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Sample records for znii cdii hgii

  1. The coordination behaviour of ferrocene-based pyridylphosphine ligands towards Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II).

    PubMed

    Siemeling, Ulrich; Klemann, Thorsten; Bruhn, Clemens; Schulz, Jiří; Štěpnička, Petr

    2011-05-07

    The reaction of Group 12 metal dihalides MX(2) with the P,N-ligands [Fe(C(5)H(4)-PPh(2))(C(5)H(4)-2-py)] (1) (2-py = pyrid-2-yl), [Fe(C(5)H(4)-PPh(2))(C(5)H(4)-CH(2)-2-py)] (2) and [Fe(C(5)H(4)-PPh(2))(C(5)H(4)-3-py)] (3) (3-py = pyrid-3-yl) was investigated. For a 1 : 1 molar ratio of MX(2) and the respective ligand, three structure types were found in the solid state, viz. chelate, cyclic dimer and chain-like coordination polymer. The M(II) coordination environment is distorted pseudo-tetrahedral in each case. The P-M-N angle is much larger in the chelates (≥119°) than in the ligand-bridged structures (≤109°). 1 prefers the formation of chelates [MX(2)(1-κ(2)N,P)]. 3 forms coordination polymers [MX(2)(μ-3)](n). With the more flexible 2 all three structure types can occur. Dynamic coordination equilibria were observed in solution for the molecular complexes obtained with 1 and 2. NMR data indicate that the N- and P-donor sites interact most strongly with Zn(II) and Hg(II), respectively. While the formation of bis(phosphine)mercury complexes (soft-soft) was easily achieved, no bis(pyridine)zinc complex (borderline-borderline) could be obtained, which is surprising in view of the HSAB principle.

  2. Zn(II) and Hg(II) binding to a designed peptide that accommodates different coordination geometries.

    PubMed

    Szunyogh, Dániel; Gyurcsik, Béla; Larsen, Flemming H; Stachura, Monika; Thulstrup, Peter W; Hemmingsen, Lars; Jancsó, Attila

    2015-07-28

    Designed metal ion binding peptides offer a variety of applications in both basic science as model systems of more complex metalloproteins, and in biotechnology, e.g. in bioremediation of toxic metal ions, biomining or as artificial enzymes. In this work a peptide (HS: Ac-SCHGDQGSDCSI-NH2) has been specifically designed for binding of both Zn(II) and Hg(II), i.e. metal ions with different preferences in terms of coordination number, coordination geometry, and to some extent ligand composition. It is demonstrated that HS accommodates both metal ions, and the first coordination sphere, metal ion exchange between peptides, and speciation are characterized as a function of pH using UV-absorption-, synchrotron radiation CD-, (1)H-NMR-, and PAC-spectroscopy as well as potentiometry. Hg(II) binds to the peptide with very high affinity in a {HgS2} coordination geometry, bringing together the two cysteinates close to each end of the peptide in a loop structure. Despite the high affinity, Hg(II) is kinetically labile, exchanging between peptides on the subsecond timescale, as indicated by line broadening in (1)H-NMR. The Zn(II)-HS system displays more complex speciation, involving monomeric species with coordinating cysteinates, histidine, and a solvent water molecule, as well as HS-Zn(II)-HS complexes. In summary, the HS peptide displays conformational flexibility, contains many typical metal ion binding groups, and is able to accommodate metal ions with different structural and ligand preferences with high affinity. As such, the HS peptide may be a scaffold offering binding of a variety of metal ions, and potentially serve for metal ion sequestration in biotechnological applications.

  3. Adsorption of Zn(II) and Cd(II) ions in batch system by using the Eichhornia crassipes.

    PubMed

    Módenes, A N; Espinoza-Quiñones, F R; Borba, C E; Trigueros, D E G; Lavarda, F L; Abugderah, M M; Kroumov, A D

    2011-01-01

    In this work, the displacement effects on the sorption capacities of zinc and cadmium ions of the Eichornia crassipes-type biosorbent in batch binary system has been studied. Preliminary single metal sorption experiments were carried out. An improvement on the Zn(II) and Cd(II) ions removal was achieved by working at 30 °C temperature and with non-uniform biosorbent grain sizes. A 60 min equilibrium time was achieved for both Zn(II) and Cd(II) ions. Furthermore, it was found that the overall kinetic data were best described by the pseudo second-order kinetic model. Classical multi-component adsorption isotherms have been tested as well as a modified extended Langmuir isotherm model, showing good agreement with the equilibrium binary data. Around 0.65 mequiv./g maximum metal uptake associated with the E. crassipes biosorbent was attained and the E. crassipes biosorbent has shown higher adsorption affinity for the zinc ions than for the cadmium ones in the binary system.

  4. Simultaneous Stripping Detection of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) Using a Bimetallic Hg-Bi/Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Composite Electrode

    PubMed Central

    Ouyang, Ruizhuo; Zhu, Zhenqian; Tatum, Clarissa E.; Chambers, James Q.; Xue, Zi-Ling

    2011-01-01

    A new, sensitive platform for the simultaneous electrochemical assay of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) in aqueous solution has been developed. The platform is based on a new bimetallic Hg-Bi/single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) composite modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE), demonstrating remarkably improved performance for the anodic stripping assay of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II). The synergistic effect of Hg and Bi as well as the enlarged, activated surface and good electrical conductivity of SWNTs on GCE contribute to the enhanced activity of the proposed electrode. The analytical curves for Zn(II), Cd(II) an Pb(II) cover two linear ranges varying from 0.5 to 11 μg L-1 and 10 to 130 μg L-1 with correlation coefficients higher than 0.992. The limits of detection for Zn(II), Cd(II) are lower than 2 μg L-1 (S/N = 3). For Pb(II), moreover, there is another lower, linear range from 5 to 1100 ng L-1 with a coefficient of 0.987 and a detection limit of 0.12 ng L-1. By using the standard addition method, Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in river samples were successfully determined. These results suggest that the proposed method can be applied as a simple, efficient alternative for the simultaneous monitoring of heavy metals in water samples. In addition, this method demonstrates the powerful application of carbon nanotubes in electrochemical analysis of heavy metals. PMID:21660117

  5. Anti-inflammatory drugs interacting with Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pt(II) metal ions.

    PubMed

    Dendrinou-Samara, C; Tsotsou, G; Ekateriniadou, L V; Kortsaris, A H; Raptopoulou, C P; Terzis, A; Kyriakidis, D A; Kessissoglou, D P

    1998-09-01

    Complexes of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pt(II) metal ions with the anti-inflammatory drugs, 1-methyl-5-(p-toluoyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-acetic acid (Tolmetin), alpha-methyl-4-(2-methylpropyl)benzeneacetic acid (Ibuprofen), 6-methoxy-alpha-methylnaphthalene-2-acetic acid (Naproxen) and 1-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-5-methoxy-2-methyl-1H-indole-3-acetic acid (indomethacin) have been synthesized and characterized. In the structurally characterized Cd(naproxen)2 complex the anti-inflammatory drugs acts as bidentate chelate ligand coordinatively bound to metal ions through the deprotonated carboxylate group. Crystal data for 1: [C32H26O8Cd], orthorhombic, space group P22(1)2(1), a = 5.693(2) (A), b = 8.760(3) (A), c = 30.74(1) (A), V = 1533(1) A3, Z = 2. Antibacterial and growth inhibitory activity is higher than that of the parent ligands or the platinum(II) diamine compounds.

  6. Effect of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) on Pb(II) biosorption by algae Gelidium-derived materials.

    PubMed

    Vilar, Vítor J P; Botelho, Cidália M S; Boaventura, Rui A R

    2008-06-15

    Biosorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) from binary metal solutions onto the algae Gelidium sesquipedale, an algal industrial waste and a waste-based composite material was investigated at pH 5.3, in a batch system. Binary Pb(II)/Cu(II), Pb(II)/Cd(II) and Pb(II)/Zn(II) solutions have been tested. For the same equilibrium concentrations of both metal ions (1 mmol l(-1)), approximately 66, 85 and 86% of the total uptake capacity of the biosorbents is taken by lead ions in the systems Pb(II)/Cu(II), Pb(II)/Cd(II) and Pb(II)/Zn(II), respectively. Two-metal results were fitted to a discrete and a continuous model, showing the inhibition of the primary metal biosorption by the co-cation. The model parameters suggest that Cd(II) and Zn(II) have the same decreasing effect on the Pb(II) uptake capacity. The uptake of Pb(II) was highly sensitive to the presence of Cu(II). From the discrete model it was possible to obtain the Langmuir affinity constant for Pb(II) biosorption. The presence of the co-cations decreases the apparent affinity of Pb(II). The experimental results were successfully fitted by the continuous model, at different pH values, for each biosorbent. The following sequence for the equilibrium affinity constants was found: Pb>Cu>Cd approximately Zn.

  7. Application of silica fume as a new SP-extractor for trace determination of Zn(II) and Cd(II) in pharmaceutical and environmental samples by square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Salwa A.; Gaber, Ahmed A. Abdel; Rahim, Asmaa M. Abdel

    2017-05-01

    In this work, silica fume (SF) is used as a solid-phase extractor for extraction of Zn(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solutions. Characterization of SF is performed by Fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The optimum experimental conditions for the two metal ions are investigated using batch and column techniques. The maximum adsorption capacity values are found to be 54.13 and 121.28 mg g-1 at the optimum pH 6.0 and 8.0 for Zn(II) and Cd(II), respectively. The equilibrium data are analyzed using the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherms by nonlinear regression analysis. Also, the kinetics analysis revealed that the overall adsorption process is successfully fitted with the pseudo-second-order model. The method is applied for determination of the target metal ions in pharmaceutical and environmental samples using square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry. The limit of detection (LOD) values are 0.102 and 1.43 × 10-3 mg L-1 for Zn(II) and Cd(II), respectively. The percentage recovery values are 98.8-100.5 % which indicate the success of the proposed method for determination of Zn(II) and Cd(II) without interfering effects.

  8. Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(I) complexes of cinnamic acid: FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H and 13C NMR studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalinowska, M.; Świsłocka, R.; Lewandowski, W.

    2011-05-01

    The effect of zinc, cadmium(II) and mercury(I) ions on the electronic structure of cinnamic acid (phenylacrylic acid) was studied. In this research many miscellaneous analytical methods, which complement one another, were used: infrared (FT-IR), Raman (FT-Raman), nuclear magnetic resonance ( 1H, 13C NMR) and quantum mechanical calculations. The spectroscopic studies provide some knowledge on the distribution of the electronic charge in molecule, the delocalization energy of π-electrons and the reactivity of metal complexes. In the series of Zn(II) → Cd(II) → Hg(I) cinnamates: (1) systematic shifts of several bands in the experimental and theoretical IR and Raman spectra and (2) regular chemical shifts for protons 1H and 13C nuclei were observed.

  9. Isostructural 1D coordination polymers of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) with phenylpropynoic acid and DABCO as organic linkers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saravanakumar, Rajendran; Varghese, Babu; Sankararaman, Sethuraman

    2014-11-01

    Using phenylpropynoic acid (PPA) and 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) as organic spacers, isostructural coordination polymers of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) were synthesized by solvothermal method and structurally characterized using single crystal XRD, powder XRD, 13C CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy. Single crystal XRD data revealed four PPA units coordinating with two metal ions forming a paddle wheel secondary building unit (SBU). The paddle wheel units are connected through coordination of DABCO nitrogen to the metal centers from the axial positions leading to the formation of the 1D coordination polymers along the c axis. Intermolecular π stacking and Csbnd H…π interactions between the adjacent polymer chains convert the 1D coordination polymer into an interesting 3D network with the Csbnd H…π bonds running along the crystallographic a and b axes. Thermal and nitrogen adsorption studies of these coordination polymers are reported.

  10. Removal of Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) by hematite nanoparticles: effect of sorbent concentration, pH, temperature, and exhaustion.

    PubMed

    Shipley, Heather J; Engates, Karen E; Grover, Valerie A

    2013-03-01

    Nanoparticles offer the potential to improve environmental treatment technologies due to their unique properties. Adsorption of metal ions (Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), Zn(II)) to nanohematite was examined as a function of sorbent concentration, pH, temperature, and exhaustion. Adsorption experiments were conducted with 0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 g/L nanoparticles in a pH 8 solution and in spiked San Antonio tap water. The adsorption data showed the ability of nanohematite to remove Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn species from solution with adsorption increasing as the nanoparticle concentration increased. At 0.5 g/L nanohematite, 100 % Pb species adsorbed, 94 % Cd species adsorbed, 89 % Cu species adsorbed and 100 % Zn species adsorbed. Adsorption kinetics for all metals tested was described by a pseudo second-order rate equation with lead having the fastest rate of adsorption. The effect of temperature on adsorption showed that Pb(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II) underwent an endothermic reaction, while Zn(II) underwent an exothermic reaction. The nanoparticles were able to simultaneously remove multiple metals species (Zn, Cd, Pb, and Cu) from both a pH 8 solution and spiked San Antonio tap water. Exhaustion experiments showed that at pH 8, exhaustion did not occur for the nanoparticles but adsorption does decrease for Cd, Cu, and Zn species but not Pb species. The strong adsorption coupled with the ability to simultaneously remove multiple metal ions offers a potential remediation method for the removal of metals from water.

  11. Interaction of glutathione reductase with heavy metal: the binding of Hg(II) or Cd(II) to the reduced enzyme affects both the redox dithiol pair and the flavin.

    PubMed

    Picaud, Thierry; Desbois, Alain

    2006-12-26

    To determine the inhibition mechanism of yeast glutathione reductase (GR) by heavy metal, we have compared the electronic absorption and resonance Raman (RR) spectra of the enzyme in its oxidized (Eox) and two-electron reduced (EH2) forms, in the absence and the presence of Hg(II) or Cd(II). The spectral data clearly show a redox dependence of the metal binding. The metal ions do not affect the absorption and RR spectra of Eox. On the contrary, the EH2 spectra, generated by addition of NADPH, are strongly modified by the presence of heavy metal. The absorption changes of EH2 are metal-dependent. On the one hand, the main flavin band observed at 450 nm for EH2 is red-shifted at 455 nm for the EH2-Hg(II) complex and at 451 nm for the EH2-Cd(II) complex. On the other hand, the characteristic charge-transfer (CT) band at 540 nm is quenched upon metal binding to EH2. In NADPH excess, a new CT band is observed at 610 nm for the EH2-Hg(II)-NADPH complex and at 590 nm for EH2-Cd(II)-NADPH. The RR spectra of the EH2-metal complexes are not sensitive to the NADPH concentration. With reference to the RR spectra of EH2 in which the frequencies of bands II and III were observed at 1582 and 1547 cm-1, respectively, those of the EH2-metal complexes are detected at 1577 and 1542 cm-1, indicating an increased flavin bending upon metal coordination to EH2. From the frequency shifts of band III, a concomitant weakening of the H-bonding state of the N5 atom is also deduced. Taking into account the different chemical properties of Hg(II) and Cd(II), the coordination number of the bound metal ion was deduced to be different in GR. A mechanism of the GR inhibition is proposed. It proceeds primarily by a specific binding of the metal to the redox thiol/thiolate pair and the catalytic histidine of EH2. The bound metal ion then acts on the bending of the isoalloxazine ring of FAD as well as on the hydrophobicity of its microenvironment.

  12. A flexible 1,8-naphthyridyl derivative and its Zn(II) complexes: synthesis, structures, spectroscopic properties and recognition of Cd(II).

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hui-Miao; Fu, Wen-Fu; Gan, Xin; Xu, Yan-Qing; Wang, Jun; Xu, Quan-Qing; Chi, Shao-Ming

    2008-12-21

    A flexible ligand bis(7-methyl-1,8-naphthyridine-2-ylamino)methane (), having kappa(4)-chelating and kappa(2)-bridging modes, and its intriguing structural complexes of Zn(II) with mu-OH, kappa(1)-OAc, mu-kappa(1)-OAc and mu-kappa(2)-OAc ligands, [Zn(2)()(2)(OH)](ClO(4))(3) (), [Zn(4)()(2)(OAc)(6)(OH)(2)].CH(2)Cl(2) (.CH(2)Cl(2)) and [Zn(5)()(2)(OAc)(10)](n).4nH(2)O (.4H(2)O) were synthesized and their structures were determined by X-ray crystallography. These compounds exhibited intense blue fluorescent emissions with a lambda(max) in the range of 380-410 nm in CH(2)Cl(2), CH(3)CN and CH(3)OH solutions, and solid-state emissions centered at 416, 463, 490 and 451 nm were observed for the compounds , , and at room temperature, respectively. The investigated fluorescence properties of associated with various metal ions showed that the fluorescence enhancement of with Cd(II) was more sensitive than with other interfering cations.

  13. Sulfur K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy of homoleptic thiolato complexes with Zn(II) and Cd(II).

    PubMed

    Matsunaga, Yuki; Fujisawa, Kiyoshi; Ibi, Naoko; Fujita, Mitsuharu; Ohashi, Tetuya; Amir, Nagina; Miyashita, Yoshitaro; Aika, Ken-Ichi; Izumi, Yasuo; Okamoto, Ken-Ichi

    2006-02-01

    The sulfur K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy is applied to homoleptic thiolato complexes with Zn(II) and Cd(II), (Et(4)N)[Zn(SAd)(3)] (1), (Et(4)N)(2)[{Zn(ScHex)(2)}(2)(mu-ScHex)(2)] (2), (Et(4)N)(2)[{Cd(ScHex)(2)}(2)(mu-ScHex)(2)] (3), (Et(4)N)(2)[{Cd(ScHex)}(4)(mu-ScHex)(6)] (4), [Zn(mu-SAd)(2)](n) (5), and [Cd(mu-SAd)(2)](n) (6) (HSAd=1-adamantanethiol, HScHex=cyclohexanethiol). The EXAFS results are consistent with the X-ray crystal data of 1-4. The structures of 5 and 6, which have not been determined by X-ray crystallography, are proposed to be polynuclear structures on the basis of the sulfur K-edge EXAFS, far-IR spectra, and elemental analysis. Clear evidences of the S...S interactions (between bridging atoms or neighboring sulfur atoms) and the S...C(far) interactions (in which C(far) atom is next to carbon atom directly bonded to sulfur atom) were observed in the EXAFS data for all complexes and thus lead to the reliable determination of the structures of 5 and 6 in combination with conventional zinc K-edge EXAFS analysis for 5. This new methodology, sulfur K-edge EXAFS, could be applied for the structural determination of in vivo metalloproteins as well as inorganic compounds.

  14. SPE coupled to AAS trace determination of Cd(II) and Zn(II) in food samples using amine functionalized GMA-MMA-EGDMA terpolymer: Isotherm and kinetic studies.

    PubMed

    Islam, Aminul; Kumar, Suneel; Zaidi, Noushi; Ahmad, Hilal

    2016-12-15

    An ethylenediamine functionalized glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) based terpolymeric chelating resin was synthesized for the separation and preconcentration of Cd(II) and Zn(II) by SPE from bread, rice and fruit juice prior to FAAS determination. The resin was characterized by FT-IR, TGA/DTA, SEM, BET analysis and EDS. Synthesized resin shows a good capacity of 53.96mgg(-1) for Cd(II) and 24.19mgg(-1) for Zn(II) at pH 8.0. Five isotherm equilibrium models were studied to explain the sorption phenomenon out of which Langmuir, Dubinin-Radushkevich, Scatchard and Temkin models were found to be the best fitted. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were observed to be 1.5 and 5.1μgL(-1) for Cd and 1.2 and 4.1μgL(-1) for Zn. The reliability of the method was investigated by the analysis of SRM and the recovery of analytes from various spiked food samples. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Adsorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Fe(II), and As(V) on bacterially produced metal sulfides.

    PubMed

    Jong, Tony; Parry, David L

    2004-07-01

    The adsorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Fe(II) and As(V) onto bacterially produced metal sulfide (BPMS) material was investigated using a batch equilibrium method. It was found that the sulfide material had adsorptive properties comparable with those of other adsorbents with respect to the specific uptake of a range of metals and, the levels to which dissolved metal concentrations in solution can be reduced. The percentage of adsorption increased with increasing pH and adsorbent dose, but decreased with increasing initial dissolved metal concentration. The pH of the solution was the most important parameter controlling adsorption of Cd(II), Cu(II), Fe(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), and As(V) by BPMS. The adsorption data were successfully modeled using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Desorption experiments showed that the reversibility of adsorption was low, suggesting high-affinity adsorption governed by chemisorption. The mechanism of adsorption for the divalent metals was thought to be the formation of strong, inner-sphere complexes involving surface hydroxyl groups. However, the mechanism for the adsorption of As(V) by BPMS appears to be distinct from that of surface hydroxyl exchange. These results have important implications to the management of metal sulfide sludge produced by bacterial sulfate reduction.

  16. Preparation, spectroscopic, thermal, antihepatotoxicity, hematological parameters and liver antioxidant capacity characterizations of Cd(II), Hg(II), and Pb(II) mononuclear complexes of paracetamol anti-inflammatory drug

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Megharbel, Samy M.; Hamza, Reham Z.; Refat, Moamen S.

    2014-10-01

    Keeping in view that some metal complexes are found to be more potent than their parent drugs, therefore, our present paper aimed to synthesized Cd(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) complexes of paracetamol (Para) anti-inflammatory drug. Paracetamol complexes with general formula [M(Para)2(H2O)2]·nH2O have been synthesized and characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, conductivity, IR and thermal (TG/DTG), 1H NMR, electronic spectral studies. The conductivity data of these complexes have non-electrolytic nature. Comparative antimicrobial (bacteria and fungi) behaviors and molecular weights of paracetamol with their complexes have been studied. In vivo the antihepatotoxicity effect and some liver function parameters levels (serum total protein, ALT, AST, and LDH) were measured. Hematological parameters and liver antioxidant capacities of both Para and their complexes were performed. The Cd2+ + Para complex was recorded amelioration of antioxidant capacities in liver homogenates compared to other Para complexes treated groups.

  17. Synthesis and characterization of poly(maleic acid)-grafted crosslinked chitosan nanomaterial with high uptake and selectivity for Hg(II) sorption.

    PubMed

    Ge, Huacai; Hua, Tingting

    2016-11-20

    Chitosan-poly(maleic acid) nanomaterial (PMACS) with the size of 400-900nm was synthesized by grafting poly(maleic acid) onto chitosan and then crosslinking with glutaraldehyde. The synthesis conditions were optimized. The structure and morphology of PMACS were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM and TGA. PMACS was used to adsorb some heavy metal ions such as Hg(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Co(II), and Zn(II). The results indicated that PMACS had selectivity for Hg(II) sorption. The effects of various variables for sorption of Hg(II) were further explored. The maximum capacity for Hg(II) sorption was found to be 1044mgg(-1) at pH 6.0, which could compare with the maximal value of the recently reported other sorbents. The sorption followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm models. The rising of temperature benefited the uptake and the sorption was a spontaneous chemical process. The sorbent could be reused with EDTA. Hence, the nanomaterial would be used as a selective and high uptake sorbent in the removal of Hg(II) from effluents. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. The bipyridine adducts of N-phenyldithiocarbamato complexes of Zn(II) and Cd(II); synthesis, spectral, thermal decomposition studies and use as precursors for ZnS and CdS nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onwudiwe, Damian C.; Strydom, Christien A.

    2015-01-01

    Bipyridine adducts of N-phenyldithiocarbamato complexes, [ML12L2] (M = Cd(II), Zn(II); L1 = N-phenyldithiocarbamate, L2 = 2,2‧ bipyridine), have been synthesized and characterised. The decomposition of these complexes to metal sulphides has been investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The complexes were used as single-source precursors to synthesize MS (M = Zn, Cd) nanoparticles (NPs) passivated by hexadecyl amine (HDA). The growth of the nanoparticles was carried out at two different temperatures: 180 and 220 °C, and the optical and structural properties of the nanoparticles were studied using UV-Vis spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL), transmission emission microscopy (TEM) and powdered X-ray diffraction (p-XRD). Nanoparticles, whose average diameters are 2.90 and 3.54 nm for ZnS, and 8.96 and 9.76 nm for CdS grown at 180 and 220 °C respectively, were obtained.

  19. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H, 13C NMR, UV/VIS), thermogravimetric and antimicrobial studies of Ca(II), Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes of ferulic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalinowska, M.; Piekut, J.; Bruss, A.; Follet, C.; Sienkiewicz-Gromiuk, J.; Świsłocka, R.; Rzączyńska, Z.; Lewandowski, W.

    2014-03-01

    The molecular structure of Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Ca(II) ferulates (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamates) was studied. The selected metal ferulates were synthesized. Their composition was established by means of elementary and thermogravimetric analysis. The following spectroscopic methods were used: infrared (FT-IR), Raman (FT-Raman), nuclear magnetic resonance (13C, 1H NMR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV/VIS). On the basis of obtained results the electronic charge distribution in studied metal complexes in comparison with ferulic acid molecule was discussed. The microbiological study of ferulic acid and ferulates toward Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus vulgaris was done.

  20. Cd(II) and Zn(II) complexes of two new hexadentate Schiff base ligands derived from different aldehydes and ethanol amine; X-ray crystal structure, IR and NMR spectroscopy studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golbedaghi, Reza; Rezaeivala, Majid; Albeheshti, Leila

    2014-11-01

    Four new [Cd(H2L1)(NO3)]ClO4 (1), [Zn(H2L1)](ClO4)2 (2), [Cd(H2L2)(NO3)]ClO4 (3), and [Zn(H2L2)](ClO4)2 (4), complexes were prepared by the reaction of two new Schiff base ligands and Cd(II) and Zn(II) metal ions in equimolar ratios. The ligands H2L1 and H2L2 were synthesized by reaction of 2-[2-(2-formyl phenoxy)ethoxy]benzaldehyde and/or 2-[2-(3-formyl phenoxy)propoxy]benzaldehyde and ethanol amine and characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. All complexes were characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR, COSY, and elemental analysis. Also, the complex 1 was characterized by X-ray in addition to the above methods. The X-ray crystal structure of compound 1 showed that all nitrogen and oxygen atoms of ligand (N2O4) and a molecule of nitrate with two donor oxygen atom have been coordinated to the metal ion and the Cd(II) ion is in an eight-coordinate environment that is best described as a distorted dodecahedron geometry.

  1. Synthesis, spectral and thermal studies of pyridyl adducts of Zn(II) and Cd(II) dithiocarbamates, and their use as single source precursors for ZnS and CdS nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Onwudiwe, Damian C; Strydom, Christien A; Oluwafemi, Oluwatobi S; Hosten, Eric; Jordaan, Anine

    2014-06-21

    The synthesis, spectroscopic characterisation, and thermal studies of pyridyl adducts of Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes of N-ethyl-N-phenyl dithiocarbamate, represented as [ZnL2py] and [CdL2py2], are reported. Single-crystal X-ray structural analysis of the Zn compound showed that it is five-coordinate with four sulphurs from dithiocarbamate and one nitrogen from pyridine in a distorted square pyramidal geometry. The thermogravimetric studies indicate that the zinc and cadmium compounds undergo fast weight loss, and the temperature at maximum rate of decomposition is at 277 °C and 265 °C respectively, to give the metal (Zn or Cd) sulphide residues. These compounds were used as single molecule precursors to produce nanocrystalline MS (M = Zn, Cd) after thermolysis in hexadecylamine. The morphological and optical properties of the resulting MS nanocrystallites were investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-Vis absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, and powdered X-ray diffraction (XRD). By varying the growth time, the temporal evolution of the optical properties and morphology of the nanocrystals were investigated.

  2. Chitosan film loaded with silver nanoparticles-sorbent for solid phase extraction of Al(III), Cd(II), Cu(II), Co(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II).

    PubMed

    Djerahov, Lubomir; Vasileva, Penka; Karadjova, Irina; Kurakalva, Rama Mohan; Aradhi, Keshav Krishna

    2016-08-20

    The present study describes the ecofriendly method for the preparation of chitosan film loaded with silver nanoparticles (CS-AgNPs) and application of this film as efficient sorbent for separation and enrichment of Al(III), Cd(II), Cu(II), Co(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II). The stable CS-AgNPs colloid was prepared by dispersing the AgNPs sol in chitosan solution at appropriate ratio and further used to obtain a cast film with very good stability under storage and good mechanical strength for easy handling in aqueous medium. The incorporation of AgNPs in the structure of CS film and interaction between the polymer matrix and nanoparticles were confirmed by UV-vis and FTIR spectroscopy. The homogeneously embedded AgNPs (average diameter 29nm, TEM analysis) were clearly observed throughout the film by SEM. The CS-AgNPs nanocomposite film shows high sorption activity toward trace metals under optimized chemical conditions. The results suggest that the CS-AgNPs nanocomposite film can be feasibly used as a novel sorbent material for solid-phase extraction of metal pollutants from surface waters. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Composition, Characterization and Antibacterial activity of Mn(II), Co(II),Ni(II), Cu(II) Zn(II) and Cd(II) mixed ligand complexes Schiff base derived from Trimethoprim with 8-Hydroxy quinoline

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Numan, Ahmed T.; Atiyah, Eman M.; Al-Shemary, Rehab K.; Ulrazzaq, Sahira S. Abd

    2018-05-01

    New Schiff base ligand 2-((4-amino-5-(3, 4, 5-trimethoxybenzyl) pyrimidin-2-ylimino) (phenyl)methyl)benzoic acid] = [HL] was synthesized using microwave irradiation trimethoprim and 2-benzoyl benzoic acid. Mixed ligand complexes of Mn((II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) are reacted in ethanol with Schiff base ligand [HL] and 8-hydroxyquinoline [HQ] then reacted with metal salts in ethanol as a solvent in (1:1:1) ratio. The ligand [HL] is characterized by FTIR, UV-Vis, melting point, elemental microanalysis (C.H.N), 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and mass spectra. The mixed ligand complexes are characterized by infrared spectra, electronic spectra, (C.H.N), melting point, atomic absorption, molar conductance and magnetic moment measurements. These measurements indicate that the ligand [HL] coordinates with metal (II) ion in a tridentate manner through the oxygen and nitrogen atoms of the ligand, octahedral structures are suggested for these complexes. Antibacterial activity of the ligands [HL], [HQ] and their complexes are studied against (gram positive) and (gram negative) bacteria.

  4. Cyanide bridged hetero-metallic polymeric complexes: Syntheses, vibrational spectra, thermal analyses and crystal structures of complexes [M(1,2-dmi)2Ni(μ-CN)4]n (M = Zn(II) and Cd(II))

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kürkçüoğlu, Güneş Süheyla; Sayın, Elvan; Şahin, Onur

    2015-12-01

    Two cyanide bridged hetero-metallic complexes of general formula, [M(1,2-dmi)2Ni(μ-CN)4]n (1,2-dmi = 1,2-dimethylimidazole and M = Zn(II) or Cd(II)) have been synthesized and characterized by vibrational (FT-IR and Raman) spectroscopy, single crystal X-ray diffraction, thermal analyses and elemental analyses. The crystallographic analyses reveal that the complexes, [Zn(1,2-dmi)2Ni(μ-CN)4] (1) and [Cd(1,2-dmi)2Ni(μ-CN)4] (2), have polymeric 2D networks. In the complexes, four cyanide groups of [Ni(CN)4]2- coordinated to the adjacent M(II) ions and distorted octahedral geometries of complexes are completed by two nitrogen atoms of trans 1,2-dmi ligands. The structures of 1 and 2 are similar and linked via intermolecular hydrogen bonding, C-H⋯Ni interactions to give rise to 3D networks. Vibration assignments are given for all the observed bands and the spectral features also supported to the crystal structures of heteronuclear complexes. The FT-IR and Raman spectra of the complexes are very much consistent with the structural data presented.

  5. On the ortho-positronium quenching reactions promoted by Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(III), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) cyanocomplexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fantola Lazzarini, Anna L.; Lazzarini, Ennio

    The o-Ps quenching reactions promoted in aqueous solutions by the following six cyanocomplexes: [Fe(CN) 6] 4-; [Co(CN) 6] 3-; [Zn(CN) 4] 2-; [Cd(CN) 6] 2-; [Fe(CN) 6] 3-; [Ni(CN) 4] 2- were investigated. The first four reactions probably consist in o-Ps addition across the CN bond, their rate constants at room temperature, Tr, being ⩽(0.04±0.02) × 10 9 M -1 s -1, i.e. almost at the limit of experimental errors. The rate constant of the fifth reaction, in o-Ps oxydation, at Tr is (20.3±0.4) × 10 9 M -1 s -1. The [Ni(CN) 4] 2-k value at Tr, is (0.27±0.01) × 10 9 M -1 s -1, i.e. 100 times less than the rate constants of o-Ps oxydation, but 10 times larger than those of the o-Ps addition across the CN bond. The [Ni(CN) 4] 2- reaction probably results in formation of the following positronido complex: [Ni(CN) 4Ps] 2-. However, it is worth noting that the existence of such a complex is only indirectly deduced. In fact it arises from comparison of the [Ni(CN) 4] 2- rate constant with those of the Fe(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Co(III) cyanocomplexes, which, like the Ni(II) cyanocomplex, do not promote o-Ps oxydation or spin exchange reactions.

  6. Synthesis, characterization, nucleic acid interactions and photoluminescent properties of methaniminium hydrazone Schiff base and its Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sennappan, M.; Murali Krishna, P.; Hosamani, Amar A.; Hari Krishna, R.

    2018-07-01

    An environmental benign and efficient reaction was carried out via amine exchange and condensation reaction in water and methanol mixture (3:1) and absence of catalyst between 1-[3-(2-hydroxy benzylidene)amine)phenyl]ethanone and benzhydrazide yields methaniminium hydrazone Schiff base in high yield. The prepared ligand was structurally characterized by using single crystal XRD, elemental analysis and spectroscopy (UV-Vis, FT-IR, LC-MS and NMR) techniques. The crystal data indicates the ligand crystallizes in orthorhombic system with Pna21 space group. Further, the ligand was used in synthesis of mononuclear Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes and were characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic moment and spectroscopy (UV-Vis, FT-IR and ESR) studies. The spectral data showed that ligand is coordinated to the metal ion through azomethine nitrogen and methaniminium nitrogen. The DNA binding absorption titrations reveals that, ligand, L and its metal complexes, 1-6 are avid binders to CT- DNA. The apparent binding constant values of compounds are in the order of 106 M-1. The nuclease activity of ligand, L and its metal complexes, 1-6 were investigated by gel electrophoresis method using pUC18 DNA. The photoluminescent properties of the methaniminium hydrazone ligand, L and its various metal complexes, 1-6 were investigated. The emission spectra of both ligand (L) and metal complexes (1-6) exhibits emission in the range of blue to red.

  7. Removal Efficiency of the Heavy Metals Zn(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II) by Saprolegnia delica and Trichoderma viride at Different pH Values and Temperature Degrees

    PubMed Central

    Hashem, Mohamed

    2007-01-01

    The removal efficiency of the heavy metals Zn, Pb and Cd by the zoosporic fungal species Saprolegnia delica and the terrestrial fungus Trichoderma viride, isolated from polluted water drainages in the Delta of Nile in Egypt, as affected by various ranges of pH values and different temperature degrees,was extensively investigated. The maximum removal efficiency of S. delica for Zn(II) and Cd(II) was obtained at pH 8 and for Pb(II) was at pH 6 whilst the removal efficiency of T. viride was found to be optimum at pH 6 for the three applied heavy metals. Regardless the median lethal doses of the three heavy metals, Zn recorded the highest bioaccumulation potency by S. delica at all pH values except at pH 4, followed by Pb whereas Cd showed the lowest removal potency by the fungal species and vice versa in case of T. viride. The optimum biomass dry weight production by S. delica was found when the fungus was grown in the medium treated with the heavy metal Pb at pH 6, followed by Zn at pH 8 and Cd at pH 8. The optimum biomass dry weight yield by T. viride amended with Zn,Pb and Cd was obtained at pH 6 for the three heavy metals with the maximum value at Zn. The highest yield of biomass dry weight was found when T. viride treated with Cd at all different pH values followed by Pb whilst Zn output was the lowest and this result was reversed in case of S. delica. The maximum removal efficiency and the biomass dry weight production for the three tested heavy metals was obtained at the incubation temperature 20℃ in case of S. delica while it was 25℃ for T. viride. Incubation of T. viride at higher temperatures (30℃ and 35℃) enhanced the removal efficiency of Pb and Cd than low temperatures (15℃ and 20℃) and vice versa in case of Zn removal. At all tested incubation temperatures, the maximum yield of biomass dry weight was attained at Zn treatment by the two tested fungal species. The bioaccumulation potency of S. delica for Zn was higher than that for Pb at all

  8. A fluorescent chemosensor for Zn(II). Exciplex formation in solution and the solid state.

    PubMed

    Bencini, Andrea; Berni, Emanuela; Bianchi, Antonio; Fornasari, Patrizia; Giorgi, Claudia; Lima, Joao C; Lodeiro, Carlos; Melo, Maria J; de Melo, J Seixas; Parola, Antonio Jorge; Pina, Fernando; Pina, Joao; Valtancoli, Barbara

    2004-07-21

    The macrocyclic phenanthrolinophane 2,9-[2,5,8-triaza-5-(N-anthracene-9-methylamino)ethyl]-[9]-1,10-phenanthrolinophane (L) bearing a pendant arm containing a coordinating amine and an anthracene group forms stable complexes with Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) in solution. Stability constants of these complexes were determined in 0.10 mol dm(-3) NMe(4)Cl H(2)O-MeCN (1:1, v/v) solution at 298.1 +/- 0.1 K by means of potentiometric (pH metric) titration. The fluorescence emission properties of these complexes were studied in this solvent. For the Zn(II) complex, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence studies were performed in ethanol solution and in the solid state. In solution, intramolecular pi-stacking interaction between phenanthroline and anthracene in the ground state and exciplex emission in the excited state were observed. From the temperature dependence of the photostationary ratio (I(Exc)/I(M)), the activation energy for the exciplex formation (E(a)) and the binding energy of the exciplex (-DeltaH) were determined. The crystal structure of the [ZnLBr](ClO(4)).H(2)O compound was resolved, showing that in the solid state both intra- and inter-molecular pi-stacking interactions are present. Such interactions were also evidenced by UV-vis absorption and emission spectra in the solid state. The absorption spectrum of a thin film of the solid complex is red-shifted compared with the solution spectra, whereas its emission spectrum reveals the unique featureless exciplex band, blue shifted compared with the solution. In conjunction with X-ray data the solid-state data was interpreted as being due to a new exciplex where no pi-stacking (full overlap of the pi-electron cloud of the two chromophores - anthracene and phenanthroline) is observed. L is a fluorescent chemosensor able to signal Zn(II) in presence of Cd(II) and Hg(II), since the last two metal ions do not give rise either to the formation of pi-stacking complexes or to exciplex emission in solution.

  9. Dinuclear complexes containing linear M-F-M [M = Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II)] bridges: trends in structures, antiferromagnetic superexchange interactions, and spectroscopic properties.

    PubMed

    Reger, Daniel L; Pascui, Andrea E; Smith, Mark D; Jezierska, Julia; Ozarowski, Andrew

    2012-11-05

    The reaction of M(BF(4))(2)·xH(2)O, where M is Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II), with the new ditopic ligand m-bis[bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methyl]benzene (L(m)*) leads to the formation of monofluoride-bridged dinuclear metallacycles of the formula [M(2)(μ-F)(μ-L(m)*)(2)](BF(4))(3). The analogous manganese(II) species, [Mn(2)(μ-F)(μ-L(m)*)(2)](ClO(4))(3), was isolated starting with Mn(ClO(4))(2)·6H(2)O using NaBF(4) as the source of the bridging fluoride. In all of these complexes, the geometry around the metal centers is trigonal bipyramidal, and the fluoride bridges are linear. The (1)H, (13)C, and (19)F NMR spectra of the zinc(II) and cadmium(II) compounds and the (113)Cd NMR of the cadmium(II) compound indicate that the metallacycles retain their structure in acetonitrile and acetone solution. The compounds with M = Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) are antiferromagnetically coupled, although the magnitude of the coupling increases dramatically with the metal as one moves to the right across the periodic table: Mn(II) (-6.7 cm(-1)) < Fe(II) (-16.3 cm(-1)) < Co(II) (-24.1 cm(-1)) < Ni(II) (-39.0 cm(-1)) ≪ Cu(II) (-322 cm(-1)). High-field EPR spectra of the copper(II) complexes were interpreted using the coupled-spin Hamiltonian with g(x) = 2.150, g(y) = 2.329, g(z) = 2.010, D = 0.173 cm(-1), and E = 0.089 cm(-1). Interpretation of the EPR spectra of the iron(II) and manganese(II) complexes required the spin Hamiltonian using the noncoupled spin operators of two metal ions. The values g(x) = 2.26, g(y) = 2.29, g(z) = 1.99, J = -16.0 cm(-1), D(1) = -9.89 cm(-1), and D(12) = -0.065 cm(-1) were obtained for the iron(II) complex and g(x) = g(y) = g(z) = 2.00, D(1) = -0.3254 cm(-1), E(1) = -0.0153, J = -6.7 cm(-1), and D(12) = 0.0302 cm(-1) were found for the manganese(II) complex. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the exchange integrals and the zero-field splitting on manganese(II) and iron(II) ions were performed

  10. Synthesis, spectral characterization, structural investigation and antimicrobial studies of mononuclear Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes of a new potentially hexadentate N2O4 Schiff base ligand derived from salicylaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keypour, Hassan; Shayesteh, Maryam; Rezaeivala, Majid; Chalabian, Firoozeh; Elerman, Yalcin; Buyukgungor, Orhan

    2013-01-01

    A new potentially hexadentate N2O4 Schiff base ligand, H2L derived from condensation reaction of an aromatic diamine and salicylaldehyde, and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis, EI-MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectra, as well as conductance measurements. It has been originated that the Schiff base ligand with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions form mononuclear complexes on 1:1 (metal:ligand) stoichiometry. The conductivity data confirm the non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. Also the crystal structures of the complexes [ZnL] and [CoL] have also been determined by using X-ray crystallographic technique. The Zn(II) and Co(II) complexes show a tetrahedral configuration. Electronic absorption spectra of the Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes suggest a square-planar geometry around the central metal ion. The synthesized compounds have antibacterial activity against the three Gram-positive bacteria: Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis and Listeria monocytogenes and also against the three Gram-negative bacteria: Salmonella paraB, Citrobacter freundii and Enterobacter aerogenes. The results showed that in some cases the antibacterial activity of complexes were more than nalidixic acid and amoxicillin as standards.

  11. Synthesis, spectroscopic, magnetic and thermal properties of bimetallic salts, [Ni(L)][MCl4] [where M=Co(II), Zn(II), Hg(II) and L=3,7-bis(2-aminoethyl)-1,3,5,7-tetraazabicyclo(3.3.1)nonane]. X-ray structure of [Ni(L)][CoCl4].

    PubMed

    Nami, Shahab A A; Husain, Ahmad; Siddiqi, K S; Westcott, Barry L; Kopp-Vaughn, Kristin

    2010-01-01

    New bimetallic complex salts corresponding to the formulation [Ni(L)][MCl(4)] have been synthesized by the facile reaction between [Ni(L)](ClO(4))(2) and [MCl(2)(PPh(3))(2)] in high yields [where M=Co(II), Zn(II), Hg(II) and L=3,7-bis(2-aminoethyl)-1,3,5,7-tetraazabicyclo(3.3.1)nonane]. The complexes were characterized by IR, electronic spectra, TGA/DSC, magnetic moment and conductivity measurements. The X-ray crystal structure for [Ni(L)][CoCl(4)] clearly establishes the cationic-anionic interaction. It crystallizes in the space group P1 with unit cell dimensions a=7.1740(15)A, b=8.1583(16)A and c=8.3102(16)A. A square-planar geometry is evident for the [Ni(L)](2+) cation while the anion is found to be tetrahedral. A two-step thermolytic pattern is observed in the pyrolysis of the bimetallic complex salts. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. A High Sensitivity Micro Format Chemiluminescence Enzyme Inhibition Assay for Determination of Hg(II)

    PubMed Central

    Deshpande, Kanchanmala; Mishra, Rupesh K.; Bhand, Sunil

    2010-01-01

    A highly sensitive and specific enzyme inhibition assay based on alcohol oxidase (AlOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for determination of mercury Hg(II) in water samples has been presented. This article describes the optimization and miniaturization of an enzymatic assay using a chemiluminescence reaction. The analytical performance and detection limit for determination of Hg(II) was optimized in 96 well plates and further extended to 384 well plates with a 10-fold reduction in assay volume. Inhibition of the enzyme activity by dissolved Hg(II) was found to be linear in the range 5–500 pg·mL−1 with 3% CV in inter-batch assay. Due to miniaturization of assay in 384 well plates, Hg(II) was measurable as low as 1 pg·mL−1 within 15 min. About 10-fold more specificity of the developed assay for Hg(II) analysis was confirmed by challenging with interfering divalent metal ions such as cadmium Cd(II) and lead Pb(II). Using the proposed assay we could successfully demonstrate that in a composite mixture of Hg(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), inhibition by each metal ion is significantly enhanced in the presence of the others. Applicability of the proposed assay for the determination of the Hg(II) in spiked drinking and sea water resulted in recoveries ranging from 100–110.52%. PMID:22163555

  13. Syntheses, spectroscopic and thermal analyses of cyanide bridged heteronuclear polymeric complexes: [M(L)2Ni(CN)4]n (Ldbnd N-methylethylenediamine or N-ethylethylenediamine; Mdbnd Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) or Cd(II))

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaağaç, Dursun; Kürkçüoğlu, Güneş Süheyla

    2016-02-01

    Polymeric tetracyanonickelate(II) complexes of the type [M(L)2Ni(CN)4]n (Ldbnd N-methylethylenediamine (men) or N-ethylethylenediamine (neen); Mdbnd Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) or Cd(II)) have been prepared and characterized by FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, thermal and elemental analysis techniques. Additionally, FT-IR and Raman spectral analyses of men and neen have experimentally and theoretically investigated in the range of 4000-250 cm-1. The corresponding vibration assignments of men and neen are performed by using B3LYP density functional theory (DFT) method together with 6-31 G(d) basis set. The spectral features of the complexes suggest that the coordination environment of the M(II) ions are surrounded by the two symmetry related men and neen ligands and the two symmetry related N atom of cyanide groups, whereas the Ni(II) atoms are coordinated with a square-planar to four C atoms of the cyanide groups. Polymeric structures of the complexes consist of one dimensional alternative chains of [M(L)2]2+ and [Ni(CN)4]2- moieties. The thermal decompositions in the temperature range 30-700 °C of the complexes were investigated in the static air atmosphere.

  14. X-ray crystallographic study of 3-Oxo-2-{[4-(thiazol-2-ylsulfamoyl)-phenyl]-hydrazono}-butyric acid ethyl ester and its application in the solvent assisted naked eye sensing of Hg(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Upadhyay, K. K.; Upadhyay, Shalini; Kumar, Kamlesh; Prasad, Rajendra

    2009-06-01

    The 3-Oxo-2-{[4-(thiazol-2-ylsulfamoyl)-phenyl]-hydrazono}-butyric acid ethyl ester (OSPBE) was studied through single crystal structure analysis revealing some interesting supramolecular architectural patterns. The N(3)-N(4) bond length of OSPBE was found to be 1.36 Å matching well with reported N-N bond length in the literature and hence clearly proved that it is the keto form of OSPBE which is stable. Full structural optimization of OSPBE using density functional theory (DFT) at the HCTH407/6-31G ∗∗ level also proved that the keto form of OSPBE is stable. The UV-Vis absorption peaks for OSPBE predicted by the time dependent DFT at B3LYP/6-311G ∗∗ level matched quite well with the experimentally observed UV-Vis bands for OSPBE. The OSPBE was successfully tested as the naked eye sensor for Hg(II) as its chloride salt at the millimolar level in dimethylsulfoxide. A color change from red orange to olive green was observed on addition of 1.0 equiv. of Hg(II) to the 1.0 × 10 -3 M DMSO solution of the chemosensor. The role of DMSO in the sensing process appears to be the crucial one because the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) band of OSPBE in DMSO observed at 489 nm did not appear in the UV-Vis spectrum of OSPBE in nujol. The UV-Vis and 1H NMR titrations revealed that formation of six membered 1:1 chelate between OSPBE and Hg(II) along with reversible supramolecular association of DMSO with NH at N-2 position in OSPBE may be responsible for its Hg(II) sensing. No sensing for other d 10 metal ions like Zn(II) and Cd(II) were observed with OSPBE under similar conditions. Besides DMSO, some other polar aprotic solvents like DMF and acetone having X dbnd O (where X = C) also produced similar type of color change on the addition of 1.0 equiv. of Hg(II) to their respective 1.0 × 10 -3 M OSPBE solutions. Nevertheless, polar aprotic solvent like acetonitrile not having X dbnd O or non-polar aprotic solvent like chloroform no color change was observed under

  15. The bipyridine adducts of N-phenyldithiocarbamato complexes of Zn(II) and Cd(II); synthesis, spectral, thermal decomposition studies and use as precursors for ZnS and CdS nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Onwudiwe, Damian C; Strydom, Christien A

    2015-01-25

    Bipyridine adducts of N-phenyldithiocarbamato complexes, [ML(1)2L(2)] (M=Cd(II), Zn(II); L(1)=N-phenyldithiocarbamate, L(2)=2,2' bipyridine), have been synthesized and characterised. The decomposition of these complexes to metal sulphides has been investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The complexes were used as single-source precursors to synthesize MS (M=Zn, Cd) nanoparticles (NPs) passivated by hexadecyl amine (HDA). The growth of the nanoparticles was carried out at two different temperatures: 180 and 220 °C, and the optical and structural properties of the nanoparticles were studied using UV-Vis spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL), transmission emission microscopy (TEM) and powdered X-ray diffraction (p-XRD). Nanoparticles, whose average diameters are 2.90 and 3.54 nm for ZnS, and 8.96 and 9.76 nm for CdS grown at 180 and 220 °C respectively, were obtained. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Mechanisms of Hg(II) uptake and methylation in methylating bacteria

    SciT

    Morel, Francois M. M.

    2016-10-14

    The goal of this project was to understand the critical factors which control the availability and transport of Hg(II) into cells, a first step in the production of the neurotoxin, methylmercury. Specifically, this research focused on understanding the mechanism of bacterial mercury uptake and how mercury speciation affects the specificity and kinetics of mercury transport. Our research has shown that Hg(II) uptake in three different iron and sulfate-reducing proteobacteria occurs by the following mechanism (1) : Hg(II) uptake is an active transport process requiring energy, (2) it is dependent upon the structure of the Hg binding ligand, and (3) itmore » is mediated by a heavy metal transporter such as one which transports the essential metal, Zn(II). In order to determine whether this mechanism extends to more diverse phylogenetic groups, we have begun examining Hg(II) uptake and bioavailability in two representative Hg methylating strains within the Firmicutes. These organisms have remarkably different membrane structures distinct from the Proteobacteria. Our results show low uptake rates in these two species of Firmicutes relative to the previously characterized Proteobacteria. This may explain the low methylation rates and yields observed in these organisms. Most surprisingly, however, these organisms appear to take up Hg(II) passively, as the addition of a protonophore failed to reduce Hg(II) uptake in these organisms. This is quite different to what has been observed previously for the Proteobacteria and suggests a different mechanism for Hg(II) uptake in the Firmicutes. We are continuing to understand and describe Hg(II) uptake in these organisms. A manuscript is expected to be submitted on this research in June 2016.« less

  17. Zn(II)-coordination modulated ligand photophysical processes – the development of fluorescent indicators for imaging biological Zn(II) ions

    PubMed Central

    Yuan, Zhao; Simmons, J. Tyler; Sreenath, Kesavapillai

    2014-01-01

    Molecular photophysics and metal coordination chemistry are the two fundamental pillars that support the development of fluorescent cation indicators. In this article, we describe how Zn(II)-coordination alters various ligand-centered photophysical processes that are pertinent to developing Zn(II) indicators. The main aim is to show how small organic Zn(II) indicators work under the constraints of specific requirements, including Zn(II) detection range, photophysical requirements such as excitation energy and emission color, temporal and spatial resolutions in a heterogeneous intracellular environment, and fluorescence response selectivity between similar cations such as Zn(II) and Cd(II). In the last section, the biological questions that fluorescent Zn(II) indicators help to answer are described, which have been motivating and challenging this field of research. PMID:25071933

  18. Multiple Metal Binding Domains Enhance the Zn(II) Selectivity of the Divalent Metal Ion Transporter AztA†

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Tong; Reyes-Caballero, Hermes; Li, Chenxi; Scott, Robert A.; Giedroc, David P.

    2013-01-01

    Transition metal-transporting P1B-type CPx ATPases play crucial roles in mediating metal homeostasis and resistance in all cells. The degree to which N-terminal metal binding domains (MBDs) confer metal specificity to the transporter is unclear. We show that the two MBDs of the Zn/Cd/Pb effluxing pump Anabaena AztA are functionally nonequivalent, but only with respect to zinc resistance. Inactivation of the a-MBD largely abrogates resistance to high intracellular Zn(II) levels, whereas inactivation of the b-MBD is not as deleterious. In contrast, inactivation of either the a- or b-MBD has little measurable impact on Cd(II) and Pb(II) resistance. The membrane proximal b-MBD binds Zn(II) with a higher affinity than the distal N-terminal a-MBD. Facile Zn(II)-specific intermolecular transfer from the a-MBD to the higher-affinity b-MBD is readily observed by 1H–15N HSQC spectroscopy. Unlike Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) form saturated 1:1 S4 or S3(O/N) complexes with AztAaHbH, where a single metal ion bridges the two MBDs. We propose that the tandem MBDs enhance Zn(II)-specific transport, while stabilizing a non-native inter-MBD Cd/Pb cross-linked structure that is a poor substrate and/or regulator for the transporter. PMID:17824670

  19. Biotransformation of Hg(II) by cyanobacteria.

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, Daniel D; Kelly, David; Budd, Kenneth

    2007-01-01

    The biotransformation of Hg(II) by cyanobacteria was investigated under aerobic and pH-controlled culture conditions. Mercury was supplied as HgCl(2) in amounts emulating those found under heavily impacted environmental conditions where bioremediation would be appropriate. The analytical procedures used to measure mercury within the culture solution, including that in the cyanobacterial cells, used reduction under both acid and alkaline conditions in the presence of SnCl(2). Acid reduction detected free Hg(II) ions and its complexes, whereas alkaline reduction revealed that meta-cinnabar (beta-HgS) constituted the major biotransformed and cellularly associated mercury pool. This was true for all investigated species of cyanobacteria: Limnothrix planctonica (Lemm.), Synechococcus leopoldiensis (Racib.) Komarek, and Phormidium limnetica (Lemm.). From the outset of mercury exposure, there was rapid synthesis of beta-HgS and Hg(0); however, the production rate for the latter decreased quickly. Inhibitory studies using dimethylfumarate and iodoacetamide to modify intra- and extracellular thiols, respectively, revealed that the former thiol pool was required for the conversion of Hg(II) into beta-HgS. In addition, increasing the temperature enhanced the amount of beta-HgS produced, with a concomitant decrease in Hg(0) volatilization. These findings suggest that in the environment, cyanobacteria at the air-water interface could act to convert substantial amounts of Hg(II) into beta-HgS. Furthermore, the efficiency of conversion into beta-HgS by cyanobacteria may lead to the development of applications in the bioremediation of mercury.

  20. Sorption selectivity of birnessite particle edges: a d-PDF analysis of Cd(ii) and Pb(ii) sorption by δ-MnO2 and ferrihydrite.

    PubMed

    van Genuchten, Case M; Peña, Jasquelin

    2016-08-10

    Birnessite minerals (layer-type MnO2), which bear both internal (cation vacancies) and external (particle edges) metal sorption sites, are important sinks of contaminants in soils and sediments. Although the particle edges of birnessite minerals often dominate the total reactive surface area, especially in the case of nanoscale crystallites, the metal sorption reactivity of birnessite particle edges remains elusive. In this study, we investigated the sorption selectivity of birnessite particle edges by combining Cd(ii) and Pb(ii) adsorption isotherms at pH 5.5 with surface structural characterization by differential pair distribution function (d-PDF) analysis. We compared the sorption reactivity of δ-MnO2 to that of the nanomineral, 2-line ferrihydrite, which exhibits only external surface sites. Our results show that, whereas Cd(ii) and Pb(ii) both bind to birnessite layer vacancies, only Pb(ii) binds extensively to birnessite particle edges. For ferrihydrite, significant Pb(ii) adsorption to external sites was observed (roughly 20 mol%), whereas Cd(ii) sorption was negligible. These results are supported by bond valence calculations that show comparable degrees of saturation of oxygen atoms on birnessite and ferrihydrite particle edges. Therefore, we propose that the sorption selectivity of birnessite edges follows the same order of that reported previously for ferrihydrite: Ca(ii) < Cd(ii) < Ni(ii) < Zn(ii) < Cu(ii) < Pb(ii).

  1. Uranyl carboxyphosphonates that incorporate Cd(II)

    SciT

    Alsobrook, Andrea N.; Alekseev, Evgeny V.; Depmeier, Wulf

    2011-05-15

    The hydrothermal treatment of UO{sub 3}, Cd(CH{sub 3}CO{sub 2}){sub 2}.2H{sub 2}O, and triethyl phosphonoacetate results in the formation of Cd{sub 2}[(UO{sub 2}){sub 6}(PO{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CO{sub 2}){sub 3}O{sub 3}(OH)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}].16H{sub 2}O (CdUPAA-1), [Cd{sub 3}(UO{sub 2}){sub 6}(PO{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CO{sub 2}){sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 13}].6H{sub 2}O (CdUPAA-2), and Cd(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}[(UO{sub 2})(PO{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CO{sub 2})(H{sub 2}O)]{sub 2} (CdUPAA-3). CdUPAA-1 adopts a cubic three-dimensional structure constructed from planar uranyl oxide clusters containing both UO{sub 7} pentagonal bipyramids and UO{sub 8} hexagonal bipyramids that are linked by Cd(II) cations and phosphonoacetate to yield large cavities approximately 16 A across that are filled with disordered watermore » molecules. CdUPAA-2 forms a rhombohedral three-dimensional channel structure that is assembled from UO{sub 7} pentagonal bipyramids that are bridged by phosphonoacetate. CdUPAA-3 is layered with the hydrated Cd(II) cations incorporated directly into the layers linking one-dimensional uranyl phosphonate substructures together. In this structure, there are complex networks of hydrogen bonds that exist within the sheets, and also stitch the sheets together. -- Graphical abstract: A view of part of the cubic structure of Cd{sub 2}[(UO{sub 2}){sub 6}(PO{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CO{sub 2}){sub 3}O{sub 3}(OH)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}].16H{sub 2}O. Display Omitted highlights: > High symmetry uranyl compounds. > Three-dimensional structures. > Porous materials. > Heterobimetallic compounds.« less

  2. A Method for Selective Depletion of Zn(II) Ions from Complex Biological Media and Evaluation of Cellular Consequences of Zn(II) Deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Richardson, Christopher E. R.; Cunden, Lisa S.; Butty, Vincent L.; Nolan, Elizabeth M.; Lippard, Stephen J.; Shoulders, Matthew D.

    2018-01-01

    We describe the preparation, evaluation, and application of an S100A12 protein-conjugated solid support, hereafter the “A12-resin,” that can remove 99% of Zn(II) from complex biological solutions without significantly perturbing the concentrations of other metal ions. The A12-resin can be applied to selectively deplete Zn(II) from diverse tissue culture media and from other biological fluids, including human serum. To further demonstrate the utility of this approach, we investigated metabolic, transcriptomic, and metallomic responses of HEK293 cells cultured in medium depleted of Zn(II) using S100A12. The resulting data provide insight into how cells respond to acute Zn(II) deficiency. We expect that the A12-resin will facilitate interrogation of disrupted Zn(II) homeostasis in biological settings, uncovering novel roles for Zn(II) in biology. PMID:29334734

  3. Influence of humic acid on adsorption of Hg(II) by vermiculite.

    PubMed

    do Nascimento, Fernando Henrique; Masini, Jorge Cesar

    2014-10-01

    Geochemical mobility of Hg(II) species is strongly affected by the interactions of these compounds with naturally occurring adsorbents such as humic acids, clay minerals, oxides, etc. Interactions among these sorbents affect their affinity for Hg(II) and a full understanding of these processes is still lacking. The present work describes the influence of a humic acid (HA) sample on the adsorption of Hg(II) by vermiculite (VT). Adsorption isotherms were constructed to evaluate the affinity of Hg(II) by VT, HA, VT modified with humic acid (VT-HA), and VT-HA in presence of soluble humic acid (VT-HA + HA). All experiments were made at pH 6.0 ± 0.1 in 0.02 M NaNO3 and 25.0 ± 0.5 °C for initial Hg(II) concentrations from 1.0 to 100 μM. Determinations of Hg(II) were made by square wave voltammetry automated by sequential injection analysis, an approach that enables the determination of the free plus labile fractions of Hg(II) in HA suspensions without the need for laborious separation steps. The adsorption isotherms were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich equations, showing that HA was the material with the higher adsorption capacity (537 ± 30 μmol g(-1)) in comparison with VT and VT-HA (44 ± 3 and 51 ± 11 μmol g(-1), respectively). Adsorption order was HA > VT-HA + HA > VT = VT-HA. At pH 6.0 the interaction of HA with VT is weak and only 14% of C initially added to the suspension was effectively retained by the mineral. Desorption of Hg(II) in acidic medium (0.05 M HCl) was higher in binary (VT-HA) and ternary (VT-HA + HA) systems in comparison with that of VT and HA alone, suggesting that interactions between VT and HA are facilitated in acidic medium, weakening the binding to Hg(II). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Synthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Activity of 1,4-di[ aminomethylene carboxyl] phenylene (H2L) and its Complexes Co(II), Cu (II), Zn(II) and Cd (II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sultan, J. S.; Fezea, S. M.; Mousa, F. H.

    2018-05-01

    A binucleating tetradentate Schiff base ligand, 1,4- di[amino methylene carboxylic] phenylene (H2L) and its forth new binuclear complexes [Co(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II)] were prepared via reaction metal (II) chloride with ligand (H2L) using 2:1 (M:L) in ethanol solvent. The new ligand (H2L) and its complexes were characterized by elemental microanalysis (C.H.N), atomic absorption, chloride content, molar conductance’s magnetic susceptibility, FTIR UV- Vis spectral and, 1H, 13 C- NMR (for H2L). The antibacterial activity with bacteria activity with bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus and Esccherichia Coli were studied.

  5. Sequestration and Distribution Characteristics of Cd(II) by Microcystis aeruginosa and Its Role in Colony Formation.

    PubMed

    Bi, Xiangdong; Yan, Ran; Li, Fenxiang; Dai, Wei; Jiao, Kewei; Zhou, Qixing; Liu, Qi

    2016-01-01

    To investigate the sequestration and distribution characteristics of Cd(II) by Microcystis aeruginosa and its role in Microcystis colony formation, M. aeruginosa was exposed to six different Cd(II) concentrations for 10 days. Cd(II) exposure caused hormesis in the growth of M. aeruginosa . Low concentrations of Cd(II) significantly induced formation of small Microcystis colonies ( P < 0.05) and increased the intracellular polysaccharide (IPS) and bound extracellular polysaccharide (bEPS) contents of M. aeruginosa significantly ( P < 0.05). There was a linear relationship between the amount of Cd(II) sequestrated by algal cells and the amount added to cultures in the rapid adsorption process that occurred during the first 5 min of exposure. After 10 d, M. aeruginosa sequestrated nearly 80% of 0.2 mg L -1 added Cd(II), while >93% of Cd(II) was sequestrated in the groups with lower added concentrations of Cd(II). More than 80% of the sequestrated Cd(II) was bioadsorbed by bEPS. The Pearson correlation coefficients of exterior and interior factors related to colony formation of M. aeruginosa revealed that Cd(II) could stimulate the production of IPS and bEPS via increasing Cd(II) bioaccumulation and bioadsorption. Increased levels of cross-linking between Cd(II) and bEPS stimulated algal cell aggregation, which eventually promoted the formation of Microcystis colonies.

  6. Sequestration and Distribution Characteristics of Cd(II) by Microcystis aeruginosa and Its Role in Colony Formation

    PubMed Central

    Bi, Xiangdong; Yan, Ran; Li, Fenxiang; Dai, Wei; Jiao, Kewei; Liu, Qi

    2016-01-01

    To investigate the sequestration and distribution characteristics of Cd(II) by Microcystis aeruginosa and its role in Microcystis colony formation, M. aeruginosa was exposed to six different Cd(II) concentrations for 10 days. Cd(II) exposure caused hormesis in the growth of M. aeruginosa. Low concentrations of Cd(II) significantly induced formation of small Microcystis colonies (P < 0.05) and increased the intracellular polysaccharide (IPS) and bound extracellular polysaccharide (bEPS) contents of M. aeruginosa significantly (P < 0.05). There was a linear relationship between the amount of Cd(II) sequestrated by algal cells and the amount added to cultures in the rapid adsorption process that occurred during the first 5 min of exposure. After 10 d, M. aeruginosa sequestrated nearly 80% of 0.2 mg L−1 added Cd(II), while >93% of Cd(II) was sequestrated in the groups with lower added concentrations of Cd(II). More than 80% of the sequestrated Cd(II) was bioadsorbed by bEPS. The Pearson correlation coefficients of exterior and interior factors related to colony formation of M. aeruginosa revealed that Cd(II) could stimulate the production of IPS and bEPS via increasing Cd(II) bioaccumulation and bioadsorption. Increased levels of cross-linking between Cd(II) and bEPS stimulated algal cell aggregation, which eventually promoted the formation of Microcystis colonies. PMID:27777956

  7. Applications of organo-silica nanocomposites for SPNE of Hg(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaur, Anupreet

    2016-02-01

    An analytical method using modified SiO2 nanoparticles as solid-phase extractant has been developed for the preconcentration of trace amounts of Hg(II) in different water samples. Conditions of the analysis such as preconcentration factor, effect of pH, sample volume, shaking time, elution conditions and effects of interfering ions for the recovery of analyte were investigated. The adsorption capacity of nanometer SiO2-APTMS was found to be 181.42 µmol g-1 at optimum pH and the detection limit (3σ) was 0.45 µg L-1. The extractant showed rapid kinetic sorption. The adsorption equilibrium of Hg(II) on nanometer SiO2-APTMS was achieved just in 15 min. Adsorbed Hg(II) was easily eluted with 4 mL of 2.0 M hydrochloric acid. The maximum preconcentration factor was 75. The method was applied for the determination of trace amounts of Hg(II) in various synthetic samples and water samples.

  8. Recognition of thymine in DNA bulges by a Zn(II) macrocyclic complex.

    PubMed

    del Mundo, Imee Marie A; Fountain, Matthew A; Morrow, Janet R

    2011-08-14

    A Zn(II) macrocyclic complex with appended quinoline is a bifunctional recognition agent that uses both the Zn(II) center and the pendent aromatic group to bind to thymine in bulges with good selectivity over DNA containing G, C or A bulges. Spectroscopic studies show that the stem containing the bulge stays largely intact in a DNA hairpin with the Zn(II) complex bound to the thymine bulge. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011

  9. Highly selective SERS probe for Hg(II) detection using tryptophan-protected popcorn shaped gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Senapati, Tapas; Senapati, Dulal; Singh, Anant Kumar; Fan, Zhen; Kanchanapally, Rajashekhar; Ray, Paresh Chandra

    2011-10-07

    Contamination of the environment with toxic Hg(II) is becoming a huge concern throughout the world now. Driven by the need, this communication reports for the first time a tryptophan protected popcorn shaped gold nanomaterials based SERS probe for rapid, easy and highly selective recognition of Hg(II) ions in the 5 ppb level from aqueous solution, with high sensitivity and selectivity over competing analytes. We demonstrate that our SERS assay is capable of measuring the amount of Hg(II) in alkaline battery. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011

  10. Adsorption behavior and mechanism of Cd(II) on loess soil from China.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yan; Tang, Xiaowu; Chen, Yunmin; Zhan, Liangtong; Li, Zhenze; Tang, Qiang

    2009-12-15

    Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal that has caused serious public health problems. It is necessary to find a cost effective method to deal with wastewater containing Cd(II). Loess soils in China have proven to be a potential adsorbent for Cd(II) removal from wastewater. The adsorption capacity of loess towards Cd(II) has been determined to be about 9.37 mg g(-1). Slurry concentration, initial solution pH, reaction time and temperature have also been found to significantly influence the efficiency of Cd(II) removal. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics of loess soil from China can be best-fit with the Langmuir model and pseudo-second order kinetics model, respectively. The thermodynamic analysis revealed that the adsorption process was spontaneous, endothermic and the system disorder increased with duration. The natural organic matter in loess soil is mainly responsible for Cd(II) removal at pH < 4.2, while clay minerals contribute to a further gradual adsorption process. Chemical precipitation dominates the adsorption stage at pH > 8.97. Further studies using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectra of Cd(II) laden loess soil and Cd(II) species distribution have confirmed the adsorption mechanism.

  11. Acute and persistent toxicity of Cd(II) to the microbial community of Anammox process.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiaojing; Chen, Zhao; Ma, Yongpeng; Zhao, Jianguo; Chen, Tao; Fu, Haoqiang; Zhai, Hanfei

    2018-08-01

    In this study, the short- and long-term effects of Cd(II) on the bioactivity, nitrogen removal and microbial community of the anaerobic ammonia oxidation (Anammox) process were investigated by step-wise increasing Cd(II). The self-recovery ability of Anammox was also studied after long-term exposure in Cd(II). The bioactivity of anaerobic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AAOB) within short-term exposure of Cd(II) were detected by batch experiments. Results showed that Cd(II) had both acute and persistent toxicity to Anammox, the IC 50 in short-term exposure was calculated as 5.43 mg L -1 . Long-term exposure led to the microbial diversity increase, as well as the relative abundance decrease of AAOB in Anammox system. AAOB was continuously suppressed by Cd(II) in 1-20 mg L -1 , while it had self-adaption to Cd(II) in 1-10 mg L -1 . Anammox biofilm showed prominent adsorbing ability for cadmium, and the cadmium in biofilm was the key factor affecting Anammox. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. The Adsorption of Cd(II) on Manganese Oxide Investigated by Batch and Modeling Techniques.

    PubMed

    Huang, Xiaoming; Chen, Tianhu; Zou, Xuehua; Zhu, Mulan; Chen, Dong; Pan, Min

    2017-09-28

    Manganese (Mn) oxide is a ubiquitous metal oxide in sub-environments. The adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide as function of adsorption time, pH, ionic strength, temperature, and initial Cd(II) concentration was investigated by batch techniques. The adsorption kinetics showed that the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide can be satisfactorily simulated by pseudo-second-order kinetic model with high correlation coefficients (R² > 0.999). The adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide significantly decreased with increasing ionic strength at pH < 5.0, whereas Cd(II) adsorption was independent of ionic strength at pH > 6.0, which indicated that outer-sphere and inner-sphere surface complexation dominated the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide at pH < 5.0 and pH > 6.0, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of Mn oxide for Cd(II) calculated from Langmuir model was 104.17 mg/g at pH 6.0 and 298 K. The thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide was an endothermic and spontaneous process. According to the results of surface complexation modeling, the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide can be satisfactorily simulated by ion exchange sites (X₂Cd) at low pH and inner-sphere surface complexation sites (SOCd⁺ and (SO)₂CdOH - species) at high pH conditions. The finding presented herein plays an important role in understanding the fate and transport of heavy metals at the water-mineral interface.

  13. The Adsorption of Cd(II) on Manganese Oxide Investigated by Batch and Modeling Techniques

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Xiaoming; Chen, Tianhu; Zou, Xuehua; Zhu, Mulan; Chen, Dong

    2017-01-01

    Manganese (Mn) oxide is a ubiquitous metal oxide in sub-environments. The adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide as function of adsorption time, pH, ionic strength, temperature, and initial Cd(II) concentration was investigated by batch techniques. The adsorption kinetics showed that the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide can be satisfactorily simulated by pseudo-second-order kinetic model with high correlation coefficients (R2 > 0.999). The adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide significantly decreased with increasing ionic strength at pH < 5.0, whereas Cd(II) adsorption was independent of ionic strength at pH > 6.0, which indicated that outer-sphere and inner-sphere surface complexation dominated the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide at pH < 5.0 and pH > 6.0, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of Mn oxide for Cd(II) calculated from Langmuir model was 104.17 mg/g at pH 6.0 and 298 K. The thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide was an endothermic and spontaneous process. According to the results of surface complexation modeling, the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide can be satisfactorily simulated by ion exchange sites (X2Cd) at low pH and inner-sphere surface complexation sites (SOCd+ and (SO)2CdOH− species) at high pH conditions. The finding presented herein plays an important role in understanding the fate and transport of heavy metals at the water–mineral interface. PMID:28956849

  14. Kinetics of Cd(ii) adsorption and desorption on ferrihydrite: experiments and modeling.

    PubMed

    Liang, Yuzhen; Tian, Lei; Lu, Yang; Peng, Lanfang; Wang, Pei; Lin, Jingyi; Cheng, Tao; Dang, Zhi; Shi, Zhenqing

    2018-05-15

    The kinetics of Cd(ii) adsorption/desorption on ferrihydrite is an important process affecting the fate, transport, and bioavailability of Cd(ii) in the environment, which was rarely systematically studied and understood at quantitative levels. In this work, a combination of stirred-flow kinetic experiments, batch adsorption equilibrium experiments, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and mechanistic kinetic modeling were used to study the kinetic behaviors of Cd(ii) adsorption/desorption on ferrihydrite. HR-TEM images showed the open, loose, and sponge-like structure of ferrihydrite. The batch adsorption equilibrium experiments revealed that higher pH and initial metal concentration increased Cd(ii) adsorption on ferrihydrite. The stirred-flow kinetic results demonstrated the increased adsorption rate and capacity as a result of the increased pH, influent concentration, and ferrihydrite concentration. The mechanistic kinetic model successfully described the kinetic behaviors of Cd(ii) during the adsorption and desorption stages under various chemistry conditions. The model calculations showed that the adsorption rate coefficients varied as a function of solution chemistry, and the relative contributions of the weak and strong ferrihydrite sites for Cd(ii) binding varied with time at different pH and initial metal concentrations. Our model is able to quantitatively assess the contributions of each individual ferrihydrite binding site to the overall Cd(ii) adsorption/desorption kinetics. This study provided insights into the dynamic behavior of Cd(ii) and a predictive modeling tool for Cd(ii) adsorption/desorption kinetics when ferrihydrite is present, which may be helpful for the risk assessment and management of Cd contaminated sites.

  15. Loading Ag nanoparticles on Cd(II) boron imidazolate framework for photocatalysis

    SciT

    Liu, Min; State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002; Zhang, De-Xiang

    2016-05-15

    An amine-functionalized Cd(II) boron imidazolate framework (BIF-77) with three-dimensional open structure has been successfully synthesized, which can load Ag nanoparticles (NPs) for photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB). - Graphical abstract: An amine-functionalized neutral Cd(II) boron imidazolate framework can load Ag NPs and show excellent photocatalytic degradation behavious for MB. - Highlights: • Amine-functionalization. • Neutral boron imidazolate framework. • Loading Ag nanoparticles (NPs). • Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue.

  16. Preparation of chitosan/amine modified diatomite composites and adsorption properties of Hg(II) ions.

    PubMed

    Fu, Yong; Huang, Yue; Hu, Jianshe; Zhang, Zhengjie

    2018-03-01

    A green functional adsorbent (CAD) was prepared by Schiff base reaction of chitosan and amino-modified diatomite. The morphology, structure and adsorption properties of the CAD were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy and Brunauer Emmett Teller measurements. The effect of pH value, contact time and temperature on the adsorption of Hg(II) ions for the CAD is discussed in detail. The experimental results showed that the CAD had a large specific surface area and multifunctional groups such as amino, hydroxyl and Schiff base. The optimum adsorption effect was obtained when the pH value, temperature and contact time were 4, 25 °C and 120 min, respectively, and the corresponding maximum adsorption capacity of Hg(II) ions reached 102 mg/g. Moreover, the adsorption behavior of Hg(II) ions for the CAD followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir model. The negative ΔG 0 and ΔH 0 suggested that the adsorption was a spontaneous exothermic process.

  17. Hg(II) adsorption using amidoximated porous acrylonitrile/itaconic copolymers prepared by suspended emulsion polymerization.

    PubMed

    Ji, Chunnuan; Qu, Rongjun; Chen, Hou; Liu, Xiguang; Sun, Changmei; Ma, Caixia

    2016-01-01

    Initially, porous acrylonitrile/itaconic acid copolymers (AN/IA) were prepared by suspended emulsion polymerization. Successively, the cyano groups in AN/IA copolymers were converted to amidoxime (AO) groups by the reaction with hydroxylamine hydrochloride. The structures of the AN/IA and amidoximated AN/IA (AO AN/IA) were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and porous structural analysis. The adsorption properties of AO AN/IA for Hg(II) were investigated. The results show that AO AN/IA has mesopores and macropores, and surface area of 11.71 m(2) g(-1). It was found that AO AN/IA has higher affinity for Hg(II), with the maximum adsorption capacity of 84.25 mg g(-1). The AO AN/IA also can effectively remove Hg(II) from different binary metal ion mixture systems. Furthermore, the adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics were studied in detail. The adsorption equilibrium can quickly be achieved in 4 h determined by an adsorption kinetics study. The adsorption process is found to belong to the second-order model, and can be described by the Freundlich model.

  18. Formation of Hg(II) tetrathiolate complexes with cysteine at neutral pH

    DOE PAGES

    Warner, Thomas; Jalilehvand, Farideh

    2016-01-04

    Mercury(II) ions precipitate from aqueous cysteine (H 2Cys) solutions containing H 2Cys/Hg(II) mole ratio ≥ 2.0 as Hg( S-HCys) 2. In absence of additional cysteine, the precipitate dissolves at pH ~12 with the [Hg( S, N-Cys) 2] 2- complex dominating. With excess cysteine (H 2Cys/Hg(II) mole ratio ≥ 4.0), higher complexes form and the precipitate dissolves at lower pH values. Previously, we found that tetrathiolate [Hg( S-Cys) 4] 6- complexes form at pH = 11.0; in this work we extend the investigation to pH values of physiological interest. We examined two series of Hg(II)-cysteine solutions in which C Hg(II) variedmore » between 8 – 9 mM and 80 – 100 mM, respectively, with H 2Cys/Hg(II) mole ratios from 4 to ~20. The solutions were prepared in the pH range 7.1 – 8.8, at the pH at which the initial Hg( S-HCys) 2 precipitate dissolved. The variations in the Hg(II) speciation were followed by 199Hg NMR, X-ray absorption and Raman spectroscopic techniques. Our results show that in the dilute solutions (C Hg(II) = 8 – 9 mM), mixtures of di-, tri- (major) and tetrathiolate complexes exist at moderate cysteine excess (C H2Cys ~ 0.16 M) at pH 7.1. In the more concentrated solutions (C Hg(II) = 80 – 100 mM) with high cysteine excess (C H2Cys > 0.9 M), tetrathiolate [Hg( S-cysteinate) 4] m-6 ( m = 0 – 4) complexes dominate in the pH range 7.3 – 7.8, with lower charge than for the [Hg( S-Cys) 4] 6- complex due to protonation of some ( m) of the amino groups of the coordinated cysteine ligands. In conclusion, the results of this investigation could provide a key to the mechanism of biosorption and accumulation of Hg(II) ions in biological / environmental systems.« less

  19. Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers with tri-tert-butoxysilanethiol and bipyridines. Synthesis, crystal structure and spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pladzyk, Agnieszka; Ponikiewski, Łukasz; Stanulewicz, Natalia; Hnatejko, Zbigniew

    2013-12-01

    Three new zinc(II) and cadmium(II) silanethiolate complexes [Zn{SSi(OtBu)3}2(μ-bpea)ṡCH3CN]n1, [Cd{SSi(OtBu)3}2(μ-bpea)ṡ2CHCl3]n2 and [Cd{SSi(OtBu)3}2(μ-bpey)ṡC7H8]n3 with two bypiridine derivatives, [bpea = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane and bpey = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene] have been synthesized and structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. Their structures and properties have also been established with elemental analysis, IR, TGA and photoluminescent studies. Complexes 1-3 exhibit one-dimensional (1D) chain structures in which [M{SSi(OtBu)3}2] (M = Zn, Cd) units are held together by bpea or bpey bridges, respectively. Complexes are stable up to 300 °C and display blue emissions.

  20. Preparation of new diatomite-chitosan composite materials and their adsorption properties and mechanism of Hg(II).

    PubMed

    Fu, Yong; Xu, Xiaoxu; Huang, Yue; Hu, Jianshe; Chen, Qifan; Wu, Yaoqing

    2017-12-01

    A new composite absorbent with multifunctional and environmental-friendly structures was prepared using chitosan, diatomite and polyvinyl alcohol as the raw materials, and glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent. The structure and morphology of the composite absorbent, and its adsorption properties of Hg(II) in water were characterized with Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) measurements and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectra. The effect of the pH value and contact time on the removal rate and absorbance of Hg(II) was discussed. The adsorption kinetic model and static adsorption isotherm and regeneration of the obtained composite absorbent were investigated. The results indicated that the removal of Hg(II) on the composite absorbent followed a rapid adsorption for 50 min, and was close to the adsorption saturation after 1 h, which is in accord with the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. When the pH value, contact time and the mass of the composite absorbent was 3, 1 h and 100 mg, respectively, the removal rate of Hg(II) on the composite absorbent reached 77%, and the maximum adsorption capacity of Hg(II) reached 195.7 mg g -1 .

  1. Highly sensitive and selective determination of Hg(II) based on microfluidic chip with on-line fluorescent derivatization.

    PubMed

    Peng, Guilong; Chen, Yi; Deng, Ruoyu; He, Qiang; Liu, Dun; Lu, Ying; Lin, Jin-Ming

    2018-06-07

    In this study, a convenient, sensitive, rapid and simple method was developed on microfluidic chip which was integrated with on-line complexing and laser-induced fluorescence detection. A rhodamine derivative (RD) was developed as a fluorescent chemosensor for Hg(II). It exhibited high selective recognition toward Hg(II) over other examined metal ions in water samples. Under the optimized conditions, the response was linearly proportional to the concentration of Hg(II) in the range of 0-70 μM with a detection limit of 0.031 μM. Satisfactory repeatability and reproducibility were achieved, with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 6.62%. The established method was successfully applied for the determination of Hg(II) in environmental water samples (surface water, tap water, and waste water). Recoveries obtained for the determination of Hg(II) in spiking samples ranged from 85% to 103%. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  2. Preparation of new diatomite–chitosan composite materials and their adsorption properties and mechanism of Hg(II)

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Yong; Xu, Xiaoxu; Huang, Yue; Hu, Jianshe; Chen, Qifan; Wu, Yaoqing

    2017-01-01

    A new composite absorbent with multifunctional and environmental-friendly structures was prepared using chitosan, diatomite and polyvinyl alcohol as the raw materials, and glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent. The structure and morphology of the composite absorbent, and its adsorption properties of Hg(II) in water were characterized with Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) measurements and ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectra. The effect of the pH value and contact time on the removal rate and absorbance of Hg(II) was discussed. The adsorption kinetic model and static adsorption isotherm and regeneration of the obtained composite absorbent were investigated. The results indicated that the removal of Hg(II) on the composite absorbent followed a rapid adsorption for 50 min, and was close to the adsorption saturation after 1 h, which is in accord with the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. When the pH value, contact time and the mass of the composite absorbent was 3, 1 h and 100 mg, respectively, the removal rate of Hg(II) on the composite absorbent reached 77%, and the maximum adsorption capacity of Hg(II) reached 195.7 mg g−1. PMID:29308226

  3. Amylopectin-g-poly(methylacrylate-co-sodium acrylate): An efficient Cd(II) binder.

    PubMed

    Sasmal, Dinabandhu; Kolya, Haradhan; Tripathy, Tridib

    2016-10-01

    Synthesis, characterization and Cd(II) adsorption studies of a novel biodegradable graft copolymer based on partially hydrolysed polymethylacrylate (PMA) grafted amylopectin was reported, which was prepared by first grafting of PMA chains onto the amylopectin backbone followed by partial alkaline hydrolysis. The hydrolysed graft copolymer (PHAP) was characterized by measuring saponification equivalent (SE), FTIR, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectroscopy and thermal analysis (TG/DTG). The graft copolymer was biodegradable. Various operating variables affecting the metal sorption such as, amount of adsorbent, solution pH, contact time, temperature and Cd(II) solution concentration were studied which showed that the maximum adsorption of Cd(II) was found at pH 5.5, temperature 90°C, time 120min, polymer dose, 0.02g/L and initial Cd(II) concentration, 50mg/L. The adsorption data were well described by the pseudo-second-order and Langmuir isotherm model. Metal complexation studies were carried out experimentally using UV-visible, FTIR spectroscopy and theoretically using Density Functional Theory by Gaussian 09 and Gauss view 5.0 programmes which confirms a square planer geometry involving Cd(II) and COO(-) groups. Calculation of the various thermodynamic parameters was also done. The negative value of free energy change indicates the spontaneous nature of the adsorption. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Cd(II) removal on surface-modified activated carbon: equilibrium, kinetics and mechanism.

    PubMed

    Liang, Jianjun; Liu, Meiling; Zhang, Yufei

    2016-10-01

    Commercial pulverous activated carbon (AC-0) was modified through two steps: oxidize AC-0 acid firstly, impregnate it with iron using ferric chloride secondly. Orthogonal experiment was conducted then to prepare modified activated carbon with high Cd(II) adsorption capacity (ACNF). Batch adsorption experiments were undertaken to determine the adsorption characteristics of Cd(II) from aqueous solution onto AC-0 and ACNF and the effect of pH, contact time and initial Cd(II) concentration. The results indicate that: the adsorption behavior of Cd(II) on ACNF can be well fitted with Langmuir model, and the maximum adsorption capacity of ACNF was 2.3 times higher than that of AC-0, supporting a monolayer coverage of Cd(II) on the surface. The kinetics of the adsorption process can be described by pseudo-second-order rate equation very well, and the adsorption capacity increased from 0.810 mg/g to 0.960 mg/g after modification. Compared with AC-0, the kinetic parameters of ACNF showed a higher adsorption rate through the aqueous solution to the solid surface and a lower intraparticle diffusion rate. Surface modification resulted in a lower Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area and pore size because of the collapse and blockage of pores, according to the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, while the total number of surface oxygen acid groups increased, and this was supposed to contribute to the enhanced adsorption capacity of modified activated carbon.

  5. Multifunctional Polypeptide EQCN Sensors: Probing the Cysteamine-Glutathione Film Permeability with Hg(II) Ions

    PubMed Central

    Hepel, Maria; Dallas, Julia

    2008-01-01

    Multifunctional films are the basis of biosensors and play an important role in the emerging field of nanobioelectronics. In this work, films of a tripeptide glutathione (GSH) immobilized on a self-assembled monolayer of cysteamine (CA-SAM) on a quartz crystal Au piezosensor have been synthesized and characterized using electrochemical quartz crystal nanogravimetry (EQCN) with a Hg(II) ion probe. It has been found that in contrast to previously studied Au/GSH films, the Au/CA-GSH films strongly hinder the formation of Hg0 with bulk properties while still allowing for relatively easy permeation by Hg(II) ions. This results in complete disappearance of the sharp Hg0 electrodissolution peak which is observed on bare Au and Au/GSH piezosensors. The multiple-peak anodic behavior of Au/CA and bare Au is replaced by a single high-field anodic peak of mercury reoxidation in the case of Au/CA-GSH sensors. The mass-to-charge plots indicate predominant ingress/egress of Hg(II) to/from the film. The strong hindrance of CA-SAM to bulk-Hg0 formation is attributed to film-stabilizing formation of surface (CA)2Hg2+ complexes with conformation evaluated by ab initio quantum mechanical calculations of electronic structure using Hartree-Fock methods. The associates CA-GSH provide an additional functionality of the side sulfhydryl group which is free for interactions, e.g. with heavy metals. It is proposed that in the film, the CA-GSH molecules can assume open (extended) conformation or bent hydrogen-bonded conformation with up to four possible internal hydrogen bonds. PMID:27873925

  6. Performance and mechanism of simultaneous removal of Cd(II) and Congo red from aqueous solution by hierarchical vaterite spherulites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Yuan-Yuan; Yu, Sheng-Hui; Jiang, Hao-Fan; Yao, Qi-Zhi; Fu, Sheng-Quan; Zhou, Gen-Tao

    2018-06-01

    Hierarchical vaterite spherulites, synthesized by a simple injection-precipitation method at room temperature, were applied for the simultaneous removal of heavy metal Cd(II) and dye Congo red (CR) from aqueous solution. Batch experiments reveal that the maximum removal capacities of as-prepared vaterite spherulites to Cd(II) and CR are 984.5 and 89.0 mg/g, respectively, showing excellent removal performance for Cd(II) and CR. Furthermore, in the binary Cd(II)-CR system, the removal capacity of vaterite to Cd(II) is significantly enhanced at lower CR concentration (<100 mg/L), but inhibited at higher CR concentration (>100 mg/L). In contrast, the concurrent Cd(II) shows negligible effect on the CR removal. The simultaneous removal mechanism was investigated by FESEM, EDX, XRD, FT-IR and XPS techniques. The simultaneous removal of Cd(II) and CR in the binary system is shown to be a multistep process, involving the preferential adsorption of dye CR, stabilization of CR to vaterite, coordination of the adsorbed CR molecules with Cd(II), and transformation of vaterite into otavite. Given the facile and green synthesis procedure, and effective removal of Cd(II) and CR in the binary system, the obtained vaterite spherulites have considerable practical interest in integrative treatment of wastewater contaminated by heavy metals and dyes.

  7. Photoreduction of Hg(II) and photodemethylation of methylmercury: the key role of thiol sites on dissolved organic matter

    Jeremiason, Jeffrey D.; Portner, Joshua C.; Aiken, George R.; Hiranaka, Amber J.; Dvorak, Michelle T.; Tran, Khuyen T.; Latch, Douglas E.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the kinetics of photoreduction of Hg(II) and photodemethylation of methylmercury (MeHg+) attached to, or in the presence of, dissolved organic matter (DOM). Both Hg(II) and MeHg+ are principally bound to reduced sulfur groups associated with DOM in many freshwater systems. We propose that a direct photolysis mechanism is plausible for reduction of Hg(II) bound to reduced sulfur groups on DOM while an indirect mechanism is supported for photodemethylation of MeHg+ bound to DOM. UV spectra of Hg(II) and MeHg+ bound to thiol containing molecules demonstrate that the Hg(II)–S bond is capable of absorbing UV-light in the solar spectrum to a much greater extent than MeHg+–S bonds. Experiments with chemically distinct DOM isolates suggest that concentration of DOM matters little in the photochemistry if there are enough reduced S sites present to strongly bind MeHg+ and Hg(II); DOM concentration does not play a prominent role in photodemethylation other than to screen light, which was demonstrated in a field experiment in the highly colored St. Louis River where photodemethylation was not observed at depths ≥10 cm. Experiments with thiol ligands yielded slower photodegradation rates for MeHg+ than in experiments with DOM and thiols; rates in the presence of DOM alone were the fastest supporting an intra-DOM mechanism. Hg(II) photoreduction rates, however, were similar in experiments with only DOM, thiols plus DOM, or only thiols suggesting a direct photolysis mechanism. Quenching experiments also support the existence of an intra-DOM photodemethylation mechanism for MeHg+. Utilizing the difference in photodemethylation rates measured for MeHg+ attached to DOM or thiol ligands, the binding constant for MeHg+ attached to thiol groups on DOM was estimated to be 1016.7.

  8. Investigation of uptake and retention of atmospheric Hg(II) by boreal forest plants using stable Hg isotopes

    Graydon, J.A.; St. Louis, V.L.; Hintelmann, H.; Lindberg, S.E.; Sandilands, K.A.; Rudd, J.W.M.; Kelly, C.A.; Tate, M.T.; Krabbenhoft, D.P.; Lehnherr, I.

    2009-01-01

    Although there is now a general consensus among mercury (Hg) biogeochemists that increased atmospheric inputs of inorganic Hg(II) to lakes and watersheds can result in increased methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations in fish, researchers still lack kinetic data describing the movement of Hg from the atmosphere, through watershed and lake ecosystems, and into fish. The use of isotopically enriched Hg species in environmental studies now allows experimentally applied new Hg to be distinguished from ambient Hg naturally present in the system. Four different enriched stable Hg(II) isotope "spikes" were applied sequentially over four years to the ground vegetation of a microcatchment at the Experimental Lakes Area (ELA) in the remote boreal forest of Canada to examine retention of Hg(II) following deposition. Areal masses of the spikes and ambient THg (all forms of Hg in a sample) were monitored for eight years, and the pattern of spike retention was used to estimate retention of newly deposited ambient Hg within the ground vegetation pool. Fifty to eighty percent of applied spike Hg was initially retained by ground vegetation. The areal mass of spike Hg declined exponentially over time and was best described by a first-order process with constants (k) ranging between 9.7 ?? 10-4 day -1 and 11.6 ?? 10-4 day-1. Average half-life (t1/2) of spike Hg within the ground vegetation pool (??S.D.) was 704 ?? 52 days. This retention of new atmospheric Hg(II) by vegetation delays movement of new Hg(II) into soil, runoff, and finally into adjacent lakes. Ground-applied Hg(II) spikes were not detected in tree foliage and litterfall, indicating that stomatal and/or root uptake of previously deposited Hg (i.e., "recycled" from ground vegetation or soil Hg pools) were likely not large sources of foliar Hg under these experimental conditions. ?? 2009 American Chemical Society.

  9. Adsorption of Cd(II) Metal Ion on Adsorbent beads from Biomass Saccharomycess cereviceae - Chitosan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hasri; Mudasir

    2018-01-01

    The adsorbent beads that was preparation from Saccharomycess cereviceae culture strain FN CC 3012 and shrimp shells waste and its application for adsorption of Cd (II) metal ion has been studied. The study start with combination of Saccharomycess cereviceae biomass to chitosan (Sc-Chi), contact time, pH of solution and initial concentration of cations. Total Cd(II) metal ion adsorbed was calculated from the difference of metal ion concentration before and after adsorption by AAS. The results showed that optimum condition for adsorption of Cd(II) ions by Sc-Chi beads was achieved with solution pH of 4, contact time of 60 minutes and initial concentration adsorption 100mg/L. The hydroxyl (-OH) and amino (-NH2) functional groups were believed to be responsible for the adsorption of Cd(II) ions.

  10. Intercalation of a Zn(II) complex containing ciprofloxacin drug between DNA base pairs.

    PubMed

    Shahabadi, Nahid; Asadian, Ali Ashraf; Mahdavi, Mryam

    2017-11-02

    In this study, an attempt has been made to study the interaction of a Zn(II) complex containing an antibiotic drug, ciprofloxacin, with calf thymus DNA using spectroscopic methods. It was found that Zn(II) complex could bind with DNA via intercalation mode as evidenced by: hyperchromism in UV-Vis spectrum; these spectral characteristics suggest that the Zn(II) complex interacts with DNA most likely through a mode that involves a stacking interaction between the aromatic chromophore and the base pairs of DNA. DNA binding constant (K b = 1.4 × 10 4 M -1 ) from spectrophotometric studies of the interaction of Zn(II) complex with DNA is comparable to those of some DNA intercalative polypyridyl Ru(II) complexes 1.0 -4.8 × 10 4 M -1 . CD study showed stabilization of the right-handed B form of DNA in the presence of Zn(II) complex as observed for the classical intercalator methylene blue. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔH < 0 and ΔS < 0) indicated that hydrogen bond and Van der Waals play main roles in this binding prose. Competitive fluorimetric studies with methylene blue (MB) dye have shown that Zn(II) complex exhibits the ability of this complex to displace with DNA-MB, indicating that it binds to DNA in strong competition with MB for the intercalation.

  11. Ap4A is not an efficient Zn(II) binding agent. A concerted potentiometric, calorimetric and NMR study.

    PubMed

    Wszelaka-Rylik, Małgorzata; Witkiewicz-Kucharczyk, Aleksandra; Wójcik, Jacek; Bal, Wojciech

    2007-05-01

    Diadenosine 5',5''-P(1)P(4) tetraphosphate (Ap(4)A) has been considered as an intracellular partner for Zn(II). We applied potentiometry, ITC and NMR to study protonation equilibria of Ap(4)A and Zn(II) complexation by this dinucleotide. The values of binding constants obtained by these three techniques under various experimental conditions coherently demonstrated that Ap(4)A binds Zn(II) weakly, with an apparent binding constant of ca. 10(4) at neutral pH. Such a low stability of Zn(II) complexes with Ap(4)A excludes a possibility for interactions between these two agents in vivo.

  12. SCIENTIFIC UNCERTAINTIES IN ATMOSPHERIC MERCURY MODELS III: BOUNDARY AND INITIAL CONDITIONS, MODEL GRID RESOLUTION, AND HG(II) REDUCTION MECHANISMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    In this study we investigate the CMAQ model response in terms of simulated mercury concentration and deposition to boundary/initial conditions (BC/IC), model grid resolution (12- versus 36-km), and two alternative Hg(II) reduction mechanisms. The model response to the change of g...

  13. Preparation of chitosan/MCM-41-PAA nanocomposites and the adsorption behaviour of Hg(II) ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, Yong; Huang, Yue; Hu, Jianshe

    2018-03-01

    A novel functional hybrid mesoporous composite material (CMP) based on chitosan and MCM-41-PAA was reported and its application as an excellent adsorbent for Hg(II) ions was also investigated. Innovatively, MCM-41-PAA was prepared by using diatomite and polyacrylic acid (PAA) with integrated polymer-silica hybrid frameworks, and then CMP was fabricated by introducing MCM-41-PAA to chitosan using glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent. The structure and morphology of CMP were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectra, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurements. The results showed that the CMP possessed multifunctional groups such as -OH, -COOH and -NH2 with large specific surface area. Adsorption behaviour of Hg(II) ions onto CMP was fitted better by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Langmuir model when the initial Hg(II) concentration, pH, adsorption temperature and time were 200 mg l-1, 4, 298 K and 120 min, respectively, as the optimum conditions. The corresponding maximum adsorption capacity could reach 164 mg g-1. According to the thermodynamic parameters determined such as free energy, enthalpy and entropy, the adsorption process of Hg(II) ions was spontaneous endothermic adsorption.

  14. Preparation of chitosan/MCM-41-PAA nanocomposites and the adsorption behaviour of Hg(II) ions

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Yong; Huang, Yue; Hu, Jianshe

    2018-01-01

    A novel functional hybrid mesoporous composite material (CMP) based on chitosan and MCM-41-PAA was reported and its application as an excellent adsorbent for Hg(II) ions was also investigated. Innovatively, MCM-41-PAA was prepared by using diatomite and polyacrylic acid (PAA) with integrated polymer–silica hybrid frameworks, and then CMP was fabricated by introducing MCM-41-PAA to chitosan using glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent. The structure and morphology of CMP were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectra, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller measurements. The results showed that the CMP possessed multifunctional groups such as –OH, –COOH and –NH2 with large specific surface area. Adsorption behaviour of Hg(II) ions onto CMP was fitted better by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Langmuir model when the initial Hg(II) concentration, pH, adsorption temperature and time were 200 mg l−1, 4, 298 K and 120 min, respectively, as the optimum conditions. The corresponding maximum adsorption capacity could reach 164 mg g−1. According to the thermodynamic parameters determined such as free energy, enthalpy and entropy, the adsorption process of Hg(II) ions was spontaneous endothermic adsorption. PMID:29657793

  15. Anti-aggregation-based spectrometric detection of Hg(II) at physiological pH using gold nanorods.

    PubMed

    Rajeshwari, A; Karthiga, D; Chandrasekaran, Natarajan; Mukherjee, Amitava

    2016-10-01

    An efficient detection method for Hg (II) ions at physiological pH (pH7.4) was developed using tween 20-modified gold nanorods (NRs) in the presence of dithiothreitol (DTT). Thiol groups (-SH) at the end of DTT have a higher affinity towards gold atoms, and they can covalently interact with gold NRs and leads to their aggregation. The addition of Hg(II) ions prevents the aggregation of gold NRs due to the covalent bond formation between the -SH group of DTT and Hg(II) ions in the buffer system. The changes in the longitudinal surface plasmon resonance peak of gold NRs were characterized using a UV-visible spectrophotometer. The absorption intensity peak of gold NRs at 679nm was observed to reduce after interaction with DTT, and the absorption intensity was noted to increase by increasing the concentration of Hg(II) ions. The TEM analysis confirms the morphological changes of gold NRs before and after addition of Hg(II) ions in the presence of DTT. Further, the aggregation and disaggregation of gold NRs were confirmed by particle size and zeta potential analysis. The developed method shows an excellent linearity (y=0.001x+0.794) for the graph plotted between the absorption ratio and Hg(II) concentration (1 to 100pM) under the optimized conditions. The limit of detection was noted to be 0.42pM in the buffer system. The developed method was tested in simulated body fluid, and it was found to have a good recovery rate. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Adsorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) by Squid Ommastrephes bartrami Melanin

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Shiguo; Xue, Changhu; Wang, Jingfeng; Feng, Hui; Wang, Yuming; Ma, Qin; Wang, Dongfeng

    2009-01-01

    The adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) by squid melanin was investigated. At a metal ion concentration of 2 mM/L, the biosorption efficiency of melanin reached 95% for Cd(II) and Pb(II). The maximum content of bound Cd(II) and Pb(II) was 0.93 mM/g and 0.65 mM/g, respectively. Temperature had no obvious effect on the adsorption of the metals, and in a pH range of 4.0–7.0, the adsorption yield was high and stable. Macrosalts such as NaCl, MgCl2, and CaCl2 had no obvious effect on the binding of Pb(II) but greatly diminished the adsorption of Cd(II), which indicated that different functional groups in squid melanin are responsible for their adsorption. IR analysis of metal ion-enriched squid melanin demonstrated that the possible functional groups responsible for metal binding were phenolic hydroxyl (OH), carboxyl (COOH), and amine groups (NH). This study reports a new material for the removal of heavy metals from low-strength wastewater. PMID:20148082

  17. Selective voltammetric determination of Cd(II) by using N,S-codoped porous carbon nanofibers.

    PubMed

    Gao, Sanshuang; Liu, Jing; Luo, Jun; Mamat, Xamxikamar; Sambasivam, Sangaraju; Li, Yongtao; Hu, Xun; Wågberg, Thomas; Hu, Guangzhi

    2018-05-05

    Porous carbon nanofibers codoped with nitrogen and sulfur (NFs) were prepared by pyrolysis of trithiocyanuric acid, silica nanospheres and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) followed by electrospinning. The NFs were used to modify a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) which then displayed highly sensitive response to traces of Cd(II). Compared to a bare GCE and a Nafion modified GCE, the GCE modified with codoped NFs shows improved sensitivity for Cd(II) in differential pulse anodic sweep voltammetry. The stripping peak current (typically measured at 0.81 V vs. Ag/AgCl) increases linearly in the 2.0-500 μg·L -1 Cd(II) concentration range. This is attributed to the large surface area (109 m 2 ·g -1 ), porous structure, and high fraction of heteroatoms (19 at.% of N and 0.75 at.% of S). The method was applied to the determination of Cd(II) in (spiked) tap water where it gave recoveries that ranged between 96% and 103%. Graphical abstract Schematic of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with N- and S-codoped porous carbon nanofibers (N,S-PCNFs). This GCE has good selectivity for cadmium ion (Cd 2+ ) which can be determined by differential pulse anodic sweeping voltammetry (DPASV) with a detection limit as low as 0.7 ng·mL -1 .

  18. Novel crown-ether-methylenediphosphonotetrathioate hybrids as Zn(II) chelators.

    PubMed

    Meltzer, Diana; Gottlieb, Hugo E; Amir, Aviran; Shimon, Linda J W; Fischer, Bilha

    2015-12-28

    Hybrids of methylenediphosphonotetrathioate and crown-ether (MDPT-CE) were synthesized forming 7-,8-,9-,10- and 13-membered rings. Both 7- and 13-membered ring-containing compounds were found to be highly stable to air-oxidation for at least four weeks. These hybrids bind Zn(II) by both MDPT and CE moieties, forming a 2 : 1 L : Zn(II) complex. Interestingly, the 13-membered ring MDPT-CE showing a high affinity to Zn(II) (Ka 3 ± 0.5 × 10(6) mol(-2) L(2)) does not bind Li(I) or Na(I). The 13-Membered MDPT-CE hybrid is a promising water-soluble, air-stable, high-affinity Zn(II)-chelator, exhibiting selectivity to Zn(II) vs. Mg(II), Na(I), and Li(I).

  19. A Quninolylthiazole Derivatives as an ICT-Based Fluorescent Probe of Hg(II) and its Application in Ratiometric Imaging in Live HeLa Cells.

    PubMed

    Bai, Jian-Ying; Xie, Yu-Zhong; Wang, Chang-Jiang; Fang, Shu-Qing; Cao, Lin-Nan; Wang, Ling-Li; Jin, Jing-Yi

    2018-05-28

    As a structural analogue of pyridylthiazole, 2-(2-benzothiazoyl)-phenylethynylquinoline (QBT) was designed as a fluorescent probe for Hg(II) based on an intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) mechanism. The compound was synthesized in three steps starting from 6-bromo-2-methylquinoline, with moderate yield. Corresponding studies on the optical properties of QBT indicate that changes in the fluorescence ratio of QBT in response to Hg(II) could be quantified based on dual-emission changes. More specifically, the emission spectrum of QBT before and after interactions with Hg(II) exhibited a remarkable red shift of about 120 nm, which is rarely reported in ICT-based fluorescent sensors. Finally, QBT was applied in the two-channel imaging of Hg(II) in live HeLa cells.

  20. Nicotianamine forms complexes with Zn(II) in vivo.

    PubMed

    Trampczynska, Aleksandra; Küpper, Hendrik; Meyer-Klaucke, Wolfram; Schmidt, Holger; Clemens, Stephan

    2010-01-01

    The non-proteinogenic amino acid nicotianamine (NA) is a major player in plant metal homeostasis. It is known to form complexes with different transition metals in vitro. Available evidence associates NA with translocation of Fe, and possibly other micronutrients, to and between different plant cells and tissues. To date, however, it is still extremely challenging to detect metal-ligand complexes in vivo because tissue disruption immediately changes the chemical environment and thereby the availability of binding partners. In order to overcome this limitation we used various Schizosaccharomyces pombe strains expressing a plant NAS gene to study formation of metal-NA complexes in vivo. Tolerance, accumulation and competition data clearly indicated formation of Zn(ii)-NA but not of Cu(ii)-NA complexes. Zn(ii)-NA was then identified by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). About half of the cellular Zn was found to be bound by NA in NAS-expressing cells while no NA-like ligands were detected by XAS in control cells not expressing NAS. Given the high conservation of eukaryotic metal homeostasis components, these results strongly suggest the possible existence of Zn(ii)-NA complexes also in planta. Reported observations implicating NA in plant Zn homeostasis would then indeed be attributable to direct interaction of Zn(ii) with NA rather than only indirectly to perturbations in Fe metabolism. Re-evaluation of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra for the Zn hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens showed that NA is as expected not a major storage ligand for Zn. Instead it is hypothesized to be involved in efficient translocation of Zn to above-ground tissues in hyperaccumulators.

  1. Desorption of Hg(II) and Sb(V) on extracellular polymeric substances: effects of pH, EDTA, Ca(II) and temperature shocks.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Daoyong; Lee, Duu-Jong; Pan, Xiangliang

    2013-01-01

    Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) existed ubiquitously in biological systems affect the mobility and availability of heavy metals in the environments. The adsorption-desorption behaviors of Hg(II) and Sb(V) on EPS were investigated. The sorption rates follow Sb(V) > Hg(II), and the desorption rates follow reverse order. Applications of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), Ca(II) and pH shocks affect desorption rates and desorbed quantities of Hg(II) from EPS-Hg complex. Temperature shock minimally affects the desorption rate of Hg(II). Conversely, the EPS-Sb complex is stable subjected to EDTA, Ca(II), temperature or pH shocks. The excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy and fast-Fourier (FT-IR) analysis showed that Hg(II) and Sb(V) principally interacted with polysaccharides and protein-like compounds in the EPS, respectively. The EPS-Hg complex presents a time bomb that may release high levels of Hg(II) in short time period under environmental shocks. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. High removal efficacy of Hg(II) and MeHg(II) ions from aqueous solution by organoalkoxysilane-grafted lignocellulosic waste biomass.

    PubMed

    Saman, Norasikin; Johari, Khairiraihanna; Song, Shiow-Tien; Kong, Helen; Cheu, Siew-Chin; Mat, Hanapi

    2017-03-01

    An effective organoalkoxysilanes-grafted lignocellulosic waste biomass (OS-LWB) adsorbent aiming for high removal towards inorganic and organic mercury (Hg(II) and MeHg(II)) ions was prepared. Organoalkoxysilanes (OS) namely mercaptoproyltriethoxylsilane (MPTES), aminopropyltriethoxylsilane (APTES), aminoethylaminopropyltriethoxylsilane (AEPTES), bis(triethoxysilylpropyl) tetrasulfide (BTESPT), methacrylopropyltrimethoxylsilane (MPS) and ureidopropyltriethoxylsilane (URS) were grafted onto the LWB using the same conditions. The MPTES grafted lignocellulosic waste biomass (MPTES-LWB) showed the highest adsorption capacity towards both mercury ions. The adsorption behavior of inorganic and organic mercury ions (Hg(II) and MeHg(II)) in batch adsorption studies shows that it was independent with pH of the solutions and dependent on initial concentration, temperature and contact time. The maximum adsorption capacity of Hg(II) was greater than MeHg(II) which respectively followed the Temkin and Langmuir models. The kinetic data analysis showed that the adsorptions of Hg(II) and MeHg(II) onto MPTES-LWB were respectively controlled by the physical process of film diffusion and the chemical process of physisorption interactions. The overall mechanism of Hg(II) and MeHg(II) adsorption was a combination of diffusion and chemical interaction mechanisms. Regeneration results were very encouraging especially for the Hg(II); this therefore further demonstrated the potential application of organosilane-grafted lignocellulosic waste biomass as low-cost adsorbents for mercury removal process. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Biosorption of Cd(II) from aqueous solution using xanthated nano banana cellulose: equilibrium and kinetic studies.

    PubMed

    Pillai, Saumya S; Deepa, B; Abraham, Eldho; Girija, N; Geetha, P; Jacob, Laly; Koshy, Mathew

    2013-12-01

    Present study explored the biosorption capacity of xanthated nano banana cellulose (XNBC) for Cd(II) from aqueous solution. The biosorbent containing sulfur-bearing groups have a high affinity for heavy metals. Sulfur can be considered as a soft ligand group having strong affinity for cadmium. In the present study, the influence of various important parameters such as pH, time, biosorbent dose and initial Cd(II) concentration on the biosorption capacity were investigated. The maximum biosorption capacity of XNBC for Cd(II) was found to be 154.26 mg g⁻¹ at 298 K. The Cd(II) sorption of XNBC was confirmed by SEM-EDS and XRF analysis. The isotherms such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson and Tempkin were studied. The Langmuir and the Redlich-Peterson isotherms had been well fitted the biosorption of Cd(II) with xanthated nano banana cellulose. The kinetics of Cd(II) removal using XNBC was well explained by second-order kinetic model. The thermodynamic parameters were also evaluated from the biosorption measurements. Among the various desorbing agents tested, the desorbing efficiency was found to be maximum with 0.1 mol L⁻¹ HCl. It was found that XNBC is also suitable to be used under column operation. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Fabrication of the tea saponin functionalized reduced graphene oxide for fast adsorptive removal of Cd(II) from water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Zhigang; Liu, Zhifeng; Wu, Zhibin; Zeng, Guangming; Shao, Binbin; Liu, Yujie; Jiang, Yilin; Zhong, Hua; Liu, Yang

    2018-05-01

    A novel graphene-based material of tea saponin functionalized reduced graphene oxide (TS-RGO) was synthesized via a facil thermal method, and it was characterized as the absorbent for Cd(II) removal from aqueous solutions. The factors on adsorption process including solution pH, contact time, initial concentration of Cd(II) and background electrolyte cations were studied to optimize the conditions for maximum adsorption at room temperature. The results indicated that Cd(II) adsorption was strongly dependent on pH and could be strongly affected by background electrolytes and ionic strength. The optimal pH and required equilibrium time was 6.0 and 10 min, respectively. The Cd(II) removal decreased with the presence of background electrolyte cations (Na+ < Ca2+ < Al3+). The adsorption kinetics of Cd(II) followed well with the pseudo-second-order model. The adsorption isotherm fitted well to the Langmuir model, indicating that the adsorption was a monolayer adsorption process occurred on the homogeneous surfaces of TS-RGO. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 127 mg/g at 313 K and pH 6.0. Therefore, the TS-RGO was considered to be a cost-effective and promising material for the removal of Cd(II) from wastewater.

  5. A new resin embedded with chelating motifs of biogenic methionine for the removal of Hg(II) at ppb levels.

    PubMed

    Ali, Shaikh A; Mazumder, Mohammad A J

    2018-05-15

    Cyclopolymerization of N,N-diallylmethionine hydrochloride, derived from the biogenic amino acid methionine, (90 mol%) and cross-linker tetraallylpiperazinium dichloride (10 mol%) in presence of an azo-initiator afforded pH-responsive cross-linked polyzwitterion (CPZ). The structural morphology of the resin (i.e. CPZ) was examined by the BET and FESEM-EDX analyses. The methionine embedded resin demonstrated remarkable efficacies for the removal of Hg(II) ions at ppb levels. A 50 mg-dose of the resin immersed in aqueous medium (18 mL) could reduce the concentration of Hg(II) from 200 and 400 ppb to 1.8 and 4.4 ppb, respectively, within 15 min. The resin has also proven to be remarkably effective in the removal of several toxic and priority metal pollutants from industrial wastewater. The Hg(II) adsorption followed pseudo second-order process with E a of 48.1 kJ mol -1 . The initial rapid adsorption of metal ions and subsequent slower adsorption was attributed to film and intraparticle diffusion, respectively. The SEM-EDX analyses revealed the attachment of Hg(II) ions onto the resin. The favorability of the endothermic adsorption was ensured by the negative ΔGº values. The efficient adsorption/desorption process confirmed the recyclability of the resin. The current resin demonstrated superior metal removal capacities as compared to several other adsorbents in recent works. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Carbon dots-based fluorescent probe for "off-on" sensing of Hg(II) and I⁻.

    PubMed

    He, Jiangling; Zhang, Haoran; Zou, Jinliang; Liu, Yingliang; Zhuang, Jianle; Xiao, Yong; Lei, Bingfu

    2016-05-15

    Herein, we report a simple, one-step reflux method for synthesis of photoluminescent carbon dots (CDs) using citric acid as the carbon source and diethylenetriamine (DETA) as the surface passivation reagent along with a high quantum yield (82.40%), the fluorescence intensity of the CDs was found to be effectively quenched by Hg(II) ions. Upon addition of I(-) to the CDs/Hg(II) complex dispersion, the fluorescence intensity of the CDs was significantly recovered. Furthermore, we developed an "off-on" fluorescence assay for the detection of I(-) using CDs/Hg(II) as a fluorescence probe. This probe enables the selective detection of Hg(II) with a linear range of 0-80 μM and a limit of detection is 0.201 µM and a limit of detection about I(-) is 0.234 µM with a linear range of 0-70 μM. Most importantly, the sensors can be successfully applied to the determination of Hg(II) and I(-) in real lake water and urine of cattles, the "off-on" sensor demonstrates high selectivity, repeatability, stability, which offer this CDs-based "off-on" fluorescent sensor a promising platform for environmental and biological sensing applications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. A saponification-triggered gelation of ester-based Zn(II) complex through conformational transformations.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Ashish; Dubey, Mrigendra; Kumar, Amit; Pandey, Daya Shankar

    2014-09-11

    Novel saponification-triggered gelation in an ester-based bis-salen Zn(II) complex (1) is described. Strategic structural modifications induced by NaOH in 1 tune the dipolar-/π-interactions leading to J-aggregation and the creation of an inorganic gel material (IGM), which has been established by photophysical, DFT and rheological studies.

  8. A novel polymer probe for Zn(II) detection with ratiometric fluorescence signal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diao, Haipeng; Guo, Lixia; Liu, Wen; Feng, Liheng

    2018-05-01

    A conjugated polymer probe comprised of fluorene, quinolone and benzothiazole units was designed and synthesized by the Suzuki coupling reaction. Through the studies of photophysical and thermal properties, the polymer displays blue-emitting feature and good thermal stability. A ratiometric fluorescence signal of the probe for Zn(II) was observed in ethanol with a new emission peak at 555 nm. The probe possesses a high selectivity and sensitivity for Zn(II) during familiar metal ions in ethanol. The detection limit of the probe for Zn (II) is up to 10-8 mol/L. The electron distributions of the polymer before and after bonding with Zn (II) were investigated by the Gaussian 09 software, which agreed with the experimental results. Noticeably, based on the color property of the probe with Zn(II), a series of color test paper were developed for visual detecting Zn(II) ions. This work helps to provide a platform or pattern for the development of polymer fluorescence probe in the chemosensor field.

  9. A novel polymer probe for Zn(II) detection with ratiometric fluorescence signal.

    PubMed

    Diao, Haipeng; Guo, Lixia; Liu, Wen; Feng, Liheng

    2018-05-05

    A conjugated polymer probe comprised of fluorene, quinolone and benzothiazole units was designed and synthesized by the Suzuki coupling reaction. Through the studies of photophysical and thermal properties, the polymer displays blue-emitting feature and good thermal stability. A ratiometric fluorescence signal of the probe for Zn(II) was observed in ethanol with a new emission peak at 555 nm. The probe possesses a high selectivity and sensitivity for Zn(II) during familiar metal ions in ethanol. The detection limit of the probe for Zn (II) is up to 10 -8  mol/L. The electron distributions of the polymer before and after bonding with Zn (II) were investigated by the Gaussian 09 software, which agreed with the experimental results. Noticeably, based on the color property of the probe with Zn(II), a series of color test paper were developed for visual detecting Zn(II) ions. This work helps to provide a platform or pattern for the development of polymer fluorescence probe in the chemosensor field. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Sorption mechanism of Cd(II) from water solution onto chicken eggshell

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flores-Cano, Jose Valente; Leyva-Ramos, Roberto; Mendoza-Barron, Jovita; Guerrero-Coronado, Rosa María; Aragón-Piña, Antonio; Labrada-Delgado, Gladis Judith

    2013-07-01

    The mechanism and capacity of eggshell for sorbing Cd(II) from aqueous solution was examined in detail. The eggshell was characterized by several techniques. The eggshell was mainly composed of Calcite (CaCO3). The surface charge distribution was determined by acid-base titration and the point of zero charge (PZC) of the eggshell was found to be 11.4. The sorption equilibrium data were obtained in a batch adsorber, and the adsorption isotherm of Langmuir fitted the data quite well. The sorption capacity of eggshell increased while raising the pH from 4 to 6, this tendency was attributed to the electrostatic interaction between the Cd2+ in solution and the surface of the eggshell. Furthermore, the sorption capacity was augmented by increasing the temperature from 15 to 35 °C because the sorption was endothermic. The sorption of Cd(II) occurred mainly onto the calcareous layer of the eggshell, but slightly on the membrane layer. It was demonstrated that the sorption of Cd(II) was not reversible, and the main sorption mechanisms were precipitation and ion exchange. The precipitation of (Cd,Ca)CO3 on the surface of the eggshell was corroborated by SEM and XRD analysis.

  11. Relative abundance of chemical forms of Cu(II) and Cd(II) on soybean roots as influenced by pH, cations and organic acids

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Qin; Liu, Zhao-dong; Liu, Yuan; Jiang, Jun; Xu, Ren-kou

    2016-01-01

    Little information is available on chemical forms of heavy metals on integrate plant roots. KNO3 (1 M), 0.05M EDTA at pH6 and 0.01 M HCl were used sequentially to extract the exchangeable, complexed and precipitated forms of Cu(II) and Cd(II) from soybean roots and then to investigate chemical form distribution of Cu(II) and Cd(II) on soybean roots. Cu(II) and Cd(II) adsorbed on soybean roots were mainly exchangeable form, followed by complexed form, while their precipitated forms were very low under acidic conditions. Soybean roots had a higher adsorption affinity to Cu(II) than Cd(II), leading to higher toxic of Cu(II) than Cd(II). An increase in solution pH increased negative charge on soybean and thus increased exchangeable Cu(II) and Cd(II) on the roots. Ca2+, Mg2+ and NH4+ reduced exchangeable Cu(II) and Cd(II) levels on soybean roots and these cations showed greater effects on Cd(II) than Cu(II) due to greater adsorption affinity of the roots to Cu(II) than Cd(II). L-malic and citric acids decreased exchangeable and complexed Cu(II) on soybean roots. In conclusion, Cu(II) and Cd(II) mainly existed as exchangeable and complexed forms on soybean roots. Ca2+ and Mg2+ cations and citric and L-malic acids can potentially alleviate Cu(II) and Cd(II) toxicity to plants. PMID:27805020

  12. Controlled Fabrication of Silk Protein Sericin Mediated Hierarchical Hybrid Flowers and Their Excellent Adsorption Capability of Heavy Metal Ions of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II).

    PubMed

    Koley, Pradyot; Sakurai, Makoto; Aono, Masakazu

    2016-01-27

    Fabrication of protein-inorganic hybrid materials of innumerable hierarchical patterns plays a major role in the development of multifunctional advanced materials with their improved features in synergistic way. However, effective fabrication and applications of the hybrid structures is limited due to the difficulty in control and production cost. Here, we report the controlled fabrication of complex hybrid flowers with hierarchical porosity through a green and facile coprecipitation method by using industrial waste natural silk protein sericin. The large surface areas and porosity of the microsize hybrid flowers enable water purification through adsorption of different heavy metal ions. The high adsorption capacity depends on their morphology, which is changed largely by sericin concentration in their fabrication. Superior adsorption and greater selectivity of the Pb(II) ions have been confirmed by the characteristic growth of needle-shaped nanowires on the hierarchical surface of the hybrid flowers. These hybrid flowers show excellent thermal stability even after complete evaporation of the protein molecules, significantly increasing the porosity of the flower petals. A simple, cost-effective and environmental friendly fabrication method of the porous flowers will lead to a new solution to water pollution required in the modern industrial society.

  13. Simple and green synthesis of piperazine-grafted reduced graphene oxide and its application for the detection of Hg(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zuo, Yinxiu; Xu, Jingkun; Xing, Huakun; Duan, Xuemin; Lu, Limin; Ye, Guo; Jia, Haiyan; Yu, Yongfang

    2018-04-01

    In this paper, piperazine-grafted reduced graphene oxide (NH-rGO) was synthesized via a simple and green two-step procedure: (i) opening of the resulting epoxides of graphene oxide (GO) with piperazine (NH) through nucleophilic substitution; (ii) reduction of GO with ascorbic acid. Its structure and morphology were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The NH-rGO modified glassy carbon electrode was explored as an electrochemical sensor for the determination of Hg(II) using a differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry technique. Hg(II) can be efficiently accumulated and deposited on the surface of a modified electrode by strong coordination chemical bonds formed between Hg(II) and NH. And then the anodic stripping current can be significantly enhanced by rGO with the merits of large specific surface area and high conductivity, which served as a signal amplifier, finally realizing the highly sensitive determination of Hg(II). The experimental parameters including the pH value of the acetate buffer, deposition potential and deposition time were optimized. Under optimal conditions, the developed sensor exhibited a wide linear range from 0.4-12 000 nM with a low limit of detection of 0.2 nM, which is well below the guideline value in drinking water set by the WHO. Moreover, the practical application of this method was confirmed by an assay of Hg(II) in tap water samples with acceptable results.

  14. Simple and green synthesis of piperazine-grafted reduced graphene oxide and its application for the detection of Hg(II).

    PubMed

    Zuo, Yinxiu; Xu, Jingkun; Xing, Huakun; Duan, Xuemin; Lu, Limin; Ye, Guo; Jia, Haiyan; Yu, Yongfang

    2018-04-20

    In this paper, piperazine-grafted reduced graphene oxide (NH-rGO) was synthesized via a simple and green two-step procedure: (i) opening of the resulting epoxides of graphene oxide (GO) with piperazine (NH) through nucleophilic substitution; (ii) reduction of GO with ascorbic acid. Its structure and morphology were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The NH-rGO modified glassy carbon electrode was explored as an electrochemical sensor for the determination of Hg(II) using a differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry technique. Hg(II) can be efficiently accumulated and deposited on the surface of a modified electrode by strong coordination chemical bonds formed between Hg(II) and NH. And then the anodic stripping current can be significantly enhanced by rGO with the merits of large specific surface area and high conductivity, which served as a signal amplifier, finally realizing the highly sensitive determination of Hg(II). The experimental parameters including the pH value of the acetate buffer, deposition potential and deposition time were optimized. Under optimal conditions, the developed sensor exhibited a wide linear range from 0.4-12 000 nM with a low limit of detection of 0.2 nM, which is well below the guideline value in drinking water set by the WHO. Moreover, the practical application of this method was confirmed by an assay of Hg(II) in tap water samples with acceptable results.

  15. A facile strategy for achieving high selective Zn(II) fluorescence probe by regulating the solvent polarity.

    PubMed

    Wang, Haoping; Kang, Tiantian; Wang, Xiaoju; Feng, Liheng

    2018-07-01

    A simple Schiff base comprised of tris(2-aminoethyl)amine and salicylaldehyde was designed and synthesized by one-step reaction. Although this compound has poor selectivity for metal ions in acetonitrile, it shows high selectivity and sensitivity detection for Zn(II) ions through adjusting the solvent polarity (the volume ratio of CH 3 CN/H 2 O). In other words, this work provides a facile way to realize a transformation from poor to excellent feature for fluorescent probes. The bonding mode of this probe with Zn(II) ions was verified by 1 H NMR and MS assays. The stoichiometric ratio of the probe with Zn(II) is 1:1 (mole), which matches with the Job-plot assay. The detection limitation of the probe for Zn(II) is up to 1 × 10 -8 mol/L. The electrochemical property of the probe combined with Zn(II) was investigated by cyclic voltammetry method, and the result agreed with the theoretical calculation by the Gaussian 09 software. The probe for Zn(II) could be applied in practical samples and biological systems. The main contribution of this work lies in providing a very simple method to realize the selectivity transformation for poor selective probes. The providing way is a simple, easy and low-cost method for obtaining high selectively fluorescence probes. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Modeling of the structure-specific kinetics of abiotic, dark reduction of Hg(II) complexed by O/N and S functional groups in humic acids while accounting for time-dependent structural rearrangement

    Redox transformations involving electron transfer from natural organic matter (NOM) are important for the mercury (Hg) biogeochemical cycle. In the water column light drives the reduction of Hg(II) to Hg(0), whereas in soils and sediments dark reduction of Hg(II) is of greater importance. The object...

  17. Comparison of heterogeneous photolytic reduction of Hg(II) in the coal fly ashes and synthetic aerosols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tong, Yindong; Eichhorst, Terry; Olson, Michael R.; Rutter, Andrew P.; Shafer, Martin M.; Wang, Xuejun; Schauer, James J.

    2014-03-01

    In this study, we examined the heterogeneous reduction of Hg(II) on the coal fly ash samples and synthetic aerosols under different light conditions in a controlled laboratory reactor. Three types of coal fly ashes were studied: a high carbon fly ash from a stoker boiler, a low carbon/low sulfate fly ash from a pulverized coal combustor burning low sulfur coal, and a high sulfate fly ash from a pulverized coal combustor burning high sulfur coal. The rate of Hg(II) reduction on the three diverse fly ash samples was found to be relatively fast with an average half-life of 1.6 h under clear sky atmospheric conditions (under the irradiance of 1000 W/m2). The reduction rate in the low sulfate/low carbon fly ash was approximately 1.5 times faster than with the other coal fly ash samples. Synthetic aerosols made of carbon black and levoglucosan produced Hg(II) reduction rates similar to coal fly ashes. However, aerosols composed of adipic acid resulted in reduction rates that were 3-5 times faster. The sensitivity of adipic acid reduction to light source wavelength was found to be greater than for the coal fly ash and other synthetic aerosols. Aerosols made from the water extracts of coal fly ash samples produced reduction rates equal to or slightly higher than with the native fly ash suggesting that the soluble components of fly ash play a significant role in the reduction mechanism. The measured reduction rates are likely important in the chemical processing of mercury in power plant plumes and potentially in the atmosphere and should be considered for incorporation in atmospheric transport models that are used to understand the fate of atmospheric mercury.

  18. Batch and fixed-bed biosorption of Cd(II) from aqueous solution using immobilized Pleurotus ostreatus spent substrate.

    PubMed

    Jin, Yu; Teng, Chunying; Yu, Sumei; Song, Tao; Dong, Liying; Liang, Jinsong; Bai, Xin; Liu, Xuesheng; Hu, Xiaojing; Qu, Juanjuan

    2018-01-01

    To prevent the blockage in a continuous fix-bed system, Pleurotus Ostreatus spent substrate (POSS), a composite agricultural waste, was immobilized into granular adsorbents (IPOSS) with polymeric matrix, and used to remove Cd(II) from synthetic wastewater in batch experiment as well as in continuous fixed-bed column system. In batch experiment, higher pH, temperature and Cd(II) initial concentration were conducive to a higher biosorption capacity, and the maximum biosorption capacity reached up to 87.2 mg/g at Cd(II) initial concentration of 200 mg/L, pH 6 and 25 °C. The biosorption of Cd(II) onto IPOSS followed the Langmuir isotherm model with the maximum adsorption capacity(q max ) of 100 mg/g. The biosorption was an endothermic reaction and a spontaneous process based on positive value of ΔH 0 and negative value of ΔG 0 . In fixed-bed column system, higher bed depth, lower flow rate and influent Cd(II) concentration led to a longer breakthrough and exhaustion time, and the best performance (equilibrium uptake (q e ) of 14.4 mg, breakthrough time at 31 h and exhaustion time at 78 h) was achieved at a bed depth of 110 cm, a flow rate of 1.2 L/h and an influent concentration of 100 mg/L. Furthermore, regeneration experiment revealed a good reusability of IPOSS with 0.1 M HNO 3 as eluting agent during three cycles of adsorption and desorption. Cd(II) biosorption onto IPOSS mainly relied on a chemical process including ion exchange and complexation or coordination revealed by SEM-EDX, FTIR and XRD analysis. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  19. Cd(II) complexes with different nuclearity and dimensionality based on 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole

    SciT

    Xu, Cai-Xia; Zhang, Jian-Guo, E-mail: zjgbit@bit.edu.cn; Yin, Xin

    2015-03-15

    A series of zero- to two-dimensional Cd(II) coordination compounds have been synthesized by the reaction of Cd(II) salts and 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole di-hydrochloride (HATr·2HCl). [CdCl{sub 2}(HATr){sub 2}] (1) and [Cd{sub 2}Cl{sub 4}(HATr){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] (2) have discrete mononuclear and binuclear structures, respectively. [Cd(HATr){sub 2}(ClO{sub 4}){sub 2}]{sub n} (3) presents polymeric 1-D chain and [Cd{sub 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}(HATr){sub 2}]{sub n} (4) shows 2-D frameworks. All Cd(II) ions exhibit distorted octahedral configurations in 1–3, whilst both hexa and heptacoordinated Cd(II) are formed in 4. The HATr ligands adopt chelating coordinated mode in 1, while tri-dentate bridging–chelating mode in 2–4. The chloride ionmore » is a mono-coordinated ligand in 1 and 2, but it bridges two adjacent metal ions in 4. Furthermore, thermal behaviors have been investigated and the results reveal that all complexes have good thermal stability. The impact sensitivity test indicates that complex 3 is sensitive to impact stimuli. - Graphical abstract: Four Cd(II) complexes based on 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole ligands exhibit diverse structures from mononuclear to 2D networks. - Highlights: • Cd(II) complexes containing 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole ligands. • Mononuclear, binuclear, 1-D and 2-D structures. • Good thermal stability. • Thermal decomposition kinetics.« less

  20. Adsorption of Cu(II), Hg(II), and Ni(II) ions by modified natural wool chelating fibers.

    PubMed

    Monier, M; Ayad, D M; Sarhan, A A

    2010-04-15

    The graft copolymerization of ethyl acrylate (EA) onto natural wool fibers initiated by potassium persulphate and Mohr's salt redox initiator system in limited aqueous medium was carried out in heterogeneous media. Ester groups of the grafted copolymers were partially converted into hydrazide function groups followed by hydrazone formation through reaction with isatin. Also the application of the modified fibers for metal ion uptake was studied using Cu(II), Hg(II) and Ni(II). The modified chelating fibers were characterized using FTIR spectroscopy, SEM and X-ray diffraction. 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Intracellular Zn(II) Intoxication Leads to Dysregulation of the PerR Regulon Resulting in Heme Toxicity in Bacillus subtilis

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Transition metal ions (Zn(II), Cu(II)/(I), Fe(III)/(II), Mn(II)) are essential for life and participate in a wide range of biological functions. Cellular Zn(II) levels must be high enough to ensure that it can perform its essential roles. Yet, since Zn(II) binds to ligands with high avidity, excess Zn(II) can lead to protein mismetallation. The major targets of mismetallation, and the underlying causes of Zn(II) intoxication, are not well understood. Here, we use a forward genetic selection to identify targets of Zn(II) toxicity. In wild-type cells, in which Zn(II) efflux prevents intoxication of the cytoplasm, extracellular Zn(II) inhibits the electron transport chain due to the inactivation of the major aerobic cytochrome oxidase. This toxicity can be ameliorated by depression of an alternate oxidase or by mutations that restrict access of Zn(II) to the cell surface. Conversely, efflux deficient cells are sensitive to low levels of Zn(II) that do not inhibit the respiratory chain. Under these conditions, intracellular Zn(II) accumulates and leads to heme toxicity. Heme accumulation results from dysregulation of the regulon controlled by PerR, a metal-dependent repressor of peroxide stress genes. When metallated with Fe(II) or Mn(II), PerR represses both heme biosynthesis (hemAXCDBL operon) and the abundant heme protein catalase (katA). Metallation of PerR with Zn(II) disrupts this coordination, resulting in depression of heme biosynthesis but continued repression of catalase. Our results support a model in which excess heme partitions to the membrane and undergoes redox cycling catalyzed by reduced menaquinone thereby resulting in oxidative stress. PMID:27935957

  2. Adsorption of enrofloxacin in presence of Zn(II) on a calcareous soil.

    PubMed

    Graouer-Bacart, Mareen; Sayen, Stéphanie; Guillon, Emmanuel

    2015-12-01

    As a result of their consumption, excretion, disposal and persistence, antibiotics enter the soil environment and may be transported to surface and ground waters. During their transfer through soils, retention processes play a key role in their mobility. Antibiotics often coexist with heavy metals in soils due to agricultural practices and other sources of inputs. In this context, this study deals with the co-adsorption of Zn(II) and enrofloxacin (ENR), a widely-used veterinary antibiotic, on a calcareous soil using batch retention experiments and X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) spectroscopy. To improve our understanding of the interaction of this emerging organic contaminant with metal cations at the water-soil interface, the ternary system containing ENR, Zn(II) and a selected calcareous soil was investigated over a pH range between 7 and 10, at different solid-solution contact times and ENR concentrations. The presence of Zn(II) slightly influenced the retention of the antibiotic, leading to an increase of the adsorbed ENR amounts. The distribution coefficient Kd value increased from 0.66 Lg(-1) for single ENR adsorption to 1.04 Lg(-1) in presence of Zn(II) at a 1/2 ENR/Zn(II) ratio. The combination of adsorption isotherm data, solution speciation diagrams and XANES spectra evidenced a small proportion of Zn(II)-ENR complexes at soil pH leading to the slight increase of ENR adsorption in presence of zinc. These results suggest that it is necessary to consider the interaction between ENR and metal cations when assessing the mobility of ENR in soils. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Synthesis, structure, and characterization of two Zn(II) complex containing two-dimensional bilayer structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Meili; Ren, Yixia; Chen, Xiaoli

    2014-10-01

    Two new Zn(II) complexes, [Zn2(L)(H2O)3]ṡH2O (1) and [Zn3(HL)2(bpp)2(Hbpp)2]ṡ10H2Oṡ2ClO4 (2) (H4L = cis,cis,cis,cis-1,2,3,4-cyclopentanetracarboxylic acid, bpp = 1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The structure indicates that the complex 1 crystallizes in triclinic, space group Pī, in which, the four carboxylate groups of L ligand adopt μ2-η1:η0, μ2-η1:η1, μ1-η1:η1 coordination modes, respectively, bridging Zn(II) atoms to generate a (4,6)-connected 2D bilayer network. The structure indicates that the complex 2 crystallizes in monoclinic, space group C2/c, in which, three deprotonated carboxylate groups of L ligand adopt uniform μ1-η1:η0 coordination mode linking Zn(II) atoms to form a 1D polymeric ribbon, the bpp ligands further extend such ribbon giving rised to a (3,4)-connected 2D bilayer network. The most striking feature of 1 and 2 is that both of bilayer networks contain 1D solvent channel, where water molecules are located. In additional, luminescent properties of two complexes have also been studied.

  4. Visualizing the kinetic power stroke that drives proton-coupled Zn(II) transport

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Sayan; Chai, Jin; Cheng, Jie; D'Mello, Rhijuta; Chance, Mark R.; Fu, Dax

    2014-01-01

    The proton gradient is a principal energy source for respiration-dependent active transport, but the structural mechanisms of proton-coupled transport processes are poorly understood. YiiP is a proton-coupled zinc transporter found in the cytoplasmic membrane of E. coli, and the transport-site of YiiP receives protons from water molecules that gain access to its hydrophobic environment and transduces the energy of an inward proton gradient to drive Zn(II) efflux1,2. This membrane protein is a well characterized member3-7 of the protein family of cation diffusion facilitators (CDFs) that occurs at all phylogenetic levels8-10. X-ray mediated hydroxyl radical labeling of YiiP and mass spectrometric analysis showed that Zn(II) binding triggered a highly localized, all-or-none change of water accessibility to the transport-site and an adjacent hydrophobic gate. Millisecond time-resolved dynamics revealed a concerted and reciprocal pattern of accessibility changes along a transmembrane helix, suggesting a rigid-body helical reorientation linked to Zn(II) binding that triggers the closing of the hydrophobic gate. The gated water access to the transport-site enables a stationary proton gradient to facilitate the conversion of zinc binding energy to the kinetic power stroke of a vectorial zinc transport. The kinetic details provide energetic insights into a proton-coupled active transport reaction. PMID:25043033

  5. Time-dependent Translational Response of E. coli to Excess Zn(II)

    PubMed Central

    Easton, J. Allen; Thompson, Peter; Crowder, Michael W.

    2006-01-01

    Zinc homeostasis is not well understood beyond methods of import and export. In order to better understand zinc homeostasis in Escherichia coli by identifying Zn(ii)-responsive proteins, a proteomic approach was taken. Through the use of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, we were able to show that the levels of OmpF, AspC, YcdO, Eno, and CysE increased after 30 min of Zn(ii) stress, while the levels of Tig, TufA, SelA, and LeuC decreased relative to non-stressed controls. After 4 h of Zn(ii) stress, the levels of three proteins (DnaK, YeaU, and Mdh) were found to be up-regulated, while the levels of seven amino acid importers (HisJ, ArgT, LivJ, DppA, OppA, RbsB, and GinH) were found to be decreased. None of these proteins had been reported to be up- or down-regulated in any previously published cDNA microarray experiments. This result raises questions about the validity of cDNA arrays when they are used to make assumptions concerning protein levels within bacterial cells. These data also suggest that time is a factor when characterizing how the E. coli proteome responds to Zn(ii) stress. PMID:17122063

  6. Heterogeneous Reduction Pathways for Hg(II) Species on Dry Aerosols: A First-Principles Computational Study

    DOE PAGES

    Tacey, Sean A.; Xu, Lang; Mavrikakis, Manos; ...

    2016-03-25

    Here, the atmospheric lifetime of mercury is greatly impacted by redox chemistry resulting from the high deposition rate of reactive mercury (Hg(II)) compared to elemental mercury (Hg 0). Recent laboratory and field studies have observed the reduction of Hg(II) but the chemical mechanism for this reaction has not been identified. Recent laboratory studies have shown that the reduction reaction is heterogeneous and can occur on iron and sodium chloride aerosol surfaces. This study explores the use of density functional theory calculations to discern the reduction pathways of HgCl 2, HgBr 2, Hg(NO 3) 2, and HgSO 4 on clean Fe(110),more » NaCl(100), and NaCl(111) Na surfaces. In doing so, potential energy surfaces have been prepared for the various reduction pathways, indicating that the reduction pathway leading to the production of gas-phase elemental mercury is highly favorable on Fe(110) and NaCl(111) Na. Moreover, the Fe(110) surface requires an external energy source of approximately 0.5 eV to desorb the reduced mercury, whereas the NaCl(111) Na surface requires no energy input. The results indicate that a number of mercury species can be reduced on metallic iron and sodium chloride surfaces, which are known aerosol components, and that a photochemical reaction involving the aerosol surface is likely needed for the reaction to be catalytic.« less

  7. A highly selective fluorescence sensing platform for nanomolar Hg(II) detection based on cytosine derived quantum dot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Liang; Song, Ting; Wang, Haoqiang; Yuan, Qunhui; Zhou, Shenghai

    2018-03-01

    Inspired by low toxicity and good biocompatibility of biomass derived quantum dot (QD), we herein developed a cytosine derived quantum dot, namely cyt-dot, via a one-step hydrothermal synthesis. The as-prepared cyt-dot emits blue fluorescence (FL) containing abundant oxygen (20.6 at.%) and nitrogen (24.1 at.%) contents. The cyt-dot based sensing platform shows exclusive selectivity for Hg(II) while being insensitive towards Fe(III) and Ag(I), which are important interference that usually cannot be ruled out. The detection limit for Hg(II) is of 11 nM, which is very close to the guideline value of 10 nM allowed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in drinking water. In real water sample analyses, the present sensing platform can fulfil satisfied recoveries ranging from 100% to 108%. Besides, the acidity of solution has almost no effect on the sensing performance of the cyt-dot in a pH range of 5-8, suggesting its potential applications in sensing and bio-imaging.

  8. Mechanism of Hg(II) Immobilization in Sediments by Sulfate-Cement Amendment.

    PubMed

    Serrano, Susana; Vlassopoulos, Dimitri; O'Day, Peggy A

    2016-04-01

    Reactive amendments such as Portland and super-sulfate cements offer a promising technology for immobilizing metalloid contaminants such as mercury (Hg) in soils and sediments through sequestration in less bioavailable solid forms. Tidal marsh sediments were reacted with dissolved Hg(II) in synthetic seawater and fresh water solutions, treated with Portland cement and FeSO 4 amendment, and aged for up to 90 days. Reacted solids were analyzed with bulk sequential extraction methods and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron microscopy, and synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Hg L III - and S K-edge. In amended sediments, XRD, SEM and sulfur K-edge XANES indicated formation of gypsum in seawater experiments or ettringite-type (Ca 6 Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 (OH) 12 . 26H 2 O) phases in fresh water experiments, depending on the final solution pH (seawater ∼8.5; freshwater ∼10.5). Analysis of Hg EXAFS spectra showed Cl and Hg ligands in the first- and second-coordination shells at distances characteristic of a polynuclear chloromercury(II) salt, perhaps as a nanoparticulate phase, in both seawater and fresh water experiments. In addition to the chloromercury species, a smaller fraction (∼20-25%) of Hg was bonded to O atoms in fresh water sample spectra, suggesting the presence of a minor sorbed Hg fraction. In the absence of amendment treatment, Hg sorption and resistance to extraction can be accounted for by relatively strong binding by reduced S species present in the marsh sediment detected by S XANES. Thermodynamic calculations predict stable aqueous Hg-Cl species at seawater final pH, but higher final pH in fresh water favors aqueous Hg-hydroxide species. The difference in Hg coordination between aqueous and solid phases suggests that the initial Hg-Cl coordination was stabilized in the cement hydration products and did not re-equilibrate with the bulk solution with aging. Collectively, results suggest physical encapsulation of Hg as a

  9. Adsorption of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions by rape straw biochar derived from different modification processes.

    PubMed

    Li, Bing; Yang, Lan; Wang, Chang-Quan; Zhang, Qing-Pei; Liu, Qing-Cheng; Li, Yi-Ding; Xiao, Rui

    2017-05-01

    In order to deal with cadmium (Cd(II)) pollution, three modified biochar materials: alkaline treatment of biochar (BC-NaOH), KMnO 4 impregnation of biochar (BC-MnO x ) and FeCl 3 magnetic treatment of biochar (BC-FeO x ), were investigated. Nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Boehm titration, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to determine the characteristics of adsorbents and explore the main adsorption mechanism. The results show that manganese oxide particles are carried successfully within the biochar, contributing to micropore creation, boosting specific surface area and forming innersphere complexes with oxygen-containing groups, while also increasing the number of oxygen-containing groups. The adsorption sites created by the loaded manganese oxide, rather than specific surface areas, play the most important roles in cadmium adsorption. Batch adsorption experiments demonstrate a Langmuir model fit for Cd(II), and BC-MnO x provided the highest sorption capacity (81.10 mg g -1 ). The sorption kinetics of Cd(II) on adsorbents follows pseudo-second-order kinetics and the adsorption rate of the BC-MnO x material was the highest (14.46 g (mg·h) -1 ). Therefore, biochar modification methods involving KMnO 4 impregnation may provide effective ways of enhancing Cd(II) removal from aqueous solutions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Impact of a commercial glyphosate formulation on adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions on paddy soil.

    PubMed

    Divisekara, T; Navaratne, A N; Abeysekara, A S K

    2018-05-01

    Use of glyphosate as a weedicide on rice cultivation has been a controversial issue in Sri Lanka, due to the hypothesis that the metal complexes of commercial glyphosate is one of the causative factors of Chronic Kidney Disease of unknown aetiology (CKDu) prevalent in some parts of Sri Lanka. The effect of commercial glyphosate on the adsorption and desorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions on selective paddy soil studied using batch experiments, over a wide concentration range, indicates that the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model is obeyed at low initial metal ion concentrations while the Freundlich adsorption isotherm model obeys at high metal ion concentrations in the presence and absence of glyphosate. For all cases, adsorption of both Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions obeys pseudo second order kinetics, suggesting that initial adsorption is a chemisorption process. In the presence of glyphosate formulation, the extent of adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions on soil is decreased, while their desorption is increased at high concentrations of glyphosate. Low concentrations of glyphosate formulation do not significantly affect the desorption of metal ions from soil. Reduction of adsorption leads to enhance the concentration of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in the aqueous phase when in contact with soil. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Synthetic hydroxyapatites doped with Zn(II) studied by X-ray diffraction, infrared, Raman and thermal analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guerra-López, José R.; Echeverría, Gustavo A.; Güida, Jorge A.; Viña, Raúl; Punte, Graciela

    2015-06-01

    Calcium hydroxyapatite (CaHap) formation when different amounts of Zn(II) are present in the mother solution has been investigated by atomic absorption, infrared and Raman spectroscopies, X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis (DTA and TG). The studied samples have been synthesized at T=95 °C and pH 9 in air. The analysis of the results have shown that the pure CaHap sample crystallizes in the monoclinic form P21/b. Concentrations up to 20% of Zn(II) in the mother solution, equivalent to smaller concentrations in solid (up to 9.1% in wt), favor the formation of the hexagonal apatite, P63/m, while Zn(II) concentrations higher than 20% in solution help an amorphous phase development where vibrational spectra indicated coexistence of two phases: an apatite and ZnNH4PO4·H2O. Infrared data of thermal treated samples endorse that HPO42- ion had not been incorporated in Zn(II) doped samples during the synthesis process. Present results also allow to conclude that Zn(II) cation exhibits a preference to occupy the Ca2 site of the apatite structure and induces water adsorption and a small quantity of CO32- cation incorporation, leading to formation of a less crystalline Ca deficient apatite.

  12. Revelation of susceptibility differences due to Hg(II) accumulation in Streptococcus pyogenes against CX-AgNPs and Cefixime by atomic force microscopy.

    PubMed

    Rasheed, Wasia; Shah, Muhammad Raza; Perveen, Samina; Ahmed, Shakil; Uzzaman, Sami

    2018-01-01

    Solution based method for the formation of chemically modified silver nanoparticles (CX-AgNPs) using Cefixime as stabilizing and reducing agent was developed. The CX-AgNPs were characterized by AFM, UV-visible, FT-IR and MALDI-TOF MS. Bactericidal efficiency of CX-AgNPs and Cefixime against Streptococcus pyogenes was evaluated. Afterwards, susceptibility differences of Streptococcus pyogenes due to accumulation of Hg(II) against CX-AgNPs and Cefixime were estimated and validated through Atomic force microscopy. Selectivity and sensitivity of CX-AgNPs against Hg(II) was evaluated in a systematic manner. The CX-AgNPs was titrated against optically silent Hg(II) which induced enhancement in the SPR band of CX-AgNPs. The increase in intensity of SPR band of CX-AgNPs was determined to be proportionate to the concentration of Hg(II) in the range of 33.3-700µM obeying linear regression equation of y = 0.125x + 8.962 with the detection limit of 0.10µM and the coefficient of determination equals to 0.985 (n = 3). The association constant Ka of CX-AgNPs-Hg(II) was found to be 386.0095mol -1 dm 3 by using the Benesi Hildebrand plot. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Artificial intelligence and regression analysis for Cd(II) ion biosorption from aqueous solution by Gossypium barbadense waste.

    PubMed

    Fawzy, Manal; Nasr, Mahmoud; Nagy, Heba; Helmi, Shacker

    2018-02-01

    In this study, batch biosorption experiments were conducted to determine the removal efficiency of Cd(II) ion from aqueous solutions by Gossypium barbadense waste. The biosorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) connected with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). The sorption mechanism was described by complexation/chelation of Cd 2+ with the functional groups of O-H, C=O, -COO-, and C-O, as well as, cation-exchange with Mg 2+ and K + . At initial Cd(II) ion concentration (C o ), 50 mg/L, the adsorption equilibrium of 89.2% was achieved after 15 min under the optimum experimental factors of pH 6.0, biosorbent dosage 10 g/L, and particle diameter 0.125-0.25 mm. Both Langmuir and Freundlich models fitted well to the sorption data, suggesting the co-existence of monolayer coverage along with heterogenous surface biosorption. Artificial neural network (ANN) with a structure of 5-10-1 was performed to predict the Cd(II) ion removal efficiency. The ANN model provided high fit (R 2 0.923) to the experimental data and indicated that C o was the most influential input. A pure-quadratic model was developed to determine the effects of experimental factors on Cd(II) ion removal efficiency, which indicated the limiting nature of pH and biosorbent dosage on Cd(II) adsorption. Based on the regression model (R 2 0.873), the optimum experimental factors were pH 7.61, biosorbent dosage 24.74 g/L, particle size 0.125-0.25 mm, and adsorption time 109.77 min, achieving Cd 2+ removal of almost 100% at C o 50 mg/L.

  14. The ligand effect on the hydrolytic reactivity of Zn(II) complexes toward phosphate diesters.

    PubMed

    Bonfá, Lodovico; Gatos, Maddalena; Mancin, Fabrizio; Tecilla, Paolo; Tonellato, Umberto

    2003-06-16

    The catalytic effects of the Zn(II) complexes of a series of poliaminic ligands in the hydrolysis of the activated phosphodiesters bis-p-nitrophenyl phosphate (BNP) and 2-hydroxypropyl-p-nitrophenyl phosphate (HPNP) have been investigated. The reactions show first-order rate dependency on both substrate and metal ion complex and a pH dependence which is diagnostic of the acid dissociation of the reactive species. The mechanism of the metal catalyzed transesterification of HPNP has been assessed by solvent isotopic kinetic effect studies and involves the intramolecular nucleophilic attack of the substrate alcoholic group, activated by metal ion coordination. The intrinsic reactivity of the different complexes is controlled by the nature and structure of the ligand: complexes of tridentate ligands, particularly if characterized by a facial coordination mode, are more reactive than those of tetradentate ligands which can hardly allow binding sites for the substrate. In the case of tridentate ligands that form complexes with a facial coordination mode, a linear Brønsted correlation between the reaction rate (log k) and the pK(a) of the active nucleophile is obtained. The beta(nuc) values are 0.75 for the HPNP transesterification and 0.20 for the BNP hydrolysis. These values are indicated as the result of the combination of two opposite Lewis acid effects of the Zn(II) ion: the activation of the substrate and the efficiency of the metal coordinated nucleophile. The latter factor apparently prevails in determining the intrinsic reactivity of the Zn(II) complexes.

  15. Ligand reprogramming in dinuclear helicate complexes: a consequence of allosteric or electrostatic effects?

    PubMed

    Jeffery, John C; Rice, Craig R; Harding, Lindsay P; Baylies, Christian J; Riis-Johannessen, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    The ditopic ligand 6,6'-bis(4-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3,3'-([18]crown-6)-2,2'-bipyridine (L(1)) contains both a potentially tetradentate pyridyl-thiazole (py-tz) N-donor chain and an additional "external" crown ether binding site which spans the central 2,2'-bipyridine unit. In polar solvents (MeCN, MeNO(2)) this ligand forms complexes with Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II) and Cu(I) ions via coordination of the N donors to the metal ion. Reaction with both Hg(II) and Cu(I) ions results in the self-assembly of dinuclear double-stranded helicate complexes. The ligands are partitioned by rotation about the central py--py bond, such that each can coordinate to both metals as a bis-bidentate donor ligand. With Zn(II) ions a single-stranded mononuclear species is formed in which one ligand coordinates the metal ion in a planar tetradentate fashion. Reaction with Cd(II) ions gives rise to an equilibrium between both the dinuclear double-stranded helicate and the mononuclear species. These complexes can further coordinate s-block metal cations via the remote crown ether O-donor domains; a consequence of which are some remarkable changes in the binding modes of the N-donor domains. Reaction of the Hg(II)- or Cd(II)-containing helicate with either Ba(2+) or Sr(2+) ions effectively reprogrammes the ligand to form only the single-stranded heterobinuclear complexes [MM'(L(1))](4+) (M=Hg(II), Cd(II); M'=Ba(2+), Sr(2+)), where the transition and s-block cations reside in the N- and O-donor sites, respectively. In contrast, the same ions have only a minor structural impact on the Zn(II) species, which already exists as a single-stranded mononuclear complex. Similar reactions with the Cd(II) system result in a shift in equilibrium towards the single-stranded species, the extent of which depends on the size and charge of the s-block cation in question. Reaction of the dicopper(I) double-stranded helicate with Ba(2+) shows that the dinuclear structure still remains intact but the pitch length is

  16. A porous Cd(II) metal-organic framework with high adsorption selectivity for CO2 over CH4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Chunlan

    2017-05-01

    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted a lot of attention in recent decades. We applied a semi-rigid four-carboxylic acid linker to assemble with Cd(II) ions to generate a novel microporous Cd(II) MOF material. Single crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals the different two dimension (2D) layers can be further packed together with an AB fashion by hydrogen bonds (O4sbnd H4⋯O7 = 1.863 Å) to construct a three dimension (3D) supermolecular architecture. The resulting sample can be synthesized under solvothermal reactions successfully, which exhibits high selectivity adsorption of CO2 over CH4 at room temperature. In addition, the obtained sample was characterized by thermal gravimetric analyses (TGA), Fourier-transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), elemental analysis (CHN) and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD).

  17. Zinc-sensitive MRI contrast agent detects differential release of Zn(II) ions from the healthy vs. malignant mouse prostate.

    PubMed

    Clavijo Jordan, M Veronica; Lo, Su-Tang; Chen, Shiuhwei; Preihs, Christian; Chirayil, Sara; Zhang, Shanrong; Kapur, Payal; Li, Wen-Hong; De Leon-Rodriguez, Luis M; Lubag, Angelo J M; Rofsky, Neil M; Sherry, A Dean

    2016-09-13

    Many secretory tissues release Zn(II) ions along with other molecules in response to external stimuli. Here we demonstrate that secretion of Zn(II) ions from normal, healthy prostate tissue is stimulated by glucose in fasted mice and that release of Zn(II) can be monitored by MRI. An ∼50% increase in water proton signal enhancement is observed in T1-weighted images of the healthy mouse prostate after infusion of a Gd-based Zn(II) sensor and an i.p. bolus of glucose. Release of Zn(II) from intracellular stores was validated in human epithelial prostate cells in vitro and in surgically exposed prostate tissue in vivo using a Zn(II)-sensitive fluorescent probe known to bind to the extracellular surface of cells. Given the known differences in intracellular Zn(II) stores in healthy versus malignant prostate tissues, the Zn(II) sensor was then evaluated in a transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) model in vivo. The agent proved successful in detecting small malignant lesions as early as 11 wk of age, making this noninvasive MR imaging method potentially useful for identifying prostate cancer in situations where it may be difficult to detect using current multiparametric MRI protocols.

  18. Use of limestone filler as a sorbent for the removal of As(V), Pb(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) in contaminated sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinez Sanchez, Maria Jose; Veiga, Jose Manuel; Garcia-Lorenzo, Maria Luz; Hernandez Cordoba, Manuel; Martinez-Lopez, Salvadora; Perez-Sirvent, Carmen

    2017-04-01

    Many of the approaches used to treat soils contaminated by heavy metals are invasive, and do not restore the natural equilibrium of the environment [1]. For this reason, one of procedures used to stabilise heavy metal-contaminated soils in situ is to directly add amendments, which, while they may not totally eliminate toxic elements, help natural retention mechanisms, induce sorption and reduce mobility and bioavailability. In this respect, the use of calcareous materials may be an excellent, eco-friendly way for recovering this type of soils [2], and this communication reports studies made in our laboratory for such a purpose. The influence of different variables in the preparation of mixtures used to stabilize contaminated soils (soil pH, temperature and composition of the contaminated soil / limestone filler) was studied by means of a factorial experimental design. The main interaction effects of the factors obtained on different contaminated soils were used along with the results of the physicochemical and mineralogical characterization in the same data matrix to be analyzed by principal components analysis (PCA). To evaluate the optimal values of the variables, spectroscopic techniques were used to measure the level of leached metals (Pb, Cd, Cu, As, Zn and Fe). The environmental conditions were simulated and controlled by means of a climatic chamber to evaluate simultaneously the processes of geochemical alteration and passivation of the mixture. The results obtained showed that the corresponding factors of the experimental design may be an important source of information to show correlations on some of the most significant variables such as the concentration of metals and, in this way, optimize the use of the in situ stabilizer. [1] H. Genç-Fuhrman, P.S. Mikkelsen, A. Ledin. Water Res 41 (2007) 591-602. [2] C. A. Cravotta, M.K. Trahan. Appl. Geochem 5 (1999) 581-606.

  19. Pre-treatment processes of Azolla filiculoides to remove Pb(II), Cd(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solution in the batch and fixed-bed reactors.

    PubMed

    Khosravi, Morteza; Rakhshaee, Roohan; Ganji, Masuod Taghi

    2005-12-09

    Intact and treated biomass can remove heavy metals from water and wastewater. This study examined the ability of the activated, semi-intact and inactivated Azolla filiculoides (a small water fern) to remove Pb(2+), Cd(2+), Ni(2+) and Zn(2+) from the aqueous solution. The maximum uptake capacities of these metal ions using the activated Azolla filiculoides by NaOH at pH 10.5 +/- 0.2 and then CaCl(2)/MgCl(2)/NaCl with total concentration of 2 M (2:1:1 mole ratio) in the separate batch reactors were obtained about 271, 111, 71 and 60 mg/g (dry Azolla), respectively. The obtained capacities of maximum adsorption for these kinds of the pre-treated Azolla in the fixed-bed reactors (N(o)) were also very close to the values obtained for the batch reactors (Q(max)). On the other hand, it was shown that HCl, CH(3)OH, C(2)H(5)OH, FeCl(2), SrCl(2), BaCl(2) and AlCl(3) in the pre-treatment processes decreased the ability of Azolla to remove the heavy metals in comparison to the semi-intact Azolla, considerably. The kinetic studies showed that the heavy metals uptake by the activated Azolla was done more rapid than those for the semi-intact Azolla.

  20. Kinetic modeling and thermodynamic study to remove Pb(II), Cd(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solution using dead and living Azolla filiculoides.

    PubMed

    Rakhshaee, Roohan; Khosravi, Morteza; Ganji, Masoud Taghi

    2006-06-30

    Dead Azolla filiculoides can remove Pb(2+),Cd(2+), Ni(2+) and Zn(2+) corresponding to second-order kinetic model. The maximum adsorption capacity (Q(max)) to remove these metal ions by the alkali and CaCl(2)/MgCl(2)/NaCl (2:1:1, molar ratio) activated Azolla from 283 to 313K was 1.431-1.272, 1.173-0.990, 1.365-1.198 and 1.291-0.981mmol/g dry biomass, respectively. Q(max) to remove these heavy metals by the non-activated Azolla at the mentioned temperature range was obtained 1.131-0.977, 1.092-0.921, 1.212-0.931 and 1.103-0.923mmol/g dry biomass, respectively. In order to remove these metal ions by the activated Azolla, the enthalpy change (DeltaH) was -4.403, -4.495, -4.557 and -4.365kcal/mol and the entropy change (DeltaS) was 2.290, 1.268, 1.745 and 1.006cal/molK, respectively. While, to remove these metal ions by the non-activated Azolla, DeltaH was -3.685, -3.766, -3.967 and -3.731kcal/mol and DeltaS was 2.440, 1.265, 1.036 and 0.933cal/molK, respectively. On the other hand, the living Azolla removed these heavy metals corresponding to first-order kinetic model. It was also shown that pH, temperature and photoperiod were effective both on the rate of Azolla growth and the rate of heavy metals uptake during 10 days. It was appeared the use of Ca(NO(3))(2) increased both Azolla growth rate and the rate of heavy metals uptake while the using KNO(3) although increased Azolla growth rate but decreased the rate of heavy metals uptake.

  1. Two double and triple interpenetrated Cd(II) and Zn(II) coordination polymers based on mixed O- and N-donor ligands: Syntheses, crystal structures and luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Li; Li, Xiaohui; Zhang, Yan

    2016-01-01

    Two interpenetrated 3D coordination polymers, namely [Cd2(tdc)2(bpp) (DMA)]n (1) and [Zn2(tdc)2(bib)2]n·2n(DMA) (2) (H2tdc = 2,5-thiophenedicarboxylic acid, bpp = 1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane, bib = 1, 4-bis(imidazolyl)butane, DMA = N,N-dimethylacetamide), have been solvothermally synthesized by the self-assembly of flexible N-donor and dicarboxylate ligands. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that compound 1 features a 2-fold interpenetrated 3D framework based on dinuclear [Cd2(COO)3] subunits and can be simplified into a 6-connected pcu topology, and compound 2 features a 3-fold interpenetrated 3D framework with 4-connected dia topology. Moreover, the thermal stabilities and luminescent properties of these two compounds were also investigated.

  2. Evaluation of adsorption capacities of humic acids extracted from Algerian soil on polyaniline for application to remove pollutants such as Cd(II), Zn(II) and Ni(II) and characterization with cavity microelectrode.

    PubMed

    Terbouche, Achour; Ramdane-Terbouche, Chafia Ait; Hauchard, Didier; Djebbar, Safia

    2011-01-01

    The adsorption capacities of new humic acids isolated from Yakouren forest (YHA) and Sahara (Tamenrasset: THA) soils (Algeria) and commercial humic acid (PFHA) on polyaniline emeraldine base (PEB) were studied at pH 6.6. Also the adsorption of heavy metals such as Cd2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ on humic acid-polyaniline systems (HA-PEB) was investigated at the same conditions. HA-PEB compounds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), infrared spectrometry and cavity microelectrode. In addition, batch adsorption and cavity microelectrode were used in the adsorption study of Cd2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ on HA-PEB. To develop biocaptors of polluting metals using a cavity microelectrode modified by HA-PEB systems, the adsorption kinetic and adsorption capacity were investigated. The SEM analysis showed that the presence of humic acid affected the PEB surface and caused the formation of a granular morphology. The maximum adsorption capacities (q(max)) of PFHA, THA and YHA determined by adsorption isotherms were 91.31, 132.1 and 151.0 mg/g, respectively. Batch adsorption results showed that q(max) of Cd2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ on HA-PEB followed the order: THA-PEB > YHA-PEB > PFHA-PEB. The voltammograms obtained with HA-PEB modified cavity microelectrode showed the appearance of new redox couples reflecting the adsorption of HA on PEB. Metal-humic acid-polyaniline voltammograms were characterized by appearance of oxidation-reduction couples or reduction wave corresponding to metal. Finally, the result may be exploited to develop a biocaptor based on the cavity microelectrode amended by THA-PEB and YHA-PEB.

  3. Chelation of Cu(II), Zn(II), and Fe(II) by tannin constituents of selected edible nuts.

    PubMed

    Karamać, Magdalena

    2009-12-22

    The tannin fractions isolated from hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds were characterised by colorimetric assays and by an SE-HPLC technique. The complexation of Cu(II) and Zn(II) was determined by the reaction with tetramethylmurexide, whereas for Fe(II), ferrozine was employed. The walnut tannins exhibited a significantly weaker reaction with the vanillin/HCl reagent than hazelnut and almond tannins, but the protein precipitation capacity of the walnut fraction was high. The SE-HPLC chromatogram of the tannin fraction from hazelnuts revealed the presence of oligomers with higher molecular weights compared to that of almonds. Copper ions were most effectively chelated by the constituents of the tannin fractions of hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds. At a 0.2 mg/assay addition level, the walnut tannins complexed almost 100% Cu(II). The Fe(II) complexation capacities of the tannin fractions of walnuts and hazelnuts were weaker in comparison to that of the almond tannin fraction, which at a 2.5 mg/assay addition level, bound Fe(II) by approximately 90%. The capacity to chelate Zn(II) was quite varied for the different nut tannin fractions: almond tannins bound as much as 84% Zn(II), whereas the value for walnut tannins was only 8.7%; and for hazelnut tannins, no Zn(II) chelation took place at the levels tested.

  4. Midrange affinity fluorescent Zn(II) sensors of the Zinpyr family: syntheses, characterization, and biological imaging applications.

    PubMed

    Nolan, Elizabeth M; Jaworski, Jacek; Racine, Maryann E; Sheng, Morgan; Lippard, Stephen J

    2006-11-27

    The syntheses and photophysical characterization of ZP9, 2-{2-chloro-6-hydroxy-3-oxo-5-[(2-{[pyridin-2-ylmethyl-(1H-pyrrol-2-ylmethyl)amino]methyl}phenylamino)methyl]-3H-xanthen-9-yl}benzoic acid, and ZP10, 2-{2-chloro-6-hydroxy-5-[(2-{[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-ylmethyl)pyridin-2-ylmethylamino]methyl}phenylamino)methyl]-3-oxo-3H-xanthen-9-yl}benzoic acid, two asymmetrically derivatized fluorescein-based dyes, are described. These sensors each contain an aniline-based ligand moiety functionalized with a pyridyl-amine-pyrrole group and have dissociation constants for Zn(II) in the sub-micromolar (ZP9) and low-micromolar (ZP10) range, which we define as "midrange". They give approximately 12- (ZP9) and approximately 7-fold (ZP10) fluorescence turn-on immediately following Zn(II) addition at neutral pH and exhibit improved selectivity for Zn(II) compared to the di-(2-picolyl)amine-based Zinpyr (ZP) sensors. Confocal microscopy studies indicate that such asymmetrical fluorescein-based probes are cell permeable and Zn(II) responsive in vivo.

  5. Midrange Affinity Fluorescent Zn(II) Sensors of the Zinpyr Family: Syntheses, Characterization, and Biological Imaging Applications

    PubMed Central

    Nolan, Elizabeth M.; Jaworski, Jacek; Racine, Maryann E.; Sheng, Morgan; Lippard, Stephen J.

    2006-01-01

    The syntheses and photophysical characterization of ZP9, 2-{2-chloro-6-hydroxy-3-oxo-5-[(2-{[pyridin-2-ylmethyl-(1H-pyrrol-2-ylmethyl)amino]methyl}phenylamino)methyl]-3H-xanthen-9-yl}benzoic acid, and ZP10, 2-{2-chloro-6-hydroxy-5-[(2-{[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-ylmethyl)pyridin-2-ylmethylamino]methyl}phenylamino)methyl]-3-oxo-3H-xanthen-9-yl}benzoic acid, two asymmetrically derivatized fluorescein-based dyes, are described. These sensors each contain an aniline-based ligand moiety functionalized with a pyridyl-amine-pyrrole group and have dissociation constants for Zn(II) in the sub-micromolar (ZP9) and low-micromolar (ZP10) range, which we define as “midrange”. They give ~12- (ZP9) and ~7-fold (ZP10) fluorescence turn-on immediately following Zn(II) addition at neutral pH and exhibit improved selectivity for Zn(II) compared to the di-(2-picolyl)amine-based Zinpyr (ZP) sensors. Confocal microscopy studies indicate that such asymmetrical fluorescein-based probes are cell permeable and Zn(II) responsive in vivo. PMID:17112271

  6. Removal of Zn(II) from electroplating effluent using yeast biofilm formed on gravels: batch and column studies

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Present study deals with the removal of Zn(II) ions from effluent using yeast biofilm formed on gravels. Methods The biofilm forming ability of Candida rugosa and Cryptococcus laurentii was evaluated using XTT (2,3-bis[2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide) reduction assay and monitored by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Copious amount of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) produced by yeast species was quantified and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Results Yeast biofilm formed on gravels by C. rugosa and C. laurentii showed 88% and 74.2% removal of Zn(II) ions respectively in batch mode. In column mode, removal of Zn(II) ions from real effluent was found to be 95.29% by C. rugosa biofilm formed on gravels. Conclusion The results of the present study showed that there is a scope to develop a cost effective method for the efficient removal of Zn(II) from effluent using gravels coated with yeast biofilm. PMID:24397917

  7. Chelation of Cu(II), Zn(II), and Fe(II) by Tannin Constituents of Selected Edible Nuts

    PubMed Central

    Karamać, Magdalena

    2009-01-01

    The tannin fractions isolated from hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds were characterised by colorimetric assays and by an SE-HPLC technique. The complexation of Cu(II) and Zn(II) was determined by the reaction with tetramethylmurexide, whereas for Fe(II), ferrozine was employed. The walnut tannins exhibited a significantly weaker reaction with the vanillin/HCl reagent than hazelnut and almond tannins, but the protein precipitation capacity of the walnut fraction was high. The SE-HPLC chromatogram of the tannin fraction from hazelnuts revealed the presence of oligomers with higher molecular weights compared to that of almonds. Copper ions were most effectively chelated by the constituents of the tannin fractions of hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds. At a 0.2 mg/assay addition level, the walnut tannins complexed almost 100% Cu(II). The Fe(II) complexation capacities of the tannin fractions of walnuts and hazelnuts were weaker in comparison to that of the almond tannin fraction, which at a 2.5 mg/assay addition level, bound Fe(II) by ~90%. The capacity to chelate Zn(II) was quite varied for the different nut tannin fractions: almond tannins bound as much as 84% Zn(II), whereas the value for walnut tannins was only 8.7%; and for hazelnut tannins, no Zn(II) chelation took place at the levels tested. PMID:20054482

  8. Two luminescent Zn(II) metal-organic frameworks for exceptionally selective detection of picric acid explosives.

    PubMed

    Shi, Zhi-Qiang; Guo, Zi-Jian; Zheng, He-Gen

    2015-05-14

    Two luminescent Zn(II) metal-organic frameworks were prepared from a π-conjugated thiophene-containing carboxylic acid ligand. These two MOFs show strong luminescene and their luminescence could be quenched by a series of nitroaromatic explosives. Importantly, they exhibit very highly sensitive and selective detection of picric acid compared to other nitroaromatic explosives.

  9. Removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution with activated Firmiana Simplex Leaf: behaviors and affecting factors.

    PubMed

    Tang, Qiang; Tang, Xiaowu; Hu, Manman; Li, Zhenze; Chen, Yunmin; Lou, Peng

    2010-07-15

    Cadmium pollution is known to cause severe public health problems. This study is intended to examine the effect of an activated Firmiana Simplex Leaf (FSL) on the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution. Results showed that the active Firmiana Simplex Leaf could efficiently remove Cd(II) from wastewater due to the preservation of beneficial groups (amine, carboxyl, and phosphate) at a temperature of 250 degrees C. The adsorbent component, dosage, concentration of the initial solute, and the pH of the solution were all found to have significant effects on Cd(II) adsorption. The kinetic constants were predicted by pseudo-first-order kinetics, and the thermodynamic analysis revealed the endothermic and spontaneous nature of the adsorption. FT-IR and XRD analyses confirmed the strong adsorption between beneficial groups and cadmium ions, and the adsorption capacity was calculated to be 117.786 mg g(-1) according to the Langmuir isotherm. 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Five chiral Cd(II) complexes with dual chiral components: Effect of positional isomerism, luminescence and SHG response

    SciT

    Cheng, Lin, E-mail: lcheng@seu.edu.cn; Jiangsu Province Hi-Tech Key Laboratory for Bio-medical Research, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189; Wang, Jun

    2015-01-15

    Five chiral Cd(II) complexes with dual chiral components have been synthesized by using a series of (1R,2R)–N{sup 1},N{sup 2}-bis(pyridinylmethyl)cyclohexane-1,2-diamine ligands with different N-positions of pyridyl rings and Cd(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}. The circular dichroism (CD) spectra and second-harmonic generation (SHG) efficiency measurements confirmed that they are of structural chirality in the bulk samples. The luminescent properties indicated that they may have potential applications as optical materials. The formation of discrete mononuclear and binuclear complexes, and one-dimensional chains may be attributed to positional isomerism of the ligands. - Graphical abstract: Five chiral Cd(II) complexes with dual chiral components have been synthesized bymore » using a series of chiral ligands with different N-positions of pyridyl rings. - Highlights: • Five chiral Cd(II) complexes with dual chiral components have been synthesized. • CD spectra and SHG efficiency of the bulk samples have been measured. • The complexes display luminescent properties.« less

  11. Two emissive-magnetic composite platforms for Hg(II) sensing and removal: The combination of magnetic core, silica molecular sieve and rhodamine chemosensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Hanping; Liu, Zhongshou

    2018-01-01

    In this paper, a composite sensing platform for Hg(II) optical sensing and removal was designed and reported. A core-shell structure was adopted, using magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the core, silica molecular sieve MCM-41 as the shell, respectively. Two rhodamine derivatives were synthesized as chemosensor and covalently immobilized into MCM-41 tunnels. Corresponding composite samples were characterized with SEM/TEM images, XRD analysis, IR spectra, thermogravimetry and N2 adsorption/desorption analysis, which confirmed their core-shell structure. Their emission was increased by Hg(II), showing emission turn on effect. High selectivity, linear working curves and recyclability were obtained from these composite samples.

  12. Two emissive-magnetic composite platforms for Hg(II) sensing and removal: The combination of magnetic core, silica molecular sieve and rhodamine chemosensors.

    PubMed

    Mao, Hanping; Liu, Zhongshou

    2018-01-15

    In this paper, a composite sensing platform for Hg(II) optical sensing and removal was designed and reported. A core-shell structure was adopted, using magnetic Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles as the core, silica molecular sieve MCM-41 as the shell, respectively. Two rhodamine derivatives were synthesized as chemosensor and covalently immobilized into MCM-41 tunnels. Corresponding composite samples were characterized with SEM/TEM images, XRD analysis, IR spectra, thermogravimetry and N 2 adsorption/desorption analysis, which confirmed their core-shell structure. Their emission was increased by Hg(II), showing emission turn on effect. High selectivity, linear working curves and recyclability were obtained from these composite samples. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Adsorption of Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions by nanoscale zero valent iron supported on ostrich bone ash in a fixed-bed column system.

    PubMed

    Amiri, Mohammad Javad; Abedi-Koupai, Jahangir; Eslamian, Saeid

    2017-07-01

    In this research, ostrich bone ash (OBA) was modified with nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) particles and applied as a novel composite adsorbent (OBA/nZVI) for dynamic adsorption/reduction of Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions in a fixed-bed column system. Entrapment of nZVI in OBA beads barricades the particles from oxidation and aggregation. The dynamic behavior of metal ions removal by OBA/nZVI was assessed as a function of inlet flow rates, bed height, initial pollutants concentration and pH. The synthesized OBA/nZVI composite was characterized by several physicochemical techniques. Increase in pH and bed height and decrease in flow rates and initial metal concentration resulted in delay of breakthrough time. OBA breakthrough profile is sharper than the OBA/nZVI breakthrough curve for both metal ions and the breakthrough times increase in the order OBA/nZVI-Hg(II) > OBA/nZVI-Pb(II) > OBA-Pb(II) > OBA-Hg(II). Based on the experiment results, redox reaction is expected to occur to a certain extent, as the standard reduction potentials of Hg(II) and Pb(II) are more than that of Fe(II). From a practical point of view, the OBA/nZVI could be applied as a material to remove Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions from natural surface and ground water with a pH value of 5-9.

  14. Cd(II) and Pb(II) complexes of the polyether ionophorous antibiotic salinomycin

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The natural polyether ionophorous antibiotics are used for the treatment of coccidiosis in poultry and ruminants. They are effective agents against infections caused by Gram-positive microorganisms. On the other hand, it was found that some of these compounds selectively bind lead(II) ions in in vivo experiments, despite so far no Pb(II)-containing compounds of defined composition have been isolated and characterized. To assess the potential of polyether ionophores as possible antidotes in the agriculture, a detailed study on their in vitro complexation with toxic metal ions is required. In the present paper we report for the first time the preparation and the structure elucidation of salinomycin complexes with ions of cadmium(II) and lead(II). Results New metal(II) complexes of the polyether ionophorous antibiotic salinomycin with Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions were prepared and structurally characterized by IR, FAB-MS and NMR techniques. The spectroscopic information and elemental analysis data reveal that sodium salinomycin (SalNa) undergoes a reaction with heavy metal(II) ions to form [Cd(Sal)2(H2O)2] (1) and [Pb(Sal)(NO3)] (2), respectively. Abstraction of sodium ions from the cavity of the antibiotic is occurring during the complexation reaction. Salinomycin coordinates with cadmium(II) ions as a bidentate monoanionic ligand through the deprotonated carboxylic moiety and one of the hydroxyl groups to yield 1. Two salinomycin anions occupy the equatorial plane of the Cd(II) center, while two water molecules take the axial positions of the inner coordination sphere of the metal(II) cation. Complex 2 consists of monoanionic salinomycin acting in polydentate coordination mode in a molar ratio of 1: 1 to the metal ion with one nitrate ion for charge compensation. Conclusion The formation of the salinomycin heavy metal(II) complexes indicates a possible antidote activity of the ligand in case of chronic/acute intoxications likely to occur in the stock farming

  15. Quaternized Zn(II) phthalocyanines for photodynamic strategy against resistant periodontal bacteria.

    PubMed

    Kussovski, Vesselin; Mantareva, Vanya; Durmuş, Mahmut; Angelov, Ivan

    2018-04-25

    Photodynamic inactivation (PDI) has been featured as an effective strategy in the treatment of acute drug-resistant infections. The efficiency of PDI was evaluated against three periodontal pathogenic bacteria that were tested as drug-resistant strains. In vitro studies were performed with four water-soluble cationic Zn(II) phthalocyanines (ZnPc1-4) and irradiation of a specific light source (light-emitting diode, 665 nm) with three doses (15, 36 and 60 J/cm2). The well detectable fluorescence of ZnPcs allowed the cellular imaging, which suggested relatively high uptakes of ZnPcs into bacterial species. Complete photoinactivation was achieved with all studied ZnPc1-4 for Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) at a light dose of 15 J/cm2. The photodynamic response was high for Prevotella intermedia (P. intermedia) after the application of 6 μM of ZnPc1 and a light dose of 36 J/cm2 and for 6 μM of ZnPc2 at 60 J/cm2. P. intermedia was inactivated with ZnPc3 (4 log) and ZnPc4 (2 log) with irradiation at an optimal dose of 60 J/cm2. Similar photoinactivation results (2 log) were achieved for Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) treated with 6 μM ZnPc1 and ZnPc2 at a light dose of 60 J/cm2. The study suggested that PDI with quaternized Zn(II) phthalocyanines and specific light irradiation appears to be a very useful antimicrobial strategy for effective inactivation of drug-resistant periodontal pathogens.

  16. Cd(II) Sorption on Montmorillonite-Humic acid-Bacteria Composites

    PubMed Central

    Du, Huihui; Chen, Wenli; Cai, Peng; Rong, Xingmin; Dai, Ke; Peacock, Caroline L.; Huang, Qiaoyun

    2016-01-01

    Soil components (e.g., clays, bacteria and humic substances) are known to produce mineral-organic composites in natural systems. Herein, batch sorption isotherms, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and Cd K-edge EXAFS spectroscopy were applied to investigate the binding characteristics of Cd on montmorillonite(Mont)-humic acid(HA)-bacteria composites. Additive sorption and non-additive Cd(II) sorption behaviour is observed for the binary Mont-bacteria and ternary Mont-HA-bacteria composite, respectively. Specifically, in the ternary composite, the coexistence of HA and bacteria inhibits Cd adsorption, suggesting a “blocking effect” between humic acid and bacterial cells. Large positive entropies (68.1 ~ 114.4 J/mol/K), and linear combination fitting of the EXAFS spectra for Cd adsorbed onto Mont-bacteria and Mont-HA-bacteria composites, demonstrate that Cd is mostly bound to bacterial surface functional groups by forming inner-sphere complexes. All our results together support the assertion that there is a degree of site masking in the ternary clay mineral-humic acid-bacteria composite. Because of this, in the ternary composite, Cd preferentially binds to the higher affinity components-i.e., the bacteria. PMID:26792640

  17. Adsorption Behavior of Selective Recognition Functionalized Biochar to Cd(II) in Wastewater

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Shiqiu; Yang, Xue; Liu, Le; Ju, Meiting; Zheng, Kui

    2018-01-01

    Biochar is an excellent absorbent for most heavy metal ions and organic pollutants with high specific surface area, strong aperture structure, high stability, higher cation exchange capacity and rich surface functional groups. To improve the selective adsorption capacity of biochar to designated heavy metal ions, biochar prepared by agricultural waste is modified via Ionic-Imprinted Technique. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra analysis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of imprinted biochar (IB) indicate that 3-Mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane is grafted on biochar surface through Si–O–Si bonds. The results of adsorption experiments indicate that the suitable pH range is about 3.0–8.0, the dosage is 2.0 g·L−1, and the adsorption equilibrium is reached within 960 min. In addition, the data match pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir model well. The computation results of adsorption thermodynamics and stoichiometric displacement theory of adsorption (SDT-A) prove that the adsorption process is spontaneous and endothermic. Finally, IB possesses a higher selectivity adsorption to Cd(II) and a better reuse capacity. The functionalized biochar could solidify designated ions stably. PMID:29443954

  18. Developing multifunctional nanoparticles in a 1-D coordination polymer of Cd(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agarwal, Rashmi A.; Gupta, Neeraj K.

    2017-11-01

    A simple synthesis for the integration of different nanoparticles (NPs) including Ag, Au, Pd, Cr and mixed (Cu/Fe), has been demonstrated within the nanopores of a non-activated one dimensional porous coordination polymer (PCP) of Cd(II) due to its high flexible structure. There are two different mechanisms (acid formation (HCl/HNO3) and redox activity of the framework) elucidated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Presence of -NO2 groups of the ligand act as anchoring sites for metal ions of metal precursors leading to NPs growth within the PCP explained by FTIR. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images provided insight of the chemical and physical characteristics of the NPs within the framework. Ag/AgO NPs exhibit excellent antibacterial properties at extremely low concentrations. The polymer shows potential for sequestration and reduction of hexavalent Cr (highly toxic) to elemental, trivalent and tetravalent Cr (non toxic). This framework is also an excellent template for fabrication and dry storage of nanoparticles synthesized by mixed metal precursors. Ferromagnetic properties have been shown by Ag and Au NPs integrated frameworks while Cu/Fe@Cd-PCP behaves as a paramagnet material at room temperature.

  19. Carbonised jackfruit peel as an adsorbent for the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Inbaraj, B Stephen; Sulochana, N

    2004-08-01

    The fruit of the jack (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is one of the popular fruits in India, where the total area under this fruit is about 13,460 ha. A significant amount of peel (approximately 2,714-11,800 kg per tree per year) is discarded as agricultural waste, as apart from its use as a table fruit, it is popular in many culinary preparations. Treatment of jackfruit peel with sulphuric acid produced a carbonaceous product which was used to study its efficiency as an adsorbent for the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution. Batch experiments were performed as a function of process parameters; agitation time, initial metal concentration, adsorbent concentration and pH. Kinetic analyses made with Lagergren pseudo-first-order, Ritchie second-order and modified Ritchie second-order models showed better fits with modified Ritchie second-order model. The Langmuir-Freundlich (Sips equation) model best defined the experimental equilibrium data among the three isotherm models (Freundlich, Langmuir and Langmuir-Freundlich) tested. Taking a particular metal concentration, the optimum dose and pH required for the maximum metal removal was established. A complete recovery of the adsorbed metal ions from the spent adsorbent was achieved by using 0.01 M HCl.

  20. Biosorption of Cd(II) by live and dead cells of Bacillus cereus RC-1 isolated from cadmium-contaminated soil.

    PubMed

    Huang, Fei; Dang, Zhi; Guo, Chu-Ling; Lu, Gui-Ning; Gu, Roy R; Liu, Hong-Juan; Zhang, Hui

    2013-07-01

    The present study investigated the biosorption capacity of live and dead cells of Bacillus cereus RC-1 for Cd(II). The biosorption characteristics were investigated as a function of initial pH, contact time, and initial cadmium concentration. Equilibrium biosorption was modeled using Langmuir, Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson isotherm equations. It was found that the maximum biosorption capacities calculated from Langmuir isotherm were 31.95 mg/g and 24.01 mg/g for dead cells and live cells, respectively. The kinetics of the biosorption was better described by pseudo-second order kinetic model. Desorption efficiency of biosorbents was investigated at various pH values. These results indicated that dead cells have higher Cd(II) biosorption capacity than live cells. Furthermore, zeta potential, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) studies were carried out to understand the differences in the Cd(II) biosorption behavior for the both biosorbents. The bioaccumulation of Cd(II) by B. cereus RC-1 was found to depend largely on extracellular biosorption rather than intracellular accumulation. Based on the above studies, dead biomass appears to be a more efficient biosorbent for the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Synthesis and characterization of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles impregnated on apple pomace to enhanced adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Chand, Piar; Pakade, Yogesh B

    2015-07-01

    Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles were synthesized, characterized, and impregnated onto apple pomace surface (HANP@AP) for efficient removal of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) ions from water. HANP@AP was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and surface area analysis. Batch sorption studies were carried out to investigate the influence of different parameters as amount of dose (g), pH, time (min), and initial concentration (mg L(-1)) on adsorption process. Experimental kinetic data followed pseudo-second-order model and equilibrium data well fitted to Langmuir adsorption model with maximum adsorption capacities of 303, 250, and 100 mg g(-1) for Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) ions, respectively. Competitive adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) ions in presences of each other was studied to evaluate the removal efficiency of HANP@AP against multi metal-loaded water. HANP@AP was successfully applied to real industrial wastewater with 100 % removal of all three metal ions even at high concentration. HANP@AP could be recycled for four, four, and three cycles in case of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II), respectively. The study showed that HANP@AP is fast, cost effective, and environmental friendly adsorbent for removal of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) ions from real industrial wastewater.

  2. Ultrasonic-assisted synthesis of novel nanocomposite of poly(vinyl alcohol) and amino-modified MCM-41: A green adsorbent for Cd(II) removal.

    PubMed

    Soltani, Roozbeh; Dinari, Mohammad; Mohammadnezhad, Gholamhossein

    2018-01-01

    Amino-modified MCM-41/poly(vinyl alcohol) nanocomposite (M-MCM-41/PVOH NC) was developed for the adsorption of Cd(II) from aqueous media. M-MCM-41/PVOH NC was prepared through ultrasonic-assisted and simple blending procedure with economical and environmentally friendly polymer. The as-prepared adsorbent was characterized by FT-IR, TEM, FE-SEM and TGA. The contact time, solution pH and initial concentration of Cd(II) were found to affect the adsorption of Cd(II) from aqueous media. Kinetic studies were carried out and pseudo-first-order (PFO), pseudo-second-order (PSO), Elovich, and intra-particle diffusion (IPD) reaction kinetic models were examined. The kinetic results revealed that the adsorption of Cd(II) onto M-MCM-41/PVOH NC followed PSO kinetic model and is a chemical adsorption. The equilibrium adsorption data were evaluated by different isotherms viz. Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin Radushkevich (D-R) equations. The equilibrium data fitted better with the Langmuir isotherm and the maximum adsorption capacity of M-MCM-41/PVOH NC at 298K was calculated to be 46.73mgg -1 for Cd(II) on a typical saturated monomolecular layer with a fixed number of localized adsorption sites. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Modulating the sensing properties of Escherichia coli-based bioreporters for cadmium and mercury.

    PubMed

    Kang, Yerin; Lee, Woonwoo; Jang, Geupil; Kim, Bong-Gyu; Yoon, Youngdae

    2018-06-01

    Despite the large number of bioreporters developed to date, the ability to detect heavy metal(loid)s with bioreporters has thus far been limited owing to the lack of appropriate genetic systems. We here present a novel approach to modulate the selectivity and sensitivity of microbial whole-cell bioreporters (WCBs) for sensing metal(loid)s via the znt-operon from Escherichia coli, which were applied to quantify the bioavailability of these contaminants in environmental samples. The WCB harboring the fusion gene zntAp::egfp was used as a microbial metal(loid) sensor, which was turned on by the interaction between ZntR and metal(loid) ions. This design makes it possible to modulate the selectivity and sensitivity to metal(loid)s simply by changing the metal-binding property of ZntR and by disrupting the metal efflux system of E. coli, respectively. In fact, the E. coli cell-based bioreporter harboring zntAp::egfp showed multi-target responses to Cd(II), Hg(II), and Zn(II). However, the WCBs showed responses toward only Cd(II) and Hg(II) when the amino acid sequence of the metal-binding loop of ZntR was changed to CNHEPGTVCPIC and CPGDDSADC, respectively. Moreover, the sensitivity toward both Cd(II) and Hg(II) was enhanced when copA, which is known to export copper and silver, was deleted. Thus, our findings provide a strong foundation for expanding the target of WCBs from the currently limited number of genetic systems available.

  4. A novel starch-based adsorbent for removing toxic Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Huang, Li; Xiao, Congming; Chen, Bingxia

    2011-08-30

    A novel effective starch-based adsorbent was prepared through two common reactions, which included the esterification of starch with excess maleic anhydride in the presence of pyridine and the cross-linking reaction of the obtained macromonomer with acrylic acid by using potassium persulphate as initiator. The percentage of carboxylic groups of the macromonomer ranged from 14% to 33.4%. The cross-linking degree of the adsorbent was tailored with the amount of acrylic acid which varied from 10wt% to 80wt%. Both Fourier transform infrared spectra and thermogravimetric analysis results verified the structure of the adsorbent. The maximum gel fraction and swelling ratio of the adsorbent were about 72% and 6.25, respectively, and they were able to be adjusted with the amount of monomers. The weight loss percentage of the adsorbent could reach 96.9% after immersing in the buffer solution that contained α-amylase for 14h. It was found that the adsorption capacities of the adsorbent for lead and mercury ions could be 123.2 and 131.2mg/g, respectively. In addition, the adsorbent was able to remove ca. 51-90% Pb(II) and Hg(II) ions that existed in the decoctions of four medicinal herbals. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Spectroscopic and DFT studies of flurbiprofen as dimer and its Cu(II) and Hg(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sagdinc, Seda; Pir, Hacer

    2009-07-01

    The vibrational study in the solid state of flurbiprofen and its Cu(II) and Hg(II) complexes was performed by IR and Raman spectroscopy. The changes observed between the IR and Raman spectra of the ligand and of the complexes allowed us to establish the coordination mode of the metal in both complexes. The comparative vibrational analysis of the free ligand and its complexes gave evidence that flurbiprofen binds metal (II) through the carboxylate oxygen. The fully optimized equilibrium structure of flurbiprofen and its metal complexes was obtained by density functional B3LYP method by using LanL2DZ and 6-31 G(d,p) basis sets. The harmonic vibrational frequencies, infrared intensities and Raman scattering activities of flurbiprofen were calculated by density functional B3LYP methods by using 6-31G(d,p) basis set. The scaled theoretical wavenumbers showed very good agreement with the experimental values. The electronic properties of the free molecule and its complexes were also performed at B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory. Detailed interpretations of the infrared and Raman spectra of flurbiprofen are reported. The UV-vis spectra of flurbiprofen and its metal complexes were also investigated in organic solvents.

  6. Characterization of sophorolipid biosurfactant produced by Cryptococcus sp. VITGBN2 and its application on Zn(II) removal from electroplating wastewater.

    PubMed

    Basak, Geetanjali; Das, Nilanjana

    2014-11-01

    The present study aimed at elucidating the role of biosurfactant produced by yeast for the removal of Zn(II) ions from electroplating wastewater. The yeast species isolated from CETP, Vellore, Tamilnadu was identified as Cryptococcus sp.VITGBN2, based on molecular techniques, and was found to be potent producer of biosurfactant in mineral salt media containing vegetable oil as additional carbon source. Chemical structure of the purified biosurfactant was identified as acidic diacetate sophorolipid through GC-MS analysis. Interaction of Zn(II) ions with biosurfactant was monitored using FT-IR, SEM and EDS analysis. Zn (II) removal at 100 mg l(-1) concentration was 84.8% compared were other synthetic surfactants (Tween 80 and sodium dodecyl sulphate), yeast mediated biosurfactant showed enhanced Zn (II) removal in batch mode. The role of biosurfactant on Zn(II) removal was evaluated in column mode packed with biosurfactant entrapped in sodium alginate beads. At a flow rate of 1 ml min(-1) and bed height of 12 cm, immobilized biosurfactant showed 94.34% Zn(II) removal from electroplating wastewater. The present study confirmed that Zn(II) removal was biosurfactant mediated. This is the first report establishing the involvement of yeast mediated biosurfactant in Zn(II) removal from wastewater.

  7. Batch and fixed-bed column studies for biosorption of Zn(II) ions onto pongamia oil cake (Pongamia pinnata) from biodiesel oil extraction.

    PubMed

    Shanmugaprakash, M; Sivakumar, V

    2015-12-01

    The present work, analyzes the potential of defatted pongamia oil cake (DPOC) for the biosorption of Zn(II) ions from aqueous solutions in the both batch and column mode. Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the optimal pH, effect of adsorbent dosage, initial Zn(II) ions concentration and contact time. The biosorption equilibrium and kinetics data for Zn(II) ions onto the DPOC were studied in detail, using several models, among all it was found to be that, Freundlich and the second-order model explained the equilibrium data well. The calculated thermodynamic parameters had shown that the biosorption of Zn(II) ions was exothermic and spontaneous in nature. Batch desorption studies showed that the maximum Zn(II) recovery occurred, using 0.1 M EDTA. The Bed Depth Service Time (BDST) and the Thomas model was successfully employed to evaluate the model parameters in the column mode. The results indicated that the DPOC can be applied as an effective and eco-friendly biosorbent for the removal of Zn(II) ions in polluted wastewater. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Ear-like poly (acrylic acid)-activated carbon nanocomposite: A highly efficient adsorbent for removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions.

    PubMed

    Ge, Huacai; Wang, Jincui

    2017-02-01

    Poly (acrylic acid) modified activated carbon nanocomposite (PAA-AC) was synthesized. The structure and morphology of this nanocomposite were characterized by FTIR, SEM, TEM, XRD and Zeta potential. The adsorption of some heavy metal ions on PAA-AC was studied. The characterization results indicated that PAA-AC was a novel and ear-like nanosheet material with the thickness of about 40 nm and the diameter of about 300 nm. The adsorption results exhibited that the introduction of carboxyl groups into activated carbon evidently increased the uptake for heavy metal ions and the nanocomposite had maximum uptake for Cd(II). Various variables affecting adsorption of PAA-AC for Cd(II) were systematically explored. The maximum capacity and equilibrium time for adsorption of Cd(II) by PAA-AC were 473.2 mg g -1 and 15 min. Moreover, the removal of Cd(II) for real electroplating wastewater by PAA-AC could reach 98.5%. These meant that the removal of Cd(II) by PAA-AC was highly efficient and fast. The sorption kinetics and isotherm fitted well with the pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir model, respectively. The adsorption mainly was a chemical process by chelation. Thermodynamic studies revealed that the adsorption was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The results revealed that PAA-AC could be considered as a potential candidate for Cd(II) removal. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Neuroprotective Effects and Mechanisms of Curcumin-Cu(II) and -Zn(II) Complexes Systems and Their Pharmacological Implications.

    PubMed

    Yan, Fa-Shun; Sun, Jian-Long; Xie, Wen-Hai; Shen, Liang; Ji, Hong-Fang

    2017-12-28

    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the main form of dementia and has a steadily increasing prevalence. As both oxidative stress and metal homeostasis are involved in the pathogenesis of AD, it would be interesting to develop a dual function agent, targeting the two factors. Curcumin, a natural compound isolated from the rhizome of Curcuma longa , is an antioxidant and can also chelate metal ions. Whether the complexes of curcumin with metal ions possess neuroprotective effects has not been evaluated. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of the complexes of curcumin with Cu(II) or Zn(II) on hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced injury and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The use of rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells, a widely used neuronal cell model system, was adopted. It was revealed that curcumin-Cu(II) complexes systems possessed enhanced O₂ ·- -scavenging activities compared to unchelated curcumin. In comparison with unchelated curcumin, the protective effects of curcumin-Cu(II) complexes systems were stronger than curcumin-Zn(II) system. Curcumin-Cu(II) or -Zn(II) complexes systems significantly enhanced the superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities and attenuated the increase of malondialdehyde levels and caspase-3 and caspase-9 activities, in a dose-dependent manner. The curcumin-Cu(II) complex system with a 2:1 ratio exhibited the most significant effect. Further mechanistic study demonstrated that curcumin-Cu(II) or -Zn(II) complexes systems inhibited cell apoptosis via downregulating the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway and upregulating Bcl-2/Bax pathway. In summary, the present study found that curcumin-Cu(II) or -Zn(II) complexes systems, especially the former, possess significant neuroprotective effects, which indicates the potential advantage of curcumin as a promising agent against AD and deserves further study.

  10. Coordination-Directed Stacking and Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement of the Zn(II) Schiff Base Complex.

    PubMed

    Wang, Dan; Li, Shu-Mu; Zheng, Jian-Quan; Kong, Duan-Yang; Zheng, Xiang-Jun; Fang, De-Cai; Jin, Lin-Pei

    2017-01-17

    2-(Trityliminomethyl)-quinolin-8-ol (HL) and its Zn(II) complex were synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. HL is an unsymmetrical molecule and coordinated with Zn(II) ion to form ZnL 2 in the antiparallel-mode arrangement via Zn-O (hydroxyl group) and Zn-N (quinoline ring) of HL. A high degree of ZnL 2 molecules ordering stacking is formed by the coordination bonds and intermolecular π-π interactions, in which head-to-tail arrangement (J-mode stacking) for L - is found. HL is nonfluorescent and ZnL 2 is weakly fluorescent in THF. The fluorescence emission of ZnL 2 enhances in THF/H 2 O as H 2 O% (volume %) is above 60% and aggregates particles with several hundred nanometers are formed, which is confirmed by DLS data and TEM images. The J-aggregates stacking for L - in ZnL 2 results in aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) for ZnL 2 in THF/H 2 O. Theoretical computations based on B3LYP/6-31G(d, p) and TD-B3LYP/6-31G(d, p) methods were carried out. ESIPT is the supposed mechanism for fluorescent silence of HL, and fluorescence emission of ZnL 2 is attributed to the restriction of ESIPT process. The oscillator strength of ZnL 2 increases from 0.017 for monomer to 0.032 for trimer. It indicates that a high degree of ZnL 2 molecules ordering stacking in THF/H 2 O is of benefit to fluorescence enhancement. HL is an ESIPT-coupled AIEE chemosensor for Zn(II) with high selectivity and sensitivity in aqueous medium. HL can efficiently detect intracellular Zn(II) ions because of ESIPT-coupled AIEE property of ZnL 2 in mixed solvent.

  11. Equilibrium and kinetic modelling of Cd(II) biosorption by algae Gelidium and agar extraction algal waste.

    PubMed

    Vilar, Vítor J P; Botelho, Cidália M S; Boaventura, Rui A R

    2006-01-01

    In this study an industrial algal waste from agar extraction has been used as an inexpensive and effective biosorbent for cadmium (II) removal from aqueous solutions. This biosorbent was compared with the algae Gelidium itself, which is the raw material for agar extraction. Equilibrium data follow both Langmuir and Redlich-Peterson models. The parameters of Langmuir equilibrium model are q(max)=18.0 mgg(-1), b=0.19 mgl(-1) and q(max)=9.7 mgg(-1), b=0.16 mgl(-1), respectively for Gelidium and the algal waste. Kinetic experiments were conducted at initial Cd(II) concentrations in the range 6-91 mgl(-1). Data were fitted to pseudo-first- and second-order Lagergren models. For an initial Cd(II) concentration of 91 mgl(-1) the parameters of the pseudo-first-order Lagergren model are k(1,ads)=0.17 and 0.87 min(-1); q(eq)=16.3 and 8.7 mgg(-1), respectively, for Gelidium and algal waste. Kinetic constants vary with the initial metal concentration. The adsorptive behaviour of biosorbent particles was modelled using a batch reactor mass transfer kinetic model. The model successfully predicts Cd(II) concentration profiles and provides significant insights on the biosorbents performance. The homogeneous diffusivity, D(h), is in the range 0.5-2.2 x10(-8) and 2.1-10.4 x10(-8)cm(2)s(-1), respectively, for Gelidium and algal waste.

  12. Tartrazine modified activated carbon for the removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III).

    PubMed

    Monser, Lotfi; Adhoum, Nafaâ

    2009-01-15

    A two in one attempt for the removal of tartrazine and metal ions on activated carbon has been developed. The method was based on the modification of activated carbon with tartrazine then its application for the removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) ions at different pH values. Tartrazine adsorption data were modelled using both Langmuir and Freundlich classical adsorption isotherms. The adsorption capacities qm were 121.3, 67 and 56.7mgg(-1) at initial pH values of 1.0, 6.0 and 10, respectively. The adsorption of tartrazine onto activated carbon followed second-order kinetic model. The equilibrium time was found to be 240min at pH 1.0 and 120min at pH 10 for 500mgL(-1) tartrazine concentration. A maximum removal of 85% was obtained after 1h of contact time. The presence of tartrazine as modifier enhances attractive electrostatic interactions between metal ions and carbon surface. The adsorption capacity for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) ions has been improved with respect to non-modified carbon reaching a maximum of 140%. The adsorption capacity was found to be a pH dependent for both modified and non-modified carbon with a greater adsorption at higher pH values except for Cr(III). The enhancement percent of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) at different pH values was varied from 28% to 140% with respect to non-modified carbon. The amount of metal ions adsorbed using static regime was 11-40% higher than that with dynamic mode. The difference between adsorption capacities could be attributed to the applied flow rate.

  13. Penicillamine-modified sensor for the voltammetric determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in natural samples.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Ràfols, Clara; Serrano, Núria; Díaz-Cruz, José Manuel; Ariño, Cristina; Esteban, Miquel

    2015-11-01

    A new penicillamine-GCE was developed based on the immobilization of d-penicillamine on aryl diazonium salt monolayers anchored to the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface and it was applied for the first time to the simultaneous determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions by stripping voltammetric techniques. The detection and quantification limits at levels of µg L(-1) suggest that the penicillamine-GCE could be fully suitable for the determination of the considered ions in natural samples. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Synthesis and spectroscopic studies on the new Schiff base derived from the 1:2 condensation of 2,6-diformyl-4-methylphenol with 5-aminouracil (BDF5AU) and its transition metal complexes. Influence on biologically active peptides-regulating aminopeptidases.

    PubMed

    Hueso-Ureña, Francisco; Illán-Cabeza, Nuria A; Moreno-Carretero, Miguel N; Martínez-Martos, José M; Ramírez-Expósito, María J

    2003-04-01

    The synthesis, spectroscopic (IR, 1H and 13C NMR, UV-Vis-NIR, EPR), magnetic measurements and biological studies of a number of complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Au(III) and Hg(II) of the Schiff base derived from the 1:2 condensation of 2,6-diformyl-4-methylphenol and 5-aminouracil, ((5-[[(3-[[(2,4-dioxopyrimidin-5(1H,3H)-yl)imino]methyl]-2-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)methylene]amino]pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione, hereafter denoted as BDF5AU) are reported. In all cases, the complexes appear to be monomeric. The deprotonated ligand in the phenolic oxygen atom shows a tridentate coordination mode through the two azomethine nitrogen atoms and the phenolic oxygen atom. The coordination of the neutral ligand takes place through the phenolic oxygen atom and one azomethine nitrogen atom and the carbonylic oxygen atom in fourth position of one uracil ring. The biological properties of some perchlorate complexes on the activity of some neutral, acid, basic and omega aminopeptidases (AP) are assayed, demonstrating a general inhibitory effect. Neutral and basic AP are mainly inhibited by Cu(II), Ni(II) and Cd(II) complexes, although tyrosyl-AP is activated by Zn(II) complex. Glutamyl-AP but not aspartyl-AP is inhibited by all the complexes assayed excepting Zn(II) complex. Finally, omega AP is inhibited by Ni(II) and Cd(II) complexes. Copyright 2003 Elsevier Science Inc.

  15. Crystal structures and thermodynamics/kinetics of Zn(II) coordination polymers with helical chains

    SciT

    He, Tian; Yue, Ke-Fen, E-mail: ykflyy@nwu.edu.cn; Zhao, Yi-xing

    Solvothermal reactions of Zn(II) acetates and four V-shaped carboxylates ligands in the presence of 1,4-Bis(2-methyl-imidazol-1-yl)butane afforded four interesting Zn(II) coordination polymers with helical chains, namely, {[Zn(bib)(atibdc)]·2H_2O}{sub n} (1), {[Zn(bib)(atbip)]·H_2O}{sub n} (2), {[Zn(bib)(2,2′-tda)]}{sub n} (3) and {[Zn(bib)(5-tbipa)]·EtOH}{sub n} (4), (H{sub 2}atibdc=5-amino-2,4,6-triiodoisophthalic acid, H{sub 2}atbip=5-amino-2,4,6-tribromoisophthalic acid, 2,2′-H{sub 2}tad=2,2′-thiodiacetic acid, 5-H{sub 2}tbipa=5-tert-butyl-isophthalic acid). 1 reveals a 3D chiral framework with three kinds of helical chains along a, b and c axis. 2 shows a 2D step-type chiral framework with right-handed helical chains. 3 displays a wavelike 2D layer network possessing alternate left- and right-handed helical chains. 4 presents a four-connected 3D framework withmore » zigzag and meso-helical chains. The different spacers and substituent group of carboxylic acid ligands may lead to the diverse network structures of 1–4. The fluorescent properties of complexes 1−4 were studied. In addition, the thermal decompositions properties of 1–4 were investigated by simultaneous TG/DTG–DSC technique. The apparent activation energy E and the pre-exponential factor (A) of skeleton collapse for the complexes 1–4 are calculated by the integral Kissinger's method and Ozawa–Doyle's method. The activation energy E (E{sub 1}=209.658 kJ·mol{sup −1}, E{sub 2}=250.037 kJ mol{sup −1}, E{sub 3}=225.300 kJ mol{sup −1}, E{sub 4}=186.529 kJ·mol{sup −1}) demonstrates that the reaction rate of the melting decomposition is slow. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH{sup ‡}, ΔG{sup ‡} and ΔS{sup ‡}) at the peak temperatures of the DTG curves were also calculated. ΔG{sup ‡}>0 indicates that the skeleton collapse is not spontaneous. ΔH{sub d}>0 suggests that the skeleton collapse is endothermic, corresponding to the intense endothermic peak of the DSC

  16. Chelation, spectroscopic characterization, biological activity and crystal structure of 2,3-butanedione isonicotinylhydrazone: Determination of Zr4+ after flotation separation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Fulaij, O. A.; Jeragh, B.; El-Sayed, A. E. M.; El-Defrawy, M. M.; El-Asmy, A. A.

    2015-02-01

    New metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II) Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Pd(II) and Hg(II) with 2,3-butanedione isonicotinylhydrazone [BINH] have been prepared and investigated. Single crystal for BINH is grown and solved as orthorhombic with P 21 21 2 space group. The formula of the ligand was assigned based on the elemental analysis, mass spectra and conductivity measurements. The complexes assigned the formulae [M(BINH-H)Cl]ṡnH2O (Mdbnd Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II); n = 0 or 1); [Hg(BINH-H)(H2O)2Cl]; [Cd(BINH)Cl2]ṡ2H2O and [Pd(BINH)Cl2]ṡH2O. All complexes are nonelectrolytes. BINH acts as a tridentate ligand in [M(BINH-H)Cl]ṡnH2O and [Hg(BINH-H)(H2O)2Cl] coordinating through Cdbnd Oketonic, Csbnd Oamedic and Cdbnd Nhy and as a neutral bidentate through Cdbnd Oketonic and Cdbnd Nhy in [Cd(BINH)Cl2]ṡ2H2O and [Pd(BINH)Cl2]ṡH2O; the pyridine nitrogen has no rule in coordination. The data are supported by NMR (1H and 13C) spectra. The magnetic moments and electronic spectra provide a tetrahedral structure for the Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes; square-planar for the Pd(II) complex and octahedral for the Hg(II) complex. The TGA of the complexes depicted the outer and inner water molecules as well as the final residue. The cobalt and cadmium complexes ended with the metal while the Cu(II), Zn(II) and Pd(II) complexes ended with complex species. [Hg(BINH-H)(H2O)2Cl] has no residue. The ligand is inactive against all tested organisms except for Bacillus thuringiensis. The Hg(II) complex is found more active than the other complexes. The flotation technique is found applicable for the separation of micro amount (10 ppm) of Zr4+ using 10 ppm of BINH and 1 × 10-5 mol L-1 of oleic acid at pH 6 with efficiency of 98% with no interferences.

  17. Synthesis, Characterization and the Corrosion Inhibition Study of Two Schiff Base Ligands Derived From Urea and Thiourea and Their Complexes with Cu(II) and Hg(II) Ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alwan, Wasan Mohammed

    2018-05-01

    The research includes synthesis of [L1] and [L2] Schiff base ligands by the reaction of vanillin with urea and thiourea respectively in 2:1 mol ratio. The two ligands were reacted with CuII ion in 1:2 mol ratio and HgII ion in 1:1 mol ratio. The prepared compounds have been identified by FTIR, U.V-Vis, 1H-NMR (L1, L2 and HgII complex) spectroscopies, microelemental analysis (C.H.N.S), magnetic susceptibility measurements, atomic absorption, chloride content along with conductivity and melting point measurements. According to applied characterization methods, the proposed general formulas of CuII and HgII complexes were [Cu2LnCl4] and [HgLnCl]Cl, respectively, (where n = 1, 2). The ability of corrosion inhibition with two ligands and their cupper complexes has been studied in diluted hydrochloric acid media.

  18. Nano modification of NZVI with an aquatic plant Azolla filiculoides to remove Pb(II) and Hg(II) from water: Aging time and mechanism study.

    PubMed

    Arshadi, M; Abdolmaleki, M K; Mousavinia, F; Foroughifard, S; Karimzadeh, A

    2017-01-15

    This paper reports the preparation and stabilization of nano zero valent iron (NZVI) on a modified aquatic plant, Azolla filiculoides, and investigates its potential for the adsorption/reduction of Pb(II) and Hg(II) ions from aqueous media even after six months of storage in the lab condition. XRD, TEM and zeta potential results demonstrated that the Azolla-NaOH could be a good stabilizer of aged NZVI (six months) and the green support suppressed the oxidation and aggregation of immobilized NZVI. Kinetic and equilibrium models for lead and mercury ions uptake were developed by considering the effect of the initial Pb(II) and Hg(II) concentrations, contact time, adsorbent dosage, initial pH and effect of temperature. The contact time to obtain equilibrium for maximum uptake by Azolla-OH-NZVI was 20min. The removal of toxic metal ions has been monitored in terms of pseudo-first- and -second-order kinetics, and the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms models have also been utilized to the equilibrium uptake results. The uptake kinetics followed the mechanism of the pseudo-second-order equation for all systems studied, confirming chemical sorption as the rate-limiting step of adsorption mechanisms and not involving a mass transfer in solution. The thermodynamic results confirmed that the uptake of Pb(II) and Hg(II) ions were feasible, spontaneous and endothermic at 25-80°C. XRD and zeta potential data displayed the existence of Pb(0) and Hg(0) on the Azolla-OH-NZVI surface. The nanobioadsorbent revealed high recyclability due to its reasonable uptake efficiency after 7th adsorption-desorption cycles. The proposed nano biocomposite could also be utilized to uptake Pb(II) and Hg(II) ions from the real water (Anzali lagoon water). However, coated NZVI with Azolla filiculoides as a green and environmentally friendly support suppressed rapid oxidation and aggregation of the immobilized NZVI, therefore vastly enhancing the probability of environmental transport and reducing

  19. Three Cd(II) MOFs with Different Functional Groups: Selective CO2 Capture and Metal Ions Detection.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhong-Jie; Han, Li-Juan; Gao, Xiang-Jing; Zheng, He-Gen

    2018-05-07

    Three Cd(II) iso-frameworks {[Cd(BIPA)(IPA)]·DMF} n (1), {[Cd(BIPA)(HIPA)]·DMF} n (2), and {[Cd(BIPA)(NIPA)]·2H 2 O} n (3) were synthesized from the self-assembly of the BIPA ligand (BIPA = bis(4-(1 H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)amine) and different carboxylic ligands (H 2 IPA = isophthalic acid, H 2 HIPA = 5-hydroxyisophthalic acid, H 2 NIPA = 5-nitroisophthalic acid) with Cd(II), which have amino groups, amino and phenolic hydroxyl groups, and amino and nitro groups, respectively. Both 1 and 2 exhibit CO 2 uptakes of more than 20 wt %, indicating that amino and phenolic hydroxyl functionalized groups are beneficial to CO 2 adsorption. Their applications and mechanisms in detecting metal ions were researched. The results exhibit that 1 and 2 are dual-responsive photoluminescent sensors for Hg 2+ and Pb 2+ ions with low detection concentration and high quenching constant. Besides, like most MOFs, 3 can detect a trace quantity of Fe 3+ and Cu 2+ .

  20. Microporous Cd(II) metal-organic framework as fluorescent sensor for nitroaromatic explosives at the sub-ppm level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xing-Po; Han, Lu-Lu; Wang, Zhi; Guo, Ling-Yu; Sun, Di

    2016-03-01

    A novel Cd(II) metal-organic framework (MOF) based on a rigid biphenyltetracarboxylic acid, [Cd4(bptc)2(DMA)4(H2O)2·4DMA] (1) was successfully synthesized under the solvothermal condition and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and further consolidated by elemental analyses, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), infrared spectra (IR) and luminescent measurements. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that compound 1 is 4-connected PtS (Point symbol: {42·84}) network based on [Cd2(COO)4] secondary building units (SBUs). Its inherent porous and emissive characteristics make them to be a suitable fluorescent probe to sense small solvents and nitroaromatic explosives. Compound 1 shows obviously solvent-dependent emissive behaviors, especially for acetone with very high fluorescence quenching effect. Moreover, compound 1 displays excellent sensing of nitroaromatic explosives at sub-ppm level, giving a detection limit of 0.43 ppm and 0.37 ppm for nitrobenzene (NB) and p-nitrotoluene (PNT), respectively. This shows this Cd(II) MOF can be used as fluorescence probe for the detection of nitroaromatic explosives.

  1. Synthesis and spectral characterization of Zn(II) microsphere series for antimicrobial application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Ajay K.; Pandey, Sarvesh K.; Pandey, O. P.; Sengupta, S. K.

    2014-09-01

    Microsphere series have been synthesized by reacting zinc(II) acetate dihydrate with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole/oxadiazole/triazole with salicylaldehyde. Elemental analysis suggests that the complexes have 1:2 and 1:1 stoichiometry of the type [Zn(L)2(H2O)2] and [Zn(L‧)(H2O)2]; LH = Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thia/oxadiazole with salicylaldehyde; L‧H2 = Schiff bases derived from 3-(substituted phenyl)-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1,2,4-triazole and salicylaldehyde and were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectral data. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that synthesized materials have microsphere like structure and there EDX analysis comparably matches with elemental analysis. For the antimicrobial application Schiff bases and their zinc(II) complexes were screened for four bacteria e.g. Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Streptococcus pyogenes and four fungi e.g. Cyrtomium falcatum, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporium and Curvularia pallescence by the reported method. Schiff base and Zn(II) compounds showed significant antimicrobial activities. However, activities increase upon chelation. Thermal analysis (TGA) data of compound (10) showed its stability up to 300 °C.

  2. One Dimensional Coordination Polymer of Zn(II) for Developing Multifunctional Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Agarwal, Rashmi A

    2017-10-16

    A variety of nanoparticles (NPs) including Ag, Au, Pd, Cr and mixed Cu/Fe have been synthesized in a non-activated (without solvent removal) one dimensional coordination polymer (CP) of Zn(II) via two different mechanisms, acid formation and redox activity of the framework. Main driving force to grow these NPs within the cavities of CP is the presence of free oxygens of one of the monodentate carboxylate groups of BDC ligand. These free oxygens act as anchoring sites for the metal ions of the metal precursors. Chemical and physical characteristics of the NPs within the framework have been evaluated by the high resolution transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM) images. Excluding Ag(0) and Pd(0) other NPs are present as combinations of their elemental as well as oxide forms (Au/Au 2 O 3 , Cr/Cr 2 O 3 /CrO 2 and Cu/Cu 2 O, Fe/FeO). Synthesized Ag NPs within the framework show remarkable antibacterial efficacy at extremely low concentrations. Ag, Au and Cu/Fe NPs show ferromagnetic properties within the framework at room temperature. This polymer has potential to sequester highly toxic Cr(VI) to non toxic Cr(0), Cr(III) and Cr(IV) species.

  3. Two new luminescent Zn(II) compounds constructed from guanazole and aromatic polycarboxylate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Haixiang; Dong, Yanli; Liu, Haiping

    2016-02-01

    Two new Zn(II) compounds, namely [(CH3)2NH2]2n[Zn3(bpt)2(datrz)2]n (1) and [(CH3)2NH2)]n[Zn2(bptc)(datrz)]n·n(H2O) (2) (H3bpt = biphenyl-3,4‧,5-tricarboxylic acid, H4bptc = biphenyl-3,3‧,5,5‧-tetracarboxylic acid, Hdatrz = 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole), have been obtained by the self-assemble reactions of Zn(NO3)2, 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole, aromatic polycarboxylate ligands under solvothermal conditions. Single crystal X-ray structural analyses reveal that both compounds display three-dimensional (3D) frameworks. Compound 1 features a trinodal (3, 4, 6)-connected topological network with the point symbol of {4.62}2{4.64.8}{46.64.85}. Compound 2 displays a binodal (4, 6)-connected topological network with the point symbol of {32.62.72}{34.42.64.75}. In addition, the thermal stabilities and luminescent properties of compounds 1 and 2 were also investigated in the solid state at room temperature.

  4. Poly(methacrylic acid)-grafted chitosan microspheres via surface-initiated ATRP for enhanced removal of Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Huang, Liqiang; Yuan, Shaojun; Lv, Li; Tan, Guangqun; Liang, Bin; Pehkonen, S O

    2013-09-01

    Cross-linked chitosan (CCS) microspheres tethered with pH-sensitive poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) brushes were developed for the efficient removal of Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions. Functional PMAA brushes containing dense and active carboxyl groups (COOH) were grafted onto the CCS microsphere surface via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Batch adsorption results showed that solution pH values had a major impact on cadmium adsorption by the PMAA-grafted CCS microspheres with the optimal removal observed above pH 5. The CCS-g-PMAA microsphere was found to achieve the adsorption equilibrium of Cd(II) within 1 h, much faster than about 7 h on the CCS microsphere. At pH 5 and with an initial concentration 0.089-2.49 mmol dm(-3), the maximum adsorption capacity of Cd(II), derived from the Langmuir fitting on the PMAA-grafted microspheres was around 1.3 mmol g(-1). Desorption and adsorption cycle experimental results revealed that the PMAA-grafted CCS microspheres loaded with Cd(II) can be effectively regenerated in a dilute HNO3 solution, and the adsorption capacity remained almost unchanged upon five cycle reuse. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Sandwich-like nano-system for simultaneous removal of Cr(VI) and Cd(II) from water and soil.

    PubMed

    Wang, Dongfang; Zhang, Guilong; Dai, Zhangyu; Zhou, Linglin; Bian, Po; Zheng, Kang; Wu, Zhengyan; Cai, Dongqing

    2018-05-07

    In this work, a novel nano-system with sandwich-like structure was synthesized via face-to-face combination of two pieces of waste cotton fabrics (CFs) carrying ferrous sulfide (FeS) and carboxyl-functionalized ferroferric oxide (CFFM) respectively, and the obtained nano system was named as FeS/CFFM/CF. Therein, FeS has high reduction and adsorption capabilities for hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)), CFFM possesses a high adsorption ability on cadmium ion (Cd(II)) through electrostatics attraction and chelation, and CF displays high immobilization ability for FeS and CFFM and adsorption performance on Cd(II). FeS/CFFM/CF could simultaneously remove Cr(VI) and Cd(II) from water, inhibit the uptake of Cr and Cd by fish and water spinach, ensuring the food safety. Besides, this technology could efficiently control migration of Cr(VI) and Cd(II) in sand-soil mixture, which was favorable to prevent their wide diffusion. Importantly, FeS/CFFM/CF possessed a high flexibility and could be conveniently produced with needed scale and shape, and easily separated from water and soil, displaying a promising approach to remediate Cr(VI)/Cd(II)-contaminated water and soil and a huge application potential.

  6. Comparative study on kinetic adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solutions using activated sludge and dried sludge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ong, Soon-An; Toorisaka, Eiichi; Hirata, Makoto; Hano, Tadashi

    2013-03-01

    The adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solutions by activated sludge and dried sludge was investigated under laboratory conditions to assess its potential in removing metal ions. The adsorption behavior of metal ions onto activated sludge and dried sludge was analyzed with Weber-Morris intra-particle diffusion model, Lagergren first-order model and pseudo second-order model. The rate constant of intra-particle diffusion on activated sludge and dried sludge increased in the sequence of Cu(II) > Ni(II) > Cd(II). According to the regression coefficients, it was observed that the kinetic adsorption data can fit better by the pseudo second-order model compared to the first-order Lagergren model with R 2 > 0.997. The adsorption capacities of metal ions onto activated sludge and dried sludge followed the sequence Ni(II) ≈ Cu(II) > Cd(II) and Cu(II) > Ni(II) > Cd(II).

  7. Biosorption of Cd(II) and Cs(I) from aqueous solution by live and dead cells of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis PTCC 5051.

    PubMed

    Sayyadi, Shayan; Ahmady-Asbchin, Salman; Kamali, Kasra

    2018-02-01

    The biosorption characteristics of Cd(II) and Cs(I) using live and dead cells of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis PTCC 5051 as biosorbents have been investigated in the present research. The influence of different experimental parameters such as initial pH (pHi), shaking rate, sorption time and initial metal concentration was evaluated. The optimum pH was obtained as 4 for Cd(II) and 7 for Cs(I). The experimental adsorption data were fitted to the Langmuir linear equation adsorption model. The highest metal uptake values of 0.593 and 0.473 mmol g -1 were calculated for Cd(II) and Cs(I), respectively. The results of Fourier transform infrared analysis suggested the involvement of amine, carboxyl and hydroxyl groups during the biosorption process and also indicated that more functional groups were involved in the biosorption process of live adsorbents, compared with those linked to dead biomass. The results showed that the biomass of S. carlsbergensis PTCC 5051 is a suitable biosorbent for the removal of Cd(II) and Cs(I) from the aqueous solutions.

  8. Column dynamic studies and breakthrough curve analysis for Cd(II) and Cu(II) ions adsorption onto palm oil boiler mill fly ash (POFA).

    PubMed

    Aziz, Abdul Shukor Abdul; Manaf, Latifah Abd; Man, Hasfalina Che; Kumar, Nadavala Siva

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the adsorption characteristics of palm oil boiler mill fly ash (POFA) derived from an agricultural waste material in removing Cd(II) and Cu(II) from aqueous solution via column studies. The performance of the study is described through the breakthrough curves concept under relevant operating conditions such as column bed depths (1, 1.5, and 2 cm) and influent metal concentrations (5, 10, and 20 mg/L). The Cd(II) and Cu(II) uptake mechanism is particularly bed depth- and concentration-dependant, favoring higher bed depth and lower influent metal concentration. The highest bed capacity of 34.91 mg Cd(II)/g and 21.93 mg Cu(II)/g of POFA was achieved at 20 mg/L of influent metal concentrations, column bed depth of 2 cm, and flow rate of 5 mL/min. The whole breakthrough curve simulation for both metal ions were best described using the Thomas and Yoon–Nelson models, but it is apparent that the initial region of the breakthrough for Cd(II) was better described using the BDST model. The results illustrate that POFA could be utilized effectively for the removal of Cd(II) and Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution in a fixed-bed column system.

  9. Capturing Cd(ii) and Pb(ii) from contaminated water sources by electro-deposition on hydrotalcite-like compounds.

    PubMed

    González, M A; Trócoli, R; Pavlovic, I; Barriga, C; La Mantia, F

    2016-01-21

    Two different hydrotalcite-like compounds were prepared and used as substrates for the electrochemical removal of extremely toxic pollutant cations, such as Cd(ii) and Pb(ii), from aqueous solutions, and their subsequent recovery for further potential applications. By deposition on the hydrotalcite electrode, it was possible to remove 75% of Cd(ii) contained in a starting 5.2 mM solution of CdCl2, which was subsequently recovered and concentrated up to 14.3 mM in a single step. A removal of almost 100% was obtained in the case of Pb(ii). Its recovery was largely hindered by the formation of several inert phases, among which is some stable formation of hydroxycarbonate. Our results suggest that the removal of these contaminants by hydrotalcite-like compounds occurs by the combination of two parallel processes: electro-deposition and adsorption. It was possible to achieve a removal capacity for Cd(ii) and Pb(ii) equal to 763 mg ga.m.(-1) and 1039 mg ga.m.(-1), respectively. These removal capacities, accompanied by an excellent posterior eluent-free recovery of Cd(ii), suggest that this new method could be an environmentally friendly alternative to the conventional adsorption wastewater treatment.

  10. On-line solid phase selective separation and preconcentration of Cd(II) by solid-phase extraction using carbon active modified with methyl thymol blue.

    PubMed

    Ensafi, Ali A; Ghaderi, Ali R

    2007-09-05

    An on-line flow system was used to develop a selective and efficient on-line sorbent extraction preconcentration system for cadmium. The method is based on adsorption of cadmium ions onto the activated carbon modified with methyl thymol blue. Then the adsorbed ions were washed using 0.5M HNO(3) and the eluent was used to determine the Cd(II) ions using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The results obtained show that the modified activated carbon has the greatest adsorption capacity of 80 microg of Cd(II) per 1.0 g of the solid phase. The optimal pH value for the quantitative preconcentration was 9.0 and full desorption is achieved by using 0.5M HNO(3) solution. It is established that the solid phase can be used repeatedly without a considerable adsorption capacity loss. The detection limit was less than 1 ngmL(-1) Cd(II), with an enrichment factor of 1000. The calibration graph was linear in the range of 1-2000 ngmL(-1) Cd(II). The developed method has been applied to the determination of trace cadmium (II) in water samples and in the following reference materials: sewage sludge (CRM144R), and sea water (CASS.4) with satisfactory results. The accuracy was assessed through recovery experiments.

  11. Evaluation of adsorption properties of sulphurised activated carbon for the effective and economically viable removal of Zn(II) from aqueous solutions.

    PubMed

    Anoop Krishnan, K; Sreejalekshmi, K G; Vimexen, V; Dev, Vinu V

    2016-02-01

    The prospective application of sulphurised activated carbon (SAC) as an ecofriendly and cost-effective adsorbent for Zinc(II) removal from aqueous phase is evaluated, with an emphasis on kinetic and isotherm aspects. SAC was prepared from sugarcane bagasse pith obtained from local juice shops in Sree Bhadrakali Devi Temple located at Ooruttukala, Neyyattinkara, Trivandrum, India during annual festive seasons. Activated carbon modified with sulphur containing ligands was opted as the adsorbent to leverage on the affinity of Zn(II) for sulphur. We report batch-adsorption experiments for parameter optimisations aiming at maximum removal of Zn(II) from liquid-phase using SAC. Adsorption of Zn(II) onto SAC was maximum at pH 6.5. For initial concentrations of 25 and 100mgL(-1), maximum of 12.3mgg(-1) (98.2%) and 23.7mgg(-1) (94.8%) of Zn(II) was adsorbed onto SAC at pH 6.5. Kinetic and equilibrium data were best described by pseudo-second-order and Langmuir models, respectively. A maximum adsorption capacity of 147mgg(-1) was obtained for the adsorption of Zn(II) onto SAC from aqueous solutions. The reusability of the spent adsorbent was also determined. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Engineered Single-Chain, Antiparallel, Coiled Coil Mimics the MerR Metal Binding Site

    PubMed Central

    Song, Lingyun; Caguiat, Jonathan; Li, Zhongrui; Shokes, Jacob; Scott, Robert A.; Olliff, Lynda; Summers, Anne O.

    2004-01-01

    The repressor-activator MerR that controls transcription of the mercury resistance (mer) operon is unusual for its high sensitivity and specificity for Hg(II) in in vivo and in vitro transcriptional assays. The metal-recognition domain of MerR resides at the homodimer interface in a novel antiparallel arrangement of α-helix 5 that forms a coiled-coil motif. To facilitate the study of this novel metal binding motif, we assembled this antiparallel coiled coil into a single chain by directly fusing two copies of the 48-residue α-helix 5 of MerR. The resulting 107-residue polypeptide, called the metal binding domain (MBD), and wild-type MerR were overproduced and purified, and their metal-binding properties were determined in vivo and in vitro. In vitro MBD bound ca. 1.0 equivalent of Hg(II) per pair of binding sites, just as MerR does, and it showed only a slightly lower affinity for Hg(II) than did MerR. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure data showed that MBD has essentially the same Hg(II) coordination environment as MerR. In vivo, cells overexpressing MBD accumulated 70 to 100% more 203Hg(II) than cells bearing the vector alone, without deleterious effects on cell growth. Both MerR and MBD variously bound other thiophilic metal ions, including Cd(II), Zn(II), Pb(II), and As(III), in vitro and in vivo. We conclude that (i) it is possible to simulate in a single polypeptide chain the in vitro and in vivo metal-binding ability of dimeric, full-length MerR and (ii) MerR's specificity in transcriptional activation does not reside solely in the metal-binding step. PMID:14996817

  13. Methodological considerations regarding the use of inorganic 197Hg(II) radiotracer to assess mercury methylation potential rates in lake sediment

    Perez, Catan S.; Guevara, S.R.; Marvin-DiPasquale, M.; Magnavacca, C.; Cohen, I.M.; Arribere, M.

    2007-01-01

    Methodological considerations on the determination of benthic methyl-mercury (CH3Hg) production potentials were investigated on lake sediment, using 197Hg radiotracer. Three methods to arrest bacterial activity were compared: flash freezing, thermal sterilization, and ??-irradiation. Flash freezing showed similar CH3Hg recoveries as thermal sterilization, which was both 50% higher than the recoveries obtained with ??-ray irradiation. No additional radiolabel was recovered in kill-control samples after an additional 24 or 65 h of incubation, suggesting that all treatments were effective at arresting Hg(II)-methylating bacterial activity, and that the initial recoveries are likely due to non-methylated 197Hg(II) carry-over in the organic extraction and/or [197Hg]CH3Hg produced via abiotic reactions. Two CH3Hg extraction methods from sediment were compared: (a) direct extraction into toluene after sediment leaching with CuSO4 and HCl and (b) the same extraction with an additional back-extraction step to thiosulphate. Similar information was obtained with both methods, but the low efficiency observed and the extra work associated with the back-extraction procedure represent significant disadvantages, even tough the direct extraction involves higher Hg(II) carry over. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Accumulation of methylmercury in rice and flooded soil in experiments with an enriched isotopic Hg(II) tracer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strickman, R. J.; Mitchell, C. P. J.

    2015-12-01

    Methylmercury (MeHg) is a neurotoxin produced in anoxic aquatic sediments. Numerous factors, including the presence of aquatic plants, alter the biogeochemistry of sediments, affecting the rate at which microorganisms transform bioavailable inorganic Hg (IHg) to MeHg. Methylmercury produced in flooded paddy soils and its transfer into rice has become an important dietary consideration. An improved understanding of how MeHg reaches the grain and the extent to which rice alters MeHg production in rhizosphere sediments could help to inform rice cultivation practices. We conducted a controlled greenhouse experiment with thirty rice plants grown in individual, flooded pots amended with enriched 200Hg. Unvegetated controls were maintained under identical conditions. At three plant growth stages (vegetative growth, flowering, and grain maturity), ten plants were sacrificed and samples collected from soil, roots, straw, panicle, and grain of vegetated and unvegetated pots, and assessed for MeHg and THg concentrations. We observed consistent ratios between ambient and tracer MeHg between soils (0.36 ±0.04 — 0.44 ± 0.09) and plant compartments (0.23 ± 0.07 -0.34 ± 0.05) indicating that plant MeHg contamination originates in the soil rather than in planta methylation. The majority of this MeHg was absorbed between the tillering (4.48 ± 2.38 ng/plant) and flowering (8.43 ± 5.12 ng/pl) phases, with a subsequent decline at maturity (2.87 ± 1.23 ng/pl) only partly explained by translocation to the developing grain, indicating that MeHg was demethylated in planta. In contrast, IHg was absorbed from both soil and air, as evidenced by the higher ambient IHg concentrations compared to tracer (3.76 ± 1.19 vs. 0.27 ± 0.40 ng/g). Surprisingly, MeHg accumulation was significantly (p= 0.042-- 0.003) lower in vegetated vs. unvegetated sediments at flowering (1.41 ± 0.26 vs. 1.57 ± 0.23) and maturity (1.27 ± 0.22 vs. 1.71 ± 0.25), suggesting that plant exudates bound Hg(II

  15. Optimization of Stripping Voltammetric Sensor by a Back Propagation Artificial Neural Network for the Accurate Determination of Pb(II) in the Presence of Cd(II).

    PubMed

    Zhao, Guo; Wang, Hui; Liu, Gang; Wang, Zhiqiang

    2016-09-21

    An easy, but effective, method has been proposed to detect and quantify the Pb(II) in the presence of Cd(II) based on a Bi/glassy carbon electrode (Bi/GCE) with the combination of a back propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN) and square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) without further electrode modification. The effects of Cd(II) in different concentrations on stripping responses of Pb(II) was studied. The results indicate that the presence of Cd(II) will reduce the prediction precision of a direct calibration model. Therefore, a two-input and one-output BP-ANN was built for the optimization of a stripping voltammetric sensor, which considering the combined effects of Cd(II) and Pb(II) on the SWASV detection of Pb(II) and establishing the nonlinear relationship between the stripping peak currents of Pb(II) and Cd(II) and the concentration of Pb(II). The key parameters of the BP-ANN and the factors affecting the SWASV detection of Pb(II) were optimized. The prediction performance of direct calibration model and BP-ANN model were tested with regard to the mean absolute error (MAE), root mean square error (RMSE), average relative error (ARE), and correlation coefficient. The results proved that the BP-ANN model exhibited higher prediction accuracy than the direct calibration model. Finally, a real samples analysis was performed to determine trace Pb(II) in some soil specimens with satisfactory results.

  16. Group 12 dithiocarbamate complexes: Synthesis, spectral studies and their use as precursors for metal sulfides nanoparticles and nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ajibade, Peter A.; Ejelonu, Benjamin C.

    2013-09-01

    Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) dithiocarbamate complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, UV-Vis, FTIR, 1H- and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The complexes were thermolysed at 180 °C and used as single molecule precursors for the synthesis of HDA capped ZnS, CdS and HgS nanoparticles and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) nanocomposites. The optical and structural properties of the nanoparticles and nanocomposites were studied by UV-Vis, PL, XRD and SEM. The crystallites sizes of the nanoparticles varied between 3.03 and 23.45 nm. SEM and EDX analyses of the nanocomposites confirmed the presence of the nanoparticles in the polymer matrix.

  17. Group 12 dithiocarbamate complexes: synthesis, spectral studies and their use as precursors for metal sulfides nanoparticles and nanocomposites.

    PubMed

    Ajibade, Peter A; Ejelonu, Benjamin C

    2013-09-01

    Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) dithiocarbamate complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, UV-Vis, FTIR, (1)H- and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. The complexes were thermolysed at 180 °C and used as single molecule precursors for the synthesis of HDA capped ZnS, CdS and HgS nanoparticles and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) nanocomposites. The optical and structural properties of the nanoparticles and nanocomposites were studied by UV-Vis, PL, XRD and SEM. The crystallites sizes of the nanoparticles varied between 3.03 and 23.45 nm. SEM and EDX analyses of the nanocomposites confirmed the presence of the nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Synthesis, spectroscopic, biological activity and thermal characterization of ceftazidime with transition metals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Masoud, Mamdouh S.; Ali, Alaa E.; Elasala, Gehan S.; Kolkaila, Sherif A.

    2018-03-01

    Synthesis, physicochemical characterization and thermal analysis of ceftazidime complexes with transition metals (Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II)) were discussed. It's obtained that ceftazidime act as bidentate ligand. From magnetic measurement and spectral data, octahedral structures were proposed for all complexes except for cobalt, nickel and mercury had tetrahedral structural. Hyper chemistry program confirmed binding sites of ceftazidime. Ceftazidime complexes show higher activity than ceftazidime for some strains. From TG and DTA curves the thermal decomposition mechanisms of ceftazidime and their metal complexes were suggested. The thermal decomposition of the complexes ended with the formation of metal oxides as a final product except in case of Hg complex.

  19. Synthesis, characterization and metal adsorption properties of the new ion exchanger polymer 3-n-propyl(4-methylpyridinium) silsesquioxane chloride.

    PubMed

    Magosso, H A; Panteleimonov, A V; Kholin, Y V; Gushikem, Y

    2006-11-01

    The preparation and anion exchange properties of 3-n-propyl(4-methylpyridinium) silsesquioxane chloride polymer are described. This new polymer was prepared by the sol-gel processing method and is designated as SiPic+Cl-. It is insoluble in water and showed an anion exchange capacity of 1.46x10(-3) mol g-1. The adsorption isotherms of ZnCl2, CdCl2 and HgCl2 were determined from aqueous solutions and the adsorption equilibria simulations fit the model of fixed bidentate centers with the absence of lateral interactions and energetic heterogeneity between them. The metal ions diffuse into the solid solution interface and are dominantly present as MCl2-(4) species for Zn(II), MCl(2-)4 and MCl-3 species for Cd(II) and MCl-3 species for Hg(II).

  20. Zn(II) stimulation of Fe(II)-activated repression in the iron-dependent repressor from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Stapleton, Brian; Walker, Lawrence R; Logan, Timothy M

    2013-03-19

    Thermodynamic measurements of Fe(II) binding and activation of repressor function in the iron-dependent repressor from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (IdeR) are reported. IdeR, a member of the diphtheria toxin repressor family of proteins, regulates iron homeostasis and contributes to the virulence response in M. tuberculosis. Although iron is the physiological ligand, this is the first detailed analysis of iron binding and activation in this protein. The results showed that IdeR binds 2 equiv of Fe(II) with dissociation constants that differ by a factor of 25. The high- and low-affinity iron binding sites were assigned to physical binding sites I and II, respectively, using metal binding site mutants. IdeR was also found to contain a high-affinity Zn(II) binding site that was assigned to physical metal binding site II through the use of binding site mutants and metal competition assays. Fe(II) binding was modestly weaker in the presence of Zn(II), but the coupled metal binding-DNA binding affinity was significantly stronger, requiring 30-fold less Fe(II) to activate DNA binding compared to Fe(II) alone. Together, these results suggest that IdeR is a mixed-metal repressor, where Zn(II) acts as a structural metal and Fe(II) acts to trigger the physiologically relevant promoter binding. This new model for IdeR activation provides a better understanding of IdeR and the biology of iron homeostasis in M. tuberculosis.

  1. Fluorescent chemosensor based on urea/thiourea moiety for sensing of Hg(II) ions in an aqueous medium with high sensitivity and selectivity: A comparative account on effect of molecular architecture on chemosensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mishra, Jayanti; Kaur, Harpreet; Ganguli, Ashok K.; Kaur, Navneet

    2018-06-01

    Mercury is a well-known heavy metal ion which is extremely poisonous to health but is still employed in the form of mercury salts and organomercury compounds in various industrial, anthropological and agricultural activities. Henceforth, its sensing in aqueous medium is an area of great interest in order to avoid its hazardous effect. In the present manuscript, urea/thiourea linkage bearing four organic ligands (1a, 1b, 2a and 2b) are synthesized by a three-step synthetic approach. The organic ligands were then employed to develop organic nanoparticles by re-precipitation method which was further probed for their selective recognition behavior in an aqueous medium using fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence emission profile of the ONPs is used as a tool for the tracking of sensing behavior. The ONPs of 1b has shown selective recognition towards Hg(II) in aqueous medium evidenced by enhancement of fluorescence emission intensity after complexation of 1b ONP with Hg(II), among several alkali, alkaline earth and transition metal ions with a detection limit of the order of 0.84 μM. The ability of the proposed sensor to sense Hg(II) ions with high selectivity and sensitivity could be accounted to photo-induced electron transfer (PET) "OFF" mechanism at λem = 390 nm. This study reveals the application of the proposed thiourea-based sensor for the selective recognition of the Hg(II) ions in an aqueous medium.

  2. Chemically modified activated carbon with 1-acylthiosemicarbazide for selective solid-phase extraction and preconcentration of trace Cu(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) from water samples.

    PubMed

    Gao, Ru; Hu, Zheng; Chang, Xijun; He, Qun; Zhang, Lijun; Tu, Zhifeng; Shi, Jianping

    2009-12-15

    A new sorbent 1-acylthiosemicarbazide-modified activated carbon (AC-ATSC) was prepared as a solid-phase extractant and applied for removing of trace Cu(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) prior to their determination by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The separation/preconcentration conditions of analytes were investigated, including effects of pH, the shaking time, the sample flow rate and volume, the elution condition and the interfering ions. At pH 3, the maximum static adsorption capacity of Cu(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) onto the AC-ATSC were 78.20, 67.80 and 48.56 mg g(-1), respectively. The adsorbed metal ions were quantitatively eluted by 3.0 mL of 2% CS(NH2)2 and 2.0 mol L(-1) HCl solution. Common coexisting ions did not interfere with the separation. According to the definition of IUPAC, the detection limits (3sigma) of this method for Cu(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) were 0.20, 0.12 and 0.45 ng mL(-1), respectively. The relative standard deviation under optimum conditions is less than 4.0% (n=8). The prepared sorbent was applied for the preconcentration of trace Cu(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) in certified and water samples with satisfactory results.

  3. Possible steric control of the relative strength of chelation enhanced fluorescence for zinc(II) compared to cadmium(II): metal ion complexing properties of tris(2-quinolylmethyl)amine, a crystallographic, UV-visible, and fluorometric study.

    PubMed

    Williams, Neil J; Gan, Wei; Reibenspies, Joseph H; Hancock, Robert D

    2009-02-16

    The idea is examined that steric crowding in ligands can lead to diminution of the chelation enhanced fluorescence (CHEF) effect in complexes of the small Zn(II) ion as compared to the larger Cd(II) ion. Steric crowding is less severe for the larger ion and for the smaller Zn(II) ion leads to Zn-N bond length distortion, which allows some quenching of fluorescence by the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) mechanism. Some metal ion complexing properties of the ligand tris(2-quinolylmethyl)amine (TQA) are presented in support of the idea that more sterically efficient ligands, which lead to less M-N bond length distortion with the small Zn(II) ion, will lead to a greater CHEF effect with Zn(II) than Cd(II). The structures of [Zn(TQA)H(2)O](ClO(4))(2).1.5 H(2)O (1), ([Pb(TQA)(NO(3))(2)].C(2)H(5)OH) (2), ([Ag(TQA)(ClO(4))]) (3), and (TQA).C(2)H(5)OH (4) are reported. In 1, the Zn(II) is 5-coordinate, with four N-donors from the ligand and a water molecule making up the coordination sphere. The Zn-N bonds are all of normal length, showing that the level of steric crowding in 1 is not sufficient to cause significant Zn-N bond length distortion. This leads to the observation that, as expected, the CHEF effect in the Zn(II)/TQA complex is much stronger than that in the Cd(II)/TQA complex, in contrast to similar but more sterically crowded ligands, where the CHEF effect is stronger in the Cd(II) complex. The CHEF effect for TQA with the metal ions examined varies as Zn(II) > Cd(II) > Ni(II) > Pb(II) > Hg(II) > Cu(II). The structure of 2 shows an 8-coordinate Pb(II), with evidence of a stereochemically active lone pair, and normal Pb-N bond lengths. In 3, the Ag(I) is 5-coordinate, with four N-donors from the TQA and an oxygen from the perchlorate. The Ag(I) shows no distortion toward linear 2-coordinate geometry, and the Ag-N bonds fall slightly into the upper range for Ag-N bonds in 5-coordinate complexes. The structure of 4 shows the TQA ligand to be involved in pi

  4. Removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution using dried water hyacinth as a biosorbent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibrahim, Hanan S.; Ammar, Nabila S.; Soylak, Mustafa; Ibrahim, Medhat

    2012-10-01

    Possible usages of dried water hyacinth as biosorbent for metal ions were investigated. A model describing the plant is presented on density functional theory DFT and verified experimentally with FTIR. The model shows that water hyacinth is a mixture of cellulose and lignin. Dried shoot and root were found as good sorbent for Cd(II) and Pb(II) at optimum dosage of 5.0 g/l and pH 5.0; equilibrium time was attained within 30-60 min. The removal using root and shoot were nearly equal and reached more than 75% for Cd and more than 90% for Pb. Finally the second-order kinetics was the applicable model. Hydrogen bonds of reactive functional groups like COOH play the key role in the removal process.

  5. Continuous flow operation with appropriately adjusting composites in influent for recovery of Cr(VI), Cu(II) and Cd(II) in self-driven MFC-MEC system.

    PubMed

    Li, Ming; Pan, Yuzhen; Huang, Liping; Zhang, Yong; Yang, Jinhui

    2017-03-01

    A self-driven microbial fuel cell (MFC) - microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) system, where electricity generated from MFCs is in situ utilized for powering MECs, has been previously reported for recovering Cr(VI), Cu(II) and Cd(II) with individual metals fed in different units of the system in batch operation. Here it was advanced with treating synthetic mixed metals' solution at appropriately adjusting composites in fed-batch and continuous flow operations for complete separation of Cr(VI), Cu(II) and Cd(II) from each other. Under an optimal condition of hydraulic residence time of 4 h, matching of two serially connected MFCs with one MEC, and fed with a composite of either 5 mg L -1 Cr(VI), 1 mg L -1 Cu(II) and 5 mg L -1 Cd(II), or 1 mg L -1 Cr(VI), 5 mg L -1 Cu(II) and 5 mg L -1 Cd(II), the self-driven MFC-MEC system can completely and sequentially recover Cu(II), Cr(VI) and Cd(II) from mixed metals. This study provides a true sustainable and zero-energy-consumed approach of using bioelectrochemical systems for completely recovering and separating Cr(VI), Cu(II) and Cd(II) from each other or from wastes or contaminated sites.

  6. Quantum-chemical, NMR, FT IR, and ESI MS studies of complexes of colchicine with Zn(II).

    PubMed

    Jankowski, Wojciech; Kurek, Joanna; Barczyński, Piotr; Hoffmann, Marcin

    2017-04-01

    Colchicine is a tropolone alkaloid from Colchicinum autumnale. It shows antifibrotic, antimitotic, and anti-inflammatory activities, and is used to treat gout and Mediterranean fever. In this work, complexes of colchicine with zinc(II) nitrate were synthesized and investigated using DFT, 1 H and 13 C NMR, FT IR, and ESI MS. The counterpoise-corrected and uncorrected interaction energies of these complexes were calculated. We also calculated their 1 H, 13 C NMR, and IR spectra and compared them with the corresponding experimentally obtained data. According to the ESI MS mass spectra, colchicine forms stable complexes with zinc(II) nitrate that have various stoichiometries: 2:1, 1:1:1, and 2:1:1 with respect to colchichine, Zn(II), and nitrate ion. All of the complexes were investigated using the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM). The calculated and the measured spectra showed differences before and after the complexation process. Calculated electron densities and bond critical points indicated the presence of bonds between the ligands and the central cation in the investigated complexes that satisfied the quantum theory of atoms in molecules. Graphical Abstract DFT, NMR, FT IR, ESI MS, QTAIM and puckering studies of complexes of colchicine with Zn(II).

  7. High-sensitivity determination of Zn(II) and Cu(II) in vitro by fluorescence polarization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thompson, Richard B.; Maliwal, Badri P.; Feliccia, Vincent; Fierke, Carol A.

    1998-04-01

    Recent work has suggested that free Cu(II) may play a role in syndromes such as Crohn's and Wilson's diseases, as well as being a pollutant toxic at low levels to shellfish and sheep. Similarly, Zn(II) has been implicated in some neural damage in the brain resulting from epilepsy and ischemia. Several high sensitivity methods exist for determining these ions in solution, including GFAAS, ICP-MS, ICP-ES, and electrochemical techniques. However, these techniques are generally slow and costly, require pretreatment of the sample, require complex instruments and skilled personnel, and are incapable of imaging at the cellular and subcellular level. To address these shortcomings we developed fluorescence polarization (anisotropy) biosensing methods for these ions which are very sensitivity, highly selective, require simple instrumentation and little pretreatment, and are inexpensive. Thus free Cu(II) or Zn(II) can be determined at picomolar levels by changes in fluorescence polarization, lifetime, or wavelength ratio using these methods; these techniques may be adapted to microscopy.

  8. Azilsartan and its Zn(II) complex. Synthesis, anticancer mechanisms of action and binding to bovine serum albumin.

    PubMed

    Martínez, Valeria R; Aguirre, María V; Todaro, Juan S; Piro, Oscar E; Echeverría, Gustavo A; Ferrer, Evelina G; Williams, Patricia A M

    2018-04-01

    Azilsartan is the eighth approved member of angiotensin II receptor blockers for hypertension treatment. Considering that some drugs have additional effects when administered, we studied its effects and mechanisms of action on a human lung cancer cell line A549. We have also modified the structure of the drug by complexation with Zn(II) cation and assayed the anticancer effect. The crystal structure of the new binuclear Zn(II) complex, for short [Zn 2 (azil) 2 (H 2 O) 4 ]·2H 2 O (ZnAzil), was determined by X-ray diffraction methods. The zinc ions are bridged by azilsartan ligands through their carboxylate oxygen and oxadiazol nitrogen atoms. The compounds were examined for their cytotoxic effects against human lung fibroblast (MRC5) and human lung cancer (A549) cell lines. Azilsartan displayed low cytotoxic effects at 150 μM concentrations in A549 human lung cancer cells but the higher effect measured for the Zn complex suggested that this compound may act as an anticancer agent. An apoptotic oxidative stress mechanism of action via the mitochondrial-dependent intrinsic pathway has been determined. Besides, the compounds exerted weak cytotoxic effects in the normal lung related cell line MRC5. Binding constants of the complex formed between each compound and bovine serum albumin (BSA) are in the intermediate range, hence suggesting that azilsartan and ZnAzil could be bonded and transported by BSA. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. A Zn(II)2Cys6 DNA binding protein regulates the sirodesmin PL biosynthetic gene cluster in Leptosphaeria maculans

    PubMed Central

    Fox, Ellen M.; Gardiner, Donald M.; Keller, Nancy P.; Howlett, Barbara J.

    2008-01-01

    A gene, sirZ, encoding a Zn(II)2Cys6 DNA binding protein is present in a cluster of genes responsible for the biosynthesis of the epipolythiodioxopiperazine (ETP) toxin, sirodesmin PL in the ascomycete plant pathogen, Leptosphaeria maculans. RNA-mediated silencing of sirZ gives rise to transformants that produce only residual amounts of sirodesmin PL and display a decrease in the transcription of several sirodesmin PL biosynthetic genes. This indicates that SirZ is a major regulator of this gene cluster. Proteins similar to SirZ are encoded in the gliotoxin biosynthetic gene cluster of Aspergillus fumigatus (gliZ) and in an ETP-like cluster in Penicillium lilacinoechinulatum (PlgliZ). Despite its high level of sequence similarity to gliZ, PlgliZ is unable to complement the gliotoxin-deficiency of a mutant of gliZ in A. fumigatus. Putative binding sites for these regulatory proteins in the promoters of genes in these clusters were predicted using bioinformatic analysis. These sites are similar to those commonly bound by other proteins with Zn(II)2Cys6 DNA binding domains. PMID:18023597

  10. Synthesis, spectroscopic, photoluminescence properties and biological evaluation of novel Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes of NOON tetradentate Schiff bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel Aziz, Ayman A.; Badr, Ibrahim H. A.; El-Sayed, Ibrahim S. A.

    2012-11-01

    Novel mononuclear Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes were synthesized from the reactions of Zn(OAc)2·2H2O and anhydrous AlCl3 with neutral N2O2 donor tetradentate Schiff bases; N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L1) and N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L2). The new complexes were fully characterized by using micro analyses (CHN), FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis spectra and thermal analysis. The analytical data have been showed that, the stoichiometry of the complexes is 1:1. Spectroscopic data suggested tetrahedral and square pyramidal geometries for Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes, respectively. The synthesized Zn(II), and Al(III) complexes exhibited intense fluorescence emission in the visible region upon UV-excitation in methylene chloride solution at ambient temperature. This high fluorescence emission was assigned to the strong coordination of the ligands to the small and the highly charged Zn(II) and Al(III) ions. Such strong coordination seems to extend the π-conjugation of the complexes. Thermal analysis measurements indicated that the complexes have good thermal stability. As a potential application the biological activity (e.g., antimicrobial action) of the prepared ligands and complexes was assessed by in-vitro testing of their effect on the growth of various strains of bacteria and fungi.

  11. Novel Zn(II) complexes of 1,3-diphenyl-4-(arylazo)pyrazol-5-one derivatives: Synthesis, spectroscopic properties, DFT calculations and first order nonlinear optical properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel-Latif, Samir A.; Mohamed, Adel A.

    2018-03-01

    Eight novel Zn(II) complexes with substituted 1,3-diphenyl-4-(arylazo)pyrazol-5-one (L1-L4) derivatives have been synthesized and elucidated using various physicochemical techniques. Quantum mechanical calculations of energies, geometries were done by DFT using B3LYP/GEN functional combined with 6.311G (d,p) and LAN2DZ basis sets. The analyses of HOMO and LUMO have been used to explain the charge transfer within the ligands and complexes. The calculated small energy gap between HOMO and LUMO energies shows that the charge transfer occurs within Zn(II) complexes. Geometrical parameters, molecular electrostatic potential maps (MEP) and total electron densities analyses of the ligands and their Zn complexes have been carried out. Molecular stability, hyperconjugative interactions, intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) and bond strength has been investigated by the applying of natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. Total static dipole moment (μ), the mean polarizability (<α>), the anisotropy of the polarizability (Δα), the mean first-order hyperpolarizability (<β>) have been also performed. The obtained values show that Zn(II) complexes is brilliant candidate to NLO materials. The analyses of the 1:1 complexes indicate that the Zn(II) ion is five-coordinated with water molecules at axial position in case of L1, L2 and L4 whereas, six-coordinated with L3 and non-electrolytic behaviour of complexes indicates the absence of counter ion.

  12. Rational synthesis of an exceptionally stable Zn(II) metal-organic framework for the highly selective and sensitive detection of picric acid.

    PubMed

    Hu, Yingli; Ding, Meili; Liu, Xiao-Qin; Sun, Lin-Bing; Jiang, Hai-Long

    2016-04-28

    Based on an organic ligand involving both carboxylate and tetrazole groups, a chemically stable Zn(II) metal-organic framework has been rationally synthesized and behaves as a fluorescence chemosensor for the highly selective and sensitive detection of picric acid, an extremely hazardous and strong explosive.

  13. Structural basis of Zn(II) induced metal detoxification and antibiotic resistance by histidine kinase CzcS in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Dan; Chen, Weizhong; Huang, Shanqing; He, Yafeng; Liu, Xichun; Hu, Qingyuan; Wei, Tianbiao; Sang, Hong; Gan, Jianhua

    2017-01-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a major opportunistic human pathogen, causing serious nosocomial infections among immunocompromised patients by multi-determinant virulence and high antibiotic resistance. The CzcR-CzcS signal transduction system in P. aeruginosa is primarily involved in metal detoxification and antibiotic resistance through co-regulating cross-resistance between Zn(II) and carbapenem antibiotics. Although the intracellular regulatory pathway is well-established, the mechanism by which extracellular sensor domain of histidine kinase (HK) CzcS responds to Zn(II) stimulus to trigger downstream signal transduction remains unclear. Here we determined the crystal structure of the CzcS sensor domain (CzcS SD) in complex with Zn(II) at 1.7 Å resolution. This is the first three-dimensional structural view of Zn(II)-sensor domain of the two-component system (TCS). The CzcS SD is of α/β-fold in nature, and it senses the Zn(II) stimulus at micromole level in a tetrahedral geometry through its symmetry-related residues (His55 and Asp60) on the dimer interface. Though the CzcS SD resembles the PhoQ-DcuS-CitA (PDC) superfamily member, it interacts with the effector in a novel domain with the N-terminal α-helices rather than the conserved β-sheets pocket. The dimerization of the N-terminal H1 and H1’ α-helices is of primary importance for the activity of HK CzcS. This study provides preliminary insight into the molecular mechanism of Zn(II) sensing and signaling transduction by the HK CzcS, which will be beneficial to understand how the pathogen P. aeruginosa resists to high levels of heavy metals and antimicrobial agents. PMID:28732057

  14. Structural basis of Zn(II) induced metal detoxification and antibiotic resistance by histidine kinase CzcS in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

    PubMed

    Wang, Dan; Chen, Weizhong; Huang, Shanqing; He, Yafeng; Liu, Xichun; Hu, Qingyuan; Wei, Tianbiao; Sang, Hong; Gan, Jianhua; Chen, Hao

    2017-07-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a major opportunistic human pathogen, causing serious nosocomial infections among immunocompromised patients by multi-determinant virulence and high antibiotic resistance. The CzcR-CzcS signal transduction system in P. aeruginosa is primarily involved in metal detoxification and antibiotic resistance through co-regulating cross-resistance between Zn(II) and carbapenem antibiotics. Although the intracellular regulatory pathway is well-established, the mechanism by which extracellular sensor domain of histidine kinase (HK) CzcS responds to Zn(II) stimulus to trigger downstream signal transduction remains unclear. Here we determined the crystal structure of the CzcS sensor domain (CzcS SD) in complex with Zn(II) at 1.7 Å resolution. This is the first three-dimensional structural view of Zn(II)-sensor domain of the two-component system (TCS). The CzcS SD is of α/β-fold in nature, and it senses the Zn(II) stimulus at micromole level in a tetrahedral geometry through its symmetry-related residues (His55 and Asp60) on the dimer interface. Though the CzcS SD resembles the PhoQ-DcuS-CitA (PDC) superfamily member, it interacts with the effector in a novel domain with the N-terminal α-helices rather than the conserved β-sheets pocket. The dimerization of the N-terminal H1 and H1' α-helices is of primary importance for the activity of HK CzcS. This study provides preliminary insight into the molecular mechanism of Zn(II) sensing and signaling transduction by the HK CzcS, which will be beneficial to understand how the pathogen P. aeruginosa resists to high levels of heavy metals and antimicrobial agents.

  15. Synthesis, characterization, crystal structure, DNA- and HSA-binding studies of a dinuclear Schiff base Zn(II) complex derived from 2-hydroxynaphtaldehyde and 2-picolylamine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kazemi, Zahra; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri; Mirkhani, Valiollah; Sahihi, Mehdi; Moghadam, Majid; Tangestaninejad, Sharam; Mohammadpoor-Baltork, Iraj

    2015-09-01

    A tridentate Schiff base ligand NNO donor (HL: 1-((E)-((pyridin-2-yl)methylimino)methyl)naphthalen-2-ol was synthesized from condensation of 2-hydroxynaphtaldehyde and 2-picolylamine. Zinc complex, Zn2L2(NO3)2, was prepared from reaction of Zn(NO3)2 and HL at ambient temperature. The ligand and complex were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and elemental analysis (CHN). Furthermore, the structure of dinuclear Zn(II) complex was determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. The complex, Zn2L2(NO3)2, is centrosymmetric dimer in which deprotonated phenolates bridge the two Zn(II) atoms and link the two halves of the dimer. In the structure, Zinc(II) ions have a highly distorted six-coordinate structure bonded to two oxygen atoms from a bidentate nitrate group, the pyridine nitrogen, an amine nitrogen and phenolate oxygens. The interaction of dinuclear Zn(II) complex with fish sperm DNA (FS-DNA) and HSA was investigated under physiological conditions using fluorescence quenching, UV-Vis spectroscopy, molecular dynamics simulation and molecular docking methods. The estimated binding constants for the DNA-complex and HSA-complex were (3.60 ± 0.18) × 104 M-1 and (1.35 ± 0.24) × 104 M-1, respectively. The distance between dinuclear Zn(II) complex and HSA was obtained based on the Förster's theory of non-radiative energy transfer. Molecular docking studies revealed the binding of dinuclear Zn(II) complex to the major groove of FS-DNA and IIA site of protein by formation of hydrogen bond, π-cation and hydrophobic interactions.

  16. Simultaneous determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry based on graphite nanofibers-Nafion composite modified bismuth film electrode.

    PubMed

    Li, Dongyue; Jia, Jianbo; Wang, Jianguo

    2010-12-15

    A bismuth-film modified graphite nanofibers-Nafion glassy carbon electrode (BiF/GNFs-NA/GCE) was constructed for the simultaneous determination of trace Cd(II) and Pb(II). The electrochemical properties and applications of the modified electrode were studied. Operational parameters such as deposition potential, deposition time, and bismuth ion concentration were optimized for the purpose of determination of trace metal ions in 0.10 M acetate buffer solution (pH 4.5). Under optimal conditions, based on three times the standard deviation of the baseline, the limits of detection were 0.09 μg L(-1) for Cd(II) and 0.02 μg L(-1) for Pb(II) with a 10 min preconcentration. In addition, the BiF/GNFs-NA/GCE displayed good reproducibility and selectivity, making it suitable for the simultaneous determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) in real sample such as river water and human blood samples. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Ultrasonically assisted solvothermal synthesis of novel Ni/Al layered double hydroxide for capturing of Cd(II) from contaminated water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahmanian, Omid; Maleki, Mohammad Hassan; Dinari, Mohammad

    2017-11-01

    A novel adsorbent of nickel aluminum layered double hydroxide (Ni/Al-LDH) was prepared through the precipitation of metal nitrates by ultrasonically assisted solvothermal method. The surface morphology, chemical structure and thermal properties of this compound were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) techniques. The XRD, TEM and FE-SEM results established that the synthesized LDH have a well-ordered layer structure with good crystalline nature. Then it was applied to remove excessive Cd(II) ions from water and the effects of contact time, pH and adsorbent dose were examined at initial Cd(II) concentration of 10 mg/L. Results show that the time required to reach equilibrium was fast (40 min) and working pH solution was neutral (pH 7). Langmuir and Freundlich model of adsorption isotherms were explored; the results show that the Freundlich model was better fitted than that Langmuir model. This results predicting a multilayer adsorption of Cd(II) on LDH. The equilibrium kinetic adsorption data were fixed to the pseudo-second order kinetic equation.

  18. Synthesis, spectroscopic, fluorescence properties and biological evaluation of novel Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes of NOON tetradentate Schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Ali, Omyma A M

    2014-01-01

    The solid complexes of Pd(II) and Cd(II) with N,N/bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L(1)), and N,N/bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L(2)) have been synthesized and characterized by several techniques using elemental analysis (CHN), FT-IR, (1)H NMR, UV-Vis spectra and thermal analysis. Elemental analysis data proved 1:1 stoichiometry for the reported complexes while spectroscopic data indicated square planar and octahedral geometries for Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes, respectively. The prepared ligands, Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes exhibited intraligand (π-π(∗)) fluorescence and can potentially serve as photoactive materials. Thermal behavior of the complexes was studied and kinetic parameters were determined by Coats-Redfern method. Both the ligands and their complexes have been screened for antimicrobial activities. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Multilayer adsorption of Cu(II) and Cd(II) over Brazilian Orchid Tree (Pata-de-vaca) and its adsorptive properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jorgetto, Alexandre de O.; da Silva, Adrielli C. P.; Wondracek, Marcos H. P.; Silva, Rafael I. V.; Velini, Edivaldo D.; Saeki, Margarida J.; Pedrosa, Valber A.; Castro, Gustavo R.

    2015-08-01

    Through very simple and inexpensive processes, pata-de-vaca leaves were turned into a powder and applied as an adsorbent for the uptake of Cu(II) and Cd(II) from water. The material was characterized through SEM, EDX, FTIR and surface area measurement. The material had its point of zero charge determined (5.24), and its adsorption capacity was evaluated as a function of time, pH and metal concentration. The material presented fast adsorption kinetics, reaching adsorption equilibrium in less than 5 min and it had a good correlation with the pseudo-second order kinetic model. Optimum pH for the adsorption of Cu(II) and Cd(II) were found to be in the range from 4 to 5, approximately. In the experiment as a function of the analyte concentration, analogously to gas adsorption, the material presented a type II isotherm, indicating the formation of multilayers for both species. Such behavior was explained with basis in the alternation between cations and anions over the material's surface, and the maximum adsorption capacity, considering the formation of the multilayers were found to be 0.238 mmol L-1 for Cu(II) and 0.113 mmol L-1 for Cd(II).

  20. Adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) by in situ oxidized Fe3O4 membrane grafted on 316L porous stainless steel filter tube and its potential application for drinking water treatment.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Mengfei; Zhu, Li; Wang, Jianlong; Yue, Tianli; Li, Ronghua; Li, Zhonghong

    2017-07-01

    Removing heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions is one of the most challenging separations. In situ oxidized Fe 3 O 4 membranes using 316L porous stainless steel filter tube have shown great potential for removing anion Cr(VI). Here we report the performances of the in situ oxidized Fe 3 O 4 membranes for removing two toxic cations Cd(II) and Pb(II) commonly existing in water and their potential applications for drinking water purification. The membranes exhibited high removal efficiency: 97% at pH 9.0 for Cd(II) of 1.0 mg/L initial concentration and 100% at pH 5.0-6.0 for Pb(II) of 5.0 mg/L initial concentration. The maximum adsorption capabilities were estimated at 0.800 mg/g and 2.251 mg/g respectively for Cd(II) and Pb(II) at 318 K by the Langmuir model. Results of batch tests revealed the existence of electrostatic attraction and chemisorption. XRD and FT-IR analyses indicated that the chemisorption might be the insertion of Cd(II) and Pb(II) into the Fe 3 O 4 crystal faces of 311 and 511 to form mononuclear or binuclear coordination with O atoms of Fe-O 6 groups. Competitive adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) in binary solutions revealed a preferential adsorption for Pb(II). Na 2 EDTA solution was used to regenerate the membranes, and the maximum desorption ratio was 90.29% and 99.75% respectively for Cd(II) and Pb(II). The membranes were able to efficiently lower Cd(II) and Pb(II) concentrations to meet the drinking water standards recommended by the World Health Organization and are promising for engineering applications aimed at drinking water purification. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Preparation, Characterization, and Antimicrobial Activities of Bimetallic Complexes of Sarcosine with Zn(II) and Sn(IV)

    PubMed Central

    Arafat, Yasir; Ali, Saqib; Shahzadi, Saira; Shahid, Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    Heterobimetallic complexes of Zn(II) and Sn(IV) with sarcosine have been synthesized at room temperature under stirring conditions by the reaction of sarcosine and zinc acetate in 2 : 1 molar ratio followed by the stepwise addition of CS2 and organotin(IV) halides, where R = Me, n-Bu, and Ph. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and NMR (1H, 13C) spectroscopy. IR data showed that the ligand acts in a bidentate manner. NMR data revealed the four coordinate geometry in solution state. In vitro antimicrobial activities data showed that complexes (3) and (4) were effective against bacterial and fungal strains with few exceptions. PMID:24235910

  2. Synthesis, crystal structures, spectral, thermal and antimicrobial properties of new Zn(II) 5-iodo- and 5-bromosalicylates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Košická, Petra; Győryová, Katarína; Smolko, Lukáš; Gyepes, Róbert; Hudecová, Daniela

    2018-03-01

    Two new analogous zinc(II) complexes containing 5-iodo- and 5-bromosalicylate ligands, respectively, were prepared in single-crystal form and characterized by IR spectroscopy, thermal analysis and elemental analysis. The solid-state structures of prepared complexes were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Both complexes are isostructural and their crystal structures composed of neutral molecules [Zn(5-Xsal)2(H2O)2] (where X = Br, I, sal = salicylato). Central Zn(II) atom is in both complexes coordinated by six oxygen atoms, four of which are from two chelate bonded 5-halosalicylates and remaining two from coordinated water molecules. The found chelate binding mode is in line with the Δ values calculated from IR spectral data. Antimicrobial activity of prepared complexes was studied against selected bacteria, yeast and filamentous fungi. Obtained results indicate that 5-iodosalicylate complex is more antimicrobially active than its 5-bromo substituted analogue.

  3. Synthesis Characterization and DNA Interaction Studies of a New Zn(II) Complex Containing Different Dinitrogen Aromatic Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Shahabadi, Nahid; Mohammadi, Somaye

    2012-01-01

    A mononuclear complex of Zn(II), [Zn(DIP)2 (DMP)] (NO3)2 ·2H2O in which DIP is 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline and DMP is 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine has been prepared and characterized by 1HNMR spectroscopy, FT-IR, UV-Vis and elemental analysis techniques. DNA-binding properties of the complex were studied using UV-vis spectra, circular dichroism (CD) spectra, fluorescence, cyclic voltammetry (CV), and viscosity measurements. The results indicate that this zinc(II) complex can intercalate into the stacked base pairs of DNA and compete with the strong intercalator ethidium bromide for the intercalative binding sites. PMID:22956919

  4. Contrasting coordination behavior of Group 12 perchlorate salts with an acyclic N3O2 donor ligand by X-ray crystallography and (1)H NMR.

    PubMed

    Tice, Daniel B; Pike, Robert D; Bebout, Deborah C

    2016-08-09

    An unbranched N3O2 ligand 2,6-bis[((2-pyridinylmethyl)oxy)methyl]pyridine (L1) was used to prepare new mononuclear heteroleptic Group 12 perchlorate complexes characterized by IR, (1)H NMR and X-ray crystallography. Racemic complexes with pentadentate L1 and one to four oxygens from either water or perchlorate bound to a metal ion were structurally characterized. Octahedral [Zn(L1)(OH2)](ClO4)2 (1) and pentagonal bipyramidal [Cd(L1)(OH2)(OClO3)]ClO4 (2) structures were found with lighter congeners. The polymorphic forms of [Hg(L1)(ClO4)2] characterized (3 in P1[combining macron] and 4 in P21/c) had a mix of monodentate, anisobidentate and bidentate perchlorates, providing the first examples of a tricapped trigonal prismatic Hg(ii) coordination geometry, as well as additional examples of a rare square antiprismatic Hg(ii) coordination geometry. Solution state (1)H NMR characterization of the Group 12 complexes in CD3CN indicated intramolecular reorganization remained rapid under conditions where intermolecular M-L1 exchange was slow on the chemical shift time scale for Zn(ii) and on the J(M(1)H) time scale for Cd(ii) and Hg(ii). Solution studies with more than one equivalent of ligand also suggested that a complex with a 1 : 2 ratio of M : L1 contributed significantly to solution equilibria with Hg(ii) but not the other metal ions. The behavior of related linear pentadentate ligands with Group 12 perchlorate salts is discussed.

  5. Co(II) and Cd(II) Complexes Derived from Heterocyclic Schiff-Bases: Synthesis, Structural Characterisation, and Biological Activity

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Riyadh M.; Yousif, Enaam I.; Al-Jeboori, Mohamad J.

    2013-01-01

    New monomeric cobalt and cadmium complexes with Schiff-bases, namely, N′-[(E)-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]furan-2-carbohydrazide (L1) and N′-[(E)-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]thiophene-2-carbohydrazide (L2) are reported. Schiff-base ligands L1 and L2 were derived from condensation of 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (iso-vanillin) with furan-2-carboxylic acid hydrazide and thiophene-2-carboxylic acid hydrazide, respectively. Complexes of the general formula [M(L)2]Cl2 (where M = Co(II) or Cd(II), L = L1 or L2) have been obtained from the reaction of the corresponding metal chloride with the ligands. The ligands and their metal complexes were characterised by spectroscopic methods (FTIR, UV-Vis, 1H, and 13C NMR spectra), elemental analysis, metal content, magnetic measurement, and conductance. These studies revealed the formation of four-coordinate complexes in which the geometry about metal ion is tetrahedral. Biological activity of the ligands and their metal complexes against gram positive bacterial strain Bacillus (G+) and gram negative bacteria Pseudomonas (G−) revealed that the metal complexes become less resistive to the microbial activities as compared to the free ligands. PMID:24027449

  6. Removal of Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution and industrial effluent using reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes.

    PubMed

    Kheriji, Jamel; Tabassi, Dorra; Hamrouni, Béchir

    2015-01-01

    Industrial effluents loaded with cadmium have contributed to the pollution of the environment and health troubles for humans. Therefore, these effluents need treatment to reduce cadmium concentration before releasing them to public sewage. The purpose of the research is to study the major role of reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) processes, which can contribute to the removal of cadmium ions from model water and wastewater from the battery industry. For this reason, two RO and two nanofiltration membranes have been used. The effects of feed pressure, concentration, ionic strength, nature of anion associated with cadmium and pH on the retention of Cd(II) were studied with model solutions. Thereafter, NF and RO membranes were used to reduce cadmium ions and total salinity of battery industry effluent. Among these membranes, there are only three which eliminate more than 95% of cadmium. This was found to depend on operating conditions. It is worth noting that the Spiegler-Kedem model was applied to fit the experimental results.

  7. Experimental and theoretical analysis of a rare nitrato bridged 3d-4f complex containing LaZn2 core synthesized from a Zn(II) metalloligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sreejith, S. S.; Mohan, Nithya; Kurup, M. R. Prathapachandra

    2018-02-01

    A trinulcear Zn2La Schiff base complex was synthesized using slow-solvent evaporation technique from a Zn(II) mononuclear metalloligand by 2:1 addition with La(NO3)3 salt. Single crystal XRD analysis revealed a rare nitrato bridged trinuclear entity which is seldom seen in these class of ligand systems. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of intermolecular interactions/short contacts were done using Hirshfeld surface and 2D finger print analysis. The thermally stable, blue luminescent compound exhibits internal heavy atom effect thereby quenching the emission intensity of the ligand. DFT calculations were performed on the compound to analyze frontier orbitals and also ESP plots were used to monitor nucleophilic/electrophilic regions on the compound and its implications on hydrogen bonding. A comparison of the bond orders and atomic charges on the trinuclear compound and the Zn(II) metalloligand precursor was performed to substantiate the formation of the trinuclear product through ligand exchange.

  8. Kojic acid biosynthesis in Aspergillus oryzae is regulated by a Zn(II)(2)Cys(6) transcriptional activator and induced by kojic acid at the transcriptional level.

    PubMed

    Marui, Junichiro; Yamane, Noriko; Ohashi-Kunihiro, Sumiko; Ando, Tomohiro; Terabayashi, Yasunobu; Sano, Motoaki; Ohashi, Shinichi; Ohshima, Eiji; Tachibana, Kuniharu; Higa, Yoshitaka; Nishimura, Marie; Koike, Hideaki; Machida, Masayuki

    2011-07-01

    A gene encoding the Zn(II)(2)Cys(6) transcriptional factor is clustered with two genes involved in biosynthesis of a secondary metabolite, kojic acid (KA), in Aspergillus oryzae. We determined that the gene was essential for KA production and the transcriptional activation of KA biosynthetic genes, which were triggered by the addition of KA. Copyright © 2011 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Synthesis, spectroscopic, photoluminescence properties and biological evaluation of novel Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes of NOON tetradentate Schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Abdel Aziz, Ayman A; Badr, Ibrahim H A; El-Sayed, Ibrahim S A

    2012-11-01

    Novel mononuclear Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes were synthesized from the reactions of Zn(OAc)(2).2H(2)O and anhydrous AlCl(3) with neutral N2O2 donor tetradentate Schiff bases; N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine (H(2)L(1)) and N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H(2)L(2)). The new complexes were fully characterized by using micro analyses (CHN), FT-IR, (1)H NMR, UV-Vis spectra and thermal analysis. The analytical data have been showed that, the stoichiometry of the complexes is 1:1. Spectroscopic data suggested tetrahedral and square pyramidal geometries for Zn(II) and Al(III) complexes, respectively. The synthesized Zn(II), and Al(III) complexes exhibited intense fluorescence emission in the visible region upon UV-excitation in methylene chloride solution at ambient temperature. This high fluorescence emission was assigned to the strong coordination of the ligands to the small and the highly charged Zn(II) and Al(III) ions. Such strong coordination seems to extend the π-conjugation of the complexes. Thermal analysis measurements indicated that the complexes have good thermal stability. As a potential application the biological activity (e.g., antimicrobial action) of the prepared ligands and complexes was assessed by in-vitro testing of their effect on the growth of various strains of bacteria and fungi. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Genome-wide analysis of the Zn(II)2Cys6 zinc cluster-encoding gene family in Aspergillus flavus

    Proteins with a Zn(II)2Cys6 domain, Cys-X2-Cys-X6-Cys-X5-12-Cys-X2-Cys-X6-9-Cys (hereafter, referred to as the C6 domain), form a subclass of zinc finger proteins found exclusively in fungi and yeast. Genome sequence databases of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans have provided an overvie...

  11. Removal of Hg(II) from aqueous solution by resin loaded magnetic β-cyclodextrin bead and graphene oxide sheet: Synthesis, adsorption mechanism and separation properties.

    PubMed

    Cui, Limei; Wang, Yaoguang; Gao, Liang; Hu, Lihua; Wei, Qin; Du, Bin

    2015-10-15

    Resin loaded magnetic β-cyclodextrin bead and graphene oxide sheet (MCD-GO-R) was synthesized successfully and found to be an excellent adsorbent for Hg(II) removal. The as-prepared adsorbent was characterized by SEM, FTIR, BET, magnetization curve and zeta potential analysis respectively. Good magnetic performance made MCD-GO-R simply recover from aqueous solution at low magnetic field within 30s. And also, the rich functional groups and outstanding dispersity play an important role in the adsorption process. The maximum adsorption capacity was 88.43 mg g(-1) at 323 K and pH 7.1. The as-prepared adsorbent could perform well in a wide pH range from 4.0 to 10.0. Static adsorption experimental data showed good correlation with pseudo-second-order model and Freundlich isotherm models. It was found that the contaminant adsorption was accomplished mainly via chelation or ion exchange and come to equilibrium in only 30 min. All experimental results, especially the excellent reproducibility and resistance to ion interference, suggest that MCD-GO-R has promising applications in water treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Development of a novel MWCNTs-triazene-modified carbon paste electrode for potentiometric assessment of Hg(II) in the aquatic environments.

    PubMed

    Mashhadizadeh, Mohammad Hossein; Ramezani, Soleyman; Rofouei, Mohammad Kazem

    2015-02-01

    In this approach, a new chemically modified carbon paste electrode was assembled for potentiometric assay of mercury(II) ion in the aqueous environments. Hereby, MWCNTs were used in the carbon paste composition to meliorate the electrical conductivity and sensitivity of the carbon paste owing to its exceptional physicochemical characteristics. Likewise, participation of the BEPT as a super-selective ionophore in the carbon paste composition boosted significantly the selectivity of the modified electrode towards Hg(II) ions over a wide concentration range of 4.0 × 10(-9)-2.2 × 10(-3) mol L(-1) with a lower detection limit of 3.1 × 10(-9) mol L(-1). Besides, Nernstian slope of the proposed sensor was 28.9(± 0.4)mV/decade over a pH range of 3.0-5.2 with potentiometric short response time of 10s. In the interim, by storing in the dark and cool dry place during non-usage period, the electrode can be used for at least 30 days without any momentous divergence of the potentiometric response. Eventually, to judge about its practical efficiency, the arranged sensor was utilized successfully as an indicator electrode for potentiometric titration of mercury(II) with standard solution of EDTA. As well, the quantitative analysis of mercury(II) ions in some aqueous samples with sensible accuracy and precision was satisfactorily performed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Assembly of 4-, 6- and 8-connected Cd(II) pseudo-polymorphic coordination polymers: Synthesis, solvent-dependent structural variation and properties

    SciT

    Li, Zhao-Hao; Xue, Li-Ping, E-mail: lpxue@163.com; Miao, Shao-Bin

    2016-08-15

    The reaction of Cd(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}·4H{sub 2}O, 2,5-thiophenedicarboxylic acid (H{sub 2}tdc) and 1,2-bis(imidazol-1′-yl)methane (bimm) by modulating solvent systems yielded three highly connected pseudo-polymorphic coordination polymers based on different dinuclear [Cd{sub 2}(CO{sub 2}){sub 2}] subunits bridged by carboxylate groups. Single crystal structural analyses reveal structural variation from 4-connected 2D sql layer, 6-connected 2-fold interpenetrated 3D pcu to 8-connected 3D bcu-type network in compounds 1–3. The structural dissimilarity in the structures dependent on the coordination environments of Cd(II) ions and linking modes of mixed ligand influenced by different solvent systems during the synthesis process. Moreover, thermogravimetric and photoluminescence behaviors of 1–3 weremore » also investigated for the first time, and all the complexes emit blue luminescence in the solid state. - Graphical abstract: Key Topic. Different solvent systems modulated three Cd(II) pseudo-polymorphic coordination polymers based on thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylate and 1,2-bis(imidazol-1′-yl)methane mixed ligands. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Three solvent-dependent Cd(II) pseudo-polymorphic coordination polymers have been synthesized. • Structural variation from 4-connected 2D layer, 6-connected 2-fold interpenetrated 3D net to 8-connected 3D net. • All complexes emit blue luminescence.« less

  14. Diverse CdII coordination complexes derived from bromide isophthalic acid binding with auxiliary N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Meng; Dong, Bao-Xia; Wu, Yi-Chen; Yang, Fang; Liu, Wen-Long; Teng, Yun-Lei

    2016-12-01

    The coordination characteristics of 4-bromoisophthalic acid (4-Br-H2ip) have been investigated in a series of CdII-based frameworks. Hydrothermal reactions of CdII salts and 4-Br-H2ip together with flexible or semiflexible N-donor auxiliary ligands resulted in the formation of four three-dimensional coordination complexes with diverse structures: {Cd(bix)0.5(bix)0.5(4-Br-ip)]·H2O}n (1), [Cd(bbi)0.5(bbi)0.5(4-Br-ip)]n (2), {[Cd(btx)0.5(4-Br-ip)(H2O)]·0.5CH3OH·H2O}n (3) and {[Cd(bbt)0.5(4-Br-ip)(H2O)]·3·5H2O}n (4). These compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra, single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. They displayed diverse structures depending on the configuration of the 4-connected metal node, the coordination mode of the 4-Br-H2ip, the coordination ability and conformationally flexibility of the N-donor auxiliary. Compound 1 exhibits 3-fold interpenetrated 66 topology and compound 2 has a 412 topology. Compounds 3-4 have similar 3D pillar-layered structures based on 3,4-connected binodal net with the Schläfli symbol of (4·38). The thermal stabilities and photoluminescence properties of them were discussed in detail.

  15. Zn(II) coordination polymers with flexible V-shaped dicarboxylate ligand: Syntheses, helical structures and properties

    SciT

    Li, Lin; Liu, Chong-Bo, E-mail: cbliu@nchu.edu.cn; Yang, Gao-Shan

    2015-11-15

    Hydrothermal reactions of 2,2′-[hexafluoroisopropylidenebis(p-phenyleneoxy)]diacetic acid (H{sub 2}L) and zinc ions in the presence of N-donor ancillary ligands afford four novel coordination polymers, namely, [Zn{sub 2}(μ{sub 2}-OH)(μ{sub 4}-O){sub 0.5}(L)]·0.5H{sub 2}O (1), [Zn(L)(2,2′-bipy)(H{sub 2}O)] (2), [Zn{sub 3}(L){sub 3}(phen){sub 2}]·H{sub 2}O (3) and [Zn{sub 2}(L){sub 2}(4,4′-bipy)] (4) (2,2′-bipy=2,2′-bipyridine; 4,4′-bipy=4,4′-bipyridine; phen=1,10-phenanthroline). Their structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, elemental analyses, IR spectra, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and thermogravimetric (TG) analyses. Complex 1 shows a 3-D clover framework consisting of [Zn{sub 4}(µ{sub 4}-O)(µ{sub 2}-OH){sub 2}]{sup 4+} clusters, and exhibits a novel (3,8)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of {3·4·5}{sub 2}{3"4·4"4·5"2·6"6·7"1"0·8"2}, andmore » contains double-stranded and two kinds of meso-helices. 2 displays a helical chain structure, which is further extended via hydrogen bonds into a 3-D supramolecular structure with meso-helix chains. 3 displays a 2-D {4"4·6"2} parallelogram structure, which is further extended via hydrogen bonds into a 3-D supramolecular structure with single-stranded helical chains. 4 shows a 2-D {4"4·6"2} square structure with left- and right-handed helical chains. Moreover, the luminescent properties of 1–4 have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Four new Zn(II) coordination polymers with helical structures based on flexible V-shaped dicarboxylate ligand have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Photoluminescent properties have been investigated. - Highlights: • Four novel Zn(II) coordination polymers with V-shaped ligand were characterized. • Complexes 1–4 show diverse intriguing helical characters. • Fluorescence properties of complexes 1–4 were investigated.« less

  16. Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal from aqueous solution, shipyard wastewater, and landfill leachate by modified Rhizopus oryzae biomass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naeimi, Behrouz; Foroutan, Rauf; Ahmadi, Bahram; Sadeghzadeh, Farzaneh; Ramavandi, Bahman

    2018-04-01

    This study was designed to remove Pb(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solution, shipyard wastewater, and sanitary landfill leachate using an alkaline-modified Rhizopus oryzae biomass. According to the Fourier transform infrared test, different functional groups like O–H, N–H, C=O, and P–O were detected in the bioadsorbent. The x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis showed that CaO, P2O3, and SO3 oxides have the highest content in the bioadsorbent. The surface area of modified Rhizopus oryzae was obtained as 20.32 m2 g‑1. The effect of initial pH, temperature, contact time, and bioadsorbent dose on the metals removal was discussed. At optimal conditions, maximum Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal was obtained 95.66% and 94.55%, respectively. Freundlich model was well- accurately described the equilibrium data. Among four studied models, the pseudo-second-order was better able to describe the kinetic behavior of the bioadsorption process. The amount of enthalpy, free energy of Gibbs, and entropy parameters indicated that the bioadsorption process of studied heavy metals is negative, exothermic, and spontaneous. The amount of heavy metals in a shipyard wastewater and sanitary landfill leachate was significantly decreased by using the developed bioadsorbent.

  17. Selective adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution using chitosan-MAA nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Heidari, Aghdas; Younesi, Habibollah; Mehraban, Zahra; Heikkinen, Harri

    2013-10-01

    Chitosan-MAA nanoparticles (CS-MAA) with an average size of 10-70 nm were prepared by polymerizing chitosan with methacrylic acid in aqueous solution. The physicochemical properties of nanoparticles were investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution on CS-MAA was studied in a batch system. The effects of the solution pH, initial metal concentration, contact time, and dosage of the adsorbent on the adsorption process were examined. The experimental data were analyzed using the pseudo-second-order kinetic equations and the Langmuir, Freundlich and Redlish-Peterson isotherms. The maximum adsorption capacity was 11.30, 1.84, and 0.87 mg/g for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions, respectively, obtained by the Langmuir isotherm. However, the adsorption isotherm was better explained by the Freundlich rather than by the Langmuir model, as the high correlation coefficients (R(2)>0.99) were obtained at a higher confidence level. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine functionalized sodium dodecyl sulfate-coated magnetite nanoparticles for effective removal of Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from water samples.

    PubMed

    Sobhanardakani, Soheil; Zandipak, Raziyeh

    2015-07-01

    2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine immobilized on sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-coated magnetite and was used for removal of Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution. The prepared product was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The size of the nanoparticles according to SEM was obtained around 20-35 nm. In batch tests, the effects of pH, contact time, initial metal concentration, and temperature were studied. The kinetic and equilibrium data were modeled with recently developed models. The adsorption kinetics and isotherms were well fitted by the fractal-like pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir-Freundlich model, respectively. Maximum adsorption capacity by this adsorbent is 255.1 mg g(-1) for Cd(II) ion and 319.6 mg g(-1) for Ni(II) ion at pH 7.0 and 25 °C. The method was successfully applied to the removal of metal cations in real samples (tap water, river water, and petrochemical wastewater).

  19. A two-dimensional layered Cd(II) coordination polymer with a three-dimensional supramolecular architecture incorporating mixed multidentate N- and O-donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Huang, Qiu-Ying; Su, Ming-Yang; Meng, Xiang-Ru

    2015-06-01

    The combination of N-heterocyclic and multicarboxylate ligands is a good choice for the construction of metal-organic frameworks. In the title coordination polymer, poly[bis{μ2-1-[(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)methyl]-1H-tetrazole-κ(2)N(3):N(4)}(μ4-butanedioato-κ(4)O(1):O(1'):O(4):O(4'))(μ2-butanedioato-κ(2)O(1):O(4))dicadmium], [Cd(C4H4O4)(C9H8N6)]n, each Cd(II) ion exhibits an irregular octahedral CdO4N2 coordination geometry and is coordinated by four O atoms from three carboxylate groups of three succinate (butanedioate) ligands and two N atoms from two 1-[(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)methyl]-1H-tetrazole (bimt) ligands. Cd(II) ions are connected by two kinds of crystallographically independent succinate ligands to generate a two-dimensional layered structure with bimt ligands located on each side of the layer. Adjacent layers are further connected by hydrogen bonding, leading to a three-dimensional supramolecular architecture in the solid state. Thermogravimetric analysis of the title polymer shows that it is stable up to 529 K and then loses weight from 529 to 918 K, corresponding to the decomposition of the bimt ligands and succinate groups. The polymer exhibits a strong fluorescence emission in the solid state at room temperature.

  20. Adsorption studies of Cd(II) onto Al 2O 3/Nb 2O 5 mixed oxide dispersed on silica matrix and its on-line preconcentration and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mendonça Costa, Lucimara; Ribeiro, Emerson Schwingel; Segatelli, Mariana Gava; do Nascimento, Danielle Raphael; de Oliveira, Fernanda Midori; Tarley, César Ricardo Teixeira

    2011-05-01

    The present study describes the adsorption characteristic of Cd(II) onto Nb 2O 5/Al 2O 3 mixed oxide dispersed on silica matrix. The characterization of the adsorbent has been carried out by infrared spectroscopy (IR), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis (EDXRF) and specific surface area ( SBET). From batch experiments, adsorption kinetic of Cd(II) was described by a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The Langmuir linear isotherm fitted to the experimental adsorption isotherm very well, and the maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 17.88 mg g -1. Using the effective material, a method for Cd(II) preconcentration at trace level was developed. The method was based on on-line adsorption of Cd(II) onto SiO 2/Al 2O 3/Nb 2O 5 at pH 8.64, in which the quantitative desorption occurs with 1.0 mol L -1 hydrochloric acid towards FAAS detector. The experimental parameters related to the system were studied by means of multivariate analysis, using 2 4 full factorial design and Doehlert matrix. The effect of SO 42-, Cu 2+, Zn 2+ and Ni 2+ foreign ions showed no interference at 1:100 analyte:interferent proportion. Under the most favorable experimental conditions, the preconcentration system provided a preconcentration factor of 18.4 times, consumption index of 1.08 mL, sample throughput of 14 h -1, concentration efficiency of 4.35 min -1, linear range from 5.0 up to 35.0 μg L -1 and limits of detection and quantification of 0.19 and 0.65 μg L -1 respectively. The feasibility of the proposed method for Cd(II) determination was assessed by analysis of water samples, cigarette sample and certified reference materials TORT-2 (Lobster hepatopancreas) and DOLT-4 (Dogfish liver).

  1. Liquid-liquid extraction of Cd(II) from pure and Ni/Cd acidic chloride media using Cyanex 921: a selective treatment of hazardous leachate of spent Ni-Cd batteries.

    PubMed

    Choi, Seon-Young; Nguyen, Viet Tu; Lee, Jae-Chun; Kang, Ho; Pandey, B D

    2014-08-15

    The present paper is focused on solvent extraction of hazardous Cd(II) from acidic chloride media by Cyanex 921, a new extractant mixed with 10% (v/v) TBP in xylene. The optimum conditions for extraction and stripping of Cd(II) were investigated with an aqueous feed of 0.1 mol/L Cd(II) in 2.0 mol/L HCl. McCabe-Thiele diagram was in good agreement with the simulation studies, showing the quantitative extraction (99.9%) of Cd(II) within two counter-current stages utilizing 0.30 mol/L Cyanex 921 at O/A ratio of 3/2 in 10 min. Stoichiometry of the complexes extracted was determined and confirmed by numerical treatment and graphical method, revealing the formation of HCdCl3 · 2L and HCdCl3 · 4L for Cyanex 921(L) concentration in the range 0.03-0.1 mol/L and 0.1-1.0 mol/L, respectively. The thermodynamic parameters for the extraction of cadmium were also determined. The stripping efficiency of cadmium from the loaded organic with 0.10 mol/L HCl was 99.6% in a three-stage counter-current process at an O/A ratio of 2/3. Cyanex 921 was successfully applied for the separation of Cd(II) from Ni(II) in the simulated leach liquor of spent Ni-Cd batteries. The study demonstrates the applicability of the present hydrometallurgical approach for the treatment of hazardous waste, the spent Ni-Cd batteries. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and biological activities of N4O2 Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Resayes, Saud I.; Shakir, Mohammad; Abbasi, Ambreen; Amin, Kr. Mohammad Yusuf; Lateef, Abdul

    The Schiff base ligand, bis(indoline-2-one)triethylenetetramine (L) obtained from condensation of triethylenetetramine and isatin was used to synthesize the complexes of type, [ML]Cl2 [M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)]. L was characterized on the basis of the results of elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR, mass spectroscopic studies. The stoichiometry, bonding and stereochemistries of complexes were ascertained on the basis of results of elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility values, molar conductance and various spectroscopic studies. EPR, UV-vis and magnetic moments revealed an octahedral geometry for complexes. L and its Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity. Analgesic activity of Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes was also tested in rats by tail flick method. Both complexes were found to possess good antibacterial and moderate analgesic activity.

  3. Two-dimensional Zn(II) and one-dimensional Co(II) coordination polymers based on benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate and pyridine ligands.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Li-Juan; Han, Chang-Bao; Wang, Yu-Ling

    2016-02-01

    Coordination polymers constructed from metal ions and organic ligands have attracted considerable attention owing to their diverse structural topologies and potential applications. Ligands containing carboxylate groups are among the most extensively studied because of their versatile coordination modes. Reactions of benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (H2BDC) and pyridine (py) with Zn(II) or Co(II) yielded two new coordination polymers, namely, poly[(μ4-benzene-1,4-dicarboxylato-κ(4)O:O':O'':O''')(pyridine-κN)zinc(II)], [Zn(C8H4O2)(C5H5N)]n, (I), and catena-poly[aqua(μ3-benzene-1,4-dicarboxylato-κ(3)O:O':O'')bis(pyridine-κN)cobalt(II)], [Co(C8H4O2)(C5H5N)2(H2O)]n, (II). In compound (I), the Zn(II) cation is five-coordinated by four carboxylate O atoms from four BDC(2-) ligands and one pyridine N atom in a distorted square-pyramidal coordination geometry. Four carboxylate groups bridge two Zn(II) ions to form centrosymmetric paddle-wheel-like Zn2(μ2-COO)4 units, which are linked by the benzene rings of the BDC(2-) ligands to generate a two-dimensional layered structure. The two-dimensional layer is extended into a three-dimensional supramolecular structure with the help of π-π stacking interactions between the aromatic rings. Compound (II) has a one-dimensional double-chain structure based on Co2(μ2-COO)2 units. The Co(II) cations are bridged by BDC(2-) ligands and are octahedrally coordinated by three carboxylate O atoms from three BDC(2-) ligands, one water O atom and two pyridine N atoms. Interchain O-H...O hydrogen-bonding interactions link these chains to form a three-dimensional supramolecular architecture.

  4. Diverse Zn(II) MOFs assembled from V-shaped asymmetric multicarboxylate and N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Run-Ping; Yang, Jin-Xia; Zhang, Xin; Zhang, Lei; Yao, Yuan-Gen

    2016-02-01

    By reacting an asymmetry semi-rigid V-shaped linker H3L (H3L = 3-(3-carboxyphenoxy) phthalic acid) and Zn(NO3)2·6H2O under different N-donor ligands in different solvents, four new Zn-based coordination polymers, [Zn(HL)(2,2‧-bpy)(H2O)]n(1), [Zn(HL)(4,4‧-bpy)]n·n(DMA) (2), [Zn3(L)2(phen)3(H2O)]n·n(H2O) (3) and [Zn(HL)(phen)(H2O)]2(4) (2,2‧-bpy = 2,2‧-bipyridine; 4,4‧-bpy = 4,4‧-bipyridine; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline; DMA = N,N-dimethylacetamide) have been obtained. All of these compounds have been clearly identified by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 exhibits one-dimensional (1D) chain structure constructed from uninuclear Zn(II) motif, which further extends into 2D supramolecular architecture via intermolecular π-π interactions and hydrogen bonds. Structural analysis reveals that the structure of 2 and 3 can be described as a 2D hcb topology network with the point symbol of {63}. Compound 4 shows a 0D binuclear motif while its 3D packing network has a large potential solvent voids. The results of this research demonstrate that the solvent and the secondary ligands could co-regulate different structural coordination polymers with interesting properties. In addition, the thermal stabilities and solid-state luminescence properties of compounds 1-4 have also been investigated.

  5. N,N-Diethylamine appended binuclear Zn(ii) complexes: highly selective and sensitive fluorescent chemosensors for picric acid.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Amit; Kumar, Ashish; Pandey, Daya Shankar

    2016-05-28

    Novel binuclear Zn(ii) complexes (1-2) derived from bis-chelating salen type ligands (H2L(1) and H2L(2)) possessing N,N-diethylamine moieties on the periphery of the molecules have been synthesized and thoroughly characterized by satisfactory elemental analyses and spectral (FT-IR, (1)H, (13)C NMR, UV-vis, fluorescence and ESI-MS) studies. The structures of H2L(1) and 1 have been authenticated by single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Complexes 1 and 2 strongly fluoresce and act as highly selective and sensitive chemosensors for picric acid in different organic as well as aqueous media. Both 1 and 2 showed strong potential to detect traces of PA in vapour/solid phase through contact mode analysis. Spectral and theoretical (DFT) studies suggested that the observed fluorescence quenching may be associated with ground state (GS) charge transfer as well as electrostatic interactions between 1/2 and PA. The fluorescence lifetime for the representative complex 1 displayed a double exponential curve and unaltered lifetime (τav, 0.63 nm) in the absence and presence of PA and strongly suggested that quenching follows a static mechanism. Further, DFT calculations on 1 and 2 strongly supported the static mechanism through GS charge transfer between complexes and PA. In addition, (1)H NMR spectral studies on 1-2 in the presence of PA firmly advocated strong hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking between the phenolic rings of 1-2 and the aromatic ring of PA. These complexes are capable of detecting PA either individually or in a competitive environment of other nitro- explosives. Florescence spectral studies on the model complex M lacking N,N-diethylamine groups revealed moderate selectivity and sensitivity towards PA and supported the key role of N,N-diethylamine moieties in the selectivity and sensitivity of complexes.

  6. Effect of molecular characteristics on cellular uptake, subcellular localization, and phototoxicity of Zn(II) N-alkylpyridylporphyrins.

    PubMed

    Ezzeddine, Rima; Al-Banaw, Anwar; Tovmasyan, Artak; Craik, James D; Batinic-Haberle, Ines; Benov, Ludmil T

    2013-12-20

    Tetra-cationic Zn(II) meso-tetrakis(N-alkylpyridinium-2 (or -3 or -4)-yl)porphyrins (ZnPs) with progressively increased lipophilicity were synthesized to investigate how the tri-dimensional shape and lipophilicity of the photosensitizer (PS) affect cellular uptake, subcellular distribution, and photodynamic efficacy. The effect of the tri-dimensional shape of the molecule was studied by shifting the N-alkyl substituent attached to the pyridyl nitrogen from ortho to meta and para positions. Progressive increase of lipophilicity from shorter hydrophilic (methyl) to longer amphiphilic (hexyl) alkyl chains increased the phototoxicity of the ZnP PSs. PS efficacy was also increased for all derivatives when the alkyl substituents were shifted from ortho to meta, and from meta to para positions. Both cellular uptake and subcellular distribution of the PSs were affected by the lipophilicity and the position of the alkyl chains on the periphery of the porphyrin ring. Whereas the hydrophilic ZnPs demonstrated mostly lysosomal distribution, the amphiphilic hexyl derivatives were associated with mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and plasma membrane. A comparison of hexyl isomers revealed that cellular uptake and partition into membranes followed the order para > meta > ortho. Varying the position and length of the alkyl substituents affects (i) the exposure of cationic charges for electrostatic interactions with anionic biomolecules and (ii) the lipophilicity of the molecule. The charge, lipophilicity, and the tri-dimensional shape of the PS are the major factors that determine cellular uptake, subcellular distribution, and as a consequence, the phototoxicity of the PSs.

  7. Effect of Molecular Characteristics on Cellular Uptake, Subcellular Localization, and Phototoxicity of Zn(II) N-Alkylpyridylporphyrins*

    PubMed Central

    Ezzeddine, Rima; Al-Banaw, Anwar; Tovmasyan, Artak; Craik, James D.; Batinic-Haberle, Ines; Benov, Ludmil T.

    2013-01-01

    Tetra-cationic Zn(II) meso-tetrakis(N-alkylpyridinium-2 (or -3 or -4)-yl)porphyrins (ZnPs) with progressively increased lipophilicity were synthesized to investigate how the tri-dimensional shape and lipophilicity of the photosensitizer (PS) affect cellular uptake, subcellular distribution, and photodynamic efficacy. The effect of the tri-dimensional shape of the molecule was studied by shifting the N-alkyl substituent attached to the pyridyl nitrogen from ortho to meta and para positions. Progressive increase of lipophilicity from shorter hydrophilic (methyl) to longer amphiphilic (hexyl) alkyl chains increased the phototoxicity of the ZnP PSs. PS efficacy was also increased for all derivatives when the alkyl substituents were shifted from ortho to meta, and from meta to para positions. Both cellular uptake and subcellular distribution of the PSs were affected by the lipophilicity and the position of the alkyl chains on the periphery of the porphyrin ring. Whereas the hydrophilic ZnPs demonstrated mostly lysosomal distribution, the amphiphilic hexyl derivatives were associated with mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and plasma membrane. A comparison of hexyl isomers revealed that cellular uptake and partition into membranes followed the order para > meta > ortho. Varying the position and length of the alkyl substituents affects (i) the exposure of cationic charges for electrostatic interactions with anionic biomolecules and (ii) the lipophilicity of the molecule. The charge, lipophilicity, and the tri-dimensional shape of the PS are the major factors that determine cellular uptake, subcellular distribution, and as a consequence, the phototoxicity of the PSs. PMID:24214973

  8. New heteroleptic Zn(II) complexes of thiosemicarbazone and diimine Co-Ligands: Structural analysis and their biological impacts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mathan Kumar, Shanmugaiah; Kesavan, Mookkandi Palsamy; Vinoth Kumar, Gujuluva Gangatharan; Sankarganesh, Murugesan; Chakkaravarthi, Ganesan; Rajagopal, Gurusamy; Rajesh, Jegathalaprathaban

    2018-02-01

    A thiosemicarbazone ligand HL appended new Zn(II) complexes [Zn(L)(bpy)] (1) and [Zn(L)(phen)] (2) (where, HL = {2-(3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide}, bpy = 2, 2‧-bipyridine and phen = 1, 10-phenanthroline) have been synthesized and well characterized using conventional spectroscopic techniques viz.,1H NMR, FTIR and UV-Vis spectra. The crystal structures of complexes 1 and 2 have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Both the complex 1 (τ = 0.5) and 2 (τ = 0.37) possesses square based pyramidally distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry. The ground state electronic structures of complexes 1 and 2 were investigated by DFT/B3LYP theoretical analysis using 6-311G (d,p) and LANL2DZ basis set level. The superior DNA binding ability of complex 2 has been evaluated using absorption and fluorescence spectral titration studies. Antimicrobial evaluation reveals that complex 2 endowed better screening than HL and complex 1 against both bacterial as well as fungal species. Consequently, complex 2 possesses highest antibacterial screening against Staphylococcus aureus (MIC = 3.0 ± 0.23 mM) and antifungal screening against Candida albicans (MIC = 6.0 ± 0.11 mM). Furthermore, the anticancer activity of the ligand HL, complexes 1 and 2 have been examined against the MCF-7 cell line (Human breast cancer cell line) using MTT assay. It is remarkable that complex 2 (12 ± 0.67 μM) show highest anticancer activity than HL (25.0 ± 0.91 μM) and complex 1 (15 ± 0.88 μM) due to the presence of phen ligand moiety.

  9. Effect of biofilm coatings at metal-oxide/water interfaces II: Competitive sorption between Pb(II) and Zn(II) at Shewanella oneidensis/metal-oxide/water interfaces

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, Yingge; Gelabert, Alexandre; Michel, F. Marc; ...

    2016-05-07

    Competitive sorption of Pb(II) and Zn(II) on Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 biofilm-coated single-crystal α-Al 2O 3 (1 –1 0 2) and α-Fe 2O 3 (0 0 0 1) surfaces was investigated using long-period X-ray standing wave-florescence yield (LP-XSW-FY) spectroscopy. In situ partitioning of aqueous Pb(II) and Zn(II) between the biofilms and underlying metal-oxide substrates was probed following exposure of these complex interfaces to equi-molar Pb and Zn solutions (0.01 M NaNO 3 as background electrolyte, pH = 6.0, and 3-h equilibration time). At higher Pb and Zn concentrations (≥10 –5 M), more than 99% of these ions partitioned into the biofilmsmore » at S. oneidensis/α-Al 2O 3 (1 –1 0 2)/water interfaces, which is consistent with the partitioning behavior of both Pb(II) or Zn(II) in single-metal-ion experiments. Furthermore, no apparent competitive effects were found in this system at these relatively high metal-ion concentrations. However, at lower equi-molar concentrations (≤10 –6 M), Pb(II) and Zn(II) partitioning in the same system changed significantly compared to the single-metal-ion systems. The presence of Zn(II) decreased Pb(II) partitioning onto α-Al 2O 3 (1 –1 0 2) substantially (~52% to ~13% at 10 –7 M, and ~23% to ~5% at 10–6 M), whereas the presence of Pb(II) caused more Zn(II) to partition onto α-Al 2O 3 (1 –1 0 2) surfaces (~15% to ~28% at 10 –7 M, and ~1% to ~7% at 10 –6 M) .The higher observed partitioning of Zn(II) (~28%) at the α-Al 2O 3 (1 –1 0 2) surfaces compared to Pb(II) (~13%) in the mixed-metal-ion systems at the lowest concentration (10 –7 M) suggests that Zn(II) is slightly favored over Pb(II) for sorption sites on α-Al 2O 3 (1 –1 0 2) surfaces under our experimental conditions.« less

  10. Hydrogen bonds directed 2D → 3D interdigitated Cd(II) compound: Synthesis, crystal structure and dual-emission luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Yuanyuan

    2017-06-01

    A new Cd(II) compound, namely [Cd2(btc)(phen)2Cl]n·n(H2O)·n(DMA) (1, H3btc = 1, 3, 5-benzenetricarboxylic acid, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, DMA = N,N'-dimethylacetamide) has been synthesized and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. This compound crystallizes in monoclinic P21/n space group with a = 13.5729(7) Å, b = 20.1049(7) Å, c = 13.9450(6) Å, β = 104.671(4)°, Z = 4. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that compound 1 features a 2D → 3D interdigitated framework directed by the intermolecular hydrogen bonds. In addition, the luminescent properties of compound 1 were also investigated in the solid state at room temperature.

  11. Synthesis, characterisation and catalytic activity of 4, 5-imidazoledicarboxylate ligated Co(II) and Cd(II) metal-organic coordination complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gangu, Kranthi Kumar; Maddila, Suresh; Mukkamala, Saratchandra Babu; Jonnalagadda, Sreekantha B.

    2017-09-01

    Two mono nuclear coordination complexes, namely, [Co(4,5-Imdc)2 (H2O)2] (1) and [Cd(4,5-Imdc)2(H2O)3]·H2O (2) were constructed using Co(II) and Cd(II) metal salts with 4,5-Imidazoledicarboxylic acid (4,5-Imdc) as organic ligand. Both 1, 2 were structurally characterized by single crystal XRD and the results reveal that 1 belongs to P21/n space group with unit cell parameters [a = 5.0514(3) Å, b = 22.5786(9) Å, c = 6.5377(3) Å, β = 111.5°] whereas, 2 belongs to P21/c space group with unit cell parameters [a = 6.9116(1) Å, b = 17.4579(2) Å, c = 13.8941(2) Å, β = 97.7°]. While Co(II) in 1 exhibited a six coordination geometry with 4,5-Imdc and water molecules, Cd(II) ion in 2 showed a seven coordination with the same ligand and solvent. In both 1 and 2, the hydrogen bond interactions with mononuclear unit generated 3D-supramolecular structures. Both complexes exhibit solid state fluorescent emission at room temperature. The efficacy of both the complexes as heterogeneous catalysts was examined in the green synthesis of six pyrano[2,3,c]pyrazole derivatives with ethanol as solvent via one-pot reaction between four components, a mixture of aromatic aldehyde, malononitrile, hydrazine hydrate and dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate. Both 1 and 2 have produced pyrano [2,3,c]pyrazoles in impressive yields (92-98%) at room temperature in short interval of times (<20 min), with no need for any chromatographic separations. With good stability, ease of preparation and recovery plus reusability up to six cycles, both 1 and 2 prove to be excellent environmental friendly catalysts for the value-added organic transformations using green principles.

  12. A Series of Zn(II) Terpyridine-Based Nitrate Complexes as Two-Photon Fluorescent Probe for Identifying Apoptotic and Living Cells via Subcellular Immigration.

    PubMed

    Liu, Dandan; Zhang, Mingzhu; Du, Wei; Hu, Lei; Li, Fei; Tian, Xiaohe; Wang, Aidong; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongping; Wu, Jieying; Tian, Yupeng

    2018-06-19

    Two-photon active probe to label apoptotic cells plays a significant role in biological systems. However, discrimination of live/apoptotic cells at subcellular level under microscopy remains unachieved. Here, three novel Zn(II) terpyridine-based nitrate complexes (C1-C3) containing different pull/push units were designed. The structures of the ligands and their corresponding Zn(II) complexes were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. On the basis of the comprehensive comparison, C3 had a suitable two-photon absorption cross section in the near-infrared wavelength and good biocompatibility. Under two-photon confocal microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, it is found that C3 could target mitochondria in living cells but immigrate into the nucleolus during the apoptotic process. This dual-functional probe (C3) not only offers a valuable image tool but also acts as an indicator for cell mortality at subcellular level in a real-time manner.

  13. A new photoactive Ru(II)tris(2,2'-bipyridine) templated Zn(II) benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate metal organic framework: structure and photophysical properties.

    PubMed

    Whittington, Christi L; Wojtas, Lukasz; Gao, Wen-Yang; Ma, Shengqian; Larsen, Randy W

    2015-03-28

    It has now been demonstrated that Ru(ii)tris(2,2'-bipyridine) (RuBpy) can be utilized to template the formation of new metal organic framework (MOF) materials containing crystallographically resolved RuBpy clusters with unique photophysical properties. Two such materials, RWLC-1 and RWLC-2, have now been reported from our laboratory and are composed of RuBpy encapsulated in MOFs composed of Zn(ii) ions and 1,3,5-tris(4-carboxyphenyl)benzene ligands (C. L. Whittington, L. Wojtas and R. W. Larsen, Inorg. Chem., 2014, 53, 160-166). Here, a third RuBpy templated photoactive MOF is described (RWLC-3) that is derived from the reaction between Zn(ii) ions and 1,4-dicarboxybenzene in the presence of RuBpy. Single Crystal X-ray diffraction studies determined the position of RuBpy cations within the crystal lattice. The RWLC-3 structure is described as a 2-fold interpenetrated pillared honeycomb network (bnb) containing crystallographically resolved RuBpy clusters. The two bnb networks are weakly interconnected. The encapsulated RuBpy exhibits two emission decay lifetimes (τ-fast = 120 ns, τ-slow = 453 ns) and a bathochromic shift in the steady state emission spectrum relative to RuBpy in ethanol.

  14. Reaction of Pb(II) and Zn(II) with Ethyl Linoleate To Form Structured Hybrid Inorganic–Organic Complexes: A Model for Degradation in Historic Paint Films

    SciT

    MacDonald, Margaret G.; Palmer, Michael R.; Suchomel, Matthew R.

    To investigate soap formation in drying oils in historic paints, the reaction between metal acetates (K +, Zn 2+, Pb 2+) and ethyl linoleate (EL) was studied using optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and electron microscopy. Pb(II) and Zn(II) react rapidly with EL to form highly structured, spherulitic, luminescent crystallites that aggregate. Evidence from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis and high-resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction indicates that these are organic-inorganic hybrid complexes or coordination polymers. FTIR absorbance peaks at ca. 1540 cm -1 for Pb(II) and ca. 1580 cm -1 for Zn(II) are consistentmore » with the formation of carboxylate complexes. The complexes formed offer insight into the degradation processes observed in oil paint films, suggesting that soap formation is rapid when metal ions are solubilized and can occur with unsaturated fatty acids that are present in fresh oils. Finally, these complexes may account for the atypical luminescence observed in lead-containing cured oil paint films.« less

  15. Reaction of Pb(II) and Zn(II) with Ethyl Linoleate To Form Structured Hybrid Inorganic–Organic Complexes: A Model for Degradation in Historic Paint Films

    SciT

    MacDonald, Margaret G.; Palmer, Michael R.; Suchomel, Matthew R.

    To investigate soap formation in drying oils in historic paints, the reaction between metal acetates (K +, Zn 2+, Pb 2+) and ethyl linoleate (EL) was studied using optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and electron microscopy. Pb(II) and Zn(II) react rapidly with EL to form highly structured, spherulitic, luminescent crystallites that aggregate. Evidence from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis and high-resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction indicates that these are organic–inorganic hybrid complexes or coordination polymers. FTIR absorbance peaks at ca. 1540 cm –1 for Pb(II) and ca. 1580 cm –1 for Zn(II) are consistentmore » with the formation of carboxylate complexes. The complexes formed offer insight into the degradation processes observed in oil paint films, suggesting that soap formation is rapid when metal ions are solubilized and can occur with unsaturated fatty acids that are present in fresh oils. These complexes may account for the atypical luminescence observed in lead-containing cured oil paint films.« less

  16. Reaction of Pb(II) and Zn(II) with Ethyl Linoleate To Form Structured Hybrid Inorganic–Organic Complexes: A Model for Degradation in Historic Paint Films

    DOE PAGES

    MacDonald, Margaret G.; Palmer, Michael R.; Suchomel, Matthew R.; ...

    2016-09-07

    To investigate soap formation in drying oils in historic paints, the reaction between metal acetates (K +, Zn 2+, Pb 2+) and ethyl linoleate (EL) was studied using optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and electron microscopy. Pb(II) and Zn(II) react rapidly with EL to form highly structured, spherulitic, luminescent crystallites that aggregate. Evidence from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis and high-resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction indicates that these are organic-inorganic hybrid complexes or coordination polymers. FTIR absorbance peaks at ca. 1540 cm -1 for Pb(II) and ca. 1580 cm -1 for Zn(II) are consistentmore » with the formation of carboxylate complexes. The complexes formed offer insight into the degradation processes observed in oil paint films, suggesting that soap formation is rapid when metal ions are solubilized and can occur with unsaturated fatty acids that are present in fresh oils. Finally, these complexes may account for the atypical luminescence observed in lead-containing cured oil paint films.« less

  17. Competitive adsorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) ions onto hydroxyapatite-biochar nanocomposite in aqueous solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yu-Ying; Liu, Yu-Xue; Lu, Hao-Hao; Yang, Rui-Qin; Yang, Sheng-Mao

    2018-05-01

    A hydroxyapatite-biochar nanocomposite (HAP-BC) was successfully fabricated and its physicochemical properties characterized. The analyses showed that HAP nanoparticles were successfully loaded on the biochar surface. The adsorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) by HAP-BC was systematically studied in single and ternary metal systems. The results demonstrated that pH affects the adsorption of heavy metals onto HAP-BC. Regarding the adsorption kinetics, the pseudo-second-order model showed the best fit for all three heavy metal ions on HAP-BC. In both single and ternary metal ion systems, the adsorption isotherm of Pb(II) by HAP-BC followed Langmuir model, while those of Cu(II) and Zn(II) fitted well with Freundlich model. The maximum adsorption capacity for each tested metal by HAP-BC was higher than that of pristine rice straw biochar (especially for Pb(II)) or those of other reported adsorbents. Therefore, HAP-BC could explore as a new material for future application in heavy metal removal.

  18. Facile synthesis of 2D Zn(II) coordination polymer and its crystal structure, selective removal of methylene blue and molecular simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sezer, Güneş Günay; Yeşilel, Okan Zafer; Şahin, Onur; Arslanoğlu, Hasan; Erucar, İlknur

    2017-09-01

    A new coordination polymer {[Zn(μ3-ppda)(H2O)(μ-bpa)Zn(μ-ppda)(μ-bpa)]·4H2O}n (1) (ppda = 1,4-phenylenediacetate, bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane) has been synthesized by microwave-assisted reaction and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, single-crystal and powder X-ray diffractions. The asymmetric unit of 1 consists of two Zn(II) ions, two bpa ligands, two ppda ligands, one coordinated and four non-coordinated water molecules. In 1, ppda2- anions are linked the adjacent Zn(II) centers to generate 1D double-stranded chains. These chains are connected into 2D sheets by the bridging bpa ligands. Atomically detailed modeling was performed to compute single and binary component adsorption isotherms of H2, CO2, CH4 and N2 in complex 1. Results showed that 1 exhibits a high adsorption selectivity towards CO2 due to its high affinity for CO2. Results of this study will be helpful to guide the microwave-assisted reaction of coordination polymers to design promising adsorbents for gas storage and gas separation applications. The luminescent property of 1 and the selective removal of dyes in 1 have been also discussed. Results showed that 1 can be a potential candidate for luminescence applications and can selectively adsorb methylene blue (MB) dye molecules.

  19. Time-Resolved Transient Optical Absorption Study of Bis(terpyridyl)oligothiophenes and Their Metallo-Supramolecular Polymers with Zn(II) Ion Couplers.

    PubMed

    Rais, David; Menšík, Miroslav; Štenclová-Bláhová, Pavla; Svoboda, Jan; Vohlídal, Jiří; Pfleger, Jiří

    2015-06-18

    α,ω-Bis(terpyridyl)oligothiophenes spontaneously assemble with Zn(II) ions giving conjugated constitutional dynamic polymers (dynamers) of the metallo-supramolecular class, which potentially might be utilized in optoelectronics. Their photophysical properties, which are of great importance in this field of application, are strongly influenced by the dynamic morphology. It was assessed in this study by using ultrafast pump-probe optical absorption spectroscopy. We identified and characterized relaxation processes running in photoexcited molecules of these oligomers and dynamers and show impacts of disturbed coplanarity of adjacent rings (twisting the thiophene-thiophene and thiophene-terpyridyl bonds by attached hexyl side groups) and Zn(II) ion couplers on these processes. Major effects are seen in the time constants of rotational relaxation, intersystem crossing, and de-excitation lifetimes. The photoexcited states formed on different repeating units within the same dynamer chain do not interact with each other even at very high excitation density. The method is presented that allows determining the equilibrium fraction of unbound oligothiophene species in a dynamer solution, from which otherwise hardly accessible values of the average degree of polymerization of constitutionally dynamic chains in solution can be estimated.

  20. Comparative absorption spectroscopy involving 4f-4f transitions to explore the kinetics of simultaneous coordination of uracil with Nd(III) and Zn(II) and its associated thermodynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Victory Devi, Ch.; Rajmuhon Singh, N.

    2011-10-01

    The interaction of uracil with Nd(III) has been explored in presence and absence of Zn(II) using the comparative absorption spectroscopy involving the 4f-4f transitions in different solvents. The complexation of uracil with Nd(III) is indicated by the change in intensity of 4f-4f bands expressing in terms of significant change in oscillator strength and Judd-Ofelt parameters. Intensification of this bands became more prominent in presence of Zn(II) suggesting the stimulative effect of Zn(II) towards the complexation of Nd(III) with uracil. Other spectral parameters namely Slator-Condon ( Fk's), nephelauxetic effect ( β), bonding ( b1/2) and percent covalency ( δ) parameters are computed to correlate their simultaneous binding of metal ions with uracil. The sensitivities of the observed 4f-4f transitions towards the minor coordination changes around Nd(III) has been used to monitor the simultaneous coordination of uracil with Nd(III) and Zn(II). The variation of intensities (oscillator strengths and Judd-Ofelt parameters) of 4f-4f bands during the complexation has helped in following the heterobimetallic complexation of uracil. Rate of complexation with respect to hypersensitive transition was evaluated. Energy of activation and thermodynamic parameters for the complexation reaction were also determined.

  1. Adsorption/reduction of Hg(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solutions by using bone ash/nZVI composite: effects of aging time, Fe loading quantity and co-existing ions.

    PubMed

    Gil, Antonio; Amiri, Mohammad Javad; Abedi-Koupai, Jahangir; Eslamian, Saeid

    2018-01-01

    In this research, a versatile and highly efficient method for the stabilization of nanoscale zerovalent iron particles (nZVI) on the surface of ostrich bone ash (OBA) was presented as a novel inorganic adsorbent (OBA/nZVI) for the removal of Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions, even after 1 year of storage under room conditions. The removal behavior of the OBA/nZVI was assessed as a function of the initial pH, contact time, initial pollutants concentration, temperature, amount of adsorbent, effect of competitive metal ions, and ionic strength. The synthesized adsorbent was characterized by several techniques including N 2 adsorption at - 196 °C, FT-IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and zeta potential. The results confirmed that the OBA is a good candidate as support of nZVI. The maxima adsorption capacity for Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions found from experimental results were 170 and 160 mg g -1 , when the loading quantities of Fe were 20%. The equilibrium sorption data obeyed a Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm type model. The kinetic data of the adsorption followed the mechanism of the pseudo-second-order model. The thermodynamic experiments indicated that the removal of metal ions were feasible, endothermic, and spontaneous. It can be found that fresh and aged OBA/nZVI maintained its usability even after five cycles in the order: fresh (OBA/nZVI)-Hg(II) > fresh (OBA/nZVI)-Pb(II) > aged (OBA/nZVI)-Hg(II) > aged (OBA/nZVI)-Pb(II), which indicate that OBA/nZVI can be regenerated as adsorbent. The existence of Fe in the OBA/nZVI was proved by SEM-EDX results and X-ray diffraction analysis also confirmed adsorption/reduction of some of the Hg(II) to Hg 0 and Pb(II) to Pb 0 .

  2. Characterization of Cu(II) and Cd(II) resistance mechanisms in Sphingobium sp. PHE-SPH and Ochrobactrum sp. PHE-OCH and their potential application in the bioremediation of heavy metal-phenanthrene co-contaminated sites.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chen; Lei, Wenrui; Lu, Min; Zhang, Jianan; Zhang, Zhou; Luo, Chunling; Chen, Yahua; Hong, Qing; Shen, Zhenguo

    2016-04-01

    Soil that is co-contaminated with heavy metals (HMs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is difficult to bioremediate due to the ability of toxic metals to inhibit PAH degradation by bacteria. We demonstrated the resistance mechanisms to Cu(II) and Cd(II) of two newly isolated strains of Sphingobium sp. PHE-SPH and Ochrobactrum sp. PHE-OCH and further tested their potential application in the bioremediation of HM-phenanthrene (PhA) co-contaminated sites. The PHE-SPH and PHE-OCH strains tolerated 4.63 and 4.34 mM Cu(II) and also showed tolerance to 0.48 and 1.52 mM Cd(II), respectively. Diverse resistance patterns were detected between the two strains. In PHE-OCH cells, the maximum accumulation of Cu(II) occurred in the cell wall, while the maximum accumulation was in the cytoplasm of PHE-SPH cells. This resulted in a sudden suppression of growth in PHE-OCH and a gradual inhibition in PHE-SPH as the concentration of Cu(II) increased. Organic acid production was markedly higher in PHE-OCH than in PHE-SPH, which may also have a role in the resistance mechanisms, and contributes to the higher Cd(II) tolerance of PHE-OCH. The factors involved in the absorption of Cu(II) or Cd(II) in PHE-SPH and PHE-OCH were identified as proteins and carbohydrates by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Furthermore, both strains showed the ability to efficiently degrade PhA and maintained this high degradation efficiency under HM stress. The high tolerance to HMs and the PhA degradation capacity make Sphingobium sp. PHE-SPH and Ochrobactrum sp. PHE-OCH excellent candidate organisms for the bioremediation of HM-PhA co-contaminated sites.

  3. Synthesis, characterisation and analytical application of Fe₃O₄@SiO₂@polyaminoquinoline magnetic nanocomposite for the extraction and pre-concentration of Cd(II) and Pb(II) in food samples.

    PubMed

    Manoochehri, Mahboobeh; Asgharinezhad, Ali Akbar; Shekari, Nafiseh

    2015-01-01

    This work describes a novel Fe₃O₄@SiO₂@polyaminoquinoline magnetic nanocomposite and its application in the pre-concentration of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions. The parameters affecting the pre-concentration procedure were optimised by a Box-Behnken design through response surface methodology. Three variables (extraction time, magnetic sorbent amount and pH) were selected as the main factors affecting the sorption step, while four variables (type, volume and concentration of the eluent, and elution time) were selected as main factors in the optimisation study of the elution step. Following the sorption and elution of analytes, the ions were quantified by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FASS). The limits of detection were 0.1 and 0.7 ng ml(-1) for Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions, respectively. All the relative standard deviations were less than 7.6%. The sorption capacities of this new sorbent were 57 mg g(-)(1) for Cd(II) and 73 mg g(-1) for Pb(II). Ultimately, this nanocomposite was successfully applied to the rapid extraction of trace quantities of these heavy metal ions from seafood and agricultural samples and satisfactory results were obtained.

  4. Solid Phase Extraction of Trace Al(III), Fe(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) Ions in Beverages on Functionalized Polymer Microspheres Prior to Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Determinations.

    PubMed

    Berber, Hale; Alpdogan, Güzin

    2017-01-01

    In this study, poly(glycidyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate-divinylbenzene) was synthesized in the form of microspheres, and then functionalized by 2-aminobenzothiazole ligand. The sorption properties of these functionalized microspheres were investigated for separation, preconcentration and determination of Al(III), Fe(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The optimum pH values for quantitative sorption were 2 - 4, 5 - 8, 6 - 8, 4 - 6, 2 - 6 and 2 - 3 for Al(III), Fe(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), respectively, and also the highest sorption capacity of the functionalized microspheres was found to be for Cu(II) with the value of 1.87 mmol g -1 . The detection limits (3σ; N = 6) obtained for the studied metals in the optimal conditions were observed in the range of 0.26 - 2.20 μg L -1 . The proposed method was successfully applied to different beverage samples for the determination of Al(III), Fe(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions, with the relative standard deviation of <3.7%.

  5. A two-dimensional bilayered Cd(II) coordination polymer with a three-dimensional supramolecular architecture incorporating 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethene and 2,2'-(diazenediyl)dibenzoic acid.

    PubMed

    Liu, Lei-Lei; Zhou, Yan; Li, Ping; Tian, Jiang-Ya

    2014-02-01

    In poly[[μ2-1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethene-κ(2)N:N'][μ2-2,2'-(diazenediyl)dibenzoato-κ(3)O,O':O'']cadmium(II)], [Cd(C14H8N2O4)(C12H10N2)]n, the asymmetric unit contains one Cd(II) cation, one 2,2'-(diazenediyl)dibenzoate anion (denoted L(2-)) and one 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethene ligand (denoted bpe). Each Cd(II) centre is six-coordinated by four O atoms of bridging/chelating carboxylate groups from three L(2-) ligands and by two N atoms from two bpe ligands, forming a distorted octahedron. The Cd(II) cations are bridged by L(2-) and bpe ligands to give a two-dimensional (4,4) layer. The layers are interlinked through bridging carboxylate O atoms from L(2-) ligands, generating a two-dimensional bilayered structure with a 3(6)4(13)6(2) topology. The bilayered structures are further extended to form a three-dimensional supramolecular architecture via a combination of hydrogen-bonding and aromatic stacking interactions.

  6. Synthesis, characterization, and application of novel Zn(II)-ionic imprinted polymer for preconcentration of Zn(II) ions from aqueous solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wirawan, T.; Supriyanto, G.; Soegianto, A.

    2018-04-01

    Preparation of a new Zn2+ ion-imprinted polymer (Zn-IIP) is presented in this report. The Zn-IIP are prepared by precipitation polymerization using 8-hydroxyquinoline (8HQ) as a ligand, methacrylic acid (MAA) as functional monomer, and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as a cross-linker has been prepared. The benzoyl peroxide and ethanol/acetonitrile (2:1) mixture were used as initiator and porogen, respectively. Precipitation polymerization was carried out by heating in a water bath at 60°C for 8 hours. After polymerization, cavities in the polymer particles corresponding to the Zn2+ ions were created by leaching the polymer with 2 mol L-1 HNO3. The polymer was washed with aquabidest and dried in an oven at the temperature of 60°C for 24 hours. The Zn-IIP was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometry (FT-IR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The synthesized Zn-IIP was used as a new adsorbent for solid phase extraction (SPE) of Zn(II) prior to Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS) determination. The experimental parameters for SPE, such as pH of the sample, loading rate, and elution volume, have been optimized. The effect of pH of the sample on the extraction of analyte was studied in batch mode. The effects of loading rate and elution volume on the extraction of analyte were studied in dynamic mode by loading of the sample through IIP-SPE cartridge containing 100 mg of the synthesized Zn-IIP. The imprinted polymer (Zn-IIP) have bands at 3433.06 cm-1 (O-H), 1508.23 cm-1 (C=N aromatics), 1284.5 cm-1 (C-N aromatics), 1056.9 cm-1 (C-O phenol), 1724.24 cm-1 (C=O), and 1639.38 cm-1 (conjugated C=O with C=C). The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images of IIP and IIP show that the IIP is seen to have more cavities than NIP. The optimum pH for quantitative Zn(II) retention was 5.5, and the elution was completed with 2 mL of 1.0 mol L-1 nitric acid. The optimum loading rate was 0.5 mL min-1. The recovery of Zn(II) from solution

  7. Determination of Tetracycline in Pharmaceutical Preparation by Molecular and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry and High Performance Liquid Chromatography via Complex Formation with Au(III) and Hg(II) Ions in Solutions

    PubMed Central

    Abdulghani, Ahlam Jameel; Jasim, Hadi Hassan; Hassan, Abbas Shebeeb

    2013-01-01

    UV-visible and atomic spectrophotometry and HPLC techniques were applied for the determination of tetracycline (TC) in pharmaceutical preparations via complexation of the drug with Au(III) and Hg(II) ions in solutions. The mole ratio of TC to metal ions was 1 : 1. Maximum peak absorption at λ 425 and 320 nm for the two ions, respectively, was optimized at heating temperature 75°C for 15 minutes at pH = 4 followed by the extraction with ethyl acetate. The percentage of extraction and stability constants for the two complexes was 95.247, 95.335% and 2.518 × 104, 1.162 × 105 M−1, respectively. HPLC method was applied without extraction process. The analytical data obtained from direct calibration curves of UV-visible absorption, FAAS, and HPLC for Au(III) complexes were recovery (100.78, 104.85, and 101.777%, resp.); detection limits (0.7403, 0.0997, and 2.647 μg/ml, resp.); linearity (5–70, 5–30, and 10–150 μg/ml, resp.), and correlation coefficient (0.9991, 0.9967, and 0.9986, resp.). The analytical data obtained from direct calibration curves for Hg(II) complexes by UV-visible spectrophotometry and HPLC were recovery (100.95 and 102.000%, resp.); detection limits (0.5867 and 2.532 μg/ml, resp.); linearity (5–70 and 10–150 μg/ml, resp.); and correlation coefficients (0.9989 and 0.9997, resp.). PMID:23853607

  8. Ligational behavior of clioquinol antifungal drug towards Ag(I), Hg(II), Cr(III) and Fe(III) metal ions: Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermal, morphological and antimicrobial studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Megharbel, Samy M.; Refat, Moamen S.

    2015-04-01

    This article presents a synthesis, characterization, theoretical and biological (anti-bacterial, and anti-fugal) evaluation studies of Ag(I), Hg(II), Cr(III) and Fe(III) complexes of clioquinol (CQ) drug ligand. Structures of the titled complexes cited herein were discussed using elemental analyses and spectral measurements e.g., IR, 1H NMR, and electronic studies. The results confirmed the formation of the clioquinol complexes by three molar ratios (1:1) for Ag(I), (1:2) for Hg(II) and (1:3) for both Cr(III) and Fe(III) metal ions. The clioquinol reacts as a bidentate chelate bound to all respected metal ions through the oxygen and nitrogen of quinoline-8-ol. The metal(II) ions coordinated to clioquinol ligand through deprotonation of sbnd OH terminal group. Infrared and 1H NMR spectral data confirm that coordination is via the oxygen of phenolic group and nitrogen atom of quinoline moiety. The molar conductance measurements of the CQ complexes in DMSO correspond to be non-electrolyte nature. Thus, these complexes may be formulated as [Ag(CQ)(H2O)2] H2O, [Hg(CQ)2]ṡ2H2O, [Cr(CQ)3] and [Fe(CQ)3]H2O. The Coats-Redfern method, the kinetic thermodynamic parameters like activation energies (E∗), entropies (ΔS∗), enthalpies (ΔH∗), and Gibbs free energies (ΔG∗) of the thermal decomposition reactions have been deduced from thermogravimetric curves (TG) with helpful of differential thermo gravimetric (DTG) curves. The narrow size distribution in nano-scale range for the clioquinol complexes have been discussed using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer (EDX) analyzer.

  9. Sonochemical synthesis and structural characterization of a new Zn(II) nanoplate metal-organic framework with removal efficiency of Sudan red and Congo red.

    PubMed

    Abdollahi, Nasrin; Masoomi, Mohammad Yaser; Morsali, Ali; Junk, Peter C; Wang, Jun

    2018-07-01

    A 3-D Zn(II) based metal-organic framework (MOF) of [Zn 4 (oba) 3 (DMF) 2 ] was synthesized using the nonlinear dicarboxylate ligand, 4,4'-oxybis(benzoic acid) (H 2 oba) via sonochemical and solvothermal routes. IR spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray crystallography, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction were used to characterize these MOF samples. The effect of different times of irradiation and various concentrations of primary reagents were experimented for obtaining monotonous morphology. The results show that uniform nanoplates can be achieved by increasing the time of irradiation and decreasing the concentration. N 2 adsorption was applied to examine the effect of synthesis method on porosity of the framework. Also Congo red and Sudan red dyes were employed to explore the efficiency of this MOF in removal of the dye pollutants. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Synthesis, spectral and third-order nonlinear optical properties of terpyridine Zn(II) complexes based on carbazole derivative with polyether group

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kong, Ming; Liu, Yanqiu; Wang, Hui; Luo, Junshan; Li, Dandan; Zhang, Shengyi; Li, Shengli; Wu, Jieying; Tian, Yupeng

    2015-01-01

    Four novel Zn(II) terpyridine complexes (ZnLCl2, ZnLBr2, ZnLI2, ZnL(SCN)2) based on carbazole derivative group were designed, synthesized and fully characterized. Their photophysical properties including absorption and one-photon excited fluorescence, two-photon absorption (TPA) and optical power limiting (OPL) were further investigated systematically and interpreted on the basis of theoretical calculations (TD-DFT). The influences of different solvents on the absorption and One-Photon Excited Fluorescence (OPEF) spectral behavior, quantum yields and the lifetime of the chromophores have been investigated in detail. The third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties were investigated by open/closed aperture Z-scan measurements using femtosecond pulse laser in the range from 680 to 1080 nm. These results revealed that ZnLCl2 and ZnLBr2 exhibited strong two-photon absorption and ZnLCl2 showed superior optical power limiting property.

  11. Employing linear tetranuclear [Zn4(COO)4(OH)2] clusters as building subunits to construct a new Zn(II) coordination polymer with tunable luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Wu-Wu; Zhang, Zun-Ting

    2016-02-01

    A new Zn(II) coordination polymer, [Zn2(btc) (biimpy) (OH)]n (1 H3btc = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid, biimpy = 2,6-bis(1-imdazoly)pyridine) has been successfully synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, powder single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Compound 1 features a 3D framework employing linear tetranuclear [Zn4(COO)4(OH)2] cluster as building subunits. Topological analysis reveals it represents a (3,10)-connected structural topology by viewing btc3-, linear tetranuclear clusters and biimpy as 3-connected nodes, 10-connected nodes, linear linkers, respectively. Moreover, the thermal stability and luminescent property of compound 1 have been well investigated.

  12. Synthesis, characterization, photoluminescence, and electrochemical studies of novel mononuclear Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with the 1-benzylimidazolium ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bibi, Sherino; Mohammad, Sharifah; Manan, Ninie Suhana Abdul; Ahmad, Jimmy; Kamboh, Muhammad Afzal; Khor, Sook Mei; Yamin, Bohari M.; Abdul Halim, Siti Nadiah

    2017-08-01

    Two new mononuclear coordination complexes [Cu(bim)4Cl2]ṡ2H2O (1) and [Zn(bim)2Cl2] (2) containing the 1-benzylimidazole (bim) ligand were successfully synthesized. Both complexes were characterized by IR, UV-vis, and fluorescence spectroscopies, single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction measurements, and thermogravimetric analysis. Self-assembly during the recrystallization process resulted in the formation of octahedral and tetrahedral Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes, respectively. The single crystals obtained are representative of the bulk material, as shown by the powder X-ray diffraction patterns. Cyclic voltammetry measurements showed that complex 1 undergoes a quasi-reversible redox reaction, while complex 2 undergoes reduction alone, and no oxidation peak was observed; this is due to the stability of the reduced form of complex 2.

  13. A solid phase extraction procedure for the determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in food and water samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Daşbaşı, Teslima; Saçmacı, Şerife; Ülgen, Ahmet; Kartal, Şenol

    2015-05-01

    A relatively rapid, accurate and precise solid phase extraction method is presented for the determination of cadmium(II) and lead(II) in various food and water samples. Quantitation is carried out by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The method is based on the retention of the trace metal ions on Dowex Marathon C, a strong acid cation exchange resin. Some important parameters affecting the analytical performance of the method such as pH, flow rate and volume of the sample solution; type, concentration, volume, flow rate of the eluent; and matrix effects on the retention of the metal ions were investigated. Common coexisting ions did not interfere on the separation and determination of the analytes. The detection limits (3 σb) for Cd(II) and Pb(II) were found as 0.13 and 0.18 μg L(-1), respectively, while the limit of quantification values (10 σb) were computed as 0.43 and 0.60 μg L(-1) for the same sequence of the analytes. The precision (as relative standard deviation was lower than 4% at 5 μg L(-1) Cd(II) and 10 μg L(-1) Pb(II) levels, and the preconcentration factor was found to be 250. The accuracy of the proposed procedure was verified by analysing the certified reference materials, SPS-WW2 Batch 108 wastewater level 2 and INCT-TL-1 tea leaves, with the satisfactory results. In addition, for the accuracy of the method the recovery studies (⩾ 95%) were carried out. The method was applied to the determination of the analytes in the various natural waters (lake water, tap water, waste water with boric acid, waste water with H2SO4) and food samples (pomegranate flower, organic pear, radish leaf, lamb meat, etc.), and good results were obtained. While the food samples almost do not contain cadmium, they have included lead at low levels of 0.13-1.12 μg g(-1). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Effect of biofilm coatings at metal-oxide/water interfaces I: Pb(II) and Zn(II) partitioning and speciation at Shewanella oneidensis/metal-oxide/water interfaces

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, Yingge; Gelabert, Alexandre; Michel, F. Marc; ...

    2016-05-30

    Microbial biofilms are often present as coatings on metal-oxide surfaces in natural and industrial environments and may induce significant changes in the partitioning behavior and speciation of aqueous metal ions, which in turn can impact their transport and fate. In this study, long-period X-ray standing wave-fluorescence yield (LP-XSW-FY) spectroscopy was used to measure under in situ conditions the partitioning of aqueous Pb(II) and Zn(II) between multilayer Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 biofilms and highly polished, oriented single-crystal surfaces of α-Al 2O 3 and α-Fe 2O 3 as a function of metal-ion concentration and time at pH 6.0. We show that after 3-hmore » exposure time, Pb(II) binds preferentially to the alpha-Al 2O 3 (1-102) and α-Fe 2O 3 (0001) surfaces at low Pb concentration ([Pb] = 10 –7 M) and then increasingly partitions into the biofilm coatings at higher concentrations (10 –6 to 10 –4 M). In contrast, Zn(II) partitions preferentially into the biofilm coating for both surfaces at all Zn concentrations studied (10 –7 to 10 –4 M). In comparison, the α-Al 2O 3 (0001) surface has a low affinity for both Pb(II) and Zn(II), and the biofilm coatings are the dominant sink for both ions. These findings suggest that in the presence of S. oneidensis biofilm coatings, α-Al 2O 3 (0001) is the least reactive surface for Pb(II) and Zn(II) compared to α-Al 2O 3 (1-102) and α-Fe 2O 3 (0001). They also show that Zn(II) has a lower affinity than Pb(II) for reactive sites on α-Al 2O 3 (1-102) and α-Fe 2O 3 (0001) at [Me(II)] of 10 –7 M; at 10 –5 M, the bulk of the metal ions partition into the biofilm coatings. At longer exposure times (20-24 h), both Pb(II) and Zn(II) increasingly partition to the metal-oxide surfaces at [Me(II)] = 10 –5 M and pH 6.0, indicating possible reaction/diffusion-controlled sorption processes. Pb L-III-edge and Zn K-edge grazing-incidence extended X-ray absorption fine structure (GI-EXAFS) measurements suggest

  15. Effect of biofilm coatings at metal-oxide/water interfaces I: Pb(II) and Zn(II) partitioning and speciation at Shewanella oneidensis/metal-oxide/water interfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yingge; Gélabert, Alexandre; Michel, F. Marc; Choi, Yongseong; Gescher, Johannes; Ona-Nguema, Georges; Eng, Peter J.; Bargar, John R.; Farges, Francois; Spormann, Alfred M.; Brown, Gordon E.

    2016-09-01

    Microbial biofilms are often present as coatings on metal-oxide surfaces in natural and industrial environments and may induce significant changes in the partitioning behavior and speciation of aqueous metal ions, which in turn can impact their transport and fate. In this study, long-period X-ray standing wave-fluorescence yield (LP-XSW-FY) spectroscopy was used to measure under in situ conditions the partitioning of aqueous Pb(II) and Zn(II) between multilayer Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 biofilms and highly polished, oriented single-crystal surfaces of α-Al2O3 and α-Fe2O3 as a function of metal-ion concentration and time at pH 6.0. We show that after 3-h exposure time, Pb(II) binds preferentially to the α-Al2O3 (1-102) and α-Fe2O3 (0 0 0 1) surfaces at low Pb concentration ([Pb] = 10-7 M) and then increasingly partitions into the biofilm coatings at higher concentrations (10-6 to 10-4 M). In contrast, Zn(II) partitions preferentially into the biofilm coating for both surfaces at all Zn concentrations studied (10-7 to 10-4 M). In comparison, the α-Al2O3 (0 0 0 1) surface has a low affinity for both Pb(II) and Zn(II), and the biofilm coatings are the dominant sink for both ions. These findings suggest that in the presence of S. oneidensis biofilm coatings, α-Al2O3 (0 0 0 1) is the least reactive surface for Pb(II) and Zn(II) compared to α-Al2O3 (1-102) and α-Fe2O3 (0 0 0 1). They also show that Zn(II) has a lower affinity than Pb(II) for reactive sites on α-Al2O3 (1-102) and α-Fe2O3 (0 0 0 1) at [Me(II)] of 10-7 M; at 10-5 M, the bulk of the metal ions partition into the biofilm coatings. At longer exposure times (20-24 h), both Pb(II) and Zn(II) increasingly partition to the metal-oxide surfaces at [Me(II)] = 10-5 M and pH 6.0, indicating possible reaction/diffusion-controlled sorption processes. Pb LIII-edge and Zn K-edge grazing-incidence extended X-ray absorption fine structure (GI-EXAFS) measurements suggest that both Pb(II) and Zn(II) ions may be

  16. Phenoxo bridged dinuclear Zn(II) Schiff base complex as new precursor for preparation zinc oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization, crystal structures and photoluminescence studies

    SciT

    Saeednia, S., E-mail: sami_saeednia@yahoo.com; Iranmanesh, P.; Ardakani, M. Hatefi

    Highlights: • A novel nano-scale Zn(II) complex was synthesized by solvothermal method. • Chemical structure of the nanostructures was characterized as well as bulk complex. • The photoluminescence property of the complex was investigated at room temperature. • The thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis were carried out. • Thermal decomposition of the nanostructures was prepared zinc oxide nanoparticles. - Abstract: Nanoparticles of a novel Zn(II) Schiff base complex, [Zn(HL)NO{sub 3}]{sub 2} (1), (H{sub 2}L = 2-[(2-hydroxy-propylimino) methyl] phenol), was synthesized by using solvothermal method. Shape, morphology and chemical structure of the synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM),more » X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectoscopy (FT-IR) and UV–vis spectroscopy. Structural determination of compound 1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The results were revealed that the zinc complex is a centrosymmetric dimer in which deprotonated phenolates bridge the two five-coordinate metal atoms and link the two halves of the dimer. The thermal stability of compound 1 was analyzed by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The effect of the initial substrates concentration and reaction time on size and morphology of compound 1 nanostructure was investigated as well. Furthermore, the luminescent properties of the complex 1 were examined. ZnO nanoparticles with diameter between 15 and 20 nm were simply synthesized by solid-state transformation of compound 1 at 700 °C.« less

  17. Complexation equilibria and coordination aspects of Zn(II) complexes contain 2-aminobenzamide and some bioactive amino acid mixed ligands: pH-metric, spectroscopic and thermodynamic studies.

    PubMed

    Dharmaraja, Jeyaprakash; Subbaraj, Paramasivam; Esakkidurai, Thirugnanasamy; Shobana, Sutha; Raji, Saravanan

    2014-01-01

    Mixed ligand complexation of 2-aminobenzamide (2AB) as ligand [L] with Zn(II) in the presence of some bio-relevant amino acid constituents like glycine (gly), L-alanine (ala), L-valine (val) and L-phenylalanine (phe) as ligand [B] have been investigated using pH-metric measurements with a combined pH electrode at different temperatures (300, 310, 320 and 330 ± 0.1 K) in 50% (v/v) ethanol-water mixture containing I = 0.15 M NaClO(4) as supporting electrolyte. Computer assisted analysis of the experimental titration data showed the presence of ZnLB and ZnLB2 species as mixed ligand complexes in addition to various binary species. In ZnLB/ZnLB(2) species, both primary and secondary ligands act as bidentate to form a stable six, five membered chelate ring. The calculated stabilization parameter Deltalog K, log X, log X' and % R.S. values clearly show the mixed ligand complexes have higher stabilities than their binary. Thermodynamic parameters DeltaG, DeltaH and DeltaS have been derived from the temperature dependence of the stability constants. The complexation behavior of ZnLB species has been studied by means of electronic spectra. The percentage distribution of various binary and mixed ligand species of each type of the complexes in solution depending on pH and the ratio of Zn(II) to 2-aminobenzamide/amino acid of the systems.

  18. An artificial guanine that binds cytidine through the cooperative interaction of metal coordination and hydrogen bonding.

    PubMed

    Mancin, Fabrizio; Chin, Jik

    2002-09-18

    Cd(II) complex of L binds selectively to cytidine in DMSO with an equilibrium constant of 117 M-1 (where LH is 2-aminomethyl-8-hydroxyquinoline). In contrast, the Zn(II) complex of L does not bind appreciably to any of the four nucleobases under the same condition used for the Cd(II) complex.

  19. Effective simultaneous removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions by a new magnetic zeolite prepared from stem sweep

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safinejad, A.; Goudarzi, N.; Arab Chamjangali, M.; Bagherian, G.

    2017-11-01

    In this work, we prepared a new magnetic zeolite (MZ), as a sorbent, from stem sweep and used for the removal of lead and cadmium ions from aqueous solutions. Then the effective parameters involved in the removal efficiency of the studied ions were investigated. The synthetic MZ was characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The best conditions for the preparation of MZ were found to be as follow: %Fe3O4 loaded  =  25, Si/Al  =  1.5, Na2O/SiO2  =  2.0, H2O/Na2O  =  75.0, crystallization time  =  20.0 h, and crystallization temperature  =  110 °C. The magnetic adsorbent was obtained by coating the zeolite with iron oxide nanoparticles. To study the sorption performance of the synthetic adsorbent, the single and binary systems including Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions were used. The effects of various parameters such as the solution pH, initial metal ion concentrations, amount of adsorbent, and contact time on the removal efficiency of the metal ions were studied. The results obtained showed that the adsorption isotherm data fitted well to the Langmuir isotherm, and that the adsorption kinetics of the metal ions in a binary system followed a pseudo-second order kinetic model.

  20. Adsorption of aqueous Cd(II) and Pb(II) on activated carbon nanopores prepared by chemical activation of doum palm shell.

    PubMed

    Gaya, Umar Ibrahim; Otene, Emmanuel; Abdullah, Abdul Halim

    2015-01-01

    Non-uniformly sized activated carbons were derived from doum palm shell, a new precursor, by carbonization in air and activation using KOH, NaOH and ZnCl2. The activated carbon fibres were characterised by X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption, scanning electron microscopy, particle size analysis and evaluated for Cd(II) and Pb(II) removal. The 40-50 nm size, less graphitic, mesoporous NaOH activated carbon yielded high adsorption efficiency, pointing largely to the influence surface area. The performance of the KOH based activated carbon was arguably explained for the first time in terms of crystallinity. The efficiencies of the mesoporous ZnCl2-formulated activated carbon diminished due to the presence of larger particles. Batch adsorption of divalent metals revealed dependence on adsorbent dose, agitation time, pH and adsorbate concentrations with high adsorption efficiencies at optimum operating parameters. The equilibrium profiles fitted Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms, and kinetics favoured pseudo-second order model. The study demonstrated the practicability of the removal of alarming levels of cadmium and lead ions from industrial effluents.

  1. Synthesis, crystal structure and spectroscopy of bioactive Cd(II) polymeric complex of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac sodium: Antiproliferative and biological activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tabrizi, Leila; Chiniforoshan, Hossein; McArdle, Patrick

    2015-02-01

    The interaction of Cd(II) with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac sodium (Dic) leads to the formation of the complex [Cd2(L)41.5(MeOH)2(H2O)]n(L = Dic), 1, which has been isolated and structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. Diclofenac sodium and its metal complex 1 have also been evaluated for antiproliferative activity in vitro against the cells of three human cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (breast cancer cell line), T24 (bladder cancer cell line), A-549 (non-small cell lung carcinoma), and a mouse fibroblast L-929 cell line. The results of cytotoxic activity in vitro expressed as IC50 values indicated the diclofenac sodium and cadmium chloride are non active or less active than the metal complex of diclofenac (1). Complex 1 was also found to be a more potent cytotoxic agent against T-24 and MCF-7 cancer cell lines than the prevalent benchmark metallodrug, cisplatin, under the same experimental conditions. The superoxide dismutase activity was measured by Fridovich test which showed that complex 1 shows a low value in comparison with Cu complexes. The binding properties of this complex to biomolecules, bovine or human serum albumin, are presented and evaluated. Antibacterial and growth inhibitory activity is also higher than that of the parent ligand compound.

  2. Syntheses and structural characterization of Co(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers with 1,4-bis(imidazolyl)butane ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lalegani, Arash; Khalaj, Mehdi; Sedaghat, Sajjad; Łyczko, Krzysztof; Lipkowski, Janusz

    2017-11-01

    Two new coordination polymers, {[Co(bib)3](PF6)2}n (1) and [Cd (bib) Cl2]n (2), were prepared at room temperature by the reaction of appropriate salts of cobalt (II) and cadmium (II) with the flexible linker ligands 1,4-bis(imidazolyl) butane (bib). The compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction. In the polymeric structure of 1, the Co(II) ion lies on an inversion centre and adopts the CoN6 octahedral geometry, while in the structure of 2, the Cd(II) ions adopt the CdN2Cl4 pseudo-octahedral geometry. In compound 1, six bib ligands are coordinated to one central cobalt (II) to form an open 3D 2-fold interpenetrating framework of the α-polonium (pcu) type topology, while in compound 2 two bib ligands are coordinated to one central cadmium (II) to form 2D network structure.

  3. Structural, spectroscopic and thermal characterization of 2-tert-butylaminomethylpyridine-6-carboxylic acid methylester and its Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and UO(2)(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Gehad G; El-Gamel, Nadia E A

    2005-04-01

    Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and UO(2)(II) complexes with the ligand 2-tert-butylaminomethylpyridine-6-carboxylic acid methylester (HL(2)) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, magnetic moment, thermal analysis and spectral data. 1:1 M:HL(2) complexes, with the general formula [M(HL(2))X(2)].nH(2)O (where M = Co(II) (X = Cl, n = 0), Ni(II) (X = Cl, n = 3), Cu(II) (grey colour, X = AcO, n = 1), Cu(II) (yellow colour, X = Cl, n = 0) and Zn(II) (X = Br, n = 0). In addition, the Fe(III) and UO(2)(II) complexes of the type 1:2 M:HL(2) and with the formulae [Fe(L(2))(2)]Cl and [UO(2)(HL(2))(2)](NO(3))(2) are prepared. From the IR data, it is seen that HL(2) ligand behaves as a terdentate ligand coordinated to the metal ions via the pyridyl N, carboxylate O and protonated NH group; except the Fe(III) complex, it coordinates via the deprotonated NH group. This is supported by the molar conductance data, which show that all the complexes are non-electrolytes, while the Fe(III) and UO(2)(II) complexes are 1:1 electrolytes. IR and H1-NMR spectral studies suggest a similar behaviour of the Zn(II) complex in solid and solution states. From the solid reflectance spectral data and magnetic moment measurements, the complexes have a trigonal bipyramidal (Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes) and octahedral (Fe(III), UO(2)(II) complexes) geometrical structures. The thermal behaviour of the complexes is studied and the different dynamic parameters are calculated applying Coats-Redfern equation.

  4. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, first order nonlinear optical properties and DFT calculations of novel Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with 1,3-diphenyl-4-phenylazo-5-pyrazolone ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel-Latif, Samir A.; Mohamed, Adel A.

    2018-02-01

    Novel Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) metal ions with 1,3-diphenyl-4-phenylazo-5-pyrazolone (L) have been prepared and characterized using different analytical and spectroscopic techniques. 1:1 Complexes of Mn(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) are distorted octahedral whereas Ni(II) complex is square planar and Cu(II) is distorted trigonal bipyramid. 1:2 Complexes of Mn(II), Co(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) are distorted trigonal bipyramid whereas Ni(II) complex is distorted tetrahedral. All complexes behave as non-ionic in dimethyl formamide (DMF). The electronic structure and nonlinear optical parameters (NLO) of the complexes were investigated theoretically at the B3LYP/GEN level of theory. Molecular stability and bond strengths have been investigated by applying natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. The geometries of the studied complexes are non-planner. DFT calculations have been also carried out to calculate the global properties; hardness (η), global softness (S) and electronegativity (χ). The calculated small energy gap between HOMO and LUMO energies shows that the charge transfer occurs within the complexes. The total static dipole moment (μtot), the mean polarizability (<α>), the anisotropy of the polarizability (Δα) and the mean first-order hyperpolarizability (<β>) were calculated and compared with urea as a reference material. The complexes show implying optical properties.

  5. Highly selective removal of Zn(II) ion from hot-dip galvanizing pickling waste with amino-functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nano-adsorbent.

    PubMed

    Bao, Shuangyou; Tang, Lihong; Li, Kai; Ning, Ping; Peng, Jinhui; Guo, Huibin; Zhu, Tingting; Liu, Ye

    2016-01-15

    Amino-functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nano-adsorbent was used as a novel sorbent to highly selective removal of Zn(II) ion from hot-dip galvanizing pickling waste in the presence of Fe(II). These hot-dip galvanizing pickling waste mainly contain ZnCl2 and FeCl2 in aqueous HCl media. The properties of this magnetic adsorbent were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectrometer (FT-IR) and BET surface area measurements. Various factors influencing the adsorption of Zn(II) ion such as initial concentration of metal ions, the amount of adsorbent, pH value of the solutions, the concentration of coexisting iron ion were investigated by batch experiments. The results indicated that the adsorption equilibrium data obeyed the Freundlich model with maximum adsorption capacities for Zn(II) to 169.5mg/g. The maximum adsorption occurred at pH 5±0.1 and Fe(II) interferences had no obvious influence. This work provides a potential and unique technique for zinc ion removal from hot-dip galvanizing pickling waste. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Hypothesis testing for the validation of the kinetic spectrophotometric methods for the determination of lansoprazole in bulk and drug formulations via Fe(III) and Zn(II) chelates.

    PubMed

    Rahman, Nafisur; Kashif, Mohammad

    2010-03-01

    Point and interval hypothesis tests performed to validate two simple and economical, kinetic spectrophotometric methods for the assay of lansoprazole are described. The methods are based on the formation of chelate complex of the drug with Fe(III) and Zn(II). The reaction is followed spectrophotometrically by measuring the rate of change of absorbance of coloured chelates of the drug with Fe(III) and Zn(II) at 445 and 510 nm, respectively. The stoichiometric ratio of lansoprazole to Fe(III) and Zn(II) complexes were found to be 1:1 and 2:1, respectively. The initial-rate and fixed-time methods are adopted for determination of drug concentrations. The calibration graphs are linear in the range 50-200 µg ml⁻¹ (initial-rate method), 20-180 µg ml⁻¹ (fixed-time method) for lansoprazole-Fe(III) complex and 120-300 (initial-rate method), and 90-210 µg ml⁻¹ (fixed-time method) for lansoprazole-Zn(II) complex. The inter-day and intra-day precision data showed good accuracy and precision of the proposed procedure for analysis of lansoprazole. The point and interval hypothesis tests indicate that the proposed procedures are not biased. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  7. Structural, spectral analysis and DNA studies of heterocyclic thiosemicarbazone ligand and its Cr(III), Fe(III), Co(II) Hg(II), and U(VI) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousef, T. A.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.; El Morshedy, R. M.

    2013-08-01

    The paper presents a combined experimental and computational study of novel Cr(III), Fe(III), Co(II), Hg(II) and U(VI) complexes of (E)-2-((3-hydroxynaphthalen-2-yl)methylene)-N-(pyridin-2-yl)hydrazinecarbothioamide (H2L). The ligand and its complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, spectral (IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR and 13C NMR), magnetic and thermal studies. IR spectra show that H2L is coordinated to the metal ions in a mononegative bi or tri manner. The structures are suggested to be octahedral for all complexes except Hg(II) complex is tetrahedral. Theoretical calculations have been performed to obtain IR spectra of ligand and its complexes using AM1, MM, Zindo/1, MM+ and PM3, methods. Satisfactory theoretical-experimental agreements were achieved by MM method for the ligand and PM3 for its complexes. DOS calculations carried out by MM (ADF) method for ligand Hg complex from which we concluded that the thiol form of the ligand is more active than thione form and this explains that the most complexation take place in that form. The calculated IR vibrations of the metal complexes, using the PM3 method was the nearest method for the experimental data, and it could be used for all complexes. Also, valuable information are obtained from calculation of molecular parameters for all compounds carried out by the previous methods of calculation (electronegativity of the coordination sites, net dipole moment of the metal complexes, values of heat of formation and binding energy) which approved that the complexes are more stable than ligand. The low value of ΔE could be expected to indicate H2L molecule has high inclination to bind with the metal ions. Furthermore, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different decomposition steps were calculated using the Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Finally, the biochemical studies showed that, complex 2, 4 have powerful and complete degradation effect on DNA. For the foremost majority of cases the

  8. Interactions of Zn(II) Ions with Humic Acids Isolated from Various Type of Soils. Effect of pH, Zn Concentrations and Humic Acids Chemical Properties.

    PubMed

    Boguta, Patrycja; Sokołowska, Zofia

    2016-01-01

    The main aim of this study was the analysis of the interaction between humic acids (HAs) from different soils and Zn(II) ions at wide concentration ranges and at two different pHs, 5 and 7, by using fluorescence and FTIR spectroscopy, as well as potentiometric measurements. The presence of a few areas of HAs structures responsible for Zn(II) complexing was revealed. Complexation at α-sites (low humified structures of low-molecular weight and aromatic polycondensation) and β-sites (weakly humified structures) was stronger at pH 7 than 5. This trend was not observed for γ-sites (structures with linearly-condensed aromatic rings, unsaturated bonds and large molecular weight). The amount of metal complexed at pH5 and 7 by α and γ-structures increased with a decrease in humification and aromaticity of HAs, contrary to β-areas where complexation increased with increasing content of carboxylic groups. The stability of complexes was higher at pH 7 and was the highest for γ-structures. At pH 5, stability decreased with C/N increase for α-areas and -COOH content increase for β-sites; stability increased with humification decrease for γ-structures. The stability of complexes at α and β-areas at pH 7 decreased with a drop in HAs humification. FTIR spectra at pH 5 revealed that the most-humified HAs tended to cause bidentate bridging coordination, while in the case of the least-humified HAs, Zn caused bidentate bridging coordination at low Zn additions and bidentate chelation at the highest Zn concentrations. Low Zn doses at pH 7 caused formation of unidentate complexes while higher Zn doses caused bidentate bridging. Such processes were noticed for HAs characterized by high oxidation degree and high oxygen functional group content; where these were low, HAs displayed bidentate bridging or even bidentate chelation. To summarize, the above studies have showed significant impact of Zn concentration, pH and some properties of HAs on complexation reactions of humic

  9. Interactions of Zn(II) Ions with Humic Acids Isolated from Various Type of Soils. Effect of pH, Zn Concentrations and Humic Acids Chemical Properties

    PubMed Central

    Boguta, Patrycja; Sokołowska, Zofia

    2016-01-01

    The main aim of this study was the analysis of the interaction between humic acids (HAs) from different soils and Zn(II) ions at wide concentration ranges and at two different pHs, 5 and 7, by using fluorescence and FTIR spectroscopy, as well as potentiometric measurements. The presence of a few areas of HAs structures responsible for Zn(II) complexing was revealed. Complexation at α-sites (low humified structures of low-molecular weight and aromatic polycondensation) and β-sites (weakly humified structures) was stronger at pH 7 than 5. This trend was not observed for γ-sites (structures with linearly-condensed aromatic rings, unsaturated bonds and large molecular weight). The amount of metal complexed at pH5 and 7 by α and γ-structures increased with a decrease in humification and aromaticity of HAs, contrary to β-areas where complexation increased with increasing content of carboxylic groups. The stability of complexes was higher at pH 7 and was the highest for γ-structures. At pH 5, stability decreased with C/N increase for α-areas and -COOH content increase for β-sites; stability increased with humification decrease for γ-structures. The stability of complexes at α and β-areas at pH 7 decreased with a drop in HAs humification. FTIR spectra at pH 5 revealed that the most-humified HAs tended to cause bidentate bridging coordination, while in the case of the least-humified HAs, Zn caused bidentate bridging coordination at low Zn additions and bidentate chelation at the highest Zn concentrations. Low Zn doses at pH 7 caused formation of unidentate complexes while higher Zn doses caused bidentate bridging. Such processes were noticed for HAs characterized by high oxidation degree and high oxygen functional group content; where these were low, HAs displayed bidentate bridging or even bidentate chelation. To summarize, the above studies have showed significant impact of Zn concentration, pH and some properties of HAs on complexation reactions of humic

  10. Synthesis, characterization, DFT calculations and biological studies of Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) complexes based on a tetradentate ONNO donor Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel-Rahman, Laila H.; Ismail, Nabawia M.; Ismael, Mohamed; Abu-Dief, Ahmed M.; Ahmed, Ebtehal Abdel-Hameed

    2017-04-01

    This study highlights synthesis and characterization of a tetradentate ONNO Schiff base ligand namely (1, 1‧- (pyridine-2, 3-dimethyliminomethyl) naphthalene-2, 2‧-diol) and hereafter denotes as "HNDAP″ and selected metal complexes including Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) as a central metal. HNDAP was synthesized from 1:2 M ratio condensation of 2, 3-diaminopyridine and 2- hydroxy-1-naphthaldhyde, respectively. The stoichiometric ratios of the prepared complexes were estimated using complementary techniques such as; elemental analyses (-C, H, N), FT-IR, magnetic measurements and molar conductivity. Furthermore, their physicochemical studies were carried out using thermal TGA, DTA and kinetic-thermodynamic studies along with DFT calculations. The results of elemental analyses showed that these complexes are present in a 1:1 metal-to- ligand molar ratio. Moreover, the magnetic susceptibilities values at room temperature revealed that Mn(II), Fe(II) and Co(II) complexes are paramagnetic in nature and have an octahedral (Oh) geometry. In contrast, Cd(II) is diamagnetic and stabilizes in square planar sites. The molar conductivity measurements indicated that all complexes are nonelectrolytes in dimethyl formamide. Spectral data suggested that the ligand is as tetradentate and coordinated with Co(II) ion through two phenolic OH and two azomethine nitrogen. However, for Mn(II), Fe(II) and Cd(II) complexes, the coordination occurred through two phenolic oxygen and two azomethine nitrogen with deprotonation of OH groups. The proposed chemical structures have been validated by quantum mechanics calculations. Antimicrobial activities of both the HNDAP Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes were tested against strains of Gram (-ve) E. coli and Gram (+ve) B. subtilis and S. aureus bacteria and C. albicans, A. flavus and T. rubrum fungi. All the prepared compounds showed good results of inhibition against the selected pathogenic microorganisms. The investigated

  11. Coligand-regulated assembly, fluorescence, and magnetic properties of Co(II) and Cd(II) complexes with a non-coplanar dicarboxylate

    SciT

    Xin, Ling-Yun; Liu, Guang-Zhen, E-mail: gzliuly@126.com; Ma, Lu-Fang

    A non-coplanar dicarboxylate ndca (H{sub 2}ndca=5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid), combining with various dipyridyl-typed tectons, constructs six Cd(II)/Co(II) coordination polymers under hydrothermal conditions, namely [Co(ndca)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), ([Co(ndca)(bpe)(H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (2), [Co(ndca)(bpa){sub 0.5}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (3), [Cd(ndca)(bpe)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (4), ([Cd(ndca)(bpa)(H{sub 2}O)]·0.5H{sub 2}O){sub n} (5), and ([Cd(ndca)(bpp) (H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (6) (bpe=1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethylene, bpa=1,2-bi(4-pyridyl)ethane, and bpp=1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane). All these compounds contain various metal(II)–carboxylate motifs, including carboxylate binuclear (2, 4, 5), carboxylate chain (1, 6) and carboxylate layer (3), which are further extended by dipyridyl-typed coligands to afford a vast diversity of the structures with 2D pyknotic layers (1, 6), 2D open layermore » (5), 2D→3D interpenetrated networks (2,4), and 3D pillared-layer framework (3), respectively. In addition, fluorescent spectra of Cd(II) complexes and magnetic properties of Co(II) complexes are also given. - Graphical abstract: Six various cadmium(II)/cobalt(II)–organic frameworks were constructed by 5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid and different bis(pyridine) rod-like tectons, and Cd (II) complexes exhibit blue–violet emissions, whereas Co (II) complexes show antiferromagnetic behaviours. Display Omitted.« less

  12. Diverse Cd(II) compounds based on N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid and N-donor ligands: Structures and photoluminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Ning; Guo, Wei-Ying; Song, Hui-Hua; Yu, Hai-Tao

    2016-01-01

    Five new Cd(II) coordination polymers with N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid (H2bzgluO) and different N-donor ligands, [Cd(bzgluO)(2,2‧-bipy)(H2O)]n (1), [Cd(bzgluO)(2,4‧-bipy)2(H2O)·3H2O]n (2), [Cd(bzgluO)(phen)·H2O]n (3), [Cd(bzgluO)(4,4‧-bipy)(H2O)]n (4), [Cd(bzgluO)(bpp)(H2O)·2H2O]n (5) were synthesized (2,2‧-bipy=2,2‧-bipyridine, 2,4‧-bipy=2,4‧-bipyridine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, 4,4‧-bipy=4,4‧-bipyridine, bpp=1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane). Compounds 1-2 exhibit a 1D single-chain structure. Compound 1 generates a 2D supramolecular structure via π-π stacking and hydrogen bonding, 3D architecture of compound 2 is formed by hydrogen bonding. Compound 3 features a 1D double-chain structure, which are linked by π-π interactions into a 2D supramolecular layer. Compounds 4-5 display a 2D network structure. Neighboring layers of 4 are extended into a 3D supramolecular architecture through hydrogen bonding. The structural diversity of these compounds is attributed to the effect of ancillary N-donor ligands and coordination modes of H2bzgluO. Luminescent properties of 1-5 were studied at room temperature. Circular dichroism of compounds 1, 2 and 5 were investigated.

  13. Synthesis, characterization and in vitro anticancer activity of 18-membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Sn(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kareem, Abdul; Zafar, Hina; Sherwani, Asif; Mohammad, Owais; Khan, Tahir Ali

    2014-10-01

    An effective series of 18 membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes of the type [MLX2], where X = Cl or NO3 have been synthesized by template condensation reaction of oxalyl dihydrazide with dibenzoylmethane and metal salt in 2:2:1 molar ratio. The formation of macrocyclic framework, stereochemistry and their overall geometry have been characterized by various physico-chemical studies viz., elemental analysis, electron spray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), I.R, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and TGA/DTA studies. These studies suggest formation of octahedral macrocyclic complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Sn(II). The molar conductance values suggest nonelectrolytic nature for all the complexes. Thermogravimatric analysis shows that all the complexes are stable up to 600 °C. All these complexes have been tested against different human cancer cell lines i.e. human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B), human cervical carcinoma (HeLa), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7) and normal cells (PBMC). The newly synthesized 18-membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes during in vitro anticancer evaluation, displayed moderate to good cytotoxicity on liver (Hep3B), cervical (HeLa) and breast (MCF7) cancer cell lines, respectively. The most effective anticancer cadmium complex (C34H28N10CdO10) was found to be active with IC50 values, 2.44 ± 1.500, 3.55 ± 1.600 and 4.82 ± 1.400 in micro-molar on liver, cervical and breast cancer cell lines, respectively.

  14. Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes of biopolymeric Schiff bases of salicylaldehydes and chitosan.

    PubMed

    de Araújo, Eliene Leandro; Barbosa, Hellen Franciane Gonçalves; Dockal, Edward Ralph; Cavalheiro, Éder Tadeu Gomes

    2017-02-01

    Schiff bases have been prepared from biopolymer chitosan and salicylaldehyde, 5-methoxysalicylaldehyde, and 5-nitrosalicylaldehyde. Ligands were synthesized in a 1:1.5mol ratio, and their Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes in a 1:1mol ratio (ligand:metal). Ligands were characterized by 1 H NMR and FTIR, resulting in degrees of substitution from 43.7 to 78.7%. Complexes were characterized using FTIR, electronic spectra, XPRD. The compounds were confirmed by the presence of an imine bond stretching in the 1630-1640cm -1 and νMetal-N and νMetal-O at <600cm -1 . Electronic spectra revealed that both Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes present a square plane geometry. The crystallinity values were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction. Thermal behavior of all compounds was evaluated by TGA/DTG and DTA curves with mass losses related to dehydration and decomposition, with characteristic events for ligand and complexes. Schiff base complexes presented lower thermal stability and crystallinity than the starting chitosan. Residues were the metallic oxides as confirmed by XPRD, whose amounts were used in the calculation of the percentage of complexed metal ions. Surface morphologies were analyzed with SEM-EDAX. Preliminary cytotoxicity tests were performed using MTT assay with HeLa cells. Despite the differences in solubility, the free bases presented relatively low toxicity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Dynamic adsorption of mixtures of Rhodamine B, Pb (II), Cu (II) and Zn(II) ions on composites chitosan-silica-polyethylene glycol membrane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahatmanti, F. W.; Rengga, W. D. P.; Kusumastuti, E.; Nuryono

    2018-04-01

    The adsorption of a solution mixture of Rhodamine B, Pb (II), Cu (II) and Zn(II) was studied using dynamic methods employing chitosan-silica-polyethylene glycol (Ch/Si/P) composite membrane as an adsorptive membrane. The composite Ch/Si/P membrane was prepared by mixing a chitosan-based membrane with silica isolated from rice husk ash (ASP) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a plasticizer. The resultant composite membrane was a stronger and more flexible membrane than the original chitosan-based membrane as indicated by the maximum percentage of elongation (20.5 %) and minimum Young’s Modulus (80.5 MPa). The composite membrane also showed increased mechanical and hydrophilic properties compared to the chitosan membranes. The membrane was used as adsorption membrane for Pb (II), Cu (II), Cd (II) ions and Rhodamine B dyes in a dynamic system where the permeation and selectivity were determined. The permeation of the components was observed to be in the following order: Rhodamine B > Cd (II) > Pb (II) > Cu (II) whereas the selectivity was shown to decrease the order of Cu (II) > Pb (II) > Cd (II) > Rhodamine B.

  16. Supramolecular complexes of Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) p-hydroxybenzoates with caffeine: Synthesis, spectral characterization and crystal structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taşdemir, Erdal; Özbek, Füreya Elif; Sertçelik, Mustafa; Hökelek, Tuncer; Çelik, Raziye Çatak; Necefoğlu, Hacali

    2016-09-01

    Three novel complexes Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) containing p-hydroxybenzoates and caffeine ligands were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and UV-vis Spectroscopy, molar conductivity and single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. The thermal properties of the synthesized complexes were investigated by TGA/DTA. The general formula of the complexes is [M(HOC6H4COO)2(H2O)4]·2(C8H10N4O2)·8H2O (where: M: Co, Ni and Zn). The IR studies showed that carboxylate groups of p-hydroxybenzoate ligands have monodentate coordination mode. The M2+ ions are octahedrally coordinated by two p-hydroxybenzoate ligands, four water molecules leading to an overall MO6 coordination environment. The medium-strength hydrogen bondings involving the uncoordinated caffeine ligands and water molecules, coordinated and uncoordinated water molecules and p-hydroxybenzoate ligands lead to three-dimensional supramolecular networks in the crystal structures.

  17. Syntheses, structures, photoluminescence of four dicarboxylate-controlled Zn(II) coordination complexes incorporating flexible 1-(4-pyridylmethyl)-benzimidazole ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Hong-Jun; Du, Ming-Yue; Wang, Dan-Feng; Sun, Cheng-Jie; Wang, Zhan-Hui; Huang, Rong-Bin; Zheng, Lan-Sun

    2013-09-01

    Four Zn(II) coordination complexes, namely {[Zn(pmbm)2(tpa)]·H2O}n (1), {[Zn(pmbm)(phda)]·2(H2O)}n (2), [Zn(pmbm)(aze)]n (3), {[Zn(pmbm)(1,4-ndc)]·2(CH3OH)}n (4) [pmbm = 1-(4-pyridylmethyl)-benzimidazole, H2tpa = terephthalic acid, H2phda = phenylenediacetic acid, H2aze = azelaic acid, 1,4-ndcH2 = 1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid] have been synthesized by solution phase ultrasonic reactions of Zn(AC)2·2H2O with pmbm and various dicarboxylates ligands under the ammoniacal condition. All the complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra and X-ray diffraction. Complexes 1 and 2 exhibit one-dimensional chains structure and complex 3 and 4 are two-dimensional sheets structure with (4,4) topology. Complexes 1-4 spanning from one-dimensional chains to two-dimensional sheets suggest that dicarboxylates play significant roles in the formation of such coordination architectures. The photoluminescences of the complexes were also investigated in the solid state at room temperature.

  18. Structural characterization of 1,8-naphthalimides and in vitro microbiological activity of their Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grabchev, Ivo; Yordanova, Stanislava; Bosch, Paula; Vasileva-Tonkova, Evgenia; Kukeva, Rositsa; Stoyanov, Stanimir; Stoyanova, Radostina

    2017-02-01

    Two new 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives (NI1 and NI2) have been synthesized and characterized. The photophysical properties of the new compounds have been investigated in organic solvents of different polarity. It has been shown that both compounds are solvent depended. Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of NI2 were obtained and characterized by IR-NMR, fluorescence and EPR spectroscopy. The influence of different metal cations on the fluorescence intensity has been investigated in acetonitrile solution. Antimicrobial composite PLA-metal complexes materials have been obtained for the first time. Microbiological activity of both metal complexes has been investigated in vitro against different Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and two yeasts. The various antimicrobial activities and the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of both complexes have been determined. The microbiological activity of composite materials PLA-metal complexes in thin polymeric film has also been investigated. The results suggest that the new metal complexes could find application in designing new antimicrobial preparations to control the spread of infections.

  19. Identification of InuR, a new Zn(II)2Cys6 transcriptional activator involved in the regulation of inulinolytic genes in Aspergillus niger.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Xiao-Lian; Roubos, Johannes A; van den Hondel, Cees A M J J; Ram, Arthur F J

    2008-01-01

    The expression of inulinolytic genes in Aspergillus niger is co-regulated and induced by inulin and sucrose. We have identified a positive acting transcription factor InuR, which is required for the induced expression of inulinolytic genes. InuR is a member of the fungal specific class of transcription factors of the Zn(II)2Cys6 type. Involvement of InuR in inulin and sucrose metabolism was suspected because of the clustering of inuR gene with sucB, which encodes an intracellular invertase with transfructosylation activity and a putative sugar transporter encoding gene (An15g00310). Deletion of the inuR gene resulted in a strain displaying a severe reduction in growth on inulin and sucrose medium. Northern analysis revealed that expression of inulinolytic and sucrolytic genes, e.g., inuE, inuA, sucA, as well as the putative sugar transporter gene (An15g00310) is dependent on InuR. Genome-wide expression analysis revealed, three additional putative sugar transporters encoding genes (An15g04060, An15g03940 and An17g01710), which were strongly induced by sucrose in an InuR dependent way. In silico analysis of the promoter sequences of strongly InuR regulated genes suggests that InuR might bind as dimer to two CGG triplets, which are separated by eight nucleotides.

  20. Studies on N-picolinoyl-N‧-benzothioylhydrazide and its Zn(II) complex: Synthesis, structure, antibacterial activity, thermal analysis and DFT calculation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kushawaha, S. K.; Dani, R. K.; Bharty, M. K.; Chaudhari, U. K.; Sharma, V. K.; Kharwar, R. N.; Singh, N. K.

    2014-04-01

    A new Zn(II) complex [Zn(pbth)2] (where Hpbth = N-picolinoyl-N‧-benzothioylhydrazide) has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-Visible and single crystal X-ray data. The distorted octahedral complex [Zn(pbth)2] crystallizes in monoclinic system with space group C2/c and is stabilized by various types of inter and intramolecular extended hydrogen bonding providing supramolecular framework. The optimized molecular geometry of N-picolinoyl-N‧-benzothioylhydrazide (Hpbth) and the zinc complex in the ground state have been calculated by using the DFT method using B3LYP functional with 6-311 G(d,p){C,H,N,O,S}/Lanl2DZ basis set. The results of the optimized molecular geometry are presented and compared with the experimental X-ray diffraction data. In addition, quantum chemical calculations of Hpbth and the complex, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), contour map and frontier molecular orbital analysis were performed. The solid state electrical conductivity and thermal behaviour (TGA) of the complex were investigated. The bioefficacy of the complex has been examined against the growth of bacteria in vitro to evaluate its anti-microbial potential.

  1. Ion-imprinted polymethacrylic microbeads as new sorbent for preconcentration and speciation of mercury.

    PubMed

    Dakova, Ivanka; Karadjova, Irina; Georgieva, Ventsislava; Georgiev, George

    2009-04-30

    Metal ion-imprinted polymer particles have been prepared by copolymerization of methacrylic acid as monomer, trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate as cross-linking agent and 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile as initiator, in the presence of Hg(II)-1-(2-thiazolylazo)-2-naphthol complex. The separation and preconcentration characteristics of the Hg-ion-imprinted microbeads for inorganic mercury have been investigated by batch procedure. The optimal pH value for the quantitative sorption is 7. The adsorbed inorganic mercury is easily eluted by 2 mL 4M HNO(3). The adsorption capacity of the newly synthesized Hg ion-imprinted microbeads is 32.0 micromol g(-1) for dry copolymer. The selectivity of the copolymer toward inorganic mercury (Hg(II)) ion is confirmed through the comparison of the competitive adsorptions of Cd(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), Zn(II)) and high values of the selectivity and distribution coefficients have been calculated. Experiments performed for selective determination of inorganic mercury in mineral and sea waters showed that the interfering matrix does not influence the extraction efficiency of Hg ion-imprinted microbeads. The detection limit for inorganic mercury is 0.006 microg L(-1) (3 sigma), determined by cold vapor atomic adsorption spectrometry. The relative standard deviation varied in the range 5-9 % at 0.02-1 microg L(-1) Hg levels. The new Hg-ion-imprinted microbeads have been tested and applied for the speciation of Hg in river and mineral waters: inorganic mercury has been determined selectively in nondigested sample, while total mercury e.g. sum of inorganic and methylmercury, has been determined in digested sample.

  2. Synthesis of some transition metal complexes with new heterocyclic thiazolyl azo dye and their uses as sensitizers in photo reactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    AL-Adilee, Khalid J.; Abass, Ahmed K.; Taher, Ali M.

    2016-03-01

    A new heterocyclic thiazolylazo dye ligand, 2- [bar2-(4, 5- dimethyl thiazolyl) azo ] -4-Ethoxy Phenol (DMeTAEP), (LH) was synthesized by the diazotization of 4.5-dimethyl thiazolylazonium chloride and coupling with 4- Ethoxy phenol in alkaline alcoholic solution under suitable optimized experimental conditions to yield a new azo dye ligand. The structure of ligand and its complexes was prepared from Co(III), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), Ag (I) and Au(III) ions. They confirmed by XRD, SEM, (TG-DTG) thermal analysis, 1H-NMR,UV-visb, mass and FT-IR spectroscopic methods, elemental analysis, atomic absorption, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductance. The mole ratio [M: L], it was also studied which was 1:1 for Ag (I) and Au (III) complexes and 1:2 The rest of the metal complexes. The isolated solid complexes are found to have the general formula [M (L)2 ] Cln.mH2O, where n = 1, m = 0 when M = Co (III) and n = 0, m = 1 when M = Ni (II), and Hg(II) while n = 0 and m = 0 when M = Cu (II), Zn (II), Cd (II) and ]ML (H2O)] of Ag(I) - complex but Au(III)-complex structural formula was [Au(L)Cl] Cl conductivity measurements for prepared complexes showed 1:1 electrolyte for Co(III(and Au(III) complexes and non - electrolyte the rest of complexes. The spectral and analytical data revealed that this ligand behaves as a tridentate chelating agent and coordination number of all metal ions were found to be six except for Ag (I) and Au (III) which was four. The activities of complexes were examined as sensitizers in the photocatalytic reaction of p-nitro aniline (PNA) which is used as a model of water pollutants.

  3. Exploiting differential electrochemical stripping behaviors of Fe3O4 nanocrystals toward heavy metal ions by crystal cutting.

    PubMed

    Yao, Xian-Zhi; Guo, Zheng; Yuan, Qing-Hong; Liu, Zhong-Gang; Liu, Jin-Huai; Huang, Xing-Jiu

    2014-08-13

    This study attempts to understand the intrinsic impact of different morphologies of nanocrystals on their electrochemical stripping behaviors toward heavy metal ions. Two differently shaped Fe3O4 nanocrystals, i.e., (100)-bound cubic and (111)-bound octahedral, have been synthesized for the experiments. Electrochemical results indicate that Fe3O4 nanocrystals with different shapes show different stripping behaviors toward heavy metal ions. Octahedral Fe3O4 nanocrystals show better electrochemical sensing performances toward the investigated heavy metal ions such as Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), and Hg(II), in comparison with cubic ones. Specifically, Pb(II) is found to have the best stripping performance on both the (100) and (111) facets. To clarify these phenomena, adsorption abilities of as-prepared Fe3O4 nanocrystals have been investigated toward heavy metal ions. Most importantly, combined with theoretical calculations, their different electrochemical stripping behaviors in view of facet effects have been further studied and enclosed at the level of molecular/atom. Finally, as a trial to find a disposable platform completely free from noble metals, the potential application of the Fe3O4 nanocrystals for electrochemical detection of As(III) in drinking water is demonstrated.

  4. Synthesis, spectroscopic and thermal studies of transition metal complexes derived from benzil and diethylenetriamine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khan, Sadaf; Nami, Shahab A. A.; Siddiqi, K. S.

    2007-10-01

    A macrocyclic ligand, bdta (where bdta = 3,6,9,12,15,18-hexaaza-1,2,10,11-tetraphenyl-2,9,11,18-tetraenecyclododecane) has been prepared by cyclocondensation of benzil with diethylenetriamine which efficiently encapsulates transition as well as pseudo-transition metal ions leading to the formation of M(bdta)Cl 2 type complexes [where M = Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II)]. The analytical, spectroscopic and magnetic moment data suggests an octahedral geometry for all the complexes. EPR spectra of Mn(II) and Cu(II) show considerable exchange interaction in the complex. They are non-conducting in DMSO. The TGA profile of the ligand and its complexes are identical and consists of two discreet stages. The voltammogram of Cu-complex exhibits a quasi-reversible one-electron transfer wave for Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple.

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopic and thermal studies of transition metal complexes derived from benzil and diethylenetriamine.

    PubMed

    Khan, Sadaf; Nami, Shahab A A; Siddiqi, K S

    2007-10-01

    A macrocyclic ligand, bdta (where bdta=3,6,9,12,15,18-hexaaza-1,2,10,11-tetraphenyl-2,9,11,18-tetraenecyclododecane) has been prepared by cyclocondensation of benzil with diethylenetriamine which efficiently encapsulates transition as well as pseudo-transition metal ions leading to the formation of M(bdta)Cl2 type complexes [where M=Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II)]. The analytical, spectroscopic and magnetic moment data suggests an octahedral geometry for all the complexes. EPR spectra of Mn(II) and Cu(II) show considerable exchange interaction in the complex. They are non-conducting in DMSO. The TGA profile of the ligand and its complexes are identical and consists of two discreet stages. The voltammogram of Cu-complex exhibits a quasi-reversible one-electron transfer wave for Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple.

  6. Synthesis of metal complexes involving Schiff base ligand with methylenedioxy moiety: spectral, thermal, XRD and antimicrobial studies.

    PubMed

    Sundararajan, M L; Jeyakumar, T; Anandakumaran, J; Karpanai Selvan, B

    2014-10-15

    Metal complexes of Zn(II), Cd(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Mn(II) Hg(II), and Ag(I) have been synthesized from Schiff base ligand, prepared by the condensation of 3,4-(methylenedioxy)aniline and 5-bromo salicylaldehyde. All the compounds have been characterized by using elemental analysis, molar conductance, FT-IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, mass spectra, powder XRD and thermal analysis (TG/DTA) technique. The elemental analysis suggests the stoichiometry to be 1:1 (metal:ligand). The FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and UV-Vis spectral data suggest that the ligand coordinate to the metal atom by imino nitrogen and phenolic oxygen as bidentate manner. Mass spectral data further support the molecular mass of the compounds and their structure. Powder XRD indicates the crystalline state and morphology of the ligand and its metal complexes. The thermal behaviors of the complexes prove the presence of lattice as well as coordinated water molecules in the complexes. Melting point supports the thermal stability of all the compounds. The in vitro antimicrobial effects of the synthesized compounds were tested against five bacterial and three fungal species by well diffusion method. Antioxidant activities have also been performed for all the compounds. Metal complexes show more biological activity than the Schiff base. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Synthesis and Spectral Characterization of Antifungal Sensitive Schiff Base Transition Metal Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Sakthivel, A.; Rajasekaran, K.

    2007-01-01

    New N2O2 donor type Schiff base has been designed and synthesized by condensing acetoacetanilido-4-aminoantipyrine with 2-aminobenzoic acid in ethanol. Solid metal complexes of the Schiff base with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), VO(IV), Hg(II) and Cd(II) metal ions were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, molar conduction, fast atom bombardment (FAB) mass, IR, UV-Vis, and 1H NMR spectral studies. The data show that the complexes have the composition of ML type. The UV-Vis. and magnetic susceptibility data of the complexes suggest a square-planar geometry around the central metal ion except VO(IV) complex which has square-pyramidal geometry. The in vitro antifungal activities of the compounds were tested against fungi such as Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizopus stolonifer, Candida albicans, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Trichoderma harizanum. All the metal complexes showed stronger antifungal activities than the free ligand. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the metal complexes were found in the range of 10~31 µg/ml. PMID:24015086

  8. Trace lead analysis based on carbon-screen-printed-electrodes modified via 4-carboxy-phenyl diazonium salt electroreduction.

    PubMed

    Bouden, Sarra; Chaussé, Annie; Dorbes, Stephane; El Tall, Omar; Bellakhal, Nizar; Dachraoui, Mohamed; Vautrin-Ul, Christine

    2013-03-15

    This paper describes the use of 4-carboxyphenyl-grafted screen-printed carbon electrodes (4-CP-SPEs) for trace lead analysis. These novel and simple use of electrodes were easily prepared by the electrochemical reduction of the corresponding diazonium salt. Pb detection was then performed by a three-steps method in order to avoid oxygen interference: (i) immersion of the grafted screen-printed electrode (SPE) in the sample and adsorption of Pb(II), (ii) reduction of adsorbed Pb(II) by chronoamperometry (CA), and (iii) oxidation of Pb by Anodic Square Wave Voltammetry (SWV). The reoxidation response was exploited for lead detection and quantification. In order to optimize the analytical responses, the influence of the adsorption medium pH and the adsorption time were investigated. Moreover, an interference study was carried out with Cu(II), Hg(II), Al(III), Mn(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and no major interference can be expected to quantify Pb(II). The described method provided a limit of detection and a limit of quantification of 1.2 × 10(-9)M and 4.1 × 10(-9)M, respectively. These performances indicate that the 4-CP-SPE could be considered as an efficient tool for environmental analysis. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Interaction of a dinuclear fluorescent Cd(II) complex of calix[4]arene conjugate with phosphates and its applicability in cell imaging.

    PubMed

    Sreenivasu Mummidivarapu, V V; Hinge, Vijaya Kumar; Rao, Chebrolu Pulla

    2015-01-21

    A triazole-linked hydroxyethylimino conjugate of calix[4]arene () and its cadmium complex have been synthesized and characterized, and their structures have been established. In the complex, both the Cd(2+) centers are bound by an N2O4 core, and one of it is a distorted octahedral, whereas the other is a trigonal anti-prism. The fluorescence intensity of the di-nuclear Cd(ii) complex is quenched only in the presence of phosphates and not with other anions studied owing to their binding affinities and the nature of the interaction of the phosphates with Cd(2+). These are evident even from their absorption spectra. Different phosphates exhibit changes in both their fluorescence as well as absorption spectra to varying extents, suggesting their differential interactions. Among the six phosphates, H2PO4(-) has higher fluorescence quenching even at low equivalents of this ion, whereas P2O7(4-) shows only 50% quenching even at 10 equivalents. The fluorescence quenching is considerable even at 20 ppb (0.2 μM) of H2PO4(-), whereas all other phosphates require a concentration of 50-580 ppb to exhibit the same effect on fluorescence spectra. Thus, the interaction of H2PO4(-) is more effective by ∼30 fold as compared to that of P2O7(4-). Fluorescence quenching by phosphate is due to the release of from its original cadmium complex via the formation of a ternary species followed by the capture of Cd(2+) by the phosphate, as delineated based on the combination of spectral techniques, such as absorption, emission, (1)H NMR and ESI MS. The relative interactive abilities of the six phosphates differ from each other. The removal of Cd(2+) is demonstrated to be reversible by the repeated addition of the phosphate followed by Cd(2+). The characteristics of the ternary species formed in each of these six phosphates have been computationally modeled using molecular mechanics. The computational study revealed that the coordination between cadmium and -CH2-CH2-OH breaks and new

  10. Combined EXAFS and DFT Structure Calculations Provide Structural Insights into the 1:1 Multi-Histidine Complexes of CuII, CuI and ZnII with the Tandem Octarepeats of the Mammalian Prion Protein

    PubMed Central

    Pushie, M. Jake; Nienaber, Kurt H.; McDonald, Alex; Millhauser, Glenn L.; George, Graham N.

    2014-01-01

    The metal coordinating properties of the prion protein (PrP) have been the subject of intense focus and debate since the first reports of copper interaction with PrP just before the turn of the century. The picture of metal coordination to PrP has been improved and refined over the past decade, and yet the structural details of the various metal coordination modes have not been fully elucidated in some cases. Herein we employ X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy as well as extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy to structurally characterize the dominant 1:1 coordination modes for CuII, CuI and ZnII with an N-terminal fragment of PrP. The PrP fragment constitutes four tandem repeats representative of the mammalian octarepeat domain, designated OR4, which is also the most studied PrP fragment for metal interactions, making our findings applicable to a large body of previous work. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations provide additional structural and thermodynamic data, and candidate structures are used to inform EXAFS data analysis. The optimized geometries from DFT calculations are used to identify potential coordination complexes for multi-histidine coordination of CuII, CuI and ZnII in an aqueous medium, modeled using 4-methylimidazole to represent the histidine side chain. Through a combination of in silico coordination chemistry as well as rigorous EXAFS curve fitting, using full multiple scattering on candidate structures from DFT calculations, we have characterized the predominant coordination modes for the 1:1 complexes of CuII, CuI and ZnII with the OR4 peptide at pH 7.4 at atomic resolution, which are best represented as a square planar [CuII(His)4]2+, digonal [CuI(His)2]+ and tetrahedral [ZnII(His)3(OH2)]2+, respectively. PMID:25042361

  11. Zn(II)- and Cu(II)-induced non-fibrillar aggregates of amyloid-beta (1-42) peptide are transformed to amyloid fibrils, both spontaneously and under the influence of metal chelators.

    PubMed

    Tõugu, Vello; Karafin, Ann; Zovo, Kairit; Chung, Roger S; Howells, Claire; West, Adrian K; Palumaa, Peep

    2009-09-01

    Aggregation of amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides is a central phenomenon in Alzheimer's disease. Zn(II) and Cu(II) have profound effects on Abeta aggregation; however, their impact on amyloidogenesis is unclear. Here we show that Zn(II) and Cu(II) inhibit Abeta(42) fibrillization and initiate formation of non-fibrillar Abeta(42) aggregates, and that the inhibitory effect of Zn(II) (IC(50) = 1.8 micromol/L) is three times stronger than that of Cu(II). Medium and high-affinity metal chelators including metallothioneins prevented metal-induced Abeta(42) aggregation. Moreover, their addition to preformed aggregates initiated fast Abeta(42) fibrillization. Upon prolonged incubation the metal-induced aggregates also transformed spontaneously into fibrils, that appear to represent the most stable state of Abeta(42). H13A and H14A mutations in Abeta(42) reduced the inhibitory effect of metal ions, whereas an H6A mutation had no significant impact. We suggest that metal binding by H13 and H14 prevents the formation of a cross-beta core structure within region 10-23 of the amyloid fibril. Cu(II)-Abeta(42) aggregates were neurotoxic to neurons in vitro only in the presence of ascorbate, whereas monomers and Zn(II)-Abeta(42) aggregates were non-toxic. Disturbed metal homeostasis in the vicinity of zinc-enriched neurons might pre-dispose formation of metal-induced Abeta aggregates, subsequent fibrillization of which can lead to amyloid formation. The molecular background underlying metal-chelating therapies for Alzheimer's disease is discussed in this light.

  12. Relationship between Ni(II) and Zn(II) Coordination and Nucleotide Binding by the Helicobacter pylori [NiFe]-Hydrogenase and Urease Maturation Factor HypB*

    PubMed Central

    Sydor, Andrew M.; Lebrette, Hugo; Ariyakumaran, Rishikesh; Cavazza, Christine; Zamble, Deborah B.

    2014-01-01

    The pathogen Helicobacter pylori requires two nickel-containing enzymes, urease and [NiFe]-hydrogenase, for efficient colonization of the human gastric mucosa. These enzymes possess complex metallocenters that are assembled by teams of proteins in multistep pathways. One essential accessory protein is the GTPase HypB, which is required for Ni(II) delivery to [NiFe]-hydrogenase and participates in urease maturation. Ni(II) or Zn(II) binding to a site embedded in the GTPase domain of HypB modulates the enzymatic activity, suggesting a mechanism of regulation. In this study, biochemical and structural analyses of H. pylori HypB (HpHypB) revealed an intricate link between nucleotide and metal binding. HpHypB nickel coordination, stoichiometry, and affinity were modulated by GTP and GDP, an effect not observed for zinc, and biochemical evidence suggests that His-107 coordination to nickel toggles on and off in a nucleotide-dependent manner. These results are consistent with the crystal structure of HpHypB loaded with Ni(II), GDP, and Pi, which reveals a nickel site distinct from that of zinc-loaded Methanocaldococcus jannaschii HypB as well as subtle changes to the protein structure. Furthermore, Cys-142, a metal ligand from the Switch II GTPase motif, was identified as a key component of the signal transduction between metal binding and the enzymatic activity. Finally, potassium accelerated the enzymatic activity of HpHypB but had no effect on the other biochemical properties of the protein. Altogether, this molecular level information about HpHypB provides insight into its cellular function and illuminates a possible mechanism of metal ion discrimination. PMID:24338018

  13. Heteroleptic complexes of Zn(II) based on 1-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-phenylthiosemicarbazide: Synthesis, structural characterization, theoretical studies and antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azarkish, Mohammad; Akbari, Alireza; Sedaghat, Tahereh; Simpson, Jim

    2017-04-01

    Four new ternary complexes, [ZnL (2,2‧-bipy)] (1), Zn2L2(4,4‧-bipy)] (2), [ZnL(Imd)]·H2O (3) and [ZnL3(MeImd)] (4), have been synthesized from the reaction of Zn(II) acetate with 1-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-phenylthiosemicarbazide (H2L) in the presence of a heterocyclic base, 2,2‧-bipyridine, 4,4‧-bipyridine, imidazole or 2-methylimidazole, as an auxiliary ligand. The complexes have been investigated by elemental analysis and FT-IR, UV-Vis and 1HNMR spectroscopy. These data show that the thiosemicarbazone acts as a tridentate dianionic ligand and coordinates via the thiol group, imine nitrogen, and phenolic oxygen. The coordination sphere was completed by the nitrogen atom(s) of the secondary ligand. The structure of 1 was also confirmed by X-ray crystallography and shown to be a five coordinate complex with coordination geometry between the square-pyramidal and trigonal-bipyramidal. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations including geometry optimization, vibrational frequencies and electronic absorptions have been performed for 1 with the B3LYP functional at the TZP(6-311G*) basis set using the Gaussian 03 or ADF 2009 packages. The optimization calculation showed that the crystallographically determined geometry parameters can be reproduced with that basis set. Experimental IR frequencies and calculated vibration frequencies also support each other. The in vitro antibacterial activities of the ligand and complexes have been evaluated against Gram-positive (B. subtilis and S. aureus) and Gram-negative (P. aeruginosa) bacteria and compared with the standard antibacterial drugs. The results reveal that all of the complexes show much better activity in comparison to the individual thiosemoicarbazone ligand (H2L), against all bacterial strains used, with complex 3 showing the most promising results.

  14. Al(III), Pd(II), and Zn(II) phthalocyanines for inactivation of dental pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans as planktonic and biofilm-cultures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kussovski, V.; Mantareva, V.; Angelov, I.; Avramov, L.; Popova, E.; Dimitrov, S.

    2012-06-01

    The Gram-negative, oral bacterium Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans has been implicated as the causative agent of several forms of periodontal disease in humans. The new periodontal disease treatments are emergence in order to prevent infection progression. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (a-PDT) can be a useful tool for this purpose. It involves the use of light of specific wavelength to activate a nontoxic photosensitizing agent in the presence of oxygen for eradication of target cells, and appears effective in photoinactivation of microorganisms. The phthalocyanine metal complexes of Pd(II)- (PdPcC) and Al(III)- (AlPc1) were evaluated as photodynamic sensitizers towards a dental pathogen A. actinomycetemcomitans in comparison to the known methylpyridyloxy-substituted Zn(II) phthalocyanine (ZnPcMe). The planktonic and biofilm-cultivated species of A. actinomycetemcomitans were treated. The photophysical results showed intensive and far-red absorbance with high tendency of aggregation for Pd(II)-phthalocyanine. The dark toxicities of both photosensitizers were negligible at concentrations used (< 0.5 log decrease of viable cells). The photodynamic response for planktonic cultured bacteria was full photoinactivation after a-PDT with ZnPcMe. In case of the newly studied complexes, the effect was lower for PdPcC (4 log) as well as for AlPc1 (1.5-2 log). As it is known the bacterial biofilms were more resistant to a-PDT, which was confirmed for A. actinomycetemcomitans biofilms with 3 log reductions of viable cells after treatment with ZnPcMe and approximately 1 log reduction of biofilms after PdPcC and AlPc1. The initial results suggest that a-PDT can be useful for effective inactivation of dental pathogen A. actinomycetemcomitans.

  15. Model studies of the Cu(B) site of cytochrome c oxidase utilizing a Zn(II) complex containing an imidazole-phenol cross-linked ligand.

    PubMed

    Pesavento, Russell P; Pratt, Derek A; Jeffers, Jerry; van der Donk, Wilfred A

    2006-07-21

    Cytochrome c oxidase, the enzyme complex responsible for the four-electron reduction of O2 to H2O, contains an unusual histidine-tyrosine cross-link in its bimetallic heme a3-CuB active site. We have synthesised an unhindered, tripodal chelating ligand, BPAIP, containing the unusual ortho-imidazole-phenol linkage, which mimics the coordination environment of the CuB center. The ligand was used to investigate the physicochemical (pKa, oxidation potential) and coordination properties of the imidazole-phenol linkage when bound to a dication. Zn(II) coordination lowers the pKa of the phenol by 0.6 log units, and increases the potential of the phenolate/phenoxyl radical couple by approximately 50 mV. These results are consistent with inductive withdrawal of electron density from the phenolic ring. Spectroscopic data and theoretical calculations (DFT) were used to establish that the cationic complex [Zn(BPAIP)Br]+ has an axially distorted trigonal bipyramidal structure, with three coordinating nitrogen ligands (two pyridine and one imidazole) occupying the equatorial plane and the bromide and the tertiary amine nitrogen of the tripod in the axial positions. Interestingly, the Zn-Namine bonding interaction is weak or absent in [Zn(BPAIP)Br]+ and the complex gains stability in basic solutions, as indicated by 1H NMR spectroscopy. These observations are supported by theoretical calculations (DFT), which suggest that the electron-donating capacity of the equatorial imidazole ligand can be varied by modulation of the protonation and/or redox state of the cross-linked phenol. Deprotonation of the phenol makes the equatorial imidazole a stronger sigma-donor, resulting in an increased Zn-Nimd interaction and thereby leading to distortion of the axial ligand axis toward a more tetrahedral geometry.

  16. Structural, physicochemical characterization, theoretical studies of carboxamides and their Cu(II), Zn(II) complexes having antibacterial activities against E. coli

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aktan, Ebru; Gündüzalp, Ayla Balaban; Özmen, Ümmühan Özdemir

    2017-01-01

    The carboxamides; N,N‧-bis(thiophene-2-carboxamido)-1,3-diaminopropanol (L1) and N,N‧-bis(furan-2-carboxamido)-1,3-diaminopropanol (L2) were synthesized and characterized using 1H NMR, 13C NMR, LC-MS and FT-IR spectrum. The molecular geometries of these molecules were optimized by DFT/B3LYP method with 6-311G(d,p) basis set in Gaussian 09 software. The geometrical parameters, frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) and molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) mapped surfaces were calculated by the same basis set. Dinuclear Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes having general formula as [MLCl]2Cl2.nH2O (in which M = Cu(II),Zn(II); n = 0,2) were also synthesized and characterized using LC-MS and FT-IR spectrum, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DTA curves), magnetic moments and molar conductivities. Coordination was found to be through carbonyl oxygen and two chlorine atoms as bridging in distorted tetrahedral geometry. The optimized structures, geometrical parameters, frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) and dipole moments of metal complexes were also obtained by DFT/B3LYP method with LanL2DZ basis set. Antibacterial activities of the compounds were screened against E. coli using microdilution method (MIC's in μg/mL). The activity results show that the corresponding compounds exhibit good to moderate antibacterial effects when compared with sulfamethoxazole and sulfisoxazole antibiotics as positive controls. Also, metal complexes have remarkable increase in their activities than parent ligands against E. coli which is mostly effected by [Cu(L2)Cl]2Cl2 complex as potential antibacterial agent.

  17. Relationship between Ni(II) and Zn(II) coordination and nucleotide binding by the Helicobacter pylori [NiFe]-hydrogenase and urease maturation factor HypB.

    PubMed

    Sydor, Andrew M; Lebrette, Hugo; Ariyakumaran, Rishikesh; Cavazza, Christine; Zamble, Deborah B

    2014-02-14

    The pathogen Helicobacter pylori requires two nickel-containing enzymes, urease and [NiFe]-hydrogenase, for efficient colonization of the human gastric mucosa. These enzymes possess complex metallocenters that are assembled by teams of proteins in multistep pathways. One essential accessory protein is the GTPase HypB, which is required for Ni(II) delivery to [NiFe]-hydrogenase and participates in urease maturation. Ni(II) or Zn(II) binding to a site embedded in the GTPase domain of HypB modulates the enzymatic activity, suggesting a mechanism of regulation. In this study, biochemical and structural analyses of H. pylori HypB (HpHypB) revealed an intricate link between nucleotide and metal binding. HpHypB nickel coordination, stoichiometry, and affinity were modulated by GTP and GDP, an effect not observed for zinc, and biochemical evidence suggests that His-107 coordination to nickel toggles on and off in a nucleotide-dependent manner. These results are consistent with the crystal structure of HpHypB loaded with Ni(II), GDP, and Pi, which reveals a nickel site distinct from that of zinc-loaded Methanocaldococcus jannaschii HypB as well as subtle changes to the protein structure. Furthermore, Cys-142, a metal ligand from the Switch II GTPase motif, was identified as a key component of the signal transduction between metal binding and the enzymatic activity. Finally, potassium accelerated the enzymatic activity of HpHypB but had no effect on the other biochemical properties of the protein. Altogether, this molecular level information about HpHypB provides insight into its cellular function and illuminates a possible mechanism of metal ion discrimination.

  18. Interaction with biomacromolecules and antiproliferative activities of Mn(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) complexes of demethylcantharate and 2,2'-bipyridine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Fan; Lin, Qiu-Yue; Hu, Wan-Li; Song, Wen-Ji; Shen, Shu-Ting; Gui, Pan

    2013-06-01

    Three new transition metal complexes [Mn2(DCA)2(bipy)2]·5H2O (1), [M2(DCA)2(bipy)2(H2O)]·10H2O(M = Ni(II)(2);Zn(II)(3)), (DCA = demethylcantharate, 7-oxabicyclo[2,2,1]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylate, C8H8O5) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, infrared spectra and X-ray diffraction techniques. Each metal ion was six-coordinated in complexes. Complex 1 has a Mn2O2 center. Complexes 2 and 3 have asymmetric binuclear structure. Great amount of intermolecular hydrogen-bonding and π-π* stacking interactions were formed in these complex structures. The DNA-binding properties of complexes were investigated by electronic absorption spectra and viscosity measurements. The DNA binding constants Kb/(L mol-1) were 1.71 × 104 (1), 2.62 × 104 (2) and 1.59 × 104 (3) at 298 K. The complexes could quench the intrinsic fluorescence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) strongly through static quenching. The protein binding constants Ka/(L mol-1) were 7.27 × 104 (1), 4.55 × 104 (2) and 7.87 × 104 L mol-1 (3) and binding site was one. The complexes bind more tightly with DNA and BSA than with ligands. Complexes 1 and 3 had stronger inhibition ratios than Na2(DCA) against human hepatoma cells (SMMC-7721) lines and human gastric cancer cells (MGC80-3) lines in vitro. Complex 3 showed the strongest antiproliferative activity against SMMC-7721 (IC50 = 29.46 ± 2.12 μmol L-1) and MGC80-3 (IC50 = 27.02 ± 2.38 μmol L-1), which shows potential in anti-cancer drug development.

  19. Zwitterion-functionalized polymer microspheres as a sorbent for solid phase extraction of trace levels of V(V), Cr(III), As(III), Sn(IV), Sb(III) and Hg(II) prior to their determination by ICP-MS.

    PubMed

    Jia, Xiaoyu; Gong, Dirong; Zhao, Junyi; Ren, Hongyun; Wang, Jiani; Zhang, Xian

    2018-03-19

    This paper describes the preparation of zwitterion-functionalized polymer microspheres (ZPMs) and their application to simultaneous enrichment of V(V), Cr(III), As(III), Sn(IV), Sb(III) and Hg(II) from environmental water samples. The ZPMs were prepared by emulsion copolymerization of ethyl methacrylate, 2-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate and triethylene glycol dimethyl acrylate followed by modification with 1,3-propanesultone. The components were analyzed by elemental analyses as well as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and the structures were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The ZPMs were packed into a mini-column for on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) of the above metal ions. Following extraction with 40 mM NH 4 NO 3 and 0.5 M HNO 3 solution, the ions were quantified by ICP-MS. Under the optimized conditions, the enrichment factors (from a 40 mL sample) are up to 60 for the ions V(V), As(III), Sb(III) and Hg(II), and 55 for Cr(III) and Sn(IV). The detection limits are 1.2, 3.4, 1.0, 3.7, 2.1 and 1.6 ng L -1 for V(V), Cr(III), As(III), Sn(IV), Sb(III) and Hg(II), respectively, and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) are below 5.2%. The feasibility and accuracy of the method were validated by successfully analyzing six certified reference materials as well as lake, well and river waters. Graphical abstract Zwitterion-functionalized polymer microspheres (ZPMs) were prepared and packed into a mini-column for on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) via pump 1. Then V(V), Cr(III), As(III), Sn(IV), Sb(III) and Hg(II) ions in environmental waters were eluted and submitted to ICP-MS via pump 2.

  20. Structure and spectroscopic investigations of a bi-dentate N‧-[(4-ethylphenyl)methylidene]-4-hydroxybenzohydrazide and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) complexes: Insights relevant to biological properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gopal Reddy, N. B.; Krishna, P. Murali; Shantha Kumar, S. S.; Patil, Yogesh P.; Nethaji, Munirathinam

    2017-06-01

    The present paper describes the synthesis of novel ligand, N‧-[(4-ethylphenyl)methylidene]-4-hydroxy benzohydrazide (HL) and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) complexes. The ligand (HL) crystallizes in orthorhombic lattice in P212121 space group with a = 7.9941 (7) Å, b = 11.6154 (10) Å, c = 15.2278 (13) Å, α = β = γ = 90°. Spectroscopic data gives the strong evidence that ligand is coordinated through azomethine nitrogen and enolic oxygen with metal ion. The DNA binding studies revealed that the complexes bind to CT-DNA via intercalation/electrostatic interaction. All the targeted compounds showed more pronounced DNA cleavage activity in the presence of H2O2 and also inhibit the growth of in vitro antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

  1. SP70-alpha-benzoin oxime chelating resin for preconcentration-separation of Pb(II), Cd(II), Co(II) and Cr(III) in environmental samples.

    PubMed

    Narin, Ibrahim; Surme, Yavuz; Bercin, Erdogan; Soylak, Mustafa

    2007-06-25

    In the presented work, alpha-benzoin oxime immobilized SP70 chelating resin was synthesized for separation and preconcentration of Pb(II), Cd(II), Co(II) and Cr(III). The optimization procedure for analytical parameters including pH, eluent type, flow rate, etc. was examined in order to gain quantitative recoveries of analyte ions. The effects of foreign ions on the recoveries of studied metal ions were also investigated. The detection limits (3sigma) were found to be 16.0, 4.2, 1.3, 2.4microgL(-1) for Pb, Cd, Co and Cr, respectively. The preconcentration factor was 75 for Pb, 100 for Cd, Co and Cr. The optimized method was validated with certified reference materials and successfully applied to the waters, crops and pharmaceutical samples with good results (recoveries greater than 95%, R.S.D. lower than 10%).

  2. Comparison of energy interaction parameters for the complexation of Pr(III) with glutathione reduced (GSH) in absence and presence of Zn(II) in aqueous and aquated organic solvents using 4f?4f transition spectra as PROBE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Th. David; Sumitra, Ch.; Yaiphaba, N.; Devi, H. Debecca; Devi, M. Indira; Singh, N. Rajmuhon

    2005-04-01

    The coordination chemistry of glutathione reduced (GSH) is of great importance as it acts as excellent model system for the binding of metal ions. The GSH complexation with metal ions is involved in the toxicology of different metal ions. Its coordination behaviour for soft metal ions and hard metal ions is found different because of the structure of GSH and its different potential binding sites. In our work we have studied two chemically dissimilar metal ions viz. Pr(III), which prefer hard donor site like carboxylic groups and Zn(II) the soft metal ion which prefer peptide-NH and sulphydryl groups. The absorption difference and comparative absorption spectroscopy involving 4f-4f transitions of the heterobimetallic Complexation of GSH with Pr(III) and Zn(II) has been explored in aqueous and aquated organic solvents. The variation in the energy parameters like Slater-Condon ( F K), Racah ( E K) and Lande ( ξ4f), Nephelauxetic parameter ( β) and bonding parameter ( b1/2) are computed to explain the nature of complexation.

  3. Mixed ligand two dimensional Cd(ii)/Ni(ii) metal organic frameworks containing dicarboxylate and tripodal N-donor ligands: Cd(ii) MOF is an efficient luminescent sensor for detection of picric acid in aqueous media.

    PubMed

    Rachuri, Yadagiri; Parmar, Bhavesh; Bisht, Kamal Kumar; Suresh, Eringathodi

    2016-05-04

    Two dimensional metal organic frameworks (MOFs) [Cd(5-BrIP)(TIB)]n () and [Ni2(5-BrIP)2(TIB)2]n (), involving the aromatic polycarboxylate ligand 5-bromo isophthalic acid (H2BrIP), flexible tripodal ligand 1,3,5-tris(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (TIB) and Cd(ii)/Ni(ii) metal nodes have been synthesized by different methods. These compounds were characterized by various analytical methods, and variable temperature X-ray diffraction data showed thermal stability of both MOFs up to 350 °C. Phase purity as well as water stability of the MOFs were established by powder X-ray diffraction, and the structural diversity of the compounds were investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Both the MOFs are mixed ligand 2D nets, and the topology of the network can be described as a binodal 3,5-c connected net with 3,5L2 topology having the point symbol {4(2)·6(7)·8}{4(2)·6}. Sensing of picric acid [2,4,6-trinitrophenol, TNP] by luminescence quenching among a large range of nitroanalytes in aqueous phase by the Cd(ii) luminescent MOF (LMOF) were been investigated. Structural studies on 1 : 1 co-crystals () of TIB and TNP were carried out. The selective and sensitive fluorescence quenching response of towards electron-deficient TNP over other nitro analytes in aqueous phase was demonstrated by fluorescence quenching titration. Concomitant occurrence of electron transfer/energy transfer processes and electrostatic interaction favours the selective sensing of TNP. A Cd(ii) LMOF ()-coated paper strip that we developed demonstrated fast and selective response to TNP, by the complete quenching of the blue fluorescence upon excitation of the paper strip at 365 nm radiation in its presence.

  4. Crystal structure, complexation, spectroscopic characterization and antimicrobial evaluation of 3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene isonicotinyl-hydrazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeragh, Bakir; Ali, Mayada S.; El-Asmy, Ahmed A.

    2015-06-01

    A single crystal of 3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene isonicotinylhydrazone, HBINH, has been grown and solved by X-ray crystallography. The VO2+, Zr4+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Hg2+ and Pd2+ complexes of HBINH have been prepared and spectroscopically characterized. The data confirmed the formulae [Co(HBINH)(H2O)Cl]Cl·H2O, [Pd(HBINH)Cl2], [Zn(HBINH)2Cl2], [Cd(HBINH)(H2O)2Cl2]·1½H2O, [(VO)2(HBINH-3H)(OH)(H2O)], [Ni2(HBINH)(H2O)6Cl2]Cl2, [Cu2(HBINH-3H)(H2O)2(OAc)]·3H2O, [Zr2(HBINH-3H)Cl4]Cl, [Hg2(HBINH)Cl4] and the dimer {[Cu(HBINH)Cl]Cl}2. Most of the complexes have intense colors and high melting points and some are electrolytes in DMSO solution. The ligand behaves as a neutral bidentate in the Co(II), Cu(II), Pd(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes; dibasic tetradentate in [Ni2(HBINH)(H2O)6Cl2]Cl2 and tribasic tetradentate in [Cu2(HBINH-3H)(OAc)]·5H2O, [(VO)2(HBINH-3H)(OH)(H2O)] and [Zr2(HBINH-3H)Cl4]Cl by the loss of 3H+ due to the deprotonation of the two hydroxyl groups and the enolization of the amide (Odbnd CNH) group. A tetrahedral geometry was proposed for the Co(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Hg(II) complexes; square-planar for the Pd(II) complex; square-pyramid for the VO2+ complex and octahedral for the Ni(II) and Cd(II) complexes. The complexes [Cd(HBINH)(H2O)2Cl2]·1½H2O, [(VO)2(HBINH-3H)(OH)(H2O)] and [Cu2(HBINH-3H)-(H2O)2(OAc)]·3H2O have activities against Bacillus sp. M3010, Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Slamonella sp. PA393.

  5. Induction of G-quadruplex DNA structure by Zn(II) 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphyrin.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharjee, Amlan J; Ahluwalia, Karan; Taylor, Scott; Jin, Ou; Nicoludis, John M; Buscaglia, Robert; Brad Chaires, J; Kornfilt, David J P; Marquardt, David G S; Yatsunyk, Liliya A

    2011-08-01

    G-quadruplexes (GQ) are formed by the association of guanine-rich stretches of DNA. Certain small molecules can influence kinetics and thermodynamics of this association. Understanding the mechanism of ligand-assisted GQ folding is necessary for the design of more efficient cancer therapeutics. The oligonucleotide d(TAGGG)(2) forms parallel bimolecular GQ in the presence of ≥66 mM K(+); GQs are not formed under Na(+), Li(+) or low K(+) conditions. The thermodynamic parameters for GQ folding at 60 μM oligonucleotide and 100 mM KCl are ΔH = -35 ± 2 kcal mol(-1) and ΔG(310) = -1.4 kcal mol(-1). Quadruplex [d(TAGGG)(2)](2) binds 2-3 K(+) ions with K(d) of 0.5 ± 0.2 mM. Our work addresses the question of whether metal free 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphyrin (TMPyP4) and its Zn(II), Cu(II), and Pt(II) derivatives are capable of facilitating GQ folding of d(TAGGG)(2) from single stranded, or binding to preformed GQ, using UV-vis and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies. ZnTMPyP4 is unique among other porphyrins in its ability to induce GQ structure of d(TAGGG)(2), which also requires at least a low amount of potassium. ZnTMPyP4 binds with 2:1 stoichiometry possibly in an end-stacking mode with a ~10(6) M(-1) binding constant, determined through UV-vis and ITC titrations. This process is entropically driven and has ΔG(298) of -8.0 kcal mol(-1). TMPyP4 binds with 3:1 stoichiometry and K(a) of ~10(6) M(-1). ZnTMPyP4 and TMPyP4 are efficient stabilizers of [d(TAGGG)(2)](2) displaying ΔT(1/2) of 13.5 and 13.8 °C, respectively, at 1:2 GQ to porphyrin ratio; CuTMPyP4 shows a much weaker effect (ΔT(1/2) = 4.7 °C) and PtTMPyP4 is weakly destabilizing (ΔT(1/2) = -2.9 °C). The selectivity of ZnTMPyP4 for GQ versus dsDNA is comparable to that of TMPyP4. The ability of ZnTMPyP4 to bind and stabilize GQ, to induce GQ formation, and speed up its folding may suggest an important biological activity for this molecule. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS

  6. In vitro DNA binding, pBR322 plasmid cleavage and molecular modeling study of chiral benzothiazole Schiff-base-valine Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes to evaluate their enantiomeric biological disposition for molecular target DNA.

    PubMed

    Alizadeh, Rahman; Afzal, Mohd; Arjmand, Farukh

    2014-10-15

    Bicyclic heterocyclic compounds viz. benzothiazoles are key components of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules and participate directly in the encoding of genetic information. Benzothiazoles, therefore, represent a potent and selective class of antitumor compounds. The design and synthesis of chiral antitumor chemotherapeutic agents of Cu(II) and Zn(II), L- and -D benzothiazole Schiff base-valine complexes 1a &b and 2a &b, respectively were carried out and thoroughly characterized by spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Interaction of 1a and b and 2a and b with CT DNA by employing UV-vis, florescence, circular dichroic methods and cleavage studies of 1a with pBR322 plasmid, molecular docking were done in order to demonstrate their enantiomeric disposition toward the molecular drug target DNA. Interestingly, these studies unambiguously demonstrated the greater potency of L-enantiomer in comparison to D-enantiomer. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. In vitro DNA binding, pBR322 plasmid cleavage and molecular modeling study of chiral benzothiazole Schiff-base-valine Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes to evaluate their enantiomeric biological disposition for molecular target DNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alizadeh, Rahman; Afzal, Mohd; Arjmand, Farukh

    2014-10-01

    Bicyclic heterocyclic compounds viz. benzothiazoles are key components of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules and participate directly in the encoding of genetic information. Benzothiazoles, therefore, represent a potent and selective class of antitumor compounds. The design and synthesis of chiral antitumor chemotherapeutic agents of Cu(II) and Zn(II), L- and -D benzothiazole Schiff base-valine complexes 1a &b and 2a &b, respectively were carried out and thoroughly characterized by spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Interaction of 1a and b and 2a and b with CT DNA by employing UV-vis, florescence, circular dichroic methods and cleavage studies of 1a with pBR322 plasmid, molecular docking were done in order to demonstrate their enantiomeric disposition toward the molecular drug target DNA. Interestingly, these studies unambiguously demonstrated the greater potency of L-enantiomer in comparison to D-enantiomer.

  8. Syntheses, structures and photoluminescence properties of three M(II)-coordination polymers (M dbnd Zn(II), Mn(II)) based on a pyridine N-oxide bridging ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ren, Xiu-Hui; Wang, Peng; Cheng, Jun-Yan; Dong, Yu-Bin

    2018-06-01

    Three M(II)-coordination polymers (M dbnd Zn(II), Mn(II)) were synthesized based on a pyridine N-oxide bridging ligand 3,5-bis(4-carboxylphenyl)-pyridine N-oxide (L1). Compounds 1-3 all have novel complicated structures. Compound 1 (Zn(L1)2(H2O)2) and 2 (Zn2(L1)2(H2O)2) are two single crystals obtained in "one pot" and 1 features 1D double chains motif and 2 features 3D network structure. Compound 3 shows 3D network structure with triangular tunnels. The thermogravimetric analyses and photoluminescence properties were also used to investigate the title compounds.

  9. Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of tridentate ONO donor Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, characterization, thermal, non-isothermal kinetics and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusmariya, Brajendra S.; Mishra, A. P.

    2017-02-01

    We report here four mononuclear Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) coordination compounds of general formula [M(L)2] {L = dcp; M = CoII, CuII & ZnII} and [M(L)(H2O)]·H2O {L = dcp; M = NiII} derived from tridentate 2,4-dichloro-6-{[(3-chloro-2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)imino]methyl}phenol (dcp) ligand. These compounds were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, uv-vis, 1H NMR, molar conductance, magnetic moment, thermal, PXRD and SEM-EDX. The Powder X-ray Diffraction patterns and SEM analyses showed the crystalline nature of synthesized compounds. The peak broadening was explained in terms of crystallite size and the lattice strain using Scherrer and Williamson-Hall method. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to determine the thermal stability of synthesized compounds under nitrogen atmosphere up to 820 K at 10 Kmin-1 heating rate. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of thermal decomposition were calculated using Coats-Redfern (C-R), Piloyan-Novikova (P-N) and Horowitz-Metzger (H-M) methods assuming first order degradation. The calculated optical band gap values of complexes were found to be in semiconducting range. To support the experimental findings, and derive some fruitful information viz. frequency calculations, HOMO-LUMO, energy gap (ΔE), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), spin density, absorption spectra etc.; theoretical calculations by means of DFT and TD-DFT at B3LYP level were incorporated.

  10. Thermosynechococcus elongatus DpsA binds Zn(II) at a unique three histidine-containing ferroxidase center and utilizes O2 as iron oxidant with very high efficiency, unlike the typical Dps proteins.

    PubMed

    Alaleona, Flaminia; Franceschini, Stefano; Ceci, Pierpaolo; Ilari, Andrea; Chiancone, Emilia

    2010-02-01

    The cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus is one the few bacteria to possess two Dps proteins, DpsA-Te and Dps-Te. The present characterization of DpsA-Te reveals unusual structural and functional features that differentiate it from Dps-Te and the other known Dps proteins. Notably, two Zn(II) are bound at the ferroxidase center, owing to the unique substitution of a metal ligand at the A-site (His78 in place of the canonical aspartate) and to the presence of a histidine (His164) in place of a hydrophobic residue at a metal-coordinating distance in the B-site. Only the latter Zn(II) is displaced by incoming iron, such that Zn(II)-Fe(III) complexes are formed upon oxidation, as indicated by absorbance and atomic emission spectroscopy data. In contrast to the typical behavior of Dps proteins, where Fe(II) oxidation by H(2)O(2) is about 100-fold faster than by O(2), in DpsA-Te the ferroxidation efficiency of O(2) is very high and resembles that of H(2)O(2). Oxygraphic experiments show that two Fe(II) are required to reduce O(2), and that H(2)O(2) is not released into solution at the end of the reaction. On this basis, a reaction mechanism is proposed that also takes into account the formation of Zn(II)-Fe(III) complexes. The physiological significance of the DpsA-Te behavior is discussed in the framework of a possible localization of the protein at the thylakoid membranes, where photosynthesis takes place, with the consequent increased formation of reactive oxygen species.

  11. Synthesis, characterization and anti-microbial activity of a novel macrocyclic ligand derived from the reaction of 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid with homopiperazine and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soleimani, Esmaiel

    2011-05-01

    The preparation of a novel macrocyclic ligand ( 1), N,N'-diethylhomopiperazinyl,2,6-pyridinedicarboxylate and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes are described. The ligand was prepared in EtOH from the reaction of dipotassium salt of 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid with 1,2-dibromoethane in the presence of homopiperazine. Reaction of macrocyclic ligand ( 1) in EtOH with CoCl 2.6H 2O, NiCl 2.6H 2O, CuCl 2.2H 2O, and ZnCl 2·2H 2O yielded the complexes with the general formula [M(L)Cl 2] {where M = Co(II) ( 2), Ni(II) ( 3), Cu(II) ( 4), Zn ( 5), respectively}. The analysis of IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectral data of macrocyclic ligand ( 1) and its Zn(II) complex ( 5) together with their molar conductivity values, and the magnetic moments of the complexes suggest that the macrocyclic ligand ( 1) is bonded to metal(II) ions through two oxygen atoms of ester moiety and the two nitrogen atoms of homopiperazine ring. The electronic spectral data of these complexes in DMSO are in good agreement with the octahedral coordination of M(II) ions. The ligand field parameters for these complexes, i.e. splitting energy and Racah parameter were calculated to be 14,945 and 673 cm -1 for the Co(II) ( 2), 16,260 and 774 cm -1 for the Ni(II) ( 3) complexes respectively. The spliting energy of 17,262 cm -1 was obtained for the Cu(II) complex ( 4).

  12. Application of machine/statistical learning, artificial intelligence and statistical experimental design for the modeling and optimization of methylene blue and Cd(ii) removal from a binary aqueous solution by natural walnut carbon.

    PubMed

    Mazaheri, H; Ghaedi, M; Ahmadi Azqhandi, M H; Asfaram, A

    2017-05-10

    that BRT could be a powerful tool for the modeling and optimizing of removal of MB and Cd(ii). Sensitivity analysis (calculated from the weight of neurons in ANN) confirmed that the adsorbent mass and pH were the essential factors affecting the removal of MB and Cd(ii), with relative importances of 28.82% and 38.34%, respectively. A good agreement (R 2 > 0.960) between the predicted and experimental values was obtained. Maximum removal (R% > 99) was achieved at an initial dye concentration of 15 mg L -1 , a Cd 2+ concentration of 20 mg L -1 , a pH of 5.2, an adsorbent mass of 0.55 g and a time of 35 min.

  13. Polymeric Cd(II), trinuclear and mononuclear Ni(II) complexes of 5-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione: Synthesis, structural characterization, thermal behaviour, fluorescence properties and antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bharty, M. K.; Paswan, S.; Dani, R. K.; Singh, N. K.; Sharma, V. K.; Kharwar, R. N.; Butcher, R. J.

    2017-02-01

    Syntheses of a polymeric Cd(II) complex, [Cd(mptt)2]n (1), a trinuclear Ni(II) complex, [Ni3(μ-mptt)4(μ-H2O)2(H2O)2(ttfa)2]·3H2O (2) and a mononuclear Ni(II) complex [Ni(mptt)2(en)2] (3) have been performed using the ligand 5-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione (Hmptt) and nickel(II)/cadmium(II) salts {ttfa = thenoyltrifluroacetonate). The ligand and the complexes have been characterized by various physicochemical methods in addition to their single crystal X-ray structure. The Cd centre in complex 1 adopts a distorted tetrahedral geometry with one sulfur atom and two mptt ligands provide three nitrogen atoms from three triazole units. The sulfur atom of the ligand binds covalently and overall the ligand acts as uninigative N,S/N,N bidentate moiety. The polymeric structure of complex 1 results from the N atoms of the neighboring triazole units coordinating with the Cd(II) centre. The three Ni(II) centres in the trinuclear Ni(II) complex 2 form a linear arrangement and all have six coordinated arrangements. The middle Ni(II) binds with four deprotonated triazole ring nitrogens and two water molecules form two bridges. The terminal Ni(II) centres bind through two thenoyl oxygens, two triazole nitrogens and water molecules that formed bridges with the middle Ni centre. In complex 3, the nickel(II) centre is covalently bonded through two deprotonated triazole ring nitrogens from two ligand moieties and other four sites are occupied by four nitrogens from two bidentate en ligands. Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) of the complexes indicated for NiO as the final residue. The bioefficacy of the ligand and complexes 2 and 3 have been examined against the growth of bacteria to evaluate their anti-microbial potential. Complex 2 showed high antibacterial activity as compared to the ligand and complex 3. Complexes 1, 2 and 3 are fluorescent materials with maximum emissions at 425, 421 and 396 nm at an excitation wavelength of 323, 348 and 322 nm, respectively.

  14. Metal (II) Complexes Derived from Naphthofuran-2-carbohydrazide and Diacetylmonoxime Schiff Base: Synthesis, Spectroscopic, Electrochemical, and Biological Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Sumathi, R. B.; Halli, M. B.

    2014-01-01

    A new Schiff base and a new series of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) complexes were synthesized by the condensation of naphthofuran-2-carbohydrazide and diacetylmonoxime. Metal complexes of the Schiff base were prepared from their chloride salts of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) in ethanol. The ligand along with its metal complexes have been characterized on the basis of analytical data, IR, electronic, mass, 1HNMR, ESR spectral data, thermal studies, magnetic susceptibility, and molar conductance measurements. The nonelectrolytic behaviour of the complexes was assessed from the measured low conductance data. The elemental analysis of the complexes confirm the stoichiometry of the type CuL2Cl2 and MLCl2 where M = Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) and L = Schiff base. The redox property of the Cu(II) complex was investigated by electrochemical method using cyclic voltammetry. In the light of these results, Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) complexes are assigned octahedral geometry, Cd(II), and Hg(II) complexes tetrahedral geometry. In order to evaluate the effect of metal ions upon chelation, both the ligand and its metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The DNA cleaving capacity of all the complexes was analysed by agarose gel electrophoresis method. PMID:24592203

  15. A Simple Qualitative Analysis Scheme for Several Environmentally Important Elements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Jack L.; Meloan, Clifton E.

    1977-01-01

    Describes a scheme that uses precipitation, gas evolution, complex ion formation, and flame tests to analyze for the following ions: Hg(I), Hg(II), Sb(III), Cr(III), Pb(II), Sr(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), As(III), chloride, nitrate, and sulfate. (MLH)

  16. In situ reactive zone with modified Mg(OH)2 for remediation of heavy metal polluted groundwater: Immobilization and interaction of Cr(III), Pb(II) and Cd(II).

    PubMed

    Dong, Jun; Li, Bowen; Bao, Qiburi

    2017-04-01

    Mg(OH) 2 dissolves slowly and can provide a long-term source of alkalinity, thus a promising alternative reagent for the in situ remediation of heavy metal polluted groundwater. However, the application of Mg(OH) 2 on in situ reactive zone (IRZ) for heavy metal polluted groundwater has never been investigated. In this study, the behaviors of heavy metals in a Mg(OH) 2 IRZ were monitored for 45d. The heavy metals show a sequential precipitation by modified Mg(OH) 2 due to the difference of K sp . Column tests were conducted to investigate the temporal and spatial distribution of heavy metals in Mg(OH) 2 IRZ and evaluate the stabilization effect for multi-heavy metal polluted groundwater. Experimental results indicate that there exist interactions between different heavy metals, and their zoning distribution is attributed either to the competitive adsorption onto porous media (control column) or to the sequential precipitation of heavy metal ions (IRZ column). In contrast with the control column, heavy metal contaminated area in Mg(OH) 2 IRZ significantly shrinks. According to the chemical speciation analysis, when water containing Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) flows through Mg(OH) 2 IRZ, exchangeable fraction of total concentration significantly reduce and the proportion of carbonate and Fe/Mn oxides fraction increase, indicating the decrease of their mobility and toxicity. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. In situ reactive zone with modified Mg(OH)2 for remediation of heavy metal polluted groundwater: Immobilization and interaction of Cr(III), Pb(II) and Cd(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Jun; Li, Bowen; Bao, Qiburi

    2017-04-01

    Mg(OH)2 dissolves slowly and can provide a long-term source of alkalinity, thus a promising alternative reagent for the in situ remediation of heavy metal polluted groundwater. However, the application of Mg(OH)2 on in situ reactive zone (IRZ) for heavy metal polluted groundwater has never been investigated. In this study, the behaviors of heavy metals in a Mg(OH)2 IRZ were monitored for 45 d. The heavy metals show a sequential precipitation by modified Mg(OH)2 due to the difference of Ksp. Column tests were conducted to investigate the temporal and spatial distribution of heavy metals in Mg(OH)2 IRZ and evaluate the stabilization effect for multi-heavy metal polluted groundwater. Experimental results indicate that there exist interactions between different heavy metals, and their zoning distribution is attributed either to the competitive adsorption onto porous media (control column) or to the sequential precipitation of heavy metal ions (IRZ column). In contrast with the control column, heavy metal contaminated area in Mg(OH)2 IRZ significantly shrinks. According to the chemical speciation analysis, when water containing Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) flows through Mg(OH)2 IRZ, exchangeable fraction of total concentration significantly reduce and the proportion of carbonate and Fe/Mn oxides fraction increase, indicating the decrease of their mobility and toxicity.

  18. Synthesis, characterization and anticancer activity of a Cd(II) complex with in situ formation of (E)-1-(5-chloro-2-hydroxy-benzylideneamino)-pyrrolidin-2-one ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Qiu-Ying; Zheng, Ze-Bao; Diao, Yun-Peng

    2015-05-01

    A new complex of Cd(II) with (E)-1-(5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)-pyrrolidin-2-one [Cd(L)2ṡ2DMF] was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, TG and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Where the HL ligand is formed in situ by the intramolecular nucleophilic substitution of (E)-N‧-(5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzyli-dene)-4-(quinolin-8-yloxy)butanehydrazide (H2L‧). The cadmium(II) ion is hexacoordinated by two tridentate L- ligands and giving a distorted octahedral coordination geometry. A cytotoxicity of [Cd(L)2ṡ2DMF] against liver (SMMC-7721) and cervical (HeLa) cancer cells have been studied. The results revealed that this cadmium(II) complex exhibited an effective and selective anticancer activity against HeLa over SMMC-7721 cell line with IC50 of 1.54 ± 0.25 and 31.02 ± 3.76 μmol/dm-3.

  19. Investigation on the Performance of Chemically Modified Aquatic Macrophytes-Salvinia molesta for the Micro-Solid Phase Preconcentration of Cd(II) On-Line Coupled to FAAS.

    PubMed

    Cajamarca, Fabio Antonio Suquila; Corazza, Marcela Zanetti; Prete, Maiyara Caroline; Dragunski, Douglas Cardoso; Rocker, Cristiana; Caetano, Josiane; Gonçalves Júnior, Affonso Celso; Tarley, César Ricardo Teixeira

    2016-12-01

    In this study, a new method for the preconcentration of cadmium ions using modified aquatic macrophytes - Salvinia molesta as biosorbent in an on-line preconcentration system coupled to flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was developed. The method is based on preconcentration of 20.0 mL sample at pH 3.75 through 35.0 mg of biosorbent at 10.0 mL min -1 and subsequent elution with 0.5 mol L -1 HNO 3 . A preconcentration factor of 31-fold, linear dynamic range from 5.0 to 70.0 µg L -1 (r = 0.9996) and detection and quantification limits of 0.15 and 0.51 µg L -1 were obtained. The characterization of the biosorbent chemically modified with NaOH and citric acid, was performed through FTIR and SEM measurements. The method precision was found to be 3.97 % and 1.48 % for 5.0 and 60.0 µg L -1 Cd(II) solutions, respectively. The applicability of method was checked by analysis of different kind of water samples and certified reference material.

  20. Free metal ion depletion by "Good's" buffers. III. N-(2-acetamido)iminodiacetic acid, 2:1 complexes with zinc(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), and copper(II); amide deprotonation by Zn(II), Co(II), and Cu(II).

    PubMed

    Lance, E A; Rhodes, C W; Nakon, R

    1983-09-01

    Potentiometric, visible, infrared, electron spin, and nuclear magnetic resonance studies of the complexation of N-(2-acetamido)iminodiacetic acid (H2ADA) by Ca(II), Mg(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) are reported. Ca(II) and Mg(II) were found not to form 2:1 ADA2- to M(II) complexes, while Mn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), and Co(II) did form 2:1 metal chelates at or below physiological pH values. Co(II) and Zn(II), but not Cu(II), were found to induce stepwise deprotonation of the amide groups to form [M(H-1ADA)4-(2)]. Formation (affinity) constants for the various metal complexes are reported, and the probable structures of the various metal chelates in solution are discussed on the basis of various spectral data.

  1. Synthesis, spectroscopy, and binding constants of ketocatechol-containing iminodiacetic acid and its Fe(III), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes and reaction of Cu(II) complex with H₂O₂ in aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Gao, Jiaojiao; Xing, Feifei; Bai, Yueling; Zhu, Shourong

    2014-06-07

    A new neuromelanin-like ketocatechol-containing iminodiacetic acid ligand, (N-(3,4-dihydroxyl)phenacylimino)diacetic acid (H4L), which is also quite similar to compounds found in insect cuticle, has been synthesized and characterized. The X-ray crystal structure of H4L has been successfully determined. Proton binding and coordination with Fe(III), Cu(II), and Zn(II) have been studied by potentiometric titrations and UV-vis spectrophotometry in aqueous solution. UV spectra of H4L in the absence and presence of different metal ions indicate complexes formed with the catechol moiety of H4L in aqueous solution. Visible spectra and NMR reveal that H4L with Fe(III), Cu(II), and Zn(II) can all give stable mono-(ML) and dinuclear complexes [M(ML)]. Fe(III) can also form {Fe(FeL)2} and {Fe(FeL)3} species with sufficient base. The process is accompanied by a drastic color change from light blue to deep-blue to wine-red. The Fe(III)-Cu(II) heteronuclear complex also exists in aqueous solution whose spectra are similar to the homonuclear Fe(III) complex. However, the spectra of {Fe(CuL)} shifted to a longer wavelength and {Fe(CuL)2} and {Fe(CuL)3} shifted to a shorter wavelength. Keto-enol tautomerism was observed in weak basic aqueous solution as indicated by (1)H NMR spectra. The reaction products of Cu(II) complex with H2O2 depend on the H2O2 concentration and pH value. Low concentrations of H2O2 oxidize H4L to a series of semiquinone and quinone compounds with absorption maxima at 314-400 nm, while a high concentration of H2O2 oxidizes H4L to colorless muconic acid derivatives. NaIO4 gives different oxidase products, but no 2,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine quinone (TPQ)-like hydroxyquinone can be found.

  2. Synthesis, X-ray crystal structure, photo luminescent property, antimicrobial activities and DFT computational study of Zn(II) coordination polymer derived from multisite N,O donor Schiff base ligand (H2L1)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majumdar, Dhrubajyoti; Surendra Babu, M. S.; Das, Sourav; Biswas, Jayanta Kumar; Mondal, Monojit; Hazra, Suman

    2017-06-01

    A unique thiocyanato linked 1D chain of Zn(II) coordination polymer [Zn2L1(μ1,3-SCN)(η1SCN)]n (1) has been synthesized using potential multisite compartmental N,O donor Schiff base blocker ligand (L1H2) in presence of Zn(OAc)2 and KSCN. The Schiff base ligand [N, N‧-bis(3-methoxysalicylidenimino)-1,3-daminopropane] (L1H2) is 2:1 M ratio condensation product of O-vaniline and 1,3-diaminopropane in methanol medium. The characterization of Complex 1 was accomplished by means of different micro analytical techniques like elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, emission spectroscopy and Single X-ray crystallographic study. Complex 1 crystallizes in Orthorhombic system, space group Pbca, with values a = 11.579(2), b = 18.538(3), and c = 22.160(4) Å; α = β = γ = 90.00°; V = 4756.6(14) and Z = 8. The single crystal X-ray revealed that the one dimensional chain system with the repeating unit [Zn2(μ1,3-SCN)(η1SCN)(L1)]n bridge by an end to end μ1,3 thiocyanate anion. Within each repeating unit two different types of Zn(II) ions are present. One of these is five-coordinate in a square pyramidal geometry while the other is six-coordinate in an octahedral geometry. A brief but lucid comparative approach has been demonstrated in between Schiff base (L1H2) and complex 1 with respect to their photoluminescence activities. Active luminescence behavior of complex 1 in presence of ligand (L1H2) is due to quenching of PET process which is mediated by 'chelating effect'. Complex 1 exhibits strong antimicrobial efficacy against some important Gram + ve and Gram -ve bacteria. Apart from antimicrobial potential, a combined experimental and theoretical investigation has been performed via DFT on molecular structure of complex 1 with respect to Hirshfeld surface analysis.

  3. Synthesis, spectral characterization, thermal and photoluminescence properties of Zn(II) and Cd(II)-azido/thiocyanato complexes with thiazolylazo dye and 1,2-bis(diphenylphoshino)ethane.

    PubMed

    Yamgar, B A; Sawant, V A; Bharate, B G; Chavan, S S

    2011-01-01

    A series of complexes of the type [M(L)(dppe)X2]; where M=Zn(II) or Cd(II); L=4-(2'-thiazolylazo)chlorobenzene (L1), 4-(2'-thiazolylazo)bromobenzene (L2) and 4-(2'-thiazolylazo) iodobenzene (L3); dppe=1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane; X=N3- or NCS- have been prepared and characterized on the basis of their microanalysis, molar conductance, thermal, IR, UV-vis and 1H NMR spectral studies. IR spectra show that the ligand L is coordinated to the metal atom in bidentate manner via azo nitrogen and thiazole nitrogen. An octahedral structure is proposed for all the complexes. The thermal behavior of the complexes revealed that the thiocyanato complexes are thermally more stable than the azido complexes. All the complexes exhibit blue-green emission with high quantum yield as the result of the fluorescence from the intraligand emission excited state. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Heavy Metal Resistances and Chromium Removal of a Novel Cr(VI)-Reducing Pseudomonad Strain Isolated from Circulating Cooling Water of Iron and Steel Plant.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jian-Kun; Wang, Zhen-Hua; Ye, Yun

    2016-12-01

    Three bacterial isolates, GT2, GT3, and GT7, were isolated from the sludge and water of a circulating cooling system of iron and steel plant by screening on Cr(VI)-containing plates. Three isolates were characterized as the members of the genus Pseudomonas on the basis of phenotypic characteristics and 16S rRNA sequence analysis. All isolates were capable of resisting multiple antibiotics and heavy metals. GT7 was most resistant to Cr(VI), with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 6.5 mmol L -1 . GT7 displayed varied rates of Cr(VI) reduction in M2 broth, which was dependent on pH, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and inoculating dose. Total chromium analysis revealed that GT7 could remove a part of chromium from the media, and the maximum rate of chromium removal was up to 40.8 %. The Cr(VI) reductase activity of GT7 was mainly associated with the soluble fraction of cell-free extracts and reached optimum at pH 6.0∼8.0. The reductase activity was apparently enhanced by external electron donors and Cu(II), whereas it was seriously inhibited by Hg(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II). The reductase showed a K m of 74 μmol L -1 of Cr(VI) and a V max of 0.86 μmol of Cr(VI) min -1  mg -1 of protein. The results suggested that GT7 could be a promising candidate for in situ bioremediation of Cr(VI).

  5. Synthesis, spectral and antimicrobial activity of Zn(II) complexes with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and benzaldehyde/2-hydroxyacetophenone/indoline-2,3-dione.

    PubMed

    Singh, Ajay K; Pandey, O P; Sengupta, S K

    2013-09-01

    Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized by reacting zinc acetate with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone/benzaldehyde/indoline-2,3-dione. All these complexes are soluble in DMF and DMSO; low molar conductance values indicate that they are non electrolytes. Elemental analyses suggest that the complexes have 1:2 metal to ligands stoichiometry of the types [ZnL2(H2O)2](L=monoanionic Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone/indoline-2,3-dione) [ZnL2(')(OOCCH3)2(H2O)2](L'=neutral Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and benzaldehyde), and they were characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, and (13)C NMR. Particle sizes of synthesized compounds were measured with dynamic light scattering (DLS) analyser which indicates that particle diameter are of the range ca. 100-200nm. All these Schiff bases and their complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial (Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Escherichia coli (E. coli) and antifungal activities (Colletotrichum falcatum (C. falcatum), Aspergillus niger (A. niger), Fusarium oxysporium (F. oxysporium) Curvularia pallescence (C. pallescence). The antimicrobial activities have shown that upon complexation the activity increases. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Oxoaporphine Metal Complexes (CoII, NiII, ZnII) with High Antitumor Activity by Inducing Mitochondria-Mediated Apoptosis and S-phase Arrest in HepG2

    PubMed Central

    Qin, Jiao-Lan; Shen, Wen-Ying; Chen, Zhen-Feng; Zhao, Li-Fang; Qin, Qi-Pin; Yu, Yan-Cheng; Liang, Hong

    2017-01-01

    Three new oxoaporphine Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes 1–3 have been synthesized and fully characterized. 1–3 have similar mononuclear structures with the metal and ligand ratio of 1:2. 1–3 exhibited higher cytotoxicity than the OD ligand and cisplatin against HepG2, T-24, BEL-7404, MGC80–3 and SK-OV-3/DDP cells, with IC50 value of 0.23−4.31 μM. Interestingly, 0.5 μM 1–3 significantly caused HepG2 arrest at S-phase, which was associated with the up-regulation of p53, p21, p27, Chk1 and Chk2 proteins, and decrease in cyclin A, CDK2, Cdc25A, PCNA proteins. In addition, 1–3 induced HepG2 apoptosis via a caspase-dependent mitochondrion pathway as evidenced by p53 activation, ROS production, Bax up-regulation and Bcl-2 down-regulation, mitochondrial dysfunction, cytochrome c release, caspase activation and PARP cleavage. Furthermore, 3 inhibited tumor growth in HepG2 xenograft model, and displayed more safety profile in vivo than cisplatin. PMID:28436418

  7. Synthesis, characterization, antimicrobial activity and DFT studies of 2-(pyrimidin-2-ylamino)naphthalene-1,4-dione and its Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chioma, Festus; Ekennia, Anthony C.; Ibeji, Collins U.; Okafor, Sunday N.; Onwudiwe, Damian C.; Osowole, Aderoju A.; Ujam, Oguejiofo T.

    2018-07-01

    A pyrimidine-based ligand, 2-(pyrimidin-2-ylamino)naphthalene-1,4-dione (L), has been synthesized by the reaction of 2-aminopyrimidine with 2-hydroxy-1,4-napthoquinone. Reaction of the ligand with Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II) and Zn(II) acetate gave the corresponding metal complexes which were characterized by spectroscopic techniques, (infrared, electronic), elemental analysis, room-temperature magnetometry, conductance measurements and thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) analyses. The room-temperature magnetic data and electronic spectral measurements of the complexes gave evidence of 4-coordinate square planar/tetrahedral geometry. The thermal analyses values obtained indicated the monohydrate complexes. The antimicrobial screening of the compounds showed mild to very good results. The Mn(II) complex showed the best result within in the range of 11.5-29 mm. The electronic, structural and spectroscopic properties of the complexes were further discussed using density functional theory. Molecular docking studies showed significant binding affinity with the drug targets and the metal complexes have potentials to be used as drugs.

  8. Production and Isomeric Distribution of Xanthylium Cation Pigments and Their Precursors in Wine-like Conditions: Impact of Cu(II), Fe(II), Fe(III), Mn(II), Zn(II), and Al(III).

    PubMed

    Guo, Anque; Kontoudakis, Nikolaos; Scollary, Geoffrey R; Clark, Andrew C

    2017-03-22

    This study establishes the influence of Cu(II), Fe(II), Fe(III), Zn(II), Al(III), and Mn(II) on the oxidative production of xanthylium cations from (+)-catechin and either tartaric acid or glyoxylic acid in model wine systems. The reaction was studied at 25 °C using UHPLC and LC-HRMS for the analysis of phenolic products and their isomeric distribution. In addition to the expected products, a colorless product, tentatively assigned as a lactone, was detected for the first time. The results show the importance of Fe ions and a synergistic influence of Mn(II) in degrading tartaric acid to glyoxylic acid, whereas the other metal ions had minimal activity in this mechanistic step. Fe(II) and Fe(III) were shown to mediate the (+)-catechin-glyoxylic acid addition reaction, a role previously attributed to only Cu(II). Importantly, the study demonstrates that C-8 addition products of (+)-catechin are promoted by Cu(II), whereas C-6 addition products are promoted by Fe ions.

  9. Thin film assembly of nano-sized Zn(II)-8-hydroxy-5,7-dinitroquinolate by using successive ion layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) technique: characterization and optical-electrical-photovoltaic properties.

    PubMed

    Farag, A A M; Haggag, Sawsan M S; Mahmoud, Mohamed E

    2012-07-01

    A method is described for thin film assembly of nano-sized Zn(II)-8-hydroxy-5,7-dinitroquinolate complex, Zn[((NO(2))(2)-8HQ)(2)] by using successive ion layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) technique. Highly homogeneous assembled nano-sized metal complex thin films with particle size distribution in the range 27-47nm was identified by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Zn[((NO(2))(2)-8HQ)(2)] and [(NO(2))(2)-8HQ] ligand were studied by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). Graphical representation of temperature dependence of the dark electrical conductivity produced two distinct linear parts for two activation energies at 0.377eV and 1.11eV. The analysis of the spectral behavior of the absorption coefficient in the intrinsic absorption region reveals a direct allowed transition with a fundamental band gap of 2.74eV. The dark current density-voltage (J-V) characteristics showed the rectification effect due to the formation of junction barrier of Zn[((NO(2))(2)-8HQ)(2)] complex film/n-Si interface. The photocurrent in the reverse direction is strongly increased by photo-illumination and the photovoltaic characteristics were also determined and evaluated. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Absorption spectral analysis of 4f-4f transitions for the complexation of Pr(III) and Nd(III) with thiosemicarbazide in absence and presence of Zn(II) in aqueous and organic solvents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anita, K.; Rajmuhon Singh, N.

    2011-10-01

    The complexation of thiosemicarbazide with Pr(III) and Nd(III) in absence and presence of Zn(II), a soft metal ion in aqueous and organic solvents like CH 3OH,CH 3CN, dioxane (C 4H 8O 2) and DMF (C 3H 7NO) and their equimolar mixtures are discussed by employing absorption difference and comparative absorption spectrophotometry. Complexation of thiosemicarbazide with Pr(III) and Nd(III) is indicated by the changes in the absorption intensity following the subsequent changes in the oscillator strength of different 4f-4f bands and Judd-Ofelt intensity ( Tλ) parameters. The other spectral parameters like energy interaction parameters namely Slater-Condon ( Fk), Racah ( Ek), Lande ( ξ4f), Nephelauxetic ratio ( β) and bonding parameters ( b1/2) are further computed to explain the nature of complexation. The difference in the energy parameters with respect to donor atoms and solvents reveal that the chemical environment around the lanthanide ions has great impact on f-f transition and any change in the environment result in modification of the spectra. Various solvents and their equimolar mixtures are also used to discuss the participation of solvents in the complexation.

  11. Synthesis, spectroscopic, molecular structure, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antitumor behavior of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of O2N type tridentate chromone-2-carboxaldehyde Schiff's base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ammar, Reda A.; Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.; Zayed, Mohamed E.; Al-Bedair, Lamia A.

    2017-08-01

    Tridentate Schiff's base (HL) ligand was synthesized via condensation of salicylaldehyde and 3-hydroxypyridin-2-yliminomethyl-4H-chromen-4-one and their corresponding Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized. The isolated solid complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, spectral (IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR), magnetic moment, EPR, and thermal measurements. The IR spectra showed that HL was coordinated to the metal ions in tridentate manner with O2N donor sites of the azomethine N, deprotonated phenolic-OH and carbonyl-O. The activation of thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coast-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger (HM). The octahedral geometry of the complexes is confirmed using DFT method from DMOL3 calculations, UV-Vis and magnetic moment measurements, ESR and ligand field parameters. Antioxidant activities have also been performed for all the compounds. The investigated ligand and metal complexes were screened for their in-vitro antimicrobial activities against different types of fungal and bacterial strains. The resulting data assert on the inspected compounds as a highly promising bactericides and fungicides. The antitumor activities of all inspected compounds were evaluated towards human liver Carcinoma (HepG2) cell line.

  12. Synthesis, spectral and antimicrobial activity of Zn(II) complexes with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and benzaldehyde/2-hydroxyacetophenone/indoline-2,3-dione

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Ajay K.; Pandey, O. P.; Sengupta, S. K.

    2013-09-01

    Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized by reacting zinc acetate with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone/benzaldehyde/indoline-2,3-dione. All these complexes are soluble in DMF and DMSO; low molar conductance values indicate that they are non electrolytes. Elemental analyses suggest that the complexes have 1:2 metal to ligands stoichiometry of the types [ZnL2(H2O)2](L = monoanionic Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone/indoline-2,3-dione) [ZnL2‧(OOCCH3)2(H2O)2](L‧ = neutral Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and benzaldehyde), and they were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR. Particle sizes of synthesized compounds were measured with dynamic light scattering (DLS) analyser which indicates that particle diameter are of the range ca. 100-200 nm. All these Schiff bases and their complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial (Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Escherichia coli (E. coli) and antifungal activities (Colletotrichum falcatum (C. falcatum), Aspergillus niger (A. niger), Fusarium oxysporium (F. oxysporium) Curvularia pallescence (C. pallescence). The antimicrobial activities have shown that upon complexation the activity increases.

  13. Design, synthesis and photoelectrochemical properties of hexagonal metallomacrocycles based on triphenylamine: [M6(4,4'-bis(2,2':6',2''-terpyridinyl)triphenylamine)6(X)12]; [M = Fe(II), PF6- and Zn(II), BF4-].

    PubMed

    Hwang, Seok-Ho; Moorefield, Charles N; Wang, Pingshan; Fronczek, Frank R; Courtney, Brandy H; Newkome, George R

    2006-08-07

    Synthesis of a novel bis(terpyridine) ligand, 4,4'-bis(2,2':6',2''-terpyridinyl)triphenylamine, utilizing triphenylamine, as a specific angle controller, has led to the self-assembly of a unique hexagonal metallomacrocycle family, [Fe6(2)6(PF6)12] and [Zn6(2)6(BF4)12], utilizing terpyridine-metal(II)-terpyridine connectivity. The crystal structure of the novel ligand shows that the angle between the two terpyridinyl moieties is 119.69 degrees , which enabled the formation of the hexagonal-shaped macrocycles. The crystal packing architectures of this starting ligand revealed channels induced by solvent encapsulation. Following complexation of this ligand with transition metals [Fe(II) or Zn(II)] in a one-pot reaction, the resultant structures were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR, UV/Vis and mass spectroscopies. The expected metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT; lambda(max) = 582 nm) and emission (lambda(em) = 575 nm) characteristics were exhibited by both [Fe6(2)6(PF6)12] and[Zn6(2)6(BF4)12]. The photoelectrochemical characteristics of these hexagonal metallomacrocycles demonstrate that they can be used as sensitizers in dye-sensitized solar cells.

  14. Synthesis and spectral characterization of Schiff base complexes of Cu(II), Co(II), Zn(II) and VO(IV) containing 4-(4-aminophenyl)morpholine derivatives: Antimicrobial evaluation and anticancer studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhahagani, K.; Mathan Kumar, S.; Chakkaravarthi, G.; Anitha, K.; Rajesh, J.; Ramu, A.; Rajagopal, G.

    2014-01-01

    Metal(II) chelates of Schiff bases derived from the condensation of 4-morpholinoaniline with substituted salicylaldehyde have been prepared and characterized by 1H NMR, IR, electronic, EPR, and magnetic measurement studies. The complexes are of the type M(X-MPMP)2 [where M = Cu(II), Co(II)), Zn(II), or VO(IV); MPMP = 2-[(4 morpholinophenyl imino) methyl] 4-X-phenol, X = Cl, (L1H), X = Br (L2H)]. Single crystal X-ray crystallography studies confirm the structure of newly synthesized Schiff bases. The Schiff bases act as bidentate monobasic ligands, coordinating through deprotonated phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms. The free ligands and metal complexes are screened for their biopotency. Metal complexes exhibit better activity than ligands. Anticancer activity of ligands and their metal complexes are evaluated in human heptocarcinoma(HepG2) cells. The preliminary bioassay indicates that the Schiff base and its zinc complex exhibit inhibitory activity against the human gastric cancer cell lines.

  15. Earthworm Lumbricus rubellus MT-2: Metal Binding and Protein Folding of a True Cadmium-MT.

    PubMed

    Kowald, Gregory R; Stürzenbaum, Stephen R; Blindauer, Claudia A

    2016-01-05

    Earthworms express, as most animals, metallothioneins (MTs)-small, cysteine-rich proteins that bind d(10) metal ions (Zn(II), Cd(II), or Cu(I)) in clusters. Three MT homologues are known for Lumbricus rubellus, the common red earthworm, one of which, wMT-2, is strongly induced by exposure of worms to cadmium. This study concerns composition, metal binding affinity and metal-dependent protein folding of wMT-2 expressed recombinantly and purified in the presence of Cd(II) and Zn(II). Crucially, whilst a single Cd₇wMT-2 species was isolated from wMT-2-expressing E. coli cultures supplemented with Cd(II), expressions in the presence of Zn(II) yielded mixtures. The average affinities of wMT-2 determined for either Cd(II) or Zn(II) are both within normal ranges for MTs; hence, differential behaviour cannot be explained on the basis of overall affinity. Therefore, the protein folding properties of Cd- and Zn-wMT-2 were compared by ¹H NMR spectroscopy. This comparison revealed that the protein fold is better defined in the presence of cadmium than in the presence of zinc. These differences in folding and dynamics may be at the root of the differential behaviour of the cadmium- and zinc-bound protein in vitro, and may ultimately also help in distinguishing zinc and cadmium in the earthworm in vivo.

  16. SciT

    Chakraborty, Saumen; Touw, Debra S.; Peacock, Anna F.A.

    Over the past two decades, designed metallopeptides have held the promise for understanding a variety of fundamental questions in metallobiochemistry; however, these dreams have not yet been realized because of a lack of structural data to elaborate the protein scaffolds before metal complexation and the resultant metalated structures which ultimately exist. This is because there are few reports of structural characterization of such systems either in their metalated or nonmetalated forms and no examples where an apo structure and the corresponding metalated peptide assembly have both been defined by X-ray crystallography. Herein we present X-ray structures of two de novomore » designed parallel three-stranded coiled coils (designed using the heptad repeat (a {yields} g)) CSL9C (CS = Coil Ser) and CSL19C in their nonmetalated forms, determined to 1.36 and 2.15 {angstrom} resolutions, respectively. Leucines from either position 9 (a site) or 19 (d site) are replaced by cysteine to generate the constructs CSL9C and CSL19C, respectively, yielding thiol-rich pockets at the hydrophobic interior of these peptides, suitable to bind heavy metals such as As(III), Hg(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II). We use these structures to understand the inherent structural differences between a and d sites to clarify the basis of the observed differential spectroscopic behavior of metal binding in these types of peptides. Cys side chains of (CSL9C){sub 3} show alternate conformations and are partially preorganized for metal binding, whereas cysteines in (CSL19C){sub 3} are present as a single conformer. Zn(II) ions, which do not coordinate or influence Cys residues at the designed metal sites but are essential for forming X-ray quality crystals, are bound to His and Glu residues at the crystal packing interfaces of both structures. These 'apo' structures are used to clarify the changes in metal site organization between metalated As(CSL9C){sub 3} and to speculate on the differential basis of

  17. Synthesis, structure, luminescent, and magnetic properties of carbonato-bridged Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes [(μ4-CO3)2{Zn(II)L(n)Ln(III)(NO3)}2] (Ln(III) = Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III); L(1) = N,N'-bis(3-methoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato, L(2) = N,N'-bis(3-ethoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato).

    PubMed

    Ehama, Kiyomi; Ohmichi, Yusuke; Sakamoto, Soichiro; Fujinami, Takeshi; Matsumoto, Naohide; Mochida, Naotaka; Ishida, Takayuki; Sunatsuki, Yukinari; Tsuchimoto, Masanobu; Re, Nazzareno

    2013-11-04

    Carbonato-bridged Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes [(μ4-CO3)2{Zn(II)L(n)Ln(III)(NO3)}2]·solvent were synthesized through atmospheric CO2 fixation reaction of [Zn(II)L(n)(H2O)2]·xH2O, Ln(III)(NO3)3·6H2O, and triethylamine, where Ln(III) = Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III); L(1) = N,N'-bis(3-methoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato, L(2) = N,N'-bis(3-ethoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato. Each Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 structure possessing an inversion center can be described as two di-μ-phenoxo-bridged {Zn(II)L(n)Ln(III)(NO3)} binuclear units bridged by two carbonato CO3(2-) ions. The Zn(II) ion has square pyramidal coordination geometry with N2O2 donor atoms of L(n) and one oxygen atom of a bridging carbonato ion at the axial site. Ln(III) ion is coordinated by nine oxygen atoms consisting of four from the deprotonated Schiff-base L(n), two from a chelating nitrate, and three from two carbonate groups. The temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibilities in the range 1.9-300 K, field-dependent magnetization from 0 to 5 T at 1.9 K, and alternating current magnetic susceptibilities under the direct current bias fields of 0 and 1000 Oe were measured. The magnetic properties of the Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes are analyzed on the basis of the dicarbonato-bridged binuclear Ln(III)-Ln(III) structure, as the Zn(II) ion with d(10) electronic configuration is diamagnetic. ZnGd1 (L(1)) and ZnGd2 (L(2)) show a ferromagnetic Gd(III)-Gd(III) interaction with J(Gd-Gd) = +0.042 and +0.028 cm(-1), respectively, on the basis of the Hamiltonian H = -2J(Gd-Gd)ŜGd1·ŜGd2. The magnetic data of the Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes (Ln(III) = Tb(III), Dy(III)) were analyzed by a spin Hamiltonian including the crystal field effect on the Ln(III) ions and the Ln(III)-Ln(III) magnetic interaction. The Stark splitting of the ground state was so evaluated, and the energy pattern indicates a strong easy axis (Ising type) anisotropy. Luminescence spectra of Zn(II)2Tb(III)2 complexes were observed, while those

  18. A Single Serine Residue Determines Selectivity to Monovalent Metal Ions in Metalloregulators of the MerR Family

    PubMed Central

    Ibáñez, María M.

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT MerR metalloregulators alleviate toxicity caused by an excess of metal ions, such as copper, zinc, mercury, lead, cadmium, silver, or gold, by triggering the expression of specific efflux or detoxification systems upon metal detection. The sensor protein binds the inducer metal ion by using two conserved cysteine residues at the C-terminal metal-binding loop (MBL). Divalent metal ion sensors, such as MerR and ZntR, require a third cysteine residue, located at the beginning of the dimerization (α5) helix, for metal coordination, while monovalent metal ion sensors, such as CueR and GolS, have a serine residue at this position. This serine residue was proposed to provide hydrophobic and steric restrictions to privilege the binding of monovalent metal ions. Here we show that the presence of alanine at this position does not modify the activation pattern of monovalent metal sensors. In contrast, GolS or CueR mutant sensors with a substitution of cysteine for the serine residue respond to monovalent metal ions or Hg(II) with high sensitivities. Furthermore, in a mutant deleted of the Zn(II) exporter ZntA, they also trigger the expression of their target genes in response to either Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), or Co(II). IMPORTANCE Specificity in a stressor's recognition is essential for mounting an appropriate response. MerR metalloregulators trigger the expression of specific resistance systems upon detection of heavy metal ions. Two groups of these metalloregulators can be distinguished, recognizing either +1 or +2 metal ions, depending on the presence of a conserved serine in the former or a cysteine in the latter. Here we demonstrate that the serine residue in monovalent metal ion sensors excludes divalent metal ion detection, as its replacement by cysteine renders a pan-metal ion sensor. Our results indicate that the spectrum of signals detected by these sensors is determined not only by the metal-binding ligand availability but also by the metal-binding cavity

  19. Synthesis, investigation and spectroscopic characterization of piroxicam ternary complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with glycine and DL-phenylalanine.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Gehad G; El-Gamel, Nadia E A

    2004-11-01

    The ternary piroxicam (Pir; 4-hydroxy-2-methyl-N-(2-pyridyl)-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide 1,1-dioxide) complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with various amino acids (AA) such as glycine (Gly) or DL-phenylalanine (PhA) were prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, IR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, diffuse reflectance and X-ray powder diffraction. The UV-Vis spectra of Pir and the effect of metal chelation on the different interligand transitions are discussed in detailed manner. IR and UV-Vis spectra confirm that Pir behaves as a neutral bidentate ligand coordinated to the metal ions via the pyridine-N and carbonyl group of the amide moiety. Gly molecule acted as a uninegatively monodentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic group, in addition PhA acted as a uninegatively bidentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic and amino groups. All the chelates have octahedral geometrical structures while Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-ternary chelates with PhA have square planar geometrical structures. The molar conductance data reveal that most of these chelates are non electrolytes, while Fe(III)-Pir-Gly, Co(II)-, Ni(II)-, Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-Pir-PhA chelates were 1:1 electrolytes. X-ray powder diffraction is used as a new tool to estimate the crystallinity of chelates as well as to elucidate their geometrical structures.

  20. Synthesis, investigation and spectroscopic characterization of piroxicam ternary complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with glycine and DL-phenylalanine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed, Gehad G.; El-Gamel, Nadia E. A.

    2004-11-01

    The ternary piroxicam (Pir; 4-hydroxy-2-methyl- N-(2-pyridyl)-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide 1,1-dioxide) complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with various amino acids (AA) such as glycine (Gly) or DL-phenylalanine (PhA) were prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, IR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, diffuse reflectance and X-ray powder diffraction. The UV-Vis spectra of Pir and the effect of metal chelation on the different interligand transitions are discussed in detailed manner. IR and UV-Vis spectra confirm that Pir behaves as a neutral bidentate ligand coordinated to the metal ions via the pyridine- N and carbonyl group of the amide moiety. Gly molecule acted as a uninegatively monodentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic group, in addition PhA acted as a uninegatively bidentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic and amino groups. All the chelates have octahedral geometrical structures while Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-ternary chelates with PhA have square planar geometrical structures. The molar conductance data reveal that most of these chelates are non electrolytes, while Fe(III)-Pir-Gly, Co(II)-, Ni(II)-, Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-Pir-PhA cheletes were 1:1 electrolytes. X-ray powder diffraction is used as a new tool to estimate the crystallinity of chelates as well as to elucidate their geometrical structures.

  1. Investigation of sorption/desorption equilibria of heavy metal ions on/from quartz using rhamnolipid biosurfactant.

    PubMed

    Aşçi, Yeliz; Nurbaş, Macid; Sağ Açikel, Yeşim

    2010-01-01

    In the present study, the sorption characteristics of Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions on quartz, a representative soil-component, and the desorption of these metal ions from quartz using rhamnolipid biosurfactant were investigated. In the first part of the studies, the effects of initial metal ion concentration and pH on sorption of Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions by a fixed amount of quartz (1.5g) were studied in laboratory batch mode. The equilibrium sorption capacity for Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions was measured and the best correlation between experimental and model predicted equilibrium uptake was obtained using the Freundlich model. Although investigations on the desorption of heavy metal ions from the main soil-components are crucial to better understand the mobility and bioavailability of metals in the environment, studies on the description of desorption equilibrium were performed rarely. In the second part, the desorption of Cd(II) and Zn(II) from quartz using rhamnolipid biosurfactant was investigated as a function of pH, rhamnolipid concentration, and the amounts of sorbed Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions by quartz. The Freundlich model was also well fitted to the obtained desorption isotherms. Several indexes were calculated based on the differences of the quantity of Cd-Zn sorbed and desorbed. A desorption hysteresis (irreversibility) index based on the Freundlich exponent, concentration-dependent metal distribution coefficients, and the irreversibility index based on the metal distribution coefficient were used to quantify hysteretic behavior observed in the systems. 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Nanomolar Copper Enhances Mercury Methylation by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ND132

    SciT

    Lu, Xia; Johs, Alexander; Zhao, Linduo

    Methylmercury (MeHg) is produced by certain anaerobic microorganisms, such as the sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ND132, but environmental factors affecting inorganic mercury [Hg(II)] uptake and methylation remain unclear. We report that the presence of a small amount of copper ions [Cu(II), <100 nM] enhances Hg(II) uptake and methylation by washed cells of ND132, while Hg(II) methylation is inhibited at higher Cu(II) concentrations because of the toxicity of copper to the microorganism. The enhancement or inhibitory effect of Cu(II) is dependent on both time and concentration. The presence of nanomolar concentrations of Cu(II) facilitates rapid uptake of Hg(II) (within minutes) andmore » doubles MeHg production within a 24 h period, but micromolar concentrations of Cu(II) completely inhibit Hg(II) methylation. Metal ions such as zinc [Zn(II)] and nickel [Ni(II)] also inhibit but do not enhance Hg(II) methylation under the same experimental conditions. Furthermore, these observations suggest a synergistic effect of Cu(II) on Hg(II) uptake and methylation, possibly facilitated by copper transporters or metallochaperones in this organism, and highlight the fact that complex environmental factors affect MeHg production in the environment.« less

  3. Nanomolar Copper Enhances Mercury Methylation by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ND132

    DOE PAGES

    Lu, Xia; Johs, Alexander; Zhao, Linduo; ...

    2018-05-29

    Methylmercury (MeHg) is produced by certain anaerobic microorganisms, such as the sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ND132, but environmental factors affecting inorganic mercury [Hg(II)] uptake and methylation remain unclear. We report that the presence of a small amount of copper ions [Cu(II), <100 nM] enhances Hg(II) uptake and methylation by washed cells of ND132, while Hg(II) methylation is inhibited at higher Cu(II) concentrations because of the toxicity of copper to the microorganism. The enhancement or inhibitory effect of Cu(II) is dependent on both time and concentration. The presence of nanomolar concentrations of Cu(II) facilitates rapid uptake of Hg(II) (within minutes) andmore » doubles MeHg production within a 24 h period, but micromolar concentrations of Cu(II) completely inhibit Hg(II) methylation. Metal ions such as zinc [Zn(II)] and nickel [Ni(II)] also inhibit but do not enhance Hg(II) methylation under the same experimental conditions. Furthermore, these observations suggest a synergistic effect of Cu(II) on Hg(II) uptake and methylation, possibly facilitated by copper transporters or metallochaperones in this organism, and highlight the fact that complex environmental factors affect MeHg production in the environment.« less

  4. Ligand-controlled assembly of Cd(II) coordination polymers based on mixed ligands of naphthalene-dicarboxylate and dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline: From 0D+1D cocrystal, 2D rectangular network (4,4), to 3D PtS-type architecture

    SciT

    Liu Guocheng; Chen Yongqiang; Wang Xiuli

    Three novel Cd(II) coordination polymers, namely, [Cd(Dpq)(1,8-NDC)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}][Cd(Dpq)(1,8-NDC)].2H{sub 2}O (1), [Cd(Dpq)(1,4-NDC)(H{sub 2}O)] (2), and [Cd(Dpq)(2,6-NDC)] (3) have been obtained from hydrothermal reactions of cadmium(II) nitrate with the mixed ligands dipyrido [3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (Dpq) and three structurally related naphthalene-dicarboxylate ligands [1,8-naphthalene-dicarboxylic acid (1,8-H{sub 2}NDC), 1,4-naphthalene-dicarboxylic acid (1,4-H{sub 2}NDC), and 2,6-naphthalene-dicarboxylic acid (2,6-H{sub 2}NDC)]. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the three polymers exhibit novel structures due to different naphthalene-dicarboxylic acid. Compound 1 is a novel cocrystal of left- and right-handed helical chains and binuclear complexes and ultimately packed into a 3D supramolecular structure through hydrogen bonds and {pi}-{pi} stacking interactions. Compoundmore » 2 shows a 2D rectangular network (4,4) bridged by 1,4-NDC with two kinds of coordination modes and ultimately packed into a 3D supramolecular structure through inter-layer {pi}-{pi} stacking interactions. Compound 3 is a new 3D coordination polymer with distorted PtS-type network. In addition, the title compounds exhibit blue/green emission in solid state at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Three novel Cd(II) compounds have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions exhibiting a systematic variation of architecture by the employment of three structurally related naphthalene-dicarboxylate ligands.« less

  5. Vibrational coherence in polar solutions of Zn(II) tetrakis(N-methylpyridyl)porphyrin with Soret-band excitation: rapidly damped intermolecular modes with clustered solvent molecules and slowly damped intramolecular modes from the porphyrin macrocycle.

    PubMed

    Dillman, Kevin L; Shelly, Katherine R; Beck, Warren F

    2009-04-30

    Ground-state coherent wavepacket motions arising from intermolecular modes with clustered, first-shell solvent molecules were observed using the femtosecond dynamic absorption technique in polar solutions of Zn(II) meso-tetrakis(N-methylpyridyl)porphyrin (ZnTMPyP) with excitation in the Soret absorption band. As was observed previously in bacteriochlorophyll a solution, the pump-probe transients in ZnTMPyP solutions are weakly modulated by slowly damped (effective damping time gamma > 1 ps) features that are assigned to intramolecular modes, the skeletal normal modes of vibration of the porphyrin. The 40 cm(-1) and 215 cm(-1) modes from the metal-doming and metal-solvent-ligand modes, respectively, are members of this set of modulation components. A slowly damped 2-4 cm(-1) component is assigned to the internal rotation of the N-methylpyridyl rings with respect to the porphyrin macrocycle; this mode obtains strong resonance Raman intensity enhancement from an extensive delocalization of pi-electron density from the porphyrin in the ground state onto the rings in the pi* excited states. The dominant features observed in the pump-probe transients are a pair of rapidly damped (gamma < 250 fs) modulation components arising from intermolecular modes with solvent molecules. This structural assignment is supported by an isotope-dependent shift of the average mode frequencies in methanol and perdeuterated methanol. The solvent dependence of the mean intermolecular mode frequency is consistent with a van der Waals intermolecular potential that has significant contributions only from the London dispersion and induction interactions; ion-dipole or ion-induced-dipole terms do not make large contributions because the pi-electron density is not extensively delocalized onto the N-methylpyridyl rings. The modulation depth associated with the intermolecular modes exhibits a marked dependence on the electronic structure of the solvent that is probably related to the degree of

  6. Genetic and physiological responses of Bacillus subtilis to metal ion stress.

    PubMed

    Moore, Charles M; Gaballa, Ahmed; Hui, Monica; Ye, Rick W; Helmann, John D

    2005-07-01

    Metal ion homeostasis is regulated principally by metalloregulatory proteins that control metal ion uptake, storage and efflux genes. We have used transcriptional profiling to survey Bacillus subtilis for genes that are rapidly induced by exposure to high levels of metal ions including Ag(I), Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) and the metalloid As(V). Many of the genes affected by metal stress were controlled by known metalloregulatory proteins (Fur, MntR, PerR, ArsR and CueR). Additional metal-induced genes are regulated by two newly defined metal-sensing ArsR/SmtB family repressors: CzrA and AseR. CzrA represses the CadA efflux ATPase and the cation diffusion facilitator CzcD and this repression is alleviated by Zn(II), Cd(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu. CadA is the major determinant for Cd(II) resistance, while CzcD protects the cell against elevated levels of Zn(II), Cu, Co(II) and Ni(II). AseR negatively regulates itself and AseA, an As(III) efflux pump which contributes to arsenite resistance in cells lacking a functional ars operon. Our results extend the range of identified effectors for the As(III)-sensor ArsR to include Cd(II) and Ag(I) and for the Cu-sensor CueR to include Ag(I) and, weakly, Cd(II) and Zn(II). In addition to systems dedicated to metal homeostasis, specific metal stresses also strongly induced pathways related to cysteine, histidine and arginine metabolism.

  7. Luminescent sensing of Cu2+, CrO42- and photocatalytic degradation of methyl violet by Zn(II) metal-organic framework (MOF) having 5,5‧-(1H-2,3,5-triazole-1,4-diyl)diisophthalic acid ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Weiping; Li, Baohong; Gu, Chuying; Wang, Jun; Singh, Amita; Kumar, Abhinav

    2017-11-01

    A porous Zn(II) metal-organic framework (MOF) [Zn(H2L)(4,4‧-bipy)0.5]n (1) has been selected and its luminescence sensing for cations and anions as well as the photocatalytic property against methyl violet have been explored. Luminescence studies indicated that 1 could be an efficient multifunctional fluorescent material for highly sensitive detection of metal cation Cu2+ and anions CrO42-. The luminescence intensity of 1 was found to decrease proportionately with increase in the concentration of Cu2+ and CrO42-. Furthermore, the photocatalytic property of 1 for degradation of the methyl violet (MV) have been explored and a possible photocatalytic mechanism have been proposed using density of states (DOS) and partial DOS (pDOS) calculations.

  8. Adsorption of biometals to monosodium titanate in biological environments

    SciT

    HOBBS, D.T.; MESSER, R. L. W.; LEWIS, J. B.

    2005-06-06

    Monosodium titanate (MST) is an inorganic sorbent/ion exchanger developed for the removal of radionuclides from nuclear wastes. We investigated the ability of MST to bind Cd(II), Hg(II), or Au(III) to establish the utility of MST for applications in environmental decontamination or medical therapy (drug delivery). Adsorption isotherms for MST were determined at pH 7-7.5 in water or phosphate-buffered saline. The extent of metal binding was determined spectroscopically by measuring the concentrations of the metals in solution before and after contact with the MST. Cytotoxic responses to MST were assessed using THP1 monocytes and succinate dehydrogenase activity. Monocytic activation by MSTmore » was assessed by TNF{alpha} secretion (ELISA) with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activation. MST sorbed Cd(II), Hg(II), and Au(III) under conditions similar to that in physiological systems. MST exhibited the highest affinity for Cd(II) followed by Hg(II) and Au (III). MST (up to 100 mg/L) exhibited only minor (< 25% suppression of succinate dehydrogenase) cytotoxicity and did not trigger TNF{alpha} secretion nor modulate LPS-induced TNF{alpha} secretion from monocytes. MST exhibits high affinity for biometals with no significant biological liabilities in these introductory studies. MST deserves further scrutiny as a substance with the capacity to decontaminate biological environments or deliver metals in a controlled fashion.« less

  9. Mercerized mesoporous date pit activated carbon—A novel adsorbent to sequester potentially toxic divalent heavy metals from water

    PubMed Central

    Aldawsari, Abdullah; Hameed, B. H.; Alqadami, Ayoub Abdullah; Siddiqui, Masoom Raza; Alothman, Zeid Abdullah; Ahmed, A. Yacine Badjah Hadj

    2017-01-01

    A substantive approach converting waste date pits to mercerized mesoporous date pit activated carbon (DPAC) and utilizing it in the removal of Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) was reported. In general, rapid heavy metals adsorption kinetics for Co range: 25–100 mg/L was observed, accomplishing 77–97% adsorption within 15 min, finally, attaining equilibrium in 360 min. Linear and non-linear isotherm studies revealed Langmuir model applicability for Cd(II) and Pb(II) adsorption, while Freundlich model was fitted to Zn(II) and Cu(II) adsorption. Maximum monolayer adsorption capacities (qm) for Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) obtained by non-linear isotherm model at 298 K were 212.1, 133.5, 194.4, and 111 mg/g, respectively. Kinetics modeling parameters showed the applicability of pseudo-second-order model. The activation energy (Ea) magnitude revealed physical nature of adsorption. Maximum elution of Cu(II) (81.6%), Zn(II) (70.1%), Pb(II) (96%), and Cd(II) (78.2%) were observed with 0.1 M HCl. Thermogravimetric analysis of DPAC showed a total weight loss (in two-stages) of 28.3%. Infra-red spectral analysis showed the presence of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups over DPAC surface. The peaks at 820, 825, 845 and 885 cm-1 attributed to Zn–O, Pb–O, Cd–O, and Cu–O appeared on heavy metals saturated DPAC, confirmed their binding on DPAC during the adsorption. PMID:28910368

  10. Mercerized mesoporous date pit activated carbon-A novel adsorbent to sequester potentially toxic divalent heavy metals from water.

    PubMed

    Aldawsari, Abdullah; Khan, Moonis Ali; Hameed, B H; Alqadami, Ayoub Abdullah; Siddiqui, Masoom Raza; Alothman, Zeid Abdullah; Ahmed, A Yacine Badjah Hadj

    2017-01-01

    A substantive approach converting waste date pits to mercerized mesoporous date pit activated carbon (DPAC) and utilizing it in the removal of Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) was reported. In general, rapid heavy metals adsorption kinetics for Co range: 25-100 mg/L was observed, accomplishing 77-97% adsorption within 15 min, finally, attaining equilibrium in 360 min. Linear and non-linear isotherm studies revealed Langmuir model applicability for Cd(II) and Pb(II) adsorption, while Freundlich model was fitted to Zn(II) and Cu(II) adsorption. Maximum monolayer adsorption capacities (qm) for Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) obtained by non-linear isotherm model at 298 K were 212.1, 133.5, 194.4, and 111 mg/g, respectively. Kinetics modeling parameters showed the applicability of pseudo-second-order model. The activation energy (Ea) magnitude revealed physical nature of adsorption. Maximum elution of Cu(II) (81.6%), Zn(II) (70.1%), Pb(II) (96%), and Cd(II) (78.2%) were observed with 0.1 M HCl. Thermogravimetric analysis of DPAC showed a total weight loss (in two-stages) of 28.3%. Infra-red spectral analysis showed the presence of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups over DPAC surface. The peaks at 820, 825, 845 and 885 cm-1 attributed to Zn-O, Pb-O, Cd-O, and Cu-O appeared on heavy metals saturated DPAC, confirmed their binding on DPAC during the adsorption.

  11. Ligational behaviour of lomefloxacin drug towards Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Th(IV) and UO(2)(VI) ions: synthesis, structural characterization and biological activity studies.

    PubMed

    Abd el-Halim, Hanan F; Mohamed, Gehad G; el-Dessouky, Maher M I; Mahmoud, Walaa H

    2011-11-01

    Nine new mononuclear Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Th(IV) and UO(2)(VI) complexes of lomefloxacin drug were synthesized. The structures of these complexes were elucidated by elemental analyses, IR, XRD, UV-vis, (1)H NMR as well as conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements and thermal analyses. The dissociation constants of lomefloxacin and stability constants of its binary complexes have been determined spectrophotometrically in aqueous solution at 25±1°C and at 0.1 M KNO(3) ionic strength. The discussion of the outcome data of the prepared complexes indicate that the lomefloxacin ligand behaves as a neutral bidentate ligand through OO coordination sites and coordinated to the metal ions via the carbonyl oxygen and protonated carboxylic oxygen with 1:1 (metal:ligand) stoichiometry for all complexes. The molar conductance measurements proved that the complexes are electrolytes. The powder XRD study reflects the crystalline nature for the investigated ligand and its complexes except Mn(II), Zn(II) and UO(2)(II). The geometrical structures of these complexes are found to be octahedral. The thermal behaviour of these chelates is studied where the hydrated complexes lose water molecules of hydration in the first steps followed by decomposition of the anions, coordinated water and ligand molecules in the subsequent steps. The activation thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. A comparative study of the inhibition zones of the ligand and its metal complexes indicates that metal complexes exhibit higher antibacterial effect against one or more bacterial species than the free LFX ligand. The antifungal and anticancer activities were also tested. The antifungal effect of almost metal complexes is higher than the free ligand. LFX, [Co(LFX)(H(2)O)(4)]·Cl(2) and [Zn(LFX)(H(2)O)(4)]·Cl(2) were found to be very active with IC50 values 14, 11.2 and 43.1, respectively. While, other

  12. Extraction chromatographic method of preconcentration, estimation and concomitant separation of vanadium (IV) with silica gel-versatic 10 composite.

    PubMed

    Mandal, Bhabatosh; Barman, Milan K; Srivastava, Bhavya

    2014-10-01

    A selective method has been developed for the extraction chromatographic separation of V(IV) with SSG-V-10 composite. V(IV) was quantitatively extracted at pH 5.0-6.0, and its loading has been confirmed by EDAX. XRD studies indicate that the SSG network does not get influenced by impregnation with V-10 or by the sorption of V(IV) on the surface of SSG-V-10 composite. The binding between SSG and V-10 is a hydrophobic interaction only, and it takes place at the surface of the hydrophobic SSG. TGA-DTA analysis indicates its thermal stability up to 45°C. The exchange capacity (1.65 meq of H(+) g(-1)), break-through capacity (34.5 mg g(-1)) and column efficiency (360) of the extractor have been rationalized by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis (SA = 149.46 m(2) g(-1) and PV = 0.2001 mL g(-1) at a relative pressure of 0.9-1.0). The sorption process was endothermic (ΔH = 12.63 kJ mol(-1)), entropy gaining (ΔS = 0.271 kJ mol(-1) K(-1)) and spontaneous (ΔG = -68.241 kJ mol(-1)) in nature. Preconcentration factor has been optimized at 182.3 ± 0.2. Formation constants (Kf) of the metal centers [Zn(II) (0.6 × 10(3)), Cd(II) (0.9 × 10(4)), Pb(II) (0.6 × 10(5)), Cu(II) (0.2 × 10(5)), Al(III) (6.2 × 10(5)), Ga(III) (4.2 × 10(5)), Hg(II) (2.2 × 10(6)), Bi(III) (6.2 × 10(6)), Tl(III) (8.9 × 10(6)), Zr(IV) (6.8 × 10(9)), Fe(III) (0.9 × 10(9)) and V(IV) (0.8 × 10(6))] have been determined. The desorption constants Kdesorption (1.9 × 10(-2)) and [Formula: see text] have been determined. Rf values and selectivity factors for diverse metal ions have been determined. V(IV) has been separated from the synthetic and real samples containing its congeners. A plausible mechanism for the extraction of V(IV) has been suggested. © The Author [2013]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  13. Removal of some metal ions by activated carbon prepared from Phaseolus aureus hulls.

    PubMed

    Rao, M Madhava; Ramana, D K; Seshaiah, K; Wang, M C; Chien, S W Chang

    2009-07-30

    Removal of lead [Pb(II)], zinc [Zn(II)], copper [Cu(II)], and cadmium [Cd(II)] from aqueous solutions using activated carbon prepared from Phaseolus aureus hulls (ACPAH), an agricultural waste was studied. The influence of various parameters such as effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, and initial concentration of metal ions on the removal was evaluated by batch method. The removal of metal ions by ACPAH was pH dependent and the optimum pH values were 7.0, 8.0, 7.0 and 6.0 for Cu(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II), respectively. The sorption isotherms were studied using Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R), and Temkin isotherm models. The maximum adsorption capacity values of ACPAH for metal ions were 21.8 mg g(-1) for Pb(II), 21.2 mg g(-1) for Zn(II), 19.5 mg g(-1) for Cu(II), and 15.7 mg g(-1) for Cd(II). The experiments demonstrated that the removal of metal ions followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Desorption experiments were carried out using HCl solution with a view to regenerate the spent adsorbent and to recover the adsorbed metal ions.

  14. Ligand-controlled assembly of Cd(II) coordination polymers based on mixed ligands of naphthalene-dicarboxylate and dipyrido[3,2-d:2‧,3‧-f]quinoxaline: From 0D+1D cocrystal, 2D rectangular network (4,4), to 3D PtS-type architecture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Guocheng; Chen, Yongqiang; Wang, Xiuli; Chen, Baokuan; Lin, Hongyan

    2009-03-01

    Three novel Cd(II) coordination polymers, namely, [Cd(Dpq)(1,8-NDC)(H 2O) 2][Cd(Dpq)(1,8-NDC)]·2H 2O ( 1), [Cd(Dpq)(1,4-NDC)(H 2O)] ( 2), and [Cd(Dpq)(2,6-NDC)] ( 3) have been obtained from hydrothermal reactions of cadmium(II) nitrate with the mixed ligands dipyrido [3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (Dpq) and three structurally related naphthalene-dicarboxylate ligands [1,8-naphthalene-dicarboxylic acid (1,8-H 2NDC), 1,4-naphthalene-dicarboxylic acid (1,4-H 2NDC), and 2,6-naphthalene-dicarboxylic acid (2,6-H 2NDC)]. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the three polymers exhibit novel structures due to different naphthalene-dicarboxylic acid. Compound 1 is a novel cocrystal of left- and right-handed helical chains and binuclear complexes and ultimately packed into a 3D supramolecular structure through hydrogen bonds and π- π stacking interactions. Compound 2 shows a 2D rectangular network (4,4) bridged by 1,4-NDC with two kinds of coordination modes and ultimately packed into a 3D supramolecular structure through inter-layer π- π stacking interactions. Compound 3 is a new 3D coordination polymer with distorted PtS-type network. In addition, the title compounds exhibit blue/green emission in solid state at room temperature.

  15. Synthesis, spectroscopic and DNA binding ability of CoII, NiII, CuII and ZnII complexes of Schiff base ligand (E)-1-(((1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)methylimino)methyl)naphthalen-2-ol. X-ray crystal structure determination of cobalt (II) complex.

    PubMed

    Yarkandi, Naeema H; El-Ghamry, Hoda A; Gaber, Mohamed

    2017-06-01

    A novel Schiff base ligand, (E)-1-(((1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)methylimino)methyl)naphthalen-2-ol (HL), has been designed and synthesized in addition to its metal chelates [Co(L) 2 ]·l2H 2 O, [Ni(L)Cl·(H 2 O) 2 ].5H 2 O, [Cu(L)Cl] and [Zn(L)(CH 3 COO)]. The structures of the isolated compounds have been confirmed and identified by means of different spectral and physicochemical techniques including CHN analysis, 1 H & 13 C NMR, mass spectral analysis, molar conductivity measurement, UV-Vis, infrared, magnetic moment in addition to TGA technique. The infrared spectral results ascertained that the ligand acts as monobasic tridentate binding to the metal centers via deprotonated hydroxyl oxygen, azomethine and imidazole nitrogen atoms. The UV-Vis, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity data implied octahedral geometry for Co(II) & Ni(II) complexes, tetrahedral for Zn(II) complex and square planar for Cu(II) complex. X-ray structural analysis of Co(II) complex 1 has been reported and discussed. Moreover, the type of interaction between the ligand & its complexes towards salmon sperm DNA (SS-DNA) has been examined by the measurement of absorption spectra and viscosity which confirmed that the ligand and its complexes interact with DNA via intercalation interaction as concluded from the values of binding constants (K b ). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Conformational heterogeneity in the C-terminal zinc fingers of human MTF-1: an NMR and zinc-binding study.

    PubMed

    Giedroc, D P; Chen, X; Pennella, M A; LiWang, A C

    2001-11-09

    The human metalloregulatory transcription factor, metal-response element (MRE)-binding transcription factor-1 (MTF-1), contains six TFIIIA-type Cys(2)-His(2) motifs, each of which was projected to form well-structured betabetaalpha domains upon Zn(II) binding. In this report, the structure and backbone dynamics of a fragment containing the unusual C-terminal fingers F4-F6 has been investigated. (15)N heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC) spectra of uniformly (15)N-labeled hMTF-zf46 show that Zn(II) induces the folding of hMTF-zf46. Analysis of the secondary structure of Zn(3) hMTF-zf46 determined by (13)Calpha chemical shift indexing and the magnitude of (3)J(Halpha-HN) clearly reveal that zinc fingers F4 and F6 adopt typical betabetaalpha structures. An analysis of the heteronuclear backbone (15)N relaxation dynamics behavior is consistent with this picture and further reveals independent tumbling of the finger domains in solution. Titration of apo-MTF-zf46 with Zn(II) reveals that the F4 domain binds Zn(II) significantly more tightly than do the other two finger domains. In contrast to fingers F4 and F6, the betabetaalpha fold of finger F5 is unstable and only partially populated at substoichiometric Zn(II); a slight molar excess of zinc results in severe conformational exchange broadening of all F5 NH cross-peaks. Finally, although Cd(II) binds to apo-hMTF-zf46 as revealed by intense S(-)-->Cd(II) absorption, a non-native structure results; addition of stoichiometric Zn(II) to the Cd(II) complex results in quantitative refolding of the betabetaalpha structure in F4 and F6. The functional implications of these results are discussed.

  17. Application of mucilage from Dicerocaryum eriocarpum plant as biosorption medium in the removal of selected heavy metal ions.

    PubMed

    Jones, Bassey O; John, Odiyo O; Luke, Chimuka; Ochieng, Aoyi; Bassey, Bridget J

    2016-07-15

    The ability of mucilage from Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) plant to act as biosorption medium in the removal of metals ions from aqueous solution was investigated. Functional groups present in the mucilage were identified using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Mucilage was modified with sodium and potassium chlorides. This was aimed at assessing the biosorption efficiency of modified mucilage: potassium mucilage (PCE) and sodium mucilage (SCE) and comparing it with non-modified deionised water mucilage (DCE) in the uptake of metal ions. FTIR results showed that the functional groups providing the active sites in PCE and SCE and DCE include: carboxyl, hydroxyl and carbonyl groups. The chloride used in the modification of the mucilage did not introduce new functional groups but increased the intensity of the already existing functional groups in the mucilage. Results from biosorption experiment showed that DE mucilage displays good binding affinity with metals ions [Zn(II), Cd(II) Ni(II), Cr(III) and Fe(II)] in the aqueous solution. Increase in the aqueous solution pH, metal ions initial concentration and mucilage concentration increased the biosorption efficiency of DE mucilage. The maximum contact time varied with each species of metal ions. Optimum pH for [Zn(II), Cd(II) Ni(II) and Fe(II)] occurred at pH 4 and pH 6 for Cr(III). Kinetic models result fitted well to pseudo-second-order with a coefficient values of R(2) = 1 for Cd(II), Ni(II), Cr(III), Fe(II) and R(2) = 0.9974 for Zn(II). Biosorption isotherms conforms best with Freundlich model for all the metal ions with correlation factors of 0.9994, 0.9987, 0.9554, 0.9621 and 0.937 for Zn(II), Ni(II), Fe(II), Cr(III) and Cd(II), respectively. Biosorption capacity of DE mucilage was 0.010, 2.387, 4.902, 0688 and 0.125 for Zn(II), Cr(III), Fe(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) respectively. The modified mucilage was found to be highly efficient in the removal of metal ions than the unmodified mucilage

  18. Novel Organic Membrane-based Thin-film Microsensors for the Determination of Heavy Metal Cations

    PubMed Central

    Arida, Hassan A.; Kloock, Joachim P.; Schöning, Michael J.

    2006-01-01

    A first step towards the fabrication and electrochemical evaluation of thin-film microsensors based on organic PVC membranes for the determination of Hg(II), Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions in solutions has been realised. The membrane-coating mixture used in the preparation of this new type of microsensors is incorporating PVC as supporting matrix, o-nitrophenyloctylether (o-NPOE) as solvent mediator and a recently synthesized Hg[dimethylglyoxime(phene)]2+ and Bis-(4-hydroxyacetophenone)-ethylenediamine as electroactive materials for Hg(II) and Cd(II), respectively. A set of three commercialised ionophores for Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) has been also used for comparison. Thin-film microsensors based on these membranes showed a Nernstian response of slope (26-30 mV/dec.) for the respective tested cations. The potentiometric response characteristics (linear range, pH range, detection limit and response time) are comparable with those obtained by conventional membranes as well as coated wire electrodes prepared from the same membrane. The realisation of the new organic membrane-based thin-film microsensors overcomes the problem of an insufficient selectivity of solid-state-based thin-film sensors.

  19. Pharmacologically significant complexes of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) of novel Schiff base ligand, (E)-N-(furan-2-yl methylene) quinolin-8-amine: Synthesis, spectral, XRD, SEM, antimicrobial, antioxidant and in vitro cytotoxic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shakir, M.; Hanif, Summaiya; Sherwani, Mohd. Asif; Mohammad, Owais; Al-Resayes, Saud I.

    2015-07-01

    A novel series of metal complexes of the types, [ML2(H2O)2]Cl2 and [ML2]Cl2 [M = Mn(II), 1; Co(II), 2; Ni(II), 3; Cu(II), 4; and Zn(II), 5] were synthesized by the interaction of ligand, L (E)-N-(furan-2-yl methylene) quinolin-8-amine, derived from the condensation of 2-furaldehyde and 8-aminoquinoline. The synthesized ligand and its metal complexes were characterized on the basis of results obtained from elemental analysis, ESI-MS, XRD, SEM, TGA/DTA, FT-IR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic studies. EPR parameters were recorded in case of complex 4. The comparative in-vitro antimicrobial activities against various pathogens with reference to known antibiotics and antioxidant activity against standard control at variable concentrations revealed that the metal complexes show enhanced antimicrobial and free radical scavenging activities in general as compared to free ligand. However, the complexes 1 and 5 have shown best antioxidant activity among all the metal complexes. Furthermore, comparative in-vitro antiproliferative activity on ligand and its metal chelates performed on MDA-MB-231 (breast carcinoma), KCL22 (blood lymphoid carcinoma), HeLa (cervical carcinoma) cell lines and normal cells (PBMC) revealed that metal chelates show moderate to good activity as compared to ligand where as complex 1 seems to be the most promising one possessing a broad spectrum of activity against all the selected cancer cell lines with IC50 < 2.10 μM.

  20. Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activity of some nickel, cadmium and mercury complexes of 5-methyl pyrazole-3yl-N-(2‧-methylthiophenyl) methyleneimine, (MPzOATA) ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandal, Susmita; Mondal, Monojit; Biswas, Jayanta Kumar; Cordes, David B.; Slawin, Alexandra M. Z.; Butcher, Ray J.; Saha, Manan; Chandra Saha, Nitis

    2018-01-01

    Herein, we report the syntheses and structures of Ni(II) complexes, [Ni(MPzOATA)2] (Cl) (PF6) (I), [Ni(MPzOATA)2](ClO4)2.CH3CN (II) & [Ni(MPzOATA)2](BF4)2.H2O (III); Cd(II) complex, [Cd(MPzOATA)Cl2]2 (IV) and a Hg(II) complex, [Hg(MPzOATA)Cl2] (V), of a pyrazole based 'NNS' donor ligand, 5-methylpyrazole-3yl-N-(2‧-methylthiophenyl)methyleneimine, (MPzOATA). The complexes are characterized by elemental analyses, electronic, IR, 1H- NMR (only for IV &V) spectral parameters, conductivity and fluorescence measurements. X-ray crystallographic data of the complexes reveal that the Ni(II) complexes have NiN4S2 octahedral coordination, one of them is a mixed-anion complex having Cl- and PF6- as counter anions; the Cd(II) complex is a chloro bridged binuclear complex with octahedral coordination environment around each metal centre, while the Hg(II) complex is a square pyramidal one. Among the reported complex species, the Ni(II) complexes are non-fluorescent, while the Cd(II) and Hg(II) complexes can be used as potential photoactive materials as indicated from their characteristic emission properties. The reported complexes are screened for their antimicrobial activities against some Gram positive and Gram negative microbial strains, and they are found to be potential antimicrobial agents in broad spectrum against both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria.

  1. Potentiality of Neopestalotiopsis clavispora ASU1 in biosorption of cadmium and zinc.

    PubMed

    Hassan, Sedky H A; Koutb, Mostafa; Nafady, Nivien Allam; Hassan, Elhagag Ahmed

    2018-07-01

    In this study, a fungal isolate was isolated from avocado fruit collected from a market in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, and identified as Neopestalotiopsis clavispora ASU1. The biomass of Neopestalotiopsis clavispora ASU1 was used as a natural bio-sorbent for removal of Cd(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solutions. Characterization of fungal biomass was performed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray Diffractometer, and BET surface area. Different factors on Cd(II) and Zn(II) biosorption were studied to evaluate the maximum conditions for metals biosorption. The (q max ) for Cd(II) and Zn (II) by N. clavispora ASU1 calculated from the Langmuir adsorption isotherm was 185.3 ± 0.25 and 153.8 ± 0.21 mg/g, respectively. Based on r 2 , the equilibrium biosorption isotherms fitted well with Langmuir model than Freundlich isotherm. The adsorption kinetics was studied, and the biosorption followed to the pseudo-second-order model. Thus, the current study indicated that the biomass of N. clavispora ASU1 is an effective adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. An ion-imprinted silica-supported organic-inorganic hybrid sorbent prepared by a surface imprinting technique combined with a polysaccharide incorporated sol-gel process for selective separation of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Li, Feng; Jiang, Hongquan; Zhang, Shusheng

    2007-03-15

    Ion-imprinting concept and polysaccharide incorporated sol-gel process were applied to the preparation of a new silica-supported organic-inorganic hybrid sorbent for selective separation of Cd(II) from aqueous solution. In the prepared shell/core composite sorbent, covalently surface coating on the supporting silica gel was achieved by using a Cd(II)-imprinting sol-gel process starting from an inorganic precursor, gamma-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysiloxane (GPTMS), and a functional biopolymer, chitosan (CS). The sorbent was prepared through self-hydrolysis of GPTMS, self-condensation and co-condensation of silanol groups (Si-OH) from siloxane and silica gel surface, in combination with in situ covalent cross-linking of CS with partial amine shielded by Cd(II) complexation. Extraction of the imprinting molecules left a predetermined arrangement of ligands and tailored binding pockets for Cd(II). The prepared sorbent was characterized by using X-ray energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Batch experiments were conducted to study the sorption performance by removal of Cd(II) when present singly or in binary system, an aqueous Cd(II) and Zn(II) mixture. The ion-imprinted composite sorbent offered a fast kinetics for the sorption of Cd(II) and the maximum capacity was 1.14mmolg(-1). The uptake capacity of the imprinted sorbent and the selectivity coefficient were much higher than that of the non-imprinted sorbent. The imprinted sorbent exhibited high reusability. The prepared functional sorbent was shown to be promising for the preconcentration of cadmium in environmental and biological samples.

  3. Metal Ions Removal Using Nano Oxide Pyrolox™ Material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gładysz-Płaska, A.; Skwarek, E.; Budnyak, T. M.; Kołodyńska, D.

    2017-02-01

    The paper presents the use of Pyrolox™ containing manganese nano oxides used for the removal of Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II) as well as U(VI) ions. Their concentrations were analyzed using the atomic absorption spectrometer SpectrAA 240 FS (Varian) as well as UV-vis method. For this purpose the static kinetic and equilibrium studies were carried out using the batch technique. The effect of solution pH, shaking time, initial metal ion concentrations, sorbent dosage, and temperature was investigated. The equilibrium data were analyzed using the sorption isotherm models proposed by Freundlich, Langmuir-Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin-Radushkevich. The kinetic results showed that the pseudo second order kinetic model was found to correlate the experimental data well. The results indicate that adsorption of Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II) as well as U(VI) ions is strongly dependent on pH. The value of pH 4-7 was optimal adsorption. The time to reach the equilibrium was found to be 24 h, and after this time, the sorption percentage reached about 70%. Kinetics of Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), and U(VI) adsorption on the adsorbent can be described by the pseudo second order rate equation. Nitrogen adsorption/desorption, infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements for adsorbent characterization were performed. Characteristic points of the double layer determined for the studied Pyrolox™ sample in 0.001 mol/dm3 NaCl solution are pHPZC = 4 and pHIEP < 2.

  4. A breakthrough biosorbent in removing heavy metals: Equilibrium, kinetic, thermodynamic and mechanism analyses in a lab-scale study.

    PubMed

    Abdolali, Atefeh; Ngo, Huu Hao; Guo, Wenshan; Lu, Shaoyong; Chen, Shiao-Shing; Nguyen, Nguyen Cong; Zhang, Xinbo; Wang, Jie; Wu, Yun

    2016-01-15

    A breakthrough biosorbent namely multi-metal binding biosorbent (MMBB) made from a combination of tea wastes, maple leaves and mandarin peels, was prepared to evaluate their biosorptive potential for removal of Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) from multi-metal aqueous solutions. FTIR and SEM were conducted, before and after biosorption, to explore the intensity and position of the available functional groups and changes in adsorbent surface morphology. Carboxylic, hydroxyl and amine groups were found to be the principal functional groups for the sorption of metals. MMBB exhibited best performance at pH 5.5 with maximum sorption capacities of 31.73, 41.06, 76.25 and 26.63 mg/g for Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II), respectively. Pseudo-first and pseudo-second-order models represented the kinetic experimental data in different initial metal concentrations very well. Among two-parameter adsorption isotherm models, the Langmuir equation gave a better fit of the equilibrium data. For Cu(II) and Zn(II), the Khan isotherm describes better biosorption conditions while for Cd(II) and Pb(II), the Sips model was found to provide the best correlation of the biosorption equilibrium data. The calculated thermodynamic parameters indicated feasible, spontaneous and exothermic biosorption process. Overall, this novel MMBB can effectively be utilized as an adsorbent to remove heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. An automated system for liquid-liquid extraction in monosegmented flow analysis

    PubMed Central

    Facchin, Ileana; Pasquini, Celio

    1997-01-01

    An automated system to perform liquid-liquid extraction in monosegmented flow analysis is described. The system is controlled by a microcomputer that can track the localization of the aqueous monosegmented sample in the manifold. Optical switches are employed to sense the gas-liquid interface of the air bubbles that define the monosegment. The logical level changes, generated by the switches, are flagged by the computer through a home-made interface that also contains the analogue-to-digital converter for signal acquisition. The sequence of operations, necessary for a single extraction or for concentration of the analyte in the organic phase, is triggered by these logical transitions. The system was evaluated for extraction of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) and concentration of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions at pH 9.9 (NH3/NH4Cl buffer) into chloroform containing PAN (1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol) . The results show a mean repeatability of 3% (rsd) for a 2.0 mg l-1 Cd(II) solution and a linear increase of the concentration factor for a 0.5mg l-1 Cd(II) solution observed for up to nine extraction cycles. PMID:18924792

  6. Sorption selectivity of birnessite particle edges: a d-PDF analysis of Cd( ii ) and Pb( ii ) sorption by δ-MnO 2 and ferrihydrite

    SciT

    van Genuchten, Case M.; Peña, Jasquelin

    2016-01-01

    Birnessite minerals (layer-type MnO2), which bear both internal (cation vacancies) and external (particle edges) metal sorption sites, are important sinks of contaminants in soils and sediments. Although the particle edges of birnessite minerals often dominate the total reactive surface area, especially in the case of nanoscale crystallites, the metal sorption reactivity of birnessite particle edges remains elusive. In this study, we investigated the sorption selectivity of birnessite particle edges by combining Cd(II) and Pb(II) adsorption isotherms at pH 5.5 with surface structural characterization by differential pair distribution function (d-PDF) analysis. We compared the sorption reactivity of δ-MnO2 to that ofmore » the nanomineral, 2-line ferrihydrite, which exhibits only external surface sites. Our results show that, whereas Cd(II) and Pb(II) both bind to birnessite layer vacancies, only Pb(II) binds extensively to birnessite particle edges. For ferrihydrite, significant Pb(II) adsorption to external sites was observed (roughly 20 mol%), whereas Cd(II) sorption was negligible. These results are supported by bond valence calculations that show comparable degrees of saturation of oxygen atoms on birnessite and ferrihydrite particle edges. Therefore, we propose that the sorption selectivity of birnessite edges follows the same order of that reported previously for ferrihydrite: Ca(II) < Cd(II) < Ni(II) < Zn(II) < Cu(II) < Pb(II).« less

  7. Spectroscopic characteristic (FT-IR, 1H, 13C NMR and UV-Vis) and theoretical calculations (MEP, DOS, HOMO-LUMO, PES, NBO analysis and keto-enol tautomerism) of new tetradentate N,N‧-bis(4-hydroxysalicylidene)-1,4-phenylenediamine ligand as chelating agent for the synthesis of dinuclear Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rajaei, Iman; Mirsattari, Seyed Nezamoddin

    2018-07-01

    The synthesis and characterization of a novel symmetrical Schiff base ligand N,Nʹ-bis(4-hydroxysalicylidene)-1,4-phenylenediamine (BHSP) was presented in this study and characterized by FT-IR, NMR (1H and 13C) and UV-Vis spectroscopy experimentally and theoretically. Also a series of binuclear Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of BHSP ligand have been synthesized by conventional sequential route in 1:1 equivalent of L:M ratio and characterized by routine physicochemical characterizations. The molecular geometry and vibrational frequencies of the BHSP in the ground state were calculated by using density functional theory (DFT) B3LYP method invoking 6-31G(d,p) and 6-31++G(d,p) basis sets. To study different conformations of the molecule, potential energy surface (PES) scan investigations were performed. The energetic behavior of the ligand compound (BHSP) in solvent media has been examined using B3LYP method with the 6-31G(d,p) and 6-31++G(d,p) basis sets by applying the polarized continuum model (PCM). In addition, DFT calculations of the BHSP ligand, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), contour map, natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis, frontier molecular orbitals (FMO) analysis, NMR analysis and TD-DFT calculations were conducted. The calculated properties are in agreement with the available experimental data and closely related molecule BSP. The calculated results show that the optimized geometry can well reproduce the crystal structural parameters.

  8. Effects of toxic metals and chemicals on biofilm and biocorrosion.

    PubMed

    Fang, Herbert H P; Xu, Li-Chong; Chan, Kwong-Yu

    2002-11-01

    Microbes in marine biofilms aggregated into clusters and increased the production of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), by over 100% in some cases, when the seawater media containing toxic metals and chemicals, such as Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), AI(III), Cr(III), glutaraldehyde, and phenol. The formation of microbial cluster and the increased production of EPS, which contained 84-92% proteins and 8-16% polysaccharides, accelerated the corrosion of the mild steel. However, there was no quantitative relationship between the degree of increased corrosion and the toxicity of metals/chemicals towards sulfate-reducing bacteria, or the increased EPS production.

  9. Determination of heavy metal ions in vegetable samples using a magnetic metal-organic framework nanocomposite sorbent.

    PubMed

    Hassanpour, Akbar; Hosseinzadeh-Khanmiri, Rahim; Babazadeh, Mirzaagha; Abolhasani, Jafar; Ghorbani-Kalhor, Ebrahim

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the synthesis and application of a novel magnetic metal-organic framework (MOF) [(Fe₃O₄-benzoyl isothiocyanate)/Cu₃(benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate)₂] to pre-concentrate trace amounts of Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II) and Cr(III) ions and their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. A Box-Behnken design was used to find the parameters affecting the pre-concentration procedure through response surface methodology. Three factors including uptake time, amount of the magnetic sorbent and pH of the sample were selected as affecting factors in the sorption step, and four factors including type, volume and concentration of the eluent as well as the elution time were selected in the elution step for the optimisation study. The opted values were 30 mg, 10.1 min, 5.9, EDTA, 4.0 ml, 0.57 mol l(-1) EDTA solution and 13.0 min for the amount of the magnetic sorbent, uptake time, pH of the sample, type, volume, concentration of the eluent, and elution time, respectively. The limits of detection (LODs) were 0.12, 0.7, 0.16, and 0.4 ng ml(-1) for Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II) and Cr(III) ions, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of the method were less than 7.2% for five separate batch experiments for the determination of 30 μg l(-1) of Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II) and Cr(III) ions. The sorption capacity of the [(Fe₃O₄-benzoyl isothiocyanate)/MOF] was 175 mg g(-1) for Cd(II), 168 mg g(-1) for Pb(II), 210 mg g(-1) for Zn(II) and 196 mg g(-1) for Cr(III). It was found that the magnetic MOF nanocomposite demonstrated a higher capacity compared with Fe₃O₄-benzoyl isothiocyanate. Finally, the magnetic MOF nanocomposite was successfully applied to the rapid extraction of trace amounts of the heavy metal ions from vegetable samples.

  10. Synthesis and application of Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 for photocatalytic decomposition of organic matrix simultaneously with magnetic solid phase extraction of heavy metals prior to ICP-MS analysis.

    PubMed

    Habila, Mohamed A; ALOthman, Zeid A; El-Toni, Ahmed Mohamed; Labis, Joselito Puzon; Soylak, Mustafa

    2016-07-01

    Interference of organic compounds in the matrix of heavy metal solution could suppress their pre-concentration and detection processes. Therefore, this work aimed to develop simple and facile methods for separation of heavy metals before ICP-MS analysis. Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 core-double shell magnetic adsorbent was prepared and characterized by TEM, SEM, FTIR, XRD and surface area, and tested for Magnetic Solid Phase Extraction (MSPE) of Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II). TEM micrograph of Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 reveals the uniform coating of TiO2 layer of about 20nm onto the Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles and indicates that all nanoparticles are monodispersed and uniform. The saturation magnetization from the room-temperature hysteresis loops of Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 was found to be 72 and 40emug(-1), respectively, suggesting good separability of the nanoparticles. The Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 showed maximum adsorption capacity of 125, 137, 148 and 160mgg(-1) for Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) respectively, and the process was found to fit with the second order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm. Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 showed efficient photocatalytic decomposition for tartrazine and sunset yellow (consider as Interfering organic compounds) in aqueous solution under the irradiation of UV light. The maximum recovery% was achieved at pH 5, by elution with 10mL of 2M nitric acid solution. The LODs were found to be 0.066, 0.049, 0.041 and 0.082µgL(-1) for Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), respectively while the LOQs were found to be 0.20, 0.15, 0.12 and 0.25µgL(-1) for Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), respectively. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. The phytochelatin transporters AtABCC1 and AtABCC2 mediate tolerance to cadmium and mercury.

    PubMed

    Park, Jiyoung; Song, Won-Yong; Ko, Donghwi; Eom, Yujin; Hansen, Thomas H; Schiller, Michaela; Lee, Tai Gyu; Martinoia, Enrico; Lee, Youngsook

    2012-01-01

    Heavy metals such as cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) are toxic pollutants that are detrimental to living organisms. Plants employ a two-step mechanism to detoxify toxic ions. First, phytochelatins bind to the toxic ion, and then the metal-phytochelatin complex is sequestered in the vacuole. Two ABCC-type transporters, AtABCC1 and AtABCC2, that play a key role in arsenic detoxification, have recently been identified in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, it is unclear whether these transporters are also implicated in phytochelatin-dependent detoxification of other heavy metals such as Cd(II) and Hg(II). Here, we show that atabcc1 single or atabcc1 atabcc2 double knockout mutants exhibit a hypersensitive phenotype in the presence of Cd(II) and Hg(II). Microscopic analysis using a Cd-sensitive probe revealed that Cd is mostly located in the cytosol of protoplasts of the double mutant, whereas it occurs mainly in the vacuole of wild-type cells. This suggests that the two ABCC transporters are important for vacuolar sequestration of Cd. Heterologous expression of the transporters in Saccharomyces cerevisiae confirmed their role in heavy metal tolerance. Over-expression of AtABCC1 in Arabidopsis resulted in enhanced Cd(II) tolerance and accumulation. Together, these results demonstrate that AtABCC1 and AtABCC2 are important vacuolar transporters that confer tolerance to cadmium and mercury, in addition to their role in arsenic detoxification. These transporters provide useful tools for genetic engineering of plants with enhanced metal tolerance and accumulation, which are desirable characteristics for phytoremediation. © 2011 The Authors. The Plant Journal © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  12. Detoxification of Hg(II) from aqueous and enzyme media: Pristine vs. tailored calcium alginate hydrogels.

    PubMed

    Sarkar, Kangkana; Ansari, Zarina; Sen, Kamalika

    2016-10-01

    Calcium alginate (CA) hydrogels were tailored using phenolic compounds (PC) like, thymol, morin, catechin, hesperidin, during their preparation. The PC incorporated gels show modified surface features as indicated by scanning electron microscopic images (SEM). The rheological studies show that excepting the hesperidin incorporated gels all the other kinds including calcium alginate pristine have similar mechanical strength. The hesperidine incorporated CA gels had the maximum capacity to adsorb Hg. The Freundlich adsorption isotherms show higher values of adsorption capacity for all PC incorporated CA beads than the pristine CA (PCA). The hesperidin incorporated CA gels were found to show the best adsorption condition at neutral pH and an optimum contact time of 2.5h at 25°C. Considering the possibility of ingested Hg detoxification from human alimentary tract, the hesperidin and morin incorporated CA beads were further modified through incorporation of cod liver oil as the digestion time of fat in stomach is higher. In vitro uptake capacities of Hg in pepsin and pancreatin containing enzyme media were studied with hesperidin and morin incorporated beads and their corresponding fat incorporated beads also. In the pepsin medium, there was no uptake by hesperidin and fat-hesperidin incorporated beads, which is possibly due to the higher acidity of the medium. But in pancreatin medium Hg was taken up by both kinds of beads. Morin and morin-fat incorporated beads were efficient to uptake Hg from both the pepsin and pancreatin medium. The tailored CA beads may therefore serve as efficient scaffolds to rescue Hg ingested individuals. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. BIOLUMINESCENT SENSORS FOR DETECTION OF BIOAVAILABLE HG(II) IN THE ENVIRONMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Biosensors for the detection of pollutants in the environment can complement analytical methods by distinguishing bioavailable from inert unavailable forms of the contaminants. y using fusions of the well understood TN21 mercury resistance operon (mer) with promoterless luxCDABE ...

  14. Remediation of Hg(II) from solutions using Cajanus cajan husk as a new sorbent.

    PubMed

    Devani, Mallappa A; Munshi, Basudeb; Oubagaranadin, John U Kennedy; Lal, Bipin Bihari; Mandal, Sandip

    2017-08-01

    In this work, biosorption of mercury(II) from solutions by normal and chemically modified husk of Cajanus cajan has been explored under batch conditions. The thermogravimetric analysis of the normal biosorbent showed a surface water loss of 6.56%, 9.26% volatile matter, and 81.81% organic matter. The scanning electron microscope image indicates that the biosorbent exhibited irregular and porous structures. The Fourier transform infra-red spectrum confirmed the presence of functional groups which are responsible for biosorption of mercury (II) from solutions after activation. The influence of initial pH of solutions, initial metal concentrations, and temperature on mercury(II) uptake by the biosorbents was evaluated. The biosorption followed the Langmuir model. Maximum metal uptake was obtained as 68 and 82 mg/g for an initial mercury(II) concentration of 150 mg/L for normal and chemically activated biosorbents, respectively, at a most favorable solution pH of 5.5. The kinetics of sorption obeyed the pseudo-second-order model. An endothermic nature of the biosorption process was observed. A two-stage biosorber reduced the consumption of the biosorbents by 3.49% and 16.52% for 100 and 150 mg/L, respectively. The novelty of the work is C. cajan husk proves to be a potential biosorbent for mercury(II) from solutions.

  15. Spectral Characterization and 3D Molecular Modeling Studies of Metal Complexes Involving the O, N-Donor Environment of Quinazoline-4(3H)-one Schiff Base and Their Biological Studies

    PubMed Central

    Siddappa, Kuruba; Mane, Sunilkumar B.

    2014-01-01

    A simple condensation of 3-amino-2-methylquinazoline-4-one with 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde produced new tridentate ONO donor Schiff base ligand with efficient yield. The structural characterization of ligand and its Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II) complexes were achieved by the aid of elemental analysis, spectral characterization such as (UV-visible, IR, NMR, mass, and ESR), and magnetic data. The analytical and spectroscopic studies suggest the octahedral geometries of Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Mn(II) complexes and tetrahedral geometry of Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes with the tridentate ONO Schiff base ligand. Furthermore, the conclusions drawn from these studies afford further support to the mode of bonding discussed on the basis of their 3D molecular modeling studies by considering different bond lengths, bond angles, and bond distance. The ligand and its metal complexes evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC number 7443), Bacillus subtilis (MTCC number 9878), Escherichia coli (MTCC number 1698), Aspergillus niger (MTCC number 281), and Aspergillus flavus (MTCC number 277). The MIC of these compounds was found to be most active at 10 μg/mL concentration in inhibiting the growth of the tested organisms. The DNA cleavage activity of all the complexes was studied by gel electrophoresis method. PMID:24678278

  16. Determination of Zinc, Cadmium, Lead, Copper and Silver Using a Carbon Paste Electrode and a Screen Printed Electrode Modified with Chromium(III) Oxide.

    PubMed

    Koudelkova, Zuzana; Syrovy, Tomas; Ambrozova, Pavlina; Moravec, Zdenek; Kubac, Lubomir; Hynek, David; Richtera, Lukas; Adam, Vojtech

    2017-08-09

    In this study, the preparation and electrochemical application of a chromium(III) oxide modified carbon paste electrode (Cr-CPE) and a screen printed electrode (SPE), made from the same material and optimized for the simple, cheap and sensitive simultaneous determination of zinc, cadmium, lead, copper and the detection of silver ions, is described. The limits of detection and quantification were 25 and 80 µg·L -1 for Zn(II), 3 and 10 µg·L -1 for Cd(II), 3 and 10 µg·L -1 for Pb(II), 3 and 10 µg·L -1 for Cu(II), and 3 and 10 µg·L -1 for Ag(I), respectively. Furthermore, this promising modification was transferred to the screen-printed electrode. The limits of detection for the simultaneous determination of zinc, cadmium, copper and lead on the screen printed electrodes were found to be 350 µg·L -1 for Zn(II), 25 µg·L -1 for Cd(II), 3 µg·L -1 for Pb(II) and 3 µg·L -1 for Cu(II). Practical usability for the simultaneous detection of these heavy metal ions by the Cr-CPE was also demonstrated in the analyses of wastewaters.

  17. Metallothionein from Wild Populations of the African Catfish Clarias gariepinus: From Sequence, Protein Expression and Metal Binding Properties to Transcriptional Biomarker of Metal Pollution

    PubMed Central

    M’kandawire, Ethel; Mierek-Adamska, Agnieszka; Stürzenbaum, Stephen R.; Choongo, Kennedy; Yabe, John; Mwase, Maxwell; Saasa, Ngonda; Blindauer, Claudia A.

    2017-01-01

    Anthropogenic pollution with heavy metals is an on-going concern throughout the world, and methods to monitor release and impact of heavy metals are of high importance. With a view to probe its suitability as molecular biomarker of metal pollution, this study has determined a coding sequence for metallothionein of the African sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus. The gene product was recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli in presence of Zn(II), Cd(II), or Cu, and characterised by Electrospray Ionisation Mass Spectrometry and elemental analysis. C. gariepinus MT displays typical features of fish MTs, including 20 conserved cysteines, and seven bound divalent cations (Zn(II) or Cd(II)) when saturated. Livers from wild C. gariepinus fish collected in all three seasons from four different sites on the Kafue River of Zambia were analysed for their metal contents and for MT expression levels by quantitative PCR. Significant correlations were found between Zn and Cu levels and MT expression in livers, with MT expression clearly highest at the most polluted site, Chililabombwe, which is situated in the Copperbelt region. Based on our findings, hepatic expression of MT from C. gariepinus may be further developed as a major molecular biomarker of heavy metal pollution resulting from mining activities in this region. PMID:28718783

  18. Interaction effects of metals and salinity on biodegradation of a complex hydrocarbon waste.

    PubMed

    Amatya, Prasanna L; Hettiaratchi, Joseph Patrick A; Joshi, Ramesh C

    2006-02-01

    The presence of high levels of salts because of produced brine water disposal at flare pits and the presence of metals at sufficient concentrations to impact microbial activity are of concern to bioremediation of flare pit waste in the upstream oil and gas industry. Two slurry-phase biotreatment experiments based on three-level factorial statistical experimental design were conducted with a flare pit waste. The experiments separately studied the primary effect of cadmium [Cd(II)] and interaction effect between Cd(II) and salinity and the primary effect of zinc [Zn(II)] and interaction effect between Zn(II) and salinity on hydrocarbon biodegradation. The results showed 42-52.5% hydrocarbon removal in slurries spiked with Cd and 47-62.5% in the slurries spiked with Zn. The analysis of variance showed that the primary effects of Cd and Cd-salinity interaction were statistically significant on hydrocarbon degradation. The primary effects of Zn and the Zn-salinity interaction were statistically insignificant, whereas the quadratic effect of Zn was highly significant on hydrocarbon degradation. The study on effects of metallic chloro-complexes showed that the total aqueous concentration of Cd or Zn does not give a reliable indication of overall toxicity to the microbial activity in the presence of high salinity levels.

  19. Impregnated multiwalled carbon nanotubes as efficient sorbent for the solid phase extraction of trace amounts of heavy metal ions in food and water samples.

    PubMed

    Gouda, Ayman A; Al Ghannam, Sheikha M

    2016-07-01

    A new, sensitive and simple solid phase extraction (SPE), separation and preconcentration method of some heavy metal ions, Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) at trace levels using multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) impregnated with 2-(2-benzothiazolylazo)orcinol (BTAO) from food and water samples were investigated. The effect of analytical parameters was examined. The metals retained on the nanotubes at pH 7.0 were eluted by 5.0mL HNO3 (2.0molL(-1)). The influence of matrix ions on the proposed method was evaluated. The preconcentration factor was calculated and found to be 100. The detection limits (LODs) for Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) were found at 0.70, 1.2, 0.80, 2.6 and 2.2μgL(-1), respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) and the recoveries of the standard addition method were lower than 5.0% and 95-102%, respectively. The new procedure was successfully applied to the determination of trace amounts of the studied metal ions in various food and water samples and validated using certified reference materials SRM 1570A (spinach leaves) with satisfactory and compatible results. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Titania-Coated Silica Alone and Modified by Sodium Alginate as Sorbents for Heavy Metal Ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kołodyńska, D.; Gęca, M.; Skwarek, E.; Goncharuk, O.

    2018-04-01

    The novel organic-inorganic biohybrid composite adsorbent was synthesized based on nanosized silica-titania modified with alginate within the development of effective adsorbent for heavy metal ions. Effects of metal species Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II); concentrations; pH; temperature; and adsorption onto titania-coated silica (ST20) initial or modified by sodium alginate (ST20-ALG) were studied. The equilibrium and kinetic data of metal ions adsorption were analyzed using Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models and kinetic models: pseudo first order, pseudo second order, intraparticle kinetic model, and Elovich. The maximum sorption capacities observed were higher for the ST20-ALG composite compared to the initial ST20 oxide for all studied metal ions, namely their values for ST20-ALG were 22.44 mg g- 1 for Cu(II) adsorption, 19.95 mg g- 1 for Zn(II), 18.85 mg g- 1 for Cd(II), and 32.49 mg g- 1 for Pb(II). Structure and properties of initial silica-titania ST20 and modified by sodium alginate ST20-ALG adsorbents were analyzed using nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, ATR-FTIR, SEM-EDS, and pHpzc techniques.

  1. Functionalisation of mesoporous silica gel with 2-[(phosphonomethyl)-amino]acetic acid functional groups. Characterisation and application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caldarola, Dario; Mitev, Dimitar P.; Marlin, Lucile; Nesterenko, Ekaterina P.; Paull, Brett; Onida, Barbara; Bruzzoniti, Maria Concetta; Carlo, Rosa Maria De; Sarzanini, Corrado; Nesterenko, Pavel N.

    2014-01-01

    A new complexing adsorbent was prepared by chemical modification of mesoporous silica Kieselgel 60 (dp = 37-63 μm, average pore size 6 nm, specific surface area 425 m2 g-1) with 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and 2-[(phosphonomethyl)amino]acetic acid (PMA), commonly known as glyphosate. The prepared adsorbent was fully characterised using elemental analysis, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), acid-base potentiometric titration, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), nitrogen adsorption isotherms at 77 K (BET), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The concentration of bonded PMA groups calculated from the nitrogen content was 0.38 mmol per gram. The adsorption of transition metal ions on PMA functionalised silica (HEPMAS) was studied from aqueous solutions having different pH and the following selectivity was established, Zn(II) < Co(II) < Cd(II) < Mn(II) < Ni(II) < Cu(II). The calculated values of distribution coefficients D for the adsorption of ecotoxic metal ions on HEPMAS are 5.0 × 104, 4.9 × 105 and 2.6 × 104 for Zn(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II), respectively.

  2. Metallothionein from Wild Populations of the African Catfish Clarias gariepinus: From Sequence, Protein Expression and Metal Binding Properties to Transcriptional Biomarker of Metal Pollution.

    PubMed

    M'kandawire, Ethel; Mierek-Adamska, Agnieszka; Stürzenbaum, Stephen R; Choongo, Kennedy; Yabe, John; Mwase, Maxwell; Saasa, Ngonda; Blindauer, Claudia A

    2017-07-18

    Anthropogenic pollution with heavy metals is an on-going concern throughout the world, and methods to monitor release and impact of heavy metals are of high importance. With a view to probe its suitability as molecular biomarker of metal pollution, this study has determined a coding sequence for metallothionein of the African sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus . The gene product was recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli in presence of Zn(II), Cd(II), or Cu, and characterised by Electrospray Ionisation Mass Spectrometry and elemental analysis. C. gariepinus MT displays typical features of fish MTs, including 20 conserved cysteines, and seven bound divalent cations (Zn(II) or Cd(II)) when saturated. Livers from wild C. gariepinus fish collected in all three seasons from four different sites on the Kafue River of Zambia were analysed for their metal contents and for MT expression levels by quantitative PCR. Significant correlations were found between Zn and Cu levels and MT expression in livers, with MT expression clearly highest at the most polluted site, Chililabombwe, which is situated in the Copperbelt region. Based on our findings, hepatic expression of MT from C. gariepinus may be further developed as a major molecular biomarker of heavy metal pollution resulting from mining activities in this region.

  3. Determination of Zinc, Cadmium, Lead, Copper and Silver Using a Carbon Paste Electrode and a Screen Printed Electrode Modified with Chromium(III) Oxide

    PubMed Central

    Koudelkova, Zuzana; Syrovy, Tomas; Ambrozova, Pavlina; Moravec, Zdenek; Kubac, Lubomir; Hynek, David; Adam, Vojtech

    2017-01-01

    In this study, the preparation and electrochemical application of a chromium(III) oxide modified carbon paste electrode (Cr-CPE) and a screen printed electrode (SPE), made from the same material and optimized for the simple, cheap and sensitive simultaneous determination of zinc, cadmium, lead, copper and the detection of silver ions, is described. The limits of detection and quantification were 25 and 80 µg·L−1 for Zn(II), 3 and 10 µg·L−1 for Cd(II), 3 and 10 µg·L−1 for Pb(II), 3 and 10 µg·L−1 for Cu(II), and 3 and 10 µg·L−1 for Ag(I), respectively. Furthermore, this promising modification was transferred to the screen-printed electrode. The limits of detection for the simultaneous determination of zinc, cadmium, copper and lead on the screen printed electrodes were found to be 350 µg·L−1 for Zn(II), 25 µg·L−1 for Cd(II), 3 µg·L−1 for Pb(II) and 3 µg·L−1 for Cu(II). Practical usability for the simultaneous detection of these heavy metal ions by the Cr-CPE was also demonstrated in the analyses of wastewaters. PMID:28792450

  4. Natural Minerals Coated by Biopolymer Chitosan: Synthesis, Physicochemical, and Adsorption Properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Budnyak, T. M.; Yanovska, E. S.; Kichkiruk, O. Yu.; Sternik, D.; Tertykh, V. A.

    2016-11-01

    Natural minerals are widely used in treatment technologies as mineral fertilizer, food additive in animal husbandry, and cosmetics because they combine valuable ion-exchanging and adsorption properties together with unique physicochemical and medical properties. Saponite (saponite clay) of the Ukrainian Podillya refers to the class of bentonites, a subclass of layered magnesium silicate montmorillonite. Clinoptilolits are aluminosilicates with carcase structure. In our work, we have coated biopolymer chitosan on the surfaces of natural minerals of Ukrainian origin — Podilsky saponite and Sokyrnitsky clinoptilolite. Chitosan mineral composites have been obtained by crosslinking of adsorbed biopolymer on saponite and clinoptilolite surface with glutaraldehyde. The obtained composites have been characterized by the physicochemical methods such as thermogravimetric/differential thermal analyses (DTA, DTG, TG), differential scanning calorimetry, mass analysis, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to determine possible interactions between the silica and chitosan molecule. The adsorption of microquantities of cations Cu(II), Zn(II), Fe(III), Cd(II), and Pb(II) by the obtained composites and the initial natural minerals has been studied from aqueous solutions. The sorption capacities and kinetic adsorption characteristics of the adsorbents were estimated. It was found that the obtained results have shown that the ability of chitosan to coordinate heavy metal ions Zn(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Fe(III) is less or equal to the ability to retain ions of these metals in the pores of minerals without forming chemical bonds.

  5. Functionalization of magnetic hollow porous oval shape NiFe2O4 as a highly selective sorbent for the simultaneous determination of five heavy metals in real samples.

    PubMed

    Liu, Mingyang; Yang, Lijun; Zhang, Lei

    2016-12-01

    In this study, a functionalized magnetic hollow porous oval-shape NiFe 2 O 4 (MHPO-NiFe 2 O 4 ) was designed by a facile synthesis procedure, and employed as magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) material to extract several heavy metal ions. As-prepared MHPO-NiFe 2 O 4 exhibited superior adsorption capacities of 20.17, 16.64, 16.82, 9.69 and 16.58mgg -1 , for Cu(II), Cd(II), Cr(III), Co(II) and Zn(II), and was then used to detect these heavy metals elements in real samples by combining with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The possible mechanism of the enrichment of heavy metals ions on MHPO-NiFe 2 O 4 was proposed, which involved the dominant adsorption and desorption. The detection limits were as low as 0.015, 0.13, 0.062, 0.035 and 0.46μgL -1 for Cu(II), Cd(II), Cr(III), Co(II) and Zn(II), respectively. A good repeatability was obtained with the relative standard deviation (RSD) of 3.87%. Moreover, the method was successfully utilized for the analysis of five heavy metals in real samples (cabbage, lettuce, apple, seawater), with satisfactory recoveries in the range of 92-108%. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Acid-base-controlled stereoselective metalation of overhanging carboxylic acid porphyrins: consequences for the formation of heterobimetallic complexes.

    PubMed

    Le Gac, Stéphane; Najjari, Btissam; Dorcet, Vincent; Roisnel, Thierry; Fusaro, Luca; Luhmer, Michel; Furet, Eric; Halet, Jean-François; Boitrel, Bernard

    2013-08-12

    Overhanging carboxylic acid porphyrins have revealed promising ditopic ligands offering a new entry in the field of supramolecular coordination chemistry of porphyrinoids. Notably, the adjunction of a so-called hanging-atop (HAT) Pb(II) cation to regular Pb(II) porphyrin complexes allowed a stereoselective incorporation of the N-core bound cation, and an allosterically controlled Newton's cradle-like motion of the two Pb(II) ions also emerged from such bimetallic complexes. In this contribution, we have extended this work to other ligands and metal ions, aiming at understanding the parameters that control the HAT Pb(II) coordination. The nature of the N-core bound metal ion (Zn(II), Cd(II)), the influence of the deprotonation state of the overhanging COOH group and the presence of a neutral ligand on the opposite side (exogenous or intramolecular), have been examined through (1)H NMR spectroscopic experiments with the help of radiocrystallographic structures and DFT calculations. Single and bis-strap ligands have been considered. They all incorporate a COOH group hung over the N-core on one side. For the bis-strap ligands, either an ester or an amide group has been introduced on the other side. In the presence of a base, the mononuclear Zn(II) or Cd(II) complexes incorporate the carbonyl of the overhanging carboxylate as apical ligand, decreasing its availability for the binding of a HAT Pb(II). An allosteric effector (e.g., 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP), in the case of a single-strap ligand) or an intramolecular ligand (e.g., an amide group), strong enough to compete with the carbonyl of the hung COO(-), is required to switch the N-core bound cation to the opposite side with concomitant release of the COO(-), thereby allowing HAT Pb(II) complexation. In the absence of a base, Zn(II) or Cd(II) binds preferentially the carbonyl of the intramolecular ester or amide groups in apical position rather than that of the COOH. This better preorganization, with the

  7. Metal complexes of a new potentially heptadentate(N 7) tripodal Schiff base ligand. Synthesis, NMR studies and ab initio calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salehzadeh, Sadegh; Javarsineh, Seyed Amrollah; Keypour, Hassan

    2006-03-01

    Tris(3-aminopropyl)amine, 2-pyridinecarboxaldehyde and a number of metal ions were used to prepare metal complexes of a new fully condensed potentially heptadentate(N 7) tripodal Schiff base ligand (L 333). The resulting complexes, [M(L 333)](ClO 4) 2 {M= Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II); L 333=[N(CH 2CH 2CH 2N dbnd6 CH(C 5H 4N)) 3]}, were characterized by microanalysis, IR and electronic spectra in all cases and by NMR spectra in the case of Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes: these two are both seven-co-ordinate. The 1H NMR, COSY and HMQC spectra of these complexes show two kinds of protons for each methylene group. The COSY spectrum confirms the geminal coupling of the two protons of each methylene group, indicating that the protons are diastereotopic in rigid six-membered rings. In the 1H NMR spectrum of the cadmium complex the signal of the imine proton has two clear satellites peaks ( 3J=41.9 Hz) with intensities in the ratio 1:6:1 due to coupling with neighbouring 111/113Cd. This coupling constant was confirmed by 113Cd NMR spectroscopy. Ab initio studies on [Fe(L 333)] 2+, [Zn(L 333)] 2+ and [Cd(L 333)] 2+ and also on the previously known complex, [Cd(L Me333)] 2+ are also reported. The results show that the shortest bonding interaction between the metal ion and the bridging tertiary nitrogen atom of the ligand is occurs in the Cd(II) complexes.

  8. Elucidation of the Functional Metal Binding Profile of a CdII/PbII sensor CmtRSc from Streptomyces coelicolor

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Yun; Kendall, John; Cavet, Jennifer S.; Giedroc, David P.

    2010-01-01

    Metal homeostasis and resistance in bacteria is maintained by a panel of metal sensing transcriptional regulators that collectively control transition metal availability and mediate resistance to heavy metal xenobiotics, including AsIII, CdII, PbII and HgII. The ArsR family constitutes a superfamily of metal sensors that appear to conform to the same winged helical, homodimeric fold, that collectively “sense” a wide array of beneficial metal ions and heavy metal pollutants. The genomes of many actinomycetes, including the soil dwelling bacterium Streptomyces coelicolor and the human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis, encode over ten ArsR family regulators, most of unknown function. Here, we present the characterization of a homolog of M. tuberculosis CmtR (CmtRMtb) from S. coelicolor, denoted CmtRSc. We show that CmtRSc, in contrast to CmtRMtb binds two monomer mol equivalents of PbII or CdII to form two pairs of trigonal S3 coordination complexes per dimer. Metal site 1 conforms exactly to the α4C site previously characterized in CmtRMtb while metal site 2 is coordinated by a C-terminal vicinal thiolate pair, Cys110 and Cys111. Biological assays reveal that only CdII and, to a lesser extent, PbII mediate transcriptional derepression in the heterologous host M. smegmatis in a way that requires metal site 1. In contrast, mutagenesis of metal site 2 ligands Cys110 or Cys111 significantly reduces CdII responsiveness, with no detectable effect on PbII sensing. The implications of these findings on the ability to predict metal specificity and function from metal-site “signatures” in the primary structure of ArsR family proteins are discussed. PMID:20586430

  9. Competitive adsorption of copper(II), cadmium(II), lead(II) and zinc(II) onto basic oxygen furnace slag.

    PubMed

    Xue, Yongjie; Hou, Haobo; Zhu, Shujing

    2009-02-15

    Polluted and contaminated water can often contain more than one heavy metal species. It is possible that the behavior of a particular metal species in a solution system will be affected by the presence of other metals. In this study, we have investigated the adsorption of Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) onto basic oxygen furnace slag (BOF slag) in single- and multi-element solution systems as a function of pH and concentration, in a background solution of 0.01M NaNO(3). In adsorption edge experiments, the pH was varied from 2.0 to 13.0 with total metal concentration 0.84mM in the single element system and 0.21mM each of Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) in the multi-element system. The value of pH(50) (the pH at which 50% adsorption occurs) was found to follow the sequence Zn>Cu>Pb>Cd in single-element systems, but Pb>Cu>Zn>Cd in the multi-element system. Adsorption isotherms at pH 6.0 in the multi-element systems showed that there is competition among various metals for adsorption sites on BOF slag. The adsorption and potentiometric titrations data for various slag-metal systems were modeled using an extended constant-capacitance surface complexation model that assumed an ion-exchange process below pH 6.5 and the formation of inner-sphere surface complexes at higher pH. Inner-sphere complexation was more dominant for the Cu(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) systems.

  10. Copper Ion Detection in Drinking Water via a Fabric Nanocomposite Sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Guoqiang

    Excessive Cu(II) ions in drinking water are always a big threat to people's health. In this work, we developed a flexible amperometric sensor by a simple dip-coating method, which was able to rapidly, sensitively, and selectively detect the Cu(II) ions in the range of 0.65 to 39 ppm in real time. The prepared Cu(II) sensor consisted of three layers that were electrospun nylon-6 nanofibers, multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and 2,2':5',2''-terthiophene molecules, respectively. When a voltage was applied to the Cu(II) sensor, the current was obviously impeded in the presence of Cu(II) ions. Interfering metal ions, including Cd(II), Fe(II), Pb(II), Hg(II), and Ag(I) ions, had almost no influence on the responsiveness of the Cu(II) sensor.

  11. Novel Imprinted Polymer for the Preconcentration of Cadmium with Determination by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

    PubMed Central

    Yilmaz, Vedat; Yilmaz, Hayriye; Arslan, Zikri; Leszczynski, Jerzy

    2016-01-01

    A novel Cd(II)-imprinted polymer was prepared with chemical immobilization approach by using N-methacryloyl-L-histidine as a vinylated chelating agent for on-line solid phase extraction of Cd(II) for determination by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Cd(II)-monomer complex was synthesized and copolymerized via bulk polymerization method in the presence of ethyleneglycoldimethacrylate cross-linker. The resulting polymer was leached with 1.0 mol L−1 HNO3 to generate the cavities in the polymer for Cd(II) ions. The experimental conditions, including load pH, solution flow rate, and eluent concentration for effective sorption of Cd(II) were optimized using a minicolumn of the imprinted polymer. A volume of 5.0 mL sample 5 μg L−1 Cd(II) solution at pH 6.5 was loaded onto the column at 2.0 mL min−1 by using a sequential injection system (FIALab 3200) followed by elution with 1.0 mL of 0.75 mol L−1 HNO3. The relative selectivity coefficients of the imprinted polymer for Cd(II) were 38.5, 3.5, 3.0, 2.5 and 6.0 in the presence of Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), Co(II) and Pb(II), respectively. Computational calculations revealed that the selectivity of the imprinted polymer was mediated by the stability of Cd(II)-N-methacryloyl-L-histidine complex which was far more stable than those of commonly used monomers, such as 4-vinyl pyridine, methacrylic acid and vinylimidazole. The detection limit (3s) and relative standard deviation (%) were found to be 0.004 μg L−1 and 3.2%, respectively. The method was validated by analysis of seawater certified reference material (CASS-4) and successfully applied to the determination of Cd(II) in coastal seawater and estuarine water samples. PMID:28239183

  12. The use of a polymer inclusion membrane in flow injection analysis for the on-line separation and determination of zinc.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lujia L; Cattrall, Robert W; Kolev, Spas D

    2011-06-15

    This paper reports the first use of a polymer inclusion membrane (PIM) for on-line separation in flow injection analysis (FIA) involving simultaneous extraction and back-extraction. The FIA system containing the PIM separation module was used for the determination of Zn(II) in aqueous samples in the presence of Mg(II), Ca(II), Cd(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Fe(III). The Fe(III) and Cu(II) interferences were eliminated by off-line precipitation with phosphate and on-line complexation with chloride, respectively. The concentration of Zn(II) was determined spectrophotometrically using 4-(2-pyridylazo) resorcinol (PAR). The optimal composition of the PIM consisted of 40% (m/m) di(2-ethlyhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) as carrier, 10% (m/m) dioctyl phthalate (DOP) as plasticizer and 50% (m/m) poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) as the base polymer. The optimized FIA system was characterized by a linear calibration curve in the range from 1.0 to 30.0 mg L(-1) Zn(II), a detection limit of 0.05 mg L(-1) and a relative standard deviation of 3.4% with a sampling rate of 4h(-1). Reproducible results were obtained for 20 replicate injections over a 5h period which demonstrated a good membrane stability. The FIA system was applied to the determination of Zn(II) in pharmaceuticals and samples from the galvanizing industry and very good agreement with atomic absorption spectrometry was obtained. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI): aspects of the core-shell structure and reactions with inorganic species in water.

    PubMed

    Yan, Weile; Herzing, Andrew A; Kiely, Christopher J; Zhang, Wei-Xian

    2010-11-25

    Aspects of the core-shell model of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) and their environmental implications were examined in this work. The structure and elemental distribution of nZVI were characterized by X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy (XEDS) with nanometer-scale spatial resolution in an aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM). The analysis provides unequivocal evidence of a layered structure of nZVI consisting of a metallic iron core encapsulated by a thin amorphous oxide shell. Three aqueous environmental contaminants, namely Hg(II), Zn(II) and hydrogen sulfide, were studied to probe the reactive properties and the surface chemistry of nZVI. High-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HR-XPS) analysis of the reacted particles indicated that Hg(II) was sequestrated via chemical reduction to elemental mercury. On the other hand, Zn(II) removal was achieved via sorption to the iron oxide shell followed by zinc hydroxide precipitation. Hydrogen sulfide was immobilized on the nZVI surface as disulfide (S(2)(2-)) and monosulfide (S(2-)) species. Their relative abundance in the final products suggests that the retention of hydrogen sulfide occurs via reactions with the oxide shell to form iron sulfide (FeS) and subsequent conversion to iron disulfide (FeS(2)). The results presented herein highlight the multiple reactive pathways permissible with nZVI owing to its two functional constituents. The core-shell structure imparts nZVI with manifold functional properties previously unexamined and grants the material with potentially new applications. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Polyamidoamine dendrimers as sweeping agent and stationary phase for rapid and sensitive open-tubular capillary electrophoretic determination of heavy metal ions.

    PubMed

    Ge, Ying; Guo, Yujun; Qin, Weidong

    2014-04-01

    Polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer generation 2.5 was synthesized and evaluated as sweeping agent for in-column enrichment and as stationary phase for capillary electrochromatographic separation of heavy metal ions, viz., Pb(II), Cu(II), Hg(II), Zn(II) and Co(II), in a running buffer containing 4-(2-pyridylazo)resorcinol (PAR) as a chromogenic reagent. During experiment, a plug of aqueous PAMAM generation 2.5 solution was first introduced to the capillary, followed by electrokinetic injection of the heavy metal ions under a positive voltage. In this step, PAMAM acted as a sweeping agent, stacking the metal ions on the analyte/PAMAM boundary by forming metal ion-PAMAM complexes. The second preconcentration process occurred when PAR, a stronger ligand, moving toward the injection end under the electric field, reached and re-swept the metal ion-PAMAM zone, forming metal ion-PAR complexes. During separation, the neutral PAMAM moved toward the detector with the electroosmotic flow, dynamically coating the capillary wall, forming stationary phases that affected the separation of the metal ions. Due to the function of PAMAM, the detection sensitivity and resolution of the heavy metal ions improved significantly. Under the optimum conditions, the detection limits were 0.299, 0.184, 0.774, 0.182 and 0.047 μg/L for Pb(II), Cu(II), Hg(II), Zn(II) and Co(II), respectively. The method was successfully applied to the determination of heavy metals in snow, tap and rain water samples. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Structure, photoluminescent properties and photocatalytic activities of a new Cd(II) metal-organic framework.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Cheng Yan; Ma, Wei Xing; Wang, Ming Yan; Yang, Xu Jie; Xu, Xing You

    2014-01-24

    A new metal-organic framework, [Cd(TDC)(bix)(H2O)]n (H2TDC = thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylic acid; bix = 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene), has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, UV-vis and single X-ray diffraction. Cd-MOF is a 2D infinite layer framework, which is further interconnected by hydrogen-bond interactions leading to a 3D supramolecular architecture. The photoluminescent properties of the Cd-MOF were investigated and this compound shows intense fluorescent emissions in the solid state. In addition, it exhibits good photocatalytic activities for the degradation of methyl organic under UV light irradiation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Surface complexation modeling of Cd(II) sorption to montmorillonite, bacteria, and their composite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ning; Du, Huihui; Huang, Qiaoyun; Cai, Peng; Rong, Xingmin; Feng, Xionghan; Chen, Wenli

    2016-10-01

    Surface complexation modeling (SCM) has emerged as a powerful tool for simulating heavy metal adsorption processes on the surface of soil solid components under different geochemical conditions. The component additivity (CA) approach is one of the strategies that have been widely used in multicomponent systems. In this study, potentiometric titration, isothermal adsorption, zeta potential measurement, and extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) spectra analysis were conducted to investigate Cd adsorption on 2 : 1 clay mineral montmorillonite, on Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis, and their mineral-organic composite. We developed constant capacitance models of Cd adsorption on montmorillonite, bacterial cells, and mineral-organic composite. The adsorption behavior of Cd on the surface of the composite was well explained by CA-SCM. Some deviations were observed from the model simulations at pH < 5, where the values predicted by the model were lower than the experimental results. The Cd complexes of X2Cd, SOCd+, R-COOCd+, and R-POCd+ were the predominant species on the composite surface over the pH range of 3 to 8. The distribution ratio of the adsorbed Cd between montmorillonite and bacterial fractions in the composite as predicted by CA-SCM closely coincided with the estimated value of EXAFS at pH 6. The model could be useful for the prediction of heavy metal distribution at the interface of multicomponents and their risk evaluation in soils and associated environments.

  17. Selective detection of pyrophosphate anion by a simple Cd(II) based terpyridine complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Purohit, Aditya Kumar; Ghosh, Biswa Nath; Kar, Pravin Kumar

    2018-01-01

    A simple ratiometric terpyridine-Cd(ll) complex was synthesized by the treatment of CdCl2 with terpyridine ligand 4‧-(4-N,N‧-dimethylaminophenyl)-2,2‧:6‧,2″-terpyridine. The synthesized complex was found to act as a selective fluorescent chemosensor for pyrophosphate P2O74 - (PPi) over other anions like F-, Cl-, Br-, CO32 -, SO32 -, AcO-, NO2-, and H2PO4-. Furthermore, the receptor probe was also successfully employed in HeLa cell for PPi detection, which indicates this can be used as a chemosensor for cells.

  18. Effect of Thiols, Zinc, and Redox Conditions on Hg Uptake in Shewanella oneidensis

    DOE PAGES

    Szczuka, Aleksandra; Morel, Francois M. M.; Schaefer, Jeffra K.

    2015-05-18

    Mercury uptake in bacteria represents a key first step in the production and accumulation Of methylmercury in biota. Previous experiments with mercury methylating bacteria have shown that Hg uptake is enhanced by some thiols, in particular cysteine, and that it is an energy-dependent process through heavy Metal TA transporters. In this study, we examine Hg uptake in the nonmethylating facultative aerobe, Shewanella oneidensis, under both anaerobic and aerobic conditions. Our results demonstrate similar characteristics of the Hg uptake system to those of the Hg methylating strains: uptake is enhanced in the presence of some thiols but not others; uptake ismore » energy dependent as evidenced by inhibition by a protonophore; and uptake is inhibited by high Zn(II) concentrations. Initial cellular uptake rates in S. oneidensis were remarkably similar under aerobic and fumarate-reducing conditions. In conclusion, these data support a similar Hg(II) uptake mechanism within the proteobacteria of accidental Hg(II) transport through heavy metal transporters with similar rates of uptake but differences in the ability to take up Hg bound to different thiols.« less

  19. Polydopamine nanotube mediated fluorescent biosensor for Hg(ii) determination through exonuclease III-assisted signal amplification.

    PubMed

    A, Ravikumar; P, Panneerselvam

    2018-05-29

    We describe a highly sensitive fluorescence biosensor incorporating polydopamine nanotubes (PDNTs) based on the mechanism of exonuclease III (Exo III) assisted signal amplification for the determination of Hg2+ in aqueous solution. Fluorescent probes of FAM labeled ssDNA (FAM-ssDNA) adsorbed on the PDNTs act as an efficient quencher. In the presence of Hg2+, the FAM-ssDNA can bind to Hg2+ to form double stranded DNA (dsDNA) via the formation of T-Hg2+-T base pairs. Then, the dsDNA was removed from the surface of the PDNTs to restore the fluorescence. The release of the dsDNA was triggered by Exo III digestion. At the same time, the liberated Hg2+ mediates a new cycle of digestion. This assay is ultrasensitive for the selective recognition of Hg2+, and a detection limit as low as 10 pM was achieved. In addition, the fluorescent biosensing system also displays remarkable specificity to Hg2+ in the presence of other possible competing ions. This approach was applied to the determination of Hg2+ in real water samples with good recovery and high efficiency for practical analysis.

  20. Immobilization of Hg(II) in water with polysulfide-rubber (PSR) polymer-coated activated carbon.

    PubMed

    Kim, Eun-Ah; Seyfferth, Angelia L; Fendorf, Scott; Luthy, Richard G

    2011-01-01

    An effective mercury removal method using polymer-coated activated carbon was studied for possible use in water treatment. In order to increase the affinity of activated carbon for mercury, a sulfur-rich compound, polysulfide-rubber (PSR) polymer, was effectively coated onto the activated carbon. The polymer was synthesized by condensation polymerization between sodium tetrasulfide and 1,2-dichloroethane in water. PSR-mercury interactions and Hg-S bonding were elucidated from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy analyses. The sulfur loading levels were controlled by the polymer dose during the coating process and the total surface area of the activated carbon was maintained for the sulfur loading less than 2 wt%. Sorption kinetic studies showed that PSR-coated activated carbon facilitates fast reaction by providing a greater reactive surface area than PSR alone. High sulfur loading on activated carbon enhanced mercury adsorption contributing to a three orders of magnitude reduction in mercury concentration. μ-X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopic analyses of the mercury bound to activated carbon and to PSR on activated carbon suggests the chemical bond with mercury on the surface is a combination of Hg-Cl and Hg-S interaction. The pH effect on mercury removal and adsorption isotherm results indicate competition between protons and mercury for binding to sulfur at low pH. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  1. Interaction study of some macrocyclic inorganic schiff base complexes with calf thymus DNA using spectroscopic and voltammetric methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bordbar, Maryam; Tavoosi, Fariba; Yeganeh-Faal, Ali; Zebarjadian, Mohammad Hasan

    2018-01-01

    The interaction of Cd(II), Zn(II) and Mn(II)-L (4,8-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-4,8-diazaundecane-1,11-diamine) transition metal complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been investigated using electronic, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, thermal denaturation and cyclic voltammetry (CV). Based on the UV-Vis study, binding constants of the complexes with CT-DNA were calculated. Changes in the band of the CD spectrum, DNA melting temperature and in the ipa and ipc of the complexes in the presenceCT-DNA, overall, showed that the studied complex exhibited good DNA interaction ability with partial intercalation mode.

  2. Effect of substituents on polarizability and hyperpolarizability values of benzimidazole metal complexes

    SciT

    Praveen, P. A.; Babu, R. Ramesh, E-mail: rampap2k@yahoo.co.in

    2016-05-23

    In this report, the polarizability and first and second order hyperpolarizability values of bis benzimidazole Zn(II)-2R and bis benzimidazole Cd(II)-2R complexes, with different electron donating moieties R (R= Cl, Br, I, Acetate) were calculated using time dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) formalism embedded in MOPAC2012 package. Further the role of substituents on polarizability and hyperpolarizability values is investigated for the first time by analyzing the frontier molecular orbitals of the complexes with respect to the electronegativity of the substituents. It is found that the increase in electronegativity of the substituents correspondingly increases the energy gap of the molecules, which in turn reducesmore » the polarizability values of both Zn and Cd benzimidazole complexes. Similarly, increase in electronegativity reduces the electric quadrupole moments of both the metal complexes, which in turn reduces the hyperpolarizability values.« less

  3. The zntA gene of Escherichia coli encodes a Zn(II)-translocating P-type ATPase

    PubMed Central

    Rensing, Christopher; Mitra, Bharati; Rosen, Barry P.

    1997-01-01

    The first Zn(II)-translocating P-type ATPase has been identified as the product of o732, a potential gene identified in the sequencing of the Escherichia coli genome. This gene, termed zntA, was disrupted by insertion of a kanamycin gene through homologous recombination. The mutant strain exhibited hypersensitivity to zinc and cadmium salts but not salts of other metals, suggesting a role in zinc homeostasis in E. coli. Everted membrane vesicles from a wild-type strain accumulated 65Zn(II) and 109Cd(II) by using ATP as an energy source. Transport was sensitive to vanadate, an inhibitor of P-type ATPases. Membrane vesicles from the zntA∷kan strain did not accumulate those metal ions. Both the sensitive phenotype and transport defect of the mutant were complemented by expression of zntA on a plasmid. PMID:9405611

  4. Synthesis, spectral studies and biological evaluation of 2-aminonicotinic acid metal complexes.

    PubMed

    Nawaz, Muhammad; Abbasi, Muhammad Waseem; Hisaindee, Soleiman; Zaki, Muhammad Javed; Abbas, Hira Fatima; Mengting, Hu; Ahmed, M Arif

    2016-05-15

    We synthesized 2-aminonicotinic acid (2-ANA) complexes with metals such as Co(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Ag(I),Cr(III), Cd(II) and Cu(II) in aqueous media. The complexes were characterized and elucidated using FT-IR, UV-Vis, a fluorescence spectrophotometer and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). TGA data showed that the stoichiometry of complexes was 1:2 metal/ligand except for Ag(I) and Mn(II) where the ratio was 1:1. The metal complexes showed varied antibacterial, fungicidal and nematicidal activities. The silver and zinc complexes showed highest activity against Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis respectively. Fusarium oxysporum was highly susceptible to nickel and copper complexes whereas Macrophomina phaseolina was completely inert to the complexes. The silver and cadmium complexes were effective against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Application of laboratory prepared and commercially available biochars to adsorption of cadmium, copper and zinc ions from water.

    PubMed

    Bogusz, Aleksandra; Oleszczuk, Patryk; Dobrowolski, Ryszard

    2015-11-01

    The goal of the presented work was the evaluation and comparison of two biochars (produced from Sida hermaphrodita - BCSH/laboratory produced and from wheatstraw - BCS/commercial available) to adsorb heavy metal ions (Cd(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)) from water. Kinetics of the sorption as well as sorption isotherms, the influence of solution pH and interfering ions were investigated. Different physico-chemical properties of biochars had the great influence on adsorption capacity. The greater adsorption efficiency was observed for BCSH than for BCS in the case of all investigated metals. The adsorption efficiency of BCSH was correlated with higher content of carbon and oxygen, what is equal with higher content of polar-groups on the BCSH surface e.g., -COOH. Furthermore, the molar ratio of O/C as well as polarity index (which was higher for BCSH) was also important parameters. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Synthesis, spectral studies and biological evaluation of 2-aminonicotinic acid metal complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nawaz, Muhammad; Abbasi, Muhammad Waseem; Hisaindee, Soleiman; Zaki, Muhammad Javed; Abbas, Hira Fatima; Mengting, Hu; Ahmed, M. Arif

    2016-05-01

    We synthesized 2-aminonicotinic acid (2-ANA) complexes with metals such as Co(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Ag(I),Cr(III), Cd(II) and Cu(II) in aqueous media. The complexes were characterized and elucidated using FT-IR, UV-Vis, a fluorescence spectrophotometer and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). TGA data showed that the stoichiometry of complexes was 1:2 metal/ligand except for Ag(I) and Mn(II) where the ratio was 1:1. The metal complexes showed varied antibacterial, fungicidal and nematicidal activities. The silver and zinc complexes showed highest activity against Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis respectively. Fusarium oxysporum was highly susceptible to nickel and copper complexes whereas Macrophomina phaseolina was completely inert to the complexes. The silver and cadmium complexes were effective against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica.

  7. Synthesis of Optode Thin Layer using Sol Gel Hybrid of Trietoxysiloxane monomer and 3-(Trimethoxysilyl) Propilamine with Ionophore 4-(2-Pyridilazo)-1,3-Benzenadiol (PAR)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wahyuningsih, S.; Rahmawati, F.; Kamal, S.; Slamet, S.; Yunianto, M.; Rahmawati, P.; Aini, F. N.

    2018-03-01

    Optode (Optical sensors) is one of the modern chemical sensors in the field of analytical chemistry that has utilized of inorganic polymers. The optode based on MLCT (Metal to Ligand Charge Transfer) (or MMLL’CT, Mixing Metal-Ligand to Ligand Charge Transfer) or LMCT (Ligand to Metal Charge Transfer) phenomenons have beed generated from oktyltrietxysilane, aminopropyltrimethoxysilane and 4-(2-pyrydilazo) resorcinol (abbreviated as OTES-APTS-PAR) for Cu(II), Cr(III), Ni(II), Fe(III), Cd(II), and Zn(II) ions target. The syntheses of thin layer optode were performed by sol gel method followed by evaporation in glass substrat. The formation of 4-(2-pyrydilazo) resorcinol complexes with ions target have gained strong absorption spectras in visible region because of charge transfer phenomenons. The optical sensor of OTES-APTS-PAR was analysed thermal properties using Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA). DTA thermogram showed a glass transition peaks at a temperature of 315.5 °C. Fourier transform Infrared (FTIR) spectras have showed that the optode materials consisted NH aryl groups indicated IR absorption at 1577.7 cm-1 and also –CH aromatic at 1469.0 cm-1. Synthesized optode materials have strong broad visible absorption with the maximum wavelengths (λmax) = 405 nm and 508.5 nm, respectively. This material have excellent optical responds to several metal ions such as Cu(II), Cr(III), Ni(II), Fe(III), Cd(II), and Zn(II) that was showed from huge Δλmax and the increase of Ktotal

  8. Adsorption of divalent metals to metal oxide nanoparicles: Competitive and temperature effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grover, Valerie Ann

    The presence of metals in natural waters is becoming a critical environmental and public health concern. Emerging nanotechnology and the use of metal oxide nanoparticles has been identified as a potential remediation technique in removing metals from water. However, practical applications are still being explored to determine how to apply their unique chemical and physical properties for full scale remediation projects. This thesis investigates the sorption properties of Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) to hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles in single- and binary-adsorbate systems. Competitive sorption was evaluated in 1L batch binary-metal systems with 0.05g/L nano-hematite at pH 8.0 and pH 6.0. Results indicate that the presence of a secondary metal can affect the sorption process depending upon the molar ratios, such as increased or reduced adsorption. Thermodynamic properties were also studied in order to better understand the effects of temperature on equilibrium and kinetic adsorption capabilities. Understanding the thermodynamic properties can also give insight to determine if the sorption process is a physical, chemical or ion exchange reaction. Thermodynamic parameters such as enthalpy (DeltaH), entropy (DeltaS), and Gibbs free energy (DeltaG) were evaluated as a function of temperature, pH, and metal concentration. Results indicate that Pb(II) and Cu(II) adsorption to nano-hematite was an endothermic and physical adsorption process, while Zn(II) and Cd(II) adsorption was dependent upon the adsorbed concentration evaluated. However, metal adsorptions to nano-titanium dioxide were all found to be endothermic and physical adsorption processes; the spontaneity of metal adsorption was temperature dependent for both metal oxide nanoparticles.

  9. Anchoring plant metallothioneins to the inner face of the plasma membrane of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells leads to heavy metal accumulation.

    PubMed

    Ruta, Lavinia Liliana; Lin, Ya-Fen; Kissen, Ralph; Nicolau, Ioana; Neagoe, Aurora Daniela; Ghenea, Simona; Bones, Atle M; Farcasanu, Ileana Cornelia

    2017-01-01

    In this study we engineered yeast cells armed for heavy metal accumulation by targeting plant metallothioneins to the inner face of the yeast plasma membrane. Metallothioneins (MTs) are cysteine-rich proteins involved in the buffering of excess metal ions, especially Cu(I), Zn(II) or Cd(II). The cDNAs of seven Arabidopsis thaliana MTs (AtMT1a, AtMT1c, AtMT2a, AtMT2b, AtMT3, AtMT4a and AtMT4b) and four Noccaea caerulescens MTs (NcMT1, NcMT2a, NcMT2b and NcMT3) were each translationally fused to the C-terminus of a myristoylation green fluorescent protein variant (myrGFP) and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. The myrGFP cassette introduced a yeast myristoylation sequence which allowed directional targeting to the cytosolic face of the plasma membrane along with direct monitoring of the intracellular localization of the recombinant protein by fluorescence microscopy. The yeast strains expressing plant MTs were investigated against an array of heavy metals in order to identify strains which exhibit the (hyper)accumulation phenotype without developing toxicity symptoms. Among the transgenic strains which could accumulate Cu(II), Zn(II) or Cd(II), but also non-canonical metal ions, such as Co(II), Mn(II) or Ni(II), myrGFP-NcMT3 qualified as the best candidate for bioremediation applications, thanks to the robust growth accompanied by significant accumulative capacity.

  10. Ternary metal complexes of guaifenesin drug: Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and in vitro anticancer activity of the metal complexes.

    PubMed

    Mahmoud, W H; Mahmoud, N F; Mohamed, G G; El-Sonbati, A Z; El-Bindary, A A

    2015-01-01

    The coordination behavior of a series of transition metal ions named Cr(III), Fe(III), Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) with a mono negative tridentate guaifenesin ligand (GFS) (OOO donation sites) and 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) is reported. The metal complexes are characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, (1)H NMR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance, UV-vis spectral studies, mass spectroscopy, ESR, XRD and thermal analysis (TG and DTG). The ternary metal complexes were found to have the formulae of [M(GFS)(Phen)Cl]Cl·nH2O (M=Cr(III) (n=1) and Fe(III) (n=0)), [M(GFS)(Phen)Cl]·nH2O (M=Mn(II) (n=0), Zn(II) (n=0) and Cu(II) (n=3)) and [M(GFS)(Phen)(H2O)]Cl·nH2O (M=Co(II) (n=0), Ni(II) (n=0) and Cd(II) (n=4)). All the chelates are found to have octahedral geometrical structures. The ligand and its ternary chelates are subjected to thermal analyses (TG and DTG). The GFS ligand, in comparison to its ternary metal complexes also was screened for their antibacterial activity on gram positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus), gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Neisseria gonorrhoeae) and for in vitro antifungal activity against (Candida albicans). The activity data show that the metal complexes have antibacterial and antifungal activity more than the parent GFS ligand. The complexes were also screened for its in vitro anticancer activity against the Breast cell line (MFC7) and the results obtained show that they exhibit a considerable anticancer activity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Role of the Ca-pectates on the accumulation of heavy metals in the root apoplasm.

    PubMed

    Castaldi, Paola; Lauro, Giampaolo; Senette, Caterina; Deiana, Salvatore

    2010-12-01

    In order to better understand the processes that regulate the accumulation in the apoplasm of heavy metals and their mobilization by the plant metabolites it is essential to study the mechanisms that regulate the interactions between metal ions and pectins. In such a context, the sorption of Cd(II), Zn(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) from single and multi-metal solutions, by a Ca-polygalacturonate gel with a degree of esterification of 18.0 (PGAM(1)) and 65.5% (PGAM(2)) was studied in the 3.0-6.0 pH range in the presence of CaCl(2) 2.5mM. The sorption of Cr(III) from single metal solution was also considered. The results show that the amount of each metal ion sorbed increases with increasing the initial metal ion concentration and pH. The data from the single metal solution tests show that at pH 6.0 the affinity of the metal ions towards the PGAM(1) matrix follows the order: Cr(III)>Cu(II)≅Pb(II)≫Zn(II)≅Cd(II). The simultaneous sorption of the bivalent metal ions by the PGAM(1) gels indicates that Pb(II) is selectively sorbed. The FT-IR spectra show that the carboxylate groups are mainly responsible for the metal ion coordination. The ability of PGAM(2) to accumulate Cr(III), Cu(II), and Pb(II) was lower than that found in the PGAM(1) systems whereas the sorption of Zn(II) and Cd(II) was negligible. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Preparation, spectral, X-ray powder diffraction and computational studies and genotoxic properties of new azo-azomethine metal chelates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bitmez, Şirin; Sayin, Koray; Avar, Bariş; Köse, Muhammet; Kayraldız, Ahmet; Kurtoğlu, Mükerrem

    2014-11-01

    A new tridentate azo-azomethine ligand, N‧-[{2-hydroxy-5-[(4-nitrophenyl)diazenyl]phenyl}methylidene]benzohydrazidemonohydrate, (sbH·H2O) (1), is prepared by condensation of benzohydrazide and 2-hydroxy-5-[(4-nitrophenyl)diazenyl]benzaldehyde (a) with treatment of a solution of diazonium salt of p-nitroaniline and 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde in EtOH. The five coordination compounds, [Co(sb)2]·4H2O (2), [Ni(sb)2]·H2O (3), [Cu(sb)2]·4H2O (4), [Zn(sb)2]·H2O (5) and [Cd(sb)2]·H2O (6) are prepared by reacting the Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) ions with the ligand. The structures of the compounds are elucidated from the elemental analyses data and spectroscopic studies. It is found the ligand acts as a tridentate bending through phenolic and carbonyl oxygens and nitrogen atom of the Cdbnd Nsbnd group similar to the most of salicylaldimines. Comparison of the infrared spectra of the ligand and its metal complexes confirm that azo-Schiff base behaves as a monobasic tridentate ligand towards the central metal ion with an ONO donor sequence. Upon complexation with the ligand, the Cd(II), and Zn(II) ions form monoclinic structures, while Co(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions form orthorhombic structures. Quantum chemical calculations are performed on tautomers and its metal chelates by using DFT/B3LYP method. Most stable tautomer is determined as tautomer (1a). The geometrical parameters of its metal chelates are obtained as theoretically. The NLO properties of tautomer (1a) and its metal complexes are investigated. Finally, the ligand and its metal complexes are assessed for their genotoxicity.

  13. Hydrolytic catalysis and structural stabilization in a designed metalloprotein

    PubMed Central

    Zastrow, Melissa L.; Peacock, Anna F. A.; Stuckey, Jeanne A.; Pecoraro, Vincent L.

    2011-01-01

    Metal ions are an important part of many natural proteins, providing structural, catalytic and electron transfer functions. Reproducing these functions in a designed protein is the ultimate challenge to our understanding of them. Here, we present an artificial metallohydrolase, which has been shown by X-ray crystallography to contain two different metal ions – a Zn(II) ion which is important for catalytic activity and a Hg(II) ion which provides structural stability. This metallohydrolase displays catalytic activity that compares well with several characteristic reactions of natural enzymes. It catalyses p-nitrophenyl acetate hydrolysis (pNPA) to within ~100-fold of the efficiency of human carbonic anhydrase (CA)II and is at least 550-fold better than comparable synthetic complexes. Similarly, CO2 hydration occurs with an efficiency within ~500-fold of CAII. While histidine residues in the absence of Zn(II) exhibit pNPA hydrolysis, miniscule apopeptide activity is observed for CO2 hydration. The kinetic and structural analysis of this first de novo designed hydrolytic metalloenzyme uncovers necessary design features for future metalloenzymes containing one or more metals. PMID:22270627

  14. Improved Photodynamic Efficacy of Zn(II) Phthalocyanines via Glycerol Substitution

    PubMed Central

    Chin, Yunni; Lim, Siang Hui; Zorlu, Yunus; Ahsen, Vefa; Kiew, Lik Voon; Chung, Lip Yong; Dumoulin, Fabienne; Lee, Hong Boon

    2014-01-01

    Phthalocyanines are excellent photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy as they have strong absorbance in the near infra-red region which is most relevant for in vivo activation in deeper tissular regions. However, most phthalocyanines present two major challenges, ie, a strong tendency to aggregate and low water-solubility, limiting their effective usage clinically. In the present study, we evaluated the potential enhancement capability of glycerol substitution on the photodynamic properties of zinc (II) phthalocyanines (ZnPc). Three glycerol substituted ZnPc, 1–3, (tetra peripherally, tetra non-peripherally and mono iodinated tri non-peripherally respectively) were evaluated in terms of their spectroscopic properties, rate of singlet oxygen generation, partition coefficient (log P), intracellular uptake, photo-induced cytotoxicity and vascular occlusion efficiency. Tetrasulfonated ZnPc (ZnPcS4) was included as a reference compound. Here, we showed that 1–3 exhibited 10–100 nm red-shifted absorption peaks with higher molar absorptivity, and at least two-fold greater singlet oxygen generation rates compared to ZnPcS4. Meanwhile, phthalocyanines 1 and 2 showed more hydrophilic log P values than 3 consistent with the number of glycerol attachments but 3 was most readily taken up by cells compared to the rest. Both phthalocyanines 2 and 3 exhibited potent phototoxicity against MCF-7, HCT-116 and HSC-2 cancer cell-lines with IC50 ranging 2.8–3.2 µM and 0.04–0.06 µM respectively, while 1 and ZnPcS4 (up to 100 µM) failed to yield determinable IC50 values. In terms of vascular occlusion efficiency, phthalocyanine 3 showed better effects than 2 by causing total occlusion of vessels with diameter <70 µm of the chorioallantoic membrane. Meanwhile, no detectable vascular occlusion was observed for ZnPcS4 with treatment under similar experimental conditions. These findings provide evidence that glycerol substitution, in particular in structures 2 and 3, is able to improve the photodynamic properties of ZnPc. PMID:24840576

  15. Improved photodynamic efficacy of Zn(II) phthalocyanines via glycerol substitution.

    PubMed

    Chin, Yunni; Lim, Siang Hui; Zorlu, Yunus; Ahsen, Vefa; Kiew, Lik Voon; Chung, Lip Yong; Dumoulin, Fabienne; Lee, Hong Boon

    2014-01-01

    Phthalocyanines are excellent photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy as they have strong absorbance in the near infra-red region which is most relevant for in vivo activation in deeper tissular regions. However, most phthalocyanines present two major challenges, ie, a strong tendency to aggregate and low water-solubility, limiting their effective usage clinically. In the present study, we evaluated the potential enhancement capability of glycerol substitution on the photodynamic properties of zinc (II) phthalocyanines (ZnPc). Three glycerol substituted ZnPc, 1-3, (tetra peripherally, tetra non-peripherally and mono iodinated tri non-peripherally respectively) were evaluated in terms of their spectroscopic properties, rate of singlet oxygen generation, partition coefficient (log P), intracellular uptake, photo-induced cytotoxicity and vascular occlusion efficiency. Tetrasulfonated ZnPc (ZnPcS4) was included as a reference compound. Here, we showed that 1-3 exhibited 10-100 nm red-shifted absorption peaks with higher molar absorptivity, and at least two-fold greater singlet oxygen generation rates compared to ZnPcS4. Meanwhile, phthalocyanines 1 and 2 showed more hydrophilic log P values than 3 consistent with the number of glycerol attachments but 3 was most readily taken up by cells compared to the rest. Both phthalocyanines 2 and 3 exhibited potent phototoxicity against MCF-7, HCT-116 and HSC-2 cancer cell-lines with IC50 ranging 2.8-3.2 µM and 0.04-0.06 µM respectively, while 1 and ZnPcS4 (up to 100 µM) failed to yield determinable IC50 values. In terms of vascular occlusion efficiency, phthalocyanine 3 showed better effects than 2 by causing total occlusion of vessels with diameter <70 µm of the chorioallantoic membrane. Meanwhile, no detectable vascular occlusion was observed for ZnPcS4 with treatment under similar experimental conditions. These findings provide evidence that glycerol substitution, in particular in structures 2 and 3, is able to improve the photodynamic properties of ZnPc.

  16. Photophysicochemical properties and photodynamic therapy activity of highly water-soluble Zn(II) phthalocyanines.

    PubMed

    Oluwole, David O; Sarı, Fatma Aslıhan; Prinsloo, Earl; Dube, Edith; Yuzer, Abdulcelil; Nyokong, Tebello; Ince, Mine

    2018-05-29

    The syntheses of two zinc(II) phthalocyanines (ZnPcs) having either imidazole (ZnPc 1) or pyridiloxy (ZnPc 2) moieties as their macrocycle substituents are reported. Quaternization of the ZnPcs with methyl iodide afforded water soluble cationic phthalocyanines. The photophysical, photochemical properties and photodynamic therapy (PDT) activity of the ZnPcs were studied in solution. The fluorescence quantum yield and lifetime of ZnPc 1 were higher as compared to ZnPc 2. ZnPc 2 afforded higher triplet state (Φ T ) and singlet oxygen quantum yields (Φ Δ ) in comparison to ZnPc 1. The PDT activity of ZnPcs was investigated against human breast adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7). The two compounds afforded a very minimal in vitro dark cytotoxicity with 85% viable cells at concentration ≤80 μM. On irradiation of the cells having the ZnPcs, ≥50% cell death was recorded for ZnPc 1 which was also evidenced by the cells photo-micrograph. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Studies of Plasticized-Polymer Electrolytes Containing Mixed Zn(II) and Li(I)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-12

    iIIIII1iIIII!I 14. SUBJECT TERMS 15. tdUMnnrri . 9 poly(ethylene glycol) ( PEG ), poly(ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) (PEGDME), 16. PRICE CODE...glycol) ( PEG ) and poly(ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) (PEGDME). The addition of salts to either PEO or plasticized-PEO strongly influences the...were found to depend on salt concentration. Td varied from 385 to 3350 C as the zinc content was increased from 0 to 100%. Thus the overall thermal

  18. Room temperature synthesis of a Zn(II) metal-organic coordination polymer for dye removal

    SciT

    Abbasi, Alireza, E-mail: aabbasi@khayam.ut.ac.ir; Gharib, Maniya; Najafi, Mahnaz

    2016-03-15

    A new one-dimensional (1D) coordination polymer, [Zn(4,4′-bpy)(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}](ADC)·4H{sub 2}O (1) (4,4′-bpy=4,4′-bipyridine and H{sub 2}ADC=acetylenedicarboxylic acid), was synthesized at room temperature. The crystal structure of the coordination polymer was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 was also characterized by FT-IR, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The catalytic activity of 1 was evaluated in the color removal of Bismarck brown as a representative of dye pollutant in water under mild conditions. Coordination polymer 1 exhibited good catalytic activity and stability in the decolorization of Bismarck brown and could be easily recovered and reused for at leastmore » three cycles. - Graphical abstract: A new 1D coordination polymer as catalyst for the degradation of Bismarck brown aqueous solution. - Highlights: • A 1D coordination polymer has been synthesized at room temperature. • The prepared compound was utilized for color removal of Bismarck brown dye. • Good catalytic activity and stability in the dye decolorization has been found.« less

  19. Further insights into the metal ion binding abilities and the metalation pathway of a plant metallothionein from Musa acuminata

    PubMed Central

    Cabral, Augusto C. S.; Jakovleska, Jovana; Deb, Aniruddha; Penner-Hahn, James E.; Pecoraro, Vincent L.

    2017-01-01

    The superfamily of metallothioneins (MTs) combines a diverse group of metalloproteins, sharing the characteristics of rather low molecular weight and high cysteine content. The latter provides MTs with the capability to coordinate thiophilic metal ions, in particular those with a d10 electron configuration. The sub-family of plant MT3 proteins is only poorly characterized and there is a complete lack of three-dimensional structure information. Building upon our previous results on the Musa acuminata MT3 (musMT3) protein, the focus of the present work is to understand the metal cluster formation process, the role of the single histidine residue present in musMT3, and the metal ion binding affinity. We concentrate our efforts on the coordination of ZnII and CdII ions, using CoII as a spectroscopic probe for ZnII binding. The overall protein-fold is analysed with a combination of limited proteolytic digestion, mass spectrometry, and dynamic light scattering. Histidine coordination of metal ions is probed with extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and CoII titration experiments. Initial experiments with isothermal titration calorimetry provide insights into the thermodynamics of metal ion binding. PMID:29218632

  20. Oxidation of the N-terminal domain of the wheat metallothionein Ec -1 leads to the formation of three distinct disulfide bridges.

    PubMed

    Tarasava, Katsiaryna; Chesnov, Serge; Freisinger, Eva

    2016-05-01

    Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight proteins, characterized by a high cysteine content and the ability to coordinate large amounts of d(10) metal ions, for example, Zn(II), Cd(II), and Cu(I), in form of metal-thiolate clusters. Depending on intracellular conditions such as redox potential or metal ion concentrations, MTs can occur in various states ranging from the fully metal-loaded holo- to the metal-free apo-form. The Cys thiolate groups in the apo-form can be either reduced or be involved in disulfide bridges. Although oxidation-mediated Zn(II) release might be a possible mechanism for the regulation of Zn(II) availability by MTs, no concise information regarding the associated pathways and the structure of oxidized apo-MT forms is available. Using the well-studied Zn2 γ-Ec -1 domain of the wheat Zn6 Ec -1 MT we attempt here to answer several question regarding the structure and biophysical properties of oxidized MT forms, such as: (1) does disulfide bond formation increase the stability against proteolysis, (2) is the overall peptide backbone fold similar for the holo- and the oxidized apo-MT form, and (3) are disulfide bridges specifically or randomly formed? Our investigations show that oxidation leads to three distinct disulfide bridges independently of the applied oxidation conditions and of the initial species used for oxidation, that is, the apo- or the holo-form. In addition, the oxidized apo-form is as stable against proteolysis as Zn2 γ-Ec -1, rendering the currently assumed degradation of oxidized MTs unlikely and suggesting a role of the oxidation process for the extension of protein lifetime in absence of sufficient amounts of metal ions. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers (Pept Sci) 106: 295-308, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Accumulation of metal ions by pectinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deiana, S.; Deiana, L.; Palma, A.; Premoli, A.; Senette, C.

    2009-04-01

    The knowledge of the mechanisms which regulate the interactions of metal ions with partially methyl esterified linear polymers of α-1,4 linked D-galacturonic acid units (pectinates), well represented in the root inner and outer apoplasm, is of great relevance to understand the processes which control their accumulation at the soil-root interface as well as their mobilization by plant metabolites. Accumulation of a metal by pectinates can be affected by the presence of other metals so that competition or distribution could be expected depending on the similar or different affinity of the metal ions towards the binding sites, mainly represented by the carboxylate groups. In order to better understand the mechanism of accumulation in the apoplasm of several metal ions, the sorption of Cd(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Pb(II) and Cr(III) by a Ca-polygalacturonate gel, used as model of the soil-root interface, with a degree of esterification of 18% (PGAE1) and 65% (PGAE2) was studied at pH 3.0, 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 in the presence of CaCl2 2.5 mM.. The results show that sorption increases with increasing both the initial metal concentration and pH. A similar sorption trend was evidenced for Cu(II) and Pb(II) and for Zn(II) and Cd(II), indicating that the mechanism of sorption for these two ionic couples is quite different. As an example, at pH 6.0 and an initial metal concentration equal to 2.0 mM, the amount of Cu(II) and Pb(II) sorbed was about 1.98 mg-1 of PGAE1 while that of Cd(II) and Zn(II) was about 1.2 mg-1. Cr(III) showed a rather different sorption trend and a much higher amount (2.8 mg-1of PGAE1 at pH 6.0) was recorded. The higher affinity of Cr(III) for the polysaccharidic matrix is attributable to the formation of Cr(III) polynuclear species in solution, as shown by the distribution diagrams obtained through the MEDUSA software. On the basis of these findings, the following affinity towards the PGAE1 can be assessed: Cr(III) > Cu(II) ? Pb(II) > Zn (II) ? Cd(II

  2. Heterobimetallic porphyrin complexes displaying triple dynamics: coupled metal motions controlled by constitutional evolution.

    PubMed

    Le Gac, Stéphane; Fusaro, Luca; Roisnel, Thierry; Boitrel, Bernard

    2014-05-07

    A bis-strap porphyrin ligand (1), with an overhanging carboxylic acid group on each side of the macrocycle, has been investigated toward the formation of dynamic libraries of bimetallic complexes with Hg(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II). Highly heteroselective metalation processes occurred in the presence of Pb(II), with Hg(II) or Cd(II) bound out-of-plane to the N-core and "PbOAc" bound to a carboxylate group of a strap on the opposite side. The resulting complexes, 1(Hg)·PbOAc and 1(Cd)·PbOAc, display three levels of dynamics. The first is strap-level (interactional dynamics), where the PbOAc moiety swings between the left and right side of the strap owing to a second sphere of coordination with lateral amide functions. The second is ligand-level (motional dynamics), where 1(Hg)·PbOAc and 1(Cd)·PbOAc exist as two degenerate states in equilibrium controlled by a chemical effector (AcO(-)). The process corresponds to a double translocation of the metal ions according to an intramolecular migration of Hg(II) or Cd(II) through the N-core, oscillating between the two equivalent overhanging carbonyl groups, coupled to an intermolecular pathway for PbOAc exchanging between the two equivalent overhanging carboxylate groups (N-core(up) ⇆ N-core(down) coupled to strap(down) ⇆ strap(up), i.e., coupled motion #1 in the abstract graphic). The third is library-level (constitutional dynamics), where a dynamic constitutional evolution of the system was achieved by the successive addition of two chemical effectors (DMAP and then AcO(-)). It allowed shifting equilibrium forward and backward between 1(Hg)·PbOAc and the corresponding homobimetallic complexes 1(Hg2)·DMAP and 1(Pb)·PbOAc. The latter displays a different ligand-level dynamics, in the form of an intraligand coupled migration of the Pb(II) ions (N-core(up) ⇆ strap(up) coupled to strap(down) ⇆ N-core(down), i.e., coupled motion #2 in the abstract graphic). In addition, the neutral "bridged" complexes 1HgPb and 1Cd

  3. Simple combination of oxidants with zero-valent-iron (ZVI) achieved very rapid and highly efficient removal of heavy metals from water.

    PubMed

    Guo, Xuejun; Yang, Zhe; Dong, Haiyang; Guan, Xiaohong; Ren, Qidong; Lv, Xiaofang; Jin, Xin

    2016-01-01

    This study, for the first time, demonstrated a continuously accelerated Fe(0) corrosion driven by common oxidants (i.e., NaClO, KMnO4 or H2O2) and thereby the rapid and efficient removal of heavy metals (HMs) by zero-valent iron (ZVI) under the experimental conditions of jar tests and column running. ZVI simply coupled with NaClO, KMnO4 or H2O2 (0.5 mM) resulted in almost complete As(V) removal within only 10 min with 1000 μg/L of initial As(V) at initial pH of 7.5(±0.1) and liquid solid ratio of 200:1. Simultaneous removal of 200 μg/L of initial Cd(II) and Hg(II) to 2.4-4.4 μg/L for Cd(II) and to 4.0-5.0 μg/L for Hg(II) were achieved within 30 min. No deterioration of HM removal was observed during the ten recycles of jar tests. The ZVI columns activated by 0.1 mM of oxidants had stably treated 40,200 (NaClO), 20,295 (KMnO4) and 40,200 (H2O2) bed volumes (BV) of HM-contaminated drinking water, but with no any indication of As breakthrough (<10 μg/L) even at short empty bed contact time (EBCT) of 8.0 min. The high efficiency of HMs removal from both the jar tests and column running implied a continuous and stable activation (overcoming of iron passivation) of Fe(0) surface by the oxidants. Via the proper increase in oxidant dosing, the ZVI/oxidant combination was applicable to treat highly As(V)-contaminated wastewater. During Fe(0) surface corrosion accelerated by oxidants, a large amount of fresh and reactive iron oxides and oxyhydroxides were continuously generated, which were responsible for the rapid and efficient removal of HMs through multiple mechanisms including adsorption and co-precipitation. A steady state of Fe(0) surface activation and HM removal enabled this simply coupled system to remove HMs with high speed, efficiency and perdurability. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Syntheses, structures and luminescent properties of zero-/two-dimensional Cd(II) and Eu(III) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Rui-Qing; Wang, Li-Yuan; Wang, Ping; Chen, Hong; Sun, Cun-fa; Yang, Yu-Lin; Su, Qing

    2012-12-01

    Three metal-organic complexes Cd(HBIDC)(phen)2·4H2O (1), [Cd(BIC)(phen)]n (2) and {[Eu(HBIDC)(H2BIDC)(H2O)]·H2O}n (3) (H3BIDC=benzimidazole-5,6-dicarboxylic acid, H2BIC=benzimidazole-6-carboxylic acid, phen=1,10-phenanthroline) have been synthesized under hydro(solvo)thermal conditions and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectrum, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. With similar reaction conditions, reactions of the same ligand with different metal cations selected from different blocks (d-block and f-block) result in different coordination modes of carboxylate groups and final frameworks of complexes 1 and 3. The decarboxylation was observed in complex 2 and resulted in the formation of BIC2- ligand. Complexes 1-3 have intense fluorescent emissions at room temperature in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) solution and in the solid-state, which indicate they are potential fluorescence materials. The quantum yields and fluorescence lifetimes of these three complexes were systematically studied.

  5. Syntheses, structures and properties of four Cd(II) coordination polymers induced by the pH regulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Yun; Ding, Fang; Liu, Dong; Yang, Pei-Pei; Zhu, Li-Li

    2018-03-01

    Four new coordination polymers [Cd2(CHDC)2(APYZ)(H2O)2](H2O) (1), [Cd(HCHDC)2(APYZ) (H2O)] (2), [Cd2(CHDC)2(PYZ)(H2O)2](H2O) (3), and [Cd(HCHDC)2(PYZ)(H2O)] (4) (H2CHDC = 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid, APYZ = 2-aminopyrazine, PYZ = pyrazine) have been synthesized under the hydrothermal conditions by changing the pH regulator and the N-containing ligands. The pH regulator impacted on the degree of deprotonation of the 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid ligand and resulted in the formation of the two pairs of different networks. Polymers 1 and 3 crystallize in monoclinic, space group P21/c, exhibit two dimensional 63 net, which further formed three-dimensional supramolecular structure by the Csbnd H⋯O hydrogen bond interactions. While polymers 2 and 4 possess one dimensional chain structures and further link into two dimensional layered supramolecular structures by intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions. From all three conformers of H2CHDC, e,a-cis is consistently present in the Cd coordination polymers. Furthermore, photoluminescence properties of four polymers are also investigated, the luminescent intensity of polymer 1 (or 2) with amino group in pyrazine is dramatically stronger than that of the similar structure of polymer 3 (or 4) without amino group in pyrazine, the results shown that the presence of the amino group from 2-aminopyrazine play a key role in increasing the luminescence properties.

  6. Sorption isotherm studies of Cd(II) ions using living cells of the marine microalga Tetraselmis suecica (Kylin) Butch.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Rama, M; Torres, E; Suárez, C; Herrero, C; Abalde, J

    2010-10-01

    The present work reports the use of living cells of the marine microalga Tetraselmis suecica for the biosorption of cadmium ions. For a better understanding of the biosorption characteristics, three fractions of removed cadmium (total, bioadsorbed and intracellular) were measured in the cells after 24 and 72 h of exposure to different initial cadmium concentrations (0.6-45 mg L(-1)). Both the Langmuir and Freundlich models were suitable for describing the sorption of cadmium ions by this microalga. The maximum sorption capacity was estimated to be 40.22 mg Cd g(-1) after 72 h using the Langmuir sorption model. In the lower cadmium concentrations, metal removed intracellularly was higher than that removed on the microalgal cell surface. Therefore, the intracellular fraction contributed more to the total removed cadmium than the fraction bioadsorbed to the cellular surface. The results showed that the cadmium removal capacity using living biomass could be much more effective than with non-living biomass due to the intracellular bioaccumulation. According to the microorganism selected and its tolerance to the toxic effect of the metal, the cadmium content in the intracellular fraction can become very significant, just like it happened with Tetraselmis. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Switchable polarity solvent for liquid phase microextraction of Cd(II) as pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate chelates from environmental samples.

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, Erkan; Soylak, Mustafa

    2015-07-30

    A switchable polarity solvent was synthesized from triethylamine (TEA)/water/CO2 (Dry ice) via proton transfer reaction has been used for the microextraction of cadmium(II) as pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC) chelate. Cd(II)-APDC chelate was extracted into the switchable polarity solvent drops by adding 2 mL 10 M sodium hydroxide solution. Analytical parameters affecting the complex formation and microextraction efficiency such as pH, amount of ligand, volume of switchable polarity solvent and NaOH, sample volume were optimized. The effects of foreign ions were found tolerably. Under optimum conditions, the detection limit was 0.16 μg L(-1) (3Sb/m, n = 7) and the relative standard deviation was 5.4% (n = 7). The method was validated by the analysis of certified reference materials (TMDA-51.3 fortified water, TMDA-53.3 fortified water and SPS-WW2 waste water, 1573a Tomato Leaves and Oriental Basma Tobacco Leaves (INCT-OBTL-5)) and addition/recovery tests. The method was successfully applied to determination of cadmium contents of water, vegetable, fruit and cigarette samples. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from water by adsorption on peels of banana.

    PubMed

    Anwar, Jamil; Shafique, Umer; Waheed-uz-Zaman; Salman, Muhammad; Dar, Amara; Anwar, Shafique

    2010-03-01

    The adsorption of lead(II) and cadmium(II) on peels of banana has been studied in batch mode using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy for metal estimation. Concerned parameters like adsorbent dose, pH, contact time and agitation speed were investigated. Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherms were employed to describe adsorption equilibrium. The maximum amounts of cadmium(II) and lead(II) adsorbed (qm), as evaluated by Langmuir isotherm, were 5.71 mg and 2.18 mg per gram of powder of banana peels, respectively. Study concluded that banana peels, a waste material, have good potential as an adsorbent to remove toxic metals like lead and cadmium from water. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Structural diversification and photocatalytic properties of three Cd(II) coordination polymers decorated with different auxiliary ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Wen-Yu; Zhuang, Guo-Yong; Huang, Zuo-Long; Cheng, Hong-Jian; Zhou, Li; Ma, Man-Hong; Wang, Hao; Tang, Xiao-Yan; Ma, Yun-Sheng; Yuan, Rong-Xin

    2016-03-01

    Three cadmium coordination polymers, [Cd(bismip)]n (1), {[Cd(bismip)(phen)]·H2O}n (2) and {[Cd2(bismip)2(4,4‧-bipy)]·2H2O}n (3) (H2bismip=5-(1H-benzoimidazol-2-ylsulfanylmethyl)-isophthalic acid, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, 4,4‧-bipy=4,4‧-bipyridine) have been prepared under solvothermal conditions. In 1, the [Cd4(bismip)3] units are jointed by bismip ligands to afford a three-dimensional (3D) architecture. Complex 2 exhibits a 3D supramolecular framework based on the interconnection of 1D chains through hydrogen bonding interactions and π-π packing interactions. 3 is a two-fold interpenetrating 3D architecture with a (4·82)(42·84) Schläfli symbol in which 2D layers are interlinked by 4,4‧-bipy ligands. The diverse structures of compounds 1-3 indicate that the auxiliary ligands have significant effects on the final structures. The photoluminescent properties and photocatalytic properties of these coordination polymers in the solid state were also investigated. Remarkably, 3 shows the wide gap semiconductor nature and exhibit excellent photocatalytic performance.

  10. Molecular investigation on the binding of Cd(II) by the binary mixtures of montmorillonite with two bacterial species

    SciT

    Du, Huihui; Qu, ChenChen; Liu, Jing

    Bacteria and phyllosilicate commonly coexist in the natural environment, producing various bacteria–clay complexes that are capable of immobilizing heavy metals, such as cadmium, via adsorption. However, the molecular binding mechanisms of heavy metals on these complex aggregates still remain poorly understood. This study investigated Cd adsorption on Gram-positive B. subtilis, Gram-negative P. putida and their binary mixtures with montmorillonite (Mont) using the Cd K-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). We observed a lower adsorptive capacity for P. putida than B. subtilis, whereas P. putida–Mont and B. subtilis–Mont mixtures showed nearly identical Cd adsorption behaviors. EXAFS fitsmore » and ITC measurements demonstrated more phosphoryl binding of Cd in P. putida. The decreased coordination of C atoms around Cd and the reduced adsorption enthalpies and entropies for the binary mixtures compared to that for individual bacteria suggested that the bidentate Cd-carboxyl complexes in pure bacteria systems were probably transformed into monodentate complexes that acted as ionic bridging structure between bacteria and motmorillonite. This study clarified the binding mechanism of Cd at the bacteria–phyllosilicate interfaces from a molecular and thermodynamic view, which has an environmental significance for predicting the chemical behavior of trace elements in complex mineral–organic systems.« less

  11. A self-assembled supramolecular optical sensor for NiII, CdII, and CrIII.

    PubMed

    Resendiz, Marino J E; Noveron, Juan C; Disteldorf, Hendrick; Fischer, Sonja; Stang, Peter J

    2004-03-04

    A new chromogenic supramolecular sensor for transition metals is reported. It is based on a newly designed phenanthroline-containing molecule that self-assembles via an organometallic "clip" into a supramolecular optical sensor for metals. [reaction: see text

  12. A pair of novel Cd(II) enantiomers based on lactate derivatives: Synthesis, crystal structures and properties

    SciT

    Xu, Zhong-Xuan, E-mail: xuzhongxuan1974@163.com; State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002; Ao, Ke-Hou

    A pair of novel 3D homochiral metal−organic frameworks (HMOFs), namely [Cd{sub 2.5}((R)-CIA){sub 6}(1,4-DIB)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·((CH{sub 3}){sub 2}NH{sub 2})·H{sub 2}O (1-D), [Cd{sub 2.5}((S)-CIA){sub 6}(1,4-DIB)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·((CH{sub 3}){sub 2}NH{sub 2})·H{sub 2}O (1-L), have been synthesized using lactic acid derivative ligands ((R)-H{sub 3}CIA and (S)-H{sub 3}CIA) and 1,4-DIB. Crystallographic analyses indicate that the complexes 1-D and 1-L are packed by cage substructures. Some physical characteristics, such as solid-state circular dichroism (CD), thermal stabilities and photoluminescent properties are also investigated. Our results highlight the effective method to apply lactic acid derivative ligands to form interesting HMOFs. - Graphical abstract: Using lactic acid derivative ligandsmore » ((R)-H{sub 3}CIA and (S)-H{sub 3}CIA) and 1,4-DIB to assemble with Cd{sup 2+} ions, a pair of novel 3D homochiral metal-organic frameworks (HMOFs) with cage substructures have been synthesized. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Lactic acid derivative ligands • Cage substructure • Enantiomers.« less

  13. Synthesis and spectral studies on Cd(II) dithiocarbamate complexes and their use as precursors for CdS nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sathiyaraj, Ethiraj; Padmavathy, Krishnaraj; Kumar, Chandran Udhaya; Krishnan, Kannan Gokula; Ramalingan, Chennan

    2017-11-01

    Bis(N-cyclopropyl-N-4-chlorobenzyldithiocarbamato-S,S‧)cadmium(II) (1) and (2,2‧-bipyridine) bis(N-cyclopropyl-N-4-chlorobenzyldithiocarbamato-S,S‧)cadmium(II) (2) have been synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, 1HNMR and 13C NMR analyses. For the complex 2, single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and computational studies (optimized geometry, HOMO-LUMO and MEP) have been executed employing DFT/B3LYP method with LANL 2DZ basic set. The optimized bond lengths and bond angles agree well with the experimental results. The complexes 1 and 2 have been used as single source precursors for the synthesis of ethyleneglycol capped CdS1 and CdS2 nanoparticles, respectively. CdS1 and CdS2 nanoparticles have been synthesized by solvothermal method. PXRD, SEM, Elemental colour mapping, EDAX, TEM and UV-Vis spectroscopy have been used to characterize the as-prepared CdS nanoparticles. The X-ray diffraction pattern confirms both their hexagonal structures.

  14. Copper and the oxidation of hemoglobin: a comparison of horse and human hemoglobins.

    PubMed

    Rifkind, J M; Lauer, L D; Chiang, S C; Li, N C

    1976-11-30

    Oxidation studies of hemoglobin by Cu(II) indicate that for horse hemoglobin, up to a Cu(II)/heme molar ratio of 0.5, all of the Cu(II) added is used to rapidly oxidize the heme. On the other hand, most of the Cu(II) added to human hemoglobin at low Cu(II)/heme molar ratios is unable to oxidize the heme. Only at Cu(II)/heme molar ratios greater than 0.5 does the amount of oxidation per added Cu(II) approach that of horse hemoglobin. At the same time, binding studies indicate that human hemoglobin has an additional binding site involving one copper for every two hemes, which has a higher copper affinity than the single horse hemoglobin binding site. The Cu(II) oxidation of human hemoglobin is explained utilizing this additional binding site by a mechanism where a transfer of electrons cannot occur between the heme and the Cu(II) bound to the high affinity human binding site. The electron transfer must involve the Cu(II) bound to the lower affinity human hemoglobin binding site, which is similar to the only horse hemoglobin site. The involvement of beta-2 histidine in the binding of this additional copper is indicated by a comparison of the amino acid sequences of various hemoglobins which possess the additional site, with the amino acid sequences of hemoglobins which do not possess the additional site. Zn(II), Hg(II), and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) are found to decrease the Cu(II) oxidation of hemoglobin. The sulfhydryl reagents, Hg(II) and NEM, produce a very dramatic decrease in the rate of oxidation, which can only be explained by an effect on the rate for the actual transfer of electrons between the Cu(II) and the Fe(II). The effect of Zn(II) is much smaller and can, for the most part, be explained by the increased oxygen affinity, which affects the ligand dissociation process that must precede the electron transfer process.

  15. Novel Cu(I)-selective chelators based on a bis(phosphorothioyl)amide scaffold.

    PubMed

    Amir, Aviran; Ezra, Alon; Shimon, Linda J W; Fischer, Bilha

    2014-08-04

    Bis(dialkyl/aryl-phosphorothioyl)amide (BPA) derivatives are versatile ligands known by their high metal-ion affinity and selectivity. Here, we synthesized related chelators based on bis(1,3,2-dithia/dioxaphospholane-2-sulfide)amide (BTPA/BOPA) scaffolds targeting the chelation of soft metal ions. Crystal structures of BTPA compounds 6 (N(-)R3NH(+)) and 8 (NEt) revealed a gauche geometry, while BOPA compound 7 (N(-)R3NH(+)) exhibited an anti-geometry. Solid-state (31)P magic-angle spinning NMR spectra of BTPA 6-Hg(II) and 6-Zn(II) complexes imply a square planar or tetrahedral geometry of the former and a distorted tetrahedral geometry of the latter, while both BTPA 6-Ni(II) and BOPA 7-Ni(II) complexes possibly form a polymeric structure. In Cu(I)-H2O2 system (Fenton reaction conditions) BTPA compounds 6, 8, and 10 (NCH2Ph) were identified as most potent antioxidants (IC50 32, 56, and 29 μM, respectively), whereas BOPA analogues 7, 9 (NEt), and 11 (NCH2Ph) were found to be poor antioxidants. In Fe(II)-H2O2 system, IC50 values for both BTPA and BOPA compounds exceeded 500 μM indicating high selectivity to Cu(I) versus the borderline Fe(II)-ion. Neither BTPA nor BOPA derivatives showed radical scavenging properties in H2O2 photolysis, implying that inhibition of the Cu(I)-induced Fenton reaction by both BTPA and BOPA analogues occurred predominantly through Cu(I)-chelation. In addition, NMR-monitored Cu(I)- and Zn(II)-titration of BTPA compounds 8 and 10 showed their high selectivity to a soft metal ion, Cu(I), as compared to a borderline metal ion, Zn(II). In summary, lipophilic BTPA analogues are promising highly selective Cu(I) ion chelators.

  16. Thermodynamics and sorption characteristics of Zn(II) onto natural and chemically modified zeolites for agricultural and environmental using

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saltali, K.; Tazebay, N.; Kaya, M.

    2017-10-01

    Zeolites with high porous and cation exchange capacity have been widely used for agricultural and environmental purposes. This study was conducted to assess the thermodynamics and sorption characteristics of chemically modified zeolite (CMZ) from obtained natural zeolite (NZ), and to compare its properties. At first step of the sorption experiment, effects of pH, slurry concentration, stirring time, and heat on Zn removal were determined. Linear Langmuir isotherm was well fitted to data, and maximum sorption capacities ( q max) were calculated as 20.87 and 33.44 mg/g for NZ and CMZ, respectively. Dubinin-Redushkevich (D-R) isotherm showed that the adsorption process was probably controlled by chemical ion-exchange mechanism. The solubility of zinc DTPA should be so directly related to the model of D-R model. Therefore, zeolites can be used as carrier Zn in soils with insufficient zinc arid and semiarid regions. Enthalpy (Δ H°) and entropy (Δ S°) values were positive. The change values of Gibbs free energy (Δ G°) illustrated that the sorption of Zn ions onto zeolites was feasible and spontaneous. From the obtained results, it could be concluded that chemical modification increased q max value of NZ, and the findings indicate clearly the possibility of using NZ and CMZ as Zn carrier in agricultural and also environmental treatments.

  17. Solvent-regulated assemblies of four Zn(II) coordination polymers constructed by flexible tetracarboxylates and pyridyl ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Kang; He, Xiang; Shao, Min; Li, Ming-Xing

    2016-08-01

    Four unique complexes with diverse coordination architectures were synthesized upon complexation of 5,5-(1,4-phenylenebis (methylene))bis (oxy)- diisophthalic acid (H4L) with zinc ions by using different solvent. namely, {[Zn(H2L) (bpp)]·DEF}n (1), {[Zn2(L) (bpp)2]·4H2O}n (2), {[Zn2(L) (pdp)2]·3H2O·DEF}n (3), {[Zn2(L) (pdp)2].4H2O}n (4). Complexes 1,2 and 3,4 are obtained by varying solvents to control their structures. The size of solvent molecular plays an important role to control different structure of these compounds. Compound 1 is 2D waved framework with (4, 4) grid layer as sql topology. Compound 3 displays a (4,6)-connected 2-nodal net with a fsc topology. Compounds 2 and 4 are all three-dimensional network simplified as (4,4)-connected 2-nodal net with a bbf topology. The photochemical properties of compounds 1-4 were tested in the solid state at room temperature, owing to their strong luminescent emissions, complexes 1-4 are good candidates for photoactive materials.

  18. Interaction of curcumin with Zn(II) and Cu(II) ions based on experiment and theoretical calculation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Xue-Zhou; Jiang, Teng; Wang, Long; Yang, Hao; Zhang, Sui; Zhou, Ping

    2010-12-01

    Curcumin and its complexes with Zn 2+ and Cu 2+ ions were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, UV spectroscopy, solution 1H and solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy, EPR spectroscopy. In addition, the density functional theory (DFT)-based UV and 13C chemical shift calculations were also performed to view insight into those compound structures and properties. The results show that curcumin easily chelate the metal ions, such as Zn 2+ and Cu 2+, and the Cu(II)-curcumin complex has an ability to scavenge free-radicals. We demonstrated the differences between Zn(II)-curcumin and Cu(II)-curcumin complexes in structure and properties, enhancing the comprehensions about the curcumin roles in the Alzhermer's disease treatment.

  19. Thermodynamics of Pb(ii) and Zn(ii) binding to MT-3, a neurologically important metallothionein.

    PubMed

    Carpenter, M C; Shami Shah, A; DeSilva, S; Gleaton, A; Su, A; Goundie, B; Croteau, M L; Stevenson, M J; Wilcox, D E; Austin, R N

    2016-06-01

    Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) was used to quantify the thermodynamics of Pb(2+) and Zn(2+) binding to metallothionein-3 (MT-3). Pb(2+) binds to zinc-replete Zn7MT-3 displacing each zinc ion with a similar change in free energy (ΔG) and enthalpy (ΔH). EDTA chelation measurements of Zn7MT-3 and Pb7MT-3 reveal that both metal ions are extracted in a tri-phasic process, indicating that they bind to the protein in three populations with different binding thermodynamics. Metal binding is entropically favoured, with an enthalpic penalty that reflects the enthalpic cost of cysteine deprotonation accompanying thiolate ligation of the metal ions. These data indicate that Pb(2+) binding to both apo MT-3 and Zn7MT-3 is thermodynamically favourable, and implicate MT-3 in neuronal lead biochemistry.

  20. Antimicrobial photodisinfection with Zn(II) phthalocyanine adsorbed on TiO2 upon UVA and red irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mantareva, Vanya; Eneva, Ivelina; Kussovski, Vesselin; Borisova, Ekaterina; Angelov, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    The light exposure on a daily basis has been well accepted as a competitive method for decontamination of wastewater. The catalytic properties of TiO2 offer a great potential to reduce the transmission of pathogens in the environment. Although the titanium dioxide shows high activity against pathogens, its general usage in water cleaning is limited due to the insufficient excitation natural light (about 3% of the solar spectrum). A hydrophobic dodecylpyridyloxy Zn(II)-phthalocyanine with four peripheral hydrocarbon chains of C12 (ZnPcDo) was immobilized on a photocatalyst TiO2 anatase (P25). The resulted greenish colored nanoparticles of phthalocyanine were characterized by the means of absorption, fluorescence and infrared spectroscopy. The laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy was used to visualize the phthalocyanine dye by the red fluorescence emission (650 - 740 nm). The intensive Q-band in the far red visible spectral region (~ 690 nm) suggested a monomeric state of phthalocyanine on TiO2 nanoparticles. Two pathogenic bacterial strains (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus - MRSA and Salmonella enteritidis) associated with wastewater were photoinactivated with the suspension of the particles. The effective photoinactivation was observed with 1 g.L-1 TiO2 anatase at irradiation with UVA 364 nm as with UVA 364 nm and LED 643 nm. The gram-negative Salmonella enteritidis was fully photoinactivated with ZnPcDo-TiO2 and TiO2 alone at UVA 346 nm and at irradiation with two light sources (364 nm + 643 nm). The proposed conjugate appears as an useful composite material for antibacterial disinfection.

  1. Panchromatic Sensitization Using Zn(II) Porphyrin-Based Photosensitizers for Light-Driven Hydrogen Production in Water.

    PubMed

    Ho, Po-Yu; Mark, Michael F; Wang, Yi; Yiu, Sze-Chun; Yu, Wai-Hong; Ho, Cheuk-Lam; McCamant, David W; Eisenberg, Richard; Huang, Shuping

    2018-06-19

    Three molecular photosensitizers (PSs) with carboxylic acid anchors for attachment to platinized titanium dioxide nanoparticles were studied for light-driven hydrogen production from a fully aqueous medium with ascorbic acid (AA) as the sacrificial electron donor. Two zinc(II) porphyrin (ZnP) based PSs (ZnP-dyad and YD2-o-C8) were used to examine the effect of panchromatic sensitization in promoting photocatalytic H2 generation. A dyad molecular design was used to construct the Bodipy-conjugated ZnP PS (ZnP-dyad) and another one was featured with an electron-donating diarylamino moiety (YD2-o-C8). In order to probe the good use of the ZnP scaffold in this particular energy conversion process, an organic PS without the ZnP moiety (Bodipy-dye) was also synthesized for comparison. Ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy was adopted to map out the energy transfer processes occurring in the dyad and establish the Bodipy-based antenna effect. In particular, the systems with YD2-o-C8 and ZnP-dyad achieve a remarkable initial activity in H2 production with an initial turnover frequency (TOFi) larger than 300 h-1 under white light irradiation. In brief, the use of ZnP PSs in dye-sensitized photocatalysis for H2 evolution reaction in this study indicates the importance of panchromatic sensitization capability for the development of light absorbing PSs. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Crystal Violet Lactone Salicylaldehyde Hydrazone Zn(II) Complex: a Reversible Photochromic Material both in Solution and in Solid Matrix

    PubMed Central

    Li, Kai; Li, Yuanyuan; Tao, Jing; Liu, Lu; Wang, Lili; Hou, Hongwei; Tong, Aijun

    2015-01-01

    Crystal violet lactone (CVL) is a classic halochromic dye which has been widely used as chromogenic reagent in thermochromic and piezochromic systems. In this work, a very first example of CVL-based reversible photochromic compound was developed, which showed distinct color change upon UV-visible light irradiation both in solution and in solid matrix. Moreover, metal complex of CVL salicylaldehyde hydrozone was facilely synthesized, exhibiting reversible photochromic properties with good fatigue resistance. It was served as promising solid material for photo-patterning. PMID:26412101

  3. Zn(II) coordination polymers with flexible V-shaped dicarboxylate ligand: Syntheses, helical structures and properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Lin; Liu, Chong-Bo; Yang, Gao-Shan; Xiong, Zhi-Qiang; Liu, Hong; Wen, Hui-Liang

    2015-11-01

    Hydrothermal reactions of 2,2‧-[hexafluoroisopropylidenebis(p-phenyleneoxy)]diacetic acid (H2L) and zinc ions in the presence of N-donor ancillary ligands afford four novel coordination polymers, namely, [Zn2(μ2-OH)(μ4-O)0.5(L)]·0.5H2O (1), [Zn(L)(2,2‧-bipy)(H2O)] (2), [Zn3(L)3(phen)2]·H2O (3) and [Zn2(L)2(4,4‧-bipy)] (4) (2,2‧-bipy=2,2‧-bipyridine; 4,4‧-bipy=4,4‧-bipyridine; phen=1,10-phenanthroline). Their structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, elemental analyses, IR spectra, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and thermogravimetric (TG) analyses. Complex 1 shows a 3-D clover framework consisting of [Zn4(μ4-O)(μ2-OH)2]4+ clusters, and exhibits a novel (3,8)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of {3·4·5}2{34·44·52·66·710·82}, and contains double-stranded and two kinds of meso-helices. 2 displays a helical chain structure, which is further extended via hydrogen bonds into a 3-D supramolecular structure with meso-helix chains. 3 displays a 2-D {44·62} parallelogram structure, which is further extended via hydrogen bonds into a 3-D supramolecular structure with single-stranded helical chains. 4 shows a 2-D {44·62} square structure with left- and right-handed helical chains. Moreover, the luminescent properties of 1-4 have been investigated.

  4. Surface complexation and precipitate geometry for aqueous Zn(II) sorption on ferrihydrite: II. XANES analysis and simulation

    Waychunas, G.A.; Fuller, C.C.; Davis, J.A.; Rehr, J.J.

    2003-01-01

    X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) analysis of sorption complexes has the advantages of high sensitivity (10- to 20-fold greater than extended X-ray absorption fine structure [EXAFS] analysis) and relative ease and speed of data collection (because of the short k-space range). It is thus a potentially powerful tool for characterization of environmentally significant surface complexes and precipitates at very low surface coverages. However, quantitative analysis has been limited largely to "fingerprint" comparison with model spectra because of the difficulty of obtaining accurate multiple-scattering amplitudes for small clusters with high confidence. In the present work, calculations of the XANES for 50- to 200-atom clusters of structure from Zn model compounds using the full multiple-scattering code Feff 8.0 accurately replicate experimental spectra and display features characteristic of specific first-neighbor anion coordination geometry and second-neighbor cation geometry and number. Analogous calculations of the XANES for small molecular clusters indicative of precipitation and sorption geometries for aqueous Zn on ferrihydrite, and suggested by EXAFS analysis, are in good agreement with observed spectral trends with sample composition, with Zn-oxygen coordination and with changes in second-neighbor cation coordination as a function of sorption coverage. Empirical analysis of experimental XANES features further verifies the validity of the calculations. The findings agree well with a complete EXAFS analysis previously reported for the same sample set, namely, that octahedrally coordinated aqueous Zn2+ species sorb as a tetrahedral complex on ferrihydrite with varying local geometry depending on sorption density. At significantly higher densities but below those at which Zn hydroxide is expected to precipitate, a mainly octahedral coordinated Zn2+ precipitate is observed. An analysis of the multiple scattering paths contributing to the XANES demonstrates the importance of scattering paths involving the anion sublattice. We also describe the specific advantages of complementary quantitative XANES and EXAFS analysis and estimate limits on the extent of structural information obtainable from XANES analysis. ?? 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd.

  5. Pyrazole bridged dinuclear Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes as phosphatase models: Synthesis and activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naik, Krishna; Nevrekar, Anupama; Kokare, Dhoolesh Gangaram; Kotian, Avinash; Kamat, Vinayak; Revankar, Vidyanand K.

    2016-12-01

    Present work describes synthesis of dibridged dinuclear [Cu2L2(μ2-NN pyr)(NO3)2(H2O)2] and [Zn2L(μ-OH)(μ-NNpyr)(H2O)2] complexes derived from a pyrazole based ligand bis(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-1H-pyrazole-3,5-dicarbohydrazide. The ligand shows dimeric chelate behaviour towards copper against monomeric for zinc counterpart. Spectroscopic evidences affirm octahedral environment around the metal ions in solution state and non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. Both the complexes are active catalysts towards phosphomonoester hydrolysis with first order kcat values in the range of 2 × 10-3s-1. Zinc complex exhibited promising catalytic efficiency for the hydrolysis. The dinuclear complexes hydrolyse via Lewis acid activation, whereby the phosphate esters are preferentially bound in a bidentate bridging fashion and subsequent nucleophilic attack to release phosphate group.

  6. Post-synthetic transformation of a Zn(ii) polyhedral coordination network into a new supramolecular isomer of HKUST-1.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yao; Wojtas, Lukasz; Ma, Shengqian; Zaworotko, Michael J; Zhang, Zhenjie

    2017-08-03

    A Zn-based porphyrin containing metal-organic material (porphMOM-1) was transformed into a novel Cu-based porphyrin-encapsulating metal-organic material (porph@HKUST-1-β) via a one-pot post-synthetic modification (PSM) process involving both metal ion exchange and linker installation of trimesic acid. HKUST-1-β is the first example of yao topology and is to our knowledge the first supramolecular isomer of the archetypal coordination network HKUST-1.

  7. Enhancing the effective energy barrier of a Dy(III) SMM using a bridged diamagnetic Zn(II) ion.

    PubMed

    Upadhyay, Apoorva; Singh, Saurabh Kumar; Das, Chinmoy; Mondol, Ranajit; Langley, Stuart K; Murray, Keith S; Rajaraman, Gopalan; Shanmugam, Maheswaran

    2014-08-18

    Field induced single-molecule-magnet behaviour is observed for both a heterodinuclear [ZnDy(L(-))2](3+) complex (1) and a mononuclear [Dy(HL)2](3+) complex (2), with effective energy barriers of 83 cm(-1) and 16 cm(-1), respectively. Insights into the relaxation mechanism(s) and barrier heights are provided via ab initio and DFT calculations. Our findings reveal an interesting observation that the U(eff) of SMMs can be enhanced by incorporating diamagnetic metal ions.

  8. Amine-functionalized Zn(ii) MOF as an efficient multifunctional catalyst for CO2 utilization and sulfoxidation reaction.

    PubMed

    Patel, Parth; Parmar, Bhavesh; Kureshy, Rukhsana I; Khan, Noor-Ul H; Suresh, Eringathodi

    2018-06-19

    Herein, a zinc(ii)-based 3D mixed ligand metal organic framework (MOF) was synthesized via versatile routes including green mechanochemical synthesis. The MOF {[Zn(ATA)(L)·H2O]}n (ZnMOF-1-NH2) has been characterized by various physico-chemical techniques, including SCXRD, and composed of the bipyridyl-based Schiff base (E)-N'-(pyridin-4-ylmethylene)isonicotinohydrazide (L) and 2-aminoterephthalic acid (H2ATA) ligands as linkers. The MOF material has been explored as a multifunctional heterogeneous catalyst for the cycloaddition of alkyl and aryl epoxides with CO2 and sulfoxidation reactions of aryl sulfides. The influence of various reaction parameters is examined to optimize the performance of the catalytic reactions. It is found that solvent-free catalytic reaction conditions offer good catalytic conversion in the case of cyclic carbonates, and for sulfoxide, good conversion and selectivity are achieved in the presence of DCM as a solvent medium under ambient reaction conditions. The chemical and thermal stability of the catalyst are excellent and it is active for up to four catalytic cycles without significant loss in activity. Furthermore, based on the catalytic activity and structural evidence, a plausible mechanism for both catalytic reactions is proposed.

  9. Determination of Hg(II) in waters by on-line preconcentration using Cyanex 923 as a sorbent — Cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duan, Taicheng; Song, Xuejie; Xu, Jingwei; Guo, Pengran; Chen, Hangting; Li, Hongfei

    2006-09-01

    Using a solid phase extraction mini-column home-made from a neutral extractant Cyanex 923, inorganic Hg could be on-line preconcentrated and simultaneously separated from methyl mercury. The preconcentrated Hg (II) was then eluted with 10% HNO 3 and subsequently reduced by NaBH 4 to form Hg vapor before determination by cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS). Optimal conditions for and interferences on the Hg preconcentration and measurement were at 1% HCl, for a 25 mL sample uptake volume and a 10 mL min - 1 sample loading rate. The detection limit was 0.2 ng L - 1 and much lower than that of conventional method (around 15.8 ng L - 1 ). The relative standard deviation (RSD) is 1.8% for measurements of 40 ng L - 1 of Hg and the linear working curve is from 20 to 2000 ng L - 1 (with a correlation coefficient of 0.9996). The method was applied in determination of inorganic Hg in city lake and deep well water (from Changchun, Jilin, China), and recovery test results for both samples were satisfactory.

  10. Crystal engineering of versatile Hg(II) halides complexes of N,N,N‧,N‧-tetraalkyl substituted 3,5 pyridinedicarboxamides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rana, Love Karan; Sharma, Sanyog; Hundal, Geeta

    2018-02-01

    Two new ligands N,N,N‧,N‧-tetraisopropyl/butyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxamide (L3-L4) and six of their Hg(II)X2 complexes (where X = Cl-, Br- and I-), have been synthesized and characterized using single crystal X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic techniques. Complexes of L3 (1-3) with HgCl2/Br2/I2, have dimeric structure, with the ligand behaving as a 2-C linker. Complexes 4-6 are 1D coordination polymers with either 3- or 2-C, L4 linker and bridging halides. A delicate balance of anion, solvent, denticity and conformation of the ligands on the ensuing molecular and crystal structures has been delineated. Various non-covalent interactions, extending the dimensionality of the complexes are calculated, analyzed and discussed. A significant role of semi-localized LP···π non-covalent interactions in stabilizing the basic dimeric unit in the complexes, has been discerned.

  11. A novel ferrocenyl-naphthalimide as a multichannel probe for the detection of Cu(ii) and Hg(ii) in aqueous media and living cells.

    PubMed

    Dong, Junyang; Hu, Jianfeng; Baigude, Huricha; Zhang, Hao

    2018-01-02

    A novel ferrocenyl-naphthalimide multichannel probe 1 was designed and synthesized using a facile method. The color of the solution containing probe 1 changed from yellow to colorless upon the addition of Cu 2+ or Hg 2+ . Interestingly, probe 1 exhibited highly selective fluorescent turn-on for Cu 2+ and turn-off for Hg 2+ in aqueous solution. Probe 1 was an electrochemical Cu 2+ and Hg 2+ ion sensor, in which the Fc/Fc + redox couple was significantly shifted (ΔE 1/2 = 178 mV and ΔE 1/2 = 53 mV, respectively) upon complexation. Therefore, probe 1 can act as a naked-eye chemosensor, as well as an electrochemical and a fluorescent probe for Cu 2+ and Hg 2+ . Furthermore, this is the first reported probe that can be used for the bifunctional fluorescent detection of intracellular Cu 2+ and Hg 2+ by fluorescent imaging studies. These characteristics give this probe considerable potential in the study and analysis of Cu 2+ and Hg 2+ in complex biosystems.

  12. Electron transfer and atom exchange between aqueous Fe(II) and structural Fe(III) in clays. Role in U and Hg(II) transformations

    SciT

    Scherer, Michelle

    2016-08-31

    During this project, we investigated Fe electron transfer and atom exchange between aqueous Fe(II) and structural Fe(III) in clay minerals. We used selective chemical extractions, enriched Fe isotope tracer experiments, computational molecular modeling, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Our findings indicate that structural Fe(III) in clay minerals is reduced by aqueous Fe(II) and that electron transfer occurs when Fe(II) is sorbed to either basal planes and edge OH-groups of clay mineral. Findings from highly enriched isotope experiments suggest that up to 30 % of the Fe atoms in the structure of some clay minerals exhanges with aqueous Fe(II). First principles calculations usingmore » a small polaron hopping approach suggest surprisingly fast electron mobility at room temperature in a nontronite clay mineral and are consistent with temperature dependent Mössbauer data Fast electron mobility suggests that electrons may be able to conduct through the mineral fast enough to enable exchange of Fe between the aqueous phase and clay mineral structure. over the time periods we observed. Our findings suggest that Fe in clay minerals is not as stable as previously thought.« less

  13. The role of iron-oxide aerosols and sunlight in the atmospheric reduction of Hg(II) species: A DFT+ U study

    SciT

    Tacey, Sean A.; Szilvasi, Tibor; Xu, Lang

    Experimental and field measurements have shown that, in the presence of both iron-containing aerosols and sunlight, oxidized mercury species such as HgCl 2 and HgBr 2 undergo reduction to elemental mercury (Hg°), which remains in the atmosphere longer than oxidized mercury species due to its higher volatility. We performed density functional theory (DFT, PW91+U) calculations to elucidate the reduction mechanism for atmospheric HgCl 2 and HgBr 2 to Hg° on several iron-oxide aerosol surfaces relevant in the troposphere. On the OH-Fe-R-terminated α-Fe 2O 3(0001) surface, predicted to be most prevalent under ambient conditions, we show that: (1) the first Hg-Xmore » bond is broken via either thermal or photolytic activation depending on the ambient temperature; (2) photons with an energy of 2.69 eV (461 nm) are required to break the second Hg-X bond; and (3) a photo-induced surface-to-adsorbate charge-transfer process can promote Hg° desorption with an excitation energy of 2.59 eV (479 nm). All the calculated excitation energies are below the threshold value of 3.9 eV (320 nm) for photons in the troposphere, suggesting that sunlight can facilitate mercury reduction on iron-oxide aerosol surfaces. In contrast, the gas-phase reduction of HgCl 2 (HgBr 2) involves photoexcitation requiring an energy of 4.98 (4.45) eV (249 (279) nm); therefore, the energy range of sunlight is not suitable for gas-phase reduction. Our computational results provide the first evidence on the detailed mechanism for the combined role of aerosols and photons in the reduction of HgCl 2 and HgBr 2. In conclusion, our methodology can be adapted to study other photochemical heterogeneous processes in the atmosphere.« less

  14. IR spectroscopy study of SBA-15 silicas functionalized with the ethylthiocarbamidepropyl groups and their interactions with Ag(I) and Hg(II) ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melnyk, Inna V.; Nazarchuk, Galyna I.; Václavíková, Miroslava; Zub, Yuriy L.

    2018-04-01

    Mesoporous structure of silica is determined by the type of template, but the introduction of functional groups during the synthesis has additional influence. The structure of SBA-15 may be violated by the introduction of long functions, such as ≡Si(CH2)3NHC(=S)NHC2H5. These ethylthiocarbamidepropyl groups can form complexes with metal ions in thiol or thione tautomeric forms. We determined that the 2D hexagonal p6 mm structure is preserved for SBA-15 with thiourea groups at maximal TEOS:trifunctional silane ratio (mol) = 10:2, which was confirmed by TEM and by the presence of an intense reflex in the small-angle region of diffractograms of the final product. It was shown that the obtained sorbents possess high kinetic characteristics. The experimental data fit pseudo-second-order kinetic equation, but the rate constants depend on the content of functional groups in the surface layer. Template Pluronic P-123 defines the porosity of functional mesoporous silica materials even at increasing content of trifunctional silane in the initial solution. Infrared spectroscopy analysis showed that thione form of thiourea ligand is prevalent on the surface of pores of mesoporous samples. However, during the sorption of silver(I) ions, there are both thione and thiol forms on the surface. Thione form is transformed into thiol with increasing concentration of mercury(II) ions in the sorption solution. Adsorption experiments showed that the SBA-15 silicas functionalized with ethylthiocarbamidepropyl groups had high selectivity for silver(I) ions and could concentrate Ag(I) ions from metal ions mixture at pH 2.

  15. The role of iron-oxide aerosols and sunlight in the atmospheric reduction of Hg(II) species: A DFT+ U study

    DOE PAGES

    Tacey, Sean A.; Szilvasi, Tibor; Xu, Lang; ...

    2018-04-22

    Experimental and field measurements have shown that, in the presence of both iron-containing aerosols and sunlight, oxidized mercury species such as HgCl 2 and HgBr 2 undergo reduction to elemental mercury (Hg°), which remains in the atmosphere longer than oxidized mercury species due to its higher volatility. We performed density functional theory (DFT, PW91+U) calculations to elucidate the reduction mechanism for atmospheric HgCl 2 and HgBr 2 to Hg° on several iron-oxide aerosol surfaces relevant in the troposphere. On the OH-Fe-R-terminated α-Fe 2O 3(0001) surface, predicted to be most prevalent under ambient conditions, we show that: (1) the first Hg-Xmore » bond is broken via either thermal or photolytic activation depending on the ambient temperature; (2) photons with an energy of 2.69 eV (461 nm) are required to break the second Hg-X bond; and (3) a photo-induced surface-to-adsorbate charge-transfer process can promote Hg° desorption with an excitation energy of 2.59 eV (479 nm). All the calculated excitation energies are below the threshold value of 3.9 eV (320 nm) for photons in the troposphere, suggesting that sunlight can facilitate mercury reduction on iron-oxide aerosol surfaces. In contrast, the gas-phase reduction of HgCl 2 (HgBr 2) involves photoexcitation requiring an energy of 4.98 (4.45) eV (249 (279) nm); therefore, the energy range of sunlight is not suitable for gas-phase reduction. Our computational results provide the first evidence on the detailed mechanism for the combined role of aerosols and photons in the reduction of HgCl 2 and HgBr 2. In conclusion, our methodology can be adapted to study other photochemical heterogeneous processes in the atmosphere.« less

  16. Bare eye detection of Hg(II) ions based on enzyme inhibition and using mercaptoethanol as a reagent to improve selectivity.

    PubMed

    He, Liuying; Lu, Yuexiang; Wang, Feiyang; Gao, Xinxin; Chen, Ying; Liu, Yueying

    2018-02-13

    The authors describe a colorimetric method for the determination of Hg 2+ ions based on the inhibition of the activity of the enzyme urease. The pH value of solution increases when urease hydrolyzes urea, which can be visualized by adding a pH indicator such as Phenol Red (PhR). Mercaptoethanol as a typical thiol is added to the system to improve selectivity because it binds metal ions and then - unlike the Hg 2+ mercaptoethanol complex - does not inhibit urease. Hence, the color of the pH indicator PhR turns from yellow to pink as the solution becomes alkaline. The Hg 2+ mercaptoethanol complex, in contrast, strongly inhibits urease and the color of the solution remains yellow. The findings were used to design a photometric assay based on the measurement of the ratio of absorptions of PhR at 558 nm and 430 nm. It has a linear response over the 25 to 40 nM Hg 2+ concentration range and a 5 nM detection limit. This is well below the guideline values of Hg 2+ specified by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the World Health Organization for drinking water (10 nM and 30 nM, respectively). The method was employed to the determination of Hg 2+ in water samples spiked with 10 nM levels of Hg 2+ where color changes still can be observed visually. Graphical Abstract Schematic presentation of a colorimetric method for the ultrasensitive detection of Hg 2+ based on the inhibition of urease activity. Mercaptoethanol is used to improve the selectivity. Even at Hg 2+ concentrations as low as 5 nM, the color change still can be easily observed by bare eyes.

  17. FORMATION OF REACTIVE GASEOUS MERCURY IN THE ARCTIC: EVIDENCE OF OXIDATION OF HG0 TO GAS-PHASE HG-II COMPOUNDS AFTER ARCTIC SUNRISE

    EPA Science Inventory

    We have measured total gaseous mercury concentrations (Hgo) at Point Barrow, Alaska since September 1998 in an effort to determine the geographic extent and reaction mechanism of the so-called mercury depletion events (MDE) previously reported in the high Arctic at Alert, Canad...

  18. Electrochemical Sensing toward Trace As(III) Based on Mesoporous MnFe₂O₄/Au Hybrid Nanospheres Modified Glass Carbon Electrode.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Shaofeng; Han, Xiaojuan; Fan, Honglei; Liu, Yaqing

    2016-06-22

    Au nanoparticles decorated mesoporous MnFe₂O₄ nanocrystal clusters (MnFe₂O₄/Au hybrid nanospheres) were used for the electrochemical sensing of As(III) by square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV). Modified on a cheap glass carbon electrode, these MnFe₂O₄/Au hybrid nanospheres show favorable sensitivity (0.315 μA/ppb) and limit of detection (LOD) (3.37 ppb) toward As(III) under the optimized conditions in 0.1 M NaAc-HAc (pH 5.0) by depositing for 150 s at the deposition potential of -0.9 V. No obvious interference from Cd(II) and Hg(II) was recognized during the detection of As(III). Additionally, the developed electrode displayed good reproducibility, stability, and repeatability, and offered potential practical applicability for electrochemical detection of As(III) in real water samples. The present work provides a potential method for the design of new and cheap sensors in the application of electrochemical determination toward trace As(III) and other toxic metal ions.

  19. Metals removal and recovery in bioelectrochemical systems: A review.

    PubMed

    Nancharaiah, Y V; Venkata Mohan, S; Lens, P N L

    2015-11-01

    Metal laden wastes and contamination pose a threat to ecosystem well being and human health. Metal containing waste streams are also a valuable resource for recovery of precious and scarce elements. Although biological methods are inexpensive and effective for treating metal wastewaters and in situ bioremediation of metal(loid) contamination, little progress has been made towards metal(loid) recovery. Bioelectrochemical systems are emerging as a new technology platform for removal and recovery of metal ions from metallurgical wastes, process streams and wastewaters. Biodegradation of organic matter by electroactive biofilms at the anode has been successfully coupled to cathodic reduction of metal ions. Until now, leaching of Co(II) from LiCoO2 particles, and removal of metal ions i.e. Co(III/II), Cr(VI), Cu(II), Hg(II), Ag(I), Se(IV), and Cd(II) from aqueous solutions has been demonstrated. This article reviews the state of art research of bioelectrochemical systems for removal and recovery of metal(loid) ions and pertaining removal mechanisms. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Synthesis and structural characterization of dinuclear Cd2+, Hg2+ and Fe2+ complexes with neutral bi and tetradentate flexible pyrazole-based ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beheshti, Azizolla; Lalegani, Arash; Behvandi, Fatemeh; Safaeiyan, Forough; Sarkarzadeh, Afsoon; Bruno, Giuseppe; Amiri Rudbari, Hadi

    2015-02-01

    Four new complexes of [Hg2Cl4(bpp)]n (1), [Hg2Cl4(tdmpp)] (2), [Cd2I4(tdmpp)] (3) and [Fe2Cl4(tdmpp)] (4) were prepared by using the neutral N-donor ligands 1,3-bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)propane (bpp) and 1,1,3,3-tetrakis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)propane (tdmpp) with different flexibility and appropriate metal salts of Cd(II), Hg(II) and Fe(II) ions. These compounds were characterized by the infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis and X-ray crystallography. Flexible ligands and non-covalent Csbnd H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds play a major role in the crystal packing of compounds 1, 2 and 4. In the two-dimensional non-covalent structure of 1, there are two distinctly different coordination modes for the mercury atoms. One mercury atom has pseudo-trigonal bipyramidal geometry and the other adopts a distorted tetrahedral environment. In the dinuclear structures of 2 and 4 the neutral molecules are linked together by the Csbnd H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds, forming an infinite one-dimensional zigzag chain structure. Compounds 2-4 are isostructural with each other.

  1. Design and synthesis of core-shell Fe3O4@PTMT composite magnetic microspheres for adsorption of heavy metals from high salinity wastewater.

    PubMed

    Huang, Xin; Yang, Jinyue; Wang, Jingkang; Bi, Jingtao; Xie, Chuang; Hao, Hongxun

    2018-05-10

    In this study, a novel magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) modified by an organodisulfide polymer (PTMT) was designed for adsorption of heavy metals (Hg(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II)) from simulated coal chemical high salinity wastewater. The MNP-PTMT nano-composite was synthesize and characterized by SEM, TEM, FTIR, BET, VSM, TGA and XRD. The results indicate that the wanted MNP-PTMT magnetic nanoparticles were successfully obtained by modification. Adsorption experiments were systematically carried out to evaluate the performance of the obtained nanoparticles and to build up the adsorption models. The results demonstrate that the adsorption kinetic and isotherms thermodynamic followed the pseudo-second-order model and the Freundlich equation, respectively. In the presence of the inorganic salt in high salinity wastewater, the adsorption efficiency of MNP-PTMT for heavy metals was still excellent. The magnetic adsorbent could be recovered from aqueous solution by an external magnetic field in 20s and the subsequent regeneration of Hg(II)/Pb(II) loaded MNP-PTMT can be efficiently achieved by using EDTA-2Na solution as desorbent. The novel MNP-PTMT nanoparticles could be used reproductively for five times without apparent decrease in sorption capacity. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Evolution of Metal(Loid) Binding Sites in Transcriptional Regulators

    SciT

    Ordonez, E.; Thiyagarajan, S.; Cook, J.D.

    2009-05-22

    Expression of the genes for resistance to heavy metals and metalloids is transcriptionally regulated by the toxic ions themselves. Members of the ArsR/SmtB family of small metalloregulatory proteins respond to transition metals, heavy metals, and metalloids, including As(III), Sb(III), Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), Co(II), and Ni(II). These homodimeric repressors bind to DNA in the absence of inducing metal(loid) ion and dissociate from the DNA when inducer is bound. The regulatory sites are often three- or four-coordinate metal binding sites composed of cysteine thiolates. Surprisingly, in two different As(III)-responsive regulators, the metalloid binding sites were in different locations in the repressor, andmore » the Cd(II) binding sites were in two different locations in two Cd(II)-responsive regulators. We hypothesize that ArsR/SmtB repressors have a common backbone structure, that of a winged helix DNA-binding protein, but have considerable plasticity in the location of inducer binding sites. Here we show that an As(III)-responsive member of the family, CgArsR1 from Corynebacterium glutamicum, binds As(III) to a cysteine triad composed of Cys{sup 15}, Cys{sup 16}, and Cys{sup 55}. This binding site is clearly unrelated to the binding sites of other characterized ArsR/SmtB family members. This is consistent with our hypothesis that metal(loid) binding sites in DNA binding proteins evolve convergently in response to persistent environmental pressures.« less

  3. Synthesis, characterization, molecular modeling and biological activity of metal complexes derived from (E)-N'-(furan-2-ylmethylene)morpholine-4-carbothiohydrazide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Samanody, El-Sayed A.; Emam, Sanaa M.; Emara, Esam M.

    2017-10-01

    A new series of some biologically active Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes was synthesized from the novel thiosemicarbazone ligand; (E)-N'-(furan-2-ylmethylene)morpholine-4-carbothiohydrazide (HL). Elemental, spectral, thermal analyses, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity measurements were used to elucidate the structure of separated compounds. The data prove that the ligand reacts with all metal ions in a neutral thione form. The electrolytic tetra-coordinate Cu(II); Zn(II) complexes (5, 6; 10) bind through the thione sulfur, furfural oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms of the ligand (NSO type) to construct fused five membered rings. However, the rest non-electrolyte octahedral complexes chelate via the furfural oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms of the ligand (NO type). Molecular modeling was conducted for the ligand and two representative complexes (1, 5) in order to substantiate their chemical structures. Thermal analyses are compatible with molecular modeling studies to support the proposed thermal decomposition pathways of metal complexes which start with the rupture of the long and weak N-NH bond. The thermal stability of metal complexes varies according to the number of solvents of crystallization, ionic radii and steric effect of anions. The ESR spectra of Cu(II) complexes are compatible with a primarily (dx2-y2)1 ground state with axial symmetry. The ligand and its Co(II); Cu(II); Cd(II) complexes (1; 5, 8; 11) along with their mixtures with metaldehyde were screened in vitro for their molluscicidal activity against Eobania vermiculata. Combination with metaldehyde enhances the toxicity effect of the tested compounds through reducing the period required for mortality and increasing the percentage of mortality after 24 h of treatments. The tested compounds gathered with metaldehyde are strongly affecting on the activity of ACP and ALP enzymes and TP content which are very important factors in the mucous secretion of Eobania

  4. Synthesis, spectroscopic properties, molecular docking, anti-colon cancer and anti-microbial studies of some novel metal complexes for 2-amino-4-phenylthiazole derivative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Harbi, Sami A.; Bashandy, Mahmoud S.; Al-Saidi, Hammed M.; Emara, Adel A. A.; Mousa, Tarek A. A.

    2015-06-01

    This article describes the synthesis of novel bidentate Schiff base (H2L) from condensation of 2-amino-4-phenylthiazole (APT) with 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (DAR) in the molar ratio 2:1. We studied interaction of ligand (H2L) with transition metal ions such as Cr(III), Fe(III), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II). The ligand (H2L) has two bidentate sets of (N-O) units which can coordinate with two metal ions to afford novel binuclear metal complexes. The directions of coordinate bonds are from nitrogen atoms of azomethine groups and oxygen atoms of the phenolic groups. Structures of the newly synthesized complexes were confirmed by elemental analysis, IR, UV, 1H NMR, ESR, TGA and mass spectral data. All of the newly synthesized complexes were evaluated for their antibacterial and anti-fungal activities. They were also evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity against human colon carcinoma cells (HCT-116) and mammalian cells of African green monkey kidney (VERO). The Cu(II) complex with selectivity index (S.I.) = 21.26 exhibited better activity than methotrexate (MTX) as a reference drug with S.I. value = 13.30, while Zn(II) complex with S.I. value = 10.24 was found to be nearly as active as MTX. Molecular docking studies further helped in understanding the mode of action of the compounds through their various interactions with active sites of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) enzyme. The observed activity of Fe(III) and Cu(II) complexes gave rise to the conclusion that they might exert their action through inhibition of the DHFR enzyme.

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopic properties, molecular docking, anti-colon cancer and anti-microbial studies of some novel metal complexes for 2-amino-4-phenylthiazole derivative.

    PubMed

    Al-Harbi, Sami A; Bashandy, Mahmoud S; Al-Saidi, Hammed M; Emara, Adel A A; Mousa, Tarek A A

    2015-06-15

    This article describes the synthesis of novel bidentate Schiff base (H2L) from condensation of 2-amino-4-phenylthiazole (APT) with 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (DAR) in the molar ratio 2:1. We studied interaction of ligand (H2L) with transition metal ions such as Cr(III), Fe(III), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II). The ligand (H2L) has two bidentate sets of (N-O) units which can coordinate with two metal ions to afford novel binuclear metal complexes. The directions of coordinate bonds are from nitrogen atoms of azomethine groups and oxygen atoms of the phenolic groups. Structures of the newly synthesized complexes were confirmed by elemental analysis, IR, UV, (1)H NMR, ESR, TGA and mass spectral data. All of the newly synthesized complexes were evaluated for their antibacterial and anti-fungal activities. They were also evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity against human colon carcinoma cells (HCT-116) and mammalian cells of African green monkey kidney (VERO). The Cu(II) complex with selectivity index (S.I.)=21.26 exhibited better activity than methotrexate (MTX) as a reference drug with S.I. value=13.30, while Zn(II) complex with S.I. value=10.24 was found to be nearly as active as MTX. Molecular docking studies further helped in understanding the mode of action of the compounds through their various interactions with active sites of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) enzyme. The observed activity of Fe(III) and Cu(II) complexes gave rise to the conclusion that they might exert their action through inhibition of the DHFR enzyme. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, biological screenings, DNA binding study and POM analyses of transition metal carboxylates.

    PubMed

    Uddin, Noor; Sirajuddin, Muhammad; Uddin, Nizam; Tariq, Muhammad; Ullah, Hameed; Ali, Saqib; Tirmizi, Syed Ahmed; Khan, Abdur Rehman

    2015-04-05

    This article contains the synthesis of a novel carboxylic acid derivative, its transition metal complexes and evaluation of biological applications. Six carboxylate complexes of transition metals, Zn(II) and Hg(II), have been successfully synthesized and characterized by FT-IR and NMR (1H, 13C). The ligand, HL, (4-[(2,6-Diethylphenyl)amino]-4-oxobutanoic acid) was also characterized by single crystal X-ray analysis. The complexation occurs via oxygen atoms of the carboxylate moiety. FT-IR date show the bidentate nature of the carboxylate moiety of the ligand as the Δν value in all complexes is less than that of the free ligand. The ligand and its complexes were screened for antifungal and antileishmanial activities. The results showed that the ligand and its complexes are active with few exceptions. UV-visible spectroscopy and viscometry results reveal that the ligand and its complexes interact with the DNA via intercalative mode of interaction. A new and efficient strategy to identify the pharmacophores and anti-pharmacophores sites in carboxylate derivatives for the antibacterial/antifungal activity using Petra, Osiris and Molinspiration (POM) analyses was also carried out. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, biological screenings, DNA binding study and POM analyses of transition metal carboxylates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uddin, Noor; Sirajuddin, Muhammad; Uddin, Nizam; Tariq, Muhammad; Ullah, Hameed; Ali, Saqib; Tirmizi, Syed Ahmed; Khan, Abdur Rehman

    2015-04-01

    This article contains the synthesis of a novel carboxylic acid derivative, its transition metal complexes and evaluation of biological applications. Six carboxylate complexes of transition metals, Zn(II) and Hg(II), have been successfully synthesized and characterized by FT-IR and NMR (1H, 13C). The ligand, HL, (4-[(2,6-Diethylphenyl)amino]-4-oxobutanoic acid) was also characterized by single crystal X-ray analysis. The complexation occurs via oxygen atoms of the carboxylate moiety. FT-IR date show the bidentate nature of the carboxylate moiety of the ligand as the Δν value in all complexes is less than that of the free ligand. The ligand and its complexes were screened for antifungal and antileishmanial activities. The results showed that the ligand and its complexes are active with few exceptions. UV-visible spectroscopy and viscometry results reveal that the ligand and its complexes interact with the DNA via intercalative mode of interaction. A new and efficient strategy to identify the pharmacophores and anti-pharmacophores sites in carboxylate derivatives for the antibacterial/antifungal activity using Petra, Osiris and Molinspiration (POM) analyses was also carried out.

  8. Interactions between 2,4-bis-pteridine-1,5-benzodiazepine and group 12 dihalides: synthesis, spectral and XRD structural studies and theoretical calculations.

    PubMed

    Illán-Cabeza, Nuria A; Jiménez-Pulido, Sonia B; Hueso-Ureña, Francisco; Peña-Ruiz, Tomás; Quirós-Olozábal, Miguel; Moreno-Carretero, Miguel N

    2016-11-28

    2,4-Bis(1,3,7-trimethyl-pteridine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione-6-yl)-2,3-dihydro-2-methyl-1H-1,5-benzodiazepine (DLMBZD) has been prepared and its molecular and crystal structures have been determined from spectral and XRD data. The benzodiazepine ligand was reacted with zinc(ii), cadmium(ii) and mercury(ii) chloride, bromide and iodide to give complexes with general formula [M(DLMBZD)X 2 ]. The complexes have been synthesized and characterized by IR, NMR and elemental analysis. The structure of seven complexes has been obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction. In all the cases, the metal is (2 + 2 + 1)-five-coordinated by two halide ligands, two nitrogen atoms from pyrazine and diazepine rings and a carbonyl oxygen from a pteridine ring. The coordinated-metal environment is a square-based pyramid, with increasing trigonality from Hg(ii) to Zn(ii) complexes. To coordinate the metals, the ligand folds itself, establishing four intramolecular σ-π interactions with the pyrimidine and pyrazine rings. A topological analysis of the electron density using the Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules and the complexes stability has been performed.

  9. A dip-and-read test strip for the determination of mercury(II) ion in aqueous samples based on urease activity inhibition.

    PubMed

    Shi, Guo-Qing; Jiang, Guibin

    2002-11-01

    A sensitive dip-and-read test strip for the determination of mercury in aqueous samples based on the inhibition of urease reaction by the ion has been developed. The strip has a circular sensing zone that containing two layers: the top layer is a cellulose acetate membrane where urease is immobilized on it; the bottom layer is a pH indicator wafer that is impregnated with urea. The principle of the measurement is based on the disappearance of a yellow spot on the pH indicator wafer. The elapsing time until the disappearance of the spot which depends on the concentration of mercury(II) ion is measured with a stopwatch. Under the experimental conditions, as low as 0.2 ng/ml mercury can be observed with the detection range from 0.2 to 200 ng/ml in water. Organomercury compounds give essentially the same response as inorganic mercury. Heavy-metal ions such as Ag(I), Cu(II), Cd(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II) as well as other sample matrixes basically do not interfere with the mercury measurement.

  10. Coordination behavior of new bis Schiff base ligand derived from 2-furan carboxaldehyde and propane-1,3-diamine. Spectroscopic, thermal, anticancer and antibacterial activity studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed, Gehad G.; Zayed, Ehab M.; Hindy, Ahmed M. M.

    2015-06-01

    Novel bis Schiff base ligand, [N1,N3-bis(furan-2-ylmethylene)propane-1,3-diamine], was prepared by the condensation of furan-2-carboxaldehyde with propane-1,3-diamine. Its conformational changes on complexation with transition metal ions [Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Mn(II), Cd(II), Zn(II) and Fe(III)] have been studied on the basis of elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, spectral (infrared, 1H NMR, electronic), magnetic and thermogravimetric studies. The conductance data of the complexes revealed their electrolytic nature suggesting them as 1:2 (for bivalent metal ions) and 1:3 (for Fe(III) ion) electrolytes. The complexes were found to have octahedral geometry based on magnetic moment and solid reflectance measurements. Thermal analysis data revealed the decomposition of the complexes in successive steps with the removal of anions, coordinated water and bis Schiff base ligand. The thermodynamic parameters were calculated using Coats-Redfern equation. The Anticancer screening studies were performed on human colorectal cancer (HCT), hepatic cancer (HepG2) and breast cancer (MCF-7) cell lines. The antimicrobial activity of all the compounds was studied against Gram negative (Escherichia coli and Proteus vulgaris) and Gram positive (Bacillus vulgaris and Staphylococcus pyogones) bacteria. It was observed that the coordination of metal ion has a pronounced effect on the microbial activities of the bis Schiff base ligand. All the metal complexes have shown higher antimicrobial effect than the free bis Schiff base ligand.

  11. Multiple heavy metal removal using an entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana.

    PubMed

    Gola, Deepak; Dey, Priyadarshini; Bhattacharya, Arghya; Mishra, Abhishek; Malik, Anushree; Namburath, Maneesh; Ahammad, Shaikh Ziauddin

    2016-10-01

    Towards the development of a potential remediation technology for multiple heavy metals [Zn(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Cr(VI) and Ni(II)] from contaminated water, present study examined the growth kinetics and heavy metal removal ability of Beauveria bassiana in individual and multi metals. The specific growth rate of B. bassiana varied from 0.025h(-1) to 0.039h(-1) in presence of individual/multi heavy metals. FTIR analysis indicated the involvement of different surface functional groups in biosorption of different metals, while cellular changes in fungus was reflected by various microscopic (SEM, AFM and TEM) analysis. TEM studies proved removal of heavy metals via sorption and accumulation processes, whereas AFM studies revealed increase in cell surface roughness in fungal cells exposed to heavy metals. Present study delivers first report on the mechanism of bioremediation of heavy metals when present individually as well as multi metal mixture by entomopathogenic fungi. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. The use of dialdehyde starch derivatives in the phytoremediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals.

    PubMed

    Antonkiewicz, Jacek; Para, Andrzej

    2016-01-01

    Products of the reaction between dialdehyde starch and Y-NH2 compounds (e.g. semicarbazide or hydrazine) are effective ligands for metal ions. The usefulness of these derivatives was tested in the experiment, both in terms of the immobilization of heavy metal ions in soil and the potential application in phytoextraction processes. The experimental model comprised maize and the ions of such metals as: Zn(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II). The amount of maize yield, as well as heavy metal content and uptake by the aboveground parts and roots of maize, were studied during a three-year pot experiment. The results of the study indicate the significant impact of heavy metals on reduced yield and increased heavy metal content in maize. Soil-applied dialdehyde starch derivatives resulted in lower yields, particularly disemicarbazone (DASS), but in heavy metal-contaminated soils they largely limited the negative impact of these metals both on yielding and heavy metal content in plants, particularly dihydrazone (DASH). It was demonstrated that the application of dihydrazone (DASH) to a soil polluted with heavy metals boosted the uptake of Zn, Pb, Cu, and Cd from the soil, hence there is a possibility to use this compound in the phytoextraction of these metals from the soil. Decreased Ni uptake was also determined, hence the possibility of using this compound in the immobilization of this metal. The study showed that dialdehyde starch disemicarbazone was ineffective in the discussed processes.

  13. Synthesis and characterization of a series of transition metal complexes with a new symmetrical polyoxaaza macroacyclic Schiff base ligand: X-ray crystal structure of cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes and their antibacterial properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keypour, Hassan; Shayesteh, Maryam; Rezaeivala, Majid; Chalabian, Firoozeh; Valencia, Laura

    2013-01-01

    A new symmetrical [N4O2] hexadentate Schiff base ligand, (E)-N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)-2-(3-(2-((E)-pyridin-2-lmethyleneamino)phenoxy)naphthalen-2-yloxy)benzenamine, abbreviated to L, and its complexes of Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Mn(II) have been synthesized in the presence of metal ions. The complexes were structurally characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis, NMR and molar conductivity. The crystal structures of two complexes, [NiL(ONO2)2]·2H2O and [CoLCl2]CH3OH·0.5H2O, have been determined by a single crystal X-ray diffraction study. In these complexes, the ligand is coordinated in a neutral form via pyridine and azomethine nitrogen atoms. The metal ions complete their six coordination with two coordinated nitrate or chloride ions, forming a distorted octahedral geometry. The synthesized compounds have antibacterial activity against the three Gram-positive bacteria: Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus epid and also against the three Gram-negative bacteria: Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter aerogenes and Salmonella typhi. The activity data show that the complexes are more potent antibacterials than the parent Schiff base.

  14. Experimental and theoretical investigation of vibrational spectra of coordination polymers based on TCE-TTF.

    PubMed

    Olejniczak, Iwona; Lapiński, Andrzej; Swietlik, Roman; Olivier, Jean; Golhen, Stéphane; Ouahab, Lahcène

    2011-08-01

    The room-temperature infrared and Raman spectra of a series of four isostructural polymeric salts of 2,3,6,7-tetrakis(2-cyanoethylthio)-tetrathiafulvalene (TCE-TTF) with paramagnetic (Co(II), Mn(II)) and diamagnetic (Zn(II), Cd(II)) ions, together with BF(4)(-) or ClO(4)(-) anions are reported. Infrared and Raman-active modes are identified and assigned based on theoretical calculations for neutral and ionized TCE-TTF using density functional theory (DFT) methods. It is confirmed that the TCE-TTF molecules in all the materials investigated are fully ionized and interact in the crystal structure through cyanoethylthio groups. The vibrational modes related to the C=C stretching vibrations of TCE-TTF are analyzed assuming the occurrence of electron-molecular vibration coupling (EMV). The presence of the antisymmetric C=C dimeric mode provides evidence that charge transfer takes place between TCE-TTF molecules belonging to neighboring polymeric networks. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Sorption of heavy metal ions by the nonliving biomass of freshwater macrophytes

    SciT

    Schneider, I.A.H.; Rubio, J.

    1999-07-01

    The removal of heavy metal ions by the nonliving biomass of aquatic macrophytes was investigated. The work involved studies of physical and biochemical properties of the materials, batch sorption experiments carried out in agitation flasks, and continuous runs in a packed bed column at laboratory scale. Results showed that the dried biomass of Potamogeton lucens, Salvinia herzogii, and Eichhornia crassipes were excellent biosorbents for Cr(III), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II). The sorption mechanism by these biomaterials was found to proceed mainly by ion exchange reactions between the metal ions and the cationic weak exchanger groups present on the plantmore » surface. Sorption followed the Langmuir isotherm, and maximum metal uptakes values (independent of the metal ion species) were attained at about 1.5 mequiv g{sup {minus}1} for P. lucens, 0.9 mequiv g{sup {minus}1} for S. herzogii, and 0.7 mequiv g{sup {minus}1} for E. crassipes. Advantages and disadvantages found in the use of these natural adsorbents for heavy metals ions present in industrial wastewaters are envisaged.« less

  16. Portable Multispectral Colorimeter for Metallic Ion Detection and Classification

    PubMed Central

    Jaimes, Ruth F. V. V.; Borysow, Walter; Gomes, Osmar F.; Salcedo, Walter J.

    2017-01-01

    This work deals with a portable device system applied to detect and classify different metallic ions as proposed and developed, aiming its application for hydrological monitoring systems such as rivers, lakes and groundwater. Considering the system features, a portable colorimetric system was developed by using a multispectral optoelectronic sensor. All the technology of quantification and classification of metallic ions using optoelectronic multispectral sensors was fully integrated in the embedded hardware FPGA ( Field Programmable Gate Array) technology and software based on virtual instrumentation (NI LabView®). The system draws on an indicative colorimeter by using the chromogen reagent of 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN). The results obtained with the signal processing and pattern analysis using the method of the linear discriminant analysis, allows excellent results during detection and classification of Pb(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Fe(III) and Ni(II) ions, with almost the same level of performance as for those obtained from the Ultravioled and visible (UV-VIS) spectrophotometers of high spectral resolution. PMID:28788082

  17. Chitin nanofibrils for rapid and efficient removal of metal ions from water system.

    PubMed

    Liu, Dagang; Zhu, Yi; Li, Zehui; Tian, Donglin; Chen, Lei; Chen, Peng

    2013-10-15

    Joint mechanical defibrillation was successfully used to downsize chitin micro-particles (CMP) into nanofibrils without changing its chemical or crystalline structure. The fine chitin nanofibrils (CNF) bearing width of about 50 nm and length of more than 1 μm were then developed as heavy metal ion sorbents. The uptake performance of CNF dependent on pH, ionic concentration, time, and temperature was investigated. Results show that fixation amount of Cd(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Pb(II), Cr(III) on CNF was up to 2.94, 2.30, 2.22, 2.06, 1.46, and 0.31 mmol/g, respectively, much higher than CMP due to high specific surface area and widely distributed pores of CNF. Adsorption kinetics of CMP and CNF followed pseudo-second-order model and Freundlich isotherm although CNF exhibited higher rate constant and sorption capacity than that of CMP. The defibrillated CNF is renewable, feasible, easily recyclable, and is thought as good candidate for heavy metal ion treatment due to their low sorption energy, rapid and efficient uptake capacity. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of sulfur functionalized graphene oxide nanosheets as efficient sorbent for removal of Pb2+, Cd2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ ions from aqueous solution: A combined thermodynamic and kinetic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pirveysian, Mahtab; Ghiaci, Mehran

    2018-01-01

    A very simple, one pot method was used for preparation of sulfur functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SOxR) with sodium sulfide and water in reflux condition. The elemental analysis data showed high sulfur content up to 15%. EDS and XPS analysis also proved introduction of sulfur element. To make the sorbent more efficient operationally, the GO-SOxR was coated with a mesoporous shell of TiO2 or SiO2. The prepared sorbents were characterized by SEM, TEM, TGA, XPS, XRD, IR and EDS. GO-SOxR@TiO2 and GO-SOxR@SiO2 composites were tested for removal of Pb(II), Cd(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) as heavy metal ions from aqueous solution in batch method. Adsorption of the heavy metal ions was studied kinetically, and the adsorption capacities of GO-SOxR, GO-SOxR@TiO2, and GO-SOxR@SiO2 were evaluated using equilibrium adsorption isotherms, and compared to other adsorbents used for removal of these heavy metals. Kinetic studies showed that the experimental data was fitted with pseudo second order model. The adsorption capacity of GO was significantly improved by sulfur functionalization and TiO2 coating.

  19. Determination of some metal ions in various meat and baby food samples by atomic spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Daşbaşı, Teslima; Saçmacı, Şerife; Ülgen, Ahmet; Kartal, Şenol

    2016-04-15

    In this paper, we report a simple and rapid solid phase extraction system for the separation/preconcentration and determination of Cd(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), Cr(III), Pb(II), and Zn(II) ions by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). This method is based upon the retention of metal ions on a column packed with poly[N-(3-methyl-1H-indole-1-yl)]-2-methacrylamide-co-2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulphonic acid-co divinylbenzene] (MMAD) resin as a solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbent at pH 8. At the optimized conditions, the limits of detection (3 s/b) between 0.12 and 1.6 μg L(-1), preconcentration factor of 100, and the relative standard deviation of ⩽1.8% were achieved (n=10). The accuracy of the method was verified by analyzing certified reference materials (CRMs) and performing recovery experiments. The developed method was successfully applied to the various natural water, meat products and baby food samples. The recoveries of analyte ions were found in added real samples and CRMs from 95% to 102%. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. [Preparation of Pb2+ imprinted acrylic acid-co-styrene and analysis of its adsorption properties by FAAS].

    PubMed

    Shawket, Abliz; Abdiryim, Supahun; Wang, Ji-De; Ismayil, Nurulla

    2011-06-01

    With lead ion template, acrylic acid as functional monomer, potassium persulfate as initiator,