Q. Xiao, IEEE Trans. Magn., 36, (2000) 3388 7. T

  11. An FPGA Testbed for Characterizing and Mapping DOD Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-12-27

    series expansion helps to linearize pitch control design for wind turbine using linear quadratic regulator (LQR) [15]. In multi-static radar system...A. Mahmud, M. A. Chowdhury, and J. Zhang, “Stability enhancement of dfig wind turbine using lqr pitch control over rated wind speed,” in 2016 IEEE...the problem of meeting payload design specifications is exacerbated by the need to identify manufacturers with interfaces that match the sensors

  12. China Report, Economic Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-01-26

    Revenue, Expenditures 83 ENERGY Briefs Tianjin Methane Pits 84 - c - MINERAL RESOURCES PRC Journal on Stepping Up Exploitation of Mines (Li Peilin ...Huayun, Zhan Jingwu, Yao Xia, Lin Yinghai, Hou Zhiying, Song [name indis- tinct], Li Baoguang, Zhang Shude, Hu Tingji, and Hao Fuhong attended the...10, 5 Oct 84 pp 4-6 [Article by Li Peilin [621 3099 2651]: "A Probe into the Policy of Stepping Up the Exploitation of Mines"] [Text] Recently

  13. JPRS Report, China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-11

    Jiaqi [0917 1367 0366], Wu Mingyu [0702 2494 3842], Wang Ruoshui [3769 5387 3055], Zhang Xianyang, Li Honglin [2621 3163 2651], and Yu Haocheng...market to unclog circulation channels in towns and villages . On all these fronts, our achievements have been remarkable. Right now the Chinese...including Heilongjiang, Sichuan , Anhui, Shanxi, Jiangsu, and Guangdong, have issued notices to procu- ratorates at all levels on the rigorous

  14. A BCR-ABL Kinase Activity-Independent Signaling Pathway in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-01

    myeloproliferative disease in mice receiving P210 bcr/abl-transduced bone marrow. Blood. 1998;92:3780-3792. 17. Zhang X, Ren R. Bcr-Abl efficiently induces a... myeloproliferative disease and production of excess interleukin-3 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in mice: a novel model for chronic...Xu L, et al. Efficient and rapid induction of a chronic myelogenous leukemia-like myeloproliferative disease in mice receiving P210 bcr/abl-transduced

  15. Chilled in Translation: Adapting to Bacterial Climate Change.

    PubMed

    Gottesman, Susan

    2018-04-19

    Cold-shocked bacteria transiently shut down protein translation, but the mechanisms whereby they adaptively restore translation were incompletely understood. Zhang et al. (2018) demonstrate a global increase in mRNA structure after cold shock and that, as structured RNA decreases, translation returns, dependent upon ribonuclease RNase R and cold shock protein CspA and its homologs. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. Targeting Stromal Recruitment by Prostate Cancer Cells

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    Ensinger, C., Tumer , Z., Tommerup, N. et al.: Hedgehog signaling in small-cell lung cancer : frequent in vivo but a rare event in vitro. Lung Cancer , 52...W81XWH-04-1-0157 TITLE: Targeting Stromal Recruitment by Prostate Cancer Cells PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Jingxian Zhang, Ph.D...DATES COVERED (From - To) 15 Feb 2004 – 14 Feb 2006 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Targeting Stromal Recruitment by Prostate Cancer

  17. Development of an Operational Multi-sensor and Multi-channel Aerosol Assimilation Package

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-18

    2010, EGU General Assembly 2010. Shi, Y., J. Zhang, J. S. Reid, E. Hyer, Evaluation of MISR Aerosol Optical Depth Product for Aerosol Data...empirical correction procedures for generating data-assimilation-friendly over-water MODIS aerosol products. This study has been published (Shi et al...type as large r\\ values are generally related to fine mode aerosols, such as sulfate and smoke aerosols, and small r\\ values typically indicate sea

  18. Alternative Solder Bond Packaging Approach for High-Voltage (HV) Pulsed Power Devices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT The silicon carbide...the pulse evaluation circuit used to evaluate a SiC SGTO device under extreme pulsed current switching conditions. 15. SUBJECT TERMS silicon carbide...development effort. We would also like to thank Dr Sei-Hyung Ryu and Dr Jon Zhang of Cree, Inc., for providing the silicon carbide “super” gate-turn

  19. Practical Discrimination Strategies for Application to Live Sites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-01

    evaluate the discrimination potential of the Geonics EM63 at Fort McClellan, AL, when deployed in a cued interrogation mode. Pasion - Oldenburg...the Geonics EM63 at Fort McClellan, AL, when deployed in a cued interrogation mode. Pasion - Oldenburg polarization tensor models were fit to each of... Pasion & Oldenburg, 2001; Zhang et al., 2003a, 2003b; Billings, 2004). The most promising discrimination methods typically proceed by first

  20. Integration of Advanced Statistical Analysis Tools and Geophysical Modeling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    Carin Duke University Douglas Oldenburg University of British Columbia Stephen Billings Leonard Pasion Laurens Beran Sky Research...data processing for UXO discrimination is the time (or frequency) dependent dipole model (Bell and Barrow (2001), Pasion and Oldenburg (2001), Zhang...described by a bimodal distribution (i.e. two Gaussians, see Pasion (2007)). Data features are nonetheless useful when data quality is not sufficient

  1. Feature Extraction and Classification of Magnetic and EMI Data, San Luis Obispo, CA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    Stephen Billings Dr. Len Pasion Dr. Nicolas Lhomme Kevin Kingdon Jon Jacobson Sky Research, Inc. Dr. Douglas Oldenburg Dr. Lin Ping Song...Discrimination Strategies for Application to Live Sites W912HQ-05-C-0018 ESTCP 0504Dr. Stephen Billings, Dr. Len Pasion , Dr. Nicolas Lhomme, Kevin...e.g. Hart et al., 2001; Collins et al., 2001; Pasion & Oldenburg, 2001; Zhang et al., 2003a, 2003b; Billings, 2004). The most promising discrimination

  2. Data Modeling, Feature Extraction, and Classification of Magnetic and EMI Data, ESTCP Discrimination Study, Camp Sibert, AL. Demonstration Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    Figure 19. Misfit versus depth curve for the EM63 Pasion -Oldenburg model fit to anomaly 649. Two cases are considered: (i) using all the data which...selection of optimal models; c) Fitting of 2- and 3-dipole Pasion -Oldenburg models to the EM63 cued- interrogation data and selection of optimal models...Hart et al., 2001; Collins et al., 2001; Pasion & Oldenburg, 2001; Zhang et al., 2003a, 2003b; Billings, 2004). The most promising discrimination

  3. Workshop on Aerospace Materials for Extreme Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    Materials for Titanium Alloys Machining Ukraine Volodymyr Filipov Influence of Lattice Parameter Mismatch between Fibers and Matrix on Structure and...on your own 1:00 pm Alina Ievdokymova ZrBi2-Based Tool Materials for Titanium Alloys Machining 1:30 pm Donna Ballard and Don Weaver Processing of...C.K. Gren, T.P. Hanusa, "Deposition of Alumina From Dimethylaluminum Isopropoxide " Ken Sandhage D. Lipke, Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, B. Church, and K

  4. Simulation-Based Military Regional Anesthesia Training System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    and Zhang, X.Z., 2006 : Development of an MR-brake-based haptic device, Smart Mater. Struct., 15, 1960-66. Meislin, H., Criss, E. A. et al ., 1997...operations were superficial wounds or wounds to the extremities (Trunkey, 1983; Rush et al ., 2007). This was partly due to the advent of body... et al ., 1997). Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to

  5. A Better Way to Excise Inhibitory Molecules (CSPGs) from a Spinal Cord Injury Scar to Promote Regeneration

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    556. 41. Zhang, G. ,R.-L. Lin, M. Wiggers, D.M. Snow, and L.-Y. Lee (2008) Altered expression of TRPV1 and sensitivity to capsaicin in pulmonary...chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans in vitro focusing on cortical astrocytes interactions with sensory neurons. "Role of TRPV1 in Airway Hypersensitivity...Aims: To investigate the role of TRPV1 in the development of airway hypersensitivity when chronic airway inflammation is induced by allergen

  6. Nonparametric Representations for Integrated Inference, Control, and Sensing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    Learning (ICML), 2013. [20] Jeff Donahue, Yangqing Jia, Oriol Vinyals, Judy Hoffman, Ning Zhang, Eric Tzeng, and Trevor Darrell. DeCAF: A deep ...unlimited. Multi-layer feature learning “SuperVision” Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) ImageNet Classification with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks...to develop a new framework for autonomous operations that will extend the state of the art in distributed learning and modeling from data, and

  7. Ecological Risk Assessment of Perchlorate in Avian Species, Rodents, Amphibians and Fish

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    also pose toxicological risk to terrestrial and aquatic organisms. In some instances, the occurrence of these metabolites in soils at live firing...embryo (Acheta domesticus) as an invertebrate teratology model. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology . 3:233-236. Zhang, B., P.N. Smith, and T.A...exposure on the hibernation success of the American toad (Bufu americanus). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology . 46:518- 527

  8. (HEL MRI) 3D Meta Optics for High Energy Lasers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-13

    based metal-oxide nano- hair structures for optical vortex generation," Opt. Express 23, 19056-19065 (2015) 15. Li, Yuan, Zeyu Zhang, Wenzhe Li, Jerome...Indumathi Raghu Srimathi, Aaron J. Pung, Yuan Li, Raymond C. Rumpf, and Eric G. Johnson, "Fabrication of metal-oxide nano- hairs for effective index...Grating Based Optical Nano- Hairs Using ALD Nano- Patterning Subwavelength gratings (SWGs) based artificial dielectric elements are used to obtain the

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-23

    Cultures of Lyme Disease Spirochetes ( Borrelia burgdorferi) [Wan Kanglin, Zhang Jinsheng, et aL.; ZHONGHUA LIUXINGBINGXUE ZAZHI, No 5, Oct 91] ......... 12...the military services has developed Xinjiang, and elsewhere. Lyme disease sufferers were toward a unified "terminal-storage-network", an all mil...of China. The ment has made it available to rural villages and basic institute also made the first discovery of Lyme disease in levels throughout the

  10. Animal Models of Jet Lag

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-20

    surgically inserted into the pineal gland and connected to a peristaltic pump that delivers saline solution at low rate and to a outlet tubing that delivers...Journal of Pineal Research. 48(3):290- 6,2010. 2. "Orcadian Regulation of Pineal Gland Rhythmicity", Jimo Borjigin, L. Samantha Zhang, Anda-Alexandra...specializes in the longitudinal monitoring of pineal melatonin secretion for weeks at a time to decipher mechanisms of circadian pacemaker entrainment

  11. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections; Strain and Type Variations; Diagnosis and Prevention.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-10-26

    Scarlatti et al. 1992 (41) 1 1 Arendrup et al. 1992 (42) SIVsm/monkey 7 0 Zhang et al. manuscript (43) B) Sequential samples: serum collected >6 months...983-990. 1991. 12. Scarlatti , G, Lombardi, V, Plebani, A, Principi, N, Chiara, V, Ferraris, G, Bucceri, A, Feny6, E M, Wigzell, H, Rossi, P, and...envelope glycoprotein gp125 of human immunodeficiency virus type2. Manuscript. M2. Scarlatti , G, Albert, J, Rossi, P, Hodara, V, Biraghi, P, Muggiasca

  12. JPRS Report, China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-26

    by both workers and enterprises for their role in upholding the lawful rights and benefits of both sides in more than 230 cases. A Shangri - La Hotel ...8217Counterrevolutionary’ Speaks on Truth 40050592 Shanghai MINZHU YU FAZHI [DEMOCRACY AND LA W] in Chinese No 6, 12Jun89p 10 [Article by Chen Shizhong...women, Jiang Wei and Zhang Li. were dismissed from the Joint-venture hotel on January 5 on grounds that ihey took leave from their posts without

  13. Preparation for a Clinical Trial Using Adoptive Transfer of Tumor-Reactive TGF_Beta-Insensitive CD8+ T Cells for Treatment of Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    Park,1 Robert E. Meyer,2 Shilajit Kundu,1 Michael Pins,2 Borko Javonovic,3 Timothy Kuzel,4 Seong-Jin Kim,5 Luk Van Parijs,6 Norm Smith,1 Larry Wong,1...cycle Qiang Zhang,1 Ximing Yang,2,5 Shilajit D. Kundu,1 Michael Pins,2,5 Borko Javonovic,3,5 Robert Meryer,2 Seong-Jin Kim,7 Norman M. Greenberg,8

  14. Immune Cells, if Rendered Insensitive to Transforming Growth Factorbeta, Can Cure Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-01

    Robert E. Meyer,2 Shilajit Kundu,1 Michael Pins,2 Borko Javonovic,3 Timothy Kuzel,4 Seong-Jin Kim,5 Luk Van Parijs,6 Norm Smith,1 Larry Wong,1 Norman M...Zhang,1 Ximing Yang,2,5 Shilajit D. Kundu,1 Michael Pins,2,5 Borko Javonovic,3,5 Robert Meryer,2 Seong-Jin Kim,7 Norman M. Greenberg,8 Timothy Kuzel

  15. Viral Etiologies of Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Among Egyptian Children under Five Years of Age

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-13

    Infectious Diseases © 2012 Shafik et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http... SAR ) 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT unclassified b. ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified...in FLUAV burden between the two studies, particularly because the Tang et al. and Zhang et al. studies tested children up to 16 years of age. Other

  16. Combinatorial Therapy Approaches for NF2-Deficient Meningiomas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    led to the formation of hepatocellular carcinoma and bile duct hamartoma, strongly suggesting a role for theHippo pathway in carcinogenesis. The core...CNS Oncology, Vol. 1, No. 2, Pages 113-115, 2012 mouse liver , Zhang and colleagues defined a functional role between Merlin/NF2 tumor...suppressor and the Hippo pathway. The inactivation of Nf2 in the mouse liver led to YAP1 activation and to the formation of hepatocellular carcinoma [6

  17. Solostamenides paucitesticulatus n. sp. (Monogenoidea: Mazocraeidea: Microcotylidae) from the freshwater mullet Liza abu (Heckel) (Mugiliformes: Mugilidae) from Atatürk Reservoir on the Euphrates River in southern Turkey.

    PubMed

    Kritsky, Delane C; Öktener, Ahmet

    2015-06-01

    Solostamenides paucitesticulatus n. sp. (Monogenoidea: Microcotylidae) from the gills of the abu mullet Liza abu (Heckel) in Atatürk Reservoir in southern Turkey is described. Among other features, the new species is easily distinguished from its three congeners, Solostamenides mugilis (Vogt, 1879), Solostamenides pseudomugilis (Hargis, 1956) and Solostamenides polyorchis Zhang & Yang, 2001, by having fewer hooks on the male copulatory organ (11 to 14), testes (5 to 9), and haptoral clamps (31 to 47).

  18. Ultra-Flexible, Invisible Thin-Film Transistors Enabled by Amorphous Metal Oxide/Polymer Channel Layer Blends

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-25

    all the In 2 O 3 : x %PVP blends, where the polymer chains disrupt oxide lattice forma - tion at the nanoscale grain level rather than at the atomic...oxidative stability. [ 51,52 ] This result can be qualitatively ascribed to the endothermic M–O–M lattice forma - tion acting as heat absorber and the ultra... Irie , M. Komiyama , H. Yui , Supramol. Sci. 1998 , 5 , 411 . [40] D. B. Buchholz , J. Liu , T. J. Marks , M. Zhang , R. P. Chang

  19. CORRIGENDUM: Dielectric dispersion of BaxSr1 - xTiO3 thin film with parallel-plate and coplanar interdigital electrodes Dielectric dispersion of BaxSr1 - xTiO3 thin film with parallel-plate and coplanar interdigital electrodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiao-Yu; Song, Qing; Xu, Feng; Sheng, Su; Wang, Peng; Ong, C. K.

    2010-03-01

    Figures 1, 2 and 5 of this paper are reprinted from the authors' previous paper, Zhang X-Y, Wang P, Sheng S, Xu F and Ong C K 2008 Ferroelectric BaxSr1 - xTiO3 thin-film varactors with parallel plate and interdigital electrodes for microwave applications J. Appl. Phys. 104 124110, copyright 2008, with permission from the American Institute of Physics.

  20. Monitoring of Viral Induced Cell Death Using Real Time Cell Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-11-01

    studies have shown that real- time cell analysis (RTCA) platforms such as the xCELLigence can be used to gather quantitative measurements of viral...Teng, Z., Kuang, X., Wang, J., Zhang, X. Real- time cell analysis – A new method for dynamic, quantitative measurement of infectious viruses and...cytopathogenicity. A) Real- time monitoring of BSR cells infected with a 1:10 dilution series of Gan Gan virus. The curve is an average of eight

  1. Local Blockade of CCL21 and CXCL13 Signaling as a New Strategy to Prevent and Treat Osteoarthritis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    2011 Characterization of CCL19 and CCL21 in rheumatoid arthritis . Arthritis Rheum. 63:914–22. - Zheng B1, Ozen Z, Zhang X, De Silva S, Marinova E...Distribution Unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent type of arthritis . It is characterized by progressive...development of osteoarthritis in mice. Arthritis Rheum. 64(3):705-17. - Pickens SR, Chamberlain ND, Volin MV, Pope RM, Mandelin AM 2nd, Shahrara S

  2. Solid State Research.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-08-01

    Failure of Superconducting Microwave Filters: Investigation by Means of Thermal Imaging G. Hampel* P . Kolodner* P . L. Gammel* P . A. Polakos* E...deObaldia* P . M. Mankiewich* A. Anderson R. Slattery D. Zhang* G. C. Liang* C. F. Shih* Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 571 (1996) Reflective Linearized...Digest Series, Vol. 6 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p . 626 Effects of Low-Temperature-Grown GaAs and AlGaAs on the Current

  3. User-Driven Geolocation of Untagged Desert Imagery Using Digital Elevation Models (Open Access)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-12

    IEEE International Conference on, pages 3677–3680. IEEE, 2011. [13] W. Zhang and J. Kosecka. Image based localization in urban environments. In 3D ...non- urban environments such as deserts. Our system generates synthetic skyline views from a DEM and extracts stable concavity-based features from these...fine as 100m2. 1. Introduction Automatic geolocation of imagery has many exciting use cases. For example, such a tool could semantically orga- nize

  4. User-Driven Geolocation of Untagged Desert Imagery Using Digital Elevation Models

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    Conference on, pages 3677–3680. IEEE, 2011. [13] W. Zhang and J. Kosecka. Image based localization in urban environments. In 3D Data Processing...non- urban environments such as deserts. Our system generates synthetic skyline views from a DEM and extracts stable concavity-based features from these...fine as 100m2. 1. Introduction Automatic geolocation of imagery has many exciting use cases. For example, such a tool could semantically orga- nize

  5. Letters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-01-01

    A Coordination Geometry Table by Francisco J. Arnáiz Re: article by D. Venkataraman, Y. Du, S. R. Wilson, K. A. Hirsch, P. Zhang, and J. S. Moore The authors reply Cut-Out Molecular Models by A. L. Silva, C. Fernandes, O. Wasterlain, S. Costa, and A. M. Mendes Re: article by R. J. Kashmar Kinetics Lesson for College Deans by Fred Hadley

  6. Acta Aerodynanica Sinica (Selected Articles),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-05

    to the director of the institute and his advisor Professor R. Eppler for their assistance. A %: 61 References [1] Ji Xiumei, "Aerodynamic Layout of... Airfoils ; by Wang Jie ..........o......................114 ~-A Simpler Implicit Method to Solve N-S Equation; 1 Zhang Hanxin, Yu Zechu, Lu Linsheng...In addition, we also discovered that the leading edge separation vortex-could improve the lift of the airfoil . Hence, the important task is to

  7. An Assessment of Binary Metallic Glasses: Correlations Between Structure, Glass Forming Ability and Stability (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    Cu, germanium and tellurium ," J. Mat. Sci., vol. 9, pp. 707-717, 1974. [29] A. Inoue, T. Zhang, K. Kita, and T. Masumoto, "Mechanical strengths...Toribuchi, K. Aoki, and T. Masumoto, "Formation of La-M- Cu (M=Ca, Sr or Ba) amorphous alloys and their oxidization and superconductivity," Trans. JIM...structure of Pd- Ge alloys glasses by pulsed neutron total scattering," presented at Proc. 4 th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals

  8. Gamma Delta T-Cells Regulate Inflammatory Cell Infiltration of the Lung after Trauma-Hemorrhage

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    suggesting a role for this T- cell subset in both innate and acquired immunity (7, 8). Studies have shown that +% T cells are required for both controlled...increased infiltration of both lymphoid and myeloid cells in WT mice after TH-induced ALI. In parallel to +% T cells , myeloid cells (i.e., monocytes...GAMMA DELTA T CELLS REGULATE INFLAMMATORY CELL INFILTRATION OF THE LUNG AFTER TRAUMA-HEMORRHAGE Meenakshi Rani,* Qiong Zhang,* Richard F. Oppeltz

  9. HYBRID SILICON-ON-SAPPHIRE/SCALED CMOS INTERFERENCE MITIGATION FRONT END BASED ON SIMULTANEOUS NOISE CANCELLATION, ACTIVE-INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION AND N-PATH-MIXER FILTERING

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-04-01

    INTERFERENCE-CANCELLATION AND N-PATH-MIXER FILTERING Harish Krishnaswamy, Negar Reiskarimian, and Linxiao Zhang Columbia University APRIL 2017 Final...INTERFERENCE-CANCELLATION AND N- PATH-MIXER FILTERING 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER FA8650-14-1-7414 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 61101E/62716E 6...techniques for developing interference mitigation technology (IMT) enabling frequency-agile, reconfigurable filter -less receivers. Wideband noise

  10. Stationary Digital Tomosynthesis System for Early Detection of Breast Tumors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    Vol. 5745. 2005. 14. Y. Zhang, et al., A comparative study of limited-angle cone-beam reconstruction methods 505 for breast tomosynthesis. Med...opening angl em integratio designed line nia Dimension determine the try calibration th the detector ain is sent fro between XC urce not fou here...screening mammography. AJR, 2007. 189: p. 616. 12. P. Baldelli, et al., A prototype of a quasi-monochromatic system for mammography applications . Phys

  11. Eight-dimensional quantum reaction rate calculations for the H+CH{sub 4} and H{sub 2}+CH{sub 3} reactions on recent potential energy surfaces

    SciT

    Zhou, Yong; Zhang, Dong H., E-mail: zhangdh@dicp.ac.cn

    2014-11-21

    Eight-dimensional (8D) transition-state wave packet simulations have been performed on two latest potential energy surfaces (PES), the Zhou-Fu-Wang-Collins-Zhang (ZFWCZ) PES [Y. Zhou, B. Fu, C. Wang, M. A. Collins, and D. H. Zhang, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 064323 (2011)] and the Xu-Chen-Zhang (XCZ)-neural networks (NN) PES [X. Xu, J. Chen, and D. H. Zhang, Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 27, 373 (2014)]. Reaction rate constants for both the H+CH{sub 4} reaction and the H{sub 2}+CH{sub 3} reaction are calculated. Simulations of the H+CH{sub 4} reaction based on the XCZ-NN PES show that the ZFWCZ PES predicts rate constants with reasonable highmore » accuracy for low temperatures while leads to slightly lower results for high temperatures, in line with the distribution of interpolation error associated with the ZFWCZ PES. The 8D H+CH{sub 4} rate constants derived on the ZFWCZ PES compare well with full-dimensional 12D results based on the equivalent m-ZFWCZ PES, with a maximum relative difference of no more than 20%. Additionally, very good agreement is shown by comparing the 8D XCZ-NN rate constants with the 12D results obtained on the ZFWCZ-WM PES, after considering the difference in static barrier height between these two PESs. The reaction rate constants calculated for the H{sub 2}+CH{sub 3} reaction are found to be in good consistency with experimental observations.« less

  12. Madness and disability in contemporary Chinese film.

    PubMed

    Knight, Deirdre Sabina

    2006-01-01

    This article draws on recent research in the medical humanities to analyze two contemporary Chinese films: Zhang Yuan's Sons (1996) and Zhou Xiaowen's The Common People (1998). By portraying psychic and physical anguish in ways that refuse to divorce biology from culture, such films offer rare moral dialogues on biomedical issues and contribute a cross-cultural perspective invaluable to the task of responding to illness and suffering.

  13. Exchangeable Phosphorus Pools and Equilibrium Characteristics for River Sediment as a Function of Particle Size

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-01

    Zea mays L .). Can J Soil Sci 75:361-367. Zhang, T. Q., A. F. MacKenzie, B. C. Liang, and C. F. Drury. 2004. Soil test phosphorus and phosphorus...particulate exchangeable P fractions (as a fractional percentage), respectively, Cs is the suspended sediment concentration (M L -3), and Kd is the...groundwater) amended with P to a concentration of 0.120 mg L -1 to maintain in situ P equilibrium conditions (reported in James and Larson 2008

  14. Fingerprinting Reverse Proxies Using Timing Analysis of TCP Flows

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    bayes classifier,” in Cloud Computing Security , ser. CCSW ’09. New York City, NY: ACM, 2009, pp. 31–42. [30] J. Zhang, R. Perdisci, W. Lee, U. Sarfraz...FSM Finite State Machine HTML Hypertext Markup Language HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol HTTPS Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure ICMP Internet Control...This hidden traffic concept supports network access control, security protection through obfuscation, and performance boosts at the Internet facing

  15. Causes of Warming and Thawing Permafrost in Alaska

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osterkamp, T. E.

    2007-11-01

    There is a perception that climatic warming was the cause of the twentieth-century global warming and thawing of permafrost and associated terrain instability (thermokarst) [>Gore, 2006; Perkins, 2007; Zielinski, 2007; Delisle, 2007]. While pertinent data are sparse, published results do not support this viewpoint [Zhang et al., 2001; Osterkamp, 2007]. This brief report reviews the warming of permafrost in Alaska during the twentieth century and shows that snow cover has played a significant role in it.

  16. Quantum Photonic in Hybrid Cavity Systems with Strong Matter-Light Couplings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-24

    applications of property-designed quantum liquids. Specifically the following was achieved: 1. Strong-coupling between quantum-well excitons and cavity...designed quantum liquids. Specifically the following was achieved: 1. Strong-coupling between quantum-well excitons and cavity photons was demonstrated...J., Brodbeck, S., Zhang, B., Wang, Z., Worschech, L., Deng, H., Kamp, M., Schneider, C. & Höfling, S. “Magneto- exciton -polariton condensation in a

  17. Identification of the Elusive Mammalian Enzyme Phosphatidylcholine-Specific Phospholipase C

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-01

    are not curative) is that they manifest serious negative side effects , such as heart problems, liver and kidney damage, increased susceptibility to...alternative treatments with a more targeted effect and less harmful side effects . One possible strategy would be to use agents with a narrower...LPS (Zhang et al., 2011) was not reliable/reproducible/specific and that treatment with LPS was not effective in stimulating PC-PLC activity once a

  18. Microbial Reduction of Structural Fe3+ in Nontronite by a Thermophilic Bacterium and its Role in Promoting the Smectite to Illite Reaction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    role in promoting the smectite to Hike reaction GENGXIN ZHANG,’ HAIUANG DONG, 1 * JINWOOK KIM,2 AND D.D. EBERL3 ’Department of Geology, Miami...Geological Survey, Boulder, Colorado 80303, USA. ABSTRACT The illitization process of Fe-rich smectite (nontronite NAu-2) promoted by microbial reduction of...layers of illite/ smectite or highly charged smectite were detected under other conditions. The morphology of biogenic illite evolved from lath and flake

  19. Mapping Parameterized Dataflow Graphs onto FPGA Platforms (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-01

    Shen , Nimish Sane, William Plishker, Shuvra S. Bhattacharyya (University of Maryland) Hojin Kee (National Instruments) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER T2MC 5e...Rodyushkin, A. Ku - ranov, and V. Eruhimov. Computer vision workload analysis: Case study of video surveillance systems. Intel Technology Journal, 9, 2005...Prototyping, pages 1–7, Fairfax, Virginia, June 2010. [56] H. Wu, C. Shen , S. S. Bhattacharyya, K. Compton, M. Schulte, M. Wolf, and T. Zhang. Design and

  20. Identification and Characterization of Ovarian Carcinoma Peptide Epitopes Recognized by Cylotoxic T Lymphocytes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-01

    CTC CCA CAG TGC CCC AGG TTA GAA CGG TCA GCA GAA TAG-2a 62 528 AGC GGC GGG CTG AAG GA GAG GGT AGG GTG GTC ATT GTG TCA TAG-2b 62 401 AGC GGC GGG CTG AAG...64:388–393 66. Zhang L, Conejo-Garcia JR, Katsaros D, Gimotty PA, Massobrio M, Regnani G, Makrigiannakis A, Gray H, Schlienger K, Liebman MN, Rubin SC

  1. JPRS Report, China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-11-09

    Stressed [Li Chengnian; JIEFANGJUN BAO, 21 Oct 87] 19 Evolution, Role of Confucianism Discussed [Zhang Qizhi speech; RENMIN RIBAO, 9 Oct 87] 20...cadres are not account- able to a particular leader , but to the people. The rank-and-file cadre of an organization and the masses are the chief...examiner in the annual exercise of cadre assessment, while the leaders at the higher level are the invigilator. Mass democratic evaluation to a large

  2. Creep and Fatigue Interaction in the PWA 1484 Single Crystal Nickel-Base Alloy (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    work by Zhang et al . has shown that during the early part of fatigue cycling dislocations are formed primarily in the γ matrix with the number of...dislocations increasing with the number of applied cycles [11]. Ott and Mughrabi showed that during fatigue of single crystal nickel base superalloys... al . and their research determined that the fatigue behavior of PWA1484 could be well represented by a Walker type fatigue model that also included

  3. Semi-inner-products in Banach Spaces with Applications to Regularized Learning, Sampling, and Sparse Approximation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-13

    dynamics of percept formation modeled as operant (selectionist) process, Cognitive Neurodynamics , (08 2013): 0. doi: 10.1007/s11571-013-9262-0 Jun Zhang... cognitive principles for categorization. Our execution plan include three specific topics (“Aims”) 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 13...while rooted in human cognitive principles for categorization. Our execution plan include three specific topics (“Aims”) 1. Apply RKBS theory to

  4. New Forms of Matter in Optical Lattices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-19

    Daley, A. M. Läuchli, and P. Zoller Thermal vs. Entanglement Entropy: A Measurement Protocol for Fermionic Atoms with a Quantum Gas Microscope...J. A. Edge, E. Taylor, S. Zhang, S. Trotzky, J. H. Thywissen Transverse Demagnetization Dynamics of a Unitary Fermi Gas Science 344, 722 (2014...Jiang, J Ignacio Cirac, Peter Zoller, Mikhail D Lukin, "Topologically Protected Quantum State Transfer in a Chiral Spin Liquid , "Nature Communications

  5. Worldwide Report: Epidemiology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-03

    virus (HAV) infection was studied in a rural production brigade in the suburb of Beijing from June 1982 to June 1983. Four hundred and ninety-one...on Malaria More Tetanus Deaths Joonatic Disease Reported Diarrhea in Kushtia 3 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 - a - BELGIUM Working Group ...on Hepatitis in Recruits (Zhang Xitan, et al.; Beijing JIEFANGJUN YIXUE ZAZHI, No 3, 20 Jun 85) 43 An Epidemiological Study of Viral Hepatitis in

  6. Macroscopic Crosslinked Neat Carbon Nanotube Materials and CNT/Carbon Fiber Hybrid Composites: Supermolecular Structure and New Failure Mode Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    Materials; CRC Press, 1997. (70) Zhang, Y.; Zheng, L.; Sun , G.; Zhan, Z.; Liao, K. Failure Mechanisms of Carbon Nanotube Fibers under Different...Buehler, M. J. Mesoscale Modeling of Mechanics of Carbon Nanotubes: Self-Assembly, Self-Folding, and Fracture . J. Mater. Res. 2006, 21 (11), 2855–2869...close surface contact between CNTs to substantially improve the load transfer and mechanical properties. We also revealed that extremely low

  7. Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) Instrument Performance and Validation Using Silver Nanoparticles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-01

    Intercalibration of small-angle X- Ray and neutron-scattering data. Journal of Applied Crystallography . 1988;21:629–638. 7. Zhang F, Ilavsky J, Long GG...Materials Transactions A. 2009;41:1151–1158. 8. Kusz J, Bohm H. Performance of a confocal multilayer X-ray optic. Journal of Applied Crystallography ...Journal of Applied Crystallography . 2004;37:369–380. 10. Orthaber D, Bergmann A, Glatter O. SAXS experiments on absolute scale with Kratky systems using

  8. Small Angle X ray Scattering (SAXS) Instrument Performance and Validation Using Silver Nanoparticles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-01

    Intercalibration of small-angle X- Ray and neutron-scattering data. Journal of Applied Crystallography . 1988;21:629–638. 7. Zhang F, Ilavsky J, Long GG...Materials Transactions A. 2009;41:1151–1158. 8. Kusz J, Bohm H. Performance of a confocal multilayer X-ray optic. Journal of Applied Crystallography ...Journal of Applied Crystallography . 2004;37:369–380. 10. Orthaber D, Bergmann A, Glatter O. SAXS experiments on absolute scale with Kratky systems using

  9. Improved Understanding of Fenton-like Reactions for the In Situ Remediation of Contaminated Groundwater Including Treatment of Sorbed Contaminants and Destruction of DNAPLs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-29

    Dehalogenation of Chlorinated Methanes by Iron Metal.” Environ . Sci. Technol. 28, 2045-2053. McBride, M.B. Environmental Chemistry of Soils; Oxford Press: New...Oxidative Transformation of Triclosan and Chlorophene by Manganese Oxides. Environ . Sci. Technol. 2003, 37, 2421-2430 Zhang, Y., Crittenden, J.C...prepared under contract to the Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP). The publication of this report does

  10. Solid State Research.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-05-15

    Turner Y.-H. Zhang* 1996 Pittsburgh Conference, Chicago, Illinois, 3-8 March 1996 The Linearized Series Mach-Zehnder Interferometric Modulator for...examined using Nomarski contrast microscopy, is mirror and featureless, unlike AlGaSb layers that have exhibited a Crosshatch pattern [7]. Double...the surface under Nomarski optical imagery. Figure 3-2 shows linewidth data as the laser power is varied using a 4-^um laser spot size and 5-cm/s

  11. Bioinformatic analysis of the nucleotide binding site-encoding disease-resistance genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.).

    PubMed

    Zhu, Y B; Xie, X Q; Li, Z Y; Bai, H; Dong, L; Dong, Z P; Dong, J G

    2014-08-28

    The nucleotide-binding site (NBS) disease-resistance genes are the largest category of plant disease-resistance gene analogs. The complete set of disease-resistant candidate genes, which encode the NBS sequence, was filtered in the genomes of two varieties of foxtail millet (Yugu1 and 'Zhang gu'). This study investigated a number of characteristics of the putative NBS genes, such as structural diversity and phylogenetic relationships. A total of 269 and 281 NBS-coding sequences were identified in Yugu1 and 'Zhang gu', respectively. When the two databases were compared, 72 genes were found to be identical and 164 genes showed more than 90% similarity. Physical positioning and gene family analysis of the NBS disease-resistance genes in the genome revealed that the number of genes on each chromosome was similar in both varieties. The eighth chromosome contained the largest number of genes and the ninth chromosome contained the lowest number of genes. Exactly 34 gene clusters containing the 161 genes were found in the Yugu1 genome, with each cluster containing 4.7 genes on average. In comparison, the 'Zhang gu' genome possessed 28 gene clusters, which had 151 genes, with an average of 5.4 genes in each cluster. The largest gene cluster, located on the eighth chromosome, contained 12 genes in the Yugu1 database, whereas it contained 16 genes in the 'Zhang gu' database. The classification results showed that the CC-NBS-LRR gene made up the largest part of each chromosome in the two databases. Two TIR-NBS genes were also found in the Yugu1 genome.

  12. Calculation of Moment Matrix Elements for Bilinear Quadrilaterals and Higher-Order Basis Functions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-06

    methods are known as boundary integral equation (BIE) methods and the present study falls into this category. The numerical solution of the BIE is...iterated integrals. The inner integral involves the product of the free-space Green’s function for the Helmholtz equation multiplied by an appropriate...Website: http://www.wipl-d.com/ 5. Y. Zhang and T. K. Sarkar, Parallel Solution of Integral Equation -Based EM Problems in the Frequency Domain. New

  13. Robust Stability and Control of Multi-Body Ground Vehicles with Uncertain Dynamics and Failures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    and N. Zhang, 2008. “Robust stability control of vehicle rollover subject to actuator time delay”. Proc. IMechE Part I: J. of systems and control ...Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, Boston, MA, Sept 2010 R.K. Yedavalli,”Robust Stability of Linear Interval Parameter Matrix Family Problem...for control coupled output regulation for a class of systems is presented. In section 2.1.7, the control design algorithm developed in section

  14. Introspections on the Semantic Gap

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-14

    cloud comput - ing. Zhang received an MS in computer science from Stony Brook University. Contact him at dozhang@ cs.stonybrook.edu. Donald E. Porter...designated by other documentation. ... 2 March/April 2015 Copublished by the IEEE Computer and Reliability Societies 1540-7993/15/$31.00 © 2015 IEEE IEEE S...pauses the VM, and the VMI tool introspects the process descriptor list. In contrast, an asynchronous mechanism would intro - spect memory

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China, High-Power Laser and Particle Beams

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-07-29

    Thickness Nonuniformities on Polarization, Optical Image Properties of Laser, Beacon Light [Xiong Shengming, Zhang Yundong] 39 Effects of Phasing...superconducting cavity and an optical cathode high-intensity injector was presented with the objective of increasing the brightness of an FEL or...design was then revised and made simpler and more practical. The new design stresses safety and the ultrahigh-vacuum requirement associated with the Nb

  16. Prototyping a Web-Enabled Decision Support System to Improve Capacity Management of Aviation Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    sharing, cooperation, and cost optimization International Journal of Production Economics Amsterdam, 93,94, 41-52. Retrieved July 13, 2005, from the... Journal of Production Economics , 59(1-3), 53-64. Calogero, B. (2000). Who is to blame for ERP failure? SunServer, 14(6), 8-9. Retrieved July 24...database. Bonney, M. C., Zhang, Z., Head, M. A., Tien, C. C., & Barson, R. J. (1999). Are push and pull systems really so different? International

  17. Energy Barriers and Hysteresis in Martensitic Phase Transformations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-01

    glacial acetic acid (CH3COOH) and 10-15% perchloric acid (HCLO4) by volume, the cathode was stainless steel , the anode was stainless steel or Ti, the...Submitted to Acta Materialia Energy barriers and hysteresis in martensitic phase transformations Zhiyong Zhang, Richard D. James and Stefan Müller...hysteresis based on the growth from a small scale of fully developed austenite martensite needles. In this theory the energy of the transition layer plays a

  18. Evaluation of NWP-based Satellite Precipitation Error Correction with Near-Real-Time Model Products and Flood-inducing Storms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X.; Anagnostou, E. N.; Schwartz, C. S.

    2017-12-01

    Satellite precipitation products tend to have significant biases over complex terrain. Our research investigates a statistical approach for satellite precipitation adjustment based solely on numerical weather simulations. This approach has been evaluated in two mid-latitude (Zhang et al. 2013*1, Zhang et al. 2016*2) and three topical mountainous regions by using the WRF model to adjust two high-resolution satellite products i) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate Prediction Center morphing technique (CMORPH) and ii) Global Satellite Mapping of Precipitation (GSMaP). Results show the adjustment effectively reduces the satellite underestimation of high rain rates, which provides a solid proof-of-concept for continuing research of NWP-based satellite correction. In this study we investigate the feasibility of using NCAR Real-time Ensemble Forecasts*3 for adjusting near-real-time satellite precipitation datasets over complex terrain areas in the Continental United States (CONUS) such as Olympic Peninsula, California coastal mountain ranges, Rocky Mountains and South Appalachians. The research will focus on flood-inducing storms occurred from May 2015 to December 2016 and four satellite precipitation products (CMORPH, GSMaP, PERSIANN-CCS and IMERG). The error correction performance evaluation will be based on comparisons against the gauge-adjusted Stage IV precipitation data. *1 Zhang, Xinxuan, et al. "Using NWP simulations in satellite rainfall estimation of heavy precipitation events over mountainous areas." Journal of Hydrometeorology 14.6 (2013): 1844-1858. *2 Zhang, Xinxuan, et al. "Hydrologic Evaluation of NWP-Adjusted CMORPH Estimates of Hurricane-Induced Precipitation in the Southern Appalachians." Journal of Hydrometeorology 17.4 (2016): 1087-1099. *3 Schwartz, Craig S., et al. "NCAR's experimental real-time convection-allowing ensemble prediction system." Weather and Forecasting 30.6 (2015): 1645-1654.

  19. Demonstrating Improvements from a NWP-based Satellite Precipitation Adjustment Technique in Tropical Mountainous Regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X.; Anagnostou, E. N.

    2016-12-01

    This research contributes to the improvement of high resolution satellite applications in tropical regions with mountainous topography. Such mountainous regions are usually covered by sparse networks of in-situ observations while quantitative precipitation estimation from satellite sensors exhibits strong underestimation of heavy orographically enhanced storm events. To address this issue, our research applies a satellite error correction technique based solely on high-resolution numerical weather predictions (NWP). Our previous work has demonstrated the accuracy of this method in two mid-latitude mountainous regions (Zhang et al. 2013*1, Zhang et al. 2016*2), while the current research focuses on a comprehensive evaluation in three topical mountainous regions: Colombia, Peru and Taiwan. In addition, two different satellite precipitation products, NOAA Climate Prediction Center morphing technique (CMORPH) and Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks-Cloud Classification System (PERSIANN-CCS), are considered. The study includes a large number of heavy precipitation events (68 events over the three regions) in the period 2004 to 2012. The NWP-based adjustments of the two satellite products are contrasted to their corresponding gauge-adjusted post-processing products. Preliminary results show that the NWP-based adjusted CMORPH product is consistently improved relative to both original and gauge-adjusted precipitation products for all regions and storms examined. The improvement of PERSIANN-CCS product is less significant and less consistent relative to the CMORPH performance improvements from the NWP-based adjustment. *1Zhang, Xinxuan, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, Maria Frediani, Stavros Solomos, and George Kallos. "Using NWP simulations in satellite rainfall estimation of heavy precipitation events over mountainous areas." Journal of Hydrometeorology 14, no. 6 (2013): 1844-1858.*2 Zhang, Xinxuan, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

  20. A Hidden Transhydrogen Activity of a FMN-Bound Diaphorase under Anaerobic Conditions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-04

    RESEARCH ARTICLE A Hidden Transhydrogen Activity of a FMN- Bound Diaphorase under Anaerobic Conditions John Collins1, Ting Zhang1, Scott Huston1... metabolic pathways for facilitating the electron transfer from one molecule to another in redox reactions. Transhy- drogenase plays an important role in...March 2, 2016 Accepted: April 20, 2016 Published: May 4, 2016 Copyright: © 2016 Collins et al. This is an open access article distributed under the

  1. Shock and Vibration Symposium (59th) Held in Albuquerque, New Mexico on 18-20 October 1988. Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-10-01

    030 in. Thick V-45 Rubber Shear Ply Aluminum Coated Steel Snap- FM-73 Film NAS 6703 Bolts ring 7 Polar Layers - M7885/4 Rivets 76 Required 11.5 Deg...Feedback Q. Zhang, S. Shelley 1. N. Lou and R. J. Allemang Relating Material Properties and Wave Effects in Vibration Isolators M. C. Reid, S. 0...Load-Deflection Characteristics of Rubber Element for Vibration Control Devices E. I. Rivin and B. S. Lee Vi ______ _____________ AIRBLAST Envelope

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology. China.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-29

    Commun ., Vol COM-29, No 6, pp 895-901, June 1981. [4] R.C. Titsworth , "A Boolean-Function-Multiplexed Telemetry System," IEEE Trans, on SET, pp 42...Reagents 39 Gene-Engineered Human Epithelium Growth Factor (hEGF) 39 Superfine Snake Venom 39 COMPUTERS Ai Computer System LISP-MI [Zheng Shouqi, et...XUEBAO, No 3, Jun 88] 134 Coordinated Development of Microwave, Optical Communications [Zhang Xu; DIANXIN KUAIBAO, No 11, Nov 88] 143 Error

  3. Multiscale Mass-Spring Models of Carbon Nanotube Foams

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-06

    Mesarovic et al., 2007). The study of thin structural foams (Gibson and Ashby, 1998) for cushioning (Zhang et al., 2009), energy dissipation ( Teo et al...compressible foam-like behavior under compressive cycling loads (Suhr et al., 2007; Teo et al., 2007; Tao et al., 2008; Deck et al., 2007; Cao et al., 2005). 2...and electrostatic interaction be- tween individual and bundles of carbon nanotubes (Suhr et al., 2007; Teo et al., 2007; Tao et al., 2008; Deck et al

  4. Mitochondrial Replacement Techniques, Scientific Tourism, and the Global Politics of Science.

    PubMed

    Chan, Sarah; Palacios-González, César; De Jesús Medina Arellano, María

    2017-09-01

    The United Kingdom is the first and so far only country to pass explicit legislation allowing for the licensed use of the new reproductive technology known as mitochondrial replacement therapy. The techniques used in this technology may prevent the transmission of mitochondrial DNA diseases, but they are controversial because they involve the manipulation of oocytes or embryos and the transfer of genetic material. Some commentators have even suggested that MRT constitutes germline genome modification. All eyes were on the United Kingdom as the most likely location for the first MRT birth, so it was a shock when, on September 27, 2016, an announcement went out that the first baby to result from use of the intervention had already been born. In New York City, United States-based scientist John Zhang used maternal spindle transfer (one of the recognized MRT methods) to generate five embryos for a woman carrying oocytes with deleterious mutations of the mitochondrial DNA. Zhang then shipped the only euploid embryo to Mexico, where it was transferred to the mother's uterus. Zhang's team's travel across international borders to carry out experimental procedures represents a form of scientific tourism that has not been properly ethically explored; it can, however, have seriously detrimental effects for developing countries. © 2017 The Hastings Center.

  5. Pseudopotential Computations for Metal/Alumina Interfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Wenqing

    2003-03-01

    Metal/alumina interfaces are found, for example, in electronic devices, as thermal barrier coatings in gas turbines, and in coatings to inhibit corrosion and wear. Of particular importance to their performance is their adhesion. Ultrasoft pseudopotentials combined with plane wave methods and density-functional theory have been employed to compute the properties of these relatively complex interfaces, including effects of impurity segregation. Interfacial stoichiometry and impurity content affect interfacial properties importantly. Thermodynamic links between our first principles results and metallurgical variables such as oxygen activity and oxygen partial pressure are established. This allows for a comparison between theoretical predictions and experimental measurements. Good agreement is obtained for predicted interfacial variables such as atomic structure and adhesive bond strengths on comparison with results of sessile drop, fracture, and other experiments on interfaces of Ni, Cu, Al, and Ag with alumina [1-3], including effects of water and sulfur interfacial impurities. Understanding of the nature of the adhesive bonding at the atomic level is obtained by the pseudopotential first principles approach. [1] W.Zhang, and J.R.Smith, and A.G.Evans, Acta Mater., 50,3803(2002). [2] W.Zhang, and J.R.Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3225(2000). [3] W.Zhang, and J.R.Smith, Phys. Rev. B61, 16883(2000).

  6. Promoting Secondary Analysis of Electronic Medical Records in China: Summary of the PLAGH-MIT Critical Data Conference and Health Datathon.

    PubMed

    Li, Peiyao; Xie, Chen; Pollard, Tom; Johnson, Alistair Edward William; Cao, Desen; Kang, Hongjun; Liang, Hong; Zhang, Yuezhou; Liu, Xiaoli; Fan, Yong; Zhang, Yuan; Xue, Wanguo; Xie, Lixin; Celi, Leo Anthony; Zhang, Zhengbo

    2017-11-14

    Electronic health records (EHRs) have been widely adopted among modern hospitals to collect and track clinical data. Secondary analysis of EHRs could complement the traditional randomized control trial (RCT) research model. However, most researchers in China lack either the technical expertise or the resources needed to utilize EHRs as a resource. In addition, a climate of cross-disciplinary collaboration to gain insights from EHRs, a crucial component of a learning healthcare system, is not prevalent. To address these issues, members from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the People's Liberation Army General Hospital (PLAGH) organized the first clinical data conference and health datathon in China, which provided a platform for clinicians, statisticians, and data scientists to team up and address information gaps in the intensive care unit (ICU). ©Peiyao Li, Chen Xie, Tom Pollard, Alistair Edward William Johnson, Desen Cao, Hongjun Kang, Hong Liang, Yuezhou Zhang, Xiaoli Liu, Yong Fan, Yuan Zhang, Wanguo Xue, Lixin Xie, Leo Anthony Celi, Zhengbo Zhang. Originally published in JMIR Medical Informatics (http://medinform.jmir.org), 14.11.2017.

  7. An improved authenticated key agreement protocol for telecare medicine information system.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wenhao; Xie, Qi; Wang, Shengbao; Hu, Bin

    2016-01-01

    In telecare medicine information systems (TMIS), identity authentication of patients plays an important role and has been widely studied in the research field. Generally, it is realized by an authenticated key agreement protocol, and many such protocols were proposed in the literature. Recently, Zhang et al. pointed out that Islam et al.'s protocol suffers from the following security weaknesses: (1) Any legal but malicious patient can reveal other user's identity; (2) An attacker can launch off-line password guessing attack and the impersonation attack if the patient's identity is compromised. Zhang et al. also proposed an improved authenticated key agreement scheme with privacy protection for TMIS. However, in this paper, we point out that Zhang et al.'s scheme cannot resist off-line password guessing attack, and it fails to provide the revocation of lost/stolen smartcard. In order to overcome these weaknesses, we propose an improved protocol, the security and authentication of which can be proven using applied pi calculus based formal verification tool ProVerif.

  8. Preliminary results of strong ground motion simulation for the Lushan earthquake of 20 April 2013, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Gengshang; Zhang, Zhenguo; Wen, Jian; Zhang, Wei; Chen, Xiaofei

    2013-08-01

    The earthquake occurred in Lushan County on 20 April, 2013 caused heavy casualty and economic loss. In order to understand how the seismic energy propagates during this earthquake and how it causes the seismic hazard, we simulated the strong ground motions from a representative kinematic source model by Zhang et al. (Chin J Geophys 56(4):1408-1411, 2013) for this earthquake. To include the topographic effects, we used the curved grids finite difference method by Zhang and Chen (Geophys J Int 167(1):337-353, 2006), Zhang et al. (Geophys J Int 190(1):358-378, 2012) to implement the simulations. Our results indicated that the majority of seismic energy concentrated in the epicentral area and the vicinal Sichuan Basin, causing the XI and VII degree intensity. Due to the strong topographic effects of the mountain, the seismic intensity in the border area across the northeastern of Boxing County to the Lushan County also reached IX degree. Moreover, the strong influence of topography caused the amplifications of ground shaking at the mountain ridge, which is easy to cause landslides. These results are quite similar to those observed in the Wenchuan earthquake of 2008 occurred also in a strong topographic mountain area.

  9. Why are some HIV/AIDS patients reluctant to receive antiviral therapy as soon as possible in China?

    PubMed

    Sun, Yang; Lu, Hongzhou

    2014-06-01

    In more than 20 years of medical practice, a surprising phenomenon has often occurred: some patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) decide not to go to the hospital and they do not let others know that they are suffering from the disease unless they believe that they are dieing. Zhang Shan (a pseudonym) is one such patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS who was reluctant to receive antiviral therapy as soon as possible, and this paper shares Zhang's story as he related it. Clearly, there are numerous views as to why patients in China behave as Zhang did. Presented here are several reasons, including society, history, morality and ideology, family, and education. Although all of these reasons do play a role, the patient's mindset and behavior is the most significant reason for a patient's reluctance to seek treatment or disclose his/her status. If the individual patient's mindset and behavior are not dealt with effectively, then HIV/AIDS can continue to spread and threaten additional lives and even the fabric of society. This paper analyzes the reasons why patients are hesitant to receive antiviral therapy, but this paper also suggests steps healthcare personnel can take to encourage patients to seek treatment. Such steps can save the lives of current patients with HIV/AIDS. In addition, sound public health measures and a rational approach to treatment are important to helping potential patients with HIV/AIDS.

  10. Controlling Self-Assembly in Al(110) Homoepitaxy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tiwary, Yogesh; Fichthorn, Kristen

    2010-03-01

    Homoepitaxial growth on Al(110) exhibits nanoscale self-assembly into huts with well-defined (100) and (111) facets [1]. Although some of the diffusion mechanisms underlying this kinetic self-assembly were identified and incorporated into a two-dimensional model [2], we used density-functional theory (DFT) to identify many other mechanisms that are needed to describe the three-dimensional assembly seen experimentally [3]. We developed a three-dimensional kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) model of Al(110) homoepitaxy. The inputs to the model were obtained from DFT [3,4]. Our model is in agreement with experimentally observed trends for this system. We used KMC to predict self-assembly under various growth conditions. To achieve precise placement of Al nanohuts, we simulated thermal-field-directed assembly [5]. Our results indicate that this technique can be used to create uniform arrays of nanostructures. [1] F. Buatier de Mongeot, W. Zhu, A. Molle, R. Buzio, C. Boragno, U. Valbusa, E. Wang, and Z. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 016102 (2003). [2] W. Zhu, F. Buatier de Mongeot, U. Valbusa, E. G. Wang, and Z. Y. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 106102 (2004). [3] Y. Tiwary and K. A. Fichthorn, submitted to Phys. Rev. B. [4] Y. Tiwary and K. A. Fichthorn, Phys. Rev. B 78, 205418 (2008). [5] C. Zhang and R. Kalyanaraman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4827 (2003).

  11. New Ultra-Compact Dwarf Galaxies in Clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2017-02-01

    How do ultra-compact dwarf galaxies (UCDs) galaxies that are especially small and dense form and evolve? Scientists have recently examined distant galaxy clusters, searching for more UCDs to help us answer this question.Origins of DwarfsIn recent years we have discovered a growing sample of small, very dense galaxies. Galaxies that are tens to hundreds of light-years across, with masses between a million and a billion solar masses, fall into category of ultra-compact dwarfs (UCDs).An example of an unresolved compact object from the authors survey that is likely an ultra-compact dwarf galaxy. [Adapted from Zhang Bell 2017]How do these dense and compact galaxies form? Two possibilities are commonly suggested:An initially larger galaxy was tidally stripped during interactions with other galaxies in a cluster, leaving behind only its small, dense core as a UCD.UCDs formed as compact galaxies at very early cosmic times. The ones living in a massive dark matter halo may have been able to remain compact over time, evolving into the objectswe see today.To better understand which of these formation scenarios applies to which galaxies, we need a larger sample size! Our census of UCDs is fairly limited and because theyare small and dim, most of the ones weve discovered are in the nearby universe. To build a good sample, we need to find UCDs at higher redshifts as well.A New SampleIn a recent study, two scientists from University of Michigan have demonstrated how we might find more UCDs. Yuanyuan Zhang (also affiliated with Fermilab) and Eric Bell used the Cluster Lensing and Supernova Survey with Hubble (CLASH) to search 17 galaxy clusters at intermediate redshifts of 0.2 z 0.6, looking for unresolved objects that might be UCDs.The mass and size distributions of the UCD candidates reported in this study, in the context of previously known nuclear star clusters, globular clusters (GCs), UCDs, compact elliptical galaxies (cEs), and dwarf galaxies. [Zhang Bell 2017]Zhang and

  12. When Charged Black Holes Merge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-08-01

    Most theoretical models assume that black holes arent charged. But a new study shows that mergers of charged black holes could explain a variety of astrophysical phenomena, from fast radio bursts to gamma-ray bursts.No HairThe black hole no hair theorem states that all black holes can be described by just three things: their mass, their spin, and their charge. Masses and spins have been observed and measured, but weve never measured the charge of a black hole and its widely believed that real black holes dont actually have any charge.That said, weve also never shown that black holes dont have charge, or set any upper limits on the charge that they might have. So lets suppose, for a moment, that its possible for a black hole to be charged. How might that affect what we know about the merger of two black holes? A recent theoretical study by Bing Zhang (University of Nevada, Las Vegas) examines this question.Intensity profile of a fast radio burst, a sudden burst of radio emission that lasts only a few milliseconds. [Swinburne Astronomy Productions]Driving TransientsZhangs work envisions a pair of black holes in a binary system. He argues that if just one of the black holes carries charge possibly retained by a rotating magnetosphere then it may be possible for the system to produce an electromagnetic signal that could accompany gravitational waves, such as a fast radio burst or a gamma-ray burst!In Zhangs model, the inspiral of the two black holes generates a global magnetic dipole thats perpendicular to the plane of the binarys orbit. The magnetic flux increases rapidly as the separation between the black holes decreases, generating an increasingly powerful magnetic wind. This wind, in turn, can give rise to a fast radio burst or a gamma-ray burst, depending on the value of the black holes charge.Artists illustration of a short gamma-ray burst, thought to be caused by the merger of two compact objects. [ESO/A. Roquette]Zhang calculates lower limits on the charge

  13. Assessment of Template-Based Modeling of Protein Structure in CASP11

    PubMed Central

    Modi, Vivek; Xu, Qifang; Adhikari, Sam; Dunbrack, Roland L.

    2016-01-01

    We present the assessment of predictions submitted in the template-based modeling (TBM) category of CASP11 (Critical Assessment of Protein Structure Prediction). Model quality was judged on the basis of global and local measures of accuracy on all atoms including side chains. The top groups on 39 human-server targets based on model 1 predictions were LEER, Zhang, LEE, MULTICOM, and Zhang-Server. The top groups on 81 targets by server groups based on model 1 predictions were Zhang-Server, nns, BAKER-ROSETTASERVER, QUARK, and myprotein-me. In CASP11, the best models for most targets were equal to or better than the best template available in the Protein Data Bank, even for targets with poor templates. The overall performance in CASP11 is similar to the performance of predictors in CASP10 with slightly better performance on the hardest targets. For most targets, assessment measures exhibited bimodal probability density distributions. Multi-dimensional scaling of an RMSD matrix for each target typically revealed a single cluster with models similar to the target structure, with a mode in the GDT-TS density between 40 and 90, and a wide distribution of models highly divergent from each other and from the experimental structure, with density mode at a GDT-TS value of ~20. The models in this peak in the density were either compact models with entirely the wrong fold, or highly non-compact models. The results argue for a density-driven approach in future CASP TBM assessments that accounts for the bimodal nature of these distributions instead of Z-scores, which assume a unimodal, Gaussian distribution. PMID:27081927

  14. Time-resolved particle image velocimetry measurements of the 3D single-mode Richtmyer-Meshkov instability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Qian

    The Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability (RMI) (Commun. Pure Appl. Math 23, 297-319, 1960; Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Maekh. Zhidk. Gaza. 4, 151-157, 1969) occurs due to an impulsive acceleration acting on a perturbed interface between two fluids of different densities. In the experiments presented in this thesis, single mode 3D RMI experiments are performed. An oscillating speaker generates a single mode sinusoidal initial perturbation at an interface of two gases, air and SF6. A Mach 1.19 shock wave accelerates the interface and generates the Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability. Both gases are seeded with propylene glycol particles which are illuminated by an Nd: YLF pulsed laser. Three high-speed video cameras record image sequences of the experiment. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is applied to measure the velocity field. Measurements of the amplitude for both spike and bubble are obtained, from which the growth rate is measured. For both spike and bubble experiments, amplitude and growth rate match the linear stability theory at early time, but fall into a non-linear region with amplitude measurements lying between the modified 3D Sadot et al. model ( Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1654-1657, 1998) and the Zhang & Sohn model (Phys. Fluids 9. 1106-1124, 1997; Z. Angew. Math Phys 50. 1-46, 1990) at late time. Amplitude and growth rate curves are found to lie above the modified 3D Sadot et al. model and below Zhang & Sohn model for the spike experiments. Conversely, for the bubble experiments, both amplitude and growth rate curves lie above the Zhang & Sohn model, and below the modified 3D Sadot et al. model. Circulation is also calculated using the vorticity and velocity fields from the PIV measurements. The calculated circulation are approximately equal and found to grow with time, a result that differs from the modified Jacobs and Sheeley's circulation model (Phys. Fluids 8, 405-415, 1996).

  15. Relativistic distorted-wave collision strengths for the 49 Δn=0 optically allowed transitions with n=2 in the 67 N-like ions with 26≤Z≤92

    SciT

    Fontes, Christopher J., E-mail: cjf@lanl.gov; Zhang, Hong Lin

    2014-09-15

    Relativistic distorted-wave collision strengths have been calculated for the 49 Δn=0 optically allowed transitions with n=2 in the 67 N-like ions with nuclear charge number Z in the range 26≤Z≤92. The calculations were made for the four final, or scattered, electron energies E{sup ′}=0.20, 0.42, 0.80, and 1.40, where E{sup ′} is in units of Z{sub eff}{sup 2} Ry with Z{sub eff}=Z−5. In the present calculations, an improved “top-up” method, which employs relativistic plane waves, was used to obtain the high partial-wave contribution for each transition, in contrast to the partial-relativistic Coulomb–Bethe approximation used in the previous work by Zhangmore » and Sampson [H.L. Zhang and D.H. Sampson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 72 (1999) 153]. In that earlier work, collision strengths were also provided for N-like ions, but for a more comprehensive data set consisting of all possible 105 Δn=0 transitions, six scattered energies and the 81 ions with Z in the range 12≤Z≤92. The collision strengths covered in the present work should be more accurate than the corresponding data given by Zhang and Sampson [H.L. Zhang and D.H. Sampson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 72 (1999) 153] and are presented here to replace those earlier results.« less

  16. Three-dimensional wave field modeling by a collocated-grid finite-difference method in the anelastic model with surface topography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, N.; Li, J.; Borisov, D.; Gharti, H. N.; Shen, Y.; Zhang, W.; Savage, B. K.

    2016-12-01

    We incorporate 3D anelastic attenuation into the collocated-grid finite-difference method on curvilinear grids (Zhang et al., 2012), using the rheological model of the generalized Maxwell body (Emmerich and Korn, 1987; Moczo and Kristek, 2005; Käser et al., 2007). We follow a conventional procedure to calculate the anelastic coefficients (Emmerich and Korn, 1987) determined by the Q(ω)-law, with a modification in the choice of frequency band and thus the relaxation frequencies that equidistantly cover the logarithmic frequency range. We show that such an optimization of anelastic coefficients is more accurate when using a fixed number of relaxation mechanisms to fit the frequency independent Q-factors. We use curvilinear grids to represent the surface topography. The velocity-stress form of the 3D isotropic anelastic wave equation is solved with a collocated-grid finite-difference method. Compared with the elastic case, we need to solve additional material-independent anelastic functions (Kristek and Moczo, 2003) for the mechanisms at each relaxation frequency. Based on the stress-strain relation, we calculate the spatial partial derivatives of the anelastic functions indirectly thereby saving computational storage and improving computational efficiency. The complex-frequency-shifted perfectly matched layer (CFS-PML) is used for the absorbing boundary condition based on the auxiliary difference equation (Zhang and Shen, 2010). The traction image method (Zhang and Chen, 2006) is employed for the free-surface boundary condition. We perform several numerical experiments including homogeneous full-space models and layered half-space models, considering both flat and 3D Gaussian-shape hill surfaces. The results match very well with those of the spectral-element method (Komatitisch and Tromp, 2002; Savage et al., 2010), verifying the simulations by our method in the anelastic model with surface topography.

  17. Radiation Environment at GEO from the FY2G Satellite Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, C.

    2016-12-01

    WANG Chun-Qin1,2*, Zhang Shen-Yi1,2 Jing Tao1,2, Zhang Huan-Xin1,2 Li Jia-Wei3 Zhang Xiao-Xin3 Sun Yue-Qiang1,2 Liang Jin-Bao1,2 Wei Fei1,2 Shen Guo-Hong1,2 Huang Cong3 Shi Chun-Yan1,21.National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Space Environment Exploration, Beijing 100190,China 3.National Satellite Meteorological Center, National Center for Space Weather, Beijing 100081, China; Abstract Recent measurements of the high energy electrons and protons with energetic particle instrument carried on the FY-2G satellite are presented. The instrument consist of two detectors-the high energy electrons instrument which can measure 200keV to greater than 4MeV electrons with eleven channels, and the high energy protons and heavy ions instrument which mainly senses incident flux of solar protons with seven channels from 4MeV to 300 MeV. The paper shows electrons and protons observations from Jan 2015 until Oct 2015. A precise description and preliminary analysis of particle dynamic during disturbances of magnetic storms、substorms and solar eruptions suggest that both of the detectors show accurate response to various disturbances and provide refined particles data. Comparison results of FY2G satellite with GOES series satellites reflect obvious local difference in particle flux evolvement especially during intensive disturbances time, which can be helpful for data assimilation of multi-satellite as well as further research in more complicated magnetosphere energy particle dynamic.

  18. Zfp206 regulates ES cell gene expression and differentiation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wen; Walker, Emily; Tamplin, Owen J; Rossant, Janet; Stanford, William L; Hughes, Timothy R

    2006-01-01

    Understanding transcriptional regulation in early developmental stages is fundamental to understanding mammalian development and embryonic stem (ES) cell properties. Expression surveys suggest that the putative SCAN-Zinc finger transcription factor Zfp206 is expressed specifically in ES cells [Zhang,W., Morris,Q.D., Chang,R., Shai,O., Bakowski,M.A., Mitsakakis,N., Mohammad,N., Robinson,M.D., Zirngibl,R., Somogyi,E. et al., (2004) J. Biol., 3, 21; Brandenberger,R., Wei,H., Zhang,S., Lei,S., Murage,J., Fisk,G.J., Li,Y., Xu,C., Fang,R., Guegler,K. et al., (2004) Nat. Biotechnol., 22, 707-716]. Here, we confirm this observation, and we show that ZFP206 expression decreases rapidly upon differentiation of cultured mouse ES cells, and during development of mouse embryos. We find that there are at least six isoforms of the ZFP206 transcript, the longest being predominant. Overexpression and depletion experiments show that Zfp206 promotes formation of undifferentiated ES cell clones, and positively regulates abundance of a very small set of transcripts whose expression is also specific to ES cells and the two- to four-cell stages of preimplantation embryos. This set includes members of the Zscan4, Thoc4, Tcstv1 and eIF-1A gene families, none of which have been functionally characterized in vivo but whose members include apparent transcription factors, RNA-binding proteins and translation factors. Together, these data indicate that Zfp206 is a regulator of ES cell differentiation that controls a set of genes expressed very early in development, most of which themselves appear to be regulators.

  19. Analysis of a library of macaque nuclear mitochondrial sequences confirms macaque origin of divergent sequences from old oral polio vaccine samples.

    PubMed

    Vartanian, Jean-Pierre; Wain-Hobson, Simon

    2002-05-28

    Nuclear mtDNA sequences (numts) are a widespread family of paralogs evolving as pseudogenes in chromosomal DNA [Zhang, D. E. & Hewitt, G. M. (1996) TREE 11, 247-251 and Bensasson, D., Zhang, D., Hartl, D. L. & Hewitt, G. M. (2001) TREE 16, 314-321]. When trying to identify the species origin of an unknown DNA sample by way of an mtDNA locus, PCR may amplify both mtDNA and numts. Indeed, occasionally numts dominate confounding attempts at species identification [Bensasson, D., Zhang, D. X. & Hewitt, G. M. (2000) Mol. Biol. Evol. 17, 406-415; Wallace, D. C., et al. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 14900-14905]. Rhesus and cynomolgus macaque mtDNA haplotypes were identified in a study of oral polio vaccine samples dating from the late 1950s [Blancou, P., et al. (2001) Nature (London) 410, 1045-1046]. They were accompanied by a number of putative numts. To confirm that these putative numts were of macaque origin, a library of numts corresponding to a small segment of 12S rDNA locus has been made by using DNA from a Chinese rhesus macaque. A broad distribution was found with up to 30% sequence variation. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the evolutionary trajectories of numts and bona fide mtDNA haplotypes do not overlap with the signal exception of the host species; mtDNA fragments are continually crossing over into the germ line. In the case of divergent mtDNA sequences from old oral polio vaccine samples [Blancou, P., et al. (2001) Nature (London) 410, 1045-1046], all were closely related to numts in the Chinese macaque library.

  20. Endocrine Pancreas Regeneration

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Rehman KK, Bertera S, Zhang J, Chen C, Papworth G, Watkins S, Trucco M, Robbins PD, Li J,Xiao X: Widespread and stable pancreatic gene transfer by AAV...G, Watkins S, Trucco M, Robbins PD, Li J,Xiao X: Widespread and stable pancreatic gene transfer by AAV vectors via different routes. Diabetes 55...J Clin Invest 114:877-883, 2004. 15. Tian C, Bagley J, Cretin N, Seth N, Wucherpfennig KW, Iacomini J: Prevention of type 1 diabetes by gene