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Sample records for zones annual events

  1. 75 FR 19304 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ... zones for annual events in the Captain of the Port Detroit zone. This proposed rule adds events not... proposed rule will add additional events not previously published in the regulations found in 33 CFR 165...-AA00 Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard...

  2. 77 FR 30245 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-22

    ...-AA00 Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard... by adding three permanent safety zones within the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone. This action is necessary to provide for the safety of life and property on navigable waters during each event. This action...

  3. 78 FR 45059 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2012-1084] Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: At various times throughout the month of July, the Coast...

  4. 78 FR 41846 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-12

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2012-1084] Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: At various times throughout the month of July, the Coast...

  5. 76 FR 37649 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, July 4th Fireworks Display

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, July 4th Fireworks Display AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... annual July 4th Fireworks Display (Tahoe City 4th of July Fireworks Display). This action is necessary to... INFORMATION: The Coast Guard will enforce the safety zone for the annual Tahoe City 4th of July Fireworks in...

  6. 76 FR 37646 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, City of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, City of Sausalito... Guard will enforce the Fourth of July Fireworks, City of Sausalito annual safety zone. This action is... through, or anchoring in the safety zone, unless authorized by the Patrol Commander (PATCOM). DATES: The...

  7. 76 FR 37650 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, South Lake...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, South Lake Tahoe Gaming... will enforce the safety zone for the annual Fourth of July Fireworks, South Lake Tahoe Gaming Alliance (Lights on the Lake Fireworks Display). This action is necessary to control vessel traffic and to ensure...

  8. 75 FR 35649 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, July 4th Fireworks Display

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ... Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, July 4th Fireworks Display AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Tahoe City 4th of... safety zone for the annual Tahoe City 4th of July Fireworks in 33 CFR 165.1191 on July 4, 2010, from 9 a...

  9. 78 FR 40961 - Safety Zones; Annual Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ... events: (1) Bay-Rama Fishfly Festival Fireworks, New Baltimore, MI. The safety zone listed in 33 CFR 165... Festival Fireworks, Lexington, MI. The safety zone listed in 33 CFR 165.941(a)(42) will be enforced from 10.... until 11:00 p.m. on July 20, 2013. (14) Detroit International Jazz Festival Fireworks, Detroit, MI. The...

  10. 76 FR 37646 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, Lake Tahoe, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, Lake Tahoe, CA AGENCY... annual safety zone for the Fourth of July Fireworks, Lake Tahoe, California, located off Incline Village...,000 foot safety zone for the annual Fourth of July Fireworks Display in 33 CFR 165.1191 on July 4...

  11. 75 FR 35652 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, South Lake...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ... Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, South Lake Tahoe Gaming... will enforce Lights on the Lake Fireworks Display safety zone for South Lake Tahoe, from 8:30 a.m. on... the Lake Fireworks in 33 CFR 165.1191 on July 4, 2010, from 8:30 a.m. on July 1, 2010 through 10 p.m...

  12. 75 FR 32666 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-09

    ... Events in the Captain of the port Detroit Zone in the Federal Register (75 FR 19304). We received zero.... Discussion of Comments and Changes We received zero comments regarding the proposed rule. There are no...-3520). We received zero comments regarding the proposed rule. Federalism A rule has implications for...

  13. 78 FR 26293 - Safety Zones; Annual Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ... be determined annually. (2) BGSU Football Gridiron Classic Golf and Dinner Fireworks, Catawba Island.... The exact dates and times will be determined annually. (61) BGSU Football Gridiron Classic Golf and...

  14. 77 FR 42176 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... fireworks launch site located at position 41-34'-18.10'' N, 082-51'-18.70'' W (NAD 83). This zone will be... fireworks launch site located at position 41-39'- 19'' N, 082-48'-57'' W (NAD 83). This zone will be...'' W (NAD 83). This zone will be enforced one evening during the first week in July. The safety zone...

  15. 76 FR 37649 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Independence Day Fireworks

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... Independence Day Fireworks (Kings Beach 4th of July Fireworks) safety zone. This action is necessary to control... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Coast Guard will enforce the safety zone for the annual Kings Beach 4th of July...

  16. 33 CFR 100.1101 - Southern California annual marine events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone. 100.1101 Section 100.1101 Navigation and Navigable... NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.1101 Southern California annual marine events for the San Diego Captain of the Port... 83] 1. San Diego Fall Classic Sponsor San Diego Rowing Club. Event Description Competitive rowing...

  17. 33 CFR 100.1101 - Southern California annual marine events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone. 100.1101 Section 100.1101 Navigation and Navigable... NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.1101 Southern California annual marine events for the San Diego Captain of the Port... 83] 1. San Diego Fall Classic Sponsor San Diego Rowing Club. Event Description Competitive rowing...

  18. 76 FR 34867 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-15

    ....941(a)(30) Bay-Rama Fishfly Festival Fireworks, New Baltimore, MI This safety zone will be enforced...) Bay City Fireworks Festival, Bay City, MI This safety zone will be enforced daily from 9:30 p.m. to 11...:45 p.m. to 10:45 p.m. on July 3, 2011. Section 165.941(a)(43) Lexington Independence Festival...

  19. 78 FR 23850 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ... Football Half time Fireworks and the Lorain Port Fest Fireworks are formatted differently than the other... zones. Likewise, this rule will amend the Browns Football Half time and the Lorain Port Fest safety.... (24) Browns Football Halftime Fireworks, Cleveland, OH. (i) Location. All U.S. waters of Cleveland...

  20. 77 FR 38484 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-28

    ..., at the following dates and times for the following events: (1) Bay-Rama Fishfly Festival Fireworks... will be enforced from 9:45 p.m. to 10:45 p.m. on July 4, 2012. (9) Lexington Independence Festival...:00 p.m. on July 21, 2012. (18) Marine City Maritime Festival Fireworks, Marine City, MI. The safety...

  1. 75 FR 35650 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Independence Day Fireworks

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    .... ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce Kings Beach 4th of... will enforce the safety zone for the annual Kings Beach 4th of July Fireworks in 33 CFR 165.1191 on...

  2. 76 FR 50669 - Safety Zones; Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Fireworks Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ... occurring, add new unlisted annual fireworks events to the regulations, and standardize the format for all... to be added. In addition, information for those events that continue to occur has changed in some... sections will be updated or added as follows: update with current information existing events, add...

  3. 33 CFR 165.941 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... times for this event will be determined annually. (5) Alpena Fireworks, Alpena, MI: (i) Location: All... Alpena, MI. (ii) Expected date: One evening during the last week in of June or the first week of July...

  4. 33 CFR 165.941 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... will be determined annually. (4) The Old Club Fireworks, Harsens Island, MI: (i) Location: All waters...′ N, 082°40.1′ W (NAD 83). This area is located near the southern end of Harsen's Island, MI. (ii... dates and times for this event will be determined annually. (11) Nautical Mile Venetian Festival...

  5. 78 FR 20454 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-05

    ... written--Celebrate Americafest/Fire over the Fox. This event has historically involved both a fireworks... day of the event. To ensure the safety of the Celebrate Americafest/Fire over the Fox event in its... 7 p.m. (2) Michigan Aerospace Challenge Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon, MI--(i) Location. All waters...

  6. 33 CFR 100.1104 - Southern California Annual Marine Events for the Los Angeles Long Beach Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Events for the Los Angeles Long Beach Captain of the Port Zone. 100.1104 Section 100.1104 Navigation and... NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.1104 Southern California Annual Marine Events for the Los Angeles Long Beach Captain... Description Competitive long distance sailboat race from Los Angeles to Honolulu. Date Bi-annually in early...

  7. PEER Annual Meeting | Events

    window. 2018 PEER Annual Meeting, Jan 18-19, 2018 in Berkeley, CA 2016 PEER Annual Meeting, Jan 28-29 home about peer news events research products laboratories publications nisee b.i.p. members education FAQs links Events Calendar of PEER and Other Events PEER Events Archive PEER Annual Meeting 2009

  8. 33 CFR 165.1123 - Southern California Annual Firework Events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Firework Events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone. 165.1123 Section 165.1123 Navigation and... Diego Captain of the Port Zone. (a) General. Safety zones are established for the events listed in Table..., or local agencies. Table 1 to § 165.1123 [All coordinates referenced use datum NAD 83.] 1. San Diego...

  9. 33 CFR 165.1123 - Southern California Annual Firework Events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Firework Events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone. 165.1123 Section 165.1123 Navigation and... Diego Captain of the Port Zone. (a) General. Safety zones are established for the events listed in Table..., or local agencies. Table 1 to § 165.1123 [All coordinates referenced use datum NAD 83.] 1. San Diego...

  10. 33 CFR 165.941 - Safety Zones; Annual Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... will be determined annually. (4) The Old Club Fireworks, Harsens Island, MI: (i) Location: All waters...′ N, 082°40.1′ W (NAD 83). This area is located near the southern end of Harsens Island, MI. (ii... determined annually. (10) Nautical Mile Venetian Festival Fireworks, St. Clair Shores, MI: (i) Location: All...

  11. 33 CFR 165.941 - Safety Zones; Annual Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... will be determined annually. (4) The Old Club Fireworks, Harsens Island, MI: (i) Location: All waters...′ N, 082°40.1′ W (NAD 83). This area is located near the southern end of Harsens Island, MI. (ii... determined annually. (10) Nautical Mile Venetian Festival Fireworks, St. Clair Shores, MI: (i) Location: All...

  12. 33 CFR 165.941 - Safety Zones; Annual Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... will be determined annually. (4) The Old Club Fireworks, Harsens Island, MI: (i) Location: All waters...′ N, 082°40.1′ W (NAD 83). This area is located near the southern end of Harsens Island, MI. (ii... determined annually. (10) Nautical Mile Venetian Festival Fireworks, St. Clair Shores, MI: (i) Location: All...

  13. 33 CFR 165.173 - Safety Zones for annually recurring marine events held in Coast Guard Southeastern New England...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... recurring marine events held in Coast Guard Southeastern New England Captain of the Port Zone. 165.173... recurring marine events held in Coast Guard Southeastern New England Captain of the Port Zone. (a... to the fireworks displays and swim events listed in the Table to § 165.173. These regulations may be...

  14. 76 FR 7131 - Safety Zones; Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Fireworks Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-09

    ... engaged in event activities, sightseeing and commercial fishing have ample space outside of the area...[deg]01'05'' N, 114[deg]38'20'' W. 2. Rockets over the River Sponsor Laughlin Tourism Committee. Event...

  15. 76 FR 21677 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Sault Sainte Marie...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-18

    ..., 087[deg]23'07.60'' W [DATUM: NAD 83]. (ii) Enforcement Period This safety zone will be enforced each...]24'50.08'' N, 086[deg]39'08.52'' W [DATUM: NAD 83]. (ii) Enforcement Period This safety zone will be...[deg]57'46.14'' W, and 46[deg]40'19.68'' N, 085[deg]57'43.08'' W [DATUM: NAD 83], with the West Bay...

  16. 33 CFR 165.1191 - Safety zones: Northern California annual fireworks events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... established for the events listed in Table 1 of this section. Further information on exact dates, times, and...,000 feet off Incline Village, Nevada in Crystal Bay. Regulated Area That area of navigable waters...

  17. 33 CFR 165.1191 - Safety zones: Northern California annual fireworks events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... established for the events listed in Table 1 of this section. Further information on exact dates, times, and...,000 feet off Incline Village, Nevada in Crystal Bay. Regulated Area That area of navigable waters...

  18. 33 CFR 165.943 - Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Duluth zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... (ii) Enforcement date and time. This event historically occurs during the 4th of July week. The... historically occurs the week before, after or during 4th of July week. The Captain of the Port Duluth, will... 4th of July week. The Captain of the Port Duluth, will establish enforcement dates that will be...

  19. 33 CFR 165.173 - Safety Zones for annually recurring marine events held in Coast Guard Southeastern New England...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....0JUNE 6.1Oak Bluffs Summer Solstice • Event Type: Fireworks Display. • Date: One night on the 3rd or 4th... Zone Dimension: Approximately 1000 yards long by 1000 yards wide. 7.0JULY 7.1Marion 4th of July... barge. 7.2Oyster Harbors July 4th Festival • Event Type: Fireworks Display. • Date: One night between...

  20. 33 CFR 165.173 - Safety Zones for annually recurring marine events held in Coast Guard Southeastern New England...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....0JUNE 6.1Oak Bluffs Summer Solstice • Event Type: Fireworks Display. • Date: One night on the 3rd or 4th... Zone Dimension: Approximately 1000 yards long by 1000 yards wide. 7.0JULY 7.1Marion 4th of July... barge. 7.2Oyster Harbors July 4th Festival • Event Type: Fireworks Display. • Date: One night between...

  1. 77 FR 30188 - Safety Zones; Annually Recurring Marine Events in Coast Guard Southeastern New England Captain of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-22

    ...'83'' W (NAD 83). Safety Zone Dimension: Approximately 300 yard radius circle around the fireworks... Providence River, Providence, RI. Position: Within 500 yards of 41[deg]48'50'' N, 071[deg]23'43'' W (NAD 83... 500 yards of 41[deg]42'37'' N, 071[deg]09'53'' W (NAD 83). Safety Zone Dimension: Approximately 200...

  2. 77 FR 5463 - Safety Zones; Annually Recurring Marine Events in Coast Guard Southeastern New England Captain of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-03

    ...]10'83'' W (NAD 83). Safety Zone Dimension: Approximately 300 yard radius circle around the fireworks... Providence River, Providence, RI. Position: Within 500 yards of 41[deg]48'50'' N, 071[deg]23'43'' W (NAD 83... yards of 41[deg]42'37'' N, 071[deg]09'53'' W (NAD 83). Safety Zone Dimension: Approximately 200 yard...

  3. 77 FR 31493 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events and Safety Zones; Billy Bowlegs Pirate Festival...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-29

    ... Bowlegs Pirate Festival; Santa Rosa Sound; Ft. Walton Beach, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice... Safety Zone for the Billy Bowlegs Pirate Festival in the Santa Rosa Sound, Ft. Walton Beach, FL on June 1... crews, vessels, and persons on navigable waters during the Billy Bowlegs Pirate Festival. During the...

  4. 33 CFR 165.1123 - Southern California Annual Firework Events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., or local agencies. Table 1 to § 165.1123 [All coordinates referenced use datum NAD 83] 1. San Diego.... Big Bay Boom Fourth of July Fireworks Sponsor Port of San Diego. Event Description Fireworks Display...

  5. 33 CFR 165.918 - Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Sault Sainte Marie...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... due to inclement weather, then this section will be enforced July 5 from 9 p.m. until 11 p.m. (2... zone will be enforced each year on July 4 from 9 p.m. until 12:30 a.m. on July 5. If the July 4 fireworks are cancelled due to inclement weather, then this section will be enforced on July 5 from 9 p.m...

  6. 33 CFR 165.918 - Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Sault Sainte Marie...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... due to inclement weather, then this section will be enforced July 5 from 9 p.m. until 11 p.m. (2... zone will be enforced each year on July 4 from 9 p.m. until 12:30 a.m. on July 5. If the July 4 fireworks are cancelled due to inclement weather, then this section will be enforced on July 5 from 9 p.m...

  7. 33 CFR 165.918 - Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Sault Sainte Marie...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... due to inclement weather, then this section will be enforced July 5 from 9 p.m. until 11 p.m. (2... zone will be enforced each year on July 4 from 9 p.m. until 12:30 a.m. on July 5. If the July 4 fireworks are cancelled due to inclement weather, then this section will be enforced on July 5 from 9 p.m...

  8. 33 CFR 165.118 - Safety Zones; recurring annual events held in Coast Guard Sector Boston Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...°51.7′ W (NAD 83). 7.0 July 7.1City of Lynn 4th of July Celebration Fireworks • Event Type: Firework... the fireworks barge located at position 42°27.62 ′ N, 070°55.58′ W (NAD 83). 7.2Gloucester July 4th... • Event Type: Fireworks Display. • Sponsor: Manchester Parks and Recreation Department. • Date: July 4th...

  9. 33 CFR 165.118 - Safety Zones; recurring annual events held in Coast Guard Sector Boston Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 4th of July Celebration Fireworks • Event Type: Firework Display.• Sponsor: City of Lynn. • Date: July...°27.62′ N, 070°55.58′ W (NAD 83). 7.2Gloucester July 4th Celebration Fireworks • Event Type: Fireworks...: Manchester Parks and Recreation Department. • Date: July 4th, as specified in the USCG District 1 Local...

  10. 33 CFR 165.118 - Safety Zones; recurring annual events held in Coast Guard Sector Boston Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 4th of July Celebration Fireworks • Event Type: Firework Display.• Sponsor: City of Lynn. • Date: July...°27.62′ N, 070°55.58′ W (NAD 83). 7.2Gloucester July 4th Celebration Fireworks • Event Type: Fireworks...: Manchester Parks and Recreation Department. • Date: July 4th, as specified in the USCG District 1 Local...

  11. 78 FR 69007 - Special Local Regulations; Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ... marine events that occur annually within the Eleventh Coast Guard District. These updates include adding..., Southern California annual marine events for the San Diego Captain of the Port zone, by adding 12 new... Diego Captain of the Port zone, by adding 9 new events and updating 1 event with [[Page 69009

  12. 78 FR 35790 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port Boston Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ...: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard proposes to add three new permanent safety zones... during annual recurring events. These three permanent safety zones would expedite public notification of..., Coast Guard Sector Boston Waterways Management Division, telephone 617-223-4000, email Mark.E.Cutter...

  13. 33 CFR 100.1104 - Southern California annual marine events for the Los Angeles Long Beach Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... to Ensenada Yacht Race Sponsor Newport Ocean Sailing Association. Event Description Sailing vessel race; open ocean. Date Fourth Friday in April. Location Newport Beach, CA. Regulated Area Starting area only. All waters of the Pacific Ocean near Newport Beach, CA bounded by a line starting 33°35′18″ N...

  14. 76 FR 26931 - Safety Zone; Second Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix, Atlantic Ocean, Cocoa Beach, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Second Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix, Atlantic Ocean, Cocoa Beach, FL... Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix. The Second Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix will consist of a series of high- speed boat races. The event is scheduled to take place on Saturday, May 21...

  15. 78 FR 74048 - Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Fireworks Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-10

    .... The first proposed safety zone is for the ``Big Bay Boom Fourth of July Fireworks'' event occurring one evening during the first week of July in San Diego Bay. This event requires four 1,000 foot radius... events. The first proposed safety zone is for the ``Colorado Belle & Edgewater Hotel/Casino Thanksgiving...

  16. 78 FR 41694 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ... Zone; Fireworks Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce safety zones in the Captain of the Port New York Zone on the specified dates and times. This action is necessary to ensure the safety of vessels...

  17. 78 FR 57482 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Event in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ... York Zone on the specified date and time. This action is necessary to ensure the safety of vessels and... regulation for the safety zone described in 33 CFR 165.160 will be enforced on the date and time listed in... Zone; Fireworks Event in Captain of the Port New York Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of...

  18. 77 FR 59551 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Event in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-28

    ... Zone; Fireworks Event in Captain of the Port New York Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce a safety zone in the Captain of the Port New York Zone on the specified date and time. This action is necessary to ensure the safety of vessels and...

  19. 77 FR 37318 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Sound of Independence; Santa Rosa Sound; Fort...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-21

    ...-AA00 Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Sound of Independence; Santa Rosa Sound; Fort... Coast Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Sound of Independence event in the Santa Rosa Sound, Fort... during the Sound of Independence. During the enforcement period, entry into, transiting or anchoring in...

  20. 78 FR 41299 - Regattas and Marine Parades; Great Lakes Annual Marine Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ... and Marine Parades; Great Lakes Annual Marine Events AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of... regattas and marine parades in the Captain of the Port Detroit zone from 9:00 a.m. on June 21, 2013 through... navigable waters immediately prior to, during, and immediately after regattas or marine parades. Enforcement...

  1. 78 FR 20277 - Safety Zones & Special Local Regulations; Recurring Marine Events in Captain of the Port Long...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-04

    ...The Coast Guard proposes to add, delete, and modify safety zones and special local regulations and add language to clarify time frames and notification requirements for annual marine events in the Sector Long Island Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Zone. When these regulated areas are activated and subject to enforcement, this rule would restrict vessels from portions of water areas during these recurring events. The safety zones and special local regulations will facilitate public notification of events and provide protective measures for the maritime public and event participants from the hazards associated with these recurring events.

  2. 77 FR 75559 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Event in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-21

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2012-1064] Safety Zone; Fireworks Event in Captain of the Port New York Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce a safety zone in the Captain of the Port New...

  3. 76 FR 55566 - Safety Zones; Fireworks Displays and Surfing Events in Captain of the Port Long Island Sound Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-08

    ...-AA00 Safety Zones; Fireworks Displays and Surfing Events in Captain of the Port Long Island Sound Zone... zones for marine events within the Captain of the Port (COTP) Long Island Sound Zone for a surfing event... unless authorized by the COTP Sector Long Island Sound. DATES: This rule is effective in the CFR on...

  4. 75 FR 47215 - Special Local Regulation; Marine Events Within the Captain of the Port Sector Boston Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... special local regulations within the Captain of the Port Sector Boston Zone for several swim events and... vessels during annual swim and high speed races that may pose a hazard to the public in the Captain of the..., and after the events. The Captain of the Port will inform the public about the details of each swim...

  5. 75 FR 52465 - Safety Zones; Swim Events Within the Sector New York Captain of the Port Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-26

    ...-AA00 Safety Zones; Swim Events Within the Sector New York Captain of the Port Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard... zones for swim events occurring on waters of the Hudson River, East River and Long Island Sound. These... with the swim events. Persons and vessels are prohibited from entering into, transiting through, or...

  6. Relationships between Tropical Rainfall Events and Regional Annual Rainfall Anomalies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Painter, C.; Varble, A.; Zipser, E. J.

    2016-12-01

    Regional annual precipitation anomalies strongly impact the health of regional ecosystems, water resources, agriculture, and the probability of flood and drought conditions. Individual event characteristics, including rain rate, areal coverage, and stratiform fraction are also crucial in considering large-scale impacts on these resources. Therefore, forecasting individual event characteristics is important and could potentially be improved through correlation with longer and better predicted timescale environmental variables such as annual rainfall. This study examines twelve years of retrieved rainfall characteristics from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite at a 5° x 5° resolution between 35°N and 35°S, as a function of annual rainfall anomaly derived from Global Precipitation Climatology Project data. Rainfall event characteristics are derived at a system scale from the University of Utah TRMM Precipitation Features database and at a 5-km pixel scale from TRMM 2A25 products. For each 5° x 5° grid box and year, relationships between these characteristics and annual rainfall anomaly are derived. Additionally, years are separated into wet and dry groups for each grid box and are compared versus one another. Convective and stratiform rain rates, along with system area and volumetric rainfall, generally increase during wetter years, and this increase is most prominent over oceans. This is in agreement with recent studies suggesting that convective systems become larger and rainier when regional annual rainfall increases or when the climate warms. Over some land regions, on the other hand, system rain rate, volumetric rainfall, and area actually decrease as annual rainfall increases. Therefore, land and ocean regions generally exhibit different relationships. In agreement with recent studies of extreme rainfall in a changing climate, the largest and rainiest systems increase in relative size and intensity compared to average systems, and do

  7. 78 FR 13811 - Special Local Regulation; Annual Marine Events on the Colorado River, Between Davis Dam (Bullhead...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 [Docket No. USCG-2012-1094] Special Local Regulation; Annual Marine Events on the Colorado River, Between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, AZ) and Headgate Dam (Parker, AZ) Within the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...

  8. 77 FR 67563 - Special Local Regulation; Annual Marine Events on the Colorado River, Between Davis Dam (Bullhead...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 [Docket No. USCG-2012-0925] Special Local Regulation; Annual Marine Events on the Colorado River, Between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, AZ) and Headgate Dam (Parker, AZ) Within the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...

  9. A viscoplastic shear-zone model for episodic slow slip events in oceanic subduction zones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, A.; Meng, L.

    2016-12-01

    Episodic slow slip events occur widely along oceanic subduction zones at the brittle-ductile transition depths ( 20-50 km). Although efforts have been devoted to unravel their mechanical origins, it remains unclear about the physical controls on the wide range of their recurrence intervals and slip durations. In this study we present a simple mechanical model that attempts to account for the observed temporal evolution of slow slip events. In our model we assume that slow slip events occur in a viscoplastic shear zone (i.e., Bingham material), which has an upper static and a lower dynamic plastic yield strength. We further assume that the hanging wall deformation is approximated as an elastic spring. We envision the shear zone to be initially locked during forward/landward motion but is subsequently unlocked when the elastic and gravity-induced stress exceeds the static yield strength of the shear zone. This leads to backward/trenchward motion damped by viscous shear-zone deformation. As the elastic spring progressively loosens, the hanging wall velocity evolves with time and the viscous shear stress eventually reaches the dynamic yield strength. This is followed by the termination of the trenchward motion when the elastic stress is balanced by the dynamic yield strength of the shear zone and the gravity. In order to account for the zig-saw slip-history pattern of typical repeated slow slip events, we assume that the shear zone progressively strengthens after each slow slip cycle, possibly caused by dilatancy as commonly assumed or by progressive fault healing through solution-transport mechanisms. We quantify our conceptual model by obtaining simple analytical solutions. Our model results suggest that the duration of the landward motion increases with the down-dip length and the static yield strength of the shear zone, but decreases with the ambient loading velocity and the elastic modulus of the hanging wall. The duration of the backward/trenchward motion depends

  10. 76 FR 44531 - Safety Zone; Fourth Annual Chillounge Night St. Petersburg Fireworks Display, Tampa Bay, St...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-26

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Fourth Annual Chillounge Night St. Petersburg Fireworks Display, Tampa Bay, St... proposes to establish a temporary safety zone on the waters of Tampa Bay in St. Petersburg, Florida during the Fourth Annual Chillounge Night St. Petersburg Fireworks Display on Saturday, November 19, 2011...

  11. 76 FR 68098 - Safety Zone; Fourth Annual Chillounge Night St. Petersburg Fireworks Display, Tampa Bay, St...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-03

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Fourth Annual Chillounge Night St. Petersburg Fireworks Display, Tampa Bay, St... Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone on the waters of Tampa Bay in St. Petersburg, Florida during the Fourth Annual Chillounge Night St. Petersburg Fireworks Display on Saturday, November 19, 2011...

  12. 78 FR 67028 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port Boston Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ...]48.4' W (NAD 83). 7.18 Charles River 1-Mile Swim......... Event Type: Swim. Sponsor: Charles River...; 50 U.S.C. 191, 195; Pub. L. 107-295, 116 Stat. 2064; and Department of Homeland Security Delegation... fireworks barge, which will be located at position 42[deg]16.6[min] N, 070[deg]51.7[min] W. This safety zone...

  13. 33 CFR 165.151 - Safety Zones; Long Island Sound annual fireworks displays.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....5″ W; and barge two, 41°20′51.75″ N, 72°05′18.90″ W. (11) Harbor Day Fireworks Safety Zone. All... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Safety Zones; Long Island Sound... § 165.151 Safety Zones; Long Island Sound annual fireworks displays. (a) Safety Zones. The following...

  14. 33 CFR 165.151 - Safety Zones; Long Island Sound annual fireworks displays.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....5″ W; and barge two, 41°20′51.75″ N, 72°05′18.90″ W. (11) Harbor Day Fireworks Safety Zone. All... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety Zones; Long Island Sound... § 165.151 Safety Zones; Long Island Sound annual fireworks displays. (a) Safety Zones. The following...

  15. 76 FR 24813 - Safety Zone; Fourth Annual Offshore Challenge, Sunny Isles Beach, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-03

    ... Annual Offshore Challenge will consist of a series of high-speed boat races. The boat races are scheduled... Events, LLC is hosting the Fourth Annual Offshore Challenge, a series of high-speed boat races. The Fourth Annual Offshore Challenge will commence on June 17, 2011 and conclude on June 19, 2011. The boat...

  16. 76 FR 31846 - Safety Zone; 28th Annual Humboldt Bay Festival, Fireworks Display, Eureka, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; 28th Annual Humboldt Bay Festival, Fireworks Display, Eureka, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard... support of the 28th Annual Humboldt Bay Festival Fireworks Display on the specified waters off the South... Humboldt Bay Festival Fireworks Display. The fireworks display is for entertainment purposes. This safety...

  17. 75 FR 41762 - Safety Zone; Annual Kennewick, WA, Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races, Kennewick, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-19

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Annual Kennewick, WA, Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races, Kennewick, WA AGENCY..., Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races'' also known as the Tri-City Water Follies Hydroplane Races. The safety... Association hosts annual hydroplane races on the Columbia River in Kennewick, Washington. The Association is...

  18. 78 FR 40000 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Riverfront Independence Festival Fireworks; Ohio...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ...-AA00 Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Riverfront Independence Festival Fireworks; Ohio.... SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Riverfront Independence Festival Fireworks on... navigable waters during the Riverfront Independence Festival Fireworks. During the enforcement period, in...

  19. 75 FR 35651 - Safety Zone, Long Island Sound Annual Fireworks Displays

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ... Zone, Long Island Sound Annual Fireworks Displays AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of... thirteen fireworks displays taking place throughout the Sector Long Island Sound Captain of the Port Zone... Sector Long Island Sound (203) 468 4454 [email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Coast...

  20. 33 CFR 165.T01-1057 - Safety Zones; Marine Events in Northern New England.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Safety Zones; Marine Events in... § 165.T01-1057 Safety Zones; Marine Events in Northern New England. (a) Regulations. The general regulations contained in 33 CFR 165.23 as well as the following regulations apply to the events listed in the...

  1. 76 FR 43124 - Safety Zones; July Fireworks Displays and Swim Events in the Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-20

    ... York Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is... safety of life on navigable waters during the events. Entry into, transit through, mooring or anchoring within these zones is prohibited unless authorized by the COTP New York. DATES: This rule is effective...

  2. 78 FR 13811 - Safety Zone; Underwater Escape Event, Seaport, East River, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ... York Zone on the specified date and time. This action is necessary to ensure the safety of participants... Coast Guard will enforce the safety zone listed in 33 CFR 165.160 on the specified date and time as... Zone; Underwater Escape Event, Seaport, East River, NY AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of...

  3. 76 FR 31843 - Safety Zone; Temporary Change to Enforcement Location of Recurring Fireworks Display Event...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Temporary Change to Enforcement Location of Recurring Fireworks Display Event... Guard is temporarily changing the enforcement location of a safety zone for one specific recurring... originated from a barge but will this year originate from a location on land. The safety zone is necessary to...

  4. 77 FR 64411 - Safety Zone; Cooper T. Smith Fireworks Event; Mobile River; Mobile, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ... 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Cooper T. Smith Fireworks Event; Mobile River; Mobile, AL AGENCY: Coast Guard.... Smith Fireworks Event. Entry into, transiting or anchoring in this zone is prohibited to all vessels... safety hazards associated with a fireworks display. B. Basis and Purpose Cooper T. Smith Corp. has hired...

  5. 76 FR 38297 - Safety Zone; Marine Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Sault Sainte Marie Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-30

    ...'' W [DATUM: NAD 83]. (ii) Enforcement Period. This safety zone will be enforced on July 4, 2011 from 9...'' N, 086[deg]39'08.52'' W [DATUM: NAD 83]. (ii) Enforcement Period. This safety zone will be enforced...: NAD 83], with the West Bay shoreline forming the South and West boundaries of the zone. (ii...

  6. Isotropic events observed with a borehole array in the Chelungpu fault zone, Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Ma, Kuo-Fong; Lin, Yen-Yu; Lee, Shiann-Jong; Mori, Jim; Brodsky, Emily E

    2012-07-27

    Shear failure is the dominant mode of earthquake-causing rock failure along faults. High fluid pressure can also potentially induce rock failure by opening cavities and cracks, but an active example of this process has not been directly observed in a fault zone. Using borehole array data collected along the low-stress Chelungpu fault zone, Taiwan, we observed several small seismic events (I-type events) in a fluid-rich permeable zone directly below the impermeable slip zone of the 1999 moment magnitude 7.6 Chi-Chi earthquake. Modeling of the events suggests an isotropic, nonshear source mechanism likely associated with natural hydraulic fractures. These seismic events may be associated with the formation of veins and other fluid features often observed in rocks surrounding fault zones and may be similar to artificially induced hydraulic fracturing.

  7. 78 FR 56833 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-16

    ...[deg]41'45'' N, 074[deg]02'09'' W (NAD 1983), about 365 yards east of Ellis Island. This Safety Zone is... Zone, 33 located in approximate position CFR 165.160(5.4). 40[deg]46'11.8'' N, 074[deg]00'14.8'' W (NAD... River Safety Zone, 33 40[deg]44'24'' N, 073[deg]58'00'' W CFR 165.160(4.2). (NAD 1983), approximately...

  8. 78 FR 13576 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Marine Events and Fireworks Displays Within...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... area April--2nd Saturday St. Mary's College Seahawk Specified waters of St. Mary's Sprint River... regulations by adding 15 new annual recurring marine events, fireworks displays and revising event date(s) and... provide for the safety of life on navigable waters during these events, reduce the Coast Guard's...

  9. 33 CFR 165.T11-0551 - Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Sailing Events. 165.T11-0551 Section 165.T11-0551 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.T11-0551 Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events. (a) Definitions—(1) America's Cup Racing... 34th America's Cup sailing events. (2) Patrol Commander. As used in this section, “Patrol Commander” or...

  10. 76 FR 70882 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility... published in the Federal Register on October 4, 2011, for the Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within...-6323, email [email protected] . If you have questions on viewing the docket, call Renee V...

  11. 77 FR 38179 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ... Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility... enforce the safety zones for annual firework displays in the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound area of... prohibited unless authorized by the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound or his Designated Representative. DATES...

  12. 76 FR 69613 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ... regulatory text: Safety zones listed in Table 1 to Sec. 165.160 have been reordered and renumbered to more accurately reflect their geographical locations. In the published NPRM regulatory text, the Rumson, NJ... included in this recurring events regulation. In the regulatory text under Sec. 165.160(a), the existing...

  13. 77 FR 22706 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ...] Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA AGENCY: Coast... regulation and temporary safety zone proposed for those portions of the ``America's Cup World Series,'' the ``Louis Vuitton Cup'' challenger selection series, and the ``America's Cup Finals Match'' sailing regattas...

  14. 77 FR 39413 - Safety Zone: Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event, Crescent City, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-03

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone: Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event, Crescent City, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard... the navigable waters near Crescent City Harbor in Crescent City, CA in support of the Crescent City... establish safety zones (33 U.S.C sections 1221 et seq.). Crescent City-Del Norte County Chamber of Commerce...

  15. 76 FR 1065 - Security Zone; 23rd Annual North American International Auto Show, Detroit River, Detroit, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-07

    ...-AA87 Security Zone; 23rd Annual North American International Auto Show, Detroit River, Detroit, MI... officials at the 23rd Annual North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) being held at Cobo Hall in... 23rd Annual North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) being held at Cobo Hall in downtown Detroit...

  16. 77 FR 23395 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-19

    ... Safety Zone....... position 40[deg]46'11.8'' N, 33 CFR 165.160(5.4) 074[deg]00'14.8'' W (NAD 1983...'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 380 yards west of Pier 54, Manhattan, NY. Date: June 24, 2012. Time: 10... Zone located in approximate 33 CFR 165.160(2.5) position 40[deg]30'04'' N 074[deg]15'35'' W (NAD 1983...

  17. 78 FR 53675 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Boomsday Festival; Tennessee River 646.0-649.0...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ...-AA00 Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Boomsday Festival; Tennessee River 646.0-649.0... Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Boomsday Festival Fireworks on the Tennessee River 646.0-649.0... Festival Fireworks. During the enforcement period, entry into, transiting or anchoring in the Safety Zone...

  18. 77 FR 37807 - Regattas and Marine Parades; Great Lakes Annual Marine Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 [Docket No. USCG-2012-0572] Regattas and Marine Parades; Great Lakes Annual Marine Events AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce various special local regulations for annual...

  19. 75 FR 26091 - Regattas and Marine Parades; Great Lakes Annual Marine Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 [Docket No. USCG-2010-0312] Regattas and Marine Parades; Great Lakes Annual Marine Events AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the local regulations for annual regattas and...

  20. 78 FR 42451 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events; Annual Bayview Mackinac Race

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-16

    ...-AA08 Special Local Regulations; Marine Events; Annual Bayview Mackinac Race AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... regulation for the annual Bayview Mackinac Race, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on July 20, 2013. This special local regulated is necessary to [[Page 42452

  1. 78 FR 11798 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-20

    ... include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a telephone number in the body of your... feet. With the above findings in mind, the Coast Guard proposes to amend 33 CFR 165.939 to disestablish...

  2. 76 FR 41693 - Safety Zone; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in Milwaukee Harbor, Milwaukee, WI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ..., 2010 from 10 p.m. through 10:45 p.m. (2) German Festival fireworks display on July 29, 2011 from 9:45 p.m. through 10:30 p.m.; on July 30, 2011 from 10:15 p.m. through 11 p.m. (3) Irish Festival fireworks...

  3. 75 FR 35648 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ... regulation will also be enforced from 9:30 p.m. to 11 p.m. on July 4, 2010. Sec. 165.941(a)(37) Caseville... weather on July 3, 2010, this regulation will also be enforced from 9:30 p.m. to 11 p.m. on July 4, 2010... regulation will also be enforced from 9:30 p.m. to 11 p.m. on July 4, 2010. Sec. 165.941(a)(36) Grosse Point...

  4. Evaluation of an Annual Community-Focused Agricultural Literacy Event

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandlin, M'Randa R.; Perez, Kauahi

    2017-01-01

    Agricultural literacy programs are effective pathways to informally teach the public about agriculture through stakeholder (attendee and exhibitor) interaction. Such programs are generally evaluated using attendee feedback but fail to include exhibitors' experience. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a local community agricultural event by…

  5. Marshall Space Flight Center 1990 annual chronology of events

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wright, Michael

    1991-01-01

    A chronological listing is provided of the major events for the Marshall Space Flight Center for the calendar year 1990. The MSFC Historian, Management Operations Office, compiled the chronology from various sources and from supplemental information provided by the major MSFC organizations.

  6. Marshall Space Flight Center 1989 annual chronology of events

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wright, Michael

    1990-01-01

    A chronological listing of the major events for the Marshall Space Flight Center for the calendar year 1989 is provided. The MSFC Historian, Management Operations Office, compiled the chronology from various sources and from supplemental information provided by the major MSFC organizations.

  7. 77 FR 46285 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-03

    ...] Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA AGENCY: Coast... 2012 program calendar for the on-water activities associated with the ``2012 America's Cup World Series... waters of San Francisco Bay associated with the 34th America's Cup sailing events taking place adjacent...

  8. 78 FR 32990 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    ...] Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA AGENCY: Coast... ``Louis Vuitton Cup, Red Bull Youth America's Cup and the 34th America's Cup'' regatta scheduled from July... associated with the 34th America's Cup sailing events taking place adjacent to the City of San Francisco...

  9. 77 FR 73311 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ...-AA00; 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco... the 2013 America's Cup events. This document corrects those erroneous coordinates. DATES: Effective on... published a temporary final rule regulating the on-water activities associated with the ``Louis Vuitton Cup...

  10. 78 FR 29651 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-21

    ... Zone, 33 located in approximate CFR 165.160(4.2). position 40[deg]42'57.5'' N, 074[deg]01'34'' W (NAD....160(3.8). position 40[deg]46'11.8'' N, 074[deg]00'14.8'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 375 yards west of...

  11. 78 FR 48802 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port Duluth Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... fireworks, and other historically recurring marine events, including the Lake Superior Dragon Boat Festival... with a Notice of Enforcement and marine information broadcast. (2) Lake Superior Dragon Boat Festival...

  12. 78 FR 26508 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Event in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ...(4.2). position 40[deg]44'24'' N, 073[deg]58'00'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 785 yards south of...'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 500 yards northeast of Glen Cove Breakwater Light 5 (LLNR 27065). This... approximate Zone, 33 CFR 165.160(3.8). position 41[deg]30'01.2'' N, 073[deg]59'42.5'' W (NAD 1983...

  13. 77 FR 34797 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-12

    ... Safety Zone, 33 CFR 165.160(5.9). position 40[deg]45'56.9'' N, 074[deg]00'25.4'' W (NAD 1983..., 074[deg]04'29.6'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 800 yards southeast of the Midland Beach. Date: June 16...]30'52.1'' N, 074[deg]10'58.8'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 540 yards east of Wolfe's Pond Park...

  14. Extreme climatic events change the dynamics and invasibility of semi-arid annual plant communities.

    PubMed

    Jiménez, Milagros A; Jaksic, Fabian M; Armesto, Juan J; Gaxiola, Aurora; Meserve, Peter L; Kelt, Douglas A; Gutiérrez, Julio R

    2011-12-01

    Extreme climatic events represent disturbances that change the availability of resources. We studied their effects on annual plant assemblages in a semi-arid ecosystem in north-central Chile. We analysed 130 years of precipitation data using generalised extreme-value distribution to determine extreme events, and multivariate techniques to analyse 20 years of plant cover data of 34 native and 11 exotic species. Extreme drought resets the dynamics of the system and renders it susceptible to invasion. On the other hand, by favouring native annuals, moderately wet events change species composition and allow the community to be resilient to extreme drought. The probability of extreme drought has doubled over the last 50 years. Therefore, investigations on the interaction of climate change and biological invasions are relevant to determine the potential for future effects on the dynamics of semi-arid annual plant communities. 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS.

  15. 78 FR 77359 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; New Year's Eve Celebration/City of Mobile...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ... in past years but the fireworks display will move to a new location in the Mobile Channel beginning...-AA00 Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; New Year's Eve Celebration/City of Mobile; Mobile... enforce the City of Mobile New Year's Eve Celebration safety zone in the Mobile Channel, Mobile, AL from...

  16. 77 FR 39422 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Niceville July 4th Fireworks Show; Boggy Bayou...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-03

    ...-AA00 Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Niceville July 4th Fireworks Show; Boggy Bayou... Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Niceville July 4th Fireworks Show in Boggy Bayou, Niceville... July 4th Fireworks Show. During the enforcement period, entry into, transiting or anchoring in the...

  17. 75 FR 33698 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-15

    ...-AA00 Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of... of the Port (COTP), Puget Sound Area of Responsibility (AOR). When these safety zones are activated... Captain of the Port, Puget Sound or Designated Representative. DATES: This rule is effective June 15, 2010...

  18. 76 FR 63841 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-14

    ... Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility..., Puget Sound area of responsibility during the dates and times noted below. This action is necessary to... anchoring within this zone is prohibited unless authorized by the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound or...

  19. 75 FR 49847 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-16

    ... Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility... enforce the fireworks safety zone in Possession Sound from 5 p.m. on September 11, 2010 through 1 a.m. on... Captain of the Port, Puget Sound or Designated Representative. DATES: The regulations in 33 CFR 165.1332...

  20. 75 FR 43821 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-27

    ... Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility... Port, Puget Sound or Designated Representative. DATES: This safety zone will be enforced from 5 p.m. on... of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. A previous notice of enforcement, published on July...

  1. 33 CFR 165.1124 - Annual Firework Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, Arizona) and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Laughlin Tourism Committee. Event Description Fireworks Display Date First week in July. Location Laughlin... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Annual Firework Events on the... § 165.1124 Annual Firework Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, Arizona) and...

  2. 33 CFR 165.1124 - Annual Firework Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, Arizona) and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Laughlin Tourism Committee. Event Description Fireworks Display Date First week in July. Location Laughlin... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Annual Firework Events on the... § 165.1124 Annual Firework Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, Arizona) and...

  3. The Annual Glaciohydrology Cycle in the Ablation Zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet: Part 1. Hydrology Model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colgan, William; Rajaram, Harihar; Anderson, Robert; Steffen. Konrad; Phillips, Thomas; Zwally, H. Jay; Abdalati, Waleed

    2012-01-01

    We apply a novel one-dimensional glacier hydrology model that calculates hydraulic head to the tidewater-terminating Sermeq Avannarleq flowline of the Greenland ice sheet. Within a plausible parameter space, the model achieves a quasi-steady-state annual cycle in which hydraulic head oscillates close to flotation throughout the ablation zone. Flotation is briefly achieved during the summer melt season along a approx.17 km stretch of the approx.50 km of flowline within the ablation zone. Beneath the majority of the flowline, subglacial conduit storage closes (i.e. obtains minimum radius) during the winter and opens (i.e. obtains maximum radius) during the summer. Along certain stretches of the flowline, the model predicts that subglacial conduit storage remains open throughout the year. A calculated mean glacier water residence time of approx.2.2 years implies that significant amounts of water are stored in the glacier throughout the year. We interpret this residence time as being indicative of the timescale over which the glacier hydrologic system is capable of adjusting to external surface meltwater forcings. Based on in situ ice velocity observations, we suggest that the summer speed-up event generally corresponds to conditions of increasing hydraulic head during inefficient subglacial drainage. Conversely, the slowdown during fall generally corresponds to conditions of decreasing hydraulic head during efficient subglacial drainage.

  4. 78 FR 36424 - Special Local Regulations for Summer Events; Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-18

    ... Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing temporary special local regulations for three summer events within the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone. This rule is intended to provide for the safety of life and property on navigable waters immediately prior to...

  5. 77 FR 4501 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-30

    ...] RIN 1625-AA00; 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San... those portions of the ``America's Cup World Series,'' the ``Louis Vuitton Cup'' challenger selection series, and the ``America's Cup Finals Match'' sailing regattas that may be conducted in the waters of...

  6. 77 FR 11426 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ... Aerospace Challenge Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon, MI. (i) Location. All waters of Muskegon Lake, near the... 5 p.m. (5) Celebrate De Pere; De Pere, WI. (i) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near Voyageur... waters of the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1.13 miles above the head of the Fox River, within...

  7. 78 FR 9640 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-11

    .... to 7 p.m. (2) Michigan Aerospace Challenge Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon, MI. (i) Location. All.... All waters of the Fox River, near Voyageur Park, within the arc of a circle with a 500 foot radius... waters of the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1.13 miles above the head of the Fox River, within...

  8. 76 FR 30072 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ... March; 5:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. (2) [Reserved] (b) Michigan Aerospace Challenge Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon...) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near Voyageur Park, within the arc of a circle with a 500 foot... the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1.13 miles above the head of the Fox River, within the...

  9. 76 FR 41065 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon, MI. (1) Location. All waters of Muskegon Lake, near the West Michigan... De Pere; De Pere, WI. (1) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near Voyageur Park, within the arc... waters of the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1.13 miles above the head of the Fox River, within...

  10. 77 FR 21439 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-10

    ... 7 p.m. (2) Michigan Aerospace Challenge Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon, MI. (i) Location. All waters... Saturday of May; 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. (5) Celebrate De Pere; De Pere, WI. (i) Location. All waters of the Fox...; Green Bay, WI. (i) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1.13 miles above...

  11. 75 FR 40726 - Safety Zones: Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ... July 5, 2010 from 10 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. 12. Mentor Harbor Yacht Club Fireworks Celebration on Lake Erie, Mentor Harbor, OH in 33 CFR 165.939(a)(19) on July 3, 2010 from 10 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. 13. City of...

  12. 75 FR 26650 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-12

    ... at two locations: The Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of Transportation, West... section 6(a)(3) of that Order. The Office of Management and Budget has not reviewed this rule under that... entities. The term ``small entities'' comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are...

  13. 75 FR 13707 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...: Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building Ground Floor, Room... the ``Keyword'' box. Click ``Search'' then click on the balloon shape in the ``Actions'' column. If... also visit the Docket Management Facility in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of the Department of...

  14. Characterizing Mega-Earthquake Related Tsunami on Subduction Zones without Large Historical Events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, C. R.; Lee, R.; Astill, S.; Farahani, R.; Wilson, P. S.; Mohammed, F.

    2014-12-01

    Due to recent large tsunami events (e.g., Chile 2010 and Japan 2011), the insurance industry is very aware of the importance of managing its exposure to tsunami risk. There are currently few tools available to help establish policies for managing and pricing tsunami risk globally. As a starting point and to help address this issue, Risk Management Solutions Inc. (RMS) is developing a global suite of tsunami inundation footprints. This dataset will include both representations of historical events as well as a series of M9 scenarios on subductions zones that have not historical generated mega earthquakes. The latter set is included to address concerns about the completeness of the historical record for mega earthquakes. This concern stems from the fact that the Tohoku Japan earthquake was considerably larger than had been observed in the historical record. Characterizing the source and rupture pattern for the subduction zones without historical events is a poorly constrained process. In many case, the subduction zones can be segmented based on changes in the characteristics of the subducting slab or major ridge systems. For this project, the unit sources from the NOAA propagation database are utilized to leverage the basin wide modeling included in this dataset. The length of the rupture is characterized based on subduction zone segmentation and the slip per unit source can be determined based on the event magnitude (i.e., M9) and moment balancing. As these events have not occurred historically, there is little to constrain the slip distribution. Sensitivity tests on the potential rupture pattern have been undertaken comparing uniform slip to higher shallow slip and tapered slip models. Subduction zones examined include the Makran Trench, the Lesser Antilles and the Hikurangi Trench. The ultimate goal is to create a series of tsunami footprints to help insurers understand their exposures at risk to tsunami inundation around the world.

  15. 77 FR 47519 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Sabine River; Orange, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-09

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 [Docket No. USCG-2012-0656] Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Sabine River; Orange, TX AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... Regulations for the S.P.O.R.T. Power Boat Neches River in Orange, TX from 3 p.m. on September 21, 2012...

  16. 78 FR 59230 - Special Local Regulations; Annual Marine Events on the Colorado River, Between Davis Dam...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 [Docket No. USCG-2013-0644] Special Local Regulations; Annual Marine Events on the Colorado River, Between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, Arizona... INFORMATION: The Coast Guard will enforce the special local regulations on the Colorado River for the...

  17. 78 FR 55214 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Sabine River; Orange, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-10

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 [Docket No. USCG-2013-0723] Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Sabine River; Orange, TX AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce Special Local...

  18. Slow slip events and seismic tremor at circum-Pacific subduction zones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwartz, Susan Y.; Rokosky, Juliana M.

    2007-09-01

    It has been known for a long time that slip accompanying earthquakes accounts for only a fraction of plate tectonic displacements. However, only recently has a fuller spectrum of strain release processes, including normal, slow, and silent earthquakes (or slow slip events) and continuous and episodic slip, been observed and generated by numerical simulations of the earthquake cycle. Despite a profusion of observations and modeling studies the physical mechanism of slow slip events remains elusive. The concurrence of seismic tremor with slow slip episodes in Cascadia and southwestern Japan provides insight into the process of slow slip. A perceived similarity between subduction zone and volcanic tremor has led to suggestions that slow slip involves fluid migration on or near the plate interface. Alternatively, evidence is accumulating to support the notion that tremor results from shear failure during slow slip. Global observations of the location, spatial extent, magnitude, duration, slip rate, and periodicity of these aseismic slip transients indicate significant variation that may be exploited to better understand their generation. Most slow slip events occur just downdip of the seismogenic zone, consistent with rate- and state-dependent frictional modeling that requires unstable to stable transitional properties for slow slip generation. At a few convergent margins the occurrence of slow slip events within the seismogenic zone makes it highly likely that transitions in frictional properties exist there and are the loci of slow slip nucleation. Slow slip events perturb the surrounding stress field and may either increase or relieve stress on a fault, bringing it closer to or farther from earthquake failure, respectively. This paper presents a review of slow slip events and related seismic tremor observed at plate boundaries worldwide, with a focus on circum-Pacific subduction zones. Trends in global observations of slow slip events suggest that (1) slow slip is a

  19. 76 FR 36438 - Special Local Regulations; Safety and Security Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... Events in Captain of the Port Long Island Sound Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed... security zone in the Coast Guard Sector Long Island Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Zone. When these..., call or e-mail Petty Officer Joseph Graun, Waterways Management Division at Coast Guard Sector Long...

  20. Department of Defense Suicide Event Report Calendar Year 2013 Annual Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-24

    suicide attempt DoDSERs, the most common method was drug/alcohol overdose . Prescription and over-the- MARINE CORPS DoDSER RESULTS The DoDSER system...24 JUL 2014 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Department of Defense Suicide Event Report Calendar...LEFT BLANK 1CALENDAR YEAR 2013 ANNUAL REPORT Chapter 1: Suicide Rates Chapter 1 SUICIDE RATES 3CALENDAR YEAR 2013 ANNUAL REPORT Chapter 2: DoDSER

  1. 33 CFR 165.160 - Safety Zones; fireworks displays and swim events in Coast Guard Captain of the Port New York Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., Hempstead Harbor Safety Zone • Launch site: A barge located in approximate position 40°51′58″ N 073°39′34″ W... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Safety Zones; fireworks displays and swim events in Coast Guard Captain of the Port New York Zone. 165.160 Section 165.160 Navigation...

  2. 33 CFR 165.160 - Safety Zones; fireworks displays and swim events in Coast Guard Captain of the Port New York Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., Hempstead Harbor Safety Zone • Launch site: A barge located in approximate position 40°51′58″ N 073°39′34″ W... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Safety Zones; fireworks displays and swim events in Coast Guard Captain of the Port New York Zone. 165.160 Section 165.160 Navigation...

  3. 33 CFR 165.160 - Safety Zones; fireworks displays and swim events in Coast Guard Captain of the Port New York Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., Hempstead Harbor Safety Zone • Launch site: A barge located in approximate position 40°51′58″ N 073°39′34″ W... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Safety Zones; fireworks displays and swim events in Coast Guard Captain of the Port New York Zone. 165.160 Section 165.160 Navigation...

  4. 33 CFR 165.161 - Safety zones: Coast Guard Captain of the Port New York annual fireworks displays.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of the Port New York annual fireworks displays. 165.161 Section 165.161 Navigation and Navigable... Coast Guard District § 165.161 Safety zones: Coast Guard Captain of the Port New York annual fireworks... from 6 p.m. (e.s.t.) to 1 a.m. (e.s.t.) on the first Monday in October. (6) Seaport New Year's Eve...

  5. The Effect of Earthquakes on Episodic Tremor and Slip Events on the Southern Cascadia Subduction Zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sainvil, A. K.; Schmidt, D. A.; Nuyen, C.

    2017-12-01

    The goal of this study is to explore how slow slip events on the southern Cascadia Subduction Zone respond to nearby, offshore earthquakes by examining GPS and tremor data. At intermediate depths on the plate interface ( 40 km), transient fault slip is observed in the form of Episodic Tremor and Slip (ETS) events. These ETS events occur regularly (every 10 months), and have a longer duration than normal earthquakes. Researchers have been documenting slow slip events through data obtained by continuously running GPS stations in the Pacific Northwest. Some studies have proposed that pore fluid may play a role in these ETS events by lowering the effective stress on the fault. The interaction of earthquakes and ETS can provide constraints on the strength of the fault and the level of stress needed to alter ETS behavior. Earthquakes can trigger ETS events, but the connection between these events and earthquake activity is less understood. We originally hypothesized that ETS events would be affected by earthquakes in southern Cascadia, and could result in a shift in the recurrence interval of ETS events. ETS events were cataloged using GPS time series provided by PANGA, in conjunction with tremor positions, in Southern Cascadia for stations YBHB and DDSN from 1997 to 2017. We looked for evidence of change from three offshore earthquakes that occurred near the Mendocino Triple Junction with moment magnitudes of 7.2 in 2005, 6.5 in 2010, and 6.8 in 2014. Our results showed that the recurrence interval of ETS for stations YBHB and DDSN was not altered by the three earthquake events. Future is needed to explore whether this lack of interaction is explained by the non-optimal orientation of the receiver fault for the earthquake focal mechanisms.

  6. 77 FR 55143 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-07

    ... Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility... Sound or his Designated Representative. DATES: The regulations in 33 CFR 165.1332 will be enforced from...: If you have questions on this notice, call or email ENS Nathaniel P. Clinger, Sector Puget Sound...

  7. 75 FR 8566 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ...-AA00 Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of... at various locations the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility (AOR). When these... prohibited unless authorized by the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound or Designated Representative. DATES...

  8. 76 FR 61263 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-04

    ... coordinates for four of the fireworks displays. This rule changes the coordinates listed for four displays to...-AA00 Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is amending our regulations...

  9. Short-term Slow Slip Events at the Southcentral Alaska Subduction Zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGuire, J. L.; Fu, Y.; Freymueller, J. T.

    2017-12-01

    The Pacific Plate is subducting beneath the North American Plate along the Aleutian Trench. The Alaska subduction zone is among the most tectonically active areas on Earth and is home to some of the largest earthquakes on record, including the second largest earthquake ever recorded, the M9.2 Prince William Sound earthquake of 1964. With the increasing availability of continuous GPS observations, studying time-dependent crustal movements in this area has become possible. Previous studies have analyzed the presence of long-term slow slip events (SSEs) in the region. Two long-term SSEs occurred from 1998-2001 and from 2010-2014 with durations of 3-4 years. These two long-term events occurred down-dip of the main asperity of the 1964 Prince William Sound earthquake. In addition to these long-term SSEs, there are also short-term SSEs evident in the GPS time series, which have durations of approximately two months. We have adequate data to study three short-term slow slip events, in 2005, 2006 and 2007. We fit the GPS time series data with the combination of a linear trend, a hyperbolic tangent function, and seasonal variations to derive the crustal displacements of all three short-term SSEs at each station in the north, east, and vertical directions. Then, an inversion model using the Green's functions for slip on the plate interface was employed to estimate the location and amplitude of slip and to calculate the magnitude of these slow slip events. Our results show Mw 6.09 for the 2005 event, Mw 6.40 for the 2006 event, and Mw 6.30 for the 2007 event. Our results indicate that both long-term SSEs and short-term SSEs occurred in the same location, down-dip of the rupture asperity of 1964 M9.2 earthquake. We use this information to relate the short-term slow slip events to the long-term events that have occurred in the region and to look for the implications on the slip budget of both short-term and long-term SSEs during the earthquake cycle at Southcentral Alaska

  10. Modelling of extreme rainfall events in Peninsular Malaysia based on annual maximum and partial duration series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zin, Wan Zawiah Wan; Shinyie, Wendy Ling; Jemain, Abdul Aziz

    2015-02-01

    In this study, two series of data for extreme rainfall events are generated based on Annual Maximum and Partial Duration Methods, derived from 102 rain-gauge stations in Peninsular from 1982-2012. To determine the optimal threshold for each station, several requirements must be satisfied and Adapted Hill estimator is employed for this purpose. A semi-parametric bootstrap is then used to estimate the mean square error (MSE) of the estimator at each threshold and the optimal threshold is selected based on the smallest MSE. The mean annual frequency is also checked to ensure that it lies in the range of one to five and the resulting data is also de-clustered to ensure independence. The two data series are then fitted to Generalized Extreme Value and Generalized Pareto distributions for annual maximum and partial duration series, respectively. The parameter estimation methods used are the Maximum Likelihood and the L-moment methods. Two goodness of fit tests are then used to evaluate the best-fitted distribution. The results showed that the Partial Duration series with Generalized Pareto distribution and Maximum Likelihood parameter estimation provides the best representation for extreme rainfall events in Peninsular Malaysia for majority of the stations studied. Based on these findings, several return values are also derived and spatial mapping are constructed to identify the distribution characteristic of extreme rainfall in Peninsular Malaysia.

  11. Secondary melting events in Semarkona chondrules revealed by compositional zoning in low-Ca pyroxene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baecker, Bastian; Rubin, Alan E.; Wasson, John T.

    2017-08-01

    It is well established that many chondrules contain relict grains formed in previous generations of chondrules. We here describe evidence that chondrules experienced multiple mesostasis melting events while remaining closed systems. Spheroidal chondrule shapes resulted from surface-tension effects following a primary heating event that caused substantial melting (≳40%) of the precursor assemblages. In some high-FeO chondrules in LL3.00 Semarkona, low-Ca pyroxene phenocrysts show multiple overgrowth layers produced by secondary melting events. We characterized these layers with the electron microprobe in terms of Fe, Ca and Cr in two Semarkona chondrules. The first low-Ca pyroxene overgrowth that forms after a minor heating/melting event has low Ca and Fe; concentrations of these incompatibles gradually increase over the next 8 ± 4 μm until falling temperatures and slowing diffusion caused growth to stop. The next melting event remelts and mixes the local mesostasis; cooling causes growth of a normal igneously zoned layer. In the simplest cases, the Ca concentrations at the minima gradually increase towards the edge of the phenocryst. Heat deposition during heating events varied over a wide range; the weakest events produced recognizable changes in slopes (that we call "inflections" rather than minima). Large fractions of the individual phenocrysts were formed by the process that produced the overgrowth layers. It appears that overgrowth formation stopped when the Ca content of the mesostasis became high enough to make high-Ca pyroxene a liquidus phase. Both Semarkona chondrules include olivine phenocrysts similar in size and modal abundance to the low-Ca pyroxene phenocrysts. Olivine compositional profiles show symmetrical, apparently normal zoning except for asymmetries attributable to the presence of relict grains. Surface compositions of different olivine phenocrysts in the same chondrule are very similar to one another, consistent with growth from

  12. 78 FR 16211 - Safety Zone, Corp. Event Finale UHC, St. Thomas Harbor; St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-14

    ... 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Corp. Event Finale UHC, St. Thomas Harbor; St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands... establish a temporary safety zone on the waters of St. Thomas Harbor in St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands... near the St. Thomas Harbor channel from which fireworks will be lit. DATES: Comments and related...

  13. 77 FR 6954 - Special Local Regulations; Safety and Security Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ... Events in Captain of the Port Long Island Sound Zone AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule... Sector Long Island Sound Captain of the Port (COTP) Zone. These limited access areas include special... Sector Long Island Sound, telephone 203-468- 4544, email [email protected] . If you have questions...

  14. Transition-zone observations of rapid flare events as observed by OSO-8

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lites, B. W.

    1981-01-01

    The rapid dissipation of flare energy has been observed in the transition-zone line of C IV at 1548.2 A using the University of Colorado spectrometer aboard OSO-8. Impulsive brightenings have been resolved with characteristic rise times as low as 3.5s. One event is analyzed in detail, and it is inferred that the electron density is greater than 2 x 10 to the 11th/cu cm at a temperature of 60,000 K, and that the flare energy is deposited at a rate of 2 ergs/cu cm per sec or greater. The temporal behavior of the intensity at the center of the C IV line is consistent with a nonequilibrium ionization of C III through C V. If this event is a result of the multiple tearing mode instability as the primary energy release mechanism, then the observations indicate a preflare magnetic field of about 175 G.

  15. How senior entomologists can be involved in the annual meeting: organization and the coming together of a large event

    The Annual Meeting for the Entomological Society of America is a large event where planning is started at the end of the previous years’ meeting. The President of the Society named the Program Committee Co-Chairs for Entomology 2017 at the 2015 Annual Meeting, so that they could handle the duties o...

  16. 78 FR 22778 - Safety Zone; Corp. Event Finale UHC, St. Thomas Harbor; St. Thomas, U.S.V.I.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Corp. Event Finale UHC, St. Thomas Harbor; St. Thomas, U.S.V.I. AGENCY: Coast Guard... waters of St. Thomas Harbor in St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands during the Corp. Event Finale UHC, a... barge being positioned near the St. Thomas Harbor channel from which fireworks will be lit. The safety...

  17. Assessing emergency planning zone for new nuclear power plant considering risk of extreme external events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alzbutas, Robertas

    2015-04-01

    In general, the Emergency Planning Zones (EPZ) are defined as well as plant site and arrangement structures are designed to minimize the potential for natural and manmade hazards external to the plant from affecting the plant safety related functions, which can affect nearby population and environment. This may include consideration of extreme winds, fires, flooding, aircraft crash, seismic activity, etc. Thus the design basis for plant and site is deeply related to the effects of any postulated external events and the limitation of the plant capability to cope with accidents i.e. perform safety functions. It has been observed that the Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) methodologies to deal with EPZ and extreme external events have not reached the same level of maturity as for severe internal events. The design basis for any plant and site is deeply related to the effects of any postulated external events and the limitation of the plant capability to cope with accidents i.e. perform safety functions. As a prime example of an advanced reactor and new Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) with enhanced safety, the International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) and Site selection for New NPP in Lithuania had been considered in this work. In the used Safety-by-Design™ approach, the PSA played obviously a key role; therefore a Preliminary IRIS PSA had been developed along with the design. For the design and pre-licensing process of IRIS the external events analysis included both qualitative evaluation and quantitative assessment. As a result of preliminary qualitative analyses, the external events that were chosen for more detailed quantitative scoping evaluation were high winds and tornadoes, aircraft crash, and seismic events. For the site selection in Lithuania a detail site evaluation process was performed and related to the EPZ and risk zoning considerations. In general, applying the quantitative assessment, bounding site characteristics could be used in order to

  18. 78 FR 33700 - Special Local Regulations for Marine Events, Pleasantville Aquatics 15th Annual 5K Open Water...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ...-AA08 Special Local Regulations for Marine Events, Pleasantville Aquatics 15th Annual 5K Open Water Swim... from operating while a swim event is taking place. This special local regulation is necessary to... Docket Management Facility in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of the Department of Transportation West...

  19. 77 FR 70121 - Special Local Regulation; Annual Marine Events on the Colorado River Between Davis Dam (Bullhead...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-23

    ... Local Regulation; Annual Marine Events on the Colorado River Between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, AZ) and... during the Lake Havasu City Boat Parade of Lights on December 01, 2012 from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. This event... Lake Havasu City Boat Parade of Lights (Item 10 on Table 1 of 33 CFR 100.1102). The Coast Guard will...

  20. The Annual Glaciohydrology Cycle in the Ablation Zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet: Part 2. Observed and Modeled Ice Flow

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colgan, William Terence; Rajaram, Harihar; Anderson, Robert S.; Steffen, Konrad; Zwally, H. Jay; Phillips, Thomas; Abdalati, Waleed

    2012-01-01

    Ice velocities observed in 2005/06 at three GPS stations along the Sermeq Avannarleq flowline, West Greenland, are used to characterize an observed annual velocity cycle. We attempt to reproduce this annual ice velocity cycle using a 1-D ice-flow model with longitudinal stresses coupled to a 1-D hydrology model that governs an empirical basal sliding rule. Seasonal basal sliding velocity is parameterized as a perturbation of prescribed winter sliding velocity that is proportional to the rate of change of glacier water storage. The coupled model reproduces the broad features of the annual basal sliding cycle observed along this flowline, namely a summer speed-up event followed by a fall slowdown event. We also evaluate the hypothesis that the observed annual velocity cycle is due to the annual calving cycle at the terminus. We demonstrate that the ice acceleration due to a catastrophic calving event takes an order of magnitude longer to reach CU/ETH ('Swiss') Camp (46km upstream of the terminus) than is observed. The seasonal acceleration observed at Swiss Camp is therefore unlikely to be the result of velocity perturbations propagated upstream via longitudinal coupling. Instead we interpret this velocity cycle to reflect the local history of glacier water balance.

  1. Tidal modulation of slow slip events in the Nankai trough subduction zone detected by borehole strainmeters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kikuchi, J.; Ide, S.; Matsumoto, N.

    2016-12-01

    Slow slip events (SSEs) often occur in the Nankai subduction zone, Japan, within a band-like zone extended from the center of Honshu to western Shikoku. SSEs are believed as shear slip on the plate interface, where the frictional property changes from velocity weakening to strengthening in the dip direction. Therefore the dynamics of SSEs may give some hints on the depth dependent friction and plate subduction. The tidal modulation of SSEs has been identified by statistical analysis using strain data of Plate Boundary Observatory, in the Cascadia subduction zone [Hawthorne & Rubin, 2010]. Here, we perform similar statistical analyses using strain data recorded at borehole stations maintained by National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, in western Japan. The correlation between the oscillation in SSEs and tidal stress was confirmed statistically. In Nankai subduction zone, it is known that SSEs are accompanied with high activity of deep tectonic tremors [Hirose & Obara, 2006]. These tremors have been known to be sensitive to tidal stress [Nakata et al., 2008]. Therefore, the tidal modulation of SSEs is another representation of tidal modulation of tremors. To clarify the relation between SSEs and tremors, we investigate whether strain changes corresponding to SSEs can be explained only by tremors activity. For an SSE occurred in Aug. 2010 in Bungo channel, we assume that the seismic moment of the SSE is 1.6 × 1018 Nm (Mw 6.1) based on the inversion of GNSS data [Nishimura et al., 2013], and that this moment is released by 715 tremors that occur during this SSE [Idehara et al., 2014]. In this case, each tremor is assigned with seismic moment of 2.2 × 1015 Nm (Mw 4.2). Then the strain change at the observation station by these tremors is calculated using the Okada [1992] method, assuming a half space and focal mechanism consistent with the regional plate motion. The calculated strain is qualitatively similar with the observed strain

  2. 77 FR 40518 - Swim Events in the Captain of the Port New York Zone; Hudson River, East River, Upper New York...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-10

    ... 1625-AA00 Swim Events in the Captain of the Port New York Zone; Hudson River, East River, Upper New York Bay, Lower New York Bay; New York, NY ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing seven temporary safety zones for swim events within the Captain of the Port (COTP) New York Zone. These...

  3. Turbidite event history--Methods and implications for Holocene paleoseismicity of the Cascadia subduction zone

    Goldfinger, Chris; Nelson, C. Hans; Morey, Ann E.; Johnson, Joel E.; Patton, Jason R.; Karabanov, Eugene B.; Gutierrez-Pastor, Julia; Eriksson, Andrew T.; Gracia, Eulalia; Dunhill, Gita; Enkin, Randolph J.; Dallimore, Audrey; Vallier, Tracy; Kayen, Robert; Kayen, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Turbidite systems along the continental margin of Cascadia Basin from Vancouver Island, Canada, to Cape Mendocino, California, United States, have been investigated with swath bathymetry; newly collected and archive piston, gravity, kasten, and box cores; and accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dates. The purpose of this study is to test the applicability of the Holocene turbidite record as a paleoseismic record for the Cascadia subduction zone. The Cascadia Basin is an ideal place to develop a turbidite paleoseismologic method and to record paleoearthquakes because (1) a single subduction-zone fault underlies the Cascadia submarine-canyon systems; (2) multiple tributary canyons and a variety of turbidite systems and sedimentary sources exist to use in tests of synchronous turbidite triggering; (3) the Cascadia trench is completely sediment filled, allowing channel systems to trend seaward across the abyssal plain, rather than merging in the trench; (4) the continental shelf is wide, favoring disconnection of Holocene river systems from their largely Pleistocene canyons; and (5) excellent stratigraphic datums, including the Mazama ash and distinguishable sedimentological and faunal changes near the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary, are present for correlating events and anchoring the temporal framework. Multiple tributaries to Cascadia Channel with 50- to 150-km spacing, and a wide variety of other turbidite systems with different sedimentary sources contain 13 post-Mazama-ash and 19 Holocene turbidites. Likely correlative sequences are found in Cascadia Channel, Juan de Fuca Channel off Washington, and Hydrate Ridge slope basin and Astoria Fan off northern and central Oregon. A probable correlative sequence of turbidites is also found in cores on Rogue Apron off southern Oregon. The Hydrate Ridge and Rogue Apron cores also include 12-22 interspersed thinner turbidite beds respectively. We use 14C dates, relative-dating tests at channel confluences, and

  4. 76 FR 31839 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Sault Sainte Marie...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... first Saturday of August from 9 p.m. until 11 p.m. (20) Alpena Fourth of July Celebration Fireworks, Alpena, MI: (i) Location. All U.S. navigable waters of Lake Huron within an 800-foot radius of the...

  5. 33 CFR 165.939 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... effective from 9 p.m. to 10 p.m. on July 1 of each year. (3) French Festival Fireworks, Cape Vincent, NY—(i... 10:30 p.m. on the first weekend of July each year. (5) Celebrate Baldwinsville Fireworks.... to 10 p.m. on the third weekend of September each year. (6) Island Festival Fireworks Display...

  6. 33 CFR 165.939 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Buffalo Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... effective from 9 p.m. to 10 p.m. on July 1 of each year. (3) French Festival Fireworks, Cape Vincent, NY—(i.... to 10 p.m. on the third weekend of September each year. (6) Island Festival Fireworks Display... Festival, Rochester, NY—(i) Location. All waters of Lake Ontario within a 500-foot radius of land position...

  7. 77 FR 12456 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events and Safety Zones

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-01

    ... restricting and governing vessel movements are also short in duration. Additionally, the public is given.... Protection of Children We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order 13045, Protection of Children from... create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that may disproportionately affect children...

  8. 77 FR 28766 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events and Safety Zones

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-16

    ... adverse comment or notice of intent to submit an adverse comment was received. The rule will go into... docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov , type the docket number (USCG-2011-0286) in the ``SEARCH'' box...

  9. 76 FR 30584 - Safety Zones; Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Fireworks Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-26

    .... 2. LA County Dept of Beach and Harbors 4th of July Fireworks Sponsor Los Angeles, CA County Dept of... waters of the Sea Cliff State Beach Pier. 27. Rio Vista Bass Derby Fireworks Sponsor Rio Vista Chamber of... Vista, CA waterfront. Regulated Area 100-foot radius around the fireworks launch barge during the...

  10. Do mud deposition events on sandy beaches affect surf zone ichthyofauna? A southern Brazilian case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mont'Alverne, Renata; Moraes, Leonardo E.; Rodrigues, Fábio L.; Vieira, João P.

    2012-05-01

    Using fluid mud deposition events which occur regularly at Cassino Beach in south Brazil, we evaluated the influence of such events on the structure of the ichthyofauna inhabiting its shallow surf zone. Wave action was the dominant factor in differentiating between sampling sites, being lower or even absent at the mud-influenced sectors compared to beach area without mud. Samples were collected using a beach seine net at two control locations (A1 and A2), and at three locations influenced by mud deposition (B1, B2, and B3). During the study period (21 April-04 August 2009), 15,245 fishes were captured and separated into 26 taxonomic groups, from species to family. Individuals of a total length (TL) up to 50 mm accounted for 65% of the catch, while individuals of TL < 30 mm were the most numerous and more responsible for the total abundance spatial pattern. The area with higher wave action (A2) had the lowest relative species abundance and greatest diversity, whereas the areas with mud-forced lowest wave action (B2 and B3) had the highest species abundance values. Three hypotheses were proposed to explain the higher concentration and capture of juvenile fishes at mud locations. First, longshore currents may be responsible for the displacement of juvenile aggregations toward areas of lower energy. Second, individuals may select habitats with turbid waters, which may provide greater protection from predators and increased food availability. Third, areas under the influence of fluid mud deposition show higher values of viscosity, which may reduce swimming activity and hinder the escape of juvenile fishes from nets, resulting in an increased capture of individuals compared to areas without mud.

  11. Possible correlation between annual gravity change and shallow background seismicity rate at subduction zone by surface load

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitsui, Yuta; Yamada, Kyohei

    2017-12-01

    The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) has monitored global gravity changes since 2002. Gravity changes are considered to represent hydrological water mass movements around the surface of the globe, although fault slip of a large earthquake also causes perturbation of gravity. Since surface water movements are expected to affect earthquake occurrences via elastic surface load or pore-fluid pressure increase, correlation between gravity changes and occurrences of small (not large) earthquakes may reflect the effects of surface water movements. In the present study, we focus on earthquakes smaller than magnitude 7.5 and examine the relation between annual gravity changes and earthquake occurrences at worldwide subduction zones. First, we extract amplitudes of annual gravity changes from GRACE data for land. Next, we estimate background seismicity rates in the epidemic-type aftershock sequence model from shallow seismicity data having magnitudes of over 4.5. Then, we perform correlation analysis of the amplitudes of the annual gravity changes and the shallow background seismicity rates, excluding source areas of large earthquakes, and find moderate positive correlation. It implies that annual water movements can activate shallow earthquakes, although the surface load elastostatic stress changes are on the order of or below 1 kPa, as small as a regional case in a previous study. We speculate that periodic stress perturbation is amplified through nonlinear responses of frictional faults.[Figure not available: see fulltext.

  12. 78 FR 38200 - Safety Zones; Annual Independence Day Fireworks Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-26

    ..., darkness punctuated by bright flashes of light, and burning debris has the potential to result in serious... enforcement of these safety zones will be of short duration, approximately three hours. Furthermore, vessels...

  13. Simple Physical Model for the Probability of a Subduction- Zone Earthquake Following Slow Slip Events and Earthquakes: Application to the Hikurangi Megathrust, New Zealand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaneko, Yoshihiro; Wallace, Laura M.; Hamling, Ian J.; Gerstenberger, Matthew C.

    2018-05-01

    Slow slip events (SSEs) have been documented in subduction zones worldwide, yet their implications for future earthquake occurrence are not well understood. Here we develop a relatively simple, simulation-based method for estimating the probability of megathrust earthquakes following tectonic events that induce any transient stress perturbations. This method has been applied to the locked Hikurangi megathrust (New Zealand) surrounded on all sides by the 2016 Kaikoura earthquake and SSEs. Our models indicate the annual probability of a M≥7.8 earthquake over 1 year after the Kaikoura earthquake increases by 1.3-18 times relative to the pre-Kaikoura probability, and the absolute probability is in the range of 0.6-7%. We find that probabilities of a large earthquake are mainly controlled by the ratio of the total stressing rate induced by all nearby tectonic sources to the mean stress drop of earthquakes. Our method can be applied to evaluate the potential for triggering a megathrust earthquake following SSEs in other subduction zones.

  14. The role of suspension events in cross-shore and longshore suspended sediment transport in the surf zone

    Jaffe, Bruce E.

    2015-01-01

    Suspension of sand in the surf zone is intermittent. Especially striking in a time series of concentration are periods of intense suspension, suspension events, when the water column suspended sediment concentration is an order of magnitude greater than the mean concentration. The prevalence, timing, and contribution of suspension events to cross-shore and longshore suspended sediment transport are explored using field data collected in the inner half of the surf zone during a large storm at Duck, NC. Suspension events are defined as periods when the concentration is above a threshold. Events tended to occur during onshore flow under the wave crest, resulting in an onshore contribution to the suspended sediment transport. Even though large events occurred less than 10 percent of the total time, at some locations onshore transport associated with suspension events was greater than mean-current driven offshore-directed transport during non-event periods, causing the net suspended sediment transport to be onshore. Events and fluctuations in longshore velocity were not correlated. However, events did increase the longshore suspended sediment transport by approximately the amount they increase the mean concentration, which can be up to 35%. Because of the lack of correlation, the longshore suspended sediment transport can be modeled without considering the details of the intensity and time of events as the vertical integration of the product of the time-averaged longshore velocity and an event-augmented time-averaged concentration. However, to accurately model cross-shore suspended sediment transport, the timing and intensity of suspension events must be reproduced.

  15. 78 FR 68995 - Special Local Regulation; Southern California Annual Marine Events for the San Diego Captain of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ... enforce the special local regulations in 33 CFR 100.1101 during the San Diego Parade of Lights, held on... regulations in 33 CFR 100.1101 in support of the annual marine event, the San Diego Parade of Lights (Item 5 on Table 1 of 33 CFR 100.1101), held over two Sunday nights in December. The Coast Guard will enforce...

  16. 33 CFR 100.801 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... so directed by that officer and will be operated at a no wake speed in a manner which will not... Drag Boat Association/Pisgah Bay Boat Races Grand Rivers KY No wake zone in Pisgah Bay, mile marker 30... No wake zone in Pisgah Bay, mile marker 30 Tennessee River. Zone is in a bay roughly 1/2 mile from...

  17. 33 CFR 100.801 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... so directed by that officer and will be operated at a no wake speed in a manner which will not... Drag Boat Association/Pisgah Bay Boat Races Grand Rivers KY No wake zone in Pisgah Bay, mile marker 30... No wake zone in Pisgah Bay, mile marker 30 Tennessee River. Zone is in a bay roughly 1/2 mile from...

  18. 76 FR 48718 - Safety Zones; August Fireworks Displays and Swim Events in the Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-09

    ... AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing four... fireworks displays and swim events. This action is necessary to provide for the safety of life on navigable... prohibited unless authorized by the COTP New York. DATES: This rule is effective in the CFR on August 9, 2011...

  19. Coccolithophore populations and their contribution to carbonate export during an annual cycle in the Australian sector of the Antarctic zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rigual Hernández, Andrés S.; Flores, José A.; Sierro, Francisco J.; Fuertes, Miguel A.; Cros, Lluïsa; Trull, Thomas W.

    2018-03-01

    The Southern Ocean is experiencing rapid and relentless change in its physical and biogeochemical properties. The rate of warming of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current exceeds that of the global ocean, and the enhanced uptake of carbon dioxide is causing basin-wide ocean acidification. Observational data suggest that these changes are influencing the distribution and composition of pelagic plankton communities. Long-term and annual field observations on key environmental variables and organisms are a critical basis for predicting changes in Southern Ocean ecosystems. These observations are particularly needed, since high-latitude systems have been projected to experience the most severe impacts of ocean acidification and invasions of allochthonous species. Coccolithophores are the most prolific calcium-carbonate-producing phytoplankton group playing an important role in Southern Ocean biogeochemical cycles. Satellite imagery has revealed elevated particulate inorganic carbon concentrations near the major circumpolar fronts of the Southern Ocean that can be attributed to the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi. Recent studies have suggested changes during the last decades in the distribution and abundance of Southern Ocean coccolithophores. However, due to limited field observations, the distribution, diversity and state of coccolithophore populations in the Southern Ocean remain poorly characterised. We report here on seasonal variations in the abundance and composition of coccolithophore assemblages collected by two moored sediment traps deployed at the Antarctic zone south of Australia (2000 and 3700 m of depth) for 1 year in 2001-2002. Additionally, seasonal changes in coccolith weights of E. huxleyi populations were estimated using circularly polarised micrographs analysed with C-Calcita software. Our findings indicate that (1) coccolithophore sinking assemblages were nearly monospecific for E. huxleyi morphotype B/C in the Antarctic zone waters in 2001-2002; (2

  20. Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic metamorphic events in the Orekhov-Pavlograd compressional zone, Ukrainian Shield

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yurchenko, A. V.

    2012-04-01

    The Orekhov-Pavlograd zone (OPZ) is located between the Mesoarchaean-Neoarchaean Middle Dnieper Province and the Mesoarchaean-Palaeoproterozoic Azov Province in the eastern Ukrainian Shield. The OPZ consists of Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic high-grade metamorphic rocks. According U-Pb isotope analyses Archaean methaigneous rocks have age of 3.5-3.3 Ga, and latest AR events dated form both individual grains and metamorphic rims in the tonalite and the granitic vein occurred at about 2.88 Ga ego. Paleoproterozoic zircons from a hornblende granulite have a concordia age of 2.08 Ga [1]. P-T conditions of the 3.5-3.3 Ga processes calculated from the Ti content in zircon are of 730-760°C. Metamorphic event dated as 2.88 Ga is more preserved and detected in some amphibolites after mafic dykes. According to different methods of hornblende-plagioclase geothermometry along with Al- and Ti-geobarometry of hornblende, the amphibolites have formed at temperature of 735-749 °C and pressure of 5.2 to 7.8 kbar. P-T conditions of Paleoproterozoic metamorphic processes have been calculated for a Paleoproterozoic high-Al paragneiss and mafic rocks. On the base of the computer software THERIAK-DOMINO [2], near-isothermal decompression from ca. 8.5 to 6.0 kbar at 650 °C and then to 5.8 kbar at 740 °C has been determined for small irregular garnet grains (grs 4-7% and XMg 0.36-0.37) associated with the same biotite and plagioclase. P-T conditions obtained by means of the P-T pseudosection calculation are identical within errors to those defined by the Grt + Bt + Pl + Ozt geothermometer by [3] and the geobarometer by [4], T = 675 °C and P = 5.6 kbar. Temperature and pressure calculated for assemblage Grt-Pl-Opx-Amph-Ilm-Ru (mafic rock) by using the TWEEQU method shows: 1) high values of pressure and temperature (ca. 7 kbar and 800 °C) are linked with the first metamorphic event with Opx-Cpx assemblage, 2) moderate values (ca. 5 kbar and ca. 600 °C) are referred to the second

  1. Zone model predictive control: a strategy to minimize hyper- and hypoglycemic events.

    PubMed

    Grosman, Benyamin; Dassau, Eyal; Zisser, Howard C; Jovanovic, Lois; Doyle, Francis J

    2010-07-01

    Development of an artificial pancreas based on an automatic closed-loop algorithm that uses a subcutaneous insulin pump and continuous glucose sensor is a goal for biomedical engineering research. However, closing the loop for the artificial pancreas still presents many challenges, including model identification and design of a control algorithm that will keep the type 1 diabetes mellitus subject in normoglycemia for the longest duration and under maximal safety considerations. An artificial pancreatic beta-cell based on zone model predictive control (zone-MPC) that is tuned automatically has been evaluated on the University of Virginia/University of Padova Food and Drug Administration-accepted metabolic simulator. Zone-MPC is applied when a fixed set point is not defined and the control variable objective can be expressed as a zone. Because euglycemia is usually defined as a range, zone-MPC is a natural control strategy for the artificial pancreatic beta-cell. Clinical data usually include discrete information about insulin delivery and meals, which can be used to generate personalized models. It is argued that mapping clinical insulin administration and meal history through two different second-order transfer functions improves the identification accuracy of these models. Moreover, using mapped insulin as an additional state in zone-MPC enriches information about past control moves, thereby reducing the probability of overdosing. In this study, zone-MPC is tested in three different modes using unannounced and announced meals at their nominal value and with 40% uncertainty. Ten adult in silico subjects were evaluated following a scenario of mixed meals with 75, 75, and 50 grams of carbohydrates (CHOs) consumed at 7 am, 1 pm, and 8 pm, respectively. Zone-MPC results are compared to those of the "optimal" open-loop preadjusted treatment. Zone-MPC succeeds in maintaining glycemic responses closer to euglycemia compared to the "optimal" open-loop treatment in te three

  2. Annually laminated lake sediments as recorders of flood events: evidence from combining monitoring and calibration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kämpf, Lucas; Brauer, Achim; Mueller, Philip; Güntner, Andreas; Merz, Bruno

    2015-04-01

    The relation of changing climate and the occurrence of strong flood events has been controversially debated over the last years. One major limitation in this respect is the temporal extension of instrumental flood time series, rarely exceeding 50-100 years, which is too short to reflect the full range of natural climate variability in a region. Therefore, geoarchives are increasingly explored as natural flood recorders far beyond the range of instrumental flood time series. Annually laminated (varved) lake sediments provide particularly valuable archives since (i) lakes form ideal traps in the landscape continuously recording sediment flux from the catchment and (ii) individual flood events are recorded as detrital layers and can be dated with seasonal precision by varve counting. Despite the great potential of varved lake sediments for reconstructing long flood time series, there are still some confinements with respect to their interpretation due to a lack in understanding processes controlling the formation of detrital layers. For this purpose, we investigated the formation of detrital flood layers in Lake Mondsee (Upper Austria) in great detail by monitoring flood-related sediment flux and comparing detrital layers in sub-recent sediments with river runoff data. Sediment flux at the lake bottom was trapped over a three-year period (2011-2013) at two locations in Lake Mondsee, one located 0.9 km off the main inflow (proximal) and one in a more distal position at a distance of 2.8 km. The monitoring data include 26 floods of different amplitude (max. hourly discharge=10-110 cbm/s) which triggered variable fluxes of catchment sediment to the lake floor (4-760 g/(sqm*d)). The comparison of runoff and sediment data revealed empiric runoff thresholds for triggering significant detrital sediment influx to the proximal (20 cbm/s) and distal lake basin (30 cbm/s) and an exponential relation between runoff amplitude and the amount of deposited sediment. A succession of

  3. 33 CFR 165.151 - Safety Zones; Fireworks Displays, Air Shows and Swim Events in the Captain of the Port Long...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....22″ W (NAD 83). 7.33Clam Shell Foundation Fireworks • Location: Waters of Three Mile Harbor, East..., Air Shows and Swim Events in the Captain of the Port Long Island Sound Zone. 165.151 Section 165.151... Swim Events in the Captain of the Port Long Island Sound Zone. (a) Regulations. (1) The general...

  4. 78 FR 24069 - Safety Zone; 12th Annual Saltwater Classic; Port Canaveral Harbor; Port Canaveral, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ... ``SEARCH'' box and click ``SEARCH.'' Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this..., 2013, the Cox Events Group and K92.3-FM will host a fishing tournament offshore of Port Canaveral, FL...

  5. Seismic constraints on a large dyking event and initiation of a transform fault zone in Western Gulf of Aden

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, AbdulHakim; Doubre, Cecile; Leroy, Sylvie; Perrot, Julie; Audin, Laurence; Rolandone, Frederique; Keir, Derek; Al-Ganad, Ismael; Sholan, Jamal; Khanbari, Khaled; Mohamed, Kassim; Vergne, Jerome; Jacques, Eric; Nercessian, Alex

    2013-04-01

    In November 2010, a large number of events were recorded by the world seismic networks showing important activity occurring along the western part of the Aden Ridge. West of the Shulka El Sheik fracture zone, events in this large seismic swarm (magnitudes above 5) occurred in a complex area, where the change of both the ridge direction and the bathymetry suggest the propagation of the ridge into a continental lithosphere and the influence of the Afar plume. We combine several sets of data from permanent networks and temporary 3C broad stations installed after the beginning of the event along the southern and eastern coasts of Yemen and Djibouti respectively, we located more than 600 earthquakes with magnitudes ranging from 2.5 to 5.6 that occurred during the first months following the first event. The spatial distribution of the main seismicity reveals a very clear N115° -trending alignment, parallel to the mean direction of the en-echelon spreading segments that form the ridge at this longitude. Half of the events, which represent half of the total seismic energy released during the first months, are located in the central third section of the segment. Here several volcanic cones and recent lava flows observed from bathymetric and acoustic reflectivity data during the Tadjouraden cruise (Audin, 1999, Dauteuil et al., 2001) constitute the sea floor. In addition to this main activity, two small groups of events suggest the activiation of landslides into a large fan and the activity in a volcanic area 50 km due east from the main active zone. The time evolution of the seismicity shows several bursts of activity. Some of them are clearly related to sudden activities within the volcanic areas, when others exhibit horizontal migration of the events, with velocity around ˜ 1 km/h. The time-space evolution of the seismicity clearly reveals the intrusion of dykes associated with magma propagation from the crustal magmatic centres into the rift zone. Taking into account

  6. 33 CFR 165.1191 - Northern California and Lake Tahoe Area Annual Fireworks Events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... exact dates, times, and other details concerning the exact geographical description of the areas are... zone during all applicable effective dates and times unless cleared to do so by or through an official... a safety zone during all applicable effective dates and times shall come to an immediate stop. (3...

  7. 33 CFR 165.1191 - Northern California and Lake Tahoe Area Annual Fireworks Events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... exact dates, times, and other details concerning the exact geographical description of the areas are... zone during all applicable effective dates and times unless cleared to do so by or through an official... a safety zone during all applicable effective dates and times shall come to an immediate stop. (3...

  8. 33 CFR 165.1191 - Northern California and Lake Tahoe Area Annual Fireworks Events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... exact dates, times, and other details concerning the exact geographical description of the areas are... zone during all applicable effective dates and times unless cleared to do so by or through an official... a safety zone during all applicable effective dates and times shall come to an immediate stop. (3...

  9. 77 FR 23601 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-20

    ... Multiple Sclerosis Regatta......... Event Type: Regatta and Sailboat Race. Sponsor: Maine Chapter, Multiple...'' W. 8.7 Multiple Sclerosis Harborfest Event Type: Power Boat Tugboat Race. Race. Sponsor: Maine Chapter, National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Date: A one day event on Sunday during the third week of...

  10. 76 FR 17530 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-30

    ...'' N 069[deg] 31'56'' W. 8.6 Multiple Sclerosis Regatta.... Event Type: Regatta and Sailboat Race. Sponsor: Maine Chapter, Multiple Sclerosis Society. Date: A one day event on Saturday during the third... 070[deg] 13'51'' W. 8.7 Multiple Sclerosis Harborfest Event Type: Power Boat Tugboat Race. Race...

  11. 76 FR 80850 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ...[deg]31'29'' W. 43[deg]52'09'' N, 069[deg]31'56'' W. 8.6 Multiple Sclerosis Regatta......... Event Type: Regatta and Sailboat Race. Sponsor: Maine Chapter, Multiple Sclerosis Society. Date: A one day event on..., 070[deg]13'51'' W. 8.7 Multiple Sclerosis Harborfest Event Type: Power Boat Tugboat Race. Race...

  12. 78 FR 77385 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ...[deg]12'19'' W. 6.2 Charlie Begin Memorial Lobster Boat Event Type: Power Boat Races. Race. Sponsor: Boothbay Harbor Lobster Boat Race Committee. Date: A one day event in June.* Time (Approximate): 10:00 am...'' W. 6.3 Rockland Harbor Lobster Boat Races. Event Type: Power Boat Race. Sponsor: Rockland Harbor...

  13. Characterization of the intra-annual variability in the Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ) off Peru

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paulmier, A.; Campos, F.; Dewitte, B.; Garcon, V.; Illig, S.; Carrasco, E.; Depretz de Gesincourt, O.; Grelet, J.; Ledesma, J. A.; Maes, C.; Montes, I.; Oschlies, A.; Quispe, J.; Scouarnec, L.

    2016-02-01

    The Oxygen Minimum Zones (OMZs) are oceanic deoxygenated layers between 50 and 1000 meters depth, which impact climate and ecosystems at both local and global scales. In particular, associated with the most productive upwelling system (10% of the world fisheries), the OMZ off Peru has the shallowest and most intense core with the lowest O2 concentration. Little is known on O2 variability at hourly to intra-seasonal timescales in this region. Thanks to the first long term subsurface mooring deployed off Lima (12°02'S, 77°40'W) at 30 nm from the coast, this study investigates the OMZ variability. The mooring consists in an instrumented line including sensors of pressure, temperature, salinity and oxygen located at 5 depths (30, 50, 75, 145 and 160 meters below the surface) with an acquisition frequency of 15 minutes during 14 months from January 5th , 2013 until February 21th, 2014. These data collected in the framework of the trans-disciplinary AMOP project (Activity of investigation dedicated to Oxygen Minimum Zone of the eastern Pacific) allow documenting the dynamics of both the oxycline and core and of their physical forcing (e.g. waves, wind). Three main regimes of variability are reported: sub-daily (< 1 day), sub-monthly (1-30 days) and sub-seasonal (30-90 days), which corresponds to distinct physical mechanisms. Preliminary results from a high-resolution coupled model platform are presented, which serve as material for the interpretation of the data.

  14. Blowout Prevention System Events and Equipment Component Failures : 2016 SafeOCS Annual Report

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-09-22

    The SafeOCS 2016 Annual Report, produced by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), summarizes blowout prevention (BOP) equipment failures on marine drilling rigs in the Outer Continental Shelf. It includes an analysis of equipment component f...

  15. 78 FR 29629 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Marine Events and Fireworks Displays Within...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-21

    ... Entities Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L....lD, which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969... along longitude 074[deg]37'00'' W. 2 May--3rd Sunday...... Annual Escape from Escape from Fort All...

  16. 77 FR 35848 - Safety Zone, Fourth of July Fireworks Event, Pagan River, Smithfield, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    .... ACTION: Temporary Final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing a 420-foot radius safety zone on..., and falling hot embers or other debris, vessel traffic will be temporarily restricted within 420 feet... navigable waters of the Pagan River within the area bounded by a 420-foot radius circle centered on position...

  17. 76 FR 38570 - Safety Zone; Fourth of July Fireworks Event, Pagan River, Smithfield, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    .... ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing a 420-foot radius safety zone on..., vessel traffic will be temporarily restricted within 420 feet of the fireworks launch site. Discussion of... the area bounded by a 420-foot radius circle centered on position 36[deg]59'18'' N/076[deg]37'45'' W...

  18. 75 FR 34372 - Safety Zone; Fourth of July Fireworks Event, Pagan River, Smithfield, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-17

    .... ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing a 420-foot radius safety zone on... other debris, vessel traffic will be temporarily restricted within 420 feet of the fireworks launch site... within the area bounded by a 420-foot radius circle centered on position 36[deg]59'18'' N/076[deg]37'45...

  19. 78 FR 54576 - Safety Zone; LK Events Fireworks; Lake Michigan, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ... of any grant or loan recipients, and will not raise any novel legal or policy issues. The safety zone... Port. 2. Impact on Small Entities Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612), we have considered the impact of this temporary rule on small entities. The Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605...

  20. 76 FR 1568 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ..., 069[deg]31[min]29[sec] W;43[deg]52[min]09[sec] N, 069[deg]31[min]56[sec] W. 8.6 Multiple Sclerosis Event Type: Regatta and Sailboat Regatta. Race. Sponsor: Maine Chapter, Multiple Sclerosis Society. Date...]51[sec] W. 8.7 Multiple Sclerosis Event Type: Power Boat Race. Harborfest Tugboat Race. Sponsor...

  1. 78 FR 47555 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-06

    ...]52'35'' N, 069[deg]31'29'' W. 43[deg]52'09'' N, 069[deg]31'56'' W. 8.6 Multiple Sclerosis Regatta......... Event Type: Regatta and Sailboat Race. Sponsor: Maine Chapter, Multiple Sclerosis Society. Date: A one..., National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Date: A one day event on the third Sunday of August.* Time...

  2. 78 FR 17613 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... Multiple Sclerosis Event Type: Regatta and Sailboat Regatta. Race Sponsor: Maine Chapter, Multiple...]13'51'' W 8.7 Multiple Sclerosis Event Type: Power Boat Race Harborfest Lobster Boat/ Sponsor: Maine Chapter, National Tugboat Races. Multiple Sclerosis Society [[Page 17619

  3. 76 FR 30255 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-25

    ...]12'00'' W. 44[deg]23'35'' N, 068[deg]12'19'' W. 6.2 Charlie Begin Memorial Lobster Boat Event Type: Power Boat Races. Race. Sponsor: Boothbay Harbor Lobster Boat Race Committee. Date: June 18, 2011. Time...'' W. 6.3 Rockland Harbor Lobster Boat Races. Event Type: Power Boat Race. Sponsor: Rockland Harbor...

  4. 77 FR 30891 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ...]12'00'' W. 44[deg]23'35'' N, 068[deg]12'19'' W. Charlie Begin Memorial Lobster Boat Event Type: Power Boat Races. Race. Sponsor: Boothbay Harbor Lobster Boat Race Committee. Date: June 16, 2012. Time: 10...[deg]38'20'' W. Rockland Harbor Lobster Boat Races..... Event Type: Power Boat Race. Sponsor: Rockland...

  5. 78 FR 35135 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-12

    ... indicated in TABLES 1 and 2. Table 1--(33 CFR 100.120) JUNE Charlie Begin Memorial Lobster Boat Event Type: Power Boat Races. Race. Sponsor: Boothbay Harbor Lobster Boat Race Committee. Date: June 15, 2013. Time...'' W. Rockland Harbor Lobster Boat Races..... Event Type: Power Boat Race. Sponsor: Rockland Harbor...

  6. Dynamic permeability in fault damage zones induced by repeated coseismic fracturing events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aben, F. M.; Doan, M. L.; Mitchell, T. M.

    2017-12-01

    Off-fault fracture damage in upper crustal fault zones change the fault zone properties and affect various co- and interseismic processes. One of these properties is the permeability of the fault damage zone rocks, which is generally higher than the surrounding host rock. This allows large-scale fluid flow through the fault zone that affects fault healing and promotes mineral transformation processes. Moreover, it might play an important role in thermal fluid pressurization during an earthquake rupture. The damage zone permeability is dynamic due to coseismic damaging. It is crucial for earthquake mechanics and for longer-term processes to understand how the dynamic permeability structure of a fault looks like and how it evolves with repeated earthquakes. To better detail coseismically induced permeability, we have performed uniaxial split Hopkinson pressure bar experiments on quartz-monzonite rock samples. Two sample sets were created and analyzed: single-loaded samples subjected to varying loading intensities - with damage varying from apparently intact to pulverized - and samples loaded at a constant intensity but with a varying number of repeated loadings. The first set resembles a dynamic permeability structure created by a single large earthquake. The second set resembles a permeability structure created by several earthquakes. After, the permeability and acoustic velocities were measured as a function of confining pressure. The permeability in both datasets shows a large and non-linear increase over several orders of magnitude (from 10-20 up to 10-14 m2) with an increasing amount of fracture damage. This, combined with microstructural analyses of the varying degrees of damage, suggests a percolation threshold. The percolation threshold does not coincide with the pulverization threshold. With increasing confining pressure, the permeability might drop up to two orders of magnitude, which supports the possibility of large coseismic fluid pulses over relatively

  7. Inter-annual Variability of Temperature and Extreme Heat Events during the Nairobi Warm Season

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scott, A.; Misiani, H. O.; Zaitchik, B. F.; Ouma, G. O.; Anyah, R. O.; Jordan, A.

    2016-12-01

    Extreme heat events significantly stress all organisms in the ecosystem, and are likely to be amplified in peri-urban and urban areas. Understanding the variability and drivers behind these events is key to generating early warnings, yet in Equatorial East Africa, this information is currently unavailable. This study uses daily maximum and minimum temperature records from weather stations within Nairobi and its surroundings to characterize variability in daily minimum temperatures and the number of extreme heat events. ERA-Interim reanalysis is applied to assess the drivers of these events at event and seasonal time scales. At seasonal time scales, high temperatures in Nairobi are a function of large scale climate variability associated with the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) and Global Mean Sea Surface Temperature (GMSST). Extreme heat events, however, are more strongly associated with the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO). For instance, the persistence of AMO and ENSO, in particular, provide a basis for seasonal prediction of extreme heat events/days in Nairobi. It is also apparent that the temporal signal from extreme heat events in tropics differs from classic heat wave definitions developed in the mid-latitudes, which suggests that a new approach for defining these events is necessary for tropical regions.

  8. Episodic slow slip events in the Japan subduction zone before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ito, Y.; Hino, R.; Kido, M.; Fujimoto, H.; Osada, Y.; Inazu, D.; Ohta, Y.; Iinuma, T.; Ohzono, M.; Mishina, M.; Miura, S.; Suzuki, K.; Tsuji, T.; Ashi, J.

    2012-12-01

    We describe two transient slow slip events that occurred before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. The first transient crustal deformation, which occurred over a period of a week in November 2008, was recorded simultaneously using ocean-bottom pressure gauges and an on-shore volumetric strainmeter; this deformation has been interpreted as being an M6.8 episodic slow slip event. The second had a duration exceeding 1 month and was observed in February 2011, just before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake; the moment magnitude of this event reached 7.0. The two events preceded interplate earthquakes of magnitudes M6.1 (December 2008) and M7.3 (March 9, 2011), respectively; the latter is the largest foreshock of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Our findings indicate that these slow slip events induced increases in shear stress, which in turn triggered the interplate earthquakes. The slow slip event source area on the fault is also located within the downdip portion of the huge-coseismic-slip area of the 2011 earthquake. This demonstrates episodic slow slip and seismic behavior occurring on the same portions of the megathrust fault, suggesting that the faults undergo slip in slow slip events can also rupture seismically.

  9. Episodic slow slip events in the Japan subduction zone before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ito, Yoshihiro; Hino, Ryota; Kido, Motoyuki; Fujimoto, Hiromi; Osada, Yukihito; Inazu, Daisuke; Ohta, Yusaku; Iinuma, Takeshi; Ohzono, Mako; Miura, Satoshi; Mishina, Masaaki; Suzuki, Kensuke; Tsuji, Takeshi; Ashi, Juichiro

    2013-07-01

    We describe two transient slow slip events that occurred before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. The first transient crustal deformation, which occurred over a period of a week in November 2008, was recorded simultaneously using ocean-bottom pressure gauges and an on-shore volumetric strainmeter; this deformation has been interpreted as being an M6.8 episodic slow slip event. The second had a duration exceeding 1 month and was observed in February 2011, just before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake; the moment magnitude of this event reached 7.0. The two events preceded interplate earthquakes of magnitudes M6.1 (December 2008) and M7.3 (March 9, 2011), respectively; the latter is the largest foreshock of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Our findings indicate that these slow slip events induced increases in shear stress, which in turn triggered the interplate earthquakes. The slow slip event source area on the fault is also located within the downdip portion of the huge-coseismic-slip area of the 2011 earthquake. This demonstrates episodic slow slip and seismic behavior occurring on the same portions of the megathrust fault, suggesting that the faults undergo slip in slow slip events can also rupture seismically.

  10. 33 CFR 165.929 - Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Aerospace Challenge Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon, MI—(i) Location. All waters of Muskegon Lake, near the...) Celebrate De Pere; De Pere, WI—(i) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near Voyageur Park, within the arc...) International Bayfest; Green Bay, WI—(i) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1...

  11. 33 CFR 165.929 - Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Aerospace Challenge Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon, MI. (i) Location. All waters of Muskegon Lake, near the... Pere, WI. (i) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near Voyageur Park, within the arc of a circle... Bayfest; Green Bay, WI. (i) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1.13...

  12. 33 CFR 165.929 - Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Challenge Sport Rocket Launch Muskegon, MI. All waters of Muskegon Lake, near the West Michigan Dock and... 5 p.m. (4) Celebrate De Pere De Pere, WI. All waters of the Fox River, near Voyageur Park, within...) International Bayfest Green Bay, WI. All waters of the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1.13 miles above...

  13. 33 CFR 165.929 - Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Aerospace Challenge Sport Rocket Launch; Muskegon, MI—(i) Location. All waters of Muskegon Lake, near the... Pere, WI—(i) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near Voyageur Park, within the arc of a circle with...) Location. All waters of the Fox River, near the Western Lime Company 1.13 miles above the head of the Fox...

  14. 33 CFR 165.929 - Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in the Captain of the Port Lake Michigan zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and time. The last Saturday of April; 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. (3) Tulip Time Festival Fireworks; Holland, MI....m. to 11 p.m. (9) Harborfest Music and Family Festival; Racine, WI—(i) Location. All waters of Lake... 11 p.m. each day. (10) Jordan Valley Freedom Festival Fireworks; East Jordan, MI—(i) Location. All...

  15. 77 FR 15604 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... Festival boat races in Port Neches, TX from 3 p.m. on May 4, 2012 through 6 p.m. on May 6, 2012. This... the annual Neches River Festival in 33 CFR 100.801 (Table 1, paragraph 118) on May 4, 2012, from 3 p.m...

  16. Unexpected extreme events drive the inter-annual variabilty in carbon exchange at the Pine forest in Netherlands.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sethi, Sanjna; Moors, Eddy; Jamir, Chubamenla

    2017-04-01

    The carbon exchange between vegetation and the atmosphere tends to vary on an annual basis. This change is a continuous process its trend emerging over a period of years can be analysed. In any such trend over a prolonged period, some years stand out more than the others on account of extreme events. Explaining deviations from the expected average emissions may help to understand the drivers behind these interannual deviations. Such noticeable deviations in trend maybe on account of extreme events and need to be analysed in overall context of the ecosystem. This research's focus is to identify the main drivers responsible for the deviations, and how extreme events impact the variability over a prolonged period of time. The hypothesis being that extreme events are driving these deviations. Carbon flux data done for multiple years (1997-2015) for a site at the Loobos Pine Forest is used and compared with an ecosystem model, LPJ-GUESS (Lund-Potsdam-Jena General Ecosystem Simulator) to understand if the deviation of measured data from the simulated data is on account of extreme events on a monthly and daily basis. A Principal Component Analysis is performed on the identified deviations between measured and simulated carbon exchange to pin point the main cause behind their occurrence.​

  17. Shallow very-low-frequency earthquakes accompany slow slip events in the Nankai subduction zone.

    PubMed

    Nakano, Masaru; Hori, Takane; Araki, Eiichiro; Kodaira, Shuichi; Ide, Satoshi

    2018-03-14

    Recent studies of slow earthquakes along plate boundaries have shown that tectonic tremor, low-frequency earthquakes, very-low-frequency events (VLFEs), and slow-slip events (SSEs) often accompany each other and appear to share common source faults. However, the source processes of slow events occurring in the shallow part of plate boundaries are not well known because seismic observations have been limited to land-based stations, which offer poor resolution beneath offshore plate boundaries. Here we use data obtained from seafloor observation networks in the Nankai trough, southwest of Japan, to investigate shallow VLFEs in detail. Coincident with the VLFE activity, signals indicative of shallow SSEs were detected by geodetic observations at seafloor borehole observatories in the same region. We find that the shallow VLFEs and SSEs share common source regions and almost identical time histories of moment release. We conclude that these slow events arise from the same fault slip and that VLFEs represent relatively high-frequency fluctuations of slip during SSEs.

  18. A viscoplastic shear-zone model for deep (15-50 km) slow-slip events at plate convergent margins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, An; Xie, Zhoumin; Meng, Lingsen

    2018-06-01

    A key issue in understanding the physics of deep (15-50 km) slow-slip events (D-SSE) at plate convergent margins is how their initially unstable motion becomes stabilized. Here we address this issue by quantifying a rate-strengthening mechanism using a viscoplastic shear-zone model inspired by recent advances in field observations and laboratory experiments. The well-established segmentation of slip modes in the downdip direction of a subduction shear zone allows discretization of an interseismic forearc system into the (1) frontal segment bounded by an interseismically locked megathrust, (2) middle segment bounded by episodically locked and unlocked viscoplastic shear zone, and (3) interior segment that slips freely. The three segments are assumed to be linked laterally by two springs that tighten with time, and the increasing elastic stress due to spring tightening eventually leads to plastic failure and initial viscous shear. This simplification leads to seven key model parameters that dictate a wide range of mechanical behaviors of an idealized convergent margin. Specifically, the viscoplastic rheology requires the initially unstable sliding to be terminated nearly instantaneously at a characteristic velocity, which is followed by stable sliding (i.e., slow-slip). The characteristic velocity, which is on the order of <10-7 m/s for the convergent margins examined in this study, depends on the (1) effective coefficient of friction, (2) thickness, (3) depth, and (4) viscosity of the viscoplastic shear zone. As viscosity decreases exponentially with temperature, our model predicts faster slow-slip rates, shorter slow-slip durations, more frequent slow-slip occurrences, and larger slow-slip magnitudes at warmer convergent margins.

  19. 33 CFR 100.801 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...: Peoria Area Community Events. Dates: Two days during the 2nd weekend in June. Regulated Area: Illinois... River from mile marker 230-231. 129. Donaldsonville Fireworks Display Sponsor: Donaldsonville Tourism..., Reserve, LA. 133. Donaldsonville Fireworks Display Sponsor: Donaldsonville Tourism Commission. Date: July...

  20. The investigation of form and processes in the coastal zone under extreme storm events - the case study of Rethymno, Greece

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Afentoulis, Vasileios; Mohammadi, Bijan; Tsoukala, Vasiliki

    2017-04-01

    Coastal zone is a significant geographical and particular region, since it gathers a wide range of social-human's activities and appears to be a complex as well as fragile system of natural variables. Coastal communities are increasingly at risk from serious coastal hazards, such as shoreline erosion and flooding related to extreme hydro-meteorological events: storm surges, heavy precipitation, tsunamis and tides. In order to investigate the impact of these extreme events on the coastal zone, it is necessary to describe the driving mechanisms which contribute to its destabilization and more precisely the interaction between the wave forces and the transport of sediment. The aim of the present study is to examine the capability of coastal zone processes simulation under extreme wave events, using numerical models, in the coastal area of Rethymno, Greece. Rethymno city is one of the eleven case study areas of PEARL (Preparing for Extreme And Rare events in coastal regions) project, an EU funded research project, which aims at developing adaptive risk management strategies for coastal communities focusing on extreme hydro-meteorological events, with a multidisciplinary approach integrating social, environmental and technical research and innovation so as to increase the resilience of coastal regions all over the world. Within this framework, three different numerical models have been used: the MIKE 21 - DHI, the XBeach model and a numerical formulation for sea bed evolution, developed by Afaf Bouharguane and Bijan Mohammadi (2013). For the determination of the wave and hydrodynamic conditions, as well as the assessment of the sediment transport components, the MIKE 21 SW and the MIKE 21 FM modules have been applied and the bathymetry of Rethymno is arranged into a 2D unstructured mesh. This method of digitalization was selected because of its ability to easily represent the complex geometry of the coastal zone. It allows smaller scale wave characteristics to be

  1. Estimating the proportion of groundwater recharge from flood events in relation to total annual recharge in a karst aquifer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dvory, N. Z.; Ronen, A.; Livshitz, Y.; Adar, E.; Kuznetsov, M.; Yakirevich, A.

    2017-12-01

    Sustainable groundwater production from karstic aquifers is primarily dictated by its recharge rate. Therefore, in order to limit over-exploitation, it is essential to accurately quantify groundwater recharge. Infiltration during erratic floods in karstic basins may contribute substantial amount to aquifer recharge. However, the complicated nature of karst systems, which are characterized in part by multiple springs, sinkholes, and losing/gaining streams, present a large obstacle to accurately assess the actual contribution of flood water to groundwater recharge. In this study, we aim to quantify the proportion of groundwater recharge during flood events in relation to the annual recharge for karst aquifers. The role of karst conduits on flash flood infiltration was examined during four flood and artificial runoff events in the Sorek creek near Jerusalem, Israel. The events were monitored in short time steps (four minutes). This high resolution analysis is essential to accurately estimating surface flow volumes, which are of particular importance in arid and semi-arid climate where ephemeral flows may provide a substantial contribution to the groundwater reservoirs. For the present investigation, we distinguished between direct infiltration, percolation through karst conduits and diffused infiltration, which is most affected by evapotranspiration. A water balance was then calculated for the 2014/15 hydrologic year using the Hydrologic Engineering Center - Hydrologic Modelling System (HEC-HMS). Simulations show that an additional 8% to 24% of the annual recharge volume is added from runoff losses along the creek that infiltrate through the karst system into the aquifer. The results improve the understanding of recharge processes and support the use of the proposed methodology for quantifying groundwater recharge.

  2. Population, behavioural and physiological responses of an urban population of black swans to an intense annual noise event.

    PubMed

    Payne, Catherine J; Jessop, Tim S; Guay, Patrick-Jean; Johnstone, Michele; Feore, Megan; Mulder, Raoul A

    2012-01-01

    Wild animals in urban environments are exposed to a broad range of human activities that have the potential to disturb their life history and behaviour. Wildlife responses to disturbance can range from emigration to modified behaviour, or elevated stress, but these responses are rarely evaluated in concert. We simultaneously examined population, behavioural and hormonal responses of an urban population of black swans Cygnus atratus before, during and after an annual disturbance event involving large crowds and intense noise, the Australian Formula One Grand Prix. Black swan population numbers were lowest one week before the event and rose gradually over the course of the study, peaking after the event, suggesting that the disturbance does not trigger mass emigration. We also found no difference in the proportion of time spent on key behaviours such as locomotion, foraging, resting or self-maintenance over the course of the study. However, basal and capture stress-induced corticosterone levels showed significant variation, consistent with a modest physiological response. Basal plasma corticosterone levels were highest before the event and decreased over the course of the study. Capture-induced stress levels peaked during the Grand Prix and then also declined over the remainder of the study. Our results suggest that even intensely noisy and apparently disruptive events may have relatively low measurable short-term impact on population numbers, behaviour or physiology in urban populations with apparently high tolerance to anthropogenic disturbance. Nevertheless, the potential long-term impact of such disturbance on reproductive success, individual fitness and population health will need to be carefully evaluated.

  3. Population, Behavioural and Physiological Responses of an Urban Population of Black Swans to an Intense Annual Noise Event

    PubMed Central

    Payne, Catherine J.; Jessop, Tim S.; Guay, Patrick-Jean; Johnstone, Michele; Feore, Megan; Mulder, Raoul A.

    2012-01-01

    Wild animals in urban environments are exposed to a broad range of human activities that have the potential to disturb their life history and behaviour. Wildlife responses to disturbance can range from emigration to modified behaviour, or elevated stress, but these responses are rarely evaluated in concert. We simultaneously examined population, behavioural and hormonal responses of an urban population of black swans Cygnus atratus before, during and after an annual disturbance event involving large crowds and intense noise, the Australian Formula One Grand Prix. Black swan population numbers were lowest one week before the event and rose gradually over the course of the study, peaking after the event, suggesting that the disturbance does not trigger mass emigration. We also found no difference in the proportion of time spent on key behaviours such as locomotion, foraging, resting or self-maintenance over the course of the study. However, basal and capture stress-induced corticosterone levels showed significant variation, consistent with a modest physiological response. Basal plasma corticosterone levels were highest before the event and decreased over the course of the study. Capture-induced stress levels peaked during the Grand Prix and then also declined over the remainder of the study. Our results suggest that even intensely noisy and apparently disruptive events may have relatively low measurable short-term impact on population numbers, behaviour or physiology in urban populations with apparently high tolerance to anthropogenic disturbance. Nevertheless, the potential long-term impact of such disturbance on reproductive success, individual fitness and population health will need to be carefully evaluated. PMID:23024783

  4. Department of Defense Suicide Event Report (DoDSER) Calendar Year 2011 Annual Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-15

    methods were most frequently drug overdose and use of military issue firearm. Drug and alcohol use during suicide events was less frequent among deployed...use of non-military issue firearms and hanging. Suicide attempt methods were most frequently drug overdose , harming oneself with a sharp or blunt...communicating intent to suicide (e.g., text). Prescription Overdose 176 40.00% 42.86% 39.13% 36 19.15% 21.94% 23.05% Used, no overdose 27

  5. Trend of annual temperature and frequency of extreme events in the MATOPIBA region of Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salvador, Mozar de A.; de Brito, J. I. B.

    2017-06-01

    During the 1980s, a new agricultural frontier arouse in Brazil, which occupied part of the states of Maranhão, Tocantins, Piauí, and Bahia. Currently, this new frontier is known as the MATOPIBA region. The region went through intense transformations in its social and environmental characteristics, with the emergence of extensive areas of intensive agriculture and large herds. The purpose of this research was to study the climatic variabilities of temperature in the MATOPIBA region through extreme climate indexes of ClimAp tool. Data from 11 weather stations were analyzed for yearly air temperature (maximum and minimum) in the period of 1970 to 2012. To verify the trend in the series, we used methods of linear regression analysis and Kendall-tau test. The annual analysis of maximum and minimum temperatures and of the temperature extremes indexes showed a strong positive trend in practically every series (with p value less than 0.05). These results indicated that the region went through to a significant heating process in the last 3 decades. The indices of extreme also showed a significant positive trend in most of the analyzed stations, indicating a higher frequency of warm days during the year.

  6. Canadian Adverse Events Following Immunization Surveillance System (CAEFISS): Annual report for vaccines administered in 2012

    PubMed Central

    Law, BJ; Laflèche, J; Ahmadipour, N; Anyoti, H

    2014-01-01

    Background To describe the adverse event following immunization (AEFI) reporting profile for vaccines administered in Canada during 2012 and surveillance trends relative to reports for vaccines administered from 2005 through 2011. Methods Analysis of data based on AEFI reports received by the Public Health Agency of Canada by April 30, 2013, for vaccines marketed in Canada and administered from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2012. Results The AEFI reporting rate was 10.1 per 100,000 population in Canada for vaccines administered in 2012 and was inversely proportional to age. There was a trend of declining rates from 2005 (14.8) to 2012 overall and by age group. The vast majority of reports (94%−95%) were non-serious involving reactions at or near the vaccination site, rash and febrile events. Conclusion Canada has a strong pharmacovigilance system for vaccines with one of the highest AEFI reporting rates in developed countries. Vaccines marketed in Canada have a very good safety profile. This report enables comparisons across jurisdictions in Canada and globally. PMID:29769908

  7. Activated Very Low Frequency Earthquakes By the Slow Slip Events in the Ryukyu Subduction Zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakamura, M.; Sunagawa, N.

    2014-12-01

    The Ryukyu Trench (RT), where the Philippine Sea plate is subducting, has had no known thrust earthquakes with a Mw>8.0 in the last 300 years. However, the rupture source of the 1771 tsunami has been proposed as an Mw > 8.0 earthquake in the south RT. Based on the dating of tsunami boulders, it has been estimated that large tsunamis occur at intervals of 150-400 years in the south Ryukyu arc (RA) (Araoka et al., 2013), although they have not occurred for several thousand years in the central and northern Ryukyu areas (Goto et al., 2014). To address the discrepancy between recent low moment releases by earthquakes and occurrence of paleo-tsunamis in the RT, we focus on the long-term activity of the very low frequency earthquakes (VLFEs), which are good indicators of the stress release in the shallow plate interface. VLFEs have been detected along the RT (Ando et al., 2012), which occur on the plate interface or at the accretionary prism. We used broadband data from the F-net of NIED along the RT and from the IRIS network. We applied two filters to all the raw broadband seismograms: a 0.02-0.05 Hz band-pass filter and a 1 Hz high-pass filter. After identification of the low-frequency events from the band-pass-filtered seismograms, the local and teleseismic events were removed. Then we picked the arrival time of the maximum amplitude of the surface wave of the VLFEs and determined the epicenters. VLFEs occurred on the RA side within 100 km from the trench axis along the RT. Distribution of the 6670 VLFEs from 2002 to 2013 could be divided to several clusters. Principal large clusters were located at 27.1°-29.0°N, 25.5°-26.6°N, and 122.1°-122.4°E (YA). We found that the VLFEs of the YA are modulated by repeating slow slip events (SSEs) which occur beneath south RA. The activity of the VLFEs increased to two times of its ordinary rate in 15 days after the onset of the SSEs. Activation of the VLFEs could be generated by low stress change of 0.02-20 kPa increase in

  8. Medical Emergencies Related to Ethanol and Illicit Drugs at an Annual, Nocturnal, Indoor, Electronic Dance Music Event.

    PubMed

    Calle, Paul; Sundahl, Nora; Maudens, Kristof; Wille, Sarah Mr; Van Sassenbroeck, Diederik; De Graeve, Koen; Gogaert, Stefan; De Paepe, Peter; Devriese, Dieter; Arno, Geert; Blanckaert, Peter

    2018-02-01

    clinical presentations were rather mild. It should be stressed that these observations only apply to this particular event and cannot be generalized to other EDM events. Calle P , Sundahl N , Maudens K , Wille SMR , Van Sassenbroeck D , De Graeve K , Gogaert S , De Paepe P , Devriese D , Arno G , Blanckaert P . Medical emergencies related to ethanol and illicit drugs at an annual, nocturnal, indoor, electronic dance music event. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(1):71-76.

  9. Micro-phytoplankton community structure in the coastal upwelling zone off Concepción (central Chile): Annual and inter-annual fluctuations in a highly dynamic environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anabalón, V.; Morales, C. E.; González, H. E.; Menschel, E.; Schneider, W.; Hormazabal, S.; Valencia, L.; Escribano, R.

    2016-12-01

    An intensification of upwelling-favorable winds in recent decades has been detected in some of the main eastern boundary current systems, especially at higher latitudes, but the response of coastal phytoplankton communities in the Humboldt Current System (HCS) remains unknown. At higher latitudes in the HCS (35-40°S), strong seasonality in wind-driven upwelling during spring-summer coincides with an annual increase in coastal chlorophyll-a and primary production, and a dominance of micro-phytoplankton. In order to understand the effects of potential upwelling intensification on the micro-phytoplankton community in this region, annual and inter-annual variability in its structure (total and taxa-specific abundance and biomass) and its association with oceanographic fluctuations were analyzed using in situ time series data (2002-2009) from a shelf station off Concepcion (36.5°S). At the annual scale, total mean abundance and biomass, attributed to a few dominant diatom taxa, were at least one order of magnitude greater during spring-summer than autumn-winter, in association with changes in upwelling and surface salinity and temperature, whereas macro-nutrient concentrations remained relatively high all the year. At the inter-annual scale, total abundance and biomass decreased during the upwelling season of the 2006-2009 period compared with the 2002-2006 period, notably due to lower abundances of Skeletonema and Leptocylindrus, but the relative dominance of a few taxa was maintained. The 2006-2009 period was characterized by higher upwelling intensity, colder and higher salinity waters, and changes in nutrient concentrations and ratios compared with the first period. The inter-annual changes in the micro-phytoplankton community were mostly associated with changes in surface salinity and temperature (changes in upwelling intensity) but also with changes in Si/N and N/P, which relate to other land-derived processes.

  10. 77 FR 2453 - Security Zone; 24th Annual North American International Auto Show, Detroit River, Detroit, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building Ground Floor, Room.... The security zone will encompass an area of the Detroit River beginning at a point of origin on land... shoreline to connect back to the point of origin. Vessels in close proximity to the security zone will be...

  11. 33 CFR 165.1332 - Safety Zones; annual firework displays within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... displays within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. 165.1332 Section 165.1332... within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. (a) Safety Zones. The following areas are designated safety zones: (1) All waters of Puget Sound, Washington, extending to a 450 yard radius...

  12. 33 CFR 165.1332 - Safety Zones; annual firework displays within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... displays within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. 165.1332 Section 165.1332... within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. (a) Safety Zones. The following areas are designated safety zones: (1) All waters of Puget Sound, Washington, extending to a 450 yard radius...

  13. 33 CFR 165.1332 - Safety Zones; annual firework displays within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... displays within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. 165.1332 Section 165.1332... within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. (a) Safety Zones. The following areas are designated safety zones: (1) All waters of Puget Sound, Washington, extending to a 450 yard radius...

  14. 33 CFR 165.1332 - Safety Zones; annual firework displays within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... displays within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. 165.1332 Section 165.1332... within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of Responsibility. (a) Safety Zones. The following areas are designated safety zones: (1) All waters of Puget Sound, Washington, extending to a 450 yard radius...

  15. 77 FR 41048 - Safety Zone; Hudson Valley Triathlon, Ulster Landing, Hudson River, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-12

    ... Hudson Valley Triathlon swim event. This temporary safety zone is necessary to protect swimmers.... Regulatory History and Information The Hudson Valley Triathlon swim is an annual recurring event that has a... Valley Triathlon swim event will occur on July 15, 2012. On May 22, 2012, the sponsor of the event...

  16. Detection of and response to a probable volcanogenic T-wave event swarm on the western Blanco Transform Fault Zone

    Dziak, R.P.; Fox, C.G.; Embley, R.W.; Lupton, J.E.; Johnson, G.C.; Chadwick, W.W.; Koski, R.A.

    1996-01-01

    The East Blanco Depression (EBD), a pull-apart basin within the western Blanco Transform Fault Zone (BTFZ), was the site of an intense earthquake T-wave swarm that began at 1317Z on January 9, 1994. Although tectonically generated earthquakes occur frequently along the BTFZ, this swarm was unusual in that it was preceded and accompanied by periodic, low-frequency, long-duration acoustic signals, that originated from near the swarm epicenters. These tremor-like signals were very similar in character to acoustic energy produced by a shallow-submarine eruption near Socorro Island, a seamount several hundred km west of Baja, California. The ???69 earthquakes and ???400 tremor-like events at the EBD occurred sporadically, with two periods of peak activity occurring between January 5-16 and 27-31. The swarm-like character of the earthquakes and the similarity of the tremor activity to the Socorro eruption indicated that the EBD was undergoing an intrusion or eruption episode. On January 27, six CTD/rosette casts were conducted at the site. Water samples from two of the stations yielded anomalous 3He concentrations, with maxima at ???2800 m depth over the main basin. In June 1994 two camera tows within the basin yielded evidence of pillow-lava volcanism and hydrothermal deposits, but no conclusive evidence of a recent seafloor eruption. In September 1994, deployments of the U.S. Navy's Advanced Tethered Vehicle resulted in the discovery of an active hydrothermal mound on the flanks of a pillow-lava volcano. The hydrothermal mound consists of Fe-rich hydrothermal precipitate and bacterial mats. Temperatures to 60??C were measured 30 cm below the surface. This is the first discovery of active hydrothermal vents along an oceanic fracture zone. Although no conclusive evidence of volcanic activity associated with the T-wave event swarm was found during these response efforts, the EBD has been the site of recent seafloor eruptions. Copyright 1996 by the American Geophysical

  17. Annual variation in event-scale precipitation δ2H at Barrow, AK, reflects vapor source region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Putman, Annie L.; Feng, Xiahong; Sonder, Leslie J.; Posmentier, Eric S.

    2017-04-01

    In this study, precipitation isotopic variations at Barrow, AK, USA, are linked to conditions at the moisture source region, along the transport path, and at the precipitation site. Seventy precipitation events between January 2009 and March 2013 were analyzed for δ2H and deuterium excess. For each precipitation event, vapor source regions were identified with the hybrid single-particle Lagrangian integrated trajectory (HYSPLIT) air parcel tracking program in back-cast mode. The results show that the vapor source region migrated annually, with the most distal (proximal) and southerly (northerly) vapor source regions occurring during the winter (summer). This may be related to equatorial expansion and poleward contraction of the polar circulation cell and the extent of Arctic sea ice cover. Annual cycles of vapor source region latitude and δ2H in precipitation were in phase; depleted (enriched) δ2H values were associated with winter (summer) and distal (proximal) vapor source regions. Precipitation δ2H responded to variation in vapor source region as reflected by significant correlations between δ2H with the following three parameters: (1) total cooling between lifted condensation level (LCL) and precipitating cloud at Barrow, ΔTcool, (2) meteorological conditions at the evaporation site quantified by 2 m dew point, Td, and (3) whether the vapor transport path crossed the Brooks and/or Alaskan ranges, expressed as a Boolean variable, mtn. These three variables explained 54 % of the variance (p<0. 001) in precipitation δ2H with a sensitivity of -3.51 ± 0.55 ‰ °C-1 (p<0. 001) to ΔTcool, 3.23 ± 0.83 ‰ °C-1 (p<0. 001) to Td, and -32.11 ± 11.04 ‰ (p = 0. 0049) depletion when mtn is true. The magnitude of each effect on isotopic composition also varied with vapor source region proximity. For storms with proximal vapor source regions

  18. 33 CFR 100.35T09-0327 - Special Regulated Areas for summer events; Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special Regulated Areas for summer events; Captain of the Port Lake Michigan Zone. 100.35T09-0327 Section 100.35T09-0327 Navigation... OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.35T09-0327 Special Regulated Areas for summer events; Captain of...

  19. Radiocarbon dating with annual-resolution of subfossil trees from the Younger Dryas event in the southern French Alps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capano, Manuela; Miramont, Cécile; Guibal, Frédéric; Kromer, Bernd; Tuna, Thibaut; Fagault, Yoann; Bard, Edouard

    2017-04-01

    Tree rings are an important archive for the calibration of radiocarbon data. The younger part of the IntCal curve is based essentially on tree-ring chronologies, absolutely dated by dendrochronological analysis. For the Northern Hemisphere (NH), a gap still exists between the absolutely dated sequences and a floating chronology. Based on the Southern Hemisphere (SH) tree-ring chronologies a link has been previously proposed (Reimer et al. 2013, Radiocarbon; see also update in Hogg et al. 2016, Radiocarbon). By measuring radiocarbon at annual resolution in French subfossil pines (Pinus sylvestris L.) we propose to improve the connection between the absolute chronology and the floating chronology. Several subfossil pines have been found in the Southern French Alps; they were buried by flood deposits, allowing their preservation. Some trees discovered in the Barbier riverbed were dated to the Younger Dryas periods by previous decadal radiocarbon measurements, performed in Heidelberg and Mannheim. The trees selected for our new study are Barb12 and Barb17 (analyzed sequences of 163 and 152 rings, respectively). These sequences were sampled at annual resolution when permitted by the ring width. As a first step, every third ring was pretreated for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were sliced in small pieces and pretreated by using the ABA-B method before being combusted, graphitized with the AGE system and measured with AixMICADAS (Bard et al. 2015, Nucl. Instr. Meth. B). From the comparison with the kauri sequence, the Barb12-17 sequence can be dated from about 12835 to 12606 cal. BP. It can also be used to calculate the interhemispheric gradient (IHG) over the overlapping period. In order to reduce the inter-annual variability, the Barb12-17 record was smoothed, grouped and averaged over the same decades as in the Kauri record. On the basis of twenty values, a mean IHG value of ca. 60 years was calculated. Quantification of the IHG around 50 yr is particularly

  20. Fluctuations of cambial activity in relation to precipitation result in annual rings and intra-annual growth zones of xylem and phloem in teak (Tectona grandis) in Ivory Coast

    PubMed Central

    Dié, Agathe; Kitin, Peter; Kouamé, François N'Guessan; Van den Bulcke, Jan; Van Acker, Joris; Beeckman, Hans

    2012-01-01

    Background and Aims Teak forms xylem rings that potentially carry records of carbon sequestration and climate in the tropics. These records are only useful when the structural variations of tree rings and their periodicity of formation are known. Methods The seasonality of ring formation in mature teak trees was examined via correlative analysis of cambial activity, xylem and phloem formation, and climate throughout 1·5 years. Xylem and phloem differentiation were visualized by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Key Results A 3 month dry season resulted in semi-deciduousness, cambial dormancy and formation of annual xylem growth rings (AXGRs). Intra-annual xylem and phloem growth was characterized by variable intensity. Morphometric features of cambium such as cambium thickness and differentiating xylem layers were positively correlated. Cambium thickness was strongly correlated with monthly rainfall (R2 = 0·7535). In all sampled trees, xylem growth zones (XGZs) were formed within the AXGRs during the seasonal development of new foliage. When trees achieved full leaf, the xylem in the new XGZs appeared completely differentiated and functional for water transport. Two phloem growth rings were formed in one growing season. Conclusions The seasonal formation pattern and microstructure of teak xylem suggest that AXGRs and XGZs can be used as proxies for analyses of the tree history and climate at annual and intra-annual resolution. PMID:22805529

  1. Role of Equatorial Anomaly in Earthquake time precursive features: A few strong events over West Pacific zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devi, Minakshi; Patgiri, S.; Barbara, A. K.; Oyama, Koh-Ichiro; Ryu, K.; Depuev, V.; Depueva, A.

    2018-03-01

    The earthquake (EQ) time coupling processes between equator-low-mid latitude ionosphere are complex due to inherent dynamical status of each latitudinal zone and qualified geomagnetic roles working in the system. In an attempt to identify such process, the paper presents temporal and latitudinal variations of ionization density (foF2) covering 45°N to 35°S, during a number of earthquake events (M > 5.5). The approaches adopted for extraction of features by the earthquake induced preparatory processes are discussed in the paper through identification of parameters like the 'EQ time modification in density gradient' defined by δ = (foF2 max - foF2 min)/τmm, where τmm - time span (in days) between EQ modified density maximum and minimum, and the Earthquake time Equatorial Anomaly, i.e. EEA, one of the most significant phenomenon which develops even during night time irrespective of epicenter position. Based on the observations, the paper presents the seismic time coupling dynamics through anomaly like manifestations between equator, low and mid latitude ionosphere bringing in the global Total Electron Content (TEC) features as supporting indices.

  2. 76 FR 55261 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-07

    ... responsibility on September 10, 2011 for the Mukilteo Lighthouse Festival in Possession Sound, WA and on December... Lighthouse Festival.. Possession Sound. 47[deg]56.9' N 122[deg]18.6' W 300 The following safety zone will be...

  3. 33 CFR 100.1101 - Southern California Annual Marine Events for the San Diego Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... information on exact dates, times, and other details concerning the number and type of participants and an... time is required to inform all Federal, state, local agencies, and/or other interested parties and to... in the regulated areas during all applicable effective dates and times unless cleared to do so by or...

  4. 78 FR 41300 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Marine Events in Captain of the Port Long Island...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ... the events start and finish points. The Coast Guard received information about the Riverhead Rocks Triathlon from the event sponsor, Event Power, on May 2, 2013. Event Power held the Riverhead Rocks... difficulty of rescheduling the early morning start of the swim event with the desired high tide cycle. While...

  5. Using high-frequency sensors to identify hydroclimatological controls on storm-event variability in catchment nutrient fluxes and source zone activation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blaen, Phillip; Khamis, Kieran; Lloyd, Charlotte; Krause, Stefan

    2017-04-01

    At the river catchment scale, storm events can drive highly variable behaviour in nutrient and water fluxes, yet short-term dynamics are frequently missed by low resolution sampling regimes. In addition, nutrient source contributions can vary significantly within and between storm events. Our inability to identify and characterise time dynamic source zone contributions severely hampers the adequate design of land use management practices in order to control nutrient exports from agricultural landscapes. Here, we utilise an 8-month high-frequency (hourly) time series of streamflow, nitrate concentration (NO3) and fluorescent dissolved organic matter concentration (FDOM) derived from optical in-situ sensors located in a headwater agricultural catchment. We characterised variability in flow and nutrient dynamics across 29 storm events. Storm events represented 31% of the time series and contributed disproportionately to nutrient loads (43% of NO3 and 36% of CDOM) relative to their duration. Principal components analysis of potential hydroclimatological controls on nutrient fluxes demonstrated that a small number of components, representing >90% of variance in the dataset, were highly significant model predictors of inter-event variability in catchment nutrient export. Hysteresis analysis of nutrient concentration-discharge relationships suggested spatially discrete source zones existed for NO3 and FDOM, and that activation of these zones varied on an event-specific basis. Our results highlight the benefits of high-frequency in-situ monitoring for characterising complex short-term nutrient dynamics and unravelling connections between hydroclimatological variability and river nutrient export and source zone activation under extreme flow conditions. These new process-based insights are fundamental to underpinning the development of targeted management measures to reduce nutrient loading of surface waters.

  6. Strong genetic differentiation in the invasive annual grass Bromus tectorum across the Mojave-Great Basin ecological transition zone

    Susan E. Meyer; Elizabeth A. Leger; Desiree R. Eldon; Craig E. Coleman

    2016-01-01

    Bromus tectorum, an inbreeding annual grass, is a dominant invader in sagebrush steppe habitat in North America. It is also common in warm and salt deserts, displaying a larger environmental tolerance than most native species. We tested the hypothesis that a suite of habitat-specific B. tectorum lineages dominates warm desert habitats. We sampled 30 B....

  7. 78 FR 29023 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-17

    ... Responsibility AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is adding three new fireworks events and correcting the location of five existing events outlined in 33 CFR 165.1332 to ensure... also adds three new firework display locations, and changes the title of the rule to accurately reflect...

  8. 78 FR 8063 - Safety Zones; Annual Firework Displays Within the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-05

    ... proposes to add three new fireworks events and to correct the location of five existing events to ensure... display locations have been added to area, and the title of the rule does not accurately reflect what is.... This rule proposes to add the following firework displays: Port Ludlow Fireworks, latitude 47[deg] 55...

  9. Ecosystem-Service Tradeoffs Associated with Switching from Annual to Perennial Energy Crops in Riparian Zones of the US Midwest

    PubMed Central

    Meehan, Timothy D.; Gratton, Claudio; Diehl, Erica; Hunt, Natalie D.; Mooney, Daniel F.; Ventura, Stephen J.; Barham, Bradford L.; Jackson, Randall D.

    2013-01-01

    Integration of energy crops into agricultural landscapes could promote sustainability if they are placed in ways that foster multiple ecosystem services and mitigate ecosystem disservices from existing crops. We conducted a modeling study to investigate how replacing annual energy crops with perennial energy crops along Wisconsin waterways could affect a variety of provisioning and regulating ecosystem services. We found that a switch from continuous corn production to perennial-grass production decreased annual income provisioning by 75%, although it increased annual energy provisioning by 33%, decreased annual phosphorous loading to surface water by 29%, increased below-ground carbon sequestration by 30%, decreased annual nitrous oxide emissions by 84%, increased an index of pollinator abundance by an average of 11%, and increased an index of biocontrol potential by an average of 6%. We expressed the tradeoffs between income provisioning and other ecosystem services as benefit-cost ratios. Benefit-cost ratios averaged 12.06 GJ of additional net energy, 0.84 kg of avoided phosphorus pollution, 18.97 Mg of sequestered carbon, and 1.99 kg of avoided nitrous oxide emissions for every $1,000 reduction in income. These ratios varied spatially, from 2- to 70-fold depending on the ecosystem service. Benefit-cost ratios for different ecosystem services were generally correlated within watersheds, suggesting the presence of hotspots – watersheds where increases in multiple ecosystem services would come at lower-than-average opportunity costs. When assessing the monetary value of ecosystem services relative to existing conservation programs and environmental markets, the overall value of enhanced services associated with adoption of perennial energy crops was far lower than the opportunity cost. However, when we monitized services using estimates for the social costs of pollution, the value of enhanced services far exceeded the opportunity cost. This disparity between

  10. Ecosystem-service tradeoffs associated with switching from annual to perennial energy crops in riparian zones of the US Midwest.

    PubMed

    Meehan, Timothy D; Gratton, Claudio; Diehl, Erica; Hunt, Natalie D; Mooney, Daniel F; Ventura, Stephen J; Barham, Bradford L; Jackson, Randall D

    2013-01-01

    Integration of energy crops into agricultural landscapes could promote sustainability if they are placed in ways that foster multiple ecosystem services and mitigate ecosystem disservices from existing crops. We conducted a modeling study to investigate how replacing annual energy crops with perennial energy crops along Wisconsin waterways could affect a variety of provisioning and regulating ecosystem services. We found that a switch from continuous corn production to perennial-grass production decreased annual income provisioning by 75%, although it increased annual energy provisioning by 33%, decreased annual phosphorous loading to surface water by 29%, increased below-ground carbon sequestration by 30%, decreased annual nitrous oxide emissions by 84%, increased an index of pollinator abundance by an average of 11%, and increased an index of biocontrol potential by an average of 6%. We expressed the tradeoffs between income provisioning and other ecosystem services as benefit-cost ratios. Benefit-cost ratios averaged 12.06 GJ of additional net energy, 0.84 kg of avoided phosphorus pollution, 18.97 Mg of sequestered carbon, and 1.99 kg of avoided nitrous oxide emissions for every $1,000 reduction in income. These ratios varied spatially, from 2- to 70-fold depending on the ecosystem service. Benefit-cost ratios for different ecosystem services were generally correlated within watersheds, suggesting the presence of hotspots--watersheds where increases in multiple ecosystem services would come at lower-than-average opportunity costs. When assessing the monetary value of ecosystem services relative to existing conservation programs and environmental markets, the overall value of enhanced services associated with adoption of perennial energy crops was far lower than the opportunity cost. However, when we monitized services using estimates for the social costs of pollution, the value of enhanced services far exceeded the opportunity cost. This disparity between

  11. 76 FR 77125 - Safety Zone; Sausalito Yacht Club's Annual Lighted Boat Parade and Fireworks Display, Sausalito, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ..., pyrotechnics will be loaded onto a barge at Pier 50 near position 37[deg]46'28'' N, 122[deg]23'06'' W (NAD 83... position 37[deg]51'30.92'' N, 122[deg]28'27.97'' W (NAD 83). The temporary safety zone will extend 100 feet... Pier 50 to position 37[deg]51'30.92'' N, 122[deg]28'27.97'' W (NAD 83). The fireworks display is...

  12. Geophysical-geological studies of possible extensions of the New Madrid Fault Zone. Annual report, 1982. Vol. 1

    SciT

    Hinze, W.J.; Braile, L.W.; Keller, G.R.

    1983-05-01

    An integrated geophysical/geologic program is being conducted to evaluate the rift complex hypothesis as an explanation for the earthquake activity in the New Madrid Seismic Zone and its extensions, to refine our knowledge of the rift complex, and to investigate the possible northern extensions of the New Madrid Fault Zone, especially its possible connection to the Anna, Ohio seismogenic region. Drillhole basement lithologies are being investigated to aid in tectonic analysis and geophysical interpretation, particularly in the Anna, Ohio area. Gravity and magnetic modeling combined with limited seismic reflection studies in southwest Indiana are interpreted as confirming speculation that anmore » arm of the New Madrid Rift Complex extends northeasterly into Indiana. The geologic and geophysical evidence confirm that the basement lithology in the Anna, Ohio area is highly variable reflecting a complex geologic history. The data indicate that as many as three major Late Precambrian tectonic features intersect within the basement of the Anna area suggesting that the seismicity may be related to basement zones of weakness.« less

  13. Washington State Play Fairway Analysis - Passive Monitoring of St. Helens Shear Zone for Tomography and Precision Microseismic Event Detection

    DOE Data Explorer

    Swyer, Michael (ORCID:0000000309776975); Cladouhos, Trenton; Crosbie, Kayla; Ulberg, Carl (ORCID:000000016198809X)

    2017-10-03

    Data resources were derived from a passive seismic survey of the northern St. Helens Shear Zone on geothermal leases 12-24 km north of Mount St. Helens for phase 2 of the Geothermal Play-Fairway Analysis of Washington State Prospects. A 20 seismic station array of broadband seismometers was deployed with irregular spacing (1-4 km) over an area of 12 km to image seismogenic features and their damage zones in the shallow crust.

  14. The Novaya Zemlya Event of 31 December 1992 and Seismic Identification Issues: Annual Seismic Research Symposium (15th) Held in Vail, Colorado on 8-10 September 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-09-10

    1993). A bootstrap generalizedlikelihood ratio test in discriminant analysis, Proc. 15th Annual Seismic Research Symposium, in press. I Hedlin, M., J... ratio indicate that the event does not belong to the first class. The bootstrap technique is used here as well to set the critical value of the test ...Methodist University. Baek, J., H. L. Gray, W. A. Woodward and M.D. Fisk (1993). A Bootstrap Generalized Likelihood Ratio Test in Discriminant

  15. New constraints on the Pan-African tectonics and the role of the Mwembeshi Zone in Central Zambia: Deformation style and timing of two orthogonal shortening events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naydenov, Kalin; Lehmann, Jeremie; Saalmann, Kerstin; Milani, Lorenzo; Kinnaird, Judith; Charlesworth, Guy; Rankin, William; Frei, Dirk

    2014-05-01

    In Central Zambia the Mwembeshi Zone (MwZ) separates two branches of the Late Neoproterozoic - Cambrian Pan-African Orogen: the NE-convex Lufilian Arc and the E-W trending Zambezi Belt whose distinct features emphasize the role of the zone as a regional structural and metamorphic boundary. North of the MwZ, the Hook Batholith was emplaced within the low metamorphic grade Neoproterozoic metasedimentary rocks, and represents the largest Pan-African intrusion in Southern Africa. The granitoids and their host-rocks were affected by two deformation events. During the D1 deformation of E-W shortening, two high-strained zones developed in the batholith. To the NE, the Nalusanga Zone (NZ) is a ~3 km wide NW-striking subvertical sinistral strike-slip shear zone. To the SW, a ~2.5 km wide N-S trending subvertical pure-shear Itezhi-Tezhi Zone (ITZ) formed. In both structures, the granitoids show a smooth transition from weakly deformed rocks to porphyroclastic mylonites. Microstructural analysis defined them as medium metamorphic grade zones, deforming the granitoids at temperatures between 500 and 550°C. The lower greenschist facies metamorphism in the country rocks indicates that the deformation occurred during the cooling of the granitoids. D1 in the metasedimentary rocks east of the Hook batholith formed tight, upright folds with subvertical axial-planar cleavage and NNW-SSE trending axis consistent with the E-W shortening. U-Pb zircon geochronology and cross-cutting relationships between granites bracket D1 deformation between 549 ± 2 Ma and 541 ± 3 Ma in the NZ and in the SE part of the batholith. In the ITZ, the 533 ± 3 Ma age on a deformed granite indicates prolonged E-W shortening during granite emplacement and cooling history. D2 represents a stage of N-S shortening. Airborne geophysical data revealed bending of the N-S trending ITZ and rotation to the east. The D1 structures in the granitoids are cut by D2 north-vergent thrusts and subvertical NW trending

  16. Continuous Estimates of Surface Density and Annual Snow Accumulation with Multi-Channel Snow/Firn Penetrating Radar in the Percolation Zone, Western Greenland Ice Sheet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meehan, T.; Marshall, H. P.; Bradford, J.; Hawley, R. L.; Osterberg, E. C.; McCarthy, F.; Lewis, G.; Graeter, K.

    2017-12-01

    A priority of ice sheet surface mass balance (SMB) prediction is ascertaining the surface density and annual snow accumulation. These forcing data can be supplied into firn compaction models and used to tune Regional Climate Models (RCM). RCMs do not accurately capture subtle changes in the snow accumulation gradient. Additionally, leading RCMs disagree among each other and with accumulation studies in regions of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) over large distances and temporal scales. RCMs tend to yield inconsistencies over GrIS because of sparse and outdated validation data in the reanalysis pool. Greenland Traverse for Accumulation and Climate Studies (GreenTrACS) implemented multi-channel 500 MHz Radar in multi-offset configuration throughout two traverse campaigns totaling greater than 3500 km along the western percolation zone of GrIS. The multi-channel radar has the capability of continuously estimating snow depth, average density, and annual snow accumulation, expressed at 95% confidence (+-) 0.15 m, (+-) 17 kgm-3, (+-) 0.04 m w.e. respectively, by examination of the primary reflection return from the previous year's summer surface.

  17. 77 FR 39633 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zones; Marine Events in Captain of the Port Sector Long...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-05

    ... displays and swim events. This action is necessary to provide for the safety of life on navigable waters... order to provide for the safety of life on navigable waterways during regattas, fireworks displays and... the following events: Davis Park Fireworks, Charles W. Morgan Anniversary Fireworks and Waves of Hope...

  18. 76 FR 53337 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zones; Marine Events in Captain of the Port Long Island Sound...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... action is necessary to provide for the safety of life on navigable waters during the events. Entry into... Waves of Hope Swim, Stonewall Swim, Hartford Dragon Boat Races and Kayak for a Cause have hundreds of... safety of life during this year's event. For the same reasons, under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard...

  19. 78 FR 36656 - Safety Zone; Coronado Fourth of July Fireworks, Glorietta Bay; Coronado, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Coronado Fourth of July Fireworks, Glorietta Bay; Coronado, CA AGENCY: Coast... zone upon the navigable waters of Glorietta Bay for the Coronado Fourth of July Fireworks on July 4... this annual event on the navigable waters of Glorietta Bay in support of a fireworks show sponsored by...

  20. International Observe the Moon Night: A Worldwide Public Observing Event that Annually Engages Scientists, Educators, and Citizen Enthusiasts in NASA Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buxner, S.; Jones, A. P.; Bleacher, L.; Wasser, M. L.; Day, B. H.; Shaner, A. J.; Bakerman, M. N.; Joseph, E.

    2017-12-01

    International Observe the Moon Night (InOMN) is an annual worldwide event, held in the fall, that celebrates lunar and planetary science and exploration. InOMN is sponsored by NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) in collaboration with NASA's Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI), the NASA's Heliophysics Education Consortium, CosmoQuest, Night Sky Network, and Science Festival Alliance. Other key partners include the NASA Museum Alliance, Night Sky Network, and NASA Solar System Ambassadors. In 2017, InOMN will bring together thousands of people across the globe to observe and learn about the Moon and its connection to planetary science. We are partnering with the NASA Science Mission Directorate total solar eclipse team to highlight InOMN as an opportunity to harness and sustain the interest and momentum in space science and observation following the August 21st eclipse. This is part of a new partnership with the Sun-Earth Day team, through the Heliophysics Education Consortium, to better connect the two largest NASA-sponsored public engagement events, increase participation in both events, and share best practices in implementation and evaluation between the teams. Over 3,800 InOMN events have been registered between 2010 and 2016, engaging over 550,000 visitors worldwide. Most InOMN events are held in the United States, with strong representation from many other countries. InOMN events are evaluated to determine the value of the events and to allow us to improve the experience for event hosts and visitors. Our results show that InOMN events are hosted by scientists, educators, and citizen enthusiasts around the world who leverage InOMN to bring communities together, get visitors excited and learn about the Moon - and beyond, and share resources to extend engagement in lunar and planetary science and observation. Through InOMN, we annually provide resources such as event-specific Moon maps, presentations, advertising materials, and

  1. 77 FR 72957 - Special Local Regulation; Southern California Annual Marine Events for the San Diego Captain of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ....1101 will be enforced on December 8, 2012 from 6 p.m. until 8 p.m. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If... CFR 100.1101 in support of the annual Mission Bay Parade of Lights (Item 6 on Table 1 of 33 CFR 100.1101). The Coast Guard will enforce the special local regulations in the main entrance of the channel...

  2. Active source monitoring at the Wenchuan fault zone: coseismic velocity change associated with aftershock event and its implication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Wei; Ge, Hongkui; Wang, Baoshan; Hu, Jiupeng; Yuan, Songyong; Qiao, Sen

    2014-12-01

    With the improvement of seismic observation system, more and more observations indicate that earthquakes may cause seismic velocity change. However, the amplitude and spatial distribution of the velocity variation remains a controversial issue. Recent active source monitoring carried out adjacent to Wenchuan Fault Scientific Drilling (WFSD) revealed unambiguous coseismic velocity change associated with a local M s5.5 earthquake. Here, we carry out forward modeling using two-dimensional spectral element method to further investigate the amplitude and spatial distribution of observed velocity change. The model is well constrained by results from seismic reflection and WFSD coring. Our model strongly suggests that the observed coseismic velocity change is localized within the fault zone with width of ~120 m rather than dynamic strong ground shaking. And a velocity decrease of ~2.0 % within the fault zone is required to fit the observed travel time delay distribution, which coincides with rock mechanical experiment and theoretical modeling.

  3. 33 CFR 165.171 - Safety Zones for fireworks displays and swim events held in Coast Guard Sector Northern New...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...′57″ W (NAD 83). 7.0 JULY 7.1Vinalhaven 4th of July Fireworks • Event Type: Fireworks Display. • Sponsor: Vinalhaven 4th of July Committee. • Date: One night event in July.* • Time (Approximate): 8:00 p... vicinity of Camden Harbor, Maine in approximate position: 44°12′32″ N, 069°02′58″ W (NAD 83). 7.4Bangor 4th...

  4. Geophysical-geological studies of possible extensions of the New Madrid Fault Zone. Annual report for 1983. Volume 2

    SciT

    Hinze, W.J.; Braile, L.W.; Keller, G.R.

    1985-04-01

    Recent geophysical investigations have shown that the seismicity of the New Madrid, Missouri seismogenic region is correlative with an ancient rift complex suggesting that the anomalous seismicity is the result of the localization of the regional compressive stress pattern by basement structures. Preliminary evidence indicates that this inferred basement rift complex extends beyond the immediate realm of the intense New Madrid region microseismicity. An integrated geophysical/geological research program is being conducted to evaluate the rift complex hypothesis as an explanation for the earthquake activity in the New Madrid area and its extensions, to refine our knowledge of the structure andmore » physical properties of the rift complex, and to investigate the possible northern extensions of the New Madrid Fault zone, especially the possible northeastern connection to the Anna, Ohio seismic region. Investigation of the northeast extension of the New Madrid Rift Complex into eastern Indiana, north of 39/sup 0/N latitude, has focused upon the acquisition and preparation of arrays of gravity and magnetic anomaly data sets. Another possible arm of the New Madrid Rift Complex, the St. Louis Arm, which extends northwesterly from southern Illinois along the Mississippi River to St. Louis, Missouri, is being studied by an integrated geophysical, seismicity and geological investigation. However, during 1983, special emphasis was placed upon integration of gravity and magnetic anomaly data from the Anna, Ohio seismogenic region with basement lithologic and seismicity information to investigate the possible relationship of basement geology to the seismicity of the Anna area. Interpretation of these data indicate the occurrence of several major lithologic/structural features in the crust of the Anna area. Current seismicity in this region appears to be related to an ancient rift structure and possibly its contact with a low density pluton. 18 refs., 37 figs.« less

  5. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Children enjoy displays of security equipment during Take Our Children to Work Day. Employees were invited to share their work experience with their children on this annual event.

    2003-07-24

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Children enjoy displays of security equipment during Take Our Children to Work Day. Employees were invited to share their work experience with their children on this annual event.

  6. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Children enjoy a hands-on display of security equipment during Take Our Children to Work Day. Employees were invited to share their work experience with their children on this annual event.

    2003-07-24

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Children enjoy a hands-on display of security equipment during Take Our Children to Work Day. Employees were invited to share their work experience with their children on this annual event.

  7. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Children enjoy displays of fire equipment during Take Our Children to Work Day. Employees were invited to share their work experience with their children on this annual event.

    2003-07-24

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Children enjoy displays of fire equipment during Take Our Children to Work Day. Employees were invited to share their work experience with their children on this annual event.

  8. 77 FR 66713 - Special Local Regulation; Southern California Annual Marine Events for the San Diego Captain of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... enforce the Special Local Regulations in 33 CFR 100.1101 from 7 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. on November 11, 2012 on....1101 will be enforced on November 11, 2012 from 7 a.m. until 11:30 a.m. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT... in 33 CFR 100.1101 on November 11, 2012 from 7 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. in support of the annual San Diego...

  9. 75 FR 32280 - Safety Zones; Marine Events Within the Captain of the Port Sector Northern New England Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    .... Sponsor: Maine Chapter, Multiple Sclerosis Society. Date: August 21, 2010. Time: 11 am to 2 pm. Location... Sailboat Race. Sponsor: Maine Chapter, Multiple Sclerosis Society. Date: August 21, 2010. Time: 10 am to 4... Tugboat Muster. Event Type: Power Boat Race. Sponsor: Maine Chapter, National Multiple Sclerosis Society...

  10. 75 FR 25766 - Safety Zones; Marine Events Within the Captain of the Port Sector Northern New England Area of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... events include sailing regattas, parades, power boat races, fireworks displays, and other vessel races... responsibility for regattas, power boat races, parades, and fireworks displays. This action is necessary to... radius around all participants in the Boothbay Harbor Lobster Boat Races in Boothbay Harbor, Maine to be...

  11. 77 FR 52604 - Special Local Regulations; Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port Long Island Sound

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... above. If the event is delayed by inclement weather, the regulation will be enforced on the rain date.... Fireworks. Rain Date: August 19, 2012. Location: Waters off Old Black Point Beach East Lyme, CT in... Island Park Labor Day Date: September 1, Celebration Fireworks. 2012. Rain Date: September 2, 2012...

  12. An Abrupt Centennial-Scale Drought Event and Mid-Holocene Climate Change Patterns in Monsoon Marginal Zones of East Asia

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yu; Wang, Nai'ang; Zhang, Chengqi

    2014-01-01

    The mid-latitudes of East Asia are characterized by the interaction between the Asian summer monsoon and the westerly winds. Understanding long-term climate change in the marginal regions of the Asian monsoon is critical for understanding the millennial-scale interactions between the Asian monsoon and the westerly winds. Abrupt climate events are always associated with changes in large-scale circulation patterns; therefore, investigations into abrupt climate changes provide clues for responses of circulation patterns to extreme climate events. In this paper, we examined the time scale and mid-Holocene climatic background of an abrupt dry mid-Holocene event in the Shiyang River drainage basin in the northwest margin of the Asian monsoon. Mid-Holocene lacustrine records were collected from the middle reaches and the terminal lake of the basin. Using radiocarbon and OSL ages, a centennial-scale drought event, which is characterized by a sand layer in lacustrine sediments both from the middle and lower reaches of the basin, was absolutely dated between 8.0–7.0 cal kyr BP. Grain size data suggest an abrupt decline in lake level and a dry environment in the middle reaches of the basin during the dry interval. Previous studies have shown mid-Holocene drought events in other places of monsoon marginal zones; however, their chronologies are not strong enough to study the mechanism. According to the absolutely dated records, we proposed a new hypothesis that the mid-Holocene dry interval can be related to the weakening Asian summer monsoon and the relatively arid environment in arid Central Asia. Furthermore, abrupt dry climatic events are directly linked to the basin-wide effective moisture change in semi-arid and arid regions. Effective moisture is affected by basin-wide precipitation, evapotranspiration, lake surface evaporation and other geographical settings. As a result, the time scales of the dry interval could vary according to locations due to different

  13. An abrupt centennial-scale drought event and mid-holocene climate change patterns in monsoon marginal zones of East Asia.

    PubMed

    Li, Yu; Wang, Nai'ang; Zhang, Chengqi

    2014-01-01

    The mid-latitudes of East Asia are characterized by the interaction between the Asian summer monsoon and the westerly winds. Understanding long-term climate change in the marginal regions of the Asian monsoon is critical for understanding the millennial-scale interactions between the Asian monsoon and the westerly winds. Abrupt climate events are always associated with changes in large-scale circulation patterns; therefore, investigations into abrupt climate changes provide clues for responses of circulation patterns to extreme climate events. In this paper, we examined the time scale and mid-Holocene climatic background of an abrupt dry mid-Holocene event in the Shiyang River drainage basin in the northwest margin of the Asian monsoon. Mid-Holocene lacustrine records were collected from the middle reaches and the terminal lake of the basin. Using radiocarbon and OSL ages, a centennial-scale drought event, which is characterized by a sand layer in lacustrine sediments both from the middle and lower reaches of the basin, was absolutely dated between 8.0-7.0 cal kyr BP. Grain size data suggest an abrupt decline in lake level and a dry environment in the middle reaches of the basin during the dry interval. Previous studies have shown mid-Holocene drought events in other places of monsoon marginal zones; however, their chronologies are not strong enough to study the mechanism. According to the absolutely dated records, we proposed a new hypothesis that the mid-Holocene dry interval can be related to the weakening Asian summer monsoon and the relatively arid environment in arid Central Asia. Furthermore, abrupt dry climatic events are directly linked to the basin-wide effective moisture change in semi-arid and arid regions. Effective moisture is affected by basin-wide precipitation, evapotranspiration, lake surface evaporation and other geographical settings. As a result, the time scales of the dry interval could vary according to locations due to different geographical

  14. Velocity Field of the McMurdo Shear Zone from Annual Three-Dimensional Ground Penetrating Radar Imaging and Crevasse Matching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ray, L.; Jordan, M.; Arcone, S. A.; Kaluzienski, L. M.; Koons, P. O.; Lever, J.; Walker, B.; Hamilton, G. S.

    2017-12-01

    The McMurdo Shear Zone (MSZ) is a narrow, intensely crevassed strip tens of km long separating the Ross and McMurdo ice shelves (RIS and MIS) and an important pinning feature for the RIS. We derive local velocity fields within the MSZ from two consecutive annual ground penetrating radar (GPR) datasets that reveal complex firn and marine ice crevassing; no englacial features are evident. The datasets were acquired in 2014 and 2015 using robot-towed 400 MHz and 200 MHz GPR over a 5 km x 5.7 km grid. 100 west-to-east transects at 50 m spacing provide three-dimensional maps that reveal the length of many firn crevasses, and their year-to-year structural evolution. Hand labeling of crevasse cross sections near the MSZ western and eastern boundaries reveal matching firn and marine ice crevasses, and more complex and chaotic features between these boundaries. By matching crevasse features from year to year both on the eastern and western boundaries and within the chaotic region, marine ice crevasses along the western and eastern boundaries are shown to align directly with firn crevasses, and the local velocity field is estimated and compared with data from strain rate surveys and remote sensing. While remote sensing provides global velocity fields, crevasse matching indicates greater local complexity attributed to faulting, folding, and rotation.

  15. Observation of impulsive acoustic events and the excitation of solar oscillations. Annual report, 1 November 1991-31 October 1992

    SciT

    Restaino, S.R.; Stebbins, R.T.; Goode, P.R.

    1992-12-04

    The five-minute solar oscillation has been exploited in numerous seismic studies in which internal properties of the Sun have been inferred. It is generally regarded that these modes are excited by turbulent convection in the Sun's outermost layers. We observe the oscillatory wakes caused by impulsive events, matching those described by Lamb (1909). These correspond to the events modeled by Goode, et al., which they associate with excitation of the global five-minute oscillations.... Sun: Oscillations, Sun: Atmospheric motions, Sun: Atmosphere.

  16. Systematic detection of long-term slow slip events along Hyuga-nada to central Shikoku, Nankai subduction zone, using GNSS data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takagi, R.; Obara, K.; Uchida, N.

    2017-12-01

    Understanding slow earthquake activity improves our knowledge of slip behavior in brittle-ductile transition zone and subduction process including megathrust earthquakes. In order to understand overall picture of slow slip activity, it is important to make a comprehensive catalog of slow slip events (SSEs). Although short-term SSEs have been detected by GNSS and tilt meter records systematically, analysis of long-term slow slip events relies on individual slip inversions. We develop an algorism to systematically detect long-term SSEs and estimate source parameters of the SSEs using GNSS data. The algorism is similar to GRiD-MT (Tsuruoka et al., 2009), which is grid-based automatic determination of moment tensor solution. Instead of moment tensor fitting to long period seismic records, we estimate parameters of a single rectangle fault to fit GNSS displacement time series. First, we make a two dimensional grid covering possible location of SSE. Second, we estimate best-fit parameters (length, width, slip, and rake) of the rectangle fault at each grid point by an iterative damped least square method. Depth, strike, and dip are fixed on the plate boundary. Ramp function with duration of 300 days is used for expressing time evolution of the fault slip. Third, a grid maximizing variance reduction is selected as a candidate of long-term SSE. We also search onset of ramp function based on the grid search. We applied the method to GNSS data in southwest Japan to detect long-term SSEs in Nankai subduction zone. With current selection criteria, we found 13 events with Mw6.2-6.9 in Hyuga-nada, Bungo channel, and central Shikoku from 1998 to 2015, which include unreported events. Key finding is along strike migrations of long-term SSEs from Hyuga-nada to Bungo channel and from Bungo channel to central Shikoku. In particular, three successive events migrating northward in Hyuga-nada preceded the 2003 Bungo channel SSE, and one event in central Shikoku followed the 2003 SSE in

  17. 75 FR 39197 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Display, Portland, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Fireworks Display, Portland, OR AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed..., and the shoreline to the east and west in support of the Oregon Symphony Celebration Fireworks Display... Register. Basis and Purpose The Oregon Symphony Celebration Fireworks display is an annual event. The...

  18. 77 FR 31188 - Special Local Regulations; Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port Long Island Sound

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ...'' N 072[deg]5'42.89'' W (NAD 83). 1.2 Great Connecticut River Raft Race, Event type: Boat Race... and Portland Shoals (Marker no. 92) 41[deg]33'46.828'' N 072[deg]38'42.176'' W (NAD 83). [[Page 31189..., Branford, CT in approximate position, 41[deg]15'30'' N, 072[deg]49'22'' W (NAD 83). 6.3 Vietnam Veterans...

  19. 33 CFR 165.171 - Safety Zones for fireworks displays and swim events held in Coast Guard Sector Northern New...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., 069°37′57″ W (NAD 83). 7.0 JULY 7.1Vinalhaven 4th of July Fireworks • Event Type: Firework Display.• Sponsor: Vinalhaven 4th of July Committee. • Date: First Saturday in July. The specific calendar date will... Harbor, Maine in approximate position: 44°12′32″ N, 069°02′58″ W (NAD 83). 7.4Bangor 4th of July...

  20. 33 CFR 165.171 - Safety Zones for fireworks displays and swim events held in Coast Guard Sector Northern New...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., 069°37′57″ W (NAD 83). 7.0 JULY 7.1Vinalhaven 4th of July Fireworks • Event Type: Firework Display.• Sponsor: Vinalhaven 4th of July Committee. • Date: First Saturday in July. The specific calendar date will... Harbor, Maine in approximate position: 44°12′32″ N, 069°02′58″ W (NAD 83). 7.4Bangor 4th of July...

  1. 33 CFR 165.1124 - Annual Firework Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, Arizona) and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... Two events over the 4th of July Weekend. One will be on the 4th and the other will be on a weekend evening closest to the 4th of July. Date First week in July. Location Laughlin, NV./Bullhead City, AZ...

  2. 77 FR 23119 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Dauphin Island Race; Mobile Bay; Mobile, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Dauphin Island Race; Mobile Bay; Mobile, AL AGENCY... Special Local Regulations for the Dauphin Island Race in the Mobile Bay, Mobile, AL from 9 a.m. until 5 p..., including all crews, vessels, and persons on navigable waters during the Dauphin Island Race. During the...

  3. 77 FR 23119 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Smoking the Sound; Biloxi Ship Channel...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Smoking the Sound; Biloxi Ship Channel; Biloxi, MS... enforce Special Local Regulations for the Smoking the Sound boat races in the Biloxi Ship Channel, Biloxi... during the Smoking the Sound boat races. During the enforcement period, entry into, transiting or...

  4. An annually resolved marine proxy record for the 8.2K cold event from the northern North Sea based on bivalve shells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Butler, Paul; Estrella-Martínez, Juan; Scourse, James

    2017-04-01

    The so-called 8.2K cold event is a rapid cooling of about 6° +/- 2° recorded in the Greenland ice core record and thought to be a consequence of a freshwater pulse from the Laurentide ice sheet which reduced deepwater formation in the North Atlantic. In the Greenland ice cores the event is characterized by a maximum extent of 159 years and a central event lasting for 70 years. As discussed by Thomas et al (QSR, 2007), the low resolution and dating uncertainty of much palaeoclimate data makes it difficult to determine the rates of change and causal sequence that characterise the event at different locations. We present here a bivalve shell chronology based on four shells of Arctica islandica from the northern North Sea which (within radiocarbon uncertainty) is coeval with the 8.2K event recorded in the Greenland ice cores. The years of death of each shell based on radiocarbon analysis and crossmatching are 8094, 8134, 8147, and 8208 yrs BP (where "present" = AD 1950), with an associated radiocarbon uncertainty of +/-80 yrs, and their longevities are 106, 122, 112 and 79 years respectively. The total length of the chronology is 192 years (8286 - 8094 BP +/- 80 yrs). The most noticeable feature of the chronology is an 60-year period of increasing growth which may correspond to a similar period of decreasing ice accumulation in the GRIP (central Greenland) ice core record. We tentatively suggest that this reflects increasing food supply to the benthos as summer stratification is weakened by colder seawater temperatures. Stable isotope analyses (results expected to be available when this abstract is presented), will show changes at annual and seasonal resolution, potentially giving a very detailed insight into the causal factors associated with the 8.2K event and its impact in the northern North Sea.

  5. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. 1978 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.

    Social, political, and economic advances in Micronesia during fiscal year 1978 are highlighted in this annual report to the United States Secretary of the Interior. Introductory chapters summarize the year's achievements and present major events in chronological order. Items include creation of a 200-mile fishery zone for Micronesia and provision…

  6. Effects of a significant New Madrid Seismic Zone event on oil and natural gas pipelines and their cascading effects to critical infrastructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fields, Damon E.

    Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) is a construct that relates preparedness and responsiveness to natural or man-made disasters that involve vulnerable assets deemed essential for the functioning of our economy and society. Infrastructure systems (power grids, bridges, airports, etc.) are vulnerable to disastrous types of events--natural or man-made. Failures of these systems can have devastating effects on communities and entire regions. CIP relates our willingness, ability, and capability to defend, mitigate, and re-constitute those assets that succumb to disasters affecting one or more infrastructure sectors. This qualitative research utilized ethnography and employed interviews with subject matter experts (SMEs) from various fields of study regarding CIP with respect to oil and natural gas pipelines in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The study focused on the research question: What can be done to mitigate vulnerabilities in the oil and natural gas infrastructures, along with the potential cascading effects to interdependent systems, associated with a New Madrid fault event? The researcher also analyzed National Level Exercises (NLE) and real world events, and associated After Action Reports (AAR) and Lessons Learned (LL) in order to place a holistic lens across all infrastructures and their dependencies and interdependencies. Three main themes related to the research question emerged: (a) preparedness, (b) mitigation, and (c) impacts. These themes comprised several dimensions: (a) redundancy, (b) node hardening, (c) education, (d) infrastructure damage, (e) cascading effects, (f) interdependencies, (g) exercises, and (h) earthquake readiness. As themes and dimensions are analyzed, they are considered against findings in AARs and LL from previous real world events and large scale exercise events for validation or rejection.

  7. Importance of photoperiods in determining temporal pattern of annual testicular events in rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri).

    PubMed

    Maitra, S K; Dey, M

    1992-01-01

    Male rose-ringed parakeets (Psittacula krameri) were transferred to a long photoperiod (LP; LD 16:8) or a short photoperiod (SP; LD 8:16) for 45 or 90 days on four dates corresponding to the beginnings of different reproductive phases in an annual testicular cycle, and testicular responsiveness was evaluated by comparison with the testicular volume, weight, seminiferous tubular diameter, and germ cell profiles of birds in a natural photoperiod (NP). Exposure of birds to LP during the progressive phase (November) led to precocious maturation of testes after 45 days, but induced regression at 90 days. After showing retarded gametogenic functions at 45 days, parallel (November) SP birds exhibited an accelerated rate of germ cell formation at day 90. During the prebreeding phase (January), there were no remarkable differences in any features of testes among NP. LP, and SP birds at 45 days, but gonadal involution in LP parakeets and active spermatogenesis in SP birds occurred after 90 days. The testes did not show any response to LP or SP for 45 and 90 days when the birds were transferred to altered photoperiods during the breeding (March) and preparatory (June) phases, indicating that the parakeets were photorefractory for at least 6 months (March through September). The results also suggest that initiation and termination of seasonal gametogenic activity in parakeets are possibly functions of endogenous rhythmicity or extraphotoperiodic environmental factors. Duration of light may have certain influences on the attainment of annual peak in spermatogenesis, but in all probability the species has a low photoperiod threshold for induction of testicular growth.

  8. 77 FR 22218 - Safety Zone; Temporary Change for Air and Water Shows Within the Captain of the Port Lake...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-13

    ...), (ttt), and (uuu) to read as follows: Sec. 165.929 Safety Zones; Annual events requiring safety zones in... date and time. August 15, 2012 from 12 p.m. to 3 p.m.; August 17-19, 2012, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. (uuu...

  9. A cathodoluminescence study on zircons with a complex thermal history traces back Permian crustal events in the Ivrea Zone (South Alpine, Northern Italy)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peressini, G.; Poller, U.

    2003-04-01

    In the context of a U-Pb SHRIMP data-set, a cathodoluminescence (CL) study has been performed on zircons from the Ivrea-Verbano Zone; this is a tectonically bounded section of intermediate to deep crust, tilted and obducted in Alpine time, in which a large deep-crustal intrusion of mantle origin, the Mafic Complex (MC), was emplaced in the Early Permian. Zircons from 16 samples from the different units of the MC have been studied using CL. Three samples collected from the Paragneiss Bearing Belt (PBB) yield some partially reset spot-ages, reflecting the field observation that country rock slabs are frequent in that area. On the other side, unlike in zircons from granites, the cores are invisible under CL-imaging, and this makes the U-Pb spot-age results unpredictable, with a continuous range of ages in the same sample, spanning for an interval of over 35 Ma, followed by some much older peaks, up to 600 Ma. A fourth sample, collected 2 km far, but still within the PBB, defines instead a unique, well-defined age at 287±3 Ma, with no older peaks, its zircons showing a CL pattern typical for metamorphic grains. A different case is displayed by a sample collected from the deeper Amphibole Gabbro unit: each single grain records a complex story of magmatic growth with variable diffusivity conditions. All of them show a second major overprint, that lead to both (re)crystallization and resorption, always corresponding to much lower U and Th contents, with no sensible modification of the Th-U ratio. The age of the second event, though, is not distinguishable from that of first crystallization of the grains, and has not been at such a temperature as to obliterate the fine zoning pattern of the primary grain. The CL patterns of each single grain, composed of different domains, allow considerations on the environmental conditions of growth and (re)crystallization. CL is a very powerful tool itself, revealing crystal-chemical processes. The integration of the CL-study with the

  10. Sequence of slow slip events and low frequency earthquakes in the shallow part of the Nankai Trough seismogenic zone observed by seafloor observation network.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Araki, E.; Saffer, D. M.; Kopf, A.; To, A.; Ide, S.; Nakano, M.; Kimura, T.; Machida, Y.

    2016-12-01

    Seismic behavior of the thrust zone in trench side of the seismically coupled plate interface in the Nankai Trough is poorly understood because shore based seismic and geodetic observation does not have enough sensitivity to detect slow activity in the area. In these years, we constructed dense seafloor observation network in combination with pore-fluid pressure, strain, and seismic sensing in IODP deep boreholes (C0002G and C0010A) and 20+ seafloor broadband seismometers cabled to the observation network called DONET for long-term continuous observation in the To-Nankai area of the Nankai Trough, south of Japan. Analysis of the seismic records from DONET seafloor seismometer and pore-fluid pressure records from the boreholes in the period from Jan. 2011 to Apr. 2016 revealed the activities of the slow slip events (SSE), low frequency tremor (LFT), and very low frequency earthquakes (VLFE) in the observation network, detecting seven sequence of pore-fluid pressure transients in these boreholes representing SSEs and many LFT and VLFEs from seismic records. Some of the SSE sequence accompanies active LFT swarms in the regions offshore of the locked seismogenic zone. Some of the pressure transient initiate precedent to the LFT swarms, as well as some does not accompany obvious LFT activity, as if the SSE occurs "silently", suggesting LFT does not express SSE but LFT seems activated by the SSE. This is also supported by change of SSE pressure transient rate in accordance with LFT activity, observed in sequences in Mar. 2011, Oct. 2015, and April 2016. In the Oct. 2015 sequence, observed pressure transient in two boreholes indicates the slip propagates updip in the shallow subduction zone. In many sequences including this sequence, we ientify that the LFT swarm tends to migrate updip direction. The pressure transient in Apr. 2016 also followed this tendency, initiating from co-seismic compression by Apr. 1 earthquake occurred downdip side of the boreholes, followed by

  11. Impacts of droughts and extreme-temperature events on gross primary production and ecosystem respiration: a systematic assessment across ecosystems and climate zones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Buttlar, Jannis; Zscheischler, Jakob; Rammig, Anja; Sippel, Sebastian; Reichstein, Markus; Knohl, Alexander; Jung, Martin; Menzer, Olaf; Altaf Arain, M.; Buchmann, Nina; Cescatti, Alessandro; Gianelle, Damiano; Kiely, Gerard; Law, Beverly E.; Magliulo, Vincenzo; Margolis, Hank; McCaughey, Harry; Merbold, Lutz; Migliavacca, Mirco; Montagnani, Leonardo; Oechel, Walter; Pavelka, Marian; Peichl, Matthias; Rambal, Serge; Raschi, Antonio; Scott, Russell L.; Vaccari, Francesco P.; van Gorsel, Eva; Varlagin, Andrej; Wohlfahrt, Georg; Mahecha, Miguel D.

    2018-03-01

    Extreme climatic events, such as droughts and heat stress, induce anomalies in ecosystem-atmosphere CO2 fluxes, such as gross primary production (GPP) and ecosystem respiration (Reco), and, hence, can change the net ecosystem carbon balance. However, despite our increasing understanding of the underlying mechanisms, the magnitudes of the impacts of different types of extremes on GPP and Reco within and between ecosystems remain poorly predicted. Here we aim to identify the major factors controlling the amplitude of extreme-event impacts on GPP, Reco, and the resulting net ecosystem production (NEP). We focus on the impacts of heat and drought and their combination. We identified hydrometeorological extreme events in consistently downscaled water availability and temperature measurements over a 30-year time period. We then used FLUXNET eddy covariance flux measurements to estimate the CO2 flux anomalies during these extreme events across dominant vegetation types and climate zones. Overall, our results indicate that short-term heat extremes increased respiration more strongly than they downregulated GPP, resulting in a moderate reduction in the ecosystem's carbon sink potential. In the absence of heat stress, droughts tended to have smaller and similarly dampening effects on both GPP and Reco and, hence, often resulted in neutral NEP responses. The combination of drought and heat typically led to a strong decrease in GPP, whereas heat and drought impacts on respiration partially offset each other. Taken together, compound heat and drought events led to the strongest C sink reduction compared to any single-factor extreme. A key insight of this paper, however, is that duration matters most: for heat stress during droughts, the magnitude of impacts systematically increased with duration, whereas under heat stress without drought, the response of Reco over time turned from an initial increase to a downregulation after about 2 weeks. This confirms earlier theories that

  12. 76 FR 55561 - Special Local Regulations for Marine Events; Temporary Change of Dates for Recurring Marine...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-08

    ... Wrightsville Channel during the swimming portion of this event. DATES: This rule is effective on September 17... bike-riding portion, and a swimming portion. The swimming portion of the Triathlon takes place in the... safety zone for the swimming portion of the Triathlon. The listing of annual recurring marine events...

  13. The Influences of Drought and Land-Cover Conversion on Inter-Annual Variation of NPP in the Three-North Shelterbelt Program Zone of China Based on MODIS Data

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Chaoyang; Zhang, Bing; Huete, Alfredo; Zhang, Xiaoyang; Sun, Rui; Lei, Liping; Huang, Wenjing; Liu, Liangyun; Liu, Xinjie; Li, Jun; Luo, Shezhou; Fang, Bin

    2016-01-01

    Terrestrial ecosystems greatly contribute to carbon (C) emission reduction targets through photosynthetic C uptake.Net primary production (NPP) represents the amount of atmospheric C fixed by plants and accumulated as biomass. The Three-North Shelterbelt Program (TNSP) zone accounts for more than 40% of China’s landmass. This zone has been the scene of several large-scale ecological restoration efforts since the late 1990s, and has witnessed significant changes in climate and human activities.Assessing the relative roles of different causal factors on NPP variability in TNSP zone is very important for establishing reasonable local policies to realize the emission reduction targets for central government. In this study, we examined the relative roles of drought and land cover conversion(LCC) on inter-annual changes of TNSP zone for 2001–2010. We applied integrated correlation and decomposition analyses to a Standardized Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) and MODIS land cover dataset. Our results show that the 10-year average NPP within this region was about 420 Tg C. We found that about 60% of total annual NPP over the study area was significantly correlated with SPEI (p<0.05). The LCC-NPP relationship, which is especially evident for forests in the south-central area, indicates that ecological programs have a positive impact on C sequestration in the TNSP zone. Decomposition analysis generally indicated that the contributions of LCC, drought, and other Natural or Anthropogenic activities (ONA) to changes in NPP generally had a consistent distribution pattern for consecutive years. Drought and ONA contributed about 74% and 23% to the total changes in NPP, respectively, and the remaining 3% was attributed to LCC. Our results highlight the importance of rainfall supply on NPP variability in the TNSP zone. PMID:27348303

  14. No evidence of the effect of extreme weather events on annual occurrence of four groups of ectothermic species.

    PubMed

    Malinowska, Agnieszka H; van Strien, Arco J; Verboom, Jana; WallisdeVries, Michiel F; Opdam, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Weather extremes may have strong effects on biodiversity, as known from theoretical and modelling studies. Predicted negative effects of increased weather variation are found only for a few species, mostly plants and birds in empirical studies. Therefore, we investigated correlations between weather variability and patterns in occupancy, local colonisations and local extinctions (metapopulation metrics) across four groups of ectotherms: Odonata, Orthoptera, Lepidoptera, and Reptilia. We analysed data of 134 species on a 1×1 km-grid base, collected in the last 20 years from the Netherlands, combining standardised data and opportunistic data. We applied dynamic site-occupancy models and used the results as input for analyses of (i) trends in distribution patterns, (ii) the effect of temperature on colonisation and persistence probability, and (iii) the effect of years with extreme weather on all the three metapopulation metrics. All groups, except butterflies, showed more positive than negative trends in metapopulation metrics. We did not find evidence that the probability of colonisation or persistence increases with temperature nor that extreme weather events are reflected in higher extinction risks. We could not prove that weather extremes have visible and consistent negative effects on ectothermic species in temperate northern hemisphere. These findings do not confirm the general prediction that increased weather variability imperils biodiversity. We conclude that weather extremes might not be ecologically relevant for the majority of species. Populations might be buffered against weather variation (e.g. by habitat heterogeneity), or other factors might be masking the effects (e.g. availability and quality of habitat). Consequently, we postulate that weather extremes have less, or different, impact in real world metapopulations than theory and models suggest.

  15. No Evidence of the Effect of Extreme Weather Events on Annual Occurrence of Four Groups of Ectothermic Species

    PubMed Central

    Malinowska, Agnieszka H.; van Strien, Arco J.; Verboom, Jana; WallisdeVries, Michiel F.; Opdam, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Weather extremes may have strong effects on biodiversity, as known from theoretical and modelling studies. Predicted negative effects of increased weather variation are found only for a few species, mostly plants and birds in empirical studies. Therefore, we investigated correlations between weather variability and patterns in occupancy, local colonisations and local extinctions (metapopulation metrics) across four groups of ectotherms: Odonata, Orthoptera, Lepidoptera, and Reptilia. We analysed data of 134 species on a 1×1 km-grid base, collected in the last 20 years from the Netherlands, combining standardised data and opportunistic data. We applied dynamic site-occupancy models and used the results as input for analyses of (i) trends in distribution patterns, (ii) the effect of temperature on colonisation and persistence probability, and (iii) the effect of years with extreme weather on all the three metapopulation metrics. All groups, except butterflies, showed more positive than negative trends in metapopulation metrics. We did not find evidence that the probability of colonisation or persistence increases with temperature nor that extreme weather events are reflected in higher extinction risks. We could not prove that weather extremes have visible and consistent negative effects on ectothermic species in temperate northern hemisphere. These findings do not confirm the general prediction that increased weather variability imperils biodiversity. We conclude that weather extremes might not be ecologically relevant for the majority of species. Populations might be buffered against weather variation (e.g. by habitat heterogeneity), or other factors might be masking the effects (e.g. availability and quality of habitat). Consequently, we postulate that weather extremes have less, or different, impact in real world metapopulations than theory and models suggest. PMID:25330414

  16. K-Ar constraints on fluid-rock interaction and dissolution-precipitation events within the actively creeping shear zones from SAFOD cores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ali, S.; Hemming, S. R.; Torgersen, T.; Fleisher, M. Q.; Cox, S. E.; Stute, M.

    2009-12-01

    The San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) was drilled to study the physical and chemical processes responsible for faulting and earthquake generation along an active, plate-bounding fault at depth. SAFOD drill cores show multiple zones of alteration and deformation due to fluid-rock interaction in the fault rocks(Schleicher et al. 2008). In context of fluid studies in the SAFZ, noble gas and potassium measurements were performed on solid samples of sedimentary rocks obtained from drill cores across the fault (3050-4000m-MD). We used a combination of 40Ar/39Ar and K-Ar methods on crushed samples of mudrock with variable amounts of visible slickensides to constrain the degree of resetting of the K-Ar system across the San Andreas Fault zone. 40Ar/39Ar was analyzed from small fragments (sand sized grains) while K-Ar was measured in crushed bulk rock samples (100-250 mg for Ar, and 5-10 mg for K analyses). The apparent 40Ar/39Ar ages based on single step laser fusion of small fragments corresponding to the detrital component in the coarse fraction, show varying ages ranging from the provenance age to <13Ma. Although more data are needed to make detailed comparisons, the apparent K-Ar ages of bulk samples in the fault zone are biased toward authigenic materials contained in the fine fraction, similar to the 40Ar/39Ar ages reported for mineralogical separates from very fine size fractions of samples obtained from 3065.98m-MD and 3294.89m-MD (Schleicher et al., submitted to Geology). The small samples measured for 40Ar/39Ar show scatter in the apparent ages, generally bracketing the bulk ages. However they are picked from sieved portions of the samples, and it is likely that there may be a loss of the younger (finer) material. Detrital provenance ages appear to be 50-60Ma in the Pacific Plate, and 100Ma in the North American Plate. 40Ar/39Ar ages within the SAFZ, as defined by geophysical logs (3200-3400m MD), are dominated by apparent detrital ages of ˜100Ma

  17. Effect of climate, intra and inter-annual variability, on nutrients emission (C,N, P) in stream water: lessons from an agricultural long term observatory of the temperate zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gascuel-Odoux, Chantal; Remi, Dupas; Patrick, Durand; Ophélie, Fovet; Gerard, Gruau; Anne, Jaffrezic; Guillaume, Humbert; Philippe, Merot; Gu, Sen

    2016-04-01

    Agriculture greatly contributes to modify C, N and P cycles, particularly in animal breeding regions due to high inputs. Climatic conditions, intra and inter-annual variabilities, modify nutrient stream water emissions, acting in time on transfer and transformation, accumulation and mobilization processes, connecting and disconnecting in time different compartments (soil, riparian areas, groundwater). In agricultural catchments, nutrient perturbations are dominated by agricultural land use, and decoupling human activities and climate effects is far from easy. Climate change generally appears as a secondary driver compared to land use. If studied, generally only one nutrient is considered. Only long term, high frequency and multiple element data series can decouple these two drivers. The Kervidy-Naizin watershed belongs to the AgrHyS environmental research observatory (http://www6.inra.fr/ore_agrhys_eng), itself included in RBV (French catchment network of the CZO). On this catchment, 6 years of daily data on DOC, NO3, SRP, TP concentrations allow us to analyze the effect of seasonal and inter-annual climatic variabilities on water quality (C, N, P). Different papers have been published on the effect of climate on nitrate (Molenat et al, 2008), SRP and TP (Dupas et al, 2015) and DOC (Humbert et al, 2015). We will present first results comparing the effect of climate on these three major solute forms of C, N and P. While C and P dynamics are very close and controlled by fluctuation of water table downslope, i.e. in riparian areas, mobilizing C and P in time, nitrate dynamics is controlled by GW dynamics upslope acting as the major N reservoir. As example, the dryness conditions in summer appears a key factor of the C and P emissions in autumn. All the three solute forms interact when anoxic conditions are observed in riparian zones. These basic processes explain how climatic variability can influence and explain interactions between C, N and P emissions in stream

  18. Strengthening of the Eastern Tropical North Pacific Oxygen Minimum Zone during Marine Isotope Stage 3 despite the intensification of Dansgaard-Oeschger and Heinrich events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choumiline, K.; Lyons, T. W.; Carriquiry, J. D.; Perez-Cruz, L. L.; Raiswell, R.; Beaufort, L.; Rafter, P. A.

    2017-12-01

    The Eastern Tropical North Pacific (ETNP) is sensitive to climatic changes that either strengthen or weaken the Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ). Paleoproxy and model evidence indicate that the shifts from cold stadials (LGM, MIS4) to warm interstadials are often accompanied by sudden sea level rise, intensification of marine productivity and enhanced oceanic anoxia. These intermediate states remain enigmatic, especially with overimposed Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) oscillations and Heinrich events. We present a high-resolution reconstruction of productivity (Corg, P, Cd, Ni, Ba) and redox (Fe/Al, FeHR/FeT, Mo, V, U) of the ETNP over the last glacial period with special emphasis on the MIS3 transition (roughly 30-60 kyr BP). We found that the OMZ was profoundly anoxic throughout that interval, based on marine sedimentary paleoproxy records. Our spatiotemporal reconstruction shows that the geographic extent of enhanced deoxygenation during the MIS3 not only encompassed the Gulf of California (Alfonso, La Paz and Guaymas Basin), Pacific margin off Mazatlan and Baja California (Soledad Basin), but also California (Santa Barbara Basin) and western Canadian margins. The OMZ achieved its peak strength during 45-60 kyr BP exposed by the highest Mo (35 mg/kg), V (120 mg/kg) and U (13 mg/kg) values, and then commenced weakening and contracting onto the LGM. Marine productivity was also reportedly high during the MIS3, mostly mirroring the redox signals. In contrast, MIS4 and LGM were well-oxygenated and depleted in redox proxies (as low as 4 mg/kg of Mo, 60 mg/kg of V and 4 mg/kg of U). Despite of enhanced anoxia or even euxinia during the MIS3, the effect of cold D-O and Heinrich events was unmistakable. Most of these perturbations corresponded to low export production (low Corg, P, Cd/Al, Ni/Al and Ba/Al) and good ventilation of the ETNP. The recoveries after these events were relatively quick and anoxic conditions were re-established within hundreds of years. As of now, there is no

  19. CL-imaging and ion microprobe dating of single zircons from a high-grade rock from the Central Zone, Limpopo Belt, South Africa: Evidence for a single metamorphic event at ˜2.0 Ga

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mouri, H.; Brandl, G.; Whitehouse, M.; de Waal, S.; Guiraud, M.

    2008-02-01

    The combination of ion microprobe dating and cathodoluminescence (CL) imaging of zircons from a high-grade rock from the Central Zone of the Limpopo Belt were used to constrain the age of metamorphic events in the area. Zircon grains extracted from an orthopyroxene-gedrite-bearing granulite were prepared for single crystal CL-imaging and ion microprobe dating. The grains display complex zoning when using SEM-based CL-imaging. A common feature in most grains is the presence of a distinct core with a broken oscillatory zoned structure, which clearly appears to be the remnant of an original grain of igneous origin. This core is overgrown by an unzoned thin rim measuring about 10-30 μm in diameter, which is considered as new zircon growth during a single metamorphic event. Selected domains of the zircon grains were analysed for U, Pb and Th isotopic composition using a CAMECA IMS 1270 ion microprobe (Nordsim facility). Most of the grains define a near-concordant cluster with some evidence of Pb loss. The most concordant ages of the cores yielded a weighted mean 207Pb/ 206Pb age of 2689 ± 15 (2 σ) Ma, interpreted as the age of the protolith of an igneous origin. The unzoned overgrowths of the zircon grains yielded a considerably younger weighted mean 207Pb/ 206Pb age of ˜2006.5 ± 8.0 Ma (2 σ), and these data are interpreted to reflect closely the age of the ubiquitous high-grade metamorphic event in the Central Zone. This study shows clearly, based on both the internal structure of the zircons and the data obtained by ion microprobe dating, that only a single metamorphic event is recorded by the studied 2.69 Ga old rocks, and we found no evidence of an earlier metamorphic event at ˜2.5 Ga as postulated earlier by some workers.

  20. 33 CFR 165.1125 - Southern California Annual Firework Events for the Los Angeles Long Beach Captain of the Port zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Display. Date July 4th. Location Shamel Beach, Cambria, CA. Regulated Area 100-foot radius around the... radius upon commencement of the fireworks display. 2. LA County Dept of Beach and Harbors 4th of July.... Date July 4th. Location Main Ship Channel of Marina Del Rey, CA. Regulated Area 100-foot radius around...

  1. 33 CFR 165.1125 - Southern California Annual Firework Events for the Los Angeles Long Beach Captain of the Port zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Display. Date July 4th. Location Shamel Beach, Cambria, CA. Regulated Area 100-foot radius around the... radius upon commencement of the fireworks display. 2. LA County Dept of Beach and Harbors 4th of July.... Date July 4th. Location Main Ship Channel of Marina Del Rey, CA. Regulated Area 100-foot radius around...

  2. 33 CFR 165.1125 - Southern California Annual Firework Events for the Los Angeles Long Beach Captain of the Port zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Display. Date July 4th. Location Shamel Beach, Cambria, CA. Regulated Area 100-foot radius around the... radius upon commencement of the fireworks display. 2. LA County Dept of Beach and Harbors 4th of July.... Date July 4th. Location Main Ship Channel of Marina Del Rey, CA. Regulated Area 100-foot radius around...

  3. Sm-Nd dating of multiple garnet growth events in an arc-continent collision zone, northwestern U.S. Cordillera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Getty, Stephen R.; Selverstone, Jane; Wernicke, Brian P.; Jacobsen, Stein B.; Aliberti, Elaine; Lux, Daniel R.

    1993-03-01

    Integrated petrologic and Sm-Nd isotopic studies in garnet amphibolites along the Salmon River suture zone, western Idaho, delineate two periods of amphibolite grade metamorphism separated by at least 16 million years. In one amphibolite, P-T studies indicate a single stage of metamorphism with final equilibration at ˜600°C and 8 9 kbar. The Sm-Nd isotopic compositions of plagioclase, apatite, hornblende, and garnet define a precise, 8-point isochron of 128±3 Ma (MSWD=1.2) interpreted as mineral growth at the metamorphic peak. A40Ar/39Ar age for this hornblende indicates cooling through ˜525°C at 119±2 Ma. In a nearby amphibolite, garnets with a two-stage growth history consist of inclusion-rich cores surrounded by discontinuous, inclusion-free overgrowths. Temporal constraints for core and overgrowth development were derived from Sm-Nd garnet — whole rock pairs in which the garnet fractions consist of varying proportions of inclusion-free to inclusion-bearing fragments. Three garnet fractions with apparent “ages” of 144, 141, and 136 Ma are thought to represent mixtures between late Jurassic (pre-144 Ma) inherited radiogenic components preserved within garnet cores and early Cretaceous (˜128 Ma) garnet overgrowths. These observations confirm the resilience of garnet to diffusive exchange of trace elements during polymetamorphism at amphibolite facies conditions. Our geochronologic results show that metamorphism of arc-derived rocks in western Idaho was episodic and significantly older than in arc rocks along the eastern margin of the Wrangellian Superterrane in British Columbia and Alaska. The pre-144 Ma event may be an expression of the late Jurassic amalgamation of marginal oceanic arc-related terranes (e.g., Olds Ferry, Baker, Wallowa) during the initial phases of their collision with North American rocks. Peak metamorphism at ˜128 Ma reflects tectonic burial along the leading edge of the Wallowa arc terrane during its final penetration and

  4. Seafloor spreading event in western Gulf of Aden during the November 2010-March 2011 period captured by regional seismic networks: evidence for diking events and interactions with a nascent transform zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Abdulhakim; Doubre, Cécile; Leroy, Sylvie; Kassim, Mohamed; Keir, Derek; Abayazid, Ahmadine; Julie, Perrot; Laurence, Audin; Vergne, Jérome; Alexandre, Nercessian; Jacques, Eric; Khanbari, Khaled; Sholan, Jamal; Rolandone, Frédérique; Al-Ganad, Ismael

    2016-05-01

    In November 2010, intense seismic activity including 29 events with a magnitude above 5.0, started in the western part of the Gulf of Aden, where the structure of the oceanic spreading ridge is characterized by a series of N115°-trending slow-spreading segments set within an EW-trending rift. Using signals recorded by permanent and temporary networks in Djibouti and Yemen, we located 1122 earthquakes, with a magnitude ranging from 2.1 to 5.6 from 2010 November 1 to 2011 March 31. By looking in detail at the space-time distribution of the overall seismicity, and both the frequency and the moment tensor of large earthquakes, we re-examine the chronology of this episode. In addition, we also interpret the origin of the activity using high-resolution bathymetric data, as well as from observations of seafloor cable damage caused by high temperatures and lava flows. The analysis allows us to identify distinct active areas. First, we interpret that this episode is mainly related to a diking event along a specific ridge segment, located at E044°. In light of previous diking episodes in nearby subaerial rift segments, for which field constraints and both seismic and geodetic data exist, we interpret the space-time evolution of the seismicity of the first few days. Migration of earthquakes suggests initial magma ascent below the segment centre. This is followed by a southeastward dike propagation below the rift immediately followed by a northwestward dike propagation below the rift ending below the northern ridge wall. The cumulative seismic moment associated with this sequence reaches 9.1 × 1017 Nm, and taking into account a very low seismic versus geodetic moment, we estimate a horizontal opening of ˜0.58-2.9 m. The seismic activity that followed occurred through several bursts of earthquakes aligned along the segment axis, which are interpreted as short dike intrusions implying fast replenishment of the crustal magma reservoir feeding the dikes. Over the whole period

  5. A chaotic-dynamical conceptual model to describe fluid flow and contaminant transport in a fractured vadose zone. 1997 progress report and presentations at the annual meeting, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, December 3--4, 1997

    SciT

    Faybishenko, B.; Doughty, C.; Geller, J.

    1998-07-01

    Understanding subsurface flow and transport processes is critical for effective assessment, decision-making, and remediation activities for contaminated sites. However, for fluid flow and contaminant transport through fractured vadose zones, traditional hydrogeological approaches are often found to be inadequate. In this project, the authors examine flow and transport through a fractured vadose zone as a deterministic chaotic dynamical process, and develop a model of it in these terms. Initially, the authors examine separately the geometric model of fractured rock and the flow dynamics model needed to describe chaotic behavior. Ultimately they will put the geometry and flow dynamics together to developmore » a chaotic-dynamical model of flow and transport in a fractured vadose zone. They investigate water flow and contaminant transport on several scales, ranging from small-scale laboratory experiments in fracture replicas and fractured cores, to field experiments conducted in a single exposed fracture at a basalt outcrop, and finally to a ponded infiltration test using a pond of 7 by 8 m. In the field experiments, they measure the time-variation of water flux, moisture content, and hydraulic head at various locations, as well as the total inflow rate to the subsurface. Such variations reflect the changes in the geometry and physics of water flow that display chaotic behavior, which they try to reconstruct using the data obtained. In the analysis of experimental data, a chaotic model can be used to predict the long-term bounds on fluid flow and transport behavior, known as the attractor of the system, and to examine the limits of short-term predictability within these bounds. This approach is especially well suited to the need for short-term predictions to support remediation decisions and long-term bounding studies. View-graphs from ten presentations made at the annual meeting held December 3--4, 1997 are included in an appendix to this report.« less

  6. Annual modulation of non-volcanic tremor in northern Cascadia

    Pollitz, Fred; Wech, Aaron G.; Kao, Honn; Burgmann, Roland

    2013-01-01

    Two catalogs of episodic tremor events in northern Cascadia, one from 2006 to 2012 and the other from 1997 to 2011, reveal two systematic patterns of tremor occurrence in southern Vancouver Island: (1) most individual events tend to occur in the third quarter of the year; (2) the number of events in prolonged episodes (i.e., episodic tremor and slip events), which generally propagate to Vancouver Island from elsewhere along the Cascadia subduction zone, is inversely correlated with the amount of precipitation that occurred in the preceding 2 months. We rationalize these patterns as the product of hydrologic loading of the crust of southern Vancouver Island and the surrounding continental region, superimposed with annual variations from oceanic tidal loading. Loading of the Vancouver Island crust in the winter (when the land surface receives ample precipitation) and unloading in the summer tends to inhibit and enhance downdip shear stress, respectively. Quantitatively, for an annually variable surface load, the predicted stress perturbation depends on mantle viscoelastic rheology. A mechanical model of downdip shear stress on the transition zone beneath Vancouver Island—driven predominantly by the annual hydrologic cycle—is consistent with the 1997–2012 tremor observations, with peak-to-peak downdip shear stress of about 0.4 kPa. This seasonal dependence of tremor occurrence appears to be restricted to southern Vancouver Island because of its unique situation as an elongated narrow-width land mass surrounded by ocean, which permits seasonal perturbations in shear stress at depth.

  7. Slip events propagating along a ductile mid-crustal strike-slip shear zone (Malpica-Lamego line, Variscan Orogen, NW Iberia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Llana-Fúnez, Sergio; de Paola, Nicola; Pozzi, Giacomo; Lopez-Sanchez, Marco Antonio

    2017-04-01

    The current level of erosion in NW Iberian peninsula exposes Variscan mid-crustal depths, where widespread deformation during orogenesis produced dominantly ductile structures. It constitutes an adequate window for the observation of structures close to the brittle-plastic transition in the continental crust. The shear zone object of this work is the Malpica-Lamego line (MLL), a major Variscan structure formed in the late stages of the Variscan collision. The MLL is a mostly strike-slip major structure that offsets laterally by several kilometres the assembly of allochthonous complexes, that contain a sub-horizontal suture zone, which are the remnants of the plate duplication during the Variscan convergence. The shear zone is exposed along the northern coast of Galicia (NW Spain). It is characterized by phyllonites and quartz-mylonites in a zone which is tens of meters in thickness. Within the phyllonites, a few seams of cataclastic rocks have been found in bands along the main fabric. Their cohesive character, the parallelism between the different bands, the fact that host rocks maintain mineral assemblage and that no cross-cutting relations in the field were identified, are considered indicative of these brittle structures forming coetaneously with the ductile shearing producing the phyllonites. Samples from the phyllonites, also from quartz-mylonites, were prepared and powdered to characterize friction properties in a rotary shear apparatus at high, seismic velocities (m/s). Preliminary experiments run at room temperature and effective normal stresses between 10 to 25 MPa, show that friction coefficients µ are relatively high and a limited drop in friction coefficient occurs after 10-20 cm of slip, with µ decreasing from 0.7 to 0.5. Fracturing seems coetaneous with dominant ductile shearing within the shear zone, however, given the frictional properties of the phyllonites, it is unlikely that brittle deformation nucleates within these fault rocks. Instead, it

  8. Safety Zones

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    These are established primarily to reduce the accidental spread of hazardous substances by workers or equipment from contaminated areas to clean areas. They include the exclusion (hot) zone, contamination reduction (warm) zone, and support (cold) zone.

  9. 33 CFR 165.T01-0315 - Safety zones; Marine Events within the Captain of the Port Sector Northern New England Area of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...): 44°47′18″ N, 073°10′27″ W. 44°47′10″ N, 073°08′51″ W. 7.4Moosabec Lobster Boat Races • Event Type.... 44°40′49″ N, 073°26′27″ W. 7.18Searsport Lobster Boat Races • Event Type: Power Boat Race. • Sponsor: Searsport Lobster Boat Race Committee. • Date: July 10, 2010. • Time: 10 am to 3 pm. • Location: The...

  10. 33 CFR 165.T01-0239 - Safety zones; Marine events within the Captain of the Port Sector Northern New England area of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...°12′00″ W 44°23′37″ N068°12′00″ W 44°23′35″ N068°12′19″ W 6.2Boothbay Harbor Lobster Boat Races Event Type: Power boat race.Sponsor: Boothbay Harbor Lobster Boat Race Committee. Date: June 19, 2010...′50″ W 43°50′00″ N069°38′20″ W 6.3Rockland Harbor Lobster Boat Races Event Type: Power boat race...

  11. Impacts of droughts and extreme-temperature events on gross primary production and ecosystem respiration: a systematic assessment across ecosystems and climate zones

    Extreme climatic events, such as droughts and heat stress induce anomalies in ecosystem-atmosphere CO2 fluxes, such as gross primary production (GPP) and ecosystem respiration (Reco), and, hence, can change the net ecosystem carbon balance. However, despite our increasing understanding of the underl...

  12. Episodic Rifting Events Within the Tjörnes Fracture Zone, an Onshore-Offshore Ridge-Transform in N-Iceland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandsdottir, B.; Magnusdottir, S.; Karson, J. A.; Detrick, R. S.; Driscoll, N. W.

    2015-12-01

    The multi-branched plate boundary across Iceland is made up of divergent and oblique rifts, and transform zones, characterized by entwined extensional and transform tectonics. The Tjörnes Fracture Zone (TFZ), located on the coast and offshore Northern Iceland, is a complex transform linking the northern rift zone (NVZ) on land with the Kolbeinsey Ridge offshore. Extension across TFZ is partitioned across three N-S trending rift basins; Eyjafjarðaráll, Skjálfandadjúp (SB) and Öxarfjörður and three WNW-NW oriented seismic lineaments; the Grímsey Oblique Rift, Húsavík-Flatey Faults (HFFs) and Dalvík Lineament. We compile the tectonic framework of the TFZ ridge-transform from aerial photos, satellite images, multibeam bathymetry and high-resolution seismic reflection data (Chirp). The rift basins are made up of normal faults with vertical displacements of up to 50-60 m, and post-glacial sediments of variable thickness. The SB comprises N5°W obliquely trending, eastward dipping normal faults as well as N10°E striking, westward dipping faults oriented roughly perpendicular to the N104°E spreading direction, indicative of early stages of rifting. Correlation of Chirp reflection data and tephrachronology from a sediment core within SB reveal major rifting episodes between 10-12.1 kyrs BP activating the whole basin, followed by smaller-scale fault movements throughout Holocene. Onshore faults have the same orientations as those mapped offshore and provide a basis for the interpretation of the kinematics of the faults throughout the region. These include transform parallel right-lateral, strike-slip faults separating domains dominated by spreading parallel left-lateral bookshelf faults. Shearing is most prominent along the HFFs, a system of right-lateral strike-slip faults with vertical displacement up to 15 m. Vertical fault movements reflect increased tectonic activity during early postglacial time coinciding with isostatic rebound enhancing volcanism within

  13. Photomosaics and event evidence from the Frazier Mountain paleoseismic site, trench 1, cuts 5–24, San Andreas Fault Zone, southern California (2010–2012)

    Scharer, Katherine M.; Fumal, Tom E.; Weldon, Ray J.; Streig, Ashley R.

    2015-08-24

    The Frazier Mountain paleoseismic site is located within the northern Big Bend of the southern San Andreas Fault (lat 34.8122° N., lon 118.9034° W.), in a small structural basin formed by the fault (fig. 1). The site has been the focus of over a decade of paleoseismic study due to high stratigraphic resolution and abundant dateable material. Trench 1 (T1) was initially excavated as a 50-m long, fault-perpendicular trench crossing the northern half of the basin (Lindvall and others, 2002; Scharer and others, 2014a). Owing to the importance of a high-resolution trench site at this location on a 200-km length of the fault with no other long paleoseismic records, later work progressively lengthened and deepened T1 in a series of excavations, or cuts, that enlarged the original excavation. Scharer and others (2014a) provide the photomosaics and event evidence for the first four cuts, which largely show the upper section of the site, represented by alluvial deposits that date from about A.D. 1500 to present. Scharer and others (2014b) discuss the earthquake evidence and dating at the site within the context of prehistoric rupture lengths and magnitudes on the southern San Andreas Fault. Here we present the photomosaics and event evidence for a series of cuts from the lower section, covering sediments that were deposited from about A.D. 500 to 1500 (fig. 2).

  14. The annual cycles of phytoplankton biomass

    Winder, M.; Cloern, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Terrestrial plants are powerful climate sentinels because their annual cycles of growth, reproduction and senescence are finely tuned to the annual climate cycle having a period of one year. Consistency in the seasonal phasing of terrestrial plant activity provides a relatively low-noise background from which phenological shifts can be detected and attributed to climate change. Here, we ask whether phytoplankton biomass also fluctuates over a consistent annual cycle in lake, estuarine-coastal and ocean ecosystems and whether there is a characteristic phenology of phytoplankton as a consistent phase and amplitude of variability. We compiled 125 time series of phytoplankton biomass (chloro-phyll a concentration) from temperate and subtropical zones and used wavelet analysis to extract their dominant periods of variability and the recurrence strength at those periods. Fewer than half (48%) of the series had a dominant 12-month period of variability, commonly expressed as the canonical spring-bloom pattern. About 20 per cent had a dominant six-month period of variability, commonly expressed as the spring and autumn or winter and summer blooms of temperate lakes and oceans. These annual patterns varied in recurrence strength across sites, and did not persist over the full series duration at some sites. About a third of the series had no component of variability at either the six-or 12-month period, reflecting a series of irregular pulses of biomass. These findings show that there is high variability of annual phytoplankton cycles across ecosystems, and that climate-driven annual cycles can be obscured by other drivers of population variability, including human disturbance, aperiodic weather events and strong trophic coupling between phytoplankton and their consumers. Regulation of phytoplankton biomass by multiple processes operating at multiple time scales adds complexity to the challenge of detecting climate-driven trends in aquatic ecosystems where the noise to

  15. Observed Benefits to On-site Medical Services during an Annual 5-day Electronic Dance Music Event with Harm Reduction Services.

    PubMed

    Munn, Matthew Brendan; Lund, Adam; Golby, Riley; Turris, Sheila A

    2016-04-01

    With increasing attendance and media attention, large-scale electronic dance music events (EDMEs) are a subset of mass gatherings that have a unique risk profile for attendees and promoters. Shambhala Music Festival (Canada) is a multi-day event in a rural setting with a recognized history of providing harm reduction (HR) services alongside medical care. Study/Objective This manuscript describes the medical response at a multi-day electronic music festival where on-site HR interventions and dedicated medical care are delivered as parallel public health measures. This study was a descriptive case report. Medical encounters and event-related data were documented prospectively using an established event registry database. In 2014, Shambhala Music Festival had 67,120 cumulative attendees over a 7-day period, with a peak daily attendance of 15,380 people. There were 1,393 patient encounters and the patient presentation rate (PPR) was 20.8 per one thousand. The majority of these (90.9%) were for non-urgent complaints. The ambulance transfer rate (ATR) was 0.194 per one thousand and 0.93% of patient encounters were transferred by ambulance. No patients required intubation and there were no fatalities. Harm reduction services included mobile outreach teams, distribution of educational materials, pill checking facilities, a dedicated women's space, and a "Sanctuary" area that provided non-medical peer support for overwhelmed guests. More than 10,000 encounters were recorded by mobile and booth-based preventive and educational services, and 2,786 pills were checked on-site with a seven percent discard rate. Dedicated medical and HR services represent two complementary public health strategies to minimize risk at a multi-day electronic music festival. The specific extent to which HR strategies reduce the need for medical care is not well understood. Incorporation of HR practices when planning on-site medical care has the potential to inform patient management, reduce

  16. Zone lines

    Kevin T. Smith

    2001-01-01

    Zone lines are narrow, usually dark markings formed in decaying wood. Zone lines are found most frequently in advanced white rot of hardwoods, although they occasionally are associated both with brown rot and with softwoods.

  17. Particulate Organic Carbon (POC) and Particulate N (PN) behaviors in Response to Storm Events in the Clear Creek, IA Site of the Intensively Managed Landscape - Critical Zone Observatory (IML-CZO)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blair, N. E.; Ward, A. S.; Bettis, E. A., III; Zhou, N.; Kazmierczak, B. M.

    2017-12-01

    A goal of the NSF-sponsored IML-CZO (EAR-1331906) is to understand how the Critical Zone of the agricultural Midwest of North America will respond to the pressures of increased land use and climate change. As a step towards that goal, the landscape response to storm events of one of the IML-CZO field sites, the Clear Creek watershed in Iowa, was studied to determine the sources and quantities of suspended load POC and PN to the creek. The Clear Creek watershed is 270 km2 and is dominated by corn-soybean agriculture. Water samples were collected prior to, during and after 6 storm events during the 2014-2016 period at up to three stations on the creek. The suspended particulate load was isolated via filtration and characterized by C, N elemental and stable isotope analyses. Sediment concentration - discharge relationships vary considerably between storm events. POC δ13C values exhibit pronounced yet consistent changes within events as a function of discharge. In general, δ13C values are reflective of C3 plant sources ( -30‰) at base flow and trend towards an asymptotic value of -22‰ with increasing discharge. The most positive δ13C values also correlate with higher C/N ratios. The 13C-enrichment of the suspended load thus seems to be the result of the inclusion of C4 plant debris, principally corn, from surface soils. Bank erosion with mobilization of in-channel production likely dominate the POC sources at base flow. Top soil erosion incorporating corn (and C3 plant) residue dominate stream inputs at Q >3000 l/s. The C4 plant signal is more prevalent at upstream stations, which is consistent with land use patterns. The presence of corn in the system provides an in situ particle tracer for POC and PN that can be followed downstream and used to investigate exchanges of material between the landscape and stream.

  18. Crossing Comfort Zones.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madison, D. Soyini

    1993-01-01

    Offers a narrative based on a real event, in the form of a "docustory," describing that moment when teaching worked--when, in an instructional setting, communication was "perfect" or "excellent." Describes how three very different students, in a course on the cultures of women of color, moved beyond comfort zones while working together on a class…

  19. Advancing Littoral Zone Aerosol Prediction via Holistic Studies in Regime-Dependent Flows: August 3-9, 2016 Middle East Dust Event

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solbrig, J. E.; Miller, S. D.; van den Heever, S. C.; Kreidenweis, S. M.; Oo, M. M.; Zupanski, M.; Zhang, J.; Wang, J.; Holz, R.; Albers, S. C.; Grasso, L. D.; Kliewer, A.; Bukowski, J.; Park, J.; Saleeby, S. M.; Wu, T. C.

    2017-12-01

    Coastal regions represent a complex environment for meteorological processes, their effect on aerosol distributions, and the resulting impacts of those aerosols. These regions are rife with discontinuities that make dynamical processes difficult to predict and confound optical retrieval algorithms with highly variable and poorly characterized backgrounds. Local dynamics can be complicated by interactions between maritime and continental airmasses and the presence of coastal terrain. Additionally, coastal shallow water and high-turbidity produce backgrounds with high water leaving radiance which biases results from remote sensing retrievals. Here we present the highlights of the first two years of work from a Multi-disciplinary University Research Initiative entitled Holistic Analysis of Aerosol in Littoral Environments (HAALE-MURI) with specific focus on a dust event that occurred during the period of August 3-9 2016. During this period, two large dust plumes were observed advecting across the Arabian Peninsula. The first, embedded in a dry airmass, moved across the peninsula from north-west to south-east. This plume eventually stalls as it encounters a moist airmass, likely driven by the sea breeze. Embedded in the moist airmass is a second dust plume lofted from Oman, which then advects northwards over the Persian Gulf. This case presents significant challenges for forecasting, remote sensing, and data assimilation due to a complex meteorological environment and variable coastal bright-water backgrounds. The project team, who endeavor to advance our fundamental understanding of the factors that govern aerosol distribution, optical properties, and microphysical properties in the coastal regions, have focused on this case as our first in-depth case study. We demonstrate new retrieval techniques during both day and night including retrievals over bright coastal waters, a novel approach to in-line data assimilation of aerosol properties including AOT, and the results

  20. ASE Annual Conference 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCune, Roger

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author describes the ASE Annual Conference 2010 which was held at Nottingham after a gap of 22 years. As always, the main conference was preceded by International Day, an important event for science educators from across the world. There were two strands to the programme: (1) "What works for me?"--sharing new ideas…

  1. Maps showing predicted probabilities for selected dissolved oxygen and dissolved manganese threshold events in depth zones used by the domestic and public drinking water supply wells, Central Valley, California

    Rosecrans, Celia Z.; Nolan, Bernard T.; Gronberg, JoAnn M.

    2018-01-31

    The purpose of the prediction grids for selected redox constituents—dissolved oxygen and dissolved manganese—are intended to provide an understanding of groundwater-quality conditions at the domestic and public-supply drinking water depths. The chemical quality of groundwater and the fate of many contaminants is influenced by redox processes in all aquifers, and understanding the redox conditions horizontally and vertically is critical in evaluating groundwater quality. The redox condition of groundwater—whether oxic (oxygen present) or anoxic (oxygen absent)—strongly influences the oxidation state of a chemical in groundwater. The anoxic dissolved oxygen thresholds of <0.5 milligram per liter (mg/L), <1.0 mg/L, and <2.0 mg/L were selected to apply broadly to regional groundwater-quality investigations. Although the presence of dissolved manganese in groundwater indicates strongly reducing (anoxic) groundwater conditions, it is also considered a “nuisance” constituent in drinking water, making drinking water undesirable with respect to taste, staining, or scaling. Three dissolved manganese thresholds, <50 micrograms per liter (µg/L), <150 µg/L, and <300 µg/L, were selected to create predicted probabilities of exceedances in depth zones used by domestic and public-supply water wells. The 50 µg/L event threshold represents the secondary maximum contaminant level (SMCL) benchmark for manganese (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2017; California Division of Drinking Water, 2014), whereas the 300 µg/L event threshold represents the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) health-based screening level (HBSL) benchmark, used to put measured concentrations of drinking-water contaminants into a human-health context (Toccalino and others, 2014). The 150 µg/L event threshold represents one-half the USGS HBSL. The resultant dissolved oxygen and dissolved manganese prediction grids may be of interest to water-resource managers, water-quality researchers, and

  2. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Employees file around table displays under a tent near the Vehicle Assembly Building. Many vendors displayed their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Employees file around table displays under a tent near the Vehicle Assembly Building. Many vendors displayed their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

  3. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Employees file around table displays under a tent near the Operations and Checkout Building. Many vendors and organizations displayed their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Employees file around table displays under a tent near the Operations and Checkout Building. Many vendors and organizations displayed their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

  4. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - One of many vendors displaying their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida Power and Light draws a crowd during a demonstration. The annual KSC event is dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - One of many vendors displaying their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida Power and Light draws a crowd during a demonstration. The annual KSC event is dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

  5. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Capt. Charles Plumb (USNR retired) dramatically describes some of his six years as a prisoner of war in Vietnam. Plumb was keynote speaker for the kickoff of Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Capt. Charles Plumb (USNR retired) dramatically describes some of his six years as a prisoner of war in Vietnam. Plumb was keynote speaker for the kickoff of Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

  6. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Many vendors and organizations displayed their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce. This scene is at Hangar S, CCAFS.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Many vendors and organizations displayed their products during the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce. This scene is at Hangar S, CCAFS.

  7. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Center Director Jim Kennedy (right) presents a plaque to Conrad Nagel who organized the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce. Nagel is chief of the Shuttle Project Office, Shuttle Processing.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Center Director Jim Kennedy (right) presents a plaque to Conrad Nagel who organized the Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce. Nagel is chief of the Shuttle Project Office, Shuttle Processing.

  8. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - An employee gets a blood pressure check from one of the participating organizations in Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Many vendors and Center organizations displayed and demonstrated their products during the annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - An employee gets a blood pressure check from one of the participating organizations in Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Many vendors and Center organizations displayed and demonstrated their products during the annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

  9. 19 CFR 146.25 - Annual reconciliation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Annual reconciliation. 146.25 Section 146.25 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) FOREIGN TRADE ZONES Inventory Control and Recordkeeping System § 146.25 Annual...

  10. 33 CFR 165.163 - Safety Zones; Port of New York/New Jersey Fleet Week.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... as safety zones: (1) Safety Zone A—(i) Location. A moving safety zone for the Parade of Ships... Wednesday before Memorial Day. (2) Safety Zone B—(i) Location. A safety zone including all waters of the.... (ii) Enforcement period. Paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section is enforced annually from 8 a.m. until 5...

  11. A new U-Pb LA-ICP-MS age of the Rumburk granite (Lausitz Block, Saxo-Thuringian Zone): constraints for a magmatic event in the Upper Cambrian

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zieger, J.; Linnemann, U.; Hofmann, M.; Gärtner, A.; Marko, L.; Gerdes, A.

    2018-04-01

    The basement of the Saxo-Thuringian Zone consists of Upper Neoproterozoic (c. 650-570 Ma) Cadomian arc sediments (Lusatian greywackes) and voluminous intrusions of Early Cambrian granitoids with ages of c. 540 Ma (Lausitz Block and Karkonosze-Izera Massif). The latter basement complexes comprise several c. 505 Ma granites, granodiorites, and gneisses emplaced during the change from a collisional tectonic setting to rift-related geotectonics. We present a new age for the Rumburk granite of 504 ± 3 Ma linking Late Cambrian plutonism at the northern margin of Gondwana with the initial phase of a Cambro-Ordovician rift event. Trace element analysis points to a linkage of the Rumburk granite with other Late Cambrian aged rocks of the Karkonosze-Izera Massif. Furthermore, geochemical data also provide evidence of a melting and recycling of Lusatian greywackes by the intrusion of the Rumburk granite. The youngest age peak of the Rumburk granite at c. 504 Ma is considered to be the age of emplacement. Older inherited age populations at c. 540 and c. 610 Ma are present and likely the result of a melting and recycling of Lusatian granitoids and greywackes. The appearance of Neoproterozoic inheritance and Lu-Hf similarities with the Rumburk granite strongly suggest the Lusatian greywackes as source rocks. There is a significant age gap of c. 35 Ma between Cambrian plutonic and volcanic rocks in Saxo-Thuringia. Hence, we consider two distinct pulses of magmatic activity during the transition from the Cadomian orogeny to the opening of the Rheic Ocean.

  12. Evaluating turbidity and suspended-sediment concentration relations from the North Fork Toutle River basin near Mount St. Helens, Washington; annual, seasonal, event, and particle size variations - a preliminary analysis.

    Uhrich, Mark A.; Spicer, Kurt R.; Mosbrucker, Adam; Christianson, Tami

    2015-01-01

    Regression of in-stream turbidity with concurrent sample-based suspended-sediment concentration (SSC) has become an accepted method for producing unit-value time series of inferred SSC (Rasmussen et al., 2009). Turbidity-SSC regression models are increasingly used to generate suspended-sediment records for Pacific Northwest rivers (e.g., Curran et al., 2014; Schenk and Bragg, 2014; Uhrich and Bragg, 2003). Recent work developing turbidity-SSC models for the North Fork Toutle River in Southwest Washington (Uhrich et al., 2014), as well as other studies (Landers and Sturm, 2013, Merten et al., 2014), suggests that models derived from annual or greater datasets may not adequately reflect shorter term changes in turbidity-SSC relations, warranting closer inspection of such relations. In-stream turbidity measurements and suspended-sediment samples have been collected from the North Fork Toutle River since 2010. The study site, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgage 14240525 near Kid Valley, Washington, is 13 river km downstream of the debris avalanche emplaced by the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens (Lipman and Mullineaux, 1981), and 2 river km downstream of the large sediment retention structure (SRS) built from 1987–1989 to mitigate the associated sediment hazard. The debris avalanche extends roughly 25 km down valley from the edifice of the volcano and is the primary source of suspended sediment moving past the streamgage (NF Toutle-SRS). Other significant sources are debris flow events and sand deposits upstream of the SRS, which are periodically remobilized and transported downstream. Also, finer material often is derived from the clay-rich original debris avalanche deposit, while coarser material can derive from areas such as fluvially reworked terraces.

  13. 77 FR 27159 - Safety Zone, Temporary Change for Recurring Fifth Coast Guard District Fireworks Displays...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ... fireworks. On July 3, 2012, the Tred Avon Yacht Club will sponsor their annual fireworks event. This event... and regulated area for the Tred Avon Yacht Club fireworks event held in Oxford, MD. This regulation... event. The Tred Avon Yacht Club, which is the sponsor for this event, holds this event annually. Except...

  14. Rhizosphere dynamics of two riparian plant species from the water fluctuation zone of Three Gorges Reservoir, P.R. China - pH, oxygen and LMWOA monitoring during short flooding events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schreiber, Christina M.; Schurr, Ulrich; Zeng, Bo; Höltkemeier, Agnes; Kuhn, Arnd J.

    2010-05-01

    Since the construction of the Three Gorges Dam at the Yangtze River in China, the reservoir management created a new 30m water fluctuation zone 45-75m above the original water level. Only species well adapted to long-time flooding (up to several months) will be able to vegetate the river banks and replace the original vegetation. To investigate how common species of the riverbanks cope with submergence, Alternanthera philoxeroides Mart. and Arundinella anomala Steud., two flooding resistant riparian species, have been examined in a rhizotron environment. Short-time (2 days waterlogging, 2 days flooding, 2 days recovery) flooding cycles in the original substrate and long time (14 days waterlogging, flooding, recovery) flooding cycles, in original substrate and sterile glass bead substrate, have been simulated in floodable two-way access rhizotrons. Oxygen- and pH-sensitive foils (planar optodes, PreSens) automatically monitored root reaction in a confined space (2cm2 each) on the backside of the rhizotron, while soil solution samples were taken 2 times a day from the other side of the rhizotron at the corresponding area through filter and steel capillaries. The samples were analyzed by capillary electrophoresis for low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOA, i.e. oxalic, formic, succinic, malic, acetic, glyoxylic, lactic and citric acid). Results show diurnal rhythms of rhizospheric acidification for both species in high resolution, combined with oxygen entry into the root surrounding during waterlogged state. Flooding caused stronger acidification in the rhizosphere, that were however not accompanied by increased occurrence of LMWOA except for acetic and glyoxylic acid. First results from longer flooding periods show stable diurnal rhythms during waterlogging, but no strongly increased activity during the flooding event. Performance of the two species is not hampered by being waterlogged, and they follow a silencing strategy during a longer phase of anoxia without

  15. 76 FR 61112 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Annual Progress Reports for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ... Information Collection: Comment Request; Annual Progress Reports for Empowerment Zones AGENCY: Office of... lists the following information: Title of proposal: Annual Progress Reports for Empowerment Zones. OMB... information collection for reporting requirements of 30 Urban Empowerment Zones (EZs). HUD will regularly...

  16. 78 FR 59313 - Safety Zones; Captain of the Port Boston Fireworks Display Zones, Boston Harbor, Boston, MA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ...-AA00 Safety Zones; Captain of the Port Boston Fireworks Display Zones, Boston Harbor, Boston, MA AGENCY... establish six permanent safety zones throughout Boston Inner Harbor to be enforced during fireworks displays. These six permanent safety zones would expedite public notification of a fireworks event and ensure the...

  17. Summer Events at the Scientific Library | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    Two exciting events are coming this summer from the Scientific Library—the annual Student Science Jeopardy Tournament and the Summer Video Series. This year, the 10th Annual Student Science Jeopardy Tournament will be held on Wednesday, July 20, beginning at 10 a.m. in the auditorium of Building 549. The event will also be streamed live to the Advanced Technology Research

  18. In-vehicle work zone messages : final report.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-06-01

    Work zones present an increased risk to drivers and the work crew. To mitigate these risks, this study investigated the : potential effects of in-vehicle messages to communicate work zone events to the driver. The researchers conducted : literature r...

  19. Integrated geophysical and geological study of the tectonic framework of the 38th parallel lineament in the vicinity of its intersection with the extension of the New Madrid fault zone. Annual progress report, fiscal year 1979

    SciT

    Braile, L.W.; Hinze, W.J.; Sexton, J.L.

    1979-09-01

    An integrated gravity, magnetic, crustal seismic refraction, and basement geology study is being conducted of the northeastern extension of the New Madrid Fault Zone in the vicinity of the 38th Parallel Lineament. Gravity and magnetic anomaly maps prepared of this area plus regional seismicity suggest that the basement structural feature associated with the New Madrid seismicity extends northeasterly into southern Indiana to at least 39/sup 0/N latitude. Gravity and subsurface data indicate that the Rough Creek Fault Zone, a major element of the 38th Parallel Lineament, is the northern boundary of a complex graben which formed in late Precambrian-early Paleozoicmore » time and since has been reactivated. Surface wave studies indicate that the crustal thickness of the northern Mississippi Embayment is probably in the range of 50 to 55 km, and the structure of the crust obtained from these studies is highly suggestive of a failed rift. 40 figures, 3 tables.« less

  20. Innovation and Entrepreneurship Events | NREL

    Innovation and Entrepreneurship Events Innovation and Entrepreneurship Events Industry Growth Forum NREL's annual Industry Growth Forum (IGF) provides clean energy innovators an opportunity to maximize communities. Learn more and register for the 2018 Industry Growth Forum. Text Version

  1. Building a Subduction Zone Observatory

    Gomberg, Joan S.; Bodin, Paul; Bourgeois, Jody; Cashman, Susan; Cowan, Darrel; Creager, Kenneth C.; Crowell, Brendan; Duvall, Alison; Frankel, Arthur; González, Frank I.; Houston, Heidi; Johnson, Paul; Kelsey, Harvey; Miller, Una; Roland, Emily C.; Schmidt, David; Staisch, Lydia; Vidale, John; Wilcock, William; Wirth, Erin

    2016-01-01

    Subduction zones contain many of Earth’s most remarkable geologic structures, from the deepest oceanic trenches to glacier-covered mountains and steaming volcanoes. These environments formed through spectacular events: Nature’s largest earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions are born here.

  2. Fracture process zone in granite

    Zang, A.; Wagner, F.C.; Stanchits, S.; Janssen, C.; Dresen, G.

    2000-01-01

    In uniaxial compression tests performed on Aue granite cores (diameter 50 mm, length 100 mm), a steel loading plate was used to induce the formation of a discrete shear fracture. A zone of distributed microcracks surrounds the tip of the propagating fracture. This process zone is imaged by locating acoustic emission events using 12 piezoceramic sensors attached to the samples. Propagation velocity of the process zone is varied by using the rate of acoustic emissions to control the applied axial force. The resulting velocities range from 2 mm/s in displacement-controlled tests to 2 ??m/s in tests controlled by acoustic emission rate. Wave velocities and amplitudes are monitored during fault formation. P waves transmitted through the approaching process zone show a drop in amplitude of 26 dB, and ultrasonic velocities are reduced by 10%. The width of the process zone is ???9 times the grain diameter inferred from acoustic data but is only 2 times the grain size from optical crack inspection. The process zone of fast propagating fractures is wider than for slow ones. The density of microcracks and acoustic emissions increases approaching the main fracture. Shear displacement scales linearly with fracture length. Fault plane solutions from acoustic events show similar orientation of nodal planes on both sides of the shear fracture. The ratio of the process zone width to the fault length in Aue granite ranges from 0.01 to 0.1 inferred from crack data and acoustic emissions, respectively. The fracture surface energy is estimated from microstructure analysis to be ???2 J. A lower bound estimate for the energy dissipated by acoustic events is 0.1 J. Copyright 2000 by the American Geophysical Union.

  3. Watershed and longitudinal monitoring events

    Harold Harbert; Steven Blackburn

    2016-01-01

    Georgia Adopt-A-Stream partners annually with many organizations, universities and watershed groups to conduct sampling events with volunteers at a watershed level. These monitoring events range from one-day snapshots to week-long paddle trips. One-day sampling events, also called “Blitzs,” River Adventures and River Rendezvous, generally target 20-50 sites within a...

  4. AAPCC Annual Reports

    MedlinePlus

    ... Annual Report 2000 Annual Report 1999 Annual Report Poison Data National Poison Data System Uses for NPDS ... Elements NPDS FAQs Annual Reports Find Your Local Poison Center Poison centers offer free, private, confidential medical ...

  5. Deciphering igneous and metamorphic events in high-grade rocks of the Wilmington complex, Delaware: Morphology, cathodoluminescence and backscattered electron zoning, and SHRIMP U-Pb geochronology of zircon and monazite

    Aleinikoff, J.N.; Schenck, W.S.; Plank, M.O.; Srogi, L.A.; Fanning, C.M.; Kamo, S.L.; Bosbyshell, H.

    2006-01-01

    High-grade rocks of the Wilmington Complex, northern Delaware and adjacent Maryland and Pennsylvania, contain morphologically complex zircons that formed through both igneous and metamorphic processes during the development of an island-arc complex and suturing of the arc to Laurentia. The arc complex has been divided into several members, the protoliths of which include both intrusive and extrusive rocks. Metasedimentary rocks are interlayered with the complex and are believed to be the infrastructure upon which the arc was built. In the Wilmingto n Complex rocks, both igneous and metamorphic zircons occur as elongate and equant forms. Chemical zoning, shown by cathodoluminescence (CL), includes both concentric, oscillatory patterns, indicative of igneous origin, and patchwork and sector patterns, suggestive of metamorphic growth. Metamorphic monazites are chemically homogeneous, or show oscillatory or spotted chemical zoning in backscattered electron images. U-Pb geochronology by sensitive high resolution ion microprobe (SHRIMP) was used to date complexly zoned zircon and monazite. All but one member of the Wilmington Complex crystallized in the Ordovician between ca. 475 and 485 Ma; these rocks were intruded by a suite of gabbro-to-granite plutonic rocks at 434 ?? Ma. Detrital zircons in metavolcanic and metasedimentary units were derived predominantly from 0.9 to 1.4 Ga (Grenvillian) basement, presumably of Laurentian origin. Amphibolite to granulite facies metamorphism of the Wilmington Complex, recorded by ages of metamorphic zircon (428 ?? 4 and 432 ?? 6 Ma) and monazite (429 ?? 2 and 426 ?? 3 Ma), occurred contemporaneously with emplacement of the younger plutonic rocks. On the basis of varying CL zoning patterns and external morphologies, metamorphic zircons formed by different processes (presumably controlled by rock chemistry) at slightly different times and temperatures during prograde metamorphism. In addition, at least three other thermal episodes are

  6. Events | Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center

    home about peer news events research products laboratories publications nisee b.i.p. members education FAQs links Events Calendar of PEER and Other Events PEER Events Archive PEER Annual Meeting 2009 Experimental Structural Engineering PEER Summative Meeting Site Map Search Calendar of PEER and Other Events

  7. 77 FR 51951 - Special Local Regulation for Marine Events; Temporary Change of Dates for Recurring Marine Events...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-28

    ... Events in the Fifth Coast Guard District, Poquoson Seafood Festival Workboat Races, Back River; Poquoson... recurring marine event in the Fifth Coast Guard District. This event is the Poquoson Seafood Festival... city's annual seafood festival. A special local regulation is effective annually to create a safety...

  8. 77 FR 14959 - Special Local Regulation for Marine Event; Temporary Change of Dates for Recurring Marine Events...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-14

    ... to do so. The third event is the annual ``Thunder on the Narrows,'' sponsored by the Kent Narrows... effective annually for the Thunder on the Narrows marine event. The event consists of two days of power boat... establishes the enforcement date for the Thunder on the Narrows. This regulation proposes to temporarily...

  9. Zone separator for multiple zone vessels

    DOEpatents

    Jones, John B.

    1983-02-01

    A solids-gas contact vessel, having two vertically disposed distinct reaction zones, includes a dynamic seal passing solids from an upper to a lower zone and maintaining a gas seal against the transfer of the separate treating gases from one zone to the other, and including a stream of sealing fluid at the seal.

  10. New approach to analysis of strongest earthquakes with upper-value magnitude in subduction zones and induced by them catastrophic tsunamis on examples of catastrophic events in 21 century

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garagash, I. A.; Lobkovsky, L. I.; Mazova, R. Kh.

    2012-04-01

    The study of generation of strongest earthquakes with upper-value magnitude (near above 9) and induced by them catastrophic tsunamis, is performed by authors on the basis of new approach to the generation process, occurring in subduction zones under earthquake. The necessity of performing of such studies is connected with recent 11 March 2011 catastrophic underwater earthquake close to north-east Japan coastline and following it catastrophic tsunami which had led to vast victims and colossal damage for Japan. The essential importance in this study is determined by unexpected for all specialists the strength of earthquake occurred (determined by magnitude M = 9), inducing strongest tsunami with wave height runup on the beach up to 10 meters. The elaborated by us model of interaction of ocean lithosphere with island-arc blocks in subduction zones, with taking into account of incomplete stress discharge at realization of seismic process and further accumulation of elastic energy, permits to explain arising of strongest mega-earthquakes, such as catastrophic earthquake with source in Japan deep-sea trench in March, 2011. In our model, the wide possibility for numerical simulation of dynamical behaviour of underwater seismic source is provided by kinematical model of seismic source as well as by elaborated by authors numerical program for calculation of tsunami wave generation by dynamical and kinematical seismic sources. The method obtained permits take into account the contribution of residual tectonic stress in lithosphere plates, leading to increase of earthquake energy, which is usually not taken into account up to date.

  11. Annual glacier dammed lake drainage in Zackenberg, Northeast Greenland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lane, Timothy; Adamson, Kathryn; Matthews, Tom

    2016-04-01

    A.P. Olsen is a 295 km2 ice cap in the Zackenberg region of Northeast Greenland (74.6° N, 21.5° W), 35 km from the ZERO Zackenberg Research Station. The ice cap lies on a gneissic plateau, covering an elevation of 200 to 1450 m a.s.l. A.P. Olsen mass balance has been monitored since 2008 and reconstructed for the period 1995-2007. Meltwater from this ice cap drains into the Zackenberg River, and into Young Sund via the Zackenberg Delta. One outlet dams a c. 0.8 km2 lake fed by the northern part of the ice cap. Observational data suggests this lake drains annually, flooding subglacially into the Zackenberg River. But the impacts of these flood events on the hydrology, sediment transfer, and geomorphology of the proglacial zone downstream have not been examined in detail. Understanding the impacts of glacial lake outburst flood events is important in the sensitive Arctic environment, where glacial change is rapid. We use Landsat scenes to reconstruct lake extent from 1999-2015. This is compared to Zackenberg River discharge measurements, available from the ZERO Zackenberg monitoring programme. These datasets are used to examine the nature and timing of flood events, and assess the impacts on the Zackenberg river downstream.

  12. Root Apex Transition Zone As Oscillatory Zone

    PubMed Central

    Baluška, František; Mancuso, Stefano

    2013-01-01

    Root apex of higher plants shows very high sensitivity to environmental stimuli. The root cap acts as the most prominent plant sensory organ; sensing diverse physical parameters such as gravity, light, humidity, oxygen, and critical inorganic nutrients. However, the motoric responses to these stimuli are accomplished in the elongation region. This spatial discrepancy was solved when we have discovered and characterized the transition zone which is interpolated between the apical meristem and the subapical elongation zone. Cells of this zone are very active in the cytoskeletal rearrangements, endocytosis and endocytic vesicle recycling, as well as in electric activities. Here we discuss the oscillatory nature of the transition zone which, together with several other features of this zone, suggest that it acts as some kind of command center. In accordance with the early proposal of Charles and Francis Darwin, cells of this root zone receive sensory information from the root cap and instruct the motoric responses of cells in the elongation zone. PMID:24106493

  13. Importance of storm events in controlling ecosystem structure and function in a Florida Gulf Coast estuary

    Davis, S. E.; Cable, J.E.; Childers, D.L.; Coronado-Molina, C.; Day, J.W.; Hittle, C.D.; Madden, C.J.; Reyes, E.; Rudnick, D.; Sklar, F.

    2004-01-01

    From 8/95 to 2/01, we investigated the ecological effects of intra- and inter-annual variability in freshwater flow through Taylor Creek in southeastern Everglades National Park. Continuous monitoring and intensive sampling studies overlapped with an array of pulsed weather events that impacted physical, chemical, and biological attributes of this region. We quantified the effects of three events representing a range of characteristics (duration, amount of precipitation, storm intensity, wind direction) on the hydraulic connectivity, nutrient and sediment dynamics, and vegetation structure of the SE Everglades estuarine ecotone. These events included a strong winter storm in November 1996, Tropical Storm Harvey in September 1999, and Hurricane Irene in October 1999. Continuous hydrologic and daily water sample data were used to examine the effects of these events on the physical forcing and quality of water in Taylor Creek. A high resolution, flow-through sampling and mapping approach was used to characterize water quality in the adjacent bay. To understand the effects of these events on vegetation communities, we measured mangrove litter production and estimated seagrass cover in the bay at monthly intervals. We also quantified sediment deposition associated with Hurricane Irene's flood surge along the Buttonwood Ridge. These three events resulted in dramatic changes in surface water movement and chemistry in Taylor Creek and adjacent regions of Florida Bay as well as increased mangrove litterfall and flood surge scouring of seagrass beds. Up to 5 cm of bay-derived mud was deposited along the ridge adjacent to the creek in this single pulsed event. These short-term events can account for a substantial proportion of the annual flux of freshwater and materials between the mangrove zone and Florida Bay. Our findings shed light on the capacity of these storm events, especially when in succession, to have far reaching and long lasting effects on coastal ecosystems such

  14. Coastal Zone Color Scanner

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, B.

    1988-01-01

    The Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) spacecraft ocean color instrument is capable of measuring and mapping global ocean surface chlorophyll concentration. It is a scanning radiometer with multiband capability. With new electronics and some mechanical, and optical re-work, it probably can be made flight worthy. Some additional components of a second flight model are also available. An engineering study and further tests are necessary to determine exactly what effort is required to properly prepare the instrument for spaceflight and the nature of interfaces to prospective spacecraft. The CZCS provides operational instrument capability for monitoring of ocean productivity and currents. It could be a simple, low cost alternative to developing new instruments for ocean color imaging. Researchers have determined that with global ocean color data they can: specify quantitatively the role of oceans in the global carbon cycle and other major biogeochemical cycles; determine the magnitude and variability of annual primary production by marine phytoplankton on a global scale; understand the fate of fluvial nutrients and their possible affect on carbon budgets; elucidate the coupling mechanism between upwelling and large scale patterns in ocean basins; answer questions concerning the large scale distribution and timing of spring blooms in the global ocean; acquire a better understanding of the processes associated with mixing along the edge of eddies, coastal currents, western boundary currents, etc., and acquire global data on marine optical properties.

  15. Summer Events at the Scientific Library | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    Two exciting events are coming this summer from the Scientific Library—the annual Student Science Jeopardy Tournament and the Summer Video Series. This year, the 10th Annual Student Science Jeopardy Tournament will be held on Wednesday, July 20, beginning at 10 a.m. in the auditorium of Building 549. The event will also be streamed live to the Advanced Technology Research Facility (ATRF), room E1203.

  16. Standardized Analytical Methods for Environmental Restoration Following Homeland Security Events

    Methodology was formulated for use in the event of a terrorist attack using a variety of chemical, radioactive, biological, and toxic agents. Standardized analysis procedures were determined for use should these events occur. This publication is annually updated....

  17. Providing plastic zone extrusion

    SciT

    Manchiraju, Venkata Kiran; Feng, Zhili; David, Stan A.

    Plastic zone extrusion may be provided. First, a compressor may generate frictional heat in stock to place the stock in a plastic zone of the stock. Then, a conveyer may receive the stock in its plastic zone from the compressor and transport the stock in its plastic zone from the compressor. Next, a die may receive the stock in its plastic zone from the conveyer and extrude the stock to form a wire.

  18. Vadose zone microbiology

    SciT

    Kieft, Thomas L.; Brockman, Fred J.

    2001-01-17

    The vadose zone is defined as the portion of the terrestrial subsurface that extends from the land surface downward to the water table. As such, it comprises the surface soil (the rooting zone), the underlying subsoil, and the capillary fringe that directly overlies the water table. The unsaturated zone between the rooting zone and the capillary fringe is termed the "intermediate zone" (Chapelle, 1993). The vadose zone has also been defined as the unsaturated zone, since the sediment pores and/or rock fractures are generally not completely water filled, but instead contain both water and air. The latter characteristic results inmore » the term "zone of aeration" to describe the vadose zone. The terms "vadose zone," "unsaturated zone", and "zone of aeration" are nearly synonymous, except that the vadose zone may contain regions of perched water that are actually saturated. The term "subsoil" has also been used for studies of shallow areas of the subsurface immediately below the rooting zone. This review focuses almost exclusively on the unsaturated region beneath the soil layer since there is already an extensive body of literature on surface soil microbial communities and process, e.g., Paul and Clark (1989), Metting (1993), Richter and Markowitz, (1995), and Sylvia et al. (1998); whereas the deeper strata of the unsaturated zone have only recently come under scrutiny for their microbiological properties.« less

  19. Oak Ridge Reservation Public Warning Siren System Annual Test Report

    SciT

    R. F. Gee

    2000-10-01

    The full operational test of the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Public Warning Siren System (PWSS) was successfully conducted on September 27, 2000. The annual test is a full-scale sounding of the individual siren systems around each of the three Department of Energy (DOE) sites in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The purpose of the annual test is to demonstrate and validate the siren systems' ability to alert personnel outdoors in the Immediate Notification Zones (INZ) (approximately two miles) around each site. The success of this test is based on two critical functions of the siren system. The first function is system operability.more » The system is considered operable if 90% of the sirens are operational. System diagnostics and direct field observations were used to validate the operability of the siren systems. Based on the diagnostic results and field observations, greater than 90% of the sirens were considered operational. The second function is system audibility. The system is considered audible if the siren could be heard in the immediate notification zones around each of the three sites. Direct field observations, along with sound level measurements, were used to validate the audibility of the siren system. Based on the direct field observations and sound level measurements, the siren system was considered audible. The combination of field observations, system diagnostic status reports, and sound level measurements provided a high level of confidence that the system met and would meet operational requirements upon demand. As part of the overall system test, the Tennessee Emergency Management Agency (TEMA) activated the Emergency Alerting System (EAS), which utilized area radio stations to make announcements regarding the test and to remind residents of what to do in the event of an actual emergency.« less

  20. The Tunguska event in 1908: evidence from tree-ring anatomy.

    PubMed

    Vaganov, Evgenii A; Hughes, Malcolm K; Silkin, Pavel P; Nesvetailo, Valery D

    2004-01-01

    We analyzed tree rings in wood samples collected from some of the few surviving trees found close to the epicenter (within 4-5 km) of the Tunguska event that occurred on the last day of June 1908. Tree-ring growth shows a depression starting in the year after the event and continuing during a 4-5-year period. The most remarkable traces of the event were found in the rings' anatomical structure: (1) formation of "light" rings and a reduction of maximum density in 1908; (2) non-thickened tracheids (the cells that make up most of the wood volume) in the transition and latewood zones (the middle and last-formed parts of the ring, respectively); and (3) deformed tracheids, which are located on the 1908 annual ring outer boundary. In the majority of samples, normal earlywood and latewood tracheids were formed in all annual rings after 1908. The observed anomalies in wood anatomy suggest two main impacts of the Tunguska event on surviving trees--(1) defoliation and (2) direct mechanical stress on active xylem tissue. The mechanical stress needed to fell trees is less than the stress needed to cause the deformation of differentiating tracheids observed in trees close to the epicenter. In order to resolve this apparent contradiction, work is suggested on possible topographic modification of the overpressure experienced by these trees, as is an experimental test of the effects of such stresses on precisely analogous growing trees.

  1. Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system

    DOEpatents

    Schiffbauer, William H.; Ganoe, Carl W.

    1999-01-01

    A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation thereof. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine.

  2. Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system

    DOEpatents

    Schiffbauer, W.H.; Ganoe, C.W.

    1999-08-17

    A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine. 3 figs.

  3. 14 CFR 417.411 - Safety clear zones for hazardous operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... zone on the following criteria: (i) For a possible explosive event, base a safety clear zone on the... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Safety clear zones for hazardous operations... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Ground Safety § 417.411 Safety clear zones...

  4. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Before the start of the kickoff presentation for Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day, Center Director Jim Kennedy (left) chats with guest speaker Capt. Charles Plumb (USNR retired) and United Space Alliance Vice President and Deputy Program Manager, Florida Operations, Bill Pickavance. Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day is an annual event at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce. Safety Awards were also given to individuals and groups.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Before the start of the kickoff presentation for Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day, Center Director Jim Kennedy (left) chats with guest speaker Capt. Charles Plumb (USNR retired) and United Space Alliance Vice President and Deputy Program Manager, Florida Operations, Bill Pickavance. Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day is an annual event at KSC and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce. Safety Awards were also given to individuals and groups.

  5. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Capt. Charles Plumb (USNR retired) begins his dramatic presentation of his six years as a prisoner of war in Vietnam. The block of light on the stage represented the size of the cell he was confined in. Plumb was keynote speaker for the kickoff of Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

    2003-10-15

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Capt. Charles Plumb (USNR retired) begins his dramatic presentation of his six years as a prisoner of war in Vietnam. The block of light on the stage represented the size of the cell he was confined in. Plumb was keynote speaker for the kickoff of Spaceport Super Safety and Health Day at KSC, an annual event dedicated to reinforcing safe and healthful behaviors in the workforce.

  6. Armenian Astronomical Society Annual Activities in 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mickaelian, A. M.

    2015-07-01

    A report is given on the achievements of the Armenian astronomy during the last year and on the present activities of the Armenian Astronomical Society (ArAS). ArAS membership, ArAS electronic newsletters (ArASNews), ArAS webpage, annual meetings, Annual Prize for Young Astronomers (Yervant Terzian Prize) and other awards, international relations, presence in international organizations, summer schools, astronomical Olympiads and other events, matters related to astronomical education, astronomical heritage, astronomy outreach and ArAS further projects are discussed. The present meeting, BAO Science Camp, ArAS School lectures are among 2014 events as well.

  7. 75 FR 29886 - Special Local Regulation for Marine Events; Temporary Change of Dates for Recurring Marine Events...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... typically comprise marine events include sailing regattas, power boat races, swim races and holiday boat... marine event that conducts various river boat races and a parade. Special local regulations are necessary... annually for this marine event. The event will consist of several boat races and parades on the Southern...

  8. Transformational Events

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denning, Peter J.; Hiles, John E.

    2006-01-01

    Transformational Events is a new pedagogic pattern that explains how innovations (and other transformations) happened. The pattern is three temporal stages: an interval of increasingly unsatisfactory ad hoc solutions to a persistent problem (the "mess"), an offer of an invention or of a new way of thinking, and a period of widespread adoption and…

  9. The Supergalactic Habitable Zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mason, Paul

    2018-01-01

    Habitability in the local universe is examined. Constrained by metal abundance and exposure to sterilizing events, life as we know it requires significantly long periods of stable environmental conditions. Planets within galaxies undergoing major mergers, active AGN, starburst episodes, and merging black holes pose serious threats to long-term habitability. Importantly, the development of several layers of protection from high-energy particles such as a thick atmosphere, a strong planetary magnetic field, an astrosphere, and a galactic magnetic field is of great benefit. Factors such as star type and activity, planet type and composition, the location of a planet within its host galaxy, and even the location within a supercluster of galaxies can affect the potential habitability of planets. We discuss the concept of the Supergalactic Habitable Zone introduced by Mason and Biermann in terms of habitability in the local universe and find that galaxies near the center of the Virgo cluster, for example, have a much lower probability for the development of life as we know it as compared to locations in the Milky Way.

  10. Contact Zone: Missoula

    2015-07-23

    A rock outcrop dubbed "Missoula," near Marias Pass on Mars, is seen in this image mosaic taken by the Mars Hand Lens Imager on NASA's Curiosity rover. Pale mudstone (bottom of outcrop) meets coarser sandstone (top) in this geological contact zone, which has piqued the interest of Mars scientists. White mineral veins that fill fractures in the lower rock unit abruptly end when they meet the upper rock unit. Such clues help scientists understand the possible timing of geological events. First, the fine sediment that now forms the lower unit would have hardened into rock. It then would have fractured, and groundwater would have deposited calcium sulfate minerals into the fractures. Next, the coarser sediment that forms the upper unit would have been deposited. The area pictured is about 16 inches (40 centimeters) across. The image was taken on the 1,031st Martian day, or sol, of the mission (July 1, 2015). MAHLI was built by Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Science Laboratory Project for the NASA Science Mission Directorate, Washington. JPL designed and built the project's Curiosity rover. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA19829

  11. Annual Research Briefs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spinks, Debra (Compiler)

    1997-01-01

    This report contains the 1997 annual progress reports of the research fellows and students supported by the Center for Turbulence Research (CTR). Titles include: Invariant modeling in large-eddy simulation of turbulence; Validation of large-eddy simulation in a plain asymmetric diffuser; Progress in large-eddy simulation of trailing-edge turbulence and aeronautics; Resolution requirements in large-eddy simulations of shear flows; A general theory of discrete filtering for LES in complex geometry; On the use of discrete filters for large eddy simulation; Wall models in large eddy simulation of separated flow; Perspectives for ensemble average LES; Anisotropic grid-based formulas for subgrid-scale models; Some modeling requirements for wall models in large eddy simulation; Numerical simulation of 3D turbulent boundary layers using the V2F model; Accurate modeling of impinging jet heat transfer; Application of turbulence models to high-lift airfoils; Advances in structure-based turbulence modeling; Incorporating realistic chemistry into direct numerical simulations of turbulent non-premixed combustion; Effects of small-scale structure on turbulent mixing; Turbulent premixed combustion in the laminar flamelet and the thin reaction zone regime; Large eddy simulation of combustion instabilities in turbulent premixed burners; On the generation of vorticity at a free-surface; Active control of turbulent channel flow; A generalized framework for robust control in fluid mechanics; Combined immersed-boundary/B-spline methods for simulations of flow in complex geometries; and DNS of shock boundary-layer interaction - preliminary results for compression ramp flow.

  12. Seismotectonic zoning of Azerbaijan territory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kangarli, Talat; Aliyev, Ali; Aliyev, Fuad; Rahimov, Fuad

    2017-04-01

    Studying of the space-time correlation and consequences effect between tectonic events and other geological processes that have created modern earth structure still remains as one of the most important problems in geology. This problem is especially important for the East Caucasus-South Caspian geodynamic zone. Being situated at the eastern part of the Caucasian strait, this zone refers to a center of Alpine-Himalayan active folded belt, and is known as a complex tectonic unit with jointing heterogeneous structural-substantial complexes arising from different branches of the belt (Doburja-Caucasus-Kopetdag from the north and Pyrenean-Alborz from the south with Kura and South Caspian zone). According to GPS and precise leveling data, activity of regional geodynamic processes shows intensive horizontal and vertical movements of the Earth's crust as conditioned by collision of the Arabian and Eurasian continental plates continuing since the end of Miocene. So far studies related to the regional of geology-geophysical data, periodically used for the geological and tectonic modeling of the environment mainly based on the fixing ideology. There still remains a number of uncertainties in solution of issues related to regional geology, tectonics and magmatism, structure and interrelation of different structural zones, space-time interrelations between onshore and offshore complexes, etc. At the same time large dataset produced by surface geological surveys, deep geological mapping of on- and offshore areas with the use of seismic and electrical reconnaissance and geophysical field zoning methods, deep well drilling and remote sensing activities. Conducted new studies produced results including differentiation of formerly unknown nappe complexes of the different ages and scales within the structure of mountain-fold zones, identification of new zones containing ophiolites in their section, outlining of currently active faulting areas, geophysical interpretation of the deep

  13. Seasonal and annual variability of coastal sulphur plumes in the northern Benguela upwelling system.

    PubMed

    Ohde, Thomas; Dadou, Isabelle

    2018-01-01

    We investigated the seasonal and annual variability of surface sulphur plumes in the northern Benguela upwelling system off Namibia because of their significant impacts on the marine ecosystem, fishing industry, aquaculture farming and tourism due to their toxic properties. We identified the sulphur plumes in ocean colour satellite data of the medium resolution imaging spectrometer (MERIS) for the 2002-2012 time period using the differences in the spectral properties of Namibian Benguela optical water types. The sulphur events have a strong seasonal cycle with pronounced main and off-seasons forced by local and remote-driven processes. The main peak season is in late austral summer and early austral autumn at the beginning of the annual upwelling cycle caused by increasing equatorwards alongshore winds. The sulphur plume activity is high between February and April during the seasonal oxygen minimum associated with the seasonal reduction of cross-shore ventilation of the bottom waters, the seasonal southernmost position of the Angola Benguela Frontal Zone, the seasonal maximum of water mass fractions of South Atlantic and Angola Gyre Central Waters as well as the seasonal arrival of the downwelling coastal trapped waves. The off-season is in austral spring and early austral summer during increased upwelling intensity and enhanced oxygen supply. The annual variability of sulphur events is characterized by very high activities in years 2004, 2005 and 2010 interrupted by periods of lower activity in years 2002 to 2003, 2006 to 2009 and 2011 to 2012. This result can be explained by the relative contributions or adding effects of local and remote-driven forces (from the equatorial area). The probability for the occurrence of sulphur plumes is enhanced in years with a lower annual mean of upwelling intensity, decreased oxygen supply associated with decreased lateral ventilation of bottom waters, more southern position of the Angola Benguela Frontal Zone, increased mass

  14. Seasonal and annual variability of coastal sulphur plumes in the northern Benguela upwelling system

    PubMed Central

    Dadou, Isabelle

    2018-01-01

    We investigated the seasonal and annual variability of surface sulphur plumes in the northern Benguela upwelling system off Namibia because of their significant impacts on the marine ecosystem, fishing industry, aquaculture farming and tourism due to their toxic properties. We identified the sulphur plumes in ocean colour satellite data of the medium resolution imaging spectrometer (MERIS) for the 2002–2012 time period using the differences in the spectral properties of Namibian Benguela optical water types. The sulphur events have a strong seasonal cycle with pronounced main and off-seasons forced by local and remote-driven processes. The main peak season is in late austral summer and early austral autumn at the beginning of the annual upwelling cycle caused by increasing equatorwards alongshore winds. The sulphur plume activity is high between February and April during the seasonal oxygen minimum associated with the seasonal reduction of cross-shore ventilation of the bottom waters, the seasonal southernmost position of the Angola Benguela Frontal Zone, the seasonal maximum of water mass fractions of South Atlantic and Angola Gyre Central Waters as well as the seasonal arrival of the downwelling coastal trapped waves. The off-season is in austral spring and early austral summer during increased upwelling intensity and enhanced oxygen supply. The annual variability of sulphur events is characterized by very high activities in years 2004, 2005 and 2010 interrupted by periods of lower activity in years 2002 to 2003, 2006 to 2009 and 2011 to 2012. This result can be explained by the relative contributions or adding effects of local and remote-driven forces (from the equatorial area). The probability for the occurrence of sulphur plumes is enhanced in years with a lower annual mean of upwelling intensity, decreased oxygen supply associated with decreased lateral ventilation of bottom waters, more southern position of the Angola Benguela Frontal Zone, increased mass

  15. Characterizing an "uncharacteristics" ETS event in northern Cascadia

    Wang, K.; Dragert, H.; Kao, H.; Roeloffs, E.

    2008-01-01

    GPS and borehole strainmeter data allowed the detection and model characterization of a slow slip event in northern Cascadia in November 2006 accompanying a brief episode of seismic tremor. The event is much smaller in area and duration than other well-known ETS events in northern Cascadia but is strikingly similar to typical ETS events at the Nankai subduction zone. The 30-45 km depth range and the 2-3 cm slip magnitude as interpreted for this event appear to be common to most ETS events in these two subduction zones, regardless of their sizes. We infer that the Nankai-type small ETS events must be abundant at Cascadia and that ETS event at the two subduction zones are governed by a similar physical process. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.

  16. Characterizing an "uncharacteristic" ETS event in northern Cascadia

    Wang, Kelin; Dragert, Herb; Kao, Honn; Roeloffs, Evelyn

    2008-01-01

    GPS and borehole strainmeter data allowed the detection and model characterization of a slow slip event in northern Cascadia in November 2006 accompanying a brief episode of seismic tremor. The event is much smaller in area and duration than other well-known ETS events in northern Cascadia but is strikingly similar to typical ETS events at the Nankai subduction zone. The 30-45 km depth range and the 2-3 cm slip magnitude as interpreted for this event appear to be common to most ETS events in these two subduction zones, regardless of their sizes. We infer that the Nankai-type small ETS events must be abundant at Cascadia and that ETS events at the two subduction zones are governed by a similar physical process.

  17. 1996 annual report on Alaska's mineral resources

    Schneider, Jill L.

    1997-01-01

    This is the fifteenth annual report that has been prepared in response to the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. Current Alaskan mineral projects and events that occurred during 1995 are summarized. For the purpose of this document, the term 'minerals' encompasses both energy resources (oil and gas, coal and peat, uranium, and geothermal) and nonfuel-mineral resources (metallic and industrial minerals).

  18. 78 FR 44433 - Safety Zone; Metedeconk River; Brick Township, NJ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-24

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Metedeconk River; Brick Township, NJ AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary... recurring fireworks event held in the Metedeconk River in Brick Township, NJ. The fireworks display is... for the Metedeconk River, Brick Township, NJ Safety Zone will be added from 6:30 p.m. until 10 p.m. on...

  19. NASA Participates in 5th Annual California Aerospace Week

    2016-03-03

    The fifth annual California Aerospace Days event was recently held at the Capitol in Sacramento. It was an opportunity for NASA's Ames Research Center to showcase some of its key achievements and innovations in the Golden State.

  20. 2006 Annual Report of the American Psychological Association

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Norman B.

    2007-01-01

    This report is designed to keep you up-to-date on APA's priorities, ongoing activities, and annual special events. This issue contains APA Directorate reports, the President's report, and the Treasurer's report.

  1. Classification and Space-Time Analysis of Precipitation Events in Manizales, Caldas, Colombia.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suarez Hincapie, J. N.; Vélez, J.; Romo Melo, L.; Chang, P.

    2015-12-01

    Manizales is a mid-mountain Andean city located near the Nevado del Ruiz volcano in west-central Colombia, this location exposes it to earthquakes, floods, landslides and volcanic eruptions. It is located in the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) and presents a climate with a bimodal rainfall regime (Cortés, 2010). Its mean annual rainfall is 2000 mm, one may observe precipitation 70% of the days over a year. This rain which favors the formation of large masses of clouds and the presence of macroclimatic phenomenon as "El Niño South Oscillation", has historically caused great impacts in the region (Vélez et al, 2012). For example the geographical location coupled with rain events results in a high risk of landslides in the city. Manizales has a hydrometeorological network of 40 stations that measure and transmit data of up to eight climate variables. Some of these stations keep 10 years of historical data. However, until now this information has not been used for space-time classification of precipitation events, nor has the meteorological variables that influence them been thoroughly researched. The purpose of this study was to classify historical events of rain in an urban area of Manizales and investigate patterns of atmospheric behavior that influence or trigger such events. Classification of events was performed by calculating the "n" index of the heavy rainfall, describing the behavior of precipitation as a function of time throughout the event (Monjo, 2009). The analysis of meteorological variables was performed using statistical quantification over variable time periods before each event. The proposed classification allowed for an analysis of the evolution of rainfall events. Specially, it helped to look for the influence of different meteorological variables triggering rainfall events in hazardous areas as the city of Manizales.

  2. Annual Rural Manpower Report, 1975. State of Maine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maine State Dept. of Manpower Affairs, Augusta.

    The Annual Rural Manpower Report is a summary of events and programs affecting rural communities during 1975. Intended as a general overview of activities in rural Maine, it is not an indepth study of all manpower programs serving the state. Part I provides the annual summary and discusses planning, economic development, employment and…

  3. Water movement within the unsaturated zone in four agricultural areas of the United States

    Fisher, L.H.; Healy, R.W.

    2008-01-01

    Millions of tons of agricultural fertilizer and pesticides are applied annually in the USA. Due to the potential for these chemicals to migrate to groundwater, a study was conducted in 2004 using field data to calculate water budgets, rates of groundwater recharge and times of water travel through the unsaturated zone and to identify factors that influence these phenomena. Precipitation was the only water input at sites in Indiana and Maryland; irrigation accounted for about 80% of total water input at sites in California and Washington. Recharge at the Indiana site (47.5 cm) and at the Maryland site (31.5 cm) were equivalent to 51 and 32%, respectively, of annual precipitation and occurred between growing seasons. Recharge at the California site (42.3 cm) and Washington site (11.9 cm) occurred in response to irrigation events and was about 29 and 13% of total water input, respectively. Average residence time of water in the unsaturated zone, calculated using a piston-flow approach, ranged from less than 1 yr at the Indiana site to more than 8 yr at the Washington site. Results of bromide tracer tests indicate that at three of the four sites, a fraction of the water applied at land surface may have traveled to the water table in less than 1 yr. The timing and intensity of precipitation and irrigation were the dominant factors controlling recharge, suggesting that the time of the year at which chemicals are applied may be important for chemical transport through the unsaturated zone. Copyright ?? 2008 by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America. All rights reserved.

  4. Geophysical events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This is a summary of SEAN Bulletin, 13(2), February 29, 1988, a publication of the Smithsonian Institution's Scientific Event Alert Network. The complete bulletin is available in the microfiche edition of Eos as a microfiche supplement or as a paper reprint. For the microfiche, order document E88-002 at $2.50 (U.S.) by writing to AGU Orders, 2000 Florida Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by calling toll free on 800-424-2488. For the paper reprint, order SEAN Bulletin (giving volume and issue numbers and issue date) through the same address; the price is $3.50 for one copy of each issue number for those who do not have a deposit account, $2 for those who do; additional copies of each issue number are $ 1.

  5. Potential Seismic Signatures of Megathrust Preparatory Zones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parameswaran, R. M.; Maheswari, K.; Rajendran, K.

    2017-12-01

    The Mw 9.2, 2004 Sumatra earthquake awakened the otherwise inactive Andaman-Sumatra subduction zone (ASSZ), pushing it into an era of amplified seismicity. The subduction zone has since witnessed an array of inter- and intra-plate events along and around its trench. Several intra-plate events like the 2012 Wharton Basin earthquakes (Mw 8.6 and 8.2), are believed to be the triggered response of the plateward transmission of stresses due to the 2004 earthquake (Ishii et al., 2013). On the other hand, the Mw 7.5, 2009 33-km-deep intra-plate normal-faulting event in the northern Andaman segment is an example of outer-rise seismicity resulting from the post-seismic relaxation of the subducting slab (Andrade and Rajendran, 2011). These are aftermaths of a drastic change in the stress regime from compressional to extensional, following the 2004 megathrust event. But, pre-megathrust, aside from the inter-plate thrust mechanisms that are widely observed along the trench, how does the plate-motion-driven compression manifest in the regional seismicity? What happens to the stresses accumulating within the bending subducting slab; does it source deeper compressional events prior to a megathrust? The 2009 normal outer-rise earthquake was preceded by the 13 September 2002, Mw 6.5 Diglipur outer-rise thrust earthquake (22 km depth), both occurring at the northern terminus of the 2004-rupture, in the compressing forearc that experienced surface uplift pre-megathrust (Rajendran et al., 2003; Rajendran et al., 2007). This work, therefore, examines the slip models of such pre-event outer-rise thrust earthquakes along the stretch of the 2004 rupture zone in the ASSZ. The work is also being extended to understand the preparatory zones of other global megathrust earthquakes.

  6. 78 FR 53671 - Regulated Navigation Areas, Security Zones: Dignitary Arrival/Departure and United Nations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ... security zones. We are reorganizing Sec. 165.164 and adding descriptive designations to name each of the... evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to...

  7. Events diary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-01-01

    as Imperial College, the Royal Albert Hall, the Royal College of Art, the Natural History and Science Museums and the Royal Geographical Society. Under the heading `Shaping the future together' BA2000 will explore science, engineering and technology in their wider cultural context. Further information about this event on 6 - 12 September may be obtained from Sandra Koura, BA2000 Festival Manager, British Association for the Advancement of Science, 23 Savile Row, London W1X 2NB (tel: 0171 973 3075, e-mail: sandra.koura@britassoc.org.uk ). Details of the creating SPARKS events may be obtained from creating.sparks@britassoc.org.uk or from the website www.britassoc.org.uk . Other events 3 - 7 July, Porto Alegre, Brazil VII Interamerican conference on physics education: The preparation of physicists and physics teachers in contemporary society. Info: IACPE7@if.ufrgs.br or cabbat1.cnea.gov.ar/iacpe/iacpei.htm 27 August - 1 September, Barcelona, Spain GIREP conference: Physics teacher education beyond 2000. Info: www.blues.uab.es/phyteb/index.html

  8. Coastal zone management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tilton, E. L., III

    1975-01-01

    A panel of federal and state representatives concerned with coastal zone affairs discussed their problems in this area. In addition, several demonstrations of the application of remote sensing technology to coastal zone management were described. These demonstrations were performed by several agencies in a variety of geographical areas.

  9. Investigating Aquatic Dead Zones

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Testa, Jeremy; Gurbisz, Cassie; Murray, Laura; Gray, William; Bosch, Jennifer; Burrell, Chris; Kemp, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This article features two engaging high school activities that include current scientific information, data, and authentic case studies. The activities address the physical, biological, and chemical processes that are associated with oxygen-depleted areas, or "dead zones," in aquatic systems. Students can explore these dead zones through both…

  10. Work zone safety analysis.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-11-01

    This report presents research performed analyzing crashes in work zones in the state of New Jersey so as to : identify critical areas in work zones susceptible to crashes and key factors that contribute to these crashes. A field : data collection on ...

  11. California tree seed zones

    John M. Buck; Ronald S. Adams; Jerrold Cone; M. Thompson Conkle; William J. Libby; Cecil J. Eden; Michel J. Knight

    1970-01-01

    California forest tree seed zones were established originally by Fowells (1946), with revisions proposed by Roy (1963) and Schubert (1966). The Forest Tree Seed Committee of the Northern California Section, Society of American Foresters, has revised the original zones and updated the recording system described in the earlier reports. Fowells' (1946) Research Note...

  12. Float Zone Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Naumann, R. J.

    1980-01-01

    A summary of the Analytical Float Zone Experiment System (AFZES) concept is presented. The types of experiments considered for such a facility are discussed. Reports from various industrial producers and users of float zone material are presented. Special emphasis is placed on state-of-the-art developments in low gravity manufacturing and their applications to space processing.

  13. Longleaf pine site zones

    Phillip J. Craul; John S. Kush; William D. Boyer

    2005-01-01

    The authors delineate six major climatic areas of the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) region. They subdivide these areas into 21 site zones, each of which is deemed homogenous with respect to climate, physiography, and soils. The site zones are mapped and their climate, physiography, and soils described. The authors recommend that plantings of...

  14. Iowa Work Zone Fatalities

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-01-01

    From March through November, the Iowa DOT may have up to 500 road construction work zones, and each of the department's maintenance garages may establish one or more short-term work zones per day. Couple that with the work of cities and counties, and...

  15. Signs of lateral transport of CO2 and CH4 in freshwater systems in boreal zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ojala, A.; Pumpanen, J. S.

    2013-12-01

    The numerous waterbodies and their riparian zones in the boreal zone are important to lateral carbon transport of terrestrial origin. These freshwater systems are also significant for carbon cycling on the landscape level. However, the lateral signals of carbon gases can be difficult to detect and thus, we used here different approaches to verify the phenomenon. We installed continuous measurement systems with CO2 probes in the riparian zone soil matrix around a small pristine headwater lake, in the lake, and in the outflowing stream and followed up the seasonal variation in CO2 concentration and in rain event-driven changes. We also used the probes in a second-order stream discharging a catchment of managed forest. The conventional weekly sampling protocol on water column CO2 and CH4 concentrations as well as gas fluxes was applied in three lakes surrounded by managed forests and some crop land but having different size and water quality. In two of the lakes most drastic changes in gas fluxes occurred not in spring but during or just after the summer rains when the clear water lake changed from a small carbon sink to carbon source and in the humic lake almost half of the CO2 and CH4 fluxes occurred during or just after the rainy period. Gas concentrations in the water columns revealed that the high surface water concentrations resulting in peak fluxes were not due to transport from hypolimnia rich in gases, but were due to soil processes and export from the flooded catchments. In the third lake, seasonal peak fluxes took place just after ice out, but again this was not a result of carbon gases accumulated under the ice, but gases originated from the surrounding catchment. In this lake, ca. 30 % of the annual CO2 flux occurred in May and 13 % of CH4 was emitted during one single week in May. In general, CH4 appeared as a good tracer for lateral transport. In the soil-lake-stream continuum, seasonal variation in CO2 was greatest and concentrations highest deep in

  16. Rail-trails and special events: community and economic benefits

    Charles Nelson; Christine Vogt; Joel Lynch; Daniel Stynes

    2002-01-01

    This paper discusses community and economic benefits associated with two recreational bicycle special events held on the Pere Marquette Rail-Trail (PMRT) in Midland County Michigan during the summer of 1999. One event was an annual ride to fundraise for the Rails to Trails Conservancy of Michigan. Approximately 1,800 participants rode in the event which included two...

  17. Geophysical events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This is a summary of SEAN Bulletin, 13 (1), January 31, 1988, a publication of the Smithsonian Institution's Scientific Event Alert Network. The complete bulletin is available in the microfiche edition of Eos as a microfiche supplement or as a paper reprint. For the microfiche, order document E88-001 at $2.50 (U.S.) by writing to AGU Orders, 2000 Florida Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by calling toll free on 800-424-2488. For the paper reprint, order SEAN Bulletin (giving volume and issue numbers and issue date) through the same address; the price is $3.50 for one copy of each issue number for those who do not have a deposit account, $2 for those who do; additional copies of each issue number are $ 1. Subscriptions to SEAN Bulletin are also available from AGU Orders; the price is $18 for 12 monthly issues mailed to a U.S. address, $28 if mailed elsewhere, and must be prepaid.

  18. Geophysical events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This is a summary of SEAN Bulletin, 25(10), October 31, 1988, a publication of the Smithsonian Institution's Scientific Event Alert Network. The complete bulletin is available in the microfiche edition of Eos as a microfiche supplement or as a paper reprint. For the microfiche, order document E88-010 at $2.50 (U.S.) by writing to AGU Orders, 2000 Florida Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by calling toll free on 800-424-2488. For the paper reprint, order SEAN Bulletin (giving volume and issue numbers and issue date) through the same address; the price is $3.50 for one copy of each issue number for those who do not have a deposit account, $2 for those who do; additional copies of each issue number are $ 1 . Subscriptions to SEAN Bulletin are also available from AGU-Orders; the price is $18 for 12 monthly issues mailed to a U.S. address, $28 if mailed elsewhere, and must be prepaid. SEAN Bulletin is available on Kosmos. Type CHECK SEAN on Part A of Kosmos

  19. Geophysical events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This is a summary of SEAN Bulletin, 13(3), March 31, 1988, a publication of the Smithsonian Institution's Scientific Event Alert Network. The complete bulletin is available in the microfiche edition of Eos as a microfiche supplement or as a paper reprint. For the microfiche, order document E88-002 at $2.50 (U.S.) by writing to AGU Orders, 2000 Florida Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by calling toll free on 800-424-2488. For the paper reprint, order SEAN Bulletin (giving volume and issue numbers and issue date) through the same address; the price is $3.50 for one copy of each issue number for those who do not have a deposit account, $2 for those who do; additional copies of each issue number are $1. Subscriptions to SEAN Bulletin are also available from AGU-Orders; the price is $18 for 12 monthly issues mailed to a U.S. address, $28 if mailed elsewhere, and must be prepaid.

  20. Geophysical events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This is a summary of SEAN Bulletin, 13 (5), May 31, 1988, a publication of the Smithsonian Institution's Scientific Event Alert Network. The complete bulletin is available in the microfiche edition of Eos as a microfiche supplement or as a paper reprint. For the microfiche, order document E88-004 at $2.50 (U.S.) by writing to AGU Orders, 2000 Florida Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by calling toll free on 800-424-2488. For the paper reprint, order SEAN Bulletin (giving volume and issue numbers and issue date) through the same address; the price is $3.50 for one copy of each issue number for those who do not have a deposit account, $2 for those who do; additional copies of each issue number are $ 1. Subscriptions to SEAN Bulletin are also available from AGU-Orders; the price is $18 for 12 monthly issues mailed to a U.S. address, $28 if mailed elsewhere, and must be prepaid. SEAN Bulletin is available on Kosmos. Type CHECK SEAN on Part A of Kosmos.

  1. Geophysical events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This is a summary of SEAN Bulletin, 13(9), September 30, 1988, a publication of the Smithsonian Institution's Scientific Event Alert Network. The complete bulletin is available in the microfiche edition of Eos as a microfiche supplement or as a paper reprint. For the microfiche, order document E88-013 at $2.50 (U.S.) by writing to AGU Orders, 2000 Florida Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by calling toll free on 800-424-2488. For the paper reprint, order SEAN Bulletin (giving volume and issue numbers and issue date) through the same address; the price is $3.50 for one copy of each issue number for those who do not have a deposit account, $2 for those who do; additional copies of each issue number are $1. Subscriptions to SEAN Bulletin are also available from AGU-Orders; the price is $18 for 12 monthly issues mailed to a U.S. address, $28 if mailed elsewhere, and must be prepaid. SEAN Bulletin is available on Kosmos. Type CHECK SEAN on Part A of Kosmos.

  2. Geophysical events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This is a summary of SEAN Bulletin, 13 (6), June 30, 1988, a publication of the Smithsonian Institution's Scientific Event Alert Network. The complete bulletin is available in the microfiche edition of Eos as a microfiche supplement or as a paper reprint. For the microfiche, order document E88-005 at $2.50 (U.S.) by writing to AGU Orders, 2000 Florida Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by calling toll free on 800-424-2488. For the paper reprint, order SEAN Bulletin (giving volume and issue numbers and issue date) through the same address; the price is $3.50 for one copy of each issue number for those who do not have a deposit account, $2 for those who do; additional copies of each issue number are $ 1. Subscriptions to SEAN Bulletin are also available from AGU-Orders; the price is $18 for 12 monthly issues mailed to a U.S. address, $28 if mailed elsewhere, and must be prepaid. SEAN Bulletin is available on Kosmos. Type CHECK SEAN on Part A of Kosmos.

  3. Geophysical events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This is a summary of SEAN Bulletin, 13 (7), July 31, 1988, a publication of the Smithsonian Institution's Scientific Event Alert Network. The complete bulletin is available in the microfiche edition of Eos as a microfiche supplement or as a paper reprint. For the microfiche, order document E88-007 at $2.50 (U.S.) by writing to AGU Orders, 2000 Florida Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 or by calling toll free on 800-424-2488. For the paper reprint, order SEAN Bulletin (giving volume and issue numbers and issue date) through the same address; the price is $3.50 for one copy of each issue number for those who do not have a deposit account, $2 for those who do; additional copies of each issue number are $1. Subscriptions to SEAN Bulletin are also available from AGU-Orders; the price is $18 for 12 monthly issues mailed to a U.S. address, $28 if mailed elsewhere, and must be prepaid. SEAN Bulletin is available on Kosmos. Type CHECK SEAN on Part A of Kosmos.

  4. Uncovering undetected hypoglycemic events

    PubMed Central

    Unger, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    Hypoglycemia is the rate-limiting factor that often prevents patients with diabetes from safely and effectively achieving their glycemic goals. Recent studies have reported that severe hypoglycemia is associated with a significant increase in the adjusted risks of major macrovascular events, major microvascular events, and mortality. Minor hypoglycemic episodes can also have serious implications for patient health, psychological well being, and adherence to treatment regimens. Hypoglycemic events can impact the health economics of the patient, their employer, and third-party payers. Insulin treatment is a key predictor of hypoglycemia, with one large population-based study reporting an overall prevalence of 7.1% (type 1 diabetes mellitus) and 7.3% (type 2 diabetes mellitus) in insulin-treated patients, compared with 0.8% in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with an oral sulfonylurea. Patients with type 1 diabetes typically experience symptomatic hypoglycemia on average twice weekly and severe hypoglycemia once annually. The progressive loss of islet cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes results in a higher risk of both symptomatic and unrecognized hypoglycemia over time. Patients with diabetes who become hypoglycemic are also more susceptible to developing defective counter-regulation, also known as hypoglycemia awareness autonomic failure, which is life-threatening and must be aggressively addressed. In patients unable to recognize hypoglycemia symptoms, frequent home monitoring or use of continuous glucose sensors are critical. Primary care physicians play a key role in the prevention and management of hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes, particularly in those requiring intensive insulin therapy, yet physicians are often unaware of the multitude of consequences of hypoglycemia or how to deal with them. Careful monitoring, adherence to guidelines, and use of optimal treatment combinations are all important steps toward improving care in patients

  5. 76 FR 7123 - Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-09

    ... Federal Government and Indian tribes. Energy Effects We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use. We have determined that it is not a ``significant energy action'' under that order because it is...

  6. 76 FR 53329 - Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    .... Energy Effects We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use. We have determined that it is not a ``significant energy action'' under that order because it is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under...

  7. 76 FR 30575 - Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-26

    ... Federal Government and Indian Tribes. Energy Effects We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use. We have determined that it is not a ``significant energy action'' under that order because it is...

  8. 33 CFR 100.901 - Great Lakes annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of Shades Beach. Friendship Festival Airshow Sponsor: Friendship Festival Date: 4th of July holiday... Fireworks Sponsor: We Love Erie Days Festival, Inc. Date: 3rd weekend of August. Location: That portion of...

  9. 33 CFR 100.1103 - Northern California annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the parade route. Race the Straits Offshore Grand Prix Festival Sponsor Pacific Offshore Powerboat... Van Sickle Island and Chipps Island and returning to the point of origin. Festival of the Sea Sponsor...

  10. 33 CFR 100.901 - Great Lakes annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...°37′45″ W, thence along the shoreline to the West Pier Head Light (LLNR 2080). We Love Erie Days Fireworks Sponsor: We Love Erie Days Festival, Inc. Date: 3rd weekend of August. Location: That portion of...

  11. 33 CFR 100.901 - Great Lakes annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...°37′45″ W, thence along the shoreline to the West Pier Head Light (LLNR 2080). We Love Erie Days Fireworks Sponsor: We Love Erie Days Festival, Inc. Date: 3rd weekend of August. Location: That portion of...

  12. 33 CFR 100.901 - Great Lakes annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...°37′45″ W, thence along the shoreline to the West Pier Head Light (LLNR 2080). We Love Erie Days Fireworks Sponsor: We Love Erie Days Festival, Inc. Date: 3rd weekend of August. Location: That portion of...

  13. 33 CFR 100.901 - Great Lakes annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...°37′45″ W, thence along the shoreline to the West Pier Head Light (LLNR 2080). We Love Erie Days Fireworks Sponsor: We Love Erie Days Festival, Inc. Date: 3rd weekend of August. Location: That portion of...

  14. 33 CFR 100.1101 - Southern California annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... degrees 30.9′ W; Lat 33 degrees 57.2′ N, Long 118 degrees 30.1′ W. Coronado 4th of July Demonstration, Fireworks and Rehearsals Sponsor: Citizens Committee Coronado 4th of July Date: 4 July (& 3 days of... to the Shelter Island Yacht Basin. City Of Long Beach 4th Of July Fireworks Sponsor: City of Long...

  15. 33 CFR 100.1101 - Southern California annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... degrees 30.9′ W; Lat 33 degrees 57.2′ N, Long 118 degrees 30.1′ W. Coronado 4th of July Demonstration, Fireworks and Rehearsals Sponsor: Citizens Committee Coronado 4th of July Date: 4 July (& 3 days of... to the Shelter Island Yacht Basin. City Of Long Beach 4th Of July Fireworks Sponsor: City of Long...

  16. 33 CFR 100.1103 - Northern California annual marine events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... (1) No spectator shall anchor, block, loiter, nor impede the through transit of participants or... to the Northwestern corner of Fraser Shoal; thence northwesterly to the western tip of Chain Island...

  17. Habitable Zone Evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waltham, D.; Lota, J.

    2012-12-01

    The location of the habitable zone around a star depends upon stellar luminosity and upon the properties of a potentially habitable planet such as its mass and near-surface volatile inventory. Stellar luminosity generally increases as a star ages whilst planetary properties change through time as a consequence of biological and geological evolution. Hence, the location of the habitable zone changes through time as a result of both stellar evolution and planetary evolution. Using the Earth's Phanerozoic temperature history as a constraint, it is shown that changes in our own habitable zone over the last 540 My have been dominated by planetary evolution rather than solar evolution. Furthermore, sparse data from earlier times suggests that planetary evolution may have dominated habitable zone development throughout our biosphere's history. Hence, the existence of a continuously habitable zone depends upon accidents of complex bio-geochemical evolution more than it does upon relatively simple stellar-evolution. Evolution of the inner margin of the habitable zone through time using three different estimates for climate sensitivity. The dashed line shows a typical predicted evolution assuming this was driven simply by a steady increase in solar luminosity. Solar evolution does not account for the observations. Evolution of the outer margin of the habitable zone through time using three different estimates for climate sensitivity. The dashed line shows a typical predicted evolution assuming this was driven simply by a steady increase in solar luminosity. Solar evolution does not account for the observations.

  18. Annual Partnership Report, 2016

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming Community College Commission, 2016

    2016-01-01

    The "Annual Partnership Report" catalogs partnerships that Wyoming community colleges established and maintained for each fiscal year. This partnership report fulfills statutory reporting requirement W.S. 21-18-202(e)(iv) which mandates the development of annual reports to the legislature on the outcomes of partnerships between colleges…

  19. SERC 2011 Annual Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    control number. 1. REPORT DATE 2011 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE SERC 2011 Annual Report...2 SERC Operational Accomplishments .................................................................4 An Evolving Role for the... SERC Research Council ................................5 Systems Engineering for an Agile and Lean World ....................................6 Annual

  20. Fault zone hydrogeology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bense, V. F.; Gleeson, T.; Loveless, S. E.; Bour, O.; Scibek, J.

    2013-12-01

    Deformation along faults in the shallow crust (< 1 km) introduces permeability heterogeneity and anisotropy, which has an important impact on processes such as regional groundwater flow, hydrocarbon migration, and hydrothermal fluid circulation. Fault zones have the capacity to be hydraulic conduits connecting shallow and deep geological environments, but simultaneously the fault cores of many faults often form effective barriers to flow. The direct evaluation of the impact of faults to fluid flow patterns remains a challenge and requires a multidisciplinary research effort of structural geologists and hydrogeologists. However, we find that these disciplines often use different methods with little interaction between them. In this review, we document the current multi-disciplinary understanding of fault zone hydrogeology. We discuss surface- and subsurface observations from diverse rock types from unlithified and lithified clastic sediments through to carbonate, crystalline, and volcanic rocks. For each rock type, we evaluate geological deformation mechanisms, hydrogeologic observations and conceptual models of fault zone hydrogeology. Outcrop observations indicate that fault zones commonly have a permeability structure suggesting they should act as complex conduit-barrier systems in which along-fault flow is encouraged and across-fault flow is impeded. Hydrogeological observations of fault zones reported in the literature show a broad qualitative agreement with outcrop-based conceptual models of fault zone hydrogeology. Nevertheless, the specific impact of a particular fault permeability structure on fault zone hydrogeology can only be assessed when the hydrogeological context of the fault zone is considered and not from outcrop observations alone. To gain a more integrated, comprehensive understanding of fault zone hydrogeology, we foresee numerous synergistic opportunities and challenges for the discipline of structural geology and hydrogeology to co-evolve and

  1. 78 FR 39992 - Safety Zone; Feast of Lanterns Fireworks Display, Pacific Grove, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Feast of Lanterns Fireworks Display, Pacific Grove, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... zone in the navigable waters near Lover's Point Park in the Pacific Grove, CA in support of The Feast of Lanterns Fireworks Event on July 27, 2013. This safety zone is established to ensure the safety of...

  2. 75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard... Fleet Week Maritime Festival. Entry into, transit through, mooring, or anchoring within these zones is... Fleet Week Maritime Festival. This safety zone is necessary as these events have historically resulted...

  3. 75 FR 23589 - Safety Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    ... Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... Washington, WA for the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show from 10 a.m. on August 5, 2010 to 6 p.m. on August... Washington for the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance. The Coast Guard will enforce the safety...

  4. 78 FR 35783 - Regattas and Marine Parades in the COTP Lake Michigan Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ..., Harborfest Dragon Boat Race; South Haven, MI. The Harborfest Dragon Boat Race is an annual event involving an... 100.909; Chinatown Chamber of Commerce Dragon Boat Race; Chicago, IL. The Chinatown Chamber of Commerce Dragon Boat Race is an annual event involving an estimated 1000 participants maneuvering self...

  5. 78 FR 39594 - Safety Zone; Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-02

    ... Zone; Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show.... This safety zone is being enforced for the Patriots Jet Team, which will be flying in place of the Blue...

  6. 78 FR 15293 - Safety Zone; St. Patrick's Day Fireworks; Manitowoc River, Manitowoc, WI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-11

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; St. Patrick's Day Fireworks; Manitowoc River, Manitowoc, WI AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... will hold its annual St. Patrick's Day fireworks display. This fireworks display will be launched from... as follows: Sec. 165.T09-0116 Safety Zone; St. Patrick's Day Fireworks; Manitowoc River, Manitowoc...

  7. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., requires that the standard time of each State observing Daylight Saving Time shall be advanced 1 hour... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2...

  8. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., requires that the standard time of each State observing Daylight Saving Time shall be advanced 1 hour... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2...

  9. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., requires that the standard time of each State observing Daylight Saving Time shall be advanced 1 hour... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2...

  10. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., requires that the standard time of each State observing Daylight Saving Time shall be advanced 1 hour... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2...

  11. Buffer Zone Fact Sheets

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    New requirements for buffer zones and sign posting contribute to soil fumigant mitigation and protection for workers and bystanders. The buffer provides distance between the pesticide application site and bystanders, reducing exposure risk.

  12. Speeds in school zones.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-02-01

    School speed zones are frequently requested traffic controls for school areas, based on the common belief : that if the transportation agency would only install a reduced speed limit, then drivers would no longer : speed through the area. This resear...

  13. The global aftershock zone

    Parsons, Thomas E.; Margaret Segou,; Warner Marzocchi,

    2014-01-01

    The aftershock zone of each large (M ≥ 7) earthquake extends throughout the shallows of planet Earth. Most aftershocks cluster near the mainshock rupture, but earthquakes send out shivers in the form of seismic waves, and these temporary distortions are large enough to trigger other earthquakes at global range. The aftershocks that happen at great distance from their mainshock are often superposed onto already seismically active regions, making them difficult to detect and understand. From a hazard perspective we are concerned that this dynamic process might encourage other high magnitude earthquakes, and wonder if a global alarm state is warranted after every large mainshock. From an earthquake process perspective we are curious about the physics of earthquake triggering across the magnitude spectrum. In this review we build upon past studies that examined the combined global response to mainshocks. Such compilations demonstrate significant rate increases during, and immediately after (~ 45 min) M > 7.0 mainshocks in all tectonic settings and ranges. However, it is difficult to find strong evidence for M > 5 rate increases during the passage of surface waves in combined global catalogs. On the other hand, recently published studies of individual large mainshocks associate M > 5 triggering at global range that is delayed by hours to days after surface wave arrivals. The longer the delay between mainshock and global aftershock, the more difficult it is to establish causation. To address these questions, we review the response to 260 M ≥ 7.0 shallow (Z ≤ 50 km) mainshocks in 21 global regions with local seismograph networks. In this way we can examine the detailed temporal and spatial response, or lack thereof, during passing seismic waves, and over the 24 h period after their passing. We see an array of responses that can involve immediate and widespread seismicity outbreaks, delayed and localized earthquake clusters, to no response at all. About 50% of the

  14. Cascadia Subduction Zone

    Frankel, Arthur D.; Petersen, Mark D.

    2008-01-01

    The geometry and recurrence times of large earthquakes associated with the Cascadia Subduction Zone (CSZ) were discussed and debated at a March 28-29, 2006 Pacific Northwest workshop for the USGS National Seismic Hazard Maps. The CSZ is modeled from Cape Mendocino in California to Vancouver Island in British Columbia. We include the same geometry and weighting scheme as was used in the 2002 model (Frankel and others, 2002) based on thermal constraints (Fig. 1; Fluck and others, 1997 and a reexamination by Wang et al., 2003, Fig. 11, eastern edge of intermediate shading). This scheme includes four possibilities for the lower (eastern) limit of seismic rupture: the base of elastic zone (weight 0.1), the base of transition zone (weight 0.2), the midpoint of the transition zone (weight 0.2), and a model with a long north-south segment at 123.8? W in the southern and central portions of the CSZ, with a dogleg to the northwest in the northern portion of the zone (weight 0.5). The latter model was derived from the approximate average longitude of the contour of the 30 km depth of the CSZ as modeled by Fluck et al. (1997). A global study of the maximum depth of thrust earthquakes on subduction zones by Tichelaar and Ruff (1993) indicated maximum depths of about 40 km for most of the subduction zones studied, although the Mexican subduction zone had a maximum depth of about 25 km (R. LaForge, pers. comm., 2006). The recent inversion of GPS data by McCaffrey et al. (2007) shows a significant amount of coupling (a coupling factor of 0.2-0.3) as far east as 123.8? West in some portions of the CSZ. Both of these lines of evidence lend support to the model with a north-south segment at 123.8? W.

  15. 77 FR 53769 - Safety Zone; Liberty to Freedom Swims, Liberty Island, Upper Bay and Hudson River, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-04

    ... 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Liberty to Freedom Swims, Liberty Island, Upper Bay and Hudson River, NY AGENCY... September 5, 2012 and September 15, 2012 Liberty to Freedom swim events. This temporary safety zone is necessary to protect the maritime public and event participants from the hazards associated with swim events...

  16. Annual rings in a native Hawaiian tree, Sophora chrysophylla, on Maunakea, Hawai‘i

    Kainana S. Francisco; Patrick J. Hart; Jinbao Li; Edward R. Cook; Patrick J. Baker

    2015-01-01

    Annual rings are not commonly produced in tropical trees because they grow in a relatively aseasonal environment. However, in the subalpine zones of Hawai‘i's highest volcanoes, there is often strong seasonal variability in temperature and rainfall. Using classical dendrochronological methods, annual growth rings were shown to occur in Sophora...

  17. Radiotherapy in marginal zone lymphoma

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the efficacy of radiotherapy (RT) for early-stage nodal and extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (MZL). Materials and methods Patients with stage I (n = 22) and stage II (n = 8) MZL, who were treated with RT were reviewed. The primary tumor localisation was in the orbita (n = 12), stomach (n = 8), head and neck other than the orbita (n = 8), breast (n = 1) and one case of marginal zone lymphoma of the skin (n = 1). The median radiotherapy dose was 40 Gy (5 to 45 Gy). Results The median follow-up time was 103 months. The 5-year overall survival and event-free survival rates were 85 ± 7% and 71 ± 9%, respectively. There was no infield recurrence. Recurrence occurred outside of the radiation field in six patients. The relapses were treated with salvage RT and had excellent local control (100%) at five years after salvage RT. Conclusions Localized extranodal MZL have an excellent prognosis following moderate-dose RT. RT is also an effective salvage therapy in cases of localized recurrence. Further clinical studies should evaluate the optimal dose for MZL. PMID:23281682

  18. Temporal Hyporheic Zone Response to Water Table Fluctuations.

    PubMed

    Malzone, Jonathan M; Anseeuw, Sierra K; Lowry, Christopher S; Allen-King, Richelle

    2016-03-01

    Expansion and contraction of the hyporheic zone due to temporal hydrologic changes between stream and riparian aquifer influence the biogeochemical cycling capacity of streams. Theoretical studies have quantified the control of groundwater discharge on the depth of the hyporheic zone; however, observations of temporal groundwater controls are limited. In this study, we develop the concept of groundwater-dominated differential hyporheic zone expansion to explain the temporal control of groundwater discharge on the hyporheic zone in a third-order stream reach flowing through glacially derived terrain typical of the Great Lakes region. We define groundwater-dominated differential expansion of the hyporheic zone as: differing rates and magnitudes of hyporheic zone expansion in response to seasonal vs. storm-related water table fluctuation. Specific conductance and vertical hydraulic gradient measurements were used to map changes in the hyporheic zone during seasonal water table decline and storm events. Planar and riffle beds were monitored in order to distinguish the cause of increasing hyporheic zone depth. Planar bed seasonal expansion of the hyporheic zone was of a greater magnitude and longer in duration (weeks to months) than storm event expansion (hours to days). In contrast, the hyporheic zone beneath the riffle bed exhibited minimal expansion in response to seasonal groundwater decline compared to storm related expansion. Results indicated that fluctuation in the riparian water table controlled seasonal expansion of the hyporheic zone along the planar bed. This groundwater induced hyporheic zone expansion could increase the potential for biogeochemical cycling and natural attenuation. © 2015, National Ground Water Association.

  19. 78 FR 46815 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Event in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-02

    ... located in approximate CFR 165.160(2.12). position 40[deg]30'52.1'' N, 074[deg]10'58.8'' W (NAD 1983...'49'' N, 074[deg]01'02'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 500 yards west of Pier 60, Manhattan, New York...

  20. 77 FR 33970 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ...'' W; thence to 40[deg]51'32.3'' N, 073[deg]47'09.9'' W (NAD 1983), thence to the point of origin. Date...[deg]59'42.5'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 930 yards east of Newburgh, New York. Date: July 4, 2012...

  1. 77 FR 16170 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-20

    ... position 40[deg]41'16.5'' N, 074[deg]02'23'' W (NAD 1983), located in Federal Anchorage 20-C, about 360...). position 40[deg]41'16.5'' N, 074[deg]02'23'' W (NAD 1983) located in Federal Anchorage 20-C, about 360... approximate 165.160(3.9). position 40[deg]49'50'' N, 073[deg]39'12'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 190 yards...

  2. 78 FR 37968 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-25

    ... 165.160 (5.9) position 40[deg]45'56.9'' N, 074[deg]00'25.4'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 380 yards...[deg]47'09.9'' W (NAD 1983), thence to the point of origin. Date: June 28, 2013. Time: 8:50 p.m.-10:10...

  3. 76 FR 34855 - Safety Zones; Marine Events in Captain of the Port Long Island Sound Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-15

    ... in approximate position 40[deg]39'06.45'' N, 073[deg]8'45.26'' W (NAD 83). 7 July 7.1 Sag Harbor... Beach, Sag Harbor, NY in approximate position 41[deg]00'26'' N, 072[deg]17'9'' W (NAD 83). 7.2 Mason's...]57'48.22'' W (NAD 83). 7.3 Lawrence Beach Club Fireworks...... Date: July 2, 2011. Time: 8:30 p.m. to...

  4. 78 FR 24068 - Safety Zones; Fireworks Events in Captain of the Port New York Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ... 165.160(5.4). position 40[deg]46'11.8'' N, 074[deg]00'14.8'' W (NAD 1983), approximately 375 yards... approximate position 40[deg]41'16.5'' N, 074[deg]02'23'' W (NAD 1983), located in Federal Anchorage 20-C... position 40[deg]41'16.5'' N, 074[deg]02'23'' W (NAD 1983), located in Federal Anchorage 20-C, about 360...

  5. 78 FR 32608 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port Duluth Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... Superior Dragon Boat Festival (LSDBF), The Superior Man Triathlon, and the Point to LaPointe swim. As large... Superior Dragon Boat Festival Fireworks; Superior, WI. (i) Location. All waters of Superior Bay, WI within...

  6. 76 FR 42048 - Safety Zones; Swimming Events in Captain of the Port Boston Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... and the risk of boat collisions with swimmers in the water that may cause death or serious bodily harm... prior notice and opportunity to comment when the agency for good cause finds that those procedures are... finds that good cause exists for not publishing a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) with respect to...

  7. Transportation Annual Survey 1998

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1999-12-22

    The purpose of this annual survey is to provide national estimates of revenue, expenses, and vehicle fleet inventories for commercial motor freight transportation and public warehousing service industries. The United States Code, Title 13, authorizes...

  8. Annual Check-up

    MedlinePlus

    ... Guides Quizzes Parents About Us Donate General Health Sexual Health Medical Conditions Nutrition & Fitness Emotional Health Annual Check- ... re under the age of 18. Issues about sexual health, HIV, and STIs will be kept confidential. How ...

  9. Electric Power Annual

    EIA Publications

    2016-01-01

    The Electric Power Annual 2015 presents 11 years (2005-15) of national-level data on electricity generating capacity, electricity generation and useful thermal output, fuel receipts, consumption, and emissions.

  10. PEER Annual Meeting

    Annual Meeting Program is now posted. The meeting will open on Friday October 26th with a overview of available! Registration Now Open! Posted on August 23, 2012 by boss The 2012 PEER Annual Meeting is being attend. Register Now! The meeting will open on Friday October 26th with a overview of recent and ongoing

  11. Linking major and trace element headwater stream concentrations to DOC release and hydrologic conditions in a bog and peaty riparian zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Broder, Tanja; Biester, Harald

    2017-04-01

    Peatlands and organic-rich riparian zones are known to export large amounts of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) to surface water. In organic-rich, acidic headwater streams main carriers for element export are dissolved organic matter (DOM) and organic-iron complexes. In this environment DOM might also act as major carrier for metals, which otherwise may have a low solubility. This study examines annual and short term event-based variations of major and trace elements in a headwater catchment. Patterns are used to trace hydrological pathways and element sources under different hydrologic preconditions. Furthermore, it elucidates the importance of DOC as carrier of different elements in a bog and a peaty riparian catchment. The study was conducted in a small headwater stream draining an ombrotrophic peatland with an adjacent forested area with peaty riparian soils in the Harz Mountains (Germany). Discharge sampling was conducted weekly at two sites from snowmelt to begin of snowfall and in high resolution during selected discharge events in 2013 and 2014. Element concentrations were measured by means of ICP-MS and ICP-OES. A PCA was performed for each site and for annual and event datasets. Results show that a large number of element concentrations strongly correlate with DOC concentrations at the bog site. Even elements like Ca and Mg, which are known to have a low affinity to DOC. Congruently, the first principal component integrates the DOC pattern (element loadings > 0.8: Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Zn, As, Sr, Cd, DOC) and explained about 35 % of total variance and even 50 % during rain events (loadings > 0.8: Al, Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Zn, Li, Co, As, Sr, Cd, Pb, DOC). The study cannot verify that all correlating elements bind to DOC. It is likely that also a common mobilization pattern in the upper peat layer by plant decomposition causes the same response to changes in hydrologic pathways. Additionally, a low mineral content and an enrichment of elements like Fe and Mn in the

  12. Modelling Inland Flood Events for Hazard Maps in Taiwan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, S.; Nzerem, K.; Sassi, M.; Hilberts, A.; Assteerawatt, A.; Tillmanns, S.; Mathur, P.; Mitas, C.; Rafique, F.

    2015-12-01

    Taiwan experiences significant inland flooding, driven by torrential rainfall from plum rain storms and typhoons during summer and fall. From last 13 to 16 years data, 3,000 buildings were damaged by such floods annually with a loss US$0.41 billion (Water Resources Agency). This long, narrow island nation with mostly hilly/mountainous topography is located at tropical-subtropical zone with annual average typhoon-hit-frequency of 3-4 (Central Weather Bureau) and annual average precipitation of 2502mm (WRA) - 2.5 times of the world's average. Spatial and temporal distributions of countrywide precipitation are uneven, with very high local extreme rainfall intensities. Annual average precipitation is 3000-5000mm in the mountainous regions, 78% of it falls in May-October, and the 1-hour to 3-day maximum rainfall are about 85 to 93% of the world records (WRA). Rivers in Taiwan are short with small upstream areas and high runoff coefficients of watersheds. These rivers have the steepest slopes, the shortest response time with rapid flows, and the largest peak flows as well as specific flood peak discharge (WRA) in the world. RMS has recently developed a countrywide inland flood model for Taiwan, producing hazard return period maps at 1arcsec grid resolution. These can be the basis for evaluating and managing flood risk, its economic impacts, and insured flood losses. The model is initiated with sub-daily historical meteorological forcings and calibrated to daily discharge observations at about 50 river gauges over the period 2003-2013. Simulations of hydrologic processes, via rainfall-runoff and routing models, are subsequently performed based on a 10000 year set of stochastic forcing. The rainfall-runoff model is physically based continuous, semi-distributed model for catchment hydrology. The 1-D wave propagation hydraulic model considers catchment runoff in routing and describes large-scale transport processes along the river. It also accounts for reservoir storage

  13. Community for Data Integration 2016 annual report

    Langseth, Madison L.; Hsu, Leslie; Amberg, Jon J.; Bliss, Norman; Bock, Andrew R.; Bolus, Rachel T.; Bristol, R. Sky; Chase, Katherine J.; Crimmins, Theresa M.; Earle, Paul S.; Erickson, Richard; Everette, A. Lance; Falgout, Jeff T.; Faundeen, John L.; Fienen, Michael N.; Griffin, Rusty; Guy, Michelle R.; Henry, Kevin D.; Hoebelheinrich, Nancy J.; Hunt, Randall; Hutchison, Vivian B.; Ignizio, Drew A.; Infante, Dana M.; Jarnevich, Catherine; Jones, Jeanne M.; Kern, Tim; Leibowitz, Scott; Lightsom, Francis L.; Marsh, R. Lee; McCalla, S. Grace; McNiff, Marcia; Morisette, Jeffrey T.; Nelson, John C.; Norkin, Tamar; Preston, Todd M.; Rosemartin, Alyssa; Sando, Roy; Sherba, Jason T.; Signell, Richard P.; Sleeter, Benjamin M.; Sundquist, Eric T.; Talbert, Colin B.; Viger, Roland J.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Waltman, Sharon; Weber, Marc; Wieferich, Daniel J.; Williams, Brad; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie

    2017-05-19

    The Community for Data Integration (CDI) represents a dynamic community of practice focused on advancing science data and information management and integration capabilities across the U.S. Geological Survey and the CDI community. This annual report describes the various presentations, activities, and outcomes of the CDI monthly forums, working groups, virtual training series, and other CDI-sponsored events in fiscal year 2016. The report also describes the objectives and accomplishments of the 13 CDI-funded projects in fiscal year 2016.

  14. 34th Annual SWAT Round-Up

    2016-11-15

    The entrance to the Lawson Lamar Firearms and Tactical Training Center in Orlando, Florida. NASA Kennedy Space Center's Emergency Response Team members will compete in the 34th Annual SWAT Round-up International from Nov. 15 to 18. The event features five different competition categories. Kennedy's ERT members exchanged best practices and competed with 60 teams from the U.S. and around the world.

  15. InSAR coherence study of unusual rain events in the Atacama Desert

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jordan, T. E.; Scott, C. P.; Lohman, R.

    2017-12-01

    The Atacama Desert (AD) occupies much of Chile at latitudes 18-27°S. The surficial materials vary, dependent on proximity to the ocean, slope, position within a surface water drainage system, mean annual rainfall, human land disturbance, and the local history of climate changes. Three major divisions of soil composition include: near coastal zone of silicate mineral soils, mostly devoid of plants; central hyperarid zone dominated by gypsum, devoid of plants; eastern zone of silicate-based soils, very sparse plants. The AD in March 2015 experienced the largest rain event of modern history, and again in June 2017 almost as much rain fell within the study area (24.2-25.7°S, coast to Andes Mountains). Those natural experiments set the stage for InSAR remote sensing of surface changes in a 24,000 square kilometer area. We used interferometric coherence of radar to measure the similarity in the reflective ground properties at the time of two SAR acquisitions, and a time series of European Space Agency's Sentinel-1A data sets acquired between January 2015 and August 2017. Date pairs lacking an intervening rain event reveal extensive regions of high coherence, and in those areas we focus on the temporal evolution of coherence across dates of, and following dates of, the major rains. Permanent change of the surface is most extensive in the eastern and western sectors, yet the degree of permanent change was small except in valley bottoms. In the sector with gypsum soil small degrees of permanent change occurred over 30% of the surface including in narrow (1-3 km) elongate (10-60 km) stripes that cross-cut topography, likely revealing rain bands. The spatial pattern of transient change in coherence differs. Over half the gypsum-dominated zone displays a transient change signal, whose spatial pattern corresponds to geomorphological forms; older landforms display greater transient coherence changes. In the silicate-dominated eastern region the transient signals are smaller

  16. Creating Special Events

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    deLisle, Lee

    2009-01-01

    "Creating Special Events" is organized as a systematic approach to festivals and events for students who seek a career in event management. This book looks at the evolution and history of festivals and events and proceeds to the nuts and bolts of event management. The book presents event management as the means of planning, organizing, directing,…

  17. Mushy zone modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glicksman, Martin E.; Smith, Richard N.; Marsh, Steven P.; Kuklinski, Robert

    A key element of mushy zone modeling is the description of the microscopic evolution of the lengthscales within the mushy zone and the influence of macroscopic transport processes. This paper describes some recent progress in developing a mean-field statistical theory of phase coarsening in adiabatic mushy zones. The main theoretical predictions are temporal scaling laws that indicate that average lengthscale increases as time 1/3, a self-similar distribution of mushy zone lengthscales based on spherical solid particle shapes, and kinetic rate constants which provide the dependences of the coarsening process on material parameters and the volume fraction of the solid phase. High precision thermal decay experiments are described which verify aspects of the theory in pure material mushy zones held under adiabatic conditions. The microscopic coarsening theory is then integrated within a macroscopic heat transfer model of one-dimensional alloy solidification, using the Double Integral Method. The method demonstrates an ability to predict the influence of macroscopic heat transfer on the evolution of primary and secondary dendrite arm spacings in Al-Cu alloys. Finally, some suggestions are made for future experimental and theoretical studies required in developing comprehensive solidification processing models.

  18. Modeling hyporheic zone processes

    Runkel, Robert L.; McKnight, Diane M.; Rajaram, Harihar

    2003-01-01

    Stream biogeochemistry is influenced by the physical and chemical processes that occur in the surrounding watershed. These processes include the mass loading of solutes from terrestrial and atmospheric sources, the physical transport of solutes within the watershed, and the transformation of solutes due to biogeochemical reactions. Research over the last two decades has identified the hyporheic zone as an important part of the stream system in which these processes occur. The hyporheic zone may be loosely defined as the porous areas of the stream bed and stream bank in which stream water mixes with shallow groundwater. Exchange of water and solutes between the stream proper and the hyporheic zone has many biogeochemical implications, due to differences in the chemical composition of surface and groundwater. For example, surface waters are typically oxidized environments with relatively high dissolved oxygen concentrations. In contrast, reducing conditions are often present in groundwater systems leading to low dissolved oxygen concentrations. Further, microbial oxidation of organic materials in groundwater leads to supersaturated concentrations of dissolved carbon dioxide relative to the atmosphere. Differences in surface and groundwater pH and temperature are also common. The hyporheic zone is therefore a mixing zone in which there are gradients in the concentrations of dissolved gasses, the concentrations of oxidized and reduced species, pH, and temperature. These gradients lead to biogeochemical reactions that ultimately affect stream water quality. Due to the complexity of these natural systems, modeling techniques are frequently employed to quantify process dynamics.

  19. Freeway work zone lane capacity.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this report is a capacity analysis of two long-term urban freeway Work Zones. Work Zone #1 : tapered four mainline lanes to two, using two separate tapers; Work Zone #2 tapered two mainline lanes to one. : Work Zone throughput was analyz...

  20. Geochemical particle fluxes in the Southern Indian Ocean seasonal ice zone: Prydz Bay region, East Antarctica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pilskaln, C. H.; Manganini, S. J.; Trull, T. W.; Armand, L.; Howard, W.; Asper, V. L.; Massom, R.

    2004-02-01

    Time-series sediment traps were deployed between December 1998 and January 2000 and from March 2000 to February 2001 at two offshore Prydz Bay sites within the seasonal ice zone (SIZ) of the Southern Indian Ocean located between 62-63°S and 73-76°E to quantify seasonal biogeochemical particle fluxes. Samples were obtained from traps placed at 1400, 2400, and 3400 m during the first deployment year (PZB-1) and from 3300 m in the second deployment year (PZB-2). All geochemical export fluxes were highly seasonal with primary peaks occurring during the austral summer and relatively low fluxes prevailing through the winter months. Secondary flux peaks in mid-winter and in early spring were suggestive of small-scale, sea-ice break-up events and the spring retreat of seasonal ice, respectively. Biogenic silica represented over 70% (by weight) of the collected trap material and provided an annual opal export of 18 g m -2 to 1 km and 3-10 g m -2 to 3 km. POC fluxes supplied an annual export of approximately 1 g m -2, equal to the estimated ocean-wide average. Elevated particulate C org/C inorg and Si bio/C inorg molar ratios indicate a productive, diatom-dominated system, although consistently small fluxes of planktonic foraminifera and pteropod shells document a heterotrophic source of carbonate to deeper waters in the SIZ. The observation of high Si bio/C org ratios and the δ15N time-series data suggest enhanced rates of diatom-POC remineralization in the upper 1000 m relative to bioSiO 2. The occurrence in this region of a pronounced temperature minimum, associated with a strong pycnocline and subsurface particle maximum at 50-100 m, may represent a zone where sinking, diatom-rich particulates temporarily accumulate and POC is remineralized.

  1. Dike zones on Venus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Markov, M. S.; Sukhanov, A. L.

    1987-01-01

    Venusian dike zone structures were identified from Venera 15 and 16 radar images. These include: a zone of subparallel rows centered at 30 deg N, 7 deg E; a system of intersecting bands centered at 67 deg N, 284 deg E; polygonal systems in lavas covering the structural base uplift centered at 47 deg N, 200 deg E; a system of light bands in the region of the ring structure centered at 43 deg N, 13 deg E; and a dike band centered at 27 deg N, 36 deg E.

  2. Extreme weather events in Iran under a changing climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alizadeh-Choobari, Omid; Najafi, M. S.

    2018-01-01

    Observations unequivocally show that Iran has been rapidly warming over recent decades, which in sequence has triggered a wide range of climatic impacts. Meteorological records of several ground stations across Iran with daily temporal resolution for the period 1951-2013 were analyzed to investigate the climate change and its impact on some weather extremes. Iran has warmed by nearly 1.3 °C during the period 1951-2013 (+0.2 °C per decade), with an increase of the minimum temperature at a rate two times that of the maximum. Consequently, an increase in the frequency of heat extremes and a decrease in the frequency of cold extremes have been observed. The annual precipitation has decreased by 8 mm per decade, causing an expansion of Iran's dry zones. Previous studies have pointed out that warming is generally associated with more frequent heavy precipitation because a warmer air can hold more moisture. Nevertheless, warming in Iran has been associated with more frequent light precipitation, but less frequent moderate, heavy and extremely heavy precipitation. This is because in the subtropical dry zones, a longer time is required to recharge the atmosphere with water vapour in a warmer climate, causing more water vapour to be transported from the subtropics to high latitudes before precipitations forms. In addition, the altitude of the condensation level increases in a warmer climate in subtropical regions, causing an overall decrease of precipitation. We argue that changing in the frequency of heavy precipitation in response to warming varies depending on the geographical location. Warming over the dry subtropical regions is associated with a decrease in the frequency of heavy precipitation, while an increase is expected over both subpolar and tropical regions. The warmer climate has also led to the increase in the frequency of both thunderstorms (driven by convective heating) and dust events over Iran.

  3. Annual nitrate drawdown observed by SOCCOM profiling floats and the relationship to annual net community production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Kenneth S.; Plant, Joshua N.; Dunne, John P.; Talley, Lynne D.; Sarmiento, Jorge L.

    2017-08-01

    Annual nitrate cycles have been measured throughout the pelagic waters of the Southern Ocean, including regions with seasonal ice cover and southern hemisphere subtropical zones. Vertically resolved nitrate measurements were made using in situ ultraviolet spectrophotometer (ISUS) and submersible ultraviolet nitrate analyzer (SUNA) optical nitrate sensors deployed on profiling floats. Thirty-one floats returned 40 complete annual cycles. The mean nitrate profile from the month with the highest winter nitrate minus the mean profile from the month with the lowest nitrate yields the annual nitrate drawdown. This quantity was integrated to 200 m depth and converted to carbon using the Redfield ratio to estimate annual net community production (ANCP) throughout the Southern Ocean south of 30°S. A well-defined, zonal mean distribution is found with highest values (3-4 mol C m-2 yr-1) from 40 to 50°S. Lowest values are found in the subtropics and in the seasonal ice zone. The area weighted mean was 2.9 mol C m-2 yr-1 for all regions south of 40°S. Cumulative ANCP south of 50°S is 1.3 Pg C yr-1. This represents about 13% of global ANCP in about 14% of the global ocean area.Plain Language SummaryThis manuscript reports on 40 <span class="hlt">annual</span> cycles of nitrate observed by chemical sensors on SOCCOM profiling floats. The <span class="hlt">annual</span> drawdown in nitrate concentration by phytoplankton is used to assess the spatial variability of <span class="hlt">annual</span> net community production in the Southern Ocean. This ANCP is a key component of the global carbon cycle and it exerts an important control on atmospheric carbon dioxide. We show that the results are consistent with our prior understanding of Southern Ocean ANCP, which has required decades of observations to accumulate. The profiling floats now enable <span class="hlt">annual</span> resolution of this key process. The results also highlight spatial variability in ANCP in the Southern Ocean.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.epa.gov/soil-fumigants/buffer-zone-sign-template','PESTICIDES'); return false;" href="https://www.epa.gov/soil-fumigants/buffer-zone-sign-template"><span>Buffer <span class="hlt">Zone</span> Sign Template</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/search.htm">EPA Pesticide Factsheets</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>The certified pesticide applicator is required to post a comparable sign, designating a buffer <span class="hlt">zone</span> around the soil fumigant application block in order to control exposure risk. It must include the don't walk symbol, product name, and applicator contact.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=325323','TEKTRAN'); return false;" href="http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=325323"><span>Arid <span class="hlt">Zone</span> Hydrology</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href=""></a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Arid <span class="hlt">zone</span> hydrology encompasses a wide range of topics and hydro-meteorological and ecological characteristics. Although arid and semi-arid watersheds perform the same functions as those in humid environments, their hydrology and sediment transport characteristics cannot be readily predicted by inf...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/18351','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/18351"><span><span class="hlt">Zone</span> of intrusion study.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-15</p> <p>The Midwest Roadside Safety Facility (MwRSF) performed an analysis using LS-DYNA simulation to investigate the <span class="hlt">zone</span> of intrusion (ZOI) of an NCHRP Report No. 350 2000p pickup truck when impacting a 40-in. high F-shape parapet. : The ZOI for the 40-in...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28288718','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28288718"><span>Splenic marginal <span class="hlt">zone</span> lymphoma.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Piris, Miguel A; Onaindía, Arantza; Mollejo, Manuela</p> <p></p> <p>Splenic marginal <span class="hlt">zone</span> lymphoma (SMZL) is an indolent small B-cell lymphoma involving the spleen and bone marrow characterized by a micronodular tumoral infiltration that replaces the preexisting lymphoid follicles and shows marginal <span class="hlt">zone</span> differentiation as a distinctive finding. SMZL cases are characterized by prominent splenomegaly and bone marrow and peripheral blood infiltration. Cells in peripheral blood show a villous cytology. Bone marrow and peripheral blood characteristic features usually allow a diagnosis of SMZL to be performed. Mutational spectrum of SMZL identifies specific findings, such as 7q loss and NOTCH2 and KLF2 mutations, both genes related with marginal <span class="hlt">zone</span> differentiation. There is a striking clinical variability in SMZL cases, dependent of the tumoral load and performance status. Specific molecular markers such as 7q loss, p53 loss/mutation, NOTCH2 and KLF2 mutations have been found to be associated with the clinical variability. Distinction from Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis with marginal <span class="hlt">zone</span> phenotype is still an open issue that requires identification of precise and specific thresholds with clinical meaning. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19920014717','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19920014717"><span>Fast aurora <span class="hlt">zone</span> analysis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Booker, Mattie</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>The Flight Dynamics Facility (FDF) of the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD), of the Goddard Space Flight Center provides acquisition data to tracking stations and orbit and attitude services to scientists and mission support personnel. The following paper explains how a method was determined that found spacecraft entry and exit times of the aurora <span class="hlt">zone</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017EGUGA..1918958B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017EGUGA..1918958B"><span>Vegetation <span class="hlt">zones</span> in changing climate</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Belda, Michal; Holtanova, Eva; Halenka, Tomas; Kalvova, Jaroslava</p> <p>2017-04-01</p> <p>Climate patterns analysis can be performed for individual climate variables separately or the data can be aggregated using e.g. some kind of climate classification. These classifications usually correspond to vegetation distribution in the sense that each climate type is dominated by one vegetation <span class="hlt">zone</span> or eco-region. Thus, the Köppen-Trewartha classification provides integrated assessment of temperature and precipitation together with their <span class="hlt">annual</span> cycle as well. This way climate classifications also can be used as a convenient tool for the assessment and validation of climate models and for the analysis of simulated future climate changes. The Köppen-Trewartha classification is applied on full CMIP5 family of more than 40 GCM simulations and CRU dataset for comparison. This evaluation provides insight on the GCM performance and errors for simulations of the 20th century climate. Common regions are identified, such as Australia or Amazonia, where many state-of-the-art models perform inadequately. Moreover, the analysis of the CMIP5 ensemble for future under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 is performed to assess the climate change for future. There are significant changes for some types in most models e.g. increase of savanna and decrease of tundra for the future climate. For some types significant shifts in latitude can be seen when studying their geographical location in selected continental areas, e.g. toward higher latitudes for boreal climate. Quite significant uncertainty can be seen for some types. For Europe, EuroCORDEX results for both 0.11 and 0.44 degree resolution are validated using Köppen-Trewartha types in comparison to E-OBS based classification. ERA-Interim driven simulations are compared to both present conditions of CMIP5 models as well as their downscaling by EuroCORDEX RCMs. Finally, the climate change signal assessment is provided using the individual climate types. In addition to the changes assessed similarly as for GCMs analysis in terms of the area</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70029713','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70029713"><span>GSA committees: Progress through service the <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Program Committee</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href=""></a></p> <p>Costa, J.E.</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>The GSA's <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Program Committee (APC) is directly responsible for the GSA's meeting and other responsibilities especially before the main <span class="hlt">event</span>. It decides on the locations, the number and content of the technical sessions, <span class="hlt">annual</span> membership surveys, hospitality for the guests, field trips and more. In addition, it pays significant attention to creative thinking about geoscience discoveries and directions as well as identify new and emerging areas of earth science. APC is also looking for new ideas, approaches and directions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED384085.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED384085.pdf"><span>Assessing Special <span class="hlt">Events</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Neff, Bonita Dostal</p> <p></p> <p>Special <span class="hlt">events</span> defined as being "newsworthy <span class="hlt">events</span>" are becoming a way of American life. They are also a means for making a lot of money. Examples of special <span class="hlt">events</span> that are cited most frequently are often the most minor of <span class="hlt">events</span>; e.g., the open house, the new business opening day gala, or a celebration of some <span class="hlt">event</span> in an organization.…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23942350','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23942350"><span><span class="hlt">Event</span> segmentation ability uniquely predicts <span class="hlt">event</span> memory.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sargent, Jesse Q; Zacks, Jeffrey M; Hambrick, David Z; Zacks, Rose T; Kurby, Christopher A; Bailey, Heather R; Eisenberg, Michelle L; Beck, Taylor M</p> <p>2013-11-01</p> <p>Memory for everyday <span class="hlt">events</span> plays a central role in tasks of daily living, autobiographical memory, and planning. <span class="hlt">Event</span> memory depends in part on segmenting ongoing activity into meaningful units. This study examined the relationship between <span class="hlt">event</span> segmentation and memory in a lifespan sample to answer the following question: Is the ability to segment activity into meaningful <span class="hlt">events</span> a unique predictor of subsequent memory, or is the relationship between <span class="hlt">event</span> perception and memory accounted for by general cognitive abilities? Two hundred and eight adults ranging from 20 to 79years old segmented movies of everyday <span class="hlt">events</span> and attempted to remember the <span class="hlt">events</span> afterwards. They also completed psychometric ability tests and tests measuring script knowledge for everyday <span class="hlt">events</span>. <span class="hlt">Event</span> segmentation and script knowledge both explained unique variance in <span class="hlt">event</span> memory above and beyond the psychometric measures, and did so as strongly in older as in younger adults. These results suggest that <span class="hlt">event</span> segmentation is a basic cognitive mechanism, important for memory across the lifespan. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3821069','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3821069"><span><span class="hlt">Event</span> Segmentation Ability Uniquely Predicts <span class="hlt">Event</span> Memory</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sargent, Jesse Q.; Zacks, Jeffrey M.; Hambrick, David Z.; Zacks, Rose T.; Kurby, Christopher A.; Bailey, Heather R.; Eisenberg, Michelle L.; Beck, Taylor M.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Memory for everyday <span class="hlt">events</span> plays a central role in tasks of daily living, autobiographical memory, and planning. <span class="hlt">Event</span> memory depends in part on segmenting ongoing activity into meaningful units. This study examined the relationship between <span class="hlt">event</span> segmentation and memory in a lifespan sample to answer the following question: Is the ability to segment activity into meaningful <span class="hlt">events</span> a unique predictor of subsequent memory, or is the relationship between <span class="hlt">event</span> perception and memory accounted for by general cognitive abilities? Two hundred and eight adults ranging from 20 to 79 years old segmented movies of everyday <span class="hlt">events</span> and attempted to remember the <span class="hlt">events</span> afterwards. They also completed psychometric ability tests and tests measuring script knowledge for everyday <span class="hlt">events</span>. <span class="hlt">Event</span> segmentation and script knowledge both explained unique variance in <span class="hlt">event</span> memory above and beyond the psychometric measures, and did so as strongly in older as in younger adults. These results suggest that <span class="hlt">event</span> segmentation is a basic cognitive mechanism, important for memory across the lifespan. PMID:23942350</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015AGUFM.T51D2906B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015AGUFM.T51D2906B"><span>An International Coastline Collaboratory to Broaden Scientific Impacts of a Subduction <span class="hlt">Zone</span> Observatory</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Bodin, P.</p> <p>2015-12-01</p> <p>A global Subduction <span class="hlt">Zone</span> Observatory (SZO) presents an exciting opportunity to broaden involvement in scientific research and to ensure multidisciplinary impact. Most subduction <span class="hlt">zones</span> feature dynamic interactions of the seafloor, the coastline, and the onshore environments also being perturbed by global climate change. Tectonic deformation, physical environment changes (temperature and chemistry), and resulting ecological shifts (intertidal population redistribution, etc.) are all basic observables for important scientific investigation. Yet even simple baseline studies like repeated transects of intertidal biological communities are rare. A coordinated program of such studies would document the local variability across time and spatial scales, permit comparisons with other subducting coastlines, and extend the reach and importance of other SZO studies. One goal is to document the patterns, and separate the component causes of, coastal uplift and subsidence and ecological response to a subduction <span class="hlt">zone</span> earthquake using a database of pre-<span class="hlt">event</span> biological and surveying observations. Observations would be directed by local scientists using students and trained volunteers as observers, under the auspices of local educational entities and using standardized sampling and reporting methods. The observations would be added to the global, Internet-accessible, database for use by the entire scientific community. Data acquisition and analysis supports the educational missions of local schools and universities, forming the basis for educational programs. All local programs would be coordinated by an international panel convened by the SZO. The facility would include a web-hosted lecture series and an <span class="hlt">annual</span> web conference to aid organization and collaboration. Small grants could support more needy areas. This SZO collaboratory advances not only scientific literacy, but also multinational collaboration and scholarship, and (most importantly) produces important scientific results.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/27734','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/27734"><span>Evaluation of Ohio work <span class="hlt">zone</span> speed <span class="hlt">zones</span> process.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-06-01</p> <p>This report describes the methodology and results of analyses performed to determine the effectiveness of Ohio Department of Transportation processes for establishing work <span class="hlt">zone</span> speed <span class="hlt">zones</span>. Researchers observed motorists speed choice upstream of a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015AGUFM.S13B2840Z','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015AGUFM.S13B2840Z"><span>Microseismic Velocity Imaging of the Fracturing <span class="hlt">Zone</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Zhang, H.; Chen, Y.</p> <p>2015-12-01</p> <p>Hydraulic fracturing of low permeability reservoirs can induce microseismic <span class="hlt">events</span> during fracture development. For this reason, microseismic monitoring using sensors on surface or in borehole have been widely used to delineate fracture spatial distribution and to understand fracturing mechanisms. It is often the case that the stimulated reservoir volume (SRV) is determined solely based on microseismic locations. However, it is known that for some fracture development stage, long period long duration <span class="hlt">events</span>, instead of microseismic <span class="hlt">events</span> may be associated. In addition, because microseismic <span class="hlt">events</span> are essentially weak and there exist different sources of noise during monitoring, some microseismic <span class="hlt">events</span> could not be detected and thus located. Therefore the estimation of the SRV is biased if it is solely determined by microseismic locations. With the existence of fluids and fractures, the seismic velocity of reservoir layers will be decreased. Based on this fact, we have developed a near real time seismic velocity tomography method to characterize velocity changes associated with fracturing process. The method is based on double-difference seismic tomography algorithm to image the fracturing <span class="hlt">zone</span> where microseismic <span class="hlt">events</span> occur by using differential arrival times from microseismic <span class="hlt">event</span> pairs. To take into account varying data distribution for different fracking stages, the method solves the velocity model in the wavelet domain so that different scales of model features can be obtained according to different data distribution. We have applied this real time tomography method to both acoustic emission data from lab experiment and microseismic data from a downhole microseismic monitoring project for shale gas hydraulic fracturing treatment. The tomography results from lab data clearly show the velocity changes associated with different rock fracturing stages. For the field data application, it shows that microseismic <span class="hlt">events</span> are located in low velocity anomalies. By</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2705390','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2705390"><span>Genetic parameters of <span class="hlt">eventing</span> horse competition in France</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Ricard, Anne; Chanu, Isabelle</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>Genetic parameters of <span class="hlt">eventing</span> horse competitions were estimated. About 13 000 horses, 30 000 <span class="hlt">annual</span> results during 17 years and 110 000 starts in <span class="hlt">eventing</span> competitions during 8 years were recorded. The measures of performance were logarithmic transformations of <span class="hlt">annual</span> earnings, <span class="hlt">annual</span> earnings per start, and <span class="hlt">annual</span> earnings per place, and underlying variables responsible for ranks in each competition. Heritabilities were low (0.11/0.17 for <span class="hlt">annual</span> results, 0.07 for ranks). Genetic correlations between criteria were high (greater than 0.90) except between ranks and earnings per place (0.58) or per start (0.67). Genetic correlations between ages (from 5 to 10 years old) were also high (more than 0.85) and allow selection on early performances. The genetic correlation between the results in different levels of competition (high/international and low/amateur) was near 1. Genetic correlations of <span class="hlt">eventing</span> with other disciplines, which included partial aptitude needed for <span class="hlt">eventing</span>, were very low for steeplechase races (0.18) and moderate with sport: jumping (0.45), dressage (0.58). The results suggest that selection on jumping performance will lead to some positive correlated response for <span class="hlt">eventing</span> performance, but much more response could be obtained if a specific breeding objective and selection criteria were developed for <span class="hlt">eventing</span>. PMID:11333833</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/SafetyAvailability/ReportaProblem/VaccineAdverseEvents/default.htm','NIH-MEDLINEPLUS'); return false;" href="https://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/SafetyAvailability/ReportaProblem/VaccineAdverseEvents/default.htm"><span>Vaccine Adverse <span class="hlt">Events</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePlus</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>... use in the primary immunization series in infants Report Adverse <span class="hlt">Event</span> Report a Vaccine Adverse <span class="hlt">Event</span> Contact FDA (800) 835- ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse <span class="hlt">Event</span> MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=GL-2002-001369&hterms=twins&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dtwins','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=GL-2002-001369&hterms=twins&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dtwins"><span>Twin Convergence <span class="hlt">Zones</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>NASA's QuikSCAT satellite has confirmed a 30-year old largely unproven theory that there are two areas near the equator where the winds converge year after year and drive ocean circulation south of the equator. By analyzing winds, QuikSCAT has found a year-round southern and northern Intertropical Convergence <span class="hlt">Zone</span>. This find is important to climate modelers and weather forecasters because it provides more detail on how the oceans and atmosphere interact near the equator. The Intertropical Convergence <span class="hlt">Zone</span> (ITCZ) is the region that circles the Earth near the equator, where the trade winds of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres come together. North of the equator, strong sun and warm water of the equator heats the air in the ITCZ, drawing air in from north and south and causing the air to rise. As the air rises it cools, releasing the accumulated moisture in an almost perpetual series of thunderstorms. Satellite data, however, has confirmed that there is an ITCZ north of the equator and a parallel ITCZ south of the equator. Variation in the location of the ITCZ is important to people around the world because it affects the north-south atmospheric circulation, which redistributes energy. It drastically affects rainfall in many equatorial nations, resulting in the wet and dry seasons of the tropics rather than the cold and warm seasons of higher latitudes. Longer term changes in the ITCZ can result in severe droughts or flooding in nearby areas. 'The double ITCZ is usually only identified in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans on a limited and seasonal basis,' said Timothy Liu, of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif., and lead researcher on the project. In the eastern Pacific Ocean, the southern ITCZ is usually seen springtime. In the western Atlantic Ocean, the southern ITCZ was recently clearly identified only in the summertime. However, QuikSCAT's wind data has seen the southern ITCZ in all seasons across the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012Litho.136....1Z','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012Litho.136....1Z"><span>Processes in continental collision <span class="hlt">zones</span>: Preface</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Zheng, Yong-Fei; Zhang, Lifei; McClelland, William C.; Cuthbert, Simon</p> <p>2012-04-01</p> <p>Formation and exhumation of high-pressure (HP) to ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphic rocks in continental subduction <span class="hlt">zones</span> are the two fundamental geodynamic aspects of collisional orogensis. This volume is based on the Session 08c titled "Geochemical processes in continental collision <span class="hlt">zones</span>" at Goldschmidt 2010 in Knoxville, USA. It focuses on micro- to macro-scale processes that are temporally and spatially linked to different depths of crustal subduction/exhumation and associated mineralogical changes. They are a key to understanding a wide spectrum of phenomena, involving HP/UHP metamorphism and syn-/post-collisional magmatism. Papers in this volume report progresses in petrological, geochronological and geochemical studies of UHP metamorphic rocks and their derivatives in China, with tectonic settings varying from arc-continent collision to continent-continent collision. Microbeam in-situ analyses of metamorphic and magmatic minerals are successfully utilized to solve various problems in the study of continental deep subduction and UHP metamorphism. In addition to their geochronological applications to dating of HP to UHP metamorphic <span class="hlt">events</span> during continental collision, microbeam techniques have also served as an efficient means to recognize different generations of mineral growth during continental subduction-<span class="hlt">zone</span> metamorphism. Furthermore, metamorphic dehydration and partial melting of UHP metamorphic rocks during subduction and exhumation are highlighted with respect to their effects on fluid action and element mobilization. These have provided new insights into chemical geodynamics in continental subduction <span class="hlt">zones</span>.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_24 --> <div id="page_25" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="481"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED437135.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED437135.pdf"><span>UNICEF <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Report, 1995.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>United Nations Children's Fund, New York, N.Y.</p> <p></p> <p>This <span class="hlt">annual</span> report for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) details the programs and services provided by this organization in 1994. Following an overview of the year and a remembrance of former UNICEF Executive Director James P. Grant, the report describes developments in seven world regions and in specific emergency countries. The report…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19970011281','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19970011281"><span><span class="hlt">Annual</span> Research Briefs - 1996</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>This report contains the 1996 <span class="hlt">annual</span> progress reports of the research fellows and students supported by the Center for Turbulence Research. Last year, CTR hosted twelve resident Postdoctoral Fellows, three Research Associates, four Senior Research Fellows, and supported one doctoral student and ten short term visitors.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED514096.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED514096.pdf"><span>2010 AAUW <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>American Association of University Women, 2010</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>This report highlights some of the outstanding accomplishments of AAUW (American Association of University Women) for fiscal year 2010. This year's <span class="hlt">annual</span> report also features stories of remarkable women who are leading the charge to break through barriers and ensure that all women have a fair chance. Sharon is working to reduce the pay gap…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.eia.gov/coal/distribution/annual/','EIAPUBS'); return false;" href="https://www.eia.gov/coal/distribution/annual/"><span><span class="hlt">Annual</span> Coal Distribution</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eia.doe.gov/reports/">EIA Publications</a></p> <p></p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Coal Distribution Report (ACDR) provides detailed information on domestic coal distribution by origin state, destination state, consumer category, and method of transportation. Also provided is a summary of foreign coal distribution by coal-producing state. All data for the report year are final and this report supersedes all data in the quarterly distribution reports.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10118491','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10118491"><span>International Energy <span class="hlt">Annual</span>, 1992</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciT</a></p> <p>Not Available</p> <p>1994-01-14</p> <p>This report is prepared <span class="hlt">annually</span> and presents the latest information and trends on world energy production and consumption for petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity. Trade and reserves are shown for petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Prices are included for selected petroleum products. Production and consumption data are reported in standard units as well as British thermal units (Btu) and joules.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/6301','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/6301"><span>Amtrak <span class="hlt">annual</span> report, 2007</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>In FY 2007, Amtrak earned approximately : $2.15 billion in total revenue and incurred about : $3.18 billion in expenses. Amtrak relies on an : <span class="hlt">annual</span> federal appropriation, which in FY 2007 : totaled $1.294 billion, including $521 million in : operat...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/aeo/','EIAPUBS'); return false;" href="https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/aeo/"><span><span class="hlt">Annual</span> Energy Outlook</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eia.doe.gov/reports/">EIA Publications</a></p> <p></p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Energy Outlook provides modeled projections of domestic energy markets through 2050, and includes cases with different assumptions of macroeconomic growth, world oil prices, technological progress, and energy policies. With strong domestic production and relatively flat demand, the United States becomes a net energy exporter over the projection period in most cases.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/6300','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/6300"><span>Amtrak <span class="hlt">annual</span> report, 2006</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>As a testament to the growing popularity of rail travel, <span class="hlt">annual</span> ridership has risen every year, growing 12 percent : between FY 2002 and 2006. During the same period, per-passenger-mile revenue yield rose from 23.6 : cents to 26.5 cents. With 24.3 mi...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=bangladesh+AND+finance&pg=2&id=ED256463','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=bangladesh+AND+finance&pg=2&id=ED256463"><span>UNICEF <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Report. 1984.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY.</p> <p></p> <p>This <span class="hlt">annual</span> report reviews the work UNICEF has been doing to help transform the "Child Survival Revolution" from a dream into a reality. Discussion focuses primarily on child health and nutrition and other basic services for children. Throughout, the review is supplemented with profiles of program initiatives made to improve the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Biomedicine&pg=5&id=EJ147163','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Biomedicine&pg=5&id=EJ147163"><span><span class="hlt">Annual</span> Conference Abstracts</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Engineering Education, 1976</p> <p>1976-01-01</p> <p>Presents the abstracts of 158 papers presented at the American Society for Engineering Education's <span class="hlt">annual</span> conference at Knoxville, Tennessee, June 14-17, 1976. Included are engineering topics covering education, aerospace, agriculture, biomedicine, chemistry, computers, electricity, acoustics, environment, mechanics, and women. (SL)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=water+AND+villages&pg=5&id=ED235879','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=water+AND+villages&pg=5&id=ED235879"><span>UNICEF <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Report 1983.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY.</p> <p></p> <p>In introducing this <span class="hlt">annual</span> report, the executive director of UNICEF delineates the four techniques for primary health care and basic services reported in the publication "State of the World's Children, 1982-1983." The ensuing review of UNICEF's activities illustrates highlights of the year's program cooperation, including trends and key…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/6302','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/6302"><span>Amtrak <span class="hlt">annual</span> report, 2008</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>In FY 2008, Amtrak earned approximately $2.45 billion in total revenue and incurred about $3.41 billion in : expenses. The <span class="hlt">annual</span> federal appropriation on which Amtrak relies : totaled $1.325 billion in FY 2008, comprising $475 million in : operating...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/6303','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/6303"><span>Amtrak <span class="hlt">annual</span> report, 2009</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>In FY 2009, Amtrak earned just over $2.35 billion in total revenue and incurred $3.5 billion in expenses. The <span class="hlt">annual</span> federal : appropriation on which Amtrak relies totaled $1.49 billion in FY 2009, comprising $475 million in operating funds, $75 : mi...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=agricultural+AND+engineering&pg=4&id=EJ067031','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=agricultural+AND+engineering&pg=4&id=EJ067031"><span><span class="hlt">Annual</span> Conference Abstracts</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Journal of Engineering Education, 1972</p> <p>1972-01-01</p> <p>Includes abstracts of papers presented at the 80th <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Conference of the American Society for Engineering Education. The broad areas include aerospace, affiliate and associate member council, agricultural engineering, biomedical engineering, continuing engineering studies, chemical engineering, civil engineering, computers, cooperative…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Developments+AND+Research+AND+Data+AND+Management+AND+Academic+AND+Libraries&pg=3&id=ED296738','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Developments+AND+Research+AND+Data+AND+Management+AND+Academic+AND+Libraries&pg=3&id=ED296738"><span>OMS 1987 <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Report.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC. Office of Management Studies.</p> <p></p> <p>Designed to serve both as an activity report on Office of Management Studies (OMS) progress during 1987 and a catalog of OMS services and products, this <span class="hlt">annual</span> report focuses on the management of technology in a scholarly environment. Programs and services are reported in five sections: (1) Applied Research and Development (the Institute on…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED369507.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED369507.pdf"><span>Grassroots. <span class="hlt">Annual</span> Report 1993.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Grassroots Educare Trust, Gatesville (South Africa).</p> <p></p> <p>This <span class="hlt">annual</span> report describes the programs and staff for 1993 of Grassroots Educare Trust, an organization that helps South African communities provide preschool education and health care. Contents of the report are: (1) a list of the board of trustees; (2) a message from the chairman; (3) the director's report on external efforts and internal…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED399076.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED399076.pdf"><span><span class="hlt">Annual</span> Review 1995.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).</p> <p></p> <p>This document provides an <span class="hlt">annual</span> report and financial review for 1995 of the Bernard van Leer Foundation, a private institution created in 1949 for broad humanitarian purposes. The report includes feature articles highlighting specific aspects of the year's activities: (1) "Growing Up in France: Parental Creches"; (2) "Changing the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED310961.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED310961.pdf"><span>Folklife <span class="hlt">Annual</span>, 1987.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Jabbour, Alan, Ed.; Hardin, James, Ed.</p> <p></p> <p>This <span class="hlt">annual</span> publication is intended to promote the documentation and study of the folklife of the United States, to share the traditions, values, and activities of U.S. folk culture, and to serve as a national forum for the discussion of ideas and issues in folklore and folklife. The articles in this collection are: (1) "Eating in the Belly…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11372497','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11372497"><span>Employee benefits <span class="hlt">annual</span> checkup.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Brossman, M E; Taran, J</p> <p>2001-06-01</p> <p>An <span class="hlt">annual</span> checkup is a prudent preventive measure for employee benefit plans. It allows plan fiduciaries to assess the overall "health" of the plans they administer and to make proactive corrections. This article lists some of the most important items to consider in evaluating a plan.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Social+AND+Security+AND+numbers&pg=4&id=EJ444430','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Social+AND+Security+AND+numbers&pg=4&id=EJ444430"><span><span class="hlt">Annual</span> Income Tax Guide.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Keener, Sandra C.</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>This <span class="hlt">annual</span> guide to income tax for parents of children with disabilities covers organizing records; avoiding audits; deducting medical expenses; and considering the impact of recent changes in medical expenses, Social Security numbers for children, child care, earned income credit, and deduction for dependents. (DB)</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_25 --> <center> <div class="footer-extlink text-muted"><small>Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. 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