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Sample records for zr hf newsletter

  1. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF Zr AND Hf HALIDES (in Rumanian)

    SciTech Connect

    Lungu, S.N.

    1962-01-01

    The following standard heats of formation were found: ZrCl/sub 3/, 178.6 plus or minus 3.2; ZrCl/sub 2/, 124.3 plus or minus 3; ZrBr/sub 3/, 151 plus or minus 7; Zr Br/sbu 2/, 100 plus or minus 6; ZrI/sub 3/, 103 plus or minus 6; ZrI/sub 2/, 68 plus or minus 4; and HfCl/sub 4/, 239.4 plus or minus 5.5; HfCl/sub 3/, 186.6; HfCl/sub 2/, 130; HfBr/sub 4/, 200; HfBr/sub 3/, 157; HfBr / sub 2/, 108; HfI/sub 4/, 140; HfI/sub 3/, 113; and HfI/sub 2/, 72 kcal/mole. (R.V.J.)

  2. Zr and Hf diffusion in rutile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cherniak, D. J.; Manchester, J.; Watson, E. B.

    2007-09-01

    Chemical diffusion of Zr and Hf under anhydrous conditions has been measured in synthetic and natural rutile. The sources of diffusant used were hafnon or zircon powders or a hafnon-rutile mixture. Experiments were run in crimped Pt capsules in air, or in sealed silica glass capsules with solid buffers (to buffer at NNO or QFM). Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS) was used to measure Zr and Hf diffusion profiles. From these measurements, the following Arrhenius relations were obtained: For Zr diffusion parallel to c, over the temperature range 750-1100 °C DZr¦c = 9.8 × 10 - 15 exp(- 170 ± 30 kJ mol - 1 /RT) m 2 s - 1 For Hf diffusion parallel to c, over the temperature range 800-1000 °C DHf¦c = 9.1 × 10 - 15 exp(- 169 ± 36 kJ mol - 1 /RT) m 2 s - 1 For Hf diffusion normal to c, over the temperature range 750-1050 °C DHf⊥c = 2.5 × 10 - 12 exp(- 227 ± 62 kJ mol - 1 /RT) m 2 s - 1 . Diffusivities for experiments buffered at QFM and NNO are similar to those run in air. Diffusivities in synthetic and natural rutile are likewise similar, indicating that these findings can be applied directly in determining Zr diffusivities in rutile in natural systems. These data indicate that rutile should be moderately retentive of Zr chemical signatures, with Zr diffusivities within an order of magnitude of those for Pb in rutile over most geologic conditions. When applied in evaluation of the relative robustness of the recently developed Zr-in-rutile geothermometer [T. Zack, R. Moraes, A. Kronz, Temperature dependence of Zr in rutile: empirical calibration of a rutile thermometer, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 148 (2004) 471-488., E.B. Watson, D.A. Wark, J.B. Thomas, Crystallization thermometers for zircon and rutile, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 151 (2006) 413-433.], these findings suggest that Zr concentrations in rutile will be somewhat more likely to be affected by later thermal disturbance than the geothermometer based on Zr

  3. Aqueous Isolation of 17-Nuclear Zr-/Hf- Oxide Clusters during the Hydrothermal Synthesis of ZrO2/HfO2.

    PubMed

    Sung, Qing; Liu, Caiyun; Zhang, Guanyun; Zhang, Jian; Tung, Chen-Ho; Wang, Yifeng

    2018-06-21

    Novel 17-nuclear Zr-/Hf- oxide clusters ({Zr17} and {Hf17}) are isolated from aqueous systems. In the clusters, Zr/Hf ions are connected via μ3-O, μ3-OH and μ2-OH linkages into a pinwheel core which is wrapped with SO42-, HCOO- and aqua ligands. Octahedral hexanuclear Zr-/Hf- oxide clusters ({Zr6}oct and {Hf6}oct) are also isolated from the same hydrothermal system by decreasing the synthesis temperature. Structural analysis, synthetic conditions, vibrational spectra and ionic conductivity of the clusters are studied. Structural studies and synthesis inspection suggest that formation of {Zr6}oct and {Zr17} involves assembly of the same transferable building blocks, but the condensation degree and thermodynamic stability of the products increase with hydrothermal temperature. The role of {Zr6}oct and {Zr17} in the formation of ZrO2 nanocrystals are then discussed in the scenario of nonclassical nucleation theory. Besides, the Zr-oxide clusters exhibit ionic conductivity due to the mobility of protons. This study not only adds new members to the Zr-/Hf- oxide cluster family, but also establishes a connection from Zr4+ ions to ZrO2 in the hydrothermal preparation of zirconium oxide nanomaterials. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. Oxidation behavior of FeAl+Hf,Zr,B

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smialek, James L.; Doychak, Joseph

    1988-01-01

    The oxidation behavior of Fe-40Al-1Hf, Fe-40Al-1Hf-0.4B, and Fe-40Al-0.1Zr-0.4B (at. percent) alloys was characterized after 900, 1000, and 100 C exposures. Isothermal tests revealed parabolic kinetics after a period of transitional theta-alumina scale growth. The parabolic growth rates for the subsequent alpha-alumina scales were about five times higher than those for NiAl+0.1Zr alloys. The isothermally grown scales showed a propensity toward massive scale spallation due to both extensive rumpling from growth stresses and to an inner layer of HfO2. Cyclic oxidation for 200 1-hr cycles produced little degradation at 900 or 1000 C, but caused significant spallation at 1100 C in the form of small segments of the outer scale. The major difference in the cyclic oxidation of the three FeAl alloys was increased initial spallation for FeAl+Zr,B. Although these FeAl alloys showed many similarities to NiAl alloys, they were generally less oxidation resistant. It is believed that this resulted from nonoptimal levels of dopants and larger thermal expansion mismatch stresses.

  5. Tracking magmatic processes through Zr/Hf ratios in rocks and Hf and Ti zoning in zircons: An example from the Spirit Mountain batholith, Nevada

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lowery, Claiborne L.E.; Miller, C.F.; Walker, B.A.; Wooden, J.L.; Mazdab, F.K.; Bea, F.

    2006-01-01

    Zirconium and Hf are nearly identical geochemically, and therefore most of the crust maintains near-chondritic Zr/Hf ratios of ???35-40. By contrast, many high-silica rhyolites and granites have anomalously low Zr/Hf (15-30). As zircon is the primary reservoir for both Zr and Hf and preferentially incorporates Zr, crystallization of zircon controls Zr/ Hf, imprinting low Zr/Hf on coexisting melt. Thus, low Zr/Hf is a unique fingerprint of effective magmatic fractionation in the crust. Age and compositional zonation in zircons themselves provide a record of the thermal and compositional histories of magmatic systems. High Hf (low Zr/ Hf) in zircon zones demonstrates growth from fractionated melt, and Ti provides an estimate of temperature of crystallization (TTiZ) (Watson and Harrison, 2005). Whole-rock Zr/Hf and zircon zonation in the Spirit Mountain batholith, Nevada, document repeated fractionation and thermal fluctuations. Ratios of Zr/Hf are ???30-40 for cumulates and 18-30 for high-SiO2 granites. In zircons, Hf (and U) are inversely correlated with Ti, and concentrations indicate large fluctuations in melt composition and TTiZ (>100??C) for individual zircons. Such variations are consistent with field relations and ion-probe zircon geochronology that indicate a >1 million year history of repeated replenishment, fractionation, and extraction of melt from crystal mush to form the low Zr/Hf high-SiO2 zone. ?? 2006 The Mineralogical Society.

  6. Ternary ceramic alloys of Zr-Ce-Hf oxides

    DOEpatents

    Becher, P.F.; Funkenbusch, E.F.

    1990-11-20

    A ternary ceramic alloy is described which produces toughening of zirconia and zirconia composites through the stress transformation from tetragonal phase to monoclinic phase. This alloy, having the general formula Ce[sub x]Hf[sub y]Zr[sub 1[minus]x[minus]y]O[sub 2], is produced through the addition of appropriate amounts of ceria and hafnia to the zirconia. Typically, improved toughness is achieved with about 5 to about 15 mol % ceria and up to about 40 mol % hafnia. The preparation of alloys of these compositions are given together with data as to the densities, tetragonal phase content, hardness and fracture toughness. The alloys are useful in preparing zirconia bodies as well as reinforcing ceramic composites. 1 fig.

  7. Statistical Modeling of Zr/Hf Extraction using TBP-D2EHPA Mixtures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rezaeinejhad Jirandehi, Vahid; Haghshenas Fatmehsari, Davoud; Firoozi, Sadegh; Taghizadeh, Mohammad; Keshavarz Alamdari, Eskandar

    2012-12-01

    In the present work, response surface methodology was employed for the study and prediction of Zr/Hf extraction curves in a solvent extraction system using D2EHPA-TBP mixtures. The effect of change in the levels of temperature, nitric acid concentration, and TBP/D2EHPA ratio (T/D) on the Zr/Hf extraction/separation was studied by the use of central composite design. The results showed a statistically significant effect of T/D, nitric acid concentration, and temperature on the extraction percentage of Zr and Hf. In the case of Zr, a statistically significant interaction was found between T/D and nitric acid, whereas for Hf, both interactive terms between temperature and T/D and nitric acid were significant. Additionally, the extraction curves were profitably predicted applying the developed statistical regression equations; this approach is faster and more economical compared with experimentally obtained curves.

  8. Mixing effects in a ternary Hf-Zr-Ni metallic melt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nowak, B.; Holland-Moritz, D.; Yang, F.; Evenson, Z.; Meyer, A.

    2018-03-01

    We study the effect of the substitution of Zr by Hf on the dynamical behavior in the Zr36Ni64 melt. A reduced measured self-diffusion coefficient and a higher measured melt viscosity for an increased amount of Hf were observed. The ternary Hf10Zr25Ni65 melt, which exhibits a pronounced deviation from Arrhenius behavior over a studied temperature range of 550 K, can be accurately described by the scaling law of mode-coupling theory (MCT) with almost equal parameters for the self-diffusion and the viscosity. Although we only substitute alloy components with a nearly equal atomic size and the measured overall packing fraction remains almost unchanged, the dynamics in Hf10Zr25Ni65 are slower compared to Zr36Ni64 . This corresponds also to a higher critical temperature Tc and might be induced by different chemical interactions in the melts. The increased Tc results in a significantly smaller difference between liquidus and critical temperature Δ TLC=TL-Tc for the ternary melt in comparison with Zr36Ni64 , which may favor the glass formation in the Hf10Zr25Ni65 melt.

  9. Role of Hf on Phase Formation in Ti45Zr(38-x)Hf(x)Ni17 Liquids and Solids

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wessels, V.; Sahu, K. K.; Gangopadhyay, A. K.; Huett, V. T.; Canepari, S.; Goldman, A. I.; Hyers, R. W.; Kramer, M. J.; Rogers, J. R.; Kelton, K. F.; hide

    2008-01-01

    Hafnium and zirconium are very similar, with almost identical sizes and chemical bonding characteristics. However, they behave differently when alloyed with Ti and Ni. A sharp phase formation boundary near 18-21 at.% Hf is observed in rapidly-quenched and as-cast Ti45Zr38-xHfxNi17 alloys. Rapidly-quenched samples that contain less than 18 at.% Hf form the icosahedral quasicrystal phase, whiles samples containing more than 21 at.% form the 3/2 rational approximant phase. In cast alloys, a C14 structure is observed for alloys with Hf lower than the boundary concentration, while a large-cell (11.93 ) FCC Ti2Ni-type structure is found in alloys with Hf concentrations above the boundary. To better understand the role of Hf on phase formation, the structural evolution with supercooling and the solidification behavior of liquid Ti45Zr38-xHfxNi17 alloys (x=0, 12, 18, 21, 38) were studied using the Beamline Electrostatic Levitation (BESL) technique using 125keV x-rays on the 6ID-D beamline at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory. For all liquids primary crystallization was to a BCC solid solution phase; interestly, an increase in Hf concentration leads to a decrease in the BCC lattice parameter in spite of the chemical similarity between Zr and Hf. A Reitveld analysis confirmed that as in the cast alloys, the secondary phase that formed was the C14 below the phase formation boundary and a Ti2Ni-type structure at higher Hf concentrations. Both the liquidus temperature and the reduced undercooling change sharply on traversing the phase formation boundary concentration, suggesting a change in the liquid structure. Structural information from a Honeycutt-Anderson index analysis of reverse Monte Carlo fits to the S(q) liquid data will be presented to address this issue.

  10. Microstructure and Phase Stability of Single Crystal NiAl Alloyed with Hf and Zr

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Locci, I. E.; Dickerson, R. M.; Garg, A.; Noebe, R. D.; Whittenberger, J. D.; Nathal, M. V.; Darolia, R.

    1996-01-01

    Six near stoichiometric, NiAl single-crystal alloys, with 0.05-1.5 at.% of Hf and Zr additions plus Si impurities, were microstructurally analyzed in the as-cast, homogenized, and aged conditions. Hafnium-rich interdendritic regions, containing the Heusler phase (Ni2AlHf), were found in all the as-cast alloys containing Hf. Homogenization heat treatments partially reduced these interdendritic segregated regions. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations of the as-cast and homogenized microstructures revealed the presence of a high density of fine Hf (or Zr) and Si-rich precipitates. These were identified as G-phase, Nil6X6Si7, or as an orthorhombic NiXSi phase, where X is Hf or Zr. Under these conditions the expected Heusler phase (beta') was almost completely absent. The Si responsible for the formation of the G and NiHfSi phases is the result of molten metal reacting with the Si-containing crucible used during the casting process. Varying the cooling rates after homogenization resulted in the refinement or complete suppression of the G and NiHfSi phases. In some of the alloys studied, long-term aging heat treatments resulted in the formation of Heusler precipitates, which were more stable at the aging temperature and coarsened at the expense of the G-phase. In other alloys, long-term aging resulted in the formation of the NiXSi phase. The stability of the Heusler or NiXSi phases can be traced to the reactive element (Hf or Zr) to silicon ratio. If the ratio is high, then the Heusler phase appears stable after long time aging. If the ratio is low, then the NiHfSi phase appears to be the stable phase.

  11. Characteristics of high-k gate dielectric formed by the oxidation of sputtered Hf/Zr/Hf thin films on the Si substrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, H. D.; Roh, Y.; Lee, J. E.; Kang, H.-B.; Yang, C.-W.; Lee, N.-E.

    2004-07-01

    We have investigated the effects of high temperature annealing on the physical and electrical properties of multilayered high-k gate oxide [HfSixOy/HfO2/intermixed-layer(IL)/ZrO2/intermixed-layer(IL)/HfO2] in metal-oxide-semiconductor device. The multilayered high-k films were formed after oxidizing the Hf/Zr/Hf films deposited directly on the Si substrate. The subsequent N2 annealing at high temperature (>= 700 °C) not only results in the polycrystallization of the multilayered high-k films, but also causes the diffusion of Zr. The latter transforms the HfSixOy/HfO2/IL/ZrO2/IL/HfO2 film into the Zr-doped HfO2 film, and improves electrical properties in general. However, the thin SiOx interfacial layer starts to form if annealing temperature increases over 700 °C, deteriorating the equivalent oxide thickness. .

  12. Microstructure and Elevated Temperature Properties of a Refractory TaNbHfZrTi Alloy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-24

    composition of the TaNbHfZrTi alloy produced by vacuum arc melting Composition Ta Nb Hf Zr Ti at.% 19.68 18.93 20.46 21.23 19.7 wt. % 30.04 14.84 30.82 16.34...metallic materials with higher melting points, such as refractory molybdenum (Mo) and niobium ( Nb ) alloys, are examined as alternatives by academic and...creep resistance are the key properties of these alloys, since considerable alloy softening generally occurs at tempera- tures above *0.5 0.6 Tm

  13. Ternary ceramic alloys of ZR-CE-HF oxides

    DOEpatents

    Becher, Paul F.; Funkenbusch, Eric F.

    1990-01-01

    A ternary ceramic alloy which produces toughening of zirconia and zirconia composites through the stress transformation from tetragonal phase to monoclinic phase. This alloy, having the general formula Ce.sub.x Hf.sub.y Zn.sub.1-x-y O.sub.2, is produced through the addition of appropriate amounts of ceria and hafnia to the zirconia. Typically, improved toughness is achieved with about 5 to about 15 mol % ceria and up to about 40 mol % hafnia. The preparation of alloys of these compositions are given together with data as to the densities, tetragonal phase content, hardness and fracture toughness. The alloys are useful in preparing zirconia bodies as well as reinforcing ceramic composites.

  14. Novel Ti-Ta-Hf-Zr alloys with promising mechanical properties for prospective stent applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Jixing; Ozan, Sertan; Li, Yuncang; Ping, Dehai; Tong, Xian; Li, Guangyu; Wen, Cuie

    2016-11-01

    Titanium alloys are receiving increasing research interest for the development of metallic stent materials due to their excellent biocompatibility, corrosion resistance, non-magnetism and radiopacity. In this study, a new series of Ti-Ta-Hf-Zr (TTHZ) alloys including Ti-37Ta-26Hf-13Zr, Ti-40Ta-22Hf-11.7Zr and Ti-45Ta-18.4Hf-10Zr (wt.%) were designed using the d-electron theory combined with electron to atom ratio (e/a) and molybdenum equivalence (Moeq) approaches. The microstructure of the TTHZ alloys were investigated using optical microscopy, XRD, SEM and TEM and the mechanical properties were tested using a Vickers micro-indenter, compression and tensile testing machines. The cytocompatibility of the alloys was assessed using osteoblast-like cells in vitro. The as-cast TTHZ alloys consisted of primarily β and ω nanoparticles and their tensile strength, yield strength, Young’s modulus and elastic admissible strain were measured as being between 1000.7-1172.8 MPa, 1000.7-1132.2 MPa, 71.7-79.1 GPa and 1.32-1.58%, respectively. The compressive yield strength of the as-cast alloys ranged from 1137.0 to 1158.0 MPa. The TTHZ alloys exhibited excellent cytocompatibility as indicated by their high cell viability ratios, which were close to that of CP-Ti. The TTHZ alloys can be anticipated to be promising metallic stent materials by virtue of the unique combination of extraordinarily high elastic admissible strain, high mechanical strength and excellent biocompatibility.

  15. Novel Ti-Ta-Hf-Zr alloys with promising mechanical properties for prospective stent applications

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Jixing; Ozan, Sertan; Li, Yuncang; Ping, Dehai; Tong, Xian; Li, Guangyu; Wen, Cuie

    2016-01-01

    Titanium alloys are receiving increasing research interest for the development of metallic stent materials due to their excellent biocompatibility, corrosion resistance, non-magnetism and radiopacity. In this study, a new series of Ti-Ta-Hf-Zr (TTHZ) alloys including Ti-37Ta-26Hf-13Zr, Ti-40Ta-22Hf-11.7Zr and Ti-45Ta-18.4Hf-10Zr (wt.%) were designed using the d-electron theory combined with electron to atom ratio (e/a) and molybdenum equivalence (Moeq) approaches. The microstructure of the TTHZ alloys were investigated using optical microscopy, XRD, SEM and TEM and the mechanical properties were tested using a Vickers micro-indenter, compression and tensile testing machines. The cytocompatibility of the alloys was assessed using osteoblast-like cells in vitro. The as-cast TTHZ alloys consisted of primarily β and ω nanoparticles and their tensile strength, yield strength, Young’s modulus and elastic admissible strain were measured as being between 1000.7–1172.8 MPa, 1000.7–1132.2 MPa, 71.7–79.1 GPa and 1.32–1.58%, respectively. The compressive yield strength of the as-cast alloys ranged from 1137.0 to 1158.0 MPa. The TTHZ alloys exhibited excellent cytocompatibility as indicated by their high cell viability ratios, which were close to that of CP-Ti. The TTHZ alloys can be anticipated to be promising metallic stent materials by virtue of the unique combination of extraordinarily high elastic admissible strain, high mechanical strength and excellent biocompatibility. PMID:27897215

  16. The behaviour of REE and Zr-Hf fractionation in the volcanic waters of Nevado del Ruiz system (Colombia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Inguaggiato, Claudio; Censi, Paolo; Zuddas, Pierpaolo; Makario Londoño, John; Chacón, Zoraida; Alzate, Diego; Brusca, Lorenzo; D'Alessandro, Walter

    2015-04-01

    The geochemical behaviour of Rare Earth Element (REE), Zr and Hf have been investigated in the thermal waters of Nevado del Ruiz volcanic system. These fluids are characterised by a wide range of pH ranging between 1.0 and 8.8. The acidic waters are sulphate dominated with different Cl/SO4 ratios. The Nevado del Ruiz waters allowed to investigate the behaviour of investigated elements in a wide spectrum of pH and chemical composition of water. The important role of the pH and the ionic complexes have been evidenced in the distribution of REE, Zr and Hf in the aqueous phase. The pH rules the precipitation of authigenic oxyhydroxides of Fe, Al producing changes in REE, Zr, Hf amount and strong anomalies of Cerium and Europium. Y-Ho and Zr-Hf (twin pairs) have different behaviour in strong acidic waters with respect to the water with higher pH. Yttrium and Ho have the same behaviour of Zr and Hf in waters with pH near neutral-to-neutral, showing super-chondritic ratios. The twin pairs showed to be sensitive to the co-precipitation and/or adsorption onto the surface of authigenic particulate suggesting an enhanced scavenging of Ho and Hf respect to Y and Zr, leading to super-chondritic ratios. In acidic waters a different behaviour of twin pairs occurs with chondritic Y/Ho ratios (reflecting the Y/Ho ratio of average local rock) and sub-chondritic Zr/Hf ratios. For the first time, Zr and Hf have been investigated in natural acidic fluids to understand the behaviour of these elements in extreme acidic conditions and different major anions chemistry. Zr/Hf molar ratio changes from 4.75 to 49.29 in water with pH<3.6. In strong acidic waters, a different fractionation of Zr and Hf have been recognised as function of major anion contents (Cl and SO4), suggesting the formation of complexes leading to sub-chondritic Zr/Hf molar ratios.

  17. Lattice Thermal Conductivity from Atomistic Simulations: ZrB2 and HfB2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawson, John W.; Daw, Murray S.; Bauschlicher, Charles W.

    2012-01-01

    Ultra high temperature ceramics (UHTC) including ZrB2 and HfB2 have a number of properties that make them attractive for applications in extreme environments. One such property is their high thermal conductivity. Computational modeling of these materials will facilitate understanding of fundamental mechanisms, elucidate structure-property relationships, and ultimately accelerate the materials design cycle. Progress in computational modeling of UHTCs however has been limited in part due to the absence of suitable interatomic potentials. Recently, we developed Tersoff style parameterizations of such potentials for both ZrB2 and HfB2 appropriate for atomistic simulations. As an application, Green-Kubo molecular dynamics simulations were performed to evaluate the lattice thermal conductivity for single crystals of ZrB2 and HfB2. The atomic mass difference in these binary compounds leads to oscillations in the time correlation function of the heat current, in contrast to the more typical monotonic decay seen in monoatomic materials such as Silicon, for example. Results at room temperature and at elevated temperatures will be reported.

  18. The mechanical, optoelectronic and thermoelectric properties of NiYSn (Y = Zr and Hf) alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamioud, Farida; Mubarak, A. A.

    2017-09-01

    First-principle calculations are performed using DFT as implemented in Wien2k code to compute the mechanical, electronic, optical and thermoelectric properties of NiYSn (Y = Zr and Hf) alloys. The computed lattice constants, bulk modulus and cohesive energy of these alloys at 0 K and 0 GPa are performed. NiZrSn and NiHfSn are found to be anisotropic and elastically stable. Furthermore, both alloys are confirmed to be thermodynamically stable by the calculated values of the standard enthalpy of formation. The Young’s and shear moduli values show that NiZrSn seems to be stiffer than NiHfSn. The optical properties are performed using the dielectric function. Some beneficial optoelectronic applications are found as exposed in the optical spectra. Moreover, the alloys are classified as good insulators for solar heating. The thermoelectric properties as a function of temperature are computed utilizing BoltzTrap code. The major charge carriers are found to be electrons and the alloys are classified as p-type doping alloys.

  19. Design lateral heterostructure of monolayer ZrS2 and HfS2 from first principles calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Junhui; Yu, Niannian; Wang, Jiafu; Xue, Kan-Hao; Miao, Xiangshui

    2018-04-01

    The successful fabrication of two-dimensional lateral heterostructures (LHS's) has opened up unprecedented opportunities in material science and device physics. It is therefore highly desirable to search for more suitable materials to create such heterostructures for next-generation devices. Here, we investigate a novel lateral heterostructure composed of monolayer ZrS2 and HfS2 based on density functional theory. The phonon dispersion and ab initio molecular dynamics analysis indicate its good kinetic and thermodynamic stability. Remarkably, we find that these lateral heterostructures exhibit an indirect to direct bandgap transition, in contrast to the intrinsic indirect bandgap nature of ZrS2 and HfS2. The type-II alignment and chemical bonding across the interline have also been revealed. The tensile strain is proved to be an efficient way to modulate the band structure. Finally, we further discuss other three stable lateral heterostructures: (ZrSe2)2(HfSe2)2 LHS, (ZrS2)2(ZrSe2)2 LHS and (HfS2)2(HfSe2)2 LHS. Generally, the lateral heterostructures of monolayer ZrS2 and HfS2 are of excellent electrical properties, and may find potential applications for future electronic devices.

  20. Atomistic study of the electronic contact resistivity between the half-Heusler alloys (HfCoSb, HfZrCoSb, HfZrNiSn) and the metal Ag

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Yuping; Léonard, François; Spataru, Catalin D.

    2018-06-01

    Half-Heusler (HH) alloys have shown promising thermoelectric properties in the medium- and high-temperature range. To harness these material properties for thermoelectric applications, it is important to realize electrical contacts with low electrical contact resistivity. However, little is known about the detailed structural and electronic properties of such contacts and the expected values of contact resistivity. Here, we employ atomistic ab initio calculations to study electrical contacts in a subclass of HH alloys consisting of the compounds HfCoSb, HfZrCoSb, and HfZrNiSn. By using Ag as a prototypical metal, we show that the termination of the HH material critically determines the presence or absence of strong deformations at the interface. Our study includes contacts to doped materials, and the results indicate that the p -type materials generally form ohmic contacts while the n -type materials have a small Schottky barrier. We calculate the temperature dependence of the contact resistivity in the low- to medium-temperature range and provide quantitative values that set lower limits for these systems.

  1. Half-Heusler (TiZrHf)NiSn Unileg Module with High Powder Density.

    PubMed

    Populoh, Sascha; Brunko, Oliver C; Gałązka, Krzysztof; Xie, Wenjie; Weidenkaff, Anke

    2013-03-27

    (TiZrHf)NiSn half-Heusler compounds were prepared by arc melting and their thermoelectric properties characterized in the temperature range between 325 K and 857 K, resulting in a Figure of Merit ZT ≈ 0.45. Furthermore, the prepared samples were used to construct a unileg module. This module was characterized in a homemade thermoelectric module measurement stand and yielded 275 mW/cm² and a maximum volumetric power density of 700 mW/cm³. This was reached using normal silver paint as a contacting material; from an improved contacting, much higher power yields are to be expected.

  2. Half-Heusler (TiZrHf)NiSn Unileg Module with High Powder Density

    PubMed Central

    Populoh, Sascha; Brunko, Oliver C.; Gałązka, Krzysztof; Xie, Wenjie; Weidenkaff, Anke

    2013-01-01

    (TiZrHf)NiSn half-Heusler compounds were prepared by arc melting and their thermoelectric properties characterized in the temperature range between 325 K and 857 K, resulting in a Figure of Merit ZT ≈ 0.45. Furthermore, the prepared samples were used to construct a unileg module. This module was characterized in a homemade thermoelectric module measurement stand and yielded 275 mW/cm2 and a maximum volumetric power density of 700 mW/cm3. This was reached using normal silver paint as a contacting material; from an improved contacting, much higher power yields are to be expected. PMID:28809212

  3. Effect of atomic size on undercoolability of binary solid solution alloy liquids with Zr, Ti, and Hf using electrostatic levitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeon, S.; Kang, D.-H.; Lee, Y. H.; Lee, S.; Lee, G. W.

    2016-11-01

    We investigate the relationship between the excess volume and undercoolability of Zr-Ti and Zr-Hf alloy liquids by using electrostatic levitation. Unlike in the case of Zr-Hf alloy liquids in which sizes of the constituent atoms are matched, a remarkable increase of undercoolability and negative excess volumes are observed in Zr-Ti alloy liquids as a function of their compositional ratios. In this work, size mismatch entropies for the liquids were obtained by calculating their hard sphere diameters, number densities, and packing fractions. We also show that the size mismatch entropy, which arises from the differences in atomic sizes of the constituent elements, plays an important role in determining the stabilities of metallic liquids.

  4. Continuous production of granular or powder Ti, Zr and Hf or their alloy products

    DOEpatents

    White, Jack C.; Oden, Laurance L.

    1993-01-01

    A continuous process for producing a granular metal selected from the group consisting of Ti, Zr or Hf under conditions that provide orderly growth of the metal free of halide inclusions comprising: a) dissolving a reducing metal selected from the group consisting of Na, Mg, Li or K in their respective halide salts to produce a reducing molten salt stream; b) preparing a second molten salt stream containing the halide salt of Ti, Zr or Hf; c) mixing and reacting the two molten streams of steps a) and b) in a continuous stirred tank reactor; d) wherein steps a) through c) are conducted at a temperature range of from about 800.degree. C. to about 1100.degree. C. so that a weight percent of equilibrium solubility of the reducing metal in its respective halide salt varies from about 1.6 weight percent at about 900.degree. C. to about 14.4 weight percent at about 1062.degree. C.; and wherein a range of concentration of the halide salt of Ti, Zn or Hf in molten halides of Na, Mg, Li or K is from about 1 to about 5 times the concentration of Na, Mg, Li or K; e) placing the reacted molten stream from step c) in a solid-liquid separator to recover an impure granular metal product by decantation, centrifugation, or filtration; and f) removing residual halide salt impurity by vacuum evaporator or inert gas sweep at temperatures from about 850.degree. C. to 1000.degree. C. or cooling the impure granular metal product to ambient temperature and water leaching off the residual metal halide salt.

  5. SYNTHESIS OF ZrI$sub 4$ AND HfI$sub 4$ BY HALOID EXCHANGE (in Russian)

    SciTech Connect

    Nisel'son, L.A.; Teslitskaya, M.V.; Shvedova, T.A.

    1962-05-01

    Syntheses of ZrI/sub 4/ and Hfl/sub 4/ by reactions of ZrCl/sub 4/ with SiI/sub 4/, Al/sub 2/I/sub 6/, HI, and Al/sub 2/Br and HfCl/sub 4/ with Al/sub 2 / I/sub 6/ are analyzed. The highest exchange yield was reached with /sub 4/ from ZrCl/sub 4/ and other admixtures was achieved by distillation. (R.V.J.)

  6. First-principles study of lattice thermal conductivity in ZrTe5 and HfTe5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Cong; Wang, Haifeng; Chen, Y. B.; Yao, Shu-Hua; Zhou, Jian

    2018-05-01

    Recently, the layered transition-metal pentatellurides ZrTe5 and HfTe5 have attracted increasing attention because of their interesting topological electronic properties. Nevertheless, some of their other good physical properties seem to be ignored now. Actually, both ZrTe5 and HfTe5 have high electric conductivities (>105 Ω-1 m-1) and Seebeck coefficients (> 100 μV/K) at room temperature, thus making them promising thermoelectric materials. However, the disadvantage is that the thermal conductivities of the two materials are relatively high according to the few available experiments; meanwhile, the detailed mechanism of the intrinsic thermal conductivity has not been studied yet. Based on the density functional theory and the Boltzmann transport theory, we present here the theoretical study of the intrinsic lattice thermal conductivities of ZrTe5 and HfTe5, which are found to be in the range of 5-8 W/mṡK at room temperature and well consistent with the experimental results. We also find that the thermal conductivities of the two materials are anisotropic, which are mainly caused by their anisotropic crystal structures. Based on the detailed analysis, we proposed that the thermal conductivities of the two materials could possibly be reduced by different kinds of structural engineering at the atomic and mesoscopic scales, such as alloying, doping, nano-structuring, and polycrystalline structuring, which could make ZrTe5 and HfTe5 good thermoelectric materials for room temperature thermoelectric applications.

  7. Electronic structure of stoichiometric and oxygen-deficient ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2.

    PubMed

    Perevalov, T V; Islamov, D R; Gritsenko, V A; Prosvirin, I P

    2018-05-11

    The electronic structure of oxygen-deficient Hf 0.5 Zr 0.5 O 2 in the non-centrosymmetric orthorhombic (ferroelectric) phase was investigated by means of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and first-principle density functional theory calculations. It was established that a peak in the photoelectron spectra observed at an energy above the valence band top of ferroelectric Hf 0.5 Zr 0.5 O 2 in ion-etched samples was due to oxygen vacancies. A method for evaluating the oxygen vacancies concentration in the material from the comparison of experimental and theoretical photoelectron spectra of the valence band is proposed. It is found that oxygen polyvacancies are not formed in ferroelectric Hf 0.5 Zr 0.5 O 2 : an energy-favorable spatial arrangement of several oxygen vacancies in the crystal corresponds to the configuration formed by noninteracting vacancies distant from each other. The oxygen vacancies in five charged states were simulated. The electron levels in the bandgap caused by charged oxygen vacancies indicate that any type of oxygen vacancies in ferroelectric Hf 0.5 Zr 0.5 O 2 can capture both electrons and holes, i.e. can act as an amphoteric localization center for charge carriers.

  8. Electronic structure of stoichiometric and oxygen-deficient ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perevalov, T. V.; Islamov, D. R.; Gritsenko, V. A.; Prosvirin, I. P.

    2018-05-01

    The electronic structure of oxygen-deficient Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 in the non-centrosymmetric orthorhombic (ferroelectric) phase was investigated by means of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and first-principle density functional theory calculations. It was established that a peak in the photoelectron spectra observed at an energy above the valence band top of ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 in ion-etched samples was due to oxygen vacancies. A method for evaluating the oxygen vacancies concentration in the material from the comparison of experimental and theoretical photoelectron spectra of the valence band is proposed. It is found that oxygen polyvacancies are not formed in ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2: an energy-favorable spatial arrangement of several oxygen vacancies in the crystal corresponds to the configuration formed by noninteracting vacancies distant from each other. The oxygen vacancies in five charged states were simulated. The electron levels in the bandgap caused by charged oxygen vacancies indicate that any type of oxygen vacancies in ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 can capture both electrons and holes, i.e. can act as an amphoteric localization center for charge carriers.

  9. Zr, Hf, Mo and W-containing oxide phases as pinning additives in Bi-2212 superconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Makarova, M. V.; Kazin, P. E.; Tretyakov, Yu. D.; Jansen, M.; Reissner, M.; Steiner, W.

    2005-02-01

    Phase formation was investigated in Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-M-O (M = Mo, W) systems at 850-900 °C. It was found that Sr 2CaMO 6 phases were chemically compatible with Bi-2212. The composites Bi-2212-Sr 2CaMO 6 and Bi-2212-SrAO 3 (A = Zr, Hf) were obtained from a sol-gel precursor using crystallisation from the melt. The materials consisted of Bi-2212 matrix and submicron or micron grains of the corresponding dispersed phase. Tc was equal or exceeded that for undoped Bi-2212, reaching Tc = 97 K in the Mo-containing composite. The composites exhibited enhanced pinning in comparison with similar prepared pure Bi-2212, especially at T = 60 K. The best pinning parameters were observed for the Bi-2212-Sr 2CaWO 6 composite.

  10. Pyroelectric response in crystalline hafnium zirconium oxide (Hf 1- x Zr x O 2 ) thin films

    DOE PAGES

    Smith, S. W.; Kitahara, A. R.; Rodriguez, M. A.; ...

    2017-02-13

    Pyroelectric coefficients were measured for 20 nm thick crystalline hafnium zirconium oxide (Hf 1-xZr xO 2) thin films across a composition range of 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. Pyroelectric currents were collected near room temperature under zero applied bias and a sinusoidal oscillating temperature profile to separate the influence of non-pyroelectric currents. The pyroelectric coefficient was observed to correlate with zirconium content, increased orthorhombic/tetragonal phase content, and maximum polarization response. The largest measured absolute value was 48 μCm -2K -1 for a composition with x = 0.64, while no pyroelectric response was measured for compositions which displayed no remanent polarizationmore » (x = 0, 0.91, 1).« less

  11. On the origin of bulk glass forming ability in Cu-Hf, Zr alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ristić, Ramir; Zadro, Krešo; Pajić, Damir; Figueroa, Ignacio A.; Babić, Emil

    2016-04-01

    Understanding the formation of bulk metallic glasses (BMG) in metallic systems and finding a reliable criterion for selection of BMG compositions are among the most important issues in condensed-matter physics and material science. Using the results of magnetic susceptibility measurements performed on both amorphous and crystallized Cu-Hf alloys (30-70 at% Cu) we find a correlation between the difference in magnetic susceptibilities of corresponding glassy and crystalline alloys and the variation in the glass forming ability (GFA) in these alloys. Since the same correlation can be inferred from data for the properties associated with the electronic structure of Cu-Zr alloys, it seems quite general and may apply to other glassy alloys based on early and late transition metals. This correlation is plausible from the free-energy considerations and provides a simple way to select the compositions with high GFA.

  12. Luna 16 - Some Li, K, Rb, Sr, Ba, rare-earth, Zr, and Hf concentrations.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Philpotts, J. A.; Schnetzler, C. C.; Schuhmann, S.; Thomas , H. H.; Bottino, M. L.

    1972-01-01

    Concentrations of Li, K, Rb, Sr, Na, rare-earths, Zr and Hf have been determined for some Luna 16 core materials by mass-spectrometric isotope-dilution. Two regolith fines samples from different depths in the core, and four rock-chips, including both igneous rocks and breccias, have similar trace-element concentrations. The Luna 16 materials have general lunar trace-element characteristics but differ from other returned lunar samples in a manner that suggests the presence of excess feldspar. Unless the Luna 16 igneous rocks are fused soils, they appear to represent either partial plagioclase cumulates or the least differentiated igneous material yet returned from the moon. The similarity in trace-element concentrations of the igneous rocks and the fines would then suggest largely local derivation of the Luna 16 regolith.

  13. Fractionation of Zr and Hf during the differentiation of peralkaline magmatic system (Lovozero rare metal deposit, Kola Peninsula)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kogarko, Liya

    2016-04-01

    Zirconium and hafnium are valuable strategic metals. We assessed principal features of the distribution of these elements in peralkaline rocks, ores and rock-forming and accessory minerals of Lovozero complex. The accumulation of these elements during the evolution of alkaline magma of Lovozero deposit up to extremely high concentrations in eudialyte ores (5-8% ZrO2 and 1200-1800 ppm Hf) has been established. These ores represent valuable complex raw material not only for Zr and Hf, but for REE as well. We evaluated partition coefficients of these elements in alkaline pyroxenes (aegirines) from porphyry-like agpaitic lujavrites of Lovozero massif which are 0.40 for zirconium and 0.58 for hafnium. We assessed variations of Zr/Hf ratio for all the rocks of Lovozero alkaline massif. The growth of this ratio in the course of the evolution of alkaline magma has been observed from 38 in the earliest magmatic phase, to 44 in the second phase and to 51-53 in the latest manifestation of alkaline magmatsm. On the basis of the obtained data and equations of equilibrium and fractional crystallization the model of the fractionation of zirconium and hafnium during the evolution of Lovozero intrusion has been constructed. We have demonstrated that the source of strongly enriched magmatic systems similar to Lovozero rare metal deposit is short-lived enriched reservoir - metasomatized and carbonatized mantle substrate. We investigated the fractionation of zirconium and hafnium in carbonatized mantle xenoliths from East Antarctica. The elevated Zr/Hf ratios (up to 125) in metasomatized xenoliths by comparison with the chondritic value have been found. The main reactions of carbonate metasomatism lead to the replacement of primary orthopyroxene by clinopyroxene 2Mg2Si2O6 + CaMg(CO3)2 = 2Mg2SiO4 + CaMgSi2O6 + 2CO2 3CaMg(CO3)2 + CaMgSi2O6 = 4CaCO3 + 2Mg2SiO4 + 2CO2 The substantial expansion of the clinopyroxene crystallization field results in increase of Zr/Hf ratio in equilibrium

  14. Electronic structure study of Ce1-xAxO2 (A = Zr & Hf) nanoparticles: NEXAFS and EXAFS investigations.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Aditya; Varshney, Mayora; Shin, Hyun-Joon; Park, Yong Jun; Kim, Min-Gyu; Ha, Tae-Kyun; Chae, Keun Hwa; Gautam, Sanjeev

    2014-10-07

    Single phase nanoparticles (NPs) of CeO2, Ce0.5Zr0.5O2, Ce0.5Hf0.5O2 and Ce0.5Hf0.25Zr0.25O2 were successfully synthesized by co-precipitation method at constant pH and temperature. The X-ray diffraction results revealed that the additive atoms did not segregate to form secondary phases but led to grain size variation in the NPs. The 10 Dq values in the near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectra at the O K-edge did not vary in the same way as the average grain size was changed for the doped CeO2 NPs. The deconvolution of Ce M5-edge and detailed analysis of O K pre-edge peak have shown the higher Ce(+3)/(Ce(+3) + Ce(+4)) ratio in the Zr- and Hf-doped samples. The local atomic structure around the Ce, Zr and Hf atoms was investigated using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy at Ce K-edge, Zr K-edge and Hf L3-edge, respectively, and the EXAFS data were fitted with the theoretical calculations. The 4f occupancy, Ce(+3)/(Ce(+3) + Ce(+4)) ratio of Ce ions, coordination number of Ce and Ce-Ce/Ce-O bond distances were sensitive to the additive atoms but not explicitly changed according to the grain size variation in the NPs.

  15. Discovery of ferromagnetism with large magnetic anisotropy in ZrMnP and HfMnP

    DOE PAGES

    Lamichhane, Tej N.; Taufour, Valentin; Masters, Morgan W.; ...

    2016-08-29

    Here, ZrMnP and HfMnP single crystals are grown by a self-flux growth technique, and structural as well as temperature dependent magnetic and transport properties are studied. Both compounds have an orthorhombic crystal structure. ZrMnP and HfMnP are ferromagnetic with Curie temperatures around 370 K and 320 K, respectively. The spontaneous magnetizations of ZrMnP and HfMnP are determined to be 1.9 μ B/f.u. and 2.1 μ B/f.u., respectively, at 50 K. The magnetocaloric effect of ZrMnP in terms of entropy change (Δ S) is estimated to be –6.7 kJ m –3 K –1 around 369 K. The easy axis of magnetizationmore » is [100] for both compounds, with a small anisotropy relative to the [010] axis. At 50 K, the anisotropy field along the [001] axis is ~4.6 T for ZrMnP and ~10 T for HfMnP. Such large magnetic anisotropy is remarkable considering the absence of rare-earth elements in these compounds. The first principle calculation correctly predicts the magnetization and hard axis orientation for both compounds, and predicts the experimental HfMnP anisotropy field within 25%. More importantly, our calculations suggest that the large magnetic anisotropy comes primarily from the Mn atoms, suggesting that similarly large anisotropies may be found in other 3d transition metal compounds.« less

  16. Synthesis and characterisation of ionic liquids based on 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride and MCl(4), M = Hf and Zr.

    PubMed

    Campbell, Paul S; Santini, Catherine C; Bouchu, Denis; Fenet, Bernard; Rycerz, Leszek; Chauvin, Yves; Gaune-Escard, Marcelle; Bessada, Catherine; Rollet, Anne-Laure

    2010-02-07

    Dialkylimidazolium chlorometallate molten salts resulting from the combination of zirconium or hafnium tetrachloride and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [C(1)C(4)Im][Cl], have been prepared with a molar fraction of MCl(4), R = n(MCl4)/n(MCl4) + n([C1C4IM][Cl]) equal to 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.33, 0.5, 0.67. The structure and composition were studied by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), (35)Cl (263 to 333 K), (1)H and (13)C solid state and solution NMR spectroscopy, and electrospray ionisation (ESI) mass spectrometry. The primary anions of the MCl(4)-based ILs were [MCl(5)], [MCl(6)] and [M(2)Cl(9)], whose relative abundances varied with R. For R = 0.33, pure solid [C(1)C(4)Im](2)[MCl(6)], for both M = Zr and Hf are formed (m.p. = 366 and 385 K, respectively). For R = 0.67 pure ionic liquids [C(1)C(4)Im][M(2)Cl(9)] for both M = Zr and Hf are formed (T(g) = 224 and 220 K, respectively). The thermal dissociation has been attempted of [C(1)C(4)Im](2)[HfCl(6)], and [C(1)C(4)Im](2)[ZrCl(6)] monitored by (35)Cl and (91)Zr solid NMR (high temperature up to 551 K).

  17. Excellent glass forming ability and plasticity in high entropy Zr20Ti20Hf20M20Be20 (M = Cu, Ni, Co) alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zong, Haitao; Geng, Chenchen; Kang, Chaoyang; Cao, Guohua; Bian, Linyan; Li, Lixin; Zhang, Baoqing; Li, Ming

    2018-03-01

    We reported here the studies of a series of Zr20Ti20Hf20M20Be20 (M = Cu, Ni and Co) quinary high entropy bulk metallic glasses. Glasses with critical diameters (Dc) of 3 mm, 8 mm and 5 mm, respectively has been successfully fabricated by copper mold casting. Strikingly, a plastic strain of 11.6% is achieved in the Zr20Ti20Hf20Cu20Be20 metallic glass. The dynamic fragility the Zr20Ti20Hf20Cu20Be20 alloy is determined from calorimetric measurements. The excellent plasticity is explained to be attributed to relatively higher fragility.

  18. Unusual and Tunable Negative Linear Compressibility in the Metal-Organic Framework MFM-133(M) (M = Zr, Hf).

    PubMed

    Yan, Yong; O'Connor, Alice E; Kanthasamy, Gopikkaa; Atkinson, George; Allan, David R; Blake, Alexander J; Schröder, Martin

    2018-03-21

    High-pressure single-crystal X-ray structural analyses of isostructural MFM-133(M) (M = Zr, Hf) of flu topology and incorporating the tetracarboxylate ligand TCHB 4- [H 4 TCHB = 3,3',5,5'-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)-2,2',4,4',6,6'-hexamethyl-1,1'-biphenyl] and {M 6 (μ 3 -OH) 8 (OH) 8 (COO) 8 } clusters confirm negative linear compressibility (NLC) behavior along the c axis. This occurs via a three-dimensional wine-rack NLC mechanism leading to distortion of the octahedral cage toward a more elongated polyhedron under static compression. Despite the isomorphous nature of these two structures, MFM-133(Hf) shows a higher degree of NLC than the Zr(IV) analogue. Thus, for the first time, we demonstrate here that the NLC property can be effectively tuned in a framework material by simply varying the inorganic component of the frameworks without changing the network topology and structure.

  19. Prediction study of structural, elastic and electronic properties of FeMP (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanto, A.; Chihi, T.; Ghebouli, M. A.; Reffas, M.; Fatmi, M.; Ghebouli, B.

    2018-06-01

    First principles calculations are applied in the study of FeMP (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) compounds. We investigate the structural, elastic, mechanical and electronic properties by combining first-principles calculations with the CASTEP approach. For ideal polycrystalline FeMP (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) the shear modulus, Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, elastic anisotropy indexes, Pugh's criterion, elastic wave velocities and Debye temperature are also calculated from the single crystal elastic constants. The shear anisotropic factors and anisotropy are obtained from the single crystal elastic constants. The Debye temperature is calculated from the average elastic wave velocity obtained from shear and bulk modulus as well as the integration of elastic wave velocities in different directions of the single crystal.

  20. Chlorine mobility during annealing in N2 in ZrO2 and HfO2 films grown by atomic layer deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferrari, S.; Scarel, G.; Wiemer, C.; Fanciulli, M.

    2002-12-01

    Atomic layer deposition (ALD) growth of high-κ dielectric films (ZrO2 and HfO2) was performed using ZrCl4, HfCl4, and H2O as precursors. In this work, we use time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry to investigate the chlorine distribution in ALD grown ZrO2 and HfO2 films, and its evolution during rapid thermal processes in nitrogen atmosphere. Chlorine outdiffusion is found to depend strongly upon annealing temperature and weakly upon the annealing time. While in ZrO2 chlorine concentration is significantly decreased already at 900 °C, in HfO2 it is extremely stable, even at temperatures as high as 1050 °C.

  1. Microstructure research for ferroelectric origin in the strained Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 thin film via geometric phase analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bi, Han; Sun, Qingqing; Zhao, Xuebing; You, Wenbin; Zhang, David Wei; Che, Renchao

    2018-04-01

    Recently, non-volatile semiconductor memory devices using a ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 film have been attracting extensive attention. However, at the nano-scale, the phase structure remains unclear in a thin Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 film, which stands in the way of the sustained development of ferroelectric memory nano-devices. Here, a series of electron microscopy evidences have illustrated that the interfacial strain played a key role in inducing the orthorhombic phase and the distorted tetragonal phase, which was the origin of the ferroelectricity in the Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 film. Our results provide insight into understanding the association between ferroelectric performances and microstructures of Hf0.5Zr0.5O2-based systems.

  2. Mechanical Properties of TiTaHfNbZr High-Entropy Alloy Coatings Deposited on NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Substrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Motallebzadeh, A.; Yagci, M. B.; Bedir, E.; Aksoy, C. B.; Canadinc, D.

    2018-06-01

    TiTaHfNbZr high-entropy alloy (HEA) thin films with thicknesses of about 750 and 1500 nm were deposited on NiTi substrates by RF magnetron sputtering using TiTaHfNbZr equimolar targets. The thorough experimental analysis on microstructure and mechanical properties of deposited films revealed that the TiTaHfNbZr films exhibited amorphous and cauliflower-like structure, where grain size and surface roughness increased concomitant with film thickness. More importantly, the current findings demonstrate that the TiTaHfNbZr HEA films with mechanical properties of the same order as those of the NiTi substrate constitute promising biomedical coatings effective in preventing Ni release.

  3. Mechanical Properties of TiTaHfNbZr High-Entropy Alloy Coatings Deposited on NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Substrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Motallebzadeh, A.; Yagci, M. B.; Bedir, E.; Aksoy, C. B.; Canadinc, D.

    2018-04-01

    TiTaHfNbZr high-entropy alloy (HEA) thin films with thicknesses of about 750 and 1500 nm were deposited on NiTi substrates by RF magnetron sputtering using TiTaHfNbZr equimolar targets. The thorough experimental analysis on microstructure and mechanical properties of deposited films revealed that the TiTaHfNbZr films exhibited amorphous and cauliflower-like structure, where grain size and surface roughness increased concomitant with film thickness. More importantly, the current findings demonstrate that the TiTaHfNbZr HEA films with mechanical properties of the same order as those of the NiTi substrate constitute promising biomedical coatings effective in preventing Ni release.

  4. Lattice Thermal Conductivity of Ultra High Temperature Ceramics ZrB2 and HfB2 from Atomistic Simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawson, John W.; Murray, Daw S.; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    Atomistic Green-Kubo simulations are performed to evaluate the lattice thermal conductivity for single crystals of the ultra high temperature ceramics ZrB2 and HfB2 for a range of temperatures. Recently developed interatomic potentials are used for these simulations. Heat current correlation functions show rapid oscillations which can be identified with mixed metal-Boron optical phonon modes. Agreement with available experimental data is good.

  5. Nanostructured microtubes based on TiO2 doped by Zr and Hf oxides with the anatase structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheleznov, VV; Voit, EI; Sushkov, YV; Sarin, SA; Kuryavyi, VG; Opra, DP; Gnedenkov, SV; Sinebryukhov, SL; Sokolov, AA

    2016-01-01

    The nanostructured microtubes based on TiO2 have been prepared on the carbon fiber template using the sol-gel method. The microtubes consist of nanoparticles of metal oxides: TiO2/ZrO2 and TiO2/HfO2. The dependence of microtubes morphology and nanoparticles structure on the synthesis conditions has been studied using the methods of SEM, SAXS, and Raman spectroscopy. It has been demonstrated that at the stoichiometric ratio of up to 0.04 for Zr/Ti and up to 0.06 for Hf/Ti microtubes consist of uniform nanoparticles with the anatase structure. Along with further increase of the dopants content in the microtubes composition, nanoparticles acquire the core-shell structure. It has been suggested that nanoparticles have a core composed of the solid solutions Ti1-xZrxO2 or Ti1-xHfxO2 and a shell consisting of zirconium or hafnium titanate. The fabricated Zr- and Hf-doped TiO2 materials were investigated in view of their possible use as anode materials for Li-ion batteries. Charge- discharge measurements showed that the doped samples manifested significantly higher reversibility in comparison with the undoped TiO2. The method opens new prospects in synthesis of nanostructured materials for Li-ion batteries application.

  6. Effects of high pressure nitrogen annealing on ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Taeho; Park, Jinsung; Cheong, Byoung-Ho; Jeon, Sanghun

    2018-02-01

    The effect of high-pressure nitrogen annealing at up to 50 atmospheres (atm) on Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 films at relatively low temperatures (450 °C) is analyzed using polarization-electric field curves, bipolar switching endurance measurements, grazing angle incidence X-ray diffraction, and piezoelectric force microscopy. Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 films annealed at 450 °C/50 atm have excellent characteristics, including remanent polarizations greater than 20 μC/cm2, a switching speed of 200 ns, and reliability, measured by sustained performance after 1010 bipolar switching cycles. The enhanced device features are attributed to the transition to the orthorhombic-phase from the tetragonal-phase of Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 at high pressure, which is also consistent with the results of "wake-up" analysis, and the variations of the pure polarization curves, extracted from the total displacement field under pressure.

  7. Transition between strong and weak topological insulator in ZrTe5 and HfTe5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Zongjian; Liang, Qi-Feng; Chen, Y. B.; Yao, Shu-Hua; Zhou, Jian

    2017-04-01

    ZrTe5 and HfTe5 have attracted increasingly attention recently since the theoretical prediction of being topological insulators (TIs). However, subsequent works show many contradictions about their topolog-ical nature. Three possible phases, i.e. strong TI, weak TI, and Dirac semi-metal, have been observed in different experiments until now. Essentially whether ZrTe5 or HfTe5 has a band gap or not is still a question. Here, we present detailed first-principles calculations on the electronic and topological prop-erties of ZrTe5 and HfTe5 on variant volumes and clearly demonstrate the topological phase transition from a strong TI, going through an intermediate Dirac semi-metal state, then to a weak TI when the crystal expands. Our work might give a unified explain about the divergent experimental results and propose the crucial clue to further experiments to elucidate the topological nature of these materials.

  8. Isoelectronic substitutions and aluminium alloying in the Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Rohr, Fabian O.; Cava, Robert J.

    2018-03-01

    High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are a new class of materials constructed from multiple principal elements statistically arranged on simple crystallographic lattices. Due to the large amount of disorder present, they are excellent model systems for investigating the properties of materials intermediate between crystalline and amorphous states. Here we report the effects of systematic isoelectronic replacements, using Mo-Y, Mo-Sc, and Cr-Sc mixtures, for the valence electron count 4 and 5 elements in the body-centered cubic (BCC) Ta-Nb-Zr-Hf-Ti high-entropy alloy (HEA) superconductor. We find that the superconducting transition temperature Tc strongly depends on the elemental makeup of the alloy, and not exclusively its electron count. The replacement of niobium or tantalum by an isoelectronic mixture lowers the transition temperature by more than 60%, while the isoelectronic replacement of hafnium, zirconium, or titanium has a limited impact on Tc. We further explore the alloying of aluminium into the nearly optimal electron count [TaNb] 0.67(ZrHfTi) 0.33 HEA superconductor. The electron count dependence of the superconducting Tc for (HEA)Al x is found to be more crystallinelike than for the [TaNb] 1 -x(ZrHfTi) x HEA solid solution. For an aluminum content of x =0.4 the high-entropy stabilization of the simple BCC lattice breaks down. This material crystallizes in the tetragonal β -uranium structure type and superconductivity is not observed above 1.8 K.

  9. Tunneling current in HfO2 and Hf0.5Zr0.5O2-based ferroelectric tunnel junction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Zhipeng; Cao, Xi; Wu, Tong; Guo, Jing

    2018-03-01

    Ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs) have been intensively explored for future low power data storage and information processing applications. Among various ferroelectric (FE) materials studied, HfO2 and H0.5Zr0.5O2 (HZO) have the advantage of CMOS process compatibility. The validity of the simple effective mass approximation, for describing the tunneling process in these materials, is examined by computing the complex band structure from ab initio simulations. The results show that the simple effective mass approximation is insufficient to describe the tunneling current in HfO2 and HZO materials, and quantitative accurate descriptions of the complex band structures are indispensable for calculation of the tunneling current. A compact k . p Hamiltonian is parameterized to and validated by ab initio complex band structures, which provides a method for efficiently and accurately computing the tunneling current in HfO2 and HZO. The device characteristics of a metal/FE/metal structure and a metal/FE/semiconductor (M-F-S) structure are investigated by using the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism with the parameterized effective Hamiltonian. The result shows that the M-F-S structure offers a larger resistance window due to an extra barrier in the semiconductor region at off-state. A FTJ utilizing M-F-S structure is beneficial for memory design.

  10. The influence of HF treatment on corrosion resistance and in vitro biocompatibility of Mg-Zn-Zr alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Xin-Yu; Chen, Min-Fang; You, Chen; Liu, De-Bao

    2010-06-01

    The samples made of a Mg-2.5wt.%Zn-0.5wt.%Zr alloy were immersed in the 20% hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution at room temperature for different time, with the aim of improving the properties of magnesium (Mg) alloy in applications as biomaterials. The corrosion resistance and in vitro biocompatibility of untreated and fluoride-coated samples were investigated. The results show that the optimum process is to immerse Mg alloys in the 20% HF solution for 6 h. After the immersion, a dense magnesium fluoride (MgF2) coating of 0.5 μm was synthesized on the surface of Mg-Zn-Zr alloy. Polarization tests recorded a reduction in the corrosion current density from 2.10 to 0.05 μA/cm2 due to the MgF2 protective coating. Immersion tests in the simulated body fluid (SBF) also reveal a much milder corrosion on the fluoride-coated samples, and its corrosion rate was calculated to be 0.05 mm/yr. Hemolysis test suggests that the conversion coated Mg alloy has no obvious hemolysis reaction. The hemolysis ratio (HR) of the samples decreases from 11.34% to 1.86% with the HF treatment, which meets the requirements of biomaterials (HR < 5%). The coculture of 3T3 fibroblasts with Mg alloy results in the adhesion and proliferation of cells on the surface of fluoride-coated samples. All the results show that the MgF2 conversion coating would markedly improve the corrosion resistance and in vitro biocompatibility of Mg-Zn-Zr alloy.

  11. Site preference of ternary alloying additions to NiTi: Fe, Pt, Pd, Au, Al, Cu, Zr and Hf

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bozzolo, Guillermo; Noebe, Ronald D.; Mosca, Hugo O.

    2004-01-01

    Atomistic modeling of the site substitution behavior of Pd in NiTi (J. Alloys and Comp. (2004), in press) has been extended to examine the behavior of several other alloying additions, namely, Fe, Pt, Au, Al, Cu, Zr and Hf in this important shape memory alloy. It was found that all elements, to a varying degree, displayed absolute preference for available sites in the deficient sublattice. How- ever, the energetics of the different substitutional schemes, coupled with large scale simulations indicate that the general trend in all cases is for the ternary addition to want to form stronger ordered structures with Ti.

  12. First principles study of structural, electronic and optical properties of perovskites CaZrO3 and CaHfO3 in cubic phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoat, D. M.; Silva, J. F. Rivas; Blas, A. Méndez

    2018-07-01

    In this work, we present the first principles calculations for structural, electronic and optical properties of perovskites CaZrO3 and CaHfO3 using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave method (FP-LAPW) within the framework of density functional theory (DFT) as implemented in WIEN2k package. The exchange-correlation potential is treated with local density approximation (LDA) and generalized gradient approximation (GGA-PBE and PBESol). Additionally, the Tran Blaha modified Becke-Johnson exchange potential (mBJ) also is employed for electronic and optical calculations due to that it gives very accurate band gap of solids. Our obtained structural parameters are in good agreement with experimental datas and other theoretical results. The energy band gap obtained with mBJ is 4.56 eV for CaZrO3 and 5.27 eV for CaHfO3. The hybridization of states of O atom with those of Zr and Hf atoms in CaZrO3 and CaHfO3, respectively, is observed. The spin-orbit coupling effect on electronic properties of considered compounds also is investigated. Finally, the linear optical properties of CaZrO3 and CaHfO3 are derived from their complex dielectric function calculated with mBJ potential for wide energy range up to 45 eV, and all of them analyzed in details.

  13. Oxidation of ZrB2-and HfB2-Based Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics: Effects of Ta Additions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Opila, Elizabeth; Levine, Stanley; Lorinez, Jonathan

    2003-01-01

    Several compositions of ZrB2- and HfB2-based Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics (UHTC) were oxidized in stagnant air at 1627 C in ten minute cycles for times up to 100 minutes. These compositions include: ZrB2 - 20v% SiC, HfB2 - 20v% SiC, ZrB2 - 20v% SiC - 20v% TaSi2, ZrB2 - 33v% SiC, HfB2 - 20v% SiC - 20v% TaSi2, and ZrB2 - 20v% SiC - 20v% TaC. The weight change due to oxidation was recorded. The ZrB2 - 20v% SiC - 20v% TaSi2 composition was also oxidized in stagnant air at 1927 C and in an arc jet atmosphere. Samples were analyzed after oxidation by x-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive spectroscopy to determine the reaction products and to observe the microstructure. The ZrB2 - 20v% SiC - 20v% TaSi2 showed the lowest oxidation rate at 1627 C, but performed poorly under the more extreme tests due to liquid phase formation. Effects of Ta-additions on the oxidation of the diboride-based UHTC are discussed.

  14. Lattice Thermal Conductivity of Ultra High Temperature Ceramics (UHTC) ZrB2 and HfB2 from Atomistic Simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawson, JOhn W.; Daw, Murray S.; Bauschlicher, Charles W.

    2011-01-01

    Ultra high temperature ceramics (UHTC) including ZrB2 and HfB2 are candidate materials for applications in extreme environments because of their high melting point, good mechanical properties and reasonable oxidation resistance. Unlike many ceramics, these materials have high thermal conductivity which can be advantageous, for example, to reduce thermal shock. Recently, we developed Tersoff style interatomic potentials for both ZrB2 and HfB2 appropriate for atomistic simulations. As an application, Green-Kubo molecular dynamics simulations were performed to evaluate the lattice thermal conductivity for single crystals of ZrB2 and HfB2. The atomic mass difference in these binary compounds leads to oscillations in the time correlation function of the heat current. Results at room temperature and at elevated temperatures will be reported.

  15. Extraction chromatography of the Rf homologs, Zr and Hf, using TEVA and UTEVA resins in HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4 media

    SciTech Connect

    Alfonso, M. C.; Bennett, M. E.; Folden, C. M.

    2015-06-20

    The extraction behavior of the Rf homologs, Zr and Hf, has been studied in HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4 media using TEVA (R) (a trioctyl and tridecyl methyl ammonium-based resin) and UTEVA (R) (a diamyl amylphosphonate-based resin). All six systems were considered for the future chemical characterization of Rf. Batch uptake studies were first performed to determine which systems could separate Zr and Hf and these results were used to determine what acid concentration range to focus on for the column studies. The batch uptake studies showed that UTEVA separates Zr and Hf in all media, while the intergroup separation wasmore » only observed in HCl media with TEVA. Both HCl systems showed viability for potential extraction chromatographic studies of Rf.« less

  16. Electron-stimulated desorption from polished and vacuum fired 316LN stainless steel coated with Ti-Zr-Hf-V

    SciTech Connect

    Malyshev, Oleg B., E-mail: oleg.malyshev@stfc.ac.uk; Valizadeh, Reza; Hogan, Benjamin T.

    2014-11-01

    In this study, two identical 316LN stainless steel tubular samples, which had previously been polished and vacuum-fired and then used for the electron-stimulated desorption (ESD) experiments, were coated with Ti-Zr-Hf-V with different morphologies: columnar and dense. ESD measurement results after nonevaporable getter (NEG) activation to 150, 180, 250, and 350 °C indicated that the values for the ESD yields are significantly (2–20 times) lower than the data from our previous study with similar coatings on nonvacuum-fired samples. Based on these results, the lowest pressure and best long-term performance in particle accelerators will be achieved with a vacuum-fired vacuum chamber coated withmore » dense Ti-Zr-Hf-V coating activated at 180 °C. This is likely due to the following facts: after NEG activation, the hydrogen concentration inside the NEG was lower than in the bulk stainless steel substrate; the NEG coating created a barrier for gas diffusion from the sample bulk to vacuum; the dense NEG coating performed better as a barrier than the columnar NEG coating.« less

  17. Thermoelectric and Structural Properties of Zr-/Hf-Based Half-Heusler Compounds Produced at a Large Scale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zillmann, D.; Waag, A.; Peiner, E.; Feyand, M.-H.; Wolyniec, A.

    2018-02-01

    The half-Heusler (HH) systems are promising candidates for thermoelectric (TE) applications since they have shown high figures of merit ( zT) of ˜ 1, which are directly related to the energy conversion efficiency. To use HH compounds for TE devices, the materials must be phase-stable at operating temperatures up to 600°C. Currently, only a few HH compositions are available in large quantities. Hence, we focus on the TE and structural properties of three commercially available Zr-/Hf-based HH compounds in this publication. In particular, we evaluate the thermal conductivities and the figures of merit and critically discuss uncertainties and propagation error in the measurements. We find thermal conductivities of less than 6.0 W K^{-1}m^{-1} for all investigated materials and notably high figures of merit of 0.93 and 0.60 for n- and p-type compounds, respectively, at 600°C. Additionally, our investigations reveal that the grain structures of all materials also contain secondary phases like HfO2, Sn-Ni and Ti-Zr-Sn rich phases while an additional SnO_2 phase was found following several hours of harsh heat treatment at 800°C.

  18. HfSe2 and ZrSe2: Two-dimensional semiconductors with native high-κ oxides

    PubMed Central

    Mleczko, Michal J.; Zhang, Chaofan; Lee, Hye Ryoung; Kuo, Hsueh-Hui; Magyari-Köpe, Blanka; Moore, Robert G.; Shen, Zhi-Xun; Fisher, Ian R.; Nishi, Yoshio; Pop, Eric

    2017-01-01

    The success of silicon as a dominant semiconductor technology has been enabled by its moderate band gap (1.1 eV), permitting low-voltage operation at reduced leakage current, and the existence of SiO2 as a high-quality “native” insulator. In contrast, other mainstream semiconductors lack stable oxides and must rely on deposited insulators, presenting numerous compatibility challenges. We demonstrate that layered two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors HfSe2 and ZrSe2 have band gaps of 0.9 to 1.2 eV (bulk to monolayer) and technologically desirable “high-κ” native dielectrics HfO2 and ZrO2, respectively. We use spectroscopic and computational studies to elucidate their electronic band structure and then fabricate air-stable transistors down to three-layer thickness with careful processing and dielectric encapsulation. Electronic measurements reveal promising performance (on/off ratio > 106; on current, ~30 μA/μm), with native oxides reducing the effects of interfacial traps. These are the first 2D materials to demonstrate technologically relevant properties of silicon, in addition to unique compatibility with high-κ dielectrics, and scaling benefits from their atomically thin nature. PMID:28819644

  19. ZnO/(Hf,Zr)O2/ZnO-trilayered nanowire capacitor structure fabricated solely by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujisawa, Hironori; Kuwamoto, Kei; Nakashima, Seiji; Shimizu, Masaru

    2016-02-01

    HfO2-based thin films are one of the key dielectric and ferroelectric materials in Si-CMOS LSIs as well as in oxide electronic nanodevices. In this study, we demonstrated the fabrication of a ZnO/(Hf,Zr)O2/ZnO-trilayered nanowire (NW) capacitor structure solely by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). 15-nm-thick dielectric (Hf,Zr)O2 and 40-nm-thick top ZnO electrode layers were uniformly grown by MOCVD on a ZnO NW template with average diameter, length, and aspect ratio of 110 nm, 10 µm, and ˜90, respectively. The diameter and aspect ratio of the resultant trilayerd NWs are 200-300 nm and above 30, respectively. The crystalline phase of HfO2 and stacked the structure are also discussed.

  20. High-temperature Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of ZrTiHfNbMox (x=0.5, 1.0, 1.5) Refractory High Entropy Alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Y. W.; Li, Y. K.; Cheng, X. W.; Wu, C.; Cheng, B.

    2018-05-01

    Refractory high entropy alloys (RHEAs), with excellent properties at high temperature, have several applications. In this work, the ZrTiHfNbMox (x=0.5, 1.0, 1.5) alloys were prepared by arc melting. All these alloys form body centered cubic (BCC) structure without other intermediate phases. The Mo element contributes to the strength of alloys at high temperature, but too much of Mo decreases the plasticity severely and enhances the strength. The ZrTiHfNbMo alloy, whose compressive stress is 1099 MPa at 800° C, is a promising material for high-temperature applications.

  1. Orthorhombic-tetragonal phase coexistence and enhanced piezo-response at room temperature in Zr, Sn, and Hf modified BaTiO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Kalyani, Ajay Kumar; Brajesh, Kumar; Ranjan, Rajeev, E-mail: rajeev@materials.iisc.ernet.in

    2014-06-23

    The effect of Zr, Hf, and Sn in BaTiO{sub 3} has been investigated at close composition intervals in the dilute concentration limit. Detailed structural analysis by x-ray and neutron powder diffraction revealed that merely 2 mol. % of Zr, Sn, and Hf stabilizes a coexistence of orthorhombic (Amm2) and tetragonal (P4mm) phases at room temperature. As a consequence, all the three systems show substantial enhancement in the longitudinal piezoelectric coefficient (d{sub 33}), with Sn modification exhibiting the highest value ∼425 pC/N.

  2. Adsorption and diffusion of Au atoms on the (001) surface of Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, and Mo carbides.

    PubMed

    Florez, Elizabeth; Viñes, Francesc; Rodriguez, Jose A; Illas, Francesc

    2009-06-28

    The adsorption of atomic Au on the (001) surface of TiC, ZrC, HfC, VC, NbC, TaC, and delta-MoC and the mechanism of diffusion of this adatom through the surface have been studied in terms of a periodic density functional theory based approach. In all the cases, the Au adsorption energies are in the range of 1.90-2.35 eV. The moderately large adsorption energies allow the Au diffusion before desorption could take place. For TiC(001), ZrC(001), and HfC(001), atomic Au is adsorbed directly on top of C atoms and diffusion takes place along the diagonal of the squares formed by M-C-M-C atoms with the transition state located above the hollow sites. For the rest of transition metal carbides the situation is less simple with the appearance of more than one stable adsorption site, as for NbC and TaC, of a small energy barrier for diffusion around the most stable adsorption site and of a more complex diffusion pathway. The small energy barrier for diffusion around the most stable site will result in a highly mobile Au species which could be observed in scanning tunnel microscope experiments. After depositing Au on metal-carbide surfaces, there is a noticeable charge transfer from the substrate to the adsorbed Au atom. The electronic perturbations on Au increase when going from TiC to ZrC or TaC. Our results indicate that metal carbides should be better supports for the chemical activation of Au than metal oxides.

  3. Geochemistry of Zr, Hf, and REE in a wide spectrum of Eh and water composition: The case of Dead Sea Fault system (Israel)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Censi, P.; Raso, M.; Yechieli, Y.; Ginat, H.; Saiano, F.; Zuddas, P.; Brusca, L.; D'Alessandro, W.; Inguaggiato, C.

    2017-03-01

    Along the Jordan Valley-Dead Sea Fault area several natural waters in springs, wells, and catchments occur. The chemical-physical characters of the studied waters allowed for the first time the investigation of the Zr and Hf geochemical behavior, apart from REE, extended to a wide range of Eh, temperature, salinity, and pH conditions. The results of this study indicate that the dissolved Zr and Hf distribution in natural waters is strongly influenced by redox conditions since these in turn drive the deposition of Fe-oxyhydroxides or pyrite. In oxidizing waters saturated or oversaturated in Fe-oxyhydroxides (Group 1), superchondritic Zr/Hf values are measured. On the contrary, in waters where Eh < 0 values occur (Group 2), chondritic Zr/Hf values are found. Superchondritic Zr/Hf values are produced by the preferential Hf scavenging onto Fe-oxyhydroxides that is inhibited under reducing conditions consistent with the water oversaturation relative to pyrite. Redox conditions also influence the amplitude of Ce and Eu anomalies. Oxidized Group-1 waters show negative Ce anomalies related to the oxidative Ce scavenging as CeO2 onto Fe-oxyhydroxide. Reduced Group-2 waters show positive Eu anomaly values consistent with the larger Eu2+ concentration relative to Eu3+ in these waters suggested by model calculations. The higher stability of Eu2+ with respect to its trivalent neighbors along the REE series can explain the above mentioned positive Eu anomaly values. The middle-REE enrichment observed in shale-normalized REE patterns of studied waters can be ascribed to carbonate and/or gypsum dissolution.

  4. Ferroelectric HfZrOx-based MoS2 negative capacitance transistor with ITO capping layers for steep-slope device application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Jing; Jiang, Shu-Ye; Zhang, Min; Zhu, Hao; Chen, Lin; Sun, Qing-Qing; Zhang, David Wei

    2018-03-01

    A negative capacitance field-effect transistor (NCFET) built with hafnium-based oxide is one of the most promising candidates for low power-density devices due to the extremely steep subthreshold swing (SS) and high on-state current induced by incorporating the ferroelectric material in the gate stack. Here, we demonstrated a two-dimensional (2D) back-gate NCFET with the integration of ferroelectric HfZrOx in the gate stack and few-layer MoS2 as the channel. Instead of using the conventional TiN capping metal to form ferroelectricity in HfZrOx, the NCFET was fabricated on a thickness-optimized Al2O3/indium tin oxide (ITO)/HfZrOx/ITO/SiO2/Si stack, in which the two ITO layers sandwiching the HfZrOx film acted as the control back gate and ferroelectric gate, respectively. The thickness of each layer in the stack was engineered for distinguishable optical identification of the exfoliated 2D flakes on the surface. The NCFET exhibited small off-state current and steep switching behavior with minimum SS as low as 47 mV/dec. Such a steep-slope transistor is compatible with the standard CMOS fabrication process and is very attractive for 2D logic and sensor applications and future energy-efficient nanoelectronic devices with scaling power supply.

  5. Fractographic Analysis of HfB2-SiC and ZrB2-SiC Composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mecholsky, J.J., Jr.; Ellerby, D. T.; Johnson, S. M.; Stackpoole, M. M.; Loehman, R. E.; Arnold, Jim (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Hafnium diboride-silicon carbide and zirconium diboride-silicon carbide composites are potential materials for high temperature leading edge applications on reusable launch vehicles. In order to establish material constants necessary for evaluation of in-situ fracture, bars fractured in four point flexure were examined using fractographic principles. The fracture toughness was determined from measurements of the critical crack sizes and the strength values, and the crack branching constants were established to use in forensic fractography of materials for future flight applications. The fracture toughnesses range from about 13 MPam (sup 1/2) at room temperature to about 6 MPam (sup 1/2) at 1400 C for ZrB2-SiC composites and from about 11 MPam (sup 1/2) at room temperature to about 4 MPam (sup 1/2) at 1400 C for HfB2-SiC composites.

  6. Effect of electron count and chemical complexity in the Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor

    SciTech Connect

    von Rohr, Fabian; Winiarski, Michał J.; Tao, Jing

    High-entropy alloys are made from random mixtures of principal elements on simple lattices, stabilized by a high mixing entropy. The recently discovered body-centered cubic (BCC) Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor appears to display properties of both simple crystalline intermetallics and amorphous materials; e.g., it has a well-defined superconducting transition along with an exceptional robustness against disorder. Here we show that the valence electron count dependence of the superconducting transition temperature in the high-entropy alloy falls between those of analogous simple solid solutions and amorphous materials and test the effect of alloy complexity on the superconductivity. We propose high-entropy alloys as excellentmore » intermediate systems for studying superconductivity as it evolves between crystalline and amorphous materials.« less

  7. Effect of electron count and chemical complexity in the Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor.

    PubMed

    von Rohr, Fabian; Winiarski, Michał J; Tao, Jing; Klimczuk, Tomasz; Cava, Robert Joseph

    2016-11-15

    High-entropy alloys are made from random mixtures of principal elements on simple lattices, stabilized by a high mixing entropy. The recently discovered body-centered cubic (BCC) Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor appears to display properties of both simple crystalline intermetallics and amorphous materials; e.g., it has a well-defined superconducting transition along with an exceptional robustness against disorder. Here we show that the valence electron count dependence of the superconducting transition temperature in the high-entropy alloy falls between those of analogous simple solid solutions and amorphous materials and test the effect of alloy complexity on the superconductivity. We propose high-entropy alloys as excellent intermediate systems for studying superconductivity as it evolves between crystalline and amorphous materials.

  8. Effect of electron count and chemical complexity in the Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor

    DOE PAGES

    von Rohr, Fabian; Winiarski, Michał J.; Tao, Jing; ...

    2016-11-01

    High-entropy alloys are made from random mixtures of principal elements on simple lattices, stabilized by a high mixing entropy. The recently discovered body-centered cubic (BCC) Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor appears to display properties of both simple crystalline intermetallics and amorphous materials; e.g., it has a well-defined superconducting transition along with an exceptional robustness against disorder. Here we show that the valence electron count dependence of the superconducting transition temperature in the high-entropy alloy falls between those of analogous simple solid solutions and amorphous materials and test the effect of alloy complexity on the superconductivity. We propose high-entropy alloys as excellentmore » intermediate systems for studying superconductivity as it evolves between crystalline and amorphous materials.« less

  9. Effect of electron count and chemical complexity in the Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor

    PubMed Central

    von Rohr, Fabian; Winiarski, Michał J.; Tao, Jing; Klimczuk, Tomasz; Cava, Robert Joseph

    2016-01-01

    High-entropy alloys are made from random mixtures of principal elements on simple lattices, stabilized by a high mixing entropy. The recently discovered body-centered cubic (BCC) Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr-Ti high-entropy alloy superconductor appears to display properties of both simple crystalline intermetallics and amorphous materials; e.g., it has a well-defined superconducting transition along with an exceptional robustness against disorder. Here we show that the valence electron count dependence of the superconducting transition temperature in the high-entropy alloy falls between those of analogous simple solid solutions and amorphous materials and test the effect of alloy complexity on the superconductivity. We propose high-entropy alloys as excellent intermediate systems for studying superconductivity as it evolves between crystalline and amorphous materials. PMID:27803330

  10. First-principles study of adsorption and diffusion of oxygen on surfaces of TiN, ZrN and HfN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Fangyu; Wang, Jianchuan; Du, Yong; Wang, Jiong; Shang, Shun-Li; Li, Songlin; Chen, Li

    2018-09-01

    Using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory, we systematically study the adsorption and diffusion behaviors of single oxygen (O) atom on the (0 0 1) surfaces of TiN, ZrN and HfN nitride coatings. The top of N site (top(N)) is the most energetic favorable site for O atom and followed by the hollow site for all the three nitrides. O atom tends to diffuse on the (0 0 1) surfaces of the nitrides from the top of transition metal top(TM) sites to a neighboring top(TM) sites by avoiding N sites. The adsorption of O on ZrN and HfN is more stable than that on TiN. Our findings could explain the experimental phenomenon that the oxide thickness of TiN is smaller than that of ZrN under the same oxidation conditions.

  11. Impact of mechanical stress on ferroelectricity in (Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5})O{sub 2} thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Shiraishi, Takahisa; Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577; Katayama, Kiliha

    2016-06-27

    To investigate the impact of mechanical stress on their ferroelectric properties, polycrystalline (Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5})O{sub 2} thin films were deposited on (111)Pt-coated SiO{sub 2}, Si, and CaF{sub 2} substrates with thermal expansion coefficients of 0.47, 4.5, and 22 × 10{sup −6}/ °C, respectively. In-plane X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the (Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5})O{sub 2} thin films deposited on SiO{sub 2} and Si substrates were under in-plane tensile strain and that their volume fraction of monoclinic phase decreased as this strain increased. In contrast, films deposited on CaF{sub 2} substrates were under in-plane compressive strain, and their volume fraction of monoclinic phasemore » was the largest among the three kinds of substrates. The maximum remanent polarization of 9.3 μC/cm{sup 2} was observed for Pt/(Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5})O{sub 2}/Pt/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}, while ferroelectricity was barely observable for Pt/(Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5})O{sub 2}/Pt/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/CaF{sub 2}. This result suggests that the in-plane tensile strain effectively enhanced the ferroelectricity of the (Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5})O{sub 2} thin films.« less

  12. ZrB 2-HfB 2 solid solutions as electrode materials for hydrogen reaction in acidic and basic solutions

    DOE PAGES

    Sitler, Steven J.; Raja, Krishnan S.; Charit, Indrajit

    2016-11-09

    Spark plasma sintered transition metal diborides such as HfB 2, ZrB 2 and their solid solutions were investigated as electrode materials for electrochemical hydrogen evolutions reactions (HER) in 1 M H 2SO 4 and 1 M NaOH electrolytes. HfB 2 and ZrB 2 formed complete solid solutions when mixed in 1:1, 1:4, and 4:1 ratios and they were stable in both electrolytes. The HER kinetics of the diborides were slower in the basic solution than in the acidic solutions. The Tafel slopes in 1 M H 2SO 4 were in the range of 0.15 - 0.18 V/decade except for puremore » HfB 2 which showed a Tafel slope of 0.38 V/decade. In 1 M NaOH the Tafel slopes were in the range of 0.12 - 0.27 V/decade. The composition of Hf xZr 1-xB 2 solid solutions with x = 0.2 - 0.8, influenced the exchange current densities, overpotentials and Tafel slopes of the HER. As a result, the EIS data were fitted with a porous film equivalent circuit model in order to better understand the HER behavior. In addition, modeling calculations, using density functional theory approach, were carried out to estimate the density of states and band structure of the boride solid solutions.« less

  13. Hydrolysis of ZrCl4 and HfCl4: The Initial Steps in the High-Temperature Oxidation of Metal Chlorides to Produce ZrO2 and HfO2

    SciTech Connect

    Fang, Zongtang; Dixon, David A.

    2013-03-08

    The gas-phase hydrolysis of MCl4 (M = Zr, Hf) to produce the initial particles on the way to zirconia and hafnia nanoparticles has been studied with electronic structure theory. The potential energy surfaces, the themochemistry of the reaction species, and the reaction paths for the initial steps of MCl4 reacting with H2O have been calculated. The hydrolysis of MCl4 at higher temperatures begins with the formation of oxychlorohydroxides followed by the elimination of HCl instead of the direct production of MOCl2 and HCl or MO2 and HCl due to the substantial endothermicities associated with the formation of gas-phase MO2. Themore » structural properties and heats of formation of the reactants and products are consistent with the available experimental results. A number of metal oxychlorides (oxychlorohydroxides) intermediate clusters have been studied to assess their role in the production of MO2 nanoparticles. The calculated clustering reaction energies of those intermediates are highly exothermic, so they could be readily formed in the hydrolysis process. These intermediate clusters can be formed exothermically from metal oxychlorohydroxides by the elimination of one HCl or H2O molecule. Our calculations show that the mechanisms leading to the formation of MO2 nanoparticles are complicated and are accompanied by the potential production of a wide range of intermediates, as found for the production of TiO2 particles from the high-temperature oxidation of TiCl4.« less

  14. Investigating the Structural, Thermal, and Electronic Properties of the Zircon-Type ZrSiO4, ZrGeO4 and HfSiO4 Compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiker, Fafa; Boukabrine, Fatiha; Khachai, H.; Khenata, R.; Mathieu, C.; Bin Omran, S.; Syrotyuk, S. V.; Ahmed, W. K.; Murtaza, G.

    2016-11-01

    In the present study, the structural, thermal, and electronic properties of some important orthosilicate dielectrics, such as the ZrSiO4, ZrGeO4, and HfSiO4 compounds, have been investigated theoretically with the use of first-principle calculations. We attribute the application of the modified Becke-Johnson exchange potential, which is basically an improvement over the local density approximation and the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof exchange-correlation functional, for a better description of the band gaps of the compounds. This resulted in a good agreement with our estimated values in comparison with the reported experimental data, specifically for the ZrSiO4, and HfSiO4 compounds. Conversely, for the ZrGeO4 compound, the calculated electronic band structure shows a direct band gap at the Γ point with the value of 5.79 eV. Furthermore, our evaluated thermal properties that are calculated by using the quasi-harmonic Debye model indicated that the volume variation with temperature is higher in the ZrGeO4 compound as compared to both the ZrSiO4 and HfSiO4 compounds, which is ascribed to the difference between the electron shells of the Si and Ge atoms. Therefore, these results also indicate that while the entropy ( S) and enthalpy ( U) parameters increase monotonically, the free energy ( G), in contrast, decreases monotonically with increasing temperature, respectively. Moreover, the pressure and temperature dependencies of the Debye temperature Θ, thermal expansion coefficient, and heat capacities C V were also predicted in our study.

  15. Double and Triple Si-H-M Bridge Bonds: Matrix Infrared Spectra and Theoretical Calculations for Reaction Products of Silane with Ti, Zr, and Hf Atoms.

    PubMed

    Xu, Bing; Shi, Peipei; Huang, Tengfei; Wang, Xuefeng; Andrews, Lester

    2017-05-25

    Infrared spectra of matrix isolated dibridged Si(μ-H) 2 MH 2 and tribridged Si(μ-H) 3 MH molecules (M = Zr and Hf) were observed following the laser-ablated metal atom reactions with SiH 4 during condensation in excess argon and neon, but only the latter species was observed with titanium. Assignments of the major vibrational modes, which included terminal MH, MH 2 and hydrogen bridge Si-H-M stretching modes, were confirmed by the appropriate SiD 4 isotopic shifts and density functional vibrational frequency calculations (B3LYP and BPW91). The Si-H-M hydrogen bridge bond is calculated as weak covalent interaction and compared with the C-H···M agostic interaction in terms of electron localization function (ELF) analysis and noncovalent interaction index (NCI) calculations. Furthermore, the different products of Ti, Zr, and Hf reactions with SiH 4 are discussed in detail.

  16. H-Phase Precipitation and Martensitic Transformation in Ni-rich Ni-Ti-Hf and Ni-Ti-Zr High-Temperature Shape Memory Alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evirgen, A.; Pons, J.; Karaman, I.; Santamarta, R.; Noebe, R. D.

    2018-03-01

    The distributions of H-phase precipitates in Ni50.3Ti29.7Hf20 and Ni50.3Ti29.7Zr20 alloys formed by aging treatments at 500 and 550 °C or slow furnace cooling and their effects on the thermal martensitic transformation have been investigated by TEM and calorimetry. The comparative study clearly reveals faster precipitate-coarsening kinetics in the NiTiZr alloy than in NiTiHf. For precipitates of a similar size of 10-20 nm in both alloys, the martensite plates in Ni50.3Ti29.7Zr20 have larger widths and span a higher number of precipitates compared with the Ni50.3Ti29.7Hf20 alloy. However, for large H-phase particles with hundreds of nm in length, no significant differences in the martensitic microstructures of both alloy systems have been observed. The martensitic transformation temperatures of Ni50.3Ti29.7Hf20 are 80-90 °C higher than those of Ni50.3Ti29.7Zr20 in the precipitate-free state and in the presence of large particles of hundreds on nm in length, but this difference is reduced to only 10-20 °C in samples with small H-phase precipitates. The changes in the transformation temperatures are consistent with the differences in the precipitate distributions between the two alloy systems observed by TEM.

  17. Microstructure, Tensile and Creep Properties of Ta20Nb20Hf20Zr20Ti20 High Entropy Alloy

    PubMed Central

    Larianovsky, Natalya; Katz-Demyanetz, Alexander; Eshed, Eyal; Regev, Michael

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ta20Nb20Hf20Zr20Ti20. Two casting processes, namely, gravity casting and suction-assisted casting, were applied, both followed by Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP). The aim of the current study was to investigate the creep and tensile properties of the material, since the literature review revealed no data whatsoever regarding these properties. The main findings are that the HIP process is responsible for the appearance of a Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP) phase that is dispersed differently in these two castings. The HIP process also led to a considerable increase in the mechanical properties of both materials under compression, with values found to be higher than those reported in the literature. Contrary to the compression properties, both materials were found to be highly brittle under tension, either during room temperature tension tests or creep tests conducted at 282 °C. Fractography yielded brittle fracture without any evidence of plastic deformation prior to fracture. PMID:28773245

  18. Synthesis and optical characterization of SrHfO 3:Ce and SrZrO 3:Ce nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rétot, H.; Bessière, A.; Kahn-Harari, A.; Viana, B.

    2008-03-01

    Nanoparticles have recently found application fields in various scopes, such as imaging (luminescent nanosensors), or for the production of laser or scintillating transparent ceramics. This work is related to this last field, with the target of medical imaging (positron emission tomography). Very dense rare earth doped mixed oxides were studied: SrZrO 3:Ce and SrHfO 3:Ce, which are particularly adapted to this application. The phase transformations and the very high melting points of these materials (respectively 2646 °C and 2730 °C) led us to study their synthesis as nanoparticles. Using the combustion method we have obtained, at temperatures less than 1000 °C, particles of very small dimensions (10-100 nm) without impurities. First characterization of the optical properties (under UV irradiation) of the cerium ion in these perovskite matrixes, realized on the nanopowders (absorption, emission and lifetime of the cerium ion), is presented here: for both compounds, an emission at 430 nm is observed under UV irradiation, with a short decay time; these particles prepared by combustion are thus interesting precursors for ceramic scintillators.

  19. Phase Transitions in Tetramethylammonium Hexachlorometalate Compounds (TMA) 2MCl 6 (M = U, Np, Pt, Sn, Hf, Zr)

    DOE PAGES

    Autillo, Matthieu; Wilson, Richard E.

    2017-09-22

    A study of the phase transitions occurring in tetramethylammonium hexachlorometalate compounds with M = U IV, Np IV, Zr IV, Sn IV, Hf IV and Pt IV were performed using single-crystal X-ray diffraction across the temperature range 120 - 400K. When the crystals were cooled, movement of the octahedral [MCl 6] 2- anions induces a phase transition from Fm3m to Fd3c with a doubling of the unit cell. For the actinide compounds, no correlation between the f-electron configuration and the transition temperature was observed, instead, a correlation between the transition temperatures and both the [MCl 6] 2- anion and themore » TMA cation size is highlighted. Two phase transitions were observed and characterized. The first phase transition occurs with the ordering of the TMA cation and the second from a rotation of the [MCl 6] 2- octahedra. A third phase transition was observed at lower temperatures and was ascribed to a tetragonal distortion of the [MCl 6] 2- anions. Synthesis and study of their deuterated compounds did not show a significant isotope effect. As a result, Raman spectra performed on the protonated and deuterated compounds indicate only weak hydrogen bonding interactions between the TMA cations and the [MCl 6] 2- octahedra.« less

  20. Electronic structure and energetics of the tetragonal distortion for TiH2, ZrH2 and HfH2: a first principles study

    SciTech Connect

    Quijano, Ramiro; DeCoss, Romeo; Singh, David J

    2009-01-01

    The electronic structure and energetics of the tetragonal distortion for the fluorite-type dihydrides TiH{sub 2}, ZrH{sub 2}, and HfH{sub 2} are studied by means of highly accurate first-principles total-energy calculations. For HfH{sub 2}, in addition to the calculations using the scalar relativistic (SR) approximation, calculations including the spin-orbit coupling have also been performed. The results show that TiH{sub 2}, ZrH{sub 2}, and HfH{sub 2} in the cubic phase are unstable against tetragonal strain. For the three systems, the total energy shows two minima as a function of the c/a ratio with the lowest-energy minimum at c/a < 1 in agreementmore » with the experimental observations. The band structure of TiH{sub 2}, ZrH{sub 2}, and HfH{sub 2} (SR) around the Fermi level shows two common features along the two major symmetry directions of the Brillouin zone, {Lambda}?L and {Lambda}?K, a nearly flat doubly degenerate band, and a van Hove singularity, respectively. In cubic HfH{sub 2} the spin-orbit coupling lifts the degeneracy of the partially filled bands in the {Lambda}?L path, while the van Hove singularity in the {Lambda}?K path remains unchanged. The density of states of the three systems in the cubic phase shows a sharp peak at the Fermi level. We found that the tetragonal distortion produces a strong reduction in the density of states at the Fermi level resulting mainly from the splitting of the doubly-degenerate bands in the {Lambda}?L direction and the shift of the van Hove singularity to above the Fermi level. The validity of the Jahn-Teller model in explaining the tetragonal distortion in this group of dihydrides is discussed.« less

  1. Lattice Thermal Conductivity of Ultra High Temperature Ceramics (UHTC) ZrB2 and HfB2 from Atomistic Simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawson, John W.; Daw, Murray S.; Bauschlicher, Charles W.

    2012-01-01

    Ultra high temperature ceramics (UHTC) including ZrB2 and HfB2 have a number of properties that make them attractive for applications in extreme environments. One such property is their high thermal conductivity. Computational modeling of these materials will facilitate understanding of fundamental mechanisms, elucidate structure-property relationships, and ultimately accelerate the materials design cycle. Progress in computational modeling of UHTCs however has been limited in part due to the absence of suitable interatomic potentials. Recently, we developed Tersoff style parameterizations of such potentials for both ZrB2 and HfB2 appropriate for atomistic simulations. As an application, Green-Kubo molecular dynamics simulations were performed to evaluate the lattice thermal conductivity for single crystals of ZrB2 and HfB2. The atomic mass difference in these binary compounds leads to oscillations in the time correlation function of the heat current, in contrast to the more typical monotonic decay seen in monoatomic materials such as Silicon, for example. Results at room temperature and at elevated temperatures will be reported.

  2. New Intermetallic Ternary Phosphide Chalcogenide AP2-xXx (A = Zr, Hf; X = S, Se) Superconductors with PbFCl-Type Crystal Structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kitô, Hijiri; Yanagi, Yousuke; Ishida, Shigeyuki; Oka, Kunihiko; Gotoh, Yoshito; Fujihisa, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Yoshiyuki; Iyo, Akira; Eisaki, Hiroshi

    2014-07-01

    We have synthesized a series of intermetallic ternary phosphide chalcogenide superconductors, AP2-xXx (A = Zr, Hf; X = S, Se), using the high-pressure synthesis technique. These materials have a PbFCl-type crystal structure (space group P4/nmm) when x is greater than 0.3. The superconducting transition temperature Tc changes systematically with x, yielding dome-like phase diagrams. The maximum Tc is achieved at approximately x = 0.7, at which point the Tc is 6.3 K for ZrP2-xSex (x = 0.75), 5.5 K for HfP2-xSex (x = 0.7), 5.0 K for ZrP2-xSx (x = 0.675), and 4.6 K for Hfp2-xSx (x = 0.5). They are typical type-II superconductors and the upper and lower critical fields are estimated to be 2.92 T at 0 K and 0.021 T at 2 K for ZrP2-xSex (x = 0.75), respectively.

  3. Corrosion Protection of Copper Using Al2O3, TiO2, ZnO, HfO2, and ZrO2 Atomic Layer Deposition.

    PubMed

    Daubert, James S; Hill, Grant T; Gotsch, Hannah N; Gremaud, Antoine P; Ovental, Jennifer S; Williams, Philip S; Oldham, Christopher J; Parsons, Gregory N

    2017-02-01

    Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is a viable means to add corrosion protection to copper metal. Ultrathin films of Al 2 O 3 , TiO 2 , ZnO, HfO 2 , and ZrO 2 were deposited on copper metal using ALD, and their corrosion protection properties were measured using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). Analysis of ∼50 nm thick films of each metal oxide demonstrated low electrochemical porosity and provided enhanced corrosion protection from aqueous NaCl solution. The surface pretreatment and roughness was found to affect the extent of the corrosion protection. Films of Al 2 O 3 or HfO 2 provided the highest level of initial corrosion protection, but films of HfO 2 exhibited the best coating quality after extended exposure. This is the first reported instance of using ultrathin films of HfO 2 or ZrO 2 produced with ALD for corrosion protection, and both are promising materials for corrosion protection.

  4. Electrical and structural properties of group-4 transition-metal nitride (TiN, ZrN, and HfN) contacts on Ge

    SciTech Connect

    Yamamoto, Keisuke; Nakashima, Hiroshi, E-mail: nakasima@astec.kyushu-u.ac.jp; Noguchi, Ryutaro

    2015-09-21

    Electrical and structural properties were investigated for group-4 transition-metal nitride contacts on Ge (TiN/Ge, ZrN/Ge, and HfN/Ge), which were prepared by direct sputter depositions using nitride targets. These contacts could alleviate the intrinsic Fermi-level pinning (FLP) position toward the conduction band edge. It was revealed that this phenomenon is induced by an amorphous interlayer (a-IL) containing nitrogen atoms at the nitride/Ge interfaces. The strength of FLP alleviation positively depended on the thickness of a-IL. TiN/Ge and ZrN/Ge contacts with ∼2 nm-thick a-ILs showed strong FLP alleviations with hole barrier heights (Φ{sub BP}) in the range of 0.52–56 eV, and a HfN/Ge contactmore » with an ∼1 nm-thick a-IL showed a weaker one with a Φ{sub BP} of 0.39 eV. However, TaN/Ge contact without a-IL did not show such FLP alleviation. Based on the results of depth distributions for respective elements, we discussed the formation kinetics of a-ILs at TiN/Ge and ZrN/Ge interfaces. Finally, we proposed an interfacial dipole model to explain the FLP alleviation.« less

  5. Very large phase shift of microwave signals in a 6 nm Hf x Zr1-x O2 ferroelectric at ±3 V

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dragoman, Mircea; Modreanu, Mircea; Povey, Ian M.; Iordanescu, Sergiu; Aldrigo, Martino; Romanitan, Cosmin; Vasilache, Dan; Dinescu, Adrian; Dragoman, Daniela

    2017-09-01

    In this letter, we report for the first time very large phase shifts of microwaves in the 1-10 GHz range, in a 1 mm long gold coplanar interdigitated structure deposited over a 6 nm Hf x Zr1-x O2 ferroelectric grown directly on a high resistivity silicon substrate. The phase shift is larger than 60° at 1 GHz and 13° at 10 GHz at maximum applied DC voltages of ±3 V, which can be supplied by a simple commercial battery. In this way, we demonstrate experimentally that the new ferroelectrics based on HfO2 could play an important role in the future development of wireless communication systems for very low power applications.

  6. Strength design of Zr(x)Ti(x)Hf(x)Nb(x)Mo(x) alloys based on empirical electron theory of solids and molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Y. K.; Chen, Y. W.; Cheng, X. W.; Wu, C.; Cheng, B.

    2018-05-01

    In this paper, the valence electron structure parameters of Zr(x)Ti(x)Hf(x)Nb(x)Mo(x) alloys were calculated based on the empirical electron theory of solids and molecules (EET), and their performance through these parameters were predicted. Subsequently, the alloys with special valence electron structure parameters were prepared byarc melting. The hardness and high-temperature mechanical properties were analyzed to verify the prediction. Research shows that the influence of shared electron number nA on the strongest bond determines the strength of these alloys and the experiments are consistent with the theoretical prediction.

  7. Tunneling STM/STS and break-junction spectroscopy of the layered nitro-chloride superconductors MNCl (M = Ti, Hf, Zr)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekino, Toshikazu; Sugimoto, Akira; Gabovich, Alexander M.; Zheng, Zhanfeng; Zhang, Shuai; Yamanaka, Shoji

    2014-05-01

    The layered superconductors β-MNCl with the critical temperatures Tc = 14 K (M = Zr) - 25 K (M = Hf) were investigated by means of scanning-tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy and break-junction tunneling spectroscopy. The STM/STS was used to investigate the surface electronic structures in nanometer length scale, while the BJTS was employed to precisely determine the gap characteristics. Both techniques consistently clarified the unusually large size of the superconducting gap. Wide gap distributions with large-scale maximum gap values were also revealed in α-KyTiNCl with a different crystal structure.

  8. Humic Acid Complexation of Th, Hf and Zr in Ligand Competition Experiments: Metal Loading and Ph Effects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stern, Jennifer C.; Foustoukos, Dionysis I.; Sonke, Jeroen E.; Salters, Vincent J. M.

    2014-01-01

    The mobility of metals in soils and subsurface aquifers is strongly affected by sorption and complexation with dissolved organic matter, oxyhydroxides, clay minerals, and inorganic ligands. Humic substances (HS) are organic macromolecules with functional groups that have a strong affinity for binding metals, such as actinides. Thorium, often studied as an analog for tetravalent actinides, has also been shown to strongly associate with dissolved and colloidal HS in natural waters. The effects of HS on the mobilization dynamics of actinides are of particular interest in risk assessment of nuclear waste repositories. Here, we present conditional equilibrium binding constants (Kc, MHA) of thorium, hafnium, and zirconium-humic acid complexes from ligand competition experiments using capillary electrophoresis coupled with ICP-MS (CE- ICP-MS). Equilibrium dialysis ligand exchange (EDLE) experiments using size exclusion via a 1000 Damembrane were also performed to validate the CE-ICP-MS analysis. Experiments were performed at pH 3.5-7 with solutions containing one tetravalent metal (Th, Hf, or Zr), Elliot soil humic acid (EHA) or Pahokee peat humic acid (PHA), and EDTA. CE-ICP-MS and EDLE experiments yielded nearly identical binding constants for the metal- humic acid complexes, indicating that both methods are appropriate for examining metal speciation at conditions lower than neutral pH. We find that tetravalent metals form strong complexes with humic acids, with Kc, MHA several orders of magnitude above REE-humic complexes. Experiments were conducted at a range of dissolved HA concentrations to examine the effect of [HA]/[Th] molar ratio on Kc, MHA. At low metal loading conditions (i.e. elevated [HA]/[Th] ratios) the ThHA binding constant reached values that were not affected by the relative abundance of humic acid and thorium. The importance of [HA]/[Th] molar ratios on constraining the equilibrium of MHA complexation is apparent when our estimated Kc, MHA values

  9. Effect of Thermal Treatments on Ni-Mn-Ga and Ni-Rich Ni-Ti-Hf/Zr High-Temperature Shape Memory Alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santamarta, Ruben; Evirgen, Alper; Perez-Sierra, Aquilina M.; Pons, Jaume; Cesari, Eduard; Karaman, Ibrahim; Noebe, Ron D.

    2015-11-01

    Among all the promising high-temperature shape memory alloys (HTSMAs), the Ni-Mn-Ga and the Ni-Ti-Hf/Zr systems exhibit interesting shape memory and superelastic properties that may place them in a good position for potential applications. The present work shows that thermal treatments play a crucial role in controlling the martensitic phase transformation characteristics of both systems, but in different ways. On one hand, the equilibrium phase diagram of the Ni-Mn-Ga family allows selecting compositions with high transformation temperatures and outstanding thermal stability at relatively high temperatures in air, showing no significant changes in the transformation behavior for continuous aging up to ˜5 years at 500 °C. Moreover, the excellent thermal stability correlates with a good thermal cyclic stability and an exceptional oxidation resistance of the parent phase. On the other hand, precipitation processes controlled by thermal treatments are needed to manipulate the transformation temperatures, mechanical properties, and thermal stability of Ni-rich Ni-Ti-Hf/Zr alloys to become HTSMAs. These changes in the functional properties are a consequence of the competition between the mechanical and compositional effects of the precipitates on the martensitic transformation.

  10. Coexistent three-component and two-component Weyl phonons in TiS, ZrSe, and HfTe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jiangxu; Xie, Qing; Ullah, Sami; Li, Ronghan; Ma, Hui; Li, Dianzhong; Li, Yiyi; Chen, Xing-Qiu

    2018-02-01

    In analogy to various fermions of electrons in topological semimetals, topological mechanical states with two types of bosons, Dirac and Weyl bosons, were reported in some macroscopic systems of kHz frequency, and those with a type of doubly-Weyl phonons in atomic vibrational framework of THz frequency of solid crystals were recently predicted. Here, through first-principles calculations, we have reported that the phonon spectra of the WC-type TiS, ZrSe, and HfTe commonly host the unique triply degenerate nodal points (TDNPs) and single two-component Weyl points (WPs) in THz frequency. Quasiparticle excitations near TDNPs of phonons are three-component bosons, beyond the conventional and known classifications of Dirac, Weyl, and doubly-Weyl phonons. Moreover, we have found that both TiS and ZrSe have five pairs of type-I Weyl phonons and a pair of type-II Weyl phonons, whereas HfTe only has four pairs of type-I Weyl phonons. They carry nonzero topological charges. On the (10 1 ¯0 ) crystal surfaces, we observe topological protected surface arc states connecting two WPs with opposite charges, which host modes that propagate nearly in one direction on the surface.

  11. Oxidation Resistance, Electrical and Thermal Conductivity, and Spectral Emittance of Fully Dense HfB2 and ZrB2 with SiC, TaSi2, and LaB6 Additives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-26

    Resistance , Electrical and Thermal Conductivity, and Spectral Emittance of Fully Dense HfB2 and ZrB2 "With SiC, TaSi2, and LaB6 Additives Sb. GRANT NUMBER... RESISTANCE , ELECTRICAL AND THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY, AND SPECTRAL EMITTANCE OF FULLY DENSE HfB2 AND ZrB2 WITH SiC, TaSi2, AND LaB6 ADDITIVES Air Force Office...thickened regions with dry 220 grit SiC sandpaper so that a low- resistance electrical connection could be achieved. A handheld multimeter was used to measure

  12. Grain size engineering for ferroelectric Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5}O{sub 2} films by an insertion of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} interlayer

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Han Joon; Park, Min Hyuk; Kim, Yu Jin

    2014-11-10

    The degradation of ferroelectric (FE) properties of atomic layer deposited Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5}O{sub 2} films with increasing thickness was mitigated by inserting 1 nm-thick Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} interlayer at middle position of the thickness of the FE film. The large P{sub r} of 10 μC/cm{sup 2}, which is 11 times larger than that of single layer Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5}O{sub 2} film with equivalent thickness, was achieved from the films as thick as 40 nm. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} interlayer could interrupt the continual growth of Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5}O{sub 2} films, and the resulting decrease of grain size prevented the formation of non-ferroelectricmore » monoclinic phase. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} interlayer also largely decreased the leakage current of the Hf{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 0.5}O{sub 2} films.« less

  13. Density functional theory study of HfCl4, ZrCl4, and Al(CH3)3 decomposition on hydroxylated SiO2: Initial stage of high-k atomic layer deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeloaica, L.; Estève, A.; Djafari Rouhani, M.; Estève, D.

    2003-07-01

    The initial stage of atomic layer deposition of HfO2, ZrO2, and Al2O3 high-k films, i.e., the decomposition of HfCl4, ZrCl4, and Al(CH3)3 precursor molecules on an OH-terminated SiO2 surface, is investigated within density functional theory. The energy barriers are determined using artificial activation of vibrational normal modes. For all precursors, reaction proceeds through the formation of intermediate complexes that have equivalent formation energies (˜-0.45 eV), and results in HCl and CH4 formation with activation energies of 0.88, 0.91, and 1.04 eV for Hf, Zr, and Al based precursors, respectively. The reaction product of Al(CH3)3 decomposition is found to be more stable (by -1.45 eV) than the chemisorbed intermediate complex compared to the endothermic decomposition of HfCl4 and ZrCl4 chemisorbed precursors (0.26 and 0.29 eV, respectively).

  14. MOCVD of HfO2 and ZrO2 high-k gate dielectrics for InAlN/AlN/GaN MOS-HEMTs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abermann, S.; Pozzovivo, G.; Kuzmik, J.; Strasser, G.; Pogany, D.; Carlin, J.-F.; Grandjean, N.; Bertagnolli, E.

    2007-12-01

    We apply metal organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) of HfO2 and of ZrO2 from β-diketonate precursors to grow high-k gate dielectrics for InAlN/AlN/GaN metal oxide semiconductor (MOS)-high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs). High-k oxides of about 12 nm-14 nm are deposited for the MOS-HEMTs incorporating Ni/Au gates, whereas as a reference, Ni-contact-based 'conventional' Schottky-barrier (SB)-HEMTs are processed. The processed dielectrics decrease the gate current leakage of the HEMTs by about four orders of magnitude if compared with the SB-gated HEMTs and show superior device characteristics in terms of IDS and breakdown.

  15. Ab initio Computations of the Electronic, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties of Ultra High Temperature Ceramics (UHTC) ZrB2 and HfB2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawson, John W.; Bauschlicher, Charles W.; Daw, Murray

    2011-01-01

    Refractory materials such as metallic borides, often considered as ultra high temperature ceramics (UHTC), are characterized by high melting point, high hardness, and good chemical inertness. These materials have many applications which require high temperature materials that can operate with no or limited oxidation. Ab initio, first principles methods are the most accurate modeling approaches available and represent a parameter free description of the material based on the quantum mechanical equations. Using these methods, many of the intrinsic properties of these material can be obtained. We performed ab initio calculations based on density functional theory for the UHTC materials ZrB2 and HfB2. Computational results are presented for structural information (lattice constants, bond lengths, etc), electronic structure (bonding motifs, densities of states, band structure, etc), thermal quantities (phonon spectra, phonon densities of states, specific heat), as well as information about point defects such as vacancy and antisite formation energies.

  16. Activation Volume for Hf Diffusion in an Amorphous Ni{sub 0.54}Zr{sub 0.46} Alloy

    SciTech Connect

    Grandjean, A.; Limoge, Y.; Blanchard, P.

    In this Letter we present the results of a diffusion study of Hf in a Ni{sub 0.54}Zr{sub 0.46} amorphous alloy. We have measured the diffusion properties with and without pressure, up to 1GPa. From these measurements we can deduce an Arrhenius behavior of the diffusion, with an activation energy of 0.76eV and a pre-exponential factor of 7.4{times}10{sup -17}m{sup 2}/s. The activation volume amounts to 8.5{angstrom};{sup 3}. Activation volume and energy are related by the Keyes relationship. We then discuss to what extent presently proposed diffusion mechanisms, point defects, or collective processes can be tested against these results. {copyright} {ital 1997}more » {ital The American Physical Society}« less

  17. Effect of Cold Deformation and Annealing on the Microstructure and Tensile Properties of a HfNbTaTiZr Refractory High Entropy Alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senkov, O. N.; Pilchak, A. L.; Semiatin, S. L.

    2018-07-01

    The microstructure and tensile properties of HfNbTaTiZr after cold working and annealing were investigated. Cold work was introduced by axial compression followed by rolling resulting in a total thickness reduction of 89 pct without any evidence of cracking. The cold-worked material retained a single-phase microstructure and had a room temperature tensile yield stress σ 0.2 = 1438 MPa, peak true stress σ p = 1495 MPa, and true fracture strain ɛ f = 5 pct. Annealing at 800 °C for up to 256 hours resulted in the precipitation of Nb and Ta rich particles with a BCC crystal structure inside a Hf-and-Zr-enriched BCC matrix. The second phase particles nucleated heterogeneously inside deformation bands and slip lines and coarsened during annealing. Analysis of the coarsening behavior suggested that kinetics were controlled by the diffusion of Nb and Ta. In the two-phase material, σ 0.2 and σ p decreased from 1159 to 1071 MPa and from 1174 to 1074 MPa, respectively, with an increase in particle diameter from 0.18 to 0.72 μm, while ɛ f remained between 5 and 8 pct. Full recrystallization and normal grain growth, with the activation energy of 238 kJ/mol and activation volume of 5.3 to 9.6 m3/mol, occurred during annealing above 1000 °C. After heat treatment at this temperature, the alloy was characterized by a single-phase BCC structure with σ 0.2 = 1110 to 1115 MPa, σ p = 1160 to 1195 MPa, and ɛ f = 12 to 19 pct with the maximum values attained after annealing for 1 hour.

  18. Effect of Cold Deformation and Annealing on the Microstructure and Tensile Properties of a HfNbTaTiZr Refractory High Entropy Alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senkov, O. N.; Pilchak, A. L.; Semiatin, S. L.

    2018-05-01

    The microstructure and tensile properties of HfNbTaTiZr after cold working and annealing were investigated. Cold work was introduced by axial compression followed by rolling resulting in a total thickness reduction of 89 pct without any evidence of cracking. The cold-worked material retained a single-phase microstructure and had a room temperature tensile yield stress σ 0.2 = 1438 MPa, peak true stress σ p = 1495 MPa, and true fracture strain ɛ f = 5 pct. Annealing at 800 °C for up to 256 hours resulted in the precipitation of Nb and Ta rich particles with a BCC crystal structure inside a Hf-and-Zr-enriched BCC matrix. The second phase particles nucleated heterogeneously inside deformation bands and slip lines and coarsened during annealing. Analysis of the coarsening behavior suggested that kinetics were controlled by the diffusion of Nb and Ta. In the two-phase material, σ 0.2 and σ p decreased from 1159 to 1071 MPa and from 1174 to 1074 MPa, respectively, with an increase in particle diameter from 0.18 to 0.72 μm, while ɛ f remained between 5 and 8 pct. Full recrystallization and normal grain growth, with the activation energy of 238 kJ/mol and activation volume of 5.3 to 9.6 m3/mol, occurred during annealing above 1000 °C. After heat treatment at this temperature, the alloy was characterized by a single-phase BCC structure with σ 0.2 = 1110 to 1115 MPa, σ p = 1160 to 1195 MPa, and ɛ f = 12 to 19 pct with the maximum values attained after annealing for 1 hour.

  19. Mechanical properties of ZrB2- and HfB2-based ultra-high temperature ceramics fabricated by spark plasma sintering

    SciTech Connect

    Zapata-Solvas, E.; Jayaseelan, D.; Lin, Hua-Tay

    2013-01-01

    Flexural strengths at room temperature, at 1400 C in air and at room temperature after 1 h oxidation at 1400 C were determined for ZrB2- and HfB2-based ultra-high temperature ceramics (UHTCs). Defects caused by electrical discharge machining (EDM) lowered measured strengths significantly and were used to calculate fracture toughness via a fracture mechanics approach. ZrB2 with 20 vol.% SiC had room temperature strength of 700 90 MPa, fracture toughness of 6.4 0.6 MPa, Vickers hardness at 9.8 N load of 21.1 0.6 GPa, 1400 C strength of 400 30 MPa and room temperature strength after 1 h oxidation at 1400more » C of 678 15 MPa with an oxide layer thickness of 45 5 m. HfB2 with 20 vol.% SiC showed room temperature strength of 620 50 MPa, fracture toughness of 5.0 0.4 MPa, Vickers hardness at 9.8 N load of 27.0 0.6 GPa, 1400 C strength of 590 150 MPa and room temperature strength after 1 h oxidation at 1400 C of 660 25 MPa with an oxide layer thickness of 12 1 m. 2 wt.% La2O3 addition to UHTCs slightly reduced mechanical performance while increasing tolerance to property degradation after oxidation and effectively aided internal stress relaxation during spark plasma sintering (SPS) cooling, as quantified by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Slow crack growth was suggested as the failure mechanism at high temperatures as a consequence of sharp cracks formation during oxidation.« less

  20. Science Newsletters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nall, Melissa

    2005-01-01

    Having students write and publish their own newsletters is a great way to integrate reading and writing, infuse technology, and build home/school relationships. These newsletters can be used to keep parents informed of what is being taught in class, important test dates, homework and project due dates, and any other information you'd like to…

  1. Constraints on Hf and Zr mobility in high-sulfidation epithermal systems: formation of kosnarite, KZr2(PO4)3, in the Chaquicocha gold deposit, Yanacocha district, Peru

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deditius, Artur P.; Utsunomiya, Satoshi; Sanchez-Alfaro, Pablo; Reich, Martin; Ewing, Rodney C.; Kesler, Stephen E.

    2015-04-01

    We report the first occurrence of Hf-rich kosnarite [K(Hf,Zr)2(PO4)3], space group R- 3c, Z = 6, in the giant Chaquicocha high-sulfidation epithermal gold deposit in the Yanacocha mining district, Peru. Kosnarite crystals are small (<100 μm) and occur in 2-3-mm-thick veins that cut intensively silicified rocks. The paragenesis includes a first stage of As-free pyrite and quartz (plus gratonite and rutile), followed by trace metal-rich pyrite [(Fe,As,Pb,Au)S2] and secondary Fe sulfates. Kosnarite is associated with quartz and is clearly late within the paragenetic sequence. Electron microprobe analyses (EMPA) of kosnarite show relatively high concentrations of HfO2 and Rb2O (7.61 and 1.05 wt.%, respectively). The re-calculated chemical formulas of kosnarite vary from KΣ1.00(Zr1.93Na0.01Hf0.01Mn0.01)Σ1.96(P3.04O4)Σ3 to (K0.92Rb0.05Na0.03)Σ1.00(Zr1.81Hf0.19)Σ2.00 [(P2.98Si0.02As0.01)Σ3.01O4]Σ3, where Hf and Rb are most likely incorporated according to a coupled substitution of Hf4+ + Rb+ ⇔ Zr4+ + K+. Back-scattered electron (BSE) images and elemental mapping of kosnarite reveal that Hf and Rb are enriched in 2-10-μm-wide oscillatory and/or sector zones. High-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) observations of such zones reveal a pattern of alternating, 5-50-nm-thick, Hf-rich and Zr-rich nanozones. These high-resolution observations indicate that the incorporation of Hf does not appear to cause significant distortion in the kosnarite structure. Semiquantitative TEM-energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) analyses of the nano-layers show up to 22 wt.% of HfO2, which corresponds to 31 mol% of the hypothetical, KHf2(PO4)3, end-member. The presence of kosnarite in the advanced argillic alteration zone at Yanacocha is indicative of Hf and Zr mobility under highly acidic conditions and points towards an unforeseen role of phosphates as sinks of Zr and Hf in high-sulfidation epithermal environments. Finally

  2. Efficient UV-emitting X-ray phosphors: octahedral Zr(PO 4) 6 luminescence centers in potassium hafnium-zirconium phosphates K 2Hf 1- xZr x(PO 4) 2 and KHf 2(1- x) Zr 2 x(PO 4) 3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Torardi, C. C.; Miao, C. R.; Li, J.

    2003-02-01

    Potassium hafnium-zirconium phosphates, K 2Hf 1- xZr x(PO 4) 2 and KHf 2(1- x) Zr 2 x(PO 4) 3, are broad-band UV-emitting phosphors. At room temperature, they have emission peak maxima at approximately 322 and 305 nm, respectively, under 30 kV peak molybdenum X-ray excitation. Both phosphors demonstrate luminescence efficiencies that make them up to ˜60% as bright as commercially available CaWO 4 Hi-Plus. The solid-state and flux synthesis conditions, and X-ray excited UV luminescence of these two phosphors are discussed. Even though the two compounds have different atomic structures, they contain zirconium in the same active luminescence environment as that found in highly efficient UV-emitting BaHf 1- xZr x(PO 4) 2. All the three materials have hafnium and zirconium in octahedral coordination via oxygen-atom corner sharing with six separate PO 4 tetrahedra. This octahedral Zr(PO 4) 6 moiety appears to be an important structural element for efficient X-ray excited luminescence, as are the edge-sharing octahedral TaO 6 chains for tantalate emission.

  3. Microstructure and mechanical properties of a single crystal NiAl alloy with Zr or Hf rich G-phase precipitates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Locci, I. E.; Noebe, R. D.; Bowman, R. R.; Miner, R. V.; Nathal, M. V.; Darolia, R.

    1991-01-01

    The possibility of producing NiAl reinforced with the G-phase (Ni16X6Si7), where X is Zr or Hf, has been investigated. The microstructure of these NiAl alloys have been characterized in the as-cast and annealed conditions. The G-phases are present as fine cuboidal precipitates (10 to 40 nm) and have lattice parameters almost four times that of NiAl. They are coherent with the matrix and fairly resistant to coarsening during annealing heat treatments. Segregation and nonuniform precipitate distribution observed in as-cast materials were eliminated by homogenization at temperatures near 1600 K. Slow cooling from these temperatures resulted in large plate shaped precipitates, denuded zones, and a loss of coherency in some of the large particles. Faster cooling produced a homogeneous fine distribution of cuboidal G-phase particles in the matrix. Preliminary mechanical properties for the Zr-doped alloy are presented and compared to binary single crystal NiAl. The presence of these precipitates appears to have an important strengthening effect at temperatures not less than 1000 K compared to binary NiAl single crystals.

  4. 125Te NMR shielding and optoelectronic spectra in XTe3O8 (X = Ti, Zr, Sn and Hf) compounds: Ab initio calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bashi, M.; Rahnamaye Aliabad, H. A.; Mowlavi, A. A.; Ahmad, Iftikhar

    2017-11-01

    We have calculated the NMR shielding, structural properties and optoelectronic spectra of XTe3O8 (X = Ti, Zr, Sn and Hf) compounds. The full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method and the modified Becke-Johnson (mBJ) are used by density functional theory schemes. The calculated shielding and measured shifts are arranged in a straight line and the tensors of magnetic shielding have a low symmetry and the shielding along the x direction is greater than the y and z directions. Obtained results show that the X ions have the most important influence on the 125Te chemical shift. Calculated chemical shielding components (σii) decrease from Ti to Sn then increases from Sn to Hf so that these behaviors are vice versa for 125Te isotropic chemical shift (δiso). Density of states spectra show that the X-p and d states play key role in the optical and NMR calculations. Optical results illustrate that there is a direct relation between the chemical shielding components for Te atom and the static dielectric function, refractive index and Plasmon energies.

  5. Kinetic and mechanistic aspects of propene oligomerization with ionic organozirconium and -hafnium compounds: Crystal structures of [Cp* {sub 2}MMe(THT)]{sup +}[BPh{sub 4}]{sup {minus}} (M=Zr, Hf)

    SciTech Connect

    Eshuis, J.J.W.; Tan, Y.Y.; Meetsma, A.

    1992-01-01

    In N,N-dimethylaniline the ionic complexes [Cp{sup *}{sub 2}MMe(THT)]{sup +}[BPh{sub 4}]{sup {minus}}(M=Zr,Hf) oligomerize propene to low molecular weight oligomers. At room temperature for M = Zr a rather broad molecular weight distribution is obtained (C{sub 6} to C{sub 24}), whereas for M = Hf only one dimer (4-methyl-1-pentene) and one trimer (4,6-dimethyl-1-heptene) are formed. With an increase in temperature the product composition shifts to lower molecular weights, but the specific formation of head-to-tail oligomers is retained. The oligomers are formed by {beta}-Me transfer from the growing oligopropene alkyl chain to the metal center. The molecular weight distributions of the oligomers producedmore » at temperature between 5 and 45 {degrees}C are satisfactorily described by the Flory-Schulz theory. This allows the calculation of ratios of rate coefficients for propagation (k{sub p}) and termination (k{sub t}). Inactivation of the catalysts is caused by two different mechanisms. At room temperature allylic C-H activation of monomer and isobutene (formed by a minor {beta}-H transfer termination) gives inactive (meth) allyl compounds, [Cp{sup *} {sub 2}M({eta}{sup 3}-C{sub 3}H{sub 5})]{sup +} and [Cp{sup *}{sub 2}M({eta}{sup 3}-C{sub 4}H{sub 7})]{sup +} (M = Zr, Hf). At elevated temperatures (>45 {degrees}C) catalytically inactive zwitterionic complexes Cp{sup *}{sub M}{sup +}-m-C{sub 6}H{sub 4}-BPh{sub 3}{sup {minus}}(M = Zr, Hf) are formed through aromatic C-H activation. Reactivation of the inactive (meth)allyl complexes can be achieved by addition of hydrogen to the oligomerization mixtures. 38 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs.« less

  6. Investigation of (Ti-Zr-Hf-V-Nb)N Multicomponent Nanostructured Coatings before and after Thermal Annealing by Nuclear Physics Methods of Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pogrebnjak, A. D.; Beresnev, V. M.; Bondar', A. V.; Kaverin, M. V.; Ponomarev, A. G.

    2013-10-01

    (Ti-Zr-Hf-V-Nb)N multicomponent nanostructured coatings with thickness of 1.0-1.4 μm synthesized by the method of cathode arc-vapor deposition at temperatures of 250-300°С are investigated by various mutually complementary methods of elemental structural analysis using slow positron beams (SPB), proton microbeam based particle-induced x-ray emission (μ-PIXE), energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses based on electron micro- and nanobeams, x-ray diffraction (XRD) method of phase structural analysis, and the "a-sin2φ" method of measuring a stressed-strained state (x-ray tensometry). The elemental composition, microstructure, residual stress in nanograins, profiles of defect and atom distributions with depth and over the coating surface in 3D-representation are studied for these coatings, and their phase composition, severely strained state, and composition of coatings before and after annealing at Tann = 600°С for annealing time τ = 30 min are investigated. It is demonstrated that the oxidation resistance of the examined coatings can be significantly increased by high-temperature annealing that leads to the formation of elastic severely strained compression state of the coating. Redistribution of elements and defects, their segregation near the interface boundaries and around grains and subgrains in the process of thermostimulated diffusion, and termination of spinodal segregation without considerable change of the average nanograin size are revealed.

  7. Multiscale Modeling of Ultra High Temperature Ceramics (UHTC) ZrB2 and HfB2: Application to Lattice Thermal Conductivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawson, John W.; Daw, Murray S.; Squire, Thomas H.; Bauschlicher, Charles W.

    2012-01-01

    We are developing a multiscale framework in computational modeling for the ultra high temperature ceramics (UHTC) ZrB2 and HfB2. These materials are characterized by high melting point, good strength, and reasonable oxidation resistance. They are candidate materials for a number of applications in extreme environments including sharp leading edges of hypersonic aircraft. In particular, we used a combination of ab initio methods, atomistic simulations and continuum computations to obtain insights into fundamental properties of these materials. Ab initio methods were used to compute basic structural, mechanical and thermal properties. From these results, a database was constructed to fit a Tersoff style interatomic potential suitable for atomistic simulations. These potentials were used to evaluate the lattice thermal conductivity of single crystals and the thermal resistance of simple grain boundaries. Finite element method (FEM) computations using atomistic results as inputs were performed with meshes constructed on SEM images thereby modeling the realistic microstructure. These continuum computations showed the reduction in thermal conductivity due to the grain boundary network.

  8. Greatly enhanced flux pinning properties of fluorine-free metal-organic decomposition YBCO films by co-addition of halogens (Cl, Br) and metals (Zr, Sn, Hf)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Motoki, Takanori; Ikeda, Shuhei; Nakamura, Shin-ichi; Honda, Genki; Nagaishi, Tatsuoki; Doi, Toshiya; Shimoyama, Jun-ichi

    2018-04-01

    Additive-free YBCO films, as well as those with halogen (X) added, metal (M) added and (X, M) co-added, have been prepared by the fluorine-free metal-organic decomposition method on SrTiO3(100) single crystalline substrates, where X = Cl, Br and M = Zr, Sn, Hf. It was revealed that the addition of both Cl and Br to the starting solution resulted in the generation of oxyhalide, Ba2Cu3O4 X 2, in the YBCO films, and that the oxyhalide was found to promote the bi-axial orientation of the YBCO crystals. By adding a decent amount of Cl or Br, highly textured YBCO films with high J c were reproducibly obtained, even when an impurity metal, M, was co-added, while the addition of M without X did not greatly improve J c owing to the poor bi-axial orientation of the YBCO crystals. Our results suggest that the addition of Br more effectively enhances J c than the addition of Cl. The pinning force density at 40 K in 4.8 T reached ˜55 GN m-3 with the co-addition of (Br, M). This value is much larger than that of the pure YBCO film, reaching ˜17 GN m-3.

  9. Nanostructured multielement (TiHfZrNbVTa)N coatings before and after implantation of N+ ions (1018 cm-2): Their structure and mechanical properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pogrebnjak, A. D.; Bondar, O. V.; Borba, S. O.; Abadias, G.; Konarski, P.; Plotnikov, S. V.; Beresnev, V. M.; Kassenova, L. G.; Drodziel, P.

    2016-10-01

    Multielement high entropy alloy (HEA) nitride (TiHfZrNbVTa)N coatings were deposited by vacuum arc and their structural and mechanical stability after implantation of high doses of N+ ions, 1018 cm-2, were investigated. The crystal structure and phase composition were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopy, while depth-resolved nanoindentation tests were used to determine the evolution of hardness and elastic modulus along the implantation depth. XRD patterns show that coatings exhibit a main phase with fcc structure, which preferred orientation varies from (1 1 1) to (2 0 0), depending on the deposition conditions. First-principles calculations reveal that the presence of Nb atoms could favor the formation of solid solution with fcc structure in multielement HEA nitride. TEM results showed that amorphous and nanostructured phases were formed in the implanted coating sub-surface layer (∼100 nm depth). Concentration of nitrogen reached 90 at% in the near-surface layer after implantation, and decreased at higher depth. Nanohardness of the as-deposited coatings varied from 27 to 38 GPa depending on the deposition conditions. Ion implantation led to a significant decrease of the nanohardness to 12 GPa in the implanted region, while it reaches 24 GPa at larger depths. However, the H/E ratio is ⩾0.1 in the sub-surface layer due to N+ implantation, which is expected to have beneficial effect on the wear properties.

  10. Kinetics of Glass Transition and Crystallization of a Zr40Hf10Ti4Y1Al10Cu25Ni7Co2Fe1 Bulk Metallic Glass with High Mixing Entropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gong, Pan; Wang, Sibo; Li, Fangwei; Wang, Xinyun

    2018-04-01

    The kinetics of glass transition and crystallization of a novel Zr40Hf10Ti4Y1Al10Cu25Ni7Co2Fe1 bulk metallic glass (BMG) with high mixing entropy have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The continuous DSC curves show five stages of crystallization at lower heating rates (≤ 20 K/min). The activation energies of glass transition were determined by Moynihan and Kissinger methods, while the activation energies of crystallization were calculated utilizing Kissinger, Ozawa, and Boswell models. The crystalline phases corresponding to each crystallization step have been found out. The kinetic fragility of Zr40Hf10Ti4Y1Al10Cu25Ni7Co2Fe1 BMG has also been evaluated. Based on the isothermal DSC curves, the Avrami exponent, evaluated from the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami equation, has been analyzed in detail. The current study reveals that the crystallization behavior of Zr40Hf10Ti4Y1Al10Cu25Ni7Co2Fe1 BMG exhibits characteristics of both the high entropy BMGs and traditional BMGs with a single principal element, leading to its high glass-forming ability.

  11. Thermal Conductivity and Stability of HfO2-Y2O3 and La2Zr2O7 Evaluated for 1650 Deg C Thermal/Environmental Barrier Coating Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhu, Dong-Ming; Bansal, Narottam P.; Miller, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    HfO2-Y2O3 and La2Zr2O7 are candidate thermal and environmental barrier coating (T/EBC) materials for gas turbine ceramic matrix composite (CMC) combustor applications because of their relatively low thermal conductivity and high temperature capability. In this paper, thermal conductivity and high temperature stability of hot-pressed and plasma sprayed specimens with representative partially-stabilized and fully-cubic HfO2-Y2O3 compositions and La2Zr2O7 were evaluated at temperatures up to 1700 C using a steady-state laser heat-flux technique. Sintering behavior of the plasmasprayed coatings was determined by monitoring the thermal conductivity increases during a 20-hour test period at various temperatures. Durability and failure mechanisms of the HfO2-Y2O3 and La2Zr2O7 coatings on mullite/SiC hexoloy or SiC/SiC CMC substrates were investigated at 1650 C under thermal gradient cyclic conditions. Coating design and testing issues for the 1650 C thermal/environmental barrier coating applications are also discussed.

  12. A New NIST Database for the Simulation of Electron Spectra for Surface Analysis (SESSA): Application to Angle-Resolved X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of HfO2, ZrO2, HfSiO4, and ZrSiO4 Films on Silicon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Powell, C. J.; Smekal, W.; Werner, W. S. M.

    2005-09-01

    We describe a new NIST database for the Simulation of Electron Spectra for Surface Analysis (SESSA). This database provides data for the many parameters needed in quantitative Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In addition, AES and XPS spectra can be simulated for layered samples. The simulated spectra, for layer compositions and thicknesses specified by the user, can be compared with measured spectra. The layer compositions and thicknesses can then be adjusted to find maximum consistency between simulated and measured spectra. In this way, AES and XPS can provide more detailed characterization of multilayer thin-film materials. We report on the use of SESSA for determining the thicknesses of HfO2, ZrO2, HfSiO4, and ZrSiO4 films on Si by angle-resolved XPS. Practical effective attenuation lengths (EALs) have been computed from SESSA as a function of film thickness and photoelectron emission angle (i.e., to simulate the effects of tilting the sample). These EALs have been compared with similar values obtained from the NIST Electron Effective-Attenuation-Length Database (SRD 82). Generally good agreement was found between corresponding EAL values, but there were differences for film thicknesses less than the inelastic mean free path of the photoelectrons in the overlayer film. These differences are due to a simplifying approximation in the algorithm used to compute EALs in SRD 82. SESSA, with realistic cross sections for elastic and inelastic scattering in the film and substrate materials, is believed to provide more accurate EALs than SRD 82 for thin-film thickness measurements, particularly in applications where the film and substrate have different electron-scattering properties.

  13. A New NIST Database for the Simulation of Electron Spectra for Surface Analysis (SESSA): Application to Angle-Resolved X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of HfO2, ZrO2, HfSiO4, and ZrSiO4 Films on Silicon

    SciTech Connect

    Powell, C.J.; Smekal, W.; Werner, W.S.M.

    2005-09-09

    We describe a new NIST database for the Simulation of Electron Spectra for Surface Analysis (SESSA). This database provides data for the many parameters needed in quantitative Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In addition, AES and XPS spectra can be simulated for layered samples. The simulated spectra, for layer compositions and thicknesses specified by the user, can be compared with measured spectra. The layer compositions and thicknesses can then be adjusted to find maximum consistency between simulated and measured spectra. In this way, AES and XPS can provide more detailed characterization of multilayer thin-film materials. Wemore » report on the use of SESSA for determining the thicknesses of HfO2, ZrO2, HfSiO4, and ZrSiO4 films on Si by angle-resolved XPS. Practical effective attenuation lengths (EALs) have been computed from SESSA as a function of film thickness and photoelectron emission angle (i.e., to simulate the effects of tilting the sample). These EALs have been compared with similar values obtained from the NIST Electron Effective-Attenuation-Length Database (SRD 82). Generally good agreement was found between corresponding EAL values, but there were differences for film thicknesses less than the inelastic mean free path of the photoelectrons in the overlayer film. These differences are due to a simplifying approximation in the algorithm used to compute EALs in SRD 82. SESSA, with realistic cross sections for elastic and inelastic scattering in the film and substrate materials, is believed to provide more accurate EALs than SRD 82 for thin-film thickness measurements, particularly in applications where the film and substrate have different electron-scattering properties.« less

  14. Epitaxial YBa2Cu3O7-x nanocomposite films and coated conductors from BaMO3 (M = Zr, Hf) colloidal solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Obradors, X.; Puig, T.; Li, Z.; Pop, C.; Mundet, B.; Chamorro, N.; Vallés, F.; Coll, M.; Ricart, S.; Vallejo, B.; Pino, F.; Palau, A.; Gázquez, J.; Ros, J.; Usoskin, A.

    2018-04-01

    Superconducting nanocomposites are the best material choice to address the performance required in power applications and magnets working under high magnetic fields. However, it is still challenging to sort out how to achieve the highest superconducting performance using attractive and competitive manufacturing processes. Colloidal solutions have been recently developed as a novel and very promising low cost route to manufacture nanocomposite coated conductors. Well dispersed and stabilized preformance nanoparticle solutions are first prepared with high concentrations and then mixed with the YBa2Cu3O7 metalorganic precursor solutions to generate colloidal solutions to grow the nanocomposite films. Here we demonstrate, for the first time, that non-reactive BaZrO3 and BaHfO3 perovskite preformed nanoparticles are suitable for growing high quality thin and thick films, and coated conductors with a homogeneous distribution and controlled particle size using this fabrication method. Additionally, we extend the nanoparticle content of the nanocomposites up to 20%-25% mol without any degradation of the superconducting properties. Thick nanocomposite films, up to 0.8 μm, have been prepared with a single deposition of low-fluorine solutions using an ink jet printing dispenser and we demonstrate that the preformed nanoparticles display only a very limited coarsening during the growth process and so high critical current densities J c (B) under high magnetic fields. These films show the highest critical currents achieved so far based on the colloidal solution approach, I c = 220 A/cm-w at 77 K and self-field, and they still have a high potential for further increase in the film thickness. Finally, we also show that nanocomposite YBa2Cu3O7-BaZrO3 coated conductors based on an alternating beam assisted deposited YSZ buffer layer on stainless steel metallic substrates can be developed based on these novel colloidal solutions. Non-reactive preformed oxide perovskite

  15. Synthesis, characterization and biological study on Cr(3+), ZrO(2+), HfO(2+) and UO(2)(2+) complexes of oxalohydrazide and bis(3-hydroxyimino)butan-2-ylidene)-oxalohydrazide.

    PubMed

    El-Asmy, A A; El-Gammal, O A; Radwan, H A

    2010-09-01

    Cr(3+), ZrO(2+), HfO(2+) and UO(2)(2+) complexes of oxalohydrazide (H(2)L(1)) and oxalyl bis(diacetylmonoxime hydrazone) [its IUPAC name is oxalyl bis(3-hydroxyimino)butan-2-ylidene)oxalohydrazide] (H(4)L(2)) have been synthesized and characterized by partial elemental analysis, spectral (IR; electronic), thermal and magnetic measurements. [Cr(L(1))(H(2)O)(3)(Cl)].H(2)O, [ZrO(HL(1))(2)].C(2)H(5)OH, [UO(2)(L(1))(H(2)O)(2)] [ZrO(H(3)L(2))(Cl)](2).2H(2)O, [HfO(H(3)L(2))(Cl)](2).2H(2)O and [UO(2)(H(2)L(2))].2H(2)O have been suggested. H(2)L(1) behaves as a monobasic or dibasic bidentate ligand while H(4)L(2) acts as a tetrabasic octadentate with the two metal centers. The molecular modeling of the two ligands have been drawn and their molecular parameters were calculated. Examination of the DNA degradation of H(2)L(1) and H(4)L(2) as well as their complexes revealed that direct contact of [ZrO(H(3)L(2))(Cl)](2).2H(2)O or [HfO(H(3)L(2))(Cl)](2).2H(2)O degrading the DNA of Eukaryotic subject. The ligands and their metal complexes were tested against Gram's positive Bacillus thuringiensis (BT) and Gram's negative (Escherichia coli) bacteria. All compounds have small inhibitory effects. Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Enhancement of thermoelectric figure-of-merit at low temperatures by titanium substitution for hafnium in n-type half-Heuslers Hf0.75-xTixZr0.25NiSn0.99Sb0.01

    SciTech Connect

    Joshi, Giri; Dahal, Tulashi; Chen, Shuo

    The effect of titanium (Ti) substitution for hafnium (Hf) on thermoelectric properties of (Hf, Zr)-based n-type half-Heuslers: Hf0.75-xTixZr0.25NiSn0.99Sb0.01, has been studied. The samples are made by arc melting followed by ball milling and hot pressing via the nanostructuring approach. A peak thermoelectric figure-of-merit (ZT) of ~1.0 is achieved at 500 °C in samples with a composition of Hf0.5Zr0.25Ti0.25NiSn0.99Sb0.01 due to a slight increase in carrier concentration and also a lower thermal conductivity caused by Ti. The ZT values below 500 °C of hot pressed Hf0.5Zr0.25Ti0.25NiSn0.99Sb0.01 samples are significantly higher than those of the same way prepared Hf0.75Zr0.25NiSn0.99Sb0.01 samples at eachmore » temperature, which are very much desired for mid-range temperature applications such as waste heat recovery in automobiles.« less

  17. Enhancement of thermoelectric figure-of-merit at low temperatures by titanium substitution for hafnium in n-type half-Heuslers Hf0.75-xTixZr0.25NiSn0.99Sb0.01

    SciTech Connect

    Joshi, Giri; Dahal, Tulashi; Chen, Shuo

    The effect of titanium (Ti) substitution for hafnium (Hf) on thermoelectric properties of (Hf, Zr)-based n-type half-Heuslers: Hf 0.75-xTi xZr 0.25NiSn 0.99Sb 0.01, has been studied. The samples are made by arc melting followed by ball milling and hot pressing via the nanostructuring approach. A peak thermoelectric figure-of-merit (ZT) of ~1.0 is achieved at 500 °C in samples with a composition of Hf 0.5Zr 0.25Ti 0.25NiSn 0.99Sb 0.01 due to a slight increase in carrier concentration and also a lower thermal conductivity caused by Ti. TheZT values below 500 °C of hot pressed Hf 0.5Zr 0.25Ti 0.25NiSn 0.99Sb 0.01 samplesmore » are significantly higher than those of the same way prepared Hf 0.75Zr 0.25NiSn 0.99Sb 0.01samples at each temperature, which are very much desired for mid-range temperature applications such as waste heat recovery in automobiles.« less

  18. Variation of Nb-Ta, Zr-Hf, Th-U and K-Cs in two diabase-granophyre suites

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gottfried, D.; Greenland, L.P.; Campbell, E.Y.

    1968-01-01

    Concentrations of Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf, Th, U and Cs have been determined in samples of igneous rocks representing the diabase-granophyre suites from Dillsburg, Pennsylvania, and Great Lake, Tasmania. Niobium and tantalum have a three to fourfold increase with differentiation in each of the suites. The chilled margin of the Great Lake intrusion contains half the niobium and tantalum content (5.3 ppm and 0.4 ppm, respectively) of the chilled basalt from Dillsburg (10 ppm and 0.9 ppm, respectively). The twofold difference between the suites is correlated with differences in their titanium content. The average Nb Ta ratios for each suite are similar: 13.5 for the Great Lake suite, and 14.4 for the Dillsburg suite. The zirconium content of the two suites is essentially the same and increases from 50 to 60 ppm in the chilled margins to 240-300 ppm in the granophyres. Hafnium is low in the early formed rocks (0.5 -1.5 ppm and achieves a maximum in the granophyres (5-8 ppm). The Zr Hfratio decreases from 68 to 33 with progressive differentiation. In the Dillsburg suite thorium and uranium increase from 2.6 ppm and 0.6 ppm, respectively, in the chilled samples to 11.8 ppm and 3.1 ppm in the granophyres. The chilled margin of the Great Lake suite contains 3.2 ppm thorium and 9.8 ppm uranium; the granophyre contains 11.2 ppm thorium and 2.8 ppm uranium. The average Th U ratios of the Dillsburg and Great Lake suites are nearly the same-4.1 and 4.4, respectively. Within each suite the Th U ratio remains quite constant. Cesium and the K Cs ratio do not vary systematically in the Dillsburg suite possibly because of redistribution or loss of cesium by complex geologic processes. Except for the chilled margin of the Great Lake suite, the variation of Cs and the K Cs ratio are in accord with theoretical considerations. Cesium increases from about 0.6 ppm in the lower zone to 3.5 ppm in the granophyre; the K Cs ratio varies from 10 ?? 103 in the lower zone to 6 ?? 103 in the granophyre. A

  19. Energy efficient microwave synthesis of mesoporous Ce 0.5M 0.5O 2 (Ti, Zr, Hf) nanoparticles for low temperature CO oxidation in an ionic liquid – a comparative study

    DOE PAGES

    Alammar, Tarek; Chow, Ying -Kit; Mudring, Anja -Verena

    2014-11-19

    Ce 0.5M 0.5O 2 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by microwave irradiation in the ionic liquid [C 4mim][Tf 2N] (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide). The morphology, crystallinity, and chemical composition of the obtained materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Raman spectroscopy, and N 2–adsorption measurements. XRD and Raman spectroscopy analyses confirmed the formation of solid solutions with cubic fluorite structure. The catalytic activities of the Ce 0.5M 0.5O 2 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) nanoparticles were investigated in the low-temperature oxidation of CO. Ce 0.5Zr 0.5O 2 nanospheresmore » exhibit the best performance (100% conversion at 350 °C), followed by Ce 0.5Hf 0.5O 2 (55% conversion at 360 °C) and Ce 0.5Ti 0.5O 2 (11% conversion at 350 °C). Heating the as-prepared Ce 0.5Zr 0.5O 2 to 600 °C for extended time leads to a decrease in surface area and, as expected decreased catalytic activity. Depending on the ionic liquid the obtained Ce 0.5Zr 0.5O 2 exhibits different morphologies, varying from nano-spheres in [C 4mim][Tf 2N] and [P 66614][Tf 2N] (P 66614 = trishexyltetradecylphosphonium) to sheet-like assemblies in [C 3mimOH][Tf 2N] (C 3mimOH = 1-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methylimidazolium). As a result, the microwave synthesis superiority to other heating methods like sonochemical synthesis and conventional heating was proven by comparative experiments where the catalytic activity of Ce 0.5Zr 0.5O 2 obtained by alternate methods such as conventional heating was found to be poorer than that of the microwave-synthesised material.« less

  20. 6-Peroxo-6-zirconium crown and its hafnium analogue embedded in a triangular polyanion: [M6(O2)6(OH)6(gamma-SiW10O36)3]18- (M = Zr, Hf).

    PubMed

    Bassil, Bassem S; Mal, Sib Sankar; Dickman, Michael H; Kortz, Ulrich; Oelrich, Holger; Walder, Lorenz

    2008-05-28

    We have synthesized and structurally characterized the unprecedented peroxo-zirconium(IV) containing [Zr6(O2)6(OH)6(gamma-SiW10O36)3]18- (1). Polyanion 1 comprises a cyclic 6-peroxo-6-zirconium core stabilized by three decatungstosilicate units. We have also prepared the isostructural hafnium(IV) analogue [Hf6(O2)6(OH)6(gamma-SiW10O36)3]18- (2). We investigated the acid/base and redox properties of 1 by UV-vis spectroscopy and electrochemistry studies. Polyanion 1 represents the first structurally characterized Zr-peroxo POM with side-on, bridging peroxo units. The simple, one-pot synthesis of 1 and 2 involving dropwise addition of aqueous hydrogen peroxide could represent a general procedure for incorporating peroxo groups into a large variety of transition metal and lanthanide containing POMs.

  1. Distribution of impurity states and charge transport in Zr{sub 0.25}Hf{sub 0.75}Ni{sub 1+x}Sn{sub 1−y}Sb{sub y} nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Yuanfeng; Makongo, Julien P.A.; Page, Alexander

    Energy filtering of charge carriers in a semiconducting matrix using atomically coherent nanostructures can lead to a significant improvement of the thermoelectric figure of merit of the resulting composite. In this work, several half-Heusler/full-Heusler (HH/FH) nanocomposites with general compositions Zr{sub 0.25}Hf{sub 0.75}Ni{sub 1+x}Sn{sub 1−y}Sb{sub y} (0≤x≤0.15 and y=0.005, 0.01 and 0.025) were synthesized in order to investigate the behavior of extrinsic carriers at the HH/FH interfaces. Electronic transport data showed that energy filtering of carriers at the HH/FH interfaces in Zr{sub 0.25}Hf{sub 0.75}Ni{sub 1+x}Sn{sub 1−y}Sb{sub y} samples strongly depends on the doping level (y value) as well as the energymore » levels occupied by impurity states in the samples. For example, it was found that carrier filtering at HH/FH interfaces is negligible in Zr{sub 0.25}Hf{sub 0.75}Ni{sub 1+x}Sn{sub 1−y}Sb{sub y} (y=0.01 and 0.025) composites where donor states originating from Sb dopant dominate electronic conduction. However, we observed a drastic decrease in the effective carrier density upon introduction of HH/FH interfaces for the mechanically alloyed Zr{sub 0.25}Hf{sub 0.75}Ni{sub 1+x}Sn{sub 0.995}Sb{sub 0.005} samples where donor states from unintentional Fe impurities contribute the largest fraction of conduction electrons. This work demonstrates the ability to synergistically integrate the concepts of doping and energy filtering through nanostructuring for the optimization of electronic transport in semiconductors. - Graphical abstract: Electronic transport in semiconducting half-Heusler (HH) matrices containing full-Heusler (FH) nanoinclusions strongly depends on the energy distribution of impurity states within the HH matrix with respect to the magnitude of the potential energy barrier at the HH/FH interfaces. - Highlights: • Coherent nanostructures enhanced thermoelectric behavior of half-Heusler alloys. • Nanostructures act as energy

  2. Subduction zone mantle enrichment by fluids and Zr-Hf-depleted crustal melts as indicated by backarc basalts of the Southern Volcanic Zone, Argentina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holm, Paul M.; Søager, Nina; Alfastsen, Mads; Bertotto, Gustavo W.

    2016-10-01

    We aim to identify the components metasomatizing the mantle above the subducting Nazca plate under part of the Andean Southern Volcanic Zone (SVZ). We present new major and ICP-MS trace element and Sr, Nd and high-precision Pb isotope analyses of primitive olivine-phyric alkali basalts from the Northern Segment Volcanic Field, part of the Payenia province in the backarc of the Transitional SVZ. One new 40Ar-39Ar age determination confirms the Late Pleistocene age of this most northerly part of the province. All analysed rocks have typical subduction zone type incompatible element enrichment, and the rocks of the Northern Segment, together with the neighbouring Nevado Volcanic Field, have isotopic compositions intermediate between adjacent Transitional SVZ arc rocks and southern Payenia OIB-type basaltic rocks. Modelling the Ba-Th-Sm variation we demonstrate that fluids as well as 1-2% melts of upper continental crust (UCC) enriched their mantle sources, and La-Nb-Sm variations additionally indicate that the pre-metasomatic sources ranged from strongly depleted to undepleted mantle. Low Eu/Eu* and Sr/Nd also show evidence for a UCC component in the source. The contribution of Chile Trench sediments to the magmas seems insignificant. The Zr/Sm and Hf/Sm ratios are relatively low in many of the Northern Segment rocks, ranging down to 17 and 0.45, respectively, which, together with relatively high Th/U, is argued to indicate that the metasomatizing crustal melts were derived by partial melting of subducted UCC that had residual zircon, in contrast to the UCC melts added to Transitional SVZ arc magmas. Mixing between depleted and undepleted mantle, enriched by UCC and fluids, is suggested by Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes of the Northern Segment and Nevado magmas. The metasomatized undepleted mantle south of the Northern Segment is suggested to be part of upwelling OIB-type mantle, whereas the pre-metasomatically depleted mantle also can be found as a component in some arc

  3. Creating an Effective Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shackelford, Ray; Griffis, Kurt

    2006-01-01

    Newsletters are an important resource or form of media. They offer a cost-effective way to keep people informed, as well as to promote events and programs. Production of a newsletter makes an excellent project, relevant to real-world communication, for technology students. This article presents an activity on how to create a short newsletter. The…

  4. Effect of film thickness on the ferroelectric and dielectric properties of low-temperature (400 °C) Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Si Joon; Mohan, Jaidah; Lee, Jaebeom; Lee, Joy S.; Lucero, Antonio T.; Young, Chadwin D.; Colombo, Luigi; Summerfelt, Scott R.; San, Tamer; Kim, Jiyoung

    2018-04-01

    We report on the effect of the Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 (HZO) film thickness on the ferroelectric and dielectric properties using pulse write/read measurements. HZO films of thicknesses ranging from 5 to 20 nm were annealed at 400 °C for 1 min in a nitrogen ambient to be compatible with the back-end of the line thermal budget. As the HZO film thickness decreases, low-voltage operation (1.0 V or less) can be achieved without the dead layer effect, although switching polarization (Psw) tends to decrease due to the smaller grain size. Meanwhile, for 20-nm-thick HZO films prepared under the identical stress (similar TiN top electrode thickness and thermal budget), the Psw and dielectric constant are reduced because of additional monoclinic phase formation.

  5. Microstructural investigation of plastically deformed Ti{sub 20}Zr{sub 20}Hf{sub 20}Nb{sub 20}Ta{sub 20} high entropy alloy by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Dirras, G., E-mail: dirras@univ-paris13.fr; Gubicza, J.; Heczel, A.

    2015-10-15

    The microstructure evolution in body-centered cubic (bcc) Ti{sub 20}Zr{sub 20}Hf{sub 20}Nb{sub 20}Ta{sub 20} high entropy alloy during quasi-static compression test was studied by X-ray line profile analysis (XLPA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The average lattice constant and other important parameters of the microstructure such as the mean crystallite size, the dislocation density and the edge/screw character of dislocations were determined by XLPA. The elastic anisotropy factor required for XLPA procedure was determined by nanoindentation. XLPA shows that the crystallite size decreased while the dislocation density increased with strain during compression, and their values reached about 39 nm and 15more » × 10{sup 14} m{sup −2}, respectively, at a plastic strain of ~ 20%. It was revealed that with increasing strain the dislocation character became more screw. This can be explained by the reduced mobility of screw dislocations compared to edge dislocations in bcc structures. These observations are in line with TEM investigations. The development of dislocation density during compression was related to the yield strength evolution. - Highlights: • Ti{sub 20}Zr{sub 20}Hf{sub 20}Nb{sub 20}Ta{sub 20} high entropy alloy was processed by arc-melting. • The mechanical was evaluated by RT compression test. • The microstructure evolution was studied by XLPA and TEM. • With increasing strain the dislocation character became more screw. • The yield strength was related to the development of the dislocation density.« less

  6. Advancing Understanding of the +4 Metal Extractant Thenoyltrifluoroacetonate (TTA-); Synthesis and Structure of MIVTTA4 (MIV = Zr, Hf, Ce, Th, U, Np, Pu) and MIII(TTA)4- (MIII = Ce, Nd, Sm, Yb).

    PubMed

    Cary, Samantha K; Livshits, Maksim; Cross, Justin N; Ferrier, Maryline G; Mocko, Veronika; Stein, Benjamin W; Kozimor, Stosh A; Scott, Brian L; Rack, Jeffrey J

    2018-04-02

    Thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA)-based extractions represent popular methods for separating microscopic amounts of transuranic actinides (i.e., Np and Pu) from macroscopic actinide matrixes (e.g. bulk uranium). It is well-established that this procedure enables +4 actinides to be selectively removed from +3, + 5, and +6 f-elements. However, even highly skilled and well-trained researchers find this process complicated and (at times) unpredictable. It is difficult to improve the HTTA extraction-or find alternatives-because little is understood about why this separation works. Even the identities of the extracted species are unknown. In addressing this knowledge gap, we report here advances in fundamental understanding of the HTTA-based extraction. This effort included comparatively evaluating HTTA complexation with +4 and +3 metals (M IV = Zr, Hf, Ce, Th, U, Np, and Pu vs M III = Ce, Nd, Sm, and Yb). We observed +4 metals formed neutral complexes of the general formula M IV (TTA) 4 . Meanwhile, +3 metals formed anionic M III (TTA) 4 - species. Characterization of these M(TTA) 4 x- ( x = 0, 1) compounds by UV-vis-NIR, IR, 1 H and 19 F NMR, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (both near-edge and extended fine structure) was critical for determining that Np IV (TTA) 4 and Pu IV (TTA) 4 were the primary species extracted by HTTA. Furthermore, this information lays the foundation to begin developing and understanding of why the HTTA extraction works so well. The data suggest that the solubility differences between M IV (TTA) 4 and M III (TTA) 4 - are likely a major contributor to the selectivity of HTTA extractions for +4 cations over +3 metals. Moreover, these results will enable future studies focused on explaining HTTA extractions preference for +4 cations, which increases from Np IV to Pu IV , Hf IV , and Zr IV .

  7. Density-functional theory molecular dynamics simulations of a-HfO2/Ge(100)(2 × 1) and a-ZrO2/Ge(100)(2 × 1) interface passivation.

    PubMed

    Chagarov, E A; Porter, L; Kummel, A C

    2016-02-28

    The structural properties of a-HfO2/Ge(2 × 1)-(001) and a-ZrO2/Ge(2 × 1)-(001) interfaces were investigated with and without a GeOx interface interlayer using density-functional theory (DFT) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Realistic a-HfO2 and a-ZrO2 samples were generated using a hybrid classical-DFT MD "melt-and-quench" approach and tested against experimental properties. The oxide/Ge stacks were annealed at 700 K, cooled to 0 K, and relaxed providing the system with enough freedom to form realistic interfaces. For each high-K/Ge stack type, two systems with single and double interfaces were investigated. All stacks were free of midgap states; however, stacks with a GeO(x) interlayer had band-edge states which decreased the band gaps by 0%-30%. These band-edge states were mainly produced by under-coordinated Ge atoms in GeO(x) layer or its vicinity due to deformation, intermixing, and bond-breaking. The DFT-MD simulations show that electronically passive interfaces can be formed either directly between high-K dielectrics and Ge or with a monolayer of GeO2 if the processing does not create or properly passivate under-coordinated Ge atoms and Ge's with significantly distorted bonding angles. Comparison to the charge states of the interfacial atoms from DFT to experimental x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results shows that while most studies of gate oxide on Ge(001) have a GeO(x) interfacial layer, it is possible to form an oxide/Ge interface without a GeO(x) interfacial layer. Comparison to experiments is consistent with the dangling bonds in the suboxide being responsible for midgap state formation.

  8. Preconcentration of Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta and W in seawater using solid-phase extraction on TSK-8-hydroxyquinoline resin and determination by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Firdaus, M Lutfi; Norisuye, Kazuhiro; Sato, Taishi; Urushihara, Shouhei; Nakagawa, Yusuke; Umetani, Shigeo; Sohrin, Yoshiki

    2007-02-05

    Here, we present the first simultaneous preconcentration and determination of ultratrace (pmol kg(-1) level) Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta and W in seawater, both in the form of dissolved and acid-dissolvable species. 8-Hydroxyquinoline (8HQ) bonded covalently to a vinyl polymer resin, TSK-8HQ, was used in a chelating adsorbent column to concentrate the metals. The greatest advantage of this resin is its endurance to 5M HF, since this is an effective eluent for all five metals. The analytes were successfully concentrated from 250 mL seawater with a 50-fold concentration factor through the column extraction and evaporation. The detection limit was 0.009-0.15 pmol kg(-1). The procedure blank determined using ultra pure water as a sample was 0.005-0.37 pmol kg(-1). The five metals were quantitatively recovered from seawater with good precision (2-4%). The effect of sample pH, sample flow rate, eluent composition and sample pretreatment were carefully studied. This method was applied to seawater.

  9. Experimental verification of the ab initio phase transition sequence in SrZrO3 and comparisons with SrHfO3 and SrSnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Ashok; Kumari, Shalini; Borkar, Hitesh; Katiyar, Ram S.; Scott, James Floyd

    2017-01-01

    We present detailed Raman studies of SrZrO3 (SZO) that show three anomalies in Raman modes: One has a small jump in frequency ω, one has its intensity vanish, and a third has a sharp change in temperature derivative dω(T)/dT from flat below T = 600 K to a Curie-Weiss dependence above 600 K with extrapolation to zero frequency at the known transition temperature T = 970 K, thereby proving the latter to be displacive. In addition, the P4mm ferroelectric phase predicted at high stresses has preliminary support from polarization-voltage experiments. The inference of a new transition in the temperature region 600-650 K is in disagreement with neutron studies. Comparisons are given for family member SrSnO3 and SrHfO3, and we discuss the different conclusions of Kennedy and Knight. We show that a known transition in SrHfO3 is also displacive with a well-behaved soft mode.

  10. Advancing Understanding of the +4 Metal Extractant Thenoyltrifluoroacetonate (TTA –); Synthesis and Structure of M IVTTA 4 (M IV = Zr, Hf, Ce, Th, U, Np, Pu) and M III(TTA) 4 – (M III = Ce, Nd, Sm, Yb)

    DOE PAGES

    Cary, Samantha K.; Livshits, Maksim; Cross, Justin N.; ...

    2018-03-21

    Thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA)-based extractions represent popular methods for separating microscopic amounts of transuranic actinides (i.e., Np and Pu) from macroscopic actinide matrixes (e.g. bulk uranium). It is well-established that this procedure enables +4 actinides to be selectively removed from +3, + 5, and +6 f-elements. However, even highly skilled and well-trained researchers find this process complicated and (at times) unpredictable. It is difficult to improve the HTTA extraction—or find alternatives—because little is understood about why this separation works. Even the identities of the extracted species are unknown. In addressing this knowledge gap, we report in this paper advances in fundamental understandingmore » of the HTTA-based extraction. This effort included comparatively evaluating HTTA complexation with +4 and +3 metals (M IV = Zr, Hf, Ce, Th, U, Np, and Pu vs M III = Ce, Nd, Sm, and Yb). We observed +4 metals formed neutral complexes of the general formula M IV(TTA) 4. Meanwhile, +3 metals formed anionic M III(TTA) 4 – species. Characterization of these M(TTA) 4 x– (x = 0, 1) compounds by UV–vis–NIR, IR, 1H and 19F NMR, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (both near-edge and extended fine structure) was critical for determining that Np IV(TTA) 4 and Pu IV(TTA) 4 were the primary species extracted by HTTA. Furthermore, this information lays the foundation to begin developing and understanding of why the HTTA extraction works so well. The data suggest that the solubility differences between M IV(TTA) 4 and M III(TTA) 4 – are likely a major contributor to the selectivity of HTTA extractions for +4 cations over +3 metals. Finally and moreover, these results will enable future studies focused on explaining HTTA extractions preference for +4 cations, which increases from Np IV to Pu IV, Hf IV, and Zr IV.« less

  11. Advancing Understanding of the +4 Metal Extractant Thenoyltrifluoroacetonate (TTA –); Synthesis and Structure of M IVTTA 4 (M IV = Zr, Hf, Ce, Th, U, Np, Pu) and M III(TTA) 4 – (M III = Ce, Nd, Sm, Yb)

    SciTech Connect

    Cary, Samantha K.; Livshits, Maksim; Cross, Justin N.

    Thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA)-based extractions represent popular methods for separating microscopic amounts of transuranic actinides (i.e., Np and Pu) from macroscopic actinide matrixes (e.g. bulk uranium). It is well-established that this procedure enables +4 actinides to be selectively removed from +3, + 5, and +6 f-elements. However, even highly skilled and well-trained researchers find this process complicated and (at times) unpredictable. It is difficult to improve the HTTA extraction—or find alternatives—because little is understood about why this separation works. Even the identities of the extracted species are unknown. In addressing this knowledge gap, we report in this paper advances in fundamental understandingmore » of the HTTA-based extraction. This effort included comparatively evaluating HTTA complexation with +4 and +3 metals (M IV = Zr, Hf, Ce, Th, U, Np, and Pu vs M III = Ce, Nd, Sm, and Yb). We observed +4 metals formed neutral complexes of the general formula M IV(TTA) 4. Meanwhile, +3 metals formed anionic M III(TTA) 4 – species. Characterization of these M(TTA) 4 x– (x = 0, 1) compounds by UV–vis–NIR, IR, 1H and 19F NMR, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (both near-edge and extended fine structure) was critical for determining that Np IV(TTA) 4 and Pu IV(TTA) 4 were the primary species extracted by HTTA. Furthermore, this information lays the foundation to begin developing and understanding of why the HTTA extraction works so well. The data suggest that the solubility differences between M IV(TTA) 4 and M III(TTA) 4 – are likely a major contributor to the selectivity of HTTA extractions for +4 cations over +3 metals. Finally and moreover, these results will enable future studies focused on explaining HTTA extractions preference for +4 cations, which increases from Np IV to Pu IV, Hf IV, and Zr IV.« less

  12. Cuban Studies Newsletter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pittsburgh Univ., PA. University Center for International Studies.

    This is the first issue of the Cuban Studies Newsletter, a biannual publication designed to provide comprehensive and timely communication among those interested in Cuban Studies. The purpose of the newsletter stated in a recommendation by the International Conference on Cuban Bibliography and Acquisitions, April, 1970, is to promote the scholarly…

  13. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Holly A., Ed.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    This document consists of the six issues of the "Wilderness Medicine Newsletter" published during 1996. The newsletter addresses the treatment and prevention of medical emergencies in the wilderness and training resources. Issues typically include feature articles, interviews with doctors in the wilderness, conferences and training…

  14. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Holly, Ed.; Thompson, Ken, Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This document consists of the six issues of the "Wilderness Medicine Newsletter" issued during 1995. The newsletter addresses issues related to the treatment and prevention of medical emergencies in the wilderness. Issues typically include feature articles, interviews with doctors in the field of wilderness medicine, product reviews,…

  15. IDRA Newsletter, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robledo Montecel, Maria, Ed.; Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This document contains the 10 issues of the IDRA Newsletter published in 2002. The newsletter disseminates research findings, descriptions of successful programs and reforms, and other information related to equality of educational opportunity, focusing on Hispanic students, bilingual education, and Texas. Articles are: "Successful Bilingual…

  16. The Definitive Newsletter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adler, Ralph

    The newsletter, a publication printed on a regular basis that has a clearly defined, intriguing, and thoughtful content purpose for serving a specific audience, usually acts as a conceptual bridge between an organization and that group. A newsletter begun without good planning and without a clearly defined purpose, however, could end up being…

  17. Experimental and theoretical determination of the dipole-quadrupole and dipole-octopole polarizabilities of the group IV tetrachlorides TiCl4, ZrCl4, and HfCl4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hohm, Uwe; Maroulis, G.

    2006-03-01

    The dipole-quadrupole and dipole-octopole polarizabilities A and E of TiCl4, ZrCl4, and HfCl4 have been determined from collision-induced light-scattering experiments. Our respective experimental results for ∣A ∣ are (165±10), (110±30), and (140±20) e2a03Eh-1, whereas ∣E∣ is determined to be (675±125), (750±200), and (670±400) e2a04Eh-1. Theory predicts values convincingly close to experiment, as A =(181.4±9.1), (167.6±8.4), and (139.8±7.0) e2a03Eh-1, and E =(-671±67), (-688±69), and (-574±57) e2a04Eh-1. In addition our quantum chemical ab initio calculations give reliable values for the dipole polarizability α, as well as for the octopole and hexadecapole moments Ω and Φ for all three substances.

  18. Fluorite transition metal hydride induced destabilization of the MgH2 system in MgH2/TMH2 multilayers ( TM=Sc , Ti, V, Cr, Y, Zr, Nb, La, Hf)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, S. X.; Notten, P. H. L.; van Santen, R. A.; Jansen, A. P. J.

    2010-09-01

    The structural changes in MgH2 induced by contact with fluorite transition metal hydrides ( TMH2 , TM=Sc , Ti, V, Cr, Y, Zr, Nb, La, Hf) have been studied using density-functional theory calculations. Models of MgH2(rutile)/TiH2(fluorite) and MgH2(fluorite)/TiH2(fluorite) multilayers with different Mg:TM ratios have been designed. With a fixed thickness of the TMH2 layer, structure transformation of MgH2 from rutile to fluorite occurs with a decrease in thickness of the MgH2 layer. The hydrogen desorption energy from the fluorite MgH2 layer in the multilayers is significantly lower than that of the bulk rutile MgH2 . The structural deformation of the MgH2 layer due to the strain induced by TMH2 is found to be responsible for the destabilization of the Mg-H bond: the more structural deformation, the more destabilization of the Mg-H. Our results provide an important insight for the development of new hydrogen-storage materials with desirable thermodynamic properties.

  19. Large ferroelectric polarization of TiN/Hf0.5Zr0.5O2/TiN capacitors due to stress-induced crystallization at low thermal budget

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Si Joon; Narayan, Dushyant; Lee, Jae-Gil; Mohan, Jaidah; Lee, Joy S.; Lee, Jaebeom; Kim, Harrison S.; Byun, Young-Chul; Lucero, Antonio T.; Young, Chadwin D.; Summerfelt, Scott R.; San, Tamer; Colombo, Luigi; Kim, Jiyoung

    2017-12-01

    We report on atomic layer deposited Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 (HZO)-based capacitors which exhibit excellent ferroelectric (FE) characteristics featuring a large switching polarization (45 μC/cm2) and a low FE saturation voltage (˜1.5 V) as extracted from pulse write/read measurements. The large FE polarization in HZO is achieved by the formation of a non-centrosymmetric orthorhombic phase, which is enabled by the TiN top electrode (TE) having a thickness of at least 90 nm. The TiN films are deposited at room temperature and annealed at 400 °C in an inert environment for at least 1 min in a rapid thermal annealing system. The room-temperature deposited TiN TE acts as a tensile stressor on the HZO film during the annealing process. The stress-inducing TiN TE is shown to inhibit the formation of the monoclinic phase during HZO crystallization, forming an orthorhombic phase that generates a large FE polarization, even at low process temperatures.

  20. Preparation and Characterization of Ferroelectric BaTi0.91(Hf0.5, Zr0.5)0.09O3 Thin Films by Sol-Gel Process Using Titanium and Zirconium Alkoxides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thongrueng, Jirawat; Nishio, Keishi; Nagata, Kunihiro; Tsuchiya, Toshio

    2000-09-01

    Sol-gel-derived BaTi0.91(Hf0.5, Zr0.5)0.09O3 (BTHZ-9) thin films have been successfully prepared on Pt and Pt(111)/Ti/SiO2/Si(100) substrates by spin-coating and sintering from 550 to 900°C for 2 h in oxygen ambient. X-ray diffraction measurement indicated that the single perovskite phase of the BTHZ-9 thin films was obtained at heat treatment above 650°C. The formation temperature of the double-alkoxy-derived BTHZ-9 thin films was lower by at least 80°C than that of the films prepared from only titanium alkoxide. The microstructure of the films was observed by atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The grain size of the films increased from 70 to 200 nm with increasing sintering temperature ranging from 650 to 850°C. The maximum peak for the dielectric constant, corresponding to the Curie point (87°C), was broad and lower in magnitude compared with that of the BTHZ-9 bulk ceramics. Tensile stresses resulting from the differences between thermal expansion coefficients of the substrate and the film caused poor electrical properties. BTHZ-9 thin films exhibited a well-saturated polarization-electric field hysteresis loop. The polarization and coercive field for the 850-nm-thick BTHZ-9 thin film prepared on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate at 750°C were determined to be 8 μC/cm2 and 15 kV/cm, respectively. Those of the BTHZ-9 thin film prepared on Pt substrate at 850°C were found to be 9 μC/cm2 and 18 kV/cm, respectively.

  1. Adolescence Education Newsletter, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villanueva, Carmelita L., Ed.; Espada-Carlos, Lichelle Dara, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This document consists of the two 2002 issues of a UNESCO newsletter addressing topics related to adolescent well-being in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly reproductive and sexual health. Each issue includes news from the region on various initiatives related to adolescent health and education, as well as Web links and publications on the…

  2. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This volume of a newsletter focused on the treatment and prevention of medical emergencies in the wilderness contains all six issues for the year 1993. Issues include feature articles, book reviews, product reviews, letters to the editor, notices of upcoming wilderness conferences and training courses, additional resources, and general information…

  3. TASH Newsletter, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TASH Newsletter, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Ten issues of the 1997 newsletter of TASH comprise this document. An issue typically contains news items, a column by the organization's executive director, reports from special interest groups, legislative testimony, conference information, and several major articles, such as the following: "Multicultural Perspectives: Excerpts from Opening…

  4. COMPENSATORY EDUCATION PROGRAM. NEWSLETTER.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fresno City Unified School District, CA.

    TWO NEWSLETTERS FROM THE COMPENSATORY EDUCATION PROGRAM IN FRESNO INCLUDED PLANS FOR THE PLANNING GRANT PROGRAM, THE BASIC PROGRAM, AND THE INTENSIVE PROGRAM. THE BASIC PROGRAM SHOULD REDUCE PUPIL-TEACHER RATIO, PROVIDE PRESCHOOL PROJECTS THROUGH THE USE OF EITHER SCHOOL FACILITIES OR PRIVATE FACILITIES, PROVIDE REMEDIAL AND CORRECTIVE PROGRAMS IN…

  5. Adolescence Education Newsletter, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villanueva, Carmelita L., Ed.; Padilla, Teresita M., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document comprises two issues of a new UNESCO newsletter addressing topics related to adolescent well-being in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly reproductive and sexual health. Both issues contain news from the region on various initiatives related to adolescent health and education, as well as Web links and publications on the subject.…

  6. Adolescence Education Newsletter, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villanueva, Carmelita L., Ed.; Espada-Carlos, Lichelle Dara, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This document comprises the two 2001 issues of a UNESCO newsletter addressing topics related to adolescent well-being in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly reproductive and sexual health. Each issue contains news from the region on various initiatives related to adolescent health and education, as well as Web links and publications on the…

  7. TASH Newsletter, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TASH Newsletter, 1998

    1998-01-01

    The ten 1998 issues of the newsletter of TASH comprise this document. An issue typically contains news items, a column by the organization's executive director, reports from special interest groups, legislative testimony, conference information, and several major articles, such as the following: "A Q&A on IDEA 97 with Tom Gilhool"; "Positive…

  8. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This document consists of the six issues of "Wilderness Medicine Newsletter" published in 1992. This journal, subtitled "For the recognition, treatment, and prevention of wilderness emergencies," includes feature articles, book reviews, product reviews, letters to the editor, notices of upcoming wilderness conferences, and…

  9. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Holly A., Ed.

    1999-01-01

    The six issues of Wilderness Medicine Newsletter published in 1999 provide medical and rescue information for the nonphysician in remote wilderness areas. Feature articles include: "Tendinitis: Overdoing a Good Thing" (Buck Tilton); "A Sport for the Season: Trail Running" (injuries and health problems common to trail runners)…

  10. IDRA Newsletter, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montecel, Maria Robledo, Ed.; Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    1999-01-01

    The 10 issues of IDRA Newsletter published in 1999 focus on education in Texas and on educational issues concerning minority, low-income, or bilingual students. Feature articles include: "Lost: $319 Billion and 1.2 Million Students" (Texas dropouts); "Breathing New Life into Language Assessment"; "Missing: Texas…

  11. IDRA Newsletter, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montecel, Maria Robledo, Ed.; Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    The 10 issues of IDRA Newsletter published in 2000 focus on education in Texas and on national and statewide educational issues concerning minority, low-income, or bilingual students. Feature articles include: "Musical Chairs and Unkept Promises" (reforming education to keep all students "in the game"); "The ENLACE…

  12. IDRA Newsletter, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montecel, Maria Robledo , Ed.; Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2001-01-01

    The 10 issues of IDRA Newsletter published in 2001 focus on education in Texas and on national and statewide educational issues concerning minority, low-income, or bilingual students. Feature articles are: "Challenges and Strategies for Principals of Low-Performing Schools" (Abelardo Villarreal); "Coca-Cola Valued Youth Program in…

  13. September 2017 Atmospheric Science Forum Newsletter

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2017-12-13

    September 2017 Atmospheric Science Forum Newsletter Wednesday, September 13, 2017 The Atmospheric Science Forum Newsletter for September 2017 features recent AirMSPI efforts ... the full article at: September 2017 Atmospheric Science User Forum Newsletter Read more ...

  14. Pacific Southwest Tribal Program Newsletters

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Pacific Southwest Tribal Program newsletters contain news and events of interest to tribal communities including: environmental news, upcoming meetings, webinars and training, grants, jobs and internships.

  15. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lindstrom, Marilyn

    2000-01-01

    This newsletter contains something for everyone! It lists classifications of about 440 meteorites mostly from the 1997 and 1998 ANSMET (Antarctic Search for Meteorites) seasons. It also gives descriptions of about 45 meteorites of special petrologic type. These include 1 iron, 17 chondrites (7 CC, 1 EC, 9 OC) and 27 achondrites (25 HED, UR). Most notable are an acapoloite (GRA98028) and an olivine diogenite (GRA98108).

  16. A new series of mixed oxalates MM'(C 2O 4) 3(H 2O) 3· nH 2O (M = Cd, Hg, Pb; M' = Zr, Hf) based on eight-fold coordinated metals: Synthesis, crystal structure from single-crystal and powder diffraction data and thermal behaviour

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gavilan, Elisabeth; Audebrand, Nathalie; Jeanneau, Erwann

    2007-11-01

    A new series of mixed oxalates MM'(C 2O 4) 3(H 2O) 3· nH 2O (M = Cd, Hg, Pb; M' = Zr, Hf) has been prepared. The crystal structures have been solved from single-crystal and powder diffraction data. The isotypical compounds crystallise with space group P2 1/ c (No. 14). The structures consist of honeycomb layers formed by eight-fold coordinated metals, in a distorted square-based antiprismatic conformation, connected together via oxalates which act as bidentate ligands and also as monodentate in a less-common μ3-bridging mode. Sheets are built from two shifted honeycomb layers and linked to each other through a hydrogen network. The resulting frameworks of the series display a compact two-dimensional arrangement of polyhedra MO 8 and M'O 8. Weakly-bonded water molecules are located between and within the sheets. Comparisons with the 3D open-framework structures of related metal oxalates are made. The dehydration processes occur in three or four steps. The final products are MO, M'O 2 and PbZrO 3 resulting from the sublimation of PbO in air. The size of PbZrO 3 crystallites, which are on average isotropic, has been evaluated to be 1055 Å from line-broadening analysis.

  17. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, Volume 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Holly A., Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This document consists of the six issues of the "Wilderness Medicine Newsletter" published during 1997. The newsletter provides medical and rescue information for the non-physician in remote wilderness areas. Issues typically include feature articles, conference and training courses schedules, an "Ask the Expert" column, and…

  18. [Violence Prevention: A Topical Newsletter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bourland, Eric

    1995-01-01

    This newsletter theme issue addresses the issue of violence prevention in American schools and is based on presentations and discussions at the Workgroup To Improve the Quality of Technical Assistance around the Topic of Violence Prevention held in Washington, D.C. on June 12-14, 1995. The newsletter reports on the following presentation topics:…

  19. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, Volume 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Holly A., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document consists of the six issues of the "Wilderness Medicine Newsletter" published during 1998. The newsletter provides medical and rescue information for the non-physician in remote wilderness areas. Issues typically include feature articles, conference and training courses schedules, and personal narratives. Feature articles in…

  20. Subscribe to the Transportation Secure Data Center Newsletter |

    Science.gov Websites

    Newsletter Subscribe to the Transportation Secure Data Center Newsletter Subscribe to receive via email the Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC) newsletter. Email Address Subscribe Newsletter

  1. April 2016 Pacific Southwest Newsletter

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    EPA Pacific Southwest Newsletter for April 2016: University of Arizona Reduces Food Waste, Cleaning Up Underground Fuel Tanks in Fresno, The Argonaut Mine, Ensuring Clean Water in Nevada,Cleaning Up Groundwater in Whittier, California, and more!

  2. Practice tip. Producing newsletters - criteria for success.

    PubMed

    Eckermann, Sarah Louise; McIntyre, Ellen; Magarey, Anne

    2007-01-01

    Newsletters, while informal when compared to peer reviewed journals and organisational reports, are a popular communication tool used to provide and share information, for and about people with a common interest or need. Newsletters are an effective way to build networks and improve communication. As the editors of several newsletters in primary health care, the authors have developed criteria that aim to increase the success of a newsletter.

  3. ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter

    SciTech Connect

    Ben-Zvi I.; Kuczewski A.; Altinbas, Z.

    2012-07-01

    The Collider-Accelerator Department at Brookhaven National Laboratory is building a high-brightness 500 mA capable Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) as one of its main R&D thrusts towards eRHIC, the polarized electron - hadron collider as an upgrade of the operating RHIC facility. The ERL is in final assembly stages, with injection commisioning starting in October 2012. The objective of this ERL is to serve as a platform for R&D into high current ERL, in particular issues of halo generation and control, Higher-Order Mode (HOM) issues, coherent emissions for the beam and high-brightness, high-power beam generation and preservation. The R&D ERL featuresmore » a superconducting laser-photocathode RF gun with a high quantum efficiency photoccathode served with a load-lock cathode delivery system, a highly damped 5-cell accelerating cavity, a highly flexible single-pass loop and a comprehensive system of beam instrumentation. In this ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter article we will describe the ERL in a degree of detail that is not usually found in regular publications. We will discuss the various systems of the ERL, following the electrons from the photocathode to the beam dump, cover the control system, machine protection etc and summarize with the status of the ERL systems.« less

  4. Purification of nuclear grade Zr scrap as the high purity dense Zr deposits from Zirlo scrap by electrorefining in LiF-KF-ZrF4 molten fluorides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Kyoung Tae; Lee, Tae Hyuk; Jo, Nam Chan; Nersisyan, Hayk H.; Chun, Byong Sun; Lee, Hyuk Hee; Lee, Jong Hyeon

    2013-05-01

    Zirconium (Zr) has commonly been used as a cladding material of nuclear fuel. Moreover, it is regarded as the only material that can be used for nuclear fuel cladding because it has the lowest neutron capture cross section of any metal element and because it has high corrosion resistance and size stability. In this study, Hf-free Zr tubes (Zr-1Nb-1Sn-0.1Fe) were used as anode materials and electrorefining was performed in a LiF-KF eutectic 6 wt.% ZrF4 molten fluoride salt system. As a result of electrolysis, Zr scrap metal was recycled into pure Zr with low levels of impurities, and the size and density of the Zr deposit was controlled using applied current density.

  5. Lu-Hf systematics of meteorites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bizzarro, M.; Baker, J. A.; Haack, H.

    2003-04-01

    eucrites also yielded a slope and intercept identical to that determined here (5). In contrast, three cumulate eucrites of (5) and our analysis of the Bilanga diogenite align on a statistically significant Lu-Hf isochron defining an age of 4.349 ± 0.073 Ga. This implies a genetic relationship between diogenites and cumulate eucrites, and further confirms that cumulate eucrites are at least 100 Myr younger than basaltic eucrites. (1) Bizzarro, M., Baker, J.A. &Ulfbeck D. (in review) Geostandards Newsletter. (2) Bizzarro, M., Baker, J.A., Haack, H., Ulfbeck D. &Rosing M. (In press) Nature. (3) Blichert-Toft, J. &Albarede, F. (1997) EPSL 148, 243-258. (4) Scherer, E., Münker, C. &Mezger, K. (2001) Science 293, 683-686. (5) Blichert-Toft, J., Boyet, M., Télouk, P &Albarède, F. (2002) EPSL 204, 167-181.

  6. Project Solo; Newsletter Number Four.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Project Solo.

    A paper titled "Myopia, Cornucopia and Utopia" makes up the major portion of this Project Solo Newsletter. It emphasizes the danger involved in the belief that the larger the system the better, and points out that although the computer utilizes technology, the human with judgment utilizes the computer. Some details of the Project Solo…

  7. TASH Newsletter, 1999-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Priscilla, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This document comprises the nine issues of the 1999-2000 TASH Newsletter. Each issue includes news items, conference information, and articles. Major articles include the following: "1998 TASH Annual Conference: Inclusion Roundtable"; "1998 TASH Conference Keynote Address (Zuhy Sayeed); "Do Not Resuscitate - Whose Choice Is It?" (Nancy Noble);…

  8. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, Volume 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1994

    1994-01-01

    This volume of newsletters addresses issues related to the treatment and prevention of medical emergencies in the wilderness. Each issue includes feature articles, book reviews, product reviews, letters to the editor, notices of upcoming wilderness conferences and training courses, additional resources, and general information relevant to medical…

  9. Press Censorship Newsletter No. VI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, Washington, DC. Legal Defense and Research Fund.

    A compendium of legal actions affecting the First Amendment and freedom of information interests of all the media on the federal, state, and local levels, this newsletter contains 316 indexed summaries of "Media Law Reports." The abstracts are arranged in 10 categories: prior restraints on publication and distribution, freedom of information,…

  10. TESOL Newsletter, Vol. 18, 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TESOL Newsletter, 1984

    1984-01-01

    The 1984 volume of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) newsletter includes articles on language competence and cultural awareness in the United States; interest in English in Peru; employment trends; the case method in adult English as a second language (ESL); evaluating computer assisted instruction; the…

  11. TASH Newsletter, 2000-2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Priscilla, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    Nine year 2000 issues of the newsletter of TASH, formerly The Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, comprise this document. Each issue typically contains news items, a column by the organization's executive director, reports from special interest groups, legislative testimony, conference information, and several major articles relating to…

  12. Project Solo; Newsletter Number Twenty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Project Solo.

    Three Project Solo modules are presented. They are designed to teach the concepts of elementary matrix operation, matrix multiplication, and finite-state automata. Together with the module on communication matrices from Newsletter #17 they form a well motivated but structured path to expertise in this area. (JY)

  13. BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES CURRICULUM STUDY NEWSLETTER.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MAYER, WILLIAM V.; AND OTHERS

    RESEARCH STUDIES CONCERNED WITH THE APPROPRIATENESS AND EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM STUDY (BSCS) MATERIALS ARE DESCRIBED IN THIS NEWSLETTER. BSCS TESTS WERE ANALYZED AND RELATED TO OTHER TESTING INSTRUMENTS USED IN CONNECTION WITH THE BSCS PROGRAMS. DATA COLLECTED FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF TEST NORMS WERE ALSO USED IN A…

  14. ERIC/EECE Newsletter, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preece, Laurel, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This document consists of the two 2003 issues of the newsletter of the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE). Each issue contains a feature article and one or more short articles on topics related to early childhood education, calls for papers, announcements about Internet resources, news items about and list…

  15. Bernard van Leer Foundation Newsletter, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernard van Leer Foundation, Newsletter, 1996

    1996-01-01

    This document consists of the four issues of the Bernard van Leer Foundation's "Newsletter" published during 1996. The newsletter covers topics related to, or about efforts to foster, the education and welfare of children around the world, and includes descriptions of programs around the world, lists of resources and publications, and…

  16. Using Newsletters in the Library's Communication Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryce, Betty K.

    1996-01-01

    Examines the practical aspects of publishing a newsletter as a communication tool for libraries. Both internal and external newsletters are discussed, along with ones concerned with fundraising or ones in electronic format. Other topics include editorship, staffing, content decisions, production techniques, distribution, and organizational…

  17. IWGIA Newsletter: 1993 = IWGIA Boletin: 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IWGIA Newsletter, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This document contains the four 1992 English-language issues of the IWGIA newsletter and the four corresponding issues in Spanish. These newsletters provide educators with a resource on the history, current conditions, and struggles for self-determination of indigenous peoples around the world. One issue focuses exclusively on Africa. The other…

  18. Freedom of Speech Newsletter, September, 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Winfred G., Jr., Ed.

    The Freedom of Speech Newsletter is the communication medium for the Freedom of Speech Interest Group of the Western Speech Communication Association. The newsletter contains such features as a statement of concern by the National Ad Hoc Committee Against Censorship; Reticence and Free Speech, an article by James F. Vickrey discussing the subtle…

  19. Wind Program Newsletter, May 2016 Edition

    SciTech Connect

    2016-05-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Wind Program Newsletter provides wind industry stakeholders and the public with information about the Wind Program R&D efforts funded by the Wind and Water Power Technologies Office. The newsletter comes out twice a year and is sent electronically to subscribers and distributed in hard copy to conference attendees.

  20. The Advisory and Learning Exchange Newsletter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advisory and Learning Exchange, Washington, DC.

    This monthly newsletter aims to encourage, organize, connect, and facilitate learning and growth experiences for those persons in the greater Washington, D.C. community. Although the newsletter would be of particular interest to teachers, it is also designed to serve parents, administrators, students and the community. The primary purpose of the…

  1. [Reading Is Fundamental: Pamphlets and Newsletters].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

    These pamphlets and newsletters are products of the Reading Is Fundamental (RIF) program, which provides free and inexpensive books to children through a variety of community organizations throughout the country. The newsletter appears monthly and contains reports on specific programs, trends in the national program, RIF involvement with other…

  2. December 2017 Atmospheric Science Forum Newsletter

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2017-12-13

    December 2017 Atmospheric Science Forum Newsletter Wednesday, December 13, 2017 The Atmospheric Science Forum Newsletter for December 2017 highlights the SAGE III/ISS V5 data ... DSCOVR EPIC L1 user question and answer from the Atmospheric Science User Forum.   Access the December 2017 Atmospheric Science ...

  3. EQUIP3 Newsletter. Issue Number 19

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EQUIP3, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The "EQUIP3 Newsletter" is an e-newsletter that is currently sent to subscribers quarterly. It provides updates on EQUIP3 activities and initiatives, and shares excerpts from relevant youth development resources. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Bangladesh Youth Employment Pilot (BYEP); (2) CSY [Cross-Sectoral Youth]/YED…

  4. Arms Control, Disarmament, and Peace Newsletters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkins, Stephen

    1986-01-01

    Considers the research value of four types of newsletters on arms control, disarmament, and peace: direct-action, informational, scholarly, and single-issue. An annotated list of 58 newsletters includes those considered most significant of their type and recommended for library collections. (EM)

  5. Electron Microprobe Analysis of Hf in Zircon: Suggestions for Improved Accuracy of a Difficult Measurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fournelle, J.; Hanchar, J. M.

    2013-12-01

    It is not commonly recognized as such, but the accurate measurement of Hf in zircon is not a trivial analytical issue. This is important to assess because Hf is often used as an internal standard for trace element analyses of zircon by LA-ICPMS. The issues pertaining to accuracy revolve around: (1) whether the Hf Ma or the La line is used; (2) what accelerating voltage is applied if Zr La is also measured, and (3) what standard for Hf is used. Weidenbach, et al.'s (2004) study of the 91500 zircon demonstrated the spread (in accuracy) of possible EPMA values for six EPMA labs, 2 of which used Hf Ma, 3 used Hf La, and one used Hf Lb, and standards ranged from HfO2, a ZrO2-HfO2 compound, Hf metal, and hafnon. Weidenbach, et al., used the ID-TIMS values as the correct value (0.695 wt.% Hf.), for which not one of the EPMA labs came close to that value (3 were low and 3 were high). Those data suggest: (1) that there is a systematic underestimation error of the 0.695 wt% Hf (ID-TIMS Hf) value if Hf Ma is used; most likely an issue with the matrix correction, as the analytical lines and absorption edges of Zr La, Si Ka and Hf Ma are rather tightly packed in the electromagnetic spectrum. Mass absorption coefficients are easily in error (e.g., Donovan's determination of the MAC of Hf by Si Ka of 5061 differs from the typically used Henke value of 5449 (Donovan et al, 2002); and (2) For utilization of the Hf La line, however, the second order Zr Ka line interferes with Hf La if the accelerating voltage is greater than 17.99 keV. If this higher keV is used and differential mode PHA is applied, only a portion of the interference is removed (e.g., removal of escape peaks), causing an overestimation of Hf content. Unfortunately, it is virtually impossible to apply an interference correction in this case, as it is impossible to locate Hf-free Zr probe standard. We have examined many of the combinations used by those six EPMA labs and concluded that the optimal EPMA is done with Hf

  6. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter. Volume 22

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Satterwhite, Cecilia (Editor); Lindstrom, Marilyn (Editor)

    1999-01-01

    This Newsletter Contains Classifications of 143 New Meteorites from the 1997 ANSMET Collection. Descriptions are given for 6 meteorites;2 eucrites, and 4 ordinary chondrites. We don't expect much excitement from the rest of the 1997 collection. JSC has examined another 100 meteorites to send to the Smithsonian for classification and they appear to be more of the same LL5 shower. However, past experience tells us that there will be some treasures hidden in the remaining samples. Hope rings eternal, but we can't wait to see the 1998 collection described below.

  7. Low-Temperature Reactivities of Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics (Hf-X System)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    as interacting fillers with the preceramic polymer formulations. In situ formation of the SiC phase was also evaluated as a practical approach in...led to a renewal of activities to fabricate MB2/ SiC composites as the materials of choice, because of their high thermal and oxidation resistance...HfB2/ SiC composite microstructures (and also HfC, ZrB2, and ZrC composites ) under pressureless conditions. These can be employed in reactive and

  8. USCG HF SITOR

    Science.gov Websites

    broadcasts from Boston sharing the same transmitters. See table below for station locations and schedules meteorological observations. Boston(NMF) HF SITOR (NBDP) Broadcast Schedule 6314, 8416.5, 12579 kHz 0140Z3 8416.5

  9. Communicating quality improvement through a hospital newsletter.

    PubMed

    Tietz, A; Tabor, R

    1995-01-01

    Healthcare organizations across the United States are embracing the tenets of continuous quality improvement. The challenge is to disseminate information about this quality activity throughout the organization. A monthly newsletter serves two vital purposes: to share the improvements and to generate more enthusiasm and participation by staff members. This article gives practical suggestions for promoting a monthly newsletter. Preparation of an informative newsletter requires a significant investment of time and effort. However, the positive results of providing facilitywide communications can make it worth the effort. The current availability of relatively inexpensive desktop publishing computer software programs has made the process much easier.

  10. Zr-92(d,p)Zr-93 and Zr-92(d,t)Zr-91

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baron, N.; Fink, C. L.; Christensen, P. R.; Nickels, J.; Torsteinsen, T.

    1972-01-01

    The structures of Zr-93 and Zr-91 were studied by the stripping reaction Zr-92(d,p)Zr-93 and the pick-up reaction Zr-92(d,t)Zr-91 using 13 MeV incident deuterons. The reaction product particles were detected by counter telescope. Typical spectra from the reactions were analyzed by a nonlinear least squares peak fitting program which included a background search. Spin and parity assignments to observed excited levels were made by comparing experimental angular distributions with distorted wave Born approximation calculations.

  11. An Evaluation of a Newsletter Intervention for Divorced Mothers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Robert, Jr.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Evaluated newsletter intervention for recently divorced mothers. Assigned 92 women to treatment and control groups with pre- and posttests given regarding the extent to which newsletter was used and changes in mothers' coping skills and psychological well-being. Results indicated that, although newsletter was well received, it did not result in…

  12. Educating the medical community through a teratology newsletter.

    PubMed Central

    Guttmacher, A E; Allen, E F

    1993-01-01

    To educate a geographically and professionally diverse group of health care providers about teratology in an economic and efficient manner, we developed a locally written and distributed teratology newsletter. Response to the newsletter, from readers as well as from our staff and funding agencies, suggests that such a newsletter can be a valuable tool in educating medical communities about teratology. PMID:8434594

  13. Promoting Nutrition and Wellness Statewide through an Electronic Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bahl, Morgan; Francis, Sarah L.

    2016-01-01

    The "Words on Wellness" (WOW) newsletter was designed as an electronic newsletter intended to provide research-based nutrition and wellness information to Iowans. An evaluation was conducted to assess to what extent the newsletter is being used by its readership and whether readers are making lifestyle changes as a result. Those who…

  14. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter, Volume 31, No. 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Satterwhite, Cecilia (Editor); Righter, Kevin (Editor)

    2008-01-01

    This newsletter reports 418 new meteorites from the 2004 and 2006 ANSMET seasons from the Cumulus Hills (CMS), LaPaz Ice Field (LAP), Graves Nunataks (GRA), Grosvenor Mountains (GRO), Larkman Nunatak (LAR), MacAlpine Hills (MAC), Miller Range (MIL), Roberts Massif (RBT), and Scott Glacier (SCO). These new samples include one iron, 1 eucrite, 1 mesosiderite, 6 CK chondrites (2 with pairing), 2 CV3 chondrites, 1 CM1, 7 CM2 (4 with pairing), 3 CR2 (2 with pairing), and one each of a type 3 L and H chondrites. The CK6 chondrites (LAR 06869, 06872, 06873) are unusual in that they have no discernable chondrules, extremely fine-grained texture, and are full of veins. This newsletter represents a break from recent newsletters in which we have announced many unusual and popular samples, including new lunar and martian meteorites, an unusual achondrite (GRA 06128 and 06129 the topic of a special session at this years LPSC).

  15. The Transformation of Observatory Newsletters - A Gemini Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiaoyu

    2015-08-01

    Astronomical observatories publish newsletters to communicate the observatory’s new discoveries and activities with its user communities, funding agencies, and general public. Gemini Observatory started publishing the newsletter in March 1992. Over the years, it transformed from a no-frills black and white publication to a full-color magazine type newsletter with a special name “GeminiFocus”. Since 2012, the contents of GeminiFocus moved from print to digital with an additional print issue of the Year in Review. The newsletter transformation is in sync with the rapid development of the internet technologies. We discuss here the evolvement of Gemini newsletter and the lessons learned.

  16. Child Rights Information Network Newsletter, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purbrick, Becky, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    These two newsletter issues communicate activities of the newly formed Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) and report on emerging information resources and activities concerning children and child rights. The January 1996 issue describes the history of CRIN, provides updates on the activities of projects linked to CRIN, and summarizes…

  17. Adult Education Newsletter, 1991-1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adult Education Newsletter, 1995

    1995-01-01

    The seven issues of the newsletter contain articles, letters, professional announcements, reports, reviews, and classroom instructional ideas of interest to teachers of adult English as a Second Language (ESL). Articles address these topics: diversity and commonalities among language and literacy teachers; part-time teaching; literacy for homeless…

  18. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Student Leadership and Engagement and includes: (1) Project Based Learning for Student Success--Teaching Across Content Areas for…

  19. Plasma Physics Network Newsletter, No. 3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1991-02-01

    This issue of the Newsletter contains a report on the First South-North International Workshop on Fusion Theory, Tipaza, Algeria, 17-20 September, 1990; a report in the issuance of the 'Buenos Aires Memorandum' generated during the IV Latin American Workshop on Plasma Physics, Argentina, July 1990, and containing a proposal that the IFRC establish a 'Steering Committee on North-South Collaboration in Controlled Nuclear Fusion and Plasma Physics Research'; the announcement that the 14th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion will be held in Wuerzburg, Germany, September 30 to October 7, 1992; a list of IAEA technical committee meetings for 1991; an item on ITER news; an article 'Long Term Physics R and D Planning (for ITER)' by F. Engelmann; in the planned sequence of 'Reports on National Fusion Programs' contributions on the Chinese and Yugoslav programs; finally, the titles and contacts for two other newsletters of potential interest, i.e., the AAAPT (Asian African Association for Plasma Training) Newsletter, and the IPG (International physics Group-A sub unit of the American Physical Society) Newsletter.

  20. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 37, No. 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Teaching Quality and includes: (1) Ensuring Teaching Quality in a Civil Rights Context (Bradley Scott); (2) An Unspoken Culture…

  1. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 37, No. 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Student Engagement and includes: (1) Supporting the Dream of Going to College Through Powerful Student Engagement (Hector Bojorquez);…

  2. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Accountability and Civic Engagement and includes: (1) Will States Use ESSA [Elementary and Secondary Education Act] to Undermine…

  3. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 35, No. 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    Each edition of the "IDRA (Intercultural Development Research Association) Newsletter" strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on parent and community engagement and includes: (1) Community Conversations about…

  4. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 35, No. 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Curriculum Quality and includes: (1) IDRA's Community of Learners Approach to Instructional Quality: Three Critical Questions that…

  5. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 37, No. 8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Change Strategies and includes: (1) YA! Es Tiempo--The Courage to Connect (Maria "Cuca" Robledo Montecel); (2) Making…

  6. MAA Placement Test Newsletter. 1978-87.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, John G., Ed.

    1987-01-01

    This document consists of volumes 1-9 of the Mathematics Association of America's (MAA) Placement Test Program Newsletter. The MAA is the professional association primarily concerned with undergraduate education in mathematics. It has responded to the increasingly difficult problem of placing freshmen students in mathematics courses by developing…

  7. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 37, No. 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Parent and Community Engagement and includes: (1) Principles of Family Leadership in Education--Putting Principles into Action…

  8. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Family Leadership in Education and includes (1) IDRA Education CAFE--A Structure for Families Transforming Schools in their…

  9. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on the Promise of Public Schooling and includes: (1) America Does Not Have to Stay Stuck at Losing One in Four High Schoolers (María…

  10. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Early Learning and includes: (1) Three Signs that Your Pre-K Might Need a Make Over (Felix Montes); (2) Bilingual Early Childhood…

  11. Intensive English Programs Newsletter, 1994-1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mcdonald, Andrew, Ed.; Mcdonald, Gina, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This document consists of the six issues of this newsletter published during the two-year period summer 1994 to summer 1996. Intended for teachers of intensive English-as-a-Second-Language programs (IEPs), the issue contains the following articles: "The Inviolable Core of Intensive English Programs" (Fredricka L. Stoller); "Report from Baltimore:…

  12. June 2017 Atmospheric Science Forum Newsletter

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2017-07-05

    June 2017 Atmospheric Science Forum Newsletter Friday, June 30, 2017 ... DISCOVER-AQ campaign available on Toolsets for Airborne Data (TAD), release of the CERES EBAF TOA and SURFACE Edition 4.0 data products, and the MOPITT V7 product upgrade. Access the full article at: ...

  13. Interfaces. Linguistics and Psychoanalysis Newsletter, No. 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Di Pietro, Robert, Ed.

    This newsletter reports on phenomena at the intersection of linguistics and psychoanalysis and psychiatry. This issue consists of the following articles: (1) an editorial entitled "Idioms, How We Love/Have You!", on the possible reasons behind the use of idioms; (2) "The Last Renaissance (Language in a Drug Rehabilitation Community)," by Harold…

  14. Long-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Newsletter

    Science.gov Websites

    following 2018 newsletters are available: April 2018 March 2018 February 2018 January 2018 The following e-mail message from your old e-mail address to listserv@fnal.gov with the following message body

  15. Operations and Maintenance March Newsletter | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    There are many safety rules and regulations designed to keep us safe as we carry out our individual tasks at NCI, but this issue of the O&M Newsletter is all about evacuation. Specifically, it highlights the importance of the systems and components that ensure the safe evacuation of all building occupants in emergency situations.

  16. THE GREAT RIVERS NEWSLETTER JUNE 2006

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Great Rivers EMAP (GRE) Newsletter is a monthly or bi-monthly publication of EPA's Mid-Continent Ecology Division in Duluth, MN. It is devoted to sharing information about the EMAP-GRE project among scientific investigators; water quality and natural resource managers from f...

  17. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 37, No. 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Curriculum Quality and includes: (1) Suggestions for Conducting Effective Teaching Demonstrations in Classrooms with Diverse Learners…

  18. Media Anthropologist Newsletter. Volume 1, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, C. A., Ed.

    The aim of media anthropologists is to provide the general public with entertaining, relevant anthropological background information through the public media. This quarterly newsletter disseminates information, promotes awareness of present physical and social issues, and offers a means of intercommunication on the topic of Media Anthropology.…

  19. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 7

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Teaching Quality and includes: (1) Three Critical Areas of Professional Development for Teaching in 21st Century Classrooms (Paula…

  20. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Valuing & Asset-Based Solutions and includes: (1) Ensuring Equity and Nondiscrimination in Student Discipline Policy and Practice…

  1. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Student Voice and includes: (1) Youths in Action--Intergenerational Leadership (Aurelio M. Montemayor); (2) The Role of Conversation…

  2. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 9

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Push Outs -- Children of Color and includes: (1) Partnerships, Not Push Outs--Collaboration is Critical to Dealing with Disparities…

  3. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Language and includes: (1) Three Teaching Strategies for Scaffolding Instruction for English Learners in the Content Classroom (Paula…

  4. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Culture of Poverty Myths and includes: (1) Tying the Knot Between School Finance Policy and Serving All Students (David G. Hinojosa);…

  5. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 7

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Teaching Quality and includes: (1) Fostering Culturally Diverse Learning Environments (Paula Johnson); (2) Unlocking Instruction…

  6. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 9

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Push Outs--Children of Color and includes: (1) Texas Public School Attrition Study, 2015-16: High School Attrition Inches Up to 25…

  7. Developing A Positive School Climate. Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Decades of research support the role of a positive school climate on teaching and learning. This newsletter takes a look at the topic of school climate and sets out to determine: (1) What is school climate? (2) How can schools assess their school climate? (3) What are some practical examples of how schools are assessing school climate? and (4)…

  8. Child Rights Information Network Newsletter, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purbrick, Becky, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    These three newsletter issues communicate activities of the Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) and report on information resources and worldwide activities concerning children and child rights. The January 1997 issue profiles CRIN members in Costa Rica, Tanzania, Germany, and Switzerland; and provides updates on the activities of projects…

  9. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on School Integration and includes: (1) Using Socioeconomic Indicators as a Tool for School Diversity and Integration (David Hinojosa…

  10. Team Nutrition e-Newsletter, October 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Agriculture, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Team Nutrition (TN) e-Newsletter is published periodically to share TN resources developed by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and/or by State agencies, and to share ideas for promoting healthy eating and physical activity through Team Nutrition at the State and local levels. This issue includes: (1) Materials Developed by…

  11. Team Nutrition e-Newsletter, February 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Agriculture, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Team Nutrition (TN) e-Newsletter is published periodically to share TN resources developed by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and/or by State agencies, and to share ideas for promoting healthy eating and physical activity through Team Nutrition at the State and local levels. This February 2009 issue includes: (1) State Developed…

  12. Development of a Psychology Department Diversity Newsletter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Pamela Reed; Rey, Amy M.

    1999-01-01

    Describes a newsletter written by and disseminated directly to psychology students at James Madison University that focuses on multicultural issues, such as student research on diverse topics, political updates regarding minority issues, and summaries of multicultural activities in psychology classes. Explains that student reactions to the various…

  13. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 35, No. 7

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Teaching Quality and includes: (1) The "Fourth-Grade Slump" and Math Achievement: Addressing the Challenge with Student Engagement…

  14. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 37, No.5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Fair Funding and includes: (1) Fair Funding of Texas Schools is Even More Critical in Tough Economic Times (Albert Cortez); (2)…

  15. Freedom of Speech Newsletter, May 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Winfred G., Jr., Ed.

    This issue of the "Freedom of Speech Newsletter" contains three articles. "Big Brother, 1976--Judges and the Gag Order" by Miles Clark examines constitutional censorship of the media and government secrecy. "Democratic Rights: A Socialist View" by Kipp Dawson argues that "the rulers of the United States have never granted the American people any…

  16. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on college bound students and includes: (1) Since When are Good Grades and Diversity a Bad Thing? Recommendations and the Texas Top Ten…

  17. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on College Preparedness and includes: (1) Ready Texas: Gathering Stakeholder Input to Guide Research on New Texas High School Graduation…

  18. Thermal Conductivity and Water Vapor Stability of Ceramic HfO2-Based Coating Materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhu, Dong-Ming; Fox, Dennis S.; Bansal, Narottam P.; Miller, Robert A.

    2004-01-01

    HfO2-Y2O3 and La2Zr2O7 are candidate thermal/environmental barrier coating materials for gas turbine ceramic matrix composite (CMC) combustor liner applications because of their relatively low thermal conductivity and high temperature capability. In this paper, thermal conductivity and high temperature phase stability of plasma-sprayed coatings and/or hot-pressed HfO2-5mol%Y2O3, HfO2-15mol%Y2O3 and La2Zr2O7 were evaluated at temperatures up to 1700 C using a steady-state laser heat-flux technique. Sintering behavior of the plasma-sprayed coatings was determined by monitoring the thermal conductivity increases during a 20-hour test period at various temperatures. Durability and failure mechanisms of the HfO2-Y2O3 and La2Zr2O7 coatings on mullite/SiC Hexoloy or CMC substrates were investigated at 1650 C under thermal gradient cyclic conditions. Coating design and testing issues for the 1650 C thermal/environmental barrier coating applications will also be discussed.

  19. Evolution of magnetic properties and microstructure of Hf2Co11B alloys

    DOE PAGES

    McGuire, Michael A.; Rios, Orlando

    2015-02-05

    Amorphous Hf 2Co 11B alloys produced by melt-spinning have been crystallized by annealing at 500-800 °C, and the products have been investigated using magnetization measurements, x-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. The results reveal the evolution of the phase fractions, microstructure, and magnetic properties with both annealing temperature and time. Crystallization of the phase denoted HfCo 7, which is associated with the development of coercivity, occurs slowly at 500 °C. Annealing at intermediate temperatures produces mixed phase samples containing some of the HfCo 7 phase with the highest values of remanent magnetization and coercivity. The equilibrium structure at 800 °Cmore » contains HfCo3B 2, Hf 6Co 23 and Co, and displays soft ferromagnetism. Maximum values for the remanent magnetization, intrinsic coercivity, and magnetic energy product among the samples are approximately 5.2 kG, 2.0 kOe, and 3.1 MGOe, respectively, which indicates that the significantly higher values observed in crystalline, melt-spun Hf 2Co 11B ribbons are a consequence of the non-equilibrium solidification during the melt-spinning process. Application of high magnetic fields during annealing is observed to strongly affect the microstructural evolution, which may provide access to higher performance materials in Zr/Hf-Co hard ferromagnets. The crystal structure of HfCo 7 and the related Zr analogues is unknown, and without knowledge of atomic positions powder diffraction cannot distinguish among proposed unit cells and symmetries found in the literature.« less

  20. Lu-Hf isotope systematics of fossil biogenic apatite and their effects on geochronology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herwartz, Daniel; Münker, Carsten; Tütken, Thomas; Hoffmann, J. Elis; Wittke, Andreas; Barbier, Bruno

    2013-01-01

    Reliable methods for direct dating of biogenic apatite from pre-Pleistocene fossils are currently not available, and recent attempts using the Lu-Hf decay system yielded highly inaccurate ages for both bones and teeth. The geological processes accounting for this poor accuracy of Lu-Hf chronometry are not yet understood. Here we explore Lu-Hf systematics in fossil bones and teeth in detail, by applying five different sample digestion techniques that are tested on bones and composites of bone and sediment. Our current dataset implies that dissolution methods only slightly affect the resulting Lu-Hf ages, while clear differences between the individual digestion techniques became apparent for element concentrations. By analysing the insoluble leftovers from incomplete sample dissolution, four main reservoirs of Hf in fossil bones were identified: (1) a radiogenic end-member associated with apatite; (2) an unradiogenic end-member represented by the authigenic minerals or the embedding sediment; (3) a highly unradiogenic end-member that can be attributed to detrital zircon; and (4) a moderately soluble phase (probably a Zr(Hf)-phosphate) that yielded very low Lu/Hf but a highly radiogenic Hf isotope composition at the same time. This Zr(Hf)-phase must have been precipitated within the fossil bone sample at a late stage of burial history, thereby incorporating radiogenic 176Hf released from apatite surfaces over geological timescales. A second focus of our study is the effect of different sediment matrices and of crystal size on the preservation of pristine Lu-Hf isotope compositions in bioapatite. Because near-depositional Lu-Hf ages of phosphate fossils have previously been reported for the London Clay (England) and a calcareous marl from Tendaguru (Tanzania), we herein investigate specimens fossilised in carbonate matrices (calcareous marl from Oker, Germany; carbonate concretions from the Santana Formation, Brazil; carbonate from the Eifel, Germany) and argillaceous

  1. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter, Volume 29, Number 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Satterwhite, Cecilia (Editor); Righter, Kevin (Editor)

    2006-01-01

    This newsletter contains classifications for 597 new meteorites from the 2003 and 2004 ANtarctic Search for METeorites (ANSMET) seasons. They include samples from the Cumulus Hills, Dominion Range, Grosvenor Mountains, LaPaz Icefield, MacAlpine Hills, and the Miller Range. Macroscopic and petrographic descriptions are given for 25 of the new meteorites: 1 acapulcoite/Iodranite, 1 howardite, 1 diogenite, 2 eucrites, 1 enstatite chondrite, four L3 and two H3 chondrites, 2 CM, 3 CK and 1 CV chondrites, three R chondrites, and four impact melt breccias (with affinities for H and L). Likely the most interesting sample announced in this newsletter is LAP04840, with affinity to R chondrites. This meteorite contains approximately 15% horneblende, and has mineral compositional ranges and oxygen isotopic values similar to those of R chondrites. The presence of an apparently hydrous phase in this petrologic grade 6 chondrite is very unusual, and should be of great interest to many meteoriticists.

  2. Science Information Systems Newsletter, issue 28

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of the Information Systems Newsletter is to inform the space science and applications research community about information systems development and to promote coordination and collaboration by providing a forum for communication. This quarterly publication focuses on programs sponsored by the Information Systems Branch in support of NASA's Office of Space Science. Articles of interest for other programs and agencies are presented as well. The April 1993 issue is presented.

  3. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter, volume 8, number 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    Preliminary descriptions and classifications of meteorites examined since the July 1984 newsletter are presented. Each macroscopic description summarizes features that were visible to the eye (with, at most, 50X magnification). Each thin section description represents features that were found in a survey-level examination of a polished thin section that was prepared from a small (usually extrior) chip of the meteorite. Classification is based on microscopic petrography and reconnaissance-level electron-probe microanalyses.

  4. National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 3

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    1975-01-01

    Bill Overstreet, this year's president of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, wrote us a brief note of guidance after the first issue of the NCIC Newsletter. In it, he cautioned us, among other things, not to get tied down to a strict publishing schedule. "Publish as information becomes available," he advised. Since we had originally planned to print a Newsletter every March, June, September, and December but have actually gone to press in March, September, and now November, we have decided that he has something there. Accordingly we have shifted to a less confining printing schedule of winter, spring, summer, and fall. A little leeway, so to speak, is being built in. An encouraging number of Federal and State agencies, private companies, and individuals have started contributing to the Newsletter. We no longer feel like a soliciting voice in the wilderness. Keep sending in news; any and all cartographically related information will be welcomed for possible publication. If your news did not appear in this issue, rest assured it's in the file for future consideration. Incidentally, by-lines will be appearing on contributions. With this issue we're starting a section that will profile a different cartographic organization each season. The Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress, its historical background, collections, resources, and services is the first such profile.

  5. National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 4

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    1976-01-01

    Last week, the editor of this publication was told to start signing the introduction. Something to do with credit given for work done. We look at it in the unfortunate light of accountability; our days under the bushel of anonymity are over. Speaking of accountability, it's about time we gave some recognition to the Newsletter's unknowing progenitor, John Wright, of the British Directorate of Overseas Surveys. Editorially and stylistically, the NCIC Newsletter owes him a large debt. Last month we received a suggestion from a reader that the Newsletter begin consistently listing prices for new products. In the publishing business, however, there is an infallible law of inflation prices increase as soon as they appear in print. We do try to quote exact prices where possible, and as our reader suggested, ballpark figures when we have to. In nearly all cases, additional information is available either by contacting the addresses listed in the article or indexed in the back or by calling NCIC's User Services Section. Numerous bits and pieces of information make up the bulk of this issue. Among them are the possibility of the Geological Survey issuing readable indexes to available topographic maps, the development of an NCIC classification system for U.S. cartographic data, and information on the publication of prototype topographic-bathymetric maps. Lastly, here is our quarterly solicitation for suggestions, comments, criticism, notes, and information for publication. Call it your bicentennial contribution to participatory democracy.

  6. Hf-Nd isotope decoupling in the oceanic lithosphere: constraints from spinel peridotites from Oahu, Hawaii

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bizimis, Michael; Sen, Gautam; Salters, Vincent J. M.

    2004-01-01

    We present a detailed geochemical investigation on the Hf, Nd and Sr isotope compositions and trace and major element contents of clinopyroxene mineral separates from spinel lherzolite xenoliths from the island of Oahu, Hawaii. These peridotites are believed to represent the depleted oceanic lithosphere beneath Oahu, which is a residue of a MORB-related melting event some 80-100 Ma ago at a mid-ocean ridge. Clinopyroxenes from peridotites from the Salt Lake Crater (SLC) show a large range of Hf isotopic compositions, from ɛHf=12.2 (similar to the Honolulu volcanics series) to extremely radiogenic, ɛHf=65, at nearly constant 143Nd/ 144Nd ratios ( ɛNd=7-8). None of these samples show any isotopic evidence for interaction with Koolau-type melts. A single xenolith from the Pali vent is the only sample with Hf and Nd isotopic compositions that falls within the MORB field. The Hf isotopes correlate positively with the degree of depletion in the clinopyroxene (e.g. increasing Mg#, Cr#, decreasing Ti and heavy REE contents), but also with increasing Zr and Hf depletions relative to the adjacent REE in a compatibility diagram. The Lu/Hf isotope systematics of the SLC clinopyroxenes define apparent ages of 500 Ma or older and these compositions cannot be explained by mixing between any type of Hawaiian melts and the depleted Pacific lithosphere. Metasomatism of an ancient (e.g. 1 Ga or older) depleted peridotite protolith can, in principle, explain these apparent ages and the Nd-Hf isotope decoupling, but requires that the most depleted samples were subject to the least amount of metasomatism. Alternatively, the combined isotope, trace and major element compositions of these clinopyroxenes are best described by metasomatism of the 80-100 Ma depleted oceanic lithosphere by melts products of extensive mantle-melt interaction between Honolulu Volcanics-type melts and the depleted lithosphere.

  7. Program on Public Conceptions of Science, Newsletter 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanpied, William A., Ed.; Holton, Gerald, Ed.

    This newsletter is divided into six sections: an introduction; general news items and communications; news items and communications in ethical and human values areas; supplement to Newsletter 8, Section II; an essay; and a bibliography classifying material as to subject emphasis in the area of human values and ethics. The essay is entitled "A…

  8. Society for Research in Child Development Newsletter, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Pamela Trotman, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This document consists of the four 2000 issues of a newsletter disseminating information on the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) and providing a forum for important news, research, and information concerning advancements in child growth and development research. Each issue of the newsletter provides announcements and notices of…

  9. Visions: The Newsletter of the National Preschool Coordination Project, 1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Visions, 1991

    1991-01-01

    This document consists of all five issues of the first volume of a newsletter designed to provide information and resources to help preschool educators more effectively serve migrant children and their parents. The newsletter also provides migrant children and their parents with learning suggestions and activities. Each issue contains information…

  10. Society for Research in Child Development Newsletter, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Pamela Trotman, Ed.; Tucker, Thelma, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This document consists of the four 2002 issues of a newsletter disseminating information on the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) and providing a forum for important news, research, and information concerning advancement in child growth and development research. Each issue of the newsletter includes announcements and notices of…

  11. Tips and Tools for Creating eNewsletters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Tim

    2006-01-01

    An electronic newsletter, or "eNewsletter" for short, is a cost-effective informational publication typically distributed weekly or monthly using e-mail. If properly implemented, it can become an effective customer service tool, providing an opportunity to share information with children, parents, and families. It can also serve as a powerful…

  12. 26 CFR 1.527-7 - Newsletter funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Newsletter funds. 1.527-7 Section 1.527-7 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Farmers' Cooperatives § 1.527-7 Newsletter funds. (a) In general. For purposes...

  13. Council of Europe News-Letter 3/72.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.

    The first part of the newsletter is devoted to three excerpts on higher education. Several solutions are suggested for reformation of education at the university level, including one of implementing a policy of allowing an interval period between leaving school and entering the university. The second part of the newsletter describes steps…

  14. Publishing a Newsletter for Education Associations. PR Bookshelf No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC.

    This handbook for how to publish a newsletter for educational associations is divided into ten short sections. The sections discuss such topics as analyzing the audience, the makeup of the editorial board, what should go into a newsletter, ways to get the news, aids for the editor, writing simply and clearly, planning layout, printing, following…

  15. Reaching Out to Families with Student-Created Newsletters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nail, Melissa H.

    2007-01-01

    By using a simple teacher-made template, students as young as first grade can collaboratively write and publish their own student-created newsletters. Teachers enjoy the time and energy they save with this integrated learning strategy, and the experience that students gain in publishing their own class newsletter seems to strengthen learning…

  16. SODIUM DITHIONITE INJECTIONS USED FOR CHROMIUM REDUCTION: NEWSLETTER

    EPA Science Inventory

    NEWSLETTER NRMRL-ADA- 02116 Paul*, C.J. "Sodium Dithionite Injections Used for Chromium Reduction." In: Groundwater Currents Newsletter 2002. A field-scale pilot study was conducted in 1999 at the U.S. Coast Guard Support Center in El...

  17. Subscribe to the Energy Systems Integration Newsletter | Energy Systems

    Science.gov Websites

    Integration Facility | NREL Subscribe to the Energy Systems Integration Newsletter Subscribe to the Energy Systems Integration Newsletter Subscribe to receive regular updates on what's happening at the Energy Systems Integration Facility and in energy systems integration research at NREL and around

  18. 26 CFR 1.527-7 - Newsletter funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Newsletter funds. 1.527-7 Section 1.527-7...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Farmers' Cooperatives § 1.527-7 Newsletter funds. (a) In general. For purposes of this section, a fund established and maintained by an individual who holds, has been elected to...

  19. Characterization of Ceramic Plasma-Sprayed Coatings, and Interaction Studies Between U-Zr Fuel and Ceramic Coated Interface at an Elevated Temperature

    SciTech Connect

    Ki Hwan Kim; Chong Tak Lee; R. S. Fielding

    2011-08-01

    Candidate coating materials for re-usable metallic nuclear fuel crucibles, HfN, TiC, ZrC, and Y2O3, were plasma-sprayed onto niobium substrates. The coating microstructure and the thermal cycling behavior were characterized, and U-Zr melt interaction studies carried out. The Y2O3 coating layer had a uniform thickness and was well consolidated with a few small pores scattered throughout. While the HfN coating was not well consolidated with a considerable amount of porosity, but showed somewhat uniform thickness. Thermal cycling tests on the HfN, TiC, ZrC, and Y2O3 coatings showed good cycling characteristics with no interconnected cracks forming even after 20 cycles. Interaction studiesmore » done on the coated samples by dipping into a U-20wt.%Zr melt indicated that HfN and Y2O3 did not form significant reaction layers between the melt and the coating while the TiC and the ZrC coatings were significantly degraded. Y2O3 exhibited the most promising performance among HfN, TiC, ZrC, and Y2O3 coatings.« less

  20. NACC Newsletter. Wonder: Newsletter of the Nature Action Collaborative for Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wijffels, Bowine; Veekamp, Marc; Popat, Swati

    2010-01-01

    This newsletter contains two articles: (1) "Experiencing Nature: An Opportunity for Pedagogic Quality" by Bowine Wijffels and Marc Veekamp; and (2) "There's Nature in Our Nature!" by Swati Popat. In the first article, the authors describe their experiences as project partners, discuss the design of nature experiencing for…

  1. Epitaxial growth of HfS2 on sapphire by chemical vapor deposition and application for photodetectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Denggui; Zhang, Xingwang; Liu, Heng; Meng, Junhua; Xia, Jing; Yin, Zhigang; Wang, Ye; You, Jingbi; Meng, Xiang-Min

    2017-09-01

    Group IVB transition metal (Zr and Hf) dichalcogenides (TMDs) have been attracting intensive attention as promising candidates in the modern electronic and/or optoelectronic fields. However, the controllable growth of HfS2 monolayers or few layers still remains a great challenge, thus hindering their further applications so far. Here, for the first time we demonstrate the epitaxial growth of high-quality HfS2 with a controlled number of layers on c-plane sapphire substrates by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The HfS2 layers exhibit an atomically sharp interface with the sapphire substrate, followed by flat, 2D layers with octahedral coordination. The epitaxial relationship between HfS2 and substrate was determined by x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy measurements to be: HfS2 (0 0 0 1) [10-10]||sapphire (0 0 0 1)[1-100]. Moreover, a high-performance photodetector with a high on/off ratio of more than 103 and an ultrafast response rate of 130 µs for the rise and 155 µs for the decay times were fabricated based on the CVD-grown HfS2 layers on sapphire substrates. This simple and controllable approach opens up a new way to produce highly crystalline HfS2 atomic layers, which are promising materials for nanoelectronics.

  2. ITER EDA Newsletter. Volume 3, no. 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1994-02-01

    This issue of the ITER EDA (Engineering Design Activities) Newsletter contains reports on the Fifth ITER Council Meeting held in Garching, Germany, January 27-28, 1994, a visit (January 28, 1994) of an international group of Harvard Fellows to the San Diego Joint Work Site, the Inauguration Ceremony of the EC-hosted ITER joint work site in Garching (January 28, 1994), on an ITER Technical Meeting on Assembly and Maintenance held in Garching, Germany, January 19-26, 1994, and a report on a Technical Committee Meeting on radiation effects on in-vessel components held in Garching, Germany, November 15-19, 1993, as well as an ITER Status Report.

  3. Zr diffusion in titanite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cherniak, D. J.

    2006-11-01

    Chemical diffusion of Zr under anhydrous, pO2-buffered conditions has been measured in natural titanite. The source of diffusant was either zircon powder or a ZrO2-Al2O3-titanite mixture. Experiments were run in sealed silica glass capsules with solid buffers (to buffer at NNO or QFM). Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS) was used to measure diffusion profiles. The following Arrhenius parameters were obtained for Zr diffusion parallel to c over the temperature range 753-1,100°C under NNO-buffered conditions: D Zr = 5.33 × 10-7 exp(-325 ± 30 kJ mol-1/RT) m2 s-1 Diffusivities are similar for experiments buffered at QFM. These data suggest that titanite should be moderately retentive of Zr chemical signatures, with diffusivities slower than those for O and Pb in titanite, but faster than those for Sr and the REE. When applied in evaluation of the relative robustness of the recently developed Zr-in-titanite geothermometer (Hayden and Watson, Abstract, 16th V.M. Goldschmidt Conference 2006), these findings suggest that Zr concentrations in titanite will be less likely to be affected by later thermal disturbance than the geothermometer based on Zr concentrations in rutile (Zack et al. in Contrib Mineral Petrol 148:471-488, 2004; Watson et al. in Contrib Mineral. Petrol, 2006), but much less resistant to diffusional alteration subsequent to crystallization than the Ti-in-Zircon geothermometer (Watson and Harrison in Science 308:841-844, 2005).

  4. National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 2

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    1975-01-01

    The publication of this issue has been delayed due to the siren call of annual leave and the general inertia produced by the langorous, if pollution-ridden stillness of deep summer in Northern Virginia. We are introducing a new, more artistic cover design with this issue, courtesy of the Geological Survey's Visual Services group. The Newsletter's inner format is remaining exactly as it was - relentlessly simple, a decision occasioned by budget limitations as well as a personal preference not to spend more of the taxpayer's money than is strictly necessary. Again, we are actively soliciting material from our readers. NCIC was created as a national center for the collection and dissemination of cartographic information. Our Newsletter's only justification for existence is to aid in NCIC's development by keeping the cartographic community of collectors, compilers, users, etc., informed not only of NCIC's activities but theirs as well. To become a successful medium of information exchange we need to hear from you in terms of whatever special interests, programs, products, or cartographic information in general you would like publicized. We are interested in receiving your news for possible publication whether it's postcard size or in manuscript form. (If it's in manuscript form, however, it had better be either extremely relevant or incomparably good.)

  5. The Lifetime Surveillance of Astronaut Health Newsletter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Lesley

    2011-01-01

    The June 2010 LSAH newsletter introduced the change from the Longitudinal Study of Astronaut Health research study to the new Lifetime Surveillance of Astronaut Health program (An Overview of the New Occupational Surveillance Program for the Astronaut Corps). Instead of performing research-focused retrospective analyses of astronaut medical data compared to a JSC civil servant control population, the new program is focused on prevention of disease and prospective identification and mitigation of health risks in each astronaut due to individual exposure history and the unique occupational exposures experienced by the astronaut corps. The new LSAH program has 5 primary goals: (1) Provide a comprehensive medical exam for each LSAH participant; (2) Conduct occupational surveillance; (3) Improve communication, data accessibility, integrity and storage; (4) Support operational and healthcare analyses; and (5) Support NASA research objectives. This article will focus primarily on the first goal, the comprehensive medical exam. Future newsletters will outline in detail the plans and processes for addressing the remaining program goals.

  6. Evaluation of a public health newsletter intended for travel agents.

    PubMed

    Provost, Sylvie

    2003-01-01

    Travel agents are in a key position to encourage travelers to seek consultation in travel clinics. Since the beginning of the year 2000, a newsletter specifically designed to sensitize travel agents to travel health has been published by the public health authorities and distributed to all travel agencies in Quebec. This study was undertaken to evaluate the utilization and appreciation of the newsletter by travel agents and its impact on preventive practices. During the autumn of 2001, a cross-sectional descriptive survey was carried out among travel agencies in Quebec. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire sent by fax with a postal follow-up. A total of 252 of the 950 travel agencies contacted (27%) answered our questionnaire. In all, 78% of respondents said their agency receives the newsletter. Among these agencies, the majority of respondents considered that the subjects discussed in the newsletter are interesting (often or in general: 96%), that the subjects and preventive recommendations for travel destinations are useful in the travel agent's practice (often or in general: 89%), and generally presented in an adequate way (96%). According to the respondents, the newsletter encouraged them, often or very often, to inform travelers about travel-related health problems (70%) or to recommend a consultation in a travel clinic (63%). The impact of the newsletter on the recommendation to consult was greater among agents having more than 10 years' experience (odds ratio [OR] 3.2). When asked about the best way to send them the newsletter, only 31% identified bulk mailing, which was the current mode of distribution. Satisfaction rate with the newsletter appears to be high among respondents who receive it. However, the low response rate to the survey may indicate that as a whole, the travel agents' interest in the newsletter is mitigated. Despite the limitations of this study, the results will allow us to modify some aspects of the publication

  7. The intrinsic disorder related alloy scattering in ZrNiSn half-Heusler thermoelectric materials

    PubMed Central

    Xie, Hanhui; Wang, Heng; Fu, Chenguang; Liu, Yintu; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Zhao, Xinbing; Zhu, Tiejun

    2014-01-01

    The intrinsic structural disorder dramatically affects the thermal and electronic transport in semiconductors. Although normally considered an ordered compound, the half-Heusler ZrNiSn displays many transport characteristics of a disordered alloy. Similar to the (Zr,Hf)NiSn based solid solutions, the unsubstituted ZrNiSn compound also exhibits charge transport dominated by alloy scattering, as demonstrated in this work. The unexpected charge transport, even in ZrNiSn which is normally considered fully ordered, can be explained by the Ni partially filling interstitial sites in this half-Heusler system. The influence of the disordering and defects in crystal structure on the electron transport process has also been quantitatively analyzed in ZrNiSn1-xSbx with carrier concentration nH ranging from 5.0×1019 to 2.3×1021 cm−3 by changing Sb dopant content. The optimized carrier concentration nH ≈ 3–4×1020 cm−2 results in ZT ≈ 0.8 at 875K. This work suggests that MNiSn (M = Hf, Zr, Ti) and perhaps most other half-Heusler thermoelectric materials should be considered highly disordered especially when trying to understand the electronic and phonon structure and transport features. PMID:25363573

  8. Developing and sustaining a web-based library newsletter.

    PubMed

    Frisby, Anthony J; Kipnis, Daniel G; Mikita, Elizabeth G

    2006-01-01

    The JEFFLINE Forum, Scott Library's attempt to revive the traditional library newsletter by employing the technical advantages and increasing presence of the Web, debuted in October 1999. The fifth anniversary of the Forum was a good time to look back at its evolution and to examine some of the challenges inherent in developing and sustaining a library newsletter. By identifying the most successful strategies, and reflecting on the lessons learned along way, the authors hope to continue the evolution of the Forum and help to ensure the viability of the library newsletter.

  9. Structural and dielectric properties of thin ZrO2 films on silicon grown by atomic layer deposition from cyclopentadienyl precursor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niinistö, J.; Putkonen, M.; Niinistö, L.; Kukli, K.; Ritala, M.; Leskelä, M.

    2004-01-01

    ZrO2 thin films with thicknesses below 20 nm were deposited by the atomic layer deposition process on Si(100) substrates at 350 °C. An organometallic precursor, Cp2Zr(CH3)2 (Cp=cyclopentadienyl, C5H5) was used as the zirconium source and water or ozone as oxygen source. The influence of oxygen source and substrate pretreatment on the dielectric properties of ZrO2 films was investigated. Structural characterization with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy was performed to films grown onto HF-etched or native oxide covered silicon. Strong inhibition of ZrO2 film growth was observed with the water process on HF-etched Si. Ozone process on HF-etched Si resulted in interfacial SiO2 formation between the dense and uniform film and the substrate while water process produced interfacial layer with intermixing of SiO2 and ZrO2. The effective permittivity of ZrO2 in Al/ZrO2/Si/Al capacitor structures was dependent on the ZrO2 layer thickness and oxygen source used. The interfacial layer formation increased the capacitance equivalent oxide thickness (CET). CET of 2.0 nm was achieved with 5.9 nm ZrO2 film deposited with the H2O process on HF-stripped Si. The ozone-processed films showed good dielectric properties such as low hysteresis and nearly ideal flatband voltage. The leakage current density was lower and breakdown field higher for the ozone-processed ZrO2 films.

  10. Stabilization of cubic Li7La3Hf2O12 by Al-doping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baklanova, Yana V.; Tyutyunnik, Alexander P.; Tarakina, Nadezda V.; Fortes, A. Dominic; Maksimova, Lidiya G.; Korona, Daniil V.; Denisova, Tatyana A.

    2018-07-01

    In this paper we report on the stabilization of cubic Li7La3Hf2O12 by Al3+ doping and present a detailed crystal structure study and lithium ion conductivity measurements of the obtained compound. Polycrystalline Al-doped Li7La3Hf2O12 was prepared by a modified solid state method. The compound consists of micrometer size grains encapsulated by a glassy phase, which helps preventing the volatilization of lithium during annealing. Al-doped Li7La3Hf2O12 crystallizes in the garnet-related structure with a cubic unit cell (sp. gr. Ia 3 bar d (230)). A structural refinement using X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data showed that the Al3+ ions occupy only tetrahedral Li+ sites in the structure. The presence of overextended leading edges of the peaks on the XRD and NPD data is described by the introduction of an additional phase with rhombohedral distortion that occurs through a stretching of the cubic phase along the body diagonal. The activation energy as well as the total conductivity at room temperature are close to values obtained for un-doped cubic Li7La3Zr2O12 and Li7La3Hf2O12 garnets, which make Al-doped Li7La3Hf2O12 a potential candidate for the application as solid electrolyte in solid-state rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.

  11. Responses of older adults to theory-based nutrition newsletters.

    PubMed

    Taylor-Davis, S; Smiciklas-Wright, H; Warland, R; Achterberg, C; Jensen, G L; Sayer, A; Shannon, B

    2000-06-01

    To evaluate the effect of a theory-based newsletter on knowledge, attitude, and behavior change in older adults. Pretest-posttest, random assignment, and treatment-control design with 2 treatment groups: 1 that received newsletters only and 1 that received newsletters with follow-up telephone interviews. Control group completed pretest-posttest surveys only. Four hundred eighty men and women, aged 60 to 74 years, were recruited to participate in a home-based educational intervention using a patient list generated from a rural tertiary care hospital database, Geisinger Medical Center in Danville, Pa. Five nutrition newsletters designed using the nutrition communication model and adult learning theory principles were mailed biweekly. Telephone interviews followed each of the 5 newsletters 10 to 14 days after distribution. Nutrition knowledge and interest, food behavior related to dietary fat, and stages of change for dietary fat and fiber. Analysis of covariance was used to determine group differences in posttest outcome measures using pretest as covariate. In addition to achieving higher scores than the control group, the treatment groups were significantly different from each other in correct and perceived nutrition knowledge at posttest. Those in the treatment group receiving telephone calls scored higher (mean change = 19.0% for correct and 20.3% for perceived) than those who received the newsletters only (mean change = 12.5% for correct and 14.3% for perceived; P < .05). Treatment groups also rated their interest in nutrition higher than the control group did; there was no between-treatment difference. Treatment groups performed significantly better than the control group for dietary fiber stage of change (P < .05). Those receiving only newsletters scored significantly better than the control for the "avoid fat" food behavior (P < .05). This study provides an example of the incorporation of a theoretical model in development and evaluation of newsletters. Home

  12. National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 1

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    1975-01-01

    This is the first of what we hope will become a continuing series of quarterly NCIC newsletters. You, the reader, are encouraged to make comments, offer praise or criticism as the occasion warrants, send in suggestions, and contribute information or articles. In this issue, we plan to present information on NCIC's operating concepts, systems, and data base and several data acquisition notes. We also have a few words on our future plans along with a brief article on our current microfilming program and a general organizational chart designed to introduce our key personnel. We realize that with such a large amount of basically introductory material our first issue is going to be a bit on the heavy side. Bear with us now and we promise a more traditional format with a lighter editorial touch in the future.

  13. Plasma Physics Network Newsletter, no. 5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1992-08-01

    The fifth Plasma Physics Network Newsletter (IAEA, Vienna, Aug. 1992) includes the following topics: (1) the availability of a list of the members of the Third World Plasma Research Network (TWPRN); (2) the announcement of the fourteenth IAEA International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research to be held in Wuerzburg, Germany, from 30 Sep. to 7 Oct. 1992; (3) the announcement of a Technical Committee Meeting on research using small tokamaks, organized by the IAEA as a satellite meeting to the aforementioned fusion conference; (4) IAEA Fellowships and Scientific Visits for the use of workers in developing member states, and for which plasma researchers are encouraged to apply through Dr. D. Banner, Head, Physics Section, IAEA, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria; (5) the initiation in 1993 of a new Coordinated Research Programme (CRP) on 'Development of Software for Numerical Simulation and Data Processing in Fusion Energy Research', as well as a proposed CRP on 'Fusion Research in Developing Countries using Middle- and Small-Scale Plasma Devices'; (6) support from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) for meetings held in Third World countries; (7) a report by W. Usada on Fusion Research in Indonesia; (8) News on ITER; (9) the Technical Committee Meeting planned 8-12 Sep. 1992, Canada, on Tokamak Plasma Biasing; (10) software made available for the study of tokamak transport; (11) the electronic mail address of the TWPRN; (12) the FAX, e-mail, and postal address for contributions to this plasma physics network newsletter.

  14. The rotational excitation of HF by H

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desrousseaux, Benjamin; Lique, François

    2018-06-01

    The HF molecule is a key tracer of molecular hydrogen in diffuse interstellar medium (ISM). Accurate modelling of the HF abundance in such media requires one to model its excitation by both radiation and collisions. In diffuse ISM, the dominant collisional partners are atomic and molecular hydrogen. We report quantum time-independent calculations of collisional cross-sections and rate coefficients for the rotational excitation of HF by H. The reactive hydrogen exchange channels are taken into account in the scattering calculations. For the first time, HF-H rate coefficients are provided for temperature ranging from 10 to 500 K. The strongest collision-induced rotational HF transitions are those with Δj = 1, and the order of magnitude of the new HF-H rate coefficients is similar to that of the HF-H2 ones previously computed. As a first application, we simulate the excitation of HF by both H and H2 in typical diffuse ISM. We show that, depending on the rotational transition, hydrogen atoms increase or decrease the simulated excitation temperatures compared to collisional excitation only due to H2 molecules. Such results suggest that the new HF-H collisional data have to be used for properly modelling the abundance of HF in diffuse ISM.

  15. Taguchi Analysis on the Effect of Process Parameters on Densification During Spark Plasma Sintering of HfB2-20SiC (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    30 kN pressure and heating rate of 100 K/min. Introduction Boride , carbides and nitrides of the group IVB and VB transition metals are considered...10. Sciti D., Silvestroni L., Nygren M. Spark plasma sintering of Zr- and Hf- borides with decreasing amounts of MoSi2 as sintering aid Journal of

  16. Electrical conductivity and Hf 4+ ion substitution range in NaSICON system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Essoumhi, A.; Favotto, C.; Mansori, M.; Ouzaouit, K.; Satre, P.

    2007-03-01

    In this paper, we present the synthesis and characterizations of NaSICON-type ionic conducting ceramics of the general formula Na 1+ xM 1.775Si x-0.9P 3.9- xO 12 with 1.8 ≤ x ≤ 2.2 and M = Zr or Hf. The effect of the total substitution of zirconium by hafnium on electric properties has been studied. The various compositions were prepared by using the sol-gel method and the synthesized precursors were characterized by coupled DTA-TG. The oxides obtained after pyrolysis of the precursors were identified by X-ray diffraction. A sintering study by thermodilatometry permits to select the best thermal cycle adapted to our ceramics. Furthermore, the electric conductivity of the sintered ceramic samples was characterized by complex impedance spectroscopy. These results show that ceramics containing Zr synthesized by soft method, present a higher total conductivity than those obtained in literature (to be around 10 -4 S cm -1). The total substitution of Zr by Hf still improves this conductivity for some compositions.

  17. Lifetime Measurements in 178Hf

    PubMed Central

    de Haan, R. C.; Aprahamian, A.; Börner, H. G.; Doll, C.; Jentschel, M.; Bruce, A. M.; Lesher, S. R.

    2000-01-01

    Lifetimes of levels from Kπ = 2+, Kπ = 4+ and several Kπ = 0+ bands have been measured in the 178Hf nucleus using the GRID technique. Lifetimes of the 2+ and 3+ levels were measured within the Kπ = 2+ γ band. A lower limit was established for the lifetime of the 4+ level of the Kπ = 4+ band. The resulting upper limits for the absolute B(E2) values exclude collective transitions from the Kπ = 4+ to the ground state band but not to the Kπ= 2+ band. Level lifetimes were also measured for several states within three separate Kπ= 0+ bands. Evidence is presented for a previously unobserved case of two excited Kπ= 0+ bands being connected via collective E2 transitions. PMID:27551596

  18. E-Newsletters: A Simple Way to Integrate Technology with Extension Programming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Luke; Hansen, Lyle

    2012-01-01

    Extension educators can easily include technology in regular programming. Several Extension faculty conducted a survey to determine the overall effectiveness of a electronic newsletter (e-newsletter). Results indicated that this e-newsletter had a wide viral reach, provided strong local impact in terms of confidence and behavior changes, increased…

  19. Extra! Extra! Read All about It! How to Construct a Newsletter: A Student Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renard, Monika; Tracy, Kay

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses a student project that highlights the value of printed employee newsletters as an internal communication tool for organizations. The project provides specific information and directions on how to develop an employee newsletter on human resource topics. Microsoft Word 2007 is used for newsletter formatting. The article also…

  20. How to Publish a School Newsletter. Tips for Principals from NASSP.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagin, Rich

    Principals who make the decision and investment to produce a school newsletter should follow these guidelines to obtain an informative and attractive product. The first step is to define the purpose of the newsletter, then determine the target audience--probably parents--and write the newsletter with them in mind. Next, decide what the newsletter…

  1. Pilot trial of an age-paced parenting newsletter.

    PubMed

    Keane, Brigid; Waterston, Tony; McConachie, Helen; Towner, Elizabeth; Cook, Margaret; Birks, Eileen

    2005-10-01

    Supporting parents in the first three years of a child's life has the potential to produce successful outcomes. Present government initiatives such as Sure Start focus on this age group. An American educational intervention, in the style of a monthly newsletter, was adapted for use in the UK for parents of young children. Topics were presented in an easy-to-read format and focused on infant emotional development, parent interaction and play. Newsletters, called Baby Express were posted at monthly intervals to the family home providing age-paced information which could meet the specific needs of parents at that stage of their child's life. The aim of the study was to determine the applicability of the newsletter to UK parents and evaluate their satisfaction. Sixty home-based interviews were conducted and 95 per cent of mothers reported reading all or part of the newsletter. Changes in parenting style were spontaneously reported by 28 per cent of mothers. This study found that an aged-paced parenting newsletter was an acceptable and useful method of supporting parents in the early months of a child's life and promotes positive changes in parenting behaviour.

  2. Origin of high thermoelectric performance of FeNb1−xZr/HfxSb1−ySny alloys: A first-principles study

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Xiwen; Wang, Yuanxu; Yan, Yuli; Wang, Chao; Zhang, Guangbiao; Cheng, Zhenxiang; Ren, Fengzhu; Deng, Hao; Zhang, Jihua

    2016-01-01

    The previous experimental work showed that Hf- or Zr-doping has remarkably improved the thermoelectric performance of FeNbSb. Here, the first-principles method was used to explore the possible reason for such phenomenon. The substitution of X (Zr/Hf) atoms at Nb sites increases effective hole-pockets, total density of states near the Fermi level (EF), and hole mobility to largely enhance electrical conductivity. It is mainly due to the shifting the EF to lower energy and the nearest Fe atoms around X atoms supplying more d-states to hybrid with X d-states at the vicinity of the EF. Moreover, we find that the X atoms indirectly affect the charge distribution around Nb atoms via their nearest Fe atoms, resulting in the reduced energy difference in the valence band edge, contributing to enhanced Seebeck coefficients. In addition, the further Bader charge analysis shows that the reason of more holes by Hf-doping than Zr in the experiment is most likely derived from Hf atoms losing less electrons and the stronger hybridization between Hf atoms and their nearest Fe atoms. Furthermore, we predict that Hf/Sn co-doping may be an effective strategy to further optimize the thermoelectric performance of half-Heusler (HH) compounds. PMID:27604826

  3. Newsletters and adherence to a weekly home spirometry program after lung transplant

    PubMed Central

    LaVelle, Meghan B.; Finkelstein, Stanley M.; Lindgren, Bruce R.; Lindquist, Ruth; Robiner, William N.; MacMahon, Kathleen; VanWormer, Arin M.

    2017-01-01

    Context Newsletters are a common intervention for patients in clinical trials. However, it is not clear whether newsletters are associated with increased adherence to the health regimen, and if so, which aspects of the newsletter are reported as most helpful to patients. Objective To examine the association between patients’ ratings of worthwhileness of a quarterly newsletter and adherence with a home spirometry regimen. Design Patients (n = 48) were in a research-based spirometry program after lung transplant and had received at least 1 newsletter; 24 (50%) returned completed surveys via postal mail. Main Outcome Measures Adherence for forced vital pulmonary function tests for respondents versus nonrespondents, number of weeks they were adherent, ratings they gave the newsletter, and which components of the newsletters were helpful to the respondents. Results Respondents had more forced vital capacity pulmonary function tests (“blows”) overall, blew more times weekly, and blew more consistently from week to week than did nonrespondents. Although it was not statistically significant, a mild correlation was found between the number of weeks that the respondents were adherent and their ratings of the newsletter (r = 0.36, P = .08). Most respondents reported that newsletter length was “about right,” and 86% reported that newsletters helped encourage regular spirometer use, maintain interest in the study, educate about general health, and alert readers to seasonal health risks. Implications for Practice High ratings for newsletters used to encourage participation among adults in our home spirometry study were associated with higher adherence. PMID:21265285

  4. Systems Newsletter. Volume 18, Number 1, Summer 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Dawn, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    This issue of the Center's "Systems Newsletter" will be the last one published under the aegis of Dr. JoyceVanTassel-Baska, the Center's founder and current Executive Director. As of this August Dr. VanTassel-Baska will officially retire from the College of William and Mary and the Center. She will still be an integral part of the Center…

  5. Freedom of Speech Newsletter, Volume 3, Number 3, June 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, Michael P., Ed.

    Articles in this newsletter discuss the increasing abridgements of the Fifth Amendment right to remain silent rather than make self-incriminating statements; the power of the Federal Communications Commission to put broadcasters out of business, as demonstrated in the Star case; and a case in which three members of the Young Socialist Alliance…

  6. The Commission on Preservation and Access Newsletter. 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Preservation and Access Newsletter, 1994

    1994-01-01

    The Commission on Preservation and Access was established in 1986 to foster and support collaboration among libraries and allied organizations in order to ensure the preservation of the published and documentary record in all formats and to provide enhanced access to scholarly information. The Commission's newsletter keeps the preservation and…

  7. Adult Literacy & Technology Newsletter. Vol. 4. Nos. 1-4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adult Literacy & Technology Newsletter, 1990

    1990-01-01

    These four issues comprise Volume 4 of the "Adult Literacy & Technology (AL&T) Newsletter." Issue 1 contains the following articles: "Preparing Our Children for Their Future, Not Our Past" (David Thornburg); "The Video Project" (Michael Hanish); "Images of the Future" (Terilyn Turner); "Hyperapplications: Implications for Reading and Writing" (Jay…

  8. District Support of School Improvement: Highlights from Three Districts. Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This newsletter addresses various supports that districts are utilizing to help keep students in school and on the path to graduation. Described herein are three districts that have been particularly successful in raising student achievement--even though they differ in their specific strategies, fund allocation, and demographic composition. A…

  9. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 10, November-December 2017

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Principal Leadership and includes: (1) The Power of Partnerships in the Pursuit of Leadership Development to Transform Schools (Nilka…

  10. Program on Public Conceptions of Science, Newsletter 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanpied, William A., Ed.; Shelanski, Vivien, Ed.

    This newsletter is divided into six sections: an introduction; general news items and communications from readers; news items and communications more specifically in the ethical and human values areas; an annotated, selective checklist of imaginative literature concerning the relationship between science, technology and human values; and a general…

  11. Freedom of Speech Newsletter, Volume 4, Number 1, October 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, Michael P., Ed.

    This newsletter features an essay, "Anticipatory Democracy and Citizen Involvement: Strategies for Communication Education in the Future," which discusses strategies for improving citizen involvement and examines ways in which educators can prepare students for constructive citizen involvement. Notes on Speech Communication Association meetings…

  12. Council of Europe News-Letter 4/72.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.

    Excerpts from "Teacher Education and Training" (the James' Report), issued in the United Kingdom early in 1972, comprise the bulk of this newsletter. James recommends that "all teachers should be entitled to release with pay for inservice education and training on a scale not less than the equivalent of one term in every seven…

  13. A Health Newsletter To Teach Science Knowledge: BioRAP!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froman, Robin D.; Owen, Steven V.; Del Rio-Parent, Lourdes

    This research describes the evaluation of a science curriculum newsletter called BioRAP which serves as a vehicle to teach current health science content. The research objectives were to estimate the relationships of socioeconomic status, ethnic group, gender, grade, student ability, and classroom use characteristics with student knowledge and…

  14. Council of Europe News-Letter 5/76.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.

    This newsletter consists of two parts; the first includes two briefs related to many European countries, and the second with reports from 12 individual countries. The first part includes a resolution on the preparation of young people for working life and brief comments on initiatives taken by the Education Ministers. Among the articles from the…

  15. Newsletter on Science, Technology & Human Values, Number 24, June 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelanski, Vivien B., Ed.

    Two papers are presented in this newsletter: one on the political activity of scientists following World War II as a result of the Manhattan Project, and one on the political activity of scientists today. These papers are followed by two commentaries which compare the two papers. Also included in this issue are news items, a calendar of events, a…

  16. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 43, No. 6, June-July 2016

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Culture of Poverty vs. Culture of Possibility and includes: (1) Open Source Learning Tools Make STEM Possible in Underserved Schools…

  17. IDRA Newsletter. Volume 44, No. 6, June-July 2017

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Christie L., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    Each edition of the IDRA Newsletter strives to provide many different perspectives on the issues in education topics discussed and to define its significance in the state and national dialogue. This issue focuses on Using Data for Action and includes: (1) Community and School Use of Data for College Readiness and Postsecondary Success (Karmen…

  18. Connect: UNESCO-UNEP Environmental Education Newsletter. 1991-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connect, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This document consists of the eight issues of the UNESCO-UNEP Environmental Education Newsletter published in 1991 and 1992. The lead article in the March 1991 issue, "From Awareness to Action via Nonformal Environmental Education," discusses the different methods to translate and transmit environmental education concepts to citizens in…

  19. TESOL Newsletter, Volume XIV, Numbers 1-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskell, John F., Ed.

    1980-01-01

    Six 1980 issues of the TESOL Newsletter are presented. Topics include the following: preparing a written paper for oral presentation (Fraida Dubin); current trends in teaching English as a second language (TESL) (Ruth Crymes); ESL syllabuses (Carlos Yorio); teaching Black English (Lorraine Goldman); the state of certification and employment within…

  20. Connections 2015: Our History: Journeys in KF Research. Annual Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilmore, Melinda, Ed.; Holwerk, David, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    Each issue of this annual newsletter focuses on a particular area of Kettering's research. The 2015 issue focuses on a yearlong review of Kettering's research over time. This issue contains the following articles that address this review: (1) How Kettering Discovered Democracy (David Mathews); (2) Key Events in KF History (Collette McDonough); (3)…

  1. Adult Literacy & Basic Skills Unit Newsletter, Nos. 40-43.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Unit Newsletter, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Four issues of a newsletter form this document. The first issue, Winter 1991, includes the following articles: "Ensuring Quality"; "Wordpower--Actions and Reactions"; "Corporate Links with the Community"; "The Road to Progress in Siberia"; and "Teaching Visually Handicapped Students." In the Spring…

  2. Cross-Cultural Psychology Newsletter. Volume 7, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawson, John, Ed.

    The Cross-Cultural Psychology Newsletter, an official publication of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, reports on recent publications and research in cross-cultural psychology. Notes on international conferences in the field are followed by annotations of new publications. In addition, recent research projects are…

  3. TELRI: Trans European Language Resources Infrastructure Newsletter, 1995-1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TELRI: Trans European Language Resources Infrastructure Newsletter, 1997

    1997-01-01

    The first seven issues of the Trans European Language Resources Infrastructure (TELRI) newsletter, a publication of the COPERNICUS project funded by the Commission of the European Communities, date from September 1995 to October 1997. The first three issues contain articles in the origins of TELRI, its members, working groups, and events. TELRI's…

  4. Systems Newsletter. Volume 19, Number 1, Fall 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Dawn, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this issue of "Systems Newsletter" is serving highly/exceptionally/profoundly gifted learners, those students who score 3+ standard deviations above the mean on the Stanford Binet 5th edition. In an interview with Dr. Silverman, she clearly outlines steps schools should take to ensure services for these students. She also…

  5. Institute of Family Studies Newsletter; No. 10, August 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michie, Meredith, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    This newsletter's first article is the director's report "Double Standards in Australian Family Policy" by Don Edgar. It asks for government support for families in the form of programs and funding, not just rhetoric. The next article, "IFS Research", also by Don Edgar, details the past, current and future research of the…

  6. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 1991. Volume 2, Numbers 1-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Kenneth L., Ed.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    This document consists of the six 1991 issues of a specialized newsletter directed at outdoor activities participants and containing articles on a wide variety of topics related to health maintenance and emergency medical treatment in the wilderness. Articles discuss: (1) fever and appropriate treatments; (2) symptoms, prevention, and treatment of…

  7. Nutrition Frontiers E-Newsletter | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Cancer.gov

    The Nutritional Science Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention at NCI issues a quarterly electronic newsletter, Nutrition Frontiers, that highlights emerging evidence linking diet to cancer prevention and showcases recent findings about who will likely benefit most from dietary change. |

  8. Population Education in Asia and the Pacific Newsletter, Number 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    This UNESCO newsletter contains six sections concerned with various aspects of population education. Section 1 deals with workshops for monitoring and evaluating population education programs. Section 2 evaluates the programs of six Asia-Pacific countries (China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Pakistan, Philippines, and Thailand).…

  9. GED Items. The Newsletter of the GED Testing Service, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC. General Educational Development Testing Service.

    This document consists of the five issues of the newsletter of the General Educational Development (GED) Testing Service: January/February, March/April, May/June, September/October, and November/December. Each issue contains information of interest to users of the GED examinations. The feature article for the January/February issue is "Next…

  10. Connections 2013: Citizens in Democratic Politics. Annual Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diebel, Alice, Ed.; Gilmore, Melinda, Ed.; Nielsen, Randall, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    Each issue of this annual newsletter focuses on a particular area of the Kettering Foundation's research. The 2013 issue focuses on citizens and the importance of the choices they make in politics. In many ways, politics is about choice--not only among policies and candidates in elections, but also among the many actions to address and solve…

  11. Theory into Practice: A Practical Newsletter for NAMTA Members, 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theory into Practice, 1994

    1994-01-01

    This document consists of the two issues of this newsletter published during 1994. Issues contain articles and employment notices of interest to Montessori teachers and school administrators. Feature articles include: (1) "Meaningful In-Service Comes from Within Our Own School" (Anne Blickenstaff and Nancy Hildick), which discusses one…

  12. Using Newsletters to Improve Parents' Communication with Their Early Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dworkin, Jodi; Gonzalez, Chris; Gengler, Colleen; Olson, Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    Two sets of newsletters designed to improve parent-teen communication were distributed at two different time points to 71 parents of seventh and eighth graders across five states. At both points, parents completed an evaluation assessing parent-child communication, parenting practices, the emotional experience of parenting, other parent education…

  13. Cross-Cultural Social Psychology Newsletter. Volume 5, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanaka, Yasumasa, Ed.

    This international newsletter, published since 1968, provides cross-cultural and cross-national midi-communications in social psychology. Usually included are: 1) notices of international conferences, institutes, or seminars, 2) a list of new publications, 3) letters to the editor, 4) announcements, and 5) a bibliography of cross-cultural…

  14. Adult Literacy & Basic Skills Unit Newsletter. Nos. 32-35.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adult Literacy & Basic Skills Unit Newsletter, 1989

    1989-01-01

    This packet contains the four issues of a newsletter published in 1989 by the Adult Literacy & Basic Skills Unit in England. The Winter issue contains the following articles: "After the Act"; "An Evening at the Theatre"; "Horticulture: A Practical Project with Autistic Adults"; "Shared Reading"; and "Literacy and Adult Basic Education in…

  15. Program on Public Conceptions of Science, Newsletter 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelanski, Vivien, Ed.; Blanpied, William A., Ed.

    This newsletter presents a summary of important, but little publicized, issues involving the National Science Foundation. In addition, it also contains a timetable of impending actions to be taken by congressional committees, and a list of documents and articles where additional information can be found. In addition to the regular sections, News…

  16. Connections 2014: Taking Stock of the Civic Arena. Annual Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilmore, Melinda, Ed.; Holwerk, David, Ed.

    2014-01-01

    Each issue of this annual newsletter focuses on a particular area of the Kettering Foundation's research. The 2014 issue focuses on taking stock of the civic arena, which includes organized projects in civic renewal, civic engagement, civic education, and civic capacity building in communities. This issue contains the following articles that…

  17. Child Rights Information Network Newsletter, 2000-2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Andrea, Ed.; Greenwood, Laura, Ed.

    These five newsletter issues communicate activities of the Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) and report on information resources and world-wide activities concerning children and child rights. The March 2000 issue focuses on children's right to education, assessing the matter form a range of differing perspectives, at international and…

  18. GED Items. The Newsletter of the GED Testing Service, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hone, Lisa Richards, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This document consists of the six issues of the newsletter of the General Educational Development Testing (GED) Service published during 1997. The lead articles of the six issues are, respectively: (1) "Task Force Considers Improvements to Test Center Security Rules," by Cathy Allin discusses the implementation of a monitoring team and…

  19. "ComPost": A Writing Program Newsletter and Its Rationale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Dennis R.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the development and rationale of "ComPost," a weekly newsletter of the Composition Program at the University of Louisville. Suggests that a vehicle like ComPost can promote the communications that contribute to accomplishing collegiality and genuine program consensus. (RS)

  20. Council of Europe News-Letter, 6/72.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.

    The first part of the newsletter is devoted to two excerpts, respectively on the policy of school education and graduate employment and on the Council of Europe's efforts to achieve greater educational cooperation. The Council's activities are discussed in connection with its working methods. Factors of the present employment unstability are…

  1. Council of Europe News-Letter 1/76.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.

    This newsletter consists of two parts. The first contains two articles of general interest to nations belonging to the Council of Europe, and the second contains brief reports on educational developments in eleven European countries. Seven articles are written in English and six in French. General interest articles include a discussion of the role…

  2. Separating Test Artifacts from Material Behavior in the Oxidation Studies of HfB2 SiC at 2000 deg C and Above (POSTPRINT)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    h. Typical weight loss of the SiC grinding media after milling was 0.2 mg (0.2 wt% of the total batch). The powders were sieved through an 80-mesh...crucible (Advalue, Tuscon, AZ; 10 mL Ca -stabilized ZrO2 crucible; 95% ZrO2 and 4 ± 1% Ca ). Direct electrical resistance heat- ing was controlled by the...in furnace heating has been described previously by the authors, which was shown to contain Al and Ca as major impu- rities.15 In addition, HfSiO4

  3. Separating Test Artifacts from Material Behavior in the Oxidation Studies of HfB2-SiC at 2000 degs C and Above (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    milled for 12 h. Typical weight loss of the SiC grinding media after milling was 0.2 mg (0.2 wt% of the total batch). The powders were sieved...10-mL Ca -stabilized ZrO2 crucible; 95% ZrO2 and 4±1% Ca ). Direct electrical resistance heating was controlled by the power output of an AC power...furnace heating has been described previously by the authors, which was shown to contain Al and Ca as major impurities [14]. Additionally, HfSiO4 (with

  4. Iowa FLES Newsletter, 1985-1995. A Newsletter for Teachers of Foreign Language in the Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenbush, Marcia H., Ed.

    1995-01-01

    The first ten years (30 issues) of the newsletter for Iowa teachers of foreign language in the elementary school (FLES) contain a variety of articles on both curricular and extracurricular FLES programs and teaching. Topics addressed include: teacher certification; summer language camps; multicultural education and cultural awareness; program…

  5. Vibration-Rotation Bands of HF and DF

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-09-23

    98 IZa. Comparison of Observed and Calculated Line Positions of HF, Av = I Sequence ........................... 99 f2b. Comparison of Observed and...Calculated Line Positions of HF, Av = 2 Sequence ........................... 102 12c. Comparison of Observed and Calculated Line Positions of HF, Av = 3...Sequence ........................... 107 i2d. Comparison of Observed and Calculated Line Positions ofHF, Av = 4 Sequence ........................... fi

  6. Options. The Jewish Resources Newsletter. October, 1978. Vol. 5, No. 1. [And] Options. The Jewish Resources Newsletter. November, 1978. Vol. 5, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Betty J., Ed.

    This document contains two issues of a monthly newsletter which examines cultural, political, educational, and religious activities of American Jews. The objective of the newsletters is to provide a network of national information to Jews and other interested persons about resources, individuals, associations, activities, events, and concerns…

  7. HF Accelerated Electron Fluxes, Spectra, and Ionization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlson, Herbert C.; Jensen, Joseph B.

    2015-10-01

    Wave particle interactions, an essential aspect of laboratory, terrestrial, and astrophysical plasmas, have been studied for decades by transmitting high power HF radio waves into Earth's weakly ionized space plasma, to use it as a laboratory without walls. Application to HF electron acceleration remains an active area of research (Gurevich in Usp Fizicheskikh Nauk 177(11):1145-1177, 2007) today. HF electron acceleration studies began when plasma line observations proved (Carlson et al. in J Atmos Terr Phys 44:1089-1100, 1982) that high power HF radio wave-excited processes accelerated electrons not to ~eV, but instead to -100 times thermal energy (10 s of eV), as a consequence of inelastic collision effects on electron transport. Gurevich et al (J Atmos Terr Phys 47:1057-1070, 1985) quantified the theory of this transport effect. Merging experiment with theory in plasma physics and aeronomy, enabled prediction (Carlson in Adv Space Res 13:1015-1024, 1993) of creating artificial ionospheres once ~GW HF effective radiated power could be achieved. Eventual confirmation of this prediction (Pedersen et al. in Geophys Res Lett 36:L18107, 2009; Pedersen et al. in Geophys Res Lett 37:L02106, 2010; Blagoveshchenskaya et al. in Ann Geophys 27:131-145, 2009) sparked renewed interest in optical inversion to estimate electron spectra in terrestrial (Hysell et al. in J Geophys Res Space Phys 119:2038-2045, 2014) and planetary (Simon et al. in Ann Geophys 29:187-195, 2011) atmospheres. Here we present our unpublished optical data, which combined with our modeling, lead to conclusions that should meaningfully improve future estimates of the spectrum of HF accelerated electron fluxes. Photometric imaging data can significantly improve detection of emissions near ionization threshold, and confirm depth of penetration of accelerated electrons many km below the excitation altitude. Comparing observed to modeled emission altitude shows future experiments need electron density profiles

  8. Ferroelectricity and antiferroelectricity of doped thin HfO2-based films.

    PubMed

    Park, Min Hyuk; Lee, Young Hwan; Kim, Han Joon; Kim, Yu Jin; Moon, Taehwan; Kim, Keum Do; Müller, Johannes; Kersch, Alfred; Schroeder, Uwe; Mikolajick, Thomas; Hwang, Cheol Seong

    2015-03-18

    The recent progress in ferroelectricity and antiferroelectricity in HfO2-based thin films is reported. Most ferroelectric thin film research focuses on perovskite structure materials, such as Pb(Zr,Ti)O3, BaTiO3, and SrBi2Ta2O9, which are considered to be feasible candidate materials for non-volatile semiconductor memory devices. However, these conventional ferroelectrics suffer from various problems including poor Si-compatibility, environmental issues related to Pb, large physical thickness, low resistance to hydrogen, and small bandgap. In 2011, ferroelectricity in Si-doped HfO2 thin films was first reported. Various dopants, such as Si, Zr, Al, Y, Gd, Sr, and La can induce ferro-electricity or antiferroelectricity in thin HfO2 films. They have large remanent polarization of up to 45 μC cm(-2), and their coercive field (≈1-2 MV cm(-1)) is larger than conventional ferroelectric films by approximately one order of magnitude. Furthermore, they can be extremely thin (<10 nm) and have a large bandgap (>5 eV). These differences are believed to overcome the barriers of conventional ferroelectrics in memory applications, including ferroelectric field-effect-transistors and three-dimensional capacitors. Moreover, the coupling of electric and thermal properties of the antiferroelectric thin films is expected to be useful for various applications, including energy harvesting/storage, solid-state-cooling, and infrared sensors. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  9. Polar azimuth diversity HF propagation experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baker, Kurt A.; Haines, D. M.; Weijers, Bertus

    1986-03-01

    Presented are the results of an HF Azimuth Diversity Propagation Experiment conducted by RADC over several paths, transauroral and polar, separated in azimuth by 30, 70, and 100 degrees, as part of the RADC Adaptive HF Propagation Program. The data presented give the occurrence of several ionospheric characteristics important to the operation of HF networks in a disturbed environment. The analysis was performed on data collected during the four seasonal periods to obtain statistical samples representative of each season under slightly disturbed as well as quiet conditions. The system used to collect the data was a network of three chirpsounder transmitters and one receiver, each sweeping over a frequency range of 2 to 30 MHz, once every five minutes. The transmitters were located at Ava, N.Y., Grand Forks, N. Dak., and Barter Island, Alaska. The receiving system was located at Thule Air Base, Greenland.

  10. NAWIG News: The Quarterly Newsletter of the Native American Wind Interest Group, Summer 2007

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    DOE's Wind Powering America program has initiated a quarterly NAWIG newsletter to present Native American wind information, including projects, interviews with pioneers, issues, WPA activities, and related events.

  11. Lu-Hf constraints on the evolution of lunar basalts

    SciTech Connect

    Fujimaki, H.; Tatsumoto, M.

    1984-02-15

    Very low Ti basalts andd green glass samples from the moon show high Lu/Hf ratios and low Hf concentrations. Low-Ti lunar basalts show high and variable Lu/Hf ratios and higher Hf concentrations, whereas high-Ti lunar basalts show low Lu/Hf ratios and high Hf concentrations. KREEP basalts have constant Lu/Hf ratios and high but variable Hf concentrations. Using the Lu-Hf behavior as a constraint, we propose a model for the mare basalts evolution. This constraint requires extensive crystallization of the primary lunar magma ocean prior to formation of the lunar mare basalt sources and the KREEP basalts. Mare basalts are producedmore » by the melting of the cumulate rocks, and KREEP basalts represent the residual liquid of the magma ocean.« less

  12. Removal of uranium from aqueous HF solutions

    DOEpatents

    Pulley, Howard; Seltzer, Steven F.

    1980-01-01

    This invention is a simple and effective method for removing uranium from aqueous HF solutions containing trace quantities of the same. The method comprises contacting the solution with particulate calcium fluoride to form uranium-bearing particulates, permitting the particulates to settle, and separting the solution from the settled particulates. The CaF.sub.2 is selected to have a nitrogen surface area in a selected range and is employed in an amount providing a calcium fluoride/uranium weight ratio in a selected range. As applied to dilute HF solutions containing 120 ppm uranium, the method removes at least 92% of the uranium, without introducing contaminants to the product solution.

  13. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Facilities Newsletter - September 1999

    SciTech Connect

    Holdridge, D. J., ed

    The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program September 1999 Facilities Newsletter discusses the several Intensive Observation Periods (IOPs) that the ARM SGP CART site will host in the near future. Two projects of note are the International Pyrgeometer Intercomparison and the Fall Single Column Model (SCM)/Nocturnal Boundary Layer (NBL) IOP. Both projects will bring many US and international scientists to the SGP CART site to participate in atmospheric research.

  14. OIT Times Newsletter: Volume 3, Number 1, Winter 2000

    SciTech Connect

    Sousa, L.

    The Winter 2000 edition of the OIT Times newsletter, a quarterly publication produced by the Office of Industrial Technologies, highlights the 1999 start-up projects, announces the OIT solicitation schedule for FY2000, and features the success of the Ohio diecasting showcase. One of the quarterly highlights was Secretary Richardson's presentation of a Certificate of Partnership to Malden Mills CEO Aaron Feuerstein at the dedication of the plant's new, advanced cogeneration system.

  15. Investigation of ZrO x /ZrC-ZrN/Zr thin-film structural evolution and their degradation using X-ray diffraction and Raman spectrometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Usmani, B.; Vijay, V.; Chhibber, R.; Dixit, A.

    2016-11-01

    The thin-film structures of DC/FR magnetron-sputtered ZrO x /ZrC-ZrN/Zr tandem solar-selective coatings are investigated using X-ray diffraction and room-temperature Raman spectroscopic measurements. These studies suggest that the major contribution is coming from h-ZrN0.28, c-ZrC, h-Zr3C2 crystallographic phases in ZrN-ZrC absorber layer, in conjunction with mixed ZrO x crystallographic phases. The change in structure for thermally annealed samples has been examined and observed that cubic and hexagonal ZrO x phase converted partially into tetragonal and monoclinic ZrO x phases, whereas hexagonal and cubic ZrN phases, from absorber layer, have not been observed for these thermally treated samples in air. These studies suggest that thermal treatment may lead to the loss of ZrN phase in absorber, degrading the thermal response for the desired wavelength range in open ambient conditions in contrast to vacuum conditions.

  16. Zr/ZrC modified layer formed on AISI 440B stainless steel by plasma Zr-alloying

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, H. H.; Liu, L.; Liu, X. Z.; Guo, Q.; Meng, T. X.; Wang, Z. X.; Yang, H. J.; Liu, X. P.

    2016-12-01

    The surface Zr/ZrC gradient alloying layer was prepared by double glow plasma surface alloying technique to increase the surface hardness and wear resistance of AISI 440B stainless steel. The microstructure of the Zr/ZrC alloying layer formed at different alloying temperatures and times as well as its formation mechanism were discussed by using scanning electron microscopy, glow discharge optical emission spectrum, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The adhesive strength, hardness and tribological property of the Zr/ZrC alloying layer were also evaluated in the paper. The alloying surface consists of the Zr-top layer and ZrC-subsurface layer which adheres strongly to the AISI 440B steel substrate. The thickness of the Zr/ZrC alloying layer increases gradually from 16 μm to 23 μm with alloying temperature elevated from 900 °C to 1000 °C. With alloying time from 0.5 h to 4 h, the alloyed depth increases from 3 μm to 30 μm, and the ZrC-rich alloyed thickness vs time is basically parabola at temperature of 1000 °C. Both the hardness and wear resistance of the Zr/ZrC alloying layer obviously increase compared with untreated AISI 440B steel.

  17. The Experimental Study of Nuclear Astrophysics Reaction Rate of 93Zr(n,γ)94Zr

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gan, L.; Li, Z. H.; Su, J.; Yan, S. Q.; Guo, B.; Du, X. C.; Wu, Z. D.; Zeng, S.; Jin, S. J.; Wang, Y. B.; Bai, X. X.; Zhang, W. J.; Sun, H. B.; Li, E. T.

    The slow neutron capture (s-) process plays a very important role in the nucleosynthesis, which produces about half of the elements heavier than iron. 94Zr is mainly from 93Zr(n,γ)94Zr in the s-process, and the direct component of the 93Zr(n,γ)94Zr capture reaction can be derived from the neutron spectroscopic factor of 94Zr. As the existing neutron spectroscopic factors of 94Zr vary from each other up to 60%, a new work should be adopted to measure it exactly. In the present work, the angular distributions of 94Zr(13C,13C)94Zr, 94Zr(12C,12C)94Zr and 94Zr(12C,13C)93Zr were obtained using the highprecision Q3D magnetic spectrograph. In addition, distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA) calculations of the transfer differential cross sections were performed. The calculated result displays a good agreement with the experiment data, and a value of 2.60±0.20 for the neutron spectroscopic factor of 94Zr was extracted, and the direct capture cross section versus neutron energy of 93Zr(n,γ)94Zr for the ground state of 94Zr was obtained too.

  18. Kisilidjan hf - A unique diatomite plant

    SciTech Connect

    Sigurdsson, F.

    This paper gives a short description of Kisilidjan hf. (The Icelandic Diatomite Plant, Ltd.), a description of the production, the use of geothermal steam in the plant, steam supply, steam use, steam price, experience associated with the use of steam, and some conclusions.

  19. WWV, WWVH HF VOICE (TIME TICK)

    Science.gov Websites

    Tsunamis 406 EPIRB's National Weather Service Marine Forecasts WWV, WWVH HF VOICE (TIME TICK) Marine of Standards, broadcasts a time and frequency service from stations WWV in Fort Collins, CO and WWVH in Kauai, Hawaii., commonly known to mariners as the "Time Tick", used as an aid in

  20. QAPP for Hydraulic Fracturing (HF) Surface Spills Data Analysis

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This QAPP provides information concerning the analysis of spills associated with hydraulic fracturing. This project is relevant to both the chemical mixing and flowback and produced water stages of the HF water cycle as found in the HF Study Plan.

  1. SEMICONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGY: Wet etching characteristics of a HfSiON high-k dielectric in HF-based solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yongliang, Li; Qiuxia, Xu

    2010-03-01

    The wet etching properties of a HfSiON high-k dielectric in HF-based solutions are investigated. HF-based solutions are the most promising wet chemistries for the removal of HfSiON, and etch selectivity of HF-based solutions can be improved by the addition of an acid and/or an alcohol to the HF solution. Due to densification during annealing, the etch rate of HfSiON annealed at 900 °C for 30 s is significantly reduced compared with as-deposited HfSiON in HF-based solutions. After the HfSiON film has been completely removed by HF-based solutions, it is not possible to etch the interfacial layer and the etched surface does not have a hydrophobic nature, since N diffuses to the interface layer or Si substrate formation of Si-N bonds that dissolves very slowly in HF-based solutions. Existing Si-N bonds at the interface between the new high-k dielectric deposit and the Si substrate may degrade the carrier mobility due to Coulomb scattering. In addition, we show that N2 plasma treatment before wet etching is not very effective in increasing the wet etch rate for a thin HfSiON film in our case.

  2. Directory of Electronic Journals, Newsletters and Academic Discussion Lists. 5th Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Lisabeth A., Comp.; And Others

    This directory is a compilation of entries for nearly 2,500 scholarly discussion lists and 675 electronic journals, newsletters, and related titles such as newsletter-digests, available on the Internet. Instructions are provided for accessing each publication. Part 1 is an introduction to electronic scholarly publications, followed by the articles…

  3. PASSAGE. "Your Workplace and Job Skills Information Newsletter." Fiscal Year 1989-1990. Eleven Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PASSAGE, 1990

    1990-01-01

    This document consists of 11 issues of a workplace and job-skills information newsletter specifically designed for adult education program practitioners and their students. The issues are preceded by a final report on the project. The purposes of the newsletter were to disseminate "hands-on" career and job development information of…

  4. The Universe in the Classroom. A Newsletter on Teaching Astronomy. Issues 14-16, 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Universe in the Classroom, 1990

    1990-01-01

    This document consists of the three issues of this newsletter published in 1990. Designed to assist teachers at the secondary and college level in designing and presenting instruction on the topic of astronomy, typical articles in this newsletter include: (1) "Introductory Astronomy Glossary," which presents the definitions of 42 different terms;…

  5. Research Exchange. Quarterly Newsletter of the National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research (NCDDR), 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research Exchange, 1999

    1999-01-01

    The four issues of this newsletters are designed to promote the effective dissemination and utilization of disability research outcomes. The first two newsletters include parts 1 and 2 of "Disability, Diversity and Dissemination: A Review of the Literature on Topics Related to Increasing the Utilization of Rehabilitation Research Outcomes among…

  6. Puberty/Adolescence. Growing Pains: Sex Education for Parents. A Newsletter Series. Letter III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polulech, Joan Burgess; Nuttall, Paul

    This document presents the third of five newsletters on sex education for parents. The newsletters were designed to help parents increase their ability to communicate with their adolescents about sexual issues. They explore the origins of the parents' feelings about sex; teach the importance of a healthy self-concept and how to build it in the…

  7. The Oat Newsletter: where we've been and where we're going

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The first Oat Newsletter was published by the National Oat Conference in 1950. It was published once a year and mailed out to “oat workers” only. The newsletter was designed to supplement the Uniform Nursery reports by providing short research updates, meeting information, community information,...

  8. MISHAP Newsletter of the Minnesota Social History Project. August, 1978 through March, 1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crozier, William; And Others

    This document contains eight newsletters prepared by the Minnesota Social History Project (MSHP), an experimental curriculum project in local social history. The newsletters offer classroom exercises, participant suggestions, and supportive essays designed for teachers working with the MSHP. The premise of the project is that "American history can…

  9. ARL: A Bimonthly Newsletter of Research Library Issues and Actions, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, G. Jaia, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This document consists of six issues of the ARL (Association of Research Libraries) Newsletter, covering the year 2001. Each issue of the newsletter includes some or all of the following sections: "Current Issues," reports from the Office of Scholarly Communication, Office for Management Services, and Coalition for Networked Information,…

  10. Connections, the Newsletter of the Foothill-De Anza Community College District, 1997-1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connections, the Newsletter of the Foothill-De Anza Community College District, 1998

    1998-01-01

    This document presents a set of ten newsletters, entitled "Connections," published by the Foothill-De Anza Community College District from September 1997 through December 1998. The following articles appear in the newsletters: "Futurist Wolfe,""Local Success Fong," and "Fourth Annual Day at the 'Stick Is a Big…

  11. PASSAGE. "Your Workplace and Job-Skills Information Newsletter." Fiscal Year 1991-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PASSAGE, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This document consists of a report on a project to develop a newsletter for adult learners and unemployed and underemployed individuals in Pennsylvania who want to expand their educational training and improve their career opportunities. The ten newsletter issues published for volume 3 are appended to the report. Among the articles are the…

  12. Towards Effective Employee Communications: A Uses and Gratifications Approach to Employee Newsletter Readership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavlik, John V.; And Others

    A survey of 320 employees of Honeywell, Inc., was conducted to collect data on interactions between employees' levels of integration into the organizational hierarchy, amount and type of employee newsletter reading, and purposes for reading newsletters (keeping track of friends, finding out what was going on in the company, improving one's…

  13. A Work of ARTE: The Newsletter of the Assembly of Rural Teachers of English, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Work of ARTE, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This document consists of the three issues of the ARTE newsletter published during 1993. This newsletter describes organizational objectives and activities of the Assembly of Rural Teachers of English (ARTE), and presents articles of interest to rural English teachers. Articles discuss: (1) promoting and capitalizing on positive feelings of family…

  14. Hf layer thickness dependence of resistive switching characteristics of Ti/Hf/HfO2/Au resistive random access memory device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakajima, Ryo; Azuma, Atsushi; Yoshida, Hayato; Shimizu, Tomohiro; Ito, Takeshi; Shingubara, Shoso

    2018-06-01

    Resistive random access memory (ReRAM) devices with a HfO2 dielectric layer have been studied extensively owing to the good reproducibility of their SET/RESET switching properties. Furthermore, it was reported that a thin Hf layer next to a HfO2 layer stabilized switching properties because of the oxygen scavenging effect. In this work, we studied the Hf thickness dependence of the resistance switching characteristics of a Ti/Hf/HfO2/Au ReRAM device. It is found that the optimum Hf thickness is approximately 10 nm to obtain good reproducibility of SET/RESET voltages with a small RESET current. However, when the Hf thickness was very small (∼2 nm), the device failed after the first RESET process owing to the very large RESET current. In the case of a very thick Hf layer (∼20 nm), RESET did not occur owing to the formation of a leaky dielectric layer. We observed the occurrence of multiple resistance states in the RESET process of the device with a Hf thickness of 10 nm by increasing the RESET voltage stepwise.

  15. Studies of dispersion energy in hydrogen-bonded systems. H2O-HOH, H2O-HF, H3N-HF, HF-HF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szcześniak, M. M.; Scheiner, Steve

    1984-02-01

    Dispersion energy is calculated in the systems H2O-HOH, H2O-HF, H3N-HF, and HF-HF as a function of the intermolecular separation using a variety of methods. M≂ller-Plesset perturbation theory to second and third orders is applied in conjunction with polarized basis sets of 6-311G** type and with an extended basis set including a second set of polarization functions (DZ+2P). These results are compared to a multipole expansion of the dispersion energy, based on the Unsöld approximation, carried out to the inverse tenth power of the intermolecular distance. Pairwise evaluation is also carried out using both atom-atom and bond-bond formulations. The MP3/6-311G** results are in generally excellent accord with the leading R-6 term of the multipole expansion. This expansion, if carried out to the R-10 term, reproduces extremely well previously reported dispersion energies calculated via variation-perturbation theory. Little damping of the expansion is required for intermolecular distances equal to or greater than the equilibrium separation. Although the asymptotic behavior of the MP2 dispersion energy is somewhat different than that of the other methods, augmentation of the basis set by a second diffuse set of d functions leads to quite good agreement in the vicinity of the minima. Both the atom-atom and bond-bond parametrization schemes are in good qualitative agreement with the other methods tested. All approaches produce similar dependence of the dispersion energy upon the angular orientation between the two molecules involved in the H bond.

  16. Quantum oscillation evidence for a topological semimetal phase in ZrSnTe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Jin; Zhu, Yanglin; Gui, Xin; Graf, David; Tang, Zhijie; Xie, Weiwei; Mao, Zhiqiang

    2018-04-01

    The layered WHM-type (W =Zr /Hf /La , H =Si /Ge /Sn /Sb , M =S /Se /Te ) materials represent a large family of topological semimetals, which provides an excellent platform to study the evolution of topological semimetal state with the fine tuning of spin-orbit coupling and structural dimensionality for various combinations of W , H , and M elements. In this work, through high field de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) quantum oscillation studies, we have found evidence for the predicted topological nontrivial bands in ZrSnTe. Furthermore, from the angular dependence of quantum oscillation frequency, we have revealed the three-dimensional Fermi surface topologies of this layered material owing to strong interlayer coupling.

  17. Capture of Hydrogen Using ZrNi

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Patton, Lisa; Wales, Joshua; Lynch, David; Parrish, Clyde

    2005-01-01

    Water, as ice, is thought to reside in craters at the lunar poles along with CH4 and H2 . A proposed robotic mission for 2012 will utilize metal/metal hydrides for H2 recovery. Specifications are 99% capture of H2 initially at 5 bar and 100C (or greater), and degassing completely at 300C. Of 47-systems examined using the van't Hoff equation, 4 systems, Mg/MgH2, Mg2Ni/Mg2NiH4, ZrNi/ZrNiH2.8, and Pd/PdH0.77, were considered likely candidates for further examination. It is essential, when selecting a system, to also examine questions regarding activation, kinetics, cyclic stability, and gas impurity effects. After considering those issues, ZrN1 was selected as the most promising candidate, as it is easily activated and rapidly forms ZrNiH 2.8 . In addition, it resists oxide poisoning by CO2, and H2O, while some oxidation by O2 is recommended for improved activation . The presence of hydrogen in the as received Zr-Ni alloy from Alfa Aesar posed additional technical problems. X-ray diffraction of the Zr-Ni powder (-325 mesh), with a Zr:Ni wt% ratio of 70:30, was found to consist of ZrH2, ZrNiH2.8, and ZrNi. ZrH2 in the alloy presented the risk that after degassing that both Zr and ZrNi would be present, and thus lead to erroneous results regarding the reactivity of ZrNi with H2 . Fortunately, ZrH2 is a highly stable hydride that does not degas H2 to any significant extent at temperatures below 300C. Based on equilibrium calculations for the decomposition of ZrH2, only 1 millionth of the hydride decomposed at 300C under a N2 atmosphere flowing at 25 ccm for 64 hours, the longest time for pretreatment employed in the investigation. It was possible, from the X-ray results and knowledge of the Zr:Ni ratio, to compute the composition of a pretreated specimen as being 76 wt% ZrNi and the balance ZrH2.

  18. Trace element composition of rutile and Zr-in-rutile thermometry in meta-ophiolitic rocks from the Kazdağ Massif, NW Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Şengün, Fırat; Zack, Thomas

    2016-08-01

    In northwest Turkey, ophiolitic meta-gabbros are exposed on the Kazdağ Massif located in the southern part of the Biga Peninsula. Trace element composition of rutile and Zr-in-rutile temperatures were determined for meta-gabbros from the Kazdağ Massif. The Zr content of all rutiles range from 176 to 428 ppm and rutile grains usually have a homogeneous Zr distribution. The rutile grains from studied samples in the Kazdağ Massif are dominated by subchondritic Nb/Ta (11-19) and Zr/Hf ratios (20-33). Nb/Ta and Zr/Hf show positive correlation, which is probably produced by silicate fractionation. The Nb/Ta and Zr/Hf ratios increase with a decrease in Ta and Hf contents. The core of rutile grains are generally characterized by low Nb/Ta ratios of 17-18 whereas the rims exhibit relatively high Nb/Ta ratios of 19-23. Trace element analyses in rutile suggest that these rutile grains were grown from metamorphic fluids. The P-T conditions of meta-gabbros were estimated by both Fe-Mg exchange and Zr-in-rutile thermometers, as well as by the Grt-Hb-Plg-Q geothermobarometer. The temperature range of 639 to 662 °C calculated at 9 kbar using the Zr-in-rutile thermometer is comparable with temperature estimates of the Fe-Mg exchange thermometer, which records amphibolite-facies metamorphism of intermediate P-T conditions. The P-T conditions of meta-ophiolitic rocks suggest that they occur as a different separate higher-pressure tectonic slice in the Kazdağ metamorphic sequence. Amphibolite-facies metamorphism resulted from northward subduction of the İzmir-Ankara branch of the Neo-Tethyan Ocean under the Sakarya Zone. Metamorphism was followed by internal imbrication of the Kazdağ metamorphic sequence resulting from southerly directed compression during the collision.

  19. The Vibrational Deactivation of HF(v = 3) and HF(v = 2) by H Atoms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-08-18

    experiments. A silicon flat in front of the photomultiplier restricted the monitored fluores- cence to wavelengths > I 4tm. An RCA C-31034 (GaAs... stent with the present results f’ir HF(v =1) and HI-F(v = 2’ remioval rates but can not explain the fast HF(v = 3) rate. Wilk-ins performed trajectory...Sciences Laboratory: Development of new materials; metal matrix composites and new forms of carbon; test and evaluation of graphite and ceramics in

  20. LU-HF Age and Isotope Systematics of ALH84001

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Righter, M.; Lapen, T. J.; Brandon, A. D.; Beard, B. L.; Shafer, J. T.; Peslier, A. H.

    2009-01-01

    Allan Hills (ALH) 84001 is an orthopyroxenite that is unique among the Martian meteorites in having the oldest inferred crystallization age (approx..4.5 to 4.0 Gyr) [e.g., 1-6 and references therein 7]. Its ancient origin makes this stone a critical constraint on early history of Mars, in particular the evolution of different planetary crust and mantle reservoirs. However, because there is significant variability in reported crystallization ages, determination of initial isotope compositions is imprecise making assessment of planetary reservoirs difficult. Here we report a new Lu-Hf mineral isochron age, initial Hf-176/Hf-177 isotope composition, and inferred Martian mantle source compositions for ALH84001 that place constraints on longlived source reservoirs for the enriched shergottite suite of Martian meteorites including Shergotty, Zagami, NWA4468, NWA856, RBT04262, LAR06319, and Los Angeles. Sm-Nd isotope analyses are under way for the same mineral aliquots analyzed for Lu-Hf. The Lu-Hf system was utilized because Lu and Hf are both lithophile and refractory and are not easily redistributed during short-lived thermal pulses associated with shock metamorphism. Moreover, chromite has relatively modest Hf concentrations with very low Lu/Hf ratios [9] yielding tight constraints on initial Hf-176/Hf-177 isotope compositions

  1. HF Radio Astronomy from a Small Satellite

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-15

    SSC16-XI-03 HF Radio Astronomy from a Small Satellite Frank C. Robey1, Mary Knapp2, Alan J. Fenn1, Mark Silver1, Kerry Johnson1 Frank J. Lind3...frequency end of the electromagnetic spectrum (below 15 MHz) is one of the least explored windows in observational astronomy . Observations at these...pdf. [Accessed: 17-Oct-2015]. 3. G. Hallinan, “The Owens Valley LWA,” in Exascale Radio Astronomy , 2014, vol. 2. 4. C. J. Lonsdale, R. J. Cappallo

  2. Ab initio theoretical study of dipole-bound anions of molecular complexes: (HF)3- and (HF)4- anions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramaekers, Riet; Smith, Dayle M. A.; Smets, Johan; Adamowicz, Ludwik

    1997-12-01

    Ab initio calculations have been performed to determine structures and vertical electron detachment energy (VDE) of the hydrogen fluoride trimer and tetramer anions, (HF)3- and (HF)4-. In these systems the excess electron is bound by the dipole field of the complex. It was determined that, unlike the neutral complexes which prefer the cyclic structures, the equilibrium geometries of the anions have "zig-zag" shapes. For both complexes the predicted VDEs are positive [210 meV and 363 meV for (HF)3- and (HF)4-, respectively], indicating that the anions are stable systems with respect to the vertical electron detachment. These results were obtained at the coupled-cluster level of theory with single, double and triple excitations [CCSD(T) method; the triple-excitation contribution in this method is calculated approximately using the perturbation approach] with the anion geometries obtained using the second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) method. The same approach was also used to determine the adiabatic electron affinities (AEA) of (HF)3 and (HF)4. In addition to the electronic contribution, we also calculated the contributions (using the harmonic approximation) resulting from different zero-point vibration energies of the neutral and anionic clusters. The calculations predicted that while the AEA of (HF)3 is positive (44 meV), the AEA for (HF)4 is marginally negative (-16 meV). This suggests that the (HF)3- anion should be a stable system, while the (HF)4- is probably metastable.

  3. The initial Hf isotopic composition of the Earth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouvier, A.; Boyet, M. M.; Vervoort, J. D.; Patchett, P. J.

    2011-12-01

    One area of considerable activity in trying to understand the formation and evolution of Earth's crust is the isotopic analysis of Hf in parallel with Sm-Nd and U-Pb zircon studies, either to constrain early crustal growth and evolution [1], or as a complement to detrital zircon studies [2]. The 176Lu decay constant deduced from early planetary and Earth materials have different values. It has been suggested that a period of irradiation in the early Solar System affected the 176Hf production rate in meteoritic and planetary materials [3,4]. In this scenario, the initial Hf isotopic composition of the Solar System and the Earth would be ~4 ∈Hf units lower, affecting tremendously the interpretation of the differentiation history of the early Earth. We investigated Lu-Hf compositions of calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions, the oldest known objects of the Solar System dated at 4568 Ma [5], to assess the possibility of neutrino irradiation in the solar nebula. Here we report high-precision 176Lu-176Hf systematics of leached and unleached, and spiked and unspiked, bulk fractions and mineral separates of 6 individual CAIs from 2 CV3 chondrites. Isotopic analyses were carried out by Neptune MC-ICPMS at ASU. Analytical details are in [6,7]. The unspiked Hf fractions reveal stable isotope anomalies of μ178Hf= 20 ± 6 and μ180Hf= 31 ± 9 (2SD) for the CAI B4 fractions (n=3) and μ178Hf= -4 ± 10 and μ180Hf= 2 ± 10 (n=2) for BCR-2 relative to the JMC 475 Hf standard. Further high-precision analysis of unspiked Sm and Nd fractions of the samples will be made to correct from nucleosynthetic or neutron capture anomalies [8]. Such Hf stable isotopic anomalies predict no more than 50ppm correction on 176Hf/177Hf. At this stage, we have thus regressed together the spiked and unspiked Hf compositions of CAI fractions (n=13) for isochron calculations. The slope of the Lu-Hf isochron is 0.0882 ± 0.0026 (2SD) which corresponds to a 176Lu decay constant value of 1.852 (± 0.052) ×10

  4. Physics of the Geospace Response to Powerful HF Radio Waves

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-31

    studies of the response of the Earth’s space plasma to high-power HF radio waves from the High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program ( HAARP ...of HF heating and explored to simulate artificial ducts. DMSP- HAARP experiments revealed that HF-created ion outflows and artificial density ducts...in the topside ionosphere appeared faster than predicted by the models, pointing to kinetic (suprathermal) effects. CHAMP/GRACE- HAARP experiments

  5. Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences Newsletter, Volume 7 Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Botts, Truman, Ed.

    Among the articles in this newsletter are three concerned with the decrease in federal funding of the mathematical sciences. A review of a report, Information Needs in the Mathematical Sciences, is provided in another article. (DT)

  6. Search and dissemination in data processing. [searches performed for Aviation Technology Newsletter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gold, C. H.; Moore, A. M.; Dodd, B.; Dittmar, V.

    1974-01-01

    Manual retrieval methods were used to complete 54 searches of interest for the General Aviation Newsletter. Subjects of search ranged from television transmission to machine tooling, Apollo moon landings, electronic equipment, and aerodynamics studies.

  7. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Justh Querot & Company 'WaspNewsletter' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Justh Querot & Company 'Wasp-Newsletter' (December 26, 1931) San Francisco Examiner Library Hanging of John Jenkins, 1851 DESTROYED - 1850's - Mexican Custom House, Historic View, Portsmouth Square, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  8. Electron holography on HfO2/HfO2-x bilayer structures with multilevel resistive switching properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niu, G.; Schubert, M. A.; Sharath, S. U.; Zaumseil, P.; Vogel, S.; Wenger, C.; Hildebrandt, E.; Bhupathi, S.; Perez, E.; Alff, L.; Lehmann, M.; Schroeder, T.; Niermann, T.

    2017-05-01

    Unveiling the physical nature of the oxygen-deficient conductive filaments (CFs) that are responsible for the resistive switching of the HfO2-based resistive random access memory (RRAM) devices represents a challenging task due to the oxygen vacancy related defect nature and nanometer size of the CFs. As a first important step to this goal, we demonstrate in this work direct visualization and a study of physico-chemical properties of oxygen-deficient amorphous HfO2-x by carrying out transmission electron microscopy electron holography as well as energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy on HfO2/HfO2-x bilayer heterostructures, which are realized by reactive molecular beam epitaxy. Furthermore, compared to single layer devices, Pt/HfO2/HfO2-x /TiN bilayer devices show enhanced resistive switching characteristics with multilevel behavior, indicating their potential as electronic synapses in future neuromorphic computing applications.

  9. Es structure using an HF radar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    From, W. R.; Whitehead, J. D.

    1986-05-01

    By using an HF radar which produces a steerable beam about 4° wide and measures angle of arrival and Doppler shift of radio echoes, the structure of various types of mid-latitude sporadic E (Es) has been determined. Totally reflecting Es is a very smooth layer, tilted less than 1° from the horizontal. Partially reflecting Es consists of clouds of ionization. These clouds vary in size from a few kilometers to 25 km in the direction of movement and larger in the transverse direction. Echoes often disappear rapidly: the clouds either disappear quickly or have sharp edges. Spread Es has a curious structure of small clouds, each of which reflects only for a few seconds, but each cloud moves with the same velocity, typically 100 m/s, even though the heights of the clouds vary up to 10 km. It is difficult to reconcile this finding with the presence of wind shears.

  10. Es structure using an HF radar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    From, W. R.; Whitehead, J. D.

    Using an HF radar which produces a steerable beam about 4 deg wide and measures angle of arrival and Doppler shift of radio echoes, the structure of various types of midlatitude sporadic E (Es) has been determined. Totally reflecting Es is a very smooth layer, tilted less than 1 deg from the horizontal. Partially reflecting Es consists of clouds of ionization. These clouds vary in size from a few kilometers to 25 km in the direction of movement and larger in the transverse direction. Echoes often disappear rapidly: the clouds either disappear quickly or have sharp edges. Spread Es has a curious structure of small clouds each of which reflects only for a few seconds, but each cloud moves with the same velocity, typically 100 m/s, even though the heights of the clouds vary up to 10 km. It is difficult to reconcile this finding with the presence of wind shears.

  11. Effect of different Zr contents on properties and microstructure of Cu-Cr-Zr alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jinshui, Chen; Bin, Yang; Junfeng, Wang; Xiangpeng, Xiao; Huiming, Chen; Hang, Wang

    2018-02-01

    The crystallography and morphology of precipitate particles of Cu-Cr-Zr alloys with varying Zr contents were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) after solution treatments at 950 °C for 1 h and aging treatments at 500 °C for different times ranged from 0.5 h to 24 h. The microhardness and electrical conductivity of Cu-Cr-Zr alloys after various aging process were tested. The results show that the microhardness and electrical conductivity rapidly increased at first, then the microhardness decreased slowly after reaching the peak, while the conductivity continues to increase. Nano-scaled precipitates exhibit two kinds of morphology (coffee bean and ellipse shaped). With increasing Zr content, the Zr-containing precipitation sequence of Cu-Cr-Zr alloys at peak-ageing is Heusler CrCu2Zr → Cu5Zr → Cu4Zr. The Heusler CrCu2Zr phase decomposed into fine and homogeneous Cr and Cu4Zr, resulting in improved alloy properties.

  12. Study of {sup 179}Hf{sup m2} excitation

    SciTech Connect

    Vishnevsky, I. N.; Zheltonozhsky, V. A., E-mail: zhelton@kinr.kiev.ua; Savrasov, A. N.

    Isomeric ratios of {sup 179}Hf{sup m2,g} yields in the (γ, n) reaction and the cross section for the {sup 179}Hf{sup m2} population in the (α, p) reaction are measured for the first time at the end-point energies of 15.1 and 17.5 MeV for bremsstrahlung photons and 26 MeV for alpha particles. The results are σ = (1.1 ± 0.11) × 10{sup −27} cm{sup 2} for the {sup 176}Lu(α, p){sup 179}Hf{sup m2} reaction and Y{sub m2}/Y{sub g} = (6.1 ± 0.3) × 10{sup −6} and (3.7 ± 0.2) × 10{sup −6} for the {sup 180}Hf(γ, n){sup 179}Hf{sup m22} reaction at E{submore » ep} =15.1 and 17.5 MeV, respectively. The experimental data on the relative {sup 179}Hf{sup m2} yield indicate a single-humped shape of the excitation function for the {sup 180}Hf(γ, n){sup 179}Hf{sup m2} reaction. Simulation is performed using the TALYS-1.4 and EMPIRE-3.2 codes.« less

  13. Synthesis of Zr2WP2O12/ZrO2 Composites with Adjustable Thermal Expansion.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhiping; Sun, Weikang; Liu, Hongfei; Xie, Guanhua; Chen, Xiaobing; Zeng, Xianghua

    2017-01-01

    Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 /ZrO 2 composites were fabricated by solid state reaction with the goal of tailoring the thermal expansion coefficient. XRD, SEM and TMA were used to investigate the composition, microstructure, and thermal expansion behavior of Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 /ZrO 2 composites with different mass ratio. Relative densities of all the resulting Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 /ZrO 2 samples were also tested by Archimedes' methods. The obtained Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 /ZrO 2 composites were comprised of orthorhombic Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 and monoclinic ZrO 2 . As the increase of the Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 , the relative densities of Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 /ZrO 2 ceramic composites increased gradually. The coefficient of thermal expansion of the Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 /ZrO 2 composites can be tailored from 4.1 × 10 -6 K -1 to -3.3 × 10 -6 K -1 by changing the content of Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 . The 2:1 Zr 2 WP 2 O 12 /ZrO 2 specimen shows close to zero thermal expansion from 25 to 700°C with an average linear thermal expansion coefficient of -0.09 × 10 -6 K -1 . These adjustable and near zero expansion ceramic composites will have great potential application in many fields.

  14. Continental sedimentary processes decouple Nd and Hf isotopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garçon, Marion; Chauvel, Catherine; France-Lanord, Christian; Huyghe, Pascale; Lavé, Jérôme

    2013-11-01

    The neodymium and hafnium isotopic compositions of most crustal and mantle rocks correlate to form the "Terrestrial Array". However, it is now well established that whereas coarse detrital sediments follow this trend, fine-grained oceanic sediments have high Hf ratios relative to their Nd isotopic ratios. It remains uncertain whether this "decoupling" of the two isotopic systems only occurs in the oceanic environment or if it is induced by sedimentary processes in continental settings. In this study, the hafnium and neodymium isotopic compositions of sediments in large rivers is expressly used to constrain the behavior of the two isotopic systems during erosion and sediment transport from continent to ocean. We report major and trace element concentrations together with Nd and Hf isotopic compositions of bedloads, suspended loads and river banks from the Ganges River and its tributaries draining the Himalayan Range i.e. the Karnali, the Narayani, the Kosi and the Marsyandi Rivers. The sample set includes sediments sampled within the Himalayan Range in Nepal, at the Himalayan mountain front, and also downstream on the floodplain and at the outflow of the Ganges in Bangladesh. Results show that hydrodynamic sorting of minerals explains the entire Hf isotopic range, i.e. more than 10 εHf units, observed in the river sediments but does not affect the Nd isotopic composition. Bedloads and bank sediments have systematically lower εHf values than suspended loads sampled at the same location. Coarse-grained sediments lie below or on the Terrestrial Array in an εHf vs. εNd diagram. In contrast, fine-grained sediments, including most of the suspended loads, deviate from the Terrestrial Array toward higher εHf relative to their εNd, as is the case for oceanic terrigenous clays. The observed Nd-Hf decoupling is explained by mineralogical sorting processes that enrich bottom sediments in coarse and dense minerals, including unradiogenic zircons, while surface sediments

  15. A non-zircon Hf isotope record in Archean black shales from the Pilbara craton confirms changing crustal dynamics ca. 3 Ga ago.

    PubMed

    Nebel-Jacobsen, Yona; Nebel, Oliver; Wille, Martin; Cawood, Peter A

    2018-01-17

    Plate tectonics and associated subduction are unique to the Earth. Studies of Archean rocks show significant changes in composition and structural style around 3.0 to 2.5 Ga that are related to changing tectonic regime, possibly associated with the onset of subduction. Whole rock Hf isotope systematics of black shales from the Australian Pilbara craton, selected to exclude detrital zircon components, are employed to evaluate the evolution of the Archean crust. This approach avoids limitations of Hf-in-zircon analyses, which only provide input from rocks of sufficient Zr-concentration, and therefore usually represent domains that already underwent a degree of differentiation. In this study, we demonstrate the applicability of this method through analysis of shales that range in age from 3.5 to 2.8 Ga, and serve as representatives of their crustal sources through time. Their Hf isotopic compositions show a trend from strongly positive εHf initial values for the oldest samples, to strongly negative values for the younger samples, indicating a shift from juvenile to differentiated material. These results confirm a significant change in the character of the source region of the black shales by 3 Ga, consistent with models invoking a change in global dynamics from crustal growth towards crustal reworking around this time.

  16. QAPP for Analysis of Data Received from Nine Hydraulic Fracturing (HF) Service Companies

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This QAPP provides information concerning the Water Acquisition, Chemical Mixing, Well Injection, and Flowback and Produced Water stages of the HF water cycle as found in Figure 1 of the HF QMP and as described in HF Study Plan.

  17. Hf thickness dependence of spin-orbit torques in Hf/CoFeB/MgO heterostructures

    SciTech Connect

    Ramaswamy, Rajagopalan; Qiu, Xuepeng; Dutta, Tanmay

    We have studied the spin-orbit torques in perpendicularly magnetized Hf/CoFeB/MgO system, by systematically varying the thickness of Hf underlayer. We have observed a sign change of effective fields between Hf thicknesses of 1.75 and 2 nm, indicating that competing mechanisms, such as the Rashba and spin Hall effects, contribute to spin-orbit torques in our system. For larger Hf thicknesses (>2 nm), both the components of spin-orbit torques arise predominantly from the bulk spin Hall effect. We have also confirmed these results using spin-orbit torque induced magnetization switching measurements. Our results could be helpful in designing Hf based SOT devices.

  18. The mechanism of the UV band edge photorefractivity suppression in highly doped LiNbO3:Zr crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xin, Fei-fei

    2017-11-01

    The ultraviolet (UV) band edge photorefractivity of LiNbO3:Zr at 325 nm has been investigated. The experimental results show that the resistance against photorefraction at 325 nm is quite obvious but not as strong as that at 351 nm, when the doping concentration of Zr reaches 2.0 mol%. It is reported that the photorefractivity in other tetravalently doped LiNbO3 crystals, such as LiNbO3:Hf and LiNbO3:Sn, is enhanced dramatically with doping concentration over threshold. Here we give an explicit explanation on such seemly conflicting behaviors of tetravalently doped LiNbO3, which is ascribed to the combined effect of increased photoconductivity and the absorption strength of the band edge photorefractive centers.

  19. Power-Stepped HF Cross Modulation Experiments at HAARP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greene, S.; Moore, R. C.; Langston, J. S.

    2013-12-01

    High frequency (HF) cross modulation experiments are a well established means for probing the HF-modified characteristics of the D-region ionosphere. In this paper, we apply experimental observations of HF cross-modulation to the related problem of ELF/VLF wave generation. HF cross-modulation measurements are used to evaluate the efficiency of ionospheric conductivity modulation during power-stepped modulated HF heating experiments. The results are compared to previously published dependencies of ELF/VLF wave amplitude on HF peak power. The experiments were performed during the March 2013 campaign at the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) Observatory. HAARP was operated in a dual-beam transmission format: the first beam heated the ionosphere using sinusoidal amplitude modulation while the second beam broadcast a series of low-power probe pulses. The peak power of the modulating beam was incremented in 1-dB steps. We compare the minimum and maximum cross-modulation effect and the amplitude of the resulting cross-modulation waveform to the expected power-law dependence of ELF/VLF wave amplitude on HF power.

  20. Fine Structure in Multi-Phase Zr8Ni21-Zr7Ni10-Zr2Ni7 Alloy Revealed by Transmission Electron Microscope

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Haoting; Bendersky, Leonid A.; Young, Kwo; Nei, Jean

    2015-01-01

    The microstructure of an annealed alloy with a Zr8Ni21 composition was studied by both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The presence of three phases, Zr8Ni21, Zr2Ni7, and Zr7Ni10, was confirmed by SEM/X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy compositional mapping and TEM electron diffraction. Distribution of the phases and their morphology can be linked to a multi-phase structure formed by a sequence of reactions: (1) L → Zr2Ni7 + L’; (2) peritectic Zr2Ni7 + L’ → Zr2Ni7 + Zr8Ni21 + L”; (3) eutectic L” → Zr8Ni21 + Zr7Ni10. The effect of annealing at 960 °C, which was intended to convert a cast structure into a single-phase Zr8Ni21 structure, was only moderate and the resulting alloy was still multi-phased. TEM and crystallographic analysis of the Zr2Ni7 phase show a high density of planar (001) defects that were explained as low-energy boundaries between rotational variants and stacking faults. The crystallographic features arise from the pseudo-hexagonal structure of Zr2Ni7. This highly defective Zr2Ni7 phase was identified as the source of the broad X-ray diffraction peaks at around 38.4° and 44.6° when a Cu-K was used as the radiation source. PMID:28793460

  1. Critical Questions about PARADIGM-HF and the Future

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Chen-Huan

    2016-01-01

    Cardiovascular (CV) diseases in general and heart failure (HF) in particular are major contributors to death and morbidity and are also recognized as important drivers of health care expenditure. The PARADIGM-HF trial was a pivotal trial designed to compare the long-term effects of LCZ696 with enalapril in patients with symptomatic HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This review article presents an in-depth view of the PARADIGM-HF trial and the implications of the results in the management of patients with HF and is based on peer reviewed manuscripts, editorials, perspectives and opinions written about the PARADIGM-HF trial. The article presents the key safety and efficacy results of the trial with specific emphasis on the clinical implications of these findings. The review highlights the highly statistically significant, 20% reduction in the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death or HF hospitalization, and a 16% reduction in the risk of death from any cause. It also provides an overview of the design, clinical findings, limitations and special areas of clinical interest. The review discusses the future of LCZ696 and additional trials that seek to answer questions in other sub-populations of patients with HF. The article reiterates what has been concluded by many experts in the field of HF- the introduction of LCZ696 into routine clinical care, while dependent on the regulatory approvals in various countries as well as acceptance by physicians, payers and patients, will change the treatment landscape for patients with HFrEF. PMID:27471351

  2. Ca(5)Zr(3)F(22).

    PubMed

    Oudahmane, Abdelghani; El-Ghozzi, Malika; Avignant, Daniel

    2012-04-01

    Single crystals of Ca(5)Zr(3)F(22), penta-calcium trizirconium docosafluoride, were obtained unexpectedly by solid-state reaction between CaF(2) and ZrF(4) in the presence of AgF. The structure of the title compound is isotypic with that of Sr(5)Zr(3)F(22) and can be described as being composed of layers with composition [Zr(3)F(20)](8-) made up from two different [ZrF(8)](4-) square anti-prisms (one with site symmetry 2) by corner-sharing. The layers extending parallel to the (001) plane are further linked by Ca(2+) cations, forming a three-dimensional network. Amongst the four crystallographically different Ca(2+) ions, three are located on twofold rotation axes. The Ca(2+) ions exhibit coordination numbers ranging from 8 to 12, depending on the cut off, with very distorted fluorine environments. Two of the Ca(2+) ions occupy inter-stices between the layers whereas the other two are located in void spaces of the [Zr(3)F(20)](8-) layer and alternate with the two Zr atoms along [010]. The crystal under investigation was an inversion twin.

  3. Grindability of cast Ti-Hf alloys.

    PubMed

    Kikuchi, Masafumi; Takahashi, Masatoshi; Sato, Hideki; Okuno, Osamu; Nunn, Martha E; Okabe, Toru

    2006-04-01

    As part of our systematic studies characterizing the properties of titanium alloys, we investigated the grindability of a series of cast Ti-Hf alloys. Alloy buttons with hafnium concentrations up to 40 mass% were made using an argon-arc melting furnace. Each button was cast into a magnesia-based mold using a dental titanium casting machine; three specimens were made for each metal. Prior to testing, the hardened surface layer was removed. The specimens were ground at five different speeds for 1 min at 0.98 N using a carborundum wheel on an electric dental handpiece. Grindability was evaluated as the volume of metal removed per minute (grinding rate) and the volume ratio of metal removed compared to the wheel material lost (grinding ratio). The data were analyzed using ANOVA. A trend of increasing grindability was found with increasing amounts of hafnium, although there was no statistical difference in the grindability with increasing hafnium contents. We also found that hafnium may be used to harden or strengthen titanium without deteriorating the grindability.

  4. PARADIGM - HF: The Rise of the Arnis.

    PubMed

    Guha, Kaushik; Varkey, Sneha; Sharma, Rakesh

    2016-01-01

    Heart failure remains a widespread commonly encountered clinical condition. It is responsible for increased healthcare expenditure, driven by frequent and often prolonged hospital admissions associated with an increased mortality. A clinically useful classification of the syndrome is, patients with left ventricular systolic impairment (Heart Failure and reduced ejection fraction, HFREF) and patients with preserved left ventricular systolic function (HFPEF). The pharmacological treatment for patients with HFREF has evolved over the last twenty five years, focusing on modulation of the neurohormonal activation which represents a hallmark of this condition. This has led to the development of a stepwise treatment algorithm predominately based on inhibition of the renin angiotensin aldosterone pathway and counteracting sympathetic over-activation. In particular since the early trials in chronic heart failure (CHF) demonstrated a significant mortality benefit with ACE-inhibitors, subsequent studies have been conducted in conjunction with these drugs. The rationale being that it would be unethical to trial any new agent without the concomitant use of ACE-inhibitors. The recent publication of the PARADIGM -HF study has challenged this convention by trialling a novel pharmacological agent against an ACE-inhibitor in a landmark trial. The review sets out the current pharmacological treatment for patients with heart failure and discusses the recent findings with this novel class of medication.

  5. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program facilities newsletter, January 2000

    SciTech Connect

    Sisterson, D.L.

    2000-02-16

    The subject of this newsletter is the ARM unmanned aerospace vehicle program. The ARM Program's focus is on climate research, specifically research related to solar radiation and its interaction with clouds. The SGP CART site contains highly sophisticated surface instrumentation, but even these instruments cannot gather some crucial climate data from high in the atmosphere. The Department of Energy and the Department of Defense joined together to use a high-tech, high-altitude, long-endurance class of unmanned aircraft known as the unmanned aerospace vehicle (UAV). A UAV is a small, lightweight airplane that is controlled remotely from the ground. A pilot sitsmore » in a ground-based cockpit and flies the aircraft as if he were actually on board. The UAV can also fly completely on its own through the use of preprogrammed computer flight routines. The ARM UAV is fitted with payload instruments developed to make highly accurate measurements of atmospheric flux, radiance, and clouds. Using a UAV is beneficial to climate research in many ways. The UAV puts the instrumentation within the environment being studied and gives scientists direct measurements, in contrast to indirect measurements from satellites orbiting high above Earth. The data collected by UAVs can be used to verify and calibrate measurements and calculated values from satellites, therefore making satellite data more useful and valuable to researchers.« less

  6. Eleven Tribes Jump START Clean Energy Projects, Summer 2012 (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    This newsletter describes key activities of the DOE Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs for Summer 2012. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) has selected 11 Tribes - five in Alaska and six in the contiguous United States - to receive on-the-ground technical support for community-based energy efficiency and renewable energy projects as part of DOE-IE's Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program. START finalists were selected based on the clarity of their requests for technical assistance and the ability of START to successfully work with their projects or community. Technical expertsmore » from DOE and its National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will work directly with community-based project teams to analyze local energy issues and assist the Tribes in moving their projects forward. In Alaska, the effort will be bolstered by DOE-IE's partnership with the Denali Commission, which will provide additional assistance and expertise, as well as funding to fuel the Alaska START initiative.« less

  7. Stratospheric HF and HCl observations /15 June 1981/

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Traub, W. A.; Chance, K. V.

    1981-01-01

    Balloon measurements of the stratospheric HF/HCl ratio are reported. Seven far-infrared rotational lines of HF and HCl were observed at elevation angles of 25, 18 and 8 deg by a far-infrared Fourier-transform spectrometer on board a balloon platform at 28.5 km. Analysis of line intensities yields an average HF/HCl ratio of 0.18 + or - 0.02 at an effective altitude of 33 km, with a water vapor mixing ratio of about 4 ppmv. Results are noted to be in reasonable agreement with the calculated profile of Sze and Ko (1981) with 4.5 ppmv H2O.

  8. Interdiffusion and reaction between U and Zr

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Y.; Newell, R.; Mehta, A.; Keiser, D. D.; Sohn, Y. H.

    2018-04-01

    The microstructural development and diffusion kinetics were examined for the binary U vs. Zr system using solid-to-solid diffusion couples, U vs. Zr, annealed at 580 °C for 960 h, 650 °C for 480 h, 680 °C for 240 h, and 710 °C for 96 h. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies with X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy were employed for detailed microstructural and compositional analyses. Interdiffusion and reaction in U vs. Zr diffusion couples primarily produced: δ-UZr2 solid solution (hP3) and α‧-U at 580 °C; and (γU,βZr) solid solution (cI2) and α‧-U at 650°, 680° and 710 °C. The α‧-phase was confirmed as a reduced variant of the α-U orthorhombic structure with lattice parameters, a × b × c = 2.65 × 5.40 × 4.75 (Å) with a negligible solubility for Zr at room temperature. Concentration profiles were examined to determine interdiffusion coefficients, integrated interdiffusion coefficients, and intrinsic diffusion coefficients using Boltzmann-Matano, Wagner, and Heumann analyses, respectively. Composition-dependence of interdiffusion coefficients were documented for α-U, δ-UZr2 (at 580 °C) and (γU,βZr) solid solution (at 650°, 680° and 710 °C). U was determined to intrinsically diffuse faster than Zr, approximately by an order of magnitude, in the δ-UZr2 at 580 °C, and (γU,βZr) phases at 650°, 680° and 710 °C. Based on Darken's approach, thermodynamic data available in literature were coupled to estimate the tracer diffusion coefficients and atomic mobilities of U and Zr.

  9. An Analysis of the Effectiveness of an Interdisciplinary Poster-Newsletter in Improving Communication between University Scientists and Science Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummins, Catherine L.; Wandersee, James H.

    A poster-newsletter, "Science Talk," was developed and its effectiveness at a major research university analyzed. The goal of the newsletter was to make information regarding upcoming research seminars sponsored by the science departments available campuswide and to raise the scientists' awareness level regarding the university's science…

  10. ARL: A Bimonthly Newsletter of Research Library Issues and Actions, Nos. 190-195. February-December 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, G. Jaia, Ed.

    This document consists of six issues of the ARL (Association of Research Libraries) Newsletter, covering the year 1997. Each issue of the newsletter includes some or all of the following sections: "Current Issues," reports from the Office of Scholarly Communication, Office for Management Services, and Coalition for Networked Information,…

  11. The Development of HfO2-Rare Earth Based Oxide Materials and Barrier Coatings for Thermal Protection Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhu, Dongming; Harder, Bryan James

    2014-01-01

    Advanced hafnia-rare earth oxides, rare earth aluminates and silicates have been developed for thermal environmental barrier systems for aerospace propulsion engine and thermal protection applications. The high temperature stability, low thermal conductivity, excellent oxidation resistance and mechanical properties of these oxide material systems make them attractive and potentially viable for thermal protection systems. This paper will focus on the development of the high performance and high temperature capable ZrO2HfO2-rare earth based alloy and compound oxide materials, processed as protective coating systems using state-or-the-art processing techniques. The emphasis has been in particular placed on assessing their temperature capability, stability and suitability for advanced space vehicle entry thermal protection systems. Fundamental thermophysical and thermomechanical properties of the material systems have been investigated at high temperatures. Laser high-heat-flux testing has also been developed to validate the material systems, and demonstrating durability under space entry high heat flux conditions.

  12. Orthorhombic Zr2Co11 phase revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Li, X. -Z.; Zhang, W. Y.; Sellmyer, D. J.

    2014-10-01

    The structure of the orthorhombic Zr2Co11 phase was revisited in the present work. Selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM) techniques were used to investigate the structure. They show the orthorhombic Zr2Co11 phase has a 1-D incommensurate modulated structure. The structure can be approximately described as a B-centered orthorhombic lattice. The lattice parameters of the orthorhombic Zr2Co11 phase have been determined by a tilt series of SAED patterns. A hexagonal network with a modulation wave has been observed in the HREM image and the hexagonal motif is considered as the basic structural unit.

  13. Low-Frequency Waves in HF Heating of the Ionosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, A. S.; Eliasson, B.; Milikh, G. M.; Najmi, A.; Papadopoulos, K.; Shao, X.; Vartanyan, A.

    2016-02-01

    Ionospheric heating experiments have enabled an exploration of the ionosphere as a large-scale natural laboratory for the study of many plasma processes. These experiments inject high-frequency (HF) radio waves using high-power transmitters and an array of ground- and space-based diagnostics. This chapter discusses the excitation and propagation of low-frequency waves in HF heating of the ionosphere. The theoretical aspects and the associated models and simulations, and the results from experiments, mostly from the HAARP facility, are presented together to provide a comprehensive interpretation of the relevant plasma processes. The chapter presents the plasma model of the ionosphere for describing the physical processes during HF heating, the numerical code, and the simulations of the excitation of low-frequency waves by HF heating. It then gives the simulations of the high-latitude ionosphere and mid-latitude ionosphere. The chapter also briefly discusses the role of kinetic processes associated with wave generation.

  14. 12. Hard HF transmitter antenna, view toward west. Lyon ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Hard HF transmitter antenna, view toward west. Lyon - Whiteman Air Force Base, Oscar O-1 Minuteman Missile Alert Facility, Southeast corner of Twelfth & Vendenberg Avenues, Knob Noster, Johnson County, MO

  15. 11. Hard HF receiver antenna, view towards east. Lyon ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Hard HF receiver antenna, view towards east. Lyon - Whiteman Air Force Base, Oscar O-1 Minuteman Missile Alert Facility, Southeast corner of Twelfth & Vendenberg Avenues, Knob Noster, Johnson County, MO

  16. Lu-Hf CONSTRAINTS ON THE EVOLUTION OF LUNAR BASALTS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fujimaki, Hirokazu; Tatsumoto, Mistunobu

    1984-01-01

    The authors show that a cumulate-remelting model best explains the recently acquired data on the Lu-Hf systematics of lunar mare basalts. The authors model is first constructed using the Lu and Hf concentration data and it is then further strengthened by the Hf isotopic evidence. The authors also show that the similarity of MgO/FeO ratios and the Cr//2O//3 contents between high-Ti and low-Ti basalts, which have been given significance by A. E. Ringwood and D. H. Green are not important constraints for lunar basalt petrogenesis. The authors principal aim is to revive the remelting model for further consideration with the powerful constraints of Lu-Hf systematics of lunar basalts.

  17. HF band filter bank multi-carrier spread spectrum

    SciTech Connect

    Laraway, Stephen Andrew; Moradi, Hussein; Farhang-Boroujeny, Behrouz

    Abstract—This paper describes modifications to the filter bank multicarrier spread spectrum (FB-MC-SS) system, that was presented in [1] and [2], to enable transmission of this waveform in the HF skywave channel. FB-MC-SS is well suited for the HF channel because it performs well in channels with frequency selective fading and interference. This paper describes new algorithms for packet detection, timing recovery and equalization that are suitable for the HF channel. Also, an algorithm for optimizing the peak to average power ratio (PAPR) of the FBMC- SS waveform is presented. Application of this algorithm results in a waveform with low PAPR.more » Simulation results using a wide band HF channel model demonstrate the robustness of this system over a wide range of delay and Doppler spreads.« less

  18. Measuring Perceived Educational Impact of a Resident-Led Research Newsletter.

    PubMed

    Aftab, Awais; Lackamp, Jeanne; Cerny, Cathleen

    2017-06-01

    To determine the perceived educational impact of a resident-led psychiatry research newsletter ('Research Watch') on the psychiatry residents at the authors' residency program. An anonymous, voluntary paper questionnaire was distributed to all psychiatry residents at the program. The survey inquired about the degree of exposure (quantified as 'exposure index') and contribution to the newsletter. A set of questions asked residents to estimate how much of the improvement they attributed to the influence of the newsletter, rating the attribution between 0 and 100%, in the areas of interest in scholarly activities/research, knowledge of current psychiatric research, and participation in scholarly activities/research. The survey also inquired if the newsletter had any impact on their clinical practice. Of 29 residents in the program who received the survey, 27 (93%) responded. The percentage of residents reporting perceived non-zero impact of the newsletter on specific areas of improvement was as follows: interest in scholarly activities/research (44%), knowledge of current psychiatric research (48%), participation in scholarly activities/research (40%), and clinical practice (40%). Exposure index significantly and positively correlated with self-reported percentage attribution for knowledge (correlation coefficient 0.422, p value 0.028) and self-reported impact on clinical practice (correlation coefficient 0.660, p value 0.000), and degree of contribution significantly and positively correlated with self-reported percentage attribution for knowledge (correlation coefficient 0.488, p value 0.010). A resident-led research newsletter can have a positive perceived impact on the residents' interest, knowledge, and participation in research, as well as a positive perceived impact on clinical practice.

  19. Thermoelectric properties of doped BaHfO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Dixit, Chandra Kr., E-mail: ckparadise@gmail.com, E-mail: sharmarameshfgiet@gmail.com; Bhamu, K. C.; Sharma, Ramesh, E-mail: ckparadise@gmail.com, E-mail: sharmarameshfgiet@gmail.com

    2016-05-06

    We have studied the structural stability, electronic structure, optical properties and thermoelectric properties of doped BaHfO{sub 3} by full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The electronic structure of BaHfO{sub 3} doped with Sr shows enhances the indirect band gaps of 3.53 eV, 3.58 eV. The charge density plots show strong ionic bonding in Ba-Hf, and ionic and covalent bonding between Hf and O. Calculations of the optical spectra, viz., the dielectric function, refractive index and extinction coefficient are performed for the energy range are calculated and analyzed. Thermoelectric properties of semi conducting are also reported first time. Themore » doped BaHfO{sub 3} is approximately wide band gap semiconductor with the large p-type Seebeck coefficient. The power factor of BaHfO{sub 3} is increased with Sr doping, decreases because of low electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity.« less

  20. RCS of ships and aircraft at HF frequencies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trueman, C. W.; Kubina, S. J.; Mishra, S. R.; Larose, C.

    Coastal radar operating at high frequency (HF) has the potential of monitoring iceberg movement and ship and aircraft traffic over a wide area of ocean. The HF radar cross-section of an aircraft-like scatterer of simple geometry is investigated. At these frequencies, the aircraft size is comparable to the wavelength. The aircraft radar cross-section (RCS) is obtained both by computation and by direct measurement. It is demonstrated that at low frequencies in the HF range, the dorsal fin is the dominant scatterer, but at high HF the fuselage can scatter more strongly than the dorsal fin. Aircraft often carry wire antennas for HF communication, and it is shown that such wires can dramatically alter the RCS of the aircraft near the resonant frequencies of the wire. The RCS of a ship modelled as a parallelepiped with mast is 20-30 decibels larger than that of an aircraft, and is dominated at low HF by the contribution of the mast.

  1. The Pfi-Zeke Spectroscopy Study of HfS+ and the Ionization Energy of HfS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antonov, I. O.; Barker, B. J.; Heaven, M. C.

    2011-06-01

    Spectroscopic data for the ground and low-lying states HfS+ have been obtained using the technique of pulse field ionization - zero electron kinetic energy (PFI-ZEKE) spectroscopy. PFI-ZEKE spectra were recorded for the levels X2Σ+ (v=0-18), 2Δ5/2 (v=0-8) and 2Δ3/2 (v=0-3). Assignments of the electronically excited states of HfS+ are based on CCSD(T) and DFT calculations with SDB-aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. Rotationally resolved spectra were recorded for the X2Σ+ (v=0) state using single rotational line excitation of the intermediate state. The ionization energy for HfS, term energies and molecular constants for the ground and low-lying states of HfS+ will be reported.

  2. Orientation control and domain structure analysis of {100}-oriented epitaxial ferroelectric orthorhombic HfO{sub 2}-based thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Katayama, Kiliha; Shimizu, Takao; Sakata, Osami

    2016-04-07

    Orientation control of {100}-oriented epitaxial orthorhombic 0.07YO{sub 1.5}-0.93HfO{sub 2} films grown by pulsed laser deposition was investigated. To achieve in-plane lattice matching, indium tin oxide (ITO) and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) were selected as underlying layers. We obtained (100)- and (001)/(010)-oriented films on ITO and YSZ, respectively. Ferroelastic domain formation was confirmed for both films by X-ray diffraction using the superlattice diffraction that appeared only for the orthorhombic symmetry. The formation of ferroelastic domains is believed to be induced by the tetragonal–orthorhombic phase transition upon cooling the films after deposition. The present results demonstrate that the orientation of HfO{sub 2}-based ferroelectricmore » films can be controlled in the same manner as that of ferroelectric films composed of conventional perovskite-type material such as Pb(Zr, Ti)O{sub 3} and BiFeO{sub 3}.« less

  3. The effect of the bottom electrode on ferroelectric tunnel junctions based on CMOS-compatible HfO2.

    PubMed

    Goh, Youngin; Jeon, Sanghun

    2018-08-17

    Ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs) have attracted research interest as promising candidates for non-destructive readout non-volatile memories. Unlike conventional perovskite FTJs, hafnia FTJs offer many advantages in terms of scalability and CMOS compatibility. However, so far, hafnia FTJs have shown poor endurance and relatively low resistance ratios and these have remained issues for real device applications. In our study, we fabricated HfZrO(HZO)-based FTJs with various electrodes (TiN, Si, SiGe, Ge) and improved the memory performance of HZO-based FTJs by using the asymmetry of the charge screening lengths of the electrodes. For the HZO-based FTJ with a Ge substrate, the effective barrier afforded by this FTJ can be electrically modulated because of the space charge-limited region formed at the ferroelectric/semiconductor interface. The optimized HZO-based FTJ with a Ge bottom electrode presents excellent ferroelectricity with a high remnant polarization of 18 μC cm -2 , high tunneling electroresistance value of 30, good retention at 85 °C and high endurance of 10 7 . The results demonstrate the great potential of HfO 2 -based FTJs in non-destructive readout non-volatile memories.

  4. Reconciliation of the excess 176Hf conundrum in meteorites: Recent disturbances of the Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd isotope systematics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bast, Rebecca; Scherer, Erik E.; Sprung, Peter; Mezger, Klaus; Fischer-Gödde, Mario; Taetz, Stephan; Böhnke, Mischa; Schmid-Beurmann, Hinrich; Münker, Carsten; Kleine, Thorsten; Srinivasan, Gopalan

    2017-09-01

    The long-lived 176Lu-176Hf and 147Sm-143Nd radioisotope systems are commonly used chronometers, but when applied to meteorites, they can reveal disturbances. Specifically, Lu-Hf isochrons commonly yield dates up to ∼300 Myr older than the solar system and varying initial 176Hf/177Hf values. We investigated this problem by attempting to construct mineral and whole rock isochrons for eucrites and angrites. Meteorites from different parent bodies exhibit similar disturbance features suggesting that a common process is responsible. Minerals scatter away from isochron regressions for both meteorite classes, with low-Hf phases such as plagioclase and olivine typically being most displaced above (or left of) reference isochrons. Relatively Hf-rich pyroxene is less disturbed but still to the point of steepening Lu-Hf errorchrons. Using our Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd data, we tested various Hf and Lu redistribution scenarios and found that decoupling of Lu/Hf from 176Hf/177Hf must postdate the accumulation of significant radiogenic 176Hf. Therefore early irradiation or diffusion cannot explain the excess 176Hf. Instead, disturbed meteorite isochrons are more likely caused by terrestrial weathering, contamination, or common laboratory procedures. The partial dissolution of phosphate minerals may predominantly remove rare earth elements including Lu, leaving relatively immobile and radiogenic Hf behind. Robust Lu-Hf (and improved Sm-Nd) meteorite geochronology will require the development of chemical or physical methods for removing unsupported radiogenic Hf and silicate-hosted terrestrial contaminants without disturbing parent-daughter ratios.

  5. Structural and compositional evolution of Al{sub 3}(Zr,Y) precipitates in Al-Zr-Y alloy

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, Haiyan, E-mail: gaohaiyan@sjtu.edu.cn

    Structural and compositional evolution of Al{sub 3}(Zr,Y) precipitates in aged Al-Zr-Y alloy was investigated through atom probe tomography (APT) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis and first principles calculations. The results show that short-bar-shaped D0{sub 19}-Al{sub 3}Y with some Zr atoms dissolved in precipitated at the very beginning of decomposition and worked as heterogeneous nuclei for L1{sub 2}-Al{sub 3}Zr with spherical morphology after being aged at 400 °C for 2 h. Quasi-static coarsening happened as the aging treatment lasted from 2 h to 200 h. However, distribution of Zr and Y atoms in Al{sub 3}(Zr,Y) is nearly uniform and Al{submore » 3}(Zr,Y) do not have the typical “Al{sub 3}RE core-Al{sub 3}Zr shell” structure which observed in other RE containing Al-Zr-RE alloys with L1{sub 2}-Al{sub 3}RE as nuclei. First principles calculations revealed that binding energy between Y and Zr is strong during the growth of Al{sub 3}(Zr,Y), which led to the co-precipitation of Y and Zr atoms and attribute to the evolution of Al{sub 3}(Zr,Y). - Highlights: •Al{sub 3}Y precipitated firstly and then became nuclei for Al{sub 3}Zr during aging of Al-Zr-Y. •Al{sub 3}(Zr,Y) precipitates do not have the typical “Al{sub 3}Y core-Al{sub 3}Zr shell” structure. •Strong binding between Y and Zr led to the co-precipitation of Y and Zr atoms.« less

  6. Joint Efforts Towards European HF Radar Integration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rubio, A.; Mader, J.; Griffa, A.; Mantovani, C.; Corgnati, L.; Novellino, A.; Schulz-Stellenfleth, J.; Quentin, C.; Wyatt, L.; Ruiz, M. I.; Lorente, P.; Hartnett, M.; Gorringe, P.

    2016-12-01

    During the past two years, significant steps have been made in Europe for achieving the needed accessibility to High Frequency Radar (HFR) data for a pan-European use. Since 2015, EuroGOOS Ocean Observing Task Teams (TT), such as HFR TT, are operational networks of observing platforms. The main goal is on the harmonization of systems requirements, systems design, data quality, improvement and proof of the readiness and standardization of HFR data access and tools. Particular attention is being paid by HFR TT to converge from different projects and programs toward those common objectives. First, JERICO-NEXT (Joint European Research Infrastructure network for Coastal Observatory - Novel European eXpertise for coastal observaTories, H2020 2015 Programme) will contribute on describing the status of the European network, on seeking harmonization through exchange of best practices and standardization, on developing and giving access to quality control procedures and new products, and finally on demonstrating the use of such technology in the general scientific strategy focused by the Coastal Observatory. Then, EMODnet (European Marine Observation and Data Network) Physics started to assemble HF radar metadata and data products within Europe in a uniform way. This long term program is providing a combined array of services and functionalities to users for obtaining free of charge data, meta-data and data products on the physical conditions of European sea basins and oceans. Additionally, the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) delivers from 2015 a core information service to any user related to 4 areas of benefits: Maritime Safety, Coastal and Marine Environment, Marine Resources, and Weather, Seasonal Forecasting and Climate activities. INCREASE (Innovation and Networking for the integration of Coastal Radars into EuropeAn marine SErvices - CMEMS Service Evolution 2016) will set the necessary developments towards the integration of existing European

  7. Zr-ZrO2 cermet solar coatings designed by modelling calculations and deposited by dc magnetron sputtering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Qi-Chu; Hadavi, M. S.; Lee, K.-D.; Shen, Y. G.

    2003-03-01

    High solar performance Zr-ZrO2 cermet solar coatings were designed using a numerical computer model and deposited experimentally. The layer thickness and Zr metal volume fraction for the Zr-ZrO2 cermet solar selective coatings on a Zr or Al reflector with a surface ZrO2 or Al2O3 anti-reflection layer were optimized to achieve maximum photo-thermal conversion efficiency at 80°C under concentration factors of 1-20 using the downhill simplex method in multi-dimensions in the numerical calculation. The dielectric function and the complex refractive index of Zr-ZrO2 cermet materials were calculated using Sheng's approximation. Optimization calculations show that Al2O3/Zr-ZrO2/Al solar coatings with two cermet layers and three cermet layers have nearly identical solar absorptance, emittance and photo-thermal conversion efficiency that are much better than those for films with one cermet layer. The optimized Al2O3/Zr-ZrO2/Al solar coating film with two cermet layers has a high solar absorptance value of 0.97 and low hemispherical emittance value of 0.05 at 80°C for a concentration factor of 2. The Al2O3/Zr-ZrO2/Al solar selective coatings with two cermet layers were deposited using dc magnetron sputtering technology. During the deposition of Zr-ZrO2 cermet layer, a Zr metallic target was run in a gas mixture of argon and oxygen. By control of oxygen flow rate the different metal volume fractions in the cermet layers were achieved using dc reactive sputtering. A solar absorptance of 0.96 and normal emittance of 0.05 at 80°C were achieved.

  8. ARL: A Bimonthly Newsletter of Research Library Issues and Actions, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, G. Jaia, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This document contains 6 issues (one year) of a newsletter devoted to information and reports on issues and actions of interest to research libraries. Each issue contains articles on current issues, federal relations, ARL activities, and a calendar of events, as well as columns by the Coalition for Networked Information and the Office of…

  9. College of the Sequoias Institutional Research Newsletters [Numbers 1-6, August 1987-August 1989].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodyear, Don; Webb, Elaine

    Designed as a means of communicating information related to students to faculty and staff at the College of the Sequoias (COS), in California, this collection of quarterly newsletters by the college's Office of Institutional Research summarizes recent research projects, highlights data on student demographics from state and local studies, and…

  10. New England Wind Forum: A Wind Powering America Project, Volume 1, Issue 4 -- May 2008 (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect

    Grace, R. C.; Gifford, J.

    2008-05-01

    The New England Wind Forum electronic newsletter summarizes the latest news in wind energy development activity, markets, education, and policy in the New England region. It also features an interview with a key figure influencing New England's wind energy development. Volume 1, Issue 4 features an interview with Brian Fairbank, president and CEO of Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort.

  11. Adult Literacy and Technology Newsletter. Vol. 3, Nos. 1-4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gueble, Ed, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    This document consists of four issues of a newsletter focused on the spectrum of technology use in literacy instruction. The first issue contains the following articles: "Five 'Big' Systems and One 'Little' Option" (Weisberg); "Computer Use Patterns at Blackfeet Community College" (Hill); "Software Review: Educational Activities' Science Series"…

  12. The MAGnet Newsletter on Mixed-Age Grouping in Preschool and Elementary Settings, 1992-1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClellan, Diane, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    These 11 newsletter issues provide a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas regarding mixed-age grouping in preschool and elementary schools. The October 1992 issue focuses on the mixed-age approach as an educational innovation, defines relevant terms, and presents advice from Oregon teachers on teaching mixed-age groups. The March 1993 issue…

  13. CVRP Patch Panel; the Newsletter of the California Video Resource Project. Volume Two, Number Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esteves, Roberto, Ed.

    1976-01-01

    This issue of the California Video Resource Project's newsletter includes a review of the two and a half year history of videotape programing and education at the Pocatello Public Library and a discussion of power sources for portable videotaping equipment. Approximately 60 articles from the summer issues of 14 video magazines are listed in an…

  14. The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) Newsletter, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    These two newsletters of The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) present articles concerned with research on the education of gifted and talented students. The articles are: "NRC/GT's Suggestions: Evaluating Your Programs and Services" (E. Jean Gubbins); "Professional Development Practices in Gifted Education: Results of a…

  15. UNESCO Chemistry Teaching Project in Asia, Newsletter, Volume 3, Number 1, August 1969.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand).

    The "Chemistry Card Game" for teaching stoichiometry of inorganic precipitation and ionic complex reactions is described in the first article of this UNESCO newsletter. The game is played with 106 cards consisting of 19 kinds of cations, 14 kinds of anions, and one kind of molecules (NH3). Included are the instructions for making the…

  16. Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, 2000: For the Recognition, Treatment, and Prevention of Wilderness Emergencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Holly A., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    The six issues of Wilderness Medicine Newsletter published in 2000 provide medical and rescue information for the nonphysician in remote wilderness areas. Feature articles include: "Lions & Tigers & Bears, Oh My!" (wildlife precautions) (Jeanne Twehous); "Calamity in the Unroofed Temple" (collapse of a famous snow arch) (Nicholas Howe);…

  17. Newsletter for Asian and Middle Eastern Languages on Computer, Volume 1, Numbers 3 & 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meadow, Anthony, Ed.

    1986-01-01

    Volume 1, numbers 3 and 4, of the newsletter on the use of non-Western languages with computers contains the following articles: "Reversing the Screen under MS/PC-DOS" (Dan Brink); "Comments on Diacritics Using Wordstar, etc. and CP/M Software for Non-Western Languages" (Michael Broschat); "Carving Tibetan in Silicon: A…

  18. EXEMPLARY CENTER FOR READING INSTRUCTION, NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 2, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1968.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    REID, ETHNA R.; AND OTHERS

    THE NEWSLETTER COLLECTS AND DISTRIBUTES PROFESSIONAL ARTICLES, REPORTS OF OUTSTANDING PROGRAMS, AND INFORMATION ON MATERIALS AND RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATIONAL ENDEAVOR IN GRANITE SCHOOL DISTRICT, UTAH. THIS ISSUE IS CONCERNED WITH THE INSTRUCTIONAL GOALS, PROGRAM PREPARATION, EVALUATION, AND DESIGN OF A DEMONSTRATION CLASSROOM TO DEVELOP…

  19. Educational Policies. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 19, Number 2, Spring 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Policy Matters; (2) A Conversation With A State Policymaker (Stephen Canessa); (3) Policy Matters at the School Level (Steven W. Edwards); (4) EEDA: Promise or Peril? (Sam…

  20. Project UNIFY. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 22, Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Special Olympics Project UNIFY (Andrea Cahn); (2) The Impact of Project UNIFY; (3) Project UNIFY Brings Youth Together to Learn and Graduate (William H. Hughes); (4)…

  1. The Parenting of Young People: Using Newsletters to Provide Information and Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepherd, Julie; Roker, Debi

    2005-01-01

    The literature shows that many parents of young people do not have enough information, advice, and support in bringing up their children. This article describes an innovative project, undertaken by the Trust for the Study of Adolescence (TSA), which evaluated the use of newsletters as a form of support for the parents of young people. Following…

  2. The EDUTECH Report. The Education Technology Newsletter for Faculty and Administrators, 1994-1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EDUTECH Report, 1995

    1995-01-01

    This newsletter examines education technology issues of concern to school faculty and administrators. Regular features in each issue include educational technology news, a book review, and a question and answer column. The cover articles during this volume year are: "The Decision-Making Process: as Important as the Decision";…

  3. Anthropology and Language Science in Educational Development Newsletter, No. 2/3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Structures and Content of Life-Long Education.

    This issue of the ALSED newsletter contains: (1) a description of the Anthropology and Language Science in Educational Development (ALSED) program; (2) information on the meeting of experts on diversification of methods and techniques for teaching a second language or foreign languages (Paris, Unesco, 15-20 September, 1975), which discussed such…

  4. The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented Newsletter, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gubbins, E. Jean; Siegle, Del, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    These two newsletters from the National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) contain the following articles: (1) "NRC/GT: Professional Development--Not an Event" (E. Jean Gubbins), discusses NRC/GT research-based principles related to professional development and the importance of ongoing professional development; (2)…

  5. Special Issue Busing. NCRIEEO Newsletter, Volume 3, Number 2, May 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Edmund W., Ed.

    Contents of this issue of the NCRIEEO Newsletter include the following articles: (1) "Editor's commentary: background to the issue," by Edmund Gordon, which puts busing into perspective as an important educational resource--like physical facilities, instructional materials, and teachers--to be used to achieve educational and social…

  6. Effective Instruction. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 21, Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Strategies for Success (Charles W. Hatch); (2) 2009 NDPN Crystal Star Winners; (3) Strategies for More Effective Instruction (Micki Gibson); (4) Some Thoughts on Teaching…

  7. Summer Learning. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 21, Number 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) A New Vision of Summer Learning (Brenda McLaughlin); (2) Using Summers More Strategically to Bridge the 8th-9th Grade Transition (Brenda McLaughlin and Hillary Hardt); (3)…

  8. Intercom: Newsletter of the Learning Resources Association of the California Community Colleges, 1999-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Anita, S., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    These documents compose the Learning Resources Association of California Community Colleges (LRACCC) newsletters for the 1999-2000 academic year. The first issue features a position paper on why learning resources require professionally trained managers. The Learning Resources administrators must possess a Masters or Ph.D. in Library and…

  9. Getting To "Got It!" Helping Mathematics Students Reach Deep Understanding. Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakes, Abner; Star, Jon R.

    2008-01-01

    This newsletter summarizes an IES practice guide titled "Organizing Instruction and Study to Improve Student Learning," which aims to supplement and inform teachers' instincts and experiences by identifying research-based instructional strategies that teachers of all content areas can use to improve student learning. The practice guide makes seven…

  10. Futures Information Interchange Newsletter; Volume 3, Number 2 and 3, December 1974 and April 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. School of Education.

    The Futures Information Interchange Newsletters (No. 2 and 3) include a collection of practical teaching methods and learning activities for introducing future studies in the elementary and secondary classroom. Two lead articles offer new insights into future studies. In "Dilemmas of a Futurist" Fran Koster discusses some of the stresses unique to…

  11. Intercom: Newsletter of the Learning Resources Association of the California Community Colleges, 1996-1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naumer, Jan, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This newsletter provides current information on the state of learning resources centers and libraries in California community colleges. The October 1996 issue provides the LRACCC's annual report for 1995-96, describing the Association's membership, publications, budget, and activities for the year. This issue also includes newsbriefs from 12…

  12. The Case for Small Schools. A Special Series from the Center for Rural Affairs Monthly Newsletter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Jon

    This document compiles a series of articles from the Center for Rural Affairs monthly newsletter, January-August 1999. The series responds to public statements of some legislators, urban school board members, and others about the need to eliminate small rural schools because of their "inefficiency." Seven short articles discuss various aspects and…

  13. A Newsletter/Text Message Intervention Promoting Beverage-Related Parenting Practices: Pilot Test Results.

    PubMed

    Zahid, Arwa; Reicks, Marla

    2018-06-01

    Positive beverage parenting practices may reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption by children and prevent potential health problems. An online newsletter/text message intervention was conducted with parents of children 6 to 12 years to improve beverage parenting practices. Newsletters and text messages were sent weekly over a 4-week period providing gain-framed messages encouraging parenting practices including role modeling and controlling home beverage availability. Pre-post surveys included measures of home availability of beverages and parent beverage intake as an indication of parenting practices. Parents were primarily White, well-educated, and female. About one third lived in rural areas. Results from 100 parents with pre-post data from baseline to 4 weeks showed decreased reported home availability of regular soda pop (p = .008), decreased parent intake of sweetened beverages (p = .004), and decreased parent-reported child intake of regular soft drinks (p = .001), and sweetened juice drink beverages (p < .0001). Most parents (82%) reported reading all three newsletters and indicated that the information provided was relevant (93%). A brief newsletter/text message intervention may be a positive and convenient approach to promote positive beverage parenting practices.

  14. Engineering Concepts Curriculum Project Newsletter, Volume 4, Number 2. The Man Made World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liao, T.

    Contained in this newsletter are several articles pertaining to activities of the Engineering Concepts Curriculum Project at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, New York. Two are of major concern. One deals with the development of a laboratory science course for senior high school students to improve technological literacy and entitled…

  15. Education Today: The Newsletter of UNESCO's Education Sector. Number 16, February-May 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Anne, Ed.; Yahil, Edna, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Education Today" is a quarterly newsletter on trends and innovations in education, on worldwide efforts towards Education for All and on UNESCO's own education activities. The focus of this issue of "Education Today," is on Education Sustainable Development (ESD) and what it means. This simple answer is as educators, we are…

  16. Senate Rostrum: The Newsletter of the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senate Rostrum: The Newsletter of the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, 1996

    1996-01-01

    This document consists of four issues (a year's worth: Nov 1995; Jan,Mar,Oct 1996) of a newsletter devoted to issues of importance regarding community college education and provides updates on activities and policies of the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges. The November 1995 issue highlights affirmative action and offers a…

  17. Middle College. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 17, Number 4, Fall 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) College As A Bridge to High School Graduation (Terry Cash); (2) 2005 NDPN Crystal Star Awards of Excellence; (3) Mott Middle College (Chery S. Wagonlander); (4) Gateway to…

  18. Montessori Theory into Practice: A Practical Newsletter for NAMTA Members, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montessori Theory into Practice Newsletter, 1995

    1995-01-01

    These two issues of Theory into Practice, a practical newsletter of the North American Montessori Teachers Association (NAMTA), contains feature articles, upcoming events, and a job bulletin detailing employment opportunities categorized by state and country. The March issue focuses on television's effects and contains an article on the 1st Annual…

  19. Career and Technical Education. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 20, Number 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Why Do I Have to Learn This?; (2) 2008 NDPN Crystal Star Winners; (3) Effective Freshman Transition for School Improvement (David Livingston, John Greene, and Lindy Stahlman); (4)…

  20. You, Too. The Social Science Newsletter for Secondary Teachers. Volume 3, Number 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Research Council of America, Cleveland, OH.

    Published monthly during the school year, the newsletter disseminates ideas and suggestions concerning innovations and problem solutions for secondary social sciences. This issue focuses on teaching economic concepts in the classroom. The information is intended to help teachers deal knowledgeably with topics that crop up in classes such as…

  1. Parent and Preschooler Newsletter: A Monthly Exploration of Early Childhood Topics, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolkoff, Sandra, Ed.; Schwartzberg, Neala S., Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This document consists of 10 monthly newsletter issues, in English- and Spanish-language versions, exploring topics related to early childhood behavior and parenting. Regularly appearing features include book recommendations, "Library Resources,""Preschoolers in the Kitchen,""Kids Crafts,""Research News," and "The Health Corner." Major topics of…

  2. The EDUTECH Report. The Education Technology Newsletter for Faculty and Administrators, 1992-1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EDUTECH Report, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This newsletter examines education technology issues of concern to school faculty and administrators. Regular features in each issue include educational technology news, a book review, and a question and answer column. The cover articles during this volume year are: "Data Access Issues: Security Vs. Openness"; "Creation of an…

  3. Family Engagement. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 20, Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Family/School Relationships: Relationships That Matter; (2) Program Profile; (3) Engaging Families in the Pathway to College: Lessons From Schools That Are Beating the Odds (Anne T.…

  4. Finding a larger newsletter audience. For New York Methodist, new approach is worthwhile.

    PubMed

    Botvin, J D

    2001-01-01

    New York Methodist Hospital met the challenges of intense competition in the Brooklyn, N.Y., market by switching its quarterly newsletter to an insert in the local editions of national publications. By so doing, it multiplied distribution tenfold, improved its credibility and freed up staff time for other projects.

  5. Celebrating 25 Years. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 22, Number 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Leading the Way in Dropout Prevention; (2) The 15 Effective Strategies in Action; (3) Technology Changes 1986-2011 (Marty Duckenfield); (4) 25 Years of Research and Support…

  6. Service-Learning. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 22, Number 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Dropouts and Democracy (Robert Shumer); (2) 2011 NDPN Crystal Star Winners; (3) Service-Learning as Dropout Intervention and More (Michael VanKeulen); and (4) Teacher…

  7. EDIN-USVI Clean Energy Quarterly: Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2011 (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-09-01

    This quarterly newsletter provides timely news and information about the plans and progress of the Energy Development in Island Nations-U.S. Virgin Islands pilot project, including significant events and milestones, work undertaken by each of the five working groups, and project-related renewable energy and energy efficiency educational outreach and technology deployment efforts.

  8. CIRA: Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere Newsletter, Volume 28, Fall 2007

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McInnis-Efaw, Mary (Editor); Leinen, Laura (Editor)

    2007-01-01

    The articles in this issue of the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) Newsletter are: "Unmanned Aerial Systems: An Overview of NOAA's Unmanned Aircraft System Program," "International Activities: Weather Briefings and Training Via the Internet," "Cloudsat's One-Year Anniversary: An Abundance of Exciting New Cloud Observations," and "The Migration of NCAR'S Auto-Nowcaster into NWS AWIPS."

  9. On the Horizon. The Environmental Scanning Newsletter for Leaders in Higher Education, 1992-1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, James L., Ed.

    1993-01-01

    This document consists of the preview issue and first five issues of a new newsletter designed to alert members of the higher education community to driving forces and potential developments in the macroenvironment that constitute threats or opportunities to colleges and universities. It reports news from the social, technological, economic,…

  10. International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa Newsletter. Volume 7, Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published bi-annually in English and French, sheds light on the needs of teachers and teacher training in emergency situations with practical approaches and strategies provided on capacity building in the area of teacher education. Furthermore, it…

  11. On the Horizon. The Environmental Scanning Newsletter for Leaders in Education, 1994-95.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, James L., Ed.

    1995-01-01

    These five newsletter issues focus on potential developments and critical trends in higher education. Feature articles include: (1) "A Reinvented Model for Higher Education" (Richard B. Heydinger); (2) "Redesigning American Public Education" (James S. Coleman); (3) "Envisioning (and Inventing) the Future" (Ian…

  12. Encore: A Selction of Articles from ERIC/ECE Newsletters (Jan. 1971-Dec. 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.

    This compilation of articles from newsletters issued by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, (January 1971 - December 1972) includes a wide variety of topics such as: teachers' developmental stages, family day care in Pasadena, television violence, children's altruistic lying, and the Home Start program. Also included is a complete…

  13. ATLAS. Association of Teachers of Latin American Studies. [Newsletter] Volume 3, Number 1. October, 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Teachers of Latin American Studies, Brooklyn, NY.

    The October 1973 issue of ATLAS, a newsletter for the Association of Teachers of Latin American Studies, is entered into the ERIC system on a one time basis to acquaint teachers with this resource. This issue reports summer activities and reviews new materials in this subject area. The events of the 1973 summer ATLAS-Fulbright Seminar to Mexico…

  14. Parent and Preschooler Newsletter: A Monthly Exploration of Early Childhood Topics, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolkoff, Sandra, Ed.; Schwartzberg, Neala S., Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This document consists of 10 monthly newsletter issues for 2002, in English- and Spanish-language versions, exploring topics related to early childhood behavior and parenting. Regularly appearing features include book recommendations, "Library Resources,""Preschoolers in the Kitchen,""Kids Crafts,""Research…

  15. Council Connections: A Newsletter of the Reading Recovery Council of North America, 1996-1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council Connections, 1999

    1999-01-01

    This document consists of three years' worth (8 issues) of "Council Connections," the newsletter of the Reading Recovery Council of North America. Each issue offers brief articles, updates of Reading Recovery programs in various countries, messages from the organization's president, past president, and/or the executive director, updates…

  16. Extension Newsletters and Individual Counseling: Equally Effective in Changing Worksite Wellness Participants Dietary Intakes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chipman, Kristi; Litchfield, Ruth

    2012-01-01

    The Affordable Care Act provides impetus for Extension efforts in worksite wellness. The study reported here examined the influence of two worksite wellness interventions, newsletters and individual counseling. Surveys examined dietary and physical activity behaviors of participants pre- and post-intervention (N = 157). Descriptive statistics,…

  17. Let's Talk About You and Sharks, American Oceanography Special Educational Newsletter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraft, Thomas L.; Miloy, Leatha

    1971-01-01

    This special educational newsletter of the American Society for Oceanography presents information on marine oriented subjects, primarily for reading by junior high and secondary school students. Major articles consider the habits and stinging effects of sharks, jelly fish, and sting rays, and what one should do if stung by these fish while…

  18. Child Care Health Connections, 1999: A Health and Safety Newsletter for California Child Care Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walery, Nancy, Ed.; Evinger, Sara, Ed.; Dailey, Lyn, Ed.; Sherman, Marsha, Ed.; Zamani, Rahman, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This document is comprised of the six 1999 issues of a bimonthly newsletter providing information on young children's health and safety for California's child care professionals. Regular features include a column on infant/toddler concerns, a question-answer column regarding medical and health issues, a nutrition column, and resources for child…

  19. Commission on Undergraduate Education in the Biological Sciences Newsletter, Volume 7 Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Undergraduate Education in the Biological Sciences, Washington, DC.

    Three articles in this newsletter describe investigative laboratory programs; two in marine or coastal biology (Hopkins Marine Station and the Bahamas field station of Earlham College), and the other a botany course at Colorado College. In all cases undergraduate students are expected to plan and conduct biological research, after being presented…

  20. Preparing Students for Multiple Options beyond High School. Best Practices Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2015

    2015-01-01

    Too often school leaders, teachers and counselors invest their energies into preparing students for college. In today's society, that's not enough. Students must be prepared for multiple options after high school including gainful employment. This newsletter looks at ways schools can ensure more students are college and career-ready by creating…

  1. Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences Newsletter, Volume 8, Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Botts, Truman, Ed.

    Among the articles in this newsletter are discussions concerning the employment of mathematicians in industry and questioning the necessity of some of the present doctoral programs in the mathematical sciences. Other articles include details of the organization and the members of the Policy Council of the National Institute of Education and a…

  2. Democratic Culture. Newsletter of Teachers for a Democratic Culture. Volumes 1-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, John K., Ed.

    1994-01-01

    This document contains the first five issues of a newsletter for college faculty on countering the publicity campaign against "political correctness." The first issue from Fall 1992 describes the organization's founding and first year, analyzes a lawsuit brought by a faculty member at Massachusetts Institute of Technology against her…

  3. Astronomy Education. Third Newsletter of the TGEA (Task Group on Education in Astronomy).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wentzel, Donat G., Comp.

    This newsletter, published by the Task Group on Education in Astronomy, focuses on astronomy education both for the public and for schools. Topics in this issue include new publications related to astronomy education; a roster of consultants on astronomy education; a collection of course syllabuses (college level); teaching astronomy in schools,…

  4. The EDUTECH Report. The Education Technology Newsletter for Faculty and Administrators, 1993-1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EDUTECH Report, 1994

    1994-01-01

    This newsletter examines education technology issues of concern to school faculty and administrators. Regular features in each issue include educational technology news, a book review, and a question and answer column. The cover articles during this volume year are: "The Build-or-Buy Decision: No One Right Answer"; "The National…

  5. On the relationship between field cycling and imprint in ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fengler, F. P. G.; Hoffmann, M.; Slesazeck, S.; Mikolajick, T.; Schroeder, U.

    2018-05-01

    Manifold research has been done to understand the detailed mechanisms behind the performance instabilities of ferroelectric capacitors based on hafnia. The wake-up together with the imprint might be the most controversially discussed phenomena so far. Among crystallographic phase change contributions and oxygen vacancy diffusion, electron trapping as the origin has been discussed recently. In this publication, we provide evidence that the imprint is indeed caused by electron trapping into deep states at oxygen vacancies. This impedes the ferroelectric switching and causes a shift of the hysteresis. Moreover, we show that the wake-up mechanism can be caused by a local imprint of the domains in the pristine state by the very same root cause. The various domain orientations together with an electron trapping can cause a constriction of the hysteresis and an internal bias field in the pristine state. Additionally, we show that this local imprint can even cause almost anti-ferroelectric like behavior in ferroelectric films.

  6. Vibrational Properties of Zr(Hf)B2-SiC UHTC Composites by Micro-Raman Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donohue, M.; Carpenter, C.; Orlovskaya, N.

    Development and characterization of novel materials that are lightweight, possess high mechanical properties, can withstand high temperatures, and provide superior thermal properties are crucial to meet the future demands of Air Force, Army, Navy, Missile Defense Agency (MDA), and other military and space agencies. Materials for such applications (hypersonic air-breathing vehicles, including Single-To-Orbit vehicles and Two-Stage-To-Orbit aerospace planes, fully reusable space transport vehicles, hypersonic cruise missiles) experience severe aero-thermal loads with nose-cone and nozzle temperatures in excess of 2,000°F and 4,000°F, respectively. High G acceleration is also a problem. Even the most advanced materials, such as Ti, Inconel X, carbon-carbon, and silicon carbide based composites cannot withstand the excessive heat generated, especially during re-entry, and they cannot meet the guidelines for future high performance aircrafts, kinetic energy interceptors and reusable space planes. Thus, the demand for low-cost, light weight high temperature materials for thermal protection systems (TPS) is expected to be on the significant rise in the near future.

  7. Microstructure and Room Temperature Properties of a High-Entropy TaNbHfZrTi Alloy (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-04-01

    ANSI Std. Z39-18 O.N. Senkov et al . / Journal of Alloys and Compounds 509 (2011) 6043–6048 6045 Fig. 3. SEM backscatter electron images of a...Senkov et al . / Journal of Alloys and Compounds 509 (2011) 6043–6048 Here ci is the atomic fraction of element i. The calculated (Calc.) amix is given...O.N. Senkov et al . / Journal of Alloys and Compounds 509 (2011) 6043–6048 6047 Table 4 Relative atomic size difference, ıaij (underlined numbers), and

  8. Investigation and Development of Data-Driven D-Region Model for HF Systems Impacts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eccles, J. V.; Rice, D.; Sojka, J. J.; Hunsucker, R. D.

    2002-01-01

    Space Environment Corporation (SEC) and RP Consultants (RPC) are to develop and validate a weather-capable D region model for making High Frequency (HF) absorption predictions in support of the HF communications and radar communities. The weather-capable model will assimilate solar and earth space observations from NASA satellites. The model will account for solar-induced impacts on HF absorption, including X-rays, Solar Proton Events (SPE's), and auroral precipitation. The work plan includes: I . Optimize D-region model to quickly obtain ion and electron densities for proper HF absorption calculations. 2. Develop indices-driven modules for D-region ionization sources for low, mid, & high latitudes including X-rays, cosmic rays, auroral precipitation, & solar protons. (Note: solar spectrum & auroral modules already exist). 3. Setup low-cost monitors of existing HF beacons and add one single-frequency beacon. 4. Use PENEX HF-link database with HF monitor data to validate D-region/HF absorption model using climatological ionization drivers. 5. Develop algorithms to assimilate NASA satellite data of solar, interplanetary, and auroral observations into ionization source modules. 6. Use PENEX HF-link & HF-beacon data for skill score comparison of assimilation versus climatological D-region/HF absorption model. Only some satellites are available for the PENEX time period, thus, HF-beacon data is necessary. 7. Use HF beacon monitors to develop HF-link data assimilation algorithms for regional improvement to the D-region/HF absorption model.

  9. Arecibo - HF experiments in the E_region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nossa, E.; Jain, K.; Sulzer, M. P.; Perillat, P.

    2017-12-01

    The new Arecibo Observatory - HF facility started operations in 2015. The HF facility is fully operational, acquiring consecutive days of data without unwanted interruptions. It has a maximum transmitted power of 600kW, with center frequencies at 5.125 MHz and 8.175 MHz. The 8.175 (5.125) MHz band frequency has a gain of 25.5 (22) dB and HPBW of 8.5 (13) degrees. The effects of the HF experiments in the ionosphere are being observed with the Arecibo incoherent scatter radar (ISR). The ISR has two beams that simultaneously could sense the modified region and the region outside of the affected volume. The ISR has height resolution of 300 m. and allows to observe from altitudes 95 km to the topside ionosphere. Observation of the E-region - HF experiments are sparse but possible at Arecibo. High ionization at a height 100 km are needed to modify the region artificially. This paper presents examples of E-region enhanced plasma lines (See Figure). Diagnostic of the layers is made using the ISR to estimate electron density, temperatures, ion drifts, among others. The data shows exceptional modifications of the ionosphere that range from creating artificial cavities and layers, induced irregularities, substantial variations in temperature profiles to enhanced ion and plasma densities.Previously, the HF experiments were performed to study specific effects in a narrow region. However, the extent of the data collected with the ISR during 2017 is revealing new features and different kind of forces that artificially modify extended regions of the ionosphere. This paper exhibits examples where the interaction between the E and F-region when HF experiments are evident. A theory of a correlation between the two layers due to different conductivities is explored to illustrate how the enhancement of irregularities is produced and maintained over time. Examples of strong artificially induced irregularities formed at F-region heights when Sporadic E-layer is present are shown to

  10. Insights on the Synthesis, Crystal and Electronic Structures, and Optical and Thermoelectric Properties of Sr1- xSb xHfSe3 Orthorhombic Perovskite.

    PubMed

    Moroz, Nicholas A; Bauer, Christopher; Williams, Logan; Olvera, Alan; Casamento, Joseph; Page, Alexander A; Bailey, Trevor P; Weiland, Ashley; Stoyko, Stanislav S; Kioupakis, Emmanouil; Uher, Ctirad; Aitken, Jennifer A; Poudeu, Pierre F P

    2018-06-18

    Single-phase polycrystalline powders of Sr 1- x Sb x HfSe 3 ( x = 0, 0.005, 0.01), a new member of the chalcogenide perovskites, were synthesized using a combination of high temperature solid-state reaction and mechanical alloying approaches. Structural analysis using single-crystal as well as powder X-ray diffraction revealed that the synthesized materials are isostructural with SrZrSe 3 , crystallizing in the orthorhombic space group Pnma (#62) with lattice parameters a = 8.901(2) Å; b = 3.943(1) Å; c = 14.480(3) Å; and Z = 4 for the x = 0 composition. Thermal conductivity data of SrHfSe 3 revealed low values ranging from 0.9 to 1.3 W m -1 K -1 from 300 to 700 K, which is further lowered to 0.77 W m -1 K -1 by doping with 1 mol % Sb for Sr. Electronic property measurements indicate that the compound is quite insulating with an electrical conductivity of 2.9 S/cm at 873 K, which was improved to 6.7 S/cm by 0.5 mol % Sb doping. Thermopower data revealed that SrHfSe 3 is a p-type semiconductor with thermopower values reaching a maximum of 287 μV/K at 873 K for the 1.0 mol % Sb sample. The optical band gap of Sr 1- x Sb x HfSe 3 samples, as determined by density functional theory calculations and the diffuse reflectance method, is ∼1.00 eV and increases with Sb concentration to 1.15 eV. Careful analysis of the partial densities of states (PDOS) indicates that the band gap in SrHfSe 3 is essentially determined by the Se-4p and Hf-5d orbitals with little to no contribution from Sr atoms. Typically, band edges of p- and d-character are a good indication of potentially strong absorption coefficient due to the high density of states of the localized p and d orbitals. This points to potential application of SrHfSe 3 as absorbing layer in photovoltaic devices.

  11. Clinical Trial of Tailored Activity and Eating Newsletters with Older Rural Women

    PubMed Central

    Walker, Susan Noble; Pullen, Carol H.; Boeckner, Linda; Hageman, Patricia A.; Hertzog, Melody; Oberdorfer, Maureen K.; Rutledge, Matthew J.

    2009-01-01

    Background Unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity increase rural midlife and older women’s risk for chronic diseases and premature death, and they are behind urban residents in meeting Healthy People 2010 objectives. Objectives To compare a tailored intervention based on the Health Promotion Model (HPM) and a generic intervention to increase physical activity and healthy eating among rural women. Methods In a randomized by site community-based controlled clinical trial, Wellness for Women, 225 women aged 50 to 69 years were recruited in two similar rural areas. Over 12 months, women received by mail either 18 generic newsletters or 18 newsletters computer-tailored on HPM behavior-specific cognitions (benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, and interpersonal support), activity, and eating. Outcomes at 6 and 12 months included behavioral markers and biomarkers of physical activity and eating. Data were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA and χ2 tests (α < .05). Results Both groups significantly increased stretching and strengthening exercise and fruit and vegetable servings and decreased % calories from fat, while only the tailored group increased ≥ moderate intensity activity and decreased % calories from saturated fat from baseline to 6 months. Both groups increased stretching and strengthening exercise, while only the tailored group increased ≥ moderate activity and fruit and vegetable servings and decreased % calories from fat from baseline to 12 months. Both groups had several changes in biomarkers over the study. A higher proportion of women receiving tailored newsletters met Healthy People 2010 criteria for ≥ moderate activity, fruit and vegetable servings, and % calories from fat at 12 months. Discussion Mailed computer-tailored and generic print newsletters facilitated the adoption of change in both activity and eating over 6 months. Tailored newsletters were more efficacious in facilitating change over 12 months. PMID:19289928

  12. Use of global ionospheric maps for HF Doppler measurements interpretation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petrova, I. R.; Bochkarev, V. V.; Latypov, R. R.

    2018-04-01

    The HF Doppler technique, a method of measurement of Doppler frequency shift of ionospheric signal, is one of the well-known and widely used techniques of ionosphere research. It allows investigation of various disturbances in the ionosphere. There are different sources of disturbances in the ionosphere such as geomagnetic storms, solar flashes, meteorological effects and atmospheric waves. The HF Doppler technique allows us to find out the influence of earthquakes, explosions and other processes on the ionosphere, which occurs near the Earth. HF Doppler technique has high sensitivity to small frequency variations and high time resolution but interpretation of results is difficult. In this paper, we attempt to use GPS data for Doppler measurements interpretation. Modeling of Doppler frequency shift variations with use of TEC allows separation of ionosphere disturbances of medium scale.

  13. Novel approach to Zr powder production by smooth ZrCl4 bubbling through molten salt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bae, Hyun-Na; Choi, Mi-Seon; Lee, Go-Gi; Kim, Seon-Hyo

    2016-01-01

    A reduction process using ZrCl4 bubbles as a reactant was investigated to produce zirconium metals. ZrCl4 vapor was bubbled through the lance in the bath, in which Mg melt and MgCl2 salt were separated. Zr powder was formed by a reduction of ZrCl4 bubbles in magnesium layer. However, the lance was clogged by the aggregate of zirconium occurred during ZrCl4 vapor injecting leading to interruption of ZrCl4 supply into the bath. This phenomenon could be caused by the presence of magnesium at the lance tip, which passes through MgCl2 salt during bubbling, and then zirconium was formed in the forms of intermetallic compounds with aluminum. In this study, the effect of molten salt on the troubled phenomena was investigated and it was verified that CaCl2 with relatively low Weber number meaning relatively high surface tension as molten salt is effective in inhibiting the lance clogging phenomena. Then, a few micrometer-sized Zr powder with the high purity of 91.6 wt% was obtained smoothly without the formation of intermetallic compound.

  14. Feature Modeling of HfO2 Atomic Layer Deposition Using HfCl4/H2O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stout, Phillip J.; Adams, Vance; Ventzek, Peter L. G.

    2003-03-01

    A Monte Carlo based feature scale model (Papaya) has been applied to atomic layer deposition (ALD) of HfO2 using HfCl_4/H_20. The model includes physical effects of transport to surface, specular and diffusive reflection within feature, adsorption, surface diffusion, deposition and etching. Discussed will be the 3D feature modeling of HfO2 deposition in assorted features (vias and trenches). The effect of feature aspect ratios, pulse times, cycle number, and temperature on film thickness, feature coverage, and film Cl fraction (surface/bulk) will be discussed. Differences between HfO2 ALD on blanket wafers and in features will be highlighted. For instance, the minimum pulse times sufficient for surface reaction saturation on blanket wafers needs to be increased when depositing on features. Also, HCl products created during the HfCl4 and H_20 pulses are more likely to react within a feature than at the field, reducing OH coverage within the feature (vs blanket wafer) thus limiting the maximum coverage attainable for a pulse over a feature.

  15. HF-START: A Regional Radio Propagation Simulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hozumi, K.; Maruyama, T.; Saito, S.; Nakata, H.; Rougerie, S.; Yokoyama, T.; Jin, H.; Tsugawa, T.; Ishii, M.

    2017-12-01

    HF-START (HF Simulator Targeting for All-users' Regional Telecommunications) is a user-friendly simulator developed to meet the needs of space weather users. Prediction of communications failure due to space weather disturbances is of high priority. Space weather users from various backgrounds with high economic impact, i.e. airlines, telecommunication companies, GPS-related companies, insurance companies, international amateur radio union, etc., recently increase. Space weather information provided by Space Weather Information Center of NICT is, however, too professional to be understood and effectively used by the users. To overcome this issue, I try to translate the research level data to the user level data based on users' needs and provide an immediate usable data. HF-START is positioned to be a space weather product out of laboratory based truly on users' needs. It is originally for radio waves in HF band (3-30 MHz) but higher frequencies up to L band are planned to be covered. Regional ionospheric data in Japan and southeast Asia are employed as a reflector of skywave mode propagation. GAIA (Ground-to-topside model of Atmosphere and Ionosphere for Aeronomy) model will be used as ionospheric input for global simulation. To evaluate HF-START, an evaluation campaign for Japan region will be launched in coming months. If the campaign successes, it will be expanded to southeast Asia region as well. The final goal of HF-START is to provide the near-realtime necessary radio parameters as well as the warning message of radio communications failure to the radio and space weather users.

  16. Ca + HF - The anatomy of a chemical insertion reaction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jaffe, R. L.; Pattengill, M. D.; Mascarello, F. G.; Zare, R. N.

    1987-01-01

    A comprehensive first-principles theoretical investigation of the gas phase reaction Ca + HF - CaF + H is reported. Ab initio potential energy calculations are first discussed, along with characteristics of the computed potential energy surface. Next, the fitting of the computed potential energy points to a suitable analytical functional form is described, and maps of the fitted potential surface are displayed. The methodology and results of a classical trajectory calculation utilizing the fitted potential surface are presented. Finally, the significance of the trajectory study results is discussed, and generalizations concerning dynamical aspects of Ca + HF scattering are drawn.

  17. Hf--Co--B alloys as permanent magnet materials

    DOEpatents

    McGuire, Michael Alan; Rios, Orlando; Ghimire, Nirmal Jeevi

    2017-01-24

    An alloy composition is composed essentially of Hf.sub.2-XZr.sub.XCo.sub.11B.sub.Y, wherein 0Hf.sub.2-XZr.sub.XCo.sub.11B.sub.Y, wherein 0.ltoreq.X<2 and 0

  18. European coordination for coastal HF radar data in EMODnet Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mader, Julien; Novellino, Antonio; Gorringe, Patrick; Griffa, Annalisa; Schulz-Stellenfleth, Johannes; Montero, Pedro; Montovani, Carlo; Ayensa, Garbi; Vila, Begoña; Rubio, Anna; Sagarminaga, Yolanda

    2015-04-01

    Historically, joint effort has been put on observing open ocean, organizing, homogenizing, sharing and reinforcing the impact of the acquired information based on one technology: ARGO with profilers Argo floats, EuroSites, ESONET-NoE, FixO3 for deep water platforms, Ferrybox for stations in ships of opportunities, and GROOM for the more recent gliders. This kind of networking creates synergies and makes easier the implementation of this source of data in the European Data exchange services like EMODnet, ROOSs portals, or any applied services in the Blue economy. One main targeted improvement in the second phase of EMODnet projects is the assembling of data along coastline. In that sense, further coordination is recommended between platform operators around a specific technology in order to make easier the implementation of the data in the platforms (4th EuroGOOS DATAMEQ WG). HF radar is today recognized internationally as a cost-effective solution to provide high spatial and temporal resolution current maps (depending on the instrument operation frequency, covering from a few kilometres offshore up to 200 km) that are needed for many applications for issues related to ocean surface drift or sea state characterization. Significant heterogeneity still exists in Europe concerning technological configurations, data processing, quality standards and data availability. This makes more difficult the development of a significant network for achieving the needed accessibility to HF Radar data for a pan European use. EuroGOOS took the initiative to lead and coordinate activities within the various observation platforms by establishing a number of Ocean Observing Task Teams such as HF-Radars. The purpose is to coordinate and join the technological, scientific and operational HF radar communities at European level. The goal of the group is on the harmonization of systems requirements, systems design, data quality, improvement and proof of the readiness and standardization of

  19. Structure of zirconium-93 and zirconium-91 as shown by the reactions Zr-92(d,p)Zr-93 and Zr-92(d,t)Zr-91

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baron, N.; Leonard, R. F.; Stewart, W. M.; Fink, C. L.; Christensen, P. R.; Nickles, J.; Thorsteinsen, T. F.

    1972-01-01

    Deuterons of 13-MeV incident energy were scattered from Zr-92(d,p)Zr-93. The Zr-92(d,p)Zr-93 data analysis resulted in the location of 47 levels up to an excitation energy of 4.84 MeV, and the spins of 43 of these levels were identified. Essentially all the strength of the 2d5/2, 3s1/2, 2d3/2, and 1g7/2 shells was observed; and the excitation energy of their centroids was computed to be 0.00, 1.21, 2.23, and 2.37 MeV, respectively. Also, 43 percent of the 1h11/2 strength, 21 percent of the 2f7/2 strength, and 3 percent of the 3p3/2 strength were observed. In addition, the Zr-92(d,t)Zr-91 data analysis resulted in the location of 26 levels up to an excitation energy of 4.01 MeV, and the spins of 21 of these levels were identified. Most of the expected strength of the 2d5/2 and 1g9/2 shells was obtained, and the excitation energy of their centroids was computed to be 0.31 and 3.19 MeV, respectively. In addition, six l=1 states are populated belonging to either the 2p1/2 or 2p3/2 shells.

  20. Arc melting and homogenization of ZrC and ZrC + B alloys

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Darolia, R.; Archbold, T. F.

    1973-01-01

    A description is given of the methods used to arc-melt and to homogenize near-stoichiometric ZrC and ZrC-boron alloys, giving attention to the oxygen contamination problem. The starting material for the carbide preparation was ZrC powder with an average particle size of 4.6 micron. Pellets weighing approximately 3 g each were prepared at room temperature from the powder by the use of an isostatic press operated at 50,000 psi. These pellets were individually melted in an arc furnace containing a static atmosphere of purified argon. A graphite resistance furnace was used for the homogenization process.

  1. Research on self-propagating high temperature synthesis prepared ZrC-ZrB2 composite ceramic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yong, Cheng; Xunjia, Su; Genliang, Hou; YaKun, Xing

    2013-03-01

    ZrC-ZrB2 composite ceramic material is prepared by self-propagating high temperature synthesis, using Zr powders, CrO2 powders and Al powders as raw materials. Samples are studied by XRD and SEM, the results show that: ZrC-ZrB2 composite ceramic is attained after self-propagating high-temperature reaction, with Zr+ B4C as the main reactive system, and which is added respectively different content (CrO3 + Al) system. The study finds that the ceramic composite products are mainly composed of ZrC and ZrB2 phase, and other subphase. Compared to the main reactive system composite ceramic, composite ceramic grains grow up obviously, after introduction of the highly exothermic system (CrO3 + Al) in the main reactive system, and with the gradual increase of the content (CrO3 + Al).

  2. Temperature dependence of vibrational relaxation in the HF, DF, HF-CO2, and DF-CO2 systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lucht, R. A.; Cool, T. A.

    1974-01-01

    The laser excited fluorescence method has been employed to determine rate constants for V to V, R and V to R, T relaxation HF (nu = 1) and DF(nu = 1) by CO2 over the temperature range from 295 to 670 K. The self-deactivation rates for HF(nu = 1) and DF(nu = 1) by ground state molecules and the rate of V to V, R transfer from HF(nu = 1) and DF(nu = 1) to the CO2 (00/0/1) state exhibit a marked decrease with increasing temperature. The results provide additional evidence for the conversion of the large vibrational energy defects of the present systems into rotational motion of the hydrogen halide under the influence of a sizable attractive intermolecular potential well.

  3. Importance of the Lu-Hf isotopic system in studies of planetary chronology and chemical evolution

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Patchett, P.J.

    1983-01-01

    The 176Lu-176Hf isotope method and its applications in earth sciences are discussed. Greater fractionation of Lu/Hf than Sm/Nd in planetary magmatic processes makes 176Hf 177Hf a powerful geochemical tracer. In general, proportional variations of 176Hf 177Hf exceed those of 143Nd l44Nd by factors of 1.5-3 in terrestrial and lunar materials. Lu-Hf studies therefore have a major contribution to make in understanding of terrestrial and other planetary evolution through time, and this is the principal importance of Lu-Hf. New data on basalts from oceanic islands show unequivocally that whereas considerable divergences occur in 176Hf 177Hf- 87Sr 86Sr and 143Nd l44Nd- 87Sr 86Sr diagrams, 176Hf 177Hf and 143Nd 144Nd display a single, linear isotopic variation in the suboceanic mantle. These discordant 87Sr 86Sr relationships may allow, with the acquisition of further Hf-Nd-Sr isotopic data, a distinction between processes such as mantle metasomatism, influence of seawater-altered material in the magma source, or recycling of sediments into the mantle. In order to evaluate the Hf-Nd isotopic correlation in terms of mantle fractionation history, there is a need for measurements of Hf distribution coefficients between silicate minerals and liquids, and specifically for a knowledge of Hf behavior in relation to rareearth elements. For studying ancient terrestrial Hf isotopic variations, the best quality Hf isotope data are obtained from granitoid rocks or zircons. New data show that very U-Pb discordant zircons may have upwardly-biased 176Hf 177Hf, but that at least concordant to slightly discordant zircons appear to be reliable carriers of initial 176Hf 177Hf. Until the controls on addition of radiogenic Hf to zircon are understood, combined zircon-whole rock studies are recommended. Lu-Hf has been demonstrated as a viable tool for dating of ancient terrestrial and extraterrestrial samples, but because it offers little advantage over existing methods, is unlikely to find

  4. Hf-Nd Isotopes in West Philippine Basin Basalts: Results from International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Site U1438 and Implications for the Early History of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana (IBM) Subduction System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yogodzinski, G. M.; Hocking, B.; Bizimis, M.; Hickey-Vargas, R.; Ishizuka, O.; Bogus, K.; Arculus, R. J.

    2015-12-01

    Drilling at IODP Site U1438, located immediately west of Kyushu-Palau Ridge (KPR), the site of IBM subduction initiation, penetrated 1460 m of volcaniclastic sedimentary rock and 150 m of underlying basement. Biostratigraphic controls indicate a probable age for the oldest sedimentary rocks at around 55 Ma (51-64 Ma - Arculus et al., Nat Geosci in-press). This is close to the 48-52 Ma time period of IBM subduction initiation, based on studies in the forearc. There, the first products of volcanism are tholeiitic basalts termed FAB (forearc basalt), which are more depleted than average MORB and show subtle indicators of subduction geochemical enrichment (Reagan et al., 2010 - Geochem Geophy Geosy). Shipboard data indicate that Site U1438 basement basalts share many characteristics with FABs, including primitive major elements (high MgO/FeO*) and strongly depleted incompatible element patterns (Ti, Zr, Ti/V and Zr/Y below those of average MORB). Initial results thus indicate that FAB geochemistry may have been produced not only in the forearc, but also in backarc locations (west of the KPR) at the time of subduction initiation. Hf-Nd isotopes for Site 1438 basement basalts show a significant range of compositions from ɛNd of 7.0 to 9.5 and ɛHf of 14.5 to 19.8 (present-day values). The data define a well-correlated and steep array in Hf-Nd isotope space. Relatively radiogenic Hf compared to Nd indicates an Indian Ocean-type MORB source, but the dominant signature, with ɛHf >16.5, is more radiogenic than most Indian MORB. The pattern through time is from more-to-less radiogenic and more variable Hf-Nd isotopes within the basement section. This pattern culminates in basaltic andesite sills, which intrude the lower parts of the sedimentary section. The sills have the least radiogenic compositions measured so far (ɛNd ~6.6, ɛHf ~13.8), and are similar to those of boninites of the IBM forearc and modern IBM arc and reararc rocks. The pattern within the basement

  5. Technical Assistance Program: Off to a Running Start (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    This newsletter describes key activities of the DOE Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs for Winter 2012. Between December 2, 2011, and January 15, 2012, 46 American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes submitted applications to receive technical assistance through the program, which provides Tribes with on-the-ground technical support from DOE and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) staff to help move tribal energy efficiency and renewable energy projects forward. The applications are being considered through the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) selection process, which incorporates expert reviews and outreach to Tribes who present a need for assistance with theirmore » community-based energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. The final successful applicants will be selected based on the clarity of their requests for technical assistance and the ability of START to successfully work with each unique project or community. At least three selected Tribes in Alaska will receive technical assistance between March and May 2012, and up to five selected Tribes in the contiguous United States will receive technical assistance between March and August 2012. During the months of START Program activity, DOE and NREL experts will work in the two locations. In Alaska, START experts will work directly with community-based project teams to analyze local energy issues and provide assistance with energy projects and cost savings initiatives. This effort will be bolstered by DOE-IE's partnership with the Denali Commission, which will provide further assistance and expertise. In the lower 48 states, NREL experts will work with the selected renewable energy START projects to evaluate financial and technical feasibility and provide early development technical assistance to better position the projects for financing and construction. This on-the-ground technical assistance is part of a broader DOE-IE effort to make reliable, accurate technical

  6. In-beam studies of sup 96 Zr and sup 98 Zr: Collective excitations

    SciTech Connect

    Henry, E.A.; Meyer, R.A.; Aprahamian, A.

    1988-04-18

    Nearly two decades ago signatures of deformation in the ground state bands of {sup 100}Zr and {sup 102}Zr were identified, and the rapid change in the deformation of heavy zirconium nuclei noted. It is now well accepted that the short-range proton-neutron interaction between the 1g{sub 9/2} and 1g{sub 7/2} spin-orbit partners plays an important role in producing ground state deformation in this region. Nevertheless, recent studies of zirconium nuclei, including those in the transition region, continue to refine our understanding of the interplay between single-particle and collective degrees of freedom. In this report we discuss some aspects of the levelmore » structures of {sup 96}Zr and {sup 98}Zr with emphasis on collective excitations. 18 refs., 2 tabs.« less

  7. Network of Internet-Controlled HF Receivers for Ionospheric Researches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koloskov, A. V.; Yampolski, Y. M.; Zalizovski, A. V.; Galushko, V. G.; Kascheev, A. S.; La Hoz, C.; Brekke, A.; Beley, V. S.; Rietveld, M. T.

    2014-12-01

    A network of HF receivers intended for multi-position monitoring of the ionosphere is described. At present, it includes nine observation sites located at high, middle and low latitudes in both hemispheres of the Earth. The basic element of the network is a small- size receiving and measuring units designed at the Institute of Radio Astronomy (IRA) of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU) on the basis of a personal computer equipped with commercial digital receiving modules. Software packages developed by the authors make it possible to remotely control the facilities via the Internet network. The received emissions are HF signals from special transmitters and broadcast radio stations. These are processed using Doppler and pulse selection algorithms. In the Internet-controlled mode, the observation results are transferred to the main server in real time to be automatically processed and visualized at the website of the IRA NASU’s Department of Radiophysics of Geospace. Several examples of using the observation results obtained with the HF receiver network for diagnostics of dynamic processes in the near-Earth plasma are presented. The advantages of the multiposition mode of observations are discussed. The possibility of upgrading the HF facilities to provide measuring angles of arrival of signals is considered.

  8. COPD predicts mortality in HF: the Norwegian Heart Failure Registry.

    PubMed

    De Blois, Jonathan; Simard, Serge; Atar, Dan; Agewall, Stefan

    2010-03-01

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (HF) are common clinical conditions that share tobacco as a risk factor. Our aim was to evaluate the prognostic impact of COPD on HF patients. The Norwegian Heart Failure Registry was used. The study included 4132 HF patients (COPD, n = 699) from 22 hospitals (mean follow-up, 13.3 months). COPD patients were older, more often smokers and diabetics, less often on beta-blockers and had a higher heart rate. They were more often in New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV (COPD, 63%; no COPD, 51%), although left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) distribution was similar. COPD independently predicted death (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.188; 95% CI: 1.015 to 1.391; P = 0.03) along with age, creatinine, NYHA Class III/IV (HR, 1.464; 95% CI: 1.286 to 1.667) and diabetes. beta-blockers at baseline were associated with improved survival in patients with LVEF < or =40% independently of COPD. COPD is associated with a poorer survival in HF patients. COPD patients are overrated in terms of NYHA class in comparison with patients with similar LVEF. Nonetheless, NYHA class remains the strongest predictor of death in these patients. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. A routine high-precision method for Lu-Hf isotope geochemistry and chronology

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Patchett, P.J.; Tatsumoto, M.

    1981-01-01

    A method for chemical separation of Lu and Hf from rock, meteorite and mineral samples is described, together with a much improved mass spectrometric running technique for Hf. This allows (i) geo- and cosmochronology using the176Lu???176Hf+??- decay scheme, and (ii) geochemical studies of planetary processes in the earth and moon. Chemical yields for the three-stage ion-exchange column procedure average 90% for Hf. Chemical blanks are <0.2 ng for Lu and Hf. From 1 ??g of Hf, a total ion current of 0.5??10-11 Ampere can be maintained for 3-5 h, yielding 0.01-0.03% precision on the ratio176Hf/177Hf. Normalisation to179Hf/177Hf=0.7325 is used. Extensive results for the Johnson Matthey Hf standard JMC 475 are presented, and this sample is urged as an international mass spectrometric standard; suitable aliquots, prepared from a single batch of JMC 475, are available from Denver. Lu-Hf analyses of the standard rocks BCR-1 and JB-1 are given. The potential of the Lu-Hf method in isotope geochemistry is assessed. ?? 1980 Springer-Verlag.

  10. A flexible, high-performance magnetoelectric heterostructure of (001) oriented Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 film grown on Ni foil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palneedi, Haribabu; Yeo, Hong Goo; Hwang, Geon-Tae; Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu; Kim, Jong-Woo; Choi, Jong-Jin; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan; Ryu, Jungho

    2017-09-01

    In this study, a flexible magnetoelectric (ME) heterostructure of PZT/Ni was fabricated by depositing a (001) oriented Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (PZT) film on a thin, flexible Ni foil buffered with LaNiO3/HfO2. Excellent ferroelectric properties and large ME voltage coefficient of 3.2 V/cmṡOe were realized from the PZT/Ni heterostructure. The PZT/Ni composite's high performance was attributed to strong texturing of the PZT film, coupled with the compressive stress in the piezoelectric film. Besides, reduced substrate clamping in the PZT film due to the film on the foil structure and strong interfacial bonding in the PZT/LaNiO3/HfO2/Ni heterostructure could also have contributed to the high ME performance of PZT/Ni.

  11. The preparation of Zr-deuteride and phase stability studies of the Zr-D system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maimaitiyili, T.; Steuwer, A.; Bjerkén, C.; Blomqvist, J.; Hoelzel, M.; Ion, J. C.; Zanellato, O.

    2017-03-01

    Deuteride phases in the zirconium-deuterium system in the temperature range 25-286 °C have been studied in-situ by high resolution neutron diffraction. The study primarily focused on observations of δ→γ transformation at 180 °C, and the peritectoid reaction α + δ ↔ γ at 255 °C in commercial grade Zr powder that was deuterated to a deuterium/Zr ratio of one to one. A detailed description of the zirconium deuteride preparation route by high temperature gas loading is also described. The lattice parameters of α-Zr, δ-ZrDx and ε-ZrDx were determined by whole pattern crystal structure analysis, using Rietveld and Pawley refinements, and are in good agreement with values reported in the literature. The controversial γ-hydride phase was observed both in-situ and ex-situ in deuterated Zr powder after a heat treatment at 286 °C and slow cooling.

  12. Chemical vapor deposited monolayer MoS2 top-gate MOSFET with atomic-layer-deposited ZrO2 as gate dielectric

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Yaoqiao; Jiang, Huaxing; Lau, Kei May; Li, Qiang

    2018-04-01

    For the first time, ZrO2 dielectric deposition on pristine monolayer MoS2 by atomic layer deposition (ALD) is demonstrated and ZrO2/MoS2 top-gate MOSFETs have been fabricated. ALD ZrO2 overcoat, like other high-k oxides such as HfO2 and Al2O3, was shown to enhance the MoS2 channel mobility. As a result, an on/off current ratio of over 107, a subthreshold slope of 276 mV dec-1, and a field-effect electron mobility of 12.1 cm2 V-1 s-1 have been achieved. The maximum drain current of the MOSFET with a top-gate length of 4 μm and a source/drain spacing of 9 μm is measured to be 1.4 μA μm-1 at V DS = 5 V. The gate leakage current is below 10-2 A cm-2 under a gate bias of 10 V. A high dielectric breakdown field of 4.9 MV cm-1 is obtained. Gate hysteresis and frequency-dependent capacitance-voltage measurements were also performed to characterize the ZrO2/MoS2 interface quality, which yielded an interface state density of ˜3 × 1012 cm-2 eV-1.

  13. Zircon U-Pb age, Hf isotope and geochemistry of Carboniferous intrusions from the Langshan area, Inner Mongolia: Petrogenesis and tectonic implications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Min; Zhang, Da; Xiong, Guangqiang; Zhao, Hongtao; Di, Yongjun; Wang, Zhong; Zhou, Zhiguang

    2016-04-01

    Late Paleozoic was a critical period for the tectonic evolution of the northern margin of the Alxa-North China craton, but the evolutionary history is not well constrained. The Carboniferous intrusions in the Langshan area in the western part of the northern margin of the Alxa-North China craton are mainly composed of tonalite, quartz diorite, olivine gabbro and pyroxene peridotite. Zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating indicates that the Langshan Carboniferous intrusions were emplaced at ca. 338-324 Ma. The quartz diorites are characterized by high amounts of compatible trace elements (Cr, Ni and V) and high Mg# values, which may suggest a significant mantle source. The positive Pb and negative Nb-Ta-Ti anomalies, the variable εHf(t) (-6.9 to 2.0) values and the old Hf model ages (1218-1783 Ma) imply some involvement of ancient continental materials in its petrogenesis. The tonalite has relatively high Sr/Y ratios, low Mg#, Yb and Y contents, features of adakite-like rocks, negative εHf(t) values (-9.8 to -0.1) and older Hf model ages (1344-1953 Ma), which suggest significant involvement of ancient crust materials and mantle-derived basaltic component in its petrogenesis. The high Mg# values, high Cr and Ni contents, and low Zr and Hf contents of the mafic-ultramafic rocks show evidence of a mantle source, and the relatively low zircon εHf(t) values (-5.9 to 3.2) might point to an enriched mantle. The trace element characteristics indicate the influence of subducted sediments and slab-derived fluids. In the tectonic discrimination diagrams, all the rocks plot in subduction-related environment, such as volcanic arc and continental arc. Considering the regional geology, we suggest that the Carboniferous intrusions in the Langshan area were likely emplaced during the late stage of the southward subduction of the Paleo-Asian Ocean plate, which formed a continental arc along the northern margin of the Alxa-North China craton.

  14. "The Volunteer Monitor" Newsletter: A National Publication for Citizen Scientists (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ely, E.

    2009-12-01

    Citizen scientists have many communication tools available, including listservs, blogs, websites, and online discussion groups. What is the role of traditional publications such as newsletters or journals in this new environment? This presentation will summarize lessons learned from the 20-year history of The Volunteer Monitor newsletter, a national publication that provides a networking and information-sharing forum for citizen scientists engaged in water quality monitoring. The presenter, who has been the editor of The Volunteer Monitor since 1990, will emphasize practical tips for editors or prospective editors. Topics will include defining the publication's mission and target audience, obtaining submissions, communicating with authors, and applying basic journalistic techniques to enhance the usefulness and readability of articles.

  15. Study on molecular sieve absorption of ground state HF molecules in a non-chain pulsed HF Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Lianying; Zhou, Songqing; Chao, Huang; Huang, Ke; Zhu, Feng; Luan, Kunpeng; Chen, Hongwei

    2017-05-01

    This paper describes the principle of non-chain pulsed HF laser, and analyzes the reason why the laser energy dropped severely with the accumulation of shots when the HF laser was in repetitive operation. In order to solve this problem, a molecular sieve absorption device was designed and mounted in the recirculation loop of the HF laser. Measurements of flow velocity indicated that the absorption device would just introduce a small decrease of flow velocity which would not influence the laser operation. Several types of molecular sieve (3A,4A,5A,13X) were used in absorbing experiments and the experiment results inferred that 3A molecular sieve was the most effective sorbent. All the experiments showed that the average drop of the output energy was not more than 5% after 1000 shots at 50Hz/20s. Compared to the energy drop of about 40% without the device, the absorption device could significantly improve the stability of the HF laser output energy and prolong the lifespan of laser medium gases.

  16. Improving early relationships: a randomized, controlled trial of an age-paced parenting newsletter.

    PubMed

    Waterston, Tony; Welsh, Brenda; Keane, Brigid; Cook, Margaret; Hammal, Donna; Parker, Louise; McConachie, Helen

    2009-01-01

    Parenting is recognized as a key mediator in both health and educational outcomes. Much is known on the value of support and group work in benefiting parenting, but little is known on the effect of written information. A randomized, controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of a parenting newsletter, sent monthly to the parents' home from birth to 1 year, on maternal well-being and parenting style. We tested the hypothesis that mothers receiving the newsletter would show less stress and better parenting characteristics than controls. Parents of first infants born in a North East England District General Hospital between February and October 2003 who consented to take part in the study were randomly allocated to either the intervention or control arm. Those in the intervention arm were sent 12 monthly issues of an age-paced parenting newsletter containing information on emotional development, parent-child interaction, and play. Both the intervention and control group received normal parenting support. Mothers in both groups completed the Well-being Index, Parenting Daily Hassles Scale, and the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory at birth and at 1 year. One hundred eighty-five mothers were recruited, with 94 randomly assigned to the intervention group, and 91 controls. Allowing for differences at recruitment, there were significant differences between the groups at 1 year: the intervention mothers had lower frequency and intensity of perceived hassles and fewer inappropriate expectations of the infant on the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory than the control mothers. A monthly parenting newsletter sent directly to the home in the first year of life seems to help parents to understand their infant better and feel less hassled. This intervention is low cost and can be applied to all parents, so it is nonstigmatizing.

  17. NAWIG News: The Quarterly Newsletter of the Native American Wind Interest Group; Summer 2006

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2006-06-01

    The United States is home to more than 700 American Indian tribes and Native Alaska villages and corporations located on 96 million acres. Many of these tribes and villages have excellent wind resources that could be commercially developed to meet their electricity needs or for electricity export. The Wind Powering America program engages Native Americans in wind energy development, and as part of that effort, the NAWIG newsletter informs readers of events in the Native American/wind energy community.

  18. NAWIG News: The Quarterly Newsletter of the Native American Wind Interest Group; Summer 2005

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2005-09-01

    The United States is home to more than 700 American Indian tribes and Native Alaska villages and corporations located on 96 million acres. Many of these tribes and villages have excellent wind resources that could be commercially developed to meet their electricity needs or for electricity export. The Wind Powering America program engages Native Americans in wind energy development, and as part of that effort, the NAWIG newsletter informs readers of events in the Native American/wind energy community.

  19. Antarctic meteorite newsletter. Volume 4: Number 1, February 1981: Antarctic meteorite descriptions, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stone, R.; Schwarz, C. M.; King, T. V. V.; Mason, B.; Bogard, D. D.; Gabel, E. M.

    1981-01-01

    This issue of the Newsletter is essentially a catalog of all antarctic meteorites in the collections of the Johnson Space Center Curation Facility and the Smithsonian except for 288 pebbles now being classed. It includes listings of all previously distributed data sheets plus a number of new ones for 1979. Indexes of samples include meteorite name/number, classification, and weathering category. Separate indexes list type 3 and 4 chondrites, all irons, all achondrites, and all carbonaceous chondrites.

  20. Synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic application of Pd/ZrO2 and Pt/ZrO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saeed, Khalid; Sadiq, Mohammad; Khan, Idrees; Ullah, Saleem; Ali, Nauman; Khan, Adnan

    2018-05-01

    Zirconia-supported palladium (Pd/ZrO2) and Zirconia-supported platinum (Pt/ZrO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are synthesized from their precursors via impregnation technique. The Pd/ZrO2 and Pt/ZrO2 NPs were analyzed via SEM and EDX, while the study of indigo disulfonate dye degradation was carried out by UV/VIS spectrophotometer. The SEM micrographs illustrated that the Pd and Pt NPs were well placed on ZrO2 surface. The Pd/ZrO2 and Pt/ZrO2 NPs were also employed as photocatalysts for the photodegradation of indigo disulfonate in an aqueous medium under UV-light irradiation. The photodegradation study presented that Pd/ZrO2 and Pt/ZrO2 NPs degraded 96 and 94% of indigo disulfonate in 14 h, respectively. The effect of pH of medium and catalyst dosage and efficiency of recovered Pd/ZrO2 and Pt/ZrO2 NPs on the photocatalytic degradation were also studied. It was also found that the maximum degradation of dye was found at pH 10 (95-97%) and at 0.02 g weight (40.28%).