Sample records for zrf4-baf2-laf3-alf3-naf zblan glass

  1. Effects of Gravity on ZBLAN Glass Crystallization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Dennis S.; Ethridge, Edwin C.; Smith, G. A.; Workman, G.

    2003-01-01

    The effects of gravity on the crystallization of ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3- NaF glasses have been studied utilizing NASA's KC135 and a sounding rocket, Fibers and cylinders of ZBLAN glass were heated to the crystallization temperature in unit and reduced gravity. When processed in unit gravity the glass crystallized, but when processed in reduced gravity, crystallization was suppressed. A possible explanation involving shear thinning is presented to explain these results.

  2. Effects of Gravity on ZBLAN Glass Crystallization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Dennis S.; Ethridge, Edwin C.; Smith, Guy A.; Workman, Gary

    2004-01-01

    The effects of gravity on the crystallization of ZrF(4)-BaF(2)-LaF(3)-AIF(3)-NaF glasses have been studied using the NASA KC-135 and a sounding rocket. Fibers and cylinders of ZBLAN glass were heated to the crystallization temperature in unit and reduced gravity. When processed in unit gravity the glass crystallized, but when processed in reduced gravity, crystallization was suppressed. A possible explanation involving shear thinning is presented to explain these results.

  3. Low Gravity Rapid Thermal Analysis of Glass

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Dennis S.; Ethridge, Edwin C.; Smith, Guy A.

    2004-01-01

    It has been observed by two research groups that ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF (ZBLAN) glass crystallization is suppressed in microgravity. The mechanism for this phenomenon is unknown at the present time. In order to better understand the mechanism, an experiment was performed on NASA's KC135 reduced gravity aircraft to obtain quantitative crystallization data. An apparatus was designed and constructed for performing rapid thermal analysis of milligram quantities of ZBLAN glass. The apparatus employs an ellipsoidal furnace allowing for rapid heating and cooling. Using this apparatus nucleation and crystallization kinetic data was obtained leading to the construction of time-temperature-transformation curves for ZBLAN in microgravity and unit gravity.

  4. The Effects of a Magnetic Field on the Crystallization of a Fluorozirconate Glass

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Dennis S.; Lapointe, Michael R.; Jia, Zhiyong

    2006-01-01

    An axial magnetic field of 0.1T was applied to ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF (ZBLAN) fibers during heating to the glass crystallization temperature. Scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction were used to identify crystal phases. It was shown that fibers exposed to the magnetic field did not crystallize while fibers not exposed to the field did crystallize. A hypothesis based on magnetic work was proposed to explain the results and tested by measuring the magnetic susceptibilities of the glass and crystal.

  5. Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer parameters of Er3+- doped fluorozirconate and oxyfluoroaluminate glasses

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Feifei; Liu, Xueqiang; Hu, Lili; Chen, Danping

    2014-01-01

    Er3+- doped fluorozirconate (ZrF4-BaF2-YF3-AlF3) and oxyfluoroaluminate glasses are successfully prepared here. These glasses exhibit significant superiority compared with traditional fluorozirconate glass (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) because of their higher temperature of glass transition and better resistance to water corrosion. Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters are evaluated and used to compute the radiative properties based on the VIS-NIR absorption spectra. Broad emission bands located at 1535 and 2708 nm are observed, and large calculated emission sections are obtained. The intensity of 2708 nm emission closely relates to the phonon energy of host glass. A lower phonon energy leads to a more intensive 2708 nm emission. The energy transfer processes of Er3+ ions are discussed and lifetime of Er3+: 4I13/2 is measured. It is the first time to observe that a longer lifetime of the 4I13/2 level leads to a less intensive 1535 nm emission, because the lifetime is long enough to generate excited state absorption (ESA) and energy transfer (ET) processes. These results indicate that the novel glasses possess better chemical and thermal properties as well as excellent optical properties compared with ZBLAN glass. These Er3+- doped ZBYA and oxyfluoroaluminate glasses have potential applications as laser materials. PMID:24852112

  6. Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer parameters of Er3+-doped fluorozirconate and oxyfluoroaluminate glasses.

    PubMed

    Huang, Feifei; Liu, Xueqiang; Hu, Lili; Chen, Danping

    2014-05-23

    Er3+-doped fluorozirconate (ZrF4-BaF2-YF3-AlF3) and oxyfluoroaluminate glasses are successfully prepared here. These glasses exhibit significant superiority compared with traditional fluorozirconate glass (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) because of their higher temperature of glass transition and better resistance to water corrosion. Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters are evaluated and used to compute the radiative properties based on the VIS-NIR absorption spectra. Broad emission bands located at 1535 and 2708 nm are observed, and large calculated emission sections are obtained. The intensity of 2708 nm emission closely relates to the phonon energy of host glass. A lower phonon energy leads to a more intensive 2708 nm emission. The energy transfer processes of Er3+ ions are discussed and lifetime of Er3+:4I13/2 is measured. It is the first time to observe that a longer lifetime of the 4I13/2 level leads to a less intensive 1535 nm emission, because the lifetime is long enough to generate excited state absorption (ESA) and energy transfer (ET) processes. These results indicate that the novel glasses possess better chemical and thermal properties as well as excellent optical properties compared with ZBLAN glass. These Er3+-doped ZBYA and oxyfluoroaluminate glasses have potential applications as laser materials.

  7. Crystallization of heavy metal fluoride glasses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bansal, Narottam P.; Bruce, Allan J.; Doremus, R. H.; Moynihan, C. T.

    1984-01-01

    The kinetics of crystallization of a number of fluorozirconate glasses were studied using isothermal and dynamic differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. The addition of the fluorides LiF, NaF, AlF3, LaF3 to a base glass composition of ZrF4-BaF2 reduced the tendency to crystallize, probably by modifying the viscosity-temperature relation. ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF glass was the most stable against devitrification and perhaps is the best composition for optical fibers with low scattering loss. Some glasses first crystallize out into metastable beta-BaZr2F10 and beta-BaZrF6 phases, which transform into the most stable alpha-phases when heated to higher temperatures. The size of the crystallites was estimated to be about 600 A from X-ray diffraction.

  8. Effect of microgravity on crystallization of ZBLAN fibers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Dennis S.

    1994-01-01

    ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AIF3-NaF (ZBLAN) optical fiber was flown on board the NASA's KC-135 microgravity aircraft to determine the effects of microgravity on crystal growth in this material. Fiber samples were placed in evacuated quartz ampoules and heated to the crystallization temperature in 0g, 1g, and 2g. The 1g and 2g samples were observed to slump and crystallize. The 0g samples showed no evidence of crystallization.

  9. Fluoride glass starting materials - Characterization and effects of thermal treatment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, William; Dunn, Bruce; Shlichta, Paul; Neilson, George F.; Weinberg, Michael C.

    1987-01-01

    The production of heavy metal fluoride (HMF) glasses, and the effects of thermal treatments on the HMF glasses are investigated. ZrF4, BaF2, AlF3, LaF3, and NaF were utilized in the synthesis of zirconium-barium-lanthanum-aluminum-sodium fluoride glass. The purity of these starting materials, in particular ZrF4, is evaluated using XRD analysis. The data reveal that low temperature heating of ZrF4-H2O is effective in removing the water of hydration, but causes the production of ZrF4 and oxyfluorides; however, dehydration followed by sublimation results in the production of monoclinic ZrFe without water or oxyfluoride contaminants.

  10. ZBLAN Microgravity Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Workman, Gary L.; Smith, Guy A.; OBrien, Sue; Adcock, Leonard

    1995-01-01

    One of the greatest obstacles with the fluorozirconate ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AIF3-NaF) is the problem of devitrification. Fluoride glasses have a narrow working range and the viscosity is a strong function of temperature. Rates of nucleation and growth of crystals in the glass depend on the viscosity, making these glasses unstable and prone to crystallization. The viscosity of ZBLAN at the drawing temperature is low, usually between two to five poise, so it is difficult to obtain fibers from their preform melts without crystallization. The preforms usually contain heterogeneous nuclei which grow into microcrystallites above the glass transition temperature, T(g). Since microcrystallites in an optical fiber cause extrinsic light scattering losses of the optical signal, fiber drawing must be completed in a short time to minimize the generation of light scattering centers. To keep these losses to a minimum and to fabricate low scattering loss fibers and other optical components, this research deals with the possibility of minimizing crystallite formation by removing the gravitational influence of solutal segregation of the ZBLAN elements. This report reviews the early work on the KC-135 aircraft, the development of the ZBLAN Rocket Experiment, preparations at the White Sands Missile Range, analysis of the flight and ground test results, lessons learned and future experimentation.

  11. 2.7 μm emission of high thermally and chemically durable glasses based on AlF3

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Feifei; Ma, Yaoyao; Li, Weiwei; Liu, Xueqiang; Hu, Lili; Chen, Danping

    2014-01-01

    AlF3-based glasses (AlF3-YF3-CaF2-BaF2-SrF2-MgF2) with enhanced thermal and chemical stability were synthesized and compared with the well-known fluorozirconate glass (ZBLAN). The 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission in the AlF3-based glasses was also investigated through the absorption and emission spectra. Both the temperature of glass transition and the characteristic temperatures (ΔT, Hr, kgl) of the fluoroaluminate glasses were much larger than those of the ZBLAN glasses. The corrosion phenomenon can be observed by naked-eye, and the transmittance dropped dramatically (0% at 3 μm) when the ZBLAN glass was placed into distilled water. However, the AlF3-based glass was relatively stable. The fluoroaluminate glasses possessed large branching ratio (20%) along with the emission cross section (9.4×10−21 cm−2) of the Er3+:4I11/24I13/2 transition. Meanwhile, the enhanced 2.7 μm emission in highly Er3+-doped AYF glass was obtained. Therefore, these results showed that this kind of fluoride glass has a promising application for solid state lasers at 3 μm. PMID:24402172

  12. Commercial Production of Heavy Metal Fluoride Glass Fiber in Space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Dennis S.; Workman, Gary L.; Smith, Guy A.

    1998-01-01

    International Space Station Alpha (ISSA) will provide a platform not only for materials research but also a possible means to produce products in space which cannot be easily produced on the ground. Some products may even be superior to those now produced in unit gravity due to the lack of gravity induced convection effects. Our research with ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF (ZBLAN glass) has shown that gravity does indeed play a major role in the crystallization behavior of this material. At the present time ZBLAN is being produced on earth in fiber optic form for use in surgical lasers and fiber optic lasers among other applications. High attenuation coefficients, however, have kept this material from being used in other applications such as long haul data transmission links. The high attenuation coefficients are due to impurities which can be removed through improved processing techniques and crystals which can only be removed or prevented from forming by processing in a reduced gravity environment.

  13. Effect of the addition of MgF2 and NaF on the thermal, optical and magnetic properties of fluoride glasses for sensing applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yujie; Wang, Shuangbao; Deng, Saifu; Liu, Jianting; Zhang, Jiahui

    2017-10-01

    Optical glass was very important for the development of optical fiber sensor. In this paper, a new type fluoride glass of ZrF4-BaF2-AlF3-NaF-MgF2(ZBANM) was synthesized for sensing application which has low loss and high magneto-optical coefficient, and it was found that the glass system had at least 60% transmittance from 3.5 μm to 7 μm and smallest verdet constant of 4.628E-5/(rad A-1) at 632.8 nm. The relationship among the compositions of sample glass with its thermal property, optical absorptivity and magnetic-optical coefficients was respectively studied with Thermal Gravimetric-Differential Thermal Analyzer, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy and a home-made magneto optical bench. The study indicated that transmittance of fluoride glass structure had been obviously improved after moderate content of Mg2+ and Na+ was doped. Simultaneously, with the molar ratio of alkaline-earth ions Mg increased, the Verdet constant of fluoride glass was increased. And the glass structure with composition of 48%ZrF4-24%BaF2-6%AlF3-8%NaF-14%MgF2 exhibited a small molar absorptivity and the largest Verdet constant of 2.853E-4/(rad A-1).

  14. New approach for high reliability, low loss splicing between silica and ZBLAN fibers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carbonnier, Robin; Zheng, Wenxin

    2018-02-01

    In the past decade, ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-NaF) fibers have drawn increasing interest for laser operations at wavelengths where Fused Silica-based (SiO2) fibers do not perform well. One limitation to the expansion of ZBLAN fiber lasers today is the difficulty to efficiently inject and extract light in/from the guiding medium using SiO2 fibers. Although free space and butt coupling have provided acceptable results, consistent and long lasting physical joints between SiO2 and ZBLAN fibers will allow smaller, cheaper, and more robust component manufacturing. While low loss splices have been reported using a traditional splicing approach, the very low mechanical strength of the joint makes it difficult to scale. Difficulties in achieving a strong bond are mainly due to the large difference of transition temperature between ZBLAN and SiO2 fibers ( 260°C vs 1175°C). This paper presents results obtained by using the high thermal expansion coefficient of the ZBLAN fiber to encapsulate a smaller SiO2 fiber. A CO2 laser glass processing system was used to control the expansion and contraction of the ZBLAN material during the splicing process for optimum reliability. This method produced splices between 125μm ZBLAN to 80μm SiO2 fibers with average transmission loss of 0.225dB (measured at 1550nm) and average ultimate tension strength of 121.4gf. The Resulting splices can be durably packaged without excessive care. Other combinations using 125μm SiO2 fibers tapered to 80μm are also discussed.

  15. Properties of AlF3 and LaF3 films at 193nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xue, Chunrong; Shao, Jianda

    2010-10-01

    In order to develop low loss, high-performance 193nm Fluoride HR mirrors and anti-reflection coatings, LaF3 and AlF3 materials, used for a single-layer coating, were deposited by a molybdenum boat evaporation process. Various microstructures that formed under different substrate temperatures and with deposition rates were investigated. The relation between these microstructures (including cross section morphology, surface roughness and crystalline structure), the optical properties (including refractive index and optical loss) and mechanical properties (stress) were investigated. Furthermore, AlF3 used as a low-index material and LaF3 used as a high-index material were designed and deposited for multilayer coatings. Transmittance, reflectance, stress, and the laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) were studied. It is shown that AlF3 and LaF3 thin films, deposited on the substrate at a temperature of 300 °C, obtained good quality thin films with high transmittance and little optical loss at 193 nm. For multilayer coatings, the absorption mainly comes from LaF3. Based on these studies, The thickness of 193nm films was controled by a 1/3 baffle with pre-coating technology. the LaF3/AlF3 AR coantings and HR mirrors at 193nm were designed and deposited. Under the present experimental conditions, the reflectance of LaF3/AlF3 HR mirror is up to 96%, and its transmittance is 1.5%. the LaF3/AlF3 AR coanting's residual reflectance is less than 0.14%, and single-sided transmittance is 93.85%. To get a high-performance 193nm AR coating, super-polished substrate is the best choice.

  16. Mechanisms for the Crystallization of ZBLAN

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ethridge, Edwin C.; Tucker, Dennis S.; Kaukler, William; Antar, Basil

    2003-01-01

    The objective of this ground based study is to test the hypothesis that shear thinning (the non-Newtonian response of viscosity to shear rate) is a viable mechanism to explain the observation of enhanced glass formation in numerous low-g experiments. In 1-g, fluid motion results from buoyancy forces and surface tension driven convection. This fluid flow will introduce shear in undercooled liquids in 1-g. In low-g it is known that fluid flows are greatly reduced so that the shear rate in fluids can be extremely low. It is believed that some fluids may have weak structure in the absence of flow. Very small shear rates could cause this structure to collapse in response to shear resulting in a lowering of the viscosity of the fluid. The hypothesis of this research is that: Shear thinning in undercooled liquids decreases the viscosity, increasing the rate of nucleation and crystallization of glass forming melts. Shear in the melt can be reduced in low-g, thus enhancing undercooling and glass formation. The viscosity of a model glass (lithium di-silicate, L2S) often used for crystallization studies has been measured at very low shear rates using a dynamic mechanical thermal analyzer. Our results are consistent with increasing viscosity with a lowering of shear rates. The viscosity of L2S may vary as much as an order of magnitude depending on the shear rate in the temperature region of maximum nucleation and crystal growth. Classical equations for nucleation and crystal growth rates, are inversely related to the viscosity and viscosity to the third power respectively. An order of magnitude variation in viscosity (with shear) at a given temperature would have dramatic effects on glass crystallization Crystallization studies with the heavy metal fluoride glass ZBLAN (ZrF2-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) to examine the effect of shear on crystallization are being initiated. Samples are to be melted and quenched under quiescent conditions at different shear rates to determine the effect

  17. The manipulated left-handedness in a rare-earth-ion-doped optical fiber by the incoherent pumping field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Shun-Cai; Guo, Hong-Wei; Wei, Xiao-Jing

    2017-10-01

    The left-handedness was demonstrated by the simulation with a three-level quantum system in an Er3+ -dopped ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3- AlF3-NaF (ZBLAFN) optical fiber. And the left-handedness can be regulated by the incoherent pumping field. Our scheme may provide a solid candidate other than the coherent atomic vapor for left-handedness, and may extend the application of the rare-earth-ion-doped optical fiber in metamaterials and of the incoherent pumping light field in quantum optics.

  18. The Effects of Gravity on the Crystallization Behavior of Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Dennis S.; Smith, Guy A.

    2004-01-01

    Heavy metal fluoride glasses are used in such applications as fiber lasers and laser amplifiers. ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF (ZBLAN) is one of the more commonly used heavy metal fluoride glasses. ZBLAN is an infrared transmitter and has a theoretical attenuation coefficient of 0.002 db/km. However, due to impurities and small crystallites this attenuation coefficient has not been achieved to date. ZBLAN is a fragile glass which can lead to rapid crystallization, if the glass is not cooled rapidly to below the glass transition temperature or if the glass is reheated near the crystallization temperature for any period of time. Studies carried on at Marshall Space Flight Center and the University of Alabama in Huntsville since 1993 have shown that heating ZBLAN glass at the crystallization temperature in reduced gravity results in a suppression of crystallization when compared to ZBLAN processed in unit gravity. These studies utilized NASA's KC-135 aircraft and the Conquest sounding rocket. In the first series of experiments, short lengths of ZBLAN fiber were heated to the crystallization temperature in reduced gravity on board the KC- 135 and the Conquest sounding rocket and compared with fibers heated in unit gravity. The fibers processed in reduced gravity showed no evidence of crystallization when studied with x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. However, the fibers processed in unit gravity were completely crystallized. Subsequent experiments included heating small pieces of ZBLAN glass at the crystallization temperature while viewing with a video camera to follow the crystallization phenomenon. In this experiment crystallization was observed in reduced gravity, however, it was suppressed when compared to heating in unit gravity. In the most recent experiment on board the KC-135, rapid thermal analysis of ZBLAN was performed. A mechanism to explain the observations has been proposed. This mechanism is based on shear thinning whereby, the glass

  19. Ho3+-doped AlF3-TeO2-based glass fibers for 2.1 µm laser applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, S. B.; Jia, Z. X.; Yao, C. F.; Ohishi, Y.; Qin, G. S.; Qin, W. P.

    2017-05-01

    Ho3+-doped AlF3-TeO2-based glass fibers based on AlF3-BaF2-CaF2-YF3-SrF2-MgF2-TeO2 glasses are fabricated by using a rod-in-tube method. The glass rod including a core and a thick cladding layer is prepared by using a suction method, where the thick cladding layer is used to protect the core from the effect of surface crystallization during the fiber drawing. By inserting the glass rod into a glass tube, the glass fibers with relatively low loss (~2.3 dB m-1 @ 1560 nm) are prepared. By using a 38 cm long Ho3+-doped AlF3-TeO2-based glass fiber as the gain medium and a 1965 nm fiber laser as the pump source, 2065 nm lasing is obtained for a threshold pump power of ~220 mW. With further increasing the pump power to ~325 mW, the unsaturated output power of the 2065 nm laser is about 82 mW and the corresponding slope efficiency is up to 68.8%. The effects of the gain fiber length on the lasing threshold, the slope efficiency, and the operating wavelength are also investigated. Our experimental results show that Ho3+-doped AlF3-TeO2-based glass fibers are promising gain media for 2.1 µm laser applications.

  20. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy as detection tool for coordinated or uncoordinated fluorine atoms demonstrated on fluoride systems NaF, K2TaF7, K3TaF8, K2ZrF6, Na7Zr6F31 and K3ZrF7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boča, Miroslav; Barborík, Peter; Mičušík, Matej; Omastová, Mária

    2012-07-01

    While systems K3TaF8 and K3ZrF7 were prepared by modified molten salt method modified wet pathway was used for reproducible preparation of Na7Zr6F31. Its congruently melting character was demonstrated on simultaneous TG/DSC measurements and XRD patterns. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was applied for identification of differently bonded fluorine atoms in series of compounds NaF, K2TaF7, K3TaF8, K2ZrF6, Na7Zr6F31 and K3ZrF7. Three different types of fluorine atoms were described qualitatively and quantitatively. Uncoordinated fluorine atoms (F-) provide signals at lowest binding energies, followed by signals from terminally coordinated fluorine atoms (M-F) and then bridging fluorine atoms (M-F-M) at highest energy. Based on XPS F 1s signals assigned to fluorine atoms in compounds with correctly determined structure it was suggested that fluorine atoms in K3ZrF7 have partially bridging character.

  1. Luminescent properties of Ln3+ doped tellurite glasses containing AlF3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walas, Michalina; Pastwa, Agata; Lewandowski, Tomasz; Synak, Anna; Gryczyński, Ignacy; Sadowski, Wojciech; Kościelska, Barbara

    2016-09-01

    The low-phonon energy tellurite glasses TeO2-BaO-Bi2O3 and TeO2-BaO-Bi2O3-AlF3 triply doped with Eu3+, Tb3+, Tm3+ ions in two different molar ratios were synthesized using melt-quenching technique. Their structure and luminescence properties were widely investigated by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy (PL). The luminescence spectra of Eu3+, Tb3+, Tm3+ co-doped glasses show apart of the bands corresponding to the 4f-4f transitions of lanthanide ions also band corresponding to glass matrix. AlF3 doping increases emission intensity, although to improve overall emission color further studies on molar composition of samples and the molar ratio of the components should be carried out.

  2. Optical characterization of Tm(3+) doped Bi2O3-GeO2-Ga2O3 glasses in absence and presence of BaF2.

    PubMed

    Han, Kexuan; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Shunbin; Guo, Yanyan; Zhou, Dechun; Yu, Fengxia

    2016-08-10

    In this paper, Two new Bi2O3-GeO2-Ga2O3 glasses (one presence of BaF2) doped with 1mol% Tm2O3 were prepared by melt-quenching technique. Differential thermal analysis (DTA), the absorption, Raman, IR spectra and fluorescence spectra were measured. The Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, emission cross section, absorption cross section, and gain coefficient of Tm(3+) ions were comparatively investigated. After the BaF2 introduced, the glass showed a better thermal stability, lower phonon energy and weaker OH(-) absorption coefficient, meanwhile, a larger ~1.8 μm emission cross section σem (7.56 × 10(-21) cm(2)) and a longer fluorescence lifetime τmea (2.25 ms) corresponding to the Tm(3+): (4)F3 → (3)H6 transition were obtained, which is due to the addition of fluoride in glass could reduce the quenching rate of hydroxyls and raise the cross-relaxation ((3)H6 + (3)H4 → (3)F4 + (3)F4) rate. Our results suggest that the Tm(3+) doped Bi2O3-GeO2-Ga2O3 glass with BaF2 might be potential to the application in efficient ~1.8 μm lasers system.

  3. Optical characterization of Tm3+ doped Bi2O3-GeO2-Ga2O3 glasses in absence and presence of BaF2

    PubMed Central

    Han, Kexuan; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Shunbin; Guo, Yanyan; Zhou, Dechun; Yu, Fengxia

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, Two new Bi2O3-GeO2-Ga2O3 glasses (one presence of BaF2) doped with 1mol% Tm2O3 were prepared by melt-quenching technique. Differential thermal analysis (DTA), the absorption, Raman, IR spectra and fluorescence spectra were measured. The Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters, emission cross section, absorption cross section, and gain coefficient of Tm3+ ions were comparatively investigated. After the BaF2 introduced, the glass showed a better thermal stability, lower phonon energy and weaker OH− absorption coefficient, meanwhile, a larger ~1.8 μm emission cross section σem (7.56 × 10−21 cm2) and a longer fluorescence lifetime τmea (2.25 ms) corresponding to the Tm3+: 4F3 → 3H6 transition were obtained, which is due to the addition of fluoride in glass could reduce the quenching rate of hydroxyls and raise the cross-relaxation (3H6 + 3H4 → 3F4 + 3F4) rate. Our results suggest that the Tm3+ doped Bi2O3-GeO2-Ga2O3 glass with BaF2 might be potential to the application in efficient ~1.8 μm lasers system. PMID:27506152

  4. Picosecond passively mode-locked mid-infrared fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, C.; Zhu, X.; Norwood, R. A.; Kieu, K.; Peyghambarian, N.

    2013-02-01

    Mode-locked mid-infrared (mid-IR) fiber lasers are of increasing interest due to their many potential applications in spectroscopic sensors, infrared countermeasures, laser surgery, and high-efficiency pump sources for nonlinear wavelength convertors. Er3+-doped ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) fiber lasers, which can emit mid-IR light at 2.65-2.9 μm through the transition from the upper energy level 4I11/2 to the lower laser level 4I13/2, have attracted much attention because of their broad emission range, high optical efficiency, and the ready availability of diode pump lasers at the two absorption peaks of Er3+ ions (975 nm and 976 nm). In recent years, significant progress on high power Er3+- doped ZBLAN fiber lasers has been achieved and over 20 watt cw output at 2.8 μm has been demonstrated; however, there has been little progress on ultrafast mid-IR ZBLAN fiber lasers to date. We report a passively mode-locked Er3+- doped ZBLAN fiber laser in which a Fe2+:ZnSe crystal was used as the intracavity saturable absorber. Fe2+:ZnSe is an ideal material for mid-IR laser pulse generation because of its large saturable absorption cross-section and small saturation energy along with the excellent opto-mechanical (damage threshold ~2 J/cm2) and physical characteristics of the crystalline ZnSe host. A 1.6 m double-clad 8 mol% Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber was used in our experiment. The fiber core has a diameter of 15 μm and a numerical aperture (NA) of 0.1. The inner circular cladding has a diameter of 125 μm and an NA of 0.5. Both continuous-wave and Q-switched mode-locking pulses at 2.8 μm were obtained. Continuous-wave mode locking operation with a pulse duration of 19 ps and an average power of 51 mW were achieved when a collimated beam traversed the Fe2+:ZnSe crystal. When the cavity was modified to provide a focused beam at the Fe2+:ZnSe crystal, Q-switched mode-locked operation with a pulse duration of 60 ps and an average power of 4.6 mW was achieved. More powerful

  5. Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped TeO2-BaF2-Y2O3 glasses for ∼1.2 μm laser applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Shunbin; Li, Chengzhi; Yao, Chuanfei; Jia, Shijie; Jia, Zhixu; Qin, Guanshi; Qin, Weiping

    2017-02-01

    Intense ∼1.2 μm fluorescence is observed in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped TeO2-BaF2-Y2O3 glasses under 915 nm laser diode excitation. The 1.2 μm emission can be ascribed to the transition 5I6→5I8 of Ho3+. With the introducing of BaF2, the content of OH in the glasses drops markedly, and the 1.2 μm emission intensity increases gradually as increasing the concentration percentage of BaF2. Furthermore, microstructured fibers based on the TeO2-BaF2-Y2O3 glasses are fabricated by using a rod-in-tube method, and a relative positive gain of ∼9.42 dB at 1175.3 nm is obtained in a 5 cm long fiber.

  6. Luminescence of Er 3+-doped nanostructured SiO 2-LaF 3 glass-ceramics prepared by the sol-gel method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez, V. D.; Del Castillo, J.; Yanes, A. C.; Méndez-Ramos, J.; Torres, M.; Peraza, J.

    2007-07-01

    Transparent glass ceramics with composition of 95SiO2-5LaF3 doped with 0.1 mol% of Er3+ were synthesized by thermal treatment of precursor sol-gel glasses. Segregated LaF3 nanocrystals in the glass were confirmed from a structural analysis performed by X-ray diffraction. Blue, green and red efficient up-conversion emissions were observed under 980 nm excitation at room temperature. Under this excitation near infrared down-conversion at 1.55 μm is also observed. These results could be attributed to the precipitation of LaF3 nanocrystals and the incorporation of most Er3+ ions in these nanocrystals. The mechanisms involved in the up-conversion emissions could be ascribed to two and three photon processes.

  7. Down-shifting in Ce3+-Tb3+ co-doped SiO2-LaF3 nano-glass-ceramics for photon conversion in solar cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Velázquez, J. J.; Rodríguez, V. D.; Yanes, A. C.; del-Castillo, J.; Méndez-Ramos, J.

    2012-10-01

    95SiO2-5LaF3 sol-gel derived nano-glass-ceramics single doped with Ce3+ or Tb3+ and co-doped with Ce3+-Tb3+ were synthesized by thermal treatment of precursor glasses. Precipitation of LaF3 nanocrystals during ceramming process was confirmed by X-ray diffraction with mean size ranging from 12 to 15 nm. An exhaustive spectroscopic analysis has been carried out. As a result, it was found that the green emission of Tb3+ ions was greatly enhanced through down shifting process, due to efficient energy transfer from Ce3+ to Tb3+ ions in the glass-ceramics, which is favored by the reduction of the interionic distances when the dopant ions are partitioned into LaF3 nanocrystals. These results suggest the use of these materials to improve the efficiency of solar cells.

  8. [A study on the concentration quenching of Tm3+ upconversion luminescence].

    PubMed

    Chen, B; Wang, H; Huang, S

    2001-06-01

    In this work, we have a designation and preparation of MFT glasses for upconversion, the glasses consisted of TeO2 and fluoride: PbF2, AlF3, BaF2, NaF and the impurity Tm2O3. In this glass system the oxide improve forming ability, the fluorides improve the microscopic environment around RE ions in glasses. In this glass host the content of Tm2O3 achieves to 4% mol and crystallization no occurred. A detail study on the concentration quenching of upconversion luminescence for 1G4-->3H6 and 1D2-->3H4 transitions was completed. The experimental results directed that the quenching concentration was 0.6 mol.% and higher 3 times than in other glasses materials. The cross relaxation and mechanism of concentration quenching were discussed.

  9. Vacuum ultraviolet thin films. I - Optical constants of BaF2, CaF2, LaF3, MgF2, Al2O3, HfO2, and SiO2 thin films. II - Vacuum ultraviolet all-dielectric narrowband filters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zukic, Muamer; Torr, Douglas G.; Spann, James F.; Torr, Marsha R.

    1990-01-01

    An iteration process matching calculated and measured reflectance and transmittance values in the 120-230 nm VUV region is presently used to ascertain the optical constants of bulk MgF2, as well as films of BaF2, CaF2, LaF3, MgF2, Al2O3, HfO2, and SiO2 deposited on MgF2 substrates. In the second part of this work, a design concept is demonstrated for two filters, employing rapidly changing extinction coefficients, centered at 135 nm for BaF2 and 141 nm for SiO2. These filters are shown to yield excellent narrowband spectral performance in combination with narrowband reflection filters.

  10. Solubility of SC2O3 in NA3ALF6-K3ALF6-ALF3 Melts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tian, Zhongliang; Hu, Xun; Lai, Yanqing; Yang, Shu; Ye, Shaolong; Li, Jie

    The electrolyte with high solubility for Sc2O3 is very important to realize the preparation of Al-Sc master alloy by the molten salt electrolysis. The solubility of Sc2O3 in K3AlF6-Na3AlF6-AlF3 melts is determined with an isothermal saturation method. The effects of KR (ratio of K3AlF6 to K3AlF6+Na3AlF6), the concentration of Al2O3 and the temperature on the solubility of Sc2O3 are also investigated. The results indicate that the solubility of Sc2O3 in K3AlF6-Na3AlF6-AlF3 melts increases and then decreases with KR increasing. The solubility of Sc2O3 is 8.698 wt.% in (K3AlF6-Na3AlF6)(KR25%)-18 wt.%AlF3 melts at 940°C. The effect of temperature on the solubility is little, and the values are 8.575 wt.% and 8.762 wt.% respectively when the temperatures are 930°C and 960°C. The solubility decreases from 8.809 wt.% to 7.058 wt.% as the concentration of Al2O3 increases from 1.5 wt.% to 5.0 wt.% at 950°C.

  11. Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer analysis of Tm3+-doped BaF2-Ga2O3-GeO2-La2O3 glass.

    PubMed

    Yu, Shenglei; Yang, Zhongmin; Xu, Shanhui

    2010-05-01

    This paper reports on the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer analysis of Tm(3+)-doped BaF(2)-Ga(2)O(3)-GeO(2)-La(2)O(3) glasses with different Tm(2)O(3) doping concentrations (0.2, 0.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 3.5, 4.0 wt%). Mid-IR fluorescence intensities in the range of 1,300 nm-2,200 nm have been measured when excited under an 808 nm LD for all the samples with the same pump power. Energy level structure and Judd-Ofelt parameters have been calculated based on the absorption spectra of Tm(3+), cross-relaxation rates and multi-phonon relaxation rates have been estimated with different Tm(2)O(3) doping concentrations. The maximum fluorescence intensity at around 1.8 mum has been obtained in Tm(2)O(3)-3 wt% sample and the maximum value of calculated stimulated emission cross-section of Tm(3+) in this sample is about 0.48 x 10(-20) cm(2) at 1,793 nm, and there is not any crystallization peak in the DSC curve of this sample, which indicate the potential utility of Tm(3+)-doped BaF(2)-Ga(2)O(3)-GeO(2)- La(2)O(3) glass for 2.0-microm optical fiber laser.

  12. Ho3+ doped fluoroaluminate glass fibers for 2.9 µm lasing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, S. J.; Jia, Z. X.; Yao, C. F.; Wang, S. B.; Jiang, H. W.; Zhang, L.; Feng, Y.; Qin, G. S.; Ohishi, Y.; Qin, W. P.

    2018-01-01

    Ho3+ doped fluoroaluminate glass fibers based on chemically durable AlF3-BaF2-YF3-PbF2-MgF2-CaF2 glasses are fabricated by using a rod-in-tube method. By using an 84 cm long Ho3+-doped fluoroaluminate glass fiber as the gain medium and a 1120 nm fiber laser as the pump source, lasing at 2868 nm is obtained, the maximum unsaturated power is about 57 mW for a pump power of 1224 mW, and the corresponding slope efficiency is ~5.1%. The effect of the fiber length on lasing at 2868 nm is also investigated. Our results show that Ho3+-doped fluoroaluminate glass fibers are promising gain media for 2.9 µm laser applications.

  13. Nd3+-doped TeO2-PbF2-AlF3 glasses for laser applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lalla, E. A.; Rodríguez-Mendoza, U. R.; Lozano-Gorrín, A. D.; Sanz-Arranz, A.; Rull, F.; Lavín, V.

    2016-01-01

    A study of the optical properties of Nd3+ ion in TeO2-PbF2-AlF3 glasses has been carried out for different Nd3+ concentrations. Based on the Judd-Ofelt theory, intensity parameters and radiative properties were determined from the absorption spectra. Focusing on the suitability of this host for laser applications, the spectroscopic quality factor χ was obtained with a value of 1.07, a value of the order of other compositions proposed as laser hosts. For the most intense emission corresponding with the 4F3/24I11/2 transition (1.06 μm), the absorption and emission and have been calculated with values of 1.20 × 10-20 cm2, 2.08 × 10-20 cm2. A positive value for the gain cross-sections has been found for a population inversion factor γ of 0.4 in the spectral range from 1060 to 1110 nm. All these results suggest the potentially use of this system as a laser host.

  14. Effect of AlF3 on the Density and Elastic Properties of Zinc Tellurite Glass Systems

    PubMed Central

    Sidek, Haji Abdul Aziz; Rosmawati, Shaharuddin; Halimah, Mohamed Kamari; Matori, Khamirul Amin; Talib, Zainal Abidin

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the results of the physical and elastic properties of the ternary zinc oxyfluoro tellurite glass system. Systematic series of glasses (AlF3)x(ZnO)y(TeO2)z with x = 0–19, y = 0–20 and z = 80, 85, 90 mol% were synthesized by the conventional rapid melt quenching technique. The composition dependence of the physical, mainly density and molar volume, and elastic properties is discussed in term of the AlF3 modifiers addition that are expected to produce quite substantial changes in their physical properties. The absence of any crystalline peaks in the X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of the present glass samples indicates the amorphous nature. The addition of AlF3 lowered the values of the densities in ternary oxyfluorotellurite glass systems. The longitudinal and transverse ultrasonic waves propagated in each glass sample were measured using a MBS8020 ultrasonic data acquisition system. All the velocity data were taken at 5 MHz frequency and room temperature. The longitudinal modulus (L), shear modulus (G), Young’s modulus (E), bulk modulus (K) and Poisson’s ratio (σ) are obtained from both velocities data and their respective density. Experimental data shows the density and elastic moduli of each AlF3-ZnO-TeO2 series are found strongly depend upon the glass composition. The addition of AlF3 modifiers into the zinc tellurite causes substantial changes in their density, molar volume as well as their elastic properties.

  15. Synthesis and evaluation of rare-earth doped glasses and crystals for optical refrigeration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patterson, Wendy

    This research focused on developing and characterizing rare-earth doped, solid-state materials for laser cooling. In particular, the work targeted the optimization of the lasercooling efficiency in Yb3+ and Tm3+ doped fluorides. The first instance of laser-induced cooling in a Tm3+-doped crystal, BaY2F8 was reported. Cooling by 3 degrees Kelvin below ambient temperature was obtained in a single-pass pump geometry at lambda = 1855 nm. Protocols were developed for materials synthesis and purification which can be applied to each component of ZBLANI:Yb 3+/Tm3+ (ZrF4 -- BaF2 -- LaF3 -- AlF3 -- NaF -- InF3: YbF3/TmF3) glass to enable a material with significantly reduced transition-metal impurities. A method for OH- impurity removal and ultra-drying of the metal fluorides was also improved upon. Several characterization tools were used to quantitatively and qualitatively verify purity, including inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Here we found a more than 600-fold reduction in transition-metal impurities in a ZrCl2O solution. A non-contact spectroscopic technique for the measurement of laser-induced temperature changes in solids was developed. Two-band differential luminescence thermometry (TBDLT) achieved a sensitivity of ˜7 mK and enabled precise measurement of the zero-crossing temperature and net quantum efficiency. Several Yb3+-doped ZBLANI glasses fabricated from precursors of varying purity and by different processes were analyzed in detail by TBDLT. Laser-induced cooling was observed at room temperature for several of the materials. A net quantum efficiency of 97.39+/-0.01% at 238 K was found for the best ZBLANI:1%Yb 3+ laser-cooling sample produced from purified metal-fluoride precursors, and proved competitive with the best commercially procured material. The TBDLT technique enabled rapid and sensitive benchmarking of laser-cooling materials and provided critical feedback to the development and optimization of high-performance optical

  16. Ce3+-doped LaF3 nanoparticles: Wet-chemical synthesis and photo-physical characteristics "optical properties of LaF3:Ce nanomaterials"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tabatabaee, F.; Sabbagh Alvani, A. A.; Sameie, H.; Moosakhani, S.; Salimi, R.; Taherian, M.

    2014-01-01

    The most effective process parameters were determined to synthesize spherical LaF3 nanoparticles with controllable size based on ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) via co-precipitation technique. Thermogravimetricdifferential thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and FT-IR spectroscopy were used to characterize the resulting powders. Detailed investigations revealed that the optimal LaF3 host nano-material was obtained when NH4F was used as a fluoride source in the presence of EDTA at pH = 5. Furthermore, photoluminescence spectra showed an intense double emission peak at 289 and 302 nm for cerium-doped LaF3 nanocrystals excited at 253 nm, which was assigned to the well-known 5d→4f (2F5/2 and 2F7/2) transitions of Ce3+ levels due to luminescence center mechanism. The experimental results indicate that the synthesized LaF3:0.05Ce powders with a band gap of 5.3 eV are promising phosphors for high density scintillators.

  17. White up-conversion emission in Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ tri-doped glass ceramics embedding BaF2 nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chenxia; Xu, Shiqing; Ye, Rengguang; Deng, Degang; Hua, Youjie; Zhao, Shilong; Zhuang, Songlin

    2011-04-01

    Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ tri-doped glass ceramics with white light emitting have been developed and demonstrated. Pumped by 980 nm laser diode (LD), intensive red, green and blue up-conversions (UC) were obtained. The green emission is assigned to Ho3+ ion and the blue emission is assigned to Tm3+ ion, whereas the red emission is the combination contribution of the Ho3+ and Tm3+ ions. The RGB intensities could be adjusted by tuning the rare-earth ion concentration and pump power intensity. Thus, multicolor of the luminescence, including perfect white light with CIE-X=0.329 and CIE-Y=0.342 in the 1931 CIE chromaticity diagram can be obtained in 0.15 Ho3+/0.2Tm3+/3Yb3+ tri-doped glass ceramics embedding BaF2 nanocrystals pumped by a single infrared laser diode source of 980 nm at 500 mW. The up-conversion luminescence mechanism of Yb3+ sensitize Ho3+ and Tm3+ ions and the energy transfer from Ho3+ to Tm3+ in oxy-fluoride silicate glass ceramics were analyzed.

  18. 1887 nm lasing in Tm3+-doped TeO2-BaF2-Y2O3 glass microstructured fibers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Shunbin; Yao, Chuanfei; Jia, Zhixu; Qin, Guanshi; Qin, Weiping

    2017-04-01

    In this paper, we demonstrate ∼2 μm lasing in Tm3+-doped fluorotellurite microstructured fibers. The Tm3+-doped fibers are based on TeO2-BaF2-Y2O3 glasses and fabricated by using a rod-in-tube method. Under the pump of a 1570 nm Er3+-doped fiber laser, lasing at 1887 nm is obtained in a ∼42.5 cm long Tm3+-doped fiber with a threshold pump power of 94 mW. As the pump power increases to 780 mW, the obtained maximum unsaturated power reaches up to ∼408 mW with a slop efficiency of ∼58.1%. This result indicates that the Tm3+-doped fluorotellurite fibers are promising gain media for ∼2 μm fiber lasers.

  19. Spectral Properties of Er3+/Tm3+ Co-Doped ZBLAN Glasses and Fibers

    PubMed Central

    Liao, Xili; Jiang, Xiaobo; Yang, Qiuhong; Wang, Longfei; Chen, Danping

    2017-01-01

    A series of Er3+/Tm3+ co-doped fluoride (ZBLAN) glasses and fibers was prepared and their fluorescence spectra was measured under excitation at 793 nm and 980 nm. Correlation between the self-absorption effect of rare-earth ions and the shift of the emission peak was investigated. With the increasing length of fiber, the emission peaks red-shift when self-absorption occurs at the upper level of emission transition or blue-shift when that occurs at the lower level. As a result of the strong self-absorption effect, Er3+/Tm3+ co-doped fibers mainly yield 1390–1470, 1850–1980, and 2625–2750 nm emissions when excited at 793 nm, and 1480–1580, 1800–1980, and 2625–2750 nm emissions when excited at 980 nm. Further, a broadband emission in the range of 1410–1580 nm covering the S + C communication band was obtained by the dual-pumping scheme of 793 nm and 980 nm. Results suggest that the dual-pumping scheme would be more effective and important for an Er3+/Tm3+ co-doped fiber amplifier working in the S + C communication band. PMID:28772846

  20. Spectral Properties of Er3+/Tm3+ Co-Doped ZBLAN Glasses and Fibers.

    PubMed

    Liao, Xili; Jiang, Xiaobo; Yang, Qiuhong; Wang, Longfei; Chen, Danping

    2017-05-03

    A series of Er 3+ /Tm 3+ co-doped fluoride (ZBLAN) glasses and fibers was prepared and their fluorescence spectra was measured under excitation at 793 nm and 980 nm. Correlation between the self-absorption effect of rare-earth ions and the shift of the emission peak was investigated. With the increasing length of fiber, the emission peaks red-shift when self-absorption occurs at the upper level of emission transition or blue-shift when that occurs at the lower level. As a result of the strong self-absorption effect, Er 3+ /Tm 3+ co-doped fibers mainly yield 1390-1470, 1850-1980, and 2625-2750 nm emissions when excited at 793 nm, and 1480-1580, 1800-1980, and 2625-2750 nm emissions when excited at 980 nm. Further, a broadband emission in the range of 1410-1580 nm covering the S + C communication band was obtained by the dual-pumping scheme of 793 nm and 980 nm. Results suggest that the dual-pumping scheme would be more effective and important for an Er 3+ /Tm 3+ co-doped fiber amplifier working in the S + C communication band.

  1. Study of structure and antireflective properties of LaF3/HfO2/SiO2 and LaF3/HfO2/MgF2 trilayers for UV applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marszalek, K.; Jaglarz, J.; Sahraoui, B.; Winkowski, P.; Kanak, J.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to study antireflective properties of the tree-layer systems LaF3/HfO2/SiO2 and LaF3/HfO2/MgF2 deposited on heated optical glass substrates. The films were evaporated by the use two deposition techniques. In first method oxide films were prepared by means of e-gun evaporation in vacuum of 5 × 10-5 mbar in the presence of oxygen. The second was used for the deposition of fluoride films. They were obtained by means of thermal source evaporation. Simulation of reflectance was performed for 1M2H1L (Quarter Wavelength Optical Thickness) film stack on an optical quartz glass with the refractive index n = 1.46. The layer thickness was optimized to achieve the lowest light scattering from glass surface covered with dioxide and fluoride films. The values of the interface roughness were determined through atomic force microscopy measurements. The essence of performed calculation was to find minimum reflectance of light in wide ultraviolet region. The spectral dispersion of the refractive index needed for calculations was determined from ellipsometric measurements using the spectroscopic ellipsometer M2000. Additionally, the total reflectance measurements in integrating sphere coupled with Perkin Elmer 900 spectrophotometer were performed. These investigations allowed to determine the influence of such film features like surface and interface roughness on light scattering.

  2. Investigation of luminescent properties of LaF3:Nd3+ nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wyrwas, Marek; Miluski, Piotr; Zmojda, Jacek; Kochanowicz, Marcin; Jelen, Piotr; Sitarz, Maciej; Dorosz, Dominik

    2015-09-01

    Lanthanum fluoride nanoparticles doped with Nd3+ ions obtained via solvothermal method have been presented. Doped nanoparticles were prepared in two-step method. Firstly rare-earth chlorides were synthesized from oxides and then they were used to prepare LaF3 particles. The luminescence spectra shows typical for crystalline materials Stark splitting at 880 nm corresponding 4F3/2 to 4I9/2 level transition and 1060 nm matching 4F3/2 to 4I11/2 level transition. The highest luminescence intensity was achieved for sample doped with 0.75% wt. of Nd3+, and the longest decay time for sample doped with 0.5% wt. which reached 328 μs. The XRD pattern analysis confirmed that obtained material consists of crystalline LaF3, the grain size was estimated from Sherrer's formula and equaled about 25nm.

  3. The influence of TeO2 on thermal stability and 1.53 μm spectroscopic properties in Er(3+) doped oxyfluorite glasses.

    PubMed

    Wang, Fengchao; Cai, Muzhi; Chen, Rong; Jing, Xufeng; Li, Bingpeng; Tian, Ying; Zhang, Junjie; Xu, Shiqing

    2015-11-05

    In this work, the thermal and spectroscopic properties of Er(3+)-doped oxyfluorite glass based on AMCSBYT (AlF3-MgF2-CaF2-SrF2-BaF2-YF3-TeO2) system for different TeO2 concentrations from 6 to 21 mol% is reported. After adding a suitable content of TeO2, the thermal ability of glass improves significantly whose ΔT and S can reach to 118 °C and 4.47, respectively. The stimulated emission cross-section reaches to 7.80×10(-21) cm(2) and the fluorescence lifetime is 12.18 ms. At the same time, the bandwidth characteristics reach to 46.41×10(-21) cm(2) nm and the gain performance is 63.73×10(-21) cm(2) ms. These results show that the optical performances of this oxyfluorite glass are very well. Hence, AMCSBYT glass with superior performances might be a useful material for applications in optical amplifier around 1.53 μm. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Optical transitions of Ho(3+) in oxyfluoride glasses and upconversion luminescence of Ho(3+)/Yb(3+)-codoped oxyfluoride glasses.

    PubMed

    Feng, Li; Wu, Yinsu

    2015-05-05

    Optical properties of Ho(3+)-doped SiO2-BaF2-ZnF2 glasses have been investigated on the basis of the Judd-Ofelt theory. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, radiative transition probabilities, fluorescence branching ratios and radiative lifetimes have been calculated for different glass compositions. Upconversion emissions were observed in Ho(3+)/Yb(3+)-codoped SiO2-BaF2-ZnF2 glasses under 980nm excitation. The effects of composition, concentration of the doping ions, and excitation pump power on the upconversion emissions were also systematically studied. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Solubility of uranium oxide in molten salt electrolysis bath of LiF-BaF2 with LaF3 additive

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alangi, Nagaraj; Mukherjee, Jaya; Gantayet, L. M.

    2016-03-01

    The solubility of UO2 in the molten mixtures of equimolar LiF-BaF2(1:1) with LaF3 as additive was studied in the range of 1423 K-1523 K. The molten fluoride salt mixture LiF-BaF2 LaF3 was equilibrated with a sintered uranium oxide pellet at 1423 K, 1473 K, 1523 K and the salt samples were collected after equilibration. Studies were conducted in the range of 10%-50% by weight additions of LaF3 in the equimolar LiF-BaF2(1:1) base fluoride salt bath. Solubility of UO2 increased with rise in LaF3 concentration in the molten fluoride in the temperature range of 1423 K-1523 K. At a given concentration of LaF3, the UO2 solubility increased monotonously with temperature. With mixed solvent, when UF4 was added as a replacement of part of LaF3 in LiF-BaF2(1:1)-10 wt% LaF3 and LiF-BaF2(1:1)-30 wt% LaF3, there was an enhancement of solubility of UO2.

  6. Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics.

    PubMed

    Yu, Yunlong; Chen, Daqin; Ma, En; Wang, Yuansheng; Hu, Zhongjian

    2007-07-01

    In this paper, the spectroscopic properties of Nd(3+) doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF(3) nano-crystals were systematically studied. The formation and distribution of LaF(3) nano-crystals in the glass matrix were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Based on Judd-Ofelt theory, the intensity parameters Omega(t) (t=2, 4, 6), spontaneous emission probability, radiative lifetime, radiative quantum efficiency, width of the emission line and stimulated emission cross-section of Nd(3+) were evaluated. Particularly, the effect of Nd(3+) doping level on them was discussed. With the increase of Nd(3+) concentration in the glass ceramic, the experimental luminescence lifetime, radiative quantum efficiency and stimulated emission cross-section vary from 353.4 micros, 78.3% and 1.86 x 10(-20)cm(2) to 214.7 micros, 39.9% and 1.52 x 10(-20)cm(2), respectively. The comparative study of Nd(3+) spectroscopic parameters in different hosts suggests that the investigated glass ceramic system is potentially applicable as laser materials for 1.06 microm emission.

  7. Preparation of MgO-SnO2-TiO2 Materials and Their Corrosion in Na3AlF6-AlF3-K3AlF6 Bath

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Yibiao; Li, Yawei; Sang, Shaobai; Ren, Bo; Qin, Qingwei; Yang, Jianhong

    2015-01-01

    New types of refractory materials need to be developed for designing the so-called ledge-free sidewalls of the Hall-Héroult cell for aluminum extraction, which are currently constructed using Si3N4 bonded SiC refractories. In the present paper, MgO-based materials as potential candidate sidewalls were prepared using fused magnesia, tin dioxide, and anatase powder as starting materials. The reaction sintering process of the MgO-SnO2-TiO2 materials was investigated by means of X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope (SEM). All the specimens were corroded in a Na3AlF6-AlF3-K3AlF6 bath to assess the electrolyte corrosion resistance. The results show that reaction sintering occurs in the MgO-SnO2-TiO2 system in the range of 1373 K to 1873 K (1100 °C to 1600 °C). Firstly, MgO reacts separately with TiO2 and SnO2 to produce the Mg2TiO4 and Mg2SnO4 phases at 1373 K (1100 °C), which in turn react to form the Mg2Ti x Sn1-x O4 composite spinel at temperatures above 1373 K (1100 °C). All the specimens prepared are composed of the composite spinel and periclase phases. Increasing the SnO2 addition from 2 to 10 wt pct enhances densification of the specimens, which is accompanied by the formation of homogeneously distributed composite spinels in the MgO matrix, but the density of the specimen decreases when the amount of SnO2 added is higher than 10 wt pct due to larger volume expansion and agglomeration of the composite spinel. The MgO-SnO2-TiO2 refractories prepared exhibit good corrosion resistance to the electrolyte melts owing to their high density and formation of the composite spinel in the specimens. Their corrosion resistance increases progressively with the increase in the SnO2 addition owing to the formation of more chemically stable composite spinel.

  8. Transparent Oxyfluoride Nano-Glass-Ceramics Doped with Pr3+ and Pr3+-Yb3+ for NIR Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorni, Giulio; Cosci, Alessandro; Pelli, Stefano; Pascual, Laura; Durán, Alicia; Pascual, M. J.

    2016-12-01

    Pr3+-Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics (GC) containing LaF3 nanocrystals have been prepared to obtain NIR emission of Yb3+ ions upon Pr3+ excitation in the blue region of the visible spectrum. Two different compositions have been tested 0.1-0.5 Pr-Yb and 0.5-1 Pr-Yb, in addition to Pr3+ singly doped samples. The crystallization mechanism of the nano-glass-ceramics was studied by DTA revealing that it occurs from a constant number of nuclei, the crystal growth being limited by diffusion. HR-TEM demonstrated that phase separation acts as precursor for LaF3 crystallization and a detailed analysis of the chemical composition (EDXS) revealed the enrichment in RE3+ ions inside the initial phase separated droplets, from which the LaF3 crystals are formed. The RE3+ ions incorporation inside LaF3 crystals was also proved by photoluminescence measurements showing Stark splitting of the RE3+ ions energy levels in the glass-ceramic samples. Lifetimes measurements showed the existence of a better energy transfer process between Pr3+ and Yb3+ ions in the glass-ceramics compared to the as made glass, and the highest value of energy transfer efficiency is 59% and the highest theoretical quantum efficiency is 159%, obtained for glass-ceramics GC0.1-0.5 Pr-Yb treated at 620 ºC-40 h.

  9. Efficient 2.96 micron dysprosium-doped ZBLAN fibre laser pumped at 1.3 micron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsang, Yuen H.; El-Taher, Atalla E.; King, Terence A.; Chang, Kuang-Po; Jackson, Stuart D.

    2006-04-01

    Wavelengths around 1.15 μm, 1.3 μm and 1.7 μm can be used to pump Dy-doped ZBLAN fibre in order to generate ~3 μm with high efficiency. Previously the generation of 2.9 μm from the Dy-ZBLAN fibre was demonstrated by pumping with 1.1 μm Yb-silica fibre laser sources. The laser slope efficiency and lasing threshold demonstrated was about ~5% and ~1.78 W. In this investigation, the longer wavelength absorption band ( 6H 9/2 , 6F 11/2) centred at 1.3 μm of Dy 3+-doped ZBLAN is utilised and the lasing transition around ~3 μm takes places from 6H 13/2 --> 6H 15/2. With this pumping scheme the Stokes' efficiency is expected to be up to ~45%. A quasi-continuous wave Dy 3+-ZBLAN fibre laser pumped by a ~1.3 μm Nd:YAG laser and operating at 2.96 μm with a bandwidth (FWHM) of ~14 nm has been demonstrated. For a 60cm fibre length, a threshold of 0.5W and a slope efficiency of ~20% with respect to the absorbed pump power was observed. The overall pump absorption in the fibre was around 84%. The cavity reflectivities at 2.9 μm were 99% and 50%. The demonstrated slope efficiency was 45% of the Stokes' limit. The slope efficiency was around four times higher and the threshold around 3.6 times lower than the previous performance demonstrated by using the 1.1 μm Yb fibre laser pumping scheme. The higher performance achieved compared to the 1.1 μm pump scheme is due to the higher Stokes' limit, lower pump ESA losses and higher cavity reflectivity. About 590 cm -1 Raman Stokes shift has also detected by using 514.5 nm and 488 nm Ar ion laser as excitation pump sources.

  10. Phosphate base laser glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Izumitani, T.; Tsuru, M.

    1980-12-16

    A phosphate base laser glass comprising 55-70% P2O5, 1-15% Al2O3, 0-25% Li2O, 0-25% Na2O, 0-8% K2O, the total proportion of Li2O, Na2O, and K2O being 10-25%, 0-15% BaO, 0-15% ZnO, 0-15% CaO , 0-15%, sro, 0-15% MgO, the total proportion of BaO, ZnO, CaO, SrO, and MgO being 5-15%, 0-5% Y2O3, 0-5% La2O3, 0-5% GeO2, 0-5% CeO2, 0-3% Nb2O5, 0-3% MnO2, 0-2% Ta2O5, 0-1% Sb2O3, and 0.01-5% Nd2O3, all % being mole %. The phosphate base laser glass of this invention has a high induced emission cross section, a low non-linear refractive index coefficient, and excellent acid resistance and divitrificationmore » resistance. By replacing partially or wholely one or more of LiO2, Na2O, K2O, BaO, ZnO, CaO, SrO, MgO or Al2O3 by LiF, NaF, KF , BaF2ZnF2, CaF2, SrF2, MgF2 or AlF3, respectively, the above properties of the laser glass are further improved.« less

  11. Optical transitions of Tm3+ in oxyfluoride glasses and compositional and thermal effect on upconversion luminescence of Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped oxyfluoride glasses.

    PubMed

    Feng, Li; Wu, Yinsu; Liu, Zhuo; Guo, Tao

    2014-01-24

    Optical properties of Tm(3+)-doped SiO2-BaF2-ZnF2 glasses have been investigated on the basis of the Judd-Ofelt theory. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, radiative transition probabilities, fluorescence branching ratios and radiative lifetimes have been calculated for different glass compositions. Upconversion emissions were observed in Tm(3+)/Yb(3+)-codoped SiO2-BaF2-ZnF2 glasses under 980 nm excitation. The effects of composition, concentration of the doping ions, temperature, and excitation pump power on the upconversion emissions were also systematically studied. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Optical characterization of Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions doped cadmium lithium alumino fluoro boro tellurite glasses.

    PubMed

    Raju, K Vemasevana; Sailaja, S; Raju, C Nageswara; Reddy, B Sudhakar

    2011-06-01

    This article reports on the development and spectral results of Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) ions doped cadmium lithium alumino fluoro boro tellurite (CLiAFBT) glasses in the following composition. 40TeO2-30B2O3-10CdO-10Li2O-10AlF3 (Hostglass) (40-x)TeO2-30B2O3-10CdO-10Li2O-10AlF3-xEu2O3 (40-x)TeO2-30B2O3-10CdO-10Li2O-10AlF3-xTb4O7 where x=0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0, 1.25 mol%. Glass amorphous nature and thermal properties have been studied using the XRD and DSC profiles. From the emission spectra of Eu(3+):glasses, five emission transitions have been observed at 578 nm, 592 nm, 612 nm, 653 nm, 701 nm and are assigned to the transitions (5)D(0)→(7)F(0), (7)F(1,)(7)F(2), (7)F(3) and (7)F(4), respectively, with λ(exci)=392 nm ((7)F(0)→(5)L(6)). In case of Tb(3+):glasses, four emission transitions ((5)D(4)→(7)F(6,)(7)F(5), (7)F(4) and (7)F(3)) are observed at 488 nm, 543 nm, 584 nm and 614 nm, respectively, with λ(exci)=376 nm. Decay curves and energy level diagrams have been plotted to evaluate the life times and to analyze the emission mechanism. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Experimental investigation of high power pulsed 2.8 μm Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Yanlong; Wang, Yishan; Huang, Ke; Luan, Kunpeng; Chen, Hongwei; Tao, Mengmeng; Yu, Li; Yi, Aiping; Si, Jinhai

    2017-05-01

    We report on the recent progress on high power pulsed 2.8 μm Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser through techniques of passively and actively Q-switching in our research group. In passively Q-switched operation, a diode-cladding-pumped mid-infrared passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with an average output power of watt-level based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) was demonstrated. Stable pulse train was produced at a slope efficient of 17.8% with respect to launched pump power. The maximum average power of 1.01 W at a repetition rate of 146.3 kHz was achieved with a corresponding pulse energy of 6.9 μJ. The maximum peak power was calculated to be 21.9 W. In actively Q-switched operation, a diode-pumped actively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm with an optical chopper was reported. The maximum laser pulse energy of up to 130 μJ and a pulse width of 127.3 ns at a repetition rate of 10 kHz with an operating wavelength of 2.78 μm was obtained, yielding the maximum peak power of exceeding 1.1 kW.

  14. TiF(4) and NaF at pH 1.2 but not at pH 3.5 are able to reduce dentin erosion.

    PubMed

    Wiegand, Annette; Magalhães, Ana Carolina; Sener, Beatrice; Waldheim, Elena; Attin, Thomas

    2009-08-01

    This study aimed to analyse and compare the protective effect of buffered (pH 3.5) and native (pH 1.2) TiF(4) in comparison to NaF solutions of same pH on dentin erosion. Bovine samples were pretreated with 1.50% TiF(4) or 2.02% NaF (both 0.48M F) solutions, each with a pH of 1.2 and 3.5. The control group received no fluoride pretreatment. Ten samples in each group were eroded with HCl (pH 2.6) for 10x60s. Erosion was analysed by determination of calcium release into the acid. Additionally, the surface and the elemental surface composition were examined by scanning electron microscopy (two samples in each group) and X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy in fluoridated but not eroded samples (six samples in each group). Cumulative calcium release (nmol/mm(2)) was statistically analysed by repeated measures ANOVA and one-way ANOVA at t=10min. TiF(4) and NaF at pH 1.2 decreased calcium release significantly, while TiF(4) and NaF at pH 3.5 were not effective. Samples treated with TiF(4) at pH 1.2 showed a significant increase of Ti, while NaF pretreatment increased F concentration significantly. TiF(4) at pH 1.2 led to the formation of globular precipitates occluding dentinal tubules, which could not be observed on samples treated with TiF(4) at pH 3.5. NaF at pH 1.2 but not at pH 3.5 induced the formation of surface precipitates covering dentinal tubules. Dentin erosion can be significantly reduced by TiF(4) and NaF at pH 1.2, but not at pH 3.5.

  15. Mechanisms for the Crystallization of Zblan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ethridge, Edwin C.; Tucker, Dennis S.

    2001-01-01

    The heavy metal fluoride glasses represent a class of reasonably good glass forming compositions with very unique infrared optical properties that have been of interest to researchers for 20 years. The most extensively studied glass with the most potential for practical applications is ZBLAN which contains the fluorides of zirconium, barium, lanthanum, aluminum, and sodium. It has a broad transmission range (0.3-6 um), low index of refraction (about 1.43), low dispersion, low Raleigh scattering, ultra-low thermal 2 dispersion, and potential ultra-low signal attenuation. Potential applications include fiber amplifiers, fiber optic gyroscopes, delivery systems for laser cutting, drilling and surgery, radiation resistant data links, nonlinear optical systems, and ultra-low-loss repeater-less transcontinental and transoceanic optical fiber. Potential markets for these materials are in the tens of billions of dollars per year. Optical fiber from this system possess excellent transmission characteristics in the IR, but the glass is somewhat susceptible to nucleation and crystallization. The theoretical intrinsic loss coefficient for ZBLAN at 2 microns is 0.00 1 dB/Km. Extrinsic losses, however, cause significant attenuation. The lowest loss coefficient measured is 0.7 dB/Km. This compares with the loss coefficient for fiber optic grade fused silica glass of 0.2 dB/Km. The extrinsic losses in ZBLAN have been attributed to 1) impurities which might be lowered by containerless processing and 2) to scattering from micro-crystallites that form during glass preform production or during fiber drawing.

  16. Tailored white light emission in Eu3+/Dy3+ doped tellurite glass phosphors containing Al3+ ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walas, Michalina; Piotrowski, Patryk; Lewandowski, Tomasz; Synak, Anna; Łapiński, Marcin; Sadowski, Wojciech; Kościelska, Barbara

    2018-05-01

    Tellurite glass systems modified by addition of aluminum fluoride AlF3 have been successfully synthesized as host matrices for optically active rare earth ions RE3+ (RE3+ = Eu3+, Dy3+). Samples with different Eu3+ to Dy3+ molar ratio have been studied in order to determine possibility of white light emission via UV excitation. Structural investigations confirmed amorphous character of materials whereas spectroscopic studies brought more insight into glass network's nature. FTIR results shown presence of two features related to tellurite glass matrix (in 490-935 cm-1 spectral region) and another one (940-1250 cm-1) due to aluminum addition. Especially, Al-O and Te-O-Al bonds of AlO4 tetrahedrons have been found. AlO4 units are considered as glass formers that improve network's strength and thermal resistivity against devitrification. Based on XPS studies of Al3+ photoelectron band the existence of Al-O and also Al-F bonds have been examined. Moreover, signals originating from Eu3+ and Dy3+ have been found confirming their valence state. Luminescence results revealed possibility of simultaneous UV excitation of Eu3+ and Dy3+ ions. Excitation with λexc = 390 and 393 nm resulted in white light generation starting from warm white to neutral and cool white depending on Eu3+ concentration and used excitation wavelength. Additionally, increase of decay lifetime of Eu3+ induced by Al3+ presence have been revealed based on luminescence decay analysis. Thus, tellurite glass systems modified by AlF3 and doped with Eu3+/Dy3+ may be considered as promising candidates for white light emitting sources.

  17. Spectral properties and anti-Stokes luminescence of TeO2-BaF2:Ho3+, Ho3+/Yb3+ ceramics and glass excited by 1.9-μm radiation of a Tm:LiYF4 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savikin, A. P.; Egorov, A. S.; Budruev, A. V.; Perunin, I. Yu.; Krasheninnikova, O. V.; Grishin, I. A.

    2017-07-01

    We demonstrate the up-conversion of Tm:LiYF4 infrared (IR) laser radiation with 1908-nm wavelength into visible light with a spectral maximum at 650 nm by ceramics with a composition of (100 - x)TeO2- xBaF2 - 1 wt % HoF3- yYbF3, where x = 20, 30, or 40 mol % and y = 0 or 0.5 wt %. The samples of 60TeO2-40BaF2 - 1 wt % HoF3 - 0.5 wt % YbF3 exhibited anti-Stokes luminescence at a threshold radiation power density of 1.0-1.5 W cm-2.

  18. Directionally solidified Eu doped CaF2/Li3AlF6 eutectic scintillator for neutron detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamada, Kei; Hishinuma, Kousuke; Kurosawa, Shunsuke; Shoji, Yasuhiro; Pejchal, Jan; Ohashi, Yuji; Yokota, Yuui; Yoshikawa, Akira

    2015-12-01

    Eu doped CaF2/Li3AlF6 eutectics were grown by μ-PD method. The directionally solidified eutectic with well-aligned 600 nm diameter Eu:CaF2 scintillator fibers surrounded with Li3AlF6 was prepared. The grown eutectics showed an emission peak at 422 nm ascribed to Eu2+ 4f-5d transition from Eu:CaF2 scintillation fiber. Li concentration in the Eu:CaF2-Li3AlF6 eutectic is around 0.038 mol/cm3,which is two times higher than that of LiCaAlF6 single crystal (0.016 mol/cm3). The light yield of Eu:CaF2-Li3AlF6 eutectic was around 7000 ph/neutron. The decay time was about 550 ns (89%) and 1450 ns (11%).

  19. Trivalent rare-earth activated hexagonal lanthanum fluoride (LaF3 :RE3+ , where RE = Tb, Sm, Dy and Tm) nanocrystals: Synthesis and optical properties.

    PubMed

    Kasturi, Singh; Marikumar, R; Vaidyanathan, Sivakumar

    2018-05-10

    The LaF 3 nanocrystals through a facile hydrothermal route with hexagonal structures have been synthesized via doping of trivalent rare earth (RE 3+ ) ions - RE = Tb, Sm, Dy and Tm - with rod-like and perforated morphologies using NH 4 F as fluorine precursor. Hexagonal phase formation was confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction. The crystalline sizes were calculated by the Scherrer equation where found to have an average crystalline size of 12 to 35 nm. The morphological studies of the nanocrystals were carried out by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The LaF 3 :Tm 3+ ,Sm 3+ ions show the characteristic emission of Tb 3+ and Tm 3+ respectively. In Sm 3+ -doped LaF 3 , three prominent emission peaks at 561, 597 and 641 nm were found, which belong to 4 G 5/2  →  6 H 5/2 , 4 G 5/2  →  6 H 7/2 (magnetic dipole) and 4 G 5/2  →  6 H 9/2 (electric dipole) transitions, respectively. The Dy 3+ activated LaF 3 shows blue and yellow emission and the corresponding CIE color coordinate show white light emission (CCT value 10650 K). Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. Phase Constituents and Microstructure of Ti3Al/Fe3Al + TiN/TiB2 Composite Coating on Titanium Alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jianing; Chen, Chuanzhong; Zhang, Cuifang

    Laser cladding of the Fe3Al + B4C/TiN + Al2O3 pre-placed powders on the Ti-6Al-4V alloy can form the Ti3Al/Fe3Al + TiN/TiB2 composite coating, which improved the wear resistance of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy surface. In this study, the Ti3Al/Fe3Al + TiN/TiB2 composite coating has been researched by means of X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope. It was found that during the laser cladding process, Al2O3 can react with TiB2, leading to the formations of Ti3Al and B. This principle can be used to improve the Fe3Al + B4C/TiN laser-cladded coating on the Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Furthermore, during the cladding process, C consumed the oxygen in Fe3Al + B4C /TiN + Al2O3 molten pool, which retarded the productions of the redundant metal oxides.

  1. Dependence on Excitation Density of Multiphonon Decay in Er-doped ZBLAN Glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bycenski, Kenneth; Collins, John

    2001-11-01

    The dependence of multiphonon decay of rare earth ions in solids on the intensity of the pump beam, first reported by Auzel et al., is examined for the 4S3/2 and 2H11/2 levels of Er-doped ZBLAN glass. Using a frequency-doubled, Q-switched Nd:YAG laser as a pump source, the kinetics of the 4S3/2 level was studied at different pump intensities and temperatures. Lifetime curves show a rise time, which represents the feeding of the 4S3/2 level by the 2H11/2, and a decay time that vary with the intensity of the pump beam, i.e. on the concentration of excited centers. The measured decay times of the 4S3/2 are consistent with those previously reported [2]. In this poster we report on the temperature dependence of this process, and we look at the dependence of the feeding of the 4S3/2 level as pump intensity changes. A rate equation model shows that the intensity dependence of the rise time on pump intensity is due, in part, to a slowing down of the nonradiative decay from the 2H11/2 level as the pump intensity is increased. We discuss these results in terms of the phonon bottleneck mechanism proposed in reference 1. 1. F. Auzel and F. Pelle, Phys. Rev. B 55, 17 (1106-09) 1997. 2. F Auzel, private communications.

  2. Nonlinear absorption in single LaF3 and MgF2 layers at 193 nm measured by surface sensitive laser induced deflection technique

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Muehlig, Christian; Bublitz, Simon; Kufert, Siegfried

    2009-12-10

    We report nonlinear absorption data of LaF3 and MgF2 single layers at 193 nm. A highly surface sensitive measurement strategy of the laser induced deflection technique is introduced and applied to measure the absorption of highly transparent thin films independently of the substrate absorption. Linear absorptions k=({alpha}x{lambda})/4{pi} of 2x10{sup -4} and 8.5x10{sup -4} (LaF3) and 1.8x10{sup -4} and 6.9x10{sup -4} (MgF2) are found. Measured two photon absorption (TPA) coefficients are {beta}=1x10{sup -4} cm/W (LaF3), 1.8x10{sup -5}, and 5.8x10{sup -5} cm/W (MgF2). The TPA coefficients are several orders of magnitude higher than typical values for fluoride single crystals, which is likelymore » to result from sequential two step absorption processes.« less

  3. Surfactant-free synthesis, luminescent properties, and drug-release properties of LaF3 and LaCO3F hollow microspheres.

    PubMed

    Lv, Ruichan; Gai, Shili; Dai, Yunlu; He, Fei; Niu, Na; Yang, Piaoping

    2014-01-21

    Uniform LaF3 and LaCO3F hollow microspheres were successfully synthesized through a surfactant-free route by employing La(OH)CO3 colloidal microspheres as a sacrificial template and NaBF4 as the fluorine source. The synthetic process consists of two steps: the preparation of a La(OH)CO3 precursor via a facile urea-based precipitation and the following formation of lanthanide fluoride hollow microspheres under aqueous conditions at low temperature (50 °C) and short reaction time (3 h), without using any surfactant and catalyst. The formation of hollow spheres with controlled size can be assigned to the Kirkendall effect. It is found that the phase and structure of the products can be simply tuned by changing the pH values of the solution. Time-dependent experiments were employed to study the possible formation process. N2 adsorption/desorption results indicate the mesoporous nature of LaF3 hollow spheres. Yb(3+)/Er(3+) (Ho(3+)) and Yb(3+)/Tm(3+)-doped LaF3 hollow spheres exhibit characteristic up-conversion (UC) emissions of Er(3+) (Ho(3+)) and Tm(3+) under 980 nm laser-diode excitation, and Ce(3+)/Tb(3+)-doped LaF3 and LaCO3F emit bright yellow-green and near-white light under UV irradiation, respectively. In particular, LaF3:Yb/Er and LaCO3F:Ce/Tb hollow microspheres exhibit obvious sustained and pH-dependent doxorubicin release properties. The luminescent properties of the carriers allow them to be tracked or monitored during the release or therapy process, suggesting their high potential in the biomedical field.

  4. A study of low threshold and high gain Nd3+ ions doped SiO2-B2O3-Na2CO3-NaF-CaF2 glasses for NIR laser applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Megala, Rajesh; Gowthami, T.; John Sushma, N.; Kamala, S.; Deva Prasad Raju, B.

    2018-05-01

    Fluoroborosilicate glasses of composition 35SiO2-25B2O3-10Na2CO3-15NaF-15CaF2-xNd2O3 (where x = 0.1, 0.5. 1.0, 2.0 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching technique and various physical properties have been calculated. From the absorption spectra J-O Intensity parameters Ωλ (λ = 2, 4, 6) and radiative properties are evaluated by using J-O theory. The high values of Ω2 = 4.213 × 10-20 cm2, Ω4 = 5.345 × 10-20 cm2, Ω6 = 5.526 × 10-20 cm2 suggest that among the prepared glasses 0.5 mol% Nd glass is more asymmetric, more covalent and rigid in nature. The emission spectra were recorded with 808 nm laser as excitation source. The strong NIR emissions were observed at 876 nm, 1056 nm, 1328 nm corresponding to the transitions 4F3/24I9/2, 4F3/24I11/2, 4F3/24I13/2 respectively. Stimulated emission cross -section (σemi) and Gain bandwidth (σemi × Δλeff) were calculated. For 0.5 mol% Nd these values are found to be 3.30 × 10-20 cm2, 11 × 10-26 cm2. From the decay curve analysis the lifetime values for 4F3/2 level have been determined and these values are decreased with increase in Nd3+ ions concentration. These results may suggest that the prepared SBNCNd05 (Nd = 0.5 mol%) glass could be useful for 1056 nm laser applications.

  5. Electro-holographic display using a ZBLAN glass as the image space.

    PubMed

    Son, Jung-Young; Lee, Hyoung; Byeon, Jina; Zhao, Jiangbo; Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Heike

    2017-04-01

    An Er3+-doped ZBLAN glass is used to display a 360° viewable reconstructed image from a hologram on a DMD. The reconstructed image, when the hologram is illuminated by a 852 nm wavelength laser beam, is situated at the inside of the glass, and then a 1530 nm wavelength laser beam is crossed through the image to light it with an upconversion green light, which is viewable at all surrounding directions. This enables us to eliminate the limitation of the viewing zone angle imposed by the finite size of pixels in electro-holographic displays based on digital display chips/panels. The amount of the green light is much higher than that known previously. This is partly caused by the upconversion luminescence induced by 852 and 1530 nm laser beams.

  6. Luminescence studies on Dy3+:Tb3+ codoped borophosphate glasses for WLED applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vijayakumar, M.; Uma, V.; Maheshvaran, K.; Marimuthu, K.

    2017-05-01

    Dy3+:Tb3+ codoped borophosphate glasses with the chemical composition 60B2O3+(19.5-x)P2O5+10Na2O+10NaF+0.5Dy2O3+xTb2O3 (where x= 0.1, 0.5, 1 and 2 in wt %) have been synthesized following the melt quenching technique. The fall in emission intensity and lifetime value of the Dy3+ ions with increasing Tb3+ ions concentration indicates the energy transfer process takes place between the Dy3+ and Tb3+ ions. The non-exponential decay profile of the 4F9/2 state pertaining to the Dy3+ ions were well fitted with S=6 of IH model thus indicates the dipole-dipole type of interaction takes place between the Dy3+ and Tb3+ ions. Among the prepared glasses, BPD0.5T glass exhibit better colour coordinates (0.336, 0.358) and colour correlated temperature (CCT) value (5766 K) and the same is suggested as a potential candidate for cool white light applications.

  7. Dependence of catalytic properties of Al/Fe2O3 thermites on morphology of Fe2O3 particles in combustion reactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Ningning; He, Cuicui; Liu, Jianbing; Gong, Hujun; An, Ting; Xu, Huixiang; Zhao, Fengqi; Hu, Rongzu; Ma, Haixia; Zhang, Jinzhong

    2014-11-01

    Three Fe2O3 particle samples with the same crystal structure but different morphologies were prepared by the hydrothermal method and then combined with Al nanoparticles to produce Al/Fe2O3 thermites using ultrasonic mixing. The properties of Fe2O3 and Al/Fe2O3 were studied using a combination of experimental techniques including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The influences of the three Al/Fe2O3 thermites on the combustion properties of the AP/HTPB (ammonium perchlorate/hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene) composite propellant were investigated in comparison to those of Fe2O3. The results show that the Al/Fe2O3 thermites are better than Fe2O3 in enhancing the combustion performance of AP/HTPB. Furthermore, the surface area, which depends on size and mophology, of Fe2O3 particles was found to play a vital role in improving the burning rate of the thermites-containing propellant formulation, with the smallest particles with the largest surface-to-volume (S/V) ratio performing the best. The enhanced catalytic property of the granular-shape Fe2O3 and the corresponding thermite is attributed to the large specific surface area of Fe2O3. The different thermal behaviors of these three superthemites were supposed to be attributed to the surface site of Fe2O3 particles. This work provides a better understanding on the catalytic properties of thermites that are important for combustion applications.

  8. Role of Yb3+ ions on enhanced ~2.9 μm emission from Ho3+ ions in low phonon oxide glass system

    PubMed Central

    Balaji, Sathravada; Gupta, Gaurav; Biswas, Kaushik; Ghosh, Debarati; Annapurna, Kalyandurg

    2016-01-01

    The foremost limitation of an oxide based crystal or glass host to demonstrate mid- infrared emissions is its high phonon energy. It is very difficult to obtain radiative mid-infrared emissions from these hosts which normally relax non-radiatively between closely spaced energy levels of dopant rare earth ions. In this study, an intense mid-infrared emission around 2.9 μm has been perceived from Ho3+ ions in Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped oxide based tellurite glass system. This emission intensity has increased many folds upon Yb3+: 985 nm excitation compared to direct Ho3+ excitations due to efficient excited state resonant energy transfer through Yb3+: 2F5/2 → Ho3+: 5I5 levels. The effective bandwidth (FWHM) and cross-section (σem) of measured emission at 2.9 μm are assessed to be 180 nm and 9.1 × 10−21 cm2 respectively which are comparable to other crystal/glass hosts and even better than ZBLAN fluoride glass host. Hence, this Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxide glass system has immense potential for the development of solid state mid-infrared laser sources operating at 2.9 μm region. PMID:27374129

  9. Bulk Crystallization in a SiO2/Al2O3/Y2O3/AlF3/B2O3/Na2O Glass: Fivefold Pseudo Symmetry due to Monoclinic Growth in a Glassy Matrix Containing Growth Barriers

    PubMed Central

    Wisniewski, Wolfgang; Seyring, Martin; Patzig, Christian; Höche, Thomas; Keshavarzi, Ashkan; Rüssel, Christian

    2016-01-01

    A glass with the mol% composition 17 Y2O3·33 Al2O3·40 SiO2·2 AlF3·3 Na22 CeF3·3 B2O3 is heat treated at 1000 °C for 6–24 h. This results in the surface nucleation and growth of YAG. Nucleation and growth of star-shaped alumina and later of monoclinic β-Y2Si2O7 and orthorhombic δ-Y2Si2O7 are additionally observed in the bulk. Phase identification and localization are performed by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) as well as TEM analysis. The monoclinic β-Y2Si2O7 observed in the bulk occurs in the form of large, crystal agglomerates which range from 50 to 120 μm in size. The individual crystals are aligned along the c-axis which is the fastest growing axis. Ten probability maxima are observed in the pole-figures illustrating the rotation of orientations around the c-axes indicating a fivefold symmetry. This symmetry is caused by multiple twinning which results in a high probability of specific orientation relationships with rotation angles of ~36°, ~108° (also referred to as the pentagon angle) and ~144° around the c-axis. All these rotation angles are close to the multiples of 36° which are required for an ideal fivefold symmetry. This is the first report of a fivefold symmetry triggered by the presence of barriers hindering crystal growth. PMID:26813152

  10. Overexpression of Apg-2 increases cell proliferation and protects from oxidative damage in BaF3-BCR/ABL cells.

    PubMed

    Li, Chunli; Liu, Dingbin; Yuan, Ying; Huang, Shifeng; Shi, Meng; Tao, Kun; Feng, Wenli

    2010-04-01

    Apg-2, a mammalian heat-shock protein belonging to the heat-shock protein 110 (Hsp110) family, was previously found to be overexpressed in BaF3-BCR/ABL cells that were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) through our comparative proteomics study. The expression of Apg-2 in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells and its role have not been investigated, forming the basis for this study. BaF3-MIGR1 and BaF3-BCR/ABL cell lines stably overexpressing Apg-2 were established and exposed to 50 microM H2O2 for 10 min. Western blot analysis of Apg-2 expression confirmed that H2O2 treatment significantly up-regulated Apg-2 expression. Apg-2 overexpression elevated BaF3-BCR/ABL cell proportions in S and G2/M phase, increased cell proliferation and colony formation in vitro. Moreover, BaF3-MIGR1 and BaF3-BCR/ABL cells were exposed to 50 microM H2O2 in the absence or presence of Apg-2 overexpression and induction of H2AX phosphorylation, the reporters of DNA damage were assessed by Western blot and immunofluorescence. Results showed that exposure to H2O2 induced H2AX phosphorylation in BaF3-MIGR1 cells, but no increase was observed in BaF3-BCR/ABL cells. Together, the data indicate that Apg-2 is overexpressed and overexpression of Apg-2 in BaF3-BCR/ABL cells increases cell proliferation and protects cells from oxidative damage, which may play an important role in CML carcinogenesis and progression.

  11. The upconversion luminescence and magnetism in Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped LaF3 nanocrystals for potential bimodal imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Syamchand, Sasidharanpillai S.; George, Sony

    2016-12-01

    Biocompatible upconversion nanoparticles with multifunctional properties can serve as potential nanoprobes for multimodal imaging. Herein, we report an upconversion nanocrystal based on lanthanum fluoride which is developed to address the imaging modalities, upconversion luminescence imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Lanthanide ions (Yb3+ and Ho3+) doped LaF3 nanocrystals (LaF3 Yb3+/Ho3+) are fabricated through a rapid microwave-assisted synthesis. The hexagonal phase LaF3 nanocrystals exhibit nearly spherical morphology with average diameter of 9.8 nm. The inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis estimated the doping concentration of Yb3+ and Ho3+ as 3.99 and 0.41%, respectively. The nanocrystals show upconversion luminescence when irradiated with near-infrared (NIR) photons of wavelength 980 nm. The emission spectrum consists of bands centred at 542, 645 and 658 nm. The stronger green emission at 542 nm and the weak red emissions at 645 and 658 nm are assigned to 5S2 → 5I8 and 5F5 → 5I8 transitions of Ho3+, respectively. The pump power dependence of luminescence intensity confirmed the two-photon upconversion process. The nanocrystals exhibit paramagnetism due to the presence of lanthanide ion dopant Ho3+ and the magnetization is 19.81 emu/g at room temperature. The nanocrystals exhibit a longitudinal relaxivity ( r 1) of 0.12 s-1 mM-1 and transverse relaxivity ( r 2) of 28.18 s-1 mM-1, which makes the system suitable for developing T2 MRI contrast agents based on holmium. The LaF3 Yb3+/Ho3+ nanocrystals are surface modified by PEGylation to improve biocompatibility and enhance further functionalisation. The PEGylated nanocrystals are found to be non-toxic up to 50 μg/mL for 48 h of incubation, which is confirmed by the MTT assay as well as morphological studies in HeLa cells. The upconversion luminescence and magnetism together with biocompatibility enables the adaptability of the present system as a nanoprobe for potential

  12. Red laser-diode pumped 806 nm Tm3+: ZBLAN fibre laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Juárez-Hernández, M.; Mejía, E. B.

    2017-06-01

    A Tm3+-doped fluorozirconate (ZBLAN) fibre laser operating CW at 806 nm when diode-pumped at 687 nm is described for the first time. This device is based on the 3F4  →  3H6 transition, and is suitable for first telecom window and sensing applications. A slope efficiency of 50.3% and low threshold pump-power of 11.6 mW were obtained. Maximum output power of 15 mW for 40 mW coupled pump was achieved.

  13. The Synergistic Effect of Valsartan and LAF237 [(S)-1-[(3-Hydroxy-1-Adamantyl)Ammo]acetyl-2-Cyanopyrrolidine] on Vascular Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Type 2 Diabetic Mice

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Min; Sun, Dongdong; Li, Weijie; Liu, Bing; Wang, Shenxu; Zhang, Zheng; Cao, Feng

    2012-01-01

    Aim. To investigate the combination effects and mechanisms of valsartan (angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker) and LAF237 (DPP-IV inhibitor) on prevention against oxidative stress and inflammation injury in db/db mice aorta. Methods. Db/db mice (n = 40) were randomized to receive valsartan, LAF237, valsartan plus LAF237, or saline. Oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction in diabetic mice aorta were examined. Results. Valsartan or LAF237 pretreatment significantly increased plasma GLP-1 expression, reduced apoptosis of endothelial cells isolated from diabetic mice aorta. The expression of NAD(P)H oxidase subunits also significantly decreased resulting in decreased superoxide production and ICAM-1 (fold change: valsartan : 7.5 ± 0.7, P < 0.05; LAF237: 10.2 ± 1.7, P < 0.05), VCAM-1 (fold change: valsartan : 5.2 ± 1.2, P < 0.05; LAF237: 4.8 ± 0.6, P < 0.05), and MCP-1 (fold change: valsartan: 3.2 ± 0.6, LAF237: 4.7 ± 0.8; P < 0.05) expression. Moreover, the combination treatment with valsartan and LAF237 resulted in a more significant increase of GLP-1 expression. The decrease of the vascular oxidative stress and inflammation reaction was also higher than monotherapy with valsartan or LAF237. Conclusion. These data indicated that combination treatment with LAF237 and valsartan acts in a synergistic manner on vascular oxidative stress and inflammation in type 2 diabetic mice. PMID:22474415

  14. Electrical conductivity optimization of the Na3AlF6-Al2O3-Sm2O3 molten salts system for Al-Sm intermediate binary alloy production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liao, Chun-fa; Jiao, Yun-fen; Wang, Xu; Cai, Bo-qing; Sun, Qiang-chao; Tang, Hao

    2017-09-01

    Metal Sm has been widely used in making Al-Sm magnet alloy materials. Conventional distillation technology to produce Sm has the disadvantages of low productivity, high costs, and pollution generation. The objective of this study was to develop a molten salt electrolyte system to produce Al-Sm alloy directly, with focus on the electrical conductivity and optimal operating conditions to minimize the energy consumption. The continuously varying cell constant (CVCC) technique was used to measure the conductivity for the Na3AlF6-AlF3-LiF-MgF2-Al2O3-Sm2O3 electrolysis medium in the temperature range from 905 to 1055°C. The temperature ( t) and the addition of Al2O3 ( W(Al2O3)), Sm2O3 ( W(Sm2O3)), and a combination of Al2O3 and Sm2O3 into the basic fluoride system were examined with respect to their effects on the conductivity ( κ) and activation energy. The experimental results showed that the molten electrolyte conductivity increases with increasing temperature ( t) and decreases with the addition of Al2O3 or Sm2O3 or both. We concluded that the optimal operation conditions for Al-Sm intermediate alloy production in the Na3AlF6-AlF3-LiF-MgF2-Al2O3-Sm2O3 system are W(Al2O3) + W(Sm2O3) = 3wt%, W(Al2O3): W(Sm2O3) = 7:3, and a temperature of 965 to 995°C, which results in satisfactory conductivity, low fluoride evaporation losses, and low energy consumption.

  15. Efficient multicolor tunability of ultrasmall ternary-doped LaF3 nanoparticles: energy conversion and magnetic behavior.

    PubMed

    Shrivastava, Navadeep; Khan, L U; Vargas, J M; Ospina, Carlos; Coaquira, J A Q; Zoppellaro, Giorgio; Brito, H F; Javed, Yasir; Shukla, D K; Felinto, M C F C; Sharma, Surender K

    2017-07-19

    Luminescence-tunable multicolored LaF 3 :xCe 3+ ,xGd 3+ ,yEu 3+ (x = 5; y = 1, 5, 10, and 15 mol%) nanoparticles have been synthesized via a low cost polyol method. Powder X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy studies confirm the hexagonal phase of the LaF 3 :xCe 3+ ,xGd 3+ ,yEu 3+ nanophosphors with average sizes (oval shape) ranging from 5 to 7 nm. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses show the uniform distribution of Ce 3+ , Gd 3+ , and Eu 3+ dopants in the LaF 3 host matrix. The photoluminescence spectra and electron paramagnetic resonance measurements guarantee the presence of Eu 2+ , corroborated through DC susceptibility measurements of the samples displaying paramagnetic behavior at 300 K, whereas weak ferromagnetic ordering is shown at 2 K. The non-radiative energy transfer processes from the 4f( 2 F 5/2 ) → 5d state (Ce 3+ ) to the intraconfigurational 4f excited levels of rare earth ions and simultaneous emissions in the visible region from the 4f 6 5d 1 (Eu 2+ ) and 5 D 0 (Eu 3+ ) emitting levels, leading to overlapped broad and narrow emission bands, have been proclaimed. The energy transfer mechanism proposes involvement of the Gd 3+ ion sub-lattice as the bridge and finally trapping by Eu 2+/3+ , upon excitation of the Ce 3+ ion. The calculation of experimental intensity parameters (Ω 2,4 ) has been discussed and the highest emission quantum efficiency (η = 85%) of the Eu 3+ ion for the y = 10 mol% sample is reported. The advantageous existence of the Eu 2+ /Eu 3+ ratio along with variously doped nanomaterials described in this work, results in tunable emission color in the blue-white-red regions, highlighting the potential application of the samples in solid-state lighting devices, scintillation devices, and multiplex detection.

  16. Gate-Induced Metal–Insulator Transition in MoS 2 by Solid Superionic Conductor LaF 3

    DOE PAGES

    Wu, Chun-Lan; Yuan, Hongtao; Li, Yanbin; ...

    2018-03-23

    Electric-double-layer (EDL) gating with liquid electrolyte has been a powerful tool widely used to explore emerging interfacial electronic phenomena. Due to the large EDL capacitance, a high carrier density up to 10 14 cm –2 can be induced, directly leading to the realization of field-induced insulator to metal (or superconductor) transition. However, the liquid nature of the electrolyte has created technical issues including possible side electrochemical reactions or intercalation, and the potential for huge strain at the interface during cooling. In addition, the liquid coverage of active devices also makes many surface characterizations and in situ measurements challenging. Here, wemore » demonstrate an all solid-state EDL device based on a solid superionic conductor LaF 3, which can be used as both a substrate and a fluorine ionic gate dielectric to achieve a wide tunability of carrier density without the issues of strain or electrochemical reactions and can expose the active device surface for external access. Based on LaF 3 EDL transistors (EDLTs), we observe the metal–insulator transition in MoS 2. Interestingly, the well-defined crystal lattice provides a more uniform potential distribution in the substrate, resulting in less interface electron scattering and therefore a higher mobility in MoS 2 transistors. Finally, this result shows the powerful gating capability of LaF 3 solid electrolyte for new possibilities of novel interfacial electronic phenomena.« less

  17. Aging effect of AlF3 coatings for 193 nm lithography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Jia; Wang, Lin; Zhang, Weili; Yi, Kui; Shao, Jianda

    2018-02-01

    As important part of components for 193 nm lithography, AlF3 coatings deposited by resistive heating method acquire advantages like lower optical loss and higher laser damage threshold, but they also possess some disadvantages like worse stability, which is what aging effect focuses on. AlF3 single-layer coatings were deposited; optical property, surface morphology and roughness, and composition were characterized in different periods. Owing to aging effect, refractive index and extinction coefficient increased; larger and larger roughness caused more and more scattering loss, which was in the same order with absorption at 193.4 nm and part of optical loss; from composition analysis, proportional substitution of AlF3 by alumina may account for changes in refractive index as well as absorption.

  18. Enhanced performance of graphite anode materials by AlF3 coating for lithium-ion batteries

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Ding, Fei; Xu, Wu; Choi, Daiwon

    2012-04-27

    In order to form the stable surface film and to further enhance the long-term cycling stability of the graphite anodes of lithium-ion batteries, the surface of graphite powders has been modified by AlF3 coating through chemical precipitation method. The AlF3-coated graphite shows no evident changes in the bulk structure and a thin AlF3-coating layer of about 2 nm thick is found to uniformly cover the graphite particles with 2 wt% AlF3 content. However, it delivers a higher initial discharge capacity and largely improved rate performances compared to the pristine graphite. Remarkably, AlF3 coated graphite demonstrated a much better cycle life.more » After 300 cycles, AlF3 coated graphite and uncoated graphite show capacity retention of 92% and 81%, respectively. XPS measurement shows that a more conductive solid electrode interface (SEI) layer was formed on AlF3 coated graphite as compared to uncoated graphite. SEM monograph also reveals that the AlF3-coated graphite particles have a much more stable surface morphology after long-term cycling. Therefore, the improved electrochemical performance of AlF3 coated graphite can be attributed to a more stable and conductive SEI formed on coated graphite anode during cycling process.« less

  19. LaF3 insulators for MIS structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sher, A.; Tsuo, Y. H.; Moriarty, J. A.; Miller, W. E.; Crouch, R. K.; Seiber, B. A.

    1979-01-01

    Thin films of LaF3 deposited on Si or GaAs substrates have been observed to form blocking contacts with very high capacitances. This results in comparatively hysteresis-free and sharp C-V (capacitance-voltage) characteristics for MIS structures. Such structures have been used to study the interface states of GaAs with increased resolution and to construct improved photocapacitive infrared detectors.

  20. DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Adichtchev, S. V.; Malinovsky, V. K.; Surovtsev, N. V., E-mail: lab21@iae.nsk.su

    Low-frequency (down to 30 GHz) inelastic light scattering is studied in a multicomponent glass ZBLAN (ZrF{sub 4}-BaF{sub 2}-LaF{sub 3}-AlF{sub 3}-NaF) in a wide temperature range. The contributions of the THz vibrational spectrum (boson peak) and of the fast relaxation are extracted and analyzed. It is shown that the fast relaxation spectrum is described by a distribution of relaxation times leading to a power-law ν{sup α} dependence in the frequency range 30–300 GHz. Temperature dependence of α(T) is well described by the Gilroy-Phillips model, while the integrated intensity of the fast relaxation increases significantly with the temperature. This feature distinguishes themore » fast relaxation in ZBLAN from the case of most single-component glasses. Thermodynamic and kinetic fragility indexes are significantly different for the ZBLAN glass. The correlations between the boson peak intensity, elastic moduli, and fragility index, found earlier for single-component glasses, are fulfilled for the thermodynamic fragility index of ZBLAN. In contrast, the correlation between the fast relaxation intensity at T{sub g} and the fragility holds better for the kinetic fragility index of ZBLAN. We propose that thermodynamic and kinetic fragilities reflect different aspects of glassy dynamics in the case of glass formers with the complex chemical composition and structure topology: the former correlates with the elastic properties and the boson peak, the latter with the relaxation.« less

  1. NIR luminescence studies on Er{sup 3+}:Yb{sup 3+} co-doped sodium telluroborate glasses for lasers and optical amplifer applications

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Annapoorani, K.; Marimuthu, K., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com; Murthy, N. Suriya

    2016-05-23

    Er{sup 3+}:Yb{sup 3+} co-doped Sodium telluroborate glasses were prepared with the chemical composition (49.5–x)B{sub 2}O{sub 3}+25TeO{sub 2}+5Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3}+10ZnO+10NaF+0.5Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}+xYb{sub 2}O{sub 3} (where x= 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 in mol %) following the melt quenching technique. With the addition of Yb{sup 3+} ions into Er{sup 3+} ions in the prepared glasses, the absorption cross-section values were found to increase due to the effective energy transfer from {sup 2}F{sub 5/2} level of Yb{sup 3+} ions to the {sup 4}I{sub 11/2} level of Er{sup 3+} ions. The fluorescence around 1550 nm correspond to the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition wasmore » observed under 980 nm pumping. Among the present glasses, integrated intensity was found to be higher for 1.0 mol% Yb{sup 3+} ion glass. The parameters such as stimulated emission cross- section, Gain bandwidth and quantum efficiency of the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition was found to be higher for the NTBE1.0Y glass and the same is suggested for potential NIR lasers and optical amplifier applications.« less

  2. Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral qingheiite Na2(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3, a pegmatite phosphate mineral from Santa Ana pegmatite, Argentina.

    PubMed

    Frost, Ray L; Xi, Yunfei; Scholz, Ricardo; López, Andrés; Moreira, Caio; de Lena, Jorge Carvalho

    2013-10-01

    The pegmatite mineral qingheiite Na2(Mn(2+),Mg,Fe(2+))2(Al,Fe(3+))(PO4)3 has been studied by a combination of SEM and EMP, Raman and infrared spectroscopy. The studied sample was collected from the Santa Ana pegmatite, Argentina. The mineral occurs as a primary mineral in lithium bearing pegmatite, in association with beausite and lithiophilite. The Raman spectrum is characterized by a very sharp intense Raman band at 980 cm(-1) assigned to the PO4(3-) symmetric stretching mode. Multiple Raman bands are observed in the PO4(3-) antisymmetric stretching region, providing evidence for the existence of more than one phosphate unit in the structure of qingheiite and evidence for the reduction in symmetry of the phosphate units. This concept is affirmed by the number of bands in the ν4 and ν2 bending regions. No intensity was observed in the OH stretching region in the Raman spectrum but significant intensity is found in the infrared spectrum. Infrared bands are observed at 2917, 3195, 3414 and 3498 cm(-1) are assigned to water stretching vibrations. It is suggested that some water is coordinating the metal cations in the structure of qingheiite. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Dynamics of monochromatically generated nonequilibrium phonons in LaF3:Pr3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tolbert, W. A.; Dennis, W. M.; Yen, W. M.

    1990-07-01

    The temporal evolution of nonequilibrium phonon populations in LaF3:Pr3+ is investigated at low temperatures (1.8 K) utilizing pulsed, tunable, monochromatic generation and time-resolved, tunable, narrow-band detection. High occupation number, narrow-band phonon populations are generated via far-infrared pumping of defect-induced one-phonon absorption. Time-resolved, frequency-selective detection is provided by optical sideband absorption. Nonequilibrium phonon decay times are measured and attributed to anharmonic decay.

  4. Actively Q-switched dual-wavelength pumped Er3+ :ZBLAN fiber laser at 3.47 µm.

    PubMed

    Bawden, Nathaniel; Matsukuma, Hiraku; Henderson-Sapir, Ori; Klantsataya, Elizaveta; Tokita, Shigeki; Ottaway, David J

    2018-06-01

    We demonstrate the first actively Q-switched fiber laser operating in the 3.5 μm regime. The dual-wavelength pumped system makes use of an Er 3+ doped ZBLAN fiber and a germanium acousto-optic modulator. Robust Q-switching saw a pulse energy of 7.8 μJ achieved at a repetition rate of 15 kHz, corresponding to a peak power of 14.5 W.

  5. Manganese Vanadate Chemistry in Hydrothermal BaF 2 Brines: Ba 3 Mn 2 (V 2 O 7 ) 2 F 2 and Ba 7 Mn 8 O 2 (VO 4 ) 2 F 23

    DOE PAGES

    Sanjeewa, Liurukara D.; McMillen, Colin D.; McGuire, Michael A.; ...

    2016-12-05

    We synthesized manganese vanadate fluorides using high-temperature hydrothermal techniques with BaF 2 as a mineralizer. Ba 3Mn 2(V 2O 7) 2F 2 crystallizes in space group C2/c and consists of dimers built from edge-sharing MnO 4F 2 trigonal prisms with linking V 2O 7 groups. Ba 7Mn 8O 2(VO 4) 2F 23 crystallizes in space group Cmmm, with a manganese oxyfluoride network built from edge- and corner-sharing Mn 2+/3+(O,F) 6 octahedra. The resulting octahedra form alternating Mn 2+ and Mn 2+/3+ layers separated by VO 4 tetrahedra. This latter compound exhibits a canted antiferromagnetic order below TN = 25 K.

  6. Watt-level short-length holmium-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers at 1.2  μm.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Xiushan; Zong, Jie; Wiersma, Kort; Norwood, R A; Prasad, Narasimha S; Obland, Michael D; Chavez-Pirson, Arturo; Peyghambarian, N

    2014-03-15

    In-band core-pumped Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers at the 1.2 μm region were investigated with different gain fiber lengths. A 2.4 W 1190 nm all-fiber laser with a slope efficiency of 42% was achieved by using a 10 cm long gain fiber pumped at a maximum available 1150 nm pump power of 5.9 W. A 1178 nm all-fiber laser was demonstrated with an output power of 350 mW and a slope efficiency of 6.5%. High Ho3+ doping in ZBLAN is shown to be effective in producing single-frequency fiber lasers and short-length fiber amplifiers immune from stimulated Brillouin scattering.

  7. A fast synthesis of Li 3V 2(PO 4) 3 crystals via glass-ceramic processing and their battery performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagamine, Kenta; Honma, Tsuyoshi; Komatsu, Takayuki

    A synthesis of Li 3V 2(PO 4) 3 being a potential cathode material for lithium ion batteries was attempted via a glass-ceramic processing. A glass with the composition of 37.5Li 2O-25V 2O 5-37.5P 2O 5 (mol%) was prepared by a melt-quenching method and precursor glass powders were crystallized with/without 10 wt% glucose in N 2 or 7%H 2/Ar atmosphere. It was found that heat treatments with glucose at 700 °C in 7%H 2/Ar can produce well-crystallized Li 3V 2(PO 4) 3 in the short time of 30 min. The battery performance measurements revealed that the precursor glass shows the discharge capacity of 14 mAh g -1 at the rate of 1 μA cm -2 and the glass-ceramics with Li 3V 2(PO 4) 3 prepared with glucose at 700 °C in 7%H 2/Ar show the capacities of 117-126 mAh g -1 (∼96% of the theoretical capacity) which are independent of heat treatment time. The present study proposes that the glass-ceramic processing is a fast synthesizing route for Li 3V 2(PO 4) 3 crystals.

  8. Variation of photoluminescence features in Pr{sup 3+} doped lithium-fluoro-borate glass by changing different modifier oxides (MgO, CaO, CdO and PbO)-Judd-Ofelt theory application

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Balakrishna, A.; Rajesh, D.; Babu, S.

    2015-06-24

    Pr{sup 3+} (1.0 mol%) doped different modifier oxide based six lithium-fluoro-borate glasses with chemical composition of 49Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}-20BaF{sub 2}-10NaF-20MO (where M= Mg, Ca, Cd and Pb), 49Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}-20BaF{sub 2}-10NaF-10MgO-10CaO and 49Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}-20BaF{sub 2}-10NaF-10CdO-10PbO were prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. Judd-Ofelt theory has been applied for evaluating the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters for Pr{sup 3+} ion in these glass compositions and are in turn to used to predict radiative properties such as radiative transition probabilities (A{sub T}), branching ratios (β) and stimulated emission cross-section (σ{sub P}). Stimulated emission cross-section (σ{sub p}) of prominent emission transitions,more » {sup 3}P{sub 0}→{sup 3}H{sub 4} and {sup 1}D{sub 2}→{sup 3}H{sub 4} of Pr{sup 3+} ion in all lithium-fluoro-borate glasses were calculated. Among all the emission transitions, {sup 3}P{sub 0}→{sup 3}H{sub 4} posseses higher branching ratio and stimulated emission cross-section in Mg-Ca glass, which leads to the best laser excitation at 487 nm wavelength.« less

  9. Optical spectroscopy and luminescence properties of Ho3+ doped zinc fluorophosphate (ZFP) glasses for green luminescent device applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reddy Prasad, V.; Damodaraiah, S.; Ratnakaram, Y. C.

    2018-04-01

    Ho3+ doped zinc fluorophosphate (ZFP) glasses with molar chemical compositions, (60-x) NH4H2PO4+20ZnO+10BaF2+10NaF+xHo2O3 (where x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching technique. These glasses were characterized through physical, structural, optical, excitation, luminescence and decay curve analysis. From the absorption spectra, spectral intensities (fexp and fcal), Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6), radiative transition probabilities (AT), radiative lifetimes (τR) and branching ratios (βR) were evaluated for all Ho3+ doped ZFP glass matrices. From the photoluminescence spectra, peak stimulated emission cross-sections (σP) were calculated for all Ho3+ doped ZFP glasses. The Ho3+ doped ZFP glasses show strong green emission at 545 nm and red emission at 656 nm under excitation, 450 nm. The measured lifetimes (τmeas) of (5S2)5F4 level of Ho3+ doped ZFP glasses were obtained from decay profiles. The CIE color coordinates of Ho3+ doped ZFP glasses were calculated from emission spectra and 1.0 mol% of Ho3+ doped ZFP glass matrix gives green emission. Hence, these results confirm that the Ho3+ doped ZFP glasses could be considered as a promising candidate for visible green laser applications.

  10. Physical, chemical, and biological properties of white MTA with additions of AlF3.

    PubMed

    Marciano, Marina Angélica; Camilleri, Josette; Lucateli, Ribamar Lazanha; Costa, Reginaldo Mendonça; Matsumoto, Mariza Akemi; Duarte, Marco Antonio Hungaro

    2018-04-13

    Addition of aluminum fluoride (AlF 3 ) to MTA was tested to inhibit dental discoloration. MTA Angelus with 0, 5, 15, and 45% AlF 3 were tested. The set cements were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Radiopacity and setting time were analyzed according to ANSI/ADA 57 and ASTM C266-08. Volume change was evaluated using volumetric micro-CT analysis. The pH and calcium ion release were assessed after 3 and 24 h and 28 days. Dental discoloration in contact with the cements was assessed after 24 h and 28 and 90 days of contact with bovine and human dentine. Tissue reaction to subcutaneous implantation in rats was examined after 30 and 60 days. AlF 3 altered the microstructure of MTA. The addition of 5% AlF 3 did not significantly alter the radiopacity, setting time, and volume change (p > 0.05). pH and calcium ion release significantly increased with addition of AlF 3 (p > 0.05). All the tested proportions of AlF 3 prevented the dental darkening verified for MTA Angelus in bovine and human teeth. AlF 3 did not interfere in inflammatory response of MTA in all periods of analysis; otherwise, lower amounts showed less intense inflammatory infiltrate. AlF 3 prevents destabilization of bismuth oxide and consequent tooth darkening, frequently verified in clinical practice when using white MTA. The use of 5% of AlF 3 in combination to MTA resulted in a cement that did not result in dental discoloration and did not affect significantly physical, chemical, and biological properties.

  11. Photocatalytic self-cleaning transparent 2Bi2O3-B2O3 glass ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Sumeet Kumar; Singh, V. P.; Chauhan, Vishal S.; Kushwaha, H. S.; Vaish, Rahul

    2017-09-01

    Photocatalytic response of as-quenched and heat-treated 2Bi2O3-B2O3 glasses was studied. X ray diffraction reveals that the controlled heat treatment of glasses at 380 °C for 1 h, 2 h, and 3 h shows the formation of Bi4B2O9 crystals embedded in 2Bi2O3-B2O3 the host glass matrix. Scanning electron microscopic images reveal the presence of nanocrystallization in as-quenched glass. Significant photocatalytic activities were observed in as-quenched transparent glass. Photocatalytic activities were studied using the degradation of Resazurin as well as pharmaceutical 17 β-Estradiol under UV irradiation. Measurement of contact angle shows enhanced hydrophilicity with the increase in crystallization of the samples. Further, for as quenched 2Bi2O3-B2O3 glass ceramic, under UV irradiation, the water contact angle decreased from 92.7° to 39.5° and the sample surface transformed from hydrophobic to hydrophilic. Effective photocatalytic performance along with photoinduced hydrophilicity promotes 2Bi2O3-B2O3 glass ceramics in self-cleaning applications.

  12. 4.5 W supercontinuum generation from 1017 to 3438 nm in an all-solid fluorotellurite fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Zhixu; Yao, Chuanfei; Jia, Shijie; Wang, Fang; Wang, Shunbin; Zhao, Zhipeng; Qin, Guanshi; Ohishi, Yasutake; Qin, Weiping

    2017-06-01

    All-solid fluorotellurite fibers are fabricated by using a rod-in-tube method. The core and cladding materials are TeO2-BaF2-Y2O3 (TBY) and AlF3-based glasses, respectively. Since the refractive index (˜1.46) of AlF3-based glass is much lower than that (˜1.84) of TBY glass, the zero-dispersion-wavelength of the fabricated fiber can be tuned from 2145 to 1507 nm by varying the fiber core diameter from 50 to 3 μm. By using a 0.6 m long all-solid fluorotellurite fiber with a core diameter of ˜7 μm as the nonlinear medium and a 2 μm femtosecond fiber laser as the pump source, 4.5 W supercontinuum (SC) generation from 1017 to 3438 nm is obtained for a launched pump power of ˜10.48 W. The corresponding optical-to-optical conversion efficiency is about 42.9%. In addition, no any damage of the fluorotellurite fiber is observed during the operation of the above SC light source. Our results show that all-solid fluorotellurite fibers are promising nonlinear media for constructing high power mid-infrared SC light sources.

  13. Microstructure and Properties of Fe3Al-Fe3AlC x Composite Prepared by Reactive Liquid Processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Verona, Maria Nalu; Setti, Dalmarino; Paredes, Ramón Sigifredo Cortés

    2018-04-01

    A Fe3Al-Fe3AlC x composite was prepared using reactive liquid processing (RLP) through controlled mixture of carbon steel and aluminum in the liquid state. The microstructure and phases of the composite were assessed using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, optical microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. In addition, the density, hardness, microhardness, and elastic modulus were evaluated. The Fe3Al-Fe3AlC x composite consisted of 65 vol pct Fe3Al and 35 vol pct Fe3AlC x ( κ). The κ phase contained 10.62 at. pct C, resulting in the stoichiometry Fe3AlC0.475. The elastic modulus of the Fe3Al-Fe3AlC0.475 composite followed the rule of mixtures. The RLP technique was shown to be capable of producing Fe3Al-Fe3AlC0.475 with a microstructure and properties similar to those achieved using other processing techniques reported in the literature.

  14. Radiation-induced luminescence properties of Tb-doped Li3PO4-B2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Isokawa, Yuya; Hirano, Shotaro; Kawano, Naoki; Okada, Go; Kawaguchi, Noriaki; Yanagida, Takayuki

    2018-02-01

    In this study, we developed Li3PO4-B2O3 glasses doped with different concentrations of Tb (0.1, 0.3, 1.0, 3.0, and 10.0%) as well as undoped glass, and then the prepared glasses were studied for the optical, dosimeter and scintillator properties. The Tb-doped samples indicated radioluminescence and photoluminescence (PL) due to the 4f-4f transitions of Tb3+ with sharp spectral features peaking around 375, 410, 435, 480, 540, 590 and 620 nm. The luminescence decay times of radioluminescence and PL were 2.3-2.7 ms and 2.7-2.9 ms, respectively. The shorter radioluminescence decay time than that of PL indicated quenching effect of excited states in radioluminescence. As the concentration of Tb increased, both the radioluminescence intensity and PL quantum yield (QY) increased, and the 10.0% Tb-doped sample showed the highest radioluminescence intensity and QY (54.3%). In addition, thermally-stimulated luminescence (TSL) was observed after irradiating with X-rays. The sensitivity was the highest for the 3.0% Tb-doped sample having a dynamic range from 0.1 mGy to 10 Gy, which was equivalent to commercial dosimeters. The comprehensive studies suggested that X-ray generated charges are captured at TSL-active centers more effectively at lower concentrations of Tb whereas the recombination probability at Tb center during irradiation increases with the concentration of Tb. Consequently, the optimal Tb concentration was 10% as scintillator and 3.0% for TSL dosimeter, among the present samples.

  15. Spectral engineering of LaF3:Ce3+ nanoparticles: The role of Ce3+ in surface sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobsohn, L. G.; Toncelli, A.; Sprinkle, K. B.; Kucera, C. J.; Ballato, J.

    2012-04-01

    Due to the high surface-to-volume ratio, luminescence centers on the surface have relative dominance in the overall spectral response of nanoparticles. The luminescence of LaF3:Ce3+ nanoparticles was investigated in the spectral and temporal domains with a particular focus on the role of Ce3+ on the surface. These nanoparticles present two luminescence bands at 4.10 eV and 4.37 eV attributed to Ce3+ transitions from the 5d level to the spin-orbit split 4f ground levels 2F5/2 and 2F7/2, in addition to a low-energy band at 3.62 eV that has been attributed to Ce3+ ions residing in perturbed sites. The growth of up to three undoped shells, ca. 0.9 nm thick each, around the core promoted a progressive enhancement of luminescence output, concomitant with an increase in the fluorescence lifetime due to the weakening of energy transfer through multipolar interaction between Ce3+ in the core and quenching defects on the surface. Also, the growth of the first shell led to a decrease in the relative intensity of the low-energy band and a 0.23 eV shift to higher energies. These results were interpreted as being due to the existence of two types of perturbed sites, one on the surface that is eliminated by the growth of the first shell, and another within the volume of the nanoparticle, similar to observations in bulk single crystals. This work demonstrates how surface engineering can affect and control the luminescence behavior of this nanomaterial.

  16. Monolithic thermally bonded Er3+, Yb3+:glass/Co2+:MgAl2O4 microchip lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mlynczak, Jaroslaw; Belghachem, Nabil

    2015-12-01

    The highest ever reported 10 kW peak power in monolithic thermally bonded Er3+, Yb3+:glass/Co2+:MgAl2O4 microchip laser was achieved. To show the superiority of monolithic microchip lasers over those with external mirrors the laser generation characteristics of the same samples in both cases were compared.

  17. Emission beyond 4  μm and mid-infrared lasing in a dysprosium-doped indium fluoride (InF3) fiber.

    PubMed

    Majewski, Matthew R; Woodward, Robert I; Carreé, Jean-Yves; Poulain, Samuel; Poulain, Marcel; Jackson, Stuart D

    2018-04-15

    Optical emission from rare-earth-doped fluoride fibers has thus far been limited to less than 4 μm. We extend emission beyond this limit by employing an indium fluoride (InF 3 ) glass fiber as the host, which exhibits an increased infrared transparency over commonly used zirconium fluoride (ZBLAN). Near-infrared pumping of a dysprosium-doped InF 3 fiber results in broad emission centered around 4.3 μm, representing the longest emission yet achieved from a fluoride fiber. The first laser emission in an InF 3 fiber is also demonstrated from the 3 μm dysprosium transition. Finally, a frequency domain excited state lifetime measurement comparison between fluoride hosts suggests that multiphonon effects are significantly reduced in indium fluoride fiber, paving the way to more efficient, longer wavelength lasers compared to ZBLAN fibers.

  18. Extended Abstracts. International Symposium on Halide Glasses (2nd), Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA, 2-5 August 1983.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-08-02

    Research and Development in ’" T. Miyashita and i.. . nabe 34 "Environmental Effects on the Strength of Fluoride Glass Fibers" A. Nakata, J. Lau, and J...continuous optical window. Ujnfortunately YVP3 ony permit’s thin samiples (1 mm) to be synthesized. Vitrco&us domnain ina the ternary sys ~tem TIT "Zni - YbF 4...synthesis methods, quenched glasses have been obtained in the CdF2-ZnF 2-BaF2 and CdF2-MnF2-BaF 2 ternary sys - tems. Binary glasses (Cd0 .5Ba0 .5 )F2 have

  19. Diffusion and the dynamics of displacive phase transitions in cryolite (Na3AlF6) and chiolite (Na5Al3F14): Multi-nuclear NMR studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spearing, Dane R.; Stebbins, Jonathan F.; Farnan, Ian

    1994-10-01

    Cryolite is a mixed-cation perovskite (Na2(NaAl)F6) which undergoes a monoclinic to orthorhombic displacive phase transition at ˜550° C. Chiolite (Na5Al3F14) is associated with cryolite in natural deposits, and consists of sheets of corner sharing [AlF6] octahedra interlayered with edge-sharing [NaF6] octahedra. Multi-nuclear NMR line shape and relaxation time (T1) studies were performed on cryolite and chiolite in order to gain a better understanding of the atomic motions associated with the phase transition in cryolite, and Na diffusion in cryolite and chiolite. 27Al, 23Na, and 19F static NMR spectra and T1's in cryolite suggest that oscillatory motions of the [AlF6] octahedra among four micro-twin and anti-phase domains in α-cryolite begin at least 150° C below the transition temperature and persist above it. Variable temperature 23Na MAS NMR further indicates diffusional exchange at a rate of at least 13 kHz between the Na sites by the time the transition temperature is reached. 27Al and 23Na T1's show the same behavior with increasing temperature, indicating the same relaxation mechanisms are responsible for both. The first order nature of the cryolite transition is apparent as a jump in the 23Na and 27Al T1's. Above the transition temperature, the T1's decrease slightly indicating that the motions responsible for the drop in T1, are still present above the transition, further supporting the dynamic nature of the high temperature phase of cryolite. Chiolite 23Na static spectra decrease in linewidth with increasing temperature, indicating increased Na diffusion, which is interpreted as occurring within the [NaF6] sheets in the chiolite structure, but not between the two different Na sites. 27Al and 23Na T1's show similar behavior as in cryolite, but there is no discontinuity due to a phase transition. 19F T1's are constant from room temperature to 150° C indicating no oscillatory motion of the [AlF6] octahedra in chiolite.

  20. Electronic sputtering of LiF, CaF2, LaF3 and UF4 with 197 MeV Au ions. Is the stoichiometry of atom emission preserved?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toulemonde, M.; Assmann, W.; Muller, D.; Trautmann, C.

    2017-09-01

    Sputtering experiments with swift heavy ions in the electronic energy loss regime were performed by using the catcher technique in combination with elastic recoil detection analysis. Four different fluoride targets, LiF, CaF2, LaF3 and UF4 were irradiated in the electronic energy loss regime using 197 MeV Au ions. The angular distribution of particles sputtered from the surface of freshly cleaved LiF and CaF2 single crystals is composed of a broad cosine distribution superimposed by a jet-like peak that appears perpendicular to the surface independent of the angle of beam incidence. For LiF, the particle emission in the entire angular distribution (jet plus broad cosine component) is stoichiometric, whereas for CaF2 the ratio of the sputtered F to Ca particles is at large angles by a factor of two smaller than the stoichiometry of the crystal. For single crystalline LaF3 no jet component is observed and the angular distribution is non-stoichiometric with the number of sputtered F particles being slightly larger than the number of sputtered La particles. In the case of UF4, the target was polycrystalline and had a much rougher surface compared to cleaved crystals. This destroys the appearance of a possible jet component leading to a broad angular distribution. The ratio of sputtered U atoms compared to F atoms is in the order of 1-2, i.e. the number of collected particles on the catcher is also non-stoichiometric. Such unlike behavior of particles sputtered from different fluoride crystals creates new questions.

  1. Preparation of Ho3+/Tm3+ Co-doped Lanthanum Tungsten Germanium Tellurite Glass Fiber and Its Laser Performance for 2.0 μm.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Dechun; Bai, Xuemei; Zhou, Hang

    2017-03-17

    Ho 3+ /Tm 3+ co-doped 50TeO 2 -25GeO 2 -3WO 3 -5La 2 O 3 -3Nb 2 O 5 -5Li 2 O-9BaF 2 glass fiber is prepared with the rod-tube drawing method of 15 μm core diameter and 125 μm inner cladding diameter applied in the 2.0 μm-infrared laser. The 2.0 μm luminescence properties of the core glass are researched and the fluorescence intensity variation for different Tm 3+ doping concentration is systematically analyzed. The results show that the 2.0 μm luminescence of Ho 3+ is greatly influenced by the doping concentration ratio of Ho 3+ to Tm 3+ and that the maximum fluorescence intensity of the core glass can be obtained and its emission cross section can reach 0.933 × 10 -21  cm 2 when the sensitized proportion of holmium to thulium is 0.3 to 0.7 (mol%). Simultaneously, the maximum phonon energy of the core glass sample is 753 cm -1 , which is significantly lower than that of silicate, gallate and germanate glass and the smaller matrix phonon energy can be conductive to the increase 2.0 μm-band emission intensity. The continuous laser with the maximum laser output power of 0.993 W and 2051 nm -wavelength of 31.9%-slope efficiency is output within the 0.5 m glass fiber and the experiment adopts 1560 nm erbium-doped fiber laser(EDFL) as the pump source and the self-built all-fiber laser. Therefore, the glass fiber has excellent laser characteristics and it is suitable for the 2.0 μm-band laser.

  2. Preparation of Ho3+/Tm3+ Co-doped Lanthanum Tungsten Germanium Tellurite Glass Fiber and Its Laser Performance for 2.0 μm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Dechun; Bai, Xuemei; Zhou, Hang

    2017-03-01

    Ho3+/Tm3+ co-doped 50TeO2-25GeO2-3WO3-5La2O3-3Nb2O5-5Li2O-9BaF2 glass fiber is prepared with the rod-tube drawing method of 15 μm core diameter and 125 μm inner cladding diameter applied in the 2.0 μm-infrared laser. The 2.0 μm luminescence properties of the core glass are researched and the fluorescence intensity variation for different Tm3+ doping concentration is systematically analyzed. The results show that the 2.0 μm luminescence of Ho3+ is greatly influenced by the doping concentration ratio of Ho3+ to Tm3+ and that the maximum fluorescence intensity of the core glass can be obtained and its emission cross section can reach 0.933 × 10-21 cm2 when the sensitized proportion of holmium to thulium is 0.3 to 0.7 (mol%). Simultaneously, the maximum phonon energy of the core glass sample is 753 cm-1, which is significantly lower than that of silicate, gallate and germanate glass and the smaller matrix phonon energy can be conductive to the increase 2.0 μm-band emission intensity. The continuous laser with the maximum laser output power of 0.993 W and 2051 nm -wavelength of 31.9%-slope efficiency is output within the 0.5 m glass fiber and the experiment adopts 1560 nm erbium-doped fiber laser(EDFL) as the pump source and the self-built all-fiber laser. Therefore, the glass fiber has excellent laser characteristics and it is suitable for the 2.0 μm-band laser.

  3. Preparation of Ho3+/Tm3+ Co-doped Lanthanum Tungsten Germanium Tellurite Glass Fiber and Its Laser Performance for 2.0 μm

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Dechun; Bai, Xuemei; Zhou, Hang

    2017-01-01

    Ho3+/Tm3+ co-doped 50TeO2-25GeO2-3WO3-5La2O3-3Nb2O5-5Li2O-9BaF2 glass fiber is prepared with the rod-tube drawing method of 15 μm core diameter and 125 μm inner cladding diameter applied in the 2.0 μm-infrared laser. The 2.0 μm luminescence properties of the core glass are researched and the fluorescence intensity variation for different Tm3+ doping concentration is systematically analyzed. The results show that the 2.0 μm luminescence of Ho3+ is greatly influenced by the doping concentration ratio of Ho3+ to Tm3+ and that the maximum fluorescence intensity of the core glass can be obtained and its emission cross section can reach 0.933 × 10−21 cm2 when the sensitized proportion of holmium to thulium is 0.3 to 0.7 (mol%). Simultaneously, the maximum phonon energy of the core glass sample is 753 cm−1, which is significantly lower than that of silicate, gallate and germanate glass and the smaller matrix phonon energy can be conductive to the increase 2.0 μm-band emission intensity. The continuous laser with the maximum laser output power of 0.993 W and 2051 nm -wavelength of 31.9%-slope efficiency is output within the 0.5 m glass fiber and the experiment adopts 1560 nm erbium-doped fiber laser(EDFL) as the pump source and the self-built all-fiber laser. Therefore, the glass fiber has excellent laser characteristics and it is suitable for the 2.0 μm-band laser. PMID:28303946

  4. Picosecond acoustic phonon dynamics in LaF3:Pr3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirkpatrick, Sean M.; Yang, Ho-Soon; Dennis, W. M.

    1998-09-01

    A plasma switching technique is used to generate subnanosecond, far-infrared (FIR) pulses with frequency 113 cm-1. The generation of subnanosecond FIR pulses enables us to improve the time resolution of phonon spectroscopic measurements from 50 ns to 350 ps. As an application of this technique, we investigate the subnanosecond dynamics of high-frequency phonons in 0.5% LaF3:Pr3+. In particular, we report on the generation and detection of a subnanosecond nonequilibrium phonon population at 113 cm-1, and the temporal evolution of the resulting decay products. The frequency dependence of the phonon relaxation rates of acoustic phonons in this material is found to deviate from the ω5 frequency dependence predicted by an isotropic model with linear dispersion. A more realistic model based on the actual dispersion curves of the material is presented and compared with the data.

  5. Spectroscopic properties of Er(3+)/Yb(3+) co-doped Bi(2)O(3)-B(2)O(3)-GeO(2) glasses.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xudong; Xu, Tiefeng; Nie, Qiuhua; Dai, Shixun; Shen, Xiang; Zhang, Xianghua

    2007-05-01

    Er(3+)/Yb(3+) co-doped 60Bi(2)O(3)-(40 - x)B(2)O(3)-xGeO(2) (BBG; x=0, 5, 10, 15 mol%) glasses that are suitable for fiber lasers, amplifiers have been fabricated and characterized. The absorption spectra, emission spectra, and lifetime of the (4)I(13/2) level and quantum efficiency of Er(3+):(4)I(13/2) --> (4)I(15/2) transition were measured and calculated. With the substitution of GeO(2) for B(2)O(3), both Delta lambda(eff) and sigma(e) decrease from 75 to 71 nm and 9.88 to 8.12 x 10(-21) cm(2), respectively. The measured lifetime of the (4)I(13/2) level and quantum efficiency of Er(3+):(4)I(13/2) --> (4)I(15/2) transition increase from 1.18 to 1.5 ms and 36.2% to 43.2%, respectively. The emission spectra of Er(3+):(4)I(13/2) --> (4)I(15/2) transition was also analyzed using a peak-fit routine, and an equivalent four-level system was proposed to estimate the stark splitting for the (4)I(15/2) and (4)I(13/2) levels of Er(3+) in the BBG glasses. The results indicate that the (4)I(13/2) --> (4)I(15/2) emission of Er(3+) can be exhibit a considerable broadening due to a significant enhance the peak A, and D emission.

  6. AlF 3 Surface-Coated Li[Li 0.2 Ni 0.17 Co 0.07 Mn 0.56 ]O 2 Nanoparticles with Superior Electrochemical Performance for Lithium-Ion Batteries

    DOE PAGES

    Sun, Shuwei; Yin, Yanfeng; Wan, Ning; ...

    2015-06-24

    For Li-rich layered cathode materials considerable attention has been paid owing to their high capacity performance for Li-ion batteries (LIBs). In our work, layered Li-rich Li[Li 0.2Ni 0.17Co 0.07Mn 0.56]O 2 nanoparticles are surface-modified with AlF 3 through a facile chemical deposition method. The AlF 3 surface layers have little impact on the structure of the material and act as buffers to prevent the direct contact of the electrode with the electrolyte; thus, they enhance the electrochemical performance significantly. The 3 wt% AlF 3-coated Li-rich electrode exhibits the best cycling capability and has a considerably enhanced capacity retention of 83.1%more » after 50 cycles. Moreover, the rate performance and thermal stability of the 3 wt% AlF3-coated electrode are also clearly improved. Finally, surface analysis indicates that the AlF 3 coating layer can largely suppress the undesirable growth of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) film and, therefore, stabilizes the structure upon cycling.« less

  7. Thermal analysis of a diffusion bonded Er3+,Yb3+:glass/Co2+: MgAl2O4 microchip lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belghachem, Nabil; Mlynczak, Jaroslaw; Kopczynski, krzysztof; Mierczyk, Zygmunt; Gawron, Michal

    2016-10-01

    The analysis of thermal effects in a diffusion bonded Er3+,Yb3+:glass/Co2+:MgAl2O4 microchip laser is presented. The analysis is performed for both wavelengths at 940 nm and at 975 nm as well as for two different sides of pumping, glass side and saturable absorber side. The heat sink effect of Co2+:MgAl2O4, as well as the impact of the thermal expansion and induced stress on the diffusion bonding are emphasised. The best configurations for reducing the temperature peaks, the Von Mises stresses on the diffusion bonding, and the thermal lensing are determined.

  8. Characterization of AlF3 thin films at 193 nm by thermal evaporation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Cheng-Chung; Liu, Ming-Chung; Kaneko, Masaaki; Nakahira, Kazuhide; Takano, Yuuichi

    2005-12-01

    Aluminum fluoride (AlF3) was deposited by a resistive heating boat. To obtain a low optical loss and high laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) at 193 nm, the films were investigated under different substrate temperatures, deposition rates, and annealing after coating. The optical property (the transmittance, refractive index, extinction coefficient, and optical loss) at 193 nm, microstructure (the cross-sectional morphology, surface roughness, and crystalline structure), mechanical property (stress), and LIDT of AlF3 thin films have been studied. AlF3 thin films deposited at a high substrate temperature and low deposition rate showed a lower optical loss. The highest LIDT occurred at the substrate temperature of 150 °C. The LIDT of the films prepared at a deposition rate of 2 Å/s was higher than that at other deposition rates. The annealing process did not influence the optical properties too much, but it did increase the LIDT and stress.

  9. Characterization of AlF3 thin films at 193 nm by thermal evaporation.

    PubMed

    Lee, Cheng-Chung; Liu, Ming-Chung; Kaneko, Masaaki; Nakahira, Kazuhide; Takano, Yuuichi

    2005-12-01

    Aluminum fluoride (AlF3) was deposited by a resistive heating boat. To obtain a low optical loss and high laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) at 193 nm, the films were investigated under different substrate temperatures, deposition rates, and annealing after coating. The optical property (the transmittance, refractive index, extinction coefficient, and optical loss) at 193 nm, microstructure (the cross-sectional morphology, surface roughness, and crystalline structure), mechanical property (stress), and LIDT of AlF3 thin films have been studied. AlF3 thin films deposited at a high substrate temperature and low deposition rate showed a lower optical loss. The highest LIDT occurred at the substrate temperature of 150 degrees C. The LIDT of the films prepared at a deposition rate of 2 A/s was higher than that at other deposition rates. The annealing process did not influence the optical properties too much, but it did increase the LIDT and stress.

  10. Emission analysis of RE3+ (RE = Sm, Dy):B2O3-TeO2-Li2O-AlF3 glasses.

    PubMed

    Raju, C Nageswara; Sailaja, S; Kumari, S Pavan; Dhoble, S J; Kumar, V Ramesh; Ramanaiah, M V; Reddy, B Sudhakar

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the optical properties of 0.5% mol of Sm(3+), Dy(3+) ion-doped B2O3-TeO2-Li2O-AlF3 (LiAlFBT) glasses. The glass samples were characterized by optical absorption and emission spectra. Judd-Ofelt theory was applied to analyze the optical absorption spectra and calculate the intensity parameters and radiative properties of the emission transitions. The emission spectra of Sm(3+) and Dy(3+):LiAlFBT glasses showed a bright reddish-orange emission at 598 nm ((4)G5/2 → (6)H7/2) and an intense yellow emission at 574 nm ((4)F9/2 → (6)H13/2), respectively. Full width at half maximum (FWHM), stimulated emission cross section, gain bandwidth and optical gain values were also calculated to extend the applications of the Sm(3+) and Dy(3+):LiAlFBT glasses. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  11. Luminescence and scintillation properties of BaF2sbnd Ce transparent ceramic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Junming; Sahi, Sunil; Groza, Michael; Wang, Zhiqiang; Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei; Burger, Arnold; Kenarangui, Rasool; Sham, Tsun-Kong; Selim, Farida A.

    2016-08-01

    Cerium doped Barium Fluoride (BaF2sbnd Ce) transparent ceramic was fabricated and its luminescence and scintillation properties were studied. The photoluminescence shows the emission peaks at 310 nm and 323 nm and is related to the 5d-4f transitions in Ce3+ ion. Photo peak at 511 keV and 1274 keV were obtained with BaF2sbnd Ce transparent ceramic for Na-22 radioisotopes. Energy resolution of 13.5% at 662 keV is calculated for the BaF2sbnd Ce transparent ceramic. Light yield of 5100 photons/MeV was recorded for BaF2sbnd Ce(0.2%) ceramic and is comparable to its single crystal counterpart. Scintillation decay time measurements shows fast component of 58 ns and a relatively slow component of 434 ns under 662 keV gamma excitation. The slower component in BaF2sbnd Ce(0.2%) ceramic is about 200 ns faster than the STE emission in BaF2 host and is associated with the dipole-dipole energy transfer from the host matrix to Ce3+ luminescence center.

  12. Photodegradation of near-infrared-pumped Tm(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber upconversion lasers.

    PubMed

    Booth, I J; Archambault, J L; Ventrudo, B F

    1996-03-01

    Photodegradation has been observed in Tm(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers pumped with laser diodes at 1135 nm. After upconversion lasing at 482 nm, the fiber develops color centers that absorb strongly at wavelengths below ~650 nm, affecting further upconversion lasing. The rate of damage formation is strongly dependent on the pump power level and on the thulium concentration. The color centers are bleached by intense blue light but recover with thermal excitation and can be removed by thermal annealing at temperature near 100 degrees C.

  13. Site-selective laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 biocompatible eutectic glass-ceramics.

    PubMed

    Sola, D; Balda, R; Peña, J I; Fernández, J

    2012-05-07

    In this work we report the influence of the crystallization stage of the host matrix on the spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ ions in biocompatible glass-ceramic eutectic rods of composition 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 doped with 1 and 2 wt% of Nd2O3. The samples were obtained by the laser floating zone technique at different growth rates between 50 and 500 mm/h. The microstructural analysis shows that a growth rate increase or a rod diameter decrease leads the system to a structural arrangement from three (two crystalline and one amorphous) to two phases (one crystalline and one amorphous). Electron backscattering diffraction analysis shows the presence of Ca2SiO4 and apatite-like crystalline phases. Site-selective laser spectroscopy in the (4)I(9/2)→(4)F(3/2)/(4)F(5/2) transitions confirms that Nd(3+) ions are incorporated in crystalline and amorphous phases in these glass-ceramic samples. In particular, the presence of Ca(2)SiO(4) crystalline phase in the samples grown at low rates, which has an excellent in vitro bioactivity, can be unambiguously identified from the excitation spectra and lifetime measurements of the (4)F(3/2) state of Nd(3+) ions.

  14. Properties and Crystallization Phenomena in Li2Si2O5-Ca5(PO4)3F and Li2Si2O5-Sr5(PO4)3F Glass-Ceramics Via Twofold Internal Crystallization.

    PubMed

    Rampf, Markus; Dittmer, Marc; Ritzberger, Christian; Schweiger, Marcel; Höland, Wolfram

    2015-01-01

    The combination of specific mechanical, esthetic, and chemical properties is decisive for the application of materials in prosthodontics. Controlled twofold crystallization provides a powerful tool to produce special property combinations for glass-ceramic materials. The present study outlines the potential of precipitating Ca5(PO4)3F as well as Sr5(PO4)3F as minor crystal phases in Li2Si2O5 glass-ceramics. Base glasses with different contents of CaO/SrO, P2O5, and F(-) were prepared within the glasses of the SiO2-Li2O-K2O-CaO/SrO-Al2O3-P2O5-F system. Preliminary studies of nucleation by means of XRD and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the nucleated base glasses revealed X-ray amorphous phase separation phenomena. Qualitative and quantitative crystal phase analyses after crystallization were conducted using XRD in combination with Rietveld refinement. As a main result, a direct proportional relationship between the content of apatite-forming components in the base glasses and the content of apatite in the glass-ceramics was established. The microstructures of the glass-ceramics were investigated using SEM. Microstructural and mechanical properties were found to be dominated by Li2Si2O5 crystals and quite independent of the content of the apatite present in the glass-ceramics. Biaxial strengths of up to 540 MPa were detected. Ca5(PO4)3F and Sr5(PO4)3F influence the translucency of the glass-ceramics and, hence, help to precisely tailor the properties of Li2Si2O5 glass-ceramics. The authors conclude that the twofold crystallization of Li2Si2O5-Ca5(PO4)3F or Li2Si2O5-Sr5(PO4)3F glass-ceramics involves independent solid-state reactions, which can be controlled via the chemical composition of the base glasses. The influence of the minor apatite phase on the optical properties helps to achieve new combinations of features of the glass-ceramics and, hence, displays new potential for dental applications.

  15. Luminescence and energy transfer of Tb3+-doped BaO-Gd2O3-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses.

    PubMed

    Zuo, Chenggang; Huang, Jinze; Liu, Shaoyou; Xiao, Anguo; Shen, Youming; Zhang, Xiangyang; Zhou, Zhihua; Zhu, Ligang

    2017-12-05

    Transparent Tb 3+ -doped BaO-Gd 2 O 3 -Al 2 O 3 -B 2 O 3 -SiO 2 glasses with the greater than 4g/cm 3 were prepared by high temperature melting method and its luminescent properties have been investigated by measured UV-vis transmission, excitation, emission and luminescence decay spectra. The transmission spectrum shows there are three weak absorption bands locate at about 312, 378 and 484nm in the glasses and it has good transmittance in the visible spectrum region. Intense green emission can be observed under UV excitation. The effective energy transfer from Gd 3+ ion to Tb 3+ ion could occur and sensitize the luminescence of Tb 3+ ion. The green emission intensity of Tb 3+ ion could change with the increasing SiO 2 /B 2 O 3 ratio in the borosilicate glass matrix. With the increasing concentration of Tb 3+ ion, 5 D 4 → 7 F J transitions could be enhanced through the cross relaxation between the two nearby Tb 3+ ions. Luminescence decay time of 2.12ms from 546nm emission is obtained. The results indicate that Tb 3+ -doped BaO-Gd 2 O 3 -Al 2 O 3 -B 2 O 3 -SiO 2 glasses would be potential scintillating material for applications in X-ray imaging. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. 2.3 µm laser potential of TeO2 based glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denker, B. I.; Dorofeev, V. V.; Galagan, B. I.; Motorin, S. E.; Sverchkov, S. E.

    2017-09-01

    Tm3+ doped TeO2-based well-dehydrated glasses were synthesized and investigated. The analysis of their spectral and relaxation properties have showed that these glasses can be a suitable host for bulk and fiber lasers emitting at ~2.3 µm wavelength (3H4-3H5 Tm3+ transition). Laser action in the bulk glass sample was demonstrated.

  17. Nano-indentation investigations of (As2Se3)1-x: Snx and (As4S3Se3)1-x: Snx glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harea, D. V.; Harea, E. E.; Iaseniuc, O. V.; Iovu, M. S.

    2015-02-01

    Experimental results on some physical and optical properties of (As2Se3)1-x:Snx and (As4S3Se3)1-x:Snx (x = 0-10 at %) glasses and amorphous films (d~2.0 μm) are presented. The bulk chalcogenide glasses are studied by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and nanoindentation methods. It is established that the addition of these amounts of tin (x = 0-10 at %) does not lead to significant changes in the physical properties of the glass, such as values of stress and Young's modulus related to the modification of the density and compactness. It has been found that the addition of these amounts of tin in (As4S3Se3)1-x:Snx does not lead to significant changes in the glass physical properties, such as values of stress and Young's modulus related to the modification of the density and compactness. The study of the photoplastic effect is performed in situ, with illumination of the bulk and thin film samples during indentation as well as their indentation after illumination with a green laser (λ = 532 nm) at a power of P = 50 mV/cm2. The hardness is calculated from load-displacement curves by the Oliver-Pharr method. A sharp increase in hardness is registered if the tin concentration exceeds a value of 34% Sn. The hardness H of (As2Se3)1-x:Snx films varies between 115 and 130 kg/mm2. It is found that the hardness H of amorphous thin films is generally higher than the hardness of bulk samples with the same chemical composition. In this study, we are focused on the mechanical characteristics of high-purity As2Se3: Snx thin films. Keyword: Chalcogenide glasses, hardness,

  18. Influence of MO/MF2 modifiers (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) on spectroscopic properties of Eu3+ ions in germanate and borate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zur, Lidia; Janek, Joanna; Pietrasik, Ewa; Sołtys, Marta; Pisarska, Joanna; Pisarski, Wojciech A.

    2016-11-01

    Series of Eu3+-doped lead-free germanate and borate glasses were synthesized. The MO glass modifiers (M = Ca, Sr or Ba) were partially or totally substituted by MF2 in chemical composition. In contrast to samples modified by CaO/CaF2 or SrO/SrF2, the germanate glass samples containing BaO and/or BaF2 are fully amorphous, while the lead-free borate glasses are fully amorphous, independently from glass modifiers. Effect of glass modifiers on spectroscopic properties of Eu3+ were systematically investigated. For that reason, excitation and emission spectra of Eu3+ ions in examined systems were registered. Based on the emission spectra, ratio of integrated luminescence intensity of the 5D0 → 7F2 transition to that of the 5D0 → 7F1 transition (R factor) was calculated. Moreover, the luminescence decay curves were collected and the luminescence lifetimes of the 5D0 excited state of Eu3+ ions were determined in function of MF2 concentration.

  19. Intense 2.7 µm emission and structural origin in Er3+-doped bismuthate (Bi2O3-GeO2-Ga2O3-Na2O) glass.

    PubMed

    Guo, Yanyan; Li, Ming; Hu, Lili; Zhang, Junjie

    2012-01-15

    The 2.7 μm emission properties in Er3+-doped bismuthate (Bi2O3-GeO2-Ga2O3-Na2O) glass were investigated in the present Letter. An intense 2.7 μm emission in Er3+-doped bismuthate glass was observed. It is found that Er3+-doped bismuthate glass possesses high spontaneous transition probability A (65.26 s(-1)) and large 2.7 μm emission cross section σ(em) (9.53×10(-21) cm2) corresponding to the stimulated emission of Er3+:4I11/24I13/2 transition. The emission characteristic and energy transfer process upon excitation of a conventional 980 nm laser diode in bismuthate glass were analyzed. Additionally, the structure of bismuthate glass was analyzed by the Raman spectrum. The advantageous spectroscopic characteristics of Er3+ single-doped bismuthate glass together with the prominent thermal property indicate that bismuthate glass might become an attractive host for developing solid-state lasers around 2.7 μm.

  20. Structure and properties of Li 2S-P 2S 5-P 2S 3 glass and glass-ceramic electrolytes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minami, Keiichi; Hayashi, Akitoshi; Ujiie, Satoshi; Tatsumisago, Masahiro

    High lithium ion conducting 70Li 2S·(30 - x)P 2S 5· xP 2S 3 (mol%) glasses and glass-ceramics were prepared by the mechanical milling method. Glasses were obtained in the composition range of 0 ≦ x ≦ 10. The substitution of P 2S 3 for P 2S 5 promoted the formation of the P 2S 6 4- units in the glasses. The conductivity of the glass increased with an increase in P 2S 3 contents up to 5 mol% and the glass with 5 mol% of P 2S 3 showed the conductivity of 1 × 10 -4 S cm -1 at room temperature. In the case of glass-ceramics, the conductivity increased with an increase in P 2S 3 contents up to 1 mol%, and the superionic conducting Li 7P 3S 11 crystal was precipitated in the glass-ceramic. The glass-ceramic with 1 mol% of P 2S 3 showed the highest conductivity of 3.9 × 10 -3 S cm -1 at room temperature.

  1. Non-invasive Photodynamic Therapy in Brain Cancer by Use of Tb3+-Doped LaF3 Nanoparticles in Combination with Photosensitizer Through X-ray Irradiation: A Proof-of-Concept Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Min-Hua; Jenh, Yi-Jhen; Wu, Sheng-Kai; Chen, Yo-Shen; Hanagata, Nobutaka; Lin, Feng-Huei

    2017-01-01

    The use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of brain cancer has produced exciting results in clinical trials over the past decade. PDT is based on the concept that a photosensitizer exposed to a specific light wavelength produces the predominant cytotoxic agent, to destroy tumor cells. However, delivering an efficient light source to the brain tumor site is still a challenge. The light source should be delivered by placing external optical fibers into the brain at the time of surgical debulking of the tumor. Consequently, there exists the need for a minimally invasive treatment for brain cancer PDT. In this study, we investigated an attractive non-invasive option on glioma cell line by using Tb3+-doped LaF3 scintillating nanoparticles (LaF3:Tb) in combination with photosensitizer, meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (MTCP), followed by activation with soft X-ray (80 kVp). Scintillating LaF3:Tb nanoparticles, with sizes of approximately 25 nm, were fabricated. The particles have a good dispersibility in aqueous solution and possess high biocompatibility. However, significant cytotoxicity was observed in the glioma cells while the LaF3:Tb nanoparticles with MTCP were exposed under X-ray irradiation. The study has demonstrated a proof of concept as a non-invasive way to treat brain cancer in the future.

  2. Influence of temperature and frequency on ionic conductivity of Li{sub 3}PO{sub 4}–Pb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}–BiPO{sub 4} phosphate glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    El Moudane, M., E-mail: m.elmoudane@gmail.com; El Maniani, M.; Sabbar, A.

    2015-12-15

    Highlights: • Results of ionic conductivities of Li{sub 3}PO{sub 4}–Pb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}–BiPO{sub 4} phosphate glasses. • Determination of glass transition temperature using DSC method. • Study of temperature and frequency on ionic conductivity of Li{sub 3}PO{sub 4}–Pb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}–BiPO{sub 4} phosphate glasses. - Abstract: Lithium–Lead–Bismuth phosphates glasses having, a composition 30Li{sub 3}PO{sub 4}–(70 − x)Pb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}–xBiPO{sub 4} (45 ≤ x ≤ 60 mol%) were prepared by using the melt quenching method 1000 °C. The thermal stability of theses glasses increases with the substitution of Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} with PbO. The ionic conductivity of all compositions havemore » been measured over a wide temperature (200–500 °C) and frequency range (1–106 Hz). The ionic conductivity data below and above T{sub g} follows Arrhenius and Vogel–Tamman–Fulcher (VTF) relationship, respectively. The activation energies are estimated and discussed. The dependence in frequency of AC conductivity is found to obey Jonscher’s relation.« less

  3. Widely wavelength tunable gain-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser around 2.8 μm.

    PubMed

    Wei, Chen; Luo, Hongyu; Shi, Hongxia; Lyu, YanJia; Zhang, Han; Liu, Yong

    2017-04-17

    In this paper, we demonstrate a wavelength widely tunable gain-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser around 2.8 μm. The laser can be tuned over 170 nm (2699 nm~2869.9 nm) for various pump power levels, while maintaining stable μs-level single-pulse gain-switched operation with controllable output pulse duration at a selectable repetition rate. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first wavelength tunable gain-switched fiber laser in the 3 μm spectral region with the broadest tuning range (doubling the record tuning range) of the pulsed fiber lasers around 3 μm. Influences of pump energy and power on the output gain-switched laser performances are investigated in detail. This robust, simple, and versatile mid-infrared pulsed fiber laser source is highly suitable for many applications including laser surgery, material processing, sensing, spectroscopy, as well as serving as a practical seed source in master oscillator power amplifiers.

  4. Enhanced NIR downconversion luminescence by precipitating nano Ca5(PO4)3F crystals in Eu2+-Yb3+ co-doped glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chen; Song, Zhiguo; Li, Yongjin; Lou, Kai; Qiu, Jianbei; Yang, Zhengwen; Yin, Zhaoyi; Wang, Xue; Wang, Qi; Wan, Ronghua

    2013-10-01

    Eu2+-Yb3+ co-doped transparent glass-ceramic containing nano-Ca5(PO4)3F (FAP) was prepared in reducing atmosphere. XRD and TEM analysis indicated that nano-FAP about 40 nm precipitated homogeneously in glass matrix after heat treatment. Confirmed by spectroscopy measurements, the crystal-like absorption and emission of Eu2+ indicated the partition of Eu2+ into FAP nanocrystals in glass ceramic. NIR emission due to the transition 2F→2F of Yb3+ ions (about 980-1100 nm) was observed from glasses under ultraviolet excitation, ascribed to downconversion from Eu2+ to Yb3+, which can be enhanced by precipitating nano-FAP crystals. The results indicated that Eu2+-Yb3+ co-doped glass-ceramic embedding with nano-FAP is a promising candidate as downconversion materials for enhancing conversion efficiency of solar cells.

  5. Fabrication and enhanced photoluminescence properties of Sm3+-doped ZnO-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glass derived willemite glass-ceramic nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarafder, Anal; Molla, Atiar Rahaman; Mukhopadhyay, Sunanda; Karmakar, Basudeb

    2014-07-01

    The transparent willemite, Zn2SiO4 (ZS) glass-ceramic nanocomposites were prepared from melt-quench derived ZnO-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 (ZABS) precursor glass by an isothermal heat-treatment process. The generation of willemite crystal phase, size and morphology with increase in heat-treatment time was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) techniques. The average calculated crystallite size obtained from XRD is found to be in the range 80-120 nm. The decreased refractive index with increase in heat-treatment time attributed to partial replacement of ZnO4 units of willemite nanocrystals by AlO4 units and simultaneous generation of vacancies in the Zn-site. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) reflection spectroscopy exhibits the structural evolution of willemite glass-ceramics. The photoluminescence spectra of Sm3+ ions exhibit emission transitions of 4G5/2 → 6HJ (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2, 11/2) and its excitation spectra shows an intense absorption band at 402 nm. These spectra reveal that the luminescence performance of the glass-ceramic nanocomposites is enhanced up to 14-fold with crystallization into willemite.

  6. Spectroscopic properties of the 1.4 microm emission of Tm3+ ions in TeO2-WO3-PbO glasses.

    PubMed

    Balda, R; Lacha, L M; Fernández, J; Arriandiaga, M A; Fernández-Navarro, J M; Muñoz-Martin, D

    2008-08-04

    In this work, we report the spectroscopic properties of the infrared 3H4-->3F4 emission of Tm3+ ions in two different compositions of glasses based on TeO2, WO3, and PbO for three Tm2O3 concentrations (0.1,0.5, and 1 wt%). Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters have been determined and used to calculate the radiative transition probabilities and radiative lifetimes. The infrared emission at around 1490 nm corresponding to the 3H4-->F4 transition has two noticeable features if compared to fluoride glasses used for S-band amplifiers. On one hand, it is broader by nearly 30 nm, and on the other, the stimulated emission cross section is twice the value for fluoride glasses. Both the relative intensity ratio of the 1490 nm emission to 1820 nm and the measured lifetime of the 3H4 level decrease as concentration increases, due to the existence of energy transfer via cross-relaxation among Tm3+ ions. The analysis of the decays from the 3H4 level with increasing concentration indicates the presence of a dipole-dipole quenching process assisted by energy migration.

  7. A fruitful demonstration in sensors based on upconversion luminescence of Yb3+/Er3+codoped Sb2O3-WO3-Li2O (SWL) glass-ceramic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prasad Sukul, Prasenjit; Kumar, Kaushal

    2016-07-01

    In this article, erbium and ytterbium doped lithium tungsten antimonate (Yb3+/Er3+:Sb2O3-WO3-Li2O) glass-ceramics (GC) is synthesized and its novel applications in temperature sensing and detection of latent fingerprints is studied. It is also estimated that this material could be useful as a solar cell concentrator. The upconversion emission studies on Yb3+/Er3+:SWL glass-ceramics have shown intense green emission at 525 nm (2H11/24I15/2) & 545 nm (4s3/24I15/2). The variation of UC intensities with external temperature have shown a well-fashioned pattern, which suggests that the 2H11/2 and 4S3/2 levels of Er3+ ion are thermally coupled and can act as a temperature sensor in the 300-500 K temperature range. Dry powder of Yb3+/Er3+:SWL glass-ceramic is used to develop latent fingerprint with high contrast in green color on glass slide.

  8. Trigonal LaF3: a novel SRS-active crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaminskii, A. A.; Lux, O.; Hanuza, J.; Rhee, H.; Eichler, H. J.; Zhang, J.; Tang, D.; Shen, D.; Yoneda, H.; Shirakawa, A.

    2014-12-01

    Trigonal fluoride LaF3, widely known as a host crystal for Ln3+-lasants, was found to be an attractive many-phonon Raman material and a subject for the investigation of different χ(3)-nonlinear optical effects. We present the manifestation of photon-phonon interactions related to stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and Raman-induced four-wave mixing (RFWM) processes, initiated by picosecond exсitation at room temperature. Sesqui-octave-spanning Stokes and anti-Stokes frequency comb generation as well as many-step cascaded and cross-cascaded up-conversion χ(3)-nonlinear processes have been observed. The recorded spectral lines originated by SRS and RFWM are identified and attributed to the three observed SRS-promoting phonon modes. The lower limit of the steady-state Raman gain coefficient for near-IR first Stokes generation was estimated. Moreover, a brief review of known Ln3+ : LaF3 laser crystals and SRS-active fluorides is given.

  9. Up-conversion luminescence of Er3+ ions in lead-free germanate glasses under 800 nm and 980 nm cw diode laser excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janek, J.; Lisiecki, R.; Ryba-Romanowski, W.; Pisarska, J.; Pisarski, W. A.

    2017-12-01

    Up-conversion luminescence spectra of Er3+ ions in multicomponent oxyfluoride glasses GeO2 - BaO - BaF2 - Ga2O3 - Er2O3 were examined. It was found that the up-conversion luminescence spectra of Er3+ are dependent on pumping wavelengths. The spectra recorded upon the excitation at 800 nm contained an intense green up-conversion luminescence corresponding to the 2H11/2,4S3/24I15/2 transitions and a very weak red luminescence related to the 4F9/2 - 4I15/2 transition. In spectra recorded upon 980 nm excitation the contribution of the red luminescence was markedly higher. The interaction mechanisms involved in up-conversion processes are proposed and observed dependence of intensity of up-converted luminescence on excitation power is discussed. The experimental results suggest that Er3+ singly doped lead-free oxyfluoride germanate glass is useful for up-conversion luminescence applications.

  10. Glass formation and crystallization in high-temperature glass-ceramics and Si3N4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Drummond, Charles H., III

    1991-01-01

    The softening of glassy grain boundaries in ceramic matrix composites and Si3N4 at high temperatures reduces mechanical strength and the upper-use temperature. By crystallizing this glass to a more refractory crystalline phase, a material which performs at higher temperatures may result. Three systems were examined: a cordierite composition with ZrO2 as a nucleating agent; celsian compositions; and yttrium silicate glasses both in bulk and intergranular in Si3N4. For the cordierite compositions, a series of metastable phases was obtained. The crystallization of these compositions was summarized in terms of metastable ternary isothermal sections. Zircon formed at the expense of ZrO2 and spinel. In SiC composites, the transformations were slower. In celsian, two polymorphs were crystallized. One phase, hexacelsian, which always crystallized, even when metastable, had an undesirable volume change. The other phase, celsian, was very difficult to crystallize. In yttrium silicate bulk glasses, similar in composition to the intergranular glass in Si3N4, a number of polymorphs of Y2Si2O7 were crystallized. The conditions under which these polymorphs formed are compared with crystallization in Si3N4.

  11. OPTICAL AND SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF Fe2O3-Bi2O3-B2O3:V2O5 GLASSES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanjay; Kishore, N.; Agarwal, A.; Dahiya, S.; Pal, Inder; Kumar, Navin

    2013-11-01

    The glasses of compositions xFe2O3ṡ (40 - x)Bi2O3ṡ60B2O32V2O5 have been prepared by the standard melt-quenching technique. Amorphous nature of these samples is ascertained by XRD patterns. The presence of BO3 and BO4 units is identified by IR spectra of glass samples. The absorption edge (λcut-off) shifts toward longer wavelengths with an increase in Fe2O3 content in the glass matrix. The values of optical band gap energy for indirect allowed and forbidden transitions have been determined and it is found to decrease with increase in transition metal ions. The Urbach's energy is used to characterize the degree of disorder in amorphous solids.

  12. Spectroscopic properties of Sm3+ and V4+ ions in Na2O-SiO2-ZrO2 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neeraja, K.; Rao, T. G. V. M.; Kumar, A. Rupesh; Uma Lakshmi, V.; Veeraiah, N.; Rami Reddy, M.

    2013-12-01

    Na2O-SiO2-ZrO2 glasses of Sm3+ ions with and without V2O5 are characterized by spectroscopic and optical properties. The XRD and EDS spectra of the glass samples reveal an amorphous nature with different compositions within the glass matrix. The Infrared and Raman spectral studies are carried out and the existence of conventional structural units are analyzed in the glass network. The ESR spectra of the glass samples have indicating that a considerable proportion of vanadium ion exists in V4+ state. The optical absorption spectra of these glasses are recorded at room temperature, from the measured intensities of various absorption bands the Judd-Ofelt parameters Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6 are calculated. The photo-luminescence spectra recorded with excited wavelength 400 nm, five emission bands are observed; in this the energy transfer probability takes place between Sm3+ and V4+ ions.

  13. Structure and Infrared Emissivity Properties of the MAO Coatings Formed on TC4 Alloys in K2ZrF6-Based Solution

    PubMed Central

    Li, Ying; Hu, Dan; Xi, Zhengping

    2018-01-01

    Micro-arc oxidation (MAO) ceramic coatings were formed on TC4 alloy surface in silicate and metaphosphate electrolytes based with K2ZrF6 for various concentrations. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize the phase composition, microstructure and chemical compositions of the coatings. The infrared emissivity of the coatings was measured at 50 °C in a wavelength range of 8–20 µm. The microstructural observations all revealed the typical porousstructures. Moreover, adecline in roughness and thickness of the prepared coatings can be observed when the concentration of K2ZrF6 increases. Combined with the results of XRD and XPS, it was found that all the oxides existed as the amorphous form in the coatings except the TiO2 phase. The coatings exhibited the highest infrared emissivity value (about 0.89) when the concentration of K2ZrF6 was 6 g/L, which was possibly attributed to the defect microstructure and the optimal role of ZrO2. PMID:29414841

  14. Study on spectroscopic properties and effects of tungsten ions in 2Bi2O3-3GeO2/SiO2 glasses.

    PubMed

    Yu, Pingsheng; Su, Liangbi; Cheng, Junhua; Zhang, Xia; Xu, Jun

    2017-04-01

    The 2Bi 2 O 3 -3GeO 2 /SiO 2 glass samples have been prepared by the conventional melt quenching technique. XRD patterns, absorption spectra, excitation-emission spectra and Raman measurements were utilized to characterize the synthesized glasses. When substitute SiO 2 for GeO 2 , the 0.4Bi 2 O 3 -(0.4-0.1)GeO 2 -(0.2-0.5)SiO 2 glasses exhibit strong emission centered at about 475nm (under 300nm excitation), and the decay constants are within the scope of 20-40ns. W doping into 2Bi 2 O 3 -3SiO 2 glass could increase the emission intensity of 470nm, and the W-doped 2Bi 2 O 3 -3SiO 2 glass has shown another emission at about 433nm with much shorter decay time (near 10ns). The 2Bi 2 O 3 -3GeO 2 /SiO 2 glass system could be the possible candidate for scintillator in high energy physics applications. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence properties of Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-based glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yahaba, T.; Fujimoto, Y.; Yanagida, T.; Koshimizu, M.; Tanaka, H.; Saeki, K.; Asai, K.

    2017-02-01

    We developed Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3 based glasses with Dy concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mol% using a melt-quenching technique. The as-synthesized glasses were applicable as materials exhibiting thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). The optical and radiation response properties of the glasses were characterized. In the photoluminescence (PL) spectra, two emission bands due to the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 transitions of Dy3+ were observed at 480 and 580 nm. In the OSL spectra, the emission band due to the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 transition of Dy3+ was observed. Excellent TL and OSL responses were observed for dose ranges of 0.1-90 Gy. In addition, TL fading behavior was better than that of OSL in term of the long-time storage. These results indicate that the Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-based glasses are applicable as TL materials.

  16. The synthetic α-bromo-2',3,4,4'-tetramethoxychalcone (α-Br-TMC) inhibits the JAK/STAT signaling pathway.

    PubMed

    Pinz, Sophia; Unser, Samy; Brueggemann, Susanne; Besl, Elisabeth; Al-Rifai, Nafisah; Petkes, Hermina; Amslinger, Sabine; Rascle, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription STAT5 and its upstream activating kinase JAK2 are essential mediators of cytokine signaling. Their activity is normally tightly regulated and transient. However, constitutive activation of STAT5 is found in numerous cancers and a driving force for malignant transformation. We describe here the identification of the synthetic chalcone α-Br-2',3,4,4'-tetramethoxychalcone (α-Br-TMC) as a novel JAK/STAT inhibitor. Using the non-transformed IL-3-dependent B cell line Ba/F3 and its oncogenic derivative Ba/F3-1*6 expressing constitutively activated STAT5, we show that α-Br-TMC targets the JAK/STAT pathway at multiple levels, inhibiting both JAK2 and STAT5 phosphorylation. Moreover, α-Br-TMC alters the mobility of STAT5A/B proteins in SDS-PAGE, indicating a change in their post-translational modification state. These alterations correlate with a decreased association of STAT5 and RNA polymerase II with STAT5 target genes in chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Interestingly, expression of STAT5 target genes such as Cis and c-Myc was differentially regulated by α-Br-TMC in normal and cancer cells. While both genes were inhibited in IL-3-stimulated Ba/F3 cells, expression of the oncogene c-Myc was down-regulated and that of the tumor suppressor gene Cis was up-regulated in transformed Ba/F3-1*6 cells. The synthetic chalcone α-Br-TMC might therefore represent a promising novel anticancer agent for therapeutic intervention in STAT5-associated malignancies.

  17. Impedance spectroscopy of V2O5-Bi2O3-BaTiO3 glass-ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-syadi, Aref M.; Yousef, El Sayed; El-Desoky, M. M.; Al-Assiri, M. S.

    2013-12-01

    The glasses within composition as: (80 - x)V2O5/20Bi2O3/xBaTiO3 with x = 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 mol% have been prepared. The glass transition (Tg) increases with increasing BaTiO3 content. Synthesized glasses ceramic containing BaTi4O9, Ba3TiV4O15 nanoparticles of the order of 25-35 nm and 30-46 nm, respectively were estimated using XRD. The dielectric properties over wide ranges of frequencies and temperatures were investigated as a function of BaTiO3 content by impedance spectroscopy measurements. The hopping frequency, ωh, dielectric constant, ɛ', activation energies for the DC conduction, Eσ, the relaxation process, Ec, and stretched exponential parameter β of the glasses samples have been estimated. The, ωh,β, decrease from 51.63 to 0.31 × 106 (s-1), 0.84 to 0.79 with increasing BaTiO3 respectively. Otherwise, the Eσ, increase from 0.279 to 0.306 eV with increasing BaTiO3. The value of dielectric constant equal 9.5·103 for the 2.5BaTiO3/77.5V2O5/20Bi2O3 glasses-ceramic at 330 K for 1 KHz which is ten times larger than that of same glasses composition. Finally the relaxation properties of the investigated glasses are presented in the electric modulus formalism, where the relaxation time and the respective activation energy were determined.

  18. Structural, electronic and vibrational properties of LaF3 according to density functional theory and Raman spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oreshonkov, A. S.; Roginskii, E. M.; Krylov, A. S.; Ershov, A. A.; Voronov, V. N.

    2018-06-01

    Crystal structure of LaF3 single crystal is refined in tysonite-type trigonal unit cell P c1 using density functional theory calculations and Raman spectroscopy. It is shown that trigonal structure with P c1 space group is more energy-efficient than hexagonal structure with space group P63 cm. Simulated Raman spectra obtained using LDA approximation is in much better agreement with experimental data than that obtained with PBE and PBEsol functionals of GGA. The calculated frequency value of silent mode B 2 in case of hexagonal structure P63 cm was found to be imaginary (unstable mode), thus the energy surface obtains negative curvature with respect to the corresponding normal coordinates of the mode which leads to instability of the hexagonal structure in harmonic approximation. The A 1g line at 214 cm‑1 in Raman spectra of LaF3 related to the translation of F2 ions along c axis can be connected with F2 ionic conductivity.

  19. Cryo-EM reconstruction of AlfA from Bacillus subtilis reveals the structure of a simplified actin-like filament at 3.4-Å resolution.

    PubMed

    Szewczak-Harris, Andrzej; Löwe, Jan

    2018-03-27

    Low copy-number plasmid pLS32 of Bacillus subtilis subsp. natto contains a partitioning system that ensures segregation of plasmid copies during cell division. The partitioning locus comprises actin-like protein AlfA, adaptor protein AlfB, and the centromeric sequence parN Similar to the ParMRC partitioning system from Escherichia coli plasmid R1, AlfA filaments form actin-like double helical filaments that arrange into an antiparallel bipolar spindle, which attaches its growing ends to sister plasmids through interactions with AlfB and parN Because, compared with ParM and other actin-like proteins, AlfA is highly diverged in sequence, we determined the atomic structure of nonbundling AlfA filaments to 3.4-Å resolution by cryo-EM. The structure reveals how the deletion of subdomain IIB of the canonical actin fold has been accommodated by unique longitudinal and lateral contacts, while still enabling formation of left-handed, double helical, polar and staggered filaments that are architecturally similar to ParM. Through cryo-EM reconstruction of bundling AlfA filaments, we obtained a pseudoatomic model of AlfA doublets: the assembly of two filaments. The filaments are antiparallel, as required by the segregation mechanism, and exactly antiphasic with near eightfold helical symmetry, to enable efficient doublet formation. The structure of AlfA filaments and doublets shows, in atomic detail, how deletion of an entire domain of the actin fold is compensated by changes to all interfaces so that the required properties of polymerization, nucleotide hydrolysis, and antiparallel doublet formation are retained to fulfill the system's biological raison d'être.

  20. The Electrochemical Co-reduction of Mg-Al-Y Alloys in the LiCl-NaCl-MgCl2-AlF3-YCl3 Melts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Mei; Liu, Yaochen; Han, Wei; Wang, Shanshan; Zhang, Milin; Yan, Yongde; Shi, Weiqun

    2015-04-01

    The electrochemical formation of Mg-Al-Y alloys was studied in the LiCl-NaCl-MgCl2 melts by the addition of AlF3 and YCl3 on a molybdenum electrode at 973 K (700 °C). In order to reduce the volatilization of salt solvent in the electrolysis process, the volatile loss of LiCl-NaCl-MgCl2 and LiCl-KCl-MgCl2 melts was first measured in the temperature range from 873 K to 1023 K (600 °C to 750 °C). Then, the electrochemical behaviors of Mg(II), Al(III), Y(III) ions and alloy formation processes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, chronopotentiometry, and open circuit chronopotentiometry. The cyclic voltammograms indicate that the under-potential deposition of magnesium and yttrium on pre-deposited Al leads to formation of Mg-Al and Al-Y intermetallic compounds. The Mg-Al-Y alloys were prepared by galvanostatic electrolysis in the LiCl-NaCl-MgCl2-AlF3-YCl3 melts and characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectrometry. Composition of the alloys was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer, and current efficiency was also determined by the alloy composition.

  1. Thermal properties and optical transition probabilities of Tm3 + doped TeO2-WO3 glass.

    PubMed

    Cenk, S; Demirata, B; Oveçoglu, M L; Ozen, G

    2001-10-01

    Glasses with the composition of (1 - x)TeO2 + (x)WO3, where x = 0.15, 0.25 and 0.3 were prepared and, their thermal and absorption measurements were carried out. Differential thermal analysis (DTA) curves taken in the 23-600 degrees C temperature range with a heating rate of 10 degrees C/min reveal a change in the value of the glass transition temperature, Tg, while crystallization was not observed for the glasses containing a WO3 content of more than 15 mol%. All the glasses were found to be moisture-resistant. The absorption bands corresponding to the absorption of the 1G4, 3F2, 3F3 and 3F4, 3H5 and 3H4 levels from the 3H6 ground level of the Tm3+ ion were observed in the optical absorption spectra. Integrated absorption cross-sections of each band except that of 3H5 level was found to vary with the glass composition. Judd-Ofelt analysis was carried out for the samples doped with 1.0 mol% Tm2O3. The omega2 parameter shows the strongest dependence on the host composition and it increases with the increasing WO3 amount. The value of omega4 increases rather slowly while the value of omega6 is practically independent of the composition. The strong dependence of the parameter omega2 indicates that this parameter is related to the structural change and the symmetry of the local environment of the Tm3+ ions in this glass.

  2. Intense green emission from Tb3+- doped Teo2-Wo3-Geo2 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Subrahmanyam, Tallam; Gopal, Kotalo Rama; Suvarna, Reniguntla Padma; Jamalaiah, Bungala Chinna

    2018-04-01

    Tb3+ -doped oxyfluoro tellurite (TWGTb) glasses were prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. The Judd-Ofelt theory has been applied to evaluate the Ωλ (λ=2,4,6) intensity parameters. The TWGTb glasses exhibit 5D3 → 7F5-3 and 5D4 → 7F6-0 transitions when excited at 316 nm wavelength. The variation of intensity of 5D4 → 7F5 (Green) and 5D3 → 7F4 (Blue) transitions and the green to blue (IG/IB) intensity ratios were studied as a function of Tb3+ ions concentration. The laser characteristic parameters such as effective bandwidth (Δλeff), stimulated emission cross-section (σe), gain bandwidth (σe×Δλeff) and optical gain (σe×τR) were determined using the emission spectra and radiative parameters. The luminescence decay profiles exhibit single-exponential nature for all the samples. Based on the experimental results we suggest that the 1.0 mol% of Tb3+-doped TWGTb glass could be the suitable laser host materials to emit intense green luminescence at 545 nm.

  3. The cytotoxic effect of TiF4 and NaF on fibroblasts is influenced by the experimental model, fluoride concentration and exposure time

    PubMed Central

    Salomão, Priscila Maria Aranda; de Oliveira, Flávia Amadeu; Rodrigues, Paula Danielle; Al-Ahj, Luana Polioni; Gasque, Kellen Cristina da Silva; Jeggle, Pia; Buzalaf, Marilia Afonso Rabelo; de Oliveira, Rodrigo Cardoso; Edwardson, John Michael

    2017-01-01

    Objective Titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) has shown promising effect in preventing tooth lesions. Therefore, we compared the cytotoxicity of TiF4 with sodium fluoride (NaF) (already applied in Dentistry) considering different fluoride concentrations, pH values and experimental models. Materials and methods Step 1) NIH/3T3 fibroblasts were exposed to mediums containing NaF or TiF4 (from 0.15 to 2.45% F), both at native and adjusted pH, for 6 h. Step 2) NIH/3T3 were exposed to NaF or TiF4 varnishes with 0.95, 1.95 or 2.45% F (native pH), for 6, 12 or 24 h. We applied MTT (1st and 2nd steps) and Hoescht/PI stain (2nd step) assays. Step 3) NIH/3T3 were exposed to NaF or TiF4 varnish (2.45% F), at native pH, for 6 or 12 h. The cell stiffness was measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Results Step 1) All cells exposed to NaF or TiF4 mediums died, regardless of the F concentration and pH. Step 2) Both varnishes, at 1.90 and 2.45% F, reduced cell viability by similar extents (33–86% at 6 h, 35–93% at 12 h, and 87–98% at 24 h) compared with control, regardless of the type of fluoride. Varnishes with 0.95% F did not differ from control. Step 3) TiF4 and NaF reduced cell stiffness to a similar extent, but only TiF4 differed from control at 6 h. Conclusions Based on the results of the 3 experimental steps, we conclude that TiF4 and NaF have similar cytotoxicity. The cytotoxicity was dependent on F concentration and exposure time. This result gives support for testing the effect of TiF4 varnish in vivo. PMID:28614381

  4. Investigation of thermal stability and spectroscopic properties in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped TeO2-Li2O-B2O3-GeO2 glasses.

    PubMed

    Nie, Qiu-Hua; Gao, Yuan; Xu, Tie-Feng; Shen, Xiang

    2005-06-01

    The new Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 70TeO2-5Li2O-(25-x)B2O3-xGeO2 (x = 0, 5, 10, 15 fand 20 mol.%) glasses were prepared. The thermal stability, absorption spectra, emission spectra and lifetime of the 4I(13/2) level of Er3+ ions were measured and studied. The FT-IR spectra were carried out in order to investigate the structure of local arrangements in glasses. It is found that the thermal stability, absorption cross-section of Yb3+, emission intensity and lifetime of the 4I(13/2) level of Er3+ increase with increasing GeO2 content in the glass composition, while the fluorescence width at half maximum (FWHM) at 1.5 um of Er3+ is about 70 nm. The obtained data suggest that this system glass can be used as a candidate host material for potential broadband optical amplifiers.

  5. Concentration-dependent studies of Nd3+ -doped zinc phosphate glasses for NIR photoluminescence at 1.05 μm.

    PubMed

    Reddy Prasad, V; Seshadri, M; Babu, S; Ratnakaram, Y C

    2017-05-01

    Nd 3 + -doped lead-free zinc phosphate glasses with the chemical compositions (60-x) NH 4 H 2 PO 4  + 20ZnO + 10BaF 2  + 10NaF + xNd 2 O 3 (where x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 mol%) were prepared using a melt quenching technique. Vibrational bands were assigned and clearly elucidated by Raman spectral profiles for all the glass samples. Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters (Ω λ : λ = 2, 4, 6) were obtained from the spectral intensities of different absorption bands of Nd 3 + ions. Radiative properties such as radiative transition probabilities (A R ), radiative lifetimes (τ R ) and branching ratios (β R ) for different excited states were calculated using J-O parameters. The near infrared (NIR) photoluminescence spectra exhibited three emission bands ( 4 F 3 /2 level to 4 I 13 /2 , 4 I 11 /2 and 4 I 9 /2 states) for all the concentrations of Nd 3 + ions. Various luminescence properties were studied by varying the Nd 3 + concentration for the three spectral profiles. Fluorescence decay curves of the 4 F 3 /2 level were recorded. The energy transfer mechanism that leads to quenching of the 4 F 3 /2 state lifetimes was discussed at higher concentration of Nd 3 + ions. These glasses are suggested as suitable hosts to produce efficient lasing action in NIR region at 1.05 μm. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Influence of B2O3 content on sintering behaviour and dielectric properties of La2O3-B2O3-CaO/Al2O3 glass-ceramic composites for LTCC applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, F. L.; Zhang, Y. W.; Chen, X. Y.; Mao, H. J.; Zhang, W. J.

    2018-01-01

    La2O3-B2O3-CaO glasses with different B2O3 content were synthesized by melting method to produce glass/ceramic composites in this work. XRD and DSC results revealed that the diminution of B2O3 content was beneficial to increase the crystallization tendency of glass and improve the quality of crystalline phase, while decreasing the effect of glass during sintering process as sintering aids. The choice of glass/ceramic mass ratio was also influenced by the B2O3 content of glass. Dense samples sintered at 875 ºC showed good dielectric properties which meet the requirement of LTCC applications: moderate dielectric constant (7.8-9.4) and low dielectric loss (2.0×10-3).

  7. Rapid fabrication of superhydrophobic Al/Fe2O3 nanothermite film with excellent energy-release characteristics and long-term storage stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ke, Xiang; Zhou, Xiang; Hao, Gaozi; Xiao, Lei; Liu, Jie; Jiang, Wei

    2017-06-01

    One of the challenges for the application of energetic materials is their energy-retaining capabilities after long-term storage. In this study, we report a facile method to fabricate superhydrophobic Al/Fe2O3 nanothermite film by combining electrophoretic deposition and surface modification technologies. Different concentrations of dispersion solvents and additives are investigated to optimize the deposition parameters. Meanwhile, the dependence of deposition rates on nanoparticle concentrations is also studied. The surface morphology and chemical composition are characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A static contact angles as high as 156° shows the superhydrophobicity of the nanothermite film. Natural and accelerated aging tests are performed and the thermal behavior is analyzed. Thermal analysis shows that the surface modification contributes to significantly improved energy-release characteristics for both fresh and aged samples, which is supposed to be attributed to the preignition reaction between Al2O3 shell and FAS-17. Superhydrophobic Al/Fe2O3 nanothermite film exhibits excellent long-time storage stability with 83.4% of energy left in natural aging test and 60.5% in accelerated aging test. This study is instructive to the practical applications of nanothermites, especially in highly humid environment.

  8. Crystallization and photoluminescence properties of α-RE2(WO4)3 (RE: Gd, Eu) in rare-earth tungsten borate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yong; Honma, Tsuyoshi; Komatsu, Takayuki

    2013-03-01

    Glasses with the compositions of 22.5RE2O3-47.5WO3-30B2O3 (mol%) (RE: Gd, Eu) were prepared by a conventional melt quenching method, and α-Gd2(WO4)3 and α-Eu2(WO4)3 crystals were synthesized through their crystallization. The two types of WO4 tetrahedra present in α-RE2(WO4)3 provide the Raman bands at 931-934 cm-1 for WIIO4 tetrahrdra with much distortions and at 946-950 cm-1 for WIO4 tetrahedra with a near regular symmetry. The crystallized samples containing α-Eu2(WO4)3 exhibit strong red emissions under the excitation at 396 and 467 nm, although the base glass has no photoluminescence emission. α-Gd2(WO4)3 and α-Eu2(WO4)3 crystals were patterned on the glass surface by irradiations of a continuous wave Yb:YVO4 fiber laser (wavelength: 1080 nm).

  9. The Synthetic α-Bromo-2′,3,4,4′-Tetramethoxychalcone (α-Br-TMC) Inhibits the JAK/STAT Signaling Pathway

    PubMed Central

    Brueggemann, Susanne; Besl, Elisabeth; Al-Rifai, Nafisah; Petkes, Hermina; Amslinger, Sabine; Rascle, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription STAT5 and its upstream activating kinase JAK2 are essential mediators of cytokine signaling. Their activity is normally tightly regulated and transient. However, constitutive activation of STAT5 is found in numerous cancers and a driving force for malignant transformation. We describe here the identification of the synthetic chalcone α-Br-2′,3,4,4′-tetramethoxychalcone (α-Br-TMC) as a novel JAK/STAT inhibitor. Using the non-transformed IL-3-dependent B cell line Ba/F3 and its oncogenic derivative Ba/F3-1*6 expressing constitutively activated STAT5, we show that α-Br-TMC targets the JAK/STAT pathway at multiple levels, inhibiting both JAK2 and STAT5 phosphorylation. Moreover, α-Br-TMC alters the mobility of STAT5A/B proteins in SDS-PAGE, indicating a change in their post-translational modification state. These alterations correlate with a decreased association of STAT5 and RNA polymerase II with STAT5 target genes in chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Interestingly, expression of STAT5 target genes such as Cis and c-Myc was differentially regulated by α-Br-TMC in normal and cancer cells. While both genes were inhibited in IL-3-stimulated Ba/F3 cells, expression of the oncogene c-Myc was down-regulated and that of the tumor suppressor gene Cis was up-regulated in transformed Ba/F3-1*6 cells. The synthetic chalcone α-Br-TMC might therefore represent a promising novel anticancer agent for therapeutic intervention in STAT5-associated malignancies. PMID:24595334

  10. Rare-Earth Oxide Ion (Tm3+, Ho3+, and U3+) Doped Glasses and Fibres for 1.8 to 4 Micrometer Coherent and Broadband Sources

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-24

    oxide ( TeO2 ) , fluorine- containing silicate (SiOF2) and germanate (GeOF2) glass hosts for each dopant by characterising the spectroscopic properties...Earth Oxide Ion (Tm3+, Ho3+, And U3+) Doped Glasses And Fibres For 1.8 To 4 Micrometer Coherent And Broadband Sources 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 5d...Rare-earth oxide ion (Tm3+, Ho3+, and U3+) doped glasses and fibres for 1.8 to 4 micrometer coherent and broadband sources Report prepared

  11. Optical properties of Sm3+ -doped TeO2sbnd WO3sbnd GeO2 glasses for solid state lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Subrahmanyam, T.; Gopal, K. Rama; Suvarna, R. Padma; Jamalaiah, B. Chinna; Rao, Ch Srinivasa

    2018-03-01

    Sm3+ -doped oxyfluoride tellurite-tungsten (TWGSm) glasses were prepared by conventional melt quenching method. The optical properties were investigated through photoluminescence excitation, emission and luminescence decay analysis. The optical band gap energy was determined as ∼3.425 eV for 1.0 mol% of Sm3+ -doped TWGSm glass. Upon 404 nm excitation, the TWGSm glasses emit luminescence through 4G5/2 → 6H5/2 (563 nm), 4G5/2 → 6H7/2 (600 nm), 4G5/2 → 6H9/2 (645 nm) and 4G5/2 → 6H11/2 (705 nm) transitions. The Judd-Ofelt analysis was performed using absorption spectrum and obtained radiative parameters were used to estimate the laser characteristics of present glasses. The concentration of Sm3+ has been optimized as 1.0 mol% for efficient luminescence. The luminescence decay of 4G5/2 emission level was studied by monitoring the emission and excitation wavelengths at 600 and 404 nm, respectively. The experimental lifetime of 4G5/2 level was decrease with increase of Sm3+ concentration. The 1.0 mol% of Sm3+ -doped TWGSm glass could be the best choice for solid state visible lasers to emit orange luminescence.

  12. Spectroscopic properties of Eu3+/Nd3+ co-doped phosphate glasses and opaque glass-ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narro-García, R.; Desirena, H.; López-Luke, T.; Guerrero-Contreras, J.; Jayasankar, C. K.; Quintero-Torres, R.; De la Rosa, E.

    2015-08-01

    This paper reports the fabrication and characterization of Eu3+/Nd3+ co-doped phosphate (PNE) glasses and glass-ceramics as a function of Eu3+ concentration. The precursor glasses were prepared by the conventional melt quenching technique and the opaque glass-ceramics were obtained by heating the precursor glasses at 450 °C for 30 h. The structural and optical properties of the glass and glass-ceramics were analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, UV-VIS-IR absorption spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectra and lifetimes. The amorphous and crystalline structures of the precursor glass and opaque glass-ceramic were confirmed by X-ray diffraction respectively. The Raman spectra showed that the maximum phonon energy decreased from 1317 cm-1 to 1277 cm-1 with the thermal treatment. The luminescence spectra of the glass and glass-ceramic samples were studied under 396 nm and 806 nm excitation. The emission intensity of the bands observed in opaque glass-ceramic is stronger than that of the precursor glass. The luminescence spectra show strong dependence on the Eu3+ ion concentration in the Nd3+ ion photoluminescence (PL) intensity, which suggest the presence of energy transfer (ET) and cross-relaxation (CR) processes. The lifetimes of the 4F3/2 state of Nd3+ ion in Eu3+/Nd3+ co-doped phosphate glasses and glass-ceramics under 806 nm excitation were measured. It was observed that the lifetimes of the 4F3/2 level of Nd3+ of both glasses and glass-ceramics decrease with the increasing Eu3+ concentration. However in the case of opaque glass-ceramics the lifetimes decrease only 16%.

  13. Yellow to orange-reddish glass phosphors: Sm3+, Tb3+ and Sm3+/Tb3+ in zinc tellurite-germanate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarez-Ramos, M. E.; Alvarado-Rivera, J.; Zayas, Ma. E.; Caldiño, U.; Hernández-Paredes, J.

    2018-01-01

    An optical spectroscopy analysis of TeO-GeO2-ZnO glass co-activating Sm3+/Tb3+ ions was carried out through Raman, photoluminescence spectra and decay time profiles as a function of Sm3+ concentration. According to the estimated CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates, the color of the emission can be adjusted from the yellow light region (0.4883, 0.4774), towards the reddish light region (0.5194,0.4144) by increasing the Sm3+ content from 1, 3, 5% mol, co-doped with 1% mol Tb3+ under co-excitation of Sm3+ and Tb3+ at 378 nm. The color temperatures are in the range of 1379-2804 K. Such photoluminescence is generated by the 4G 5/24H 5/2, 4H 7/2, 4H9/2 emissions of Sm3+ in addition to the 5D4→7F6,5,4,3 emissions of Tb3+; the single doped Sm3+ glass displayed an intense orange light. Meanwhile, co-doped Sm3+/Tb3+ glasses excited at 378 nm showed a significant reduction in Tb3+ emission, with a simultaneous increment in the reddish-orange emission of Sm3+, due to a non-radiative resonant energy transfer from Tb3+ to Sm3+. Decay time profile analysis of the Tb3+ emission as function of Sm3+ ion content suggests that an electric dipole-dipole interaction into Tb3+-Sm3+ clusters might dominate in the energy transfer process, with an efficiency and probability of 0.22, 0.27, 0.38 and 122.8, 327.6, 522.7 s-1, respectively.

  14. Characterizing the residual glass in a MgO/Al2O3/SiO2/ZrO2/Y2O3 glass-ceramic

    PubMed Central

    Seidel, Sabrina; Patzig, Christian; Wisniewski, Wolfgang; Gawronski, Antje; Hu, Yongfeng; Höche, Thomas; Rüssel, Christian

    2016-01-01

    The non-isochemical crystallization of glasses leads to glass-ceramics in which the chemical composition of the amorphous matrix differs from that of the parent glass. It is challenging to solely analyse the properties of these residual glassy phases because they frequently contain finely dispersed crystals. In this study, the composition of the residual glass matrix after the crystallization of a glass with the mol% composition 50.6 SiO2 · 20.7 MgO · 20.7 Al2O3 · 5.6 ZrO2 · 2.4 Y2O3 is analysed by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) including energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXS). A batch of the residual glass with the determined composition is subsequently melted and selected properties are analysed. Furthermore, the crystallization behaviour of this residual glass is studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy including electron backscatter diffraction and STEM-EDXS analyses. The residual glass shows sole surface crystallization of indialite and multiple yttrium silicates while bulk nucleation does not occur. This is in contrast to the crystallization behaviour of the parent glass, in which a predominant bulk nucleation of spinel and ZrO2 is observed. The crystallization of the residual glass probably leads to different crystalline phases when it is in contact to air, rather than when it is enclosed within the microstructure of the parent glass-ceramics. PMID:27734918

  15. Fluorescence properties of Nd3+-doped tellurite glasses.

    PubMed

    Kumar, K Upendra; Prathyusha, V A; Babu, P; Jayasankar, C K; Joshi, A S; Speghini, A; Bettinelli, M

    2007-07-01

    The compositional and concentration dependence of luminescence of the (4)F(3/2)-->(4)I(J) (J=13/2, 11/2 and 9/2) transitions in four Nd(3+)-doped tellurite based glasses has been studied. The free-ion energy levels obtained for 60TeO(2)+39ZnO(2)+1.0Nd(2)O(3) (TZN10) glass have been analysed using the free-ion Hamiltonian model and compared with similar results obtained for Nd(3+):glass systems. The absorption spectrum of TZN10 glass has been analysed using the Judd-Ofelt theory. Relatively longer decay rates have been obtained for Nd(3+)-doped phosphotellurite glasses. The emission characteristics of the (4)F(3/2)-->(4)I(11/2) transition, of the Nd(3+):TZN10 glass, are found to be comparable to those obtained for Nd(3+):phosphate laser glasses. The non-exponential shape of the emission decay curves for the (4)F(3/2)-->(4)I(11/2) transition is attributed to the presence of energy transfer processes between the Nd(3+) ions.

  16. Optical transitions of Er3+/Yb3+ codoped TeO2-WO3-Bi2O3 glass.

    PubMed

    Shen, Xiang; Nie, Qiuhua; Xu, Tiefeng; Gao, Yuan

    2005-10-01

    Optical absorption and emission properties of the Er3+/Yb3+ codoped TeO2-WO3-Bi2O3 (TWB) glass has been investigated. The transition probabilities, excited state lifetimes, and the branching ratios have been predicted for Er3+ based on the Judd-Ofelt theory. The broad 1.5 microm fluorescence was observed under 970 nm excitation, and its full width at half maximum (FWHM) is 77 nm. The emission cross-section is calculated using the McCumber theory, and the peak emission cross-section is 1.03 x 10(-21) cm2 at 1.531 microm. This value is much larger than those of the silicate and phosphate glasses. Efficient green and weak red upconversion luminescence from Er3+ centers in the glass sample was observed at room temperature, and the upconversion excitation processes have been analyzed.

  17. Effect of NaF, SnF(2), and TiF(4) Toothpastes on Bovine Enamel and Dentin Erosion-Abrasion In Vitro.

    PubMed

    Comar, Lívia Picchi; Gomes, Marina Franciscon; Ito, Naiana; Salomão, Priscila Aranda; Grizzo, Larissa Tercília; Magalhães, Ana Carolina

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effect of toothpastes containing TiF(4), NaF, and SnF(2) on tooth erosion-abrasion. Bovine enamel and dentin specimens were distributed into 10 groups (n = 12): experimental placebo toothpaste (no F); NaF (1450 ppm F); TiF(4) (1450 ppm F); SnF(2) (1450 ppm F); SnF(2) (1100 ppm F) + NaF (350 ppm F); TiF(4) (1100 ppm F) + NaF (350 ppm F); commercial toothpaste Pro-Health (SnF(2)-1100 ppm F + NaF-350 ppm F, Oral B); commercial toothpaste Crest (NaF-1.500 ppm F, Procter & Gamble); abrasion without toothpaste and only erosion. The erosion was performed 4 × 90 s/day (Sprite Zero). The toothpastes' slurries were applied and the specimens abraded using an electric toothbrush 2 × 15 s/day. Between the erosive and abrasive challenges, the specimens remained in artificial saliva. After 7 days, the tooth wear was evaluated using contact profilometry (μm). The experimental toothpastes with NaF, TiF(4), SnF(2), and Pro-Health showed a significant reduction in enamel wear (between 42% and 54%). Pro-Health also significantly reduced the dentin wear. The toothpastes with SnF(2)/NaF and TiF(4)/NaF showed the best results in the reduction of enamel wear (62-70%) as well as TiF(4), SnF(2), SnF(2)/NaF, and TiF(4)/NaF for dentin wear (64-79%) (P < 0.05). Therefore, the experimental toothpastes containing both conventional and metal fluoride seem to be promising in reducing tooth wear.

  18. Effect of B2O3 on luminescence of erbium doped tellurite glasses.

    PubMed

    Shen, Xiang; Nie, Qiuhua; Xu, Tiefeng; Dai, Shixun; Wang, Xunsi

    2007-02-01

    The B2O3 was introduced into the Er3+ doped TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass to increase the phonon energy of the host. The effect of B2O3 on the non-radiative rate of the 4I11/2-->4I13/2 transition of Er3+, the lifetime of the 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels, the green and red upconversion emissions intensity, and the 4I13/2-->4I15/2 emission intensity was discussed. The results show that the phonon energy of boro-tellurite glass is close to that of germanate glass and is quite smaller than that of borate glass. The lifetime of 4I11/2 level and the upconversion emissions decrease with increasing B2O3 concentration. The higher OH group concentration presented in the boro-tellurite glass may shorten the lifetime of 4I13/2 level and also reduce the quantum efficiency of 4I13/2-->4I15/2 emission. The future dehydrating procedures are suggested to enhance the efficiency of amplification at 1.5 microm band.

  19. Some Aspects of the Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Determination of Fluorine Content in Various Matrices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boča, M.; Gurišová, V.; Šimko, F.

    2017-05-01

    X-ray fluorescent signals of F Kα, Na Kα, Cl Kα, K Kα, and Ta Lα were measured by WD-XRF for various fluorine-containing systems: K2TaF7, Na3AlF6, K2ZrF6, NaF, and LiF (with NaCl and wax as additional additives). The data were recorded for 41 samples (in the form of pellets prepared in the laboratory) by more than 200 scans. The analysis of the measured fluorine X-ray fluorescence intensities demonstrated that the balance between absorption and enhancement effects depends strongly on the presence and concentration of other elements in the system. The experimental intensities of X-ray fluorescent radiation of fluorine for different systems with comparable fluorine content could differ by as much as 500%.

  20. Spectral properties of Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tungsten-tellurite glasses.

    PubMed

    Shen, Xiang; Nie, QiuHua; Xu, TieFeng; Gao, Yuan

    2005-07-01

    The spectral properties of Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tungsten-tellurite (WT) glasses have been investigated. The measured absorption spectra are analyzed by Judd-Ofelt theory. The compositional change of intensity parameter omega2 is attributed to the change in the covalency between the Er3+ and oxygen ions, the asymmetry in the local structures around the Er3+ ions can be neglected. The lifetimes of 4I(13/2) level of Er3+ in WT glasses are measured and comparable with other TeO2-based glasses. The stimulated emission cross-section is calculated based on McCumber theory. The fluorescence full width at half maximum (FWHM) and the emission cross-section (sigma(peak)) of the 4I(13/2) --> 4I(15/2) transition of Er3+ in different glass hosts have been compared. The suitability of such WT glasses as host materials for 1.5 microm broadband amplification is discussed.

  1. Tunable color emission via energy transfer in co-doped Ce3+/Dy3+: Li2O-LiF-B2O3-ZnO glasses for photonic applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vijayalakshmi, L.; Naveen Kumar, K.; Srinivasa Rao, K.; Hwang, Pyung

    2017-10-01

    A set of co-doped (Ce3+/Dy3+): LBZ glasses were prepared by standard melt quenching technique. The pertinent absorption bands were observed in the optical absorption spectrum of co-doped Ce3+/Dy3+: LBZ glasses. We have been observed a prominent blue and yellow emission pertaining to Dy3+ ions at 0.5 mol % under the excitation of 385 nm doped glasses. However, the photoluminescence intensities were remarkably enhanced by co-doping with Ce3+ ions to Dy3+: LBZ glasses due to energy transfer from Ce3+ to Dy3+. The emission spectra of co-doped (Ce3+/Dy3+): LBZ glass exhibits three strong emissions at 440 nm, 480 nm and 574 nm which are assigned with corresponding electronic transitions of 4I15/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 respectively. The Commission International de E'clairage coordinates were calculated from their emission spectra of single doped Dy3+ and co-doped (Ce3+/Dy3+): LBZ glasses. The obtained CIE chromaticity coordinates for optimized co-doped glass are found to be very close to the standard white region. Based on the concentration of Ce3+, the emitting color of the co-doped glass can be changed from blue to white color. The transformation of the color from blue to white region due to energy transfer from Ce3+ to Dy3+. The energy transfer mechanism was substantiated by various fluorescence dynamics such as overlapped spectral profiles, photoluminescence, lifetime decay and CIE color coordinate analysis. These results could be suggested that the obtained co-doped (Ce3+/Dy3+): LBZ glasses are promising candidates for commercial white light applications.

  2. The role of AlF3 coatings in improving electrochemical cycling of Li-enriched nickel-manganese oxide electrodes for Li-ion batteries.

    PubMed

    Sun, Yang-Kook; Lee, Min-Joon; Yoon, Chong S; Hassoun, Jusef; Amine, Khalil; Scrosati, Bruno

    2012-03-02

    A Li[Li(0.19)Ni(0.16)Co(0.08)Mn(0.57)]O(2) cathode was coated with AlF(3) on the surface. The AlF(3)-coating enhanced the overall electrochemical characteristics of the electrode while overcoming the typical shortcomings of lithium-enriched cathodes. This improvement was attributed to the transformation of the initial electrode layer to a spinel phase, induced by the Li chemical leaching effect of the AlF(3) coating layer. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. Crack-resistant Al2O3-SiO2 glasses.

    PubMed

    Rosales-Sosa, Gustavo A; Masuno, Atsunobu; Higo, Yuji; Inoue, Hiroyuki

    2016-04-07

    Obtaining "hard" and "crack-resistant" glasses have always been of great important in glass science and glass technology. However, in most commercial glasses both properties are not compatible. In this work, colorless and transparent xAl2O3-(100-x)SiO2 glasses (30 ≤ x ≤ 60) were fabricated by the aerodynamic levitation technique. The elastic moduli and Vickers hardness monotonically increased with an increase in the atomic packing density as the Al2O3 content increased. Although a higher atomic packing density generally enhances crack formation in conventional oxide glasses, the indentation cracking resistance increased by approximately seven times with an increase in atomic packing density in binary Al2O3-SiO2 glasses. In particular, the composition of 60Al2O3 • 40SiO2 glass, which is identical to that of mullite, has extraordinary high cracking resistance with high elastic moduli and Vickers hardness. The results indicate that there exist aluminosilicate compositions that can produce hard and damage-tolerant glasses.

  4. Crack-resistant Al2O3-SiO2 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosales-Sosa, Gustavo A.; Masuno, Atsunobu; Higo, Yuji; Inoue, Hiroyuki

    2016-04-01

    Obtaining “hard” and “crack-resistant” glasses have always been of great important in glass science and glass technology. However, in most commercial glasses both properties are not compatible. In this work, colorless and transparent xAl2O3-(100-x)SiO2 glasses (30 ≤ x ≤ 60) were fabricated by the aerodynamic levitation technique. The elastic moduli and Vickers hardness monotonically increased with an increase in the atomic packing density as the Al2O3 content increased. Although a higher atomic packing density generally enhances crack formation in conventional oxide glasses, the indentation cracking resistance increased by approximately seven times with an increase in atomic packing density in binary Al2O3-SiO2 glasses. In particular, the composition of 60Al2O3•40SiO2 glass, which is identical to that of mullite, has extraordinary high cracking resistance with high elastic moduli and Vickers hardness. The results indicate that there exist aluminosilicate compositions that can produce hard and damage-tolerant glasses.

  5. Structural studies of Bi 2 O 3 -Nb 2 O 5 -TeO 2 glasses

    DOE PAGES

    Wilding, Martin C.; Delaizir, Gaelle; Benmore, Chris J.; ...

    2016-07-25

    Bi 2O 3-Nb 2O 5-TeO 2 glasses show unusual annealing behavior with appearance of spherulites within the matrix glass structure for the Bi 0.5Nb 0.5Te 3O 8 composition. The textures resemble those found previously among polyamorphic Al 2O 3-Y 2O 3 glasses containing metastably co-existing high- and low-density phases produced during quenching. However the spherulites produced within the Bi 2O 3-Nb 2O 5-TeO 2 glass are crystalline and can be identified as an “anti-glass” phase related to β-Bi 2Te 4O 11. Here, we used high energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction data to study structures of binary and ternary glasses quenched frommore » liquids within the Bi 2O 3-Nb 2O 5-TeO 2 system. These reveal a glassy network based on interconnected TeO 4 and TeO 3 units that is related to TeO 2 crystalline materials but with larger Te…Te separations due to the presence of TeO 3 groups and non-bridging oxygens linked to modifier (Bi 3 +, Nb 5 +) cations. Analysis of the viscosity-temperature relations indicates that the glass-forming liquids are “fragile” and there is no evidence for a LLPT occurring in the supercooled liquid. The glasses obtained by quenching likely correspond to a high-density amorphous (HDA) state. Subsequent annealing above T g shows mainly evidence for direct crystallization of the “anti-glass” tellurite phase. But, some evidence may exist for simultaneous formation of nanoscale amorphous spherulites that could correspond to the LDA polyamorph. The quenching and annealing behavior of Bi 2O 3-Nb 2O 5-TeO 2 supercooled liquids and glasses is compared with similar materials in the Al 2O 3-Y 2O 3 system.« less

  6. Effect of concentration variation on 2.0 µm emission of Ho3+-doped SiO2-Al2O3-Na2CO3-SrF2-CaF2 oxyfluorosilicate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gelija, Devarajulu; Borelli, Deva Prasad Raju

    2018-02-01

    The concentration variation of Ho3+ ion-doped SiO2-Al2O3-Na2CO3-SrF2-CaF2 glasses has been prepared by conventional melt quenching method. The thermal stability of 1 mol % of Ho3+-doped oxyfluorosilicate glass has been calculated using the differential thermal analysis (DTA) spectra. The phenomenological Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ ( λ = 2, 4 and 6) were calculated for all concentrations of Ho3+ ions. The luminescence spectra in visible region of Ho3+ ion-doped glasses were recorded under the excitation wavelength of 452 nm. The spectra consists of several intense emission bands (5F4, 5S2) → 5I8 (547 nm), 5F3 → 5I8 (647 nm), 5F5 → 5I7 (660 nm) and (5F4, 5S2) → 5I7 (750 nm) in the range 500-780 nm. The fluorescence emission at ˜2.0 µm (5I7 → 5I8) was observed under the excitation of 488 nm Ar-ion laser. The stimulated emission cross section for 5I7 → 5I8 transition (˜2.0 µm) varies from 8.46 to 9.52 × 10-21 cm2, as calculated by the Fuchtbauer-Ladenburg (FL) theory. However, Mc-Cumber theory was used to calculate emission cross section values about 4.24-5.75 × 10-21 cm2 for the 5I7 → 5I8 transition in all concentrations of Ho3+-doped oxyfluorosilicate glasses. Therefore, these results reveal that the 0.5 mol % of Ho3+-doped oxyfluorosilicate glasses, exhibiting higher emission cross section, has potentially been used for laser applications at ˜ 2.0 µm.

  7. Mid-infrared Fe2+:ZnSe semiconductor saturable absorber mirror for passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ning, Shougui; Feng, Guoying; Dai, Shenyu; Zhang, Hong; Zhang, Wei; Deng, Lijuan; Zhou, Shouhuan

    2018-02-01

    A mid-infrared (mid-IR) semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) based on Fe2+:ZnSe for passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser has been demonstrated. Fe2+:ZnSe SESAM was fabricated by electron beam evaporation method. Fe2+ was innovatively doped into the reflective Bragg stack, in which ZnSe layer served as both doped matrix and high refractive layer during the fabricating process. By using the Fe2+:ZnSe SESAM, stable passively Q-switched pulses with the minimum pulse width of 0.43 μs under a repetition rate of 160.82 kHz were obtained. The recorded maximum average output power of 873 mW with a peak power of 12.59 W and pulse energy of 5.43 μJ were achieved. The results demonstrated a new method for fabricating Fe2+:ZnSe SESAM, which can be used in compact mid-IR Q-switched fiber laser.

  8. Scintillation and optical properties of TiO2-ZnO-Al2O3-B2O3 glasses and glass-ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Usui, Yuki; Okada, Go; Kawaguchi, Noriaki; Masai, Hirokazu; Yanagida, Takayuki

    2018-04-01

    13TiO2-xZnO-17Al2O3-(70 - x)B2O3 (x = 17, 26, and 35) glasses were prepared by a melt-quenching method, and the obtained glass samples were heated at temperatures 30 °C above the glass transition temperature of corresponding glass in order to obtain glass-ceramics. The obtained glass-ceramic samples were confirmed to have anatase (x = 17) and rutile (x = 26 and 35) phases from X-ray diffraction analysis. Then, the scintillation and optical properties were evaluated and discussed the difference between the glass-ceramic and glass samples. In the scintillation spectra under X-ray irradiation, a broad emission peak was observed around 450 nm in all the samples, and the new peak around 500 nm appeared in the anatase-precipitated glass-ceramic. The intensities of the glass-ceramic samples were enhanced in comparison with the corresponding glasses because the glass-ceramics includes TiO2 crystallites with defect centers which act as effective emission centers. The scintillation decay curves of the glass and glass-ceramic samples were approximated by one and a sum of two exponential decay functions, respectively. The faster component of glass and glass-ceramic samples would be caused by the host emission, and the slower component of glass-ceramic sample would be ascribed to the emission of Ti3+.

  9. Spectral-luminescent and laser properties of the (Y1-x,Ybx)2O3-Al2O3-B2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malashkevich, G. E.; Kouhar, V. V.; Pestryakov, E. V.; Sigaev, V. N.; Golubev, N. V.; Ziyatdinova, M. Z.; Sukhodola, A. A.

    2018-02-01

    Yttrium-alumina-borate glasses activated by the Yb3+ ions with compositions close to the huntite-like (Y1-xLnx)Al3(BO3)4 crystals have been synthesized by conventional melt-quenching technique in a platinum crucible, and their spectral-luminescent and laser properties have been investigated. It is established that this activator forms in the given glass one type of optical centers having the radiation decay time of 870 ± 40 μs. The limiting quantum yield of its luminescence in the case of complete dehydration of the glass will amount to ≈94%. The main laser parameters have been calculated and the nonlinearity of the refractive index and the threshold of laser-induced destruction of the glass surface have been determined. The lasing has been obtained on the glass plate of 2.1 mm thickness with a threshold of ≈60 W/mm2 estimated by specific absorbed power.

  10. Optical spectroscopy of Sm(3+) doped Na2O-ZnO-La2O3-TeO2 glasses.

    PubMed

    Sobczyk, Marcin

    2015-10-05

    Telluride glasses with the composition xSm2O3-(7-x)La2O3-3Na2O-25ZnO-65TeO2 (where x=0.1, 1, 2, 5 and 7 mol%) were obtained by the melt quenching technique. Electronic absorption and fluorescence spectra as well as fluorescence dynamics of the Sm(3+)-doped title glasses are presented and analysed in detail. A Judd-Ofelt intensity analysis of the absorption spectrum at 300 K has been applied for determination of Ωλ parameters (Ω2=3.10, Ω4=3.80, Ω6=1.61×10(-20) cm(2)) which in turn have been used for calculations of the radiative transition probabilities (AT), the natural (radiative) lifetimes (τR) of the (4)G5/2 level of Sm(3+), the fluorescence branching ratios (β) and the emission cross-sections (σem). The τR value of the (4)G5/2 level amount to 1546 μs and is slightly higher than the measured decay time of 1306 μs. With the increasing of Sm2O3 concentration from 0.1 to 7.0 mol% the experimental lifetime of the fluorescent level decreases from 1306 to 41 μs. An analysis of the non-radiative decay was based on the cross-relaxation mechanisms. The optical achieved results indicate that the investigated glasses are potentially applicable as an orange and/or red laser host. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Sensitizing effect of Ho3+ on the Er3+: 2.7 μm-emission in fluoride glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Feifei; Li, Xia; Liu, Xueqiang; Zhang, Junjie; Hu, Lili; Chen, Danping

    2014-03-01

    The fluorescence properties of 2.7 μm emission and energy transfer mechanism of Ho3+/Er3+ co-doped fluoride glass (ZBYA) have been investigated in the present paper. Ho3+ strengthens the Er3+: 2.7 μm emission in the ZBYA glasses due to the energy transfer from Er3+ to Ho3+, while the 1.5 μm emission decreases dramatically. The optimized concentration ratio of Er3+ to Ho3+ is found to be 1:1 in our glass system. The absorption and emission spectra are tested and the sample possesses large emission cross section (16.5 × 10-21 cm2) around 2.7 μm along with larger radiative transition probability (25.11 S-1) on the basis of Judd-Ofelt and Fuchtbauer-Ladenburg theories. Additionally, the energy transfer microparameters are calculated using Förster-Dexter theory and the result shows the energy transfer coefficient of Er3+:4I13/2 → Ho3+:5I7 is 24 times larger than that of Er3+:4I11/2 → Ho3+:5I6. Our results show that Er3+: 2.7 μm emission can be sensitized by Ho3+ efficiently, and this Er3+/Ho3+-codoped fluoride glasses might have potential application in mid-infrared lasers.

  12. Sensitized luminescence from water-soluble LaF3:Eu nanocrystals via partially-capped 1,10-phenanthroline: time-gated emission and multiple lifetimes.

    PubMed

    Irfanullah, Mir; Bhardwaj, Navneet; Chowdhury, Arindam

    2016-08-02

    Water dispersible citrate-capped LaF3:Eu(5%) nanocrystals (NCs) have been partially surface-functionalized by 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) via a ligand exchange method to produce novel water dispersed citrate/phen-capped LaF3:Eu(5%) NCs in which citrate ligands preserve the water dispersibility of the NCs and phen ligands act as sensitizers of surface Eu(3+)-dopant sites. The partial ligand exchange and the formation of water dispersed NCs have been monitored by (1)H NMR spectroscopy, as well as luminescence measurements at different time intervals during the reaction. These NCs display a distinct phen-sensitized Eu(3+)-emission profile with enhanced intensity in water as compared to the emission profile and intensity obtained upon direct excitation. Time-resolved (or time-gated) emission spectroscopy (TRES) has been used to probe PL dynamics of Eu(3+)-sites of LaF3:Eu(5%) NCs by taking advantage of selectively sensitizing surface Eu(3+)-dopant sites by phen ligands as well as by exciting all the Eu(3+)-sites in the NCs upon direct excitation. TRES upon direct excitation of the citrate-capped LaF3:Eu(5%) NCs reveals that Eu(3+)-dopants occupy at least three different sites, each with a different emission profile and lifetime, and emission from purely interior Eu(3+)-sites has been resolved due to their long lifetime as compared to the lifetime of purely surface and near surface Eu(3+)-sites. In contrast, the phen-sensitized emission from citrate/phen-capped LaF3:Eu(5%) NCs displays similar emission profiles and lifetimes in TRES measurements, which reveal that phen truly sensitizes purely surface dopant sites of the NCs in water, all of which have nearly the same local environment. The phen-sensitized Eu(3+)-emission of the NCs in water remains stable even upon addition of various buffer solutions at physiological pH, as well as upon addition of water-miscible organic solvents. Furthermore, the two-photon excitation (λex. = 720 nm) of these water-soluble phen

  13. Transmittance of optical materials from 0.17 micro to 3.0 micro.

    PubMed

    McCarthy, D E

    1967-11-01

    The transmittance of thirty-one optical materials is given from 0.17, micro to 3.0 micro. Included are NaCl, KBr, CsBr, CsI, CaF(2), BaF(2), NaF, TlBr, TICL, KRS-5, KRS-6, T-12, KC, CuC, T O(2), ADP, KDP, SrTiO(3), GaP, CaCO(3), CdSe, As(2)S(3), ruby, Al(2)O(3), Irtran 1-6, and quartz. All are synthetic with the exception of CaCO(3). In many cases, the short wavelength cutoff of the synthetic materials is less than that which has been reported for naturally occurring materials.

  14. MAS-NMR studies of lithium aluminum silicate (LAS) glasses and glass-ceramics having different Li 2O/Al 2O 3 ratio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ananthanarayanan, A.; Kothiyal, G. P.; Montagne, L.; Revel, B.

    2010-01-01

    Emergence of phases in lithium aluminum silicate (LAS) glasses of composition (wt%) xLi 2O-71.7SiO 2-(17.7- x)Al 2O 3-4.9K 2O-3.2B 2O 3-2.5P 2O 5 (5.1≤ x≤12.6) upon heat treatment were studied. 29Si, 27Al, 31P and 11B MAS-NMR were employed for structural characterization of both LAS glasses and glass-ceramics. In glass samples, Al is found in tetrahedral coordination, while P exists mainly in the form of orthophosphate units. B exists as BO 3 and BO 4 units. 27Al NMR spectra show no change with crystallization, ruling out the presence of any Al containing phase. Contrary to X-ray diffraction studies carried out, 11B (high field 18.8 T) and 29Si NMR spectra clearly indicate the unexpected crystallization of a borosilicate phase (Li,K)BSi 2O 6, whose structure is similar to the aluminosilicate virgilite. Also, lithium disilicate (Li 2Si 2O 5), lithium metasilicate (Li 2SiO 3) and quartz (SiO 2) were identified in the 29Si NMR spectra of the glass-ceramics. 31P NMR spectra of the glass-ceramics revealed the presence of Li 3PO 4 and a mixed phase (Li,K) 3PO 4 at low alkali concentrations.

  15. Effect of Ga2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped boro-bismuth glasses.

    PubMed

    Ling, Zhou; Ya-Xun, Zhou; Shi-Xun, Dai; Tie-Feng, Xu; Qiu-Hua, Nie; Xiang, Shen

    2007-11-01

    The spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Er3+-doped Bi2O3-B2O3-Ga2O3 glasses are investigated experimentally. The effect of Ga2O3 content on absorption spectra, the Judd-Ofelt parameters Omega t (t=2, 4, 6), fluorescence spectra and the lifetimes of Er3+:4I 13/2 level are also investigated, and the stimulated emission cross-section is calculated from McCumber theory. With the increasing of Ga2O3 content in the glass composition, the Omega t (t=2, 4, 6) parameters, fluorescence full width at half maximum (FWHM) and the 4I 13/2 lifetimes of Er3+ first increase, reach its maximum at Ga2O3=8 mol.%, and then decrease. The results show that Er3+-doped 50Bi2O3-42B2O3-8Ga2O3 glass has the broadest FWHM (81nm) and large stimulated emission cross-section (1.03 x1 0(-20)cm2) in these glass samples. Compared with other glass hosts, the gain bandwidth properties of Er+3-doped Bi2O3-B2O3-Ga2O3 glass is better than tellurite, silicate, phosphate and germante glasses. In addition, the lifetime of 4I 13/2 level of Er(3+) in bismuth-based glass, compared with those in other glasses, is relative low due to the high-phonon energy of the B-O bond, the large refractive index of the host and the existence of OH* in the glass. At the same time, the glass thermal stability is improved in which the substitution of Ga2O3 for B2O3 strengthens the network structure. The suitability of bismuth-based glass as a host for a Er3+-doped broadband amplifier and its advantages over other glass hosts are also discussed.

  16. Intense 2.7 μm mid-infrared emission of Er{sup 3+} in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF{sub 4} nanocrystals

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Liu, Yin; Liu, Xueyun; Wang, Weichao

    2016-04-15

    Highlights: • Transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics containing NaYF{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+} nanocrystals have been prepared. • Intense 2.7 μm emission of the glass-ceramics has been demonstrated. • Prolonged decay lifetimes of Er{sup 3+}:{sup 4}I{sub 11/2} and {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} levels have been achieved. - Abstract: Transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing NaYF{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+} nanocrystals have been prepared by melt quenching and subsequent thermal treatment. X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy analysis confirmed the precipitation of NaYF{sub 4} nanocrystals in glass. Energy dispersive spectrometer results evidenced the preferential concentration of Er{sup 3+} ions in nanocrystals. Mid-infrared, upconversion, and near-infrared emissions were measuredmore » upon excitation with 980 nm laser diode and the luminescence mechanisms were discussed. Intense 2.7 μm emission originating from the Er{sup 3+}:{sup 4}I{sub 11/2} → {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} transition was achieved due to the incorporation of Er{sup 3+} ions into the precipitated low phonon energy fluoride nanocrystals. The results indicate that oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing NaYF{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+} nanocrystals is a promising candidate material for 2.7 μm laser.« less

  17. Upconversion fluorescence tyrosine doped LaF3:Dy quantum dots useful in biolabeling and biotagging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Amit T.; Khandpekar, M. M.

    2018-04-01

    Water soluble hexahedral colloidal quantum dots (QDOTs) of Tyrosine doped LaF3:Dy have been synthesized by wet chemical route. The nanoparticles have been irradiated by microwave during synthesis for drying and also to reduce agglomeration. The coating of the LaF3:Dy nanoparticles by the amino acid tyrosine results in colloidal quantum dots. XRD studies indicates hexagonal lattice and confirms JCPDS data. The average particle size obtained by XRD and SEM are 22.89nm and 25.5nm respectively. The average sizes of nanorods obtained from TEM are 55 nm. The presence of elements has been verified with EDAX and ICP-AES technique. The SAED pattern of the samples shows sharp concentric rings indicating the crystalline nature of the synthesized nanoparticles. The FTIR spectra have been used to study the surface modification of the nanoparticles. The optical studies have been done using UV-visible and PL spectra. The PL spectra showed upconversion nature of the synthesized nanoparticles with sharp emission at 618 nm. The nanoparticles synthesized have potential application as biomaterials in bio imaging and biotagging.

  18. Crack-resistant Al2O3–SiO2 glasses

    PubMed Central

    Rosales-Sosa, Gustavo A.; Masuno, Atsunobu; Higo, Yuji; Inoue, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    Obtaining “hard” and “crack-resistant” glasses have always been of great important in glass science and glass technology. However, in most commercial glasses both properties are not compatible. In this work, colorless and transparent xAl2O3–(100–x)SiO2 glasses (30 ≤ x ≤ 60) were fabricated by the aerodynamic levitation technique. The elastic moduli and Vickers hardness monotonically increased with an increase in the atomic packing density as the Al2O3 content increased. Although a higher atomic packing density generally enhances crack formation in conventional oxide glasses, the indentation cracking resistance increased by approximately seven times with an increase in atomic packing density in binary Al2O3–SiO2 glasses. In particular, the composition of 60Al2O3•40SiO2 glass, which is identical to that of mullite, has extraordinary high cracking resistance with high elastic moduli and Vickers hardness. The results indicate that there exist aluminosilicate compositions that can produce hard and damage-tolerant glasses. PMID:27053006

  19. Spectroscopic and energy transfer studies of Er3+ ions in B2O3-TeO2-MgO-ZnO glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vijayakumar, M.; Arunkumar, S.; Maheshvaran, K.; Marimuthu, K.

    2016-05-01

    Composition dependent spectroscopic behavior of Er3+ doped telluroborate glasses were prepared and the energy transfer mechanism in Er3+ ions were investigated for 1.532 µm amplification. The emission cross-section and gain coefficient for 4I13/24I15/2 level of Er3+ ions have been analysed through the Judd-Ofelt and McCumber theory. The excited state decay curves were measured and the effect of TeO2 on the lifetime for 4I13/24I15/2 level of Er3+ ions has been associated with the various energy transfer mechanism. Further the interaction between Er3+ and OH- were investigated and it was confirmed that the OH free radicals in the prepared glasses are dominant quenching center through the non-radiative relaxation that causes the quenching of 1.532 µm amplification. The non-radiative rate through the OH content were calculated and compared with the reported Er3+ doped glasses.

  20. Enhanced frequency upconversion study in Er3+/Yb3+ doped/codoped TWTi glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azam, Mohd; Rai, Vineet Kumar

    2018-04-01

    Er3+/Yb3+ doped/codoped TeO2-WO3-TiO2 (TWTi) glasses have been prepared by using the melt-quenching technique. The upconversion (UC) emission spectra of the developed glasses have been recorded upon 980 nm laser excitation. Three intense UC emission bands have been observed within the green and red region centered at ˜532 nm, ˜553 nm and ˜669 nm corresponding to the 2H11/24I15/2, 4S3/24I15/2 and 4F9/24I15/2 transitions respectively in the singly Er3+ doped glass. On introducing Yb3+ ions in the singly Er3+ doped glass, an enhancement of about ˜ 12 times and ˜50 times in the green and red bands respectively have been observed even at low pump power ˜ 364 mW followed by two photon absorption process. Colour tunability from yellowish green to pure green colour region has been observed on varying the pump power. The prepared glass can be used to produce NIR to green upconverter and colour tunable display devices.

  1. Ultraviolet optical and microstructural properties of MgF2 and LaF3 coatings deposited by ion-beam sputtering and boat and electron-beam evaporation.

    PubMed

    Ristau, Detlev; Günster, Stefan; Bosch, Salvador; Duparré, Angela; Masetti, Enrico; Ferré-Borrull, Josep; Kiriakidis, George; Peiró, Francesca; Quesnel, Etienne; Tikhonravov, Alexander

    2002-06-01

    Single layers of MgF2 and LaF3 were deposited upon superpolished fused-silica and CaF2 substrates by ion-beam sputtering (IBS) as well as by boat and electron beam (e-beam) evaporation and were characterized by a variety of complementary analytical techniques. Besides undergoing photometric and ellipsometric inspection, the samples were investigated at 193 and 633 nm by an optical scatter measurement facility. The structural properties were assessed with atomic-force microscopy, x-ray diffraction, TEM techniques that involved conventional thinning methods for the layers. For measurement of mechanical stress in the coatings, special silicon substrates were coated and analyzed. The dispersion behavior of both deposition materials, which was determined on the basis of various independent photometric measurements and data reduction techniques, is in good agreement with that published in the literature and with the bulk properties of the materials. The refractive indices of the MgF2 coatings ranged from 1.415 to 1.440 for the wavelength of the ArF excimer laser (193 nm) and from 1.435 to 1.465 for the wavelength of the F2 excimer laser (157 nm). For single layers of LaF3 the refractive indices extended from 1.67 to 1.70 at 193 nm to approximately 1.80 at 157 nm. The IBS process achieves the best homogeneity and the lowest surface roughness values (close to 1 nm(rms)) of the processes compared in the joint experiment. In contrast to MgF2 boat and e-beam evaporated coatings, which exhibit tensile mechanical stress ranging from 300 to 400 MPa, IBS coatings exhibit high compressive stress of as much as 910 MPa. A similar tendency was found for coating stress in LaF3 single layers. Experimental results are discussed with respect to the microstructural and compositional properties as well as to the surface topography of the coatings.

  2. Ultraviolet optical and microstructural properties of MgF2 and LaF3 coatings deposited by ion-beam sputtering and boat and electron-beam evaporation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ristau, Detlev; Gunster, Stefan; Bosch, Salvador; Duparre, Angela; Masetti, Enrico; Ferre-Borrull, Josep; Kiriakidis, George; Peiro, Francesca; Quesnel, Etienne; Tikhonravov, Alexander

    2002-06-01

    Single layers of MgF2 and LaF3 were deposited upon superpolished fused-silica and CaF2 substrates by ion-beam sputtering (IBS) as well as by boat and electron beam (e-beam) evaporation and were characterized by a variety of complementary analytical techniques. Besides undergoing photometric and ellipsometric inspection, the samples were investigated at 193 and 633 nm by an optical scatter measurement facility. The structural properties were assessed with atomic-force microscopy, x-ray diffraction, TEM techniques that involved conventional thinning methods for the layers. For measurement of mechanical stress in the coatings, special silicon substrates were coated and analyzed. The dispersion behavior of both deposition materials, which was determined on the basis of various independent photometric measurements and data reduction techniques, is in good agreement with that published in the literature and with the bulk properties of the materials. The refractive indices of the MgF2 coatings ranged from 1.415 to 1.440 for the wavelength of the ArF excimer laser (193 nm) and from 1.435 to 1.465 for the wavelength of the F2 excimer laser (157 nm). For single layers of LaF3 the refractive indices extended from 1.67 to 1.70 at 193 nm to approx1.80 at 157 nm. The IBS process achieves the best homogeneity and the lowest surface roughness values (close to 1 nmrms) of the processes compared in the joint experiment. In contrast to MgF2 boat and e-beam evaporated coatings, which exhibit tensile mechanical stress ranging from 300 to 400 MPa, IBS coatings exhibit high compressive stress of as much as 910 MPa. A similar tendency was found for coating stress in LaF3 single layers. Experimental results are discussed with respect to the microstructural and compositional properties as well as to the surface topography of the coatings.

  3. The Composition of Intermediate Products of the Thermal Decomposition of (NH4)2ZrF6 to ZrO2 from Vibrational-Spectroscopy Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voit, E. I.; Didenko, N. A.; Gaivoronskaya, K. A.

    2018-03-01

    Thermal decomposition of (NH4)2ZrF6 resulting in ZrO2 formation within the temperature range of 20°-750°C has been investigated by means of thermal and X-ray diffraction analysis and IR and Raman spectroscopy. It has been established that thermolysis proceeds in six stages. The vibrational-spectroscopy data for the intermediate products of thermal decomposition have been obtained, systematized, and summarized.

  4. Effects of nano-YAG (Y 3Al 5O 12) crystallization on the structure and photoluminescence properties of Nd 3+-doped K 2O-SiO 2-Y 2O 3-Al 2O 3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarafder, Anal; Molla, Atiar Rahaman; Karmakar, Basudeb

    2010-10-01

    Nd 3+-doped precursor glass in the K 2O-SiO 2-Y 2O 3-Al 2O 3 (KSYA) system was prepared by the melt-quench technique. The transparent Y 3Al 5O 12 (YAG) glass-ceramics were derived from this glass by a controlled crystallization process at 750 °C for 5-100 h. The formation of YAG crystal phase, size and morphology with progress of heat-treatment was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transformed infrared reflectance spectroscopy (FT-IRRS). The crystallite sizes obtained from XRD are found to increase with heat-treatment time and vary in the range 25-40 nm. The measured photoluminescence spectra have exhibited emission transitions of 4F 3/24I J ( J = 9/2, 11/2 and 13/2) from Nd 3+ ions upon excitation at 829 nm. It is observed that the photoluminescence intensity and excited state lifetime of Nd 3+ ions decrease with increase in heat-treatment time. The present study indicates that the incorporation of Nd 3+ ions into YAG crystal lattice enhance the fluorescence performance of the glass-ceramic nanocomposites.

  5. Mössbauer study and magnetic properties of MgFe2O4 crystallized from the glass system B2O3/K2O/P2O5/MgO/Fe2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shabrawy, S. El; Bocker, C.; Miglierini, M.; Schaaf, P.; Tzankov, D.; Georgieva, M.; Harizanova, R.; Rüssel, C.

    2017-01-01

    An iron containing magnesium borate glass with the mol% composition 51.7 B2O3/9.3 K2O /1 P2O5/27.6MgO/10.4Fe2O3was prepared by the conventional melts quenching method followed by a thermal treatment process at temperatures in the range from 530 to 604 °C.The thermally treated samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. It was shown that superparamagnetic MgFe2O4 nanoparticles were formed during thermal treatment. The size of the spinel type crystals was in the range from 6 to 15 nm. Mössbauer spectra of the powdered glass ceramic samples and the extracted nanoparticles after dissolving the glass matrix in diluted acid were recorded at room temperature. The deconvolution of the spectra revealed the crystallization of two spinel phases MgFe2O4 (as a dominant phase) and superparamagnetic maghemite, γ-Fe2O3 (as a secondary phase). Room temperature magnetic measurements showed that, increasing the crystallization temperature changed the superparamagnetic behavior of the samples to ferrimagnetic behavior. The Curie temperatures of the samples were measured and showed a higher value than that of the pure bulk MgFe2O4.

  6. Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses as lithium-free nonsilicate pH responsive glasses – Compatibility between pH responsivity and hydrophobicity

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Hashimoto, Tadanori, E-mail: hasimoto@chem.mie-u.ac.jp; Hamajima, Mitsuaki; Ohta, Honami

    Highlights: • Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-rich FeBiB glasses show high pH sensitivity and short pH response time. • Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-rich FeBiB glasses show relatively high contact angle for water. • FeBiB glasses are lithium-free nonsilicate pH responsive ones. • pH responsivity and hydrophobicity are obtained for optimum glass compositions. - Abstract: Lithium silicate-based glasses have widely been used as commercially available pH glass electrodes. It was revealed that Ti{sup 3+}-containing titanophosphate (TiO{sub 2}-P{sub 2}O{sub 5}, TP) glasses are pH responsive as lithium-free nonsilicate glasses for the first time. TP glasses with the compatibility between pH responsivity and self-cleaning property weremore » obtained by the sequential post-annealing (oxidation and reduction) of as-prepared glasses. Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (BiB) glasses are relatively hydrophobic and are expected to show anti-fouling effect. They are unsuitable for pH responsive glasses, because they have high electrical resistivity. In the present study, xFe{sub 2}O{sub 3}·yBi{sub 2}O{sub 3}·(100 − x − y)B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses (xFeyBiB, x = 0–20 mol%, y = 20–80 mol%) glasses were selected as new pH responsive glasses with hydrophobicity, because Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} is a representative component for causing hopping conduction to the glasses. BiB glass did not show pH responsivity, whereas xFeyBiB glasses showed good pH responsivity. xFeyBiB glasses are lithium-free nonsilicate pH responsive ones as well as TP glasses. The electrical resistivity and pH response time decreased with increasing Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} content. The pH repeatability for standard solutions increased with increasing Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} content. Silicate glass (20Fe70BiSi) showed better pH responsivity but lower contact angle than those of borate glass (20Fe70BiB). pH sensitivity increased in order of TP glasses (about 80%), xFeyBiB glasses (about 90%) and commercial pH responsive glass (about 100

  7. Study of absorption and IR-emission of Er3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ doped high-purity tellurite glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Motorin, S. E.; Dorofeev, V. V.; Galagan, B. I.; Sverchkov, S. E.; Koltashev, V. V.; Denker, B. I.

    2018-04-01

    A study of high-purity TeO2-ZnO based tellurite glasses doped with Er3+, Dy3+ or Tm3+ that could be used as laser media in the 2-3 μm spectral range is presented. The glasses are prepared by melting the oxides mixture inside a silica glass reactor in an atmosphere of purified oxygen. The low level of hydroxyl groups absorption allowed to measure correctly the luminescence decay characteristics of the dopants. The rare-earth ions absorption bands, the luminescence spectra and kinetic characteristics of emission from the levels 4I11/2, 4I13/2 of Er3+, 6H13/2 of Dy3+ and 3H4, 3H5, 3F4 of Tm3+ ions are investigated. The results confirm the high potential of tellurite glasses as an active media for bulk, planar waveguide and fiber lasers.

  8. ZBLAN Fiber Phase B Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Workman, Gary L.; Smith, Guy A.

    1997-01-01

    A Phase B feasibility study will be performed for the study of the effects of microgravity on the preform processing and fiber pulling of ZBLAN optical glass. Continuing from the positive results achieved in the fiber annealing experiments in 20 second intervals at 0.001 g on the KC-135 and the 5 minute experiments on the SPAR rocket, experiments will continue to work towards design of a fiber sting to initiate fiber pulling operations in space. Anticipated results include less homogeneous nucleation than ground-based annealed fibers. Infrared Fiber Systems and Galileo are the participating industrial investigators.

  9. Transmission and reflection studies of thin films in the vacuum ultraviolet

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peterson, Lennart R.

    1989-01-01

    Both the transmittance and reflectance of 2 mm thick MgF2 substrates and of thin films of BaF2, CaF2, LaF3, MgF2, Al2O3, HfO2, and SiO2 deposited on these substrates were measured for the wavelength range 120 nm to 230 nm. Results for BaF2, LaF2 and MgF2 show promise as being good materials from which interference filters can be made. The software and related hardware needed to take large amounts of data automatically in future measurements of the transmittance and reflectance was developed.

  10. Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3.

    PubMed

    Peng, Mingying; Qiu, Jianrong; Chen, Danping; Meng, Xiangeng; Zhu, Congshan

    2005-09-05

    The broadband emission in the 1.2~1.6mum region from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 ( LAZS ) glass codoped with 0.01mol.%Cr2O3 and 1.0mol.%Bi2O3 when pumped by the 808nm laser at room temperature is not initiated from Cr4+ ions, but from bismuth, which is remarkably different from the results reported by Batchelor et al. The broad ~1300nm emission from Bi2O3-containing LAZS glasses possesses a FWHM ( Full Width at Half Maximum ) more than 250nm and a fluorescent lifetime longer than 500mus when excited by the 808nm laser. These glasses might have the potential applications in the broadly tunable lasers and the broadband fiber amplifiers.

  11. Optical and dielectric properties of isothermally crystallized nano-KNbO3 in Er3+-doped K2O-Nb2O5-SiO2 glasses.

    PubMed

    Chaliha, Reenamoni Saikia; Annapurna, K; Tarafder, Anal; Tiwari, V S; Gupta, P K; Karmakar, Basudeb

    2010-01-01

    Precursor glass of composition 25K(2)O-25Nb(2)O(5)-50SiO(2) (mol%) doped with Er(2)O(3) (0.5 wt% in excess) was isothermally crystallized at 800 degrees C for 0-100 h to obtain transparent KNbO(3) nanostructured glass-ceramics. XRD, FESEM, TEM, FTIRRS, dielectric constant, refractive index, absorption and fluorescence measurements were carried out to analyze the morphology, dielectric, structure and optical properties of the glass-ceramics. The crystallite size of KNbO(3) estimated from XRD and TEM is found to vary in the range 7-23 nm. A steep rise in the dielectric constant of glass-ceramics with heat-treatment time reveals the formation of ferroelectric nanocrystalline KNbO(3) phase. The measured visible photoluminescence spectra have exhibited green emission transitions of (2)H(11/2), (4)S(3/2)-->(4)I(15/2) upon excitation at 377 nm ((4)I(15/2)-->(4)G(11/2)) absorption band of Er(3+) ions. The near infrared (NIR) emission transition (4)I(13/2)-->(4)I(15/2) is detected around 1550 nm on excitation at 980 nm ((4)I(15/2)-->(4)I(11/2)) of absorption bands of Er(3+) ions. It is observed that photoluminescent intensity at 526 nm ((2)H(11/2)-->(4)I(15/2)), 550 nm ((4)S(3/2)-->(4)I(15/2)) and 1550 nm ((4)I(13/2)-->(4)I(15/2)) initially decrease and then gradually increase with increase in heat-treatment time. The measured lifetime (tau(f)) of the (4)I(13/2)-->(4)I(15/2) transition also possesses a similar trend. The measured absorption and fluorescence spectra reveal that the Er(3+) ions gradually enter into the KNbO(3) nanocrystals. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Clock distribution for BaF2 readout electronics at CSNS-WNS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Bing; Cao, Ping; Zhang, De-Liang; Wang, Qi; Zhang, Ya-Xi; Qi, Xin-Cheng; An, Qi

    2017-01-01

    A BaF2 (Barium Fluoride) detector array is designed to precisely measure the (n, γ) cross section at the CSNS-WNS (white neutron source at China Spallation Neutron Source). It is a 4π solid angle-shaped detector array consisting of 92 BaF2 crystal elements. To discriminate signals from the BaF2 detector, a pulse shape discrimination method is used, supported by a waveform digitization technique. There are 92 channels for digitizing. The precision and synchronization of clock distribution restricts the performance of waveform digitizing. In this paper, a clock prototype for the BaF2 readout electronics at CSNS-WNS is introduced. It is based on the PXIe platform and has a twin-stage tree topology. In the first stage, clock is synchronously distributed from the tree root to each PXIe crate through a coaxial cable over a long distance, while in the second stage, the clock is further distributed to each electronic module through a PXIe dedicated differential star bus. With the help of this topology, each tree node can fan out up to 20 clocks with 3U size. Test results show the clock jitter is less than 20 ps, which meets the requirements of the BaF2 readout electronics. Besides, this clock system has the advantages of high density, simplicity, scalability and cost saving, so it can be useful for other clock distribution applications. Supported by National Research and Development plan (2016 YFA0401602) NSAF (U1530111) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (11005107)

  13. Mid-infrared emissions of Pr{sup 3+}-doped GeS{sub 2}–Ga{sub 2}S{sub 3}–CdI{sub 2} chalcohalide glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Lu, Chunfeng; Guo, Haitao, E-mail: guoht_001@opt.ac.cn; Xu, Yantao

    2014-12-15

    Graphical abstract: ∼4.6 μm mid-infrared fluorescence emission from Pr{sup 3+} in the sulfide glass is successfully observed at room temperature excited by a 2.01 μm Tm{sup 3+}:YAG ceramic laser system. - Highlights: • Serial Pr{sup 3+}-doped GeS{sub 2}–Ga{sub 2}S{sub 3}–CdI{sub 2} chalcohalide glasses were synthesized. • ∼4.6 μm mid-infrared fluorescence from Pr{sup 3+} was observed at room temperature. • The compositional dependence of luminescence properties was studied. • Radiative properties have been determined using the Judd–Ofelt theory. - Abstract: For elucidation of the glass composition’s influence on the spectroscopic properties in the chalcohalide system and the discovery of a newmore » material for applications in mid-infrared fiber-lasers, a serial Pr{sup 3+}-doped (100 − x)(0.8GeS{sub 2}·0.2Ga{sub 2}S{sub 3})xCdI{sub 2} (x = 5, 10, 15 and 20) chalcohalide glasses were prepared. ∼4.6 μm mid-infrared fluorescence emission from Pr{sup 3+} in the sulfide glass is successfully observed at room temperature excited by a 2.01 μm Tm{sup 3+}:YAG ceramic laser system, and the effective line-width of fluorescence band is 106–227 nm. Intense compositional dependence of mid-infrared emissions is found. The radiative rates of Pr{sup 3+} ions in these glasses were calculated by using the Judd–Ofelt theory.« less

  14. Spark plasma sintering of bulk SrAl2O4-Sr3Al2O6 eutectic glass with wide-band optical window.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jiaxi; Lu, Nan; He, Gang; Li, Xiaoyu; Li, Jianqiang; Li, Jiangtao

    2018-06-15

    SrAl 2 O 4 -Sr 3 Al 2 O 6 eutectic glass was prepared by using an aerodynamic levitator equipped with a CO 2 laser device. A bulk transparent amorphous sample was obtained by the spark plasma sintering (SPS) of the prepared eutectic glass. XRD, a UV-vis-NIR spectrophotometer and FT-IR were employed to characterize the phase evolution and optical properties. The results show that the bulk SrAl 2 O 4 -Sr 3 Al 2 O 6 samples fabricated by the containerless process and SPS between 852 °C-857 °C were fully amorphous. The amorphous sample has a wide transparent window between 270 nm and 6.2 μm. The average refractive index in the visible light region is 1.680 and the Abbe number is 27.4. The prepared bulk SrAl 2 O 4 -Sr 3 Al 2 O 6 eutectic glass with the wide-band optical window may be a promising candidate for optical applications.

  15. Spark plasma sintering of bulk SrAl2O4-Sr3Al2O6 eutectic glass with wide-band optical window

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jiaxi; Lu, Nan; He, Gang; Li, Xiaoyu; Li, Jianqiang; Li, Jiangtao

    2018-06-01

    SrAl2O4-Sr3Al2O6 eutectic glass was prepared by using an aerodynamic levitator equipped with a CO2 laser device. A bulk transparent amorphous sample was obtained by the spark plasma sintering (SPS) of the prepared eutectic glass. XRD, a UV–vis-NIR spectrophotometer and FT-IR were employed to characterize the phase evolution and optical properties. The results show that the bulk SrAl2O4-Sr3Al2O6 samples fabricated by the containerless process and SPS between 852 °C–857 °C were fully amorphous. The amorphous sample has a wide transparent window between 270 nm and 6.2 μm. The average refractive index in the visible light region is 1.680 and the Abbe number is 27.4. The prepared bulk SrAl2O4-Sr3Al2O6 eutectic glass with the wide-band optical window may be a promising candidate for optical applications.

  16. Structure of TeO2 - LiNbO3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shinde, A. B.; Krishna, P. S. R.; Rao, Rekha

    2017-05-01

    Tellurite based lithium niobate glasses with composition (100-x)TeO2-xLiNbO3 (x=0.1,0.2 & 0.3) were prepared by conventional melt quenching method. The microscopic structural investigation of these glasses is carried out by means of neutron diffraction and Raman scattering measurements. It is found that the basic structural units in these glasses are TeO4 trigonal bipyramids(TBP), TeO3 trigonal pyramids(TP) and NbO6 Octahedra depending on the composition. It is evident from Raman studies that TBPs decreases, TPs increases and NbO6 Octahedra increases with increasing x. From Neutron diffraction studies it is found that network is comprised of TBPs and TPs along with TeO3+1 structural units. Distorted NbO6 octahedral units are present and also increase with the increase in x.

  17. Positron annihilation study on ZnO-based scintillating glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nie, Jiaxiang; Yu, Runsheng; Wang, Baoyi; Ou, Yuwen; Zhong, Yurong; Xia, Fang; Chen, Guorong

    2009-04-01

    Positron lifetime of ZnO-based scintillating glasses (55 - x)SiO 2-45ZnO- xBaF 2 ( x = 5, 10, 15 mol%) were measured with a conventional fast-fast spectrometer. Three positron lifetime components τ1, τ 2, and τ3 are ˜0.23 ns, ˜0.45 ns, and ˜1.6 ns, respectively. All the three positron lifetime components first increase with increasing BaF 2 concentration from 5 mol% to 10 mol%, then decreases as BaF 2 further increases to 15 mol%. The result suggests that the glass sample with 10 mol% BaF 2 contains the highest defect density, and is in excellent agreement with glass chemistry, glass density, thermal properties, and calculated crystallinity. Therefore, positron annihilation lifetime measurement is an effective tool for analyzing defects in ZnO-based scintillating glasses.

  18. Spectral analysis of Cu 2+: B 2O 3-ZnO-PbO glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lakshminarayana, G.; Buddhudu, S.

    2005-11-01

    A new series of heavy metal oxide (PbO) based zinc borate glasses in the chemical composition of (95 - x)B 2O 3-5ZnO- xPbO ( x = 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50 mol%) have been prepared to verify their UV filtering performance. Both direct and indirect optical band gaps ( Eopt) have been evaluated for these glasses. For a reference glass of 45B 2O 3-5ZnO-50PbO, refractive indices at different wavelengths are measured and found the results satisfactorily correlated with the theoretical data upon the computation of Cauchy's constants of A = 1.766029949, B = 159531.024 nm 2 and C = -1.078 × 10 10 nm 4. Measurements concerning X-ray diffraction (XRD), FT-IR, differential scanning colorimeter (DSC) profiles have been carried out for this glass. The FT-IR profile has revealed that the glass has both BO 3 and BO 4 units. From DSC thermogram, glass transition temperature ( Tg), crystallization temperature ( Tc) and melting temperature ( Tm) have been located and from them, other related parameters of the glass have also been calculated. Visible absorption spectra of 45B 2O 3-5ZnO-(50 - x)PbO- xCuO ( x = 0. 1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1.0 mol%) have revealed two absorption bands at around 400 nm ( 2B 1g → 2E g) and 780 nm ( 2B 1g → 2B 2g) of Cu 2+ ions, respectively. Emission bands at 422 and 512 nm are found for the 1 mol% CuO doped glass with excitations at 306 and 332 nm.

  19. Nano-crystalline phase evolution and structural modification in Co/V substituted Li2O-Bi2O3-B2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yadav, Arti; Dahiya, M. S.; Hooda, A.; Agarwal, A.; Khasa, S.

    2018-05-01

    Co/V substituted Li2O-Bi2O3-B2O3 glasses having composition 7CoO•23Li2O•20Bi2O3•50B2O3(CLBB) and xCoO•(30-x)Li2O•20Bi2O3•50B2O3(x = 0.0, 2.0, 5.0, 7.0 and 10.0 mol%, CVLBB1-5 respectively) developed via melt- quench route. The effect of annealing on structural properties of prepared samples was investigated by using XRD patterns and FTIR spectroscopy. Glasses annealed at 400˚C remained amorphous whereas glasses annealed at 500˚C changes from glasses to glass ceramics. The different crystalline phases i.e. Bi2(V0.9Co0.1)O5.25, LiCoVO4, V2O5 & Bi2(VO5) evolve on annealing at 500°C for 6 hours confirmed from the corresponding XRD patterns. The crystallite size of prepared samples were found to vary as 38-60nm This indicated that CoO and V2O5 introduced in matrix act as crystallizing agents and cause structural modification as studied by the FTIR spectra for all heat treated compositions.

  20. Investigation of radiation shielding properties for MeO-PbCl2-TeO2 (MeO = Bi2O3, MoO3, Sb2O3, WO3, ZnO) glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sayyed, M. I.; Çelikbilek Ersundu, M.; Ersundu, A. E.; Lakshminarayana, G.; Kostka, P.

    2018-03-01

    In this work, glasses in the MeO-PbCl2-TeO2 (MeO = Bi2O3, MoO3, Sb2O3, WO3, ZnO) system, which show a great potential for optoelectronic applications, were used to evaluate their resistance under high energy ionizing radiations. The basic shielding quantities for determining the penetration of radiation in glass, such as mass attenuation coefficient (μ/ρ), half value layer (HVL), mean free path (MFP) and exposure buildup factor (EBF) values were investigated within the energy range 0.015 MeV ‒ 15 MeV using XCOM program and variation of shielding parameters were compared with different glass systems and ordinary concrete. From the derived results, it was determined that MeO-PbCl2-TeO2 (MeO = Bi2O3, MoO3, Sb2O3, WO3, ZnO) glasses show great potentiality to be used under high energy radiations. Among the studied glass compositions, Bi2O3 and WO3 containing glasses were found to possess superior gamma-ray shielding effectiveness.

  1. Understanding Complex Tribofilms by Means of H3BO3-B2O3 Model Glasses.

    PubMed

    Spadaro, F; Rossi, A; Ramakrishna, Shivaprakash N; Lainé, E; Woodward, P; Spencer, N D

    2018-02-13

    The discovery of the spontaneous reaction of boric oxides with moisture in the air to form lubricious H 3 BO 3 films has led to great interest in the tribology of boron compounds in general. Despite this, a study of the growth kinetics of H 3 BO 3 on a B 2 O 3 substrate under controlled relative humidity (RH) has not yet been reported in the literature. Here, we describe the tribological properties of H 3 BO 3 -B 2 O 3 glass systems after aging under controlled RH over different lengths of time. A series of tribological tests has been performed applying a normal load of 15 N, at both room temperature and 100 °C in YUBASE 4 oil. In addition, the cause of H 3 BO 3 film failure under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions has been studied to find out whether the temperature, the tribostress, or both influence the removal of the lubricious film from the contact points. The following techniques were exploited: confocal Raman spectroscopy to characterize the structure and chemical nature of the glass systems, environmental scanning electron microscopy to examine the morphology of the H 3 BO 3 films developed, atomic force microscopy to monitor changes in roughness as a consequence of the air exposure, focused-ion-beam scanning electron microscopy to measure the average thickness of the H 3 BO 3 films grown over various times on B 2 O 3 glass substrates and to reveal the morphology of the sample in the vertical section, tribological tests to shed light on the system's lubricating properties, and finally small-area X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to investigate the composition of the transfer film formed on the steel ball while tribotesting.

  2. Thermal analyses, spectral characterization and structural interpretation of Nd3+/Er3+ ions co-doped TeO2-ZnCl2 glasses system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Kasim F.; Ibrahim, Saeed O.; Sahar, Md. R.; Mawlud, Saman Q.; Khizir, Hersh A.

    2017-09-01

    The Nd3+/Er3+ ions co-doped in the system of zinc-tellurite with the composition of (70-2x)TeO2-30ZnCl2-xNd2O3-xEr2O3 concentration from 1.0 to 3.0 mol% (x=1, 2 and 3) glasses were prepared by using conventional melt-quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the glass been confirmed by using X-RAY Diffraction Spectroscopy. Thermal characteristic were determined using a DTA. The obtained results discussed in terms of the glass structure. The glass structure studied by means of FTIR. Seven significant vibrational peaks around 471, 687, 742, 768, 1632, 2833 and 3378 cm-1 which correspond to the structural bonding of the glass are observed in a range of 400-4000cm-1. The peaks observed are consistent with the stretching and bending vibrations of the Te-O, TeO4 trigonal bipyramids, TeO3 trigonal pyramids, Te-O-Te and OH linkages respectively.

  3. Sintering of (Ni,Mg)(Al,Fe)2O4 Materials and their Corrosion Process in Na3AlF6-AlF3-K3AlF6 Electrolyte

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Yibiao; Li, Yawei; Yang, Jianhong; Sang, Shaobai; Wang, Qinghu

    2017-06-01

    The application of ledge-free sidewalls in the Hall-Héroult cells can potentially reduce the energy requirement of aluminum production by about 30 pct (Nightingale et al. in J Eur Ceram, 33:2761-2765, 2013). However, this approach poses great material challenges since such sidewalls are in direct contact with corrosive electrolyte. In the present paper, (Ni,Mg)(Al,Fe)2O4 materials were prepared using fused magnesia, reactive alumina, nickel oxide, and iron oxide powders as the starting materials. The sintering behaviors of specimens as well as their corrosion resistance to molten electrolyte have been investigated by means of X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope. The results show that after firing at temperature ranging from 1673 K (1400 °C) up to 1873 K (1600 °C), all the specimens prepared are composed of single-phase (Ni,Mg)(Al,Fe)2O4 composite spinel, the lattice parameter of which increases with increasing Fe3+ ion concentration. Increasing the iron oxide content enhances densification of the specimens, which is accompanied by the formation of homogeneously distributed smaller pores in the matrix. The corrosion tests show that corrosion layers consist of fluoride and Ni(Al,Fe)2O4 composite spinel grains are produced in specimens with Fe/Al mole ratio no more than 1, whereas dense Ni(Al,Fe)2O4 composite spinel layers are formed on the surface of the specimens with Fe/Al mole ratio more than 1. The dense Ni(Al,Fe)2O4 composite spinel layers formed improve the corrosion resistance of the specimens by inhibiting the infiltration of electrolyte and hindering the chemical reaction between the specimen and electrolyte.

  4. Laser-diode-excited blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+ -codoped TeO2-Ga2O3-R2O (R=Li, Na, K) glasses.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Chun; Zhang, Qinyuan; Yang, Gangfeng; Jiang, Zhonghong

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on intense blue upconversion in Tm(3+)/Yb(3+) codoped TeO(2)-Ga(2)O(3)-R(2)O(R=Li, Na, K) glasses upon excitation with commercial available laser diode (LD). Effects of alkali ions on the Raman spectra, thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of the tellurite-gallium glasses have also been investigated. Energy transfer and the involved upconversion mechanisms have been discussed. Intense blue upconversion emission centered at 476 nm along with a weak red emission at 650 nm has been observed upon excitation of 977 nm LD, assigned to the transitions of 1G4-->3H6, and 1G4-->3H4 and/or 3F(2,3)-->3H6 of Tm(3+), respectively. The blue upconversion intensity has a cubelike dependence on incident pump laser power, indicating a three-photon process. However, a quadratic dependence of the 476 nm upconversion intensity on the incident pump laser power has been observed when samples under excitation of 808 nm LD due to a two-photon absorption process. Enhanced upconversion luminescence have been observed with replacing K(+) for Na(+) and Li(+).

  5. Spectroscopic properties of Tm3+/Al3+ co-doped sol-gel silica glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xue; Lou, Fengguang; Wang, Shikai; Yu, Chunlei; Chen, Danping; Hu, Lili

    2015-04-01

    Tm3+/Al3+ co-doped silica glass was prepared by sol-gel method combined with high temperature sintering. Glasses with compositions of xTm2O3-15xAl2O3-(100 - 16x) SiO2 (in mol%, x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8 and 1.0) were prepared. The high thulium doped silica glass was realized. Their spectroscopic parameters were calculated and analyzed by Judd-Ofelt theory. Large absorption cross section (4.65 × 10-21 cm2 at 1668 nm) and stimulated emission cross section (6.00 × 10-21 cm2 at 1812 nm), as well as low hydroxyl content (0.180 cm-1), long fluorescence lifetime (834 μs at 1800 nm), large σem × τrad (30.05 × 10-21 cm2 ms) and large relative intensity ratio of the 1.8 μm (3F43H6) to 1.46 (3H43F4) emissions (90.33) are achieved in this Tm3+/Al3+ co-doped silica glasses. According to emission characteristics, the optimum thulium doping concentration is around 0.8 mol%. The cross relaxation (CR) between ground and excited states of Tm3+ ions was used to explain the optimum thulium doping concentration. These results suggest that the sol-gel method is an effective way to prepare Tm3+ doped silica glass with high Tm3+ doping and prospective spectroscopic properties.

  6. Electrical conductivity studies in (Ag3AsS3)x(As2S3)1-x superionic glasses and composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Studenyak, I. P.; Neimet, Yu. Yu.; Kranjčec, M.; Solomon, A. M.; Orliukas, A. F.; Kežionis, A.; Kazakevičius, E.; Šalkus, T.

    2014-01-01

    Compositional, frequency, and temperature studies of impedance and electrical conductivity in (Ag3AsS3)x(As2S3)1-x superionic glasses and composites were performed. Frequency range from 10 Hz to 3 × 109 Hz and temperature interval 300-400 K were used for the measurements. Compositional dependences of electrical conductivity and activation energy are analyzed; the most substantial changes are observed with the transition from (Ag3AsS3)0.4(As2S3)0.6 glass to (Ag3AsS3)0.5(As2S3)0.5 composite. With increase of Ag3AsS3 content, the investigated materials are found to have crystalline inclusions and show the two-phase composite nature. Addition of Ag3AsS3 leads to the increase of electrical conductivity whereas the activation energy decreases.

  7. Anisotropic magnetocaloric response in AlFe 2B 2

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Barua, R.; Lejeune, B. T.; Ke, L.

    Experimental investigations of the magnetocaloric response of the intermetallic layered AlFe 2B 2 compound along the principle axes of the orthorhombic cell were carried out using aligned plate-like crystallites with an anisotropic [101] growth habit. Results were confirmed to be consistent with density functional theory calculations. Field-dependent magnetization data confirm that the a-axis is the easy direction of magnetization within the (ac) plane. The magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy required to rotate the spin quantization vector from the c-to the a-axis direction is determined as K~0.9 MJ/m 3 at 50 K. Magnetic entropy change curves measured near the Curie transition temperature ofmore » 285 K reveal a large rotating magnetic entropy change of 1.3 J kg -1K -1 at μ 0H app = 2 T, consistent with large differences in magnetic entropy change ΔS mag measured along the a- and c-axes. Overall, this study provides insight of both fundamental and applied relevance concerning pathways for maximizing the magnetocaloric potential of AlFe 2B 2 for thermal management applications.« less

  8. Anisotropic magnetocaloric response in AlFe 2B 2

    DOE PAGES

    Barua, R.; Lejeune, B. T.; Ke, L.; ...

    2018-02-19

    Experimental investigations of the magnetocaloric response of the intermetallic layered AlFe 2B 2 compound along the principle axes of the orthorhombic cell were carried out using aligned plate-like crystallites with an anisotropic [101] growth habit. Results were confirmed to be consistent with density functional theory calculations. Field-dependent magnetization data confirm that the a-axis is the easy direction of magnetization within the (ac) plane. The magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy required to rotate the spin quantization vector from the c-to the a-axis direction is determined as K~0.9 MJ/m 3 at 50 K. Magnetic entropy change curves measured near the Curie transition temperature ofmore » 285 K reveal a large rotating magnetic entropy change of 1.3 J kg -1K -1 at μ 0H app = 2 T, consistent with large differences in magnetic entropy change ΔS mag measured along the a- and c-axes. Overall, this study provides insight of both fundamental and applied relevance concerning pathways for maximizing the magnetocaloric potential of AlFe 2B 2 for thermal management applications.« less

  9. Spectroscopic Properties of B2O3-PbO-Nd2O3 Glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simon, V.; Ardelean, I.; Milea, I.; Peteanu, M.; Simon, S.

    Samples belonging to xNd2O3(100-x) [2B2O3·PbO] glass system, with 0≤ x≤ 40 mol%, are investigated by IR and UV-VIS spectroscopies in order to obtain evidence for the influence of Nd2O3 on the local order from 2B2O3·PbO glass matrix. Besides the IR absorption bands characteristic to lead and boron arrangements, typical absorption lines of Nd3+ ions around 4000 cm-1 and 6000 cm-1 are recorded. The 6000 cm-1 band appears only for the samples with x≥25 mol% Nd2O3. The split of some UV-VIS absorption bands arising from transitions of neodymium ions in doublet lines as well as the shift of the absorption bands as the Nd2O3 content increases denote the influence of the lead-borate matrix on the radiative transitions of the lanthanide ion.

  10. Photocatalytic Active Bismuth Fluoride/Oxyfluoride Surface Crystallized 2Bi2O3-B2O3 Glass-Ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Sumeet Kumar; Singh, V. P.; Chauhan, Vishal S.; Kushwaha, H. S.; Vaish, Rahul

    2018-03-01

    The present article deals with 2Bi2O3-B2O3 (BBO) glass whose photocatalytic activity has been enhanced by the method of wet etching using an aqueous solution of hydrofluoric acid (HF). X-ray diffraction of the samples reveals that etching with an aqueous solution of HF leads to the formation of BiF3 and BiO0.1F2.8 phases. Surface morphology obtained from scanning electron microscopy show granular and plate-like morphology on the etched glass samples. Rhodamine 6G (Rh 6G) has been used to investigate the photocatalytic activity of the as-quenched and etched glasses. Enhanced visible light-driven photocatalytic activity was observed in HF etched glass-ceramics compared to the as-quenched BBO glass. Contact angle of the as-quenched glass was 90.2°, which decreases up to 20.02° with an increase in concentration of HF in the etching solution. Enhanced photocatalytic activity and increase in the hydrophilic nature suggests the efficient treatment of water pollutants by using the prepared surface crystallized glass-ceramics.

  11. Highly efficient green up-conversion luminescence of Nd3+-Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped fluorite-type nanocrystals in transparent glass ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qiu, Jianbei; Kawamoto, Yoji; Zhang, Junjie

    2002-11-01

    Oxyfluoride glasses were developed with composition 30SiO2[middle dot]15AlO1.5[middle dot]28PbF2[middle dot]22CdF2[middle dot](4.8-x)GdF3[middle dot]0.1NdF3[middle dot]0.1HoF3[middle dot]xYbF3 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 4.8) in mole percent. Powder x-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the heat treatments of the oxyfluoride glasses at 450 degC for 0.5 h cause the precipitation of Nd3+-Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped fluorite-type nanocrystals of about 16.3 nm in diameter in the glass matrix. These transparent glass ceramics exhibited very strong green up-conversion luminescence due to the Ho3+: (5F4, 5S2)[right arrow]5I8 transition under 800 nm excitation. The intensity of the green up-conversion luminescence in a 1 mol % YbF3-containing glass ceramic was found to be about 120 times stronger than that in the precursor oxyfluoride glass. The reason for the highly efficient Ho3+ up-conversion luminescence in the oxyfluoride glass ceramics is discussed. An up-conversion mechanism is also proposed.

  12. Structure, spectra and thermal, mechanical, Faraday rotation properties of novel diamagnetic SeO2-PbO-Bi2O3-B2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Qiuling; Su, Kai; Li, Yantao; Zhao, Zhiwei

    2018-06-01

    Faraday rotation diamagnetic glass has attracted research attentions in photonics, sensing and magneto optical devices due to their high refractive index, wide transmittance in UV and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) range and temperature independent Faraday rotation. Selenite modified heavy metal oxides glasses with composition of xSeO2-(10-x) B2O3-45PbO-45Bi2O3 (x = 0, 1, 5 and 10mol%) and 15%SeO2-40%PbO-45%Bi2O3 have been fabricated by melt-quenching method in present study. The influence of SeO2 on glass forming ability, thermal, mechanical properties and Faraday rotation were evaluated through X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier transforms infrared spectra (FT-IR), Raman, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Vicker's hardness and Verdet constant measurements. XRD spectra reveal that the good vitrification was achieved for glass with SeO2 amounts ≤10% even without B2O3. FT-IR, Raman and XPS spectra ascertain the existence of characteristic vibration of SeO4, SeO3, PbO4, BiO3 and BO3 units. The incorporation of SeO2 increases the connectivity of glassy network by increasing the Tg, thermal stability and mechanical hardness. The small band gap, high polarizable Se4+ ions and isolated SeO3 units contribute to Faraday rotation improvement.

  13. Relationship between Eu{sup 3+} reduction and glass polymeric structure in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-modified borate glasses under air atmosphere

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Jiao, Qing; Yu, Xue; Xu, Xuhui

    2013-06-15

    The reduction of Eu{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} is realized efficiently in Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped borate glasses prepared under air condition by melting-quenching method. Luminescent spectra show an increasing tendency of Eu{sup 2+} emission with increasing Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration in B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–Na{sub 2}O glasses. It is interesting that significant enhancement appeared of Eu{sup 2+} luminescence in the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-rich sample comparing to the samples of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} less than 6 mol%. FTIR and Raman scattering measurements indicated that some new vibration modes assigned to the low-polymerized structure groups decomposed from the slight Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} dopantmore » samples. These results demonstrated that the polymerization of the glass structure decreased with increasing incorporation of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} into the borate glasses, linking to the efficiency of Eu{sup 3+} self-reduction in air at high temperature. - graphical abstract: A novel europium valence reduction phenomenon occurred in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} modified borate glasses, FTIR and Raman measurements revealed that high polymeric groups were destroyed to low polymery structures with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} addition. - Highlights: • The efficient reduction of Eu{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} is observed in the B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–Na{sub 2}O glasses. • Eu{sup 2+} luminescence is significant enhanced in the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-rich glasses. • The introduction of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} changed the network structure of the borate glasses. • High polymeric borate groups in the glass matrix may be destroyed to the lower ones.« less

  14. Upconversion properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped TeO2-TiO2-K2O glasses.

    PubMed

    Su, Fangning; Deng, Zaide

    2006-01-01

    The Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped TeO2-TiO2-K2O glasses were prepared by conventional melting procedures, and their upconversion spectra were performed. The dependence of luminescence intensity on the ratio of Yb3+/Er3+ was studied, and the relationship between green upconversion luminescence intensity and Er3+ concentration is discussed in detail. The 546 nm green upconversion luminescence intensity is optimised in the studied glasses either when the Yb3+/Er3+ ratio is 25/1 and Er3+ concentration is 0.1 mol%, or when the Yb3+/Er3+ ratio is 10/1 and Er3+ concentration is 0.15 mol%. These glasses could be one of the potential candidates for LD pumping microchip solid-state lasers.

  15. EPR and FTIR spectroscopic studies of MO-Al2O3-Bi2O3-B2O3-MnO2(M = Pb, Zn and Cd) glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lalitha Phani, A. V.; Sekhar, K. Chandra; Chakradhar, R. P. S.; Narasimha Chary, M.; Shareefuddin, Md

    2018-03-01

    Glasses of the system (30-x)MO-xAl2O3-15Bi2O3-54.5B2O3-0.5MnO2 [M = Pb, Zn & Cd] (x = 0, 5, 10 & 15 mol%) were prepared by the normal melt quenching method. The amorphous nature of the prepared glasses was confirmed by the XRD studies. The EPR and FTIR studies were carried out at room temperature (RT). The EPR spectra exhibited three resonance signals at g ≈ 2.0 with a hyperfine structure, an absorption around g = 4.3 and a distinct shoulder at g = 3.3. Deconvoluted spectra were drawn for g ≈ 2.0 to resolve the six hyperfine lines. The electron paramagnetic resonance signal at g ≈ 2.0 indicates that the Mn2+ ions are in nearly perfectly octahedral symmetry. The low field signals at g = 3.3 and g = 4.3 are attributed to the Mn2+ ion which are in distorted rhombic symmetries. The hyperfine (HF) splitting constant (A) values suggested that the bonding between Mn2+ ions and its ligands is ionic in nature. The presence of BO3 and BO4 borate units, metal oxide cation units, Mn2+ and Bi-O bond vibrations in BiO3 units were noticed from the FTIR spectra.

  16. Effect of Bi2O3 on spectroscopic and structural properties of Er3+ doped cadmium bismuth borate glasses.

    PubMed

    Sanghi, S; Pal, I; Agarwal, A; Aggarwal, M P

    2011-12-01

    Glasses with composition 20CdO·xBi(2)O(3)·(79.5-x)B(2)O(3) (15≤x≤35, x in mol%) containing 0.5 mol% of Er(3+) ions were prepared by melt-quench technique (1150°C in air). The amorphous nature of the glasses was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The spectroscopic properties of the glasses were investigated using optical absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra. The phenomenological Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ω(λ) (λ=2, 4, 6) were determined from the spectral intensities of absorption bands in order to calculate the radiative transition probability (A(R)), radiative life time (τ(R)), branching ratios (β(R)) for various excited luminescent states. Using the near infrared emission spectra, full width at half maxima (FWHM), stimulated emission cross-section (σ(e)) and figure of merit (FOM) were evaluated and compared with other hosts. Especially, the numerical values of these parameters indicate that the emission transition (4)I(13/2)→(4)I(15/2) at 1.506 μm in Er(3+)-doped cadmium bismuth borate glasses may be useful in optical communication. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Influence of Gd2O3 on thermal and spectroscopic properties of aluminosilicate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kasprzyk, Marta; Środa, Marcin

    2018-06-01

    A series of aluminosilicate glasses 25SiO2·(20-x)Al2O3·40Na2O·15BaO-xGd2O3 with 0 ≤ x ≤ 10 were prepared in order to analyze the influence of gadolinium on thermal and spectroscopic properties of these materials. Increasing of thermal parameters (Tg, Tx, Δcp, ΔT) values with higher Gd2O3 content was determined using DSC method. Crystalline phases, formed during heat treatment, were identified with XRD - NaAlSiO4 and BaSiO3 in glass with 0% mol. Gd2O3 and Gd9.33(SiO4)6O2, NaAlSiO4 and BaAl2Si2O6 in glass with 10% mol. Gd2O3. Spectroscopic analysis - FTIR and Raman - revealed Gd2O3 influence on glass structure in the same way like Al2O3, but some differences appear due to the differ bond strength and ionic radius between Gd and Al. Raman spectra confirmed higher network polymerization (enriched with Q2 units). Optical band gap energy (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) were calculated from the Tauc plot. Mechanical tests demonstrated lower microhardness with increasing content of Gd2O3 content, as a result of higher concentration of atoms with larger radius.

  18. Investigation of Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped germanate-tellurite glasses for efficient 2 µm mid-infrared laser materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dou, Aoju; Shen, Lingling; Wang, Ning; Cai, Yangjian; Cai, Muzhi; Guo, Yanyan; Huang, Feifei; Tian, Ying; Xu, Shiqing; Zhang, Junjie

    2018-05-01

    The Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped germanate-tellurite glasses with good thermal properties were prepared. Based on the absorption spectra and the Judd-Ofelt theory, the J-O intensity parameters (Ω t ), radiative transition probability (276.78 s- 1), fluorescence lifetime (3.89 ms), absorption and emission cross sections ({σ e} = 1.35 × 10- 20 cm2) were calculated. The 2 µm mid-infrared emission resulting from the 3F43H6 transition of Tm3+ sensitized by Yb3+ was observed pumped by 980 nm LD. Besides, the energy transfer mechanism between Yb3+ and Tm3+ was thoroughly discussed. The measured 2 µm emission lifetime of Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped glass can reach as high as 2.38 ms. The above results showed that Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doping glass could be expected to be a promising material to achieve high efficient 2 µm lasing with a 980 nm LD pumping.

  19. 2.7 μm emission properties of Er3+ doped tungsten-tellurite glass sensitized by Yb3+ ions.

    PubMed

    Guo, Yanyan; Ma, Yaoyao; Huang, Feifei; Peng, Yapei; Zhang, Liyan; Zhang, Junjie

    2013-07-01

    With a 980 nm laser diode (LD) pumped, the sensitized effect of Yb(3+) ions on 2.7 μm emission properties and energy transfer mechanism in Yb(3+)/Er(3+) co-doped tungsten-tellurite glass were investigated in present paper. Based on absorption spectra, Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative transition probabilities were calculated and analyzed. The emission spectra were tested and the optimized concentration ratio of Yb(3+) to Er(3+) ions was found to be 3:0.5 with a largest calculated emission cross-section (6.05×10(-21) cm(2)) corresponding to Er(3+):(4)I11/2→(4)I13/2 transition. When the concentration ratio of Yb(3+) to Er(3+) ions was 4:0.5, 1.5 μm and 2.7 μm emission decreased while up-conversion increased. The decreased 1.5 μm and 2.7 μm emission were induced by the saturation of Er(3+):(4)I13/2 level. In brief, the advantageous spectroscopic characteristics indicated that Yb(3+)/Er(3+) co-doped tungsten-tellurite glass may be a promising candidate for application of 2.7 μm emission. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Synthesis of 2,3-trans-3,4-cis- and 2,3-trans-3,4-trans-2,3,4-triphenyltetrahydrofurans.

    PubMed

    Munshi, K L; Dikshit, D K; Kapil, R S; Anand, N

    1974-04-01

    The synthesis of 2,3-trans-3,4-cis- and 2,3-trans-3,4-trans-2,3,4-triphenyltetrahydrofurans was undertaken because these compounds incorportae the essential structural features of certain 2,3-diphenyl-benzofurans and 1,2,3-triphenylalkanones reported earlier to have marked antifertility activity. The synthesis of the 2 tetrahydrofurans was achieved by the cyclization of corresponding 2,3,4-triphenylbutane-1,4-diols upon heating with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The butane 1,4-diols were in turn prepared either by direct litium aluminum hydride (LAH) reduction of methyl 3-benzoyl-2,3-diphenylpropionates or by conversion of these propionates to delta-3,4-butryrolactones followed by LAH reduction. The propionates were prepared from the Fiedel-Crafts reaction of 2,3-diphenylsuccinic anhydride with benzene. Tetrahydrofurans were tested for their antiimplantation activity in rats. 2,3-trans-3,4-cis-2,4-diphenyl-3-p -(beta-pyrrolidinoethoxy) phenyltetrahydrofuran oxalate was found to inhibit implantation completely at 50 mg/kg, but was inefective at a lower dose.

  1. Effects of Al2O3, B2O3, Li2O, Na2O, and SiO2 on Nepheline Crystallization in Hanford High Level Waste Glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Kroll, Jared O.; Vienna, John D.; Schweiger, Michael J.

    2016-09-15

    Nepheline (nominally NaAlSiO4) formation during slow cooling of high-alumina (25.4 - 34.5 mass% Al2O3) Hanford high level waste glasses may significantly reduce product durability. To investigate the effects of composition on nepheline crystallization, 29 compositions were formulated by adjusting Al2O3, B2O3, Li2O, Na2O, and SiO2 around a baseline glass that precipitated 12 mass% nepheline. Thirteen of these compositions were generated by adjusting one-component-at-a-time, while two or three components were adjusted to produce the other 16 (with all remaining components staying in the same relative proportions). Quantitative X-ray diffraction was used to determine nepheline concentration in each sample. Twenty two glassesmore » precipitated nepheline, two of which also precipitated eucryptite (nominally LiAlSiO4), and one glass formed only eucryptite upon slow cooling. Increasing Na2O and Li2O had the strongest effect in promoting nepheline formation. Increasing B2O3 inhibited nepheline formation. SiO2 and Al2O3 showed non-linear behavior related to nepheline formation. The composition effects on nepheline formation in these glasses are reported.« less

  2. Yb3+ sensitized Tm3+ upconversion in tellurite lead oxide glass.

    PubMed

    Mohanty, Deepak Kumar; Rai, Vineet Kumar; Dwivedi, Y

    2012-04-01

    Triply ionized thulium/thulium--ytterbium doped/codoped TeO2-Pb3O4 (TPO) glasses have been fabricated by classical quenching method. The upconversion emission spectra in the Tm3+/Tm3+-Yb3+ doped/codoped glasses upon excitation with a diode laser lasing at ∼980 nm has been studied. Effect of the addition of the Yb3+ on the upconversion emission intensity in the visible and near infrared regions of the Tm3+ doped in TPO glass has been studied and the processes involved explored. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Effect of NaF and TiF(4) varnish and solution on bovine dentin erosion plus abrasion in vitro.

    PubMed

    Magalhães, Ana Carolina; Levy, Flávia Mauad; Rizzante, Fábio A; Rios, Daniela; Buzalaf, Marília Afonso Rabelo

    2012-03-01

    This in vitro study aimed to analyze the effect of TiF(4) compared to NaF varnishes and solutions, to protect against dentin erosion associated with abrasion. Bovine dentin specimens were pre-treated with NaF-Duraphat (2.26% F), NaF/CaF(2)-Duofluorid (5.63% F), experimental-NaF (2.45% F), experimental-TiF(4) (2.45% F) and placebo varnishes; NaF (2.26% F) and TiF(4) (2.45% F) solutions. Controls remained untreated. The erosive pH cycling was performed using a soft drink (pH 2.6) 4 × 90 s/day and the toothbrushing-abrasion 2 × 10 s/day, in vitro for 5 days. Between the challenges, the specimens were exposed to artificial saliva. Dentin tissue loss was measured profilometrically (μm). ANOVA/Tukey's test showed that all fluoridated varnishes (Duraphat, 7.5 ± 1.1; Duofluorid, 6.8 ± 1.1; NaF, 7.2 ± 1.9; TiF(4), 6.5 ± 1.0) were able to significantly reduce dentin tissue loss (40.7% reduction compared to control) when compared to placebo varnish (11.2 ± 1.3), control (11.8 ± 1.7) and fluoridated (NaF, 9.9 ± 1.8; TiF(4), 10.3 ± 2.1) solutions (p < 0.0001), which in turn did not significantly differ from each other. All fluoridated varnishes, but not the solutions, had a similar performance and a good potential to reduce dentin tissue loss under mild erosive and abrasive conditions in vitro. Risk patients for erosion and abrasion, especially those with exposed dentin, should benefit from this clinical preventive measure. Further research has to confirm this promising result in the clinical situation.

  4. Nd3+, Yb3+ and Ho3+ Codoped Oxyfluoride Glass Ceramics with High Efficient Green Upconversion Luminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jun-Jie; Kawamoto, Yoji; Dai, Shi-Xun; Zhang, Li-Yan; Hu, Li-Li

    2004-06-01

    New oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramic codoped with Nd3+, Yb3+ and Ho3+ were prepared. The x-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the heat treatments of the oxyfluoride glasses could cause the precipitation of (Nd3+, Yb3+, Ho3+)-doped fluorite-type crystals. Very strong green up-conversion luminescence due to the Ho3+: (5F4, 5S2)rightarrow5I8 transition under 800-nm excitation was observed in these transparent glass ceramics. The intensity of the green up-conversion luminescence in a 1-mol% YbF3-containing glass ceramic was found to be about 120 times stronger than that in the precursor oxyfluoride glass. The reason for the highly efficient Ho3+ up-conversion luminescence in the oxyfluoride glass ceramics is discussed.

  5. LaF3 core/shell nanoparticles for subcutaneous heating and thermal sensing in the second biological-window

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ximendes, Erving Clayton; Rocha, Uéslen; Kumar, Kagola Upendra; Jacinto, Carlos; Jaque, Daniel

    2016-06-01

    We report on Ytterbium and Neodymium codoped LaF3 core/shell nanoparticles capable of simultaneous heating and thermal sensing under single beam infrared laser excitation. Efficient light-to-heat conversion is produced at the Neodymium highly doped shell due to non-radiative de-excitations. Thermal sensing is provided by the temperature dependent Nd3+ → Yb3+ energy transfer processes taking place at the core/shell interface. The potential application of these core/shell multifunctional nanoparticles for controlled photothermal subcutaneous treatments is also demonstrated.

  6. Structural, morphological and optical investigations on electron-beam irradiated PbF2-TeO2-B2O3-Eu2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagh, Akshatha; Petwal, Vikash; Dwivedi, Jishnu; Upadhyaya, V.; Raviprakash, Y.; Kamath, Sudha D.

    2016-09-01

    Combined structural, optical and morphological studies were carried out on Eu2O3 doped PbF2-TeO2-B2O3 glass samples, before and after being subjected to electron beam of energy 7.5 MeV. XRD confirmed the amorphous nature of the glasses even after 150 kGy electron beam irradiation. Densities of the irradiated samples showed slightly greater values when compared to their respective values before irradiation, which proved the increase in the compaction of the network. The intensities of the three prominent bands; B-O-B linkages, BO4 units and BO3 units of FT-IR spectra, of the titled glasses, showed slight decrease after electron beam irradiation. The decrement in the values of energy band gap and shift in cut-off wavelength towards red edge, proved the formation of color centers in the glass network after irradiation. The change in Hunter L values, through color measurement was a proof for the Farbe/color/absorption centers created in the glass sites after irradiation.

  7. Temperature-dependent luminescence and temperature-stimulated NIR-to-VIS up-conversion in Nd3+-doped La2O3-Na2O-ZnO-TeO2 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sobczyk, Marcin

    2013-04-01

    Telluride glasses of the composition xNd2O3-(7-x)La2O3-3Na2O-25ZnO-65TeO2, where (0≤x≤7) were prepared by the melt quench technique. Some physical and optical properties of the glasses were evaluated. The thermal behavior i.e. glass transition and crystallization temperatures were studied by using TGA-DTA technique. Optical properties of Nd3+-doped telluride glasses were investigated between 298 and 700 K. Basing on the obtained values of J-O parameter values (×10-20 cm2: Ω2=4.49±0.84, Ω4=5.03±0.61, Ω6=4.31±0.73), the radiative transition probabilities (AT), radiative lifetimes (τR), fluorescence branching ratios (β) and emission cross-sections (σem) were calculated for the 4F3/24IJ/2 (where J=9, 11 and 13) transitions of Nd3+ ions. The τR value of the 4F3/2 level amount to 164 μs and is slightly higher than the measured decay time of 162 μs. With the increasing of Nd2O3 concentration from 0.5 to 7.0 mol% the experimental lifetime of the fluorescent level decreases from 162 to 5.6 μs. The estimated quantum efficiency amount to 100%, based on a comparison of τR and the experimental decay time of a slightly doped Nd3+ telluride glass. An analysis of the non-radiative decay was based on the cross-relaxation mechanisms. The 4F3/24I9/2 and 4F5/24I9/2 transitions were analyzed with respect to the fluorescence intensity ratio (FIR) and were found to be temperature dependent. Infrared-to-visible up-conversion emissions with a maximum at 603.0 and 635.3 nm were observed at high temperatures using the 804 nm excitation and are due to the 4G5/24I9/2 and 4G5/24I11/2 transitions of Nd3+ ions, respectively. The near quadratic dependence of fluorescence on excitation laser power confirms that two photons contribute to up-conversion of the orange emissions. The temperature-stimulated up-conversion excitation processes have been analyzed in detail. The optical results indicate that the investigated glasses are potentially applicable as a 1063 nm

  8. Tuning into single-band red upconversion luminescence in Yb(3+)/Ho(3+) activated nano-glass-ceramics through Ce(3+) doping.

    PubMed

    Chen, Daqin; Zhou, Yang; Wan, Zhongyi; Ji, Zhenguo; Huang, Ping

    2015-03-28

    Yb(3+)/Ho(3+) activated glass ceramics containing β-YF3 nanocrystals were successfully fabricated. The green ((5)S2/(5)F4→(5)I8) upconversion emission is dominant in the glass ceramics and is about 160 times stronger than that of the precursor glass, resulting from the partition of lanthanide activators into a low-phonon-energy crystalline lattice and the subsequent low probability of multi-phonon nonradiative relaxation from the (5)S2/(5)F4 and (5)I6 states to the lower ones. Upon the introduction of Ce(3+) ions into nano-glass-ceramics, two efficient cross-relaxation processes between Ho(3+) and Ce(3+), i.e., Ho(3+):(5)S2/(5)F4 + Ce(3+):(2)F5/2→Ho(3+):(5)F5 + Ce(3+):(2)F7/2 and Ho(3+):(5)I6 + Ce(3+):(2)F5/2→Ho(3+):(5)I7 + Ce(3+):(2)F7/2, are demonstrated to greatly suppress the population of the green-emitting (5)S2/(5)F4 state and to enhance the population of the red-emitting (5)F5 one, leading to the intense single-band red UC radiation of Ho(3+).

  9. Crystallization kinetics of BaO-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bansal, Narottam P.; Hyatt, Mark J.

    1989-01-01

    Barium aluminosilicate glasses are being investigated as matrix materials in high-temperature ceramic composites for structural applications. Kinetics of crystallization of two refractory glass compositions in the barium aluminosilicate system were studied by differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). From variable heating rate DTA, the crystallization activation energies for glass compositions (wt percent) 10BaO-38Al2O3-51SiO2-1MoO3 (glass A) and 39BaO-25Al2O3-35SiO2-1MoO3 (glass B) were determined to be 553 and 558 kJ/mol, respectively. On thermal treatment, the crystalline phases in glasses A and B were identified as mullite (3Al2O3-2SiO2) and hexacelsian (BaO-Al2O3-2SiO2), respectively. Hexacelsian is a high-temperature polymorph which is metastable below 1590 C. It undergoes structural transformation into the orthorhombic form at approximately 300 C accompanied by a large volume change which is undesirable for structural applications. A process needs to be developed where stable monoclinic celsian, rather than hexacelsian, precipitates out as the crystal phase in glass B.

  10. Crystallization kinetics of BaO-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bansal, Narottam P.; Hyatt, Mark J.

    1988-01-01

    Barium aluminosilicate glasses are being investigated as matrix materials in high-temperature ceramic composites for structural applications. Kinetics of crystallization of two refractory glass compositions in the barium aluminosilicate system were studied by differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). From variable heating rate DTA, the crystallization activation energies for glass compositions (wt percent) 10BaO-38Al2O3-51SiO2-1MoO3 (glass A) and 39BaO-25Al2O3-35SiO2-1MoO3 (glass B) were determined to be 553 and 558 kJ/mol, respectively. On thermal treatment, the crystalline phases in glasses A and B were identified as mullite (3Al2O3-2SiO2) and hexacelsian (BaO-Al2O3-2SiO2), respectively. Hexacelsian is a high-temperature polymorph which is metastable below 1590 C. It undergoes structural transformation into the orthorhombic form at approximately 300 C accompanied by a large volume change which is undesirable for structural applications. A process needs to be developed where stable monoclinic celsian, rather than hexacelsian, precipitates out as the crystal phase in glass B.

  11. Crystallization behavior of the Li2S-P2S5 glass electrolyte in the LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 positive electrode layer.

    PubMed

    Tsukasaki, Hirofumi; Mori, Yota; Otoyama, Misae; Yubuchi, So; Asano, Takamasa; Tanaka, Yoshinori; Ohno, Takahisa; Mori, Shigeo; Hayashi, Akitoshi; Tatsumisago, Masahiro

    2018-04-18

    Sulfide-based all-solid-state lithium batteries are a next-generation power source composed of the inorganic solid electrolytes which are incombustible and have high ionic conductivity. Positive electrode composites comprising LiNi 1/3 Mn 1/3 Co 1/3 O 2 (NMC) and 75Li 2 S·25P 2 S 5 (LPS) glass electrolytes exhibit excellent charge-discharge cycle performance and are promising candidates for realizing all-solid-state batteries. The thermal stabilities of NMC-LPS composites have been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which indicated that an exothermal reaction could be attributed to the crystallization of the LPS glass. To further understand the origin of the exothermic reaction, in this study, the precipitated crystalline phase of LPS glass in the NMC-LPS composite was examined. In situ TEM observations revealed that the β-Li 3 PS 4 precipitated at approximately 200 °C, and then Li 4 P 2 S 6 and Li 2 S precipitated at approximately 400 °C. Because the Li 4 P 2 S 6 and Li 2 S crystalline phases do not precipitate in the single LPS glass, the interfacial contact between LPS and NMC has a significant influence on both the LPS crystallization behavior and the exothermal reaction in the NMC-LPS composites.

  12. Structural, thermal, optical and dielectric studies of Dy3+: B2O3-ZnO-PbO-Na2O-CaO glasses for white LEDs application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohammed, Al-B. F. A.; Lakshminarayana, G.; Baki, S. O.; Halimah, M. K.; Kityk, I. V.; Mahdi, M. A.

    2017-11-01

    Dy3+-doped borate glasses with nominal composition (60-x) B2O3-10 ZnO-10 PbO-10 Na2O-10 CaO-(x) Dy2O3 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mol%) were prepared by the melt quenching technique. The XRD and SEM confirm the amorphous nature of the glasses and through EDAX, all the related elements were found in the synthesized glasses. The vibrations of metal cations such as Pb2+ and Zn2+, B-O-B bond bending vibrations from pentaborate groups, bending vibrations of BO3 triangles, and stretching vibrations of tetrahedral BO4- units etc. are identified from the respective FTIR and Raman spectra including the non-hygroscopic nature of the synthesized glasses. The TGA and DSC measurements were performed to study thermal properties, where ΔT >100 °C (ΔT = Tx - Tg) for all the glasses. Among all the Dy3+-doped glasses, the 0.75 mol% Dy3+-doped glass shows the highest PL intensity with four emissions, where the two transitions corresponding to 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 (blue) and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 (yellow) are observed more intense than the others. The CIE chromaticity (x,y) coordinates for BZPNCDy 0.1 mol% glass are (0.398, 0.430), close to the white light region in the CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram. The dielectric properties of the 0.75 mol% Dy3+-doped glass such as dielectric constant, dielectric loss and AC conductivity were studied in the various frequencies and temperature.

  13. Spectral investigations of Sm{sup 3+}-doped oxyfluorosilicate glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Ramachari, D.; Rama Moorthy, L., E-mail: lrmphysics@yahoo.co.in; Department of Physics, Chadalawada Ramanamma Engineering College, Renigunta Road, Tirupati 517506

    2013-09-01

    Graphical abstract: The figure shows the emission spectra of Sm{sup 3+} doped KNSZL glass for different concentrations. Among the four emission transitions {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 5/2}, {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 7/2}, {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 9/2} and {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 11/2}, the {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 7/2} transition of KNSZLSm10 glass is more intense compared with all the transitions. The insert figure shows, the color coordinates (0.59, 0.41) of KNSZLSm10 glass is located on the perimeter of the chromaticity diagram at 592 nm which appears to be closestmore » to the orange color. From these results the KNSZLSm10 glass could be useful for optical amplifiers, waveguides, telecommunications and orange LEDs. - Highlights: • From the DTA, the undoped KNSZL glass more precisely in fiberdrawing. • The XRD pattern confirmed the KNbO{sub 3} nanocrystallites of undoped KNSZL glass. • FTIR and Raman data of KNSZLSm10 glass revealed structural properties. • Judd–Ofelt analysis and decay measurements were carried out. • The optical gain parameter of the investigated glass is 18.13 × 10{sup −25} cm{sup 2} s. - Abstract: Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped oxyfluorosilicate glasses were prepared by melt-quenching method. The differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction were carried out to investigate the glass transition temperature and structure of precursor glass. Infrared spectroscopy, Raman, optical absorption, photoluminescence and decay measurements were carried out for Sm{sup 3+}-doped oxyfluorosilicate glasses. From the absorption spectrum, the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters have been evaluated to predict the radiative properties for the emission levels of Sm{sup 3+} ions. The lifetimes of {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} level are found to decrease from 1.17 to 0.93 ms due to the energy transfer, when the concentration of Sm{sup 3+} ions increases from 0.1 to 2.0 mol%. The optical gain parameter (18.13 × 10

  14. Luminescence properties of Eu3+-doped SiO2-LiYF4 glass-ceramic microrods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Secu, C. E.; Secu, M.

    2015-09-01

    Photoluminescence properties of the glass-ceramics microrods containing Eu3+-doped LiYF4 nanocrystals have been studied and characterized. Judd-Ofelt parameters and quantum efficiency has been computed from luminescence spectra and discussed by comparison to the glass ceramic bulk and pellet. The radiative decay rate Arad is higher in the glass ceramic rods (221 s-1) than in the glass ceramic bulk (130 s-1) but the quantum efficiency computed is very low (21%) compared to the glass-ceramic bulk (97%). There are effective non-radiative decay channels that might be related to an influence of the dimensional constraints imposed by the membrane pores during xerogel formation and subsequent glass ceramization.

  15. Thermal characteristics, Raman spectra, optical and structural properties of TiO2-Bi2O3-B2O3-TeO2 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, Nupur; Khanna, Atul; Gonzàlez, Fernando; Iordanova, Reni

    2017-05-01

    Tellurite and borotellurite glasses containing Bi2O3 and TiO2 were prepared and structure-property correlations were carried out by density measurements, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Raman and UV-visible spectroscopy. Titanium tellurite glasses require high melt-cooling rates and were fabricated by splat quenching. On adding B2O3, the glass forming ability (GFA) enhances, and glasses could be synthesized at lower quenching rates. The density of glasses shows a direct correlation with molecular mass of the constituents. UV-visible studies were used to determine the optical band gap and refractive index. Raman studies found that the co-ordination number of tellurium ions with oxygen (NTe-O) decreases with the increase in B2O3 as well as Bi2O3 content while, TiO2 produce only a small decrease in NTe-O, which explains the lower GFA of titanium tellurite glasses that do not contain Bi2O3 and B2O3. DSC studies show that the glass transition temperature (Tg) increases with B2O3 and TiO2 concentrations and that Tg correlates well with bond enthalpy of the metal oxides.

  16. Nd3+-doped TeO2-Bi2O3-ZnO transparent glass ceramics for laser application at 1.06 μm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Xiaolin; Luo, Zhiwei; Liu, Taoyong; Lu, Anxian

    2017-04-01

    The high crystallinity transparent glass ceramics based on Nd3+-doped 70TeO2-15Bi2O3-15ZnO (TBZ) compositions were successfully prepared by two-step heat treatment process. The effects of Nd2O3 content on the thermal, structural, mechanical, and optical properties of TBZ glass ceramics were studied. The incorporation of Nd2O3 enhanced the crystallization tendency in the matrix glass composition. The crystal phase and morphology of Bi2Te4O11 in the glass ceramics were confirmed by X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy. Due to precipitate more crystal phase, the hardness values increased from 3.21 to 3.66 GPa. Eight absorption peaks were observed from 400 to 900 nm and three emission bands appeared in the range of 850-1400 nm. With the increasing of Nd2O3 content from 0.5 to 2.5 wt%, the intensity of absorption peaks enhanced and the emission intensity increased up to 1.0 wt% and then fell down for further dopant concentration. The fluorescence decay lifetime decreased rapidly starting from 1.5 wt% Nd2O3 content due to the obvious energy migration among Nd3+. According to the extreme strong emission band around 1062 nm and the optimum Nd2O3 content (1.0 wt%), N10 glass ceramic was considered as a potential material for 1.06 μm laser applications.

  17. The effect of Cr2O3 doping on structures and dielectric constants of SiO2-Bi2O3-B2O3-Na2CO3 glass based on silica gel of natural sand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diantoro, M.; Zaini, M. B.; Muniroh, Z.; Nasikhudin; Hidayat, A.

    2017-05-01

    One of the abundant natural resources along the coastal lines of Indonesia is silica sand. One of the beaches which has a lot of silica content is Bancar-Tuban beach. Silica can be used as a raw material of glass that has multiple properties in optic, dielectric, and other physical properties by introducing specific dopants. Some oxides have been used as dopant e.g. Al2O3, Fe3O4, and NiO. However, there has not been any comprehensive study discussing the multiple properties of natural silica-sand-based glass with Cr2O3 dopant so far. A series of samples have been prepared, which mean two solid steps to state melting technique. Cr2O3 was selected as a dopant due to its potential to control its color and to increase the dielectric constant of the glass. The synthesis of silica (SiO2) sand from BancarTuban beach was conducted through the sol-gel process. The composition varied as the addition of Cr2O3on 50SiO2-25B2O3-(6.5-x) Bi2O3-18.5Na2CO3-xCr2O3 (x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.08mol), later called SBBN glass. The samples’ characterizations of the structure and morphology were conducted through the use of XRD, and SEM-EDX. The measurements were done by using a DC capacitance meter in order to investigate the dielectric properties of the sample, under the influence of light. It is shown that addition of Cr2O3 did not alter the crystal structure but changed the structure of the functional bond formation. It is also revealed that the dielectric constant increased along with the increasing of Cr2O3. An interesting result was that the dielectric constant of the glass was quantized decreasingly as the increase of light.

  18. Structural investigations of vanadyl doped Nb2O5·K2O·B2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anshu; Sanghi, S.; Agarwal, A.; Lather, M.; Bhatnagar, V.; Khasa, S.

    2009-07-01

    Pottasium nioborate glasses of composition xNb2O5·(30-x)K2O·69B2O3 containing 1 mol % of V2O5 were prepared by melt quench technique (1473K, 1h). The electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of VO2+ in these glasses have been recorded in X- band (v approx 9.14 GHz) at room temperature (RT). The spin Hamiltonian parameters, dipolar hyperfine coupling parameters, P and Fermi contact interaction parameter, K have been calculated. It is found that V4+ ions in these glasses exist as VO2+ in octahedral coordination with a tetragonal distortion. The tetragonality of V4+O6 complex decreases with increasing Nb2O5: K2O ratio and also there is an expansion of 3dXY orbit of unpaired electron in the vanadium ion. The study of IR transmission spectra over a range 400- 4000 cm-1 depicts the presence of both BO3 and BO4 structural units and Nb5+ ions are incorporated into the glass network as NbO6 octahedra, substituting BO4 groups.

  19. Red luminescence from Eu3+-doped TeO2-WO3-GeO2 glasses for solid state lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Subrahmanyam, Tallam; Gopal, Kotalo Rama; Suvarna, Reniguntla Padma; Jamalaiah, Bungala Chinna

    2018-05-01

    Eu3+-doped oxyfluoro tellurite (TWGEu) glasses were prepared by conventional melt quenching method. The optical band gap energy and covalence between Eu3+ and O2-/F- ions were determined from optical absorption spectra. Using the 5D0 → 7F1,2,4 emission transitions, the Ω2 and Ω4 intensity parameters were determined. These intensity parameters were used to evaluate the radiative parameters such as emission probability rate (AR), luminescence branching ratio (βR) and radiative life time (τR) of 5D0 → 7FJ transitions. The laser characteristic parameters such as stimulated emission cross-section, gain bandwidth and quantum efficiency were determined. The luminescence decay profiles of 5D0 emission level were well fitted to single exponential function for all the concentrations. The experimental results show that the 0.5 mol% of Eu3+-doped TWGEu glass could be the best choice to design red laser sources.

  20. Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics.

    PubMed

    Gao, Guojun; Winterstein-Beckmann, Anja; Surzhenko, Oleksii; Dubs, Carsten; Dellith, Jan; Schmidt, Markus A; Wondraczek, Lothar

    2015-03-10

    We report on the magneto-optical (MO) properties of heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses towards fiber-integrated paramagnetic MO devices. For a Tb(3+) ion concentration of up to 9.7 × 10(21) cm(-3), the reported glass exhibits an absolute negative Faraday rotation of ~120 rad/T/m at 632.8 nm. The optimum spectral ratio between Verdet constant and light transmittance over the spectral window of 400-1500 nm is found for a Tb(3+) concentration of ~6.5 × 10(21) cm(-3). For this glass, the crystallization stability, expressed as the difference between glass transition temperature and onset temperature of melt crystallization exceeds 100 K, which is a prerequisite for fiber drawing. In addition, a high activation energy of crystallization is achieved at this composition. Optical absorption occurs in the NUV and blue spectral region, accompanied by Tb(3+) photoluminescence. In the heavily doped materials, a UV/blue-to-green photo-conversion gain of ~43% is achieved. The lifetime of photoluminescence is ~2.2 ms at a stimulated emission cross-section σem of ~1.1 × 10(-21) cm(2) for ~ 5.0 × 10(21) cm(-3) Tb(3+). This results in an optical gain parameter σem*τ of ~2.5 × 10(-24) cm(2)s, what could be of interest for implementation of a Tb(3+) fiber laser.

  1. Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Guojun; Winterstein-Beckmann, Anja; Surzhenko, Oleksii; Dubs, Carsten; Dellith, Jan; Schmidt, Markus A.; Wondraczek, Lothar

    2015-01-01

    We report on the magneto-optical (MO) properties of heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses towards fiber-integrated paramagnetic MO devices. For a Tb3+ ion concentration of up to 9.7 × 1021 cm−3, the reported glass exhibits an absolute negative Faraday rotation of ~120 rad/T/m at 632.8 nm. The optimum spectral ratio between Verdet constant and light transmittance over the spectral window of 400–1500 nm is found for a Tb3+ concentration of ~6.5 × 1021 cm−3. For this glass, the crystallization stability, expressed as the difference between glass transition temperature and onset temperature of melt crystallization exceeds 100 K, which is a prerequisite for fiber drawing. In addition, a high activation energy of crystallization is achieved at this composition. Optical absorption occurs in the NUV and blue spectral region, accompanied by Tb3+ photoluminescence. In the heavily doped materials, a UV/blue-to-green photo-conversion gain of ~43% is achieved. The lifetime of photoluminescence is ~2.2 ms at a stimulated emission cross-section σem of ~1.1 × 10−21 cm2 for ~ 5.0 × 1021 cm−3 Tb3+. This results in an optical gain parameter σem*τ of ~2.5 × 10−24 cm2s, what could be of interest for implementation of a Tb3+ fiber laser. PMID:25754819

  2. Gamma ray shielding properties of PbO-Li2O-B2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Ashok

    2017-07-01

    The mass attenuation coefficients have been measured in (0.6-x) PbO-x Li2O-0.40 B2O3 (where 0≤ x≤0.25 mol%) glasses for photon energies of 356, 662, 1173 and 1332 keV in a narrow beam geometry with an overall scatter acceptance angle of 2.31°. The experimental results are found to be within 3% of their theoretical values. These coefficients were then used to obtain the values of mean free path, effective atomic number and electron density. The shielding properties of these glasses have also been compared among themselves in terms of their mean free path and radiation protection efficiency. The shielding properties prepared glasses have also been compared with standard concretes as well as with the standard shielding glasses. It is found that the prepared glasses are the better shielding substitute to the conventional concretes as well as other standard shielding glasses. The Pb3B4O9 has been found to be the most effective shield.

  3. Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Er3+ -doped TeO2-B2O3-Nb2O5-ZnO glass for potential WDM amplifier.

    PubMed

    Xu, Tiefeng; Zhang, Xudong; Li, Guangpo; Dai, Shixun; Nie, Qiuhua; Shen, Xiang; Zhang, Xianghua

    2007-06-01

    A series of novel 70TeO2-(15-x)B2O3-xNb2O5-15ZnO-1wt.% Er2O3 (TBN x=0, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 mol%) tellurite glasses were prepared. The thermal stability, absorption spectra, emission spectra, and the lifetime of the (4)I(13/2) level of Er(3+) ions were measured and investigated. Three Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Omega(t) (t=2, 4 and 6) (Omega(2)=(5.42-6.76)x10(-20)cm(2); Omega(4)=(1.37-1.73)x10(-20)cm(2); Omega(6)=(0.70-0.94)x10(-20)cm(2)) of Er(3+) ions were calculated by Judd-Ofelt theory. It is found that the Omega(6) first increases with the increase of Nb2O5 content from 0 to 6 mol% and then decreases, which is mainly affected by the number of non-bridging oxygen ions of the glass network. The high peak of stimulated emission cross-section (sigma(e)(peak)=(0.77-0.91)x10(-20)cm(2)) of Er(3+): (4)I(13/2)-->(4)I(15/2) transition were obtained according to McCumber theory and broad full width at half maximum (FWHM=65-73 nm) of the (4)I(13/2)-->(4)I(15/2) transition of Er(3+) ions were measured. The results indicate that these new TBN glasses can be used as a candidate host material for potential broadband optical amplifiers.

  4. EPR spectroscopic investigations in 15BaO-25Li2O-(60-x) B2O3-xFe2O3 glass system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhogi, Ashok; Kumar, R. Vijaya; Kistaiah, P.

    2018-05-01

    Glasses with composition 15BaO-25Li2O-(60-x) B2O3 -xFe2O3 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1 mol %) were prepared by the conventional melt quenching technique. These glasses were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) investigations have been carried out as a function of iron ion concentration. The observed EPR spectra of Fe3+ ion exhibits resonance signals at g= 2.0, 4.3 and 8.0. The resonance signal at g= 4.3 is due to isolated Fe3+ ions in site with rhombic symmetry where as the g= 2.0 resonance signal is attributed to the Fe3+ ions coupled by exchange interaction in a distorted octahedral environment and the signal at g= 8.0 arises from axially distorted sites. The number of spins participating in resonance (N) and its paramagnetic susceptibilities (χ) have also been evaluated. The peak-to-peak line width ΔB for the resonance lines at g ≈ 4.3 and at g ≈ 2.0 is increasing as function of the iron ion content. The line intensity of the resonance centered at g ≈ 4.3 and at g ≈ 2.0 increases up to 0.8 mol% of Fe2O3 and for 1 mol% of Fe2O3 its value is found to decrease. The analysis of these results indicated that the conversion some of Fe3+ cations to Fe2+ ions beyond 0.8 mol%.

  5. Positive influence of Tm3+ on effective Er3+: 3 μm emission in fluoride glass under 980 nm excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Feifei; Wang, Tao; Guo, Yanyan; Lei, Ruoshan; Xu, Shiqing

    2017-05-01

    Er3+ and Tm3+ singly doped and codoped new fluoride glasses were prepared by traditional melt-quenching method. Efficient 3 μm emission was obtained under 980 nm laser excitation. It is worthy to notice that one of the two ions can be the sensitizer to the other one by depressing the Er3+: 1.5 μm emission through the energy transfer process from Er3+:4I13/2 level to Tm3+:3F4 level. On the basis of measured absorption spectra, the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters and radiation emission probability were calculated to evaluate the spectroscopic properties. Additionally, the micro-parameters together with the phonon assistance of Er3+:4I13/2 → Tm3+:3F4 and Er3+:4I11/2 → Tm3+:3H5 processes were quantitatively analyzed by using Dexter model. The theoretical micro-parameters results meet well with the experiments which indicates that Er3+/Tm3+ codoped fluoride glass is a potential kind laser glass for 3 μm laser.

  6. Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence from transparent Yb3+/Ni2+ codoped silicate glass ceramics.

    PubMed

    Wu, Botao; Zhou, Shifeng; Ruan, Jian; Qiao, Yanbo; Chen, Danping; Zhu, Congshan; Qiu, Jianrong

    2008-02-04

    The near-infrared emission intensity of Ni(2+) in Yb(3+)/Ni(2+) codoped transparent MgO-Al(2)O(3)-Ga(2)O(3)-SiO(2)-TiO(2) glass ceramics could be enhanced up to 4.4 times via energy transfer from Yb(3+) to Ni(2+) in nanocrystals. The best Yb(2)O(3) concentration was about 1.00 mol%. For the Yb(3+)/Ni(2+) codoped glass ceramic with 1.00 mol% Yb(2)O(3), a broadband near-infrared emission centered at 1265 nm with full width at half maximum of about 300 nm and lifetime of about 220 mus was observed. The energy transfer mechanism was also discussed.

  7. Effect of the addition of B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and BaO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2} glasses on the microstructure and dielectric properties of giant dielectric constant material CaCu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12}

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Shri Prakash, B.; Varma, K.B.R.

    2007-06-15

    The effect of the addition of glassy phases on the microstructure and dielectric properties of CaCu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} (CCTO) ceramics was investigated. Both single-component (B{sub 2}O{sub 3}) and multi-component (30 wt% BaO-60 wt% B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-10 wt% SiO{sub 2} (BBS)) glass systems were chosen to study their effect on the density, microstructure and dielectric properties of CCTO. Addition of an optimum amount of B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glass facilitated grain growth and an increase in dielectric constant. However, further increase in the B{sub 2}O{sub 3} content resulted in its segregation at the grain boundaries associated with a reduction in themore » grain size. In contrast, BBS glass addition resulted in well-faceted grains and increase in the dielectric constant and decrease in the dielectric loss. An internal barrier layer capacitance (IBLC) model was invoked to correlate the dielectric constant with the grain size in these samples. - Graphical abstract: Scanning electron micrograph of 30 wt% BaO-60 wt% B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-10 wt% SiO{sub 2} (BBS) glass-added CaCu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramic on sintering.« less

  8. Emission analysis of Tb3+ -and Sm3+ -ion-doped (Li2 O/Na2 O/K2 O) and (Li2 O + Na2 O/Li2 O + K2 O/K2 O + Na2 O)-modified borosilicate glasses.

    PubMed

    Naveen Kumar Reddy, B; Sailaja, S; Thyagarajan, K; Jho, Young Dahl; Sudhakar Reddy, B

    2018-05-01

    Four series of borosilicate glasses modified by alkali oxides and doped with Tb 3+ and Sm 3+ ions were prepared using the conventional melt quenching technique, with the chemical composition 74.5B 2 O 3 + 10SiO 2 + 5MgO + R + 0.5(Tb 2 O 3 /Sm 2 O 3 ) [where R = 10(Li 2 O /Na 2 O/K 2 O) for series A and C, and R = 5(Li 2 O + Na 2 O/Li 2 O + K 2 O/K 2 O + Na 2 O) for series B and D]. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of all the prepared glasses indicate their amorphous nature. The spectroscopic properties of the prepared glasses were studied by optical absorption analysis, photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and photoluminescence (PL) analysis. A green emission corresponding to the 5 D 4 → 7 F 5 (543 nm) transition of the Tb 3+ ions was registered under excitation at 379 nm for series A and B glasses. The emission spectra of the Sm 3+ ions with the series C and D glasses showed strong reddish-orange emission at 600 nm ( 4 G 5/2 → 6 H 7/2 ) with an excitation wavelength λ exci = 404 nm ( 6 H 5/24 F 7/2 ). Furthermore, the change in the luminescence intensity with the addition of an alkali oxide and combinations of these alkali oxides to borosilicate glasses doped with Tb 3+ and Sm 3+ ions was studied to optimize the potential alkali-oxide-modified borosilicate glass. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Investigation on gamma and neutron radiation shielding parameters for BaO/SrO‒Bi2O3‒B2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sayyed, M. I.; Lakshminarayana, G.; Dong, M. G.; Ersundu, M. Çelikbilek; Ersundu, A. E.; Kityk, I. V.

    2018-04-01

    In this work, mass attenuation coefficients (μ/ρ), effective atomic number (Zeff), electron density (Ne), mean free path (MFP), and half-value layer (HVL) of 20 BaO/SrO‒(x) Bi2O3‒(80‒x) B2O3 glasses (where x=10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 mol%) were calculated using WinXCom program and MCNP5 code. The obtained (μ/ρ) results using both MCNP5 code and WinXCom program were in good agreement. It is found that the addition of Bi2O3 leads to increase the Zeff values in both BaO/SrO‒Bi2O3‒B2O3 glass systems. However, the Zeff values of the BaO‒Bi2O3‒B2O3 glass system are higher than those of the SrO‒Bi2O3‒B2O3 glasses. The fast neutrons effective removal cross sections (ΣR) for 20 SrO‒40 Bi2O3‒40 B2O3 glass is the highest among all studied glasses. The calculated half-value layer values were compared with different glass systems and it was found that the shielding properties of the selected glasses are comparable or even better than other glass systems such as phosphate glasses.

  10. Crystallization of MgFe2O4 from a glass in the system K2O/B2O3/MgO/P2O5/Fe2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El Shabrawy, Samha; Bocker, Christian; Rüssel, Christian

    2016-10-01

    Spherical magnetic Mg-Fe-O nanoparticles were successfully prepared by the crystallization of glass in the system K2O/B2O3/MgO/P2O5/Fe2O3. The magnetic glass ceramics were prepared by melting the raw materials using the conventional melt quenching technique followed by a thermal treatment at temperatures in the range 560-700 °C for a time ranging from 2 to 8 h. The studies of the X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and FTIR spectra confirmed the precipitation of finely dispersed spherical (Mg, Fe) based spinel nanoparticles with a minor quantity of hematite (α-Fe2O3) in the glass matrix. The average size of the magnetic nano crystals increases slightly with temperature and time from 9 to 15 nm as determined by the line broadening from the XRD patterns. XRD studies show that annealing the glass samples for long periods of time at temperature ≥604 °C results in an increase of the precipitated hematite concentration, dissolution of the spinel phase and the formation of magnesium di-borate phase (Mg2B2O5). For electron microscopy, the particles were extracted by two methods; (i) replica extraction technique and (ii) dissolution of the glass matrix by diluted acetic acid. An agglomeration of the nano crystals to larger particles (25-35 nm) was observed.

  11. Effects of NaBF4 + NaF on the Tensile and Impact Properties of Al-Si-Mg-Fe Alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Zongning; Wang, Tongmin; Zhao, Yufei; Zheng, Yuanping; Kang, Huijun

    2015-05-01

    NaBF4 + NaF were found to play three roles, i.e., Fe-eliminator, grain refiner, and eutectic modifier, in treating A356 alloy with a high Fe content. The joint effects led to significant improvement in both tensile and impact properties of thus treated alloy. The multiple reactions between the NaBF4 + NaF and Al-Si-Mg-Fe system are suggested to form Fe2B, AlB2, and Na in the melt, as per thermodynamic analysis. The three are responsible for Fe removal, grain refinement, and eutectic modification, respectively. When NaBF4 and NaF are mixed in weight ratio of 1:1, an optimum addition rate is in the range between 1.0 and 2.0 wt pct for treating AlSi7Mg0.3Fe0.65 alloy, based on the results of tensile and impact tests. Excessive addition of the salt may deteriorate the mechanical properties of the alloy, basically owing to overmodification of Si and contamination of salt inclusions.

  12. Thermal and optical properties of Tm3+ doped tellurite glasses.

    PubMed

    Ozen, G; Demirata, B; Oveçoğlu, M L; Genç, A

    2001-02-01

    Ultraviolet, visible (UV/VIS) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) measurements were carried out in order to investigate the optical and thermal properties of various 0.5 mol.% Tm2O3 containing (1 - x)TeO2 + xLiCl glasses in molar ratio. The samples were prepared by fusing the mixture of their respective reagent grade powders in a platinum cricuble at 750 degrees C for 30 min. DTA curves taken in the 23-600 degrees C temperature range with a heating rate of 10 degrees C/min reveal a change in the value of the glass transition temperature, Tg, while melting was not observed for the glasses containing LiCl content less than 50 mol.%. These glasses were found to be moisture-resistant. However, the glasses with LiCl content higher than 50 mol.%, in which a melting peak was observed at Tc = 401 degrees C, were moisture-sensitive. Absorption measurements in the UV/VIS region of the glasses without Tm2O3 content show that the Urbach cutoff occurs at about 320 nm and, is relatively independent of the LiCl content. Six absorption bands were observed in the Tm2O3 doped glasses corresponding to the absorption of the 1G4, 3F2, 3F3 and 3F4, 3H5 and 3H4 levels from the 3H6 ground level of Tm3+ ions. The spectra also show that the integrated absorption cross-section of each band depends on the glass composition. Judd-Ofelt theory was used to determine the Judd-Ofelt parameters as well as the radiative transition probabilities for the metastable levels of Tm3+ ions in (0.3)LiCl + (0.7) TeO2: 0.01 Tm2O3 glass which is moisture-resistant.

  13. LAF1, a MYB transcription activator for phytochrome A signaling

    PubMed Central

    Ballesteros, María L.; Bolle, Cordelia; Lois, Luisa M.; Moore, James M.; Vielle-Calzada, Jean-Philippe; Grossniklaus, Ueli; Chua, Nam-Hai

    2001-01-01

    The photoreceptor phytochrome (phy) A has a well-defined role in regulating gene expression in response to specific light signals. Here, we describe a new Arabidopsis mutant, laf1 (long after far-red light 1) that has an elongated hypocotyl specifically under far-red light. Gene expression studies showed that laf1 has reduced responsiveness to continuous far-red light but retains wild-type responses to other light wavelengths. As far-red light is only perceived by phyA, our results suggest that LAF1 is specifically involved in phyA signal transduction. Further analyses revealed that laf1 is affected in a subset of phyA-dependent responses and the phenotype is more severe at low far-red fluence rates. LAF1 encodes a nuclear protein with strong homology with the R2R3–MYB family of DNA-binding proteins. Experiments using yeast cells identified a transactivation domain in the C-terminal portion of the protein. LAF1 is constitutively targeted to the nucleus by signals in its N-terminal portion, and the full-length protein accumulates in distinct nuclear speckles. This accumulation in speckles is abolished by a point mutation in a lysine residue (K258R), which might serve as a modification site by a small ubiquitin-like protein (SUMO). PMID:11581165

  14. Optical properties of Eu3+ & Tb3+ ions doped alkali oxide (Li2O/ Na2O/ K2O) modified boro phosphate glasses for red, green lasers and display device applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moulika, G.; Sailaja, S.; Reddy, B. Naveen Kumar; Reddy, V. Sahadeva; Dhoble, S. J.; Reddy, B. Sudhakar

    2018-04-01

    In this article we report on alkali oxide modified borophosphate glasses doped with Eu3+and Tb3+ ions, with the chemical composition of 69.5 B2O3+10P2O5 + 10CaF2 + 5 Li2O+ 5ZnO+ R+ 0.5 Eu2O3 [where R = 5 (LiO2/Na2O/K2O)] have been prepared by conventional melt quenching technique, and the spectroscopic properties of the prepared glasses have been studied by XRD, Optical absorption, excitation and emission spectral analysis. XRD spectrum of the glasses have shown the amorphous nature of the glasses. The red emission corresponding to 5D0 → 7F2 (613 nm) transition was observed under the excitation of 394 nm wavelength, corresponding to Eu3+ ions, for all the prepared glasses. For Eu3+ ion doped glasses, emission bands were observed, such as; 5D1→ 7F1 (538 nm), 5D0→ 7F0 (580 nm), 5D0→ 7F1 (592 nm), 5D0→ 7F2 (613 nm), 5D0→ 7F3 (613 nm) and 5D0→ 7F4 (702 nm) are identified. In the case of Tb3+ ion doped glasses, four emission lines were observed, such as 5D4→ (7F6, 7F5, 7F4), which are located at 489 nm, 545 nm and 585 nm, respectively, after the samples were excited with 376 nm ultraviolet source. The green emission corresponding to 5D4 → 7F5 (543 nm) transition was observed under excitation wavelength 376 nm of the Tb3+ ions for all the prepared glasses. For all these emission bands, the decay curves were recorded to evaluate the emission life times. The mechanism underlying the observed emission from the glasses was explained in terms of energy levels.

  15. Raman spectrum, quantum mechanical calculations and vibrational assignments of (95% alpha-TeO2/5% Sm2O3) glass.

    PubMed

    Shaltout, I; Mohamed, Tarek A

    2007-06-01

    Chozen system of tellurite glasses doped with rare earth oxides (95% alpha-TeO(2)+5% Sm2O3) was prepared by melt quenching. Consequently, the Raman spectrum (150-1250 cm(-1)) of the modified tellurite have been recorded. As a continuation to our normal coordinate analysis, force constants and quantum mechanical (QM) calculations for tbp TeO4(4-) (triagonal bipyramid, C(2v)) and TeO(3+1); Te2O7(6-) (bridged tetrahedral), we have carried out ab initio frequency calculations for tpy TeO3(2-) (triagonal pyramidal, C(3v) and C(s)) and tp TeO3(2-) (triagonal planar, D(3h)) ions. The quantum mechanical calculations at the levels of RHF, B3LYP and MP2 allow confident vibrational assignments and structural identification in the binary oxide glass (95% alpha-TeO2 +5% Sm2O3). The dominant three-dimensional network structures in the modified glass are triagonal pyramidal TeO3 with minor features of short range distorted tbp TeO4 and bridged tetrahedral unit of TeO(3+1), leading to a structure of infinite chain. Therefore, alpha-TeO2/Sm2O3 (95/5%) glass experience structural changes from TeO4 (tbp); Te2O7 (TeO(3+1))-->TeO3 (tpy).

  16. Tm3+-doped lead silicate glass sensitized by Er3+ for efficient 2 μm mid-infrared laser material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Junjie; Wang, Ning; Guo, Yanyan; Cai, Muzhi; Tian, Ying; Huang, Feifei; Xu, Shiqing

    2018-06-01

    Er3+/Tm3+ co-doped lead silicate glasses with low phonon (953 cm-1) and good thermal stability were synthesized. The 2 μm mid-infrared emission resulting from the 3F43H6 transition of Tm3+ sensitized by Er3+ has been observed by 808 nm LD pumping. The optimal luminescence intensity was obtained in the sample with 1Tm2O3/2.5Er2O3 co-doped. Moreover, the energy transfer mechanism from Er3+ to Tm3+ ion was analyzed. Absorption and emission cross section have been calculated. The calculated maximum emission cross section of Tm3+ is 2.689 × 10-21 cm2 at 1863 nm. Microparameters of energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions have also been analyzed. These results ensure that the prepared Er3+/Tm3+ co-doped lead silicate glasses have excellent spectroscopic properties in mid-infrared region and provide a beneficial guide for mid-infrared laser material.

  17. Polarizability, optical basicity and optical properties of SiO2B2O3Bi2O3TeO2 glass system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kashif, I.; Ratep, A.; Adel, Gh.

    2018-07-01

    Glasses having a composition xSiO2 xB2O3 (95-2 x) Bi2O35TeO2 where x = (5, 10, 15, 20, 25) prepared by the melt-quenching technique. Thermal stability, density, optical transmittance, and the refractive index of these glasses investigated. Glass samples were transparent in the visible to near-infrared (NIR) region and had a high refractive index. A number of glass samples have high glass-forming ability. This indicates that the quarterly glasses are suitable for optical applications in the visible to the NIR region. Bi2O3 substituted by B2O3 and SiO2 on optical properties discussed. It suggested that the substitution of Bi2O3 increased the density, molar volume, the molar polarizability, optical basicity and refractive index in addition to, the oxygen packing density, the optical energy gap, and metallization decrease. These results are helpful for designing new optical glasses controlled to have a higher refractive index. All studied glass presented high nonlinearities, and the addition of network modifiers made a little contribution. Results clarified the bandgap energy reduction, which associated with the growth within the non-bridging oxygen content with the addition of the network modifier. An increase in the refractive index nonlinearity explained by the optical basicity and the high electronic polarizability of the modifier ions.

  18. Spectroscopic and thermal study of a new glass from TeO2sbnd Ga2O3sbnd GeO2 system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marczewska, Agnieszka; Środa, Marcin

    2018-07-01

    Tellurium oxide and germanium oxide based glasses are classified as the heavy metal oxide glasses, with phonon energies below 880 cm-1. These glasses transmit to longer wavelengths when compared to borate, phosphate and silicate glasses because of the heavier mass of germanium. In this paper we present a new promising TeO2sbnd Ga2O3sbnd GeO2 glasses with high thermal stability and good optical properties in the near and mid-IR regions. The glass can be easily obtained for the wide range of Te/Ge ratio, which gives opportunity to engineering desirable properties. Based on the FT-IR spectra it could be stated that the tellurite network is monotonically transformed into germanate one as the GeO2 content increases. Admixtures of GeO2 into the network of tellurite glass causes the conversion of [TeO4] to [TeO3] units. Thus, the network of the glass could be consider as a mixture of the [TeO4], [TeO3] and [GeO4] units and with Ga3+ ions playing the role of its modifier. The glasses demonstrate high transmittance in mid-IR up to 6 μm what makes these materials suitable for mid-IR applications.

  19. Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Yanlong; Wang, Yishan; Luan, Kunpeng; Huang, Ke; Tao, Mengmeng; Chen, Hongwei; Yi, Aiping; Feng, Guobin; Si, Jinhai

    2016-01-01

    A diode-cladding pumped mid-infrared passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with an average output power of watt-level based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) is demonstrated. Stable pulse train was produced at a slope efficiency of 17.8% with respect to launched pump power. The maximum average power of 1.01 W at a repetition rate of 146.3 kHz was achieved with a corresponding pulse energy of 6.9 μJ, from which the maximum peak power was calculated to be 21.9 W. To the best of our knowledge, the average power and the peak power are the highest in 3 μm region passively Q-switched fiber lasers. The influence of gain fiber length on the operation regime of the fiber laser has been investigated in detail. PMID:27225029

  20. Study of upconversion fluorescence property of novel Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses.

    PubMed

    Xu, Tie-Feng; Li, Guang-Po; Nie, Qiu-Hua; Shen, Xiang

    2006-06-01

    Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped TeO2-B2O3-Nb2O5-ZnO (TBN) glasses were prepared. The absorption spectra and upconversion luminescence spectra of TBN glasses were measured and analyzed. The upconversion emission bands centered at 530, 546 and 658 nm were observed under the excitation at 975 nm, corresponding to the transitions of 2H11/2-->4I15/2, 4S3/2-->4I15/2 and 4F9/2-->4I15/2 respectively. The ratio of red emission to green emission increases with an increasing of Yb3+ ions concentration. According to the quadratic dependence on excitation power, the possible upconversion mechanisms and processes were discussed.

  1. Synthesis, structural, thermal and optical properties of TeO2-Bi2O3-GeO2-Li2O glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dimowa, Louiza; Piroeva, Iskra; Atanasova-Vladimirova, S.; Petrova, Nadia; Ganev, Valentin; Titorenkova, Rositsa; Yankov, Georgi; Petrov, Todor; Shivachev, Boris L.

    2016-10-01

    In this study, synthesis and characterization of novel quaternary tellurite glass system TeO2-Bi2O3-GeO2-Li2O is presented. The compositions include TeO2 and GeO2 as glass formers while different proportion of Bi2O3 and Li2O act as network modifiers. Differential thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, UV-Vis and Raman spectroscopy are applied to study the structural, thermal and optical properties of the studied glasses. Obtained glasses possess a relatively low glass transition temperature (around 300 °C) if compared to other tellurite glasses, show good thermal transparency in the visible and near infra-red (from 2.4 to 0.4 μm) and can double the frequency of laser light from its original wavelength of 1064 nm to its second-harmonic at 532 nm (i.e. second harmonic generation).

  2. Near Infrared Quantum Cutting Luminescence of Er3+/Tm3+ Ion Pairs in a Telluride Glass.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xiaobo; Li, Song; Hu, Lili; Wang, Kezhi; Zhao, Guoying; He, Lizhu; Liu, Jinying; Yu, Chunlei; Tao, Jingfu; Lin, Wei; Yang, Guojian; Salamo, Gregory J

    2017-05-16

    The multiphoton near-infrared, quantum cutting luminescence in Er 3+ /Tm 3+ co-doped telluride glass was studied. We found that the near-infrared 1800-nm luminescence intensity of (A) Er 3+ (8%)Tm 3+ (0.5%):telluride glass was approximately 4.4 to 19.5 times larger than that of (B) Tm 3+ (0.5%):telluride glass, and approximately 5.0 times larger than that of (C) Er 3+ (0.5%):telluride glass. Additionally, the infrared excitation spectra of the 1800 nm luminescence, as well as the visible excitation spectra of the 522 nm and 652 nm luminescence, of (A) Er 3+ (8%)Tm 3+ (0.5%):telluride glass are very similar to those of Er 3+ ions in (C) Er 3+ (0.5%):telluride glass, with respect to the shapes of their excitation spectral waveforms and peak wavelengths. Moreover, we found that there is a strong spectral overlap and energy transfer between the infrared luminescence of Er 3+ donor ions and the infrared absorption of Tm 3+ acceptor ions. The efficiency of this energy transfer { 4 I 13/2 (Er 3+ ) →  4 I 15/2 (Er 3+ ), 3 H 6 (Tm 3+ ) →  3 F 4 (Tm 3+ )} between the Er 3+ and Tm 3+ ions is approximately 69.8%. Therefore, we can conclude that the observed behaviour is an interesting multiphoton, near-infrared, quantum cutting luminescence phenomenon that occurs in novel Er 3+ -Tm 3+ ion pairs. These findings are significant for the development of next-generation environmentally friendly germanium solar cells, and near-to-mid infrared (1.8-2.0 μm) lasers pumped by GaN light emitting diodes.

  3. Electrical properties of crystallized 30B2O3-70V2O5 glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gwoo, Donggun; Kim, Taehee; Han, Kyungseok; Choi, Wongyu; Kim, Jonghwan; Ryu, Bongki

    2013-05-01

    30B2O3-70V2O5 binary-system glass was prepared, and variations in structural and electrical property were examined using crystallization. While different related research studies exist, few have evaluated the variations in the structure and properties with changes in the crystallization rate. 30B2O3-70V2O5 glass was annealed in the graphite mold above the glass transition temperature for 2 h and heat-treated at each crystallization temperature for 3 h. 30B2O3-70V2O5 glass showed predominantly electronic conductive characteristic. FTIR was preferentially used for analyzing the structural changes of B-O bond after crystallization, while XRD was utilized to verify the inferred changes in the structure array (BO3 + V2O5 ↔ BO4 + 2VO2). Structural changes induced by heat treatment were confirmed by analyzing the molecular volume determined from the sample density, and conductance was measured to correlate structural and property changes. Conductivity is discussed based on the migration of vanadate ions with different valence states because of the increase in VO2 crystallinity at 130°C, which, however, was not observed at 170°C. After VO2 structures were reinforced, a 1.8-fold increase in conductance was observed (as compared to the annealed sample) after crystallization at 130°C for 3 h.

  4. Infrared diode laser spectroscopy of the △ ν = 2 band of AlF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horiai, Koui; Uehara, Hiromichi

    2006-04-01

    A vibrational-rotational spectrum of the △ ν = 2 transitions of a high-temperature molecule AlF was observed between 1490 and 1586 cm -1 with a diode laser spectrometer. Measurements were made on the ν = 3-1, 4-2, 5-3 and 8-6 bands at a temperature of 900 °C. Measured spectral lines were fitted to effective band constants ν0, Bν and Dν for each band. Present measurements were made with only one Pb-salt laser diode. Physical significance of the effective band constants is discussed.

  5. Cyan-white-red luminescence from europium doped Al2O3-La2O3-SiO2 glasses.

    PubMed

    Yang, Hucheng; Lakshminarayana, G; Zhou, Shifeng; Teng, Yu; Qiu, Jianrong

    2008-04-28

    Aluminum-lanthanum-silicate glasses with different Eu doping concentration have been synthesized by conventional melt-quenching method at 1680 degrees C in reductive atmosphere. Under 395nm excitation, samples with low Eu doping concentration show mainly the cyan broad emission at 460nm due to 4f(6)5d(1)-4f(7) transition of Eu(2+); and the samples with higher Eu doping concentration show mainly some narrow emissions with maximum at 616nm due to (5)D(0)-(7)F(j) (J=0, 1, 2, 3, 4) transitions of Eu(3+). Cyan-white-red tunable luminescence under 395nm excitation has been obtained by changing the Eu doping concentration.

  6. Optical characterization of Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions doped zinc lead borate glasses.

    PubMed

    Thulasiramudu, A; Buddhudu, S

    2007-02-01

    This paper reports on the spectral analysis of Eu3+ or Tb3+ ions (0.5 mol%) doped heavy metal oxide (HMO) based zinc lead borate glasses from the measurement of their absorption, emission spectra and also different physical properties. From the XRD, DSC profiles, the glass nature and glass thermal properties have been studied. The measured emission spectrum of Eu3+ glass has revealed five transitions (5D0-->7F0, 7F1, 7F2, 7F3 and 7F4) at 578, 591, 613, 654 and 702 nm, respectively, with lambdaexci=392 nm (7F0-->5L6). In the case of Tb3+:ZLB glass, four emission transitions such as (5D4-->7F6, 7F5, 7F4 and 7F3) that are located at 489, 542, 585 and 622 nm, respectively, have been measured with lambdaexci=374 nm. For all these emission bands decay curves have been plotted to evaluate their lifetimes and the emission processes that arise in the glasses have been explained in terms of energy level schemes.

  7. The effect of glass additives on the microwave dielectric properties of Ba(Mg{sub 1/3}Ta{sub 2/3})O{sub 3} ceramics

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Surendran, K.P.; Mohanan, P.; Sebastian, M.T.

    2004-11-01

    The effect of glass additives on the densification, phase evolution, microstructure and microwave dielectric properties of Ba(Mg{sub 1/3}Ta{sub 2/3})O{sub 3} (BMT) was investigated. Different weight percentages of quenched glass such as B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, SiO{sub 2}, B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2}, ZnO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, 5ZnO-2B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2}, Na{sub 2}O-2B{sub 2}O{sub 3}.10H{sub 2}O, BaO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2}, MgO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2}, PbO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2}, ZnO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2} and 2MgO-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-5SiO{sub 2} were added to calcined BMT precursor. The sintering temperature of the glass-added BMT samples were lowered down to 1300 deg. C compared to solid-statemore » sintering where the temperature was 1650{sup o}C. The formation of high temperature satellite phases such as Ba{sub 5}Ta{sub 4}O{sub 15} and Ba{sub 7}Ta{sub 6}O{sub 22} were found to be suppressed by the glass addition. Addition of glass systems such as B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, ZnO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, 5ZnO-2B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and ZnO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2} improved the densification and microwave dielectric properties. Other glasses were found to react with BMT to form low-Q phases which prevented densification. The microwave dielectric properties of undoped BMT with a densification of 93.1% of the theoretical density were {epsilon}r=24.8, {tau}f=8ppm/{sup o}C and Q{sub u}xf=80,000GHz. The BMT doped with 1.0wt% of B{sub 2}O{sub 3} has Q{sub u}xf=124,700GHz, {epsilon}r=24.2, and {tau}f=-1.3ppm/ deg/ C. The unloaded Q factor of 0.2wt% ZnO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped BMT was 136,500GHz while that of 1.0wt% of 5ZnO-2B{sub 2}O{sub 3} added ceramic was Q{sub u}xf=141,800GHz. The best microwave quality factor was observed for ZnO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2} (ZBS) glass-added ceramics which can act as a perfect liquid-phase medium for the sintering of BMT. The microwave dielectric properties of 0.2wt% ZBS-added BMT dielectric was Q{sub u}xf=152,800GHz

  8. Mid-infrared lasing from Ho(3+) in bulk InF(3) glass.

    PubMed

    Berrou, Antoine; Kieleck, Christelle; Eichhorn, Marc

    2015-04-15

    We report on an Ho3+:InF3 glass laser pumped by a Cr3+:LiSAF laser emitting at 889 nm. Ho3+:InF3 glass is a promising material for direct mid-infrared lasers around 4 μm. To evaluate the performances of this new material, we compared it to an Ho3+:BYF crystalline laser pumped by the same source. At 650 mJ pump energy, 7.2 mJ (46 mJ) was obtained with Ho3+:InF3 (Ho3+:BYF), respectively. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported laser activity in this type of glass.

  9. Seal glass compatibility with bare and (Mn,Co) 3O 4 coated Crofer 22 APU alloy in different atmospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahapatra, M. K.; Lu, K.

    To prevent gas mixing and leakage during solid oxide fuel/electrolyzer cell operation, the interconnect/seal glass interface should bond well and remain stable. A SrO-La 2O 3-Al 2O 3-SiO 2 (SABS-0) seal glass has been bonded to bare Crofer 22 APU alloy and (Mn,Co) 3O 4 coated Crofer 22 APU alloy. The stability of the interconnect/SABS-0 interface has been studied in air and H 2/H 2O atmospheres at 800 °C for 1000 h. The interconnect/seal glass interaction involves the oxidation of the bare and (Mn,Co) 3O 4 coated Crofer 22 APU alloy surfaces, inter-diffusion of elements, chemical reaction, and the devitrification of the SABS-0 glass. The study shows that the thermal treatment atmosphere greatly affects the interfacial stability of both bare Crofer 22 APU/SABS-0 and (Mn,Co) 3O 4 coated Crofer 22 APU/SABS-0 samples. The interfacial stability is better in the H 2/H 2O atmosphere for both samples. The instability of the (Mn,Co) 3O 4 coating under the thermal treatment conditions degrades the interfacial compatibility of the (Mn,Co) 3O 4 coated Crofer 22 APU/SABS-0 sample.

  10. Optical and Physical Investigations of Lanthanum Bismuth Borate glasses doped with Ho2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramesh, P.; Jagannath, G.; Eraiah, B.; Kokila, M. K.

    2018-02-01

    Holmium doped 10La2O3-15Bi2O3-(75-x) B2O3 (Ho3+: LBB) glasses have been prepared by melt quench technique and the impact of holmium ions concentration on optical and physical properties of present glasses have been examined. Ho3+ dependent density, molar volume, refractive index, rare earth ion concentration, polaron radius, inter ionic distance, field strength and energy band gap are calculated and tabulated. Amorphous nature of the all glasses has been confirmed by XRD patterns. The room temperature (RT) Uv-Vis absorption spectrum doped with 1 mol% of Ho2O3 exhibit eight prominent bands centred at 895, 641, 537, 486, 472, 467, 451 and 416 due to transition between ground state to various excited states. The results show that, the density is increases and molar volume of the glasses is decreases with an increase in Ho2O3 concentration and consequently generate more non-bridging oxygen (NBOs) in the glass matrix. The Urbach energy is increases with holmium concentration which exemplifies the degree of disorder present in the LBB glasses. The considerable increase in field strength observed in present glasses is attributed to occurrence of strong bridge between Ho3+ and B- ions and this strong bridge is possibly due to the displacement between Ho3+ and oxygen atoms which are generated from the conversion BO3-BO4 units.

  11. The effect of micro-structure on upconversion luminescence of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glass-ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Minghui; Wen, Haiqin; Pan, Xiuhong; Yu, Jianding; Jiang, Meng; Yu, Huimei; Tang, Meibo; Gai, Lijun; Ai, Fei

    2018-03-01

    Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glasses have been prepared by aerodynamic levitation method. The glasses show high refractive index of 2.28 and Abbe number of 18.3. Glass-ceramics heated at 880 °C for 50 min perform the strongest upconversion luminescence. X-ray diffraction patterns of glass-ceramics with different depths indicate that rare earth ions restrain crystallization. Body crystallization mechanism mixed with surface crystallization is confirmed in the heat treatment. Surface crystals achieve priority to grow, resulting in important effects on upconversion luminescence. The results of atomic force microscope and scanning electron microscope indicate that crystal particles with uniform size distribute densely and homogenously on the surface and large amount of glass matrix exists in the glass ceramics heated at 880 °C for 50 min. Crystals in the glass-ceramics present dense structure and strong boundaries, which can reduce the mutual nonradiative relaxation rate among rare earth ions and then improve upconversion luminescence effectively. Based on micro-structural study, the mechanism that upconversion luminescence can be improved by heat treatment has been revealed. The results of micro-structural analysis agree well with the spectra.

  12. CoO-doped MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-colored transparent glass-ceramics with high crystallinity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Wufu; Zhang, Qian; Luo, Zhiwei; Yu, Jingbo; Gao, Xianglong; Li, Yunxing; Lu, Anxian

    2018-02-01

    To obtain CoO-doped MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 (MAS)-colored transparent glass-ceramics with high crystallinity, the glass with the composition 21MgO-21Al2O3-54SiO2-4B2O3-0.2CoO (in mol %) was prepared by conventional melt quenching technique and subsequently thermal treated at several temperatures. The crystallization behavior of the glass, the precipitated crystalline phases and crystallinity were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The microstructure of the glass-ceramics was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FSEM). The transmittance of glass-ceramic was measured by UV spectrophotometer. The results show that a large amount of α-cordierite (indianite) with nano-size was precipitated from the glass matrix after treatment at 1020 °C for 3 h. The crystallinity of the transparent glass-ceramic reached up to 97%. Meanwhile, the transmittance of the glass-ceramic was 74% at 400 nm with a complex absorption band from 450 nm to 700 nm. In addition, this colored transparent glass-ceramic possessed lower density (2.469 g/cm3), lower thermal expansion coefficient (1.822 × 10-6 /℃), higher Vickers hardness (9.1 GPa) and higher bending strength (198 MPa) than parent glass.

  13. Ca(5)Zr(3)F(22).

    PubMed

    Oudahmane, Abdelghani; El-Ghozzi, Malika; Avignant, Daniel

    2012-04-01

    Single crystals of Ca(5)Zr(3)F(22), penta-calcium trizirconium docosafluoride, were obtained unexpectedly by solid-state reaction between CaF(2) and ZrF(4) in the presence of AgF. The structure of the title compound is isotypic with that of Sr(5)Zr(3)F(22) and can be described as being composed of layers with composition [Zr(3)F(20)](8-) made up from two different [ZrF(8)](4-) square anti-prisms (one with site symmetry 2) by corner-sharing. The layers extending parallel to the (001) plane are further linked by Ca(2+) cations, forming a three-dimensional network. Amongst the four crystallographically different Ca(2+) ions, three are located on twofold rotation axes. The Ca(2+) ions exhibit coordination numbers ranging from 8 to 12, depending on the cut off, with very distorted fluorine environments. Two of the Ca(2+) ions occupy inter-stices between the layers whereas the other two are located in void spaces of the [Zr(3)F(20)](8-) layer and alternate with the two Zr atoms along [010]. The crystal under investigation was an inversion twin.

  14. Synthesis and morphology of Ba1-xRE2x/3Nb2O6 nanocrystals with tungsten bronze structure in RE2O3-BaO-Nb2O5-B2O3 glasses (RE: Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ida, H.; Shinozaki, K.; Honma, T.; Oh-ishi, K.; Komatsu, T.

    2012-12-01

    Ba1-xRE2x/3Nb2O6 nanocrystals with a tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) structure are synthesized using a conventional glass crystallization technique in 2.3RE2O3-27.4BaO-34.3Nb2O5-36B2O3 (mol%) (RE=Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, and Er) glasses. One sharp crystallization peak is observed at ∼670 °C in both powdered and bulk glasses, and the formation of Ba1-xRE2x/3Nb2O6 nanocrystals with unit cell parameters of a∼1.24 nm and c∼0.39 nm was confirmed. It is found from high resolution transmission electron microscope observations that the morphology of Ba1-xRE2x/3Nb2O6 nanocrystals is ellipsoidal. Their average particle size is in the range of 15-60 nm and decreases with decreasing ionic radius of RE3+ being present in the precursor glasses. The optical transparent crystallized glass (bulk) shows the total photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield of 53% in the visible region of Eu3+ ions, suggesting a high potential of Ba1-xRE2x/3Nb2O6 nanocrystals as PL materials.

  15. Tb3+ and Eu3+ doped zinc phosphate glasses for solid state lighting applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jha, Kaushal; Vishwakarma, Amit K.; Jayasimhadri, M.; Haranath, D.; Jang, Kiwan

    2018-04-01

    Tb3+ and Eu3+ doped zinc phosphate (ZP) glasses were prepared by conventional melt-quenching technique and their photoluminescence properties were investigated in detail. For, Tb3+ doped glasses the intense emission was at 545 nm corresponding to 5D4→7F5 transition under 377 nm n-UV excitation. The optimized concentration for Tb3+ doped zinc phosphate glass was 3 mol% and above this concentration quenching takes place. The Eu3+ doped zinc phosphate glass revealed intense emission at 613 nm attributed to the 5D0→7F2 transition under intense 392 nm n-UV excitation. The concentration quenching phenomenon was not observed in the Eu3+ doped ZP glasses. The CIE chromaticity coordinates for 3 mol% Tb3+ and 5 mol% Eu3+ doped ZP glasses were found to (0.283, 0.615) and (0.652, 0.331) lying in the green and red regions, respectively. The above mentioned results indicate that the prepared glass are suitable for application in the field of lighting and display devices.

  16. Luminescent properties of Tb3+- doped TeO2-WO3-GeO2 glasses for green laser applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Subrahmanyam, T.; Rama Gopal, K.; Padma Suvarna, R.; Jamalaiah, B. C.; Vijaya Kumar, M. V.

    2018-06-01

    Different concentrations of Tb3+ -doped oxyfluoro tellurite (TWGTb) glasses were prepared by conventional melt quenching technique and characterized for green laser applications. The Judd-Ofelt theory was applied to evaluate various spectroscopic and radiative parameters. The TWGTb glasses exhibit 5D3 → 7F5-3 and 5D4 → 7F6-0 transitions when excited at 316 nm radiation. The variation of intensity of 5D4 → 7F5 (Green) and 5D3 → 7F4 (Blue) transitions and the green to blue (IG/IB) intensity ratios were studied as a function of Tb3+ ions concentration. The laser characteristic parameters such as effective bandwidth (Δλeff), stimulated emission cross-section (σe), gain bandwidth (σe × Δλeff) and optical gain (σe × τR) were determined using the three phenomenological Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters. The fluorescence decay profiles of 5D4 metastable level exhibit single-exponential nature for all the samples. Based on the experimental results we suggest that the 1.0 mol% of Tb3+ -doped TWGTb glass could be a suitable laser host material to emit intense green luminescence at 545 nm.

  17. Optical properties of Nd3+ doped bismuth zinc borate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shanmugavelu, B.; Venkatramu, V.; Ravi Kanth Kumar, V. V.

    2014-03-01

    Glasses with compositions of (100-x) (Bi2ZnOB2O6) - x Nd2O3 (where x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1 and 2 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching method and characterized through optical absorption, emission and decay curve measurements. Optical absorption spectra have been analyzed using Judd-Ofelt theory. The emission spectra exhibit three peaks at 919, 1063 and 1337 nm corresponding to 4F3/2 to 4I9/2, 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 transitions in the near infrared region. The emission intensity of the 4F3/2 to 4I11/2 transition increases with increase of Nd3+ concentration up to 1 mol% and then concentration quenching is observed for 2 mol% of Nd3+ concentration. The lifetimes for the 4F3/2 level are found to decrease with increase in Nd2O3 concentration in the glasses. The decay curves of the glass up to 0.3 mol% of Nd3+ exhibit single exponential nature and thereafter the curves become nonexponential nature (0.5, 1 and 2 mol%). The nonexponential curve has been fitted to the Inokuti-Hirayama model to understand the nature of energy transfer process.

  18. Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer of Tm(3+)/Ho(3+)-codoped TeO(2)-WO(3)-ZnO glasses for 1.47mum amplifier.

    PubMed

    Chen, Ganxin; Zhang, Qinyuan; Cheng, Yun; Zhao, Chun; Qian, Qi; Yang, Zhongmin; Jiang, Zhonghong

    2009-05-01

    We report on spectroscopic properties and energy transfer of Tm(3+)/Ho(3+)-codoped tungsten tellurite glasses for 1.47microm amplifier. Fluorescence spectra and the analysis of energy transfer indicate that Ho(3+) is an excellent codopant for 1.47microm emission. Comparing with other tellurite glasses, the radiative lifetime of the (3)H(4) level of Tm(3+) in tungsten tellurite glass is slightly lower, but the spontaneous emission probability, stimulated emission cross-section and the figure of merit for bandwidth are obviously larger. Although the pump efficiency of tungsten tellurite amplifier is approximately 50% less than that of fluoride glass, the figure of merit for bandwidth is approximately three times larger in tungsten tellurite glass than in fluoride glass. The results indicate that Tm(3+)/Ho(3+)-codoped tungsten tellurite glass is attractive for broadband amplifier.

  19. Reuse of nuclear byproducts, NaF and HF in metal glass industries

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Park, J.W.; Lee, H.W.; Yoo, S.H.

    1997-02-01

    A study has been performed to evaluate the radiological safety and feasibility associated with reuse of NaF(Sodium Fluoride) and HF(Hydrofluoric Acid) which are generated as byproducts from the nuclear fuel fabrication process. The investigation of oversea`s experience reveals that the byproduct materials are most often used in the metal and glass industries. For the radiological safety evaluation, the uranium radioactivities in the byproduct materials were examined and shown to be less than radioactivities in natural materials. The radiation doses to plant personnel and the general public were assessed to be very small and could be ignored. The Korea nuclear regulatorymore » body permits the reuse of NaF in the metal industry on the basis of associated radioactivity being {open_quote}below regulatory concern{close_quote}. HF is now under review for reuse acceptability in the steel and glass industries.« less

  20. Raman spectroscopy, thermal and optical properties of TeO2-ZnO-Nb2O5-Nd2O3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamalaker, V.; Upender, G.; Ramesh, Ch.; Chandra Mouli, V.

    2012-04-01

    The glasses with composition 75TeO2-10ZnO-(15-x)Nb2O5-xNd2O3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 9 mol%) were prepared using melt quenching method and their physical properties such as density (ρ), molar volume (VM), average crosslink density (n¯), oxygen packing density (OPD) and number of bonds per unit volume (nb) were determined. Raman spectroscopic studies showed that the glass network consists of TeO4, TeO3+1, TeO3 and NbO6 units as basic structural units. The glass transition temperature (Tg), crystallization onset (To) and thermal stability (ΔT) were determined from DSC thermograms. The Raman and DSC results were found to be correlated with the physical properties. In the optical absorption spectra six absorption bands were observed with different relative intensities at around 464, 522, 576, 742, 801 and 871 nm which are assigned to the transition of electrons from (ground state) 4I9/2 → G11/2; 4I9/22K3/2, 2G7/2; 4I9/24G5/2, 4G7/2; 4I9/24S3/2; 4F7/22H9/2, 4F5/2 and 4I9/22F3/2 respectively. From optical absorption data the energy band gap (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) were calculated.

  1. Reddish-orange, neutral and warm white emissions in Eu3+, Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped CdO-GeO2-TeO2 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez-Carvajal, David A.; Meza-Rocha, A. N.; Caldiño, U.; Lozada-Morales, R.; Álvarez, E.; Zayas, Ma. E.

    2016-11-01

    Eu3+, Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped CdO-GeO2-TeO2 glasses were prepared using the melt-quenching process and analyzed by X-diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, excitation and emission spectra, and emission decay time profiles. The lack of X ray diffraction peaks revealed that all samples are amorphous. Vibrational modes associated with Tesbnd Osbnd Te and Gesbnd Osbnd Ge related bonds and molecular oxygen were detected by Raman spectroscopy. The luminescence characteristics were studied upon excitations that correspond with the emission of InGaN (370-420 nm) based LEDs. The Eu3+ singly doped glass displayed reddish-orange global emission, with x = 0.601 and y = 0.349 CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates, upon 393 nm excitation. Neutral emission with x = 0.373 and y = 0.412 CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates and correlated color temperature (CCT) of 4400 K, was achieved in the Dy3+ singly doped glass excited at 388 nm. The Dy3+/Eu3+ co-doped glass exhibited warm, neutral and soft warm white emissions with CCT values of 3435, 4153 and 2740 K, under excitations at 382, 388 and 393 nm, respectively, depending mainly on the Dy3+ and Eu3+ relative excitation. The Dy3+ excitation bands observed in the Dy3+/Eu3+ glass by monitoring the 611 nm Eu3+ emission, suggest that Dy3+ → Eu3+ energy transfer takes place, despite the fact that the Dy3+ emission decays in the Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped glass, remain without changes. The shortening of Eu3+ decay in presence of Dy3+ was attributed to an Eu3+ → Dy3+ non-radiative energy transfer process, which according with the Inokuti-Hirayama model might be dominated through an electric quadrupole-quadrupole interaction, with efficiency and probability of 5.5% and 51.6 s-1, respectively.

  2. Characterization of emission properties of Er3+ ions in TeO2-CdF2-WO3 glasses.

    PubMed

    Bilir, G; Mustafaoglu, N; Ozen, G; DiBartolo, B

    2011-12-01

    TeO(2)-CdF(2)-WO(3) glasses with various compositions and Er(3+) concentrations were prepared by conventional melting method. Their optical properties were studied by measuring the absorption, luminescence spectra and the decay patterns at room temperature. From the optical absorption spectra the Judd-Ofelt parameters (Ω(t)), transition probabilities, branching ratios of various transitions, and radiative lifetimes were calculated. The absorption and emission cross-section spectra of the (4)I(15/2) to (4)I(13/2) transition of erbium were determined. Emission quantum efficiencies and the average critical distance R(0) which provides a measure for the strength of cross relaxation were determined. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. R2O3 (R = La, Y) modified erbium activated germanate glasses for mid-infrared 2.7 μm laser materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Muzhi; Zhou, Beier; Wang, Fengchao; Wei, Tao; Tian, Ying; Zhou, Jiajia; Xu, Shiqing; Zhang, Junjie

    2015-08-01

    Er3+ activated germanate glasses modified by La2O3 and Y2O3 with good thermal stability were prepared. 2.7 μm fluorescence was observed and corresponding radiative properties were investigated. A detailed discussion of J-O parameters has been carried out based on absorption spectra and Judd-Ofelt theory. The peak emission cross sections of La2O3 and Y2O3 modified germanate glass are (14.3 ± 0.10) × 10-21 cm2 and (15.4 ± 0.10) × 10-21 cm2, respectively. Non-radiative relaxation rate constants and energy transfer coefficients of 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels have been obtained and discussed to understand the 2.7 μm fluorescence behavior. Moreover, the energy transfer processes of 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 level were quantitatively analyzed according to Dexter’s theory and Inokuti-Hirayama model. The theoretical calculations are in good agreement with the observed 2.7 μm fluorescence phenomena. Results demonstrate that the Y2O3 modified germanate glass, which possesses more excellent spectroscopic properties than La2O3 modified germanate glass, might be an attractive candidate for mid-infrared laser.

  4. Energy transfer and optical gain properties of P{sub 2}O{sub 5}-ZnO-LiF: (Yb{sup 3+}, Er{sup 3+}) glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Reddy, C. Parthasaradhi, E-mail: cgparthasaradhi@gmail.com, E-mail: ktrkreddy@gmail.com; Naresh, V.; Reddy, K. T. Ramakrishna, E-mail: cgparthasaradhi@gmail.com, E-mail: ktrkreddy@gmail.com

    2015-06-24

    The present paper reports on the results pertaining to the emission properties of 0.5 mol% Er{sup 3+} and together (0.5 Yb{sup 3+} /0.5 Er{sup 3+}) doped PZL (P{sub 2}O{sub 5}-ZnO-LiF) glasses prepared by a melt quenching method. From the optical absorption data, absorption and stimulated emission cross-sections have been evaluated using McCumber’s theory and further cross-sectional gain has also been computed for Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} doped glass. On exciting the single (Er{sup 3+}) and dual rare earth ions (Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}) doped glass sample at λ{sub exci} = 379 nm, three emission bands in the visible region {sup 2}H{sub 11/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2}more » (526 nm), {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} (549 nm) and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} (664 nm) are observed and while at λ{sub exci} = 980 nm (Laser Diode) excitation a broad emission at 1530 nm attributed to {sup 4}H{sub 13/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} is observed in the NIR region. The enhancement in visible and NIR emission intensities with the addition of Yb{sup 3+} to Er{sup 3+} due to an energy transfer process from Yb{sup 3+} to Er{sup 3+} has been explained in terms of an energy level diagram.« less

  5. Optical properties in the visible luminescence of SiO2:B2O3:CaO:GdF3 glass scintillators containing CeF3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, J. M.; Kim, H. J.; Karki, Sujita; Kaewkhao, J.; Damdee, B.; Kothan, S.; Kaewjaeng, S.

    2017-12-01

    CeF3-doped silicaborate-calcium-gadolinium glass scintillators, with the formula 10SiO2:(55-x)B2O3:10CaO:25GdF3:xCeF3, were fabricated by the melt-quenching technique. The doping concentration of the CeF3 was from 0.00 mol% to 0.20 mol%. The optical properties of the CeF3 doped glass scintillators were studied by using various radiation sources. The transition state of the CeF3-doped glass scintillators studied by using the absorption and photo-luminescence spectrum results. The X-ray, photo, proton and laser-induced luminescence spectra were also studied to understand the luminescence mechanism under various conditions. To understand the temperature dependence, the laser-induced luminescence and the decay component of the CeF3-doped glass scintillator were studied while the temperature was varied from 300 K to 10 K. The emission wavelength spectrum showed from 350 nm to 55 nm under various radiation sources. Also the CeF3-doped glass scintillator have one decay component as 34 ns at room temperature.

  6. 2 μm emission properties and hydroxy groups quenching of Tm3+ in germanate-tellurite glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Muzhi; Lu, Yu; Cao, Ruijie; Tian, Ying; Xu, Shiqing; Zhang, Junjie

    2016-07-01

    Tm3+ activated germanate-tellurite glasses with good thermal stability and anti-crystallization ability were prepared. Efficient 2 μm fluorescence was observed in the optimal concentration Tm3+ doped glass and the corresponding radiative properties were investigated. For Tm3+: 3F43H6 transition, high spontaneous radiative transition probability (260.75 s-1) and large emission cross section (7.66 × 10-21 cm2) were obtained from the prepared glass. According to Dexter's and Forster's theory, energy transfer microscopic parameters were computed to elucidate the observed 2 μm emissions in detail. Besides, the effect of hydroxy groups quenching was also quantificationally investigated based on simplified rate equations. Results demonstrate that the optimal concentration Tm3+ doped germanate-tellurite glass possessing excellent spectroscopic properties might be an attractive candidate for 2 μm laser or amplifier.

  7. Spectroscopy and energy transfer in lead borate glasses doubly doped with Tm3+ and Dy3+ ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Górny, Agata; Sołtys, Marta; Pisarska, Joanna; Pisarski, Wojciech A.

    2018-03-01

    Lead borate glasses singly and doubly doped with Tm3+ and Dy3+ were prepared by traditional melt-quenching technique. The emission spectra of rare earths in studied glass systems were registered under different excitation wavelengths. The observed emission bands are located in the visible spectral region. They correspond to 1D23F4 (blue) and 1G43H6 (blue) transitions of Tm3+ as well as 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 (blue), 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 (yellow) and 4F9/2 → 6H11/2 (red) transitions of Dy3+. Moreover, the energy transfer process from Tm3+ to Dy3+ was observed. The luminescence bands originating to characteristic transitions of thulium and dysprosium ions are present on emission spectra under direct excitation of Tm3+. Luminescence lifetimes for the excited states of Tm3+ and Dy3+ ions in lead borate glass were also determined based on decay measurements. The luminescence intensities and lifetimes depend significantly on the relative concentrations of the optically active dopants.

  8. Investigation of luminescence and laser transition of Dy3+ ion in P2O5sbnd PbOsbnd Bi2O3sbnd R2O3 (R = Al, Ga, In) glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ram, G. Chinna; Narendrudu, T.; Suresh, S.; Kumar, A. Suneel; Rao, M. V. Sambasiva; Kumar, V. Ravi; Rao, D. Krishna

    2017-04-01

    P2O5sbnd PbOsbnd Bi2O3sbnd R2O3 (R = Al, Ga, In) glasses doped with Dy2O3 were prepared by melt quenching technique. The prepared glasses were characterized by XRD, optical absorption, FTIR, luminescence studies. Judd-Ofelt parameters have been evaluated for three glass systems from optical absorption spectra and in turn radiative parameters for excited luminescent levels of Dy3+ ion are also calculated. Emission cross section and branching ratio values are observed to high for 6H13/2 level for Dy3+ ion. The yellow to blue intensity ratios and CIE chromaticity coordinates were calculated. Decay curves exhibit non exponential behavior. Quantum efficiency of prepared glasses was measured by using radiative and calculated life times. IR studies, J-O parameters and Y/B ratio values indicate that more asymmetry around Dy3+ ions in Ga2O3 mixed glass was observed. Chromaticity coordinates lie near ideal white light region. These coordinates and CCT values have revealed that all the prepared glasses emit quality white light especially the glasses mixed with Ga2O3 are suitable for development of white LEDs.

  9. Fluorescence investigation of Ho3+ in Yb3+ sensitized mixed-alkali bismuth gallate glasses.

    PubMed

    Lin, H; Zhang, Y Y; Pun, E Y B

    2008-12-15

    Efficient 2.0 microm infrared and visible upconversion emissions have been observed in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped mixed-alkali bismuth gallate (LKBBG) glasses having a maximum-phonon energy of 673 cm(-1). The Judd-Ofelt parameters Omega2, Omega4 and Omega6 of Ho3+ indicate that there is a high asymmetry and strong covalent environment in LKBBG glasses. The large absorption and emission cross-sections of Yb3+ confirm that it is a suitable sensitizer for capturing and transferring pump energy to Ho3+. The emission cross-section profile for the 5I7-->5I8 transition is derived using the reciprocity method and the peak value is 5.54 x 10(-21)cm2, which is much larger than the value in fluorozircoaluminate glasses. LKBBG glasses exhibit low maximum-phonon energy and large refractive index, and it is possible to achieve an effective 1.66 microm U-band emission of Ho3+ under 900 nm laser radiation.

  10. Characterization of LaF 3 coatings prepared at different temperatures and rates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Hua; Shen, Yanming; Cui, Yun; Qi, Hongji; Shao, JianDa; Fan, ZhengXiu

    2008-01-01

    LaF 3 thin films were prepared by thermal boat evaporation at different substrate temperatures and various deposition rates. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Lambda 900 spectrophotometer and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were employed to study crystal structure, transmittance and chemical composition of the coatings, respectively. Laser-induce damage threshold (LIDT) was determined by a tripled Nd:YAG laser system with a pulse width of 8 ns. It is found that the crystal structure became more perfect and the refractive index increased gradually with the temperature rising. The LIDT was comparatively high at high temperature. In the other hand, the crystallization status also became better and the refractive index increased when the deposition rate enhanced at a low level. If the rate was super rapid, the crystallization worsened instead and the refractive index would lessen greatly. On the whole, the LIDT decreased with increasing rate.

  11. Optical properties of Nd3+ doped bismuth zinc borate glasses.

    PubMed

    Shanmugavelu, B; Venkatramu, V; Ravi Kanth Kumar, V V

    2014-03-25

    Glasses with compositions of (100-x) (Bi2ZnOB2O6) -x Nd2O3 (where x=0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1 and 2 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching method and characterized through optical absorption, emission and decay curve measurements. Optical absorption spectra have been analyzed using Judd-Ofelt theory. The emission spectra exhibit three peaks at 919, 1063 and 1337 nm corresponding to (4)F3/2 to (4)I9/2, (4)I11/2 and (4)I13/2 transitions in the near infrared region. The emission intensity of the (4)F3/2 to (4)I11/2 transition increases with increase of Nd(3+) concentration up to 1 mol% and then concentration quenching is observed for 2 mol% of Nd(3+) concentration. The lifetimes for the (4)F3/2 level are found to decrease with increase in Nd2O3 concentration in the glasses. The decay curves of the glass up to 0.3 mol% of Nd(3+) exhibit single exponential nature and thereafter the curves become nonexponential nature (0.5, 1 and 2 mol%). The nonexponential curve has been fitted to the Inokuti-Hirayama model to understand the nature of energy transfer process. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Physical and optical properties of calcium sulfate ultra-phosphate glass-doped Er2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aliyu, Aliyu Mohammed; Hussin, R.; Deraman, Karim; Ahmad, N. E.; Danmadami, Amina M.; Yamusa, Y. A.

    2018-03-01

    The influence of erbium on physical and optical properties of calcium sulfate ultra-phosphate glass was investigated using conventional melt quench process. Selected samples of composition 20CaSO4 (80 - x) P2O5- xEr2O3 with 0.1 ≤x ≤ 0.9 mol.% were prepared and assessed. X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques were used to confirm the amorphous nature of the said samples. The structural units of phosphate-based glass were assessed from Raman spectra as ultra-(Q3), meta-(Q2), pyro-(Q1) and orthophosphate (Q0) units. Depolymerization process of the glasses was testified for higher calcium oxide content and UV-visible for optical measurement. Thermal analysis have been investigated by means of thermogravimetric analysis. The results show the decomposition of materials in the temperature range of 25∘C-1000∘C. Er3+ absorption spectra were measured in the range of 400-1800nm. PL measurement was carried out in order to obtain the excitation and emission spectra of the samples. The emission spectra excited at 779nm comprises of 518nm, 550nm and 649nm of transition 4F9/2, 4S3/2 and 2H11/2 excited states to 4I15/2 ground state. In physical properties, the density calculated using Archimedes method is inversely proportional to molar volume with increase in Er3+ ions. Optical bandgap (Eg) were determined using Tauc’s plots for direct transitions where Eg (direct) decreases with increase in erbium content. The refractive index increases with decreasing molar volume; this may have a tendency for larger optical bandgap. The result obtained from the glass matrix indicates that erbium oxide-doped calcium sulfate ultra-phosphate may give important information for wider development of functional glasses.

  13. [Influences of R2O-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 system glass and superfine alpha-Al2O3 on the sintering and phase transition of hydroxyapatite ceramics].

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhiqiang; Chen, Xiaoxu; Cai, Yingji; Lü, Bingling

    2003-06-01

    The effects of R2O-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 system glass and superfine alpha-Al2O3 on the sintering and phase transition of hydroxyapatite (HAP) ceramics were assessed. The results showed that alpha-Al2O3 impeded the sintering of HAP and raised the sintering temperature. When glass and alpha-Al2O3 were used together to reinforce HAP ceramics, better results could be obtained; the bending strength of multiphase HAP ceramics approached 106 MPa when 10% (wt) alpha-Al2O3 and 20%(wt) glass were used and sintered at 1200 for 1 h.

  14. Raman spectroscopy, thermal and optical properties of TeO2-ZnO-Nb2O5-Nd2O3 glasses.

    PubMed

    Kamalaker, V; Upender, G; Ramesh, Ch; Mouli, V Chandra

    2012-04-01

    The glasses with composition 75TeO2-10ZnO-(15-x)Nb2O5-xNd2O3 (0≤x≤9 mol%) were prepared using melt quenching method and their physical properties such as density (ρ), molar volume (VM), average crosslink density (nc¯), oxygen packing density (OPD) and number of bonds per unit volume (nb) were determined. Raman spectroscopic studies showed that the glass network consists of TeO4, TeO3+1, TeO3 and NbO6 units as basic structural units. The glass transition temperature (Tg), crystallization onset (To) and thermal stability (ΔT) were determined from DSC thermograms. The Raman and DSC results were found to be correlated with the physical properties. In the optical absorption spectra six absorption bands were observed with different relative intensities at around 464, 522, 576, 742, 801 and 871 nm which are assigned to the transition of electrons from (ground state) 4I9/2→G11/2; 4I9/22K3/2, 2G7/2; 4I9/24G5/2, 4G7/2; 4I9/24S3/2; 4F7/22H9/2, 4F5/2 and 4I9/22F3/2 respectively. From optical absorption data the energy band gap (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) were calculated. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. The enhanced and broadband near-infrared emission in Pr3+/Nd3+ co-doped tellurite glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Zizhong; Zhou, Yaxun; Cheng, Pan; Zhou, Minghan; Su, Xiue; Li, Jun

    2017-11-01

    This paper reports an enhanced and broadband near-infrared fluorescence emission in the Pr3+/Nd3+ co-doped tellurite glass, which was prepared using melt-quenching technique. Under the excitation of 488 nm laser diode (LD), three near-infrared emission bands at around 0.9, 1.04 and 1.30 μm from 3P1,0 → 1G4, 1G43H4 and 1G43H5 radiative transitions respectively were observed in the Pr3+ single-doped glass, and the fluorescence intensities increased further with the introduction of Nd3+ ions, which is mainly attributed to the energy transfers from Nd3+ to Pr3+ emissions. Meanwhile, the spectral overlapping of Pr3+:1G43H4 and Nd3+:4F3/24I11/2 radiative transitions resulted in a broadband emission ranging from 1000 to 1100 nm, whose full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) reached about 66 nm. Additionally, the spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ and Pr3+ ions were analyzed using Judd-Ofelt theory and the thermal stability property of prepared glass was characterized by the differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) measurement, and larger than 134 °C for the difference ΔT(=Tx -Tg) was observed, which indicates its feasibility for later fiber drawing. The enhanced fluorescence and broadband emission indicate that Pr3+/Nd3+ co-doped tellurite glass can be applied in the near-infrared band tunable lasers and broadband optical amplifiers.

  16. Spectroscopic investigations of Nd3+ doped flouro- and chloro-borate glasses.

    PubMed

    Mohan, Shaweta; Thind, Kulwant Singh; Sharma, Gopi; Gerward, Leif

    2008-10-01

    Spectroscopic and physical properties of Nd3+ doped sodium lead flouro- and chloro-borate glasses of the type 20NaX-30PbO-49.5B2O3-0.5Nd2O3 (X=F and Cl) have been investigated. Optical absorption spectra have been used to determine the Slater Condon (F2, F4, and F6), spin orbit xi4f and Racah parameters (E1, E2, and E3). The oscillator strengths and the intensity parameters Omega2, Omega4 and Omega6 have been determined by the Judd-Ofelt theory, which in turn provide the radiative transition probability (A), total transition probability (A(T)), radiative lifetime (tauR) and branching ratio (beta) for the fluorescent level 4F3/2. The lasing efficiency of the prepared glasses has been characterized by the spectroscopic quality factor (Omega4/Omega6), the value of which is in the range of 0.2-1.5, typical for Nd3+ in different laser hosts. Nephelauxetic effect results in a red shift in the energy levels of Nd3+ for chloroborate glass. The radiative transition probability of the potential lasing transition 4F3/2-->4I11/2 of Nd3+ ions is found to be higher for flouroborate as compared to chloroborate glass.

  17. Effect of the Molar Ratio of B2O3 to Bi2O3 in Al Paste with Bi2O3-B2O3-ZnO Glass on Screen Printed Contact Formation and Si Solar Cell Performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Bit-Na; Kim, Hyeong Jun; Chang, Hyo Sik; Hong, Hyun Seon; Ryu, Sung-Soo; Lee, Heon

    2013-10-01

    In this study, eco-friendly Pb-free Bi2O3-B2O3-ZnO glass frits were chosen as an inorganic additive for the Al paste used in Si solar cells. The effects of the molar ratio of Bi2O3 to B2O3 in the glass composition on the electrical resistance of the Al electrode and on the cell performance were investigated. The results showed that as the molar ratio of Bi2O3 to B2O3 increased, the glass transition temperature and softening temperature decreased because of the reduced glass viscosity. In Al screen-printed Si solar cells, as the molar ratio of Bi2O3 to B2O3 increased, the sheet electrical resistance of the Al electrode decreased and the cell efficiency increased. The uniformity and thickness of the back-surface field was significantly influenced by the glass composition.

  18. Low phonon energies and wideband optical windows of La2O3-Ga2O3 glasses prepared using an aerodynamic levitation technique.

    PubMed

    Yoshimoto, Kohei; Masuno, Atsunobu; Ueda, Motoi; Inoue, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Hiroshi; Kawashima, Tastunori

    2017-03-30

    xLa 2 O 3 -(100 - x)Ga 2 O 3 binary glasses were synthesized by an aerodynamic levitation technique. The glass-forming region was found to be 20 ≤ x ≤ 57. The refractive indices were greater than 1.92 and increased linearly with increasing x. The polarizabilities of oxide ions were estimated to be 2.16-2.41 Å 3 , indicating that the glasses were highly ionic. The glasses were transparent over a very wide range from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared region. The widest transparent window among the oxide glasses was from 270 nm to 10 μm at x = 55. From the Raman scattering spectra, a decrease in bridging oxide ions and an increase in non-bridging oxide ions were confirmed to occur with increasing La 2 O 3 content. The maximum phonon energy was found to be approximately 650 cm -1 , being one of the lowest among oxide glasses. These results show that La 2 O 3 -Ga 2 O 3 binary glasses should be promising host materials for optical applications such as lenses, windows, and filters over a very wide wavelength range.

  19. Low phonon energies and wideband optical windows of La2O3-Ga2O3 glasses prepared using an aerodynamic levitation technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshimoto, Kohei; Masuno, Atsunobu; Ueda, Motoi; Inoue, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Hiroshi; Kawashima, Tastunori

    2017-03-01

    xLa2O3-(100 - x)Ga2O3 binary glasses were synthesized by an aerodynamic levitation technique. The glass-forming region was found to be 20 ≤ x ≤ 57. The refractive indices were greater than 1.92 and increased linearly with increasing x. The polarizabilities of oxide ions were estimated to be 2.16-2.41 Å3, indicating that the glasses were highly ionic. The glasses were transparent over a very wide range from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared region. The widest transparent window among the oxide glasses was from 270 nm to 10 μm at x = 55. From the Raman scattering spectra, a decrease in bridging oxide ions and an increase in non-bridging oxide ions were confirmed to occur with increasing La2O3 content. The maximum phonon energy was found to be approximately 650 cm-1, being one of the lowest among oxide glasses. These results show that La2O3-Ga2O3 binary glasses should be promising host materials for optical applications such as lenses, windows, and filters over a very wide wavelength range.

  20. Spectroscopy and enhanced frequency upconversion in Nd3+-Yb3+ codoped TPO glasses: energy transfer and NIR to visible upconverter.

    PubMed

    Azam, Mohd; Rai, Vineet Kumar; Mohanty, Deepak Kumar

    2017-09-22

    TeO 2 -Pb 3 O 4 (TPO) glasses codoped with Nd 3+ and Yb 3+ ions have been fabricated by conventional melting technique. The absorption, emission and excitation spectra of the samples have been recorded. The optical band gap in both the doped/codoped glasses is found to be ∼3.31 eV. Judd-Ofelt analysis has been carried out by using the absorption spectrum of 0.8 mol% Nd 3+ doped glass to determine the radiative properties viz radiative transition probabilities, branching ratios, radiative lifetimes, quality factor and emission cross sections of some emitting levels for Nd 3+ ions. The radiative transition probability for the 4 G 7/2  →  4 I 9/2 transition (∼1926 Hz) is found to be maximum compared to other 4 G 5/2  →  4 I 9/2 (∼1622 Hz) and 4 F 5/2  →  4 I 9/2 (∼865 Hz) transitions. Upconversion (UC) luminescence of the samples has been examined by the 980 nm CW diode laser excitation. Effect of addition of Yb 3+ ions in the Nd 3+ doped glasses on UC emission intensity has been discussed. The UC emission intensity corresponding to the green, red and NIR bands in the codoped glass has been enhanced by ∼17, ∼12 and ∼42 times as compared to that of the Nd 3+ singly doped glass. The quantum efficiency for the 4 G 7/2 level is found to be ∼32%. The nephelauxetic ratio, bonding parameter and covalency of Nd 3+ ions have been found positive which represents the covalent bonding between Nd 3+ ion and oxygen atom. The colour tunability from yellowish-green to dominant green region has been obtained in the optimized codoped TPO glass.

  1. Spectroscopy and enhanced frequency upconversion in Nd3+-Yb3+ codoped TPO glasses: energy transfer and NIR to visible upconverter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azam, Mohd; Rai, Vineet Kumar; Mohanty, Deepak Kumar

    2017-09-01

    TeO2-Pb3O4 (TPO) glasses codoped with Nd3+ and Yb3+ ions have been fabricated by conventional melting technique. The absorption, emission and excitation spectra of the samples have been recorded. The optical band gap in both the doped/codoped glasses is found to be ˜3.31 eV. Judd-Ofelt analysis has been carried out by using the absorption spectrum of 0.8 mol% Nd3+ doped glass to determine the radiative properties viz radiative transition probabilities, branching ratios, radiative lifetimes, quality factor and emission cross sections of some emitting levels for Nd3+ ions. The radiative transition probability for the 4G7/24I9/2 transition (˜1926 Hz) is found to be maximum compared to other 4G5/24I9/2 (˜1622 Hz) and 4F5/24I9/2 (˜865 Hz) transitions. Upconversion (UC) luminescence of the samples has been examined by the 980 nm CW diode laser excitation. Effect of addition of Yb3+ ions in the Nd3+ doped glasses on UC emission intensity has been discussed. The UC emission intensity corresponding to the green, red and NIR bands in the codoped glass has been enhanced by ˜17, ˜12 and ˜42 times as compared to that of the Nd3+ singly doped glass. The quantum efficiency for the 4G7/2 level is found to be ˜32%. The nephelauxetic ratio, bonding parameter and covalency of Nd3+ ions have been found positive which represents the covalent bonding between Nd3+ ion and oxygen atom. The colour tunability from yellowish-green to dominant green region has been obtained in the optimized codoped TPO glass.

  2. Spectroscopic and energy transfer studies of Er{sup 3+} ions in B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–TeO{sub 2}–MgO–ZnO glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Vijayakumar, M.; Arunkumar, S.; Marimuthu, K., E-mail: mari-ram2000@yahoo.com

    2016-05-23

    Composition dependent spectroscopic behavior of Er{sup 3+} doped telluroborate glasses were prepared and the energy transfer mechanism in Er{sup 3+} ions were investigated for 1.532 µm amplification. The emission cross-section and gain coefficient for {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} level of Er{sup 3+} ions have been analysed through the Judd-Ofelt and McCumber theory. The excited state decay curves were measured and the effect of TeO{sub 2} on the lifetime for {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} level of Er{sup 3+} ions has been associated with the various energy transfer mechanism. Further the interaction between Er{sup 3+} and OH{sup −} were investigatedmore » and it was confirmed that the OH free radicals in the prepared glasses are dominant quenching center through the non-radiative relaxation that causes the quenching of 1.532 µm amplification. The non-radiative rate through the OH content were calculated and compared with the reported Er{sup 3+} doped glasses.« less

  3. Effect of RE (Nd3+, Sm3+) oxide on structural, optical properties of Na2O-Li2O-ZnO-B2O3 glass system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hivrekar, Mahesh M.; Bhoyar, D. N.; Mande, V. K.; Dhole, V. V.; Solunke, M. B.; Jadhav, K. M.

    2018-05-01

    Zinc borate glass activated with rare earth oxide (Nd2O3, Sm2O3) of Na2O-Li2O-ZnO-B2O3 quaternary system has been prepared successfully by melt quenching method. The nucleation and growth of RE oxide were controlled temperature range 950-1000° C and rapid cooling at room temperature. The physical, structural and optical properties were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), SEM, Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). XRD and SEM studies confirmed the amorphous nature, surface morphology of prepared zinc borate glass. The physical parameters like density, molar volume, molar mass of Nd3+, Sm3+ doped borate glass are summarized in the present article. The optical absorption spectra along with tauc's plot are presented. The optical energy band gap increases due to the addition of rare earth oxide confirming the role of network modifier.

  4. Mechanism for converting Al2O3-containing borate glass to hydroxyapatite in aqueous phosphate solution.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Di; Huang, Wenhai; Rahaman, Mohamed N; Day, Delbert E; Wang, Deping

    2009-05-01

    The effect of replacing varying amounts (0-2.5 mol.%) of B2O3 with Al2O3 in a borate glass on (1) the conversion of the glass to HA in an aqueous phosphate solution and (2) the compressive strength of the as-formed HA product was investigated. Samples of each glass (10 x 10 x 8 mm) were placed in 0.25 M K2HPO4 solution at 60 degrees C, and the conversion kinetics to HA were determined from the weight loss of the glass and the pH of the solution. The structure and composition of the solid reaction products were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. While the conversion rate of the glass to HA decreased considerably with increasing Al2O3 content, the microstructure of the HA product became denser and the compressive strength of the HA product increased. The addition of SiO2 to the Al2O3-containing borate glass reversed the deterioration of the conversion rate, and produced a further improvement in the strength of the HA product. The compressive strength of the HA formed from the borate glass with 2.5 mol.% Al2O3 and 5 mol.% SiO2 was 11.1 +/- 0.2 MPa, which is equal to the highest strengths reported for trabecular bone. The results indicated that simultaneous additions of Al2O3 and SiO2 could be used to control the bioactivity of the borate glass and to enhance the mechanical strength of the HA product. Furthermore, the HA product formed from the glass containing both SiO2 and Al2O3 could be applied to bone repair.

  5. Physical and Optical Studies of Bi3+-Modified Erbium Doped Tellurite Glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marzuki, Ahmad; Ega Fausta, Devara

    2018-03-01

    Er3+-doped tellurite glasses with various compositions (in mole%): 54TeO2-(41-x)ZnO-xBi2O3-2Na2O-3Er2O3 (x = 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5) were prepared with melt quenching method. Studies was aimed at investigating the effect of Bi3+ ion content on the physical and optical properties of the glasses. The density, refractive index, optical absorption, and optical energy band gap measurements were carried out at room temperature using pycnometer, Brewster angle method, and UV-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer, respectively. From the experiment, it was shown that the density and refractive index of the glasses increased with the increase of Bi3+ ions concentration. The absorption band intensity of electronic transition from 4I15/2 to 4H11/2 exhibited an increase as the Bi3+ ions concentration increase suggesting that incorporating Bi3+ ions into this glasses might improve the pumping efficiency.

  6. Controllable optical modulation of blue/green up-conversion fluorescence from Tm3+ (Er3+) single-doped glass ceramics upon two-step excitation of two-wavelengths

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Zhi; Kang, Shiliang; Zhang, Hang; Wang, Ting; Lv, Shichao; Chen, Qiuqun; Dong, Guoping; Qiu, Jianrong

    2017-01-01

    Optical modulation is a crucial operation in photonics for network data processing with the aim to overcome information bottleneck in terms of speed, energy consumption, dispersion and cross-talking from conventional electronic interconnection approach. However, due to the weak interactions between photons, a facile physical approach is required to efficiently manipulate photon-photon interactions. Herein, we demonstrate that transparent glass ceramics containing LaF3: Tm3+ (Er3+) nanocrystals can enable fast-slow optical modulation of blue/green up-conversion fluorescence upon two-step excitation of two-wavelengths at telecom windows (0.8–1.8 μm). We show an optical modulation of more than 1500% (800%) of the green (blue) up-conversion fluorescence intensity, and fast response of 280 μs (367 μs) as well as slow response of 5.82 ms (618 μs) in the green (blue) up-conversion fluorescence signal, respectively. The success of manipulating laser at telecom windows for fast-slow optical modulation from rear-earth single-doped glass ceramics may find application in all-optical fiber telecommunication areas. PMID:28368041

  7. CuO, MnO2 and Fe2O3 doped biomass ash as silica source for glass production in Thailand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srisittipokakun, N.; Ruangtaweep, Y.; Rachniyom, W.; Boonin, K.; Kaewkhao, J.

    In this research, glass productions from rice husk ash (RHA) and the effect of BaO, CuO, MnO2 and Fe2O3 on physical and optical properties were investigated. All properties were compared with glass made from SiO2 using same preparations. The results show that a higher density and refractive index of BaO, CuO, MnO2 and Fe2O3 doped in RHA glasses were obtained, compared with SiO2 glasses. The optical spectra show no significant difference between both glasses. The color of CuO glasses show blue from the absorption band near 800 nm (2B1g → 2B2g) due to Cu2+ ion in octahedral coordination with a strong tetragonal distortion. The color of MnO2 glasses shows brown from broad band absorption at around 500 nm. This absorption band is assigned to a single allowed 5Eg → 5T2g transition which arises from the Mn3+ ions (3d4 configuration) in octahedral symmetry. The yellow color derives from F2O3 glass due to the homogeneous distribution of Fe3+ (460 nm) and Fe2+ (1050 nm) ions in the glass matrices. Glass production from RHA is possible and is a new option for recycling waste from biomass power plant systems and air pollution reduction.

  8. Nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption in dense 2Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Paramesh, Gadige; Varma, K. B. R.

    2012-06-05

    High density transparent glasses (7.86 g/cc) were fabricated in the 2Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (BBO) system. Optical band gap of the obtained glasses was found to be 2.6eV. The refractive index measured for these glasses was 2.25{+-}0.05 at {lambda}=543 nm. Nonlinear refraction and absorption studies were carried out on the BBO glasses using z-scan technique at {lambda}=532 nm of 10 ns pulse width. The nonlinear refractive index obtained was n{sub 2}=12.1x10{sup -14} cm{sup 2}/W and nonlinear absorption coefficient was {beta}=15.2 cm/GW. The n{sub 2} and {beta} values of the BBO glasses were large compared to the other reported highmore » index bismuth based oxide glass systems in the literature. These were attributed to the high density, high linear refractive index, low band gap and two photon absorption associated with these glasses. The electronic origin of large nonlinearities was discussed based on bond-orbital theory.« less

  9. Optimization of single crystals of solid electrolytes with tysonite-type structure (LaF3) for conductivity at 293 K: 2. Nonstoichiometric phases R 1- y M y F3- y ( R = La-Lu, Y; M = Sr, Ba)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sorokin, N. I.; Sobolev, B. P.; Krivandina, E. A.; Zhmurova, Z. I.

    2015-01-01

    Single crystals of fluorine-conducting solid electrolytes R 1 - y Sr y F3 - y and R 1 - y Ba y F3 - y ( R = La-Lu, Y) with a tysonite-type structure (LaF3) have been optimized for room-temperature conductivity σ293 K. The optimization is based on high-temperature measurements of σ( T) in two-component nonstoichiometric phases R 1 - y M y F3 - y ( M = Sr, Ba) as a function of the MF2 content. Optimization for thermal stability is based on studying the phase diagrams of MF2- RF3 systems ( M = Sr, Ba) and the behavior of nonstoichiometric crystals upon heating when measuring temperature dependences σ( T). Single crystals of many studied R 1 - y Sr y F3 - y and R 1 - y Ba y F3 - y phases have σ293 K values large enough to use these materials in solid-state electrochemical devices (chemical sensors, fluorine-ion batteries, accumulators, etc.) operating at room temperature.

  10. Intense blue up-conversion luminescence in Tm 3+/Yb 3+ codoped oxyfluoride glass-ceramics containing β-PbF 2 nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Junjie; Duan, Zhongchao; He, Dongbing; Dai, Shixun; Zhang, Liyan; Hu, Lili

    2005-12-01

    Up-conversion luminescence properties of a Tm 3+/Yb 3+ codoped oxyfluoride glass-ceramics under 980 nm excitation are investigated. Intense blue emission centered at 476 nm, corresponding to 1G 43H 6 transitions of Tm 3+ was simultaneously observed in the transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics at room temperature. The intensity of the blue up-conversion luminescence in a 1 mol% YbF 3-containing glass-ceramic was found to be about 40 times stronger than that in the precursor oxyfluoride glass. The reason for the intense Tm 3+ up-conversion luminescence in the oxyfluoride glass-ceramics is discussed. The dependence of up-conversion intensities on excitation power and possible up-conversion mechanism are also evaluated.

  11. Intense blue up-conversion luminescence in Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped oxyfluoride glass-ceramics containing beta-PbF2 nanocrystals.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Junjie; Duan, Zhongchao; He, Dongbing; Dai, Shixun; Zhang, Liyan; Hu, Lili

    2005-12-01

    Up-conversion luminescence properties of a Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped oxyfluoride glass-ceramics under 980 nm excitation are investigated. Intense blue emission centered at 476 nm, corresponding to 1G4-->3H6 transitions of Tm3+ was simultaneously observed in the transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics at room temperature. The intensity of the blue up-conversion luminescence in a 1 mol% YbF3-containing glass-ceramic was found to be about 40 times stronger than that in the precursor oxyfluoride glass. The reason for the intense Tm3+ up-conversion luminescence in the oxyfluoride glass-ceramics is discussed. The dependence of up-conversion intensities on excitation power and possible up-conversion mechanism are also evaluated.

  12. Enhanced 2.7- and 2.9-μm emissions in Er{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+} doped fluoride glasses sensitized by Pr{sup 3+} ions

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Tian, Ying, E-mail: tianyingcjlu@163.com; Wei, Tao; Jing, Xufeng

    2016-04-15

    Highlights: • Enhanced 2.7 and 2.9 μm emissions were observed in fluoride glass. • Energy transfer mechanism among Er{sup 3+}, Ho{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+} was investigated. • High emission cross sections at 2.7- and 2.9-μm were obtained. - Abstract: In this report, Er{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+}/Pr{sup 3+} tri-doped fluoride glass was prepared. The enhancement of 2.7 and 2.9 μm emissions from Er{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+}doped system were achieved successfully after the addition of Pr{sup 3+}. The combination of low OH{sup −} concentration, low maximum phonon energy and high mid-infrared transmittance is beneficial to the realization of mid-infrared emissions. The energy transfermore » mechanism among Er{sup 3+}, Ho{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+} was investigated. The decay profiles of several levels were measured to further examine the enhanced mid-infrared emissions. Moreover, high stimulated emission cross sections at 2.7- and 2.9 μm (1.08 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2} and 2.0 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}, respectively) were determined. Er{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+}/Pr{sup 3+} tri-doped fluoride glass might provide a new choice for mid-infrared laser.« less

  13. Effect of NiO and Light Intensity on Dielectric Constant of SiO2-B2O3-Bi2O3-Na2CO3 Glass Based on Silica Gel of Natural Sands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diantoro, M.; Muniroh, Z.; Zaini, B.; Mustikasari, A. A.; Nasikhudin; Hidayat, A.; Taufiq, A.; Sunaryono; Mufti, N.

    2017-05-01

    The use of silica in various fields is significantly increasing. One common application is silica based functional glass which has naturally show specific dielectric, optical, and magnetic properties. Many studies have been performing to explore the influence of dopant, composition, and other processing parameters as well as employing various characterization. In the previous work, we report the use of silica from silica sands. To reduce the melting temperature, we used silica sol-gel beside the utilization of some oxides such as B2O3, Na2CO3, and Bi3O3. We also used NiO as dopant explore the glass properties. We have prepared a series of sample with the composition of 50SiO2-25B2O3-(6.5-x) Bi3O3-18.5 Na2CO3-xNiO (x = 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 wt%). After weighting process, the composition was blended, then heated to 450 °C for 120 minutes and then raised at 950 °C for 60 minutes in the crucible. Then samples of glass separated from the crucible and in the characterization of the structure using the DTA, XRD, SEM-EDAX and FTIR and measuring dielectric constant using a capacitance meter. The increase of NiO dopant resulted in increasing the dielectric constant of glass. On the other hand, the dielectric constant gradually decreases with the increase of light intensity. One can be noted that the applied intensity give rise to the step-like decrease of the dielectric constant. Whereas, the increasing magnetic field indicate the increase of dielectric constant.

  14. Bifunction in Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped BaTi{sub 2}O{sub 5}–Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses prepared by aerodynamic levitation method

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Zhang, Minghui; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039; Yu, Jianding

    2013-11-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Novel BaTi{sub 2}O{sub 5}–Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} based glasses have been prepared by aerodynamic levitation. • The obtained glasses show high thermal stability with T{sub g} = 763.3 °C. • Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped glasses show strong upconversion based on a two-photon process. • Red emission is stronger than green emissions for EBT by high Yb{sup 3+} concentration. • Magnetic ions are paramagnetic and the distribution is homogeneous in the glasses. - Abstract: Novel Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped BaTi{sub 2}O{sub 5}–Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} spherical glasses have been fabricated by aerodynamic levitation method. The thermal stability, upconversionmore » luminescence, and magnetic properties of the present glass have been studied. The glasses show high thermal stability with 763.3 °C of the onset temperature of the glass transition. Red and green emissions centered at 671 nm, 548 nm and 535 nm are obtained at 980 nm excitation. The upconversion is based on a two-photon process by energy transfer, excited-state absorption, and energy back transfer. Yb{sup 3+} ions are more than Er{sup 3+} ions in the glass, resulting in efficient energy back transfer from Er{sup 3+} to Yb{sup 3+}. So the red emission is stronger than the green emissions. Magnetization curves indicate that magnetic rare earth ions are paramagnetic and the distribution is homogeneous and random in the glass matrix. Aerodynamic levitation method is an efficient way to prepare glasses with homogeneous rare earth ions.« less

  15. Energy transfer characteristics of silicate glass doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+ for ˜2 μm emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ming; Liu, Xueqiang; Guo, Yanyan; Hu, Lili; Zhang, Junjie

    2013-12-01

    A Er3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ tri-doped silicate glass with good thermal stability is prepared by melt-quenching method. Efficient ˜2 μm emission is observed under 808 nm laser excitation. It is found that the 2.0 μm emission of Ho3+ can be enhanced under the excitation at 808 nm by incorporating Er3+ and Tm3+. Based on the measurement of absorption spectra, the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, radiation emission probability, and branching ratio are calculated to evaluate the spectroscopic properties simultaneously. The maximum value of emission cross section of Ho3+ is 3.54 × 10-21 cm2 at 2008 nm. Additionally, the phonon assistance and the micro-parameters in the energy transfer process are quantitatively analyzed by using Dexter model. The energy transfer coefficient from Tm3+ to Ho3+ can reach as high as 21.44 × 10-40 cm6/s, respectively. The emission property together with good thermal property indicates that Er3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ tri-doped silicate glass is a potential kind of laser glass for efficient 2 μm laser.

  16. Increased radiative lifetime of Tm{sup 3+}:{sup 3}F{sub 4} → {sup 3}H{sub 6} transition in oxyfluoride tellurite glasses

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Ma, Yaoyao, E-mail: xiaoqi_198863@126.com; Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039; Wang, Xin

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • We prepare Tm{sup 3+}-doped tellurite-zinc glasses with F{sup −} substitution. • Thermal stability becomes better with increasing F{sup −} in present glasses. • Tm{sup 3+} 1.8 μm radiative lifetime increases with F{sup −} concentration. • The origin of the increased lifetime has been discussed. - Abstract: The 1.8 μm emission properties of Tm{sup 3+}-doped zinc tellurite glasses modified by the substitution of ZnF{sub 2} are investigated in this paper. The thermal stability, Raman and phonon sideband spectra, transmission and absorption spectra, emission spectra and decay curves are discussed. It is found that substitution of fluoride ions into themore » zinc tellurite matrix produces dramatic increase in the emission lifetime of Tm{sup 3+} 1.8 μm emission. Absorption, Raman and phonon sideband spectra are used to estimate the local structure of Tm{sup 3+} ions. These analyses indicate structural change around Tm{sup 3+} ions caused by substitution of fluoride ions monitors the increased intrinsic radiative lifetimes. An increase in the measured radiative lifetimes of the Tm{sup 3+}:{sup 3}F{sub 4} → {sup 3}H{sub 6} transition is observed. The origin has been discussed and the reduction of OH{sup −} absorption, decrease of maximum phonon energy and phonon density are considered to be dominant in all of the nonradiative relaxations.« less

  17. Low phonon energies and wideband optical windows of La2O3-Ga2O3 glasses prepared using an aerodynamic levitation technique

    PubMed Central

    Yoshimoto, Kohei; Masuno, Atsunobu; Ueda, Motoi; Inoue, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Hiroshi; Kawashima, Tastunori

    2017-01-01

    xLa2O3-(100 − x)Ga2O3 binary glasses were synthesized by an aerodynamic levitation technique. The glass-forming region was found to be 20 ≤ x ≤ 57. The refractive indices were greater than 1.92 and increased linearly with increasing x. The polarizabilities of oxide ions were estimated to be 2.16–2.41 Å3, indicating that the glasses were highly ionic. The glasses were transparent over a very wide range from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared region. The widest transparent window among the oxide glasses was from 270 nm to 10 μm at x = 55. From the Raman scattering spectra, a decrease in bridging oxide ions and an increase in non-bridging oxide ions were confirmed to occur with increasing La2O3 content. The maximum phonon energy was found to be approximately 650 cm−1, being one of the lowest among oxide glasses. These results show that La2O3-Ga2O3 binary glasses should be promising host materials for optical applications such as lenses, windows, and filters over a very wide wavelength range. PMID:28358112

  18. Laser cooling of BaF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bo, Yan; Bu, Wenhao; Chen, Tao; Lv, Guitao

    2017-04-01

    In this poster, we report our recently experimental progresses in laser cooling of BaF molecule. Our theoretic calculation shows BaF is a good candidate for laser cooling: quasi-cycling transitions, good wavelengths (around 900nm) for the main transitions. We have built a 4K cryogenic machine, laser ablate the target to make BaF molecules. The precise spectroscopy of BaF is measured and the laser cooling related transitions are identified. The collision between BaF and 4K He is carefully characterized. The quasi-cycling transition is demonstrated. And laser cooling experiment is going on.

  19. Concentration dependence of luminescence efficiency of Dy3+ ions in strontium zinc phosphate glasses mixed with Pb3 O4.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Valluri Ravi; Giridhar, G; Veeraiah, N

    2017-02-01

    In this work we synthesized SrO-ZnO-P 2 O 5 glasses mixed with Pb 3 O 4 (heavy metal oxide) and doped with different amounts of Dy 2 O 3 (0.1 to 1.0 mol%). Subsequently their emission and decay characteristics were investigated as a function of Dy 2 O 3 concentration. The emission spectra exhibited three principal emission bands in the visible region corresponding to 4 F 9 /2  →  6 H 15 /2 (482 nm), 6 H 13 /2 (574 nm) and 6 H 11 /2 (663 nm) transitions. With increase in the concentration of Dy 2 O 3 (upto 0.8 mol%) a considerable increase in the intensity of these bands was observed and, for further increase, quenching of photoluminescence (PL) output was observed. Using emission spectra, various radiative parameters were evaluated and all these parameters were found to increase with increase in Dy 2 O 3 concentration. The Y/B integral emission intensity ratio of Dy 3 + ions evaluated from these spectra exhibited a decreasing trend with increase in the Dy 2 O 3 concentration up to 0.8 mol%. Quenching of luminescence observed in the case of the glasses doped with 1.0 mol% is attributed to clustering of Dy 3 + ions. The quantitative analysis of these results together with infra-red (IR) spectral studies indicated that 0.8 mol% is the optimum concentration of Dy 3 + ions needed to achieve maximum luminescence efficiency. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped nano-glass-ceramics tuneable up-conversion phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Méndez-Ramos, J.; Rodriguez, V. D.; Tikhomirov, V. K.; Del-Castillo, J.; Yanes, A. C.

    2008-08-01

    Transparent Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped nano-glass-ceramics have been prepared, 32(SiO{2}) 9(AlO{1.5}) 31.5(CdF{2}) 18.5(PbF{2}) 5.5(ZnF{2}): 3.5(Yb-Er-TmF{3}) mol%, where the co-dopants partition mostly to the fluoride PbF{2}-based nano-crystals. A comparative study of the up-conversion luminescence in nano-glass-ceramics and its precursor glass indicates that these materials can be used as blue/green/red tuneable up-conversion phosphor, in particular for white light generation. A ratio between blue, green and red emission bands of the Tm3+ and Er3+ can be widely varied with nano-ceramming of the precursor glass and with changing a pump power of luminescence. The change in the ratio between the blue, green and red emission bands is explained to be due to substantial lowering phonon energy and shortening of inter-dopant distances with nano-ceramming of the precursor glass and due to change in the ratio of 2- and 3-photon up-conversion processes with pump power.

  1. Optical and structural investigation on sodium borosilicate glasses doped with Cr2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebrahimi, E.; Rezvani, M.

    2018-02-01

    In this work, Sodium borosilicate glasses with chemical composition of 60% SiO2-20% B2O3-20%Na2O doped with different contents of Cr2O3 were prepared by melting-quenching method. Physical, structural and optical properties of glasses were investigated by studying density and molar volume, Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectra and UV-visible absorption spectroscopy. The results showed an increase in density of glasses with the increase of Cr2O3 that can be due to addition of oxide with high molar mass. The optical absorption spectra of un-doped glass reveals UV absorption due to trace iron impurities with no visible band however Cr2O3 doped glasses shows absorption in visible range that are characteristic. Increasing of Cr3 + ions in the glassy microstructure of samples provides a semiconducting character to Sodium borosilicate glass by reducing the direct and indirect optical band gaps of glass samples from 3.79 to 2.59 (ev) and 3.36 to 2.09 (ev), respectively. These changes could be attributed to the role of Cr3 + ions as the network former which asserts improvement of semiconducting behavior in presence of Cr2O3.

  2. Optical and structural investigation on sodium borosilicate glasses doped with Cr2O3.

    PubMed

    Ebrahimi, E; Rezvani, M

    2018-02-05

    In this work, Sodium borosilicate glasses with chemical composition of 60% SiO 2 -20% B 2 O 3 -20%Na 2 O doped with different contents of Cr 2 O 3 were prepared by melting-quenching method. Physical, structural and optical properties of glasses were investigated by studying density and molar volume, Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectra and UV-visible absorption spectroscopy. The results showed an increase in density of glasses with the increase of Cr 2 O 3 that can be due to addition of oxide with high molar mass. The optical absorption spectra of un-doped glass reveals UV absorption due to trace iron impurities with no visible band however Cr 2 O 3 doped glasses shows absorption in visible range that are characteristic. Increasing of Cr 3+ ions in the glassy microstructure of samples provides a semiconducting character to Sodium borosilicate glass by reducing the direct and indirect optical band gaps of glass samples from 3.79 to 2.59 (ev) and 3.36 to 2.09 (ev), respectively. These changes could be attributed to the role of Cr 3+ ions as the network former which asserts improvement of semiconducting behavior in presence of Cr 2 O 3 . Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  3. Electrical mobility of silver ion in Ag2O-B2O3-P2O5-TeO2 glasses.

    PubMed

    Sklepić, Kristina; Vorokhta, Maryna; Mošner, Petr; Koudelka, Ladislav; Moguš-Milanković, Andrea

    2014-10-16

    The effect of adding TeO(2) into (100 - x)[0.5Ag(2)O - 0.1B(2)O(3) - 0.4P(2)O(5)] - xTeO(2), with 0-80 mol % TeO(2) glass, on the structural changes and electrical properties has been investigated. DSC and thermodilatomery were used to study their thermal behavior, structure was studied by Raman spectroscopy, and electrical properties have been studied by impedance spectroscopy over a wide temperature and frequency range. The introduction of TeO(2) as a third glass former to the glass network causes the structural transformation from TeO(3) (tp) to TeO(4) (tbp) which contributes to the changes in conductivity. The glasses with low TeO(2) content show only a slow decrease in dc conductivity with addition of TeO(2) due to the increase of the number of nonbridging oxygens, which increases the mobility of Ag(+) ions. The steep decrease in conductivity for glasses containing more than 40 mol % TeO(2) is a result of decrease of the Ag(2)O content and stronger cross-linkage in glass network through the formation of more Te-(eq)O(ax)-Te bonds in TeO(4) tbp units. The glasses obey ac conductivity scaling with respect to temperature, implying that the dynamic process is not temperature dependent. On the other hand, the scaling of the spectra for different glass compositions showed the deviations from the Summerfield scaling because of the local structural disorder which occurs as a result of the structural modifications in the tellurite glass network.

  4. Efficient 2 μm emission and energy transfer mechanism of Ho3+ doped fluorophosphate glass sensitized by Er3+ ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Xinyu; Tian, Ying; Liu, Qunhuo; Yang, Shuai; Jing, Xufeng; Zhang, Junjie; Xu, Shiqing

    2018-06-01

    Fluorophosphate glass co-doped with Er3+ and Ho3+ ions has been synthesized by high temperature melting method. Using a commercially available 980 nm laser diode, intense about 2 μm emissions were successfully obtained in present Ho3+/Er3+ co-doped glasses without obvious quenching. To understand 2 μm fluorescence behaviors of the prepared glasses, 1.55 μm emission spectra, energy transfer mechanism and microparameters from different levels of Er3+ to Ho3+ ions have been obtained and discussed. As a result, the Er3+/Ho3+ co-doped fluorophosphate glass with excellent spectroscopic properties might be appropriate host material for 2 μm solid laser.

  5. High refractive index gold nanoparticle doped Bi2O3-B2O3 glasses for THz frequencies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singla, Shivani; Achanta, Venu Gopal; Mahendru, Nancy; Prabhu, Shriganesh S.; Falconieri, Mauro; Sharma, Gopi

    2017-10-01

    Direct incorporation of gold nanoparticles from suspensions in 30%Bi2O3:70%B2O3 glass was achieved. This method has advantage over traditional methods where a gold salt is added to the precursor mixture and gold nanoparticles are obtained with subsequent heat treatment, eventually inducing crystallization with associated scattering of light and hence resulting in reduced optical quality of material. X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis were carried out in order to confirm the amorphous nature of the material and thermal properties of the prepared glasses, respectively. The size of the gold nanoparticles in the prepared glass matrix was measured using scanning electron microscopy. Optical characterization of prepared glass samples in ultraviolet-visible and terahertz regions was performed using ellipsometry, UV-VIS spectrophotometry and THz-time-domain spectroscopy. Comparison was made between glasses with and without gold nanoparticles and the effect of gold nanoparticle concentration on their optical behaviour is studied. These glasses are found to have high refractive index in the THz region making them suitable for photonic applications.

  6. Fluorine sites in glasses and transparent glass-ceramics of the system Na{sub 2}O/K{sub 2}O/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/SiO{sub 2}/BaF{sub 2}

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Bocker, Christian, E-mail: christian.bocker@uni-jena.d; Munoz, Francisco; Duran, Alicia

    2011-02-15

    The transparent glass-ceramics obtained in the silicate system Na{sub 2}O/K{sub 2}O/SiO{sub 2}/BaF{sub 2} show homogeneously dispersed BaF{sub 2} nano crystals with a narrow size distribution. The X-ray diffraction and the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy were applied to glasses and the respective glass-ceramics in order to clarify the crystallization mechanism and the role of fluorine during crystallization. With an increasing annealing time, the concentration and also the number of crystals remain approximately constant. With an increasing annealing temperature, the crystalline fraction increases until a saturation limit is reached, while the number of crystals decreases and the size of the crystals increases.more » Fluoride in the glassy network occurs as Al-F-Ba, Al-F-Na and also as Ba-F structures. The latter are transformed into crystalline BaF{sub 2} and fluoride is removed from the Al-F-Ba/Na bonds. However, some fluorine is still present in the glassy phase after the crystallization. -- Graphical abstract: The X-ray diffraction and the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy were applied to glasses in the silicate system Na{sub 2}O/K{sub 2}O/SiO{sub 2}/BaF{sub 2} and the respective glass-ceramics with BaF{sub 2} nano crystals in order to clarify the crystallization mechanism and the role of fluorine during crystallization. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} BaF{sub 2} nano crystals are precipitated from a silicate glass system. {yields} Ostwald ripening during the late stage of crystallization does not occur. {yields} Fluorine in the glass is coordinated with Ba as well as Al together with Ba or Na.{yields} In the glass-ceramics, the residual fluorine is coordinated as Al-F-Ba/Na.« less

  7. Nanocrystallization in Fluorochlorozirconate Glass-Ceramics.

    PubMed

    Alvarez, Carlos J; Liu, Yuzi; Leonard, Russell L; Johnson, Jacqueline A; Petford-Long, Amanda K

    2013-11-01

    Heat treating fluorochlorozirconate (FCZ) glasses nucleates nanocrystals in the glass matrix, resulting in a nanocomposite glass-ceramic that has optical properties suitable for use as a medical imaging plate. Understanding the way in which the nanocrystal nucleation proceeds is critical to controlling the optical behavior. The nucleation and growth of nanocrystals in FCZ glass-ceramics was investigated with in situ transmission electron microscopy heating experiments. The experiments showed the nucleation and growth of previously unreported BaF 2 nanocrystals in addition to the expected BaCl 2 nanocrystals. Chemical analysis of the BaF 2 nanocrystals shows an association with the optically active dopant previously thought only to interact with BaCl 2 nanocrystals. The association of the dopant with BaF 2 crystals suggests that it plays a role in the photoluminescent (PL) properties of FCZ glass-ceramics.

  8. Excitons emissions and Raman scattering of ZnO nanoparticles embedded in BaF2 matrices by reactive magnetron sputtering.

    PubMed

    Zang, C H; Su, J F; Liu, Y C; Tang, C J; Fang, S J; Zhang, D M; Zhang, Y S

    2011-11-01

    ZnO nanoparticles embedded in BaF2 matrix were fabricated by rf magnetic sputtering technology. The optical properties of high quality ZnO nanoparticles, thermally post treated in a N2 atmosphere, were investigated by temperature-dependence photoluminescence measurement. Free exciton and localized exciton were observed at the low temperature. Free exciton peak was at 3.374 eV and localized exciton peak was at 3.420 eV, dominating the PL spectrum at 77 K. Free exciton transition was observed at 3.310 eV at room temperature, whereas the localized exciton transition was at 3.378 eV. The multiple-phonon Raman scattering spectrum showed that ZnO nanoparticles embedded in BaF2 matrix had a large deformation energy originated from lattice mismatch between ZnO and BaF2 matrix. Analysis of the fitting results from the temperature dependence of FWHM of ZnO exciton illustrated that the large value of gamma(ph) was good qualitative agreement with the large deformation potential.

  9. Effect of WO3 on EPR, structure and electrical conductivity of vanadyl doped WO3·M2O·B2O3 (M=Li, Na) glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheoran, A.; Agarwal, A.; Sanghi, S.; Seth, V. P.; Gupta, S. K.; Arora, M.

    2011-12-01

    Glasses with composition xWO3·(30-x)M2O·70B2O3 (M=Li, Na; 0≤x≤15) doped with 2 mol% V2O5 have been prepared using the melt-quench technique. The electron paramagnetic resonance spectra have been recorded in X-band (ν≈9.14 GHz) at room temperature (RT). The spin Hamiltonian parameters, dipolar hyperfine coupling parameter and Fermi contact interaction parameter have been calculated. It is observed that the resultant resonance spectra contain hyperfine structures (hfs) only due to V4+ ions, which exist as VO2+ ions in octahedral coordination with a tetragonal compression in the present glass system. The tetragonality increases with WO3:M2O ratio and also there is an expansion of 3dxy orbit of unpaired electron in the vanadium ion. The study of IR transmission spectra over a range 400-4000 cm-1 depicts the presence of WO6 group. The DC conductivity (σ) has been measured in the temperature range 423-623 K and is found to be predominantly ionic.

  10. Optical absorption of Er3+ doped lithium lead borate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Usharani, V. L.; Eraiah, B.

    2018-05-01

    A new glass system Lithium lead borate doped with erbium trioxide were perpared using conventional melt quenching method. The amorphous nature of the glass samples were confirmed by XRD spectrum. The density of these glass were measured using Archmides principle, the values lie in the range from 4.27 to 4.76 g/cm-3. The corresponding molar volumes are calculated and the values are in the range of 23.81 to 26.17 cm-3. Absorption spectra were recorded in the wavelength range of 200nm to 1100nm, for the prepared glass samples. The optical direct and indirect energy band gaps were measured, the values are in the range of 2.875 to 3.254 eV and 2.25 to 2.81 eV respectively. Photoluminescence technique was employed to study the luminescent property of the prepared glasses excited at 380nm, emission spectra were recorded and analyzed.

  11. Structural peculiarities and Raman spectra of TeO{sub 2}/WO{sub 3}-based glasses: A fresh look at the problem

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Mirgorodsky, Andreie; Colas, Maggy; Smirnov, Mikhael

    2012-06-15

    Ideas currently dominating the field of structural studies of TeO{sub 2}-based glasses are critically considered. A new physically and chemically consistent approach to the constitution of binary TeO{sub 2}-WO{sub 3} glasses is proposed, in which the reasoning coming from the Raman spectra reexamination are correlated with the basic principles of thermodynamics. Separation into two phases is suggested in such glasses. One phase is TeO{sub 2}, and another is Te(WO{sub 4}){sub 2} consisting of tetrahedral [WO{sub 4}]{sup 2-} anions and of Te{sup 4+} cations. Supplementary M{sub n}O{sub k} oxides added to the glasses are found incorporated in the former phase, thusmore » producing solid solutions (for M=Ti, Nb) or tellurite compounds (for M=Nd). - Graphical abstract: Raman scattering spectra of TeO{sub 2}-based glasses with the following compositions (mol%): (a) pure TeO{sub 2}, (b) 85TeO{sub 2}-15WO{sub 3}, (c) 80TeO{sub 2}-15WO{sub 3}-5TiO{sub 2} ,(d) 80TeO{sub 2}-10WO{sub 3}-5TiO{sub 2}-5Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}, (e) 80TeO{sub 2}-12WO{sub 3}-5TiO{sub 2}-3 Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3}, (f) 80TeO{sub 2}-10WO{sub 3}-5TiO{sub 2}-5Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structural studies of TeO{sub 2}-WO{sub 3} glasses are critically considered. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The oxide glass formation is analyzed from Raman spectra and thermodynamic principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Separation into two phases, TeO{sub 2} and Te(WO{sub 4}){sub 2}, is intrinsic in such glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TiO{sub 2} or Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} addition to TeO{sub 2}-WO{sub 3} glasses leads to produce solid solutions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3} addition to TeO{sub 2}-WO{sub 3} glasses leads to produce a tellurite compound.« less

  12. Optical and structural investigation of Dy3+-Nd3+ co-doped in magnesium lead borosilicate glasses.

    PubMed

    Rao, T G V M; Rupesh Kumar, A; Neeraja, K; Veeraiah, N; Rami Reddy, M

    2014-01-24

    MgO-PbO-B2O3-SiO2-Nd2O3-Dy2O3 glasses are prepared by melt-quenching technique. The samples are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical absorption, luminescence and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectral studied. XRD analysis evidently indicates that the prepared samples are fully amorphous nature. From the optical absorption spectra, the bonding environment surrounding the Dy(3+) and their energy level scheme in glass network is analyzed. Enhancement of Dy(3+) emission by non-radiative energy transfers from Nd(3+) has been observed here. The samples emits intensive bluish yellow color from the (4)F9/2→(6)H15/2, (6)H13/2 transition of Dy(3+) ions in these glasses which are nearer to white light and it is also supported by the chromaticity color coordinates. The FT-IR spectra reveal that network connectivity is increased with replacement of bonds B-O-B, Si-O-Si by more resistant B-O-Si bonds with gradually increasing the content of Dy(3+) ions in the glass network. Along with spectroscopic parameters some physical parameters like density, refractive index etc. are measured for the glasses. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Structure of high alumina content Al2O3-SiO2 composition glasses.

    PubMed

    Weber, Richard; Sen, Sabyasachi; Youngman, Randall E; Hart, Robert T; Benmore, Chris J

    2008-12-25

    The structure of binary aluminosilicate glasses containing 60-67 mol % Al2O3 were investigated using high-resolution 27Al NMR and X-ray and neutron diffraction. The glasses were made by aerodynamic levitation of molten oxides. The 67% alumina composition required a cooling rate of approximately 1600 degrees C s(1-) to form glass from submillimeter sized samples. NMR results show that the glasses contain aluminum in 4-, 5-, and 6-fold coordination in the approximate ratio 4:5:1. The average Al coordination increases from 4.57 to 4.73 as the fraction of octahedral Al increases with alumina content. The diffraction results on the 67% composition are consistent with a disordered Al framework with Al ions in a range of coordination environments that are substantially different from those found in the equilibrium crystalline phases. Analysis of the neutron and X-ray structure factors yields an average bond angle of 125 +/- 4 degrees between an Al ion and the adjoining cation via a bridging oxygen. We propose that the structure of the glass is a "transition state" between the alumina-rich liquid and the equilibrium mullite phase that are dominated by 4- and 6-coordinated aluminum ions, respectively.

  14. Structural and spectroscopic characteristics of Eu3+-doped tungsten phosphate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dousti, M. Reza; Poirier, Gael Yves; de Camargo, Andrea Simone Stucchi

    2015-07-01

    Tungsten based phosphate glasses are interesting non-crystalline materials, commonly known for photochromic and electrochromic effects, but also promising hosts for luminescent trivalent rare earth ions. Despite very few reports in the literature, association of the host´s functionalities with the efficient emissions of the dopant ions in the visible and near-infrared spectra could lead to novel applications. This work reports the preparation and characterization of glasses with the new composition 4(Sb2O3)96-x(50WO3 50NaPO3)xEu2O3 where x = 0, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mol%, obtained by the melt quenching technique. The glasses present large density (∼4.6 g cm-3), high glass transition temperature (∼480 °C) and high thermal stability against crystallization. Upon excitation at 464 nm, the characteristic emissions of Eu3+ ions in the red spectral region are observed with high intensity. The Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ω2 = 6.86 × 10-20, Ω4 = 3.22 × 10-20 and Ω6 = 8.2 × 10-20 cm2 were calculated from the emission spectra and found to be higher than those reported for other phosphate glass compositions. An average excited state lifetime value of 1.2 ms, was determined by fitting the luminescence decay curves with single exponential functions and it is comparable or higher than those of other oxide glasses.

  15. Impedance spectroscopic characterization of Sm2O3 containing lithium borate glasses.

    PubMed

    Ramteke, D D; Gedam, R S

    2014-12-10

    27.5 Li2O-(72.5-X) B2O3-X Sm2O3 (X=0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2) were prepared by conventional melt quench technique. Impedance spectroscopy (IS) is used to study the electrical properties of these prepared glasses. Modulus formalism is introduced to study relaxation behaviour of these glasses. Scaling model shows the good overlap of data on single master curve which suggests that conduction mechanism in these glasses is compositional dependent. Variation of dielectric constant and dielectric loss with the addition of Sm2O3 and frequency are discussed here. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. TiO2 effect on crystallization mechanism and physical properties of nano glass-ceramics of MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass system.

    PubMed

    Jo, Sinae; Kang, Seunggu

    2013-05-01

    The effect of TiO2 on the degree of crystallization, thermal properties and microstructure for MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics system containing 0-13 wt% TiO2 and 0-1.5 wt% B2O3 in which the cordierite is the main phase was studied. Using Kissinger and Augis-Bennett equations, the activation energy, 510 kJ/mol and Avrami constant, 1.8 were calculated showing the surface-oriented crystallization would be preferred. The alpha-cordierite phase was generated in the glass-ceramics of containing TiO2 of 0-5.6 wt%. However, for the glass-ceramics of TiO2 content above 7 wt%, an alpha-cordierite disappeared and micro-cordierite phase was formed. The glass-ceramics of no TiO2 added had spherical crystals of few tens nanometer size spread in the matrix. As TiO2 content increased up to 5.6 wt%, a lump of dendrite was formed. In the glass-ceramics containing TiO2 7-13 wt%, in which the main phase is micro-cordierite, the dendrite crystal disappeared and a few hundred nanometer sized crystal particles hold tightly each other were generated. The thermal conductivity of glass-ceramics of both a-cordierite and micro-cordierite base decreased with TiO2 contend added. The thermal conductivity of glass-ceramics of 1.5 wt% TiO2 added was 3.4 W/mK which is 36% higher than that of glass-ceramics of no TiO2 added. The sintering temperature for 1.5 wt% TiO2 glass-ceramics was 965 degrees C which could be concluded as to apply to LTCC process for LED packaging.

  17. The effects of Nd2O3 concentration in the laser emission of TeO2-ZnO glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moreira, L. M.; Anjos, V.; Bell, M. J. V.; Ramos, C. A. R.; Kassab, L. R. P.; Doualan, D. J. L.; Camy, P.; Moncorgé, R.

    2016-08-01

    The present work reports the modification introduced by different Nd2O3 concentration on optical properties and the laser operation of Nd3+ doped (TeO2-ZnO) bulk tellurite glass. The spectroscopic data are analyzed within the Judd Ofelt formalism framework and the results are compared to the fluorescence lifetime and emission measurements to derive values for the quantum efficiency and the stimulated emission cross section of the considered 4F3/24I11/2 infrared laser transition around 1062.5 nm. Continuous-wave laser action is achieved with this bulk tellurite glass by pumping the sample inside a standard plan-concave mirror laser cavity with different output couplers. It is possible to observe coherent emission only for the lower concentration (0.5%(wt.) of Nd2 O3). Also laser action could only be observed for this sample with threshold pump power of 73 mW associated with a laser slope efficiency of 8% for an output coupler transmission of 4% indicating that TeO2-ZnO are potential materials for laser action. The results presented in this work together with those previously reported with higher concentration (1.0% (wt) of Nd2O3) determine the adequate Nd2O3 concentration for laser action and guide the correct experimental procedure for TeO2-ZnO glasses preparation.

  18. Equations of state of anhydrous AlF3 and AlI3: Modeling of extreme condition halide chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stavrou, Elissaios; Zaug, Joseph M.; Bastea, Sorin; Crowhurst, Jonathan C.; Goncharov, Alexander F.; Radousky, Harry B.; Armstrong, Michael R.; Roberts, Sarah K.; Plaue, Jonathan W.

    2015-06-01

    Pressure dependent angle-dispersive x-ray powder diffraction measurements of alpha-phase aluminum trifluoride (α-AlF3) and separately, aluminum triiodide (AlI3) were conducted using a diamond-anvil cell. Results at 295 K extend to 50 GPa. The equations of state of AlF3 and AlI3 were determined through refinements of collected x-ray diffraction patterns. The respective bulk moduli and corresponding pressure derivatives are reported for multiple orders of the Birch-Murnaghan (B-M), finite-strain (F-f), and higher pressure finite-strain (G-g) EOS analysis models. Aluminum trifluoride exhibits an apparent isostructural phase transition at approximately 12 GPa. Aluminum triiodide also undergoes a second-order atomic rearrangement: applied stress transformed a monoclinically distorted face centered cubic (fcc) structure into a standard fcc structural arrangement of iodine atoms. Results from semi-empirical thermochemical computations of energetic materials formulated with fluorine containing reactants were obtained with the aim of predicting the yield of halogenated products.

  19. Effect of Bi2O3 on structural, optical, and other physical properties of semiconducting zinc vanadate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Punia, R.; Kundu, R. S.; Hooda, J.; Dhankhar, S.; Dahiya, Sajjan; Kishore, N.

    2011-08-01

    Zinc bismuth vanadate glasses with compositions 50V2O5-xBi2O3-(50-x) ZnO have been prepared using a conventional melt-quenching method and the solubility limit of Bi2O3 in zinc vanadate glass system has been investigated using x-ray diffraction. Density has been measured using Archimedes' principle; molar volume (Vm) and crystalline volumes (Vc) have also been estimated. With an increase in Bi2O3 content, there is an increase in density and molar volume of the glass samples. The glass transition temperature (Tg) and Hurby coefficient (Kgl) have been determined using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and are observed to increase with increase in Bi2O3 content (i.e., x), up to x = 15, thereby indicating the structural modifications and increased thermal stability of zinc vanadate glasses on addition of Bi2O3. FTIR spectra have been recorded and the analysis of FTIR shows that the structure depends upon the Bi2O3 content in the glass compositions. On addition of Bi2O3 into the zinc vanadate system, the structure of V2O5 changes from VO4 tetrahedral to VO5 trigonal bi-pyramid configuration. The optical parameters have been calculated by using spectroscopic ellipsometry for bulk oxide glasses (perhaps used first time for bulk glasses) and optical bandgap energy is found to increase with increase in Bi2O3 content.

  20. Photoluminescence characteristics of Eu2O3 doped calcium fluoroborate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krishnapuram, Pavani; Jakka, Suresh Kumar; Thummala, Chengaiah; Lalapeta, Rama Moorthy

    2012-11-01

    The present work reports the preparation and characterization of calcium fluoroborate (CFB) glasses doped with different concentrations of Eu2O3. The spectroscopic free-ion parameters are evaluated from the experimentally observed energy levels of Eu3+ ions in CFB glasses by using the free-ion Hamiltonian model (HFI). The phenomenological Judd-Ofelt (J-O) parameters, Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6, are evaluated from the intensities of Eu3+ ion absorption bands by various constraints. From these J-O parameters (Ωλ), the radiative parameters such as transition probabilities (AR), branching ratios (βR), stimulated emission cross sections (σe) and radiative lifetimes (τR) are evaluated for 5D→7(4fASO+αL(L+1)+βG(G2)+γG(R7)+∑j=0,2,4 Mjmj+∑k=2,4,6 PKpK where Eavg includes the kinetic energy of the electrons and their interaction with the nucleus. It shifts only the barycentre of the whole 4fN configuration. Fk (k = 2, 4, 6) are free electron repulsion parameters, ξ4f is the spin-orbit coupling constant, α, β and γ are the three interaction parameters, Mj (j = 0, 2, 4) and Pk (k = 2, 4, 6) are magnetic interaction parameters. Among all the interactions, Fk and ξ4f are the main ones which give rise to the 2LJ levels. The rest only make corrections in the energies of these levels without removing their degeneracy. The parametric fits have been carried out as has been done in our earlier work [16]. The quality of the parametric fit is generally described in terms of the root mean square (rms) deviation, σrms between the experimental and calculated energies by the relation σrms=√{{∑}/{i=1N(Eiexp-Eical)2N}} where Eiexp and Eical are the experimental and calculated energies, respectively, for level 'i' and N denotes the total number of levels included in the energy level fit.

  1. Effect of Gd2O3 doping on structure and boron volatility of borosilicate glass sealants in solid oxide fuel cells-A study on the La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) cathode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Qi; Tan, Shengwei; Ren, Mengyuan; Yang, Hsiwen; Tang, Dian; Chen, Kongfa; Zhang, Teng; Jiang, San Ping

    2018-04-01

    Boron volatility is one of the most important properties of borosilicate-based glass sealants in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), as boron contaminants react with lanthanum-containing cathodes, forming LaBO3 and degrading the activity of SOFCs. Here, we report that the reaction between the volatile boron and a La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) cathode during polarization can be significantly reduced by doping aluminoborosilicate glass with Gd2O3. Specifically, the Gd cations in glass with 2 mol.% Gd2O3 dissolve preferentially in the borate-rich environment to form more Gd-metaborate structures and promote the formation of calcium metaborate (CaB2O4); they also condense the B-O network after heat treatment, which suppresses poisoning by boron contaminants on the LSCF cathode. The results provide insights into design and development of a reliable sealing glass for SOFC applications.

  2. Structure and crystallization of SiO2 and B2O3 doped lithium disilicate glasses from theory and experiment.

    PubMed

    Erlebach, Andreas; Thieme, Katrin; Sierka, Marek; Rüssel, Christian

    2017-09-27

    Solid solutions of SiO 2 and B 2 O 3 in Li 22SiO 2 are synthesized and characterized for the first time. Their structure and crystallization mechanisms are investigated employing a combination of simulations at the density functional theory level and experiments on the crystallization of SiO 2 and B 2 O 3 doped lithium disilicate glasses. The remarkable agreement of calculated and experimentally determined cell parameters reveals the preferential, kinetically controlled incorporation of [SiO 4 ] and [BO 4 ] at the Li + lattice sites of the Li 22SiO 2 crystal structure. While the addition of SiO 2 increases the glass viscosity resulting in lower crystal growth velocities, glasses containing B 2 O 3 show a reduction of both viscosities and crystal growth velocities. These observations could be rationalized by a change of the chemical composition of the glass matrix surrounding the precipitated crystal phase during the course of crystallization, which leads to a deceleration of the attachment of building units required for further crystal growth at the liquid-crystal interface.

  3. Effect of borate glass composition on its conversion to hydroxyapatite and on the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells.

    PubMed

    Brown, Roger F; Rahaman, Mohamed N; Dwilewicz, Agatha B; Huang, Wenhai; Day, Delbert E; Li, Yadong; Bal, B Sonny

    2009-02-01

    Glasses containing varying amounts of B(2)O(3) were prepared by partially or fully replacing the SiO(2) in silicate 45S5 bioactive glass with B(2)O(3). The effects of the B(2)O(3) content of the glass on its conversion to hydroxyapatite (HA) and on the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells were investigated in vitro. Conversion of the glasses to HA in dilute (20 mM) K(2)HPO(4) solution was monitored using weight loss and pH measurements. Proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells was determined qualitatively by assay of cell density at the glass interface after incubation for 1 day and 3 days, and quantitatively by fluorescent measurements of total DNA in cultures incubated for 4 days. Higher B(2)O(3) content of the glass increased the conversion rate to HA, but also resulted in a greater inhibition of cell proliferation under static culture conditions. For a given mass of glass in the culture medium, the inhibition of cell proliferation was alleviated by using glasses with lower B(2)O(3) content, by incubating the cell cultures under dynamic rather than static conditions, or by partially converting the glass to HA prior to cell culture.

  4. Disordered Zinc in Zn4Sb3 with Phonon-Glass and Electron-Crystal Thermoelectric Properties

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Christensen, Mogens; Nishibori, Eiji; Caillat, Thierry; Brummerstedt Iversen, Bo

    2004-01-01

    By converting waste heat into electricity, thermoelectric generators could be an important part of the solution to today's energy challenges. The compound Zn4Sb3 is one of the most efficient thermoelectric materials known. Its high efficiency results from an extraordinarily low thermal conductivity in conjunction with the electronic structure of a heavily doped semiconductor. Previous structural studies have been unable to explain this unusual combination of properties. Here, we show through a comprehensive structural analysis using single-crystal X-ray and powder-synchrotron-radiation diffraction methods, that both the electronic and thermal properties of Zn4Sb3 can be understood in terms of unique structural features that have been previously overlooked. The identification of Sb3- ions and Sb-2(4-) dimers reveals that Zn4Sb3 is a valence semiconductor with the ideal stoichiometry Zn13Sb10. In addition, the structure contains significant disorder, with zinc atoms distributed over multiple positions. The discovery of glass-like interstitial sites uncovers a highly effective mechanism for reducing thermal conductivity. Thus Zn4Sb3 is in many ways an ideal 'phonon glass, electron crystal' thermoelectric material.

  5. Transparent athermal glass-ceramics in Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Himei, Yusuke; Nagakane, Tomohiro; Sakamoto, Akihiko; Kitamura, Naoyuki; Fukumi, Kohei; Nishii, Junji; Hirao, Kazuyuki

    2005-04-01

    An attempt has been conducted to develop multicomponent transparent glass-ceramics which have athermal property better than silica glass. Transparent Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 (LAS) glass-ceramics with small thermal expansion coefficient was chosen as a candidate. Athermal property of the glass-ceramics was improved by the independent control of temperature coefficients of electronic polarizability and thermal expansion coefficient, both of which govern the temperature coefficient of optical path length. It was found that temperature coefficient of electronic polarizability and thermal expansion coefficient of the LAS glass-ceramics were controllable by the additives and crystallization conditions. The doping of B2O3 and the crystallization under a hydrostatic pressure of 196 MPa were very effective to reduce temperature coefficient of electronic polarizability without a remarkable increase in thermal expansion coefficient. It was deduced that the reduction in temperature coefficient of electronic polarizability by the crystallization under 196 MPa resulted from the inhibition of the precipitation of beta-spodumene solid solution. The relative temperature coefficients of optical path length of B2O3-doped glass-ceramic crystallized under 196 MPa was 11.7 x 10-6/°C, which was slightly larger than that of silica glass. Nevertheless, the thermal expansion coefficient of this glass-ceramic was smaller than that of silica glass.

  6. Structure and luminescence properties of Dy 2O 3 doped bismuth-borate glasses

    DOE PAGES

    Mugoni, Consuelo; Gatto, C.; Pla-Dalmau, A.; ...

    2017-07-05

    In this study heavy bismuth-borate glasses were studied as host matrices of Dy 2O 3 rare earth, for potential application as scintillator materials in high energy physics experiments and in general radiation detection systems. Glass matrices were prepared from 20BaO-xBi 2O 3-(80-x)B 2O 3 (x = 20, 30, 40 mol%) ternary systems and synthesized by the melt-quenching method at different temperatures in order to obtain high density and high transparency in the UV/Vis range. Particularly, the glass manifesting the higher transparency and with sufficiently high density was doped with Dy 2O 3 (2.5 and 5 mol%) in order to inducemore » the luminescence characteristics. The effects of Bi 2O 3 and Dy 2O 3 on density, thermal behaviour, transmission as well as luminescence properties under UV excitation, were investigated. The experimental results show that the synthesized glasses can be considered promising candidate materials as dense scintillators, due to the Dy 3 + centres emission.« less

  7. A novel red phosphor of seven-coordinated Mn4+ ion-doped tridecafluorodizirconate Na5Zr2F13 for warm WLEDs.

    PubMed

    Xi, Luqing; Pan, Yuexiao; Huang, Shaoming; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2018-04-24

    Herein, a novel red phosphor based on seven-coordinated Mn4+ ion-doped tridecafluorodizirconate, Na5Zr2F13 (NZF), has been synthesized by stirring a mixture of K2MnF6, NaF, and H2ZrF6 at room temperature. The crystal structure and morphology of the as-obtained phosphor NZF:Mn have been determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The composition and distribution of Mn4+ ions in NZF have been confirmed by energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and element mapping via transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The phosphor NZF:Mn exhibits a strong zero phonon line (ZPL) at 616 nm under excitation of blue light from a GaN light-emitting diode (LED) chip; this is attributed to the low symmetry of Mn4+ ions occupied in a seven-coordinated environment. The luminescence intensity of NZF:Mn has been optimized by controlling the synthesis procedure and synthetic parameters. The luminescence mechanism of the red phosphor NZF:Mn has been investigated according to the detailed experimental results. A warm white light has been produced by a WLED fabricated with the red phosphor NZF:Mn and the commercial yellow phosphor Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ (YAG:Ce) on a GaN LED chip.

  8. Thermal, structural and optical properties of new TeO2sbnd Sb2O3sbnd GeO2 ternary glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pereira, C.; Barbosa, J.; Cassanjes, F. C.; Gonçalves, R. R.; Ribeiro, S. J. L.; Poirier, G.

    2016-12-01

    In this work the novel glass system TeO2sbnd Sb2O3sbnd GeO2 was investigated and promising glass compositions were selected for further specific studies. Glass samples in the (80-0.8x)TeO2-(20-0.2x)Sb2O3-xGeO2 molar composition were prepared by the melt-quenching method with a glass-forming domain from x = 10 to x = 90. Samples were investigated by XRD, DSC, FTIR, Raman spectroscopy and UV-visible absorption. The XRD and DSC results bring informations about the non-crystalline state and thermal properties of these materials. It has been observed that higher GeO2 contents lead to higher glass transition temperatures and thermal stabilities against crystallization. FTIR and Raman spectroscopies suggest a progressive incorporation of GeO2 in the covalent network of TeO2 with conversion of structural units TeO4 to TeO3. Absorption spectra revealed the high visible transparency of these samples and an increase of the optical band gap with GeO2 addition, in agreement with a decreasing polarizability of the glass network. Er3+ doped and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped samples were also studied with respect to their infrared emission properties and higher GeO2 contents lead to an increase in IR emission intensity at 1,5 μm as well as longer radiative lifetimes. Finally, upconversion emission in the visible were also recorded and were shown to be strongly dependent of the composition.

  9. Spectroscopic and energy transfer behavior of Dy3+ ions in B2O3sbnd TeO2sbnd PbOsbnd PbF2sbnd Bi2O3sbnd CdO glasses for laser and WLED applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arunkumar, S.; Venkataiah, G.; Marimuthu, K.

    2015-02-01

    A new series of white light emitting Dy3+ doped Lead tellurofluoroborate glasses have been prepared and their spectroscopic and energy transfer behavior were explored through analyzing XRD, FTIR, Raman, SEM, EDAX, optical absorption, photoluminescence and lifetime measurements. The fundamental stretching of the various borate and tellurite networks were identified using FTIR and Raman spectral analysis. The bonding parameter studies reveal the ionic nature of the Dysbnd O bond in the present glasses. The Judd-Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters determined from the absorption spectra have been used to investigate the nature of bonding and symmetry orientation of the Dy-ligand field environment. The luminescence intensity increases with increasing Dy3+ ion concentration up to 0.5 wt%, beyond that luminescence quenching is observed. The JO parameters have been used to determine the transition probability (A), stimulated emission cross-section (σPE), radiative lifetime (τR) and branching ratios (βR) for the different emission transitions from the 4F9/2 excited level. The higher σPE and βR values of the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 transitions suggest the possible laser action in the visible region. The Y/B ratio, CIE chromaticity color coordinates (x, y) and Color correlated temperature (CCT) were also estimated from the luminescence spectra for different concentration as well as pumping wavelengths. The x, y chromaticity color coordinates fall within the white light region and the white light can be tuned by varying the excitation wavelengths. The lifetime of the 4F9/2 excited state were measured and is found to decrease with increasing Dy3+ ion content. The non-exponential behavior is predominant in higher Dy3+ ion content glasses and is due to the efficient energy transfer between Dy3+sbnd Dy3+ ions. The decay curves were fitted to the Inokuti-Hirayama (IH) model to understand the nature of energy transfer. Among the prepared glasses, 0.5DPTFB glass

  10. Large optical second-order nonlinearity of poled WO3-TeO2 glass.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, K; Narazaki, A; Hirao, K

    2000-02-15

    Second-harmonic generation, one of the second-order nonlinear optical properties of thermally and electrically poled WO>(3)-TeO>(2) glasses, has been examined. We poled glass samples with two thicknesses (0.60 and 0.86 mm) at various temperatures to explore the effects of external electric field strength and poling temperature on second-order nonlinearity. The dependence of second-harmonic intensity on the poling temperature is maximum at a specific poling temperature. A second-order nonlinear susceptibility of 2.1 pm/V was attained for the 0.60-mm-thick glass poled at 250 degrees C. This value is fairly large compared with those for poled silica and tellurite glasses reported thus far. We speculate that the large third-order nonlinear susceptibility of WO>(3)- TeO>(2) glasses gives rise to the large second-order nonlinearity by means of a X((2)) = 3X((3)) E(dc) process.

  11. Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers.

    PubMed

    Lancaster, D G; Gross, S; Fuerbach, A; Heidepriem, H Ebendorff; Monro, T M; Withford, M J

    2012-12-03

    We report performance characteristics of a thulium doped ZBLAN waveguide laser that supports the largest fundamental modes reported in a rare-earth doped planar waveguide laser (to the best of our knowledge). The high mode quality of waveguides up to 45 um diameter (~1075 μm(2) mode-field area) is validated by a measured beam quality of M(2)~1.1 ± 0.1. Benefits of these large mode-areas are demonstrated by achieving 1.9 kW peak-power output Q-switched pulses. The 1.89 μm free-running cw laser produces 205 mW and achieves a 67% internal slope efficiency corresponding to a quantum efficiency of 161%. The 9 mm long planar chip developed for concept demonstration is rapidly fabricated by single-step optical processing, contains 15 depressed-cladding waveguides, and can operate in semi-monolithic or external cavity laser configurations.

  12. Distinct effects of thrombopoietin depending on a threshold level of activated Mpl in BaF-3 cells.

    PubMed

    Millot, Gaël A; Vainchenker, William; Duménil, Dominique; Svinarchuk, Fédor

    2002-06-01

    Thrombopoietin (TPO) plays a critical role in megakaryopoiesis through binding to its receptor Mpl. This involves activation of various intracellular signaling pathways, including phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. Their precise role in TPO-mediated proliferation, survival and differentiation is not fully understood. In the present study, we show that TPO induces different biological responses in Mpl-transduced BaF-3 cells, depending on the cell surface density of Mpl and the resulting activation level of signaling pathways. TPO mediates cell proliferation in cells expressing high levels of Mpl but only mediates survival without proliferation in cells expressing low levels of the receptor. By using the kinase inhibitors PD98059 and LY294002, we further showed that the activation level of the PI3K and MAPK p42/44 pathways is a determining factor for the proliferative effect. In cells expressing low levels of Mpl, the survival effect was strongly dependent on the activation level of the PI3K/AKT, but not the MAPK p42/44 pathway. Moreover, this effect was correlated with the phosphorylation level of BAD but not with the expression level of Bcl-X(L). However, PI3K pathway inhibition did not increase apoptosis when BaF-3 cells proliferated in response to TPO, indicating a compensating mechanism from other Mpl signaling pathways in this case.

  13. Optical absorption, luminescence, and energy transfer processes studies for Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped borate glasses for solid-state lighting applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lakshminarayana, G.; Kaky, Kawa M.; Baki, S. O.; Lira, A.; Caldiño, U.; Kityk, I. V.; Mahdi, M. A.

    2017-10-01

    By using melt quenching technique, good optical quality singly doped Dy3+ or Tb3+ and Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped borate glasses were synthesized and studied by optical absorption, excitation, emission and decay lifetimes curve analysis. Following the absorption spectrum, the evaluated Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters (Ωλ (λ = 2, 4 and 6)) were used to calculate the transition probability (AR), the branching ratio (βR), and the radiative lifetime (τR) for different luminescent transitions such as 4I15/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H13/2, 4F9/2 → 6H11/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H9/2,6F11/2 for the 0.5 mol % singly Dy3+-doped glass. The βR calculated (65%) indicates that for lasing applications, 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 emission transition is highly suitable. For all the Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped glasses, Tb3+: 5D3→7F6 emission decay lifetime curves are found to be non-exponential in nature for different concentrations of Dy3+ codoping. Using the Inokuti-Hirayama model, these nonexponential decay curves were analyzed to identify the nature of the energy transfer (ET) processes and here the electric dipole-dipole interaction is dominant for the ET. Based on the excitation and emission spectra and decay lifetimes curve analysis, the cross relaxation and ET processes between Dy3+ and Tb3+ were confirmed. For the 0.5 mol % Tb3+ and 2.0 mol % Dy3+-codoped glass, the evaluated Tb3+→Dy3+ ET efficiency (η) is found to be 45% under 369 nm excitation. Further, for Tb3+/Dy3+ -codoped glasses, an enhancement of Tb3+ green emission is observed up to 1.5 mol % Dy3+ codoping, and this is due to the non-radiative resonant ET from Dy3+ to Tb3+ upon 395 nm excitation. For singly 0.5 mol % Dy3+ or 0.5 mol % Tb3+-doped glass, the calculated color coordinates (x,y) and correlated color temperatures (CCT) represent the neutral white or warm white light regions, whereas Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped glasses (x,y) and CCT values fall in the yellowish green region with respect to the different Dy3

  14. Enhanced 3  μm luminescence properties based on effective energy transfer Yb3+ : 2F5/2→Dy3+ : 6H5/2 in fluoaluminate glass modified by TeO2.

    PubMed

    Qi, Fangwei; Huang, Feifei; Wang, Tao; Tian, Ying; Lei, Ruoshan; Ye, Renguang; Zhang, Junjie; Zhang, Long; Xu, Shiqing

    2017-11-01

    Enhanced 3 μm luminescence of Dy 3+ based on the effective process of Yb 3+ :F 5/2 2→Dy 3+ :H 5/2 6 with a higher energy transfer coefficient of 7.36×10 -39   cm 6 /s in fluoaluminate glass modified by TeO 2 was obtained. The energy transfer efficiency from Yb 3+ to Dy 3+ in Dy 3+ /Yb 3+ codoped glass was as high as 80%, indicating the effective energy transfer of Yb 3+ . The higher temperature of the glass transition (T g ) and larger characteristic temperatures (ΔT,K gl ) revealed better thermal properties of the prepared glasses compared with the traditional fluoaluminate glasses, which is of great benefit to fiber drawing. The lower hydroxyl content (15.7 ppm) indicated better fluorescence properties of the glass. It was noted that the longer lifetime of 572 μs and higher emission cross section of 5.22×10 -21   cm 2 along with the bandwidth of 245 nm around 3 μm proved potential applications in mid-IR laser materials of the present glass.

  15. Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing micron-sized SrF2 crystals for 2.7 μm emissions

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Yiguang; Fan, Jintai; Jiang, Benxue; Mao, Xiaojian; Tang, Junzhou; Xu, Yinsheng; Dai, Shixun; Zhang, Long

    2016-01-01

    Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing micron-sized SrF2 crystals were obtained by direct liquid-phase sintering of a mixture of SrF2 powders and precursor glass powders at 820 °C for 15 min. The appearance and microstructural evolution of the SrF2 crystals in the resulting glass ceramics were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission microscopy. The SrF2 crystals are ~15 μm in size and are uniformly distributed throughout the fluorophosphate glass matrix. The glass ceramics achieve an average transmittance of 75% in the visible region and more than 85% in the near-IR region. The high transmittance of the glass ceramics results from matching the refractive index of the SrF2 with that of the precursor glass. Energy dispersive spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectra, and photoluminescence lifetimes verified the incorporation of Er3+ into the micron-sized SrF2 crystals. Intense 2.7 μm emissions due to the 4I11/2 → 4I13/2 transition were observed upon excitation at 980 nm using a laser diode. The maximum value of the emission cross section of Er3+ around 2.7 μm is more than 1.2 × 10−20 cm2, which indicates the potential of using transparent glass ceramics containing micron-sized SrF2 crystals for efficient 2.7 μm lasers and amplifiers. PMID:27430595

  16. Er(3+)-doped transparent glass ceramics containing micron-sized SrF2 crystals for 2.7 μm emissions.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Yiguang; Fan, Jintai; Jiang, Benxue; Mao, Xiaojian; Tang, Junzhou; Xu, Yinsheng; Dai, Shixun; Zhang, Long

    2016-07-19

    Er(3+)-doped transparent glass ceramics containing micron-sized SrF2 crystals were obtained by direct liquid-phase sintering of a mixture of SrF2 powders and precursor glass powders at 820 °C for 15 min. The appearance and microstructural evolution of the SrF2 crystals in the resulting glass ceramics were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission microscopy. The SrF2 crystals are ~15 μm in size and are uniformly distributed throughout the fluorophosphate glass matrix. The glass ceramics achieve an average transmittance of 75% in the visible region and more than 85% in the near-IR region. The high transmittance of the glass ceramics results from matching the refractive index of the SrF2 with that of the precursor glass. Energy dispersive spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectra, and photoluminescence lifetimes verified the incorporation of Er(3+) into the micron-sized SrF2 crystals. Intense 2.7 μm emissions due to the (4)I11/2 → (4)I13/2 transition were observed upon excitation at 980 nm using a laser diode. The maximum value of the emission cross section of Er(3+) around 2.7 μm is more than 1.2 × 10(-20) cm(2), which indicates the potential of using transparent glass ceramics containing micron-sized SrF2 crystals for efficient 2.7 μm lasers and amplifiers.

  17. EPR, optical absorption and luminescence studies of Cr3+-doped antimony phosphate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Vicente, F. S.; Santos, F. A.; Simões, B. S.; Dias, S. T.; Siu Li, M.

    2014-12-01

    Antimony phosphate glasses (SbPO) doped with 3 and 6 mol% of Cr3+ were studied by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR), UV-VIS optical absorption and luminescence spectroscopy. The EPR spectra of Cr3+-doped glasses showed two principal resonance signals with effective g values at g = 5.11 and g = 1.97. UV-VIS optical absorption spectra of SbPO:Cr3+ presented four characteristics bands at 457, 641, 675, and 705 nm related to the transitions from 4A2(F) to 4T1(F), 4T2(F), 2T1(G), and 2E(G), respectively, of Cr3+ ions in octahedral symmetry. Optical absorption spectra of SbPO:Cr3+ allowed evaluating the crystalline field Dq, Racah parameters (B and C) and Dq/B. The calculated value of Dq/B = 2.48 indicates that Cr3+ ions in SbPO glasses are in strong ligand field sites. The optical band gap for SbPO and SbPO:Cr3+ were evaluated from the UV optical absorption edges. Luminescence measurements of pure and Cr3+-doped glasses excited with 350 nm revealed weak emission bands from 400 to 600 nm due to the 3P1 → 1S0 electronic transition from Sb3+ ions. Cr3+-doped glasses excited with 415 nm presented Cr3+ characteristic luminescence spectra composed by two broad bands, one band centered at 645 nm (2E → 4A2) and another intense band from 700 to 850 nm (4T24A2).

  18. Optical evaluation on Nd3+-doped phosphate glasses for O-band amplification.

    PubMed

    Lei, Weihong; Chen, Baojie; Zhang, Xiangling; Pun, Edwin Yun Bun; Lin, Hai

    2011-02-20

    We have fabricated and characterized optically Nd3+-doped phosphate [Li2O-CaO-BaO-Al2O3-La2O3-P2O5 (LCBALP)] glasses for drawing single-mode glass fiber. The 4F3/24I13/2 transition emission from the Nd3+ is at the 1.327 μm wavelength with a full width at half-maximum of 43 nm, and the spontaneous transition probability and quantum efficiency are calculated to be 1836 s-1 and 52%, respectively. The maximum stimulated emission cross sections for 4F3/24I11/2 and 4F3/24I13/2 transitions are derived to be 1.82×10(-20) cm2 and 6.97×10(-21) cm2, respectively, and the theoretical gain coefficient at the 1.327 μm wavelength is evaluated to be 0.182 dB/cm when the fractional factor of the excited neodymium ions equals 0.6, which indicates that Nd3+-doped LCBALP phosphate glasses are potential candidates in developing O-band optical fiber amplifiers.

  19. Comprehensive study on compositional modification of Tb3+ doped zinc phosphate glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yaacob, S. N. S.; Sahar, M. R.; Sazali, E. S.; Mahraz, Zahra Ashur; Sulhadi, K.

    2018-07-01

    Series of glass composition (60-x) P2O5 -40 ZnO -(x) Tb2O3 where x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 mol % are prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), FTIR, UV-Vis-NIR and the photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy are used to characterize the physical, structural and optical behavior of the glass sample. The XRD pattern confirms the amorphous nature and DTA verified the thermal stability of all the glass samples. Glass with 1.5 mol % of Tb2O3 possesses the highest thermal stability. Glass density is found to increase proportionally with increasing amount of Tb3+ while the molar volume behaves reversely. Six main IR absorption bands centered at about 540, 748, 891, 1085 and 1294 cm- 1 are evidenced. The UV-Vis NIR absorption spectra reveals the absorption center band at about 540, 376, 488 and 1920 nm corresponding to the absorption from 7F6 ground state to various excited state of Tb3+ ion. The optical band gaps for direct and indirect transition are in the range 4.53-5.07 eV and 4.30 eV-4.56 eV respectively. The Urbach energy decreases with the increasing concentration of Tb2O3. The PL emission spectra reveals several prominent peaks at 413, 435, 457, 488, 540, 585 and 620 nm due to electronic transition from 5D3→7F5, 5D3→7F4, 5D3→7F3, 5D4→7F6, 5D4→7F5, 5D4→7F3 and 5D4→7F5 respectively.

  20. Energy transfer upconversion in Er3+-Tm3+ codoped sodium silicate glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Vinod; Pandey, Anurag; Ntwaeaborwa, O. M.; Swart, H. C.

    2018-04-01

    Er3+/Tm3+ doped and codoped Na2O-SiO2-ZnO (NSZO) glasses were prepared by the conventional melt-quenching method. The amorphous nature of the prepared glasses was confirmed by the X-ray diffraction analysis. The optical absorption spectrum displayed several peaks, which correspond to Er3+ and Tm3+ dopant ions embedded into the NSZO glass. Both dopants experienced upconversion emission under 980 nm excitation. Efficient energy transfer from Er3+ to Tm3+ was observed in the co-doped samples to enhance the near infrared emission of the Tm3+ ions.

  1. Optical absorption and photoluminescence properties of Nd3+ doped mixed alkali phosphate glasses-spectroscopic investigations.

    PubMed

    Ratnakaram, Y C; Srihari, N V; Kumar, A Vijaya; Naidu, D Thirupathi; Chakradhar, R P S

    2009-02-01

    Spectroscopic investigations were performed on 68NH(4)H(2)PO(4).xLi(2)CO(3)(30-x)K(2)CO(3) and 68NH(4)H(2)PO(4).xNa(2)CO(3)(30-x)K(2)CO(3) (where x=5, 10, 15, 20 and 25) glasses containing 2 mol% Nd(2)O(3). Various spectroscopic parameters (Racah (E(1), E(2), E(3)), spin-orbit (xi(4f)) and configuration interaction (alpha)) are reported. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (Omega(2), Omega(4), Omega(6)) are calculated for Nd(3+) doped two mixed alkali phosphate glass matrices. From the magnitude of Judd-Ofelt parameters, covalency is studied as a function of x in the glass matrix. Using Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, total radiative transition probabilities (A(T)), radiative lifetimes (tau(R)), branching ratios (beta) and integrated absorption cross sections (Sigma) have been computed for certain excited states of Nd(3+) in these mixed alkali phosphate glasses. Emission cross sections (sigma(P)) are calculated for the two transitions, (4)G(7/2)-->(4)I(11/2) and (4)G(7/2)-->(4)I(13/2) of Nd(3+) in these mixed alkali phosphate glasses. Optical band gaps (E(opt)) for direct and indirect transitions are reported.

  2. Photoluminescence properties of Mn2+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses for solar cells application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Ying; Chen, Zeng; Jia, Xiyang; Li, Shengjun

    2018-01-01

    Mn2+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses were facilely synthesized in the SiO2-Al2O3-Na2O-CaF2 system. Partial crystallization processed during the preparation of the glasses, by which small amounts of CaF2 nano-crystals were formed. Under ultraviolet and blue (370-500 nm) light excitation, an efficient down-conversion involving the emission of near-infrared is realized in the Mn2+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses. The near-infrared emission peaks mainly at 976 nm and secondarily at 1020 nm, which is a comfortable match with the band gap of c-Si. The variation in visible and near-infrared spectra and the decay curves of Mn2+:4T1 → 6A1 emission have been investigated to verify the possible energy transfer from Mn2+ ions to Yb3+ ions. On analyzing the energy transfer processes theoretically and experimentally, we propose that quantum cutting and down-shifting processes may occur simultaneously in the samples. We suggest that the Mn2+-Yb3+ co-doped materials can provide a novel direction to realize UV-Vis to NIR down-conversion for Si solar cells.

  3. Spectroscopic analysis and efficient diode-pumped 2.0 μm emission in Ho3+/Tm3+ codoped fluoride glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tian, Ying; Jing, Xufeng; Xu, Shiqing

    2013-11-01

    Intense 2.0 μm emission has been obtained in Ho3+/Tm3+ codoped ZBLAY glass pumped by common laser diode. Three intensity parameters and radiative properties have been determined from the absorption spectrum based on the Judd-Ofelt theory. The 2 μm emission characteristics and the energy transfer mechanism upon excitation of a conventional 800 nm laser diode are investigated. Efficient Tm3+ to Ho3+ energy transfer processes have been observed in present glass and investigated using steady-state and time-resolved optical spectroscopy measurement. The energy transfer microscopic parameter has been calculated with the Inokuti-Hirayama and Förster-Dexter models. High quantum efficiency of 2 μm emission (80.35%) and large energy transfer coefficient from Tm3+ to Ho3+ indicates this Ho3+/Tm3+ codoped ZBLAY glass is a promising material for 2.0 μm laser.

  4. Synthesis and characterization of PbTiO3 based glass ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shankar, J.; Rani, G. Neeraja; Mamatha, B.; Deshpande, V. K.

    2017-05-01

    Glass samples with composition (50 - X) PbO - XCaO - 25 TiO2 - 25 B2O3 (where = 0, .5, 10 and 15 mol %) were prepared using conventional quenching technique. It was observed that with the addition of alkaline earth oxides to lead borate glass containing TiO2 alters the network (conversion of BO3 to BO4) increasing the rigidity of the glass which enhances the Tg. These glass samples were converted to glass ceramics by following two stage heat treatment schedule. The density values of glass ceramic samples are higher than those of corresponding glass samples. It was observed that there was good correlation between the density and CTE results of the glass-ceramics. The XRD results in the glass ceramics revealed the formation of tetragonal lead titanate as a major crystalline phase and Ca3Ti2O7 as minor crystalline phase. The ferroelectric nature of all the glass ceramic samples is confirmed by P - E hysteresis measurements.

  5. Self-powdering and nonlinear optical domain structures in ferroelastic beta'-Gd{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals formed in glass

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Tsukada, Y.; Honma, T.; Komatsu, T., E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.j

    Ferroelastic beta'-Gd{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3}, (GMO), crystals are formed through the crystallization of 21.25Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}-63.75MoO{sub 3}-15B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glass (mol%), and two scientific curious phenomena are observed. (1) GMO crystals formed in the crystallization break into small pieces with a triangular prism or pyramid shape having a length of 50-500 {mu}m spontaneously during the crystallizations in the inside of an electric furnace, not during the cooling in air after the crystallization. This phenomenon is called 'self-powdering phenomenon during crystallization' in this paper. (2) Each self-powdered GMO crystal grain shows a periodic domain structure with different refractive indices, and amore » spatially periodic second harmonic generation (SHG) depending on the domain structure is observed. It is proposed from polarized micro-Raman scattering spectra and the azimuthal dependence of second harmonic intensities that GMO crystals are oriented in each crystal grain and the orientation of (MoO{sub 4}){sup 2-} tetrahedra in GMO crystals changes periodically due to spontaneous strains in ferroelastic GMO crystals. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows the polarized optical photograph at room temperature for a particle (piece) obtained by a heat treatment of the glass at 590 deg. C for 2 h in an electric furnace in air. This particle was obtained through the self-powdering behavior in the crystallization of glass. The periodic domain structure is observed. Ferroelastic beta'-Gd{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals are formed in the particle, and second harmonic generations are detected, depending on the domain structure.« less

  6. Laser and gain parameters at 2.7 μm of Er 3+-doped oxyfluoride transparent glass-ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tikhomirov, V. K.; Méndez-Ramos, J.; Rodríguez, V. D.; Furniss, D.; Seddon, A. B.

    2006-07-01

    The room temperature emission spectrum at about 2.7 μm corresponding to the laser transition 4I 11/24I 13/2 in Er 3+-doped nano-scaled transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic has been measured and stimulated emission cross-section for the transition has been calculated. The intensity of the transition has been found to be 40 times stronger and lifetime 50 times longer in the glass-ceramics compared to the precursor glass, which we show to be due to a change of frequency of the phonon involved in non-radiative de-excitation of the 4I 11/2 level from 900 cm -1 in the precursor glass to 240 cm -1 in the ensuing glass-ceramics. The absorption cross-section for the excited state absorption 4I 13/24I 11/2 has been calculated based on the experimental reciprocal emission spectrum and wavelength dependence of the gain cross-section for the lasing transition 4I 11/24I 13/2 vs population inversion has been derived. The lasing/optical amplification gain parameters, such as population inversion, pump saturation intensity and product of emission cross-section and fluorescence lifetime have been obtained at the 2.7 μm wavelength. A noteworthy result is that laser action at 2.7 μm is possible in these Er 3+-doped glass-ceramics, already not taking into account energy transfer or up-conversion processes, related to the 4I 13/2 level, which favour the population inversion.

  7. Effects of B2O3 content and sintering temperature on crystallization and microstructure of CBS glass-ceramic coatings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Pengyang; Wang, Shubin; Liu, Jianggao; Feng, Mengjie; Yang, Xinwang

    2015-11-01

    Borosilicate glass-ceramics precursors with varying compositional ratios in the CaO-SiO2-B2O3 (CBS) system were synthesized by sol-gel method. The precursors were calcined at 1200 °C for 2 h to form glass powders. The glass-ceramics were prepared by overlaying glass slurries on the substrates before sintering at different temperatures. The as-prepared glasses and glass-ceramics were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. The crystallization activation energies (Ec) were calculated using the Kissinger method from DSC results. The morphology and crystallization behavior of the glass-ceramics were monitored by scanning electron microscopy. Both glass transition and crystallization temperatures decreased, however, the metastable zone increased. The Ec values of CBS glasses and glass-ceramics were 254.1, 173.2 and 164.4 kJ/mol with increasing B2O3 content, whereas that of the calcined G3 glass was 104.9 kJ/mol. Finally, the coatings were prepared at a low temperature (700 °C). The crystals that grew on the surface of multilayer coatings demonstrated heterogeneous surface nucleation and crystallization after heat-treatment from 700 °C to 850 °C for 4 h.

  8. 2 μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+} ions in silicate glass

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Li, Ming; Liu, Xueqiang; Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039

    2014-03-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • A Er{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+} co-doped silicate glass with good thermal stability (k{sub gl} = 0.402 for STE glass) is prepared. • Efficient ∼2 μm emission is observed under 808 nm and 980 nm laser excitation. • The glass structure and spectroscopic properties are confirmed by optical absorption, IR transmission, Raman and fluorescence studies. • The content of OH groups deceases efficiently after fluorine ions are introduced. • The energy transfer coefficient from Er{sup 3+} to Tm{sup 3+} in STFE glass is 13.39 × 10{sup −40} cm{sup 6}/s. - Abstract: A Er{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+} co-doped silicatemore » glass with good thermal stability is prepared by melt-quenching method. An efficient emission of ∼2 μm is observed under different selective laser excitations. The optical absorption and transmission spectra, Raman spectra, and emission spectra are tested to characterize ∼2 μm emission properties of Er{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+} co-doped silicate glasses and a reasonable energy transfer mechanism of ∼2 μm emission between Er{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+} ions is proposed. Based on the optical absorption spectra, the Judd–Ofelt parameters and radiative properties were calculated. Intense ∼2 μm emission is obtained from Er{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+} co-doped silicate glasses due to the efficient energy transfer from Er{sup 3+} to Tm{sup 3+} ions. The energy transfer coefficient from Er{sup 3+} to Tm{sup 3+} ions can reach as high as 13.39 × 10{sup −40} cm{sup 6}/s. In addition, the population of the OH groups is decreased and the ∼2 μm emission is effectively enhanced with fluoride introduction. The emission property, together with good thermal property, indicates that Er{sup 3+}/Tm{sup 3+} co-doped silicate glass is a potential kind of laser glass for efficient ∼2 μm laser.« less

  9. Effect of a single application of TiF(4) and NaF varnishes and solutions on dentin erosion in vitro.

    PubMed

    Magalhães, Ana Carolina; Levy, Flávia Mauad; Rios, Daniela; Buzalaf, Marília Afonso Rabelo

    2010-02-01

    This in vitro study aimed to analyse the effect of a single application of TiF(4) and NaF varnishes and solutions to protect against dentin erosion. Bovine root dentin samples were pre-treated with NaF-Duraphat varnish (2.26%F, pH 4.5), NaF/CaF(2)-Duofluorid varnish (5.63%F, pH 8.0), NaF-experimental varnish (2.45%F, pH 4.5), TiF(4)-experimental varnish (2.45%F, pH 1.2), NaF solution (2.26%F, pH 4.5), TiF(4) solution (2.45%F, pH 1.2) and placebo varnish (pH 5.0, no-F varnish control). Controls remained untreated. Ten samples in each group were then subjected to an erosive demineralisation (Sprite Zero, 4x 90s/day) and remineralisation (artificial saliva, between the erosive cycles) cycling for 5 days. Dentin loss was measured profilometrically after pre-treatment and after 1, 3 and 5 days of de-remineralisation cycling. The data were statistically analysed by two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni's post hoc test (p<0.05). After pre-treatment, TiF(4) solution significantly induced surface loss (1.08+/-0.53 microm). Only Duraphat reduced the dentin loss overtime, but it did not significantly differ from placebo varnish (at 3rd and 5th days) and TiF(4) varnish (at 3rd day). Duraphat varnish seems to be the best option to partially reduce dentin erosion. However, the maintenance of the effects of this treatment after successive erosive challenges is limited. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Violet-green excitation for NIR luminescence of Yb3+ ions in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2-Ga2O3 glasses.

    PubMed

    Li, Weiwei; Cheng, Jimeng; Zhao, Guoying; Chen, Wei; Hu, Lili; Guzik, Malgorzata; Boulon, Georges

    2014-04-21

    60Bi(2)O(3)-20B(2)O(3)-10SiO(2)-10Ga(2)O(3) glasses doped with 1-9 mol% Yb(2)O(3) were prepared and investigated mainly on their violet-green excitation for the typical NIR emission of Yb(3+), generally excited in the NIR. Two violet excitation bands at 365 nm and 405 nm are related to Yb(2+) and Bi(3+). 465 nm excitation band and 480 nm absorption band in the blue-green are assigned to Bi(0) metal nanoparticles/grains. Yb-content-dependence of the excitation and absorption means that Bi(0) is the reduced product of Bi(3+), but greatly competed by the redox reaction of Yb(2+) ↔ Yb(3+). It is proved that the violet-green excitations result in the NIR emission of Yb(3+). On the energy transfer, the virtual level of Yb(3+)-Yb(3+) as well as Bi(0) dimers probably plays an important role. An effective and controllable way is suggested to achieve nano-optical applications by Bi(0) metal nanoparticles/grains and Yb(3+).

  11. Prominent spectral features of Sm3+ ion in disordered zinc tellurite glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanko, Y. A.; Sahar, M. R.; Ghoshal, S. K.

    Trivalent rare earth doped glasses with modified spectroscopic features are essential for solid state lasers and diverse photonic applications. Glass composition optimisation may fulfil such demand. Stimulating the spectral properties of samarium (Sm3+) ions in tellurite glass host with desired enhancement is the key issue. Glasses with composition (80 - x)TeO2-20ZnO-(x)Sm2O3, where 0 ⩽ x ⩽ 1.5 mol% are prepared using melt quenching method. The role of varying Sm3+ contents to improving the absorption and emission properties of the prepared glasses are determined. XRD pattern verifies amorphous nature of synthesised glasses. FTIR spectroscopy has been used to observe the structural modification of (TeO4) trigonal bipyramid structural units. DTA traces display prominent transition peaks for glass transition, crystallisation and melting temperature. Samples are discerned to be stable with desired Hruby parameter and superior glass forming ability. The UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra reveals nine peaks centred at 470, 548, 947, 1085, 1238, 1385, 1492, 1550 and 1589 nm. These bands arise due to 6H5/24I11/2, 4G5/2, 6F11/2, 6F9/2, 6F7/2, 6F5/2, 6F3/2, 6H15/2 and 6F1/2 transitions, respectively. The direct, indirect band gap and Urbach energy calculated from the absorption edge of UV-Vis-NIR spectra are found to appear within (2.75-3.18) eV, (3.22-3.40) eV, and (0.20-0.31) eV, respectively. The observed increase in refractive index from 2.45 to 2.47 is ascribed to the generation of non-bridging oxygen atoms via the conversion of TeO4 into TeO3 units. Conversely the decrease in refractive index to 2.39 is attributed to the lower ionic radii (1.079 Å) of Sm3+. PL spectra under the excitation of 452 nm display four emission bands centred at 563, 600, 644 and 705 nm corresponding to 4G5/2 → 6H5/2, 6H7/2, 6H9/2 and 6H11/2 transitions of samarium ions. Excellent features of the results nominate these compositions towards prospective applications.

  12. Survey and research on up-conversion emission character and energy transition of Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glass and glass ceramic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Yin; Song, Feng; Ming, Chengguo; Liu, Jiadong; Li, Wei; Liu, Yanling; Zhao, Hongyan

    2012-11-01

    By conventional high-temperature melting method, Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glass was synthesized. After annealing the precursor glass, the phosphate glass ceramic (GC) was obtained. By measuring the X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectrum, it is proved that the LiYbP4O12 and Li6P6O18 nano-crystals have existed in the phosphate GC. The up-conversion (UC) emission intensity of the GC is obvious stronger compared to that of the glass. The reason is that the shorter distance between rare earth ions in the glass ceramic increases the energy transitions from the sensitized ions (Yb3+) to the luminous ions (Er3+ and Tm3+). By studying the dependence of UC emissions on the pump power, the 523 and 546 nm green emissions of Er3+ ions in the glass are two-photon processes. But in the glass ceramic, they are two/three-photon processes. The phenomenon implies that a three-photon process has participated in the population of the two green emissions. Using Dexter theory, we discuss the energy transitions of Er3+ and Tm3+. The results indicate the energy transition of Tm3+ to Er3+ is very strong in the GC, which changes the population mechanism of UC emissions of Er3+.

  13. Magnetic glass-film based on single-nanosize 𝜺 -Fe2O3 nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshikiyo, Marie; Namai, Asuka; Nakagawa, Kosuke; Ohkoshi, Shin-ichi

    2017-05-01

    We report a magnetic thin film of single-nanosize ɛ-Fe2O3 in SiO2 matrix. The glass-film was prepared by sintering a silica coated iron oxide hydroxide on a quartz substrate in air. The glass-film consists of ɛ-Fe2O3 of 8.8 nm size, and its thickness was 570 nm (0.57 μm) with a roughness of 10 nm (0.01 μm). UV-vis spectrum showed that the glass-film has small absorbance of 0.043 at 500 nm. The magneto-optical effect was investigated, and Faraday ellipticity showed a magnetic hysteresis loop with a coercive field of 3.0 ± 0.2 kOe. Furthermore, single-nanosize ɛ-Fe2O3 without silica was prepared as a reference sample, and ferroelectricity was observed. Therefore, the present thin glass-film consists of single-nanosize ferroelectric-ferromagnetic nanoparticles.

  14. Spectroscopic properties of Sm3+ doped sodium-tellurite glasses: Judd-Ofelt analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mawlud, Saman Q.; Ameen, Mudhafar M.; Sahar, Md. Rahim; Mahraz, Zahra Ashur Said; Ahmed, Kasim F.

    2017-07-01

    Modifying the optical response of rare earth doped inorganic glasses for diverse optical applications is the current challenge in materials science and technology. We report the enhancement of the visible emissions of the Sm3+ ions doped sodium-tellurite (TNS) glasses. The impacts of varying Sm3+ ions concentration on the spectroscopic properties of such glass samples are evaluated. Synthesized glass samples are characterized via emission and absorption measurements. The UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra revealed nine absorption peaks which are assigned to the transitions from the ground level (6H5/2) to 6P3/2, 4I11/2, 6F11/2, 6F9/2, 6F7/2, 6F5/2, 6F3/2, 6H15/2 and 6F1/2 excited energy levels of Sm3+ ions. Emission spectra of the prepared glass under 404 nm excitation wavelength consisted of four bands centered at 561 nm, 598 nm, 643 nm and 704 nm which are originated from 4G5/2→6HJ (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2 and 11/2) transitions. The experimental oscillator strengths, fexp are calculated from the area under absorption bands. Using Judd-Ofelt theory and fit process of least square, the phenomenological intensity parameters Ωλ (λ = 2, 4, 6) are obtained. In order to evaluate potential applications of Sm3+ ions in telluride glasses, the spectroscopic parameters: radiative transition probability AR, branching ratio BR, radiative life time τr and stimulated emission cross section σλ for each band are calculated. These glass compositions could be a potential candidate for lasers.

  15. Optical materials characterization final technical report february 1, 1978-september 30, 1978. Technical note

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Feldman, A.; Horowitz, D.; Waxter, R.M.

    1979-02-01

    Data obtained as part of the Optical Materials Characterization Program are summarized in this report. Room temperature values of refractive index as a function of wavelength are presented for the following materials: commercially grown KCl, reactive atmosphere processed (RAP) KCl, KCl nominally doped with 1.5% KI, hot forged CaF2, fusion cast CaF2, CaF2 doped with Er (0.001% to 3% Er), SrF2, chemical vapor deposited (CVD) ZnSe (2 specimens), and ZnS (CVD, 2 specimens). Data for the thermo-optic constant (dn/dT) and the linear thermal expansion coefficient are given for the following materials over the temperature range -180 degrees C to 200more » degrees C: Al2O3, BaF2, CaF2, CdF2, KBr, KCl, LiF, MgF2, NaCl, NaF, SrF2, ZnS (CVD), and ZnSe (CVD). The piezo-optic constants of the following materials are presented: As2S3 glass, CaF2, BaF2, Ge, KCl, fused SiO2, SrF2, a chalcogenide glass (Ge 33%, As 12%, Se 55%) and ZnSe (CVD).« less

  16. Free-Volume Nanostructurization in Ga-Modified As2Se3 Glass.

    PubMed

    Shpotyuk, Ya; Ingram, A; Shpotyuk, O; Dziedzic, A; Boussard-Pledel, C; Bureau, B

    2016-12-01

    Different stages of intrinsic nanostructurization related to evolution of free-volume voids, including phase separation, crystalline nuclei precipitation, and growth, were studied in glassy As2Se3 doped with Ga up to 5 at. %, using complementary techniques of positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Positron lifetime spectra reconstructed in terms of a two-state trapping model testified in favor of a native void structure of g-As2Se3 modified by Ga additions. Under small Ga content (below 3 at. %), the positron trapping in glassy alloys was dominated by voids associated with bond-free solid angles of bridging As2Se4/2 units. This void agglomeration trend was changed on fragmentation with further Ga doping due to crystalline Ga2Se3 nuclei precipitation and growth, these changes being activated by employing free volume from just attached As-rich glassy matrix with higher content of As2Se4/2 clusters. Respectively, the positron trapping on free-volume voids related to pyramidal AsSe3/2 units (like in parent As2Se3 glass) was in obvious preference in such glassy crystalline alloys.

  17. Spectroscopic studies on samarium oxide (Sm2O3) doped tungsten tellurite glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shekhawat, M. S.; Basha, S. K. Shahenoor; Rao, M. C.

    2018-05-01

    Samarium oxide (Sm2O3) doped tungsten tellurite glasses have been prepared by conventional rapid melt quenching method. The optical absorption spectrum of Samarium oxide doped tellurite glasses showed an absorption peak at 301 nm. FT-Raman studies suggested that Sm2O3 could modify the properties of glass and CIE chromaticity coordinates were calculated for the generation of white light from the luminescence spectra.

  18. Spectroscopy and energy transfer in lead borate glasses doubly doped with Dy(3)(+)-Tb(3+) and Tb(3)(+)-Eu(3+) ions.

    PubMed

    Pisarska, Joanna; Kos, Agnieszka; Pisarski, Wojciech A

    2014-08-14

    Lead borate glasses doubly doped with Dy(3)(+)-Tb(3+) and Tb(3+)-Eu(3+) were investigated using optical spectroscopy. Luminescence spectra of rare earths were detected under various excitation wavelengths. The main green emission band due to (5)D4→(7)F5 transition of Tb(3+) is observed under excitation of Dy(3+), whereas the main red emission band related to (5)D0→(7)F2 transition of Eu(3+) is successfully observed under direct excitation of Tb(3+). In both cases, the energy transfer processes from Dy(3+) to Tb(3+) and from Tb(3+) to Eu(3+) in lead borate glasses occur through a nonradiative processes with efficiencies up to 16% and 18%, respectively. The presence of energy transfer process was also confirmed by excitation spectra measurements. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Glasses-type wearable computer displays: usability considerations examined with a 3D glasses case study.

    PubMed

    Chang, Joonho; Moon, Seung Ki; Jung, Kihyo; Kim, Wonmo; Parkinson, Matthew; Freivalds, Andris; Simpson, Timothy W; Baik, Seon Pill

    2018-05-01

    This study presents usability considerations and solutions for the design of glasses-type wearable computer displays and examines their effectiveness in a case study. Design countermeasures were investigated by a four-step design process: (1) preliminary design analysis; (2) design idea generation; (3) final design selection; and (4) virtual fitting trial. Three design interventions were devised from the design process: (1) weight balance to reduce pressure concentrated on the nose, (2) compliant temples to accommodate diverse head sizes and (3) a hanger mechanism to help spectacle users hang their wearable display on their eye glasses. To investigate their effectiveness, in the case study, the novel 3D glasses adopting the three interventions were compared with two existing 3D glasses in terms of neck muscle fatigue and subjective discomfort rating. While neck muscle fatigue was not significantly different among the three glasses (p = 0.467), the novel glasses had significantly smaller discomfort ratings (p = 0.009). Relevance to Industry: A four-step design process identified usability considerations and solutions for the design of glasses-type wearable computer displays. A novel 3D glasses was proposed through the process and its effectiveness was validated. The results identify design considerations and opportunities relevant to the emerging wearable display industry.

  20. Equations of state of anhydrous AlF 3 and AlI 3 : Modeling of extreme condition halide chemistry

    DOE PAGES

    Stavrou, Elissaios; Zaug, Joseph M.; Bastea, Sorin; ...

    2015-06-04

    Pressure dependent angle-dispersive x-ray powder diffraction measurements of alpha-phase aluminum trifluoride (α-AlF 3) and separately, aluminum triiodide (AlI 3) were conducted using a diamond-anvil cell. Results at 295 K extend to 50 GPa. The equations of state of AlF 3 and AlI 3 were determined through refinements of collected x-ray diffraction patterns. The respective bulk moduli and corresponding pressure derivatives are reported for multiple orders of the Birch-Murnaghan (B-M), finite-strain (F-f), and higher pressure finite-strain (G-g) EOS analysis models. Aluminum trifluoride exhibits an apparent isostructural phase transition at approximately 12 GPa. Aluminum triiodide also undergoes a second-order atomic rearrangement: appliedmore » stress transformed a monoclinically distorted face centered cubic (fcc) structure into a standard fcc structural arrangement of iodine atoms. In conclusion, results from semi-empirical thermochemical computations of energetic materials formulated with fluorine containing reactants were obtained with the aim of predicting the yield of halogenated products.« less

  1. Equations of state of anhydrous AlF 3 and AlI 3 : Modeling of extreme condition halide chemistry

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Stavrou, Elissaios; Zaug, Joseph M.; Bastea, Sorin

    Pressure dependent angle-dispersive x-ray powder diffraction measurements of alpha-phase aluminum trifluoride (α-AlF 3) and separately, aluminum triiodide (AlI 3) were conducted using a diamond-anvil cell. Results at 295 K extend to 50 GPa. The equations of state of AlF 3 and AlI 3 were determined through refinements of collected x-ray diffraction patterns. The respective bulk moduli and corresponding pressure derivatives are reported for multiple orders of the Birch-Murnaghan (B-M), finite-strain (F-f), and higher pressure finite-strain (G-g) EOS analysis models. Aluminum trifluoride exhibits an apparent isostructural phase transition at approximately 12 GPa. Aluminum triiodide also undergoes a second-order atomic rearrangement: appliedmore » stress transformed a monoclinically distorted face centered cubic (fcc) structure into a standard fcc structural arrangement of iodine atoms. In conclusion, results from semi-empirical thermochemical computations of energetic materials formulated with fluorine containing reactants were obtained with the aim of predicting the yield of halogenated products.« less

  2. Passively synchronized Q-switched and mode-locked dual-band Tm3+:ZBLAN fiber lasers using a common graphene saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Chenglai; Shastri, Bhavin J.; Abdukerim, Nurmemet; Rochette, Martin; Prucnal, Paul R.; Saad, Mohammed; Chen, Lawrence R.

    2016-11-01

    Dual-band fiber lasers are emerging as a promising technology to penetrate new industrial and medical applications from their dual-band properties, in addition to providing compactness and environmental robustness from the waveguide structure. Here, we demonstrate the use of a common graphene saturable absorber and a single gain medium (Tm3+:ZBLAN fiber) to implement (1) a dual-band fiber ring laser with synchronized Q-switched pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1840 nm, and (2) a dual-band fiber linear laser with synchronized mode-locked pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm. Q-switched operation at 1480 nm and 1840 nm is achieved with a synchronized repetition rate from 20 kHz to 40.5 kHz. For synchronous mode-locked operation, pulses with full-width at half maximum durations of 610 fs and 1.68 ps at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm, respectively, are obtained at a repetition rate of 12.3 MHz. These dual-band pulsed sources with an ultra-broadband wavelength separation of ~360 nm will add new capabilities in applications including optical sensing, spectroscopy, and communications.

  3. Passively synchronized Q-switched and mode-locked dual-band Tm3+:ZBLAN fiber lasers using a common graphene saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Jia, Chenglai; Shastri, Bhavin J; Abdukerim, Nurmemet; Rochette, Martin; Prucnal, Paul R; Saad, Mohammed; Chen, Lawrence R

    2016-11-02

    Dual-band fiber lasers are emerging as a promising technology to penetrate new industrial and medical applications from their dual-band properties, in addition to providing compactness and environmental robustness from the waveguide structure. Here, we demonstrate the use of a common graphene saturable absorber and a single gain medium (Tm 3+ :ZBLAN fiber) to implement (1) a dual-band fiber ring laser with synchronized Q-switched pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1840 nm, and (2) a dual-band fiber linear laser with synchronized mode-locked pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm. Q-switched operation at 1480 nm and 1840 nm is achieved with a synchronized repetition rate from 20 kHz to 40.5 kHz. For synchronous mode-locked operation, pulses with full-width at half maximum durations of 610 fs and 1.68 ps at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm, respectively, are obtained at a repetition rate of 12.3 MHz. These dual-band pulsed sources with an ultra-broadband wavelength separation of ~360 nm will add new capabilities in applications including optical sensing, spectroscopy, and communications.

  4. Properties and Crystallization Phenomena in Li2Si2O5–Ca5(PO4)3F and Li2Si2O5–Sr5(PO4)3F Glass–Ceramics Via Twofold Internal Crystallization

    PubMed Central

    Rampf, Markus; Dittmer, Marc; Ritzberger, Christian; Schweiger, Marcel; Höland, Wolfram

    2015-01-01

    The combination of specific mechanical, esthetic, and chemical properties is decisive for the application of materials in prosthodontics. Controlled twofold crystallization provides a powerful tool to produce special property combinations for glass–ceramic materials. The present study outlines the potential of precipitating Ca5(PO4)3F as well as Sr5(PO4)3F as minor crystal phases in Li2Si2O5 glass–ceramics. Base glasses with different contents of CaO/SrO, P2O5, and F− were prepared within the glasses of the SiO2–Li2O–K2O–CaO/SrO–Al2O3–P2O5–F system. Preliminary studies of nucleation by means of XRD and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the nucleated base glasses revealed X-ray amorphous phase separation phenomena. Qualitative and quantitative crystal phase analyses after crystallization were conducted using XRD in combination with Rietveld refinement. As a main result, a direct proportional relationship between the content of apatite-forming components in the base glasses and the content of apatite in the glass–ceramics was established. The microstructures of the glass–ceramics were investigated using SEM. Microstructural and mechanical properties were found to be dominated by Li2Si2O5 crystals and quite independent of the content of the apatite present in the glass–ceramics. Biaxial strengths of up to 540 MPa were detected. Ca5(PO4)3F and Sr5(PO4)3F influence the translucency of the glass–ceramics and, hence, help to precisely tailor the properties of Li2Si2O5 glass–ceramics. The authors conclude that the twofold crystallization of Li2Si2O5–Ca5(PO4)3F or Li2Si2O5–Sr5(PO4)3F glass–ceramics involves independent solid-state reactions, which can be controlled via the chemical composition of the base glasses. The influence of the minor apatite phase on the optical properties helps to achieve new combinations of features of the glass–ceramics and, hence, displays new potential for dental applications. PMID:26389112

  5. Energy transfer and colour tunability in UV light induced Tm3+/Tb3+/Eu3+: ZnB glasses generating white light emission.

    PubMed

    Naresh, V; Gupta, Kiran; Parthasaradhi Reddy, C; Ham, Byoung S

    2017-03-15

    A promising energy transfer (Tm 3+ →Tb 3+ →Eu 3+ ) approach is brought forward to generate white light emission under ultraviolet (UV) light excitation for solid state lightening. Tm 3+ /Tb 3+ /Eu 3+ ions are combinedly doped in zinc borate glass system in view of understanding energy transfer process resulting in white light emission. Zinc borate (host) glass displayed optical and luminescence properties due to formation of Zn(II) x -[O(-II)] y centres in the ZnB glass matrix. At 360nm (UV) excitation, triply doped Tm 3+ /Tb 3+ /Eu 3+ : ZnB glasses simultaneously shown their characteristic emission bands in blue (454nm: 1 D 23 F 4 ), green (547nm: 5 D 4 → 7 F 5 ) and red (616nm: 5 D 0 → 7 F 2 ) regions. In triple ions doped glasses, energy transfer dynamics is discussed in terms of Forster-Dexter theory, excitation & emission profiles, lifetime curves and from partial energy level diagram of three ions. The role of Tb 3+ in ET from Tm 3+ →Eu 3+ was discussed using branch model. From emission decay analysis, energy transfer probability (P) and efficiency (η) were evaluated. Colour tunability from blue to white on varying (Tb 3+ , Eu 3+ ) content is demonstrated from Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates. Based on chromaticity coordinates, other colour related parameters like correlated colour temperature (CCT) and colour purity are also computed for the studied glass samples. An appropriate blending of such combination of rare earth ions could show better suitability as potential candidates in achieving multi-colour and warm/cold white light emission for white LEDs application in the field of solid state lightening. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Energy transfer and colour tunability in UV light induced Tm3 +/Tb3 +/Eu3 +: ZnB glasses generating white light emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naresh, V.; Gupta, Kiran; Parthasaradhi Reddy, C.; Ham, Byoung S.

    2017-03-01

    A promising energy transfer (Tm3 + → Tb3 + → Eu3 +) approach is brought forward to generate white light emission under ultraviolet (UV) light excitation for solid state lightening. Tm3 +/Tb3 +/Eu3 + ions are combinedly doped in zinc borate glass system in view of understanding energy transfer process resulting in white light emission. Zinc borate (host) glass displayed optical and luminescence properties due to formation of Zn(II)x-[O(- II)]y centres in the ZnB glass matrix. At 360 nm (UV) excitation, triply doped Tm3 +/Tb3 +/Eu3 +: ZnB glasses simultaneously shown their characteristic emission bands in blue (454 nm: 1D23F4), green (547 nm: 5D4 → 7F5) and red (616 nm: 5D0 → 7F2) regions. In triple ions doped glasses, energy transfer dynamics is discussed in terms of Forster-Dexter theory, excitation & emission profiles, lifetime curves and from partial energy level diagram of three ions. The role of Tb3 + in ET from Tm3 + → Eu3 + was discussed using branch model. From emission decay analysis, energy transfer probability (P) and efficiency (η) were evaluated. Colour tunability from blue to white on varying (Tb3 +, Eu3 +) content is demonstrated from Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates. Based on chromaticity coordinates, other colour related parameters like correlated colour temperature (CCT) and colour purity are also computed for the studied glass samples. An appropriate blending of such combination of rare earth ions could show better suitability as potential candidates in achieving multi-colour and warm/cold white light emission for white LEDs application in the field of solid state lightening.

  7. Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial studies of new bispyrazolines linked via 3-aryl ring with aliphatic chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yusuf, Mohamad; Jain, Payal

    2012-10-01

    The bispyrazolines 4a(a'-f') and 4b(a'-f') built around the aliphatic chains of varying lengths have been prepared by refluxing bischalcones 3a(a'-f') and 3b(a'-f') with phenyl hydrazine in alcoholic medium. The reactions of chalcones 2a and 2b with suitable 1,ω-dibromoalkanes in the presence of anhydrous K2CO3/dry acetone and Bu4N+I- (PTC) provided 3a(a'-f') and 3b(a'-f'), respectively. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the synthesized compounds were evaluated against five bacterial and four fungal strains. The compounds 3ba', 3bc', 3bd', 3be', 3af', 4aa' and 4ba' showed better MIC (μg/mL) against the tested microorganisms.

  8. Spectroscopic features of Ni(2+) ion in PbO-Bi2O3-SiO2 glass system.

    PubMed

    Suresh, B; Srinivasa Reddy, M; Siva Sesha Reddy, A; Gandhi, Y; Ravi Kumar, V; Veeraiah, N

    2015-04-15

    Glasses of the composition (30-x)PbO-5Bi2O3-65SiO2: xNiO (with x ranging from 0 to 1.0 mol%) were synthesized. A variety of spectroscopic studies, viz., IR, Raman optical absorption and luminescence properties of these glasses have been carried out as a function of NiO concentration. The analysis of results of all these studies has indicated that the nickel ions occupy both octahedral and tetrahedral positions. However, with the increase of NiO concentration the octahedral occupancy of Ni(2+) ions prevailed over the tetrahedral ions. The luminescence spectra of these glasses have exhibited a broad NIR emission band in region 1100-1500 nm. This band is identified as being due to (3)T2(3F)→(3)A2(3F) octahedral transition of Ni(2+) ions. The luminescence efficiency and cross section have been found to be the highest for the glass containing the highest concentration of NiO. The reasons for such high luminescence efficiency have been discussed in the light of structural variations taking place in the host glass network. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Cross sections and quantum yields of the 3 micron emission for Er(3+) and Ho(3+) dopants in crystalsls

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Payne, Stephen A.; Smith, Larry K.; Krupke, William F.

    1995-05-01

    The lifetime, quantum yields, and branching ratios for the 2.8 micron emissions of several Er-and Ho-doped fluorides and oxides were measured. Among the fluoride crystals examined, which included LiYF4, BaY2F8, LaF3, and KY3F10, only the Ho:LiFY4 systems showed any proof of nonradiative decay. Conversely, all the oxide crystals were affected by nonradiative processes, resulting in measured quantum yields ranging from 3.6% for Er:Y3Al5O12 to 62% for Er in Gd3Sc2Ga3O12. In addition, plots of the 2.8 micron emission cross sections for seven Er- and Ho-doped crystals were presented.

  10. Mechanical and thermal properties of SrO/BaO modified Y2O3-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses and their compatibility with solid oxide fuel cell components

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaur, Navdeep; Kaur, Gurbinder; Kumar, Devender; Singh, K.

    2018-07-01

    In this study, various compositions of (30-x) SrO-xBaO-10Al2O3-45SiO2-5B2O3-10Y2O3 (mol%) (5 ≤ x ≤ 25) were synthesized using the melt-quench technique. The as-prepared glasses were characterized by X-ray diffraction, micro-hardness testing, dilatometry, and scanning electron microscopy to determine their thermal and mechanical properties. Powders of the glasses were used to make diffusion couples with Crofer 22 APU (interconnect) and yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) for the interfacial study. Diffusion couples of the pre-oxidized Crofer 22 APU/glasses and YSZ/glasses were tested for 500 h at 850 °C. The coefficients of thermal expansion obtained for all the glasses were in the required range for applications in solid oxide fuel cells. The highest hardness and fracture toughness were obtained for the glass with x = 10 mol% due to the mixed modifier effect. However, the glass with x = 15 mol% exhibited better adhesion with YSZ and Crofer 22 APU.

  11. Effect of Mixed Glass Former on Ionic Conductivity of Silver Boro Tungstate glass system x[0.75AgI:0.25AgCl]: (1-x) [Ag2O-{B2O3:WO3}

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dehariya, Harsha; Kumar, R.; Polu, A. R.

    2012-05-01

    The idea to explore new 'Superionic Electrolytes', "Fast ionic conductors" is due to their tremendous potential applications in solid state electrochemical devices viz. solid state batteries, fuel cells, sensors, super capacitors. Superionic glasses have attracted great deal of attention due to their several advantageous over their crystalline counterparts such as high ionic conductivity, easy preparation, wide selection of compositions, isotropic properties and high stability etc [4-7]. Large numbers of silver ion based glasses have been reported in the literature for the glassy system of AgI:Ag2O: MxOy (MxOy = B2O3, SiO2, P2O5, GeO2, V2O5, As2O5, CrO3, SeO2, MoO3 & TeO3 etc many of them shows high silver ion conductivity [8]. Ion transport behavior of Silver Boro Tungstate glass system x[0.75AgI:0.25AgCl]: (1-x) [Ag2O{B2O3:WO3}], where 0 <= x <= 1 in molar wt% prepared by melt quench technique were reported. The new host [0.75AgI:0.25AgCl] was used as a better alternate in place of conventional host salt AgI. Conductivity measurement were carried out on this glass system as a function of frequency from 50 Hz to 5 MHz, over a temperature range of 27°C to 200°C, for different compositions by Impedance spectroscopy. The composition 0.7[0.75AgI:0.25AgCl]: 0.3[Ag2O{B2O3:WO3}] shows the highest conductivity of the order of σrt ~ 2.76 × 10-2 S/cm, referred to as the Optimum Conducting Composition (OCC). The enhancement in the conductivity has been obtained by mixed former effect. XRD result shows that the system is completely amorphous. Temperature dependence of conductivity of all compositions were studied & reported. Activation energies (Ea) were also evaluated from the slope of .Log(σ) vs 1000/T, Arrhenius plots.

  12. Structural and luminescent study of TeO2-BaO-Bi2O3-Ag glass system doped with Eu3+ and Dy3+ for possible color-tunable phosphor application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lewandowski, Tomasz; Seweryński, Cezary; Walas, Michalina; Łapiński, Marcin; Synak, Anna; Sadowski, Wojciech; Kościelska, Barbara

    2018-05-01

    Tellurite glass systems of 73TeO2-4BaO-3Bi2O3-1Ag:xEu2O3-(2-x)Dy2O3 (where x = 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 in molar ratio) composition have been successfully synthesized. In order to acquire Ag nanoparticles, materials have been heat treated at 350 °C in the air atmosphere. Structural properties of obtained samples were evaluated with various techniques. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) measurements indicated that obtained materials are amorphous in nature. UV-vis results presented transitions characteristic to Dy3+ and Eu3+ ions. Additionally, X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) analysis indicated the presence of silver in metallic form. Photoluminescence measurements shown influence of Ag nanoparticles on emission characteristics. Simultaneous emission of Dy3+ and Eu3+ has been observed when samples were excited with λexc = 390 nm. Change of the emission color induced by heat treatment has been observed and described in case of x = 1 glass series. According to CIE results emission color changes as Eu/Dy ratio and heat treatment time are changed. Emission shifts from reddish-orange to yellowish white color. Obtained photoluminescence results confirm that synthesized materials are good candidates for color tunable phosphors.

  13. Crystallization of 21.25Gd 2O 3-63.75MoO 3-15B 2O 3 glass induced by femtosecond laser at the repetition rate of 250 kHz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhong, M. J.; Han, Y. M.; Liu, L. P.; Zhou, P.; Du, Y. Y.; Guo, Q. T.; Ma, H. L.; Dai, Y.

    2010-12-01

    We report the formation of β'-Gd 2(MoO 4) 3 (GMO) crystal on the surface of the 21.25Gd 2O 3-63.75MoO 3-15B 2O 3 glass, induced by 250 kHz, 800 nm femtosecond laser irradiation. The morphology of the modified region in the glass was clearly examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). By micro-Raman spectra, the laser-induced crystals were confirmed to be GMO phases and it is found that these crystals have a strong dependence on the number and power of the femtosecond laser pulses. When the irradiation laser power was 900 mW, not only the Raman peaks of GMO crystals but also some new peaks at 214 cm -1, 240 cm -1, 466 cm -1, 664 cm -1 and 994 cm -1which belong to the MoO 3 crystals were observed. The possible mechanisms are proposed to explain these phenomena.

  14. Structural investigation of α-LaZr2F11 by coupling X-ray powder diffraction, 19F solid state NMR and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martineau, Charlotte; Legein, Christophe; Body, Monique; Péron, Olivier; Boulard, Brigitte; Fayon, Franck

    2013-03-01

    α-LaZr2F11 has been synthesized by solid state reaction. Its crystal structure has been refined from X-ray powder diffraction data (space group no. 72 Ibam, a=7.785(1) Å, b=10.086(1) Å and c=11.102(1) Å). α-LaZr2F11 contains one La, one Zr and four F inequivalent crystallographic sites. F3 and F4 are shared between one ZrF73- polyhedron and one LaF85- polyhedron, while F1 and F2 bridge two ZrF73- polyhedra. 19F 1D MAS NMR spectra of α-LaZr2F11 are in agreement with the proposed structural model. Assignment of the 19F resonances to the corresponding crystallographic sites has been performed on the basis of both their relative intensities and their correlation patterns in a 19F 2D dipolar-based double-quantum recoupling MAS NMR spectrum. DFT calculations of the 19F chemical shielding tensors have been performed using the GIPAW method implemented in the NMR-CASTEP code, for the experimental structure and two PBE-DFT geometry optimized structures of α-LaZr2F11 (atomic position optimization and full geometry optimization with rescaling of the unit cell volume to the experimental value). Computations were done with and without using a modified La pseudopotential allowing the treatment of the 4f localized empty orbitals of La3+. A relatively nice agreement between the experimental 19F isotropic and anisotropic chemical shifts and the values calculated for the proposed structural model is obtained.

  15. Scintillation properties of phosphate-borate-fluoride glass doped with Tb3+/Pr3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valiev, D.; Stepanov, S.; Polisadova, E.; Yao, G.

    2018-06-01

    Scintillation glass doped with Tb3+ and Pr3+ ions with different concentrations were prepared by the melt-quenching method. Optical, photoluminescence and decay kinetic characteristics of the pulse cathodoluminescence (PCL) were investigated. It was shown that the absorption coefficient of the induced absorption in the visible range of the spectrum decreases significantly with the increase of the Pr2O3 content starting from 0.2 to 1 wt%. There was the difference in the luminescence spectra of the glass at a selective and non-selective type of excitation. The "green" emission (λem= 542 nm, 5D4→7F5 radiative transition of Tb3+ ions) was excited an electron beam. The "red" emission (λem= 600 nm, 3P0→3H6 radiative transition of Pr3+ ion) was observed under selective excitation action (λexc= 450 nm). It was demonstrated that decreasing of intensity the main bands of Tb3+ ions at 487, 544, 622 nm connected with increases of concentration Pr3+ ions. The luminescence decay time of terbium ions at 487, 544, 622 nm emission bands depend on Pr3+ concentration. The tendency of reducing the luminescence decay time in the main luminescence bands of Tb3+ ions at increasing the Pr3+ concentration was presented. The results showed that Tb3+/ Pr3+ co-doped phosphate-borate-fluoride glasses are promising non-crystalline scintillation materials.

  16. [Effect of temperature on the structure of CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 nanocrystalline glass-ceramics studied by Raman spectroscopy].

    PubMed

    Li, Bao-Wei; Ouyang, Shun-Li; Zhang, Xue-Feng; Jia, Xiao-Lin; Deng, Lei-Bo; Liu, Fang

    2014-07-01

    In the present paper, nanocrystalline glass-ceramic of CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 system was produced by melting method. The CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 nanocrystalline glass-ceramic was measured by Raman spectroscopy in the temperature range from -190 to 310 degrees C in order to study the effect of temperature on the structure of this system nanocrystalline glass-ceramics. The results showed that different non-bridge oxygen bond silicon-oxygen tetrahedron structural unit changes are not consistent with rising temperature. Further analyses indicated that: the SiO4 tetrahedron with 2 non-bridged oxygen (Q2), the SiO4 tetrahedron with 3 non-bridged oxygen (Q(1)), which are situated at the edge of the 3-D SiO4 tetrahedrons network, and the SiO4 tetrahedron with 4 non-bridged oxygen (Q(0)), which is situated outside the 3-D network all suffered a significant influence by the temperature change, which has been expressed as: shifts towards the high wave-number, increased bond force constants, and shortened bond lengths. This paper studied the influence of temperature on CMAS system nanocrystalline glass-ceramics using variable temperature Raman technology. It provides experiment basis to the research on external environment influence on CMAS system nanocrystalline glass-ceramics materials in terms of structure and performance. In addition, the research provides experimental basis for controlling the expansion coefficient of nanocrystalline glass-ceramic of CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 system.

  17. Impact of Nd3+ ions on physical and optical properties of Lithium Magnesium Borate glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mhareb, M. H. A.; Hashim, S.; Ghoshal, S. K.; Alajerami, Y. S. M.; Saleh, M. A.; Dawaud, R. S.; Razak, N. A. B.; Azizan, S. A. B.

    2014-11-01

    Enhancing the up-conversion efficiency of borate glass via optimized doping of rare earth ions is an ever-ending quest in lasing glass. Neodymium (Nd3+) doped Lithium Magnesium Borate (LMB) glasses are prepared using the melt-quenching method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR), UV-Vis-NIR absorption and Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopic characterizations are made to examine the influence of Nd3+ concentration on physical properties and optical properties. Nd3+ contents dependent density, molar volume, refractive index, ion concentration, Polaron radius, inter nuclear distance, field strength, energy band gap and oscillator strength are calculated. XRD patterns confirm the amorphous nature of all glasses and the FTIR spectra reveal the presence of BO3 and BO4 functional groups. UV-Vis-IR spectra exhibit ten prominent bands centered at 871, 799, 741, 677, 625, 580, 522, 468, 426, 349 nm corresponding to the transitions from the ground state to 4F3/2, (4F5/2 + 2H9/2), (4F7/2 + 4S3/2), 4F9/2, 2H11/2, (4G5/2 + 2G7/2), (2K13/2 + 4G7/2 + 4G9/2), (2G9/2 + 2D3/2 + 2P3/2), (2P1/2 + 2D5/2), (4D3/2 + 4D5/2) excited states, respectively. A hyper-sensitive transition related to (4G5/2 + 2G7/2) level is evidenced at 580 nm. The room temperature up-conversion emission spectra at 800 nm excitation displays three peaks centered at 660, 610 and 540 nm. Glass with 0.5 mol% of Nd3+ showing an emission enhancement by a factor to two is attributed to the energy transfer between Mg2+ and Nd3+ ions. Our results suggest that these glasses can be nominated for solid state lasers and other photonic devices.

  18. LEM4/ANKLE-2 deficiency impairs post-mitotic re-localization of BAF, LAP2α and LaminA to the nucleus, causes nuclear envelope instability in telophase and leads to hyperploidy in HeLa cells.

    PubMed

    Snyers, Luc; Erhart, Renate; Laffer, Sylvia; Pusch, Oliver; Weipoltshammer, Klara; Schöfer, Christian

    2018-01-01

    The human LEM-domain protein family is involved in fundamental aspects of nuclear biology. The LEM-domain interacts with the barrier-to-autointegration factor (BAF), which itself binds DNA. LEM-domain proteins LAP2, emerin and MAN1 are proteins of the inner nuclear membrane; they have important functions: maintaining the integrity of the nuclear lamina and regulating gene expression at the nuclear periphery. LEM4/ANKLE-2 has been proposed to participate in nuclear envelope reassembly after mitosis and to mediate dephosphorylation of BAF through binding to phosphatase PP2A. Here, we used CRISPR/Cas9 to create several cell lines deficient in LEM4/ANKLE-2. By using time-lapse video microscopy, we show that absence of this protein severely compromises the post mitotic re-association of the nuclear proteins BAF, LAP2α and LaminA to chromosomes. These defects give rise to a strong mechanical instability of the nuclear envelope in telophase and to a chromosomal instability leading to increased number of hyperploid cells. Reintroducing LEM4/ANKLE-2 in the cells by transfection could efficiently restore the telophase association of BAF and LAP2α to the chromosomes. This rescue phenotype was abolished for N- or C-terminally truncated mutants that had lost the capacity to bind PP2A. We demonstrate also that, in addition to binding to PP2A, LEM4/ANKLE-2 binds BAF through its LEM-domain, providing further evidence for a generic function of this domain as a principal interactor of BAF. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  19. Energy transfer dynamics of Er3+/Nd3+ embedded SiO2-Al2O3-Na2CO3-SrF2-CaF2 glasses for optical communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gelija, Devarajulu; Kadathala, Linganna; Borelli, Deva Prasad Raju

    2018-04-01

    The fluorescence and upconversion studies of Er3+ doped and Er3+/Nd3+ co-doped silicate based oxyfluoride glasses have been systematically analyzed. The broad band NIR emissions (830-1700 nm), includes optical bands like O, E, S, C and L were observed in the Er3+-Nd3+ co-doped glasses. The NIR emission intensity peaks centered at 876, 1057, 1329 and 1534 nm were observed for the Er3+-Nd3+ co-doped glasses. In the co-doped samples the strongest emission intensity at 1534 nm increased up to 0.5 mol % and then decreased to 3.0 mol % of Nd3+ ions under the excitation of 980 nm. The upconversion studies of the co-doped samples were recorded under the excitation of 980 and 808 nm and found the upconversion emission peaks centered at 524, 530, 547, 590 and 656 nm. The energy transfer processes between the relevant excitation levels of Er3+ and Nd3+ ions and energy transfer efficiency were discussed. The obtained results indicate that Nd3+ can be an efficient sensitizer for Er3+ to enhance upconversion emission at green laser transition for sensors and NIR emission at 1534 nm for optical communication applications.

  20. Phase diagrams of the sections As/sub 2/S/sub 3/-Tl/sub 3/AsS/sub 4/, Tl/sub 3/AsS/sub 4/-S, and Tl/sub 3/AsS/sub 4/-Tl/sub 2/S of the ternary system As-Tl-S

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Vorob'ev, Yu.I.; Velikova, N.G.; Kirilenko, V.V.

    1987-12-01

    Using DTA and XPA methods, microstructural investigations, and microhardness measurements, phase diagrams of the quasibinary sections As/sub 2/S/sub 3/-Tl/sub 3/AsS/sub 4/, Tl/sub 3/AsS/sub 4/-S, and Tl/sub 3/AsS/sub 4/-Tl/sub 2/S, are characterized by five ternary compounds Tl/sub 3/As/sub 5/S/sub 10/, Tl/sub 9/As/sub 5/S/sub 15/, Tl/sub 9/As/sub 3/S/sub 13/, Tl/sub 3/AsS/sub 6/, and Tl/sub 8/As/sub 2/S/sub 9/, which decompose by peritectic reactions at 198, 307, 408, 362, and 318/degree/C, respectively. Interplanar spacings and line intensities are given for the detected compounds. Glass formation is considered in the Tl-As-S system.

  1. High Temperature Transfer Molding Resins Based on 2,3,3',4'-Biphenyltetracarboxylic Dianhydride

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, J. G., Jr.; Connell, J. W.; Hergenrother, P. M.; Yokota, R.; Criss, J. M.

    2002-01-01

    As part of an ongoing effort to develop materials for resin transfer molding (RTM) processes to fabricate high performance/high temperature composite structures, phenylethynyl containing imides have been under investigation. New phenylethynyl containing imide compositions were prepared using 2,3,3',4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (a-BPDA) and evaluated for cured glass transition temperature (Tg), melt flow behavior, and for processability into flat composite panels via RTM. The a-BPDA imparts a unique combination of properties that are desirable for high temperature transfer molding resins. In comparison to its symmetrical counterpart (i.e. 3,3',4,4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride), a-BPDA affords oligomers with lower melt viscosities and when cured, higher Tgs. Several candidates exhibited the appropriate combination of properties such as a low and stable melt viscosity required for RTM processes, high cured Tg, and moderate toughness. The chemistry, physical, and composite properties of select resins will be discussed.

  2. Optical absorption and photoluminescence properties of Er3+ doped mixed alkali borate glasses.

    PubMed

    Ratnakaram, Y C; Kumar, A Vijaya; Naidu, D Tirupathi; Rao, J L

    2005-07-01

    An investigations of the optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of 0.2 mol% Er2O3 in mixed alkali borate glasses of the type 67.8B2O3 x xLi2O(32-x)Na2O, 67.8B2O3 x xLi2O(32-x)K2O and 67.8B2O3 x xNa2O(32-x)K2O (where x = 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24) are presented. The glasses were obtained by quenching melts consisting of H3BO3, Li2CO3, Na2CO3, K2CO3 and Er2O3 (950-1100 degrees C, 1.5-2 h) between two brass plates. Spectroscopic parameters like Racah (E1, E2 and E3), spin-orbit (xi(4f)) and configuration interaction (alpha) parameters are deduced as function of x. Using Judd-Ofelt theory, Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (omega2, omega4 and omega6) are obtained. Radiative and non-radiative transition rates (A(T) and W(MPR)), radiative lifetimes (tauR), branching ratios (beta) and integrated absorption cross-sections (sigma) have been computed for certain excited states of Er3+ in these mixed alkali borate glasses. Emission spectra have been studied for all the three Er3+ doped mixed alkali borate glasses. The present paper throws light on the trends observed in the intensity parameters, radiative lifetimes, branching ratios and emission cross-sections as a function of x in these borate glasses, keeping in view the effect of mixed alkalies in borate glasses.

  3. Mobile zoned/exponential LAF screen: a new concept in ultra-clean air technology for additional operating room ventilation.

    PubMed

    Friberg, B; Lindgren, M; Karlsson, C; Bergström, A; Friberg, S

    2002-04-01

    A mobile screen (0.5 x 0.4 m) producing ultra-clean exponential LAF (air-flow central zone 0.6 m/s and peripheral zone 0.4 m/s) was investigated as an addition to conventional turbulent/mixing operating room ventilation. The evaluation was performed during strictly standardized sham operations reflecting conditions during major surgery. The study consisted of a pilot experiment designed to give high counts of sedimenting aerobic colony forming units (cfu). In a second main study, recording dust particles, air-borne and sedimenting aerobic cfu, the screen was associated with optimal operating room clothing. In the pilot experiment the use of the screen resulted in a substantial reduction of sedimenting bacteria from 3835-4940 to 0-390 cfu/m(2)/h. In the main study, the use of the additional LAF reduced the surface contamination from 416-329 to 7-78 cfu/m(2)/h up to 1.6 m from the screen (P=0.001-0.0001). Measured in the wound area the screen reduced the air counts of bacteria from 9-14 to 0.2-0.4 cfu/m(3) (P=0.008-0.0001) and a marked reduction of air-borne dust particles was recorded (P=0.007-0.009). In conclusion, the additional mobile LAF screen reduced the counts of aerobic air-borne and sedimenting bacteria-carrying particles as well as dust particles to the levels gained with complete ultra-clean LAF room ventilation. Thus, the screen might prove a valuable addition to operating room ventilation as well as in other areas where asepsis is essential. Copyright 2002 The Hospital Infection Society.

  4. Scintillation properties of rare-earth doped NaPO3-Al(PO3)3 glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuro, Tomoaki; Okada, Go; Kawaguchi, Noriaki; Fujimoto, Yutaka; Masai, Hirokazu; Yanagida, Takayuki

    2016-12-01

    We systematically investigated photoluminescence (PL), scintillation and dosimeter properties of rare-earth (RE) doped NaPO3-Al(PO3)3 (NAP) glasses. The NAP glasses doped with a series of RE ions (La-Yb, except Pm) with a consistent concentration (0.3 wt%) were prepared by the conventional melt-quenching method. The PL and scintillation decay time profiles showed fast (ns) and slow (μs or ms) components: the fast components from 15 to 100 ns were due to the host or 5d-4f transition emission, and the slow components from 15 μs to 5 ms were due to the 4f-4f transitions of RE. The thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) was evaluated as a dosimeter property, and glow peaks appeared around 400 °C in all the samples. The TSL dose response function was examined in the dose range from 10 mGy to 10 Gy. Among the samples tested, Nd and Tb doped glasses showed higher signal by at least one order of magnitude than those of non-doped and other RE-doped samples. Over the dose range tested, the TSL signals are linearly related with the incident X-ray dose, showing a potential for practical applications.

  5. Effect of alkaline earth oxides on the physical and spectroscopic properties of Dy3+- doped Li2O-B2O3 glasses for white emitting material application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shamshad, L.; Rooh, G.; Kirdsiri, K.; Srisittipokakun, N.; Damdee, B.; Kim, H. J.; Kaewkhao, J.

    2017-02-01

    Li2O-MO-B2O3:0.5Dy2O3 glasses mixed with four different alkaline earth modifier oxides MgO, CaO, SrO and BaO were synthesized by melt quench technique. Their physical properties like density, molar volume and refractive index were measured at room temperature and the effect of alkaline earth modifier oxides were studied. Also, optical absorption and photoluminescence spectra of these glasses have been acquired at room temperature. The Judd-Ofelt theory was effectively used to characterize these spectra and spectral intensities (ƒcal), Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6) and certain radiative properties have been determined. Radiative life-times (τR), branching ratios (βcal), and emission cross-sections (σp) and optical gain parameters (σp × τR) were calculated from the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters and the variation in these parameters with the variation of glass matrix are discussed. Yellow/Blue (Y/B) ratio and chromacity color coordinates (x,y) are calculated from the emission spectra which indicates the white light generation from all the investigated samples. The correlated color temperature (CCT) for the studied glasses is found to be 4418 K. The fluorescence decay time (τexp) of the 4F9/2 level of Dy3+ has been measured from the decay profiles and compared with calculated lifetimes (τcal). Among all the studied glass matrices, the glass containing BaO exhibits high value of branching ratio, large emission cross-section and high optical gain parameter for 6F9/2 → 6H13 at 575 nm. The results indicates the suitability of all the studied glasses for laser action and white light generation.

  6. Transverse writing of three-dimensional tubular optical waveguides in glass with a slit-shaped femtosecond laser beam

    PubMed Central

    Liao, Yang; Qi, Jia; Wang, Peng; Chu, Wei; Wang, Zhaohui; Qiao, Lingling; Cheng, Ya

    2016-01-01

    We report on fabrication of tubular optical waveguides buried in ZBLAN glass based on transverse femtosecond laser direct writing. Irradiation in ZBLAN with focused femtosecond laser pulses leads to decrease of refractive index in the modified region. Tubular optical waveguides of variable mode areas are fabricated by forming the four sides of the cladding with slit-shaped femtosecond laser pulses, ensuring single mode waveguiding with a mode field dimension as small as ~4 μm. PMID:27346285

  7. Hydrothermal synthesis and photoluminescent properties of hierarchical GdPO4·H2O:Ln3+ (Ln3+ = Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) flower-like clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amurisana, Bao.; Zhiqiang, Song.; Haschaolu, O.; Yi, Chen; Tegus, O.

    2018-02-01

    3D hierarchical GdPO4·H2O:Ln3+ (Ln3+ = Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) flower clusters were successfully prepared on glass slide substrate by a simple, economical hydrothermal process with the assistance of disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na2H2L, where L4- = (CH2COO)2N(CH2)2N(CH2COO)24-). In this process, Na2H2L was used as both a chelating agent and a structure-director. The hierarchical flower clusters have an average diameter of 7-12 μm and are composed of well-aligned microrods. The influence of the molar ratio of Na2H2L/Gd3+ and reaction time on the morphology was systematically studied. A possible crystal growth and formation mechanism of hierarchical flower clusters is proposed based on the evolution of morphology as a function of reaction time. The self-assembled GdPO4·H2O:Ln3+ superstructures exhibit strong orange-red (Eu3+, 5D0 → 7F1), green (Tb3+, 5D4 → 7F5) and near ultraviolet emissions (Ce3+, 5d → 7F5/2) under ultraviolet excitation, respectively. This study may provide a new channel for building hierarchically superstructued oxide micro/nanomaterials with optical and new properties.

  8. Thermal, optical and vibrational studies of tyrosine doped LaF3:Ce nanoparticles for bioimaging and biotagging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Amit T.

    2018-05-01

    Upconversion quantum dots of tyrosine doped LaF3:Ce nanoparticles have been synthesized by wet chemical route. The thermal studies (TGA/DTA) confirm the crystallinity and stability of different phases of synthesized nanoparticles. The UV-Visible spectra show multiple absorption edges at 215.60 nm and 243.10 nm indicating quantum dot nature of the synthesized nanoparticles. The PL spectra showed upconversion with sharp emission peak at 615 nm (red colour). The FT-RAMAN spectra of the synthesized nanoparticles show the modification of the surface of the nanoparticles in the form of functional groups and skeletal groups. Upconversion nature of the synthesized nanoparticles indicates their potential application in bioimaging and biotagging.

  9. Luminescence and energy transfer studies on Sm3+/Tb3+codoped telluroborate glasses for WLED applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uma, V.; Vijayakumar, M.; Marimuthu, K.; Muralidharan, G.

    2018-01-01

    A new series of Sm3+/Tb3+ codoped telluroborate glasses have been prepared by conventional melt quenching technique with the chemical composition (40-x-y)B2O3+15TeO2+15Li2O+15LiF+15NaF+xTb2O3+ySm2O3 (where x = 0, 0.5; y = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 wt%). The structural and optical behaviour of the prepared glasses were investigated through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), optical absorption, photoluminescence and lifetime measurements. The fundamental vibrational units of the borate and tellurite network have been identified through FTIR spectra. Nephelauxetic ratio (βbar) and bonding parameter (δ) values indicate that the Smsbnd O bonds are ionic in nature. The characteristic emissions of terbium (543 nm, green) and samarium (645 nm, orange-red) were observed while exciting the Tb3+ ions. Higher magnitude of asymmetric intensity ratio (AIR) values confirms the higher asymmetry around the Sm3+ ion site. Decay profiles of Tb3+ ions (5D4 state) and Sm3+ ions (4G9/2 state) exhibit double exponential nature. The nature of interaction between the donor (Tb3+) and acceptor (Sm3+) has been analyzed through Inokuti-Hirayama (IH) model. Energy transfer from Tb3+ to Sm3+ ions is dominated by dipole-dipole type interaction. TBLT0.5S glass possess the better colour coordinates (0.41, 0.45) and colour correlated temperature (CCT) value (3524 K) and the same is suggested for eye safe warm white light emitting applications.

  10. Judd-Ofelt analysis and energy transfer processes of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped fluoroaluminate glasses with low phosphate content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Feifei; Zhang, Yu; Hu, Lili; Chen, Danping

    2014-12-01

    Spectroscopic property and energy transfer processes of singly doped and codoped Er3+ and Nd3+ fluoroaluminate glasses with low phosphate content are systematically analyzed. The absorption spectra of these glasses are tested, and the Judd-Ofelt (J-O) and radiative parameters are discussed based on J-O theory and the parameters changes substantially because of the other codoping ions. As for Nd3+: the main emission bands at 0.9 and 1.05 μm decrease in the codoped sample under the excitation of an 800 nm laser diode from the emission spectra because the Er3+: 4I11/2 level reduces the Nd3+: 4F3/2 level effectively through the energy transfer process Nd3+: 4F3/2 → Er3+: 4I11/2. For Er3+, the emission at 1.5 μm is restrained by codoping with Nd3+ ions from the energy transfer process Er3+: 4I13/2 → Nd3+: 4I15/2. The emission at 2.7 μm is enhanced because the Nd3+ ions deplete the lower level and exert a positive effect on the upper laser level. The microparameters of the energy transfer between the Er3+ and Nd3+ ions are calculated and discussed using Forster-Dexter theory. The energy transfer efficiencies of the Nd3+: 4F3/2 to the Er3+: 4I11/2 and the Er3+: 4I13/2 to the Nd3+: 4I15/2 are 28.8% and 74.5%, respectively. These results indicate that Nd3+ can be an efficient sensitizer for Er3+ to obtain Mid-infrared (Mid-IR) emission and the codoped Er3+/Nd3+ fluoroaluminate glass with low phosphate content is suitable to be used as the fiber optical gain media for 2.7 μm laser generation.

  11. Magnetic properties of x(Fe2O3).(100-x)[P2O5.Li2O] and x(Fe2O3).(100-x)[P2O5.CaO] glass systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andronache, Constantin; Racolta, Dania; Ardelean, Gheorghe

    2017-12-01

    Magnetic properties of x(Fe2O3).(100-x)[P2O5 .Li2O] and x(Fe2O3).(100-x)[P2O5 .CaO] with 0 < x ≤ 50 mol % were investigated using magnetic susceptibility measurements. The both glass systems were prepared in the same condition. The valence states and the distribution of iron ions in the glass matrix depend on the Fe2O3 content. For the P2O5.CaO glass matrix with x≤35mol%, the data revealed iron ions as isolated or participating in dipole-dipole interaction. For x > 35 mol% an antiferromagnetic coupling is observed. For the P2O5.Li2O glass matrix, the iron ions behave magnetically similarly as in other oxide glasses, but concentration of Fe2O3 over which magnetic superexchange interactions occur is lower. The absolute magnitude of θp values increases when content of Fe2O3 are increased. If the content of the magnetic ions is increased in the glass, the exchange integral increased and as a result the magnitude of the θP increases.

  12. Effects of PbO-B2O3 Glass Doping on the Sintering Temperature and Piezoelectric Properties of 0.35Pb (Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.65Pb(Zr0.41Ti0.59)O3 Ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yi, Jinqiao; Shen, Meng; Liu, Sisi; Jiang, Shenglin

    2015-12-01

    0.35Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.65Pb(Zr0.41Ti0.59)O3 (PNN-PZT) ceramics doped with 0.5PbO-0.5B2O3 glass have been synthesized by the conventional solid-state sintering technique. The effects of 0.5PbO-0.5B2O3 glass on the sintering temperature and piezoelectric properties of PNN-PZT ceramics were studied. The results indicated that the sintering temperature of PNN-PZT was significantly reduced due to the incorporation of 0.5PbO-0.5B2O3 glass dopant. When the content of 0.5PbO-0.5B2O3 glass was 0.5 wt.%, the sintering temperature of PNN-PZT was observed to reduce from above 1200°C to 920°C while the samples maintained high density (7.91 g/cm3), excellent piezoelectric constant ( d 33 = 479 pC/N), large electromechanical coupling coefficient ( K p = 0.55), and relatively low electromechanical quality factor ( Q m = 79). Moreover, large dielectric constant ( ɛ 33 T / ɛ 0 = 2904) and low dielectric loss (tan δ = 0.0166) were obtained in this work.

  13. Synthesis and morphology of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with tungsten bronze structure in RE{sub 2}O{sub 3}-BaO-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses (RE: Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er)

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Ida, H.; Shinozaki, K.; Honma, T.

    2012-12-15

    Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with a tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) structure are synthesized using a conventional glass crystallization technique in 2.3RE{sub 2}O{sub 3}-27.4BaO-34.3Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-36B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (mol%) (RE=Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, and Er) glasses.